Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (108 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (131 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 279)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.572
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 24  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1124-4909 - ISSN (Online) 1590-1262
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2643 journals]
  • The Brazilian version of the DOS for the detection of orthorexia nervosa:
           transcultural adaptation and validation among dietitians and Nutrition
           college students
    • Abstract: Purpose Orthorexia nervosa has been receiving considerable attention and several tools have been developed to assess it, for instance, the “Düsseldorf Orthorexie Scale” (DOS). Such scale is a validated test to measure orthorexic eating behavior and it has shown good psychometric properties. Therefore, this study aimed to transculturally adapt and validate the Brazilian version of the DOS (DOS-BR). Methods DOS-BR was obtained using the back-translation process after two reviews done by a focus group and after running a pilot-test (n = 64). A self-report questionnaire was administered to a sample of Brazilian dietitians and Nutrition college students (n = 486). To examine the factor structure of the DOS-BR, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. The ordinal alpha was examined. Test–retest reliability was evaluated in a sub-sample (n = 159). Convergent validity was assessed by conducting correlation analyses between the DOS-BR and other theoretically related tools (EAT-26 and OCI-R) within the sub-sample. Results A three-factor structure was revealed for the DOS-BR properly fitted (KMO = 0.787). The test showed good internal consistency with an ordinal alpha of 0.795, and it also had excellent test–retest reliability of 0.776. DOS-BR median score was 17 (14–22) in Measurement 1 and 19 (17–22) in Measurement 2. The total score had a positive and moderate correlation with eating disorders symptoms (0.488) and a positive and weak correlation with obsessive–compulsive symptoms (0.224). Conclusion The DOS-BR was culturally and psychometrically adequate for the samples of Brazilian Nutrition-related subjects. The tool is indicated as a reliable alternative to evaluate orthorexia nervosa in Brazilian scenery. Level of evidence Descriptive (cross-sectional) study, Level V.
      PubDate: 2021-02-22
       
  • Examination of the factorial model of a scale developed to assess body
           satisfaction in the Brazilian context: a study with people 18 to 40 years
           old
    • Abstract: Purpose Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to investigate an instrument developed to assess body satisfaction of Brazilian women and men and to identify participants’ body satisfaction level. Methods Brazilian young adults completed the Body Satisfaction Situational Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire. A total of 1481 individuals (female = 1035; male = 446) aged between 18 and 40 years old participated in the study. Factorial, convergent and discriminant validity and reliability were evaluated. An invariance test was performed across sexes using multi-group analysis. The prevalence of body satisfaction among participants was calculated using the final models of the instrument. Results The complete model of the scale (23 items and four factors) was invariant across sexes, but it did not fit the samples even after refinement. Therefore, a theoretical investigation of the scale content was performed based on literature. Thus, a reduced model composed of two factors and ten items was found for each sex. These models showed good validity and reliability to independent samples. About prevalence, most of the women were not at all satisfied with body fat and most of the men were slightly satisfied with body musculature. Further, women and men were moderately satisfied with their face, hair, and skin. Conclusion A reduced model of the instrument for women and another for men showed adequate indices of construct validity and reliability to samples. The most participants were not very satisfied with their bodies. The results can be useful to develop protocols aiming to promote body satisfaction. Level of evidence Level V, descriptive cross-sectional study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-20
       
  • Nutritional indicators and metabolic alterations in outpatients with
           anorexia nervosa: a retrospective study
    • Abstract: Purpose In patients living with Anorexia Nervosa (AN), dehydration and haemoconcentration, may prevent a correct interpretation of laboratory nutritional parameters. Our study aims to evaluate if some indicators of disease severity, as body mass index (BMI), Phase Angle (PhA) and months of amenorrhea may be predictors of metabolic alterations (serum albumin, liver enzymes). Methods In 154 outpatients with AN, case history was collected, and anthropometric and laboratory parameters measured. Patients were divided according to the following tertiles (T) of BMI, duration of amenorrhea and PhA: (1) BMI (T1 < 15.6; T2 15.6–16.8; T3 > 16.8 kg/m2); (2) Amenorrhea duration (T1 < 7; T2 7–14; T3 > 14 months); (3) PhA value (T1 < 4.64; T2 4.64–5.35; T3: > 5.35°). ROC curves were used to determine which of these three indicators (BMI, PhA and amenorrhea duration) might better identify patients belonging to Group A or B (less than 3 or more metabolic abnormalities). Results The most frequent registered metabolic alterations were for alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase, cholesterol and hemoglobin. Aspartate aminotransferase, ALP and gamma glutamyl transferase abnormalities were frequent in the first tertiles of all the three indicators. Albumin was low in the T1 of BMI and PhA. No differences in nutritional alterations emerged according to amenorrhea duration. PhA had the best performance (AUCs: 0.721) in identifying patients with 3 or more abnormalities, with the optimal cut-off value of 4.5°. Conclusions Our data confirmed PhA as the more reliable predictor of metabolic alterations, followed by BMI and amenorrhea duration, especially in the first tertile. Evidence-based medicine Level 2.
      PubDate: 2021-02-19
       
