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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1379 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (23 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (88 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (587 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (386 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (107 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (106 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (587 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 214)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access  
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
Healthy Aging Research     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
Histoire, médecine et santé     Open Access  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Global Health     Open Access  
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.572
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 20  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1124-4909 - ISSN (Online) 1590-1262
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2349 journals]
  • Affect, reward, and punishment in anorexia nervosa: a narrative overview
    • Abstract: Introduction Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious psychiatric disorder that is difficult to treat and often follows a protracted course. A number of theoretical models have been proposed for the etiology and maintenance of AN. Two domains that have received substantial attention in the literature on AN are affect and reward/punishment processes. However, despite an overlap in the nature and implications of these processes, studies of AN addressing these constructs have typically investigated them independently. Purpose The purpose of this narrative review is to integrate the literature on the role of affect, reward, and punishment in AN. Method We provide a focused narrative overview of the literature relating to the affect, reward, and punishment in AN via a synthesis of recent reviews and meta-analyses. Results We first describe several prominent affect and reward/punishment-based conceptualizations of AN, followed by a brief overview of the existing empirical literature in these domains. Conclusion We provide a critical discussion of the disparate nature of these literatures in AN, including associated limitations. We then conclude with an extensive discussion of directions for future research that integrate the study of affect and reward/punishment processes in AN. Level of evidence Level V, narrative review.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Validity of triglyceride–glucose index as an indicator for metabolic
           syndrome in children and adolescents: the CASPIAN-V study
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the cut-off values of triglycerides and glucose (TyG) index as one of the indirect indices for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a pediatric population. Methods This national study was conducted in 2015 on 14400 students, aged 7–18 years. They were selected by random cluster sampling from 30 provinces of our country during the fifth survey of a national school-based surveillance program. MetS was defined based on the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria modified for the pediatric age group. The cut-off values of TyG index for MetS were obtained using the receiver operation characteristic (ROC) curve analysis by gender and age groups. Results Totally, 3843 students (52.3% boys) with mean (SD) age of 12.45 (3.04) years were assessed. The area under the ROC curve of TyG index for MetS was 0.83 in total participants. According to the ATP III criteria the cut-off values of the TyG index were 8.33 (8.21–8.45) in total students, 8.47 (8.36–8.58) in boys, and 8.33 (8.18–8.48) in girls. In the 7–12 and 13–18 years’ age groups, these values were 8.47 (8.32–8.63) and 8.34 (8.22–8.45) in total, 8.39 (8.26–8.52) and 8.47 (8.33–8.61) in boys, 8.33 (8.11–8.55) and 8.35 (8.22–8.47) in girls, respectively. Conclusion The findings of this study can be clinically helpful for screening MetS in children and adolescents but the effectiveness of these criteria needs to be evaluated by further longitudinal surveys. Level of evidence Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study (National surveillance study).
