Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (724 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (387 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (108 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (130 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (724 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 269)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.572
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 24  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1124-4909 - ISSN (Online) 1590-1262
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • The effect of a single yoga class on interoceptive accuracy in patients
           affected by anorexia nervosa and in healthy controls: a pilot study
    • Abstract: Purpose To evaluate interoceptive accuracy (Iac) before and after a single yoga class in a population of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and in a population of healthy controls (HC). Methods Fifteen patients with AN and twenty HC were included in the study. All individuals participated in a single yoga class. Before (T0) and after (T1) the yoga class, they underwent the heartbeat detection task for the evaluation of Iac. At T0, all participants also underwent a psychological assessment, including evaluation of depression, anxiety, body awareness, alexithymia, self-objectification and eating disorders psychopathology. Results Patients with AN had lower Iac than HC at T0. A significant improvement of Iac at T1 was found in the HC group but not in the group of patients with AN. Conclusion We infer that our findings might be linked to the fact that patients with AN, differently from HC, did not properly attend to their bodies, despite the yoga class. This hypothesis is consistent with previous studies showing that patients with AN have decreased Iac during self-focused behavior because of body-related avoidance. Moreover, we surmise that HC might be keener to improve their perception of internal body signals even after a single yoga class because their emotional awareness system is not impaired. Patients with AN, on the contrary, may have an intrinsic impairment of their emotional awareness, making it harder for them to modulate their Iac. Level of evidence Level III, evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case–control analytical studies.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Anti-fat attitudes and dietary restraint within mother-daughter dyads: an
           Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) analysis
    • Abstract: Purpose This study examined the association between anti-fat attitudes (fear of fat, dislike of fat, willpower) and dietary restraint within the mother–daughter relationship. Methods Mother–adolescent daughter dyads (Npairs = 100) were recruited from a Midwestern community to participate in a study together. They completed self-report measures of anti-fat attitudes and eating behavior. Data were analyzed with an Actor–Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). Results Significant actor effects for mothers include fear of fat (b = 0.270, B = 0.319, p < 0.05) and willpower (b = 0.228, B = 0.280, p < 0.05) predicting her own dietary restraint. For daughters, fear of fat (b = 0.554, B = 0.612, p < 0.05) and dislike (b = 0.202, B = 0.214, p < 0.05) predict her own dietary restraint. Regarding partner effects, mothers’ fear of fat was related to daughters’ dietary restraint (b = 0.126, B = 0.138, p < 0.05), and daughters’ dislike was related to mothers’ restraint (b = 0.257, B = 0.294, p < 0.05). Regarding dyad-level interaction effects, mother and daughter fear of fat interacted to predict daughter dietary restraint (b = 0.184, B = 0.201, p < 0.05), such that when both mother and daughter fear of fat is high, daughters appear to engage in more dietary restraint. Conclusions Given the role of mothers’ fear of fat in daughter eating behavior, parent-focused or parent-involved interventions may improve family culture around weight and eating, contributing to better adolescent outcomes. Level of evidence V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-28
       
  • Differences in severity of eating disorder symptoms between adults with
           depression and adults with anxiety
    • Abstract: Objectives Anxiety and depression are both considered maintaining factors for eating disorders (ED) but it is still unclear if one is more strongly associated with ED symptoms than the other. We examined differences in severity of ED symptoms among adults with either, both, or neither depression and anxiety. Methods Volunteers (N = 3,780) to the project implicit mental health website (https://implicit.harvard.edu/) self-reported their ED status (current ED: n = 374, past ED: n = 436; no ED: n = 2,970), their current depression/anxiety status, and their ED symptoms (using the Eating Attitudes Test). ANOVAs with post hoc comparisons were used to examine relationships between ED symptoms and comorbid depression/anxiety status among currently ill, recovered, and never ill individuals. Results Participants without comorbidities had the least and participants with both comorbidities had the most severe ED symptoms (p = .021). Participants with anxiety alone had more severe ED symptoms relative to those with depression alone across groups (current ED: p = .024; past ED: p = .019; no EDs: p = .021). Discussion These findings demonstrate, in contrast with an earlier study among youth with EDs (Hughes et al., 2013), that comorbid anxiety may be linked with more severe ED symptoms relative to comorbid depression. It is possible that anxiety serves as a maintaining factor for ED symptoms such that dieting and other ED-related behaviors may function to modulate symptoms of anxiety. Level of evidence Level III, case-control analytic study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-26
       