  • Determining the potential link of self-compassion with eating pathology
           and body image among women: a longitudinal mediational study
    • Abstract: Purpose This longitudinal study aims to determine what factors mediate the previously established link between self-compassion and eating pathology/body image concerns, over a 6-month period. Methods A community sample of 274 adult women (M = 29.50 years) completed standardised validated measures of self-compassion (Self-Compassion Scale), rumination (Ruminative Thought Style Questionnaire), shame (Other as Shamer Scale), perfectionism (Short Form of the Revised Almost Perfect Scale), self-criticism (Levels of Self-Criticism Scale), eating pathology (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire) and body image (Body Shape Questionnaire). They reported levels of: self-compassion at Time 1, potential mediators (rumination, shame, self-criticism, perfectionism) at 3 months; and eating pathology and body dissatisfaction a further 3 months later. Missing data were handled using multiple imputation. Stepwise multiple regression showed that shame was the most consistent mediator. Results Shame acted as a full mediator of the self-compassion-eating/body image relationship {respectively, [B = .04, SE = .01, t(268) = 3.93, p < .001], [B = .33, SE = .15, t(268) = 2.25, p < .05]}. Discrepancy perfectionism also played a mediating role in the link between self-compassion and body image dissatisfaction [B = .59, SE = .28, t(268) = 2.10, p < .05]. Conclusion These results support the hypothesis that self-compassion is relevant to eating pathology and body image disturbance, and demonstrate that shame is an important mechanism in that relationship. This pattern suggests that interventions that reduce shame should be considered when addressing issues relating to self-compassion and its links to eating disorders. Level of evidence Level IV, multiple time series without intervention.
      PubDate: 2021-02-18
       
  • Disorders of eating and body image during the menopausal transition:
           associations with menopausal stage and with menopausal symptomatology
    • Abstract: Objective Recent reports from our laboratory and others suggest that the menopausal transition may represent a window of vulnerability for eating disorders in women. Here, we present new findings regarding this issue. Methods We surveyed 230 women aged 40–60 years using an anonymous questionnaire focused on eating-disorder and body-image symptomatology. We then compared groups of respondents based on (a) menopausal stage as assessed by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and (b) menopausal symptomatology as assessed by the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Results WHO-defined menopausal stage (premenopausal, perimenopausal, and postmenopausal) showed no significant associations with eating and body-image measures. However, MRS scores showed strong associations with most measures of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, as well as with questions regarding satisfaction with body image. These associations remained little changed even when removing the four psychological items from the MRS score and examining only the association of the MRS somato-vegetative and urogenital items with these outcome variables. Discussion Our data augment existing evidence that the menopausal transition may be associated with eating and body-image disturbances. However, reported menopausal stage, which is difficult to define reliably, may be less informative than menopausal symptoms as a predictor of disordered eating and associated symptoms. Level of evidence V—descriptive survey study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-17
       