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Structural validation of ORTO-11-ES for the diagnosis of orthorexia
           nervosa, Spanish version
    • Abstract: Purpose The ORTO-11-ES questionnaire is a tool to assess the pathological obsession displayed by some individuals regarding healthy eating. The aims of this study were (1) to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish version of ORTO-11-ES using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and (2) to examine the possible association between the ORTO-11-ES score, gender and body mass index (BMI). Methods The sample comprised 492 students from the University of Castilla la Mancha, Spain. Of these, 280 were women (56.9%). Participants were surveyed using the ORTO-11-ES questionnaire. Results The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the 11 elements and 3 domains of this tool as the better fitting model; for the Comparative Fit Index (CFI) and the Tucker–Lewis Index (TLI), the values were 0.94 and 0.91, respectively, and the Root Mean-Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) was 0.058. The tendency towards orthorexic behavior is more associated with the female gender. The BMI had no influence on the tendency for ON. Conclusions This study is the first attempt to confirm the three-factor structure of a Spanish version of the ORTO-15 questionnaire. These findings suggest that the ORTO-11-ES may be a valuable tool for identifying subjects with specific eating behavior patterns. This information may be useful for health professionals involved in the research, development and implementation of interventions catered to individuals suffering from this eating disorder. Level of evidence Level V, descriptive cross-sectional study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Identification of chronic kidney disease risk in relatively lean Southern
           Chinese: the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype vs. anthropometric
           indexes
    • Abstract: Purpose Assessing and comparing the ability of the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW) phenotype and anthropometric obesity indexes to identify subjects at high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a relatively lean population in South China. Methods Using data from a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted in Zhuhai City, Southern China, we examined associations between the HW phenotype, anthropometric obesity indexes, and incident CKD risk in a relatively lean population. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the associations. Results The HW phenotype associated with CKD significantly in the unadjusted analysis (OR 3.53, 95% CI 1.65–7.52, P = 0.001). Further adjustment for gender, age, and other potential confounding variables had an impact on the odd ratios (OR); the OR decreased but still existed (OR 2.91, 95% 1.23–6.87, P = 0.016). The association of the HW phenotype with CKD remained significant after further adjustment for hypertension and diabetes. No significant association between the anthropometric indexes and incident CKD was found. Conclusion The HW phenotype, but not the anthropometric indexes, is associated with an elevated risk of CKD in relatively lean subjects. The HW phenotype appears to be a better predictor of CKD than the anthropometric indexes. Level of evidence Level V, descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in the refeeding
           phase of anorexia nervosa complicated with severe neutropenia and sepsis:
           a case report
    • Abstract: Leukopenia is frequently observed in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, serious infectious diseases are infrequent in patients with AN. We present the case of a 13-year-old girl with AN complicated with severe neutropenia and sepsis upon refeeding. Her body mass index was 11 kg/m2 and her absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was 1555/µL on admission. After the initiation of refeeding, her ANC gradually declined to 346/µL. High fever occurred and a blood culture tested positive for Enterobacter cloacae. Although fever subsided with administration of antibiotics, human recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was administered to improve her severe neutropenia. After administration of G-CSF, initially for 5 days and again for 3 days, her ANC became normal and stable. The combination of neutropenia and low body mass index may contribute to severe bacterial infection. Usually, hematological abnormalities such as neutropenia improve spontaneously with the recovery of nutritional status in AN patients. Therefore, it is difficult to determine the indication for treatment with G-SCF. Although a careful consideration is required, treatment with G-CSF is effective in AN patients with sepsis caused by severe neutropenia.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Psychotropic usage by patients presenting to an academic eating disorders
           program
