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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1453 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (661 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (661 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 254)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 7)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Frontiers in Public Health
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2296-2565
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [73 journals]
  • Stakeholders' Views on E-cigarette Legislation: A Qualitative Study in

    • Authors: Chin-Shui Shih, Jean-Francois Etter
      Abstract: Objectives: Little is known about stakeholders' opinions on e-cigarette legislation in Taiwan. Our aim is to understand the perspectives of stakeholders regarding the current legal system and measures that could be included in future e-cigarette legislation in Taiwan.Materials and Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 14 Taiwanese stakeholders, using semi-structured questionnaires, either face-to-face or via telephone, in 2016–2017. All interviews were transcribed.Results: The current legal system is applied to e-cigarettes even though it does not mention them specifically, this system carries risks and faces challenges from anti-tobacco and vaper groups. Some weaknesses in the current legislative framework were noted, including the facts that e-cigarettes are sold without government approval, that there are no manufacturing standards, no inspections or monitoring, and no regulations for usage or advertising. There was wide acceptance among stakeholders that e-cigarettes should be better regulated, particularly e-cigarettes containing nicotine. Most interviewees agreed that there is a need to restrict e-cigarette use by teenagers and in public places where tobacco smoking is prohibited. Most interviewees also would like to restrict marketing, ban sales in vending machines, via mail order, and over the internet; label content and nicotine levels; and introduce health warnings and taxation.Conclusions: Almost all interviewees agreed that there is a need for a specific legal framework for e-cigarettes in Taiwan, and that e-cigarettes should be regulated in the same way as combustible cigarettes.
      PubDate: 2019-11-29T00:00:00Z
  • Community-Based Smoking Cessation Programs: A Way Forward'

    • Authors: Bukunmi Gesinde
      PubDate: 2019-11-29T00:00:00Z
  • Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli Pathotypes From Children Younger Than 5
           Years in Kano State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Habeeb Kayode Saka, Nasir Tukur Dabo, Bashir Muhammad, Silvia García-Soto, Maria Ugarte-Ruiz, Julio Alvarez
      Abstract: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is one of the leading causes of gastrointestinal disorders worldwide and an important public health challenge. DEC infection is often underdiagnosed during routine microbiological analysis, especially in resource constrained settings; the use of molecular tests could however help to determine the distribution of DEC and its clinical significance. Here, a study to assess the prevalence of DEC in clinical samples from patients
      PubDate: 2019-11-27T00:00:00Z
  • Disparities in Hepatitis C Linkage to Care in the Direct Acting Antiviral
           Era: Findings From a Referral Clinic With an Embedded Nurse Navigator

    • Authors: Jacqueline E. Sherbuk, Kathleen A. McManus, Terry Kemp Knick, Chelsea E. Canan, Tabor Flickinger, Rebecca Dillingham
      Abstract: Background: Direct acting antivirals (DAAs) have simplified and expanded access to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment. Only 17% of the 2.4 million Americans with HCV have linked to HCV care. We aimed to evaluate linkage to care (LTC) in a non-urban HCV referral clinic with a nurse navigator model and identify disparities in LTC.Methods: A single-center retrospective cohort analysis was performed among all patients referred to an infectious diseases HCV clinic between 2014 and 2018. The primary outcome was LTC, defined as attendance at a clinic appointment. A multivariable Poisson regression model estimated the association of variables with LTC.Results: Among 824 referred patients, 624 (76%) successfully linked to care and 369 (45%) successfully achieved sustained virologic response. Forty-six percent of those referred were uninsured. On multivariable analysis, LTC rates were higher among women (Incidence Rate Ratio [IRR] 1.11, 95% CI 1.03–1.20, p-value = 0.01) and people with cirrhosis (IRR 1.20, 95% CI 1.11–1.30, p-value < 0.001). Lower LTC rates were found for young people (
      PubDate: 2019-11-27T00:00:00Z
  • Geospatial Science and Point-of-Care Testing: Creating Solutions for
           Population Access, Emergencies, Outbreaks, and Disasters