  • Measuring body satisfaction in women with eating disorders and healthy
           women: appearance-related and functional components in the Body Cathexis
           Scale (Dutch version)
    • Abstract: Purpose Differentiating the concept of body satisfaction, especially the functional component, is important in clinical and research context. The aim of the present study is to contribute to further refinement of the concept by evaluating the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Body Cathexis Scale (BCS). Differences in body satisfaction between clinical and non-clinical respondents are also explored. Method Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to investigate whether functional body satisfaction can be distinguished as a separate factor, using data from 238 adult female patients from a clinical sample and 1060 women from two non-clinical samples in the Netherlands. Univariate tests were used to identify differences between non-clinical and clinical samples. Results EFA identified functionality as one of three factors, which was confirmed by CFA. CFA showed the best fit for a three-factor model, where functionality, non-weight, and weight were identified as separate factors in both populations. Internal consistency was good and correlations between factors were low. Women in the non-clinical sample scored significantly higher on the BCS than women with eating disorders on all three subscales, with high effect sizes. Conclusions The three factors of the BCS may be used as subscales, enabling researchers and practitioners to use one scale to measure different aspects of body satisfaction, including body functionality. Use of the BCS may help to achieve a more complete understanding of how people evaluate body satisfaction and contribute to further research on the effectiveness of interventions focussing on body functionality. Level of evidence Cross-sectional descriptive study, Level V.
      PubDate: 2021-02-16
       
  • Diabetes prevalence among diverse Hispanic populations: considering
           nativity, ethnic discrimination, acculturation, and BMI
    • Abstract: Purpose To compare prevalence of self-reported diabetes between U.S. state-born, Puerto Rico-born, Mexico-born, Cuba-born, and South/Central America-born Hispanic groups, and examine whether risk for diabetes differs by country of origin and experiences with discrimination when accounting for BMI. Methods Data from 6223 Hispanic respondents from the nationally representative NESARC-III study was used. Sociodemographic characteristics were compared across nativity groups, and adjusted odds of self-reported diabetes diagnosis (past year) tested. Differences by perceived discrimination (using endorsement of individual items assessing specific experiences) and by nativity were examined when accounting for sociodemographic characteristics, acculturation, and BMI. Results Prevalence of self-reported diabetes diagnosis was significantly higher among the Puerto Rico-born Hispanics, and remained significantly elevated when adjusting for perceived discrimination, acculturation, and health risk behaviors. When adjusting further for BMI, there were no significant differences in the odds of diabetes by nativity. Prevalence of lifetime perceived discrimination was significantly lower among Cuba-born Hispanics. Mean BMI was significantly lower in South/Central America-born Hispanic individuals relative to U.S. state-, Mexico-, and Puerto Rico-born Hispanic groups. Higher BMI was associated with significantly greater risk of diabetes diagnosis across groups. Conclusion Marked heterogeneity exists in prevalence and in factors associated with diabetes risk and weight status across Hispanic groups in the U.S. Experiences with discrimination may play an important role in accounting for these differences. This should be considered when planning future research to inform the most optimal patient-centered prevention efforts. Level of evidence Level III, Evidence obtained from well-designed cohort analytic study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-16
       
  • Dinner-to-bed time is independently associated with overweight/obesity in
           Chinese school-aged children
    • Abstract: Purpose Little is known about the association between dinner-to-bed time and obesity. Thus, this study was aimed to assess the relationships between dinner-to-bed and overweight/obesity in Chinese school-aged children in Ningbo, China. Methods Data of this study were based on 1667 schoolchildren (14–15 years) from 14 primary schools participated in this study in China. Anthropometric measurement of height, body weight and waist circumference (WC) was performed. Information about meal duration and other lifestyle behaviors was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression model was performed to assess the association between dinner-to-bed time and overweight/obesity. Restricted cubic spline regression was drawn to evaluate the shape of the relation between dinner-bed-time and the odds of overweight. Results Among the study participants, the prevalence of overweight was 17.6%, and the mean of dinner-to-bed time was 4.26 (0.93) h. In the logistic regression analysis, participants who had dinner-to-bed time less than 3 h or 3.01 ~ ≦ 4.00 h are more likely to be overweight (OR = 1.94, 95% CI 1.10–3.42; OR = 1.65, 95% CI 1.03–2.65, respectively) or characterised by abdominal obesity (OR = 3.03, 95% CI 1.86–4.95; OR = 2.61, 95% CI 1.73–3.92, respectively) compared with dinner-to-bed time more than 5 h. In addition, long dinner-to-bed time was associated with lower risks of overweight (OR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.70–0.97) and abdominal obesity (OR = 0.63, 95% CI 0.54–0.73). The cubic spline regression analysis showed that the association between dinner-to–bed time and overweight/abdominal obesity seems to be a linear. Conclusions This study indicates that short dinner-to-bed time is associated with an increased likelihood of being overweight or characterised by abdominal obesity among Chinese school-aged children. Level of evidence Level V; cross-section descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
       