    • Abstract: Purpose To assess psychotropic use patterns and possible associations with age, eating disorder diagnosis and psychiatric comorbidity in adolescents and young adults with a primary eating disorder. Methods A retrospective chart review of 86 consecutive patients with a primary eating disorder from August 2012 to December 2014 was conducted. Patients presented for a multidisciplinary evaluation at a United States-based academic program for eating disorders. Results Nearly half (45.3%) of the patients reported being on a psychotropic medication. Antidepressants were the most reported category, prescribed in 38.4% of the patients evaluated. There was a significant association between the type of eating disorder and the number of psychotropics prescribed. Patients with a diagnosis of other specified feeding or eating disorder reported more prescriptions upon presentation than patients with anorexia nervosa. Despite the finding that a significant minority of patients had a psychiatric comorbidity, this did not appear to increase the likelihood of psychotropic usage over those diagnosed with an eating disorder alone. In addition, patients with a longer duration of illness and patients with a history of non-suicidal self-injury were more likely to present to treatment on psychotropic medications. Conclusions Psychotropic medications appear to be commonly prescribed among individuals evaluated in a tertiary care center for an eating disorder. Given that psychotropics are not recommended as the primary intervention for eating disorders, the frequency may be indicative of practitioners not following research-informed practice guidelines. The differences observed may also reflect complexities related to clinical features or illness history. Level of evidence Level V: Descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Shoplifting and eating disorders: an anonymous self-administered survey
    • Abstract: Purpose To explore the characteristics of eating disorders related to shoplifting behavior and identify the risk and protective factors related to shoplifting among patients with eating disorders. Methods Eighty females with eating disorders were recruited from an eating disorders clinic. They were asked to complete anonymous self-report questionnaires on demographic characteristics, shoplifting behavior, psychological characteristics and eating disorder symptomology. We investigated differences in clinical characteristics between those with and without shoplifting history or a current drive to shoplift. Results The response rate was 92.5%. Of the respondents, 37.8% reported a history of shoplifting and 16.2% a current drive for shoplifting. The patients with shoplifting history had lower socioeconomic status (SES), higher impulsivity and higher symptom severity of eating disorders compared with those without this history. The patients with a current drive for shoplifting had more depressive symptoms, more severe anxiety, more obsessional traits, and higher symptom severity of eating disorders. Conclusions Severity of illness and SES seem to have a serious impact on shoplifting behavior among eating disordered patients. These findings may suggest risk and protective factors related to shoplifting among eating disordered patients.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Helpful or harmful' The comparative value of self-weighing and calorie
           counting versus intuitive eating on the eating disorder symptomology of
           college students
    • Abstract: Objective The current study evaluated the comparative implications of self-weighing and calorie counting versus intuitive eating (IE) on the eating disorder (ED) severity of college students. Methods In this cross-sectional study, college students in the US [N = 902; 68% female; mean body mass index (BMI) = 24.3] completed the web-based Healthy Bodies Study in 2015. Results A hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that elevated BMI, more frequent self-weighing and calorie counting, and lower IE scores predicted increased ED severity. The results of Kruskal–Wallis H tests indicated that participants with elevated weight statuses engaged in self-weighing and calorie counting more frequently, and possessed lower IE scores, than their lower weight counterparts. Conclusion Engaging in self-weighing and calorie counting was adversely associated with ED severity among the present sample of college students. Cultivating IE within health promotion efforts may, instead, lead to favorable eating-related outcomes that may translate to the holistic health of this population. Level of Evidence V cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • It’s raining men: descriptive results for engaging men with eating
           disorders in a specialized male assessment and treatment track (MATT)
    • Abstract: Purpose Men with eating disorders are not well understood and there is a need for innovative methods for engaging men in specialized outpatient assessment and treatment. We examined data collected over a 4-year period to explore whether the addition of a designated track for men at a hospital-based adult eating disorders program influenced the number of referrals or treatment engagement. Methods During assessment and treatment as usual (ATAU; September 2013–August 2015), 283 referrals were received (275 women, 8 men), with 3 men engaging in assessment and treatment (Mage = 36 years, SD = 14.18). After instatement of a male assessment and treatment track (MATT; September 2015–August 2017), 320 referrals were received (300 women, 20 men), with 14 men engaging in the specialized assessment and treatment (Mage = 28.21 years, SD = 8.04). Both groups of men completed measures of demographic characteristics, life satisfaction, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and eating disorder symptoms. Results Significantly more referrals for men, but not women, were received after the instatement of the MATT (i.e., a 250% increase). More men also engaged in specialized assessment and treatment after the instatement of the MATT (i.e., a 467% increase in engagement). Conclusions The current study describes the number of referrals and the number of men who engaged in treatment before and after the instatement of a specialized treatment track for men. The results suggest that the addition of the MATT helped to increase the number of men referred and promoted their engagement in recommended care. Level of evidence V retrospective descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • The development and treatment of a food phobia after bariatric surgery
    • PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Relationship between the peroxidation of leukocytes index ratio and a