  • Correction to: Behavioral and psychological factors associated with
           suboptimal weight loss in post-bariatric surgery patients
    • Abstract: Unfortunately, the 5th author name has been incorrectly published in the original publication.
      PubDate: 2020-06-23
       
  • Study of LEP , MRAP2 and POMC genes as potential causes of severe obesity
           in Brazilian patients
    • Abstract: Purpose Monogenic forms of obesity are caused by single-gene variants which affect the energy homeostasis by increasing food intake and decreasing energy expenditure. Most of these variants result from disruption of the leptin–melanocortin signaling, which can cause severe early-onset obesity and hyperphagia. These mutation have been identified in genes encoding essential proteins to this pathway, including leptin (LEP), melanocortin 2 receptor accessory proteins 2 (MRAP2) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of LEP, MRAP2 and POMC rare variants in severely obese adults, who developed obesity during childhood. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study screening rare variants of these genes in patients from Brazil. Methods A total of 122 Brazilian severely obese patients (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) were screened for the coding regions of LEP, MRAP2 and POMC by Sanger sequencing. All patients are candidates to the bariatric surgery. Clinical characteristics were described in patients with novel and/or potentially pathogenic variants. Results Sixteen different variants were identified in these genes, of which two were novel. Among them, one previous variant with potentially deleterious effect in MRAP2 (p.Arg125Cys) was found. In addition, two heterozygous mutations in POMC (p.Phe87Leu and p.Arg90Leu) were predicted to impair protein function. We also observed a POMC homozygous 9 bp insertion (p.Gly99_Ala100insSerSerGly) in three patients. No pathogenic variant was observed in LEP. Conclusion Our study described for the first time the prevalence of rare potentially pathogenic MRAP2 and POMC variants in a cohort of Brazilian severely obese adults. Level of evidence Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-23
       
  • The experience of orthorexia from the perspective of recovered orthorexics
    • Abstract: Purpose Orthorexia is a proposed disorder that involves a pathological obsession with healthy eating. The condition has received much attention in popular media in recent years, but more empirical research is needed. Currently, orthorexia is an emerging construct with multiple proposed versions of diagnostic criteria, and there is confusion regarding the exact symptoms and pathology. This qualitative study aimed to explore the experiences of orthorexia from the perspective of recovered persons, as defined by Dunn and Bratman’s 2016 criteria (Eat Behav 21:11–17, 2016). Methods Eight participants from around the world were interviewed via Skype. These interviews were analysed using a descriptive and interpretive thematic analysis (Elliott and Timulak. A handbook of research methods for clinical and health psychology. Oxford University Press, London, pp 147–159, 2005). Informed consent was obtained from all participants. Results Data analysis revealed four domains: (1) strong external influences; (2) psychological effects; (3) interpersonal functioning effects; and (4) classic eating disorder (ED) behaviours and processes. Some symptoms mirrored those seen in EDs and in obsessive compulsive disorder. Conclusions Orthorexia negatively impacted participants' physical, psychological, and social health. Additional research exploring valid and reliable screening instruments, body image, and psychological functioning would help to further understand this proposed disorder. Level of evidence Level V, qualitative interview study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-23
       