  • The Eating Disorders Recovery Questionnaire: psychometric properties and
           validity
    • Abstract: Purpose There is no standardized measurement of recovery from an eating disorder (ED). We examined the psychometric properties and construct validity of the “Eating Disorders Recovery Questionnaire” (EDRQ), which defines recovery beyond symptoms to include self-acceptance, social emotional and physical health. Methods Twenty-eight recovery-related items were administered to 978 people (9.5% men) aged 18–76. 172 participants had a current ED diagnosis (AN, BN or BED), 104 had a past ED diagnosis (AN, BN, BED or > one diagnosis), 105 had another past or present ED, and 579 had no lifetime ED. Participants also completed the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire, Dresden Body Image Questionnaire-35, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule—Short Form, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Satisfaction with Life Scale and Positive Eating Scale. Results Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded four factors (CFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.07): lack of symptomatic behavior, acceptance of self and body, social and emotional connection, and physical health. Group comparisons showed that currently ill women scored lower on EDRQ and positive indices and higher on negative indices than controls and previously ill women. Previously ill women scored similarly to controls on ED symptomatology, positive body experiences, depression, and positive and negative affect but had lower BMI, life satisfaction and positive eating. The EDRQ–EDEQ correlation was r = 0.67, indicating both overlap and distinct variance. Conclusion The EDRQ is a valid, reliable measure of ED recovery, defined more broadly than symptom remission. We recommend its incorporation into a standardized operationalization of recovery and its use by consumers, carers and service providers to monitor ED recovery status. Level of evidence Level III, case–control analytic study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-13
       
  • Gastrointestinal and eating problems in women with Ehlers–Danlos
           syndromes
    • Abstract: Purpose Ehlers–Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of heritable conditions in which abnormal collagen synthesis leads to features such as joint hypermobility, skin abnormalities, and tissue fragility. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common among those affected. These may negatively impact eating behaviors, leading to weight/nutritional problems. We aimed to compare GI symptoms, disordered eating, and body mass index (BMI) between EDS patients and healthy controls, and to explore the link between these variables in EDS patients. Method In this cross-sectional study, women with EDS and healthy controls responded to an online survey assessing GI symptoms (heartburn/regurgitations, early satiety, nausea/vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain, dysphagia), food allergies/intolerances, disordered eating, history of eating disorders (ED), and BMI. We performed intergroup comparisons as well as multivariate analyses to explore the associations between disordered eating, GI symptoms, and BMI in the EDS group. Results Sixty-six women with EDS and 39 healthy controls were included in the study. The EDS patients showed significantly more GI symptoms and food allergies/intolerances, increased prevalence of ED history, higher risk of current ED, and lower BMI than the controls. In the EDS group, the risk for ED was associated with GI symptoms; restricted eating was associated with GI symptoms, food allergies/intolerances, and dysphagia; uncontrolled eating was associated with GI symptoms; and BMI was associated with GI symptoms and food allergies/intolerances. Discussion Our results are concordant with that of previous reports highlighting the high level of GI problems and disordered eating in women with EDS. In addition, and for the first-time, the association between both is evidenced in this specific population. Level of evidence III Case-control analytic study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-13
       
  • The psychological impact of COVID-19-related lockdown measures among a
           sample of Italian patients with eating disorders: a preliminary
           longitudinal study
    • Abstract: Purpose To explore the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression, along with PTSD- and ED-related symptoms, across a sample of patients with Eating Disorders (EDs) compared to a group of healthy controls (HC) during the lockdown period in Italy; to assess whether patients’ reported aforementioned psychiatric symptoms improved, remained stable or worsened with the easing of the lockdown measures. Methods t0 assessment (during lockdown): 59 ED patients and 43 HC completed an online survey, including the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 items (DASS-21), the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and specific ad-hoc questions extracted from the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire; t1 assessment (post-lockdown): 40 EDs patients, a subset of the t0 sample, completed the same assessment 2 months after t0. Results EDs patients scored higher than HC at the DASS-21, IES-R and PSS. At t1, levels of stress, anxiety and depression were not different than at t0, but symptoms related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), patients’ reported level of psychological wellbeing and specific EDs symptomatology improved. Discussion During the lockdown, EDs patients presented significantly higher levels of stress, anxiety, depression, PTSD- and ED-related symptoms than HC. With the easing of the lockdown, PTSD- and ED-related symptoms improved, but high levels of stress, anxiety and depression persisted. Level of evidence Level I, experimental study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-13
       