           functional mathematical index including uric acid levels and
           health-related habits: a pilot study
    • PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Disordered eating behaviors and energy and nutrient intake in a regional
           sample of Brazilian adolescents from public schools
    • Abstract: Purpose To estimate the prevalence of disordered eating behaviors and the association with energy and nutrient intake and nutritional status in adolescents. Methods A school-based cross-sectional study was performed involving a probabilistic sample of 487 teenagers (aged 15–19 years) from public schools in the Metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Eating Attitude Test and the Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh questionnaires were applied to identify abnormal eating patterns and unusual dietary patterns, respectively. Nutritional status was defined by sex- and age-specific body mass index cutoffs. Energy and nutrient intake were assessed by a 3-day food record. The association between variables was assessed by the prevalence ratio and 95% confidence intervals, Pearson’s Chi-square test, and linear regression. Results The prevalence of abnormal eating patterns was 7.4% and that of unusual dietary patterns was 18.9%. Vitamin C intake was higher among girls with abnormal dietary patterns, with a consequent lower frequency of vitamin C deficiency when compared to those with normal dietary patterns. Calcium intake was lower in boys with unusual dietary pattern than in those without this behavior. Excess weight was associated with the presence of unusual dietary pattern in girls (PR: 2.4, 95% CI 1.6–3.5). Conclusions The prevalence of disordered eating behaviors was high, mainly in those who were overweight. It was associated with lower calcium intake in boys and with higher Vitamin C intake in girls. Level of evidence Level V, descriptive studies.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Explaining male body attitudes: the role of early peer emotional
           experiences and shame
    • Abstract: Purpose The current study tested a path model that examined the association between early emotional experiences with peers and male body attitudes and whether general feelings of shame and body-focused shame mediate this relationship, while controlling for the effect of body mass index. Methods The sample comprised 241 men from the general community, aged from 18 to 60, who completed an online survey. Results Correlation analyses showed that the recall of positive early emotional experiences with peers is inversely linked to shame and negative body attitudes. Path analysis results indicated that early emotional experiences with peers had a direct effect on external shame, and an indirect effect on male negative body attitudes mediated by external shame and body-focused shame. Results confirmed the plausibility of the tested model, which accounted for 40% of the variance of male body attitudes. Findings suggested that men who recall fewer positive early peer emotional experiences tend to perceive that they are negatively viewed by others and present more body image-focused shame experiences. This in turn seems to explain a negative self-appreciation of one’s muscularity, body fat and height. Conclusions This study contributes to a better understanding of male body attitudes. Findings suggest that the link between early emotional experiences and male body attitudes may depend on the experience of shame feelings and, particularly, on the extent to which one’s body image becomes a source of shame. These data support the relevance of addressing shame experiences when working with men with body image-related difficulties. Level of evidence Level V—cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • A study on the interplay between emerging adulthood and eating disorder
           symptomatology in young adults
    • Abstract: Purpose The primary aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between Arnett’s five features of emerging adulthood and ED symptomatology. The secondary aim of the study was to investigate possible gender differences concerning the relation between emerging adulthood and ED symptomatology. Methods 337 university students (252 females and 85 males) participated in this study. Each participant was asked to anonymously complete the following questionnaires: Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA), Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS). Results The female group scored higher in the EAT-26 diet, SPAS, IDEA self-focus and IDEA total score measurements. Additionally, in the female group, identity exploration was correlated with EAT-26 total and bulimia, experimentation/possibilities with EAT-26 total and diet, and negativity/instability with EAT-26 total, diet and bulimia as well as SPAS score. In the male groups, the only significant correlation was between SPAS and instability/negativity. Finally, identity exploration could predict a higher probability of developing ED (EAT ≥ 20) for both the female and male groups. Conclusions Emerging adulthood and ED were found to have a close relationship, especially for females. Identity exploration was the emerging adulthood factor that showed the highest relation to ED symptomatology in both the male and female groups. More research is necessary to investigate the specifics of this relationship. Level of evidence Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Mindfulness, self-compassion, and mindful eating in relation to fat and
           sugar consumption: an exploratory investigation