  • Health in adulthood after severe anorexia nervosa in adolescence: a study
           of exposed and unexposed women
    • Abstract: Objective To compare the global health status, frequency of somatic and psychological problems, and alcohol use in adulthood among women hospitalized in adolescence for severe anorexia nervosa (AN), with a matched control sample from the general population. Method Women (n = 86) who had been hospitalized for AN 9.31 ± 1.82 years previously were compared with 258 controls matched for gender, age, and socio-professional category. Data were retrieved from a French survey on health and social insurance coverage, and was mainly collected by self-report, except for the assessment of current eating disorders for those previously hospitalized for AN (assessed with the MINI). Results The women who had been hospitalized for AN reported significantly poorer current health status compared to controls (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.5–5.79). According to the MINI, 13 women previously hospitalized with severe AN still presented an eating disorder (ED). Women with past AN reported more frequent acute throat infections (OR 4.9, 95% CI 1.81–13.51), gastralgia (OR 3.6, 95% CI 1.9–6.83), gastro-oesophageal reflux (OR 5.279, 95%CI 2.11–13.22), excess blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels (OR 2.55, 95% CI 1.03–6.33), anxiety (OR 8.7, 95% CI 3.48–21.8) and depression (OR 5.02 (2.8–9.01). These differences remained significant and of the same order of magnitude in sensitivity analyses among subjects with previous AN but without current ED, except for perceived health status and excess cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Discussion Women who had been hospitalized for severe AN reported more symptoms 10 years after treatment, implies psychological and somatic follow-up in the long term. Level of evidence Level III, case–control analytic study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-23
       
  • Construct validity of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale among women
           high in eating disorder symptoms: a cross-sectional study
    • Abstract: Purpose The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS), a measure of the ability to identify and describe one’s own and others’ emotions, may complement work with women with disordered eating symptoms. The study purpose was to (a) examine differences in hand (LEAS) versus computerized (e-LEAS) scoring methods and (b) examine the e-LEAS’ psychometric properties, including convergent and discriminant validity, among women endorsing eating disorder symptoms. Methods Forty women (ages 18–21) scoring high on a self-report measure of disordered eating symptoms completed the LEAS and measures of convergent validity including a self-report measure of alexithymia (the perceived ability to identify and describe one’s own emotions) and a measure of facial affect recognition as well as discriminant validity, including affect and facial memory. Inter-rater reliability was assessed via a two-way mixed effects model and correlations between the LEAS and the study constructs were examined. Results Computerized scoring (e-LEAS) offered benefits over hand scoring and correlations between LEAS and e-LEAS were statistically significant. Better total emotional awareness scores on the e-LEAS were significantly associated with more perceived difficulty identifying and describing emotions. Better total emotional awareness scores were also significantly associated with better facial memory and greater depression scores. The e-LEAS showed weak associations with facial affect recognition. Conclusion The e-LEAS offers practical advantages over the LEAS in the assessment of emotional awareness among women endorsing eating disorder symptoms. Results suggest that the e-LEAS measures the ability to describe emotional experiences in oneself and others, but not facial affect recognition. Level of evidence Level V: Evidence obtained from a cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-20
       
  • Twenty-five years later
    • PubDate: 2020-06-17
       
  • The prevalence and independent influencing factors of obesity and
           underweight in patients with schizophrenia: a multicentre cross-sectional
           study
    • Abstract: Background Few studies have investigated the weight of patients with schizophrenia in China. Objective The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence, clinical characteristics and influencing factors of obesity and underweight in patients with chronic schizophrenia in China. Methods A total of 325 patients with schizophrenia and 172 sex- and age-matched healthy controls from the community were recruited. Socio-demographic data and laboratory measurements were collected for all subjects. Using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), we evaluated the psychiatric symptoms of patients with schizophrenia. According to the body mass index (BMI) criteria in China, BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2 indicates obesity, and BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 indicates underweight. Results Of the patients with schizophrenia, 16.3% were obese, and 6.8% were underweight; 11.0% of the healthy controls were obese, and 3.5% were underweight. There was no difference between the two groups in the prevalence of obesity and underweight. After controlling for relevant variables, the obesity rate remained non significant, but the underweight rate appeared to be different. The multinomial regression analysis revealed that among the patients with schizophrenia, female sex, triglyceride level and LDL level were independent risk factors for obesity and that HDL level was an independent protective factor against obesity. In contrast, male sex and HDL level were independent risk factors for underweight. Conclusion We found that the patients with schizophrenia had an increased rate of underweight and some factors related to weight. Level of evidence Level V, descriptive study
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
       