    • Authors: Gerald J. Kost
      Abstract: Objectives: (a) To understand how to integrate geospatial concepts when implementing point-of-care testing (POCT); (b) to facilitate emergency, outbreak, and disaster preparedness and emergency management in healthcare small-world networks; (c) to enhance community resilience by using POCT in tandem with geographic information systems (GISs) and other geospatial tools; and (d) to advance crisis standards of care at points of need, adaptable and scalable for public health practice in limited-resource countries and other global settings.Content: Visual logistics help integrate and synthesize POCT and geospatial concepts. The resulting geospatial solutions presented here comprise: (1) small-world networks and regional topography; (2) space-time transformation, hubs, and asset mapping; (3) spatial and geospatial care paths™; (4) GIS-POCT; (5) isolation laboratories, diagnostics isolators, and mobile laboratories for highly infectious diseases; (6) alternate care facilities; (7) roaming POCT—airborne, ambulances, space, and wearables; (8) connected and wireless POCT outside hospitals; (9) unmanned aerial vehicles; (10) geospatial practice—demographic care unit resource scoring, geographic risk assessment, and national POCT policy and guidelines; (11) the hybrid laboratory; and (12) point-of-careology.Value: Small-world networks and their connectivity facilitate efficient and effective placement of POCT for optimal response, rescue, diagnosis, and treatment. Spatial care paths™ speed transport from primary encounters to referral centers bypassing topographic bottlenecks, process gaps, and time-consuming interruptions. Regional GISs position POCT close to where patients live to facilitate rapid triage, decrease therapeutic turnaround time, and conserve economic resources. Geospatial care paths™ encompass demographic and population access features. Timeliness creates value during acute illness, complex crises, and unexpected disasters. Isolation laboratories equipped with POCT help stop outbreaks and safely support critically ill patients with highly infectious diseases. POCT-enabled spatial grids can map sentinel cases and establish geographic limits of epidemics for ring vaccination.Impact: Geospatial solutions generate inherently optimal and logical placement of POCT conceptually, physically, and temporally as a means to improve crisis response and spatial resilience. If public health professionals, geospatial scientists, and POCT specialists join forces, new collaborative teamwork can create faster response and higher impact during disasters, complex crises, outbreaks, and epidemics, as well as more efficient primary, urgent, and emergency community care.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26T00:00:00Z
  • Characterization of Lytic Bacteriophages Infecting Multidrug-Resistant
           Shiga Toxigenic Atypical Escherichia coli O177 Strains Isolated From
           Cattle Feces

    • Authors: Peter Kotsoana Montso, Victor Mlambo, Collins Njie Ateba
      Abstract: The increasing incidence of antibiotic resistance and emergence of virulent bacterial pathogens, coupled with a lack of new effective antibiotics, has reignited interest in the use of lytic bacteriophage therapy. The aim of this study was to characterize lytic Escherichia coli O177-specific bacteriophages isolated from cattle feces to determine their potential application as biocontrol agents. A total of 31 lytic E. coli O177-specific bacteriophages were isolated. A large proportion (71%) of these phage isolates produced large plaques while 29% produced small plaques on 0.3% soft agar. Based on different plaque morphologies and clarity and size of plaques, eight phages were selected for further analyses. Spot test and efficiency of plating (EOP) analyses were performed to determine the host range for selected phages. Phage morphotype and growth were analyzed using transmission electron microscopy and the one-step growth curve method. Phages were also assessed for thermal and pH stability. The spot test revealed that all selected phages were capable of infecting different environmental E. coli strains. However, none of the phages infected American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) and environmental Salmonella strains. Furthermore, EOP analysis (range: 0.1–1.0) showed that phages were capable of infecting a wide range of E. coli isolates. Selected phage isolates had a similar morphotype (an icosahedral head and a contractile tail) and were classified under the order Caudovirales, Myoviridae family. The icosahedral heads ranged from 81.2 to 110.77 nm, while the contractile tails ranged from 115.55 to 132.57 nm in size. The phages were found to be still active after 60 min of incubation at 37 and 40°C. Incremental levels of pH induced a quadratic response on stability of all phages. The pH optima for all eight phages ranged between 7.6 and 8.0, while at pH 3.0 all phages were inactive. Phage latent period ranged between 15 and 25 min while burst size ranged from 91 to 522 virion particles [plaque-forming unit (PFU)] per infected cell. These results demonstrate that lytic E. coli O177-specific bacteriophages isolated from cattle feces are highly stable and have the capacity to infect different E. coli strains, traits that make them potential biocontrol agents.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26T00:00:00Z
  • Employee Satisfaction With Working Space and Its Association With
           Well-Being—A Cross-Sectional Study in a Multi-Space Office