    • Abstract: While much research has focused on overeating when exploring constructs of mindfulness, mindful eating, and self-compassion, there is limited research on the specific relationship of these constructs with consumption of energy-dense foods that have a large impact on weight regulation. In a cross-sectional study, university students (n = 546) were recruited to explore the relationship between mindfulness, mindful eating, self-compassion, and fat and/or sugar consumption. Results indicated that all constructs were negatively related to fat and sugar consumption, but self-compassion did not do so in a univariate fashion. When investigating subscales, negative aspects such as isolation and over-identification show a significant positive relationship to fat and sugar consumption. Possible explanations and future directions are discussed further with an emphasis on the need for more empirical work.  Level of Evidence: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Determinants of binge eating disorder among normal weight and overweight
           female college students in Korea
    • Abstract: Purpose The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical features of binge eating disorder (BED) in normal weight and overweight undergraduate Korean women. Methods 117 overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) and 346 normal weight (18 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2) undergraduate Korean women completed questionnaires to assess for BED. Their emotional eating behaviors, binge eating-related behaviors, a spectrum of compulsive behaviors such as substance abuse and obsessive–compulsive disorder, and psychological profiles were evaluated through personal interviews and questionnaires. The features of those with BED were compared to those without BED in the overweight and normal weight groups. Results Both normal weight and overweight BED women had higher levels of functional impairment, eating disorder psychopathology including emotional and external eating behaviors, and neuroticism than their non-BED counterparts. In the normal weight group, BED women had more frequent alcohol consumption and obsessive–compulsive symptoms than non-BED women. In the overweight group, BED women had higher levels of depression and lower extraversion than non-BED women. Conclusions BED is associated with global functional impairment and mental health problems. Thus, the association with high functional impairments and psychiatric comorbidities suggest that people with BED may benefit from treatment. Level III Evidence obtained from well-designed case–control analytic studies, from more than one center.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Inducing negative affect using film clips with general and eating
           disorder-related content
    • Abstract: The aim of the present study was to select appropriate film clips with a general vs. eating disorder (ED)-related content to induce negative affect. More specifically, the study examined the subjective emotional experience (valence, arousal, anxiety, induction of somatic symptoms, and ability to control reactions during film clips) of Greek-Cypriot university students (N = 79) in response to three types of film clips: general unpleasant, ED-specific unpleasant, and emotionally neutral. In addition, the study aimed to compare the emotional reactions to the aforementioned clips between two groups of participants differing on their risk for ED (high vs. low). Preliminary results indicate the clips with general content (“The Champ”) and with ED-specific content (“Binge eating”) that are most effective in inducing negative affect and differentiating between risk groups. These clips provide an effective method for emotion induction that can be used for assessing the emotional experience of individuals with ED symptoms, since their emotional experience is significantly implicated in the development and maintenance of their symptoms (Merwin, Clin Psychol Sci Pract 18(3):208–214, 2011). Level of evidence No level of evidence, Experimental Study.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Predictors of the transition from metabolically healthy obesity to
           unhealthy obesity
    • Authors: Luisa Gilardini; Antonella Zambon; Davide Soranna; Marina Croci; Cecilia Invitti
      Abstract: Purpose Evidence that metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) is a stable benign condition is unclear. The aim of this study was to estimate the transition of MHO subjects to unhealthy obesity (occurrence of cardio-metabolic events and/or risk factors) and its predictors. Methods We conducted an explorative follow-up study in a subset of MHO patients > 40 years without any cardio-metabolic risk factors and with normal LDL cholesterol (LDLc) levels, identified among 1530 obese patients. Due to the low sample size, a bootstrap approach was applied to identify the variables to be included in the final multivariate discrete-time logit model. Results The prevalence of MHO was 3.7%. During the follow-up (mean 6.1 years, SD 2.0), none of the MHO reported cardiovascular events, diabetes or prediabetes; 26 subjects developed risk factors (53% high LDLc and 50% hypertension). At the 6 and 12-year of follow-up, the cumulative incidence of transition to unhealthy obesity was 44% (95% CI 31–59%) and 62% (95% CI 45–79%), the incidence of high LDLc was 23% (95% CI 13–37%) and 40% (95% CI 25–59%) and that of hypertension was 20% (95% CI 11–33%) and 30% (95% CI 17–48%). LDLc and duration of follow-up were independent predictors of the transition from MHO to unhealthy obesity [OR 1.038 (1.005–1.072) and 1.360 (1.115–1.659)]. Conclusions Results suggest that (a) MHO individuals do not move over time forward diabetes/prediabetes but develop risk factors, such as hypertension and higher LDL c that worsen the cardiovascular prognosis; (b) LDLc and the flow of time independently predict the transition to unhealthy status. Level of evidence Level III, cohort study.