  • Orthorexia nervosa, intuitive eating, and eating competence in female and
           male college students
    • Abstract: Abstract Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has emerged as a new pattern of disordered eating behaviors characterized by preoccupations related to diet quality and health concerns, rather than driven by weight and shape concerns. A growing body of cross-sectional empirical data has documented associations between orthorexia nervosa symptoms and other indicators of disordered eating. However, little attention has been paid to the potential relationship between ON symptoms and indicators of healthy eating or positive eating behaviors. The aim of the present study was therefore to evaluate the relationships between ON symptomatology and the different facets of intuitive eating and eating competence. A sample of n = 605, 19% male, college students from the USA completed an online survey assessing orthorexia nervosa behaviors, the four facets of intuitive eating, and eating competence. Overall, orthorexia nervosa behaviors were found to be associated with lower levels of positive eating attitudes and behaviors. However, among men, curvilinear convex relationships emerged for two facets of intuitive eating, Body–Food Choice Congruence and Reliance on Hunger and Satiety Cues, such that the highest levels of intuitive eating were reported by those with mid-range levels of orthorexia nervosa behaviors. Taken together, these findings suggest that broadly, patterns of eating characterized by restriction, albeit for health reasons, are associated with less positive eating behaviors particularly among women. Further work focused on evaluating how drive for a healthy diet can be associated with flexible and positive eating patterns is warranted. Level of evidence Level V descriptive cross-sectional study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-13
       
  • Orthorexia nervosa and its association with alexithymia, emotion
           dysregulation and disordered eating attitudes among Lebanese adults
    • Abstract: Objective This study aims to explore whether orthorexia nervosa, like other eating disorders, is associated with difficulties identifying, describing, and regulating one's own emotions among a sample of Lebanese adults. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted during October 2020, during the lockdown period imposed by the government for the COVID-19 pandemic. All participants above 18 years of age were allowed to participate in this study. A total of 787 Lebanese adults out of 920 (85.54%) completed an online survey including Arabic versions of the ORTO-R measure of orthorexia, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Difficulty in Emotion Regulation Scale, and the Eating Attitudes Test. Results After making sure that all norms are verified, hierarchical linear regressions were conducted to evaluate the association between disordered eating attitudes (EAT scores) and ON (model 1), and after controlling for difficulties in emotion regulation (DERS score) (model 2). Model 1 accounted for 15.1% of the variance of ON (adj. R2 = 0.151, F(1, 786) = 140.06, p < 0.001) and showed that higher levels of disordered eating (higher EAT scores) (β = 0.15) were significantly associated with more ON tendencies and behaviors. When adding the DERS total score to the model, Model 2 was a much better fit with 17.7% of the variance of ON (adj. R2 = 0.177, F(2, 786) = 84.44, p < 0.001), with higher levels of emotion dysregulation (higher DERS scores) (β = 0.06) and more disordered eating attitudes (higher EAT scores) (β = 0.13) were associated with higher levels of ON (Table 5). Conclusion The present research suggests that people with high ON tendencies experience troubles recognizing, regulating, and describing their emotions, similarly to other disordered eating. Level of evidence 5.
      PubDate: 2021-02-11
       