    • Authors: Sirpa Lusa, Sari Mirjami Käpykangas, Heli Ansio, Pia Houni, Jukka Uitti
      Abstract: Introduction: Different kinds of shared and activity-based offices are common today and employees' experiences, perceived health, well-being, satisfaction, and productivity have been studied in different types and sizes of environments.Objectives: In this study we aimed to determine employee satisfaction with a multi-space office. We also aimed to find associations between satisfaction with working space and both individual and social well-being.Methods: A total of 91 employees from a multi-space office shared by six municipality-owned companies answered a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, percentages, averages, and minimum and maximum values are used to describe the results. We used cross-tabulation and Pearson's Chi-Square test to study the associations and linear regression analysis to create a model describing the variability of workspace satisfaction.Results: The employees were most satisfied with the workspace furniture (82% of respondents) and most dissatisfied with workspace acoustics (44%). Workspace satisfaction was associated with self-satisfaction, good self-perceived future work ability, and good recovery. As regards social factors, workspace satisfaction was associated with good atmosphere among colleagues and good social capital. Satisfaction with acoustics was also associated with good self-perceived future work ability, recovery, and good social capital. Social capital best explained the general variation in workplace satisfaction.Conclusions: Many individual- and social-related well-being outcomes, and especially social capital, were associated with workspace satisfaction. To maintain workplace satisfaction and well-being, attention should be paid to the design, functionality, and management of the used workspaces.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26T00:00:00Z
  • Advancing Oral Health Equity Through School-Based Oral Health Programs: An
           Ecological Model and Review

    • Authors: Lynn Gargano, Margaret K. Mason, Mary E. Northridge
      Abstract: In the United States and elsewhere, children are more likely to have poor oral health if they are homeless, poor, and/or members of racial/ethnic minority and immigrant populations who have suboptimal access to oral health care. As a result, poor oral health serves as the primary marker of social inequality. Here, the authors posit that school-based oral health programs that aim to purposefully address determinants of health care access, health and well-being, and skills-based health education across multiple levels of influence (individual/population, interpersonal, community, and societal/policy) may be more effective in achieving oral health equity than programs that solely target a single outcome (screening, education) or operate only on the individual level. An ecological model is derived from previously published multilevel frameworks and the World Health Organization (WHO) concept of a health-promoting school. The extant literature is then examined for examples of evaluated school-based oral health programs, their locations and outcomes(s)/determinant(s) of interest, the levels of influence they target, and their effectiveness and equity attributes. The authors view school-based oral health programs as vehicles for advancing oral health equity, since vulnerable children often lack access to any preventive or treatment services absent on-site care provision at schools. At the same time, they are incapable of achieving sustainable results without attention to multiple levels of influence. Policy solutions that improve the nutritional quality of children's diets in schools and neighborhoods and engage alternative providers at all levels of influence may be both effective and equitable.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26T00:00:00Z
  • The Development of Instruments to Detect Indicators of Behavioral Changes
           in Therapeutic Communities: A Clinical Case Study

    • Authors: Stefania Cristofanelli, Agata Ando', Laura Ferro
      Abstract: Clinicians involving in the treatment of adolescent patients should use a valid and efficient psychological assessment. The evaluation of the efficiency in clinical interventions may provide helpful information in terms of cost-effectiveness and may contribute to increase the quality and efficacy of the public services. Despite the importance of clinical and therapeutic interventions, we may observe several aspects limiting the chance in using them. For example, the neuropsychiatry context due to heterogeneous users (such as children and adolescents) makes the replicability of clinical trials difficult in terms of results. Thus, efficient clinical programs and interventions—potentially able to identify specific and long-term effects—need to be defined. In clinical contexts (i.e., therapeutic communities). It should be a priority both to manage aspects of emergency/urgency we may observe in adolescents, and to focus on those aspects placed on a timing dimension. The current study reports a description of innovative measures developed specifically for assessing adolescent patients and for tracking psychological features and behavioral changes. Furthermore, a clinical case is examined by using a multimethod assessment including such innovative measures. Clinical implications are discussed. The development and sharing of “assessment cultures” among professionals should represent a priority in improving the effectiveness of therapeutic communities.
      PubDate: 2019-11-22T00:00:00Z
  • A Comparative Study on the Health Status and Behavioral Lifestyle of
           Centenarians and Non-centenarians in Zhejiang Province, China—A
           Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Chao Rong, Shu-Hua Shen, Lu-Wei Xiao, Qi Huang, Han-Ti Lu, Hong-Xian Wang, Zheng-Xiang Li, Xiao-Ming Wang
      Abstract: Background: The growth rate of centenarians was unusually rapid in recent decades, ushering in an era of longevity. This study aims to explore the difference between centenarians and non-centenarians using quantitative research, and to scientifically guide residents to develop the correct lifestyle and health care ways.Methods: From October 2013 to August 2017. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 271 centenarians and 570 non-centenarians by using a questionnaire to assess longevity and health issues which was developed for the needs of the study, who came from 29 counties and districts in 11 cities of Zhejiang province, China. Two hundred and fifty-five valid questionnaires were returned, with an effective response rate of 94.1%. Meanwhile, data of 526 non-centenarians from Zhejiang province was collected as a control group, with an effective response rate of 92.3%.Results: The prevalence rates of tumor, stomach and duodenal ulcer, diabetes, bronchial asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis among centenarians were all lower than those among non-centenarians. The oral health of centenarians is better than that of non-centenarians. The consumption of coarse cereals, pasta, other staple foods and fruits among centenarians was higher than that of non-centenarians. The percentage of centenarians who smoke or engage in recreational activities every day was lower than that of non-centenarians.Conclusions: We should give full play to the role of preventive medicine and health management to safeguard the health of residents. Pay attention to oral health, and develop the good habit of loving teeth. The diet should be rich and varied, and increase the intake of grains and fruits. Give up smoking, limit alcohol, spirit-preserving with calming, follow the law of scientific regimen.
      PubDate: 2019-11-22T00:00:00Z
  • RE-AIM in the Real World: Use of the RE-AIM Framework for Program Planning
           and Evaluation in Clinical and Community Settings