      PubDate: 2018-10-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40519-018-0600-4
       
  • Metacognition, emotional functioning and binge eating in adolescence: the
           moderation role of need to control thoughts
    • Authors: Fiorenzo Laghi; Dora Bianchi; Sara Pompili; Antonia Lonigro; Roberto Baiocco
      Abstract: Purpose Binge eating is predicted by emotion dysregulation and poor emotional awareness. Dysfunctional metacognition is also implied in several eating disorders, but research has not yet investigated the interactions among emotional and metacognitive processes involved in binge eating. The present study investigated the relation between metacognition and binge eating in a sample of adolescents, testing the interaction effect between the need to control thoughts and the lack of emotional awareness on binge eating. Methods Participants were 804 adolescents (age range 15–20; 49.7% female), who completed self-report instruments assessing binge eating, emotion regulation, and metacognition. Results Binge eating was predicted by gender, BMI, emotion dysregulation, lack of emotional awareness, and dysfunctional metacognition dimensions (cognitive confidence and need to control thoughts). An important moderating effect was found, whereby the relationship between binge eating and lack of emotional awareness was only significant for individuals with a high need to control thoughts. Conclusions Results described emotional and metacognitive functioning in binge eating adolescents, suggesting that the need to control thoughts is a risk factor, whereas good metacognitive competencies are protective from binge eating, even in presence of poor emotional awareness. Level of evidence Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
      PubDate: 2018-10-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40519-018-0603-1
       
  • Defining the appropriate setting for treating obese patients: do we have
           the right tools'
    • Authors: Luisella Vigna; Amelia Brunani; Gianna Maria Agnelli; Maria Rosaria Ingenito; Silvia Tomaino; Dario Consonni; Paolo Capodaglio; Lorenzo Maria Donini
      Abstract: Purpose To allocate obese patients to the correct therapeutic setting, the Italian Obesity Society (SIO) has suggested a new algorithm based on the Edmonton obesity staging system (EOSS). The aim of our study was to apply in two retrospective cohorts of obese patients both the EOSS and the activities of daily life (ADL) scale to identify also their rehabilitation needs. Methods 288 out-patients and 298 in-patients were recruited. All patients were evaluated with a multidisciplinary approach and the mental, mechanical, and metabolic comorbidities were scored. Results The 2 groups differed for gender (28.8% men in out-patients, p = 0.001), age (> 60 years in in-patients, p = 0.03), BMI (40.8 ± 6.3 kg/m2 in in-patients, p < 0.001), and ADL (44.0 ± 16.0 in in-patients, p < 0.001). EOSS distribution was significant different: stages 0 and 1 were more present in out-patients and stages 3 and 4 in in-patients. In both groups, BMI increased significantly in EOSS category [95% CI + 1.4 (+ 0.5; + 2.2) for out-patients and + 1.7 (+ 0.7; + 2.6) for in-patients] and ADL were positively correlated with EOSS [95% CI + 5.0 (+ 2.5; + 7.4) for out-patients and + 9.9 (+ 7.7; + 12.2) for in-patients]. Mean ADL difference between the two groups, adjusted for age (over/under 60 years), BMI category, and EOSS was 24.8 (p < 0.0001). Conclusions SIO algorithm seems an effective tool for staging obesity in relation to the clinical impairment. To better define the correct rehabilitative allocation of obese patients, we suggest to integrate the SIO algorithm with the ADL score. Level of evidence Level III, retrospective case-control analytic study.
      PubDate: 2018-10-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40519-018-0595-x
       
 
 
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