  • Variability in cannabinoid receptor genes is associated with psychiatric
           comorbidities in anorexia nervosa
    • Abstract: Purpose The endocannabinoid system plays a key role in eating behavior regulating appetite and reward mechanisms, but the impact of its genetic variability has been scarcely studied in Anorexia Nervosa (AN). We aimed to analyze the association of genetic variants in cannabinoid receptors with the risk for AN and with psychiatric comorbidities that are commonplace in these patients. Methods We screened 221 AN patients and 396 controls for 14 tag-SNPs in the CNR1 and CNR2 genes, coding for cannabinoids receptors CB1 and CB2, respectively. Patients were diagnosed according to DSM-5 criteria and interviewed with the SCL-90R and the EDI-2 inventories to identify AN-coupled and general psychopathology. Results None of the tag-SNPs was significantly related to AN risk. However, the rs806369-TT genotype and haplotype rs806368/rs1049353/rs806369 of CNR1 were respectively associated with lower weight (mean difference = − 4.92 kg, FDR-q = 0.044) and BMI (FDR-q = 0.042) in AN patients. CNR1 rs806374-TT and CNR2 rs3003335-AA and rs6658703-GG genotypes correlated with higher scores in the Positive Symptom Distress Index (PSDI, FDR-q = 0.011 and 0.009, respectively). These three genotypes were also linked to increased Hostility in the patients (FDR-q < 0.05). Remarkably, a proximal area of the CNR1 gene locus (positions 88,143,916–88,149,832) correlated with PSDI, Hostility, Asceticism and EDI-2 total scores after correcting by multiple testing (FDR-q < 0.05 in all instances). Finally, significant CNR1/CNR2 epistasis was observed in relation to Hostility (p < 0.01) and Maturity Fears (p < 0.001). Conclusion The CNR1 and CNR2 genes, coding for cannabinoid receptors, may constitute important loci regarding psychiatric comorbidities in AN patients. Level III Evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case–control analytic studies.
      PubDate: 2021-02-11
       
  • Exploring the role of feeling fat in individuals categorized with bulimia
           nervosa, binge-eating disorder and overweight/obesity
    • Abstract: Purpose Despite featuring in prominent theoretical models, the role of “feeling fat” in certain eating and weight disorder presentations remains poorly understood. This study compared levels of feeling fat between people categorized with referable bulimia nervosa (BN) symptoms, binge-eating disorder (BED) symptoms, and overweight/obesity, and examined the unique associations of feeling fat on measures of eating pathology and functional impairment within each of these subgroups. Methods Data were analyzed from 977 participants who met criteria referable to BN symptoms (n = 419), BED symptoms (n = 346), or overweight/obesity without ED psychopathology (n = 212) based on self-report symptom frequency. Results Analysis of variance revealed that feeling fat levels were highest in the referable BN group, followed by the referable BED group, and then the overweight/obese subgroup. Multiple regressions revealed that feeling fat contributed additional variance to functional impairment and key cognitive (e.g., eating concerns) and behavioural (e.g., dietary restraint) symptoms only among those who met criteria referable to BN. Conclusion Overall, findings suggest that the experience of feeling fat may be an important component of body image particularly among individuals with BN-type symptoms. Present findings may also have implications for the assessment and treatment of feeling fat among different eating and weight disorder presentations. Level of evidence Cross-sectional descriptive study, Level V.
      PubDate: 2021-02-11
       
  • Orthorexia Nervosa: over concern or obsession about healthy food'
    • Abstract: Purpose Orthorexia Nervosa is characterized by specific behaviors frequently related to other psychopathological conditions, such as Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Eating Disorders (EDs). Whereas ON can mainly be described as an excessive concern regarding healthy food, the study’s principal aim was to investigate if ON could be considered a condition related and differentiated from worry, other than OCD, EDs, perfectionism, anxiety, and depression. Method To achieve these aims, 302 individuals from the general population were enrolled and were divided into two groups named “High EHQ” and “Low EHQ”, based on their Eating Habits Questionnaire’s score (EHQ-21). Results Correlations of ON with EDs and non-adaptive perfectionism constructs emerged independently from Obsessive-Compulsive (OC) symptoms, and the same pattern was observed when comparing the High and the Low EHQ groups. The two groups also differ in the worry anxiety and depression constructs and are not affected by OC symptoms removal. Discussion Our results confirm a relationship between ON with the typical ED, perfectionistic, anxious, and depressive symptomatology, mainly when the OC features are controlled; moreover, worry constructs could be considered characteristic of the ON phenomenology. This study does not entirely exclude the relationship with obsessive and compulsive characteristics, which could be associated with or serve as a mediator of the orthorexic behavior. Future research could explore the potential mediating or collateral role of OC symptoms. Level of evidence Level III, evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case–control analytic studies.
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
       