    • Authors: Bethany M. Kwan, Hannah L. McGinnes, Marcia G. Ory, Paul A. Estabrooks, Jeanette A. Waxmonsky, Russell E. Glasgow
      Abstract: Background: The RE-AIM framework has been widely used in health research but it is unclear the extent to which this framework is also used for planning and evaluating health-related programs in clinical and community settings. Our objective was to evaluate how RE-AIM is used in the “real-world” and identify opportunities for improving use outside of research contexts.Methods: We used purposive and snowball sampling to identify clinical and community health programs that used RE-AIM for planning and/or evaluation. Recruitment methods included surveys with email follow-up to funders, implementers, and RE-AIM working group members. We identified 17 programs and conducted structured in-depth interviews with key informants (n = 18). Across RE-AIM dimensions, respondents described motivations, uses, and measures; rated understandability and usefulness; discussed benefits and challenges, strategies to overcome challenges, and resources used. We used descriptive statistics for quantitative ratings, and content analysis for qualitative data.Results: Program content areas included chronic disease management and prevention, healthy aging, mental health, or multiple, often behavioral health-related topics. During planning, most programs considered reach (n = 9), adoption (n = 11), and implementation (n = 12) while effectiveness (n = 7) and maintenance (n = 6) were considered less frequently. In contrast, most programs evaluated all RE-AIM dimensions, ranging from 13 programs assessing maintenance to 15 programs assessing implementation and effectiveness. On five-point scales, all RE-AIM dimensions were rated as easy to understand (Overall M = 4.7 ± 0.5), but obtaining data was rated as somewhat challenging (Overall M = 3.4 ± 0.9). Implementation was the most frequently used dimension to inform program design (M = 4.7 ± 0.6) relative to the other dimensions (3.0–3.9). All dimensions were considered similarly important for decision-making (average M = 4.1 ± 1.4), with the exception of maintenance (M = 3.4 ± 1.7). Qualitative corresponded to the quantitative findings in that RE-AIM was reported to be a practical, easy to understand, and well-established implementation science framework. Challenges included understanding differences among RE-AIM dimensions and data acquisition. Valuable resources included the RE-AIM website and collaborating with an expert.Discussion: RE-AIM is an efficient framework for planning and evaluation of clinical and community-based projects. It provides structure to systematically evaluate health program impact. Programs found planning for and assessing maintenance difficult, providing opportunities for further refinement.
      PubDate: 2019-11-22T00:00:00Z
  • Dover Micro Open Street Events: Evaluation Results and Implications for
           Community-Based Physical Activity Programming

    • Authors: Richard R. Suminski, Chanda Jackson-Short, Noel Duckworth, Eric Plautz, Karen Speakman, Rita Landgraf, Freda Patterson
      Abstract: Open Streets events provide opportunities for residents to be active. The current program developed and implemented five smaller scale, Micro Open Streets Events (MOSE) in Dover, DE that provided a range of opportunities for physical activity over a
      PubDate: 2019-11-22T00:00:00Z
  • The Transformation of Reference Microbiology Methods and Surveillance for
           Salmonella With the Use of Whole Genome Sequencing in England and Wales