  • The relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic eating
           behaviors in bariatric surgery candidates
    • Abstract: Purpose It is known that childhood maltreatment and problematic eating behaviors are higher in bariatric surgery patients compared to over- and normal-weight persons. The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic eating behaviors such as restraint, eating concern, weight concern, shape concern, and emotional eating in bariatric surgery patients. Materials and methods 112 consecutive obese individuals seeking bariatric surgery at a University Hospital were administered asset of scales, including Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire-Emotional Eating subscale (DEBQ-E), and Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and sociodemographic form, cross-sectionally. After descriptive statistics, a regression analysis was conducted to understand the relationships of CTQ scores with EDE-Q total, and subscale scores and DEBQ-E. Results In the Pearson correlation analysis, a statistically significant positive correlation was found between CTQ total score with EDE-Q total score and all subscales scores. In linear regression analyses, it was found that emotional abuse (β = 0.39, p = 0.02) and physical abuse (β = 0.36, p = 0.01) predicted increased DEBQ-E scores. In addition, sexual abuse was found to significantly predict weight concern (β = 0.26, p = 0.04) and shape concern (β = 0.31, p = 0.01). Conclusion Our findings showed that the dynamics of problematic eating behaviors may differ depending on the type of childhood trauma. Psychiatric evaluation of bariatric surgery patients is important in understanding the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic eating behaviors. Level of evidence Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-13
       
  • Some thoughts from the new editors
    • PubDate: 2020-06-10
       
  • Rapid response is predictive of treatment outcomes in a transdiagnostic
           intensive outpatient eating disorder sample: a replication of prior
           research in a real-world setting
    • Abstract: Objective There is a growing call to identify specific outcome predictors in real-world eating disorder (ED) treatment settings. Studies have implicated several ED treatment outcome predictors [rapid response (RR), weight suppression, illness duration, ED diagnosis, and psychiatric comorbidity] in inpatient settings or randomized controlled trials of individual outpatient therapy. However, research has not yet examined outcome predictors in intensive outpatient programs (IOP). The current study aimed to replicate findings from randomized controlled research trials and inpatient samples, identifying treatment outcome predictors in a transdiagnostic ED IOP sample. Method The current sample comprised 210 consecutive unique IOP patient admissions who received evidence-based ED treatment, M(SD)Duration = 15.82 (13.38) weeks. Weekly patient measures of ED symptoms and global functioning were obtained from patients’ medical charts. Results In relative weight analysis, RR was the only significant predictor of ED symptoms post treatment, uniquely accounting for 45.6% of the predicted variance in ED symptoms. In contrast, baseline ED pathology was the strongest unique predictor of end-of-treatment global functioning, accounting for 15.89% of predicted variance. Baseline factors did not differentiate patients who made RR from those who did not. Conclusions Consistent with findings in more controlled treatment settings, RR remains a robust predictor of outcome for patients receiving IOP-level treatment for EDs. Future work should evaluate factors that mediate and moderate RR, incorporating these findings into ED treatment design and implementation. Level of evidence Level IV, uncontrolled intervention.
      PubDate: 2020-06-07
       