  • Psychometric evaluation of the French version of the Düsseldorfer
           Orthorexia Skala (DOS) and prevalence of orthorexia nervosa among
           university students
    • Abstract: Purpose This study aimed at obtaining a French version of the DOS (F-DOS) and evaluating its psychometric properties in a sample of university students, then assessing the prevalence of orthorexic eating behavior among the participants. Methods The F-DOS was obtained using back translation, and then administered to 3235 university students (10.32% men, 89.67% women) with a mean age of 21.13 (SD = 2.23). The Eating Habits Questionnaire and Eating Attitudes Test were used to assess convergent and divergent validities, respectively. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to explore the factor structure. Results Ordinal ⍵ of F-DOS was 0.87, indicating very good internal consistency. F-DOS and EHQ total scores were strongly correlated (rs = 0.74, p < 0.001), indicating very good construct validity. Factor analysis revealed a well-fitted one-factor model. Regarding Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) prevalence, according to DOS cut-off score, 3.28% of participants could be considered having ON, while an additional 11.31% could be at risk of developing ON. Conclusions The F-DOS appears to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess orthorexic eating behavior. ON prevalence in college students appeared similar to Germany and lower than in the US. Level of evidence Descriptive (cross-sectional) study, Level V.
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
       
  • Correction to: Psychometric properties of the fear of food measure in
           Japanese women
    • Abstract: The original article can be found online.
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
       
  • Is addictive-like eating an overlooked stroke risk factor' A study
           case
    • Abstract: Purpose While stroke is already considered a nutrition-related disease, the prevalence of the broad array of disordered eating behaviors is under-reported in this disease. We describe the case of a stroke in a young woman following a recent food addiction to fatty-sweet food. Methods She was diagnosed with a Night-Eating-Syndrome, with a loss-of-control exclusively towards sugary carbohydrates used to manage her insomnia and distress, and her consummatory behaviors were investigated. Results This case report illustrates a self-medication of a significant psychological distress by shifting from a healthy diet to an overconsumption of hyper-palatable foods, triggering an addiction disorder. The related hypertriglyceridemia, on top of chronic smoking, contributed to the development of an atherosclerotic plaque and thrombus formation. Conclusion Food addiction might be considered as an emerging stroke risk factor. We suggest it fosters the need to take into consideration addictive-like eating behaviors and associated mental disorders in the primary and secondary prevention of stroke. This may be particularly relevant for the prevention of stroke in women as they are more prone to comfort their emotions with food. Level of evidence V, descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
       
  • Eating disorders during COVID-19 pandemic: the experience of Italian
           healthcare providers
    • Abstract: Purpose Due to COVID-19 pandemic, the Italian population lived in quarantine from March to May 2020 (lockdown phase I). Restrictions impacted individuals’ psychological health, especially in those with eating disorders (ED). Healthcare providers (HCPs) treating ED provided assistance by telemedicine and/or in walk-in clinics. We hypothesize that social restrictions represented a great stressor for ED patients and HCPs, negatively impacted their therapeutic alliance, and affected the frequency of dysfunctional behaviors. Methods This cross-sectional study consisted of an online survey investigating the experience of HCPs involved in ED treatment, with a specific focus on difficulties concerning the therapeutic efficacy. Questionnaire (n. 18 questions) was formulated ad hoc by our research team and sent by e-mail to Italian HCPs registered on online platforms. HCPs included ED experts specialized in psychology, nutrition or medicine. Data were collected during lockdown phase I and referred to patients with Anorexia Nervosa-(AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN)—and Binge-Eating Disorder-(BED). Results One-hundred questionnaires were collected; 84 and 76 were included in our qualitative and quantitative analyses, respectively. Thirty-six% of HCPs felt their therapeutic intervention was unsuccessful, 37% complained compromised therapeutic alliance. Changes in frequency of compensatory behaviors (increased in 41% AN and 49,5% BN; reduced in 14,6% AN and 21,8% BN) and binge-eating episodes (increased in 53,3% BN and 30,5% BED; reduced in 30,7% BN and 24,7% BED) were experienced and ascribed to augmented patient’s anxiety. Disorders switches and variation in dysfunctional conducts frequency were both significantly related to ED category (p < 0.05 for all). Concentration techniques were recognized as useful to offset such negative outcomes. Conclusion According to HCPs, social restrictions affected the frequency of dysfunctional behaviors in ED patients and the efficacy of their therapeutic intervention. Further long-term studies are needed to confirm our data in a larger sample size. Level IV Novel results from a cross-sectional study.
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
       
 
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