  • Eating disorders and obesity (ED&amp;O) in the COVID-19 storm
    • PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Correction to: Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the Italian
           version of the schema mode inventory for eating disorders-short form for
           adults with dysfunctional eating behaviors
    • Abstract: The article Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the Italian version.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Does body shame mediate the relationship between parental bonding,
           self-esteem, maladaptive perfectionism, body mass index and eating
           disorders' A structural equation model
    • Abstract: Purpose Body shame has been strongly associated with eating pathology. However, less is known about the predisposing factors linked to these feelings and how they interact with other variables in eating disorder development. Thus, the aim of the present study was to provide a preliminary understanding of the relationship between body shame and some of the major risk factors for eating disorder onset, identifying the possible mechanisms of action. Specifically, we tested a structural equation model in which perceived parental bonding, self-esteem, perfectionism, and body mass index are associated with eating disorder risk via body shame. Methods 1156 high school students aged 13–20 were screened by means of self-report measures of parental behavior, self-esteem, perfectionism, body shame and eating disorder risk. The height and weight of each individual were measured. Results In predicting eating disorder risk, parental protectiveness (β = 0.09), body mass index (β = 0.18), self-esteem (β = − 0.14) and body shame (β = 0.58) had a direct effect on this variable and overall our model accounted for 58% of its variance. The experience of shame related to one’s body appeared to have a considerably significant influence on eating disturbances vulnerability and it also serves as a mediator between other risk factors and eating disturbance risk. A series of multi-group analyses indicated no significant difference between males and females. Conclusion The emotion of shame may enhance our understanding of eating disorders, as well as being a salient factor for the development of preventive programs and treatment approaches. Level of evidence Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Psychological characteristics and eating attitudes in adolescents with
           drunkorexia behavior: an exploratory study
    • Abstract: Purpose Drunkorexia represents an emerging phenomenon that is still understudied especially among adolescents. The present study aimed to investigate the relation between drunkorexia and psychological characteristics relevant and commonly associated with existing forms of eating disorders. Methods The sample was composed of 849 adolescents (513 boys, 334 girls, 2 unknown; range 14–22) who completed a survey composed of Compensatory Eating and Behaviors in Response to Alcohol Consumption Scale and Psychological scales of the Eating Disorders Inventory-3. Results Our findings highlighted that drunkorexia was associated with low self-esteem, personal alienation, interoceptive deficits, emotional dysregulation, and asceticism. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that difficulties with emotion regulation and ascetic tendencies were significant predictors of drunkorexia among adolescents. Conclusions Our findings suggest the importance for programs preventing drunkorexia to be focused on training adolescents in using more adaptive strategies to manage emotions and accepting both emotional and physical signals without feeling guilty or threatened. Level of evidence Level V, descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Development of a scale to measure quality of life of overweight women
    • Abstract: Purpose This study presents the results of methodological research that derives evaluation items and tests the validity and reliability of the scale to measure quality of life of the overweight women. Methods The scale items were developed by the current researchers directly from the consultation data following a group interviewing process aiming to capture the women’s experiences, who are currently receiving primary health care. Pretest interviews were used to ensure that the questions were understood correctly. Six experts determined items for content validity of the scale and the evaluations of experts were scored using a content validity index. The scale is a Likert-type scale, ranging from 1 to 5. The items were tested on a sample of 506 healthy women. The body mass indices of participants were 30 and above. Psychometric analyses included explanatory factor analysis (EFA) and item response theory. Parallel analysis was used to extract factors in EFA. Internal consistency and Spearman Brown split-half test correlation were used for testing reliability. Results The scale was refined as four final dimensions, comprising 40 items as a whole. The result of Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity was found sufficient (χ2 = 14164.92; p < 0.001) and the KMO value was 0.959. This statistically significant value (p < 0.001) indicates that the sampling was sufficient and data had normal distribution. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.967. The Spearman Brown coefficient was found to be 0.884. Conclusion It was found that the scale is a valid and reliable assessment tool that can be used to measure the quality of life of overweight women. Level of evidence Methodological study, Level V.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Validation of the Portuguese version of the Clinical Impairment Assessment
           (CIA) in eating disorders’ patients
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) in eating disorders (ED) patients. Method The CIA is a 16-item brief self-reported instrument developed to assess psychosocial impairment secondary to EDs. The CIA was administered to a clinical sample of 237 women with EDs and a college sample of 196 women. The clinical sample completed the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory and the Outcome-45 Questionnaire. Reliability, confirmatory factor analysis, validity, and clinically significant change were calculated. Results Confirmatory factor analysis validated the original 3-factor structure showing an adequate model fit. CIA showed good psychometric properties with high internal consistency, good convergent validity with the EDE-Q, the OQ-45, and the BDI. For divergent validity, participants CIA scores in the clinical sample were significantly higher than in the non-clinical sample. ROC curve analysis provided a cutoff of 15. For known-groups validity participants’ scoring above CIA cutoff reported significantly higher CIA scores. In addition, non-underweight participants and participants reporting the presence of dysfunctional ED behaviors had significantly higher CIA scores. Finally, for clinically significant change, a reliable change index of 5 points was obtained to consider a reliable change in the CIA global score. Conclusions Our findings support the validity and clinical utility of the CIA as a good self-report measure to be used in both clinical and research settings. Level of evidence Level V. Cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Obituary
    • PubDate: 2020-05-20
       
 
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