    • Authors: Marie Anne Chattaway, Timothy J. Dallman, Lesley Larkin, Satheesh Nair, Jacquelyn McCormick, Amy Mikhail, Hassan Hartman, Gauri Godbole, David Powell, Martin Day, Robert Smith, Kathie Grant
      Abstract: The use of whole genome sequencing (WGS) as a method for supporting outbreak investigations, studying Salmonella microbial populations and improving understanding of pathogenicity has been well-described (1–3). However, performing WGS on a discrete dataset does not pose the same challenges as implementing WGS as a routine, reference microbiology service for public health surveillance. Challenges include translating WGS data into a useable format for laboratory reporting, clinical case management, Salmonella surveillance, and outbreak investigation as well as meeting the requirement to communicate that information in an understandable and universal language for clinical and public health action. Public Health England have been routinely sequencing all referred presumptive Salmonella isolates since 2014 which has transformed our approach to reference microbiology and surveillance. Here we describe an overview of the integrated methods for cross-disciplinary working, describe the challenges and provide a perspective on how WGS has impacted the laboratory and surveillance processes in England and Wales.
      PubDate: 2019-11-21T00:00:00Z
  • Anthropometric and Biochemical Predictors for Hypertension in a
           Cross-Sectional Study in Zanzibar, Tanzania

    • Authors: Lara Kim Brackmann, Christoph Buck, Maria Adam Nyangasa, Soerge Kelm, Mohammed Sheikh, Antje Hebestreit
      Abstract: Background: Aim of this study was to describe the proportion of hypertension among Zanzibari of different age-groups and to detect possible correlates of this non-communicable disease.Methods: In 2013 a cross-sectional survey was conducted in Unguja Island, Zanzibar. A total of 235 randomly selected households, including 1,229 (2 to 95 years) eligible study participants, were examined. Association between objectively assessed obesity markers, salt intake and hypertension were investigated. Estimates of 24 h sodium and potassium excretion from a single morning spot urine specimen were calculated and used as surrogate for salt intake. The association between overweight/obesity and hypertension in different age-groups was assessed in multilevel logistic regression models. Further associations between salt intake and hypertension were analyzed.Results: Measures of systolic and diastolic blood pressure as well as proportion of overweight/obesity and hypertension both increased with age. Overweight and obesity were significantly associated with hypertension in adults. Moreover, thinness seems to be associated with hypertension as well. We observed a significantly reduced chance of hypertension for higher urinary sodium-to-potassium compared to a lower ratio in children.Conclusion: Overweight/obesity and hypertension were highly prevalent (>47% of adults>40 years are overweight or obese and>69% are hypertensive in the same age group) in our sample. Weight status was confirmed as a correlate of high blood pressure in our sample from Zanzibar, Tanzania. To early and effectively prevent related severe cardiovascular outcomes, screening strategies but also monitoring strategies are required for this population.
      PubDate: 2019-11-21T00:00:00Z
  • Eliminating Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus and Promoting Clean Delivery
           Practices Through Disposable Clean Birth Kits

    • Authors: Syed Ahsan Raza, Bilal Iqbal Avan
      PubDate: 2019-11-21T00:00:00Z
  • A “Cookbook” for Vulnerability Research

    • Authors: Paula S. Tallman, Armando Valdés-Velásquez, Gabriela Salmón-Mulanovich, Gwenyth O. Lee, Amy R. Riley-Powell, Luciana Blanco-Villafuerte, Stella M. Hartinger, Valerie A. Paz-Soldán
      Abstract: There is a growing need to facilitate the interdisciplinary study of the relationship between the environment and human health and well-being. It is increasingly recognized that vulnerability is a key construct allowing discipline-specific research questions on these topics to be meaningfully contextualized. However, there is little consensus regarding the meaning of the concept of vulnerability or how it can best be utilized in research studies. In this perspective article, we use the metaphor of a “cookbook” to review promising trends in vulnerability research and to make this body of research accessible to a multi-disciplinary audience. Specifically, we discuss a selection of “recipes” (theoretical frameworks), “ingredients” (vulnerability domains), “cooking tools” (qualitative and quantitative methods), and approaches to “meal presentation” (communication of results) drawn from vulnerability studies published in the past 15 years. Our aim is for this short “cookbook” to serve as a jumping-off point for scholars unfamiliar with the vulnerability literature and an inspiration for scholars more familiar with this topic to develop new ways to navigate the tension between locally-specific assessments of vulnerability and attempts at standardization. Our ultimate take-home message is that the specifics theories and methods used in vulnerability research are less important than attention to what we see as the 3 ‘T’s of transparency, triangulation, and transferability, and to efforts to make vulnerability research both “place-based” and comparable.
      PubDate: 2019-11-21T00:00:00Z
  • Associations Between Habitual School-Day Breakfast Consumption Frequency
           and Academic Performance in British Adolescents

    • Authors: Katie Adolphus, Clare L. Lawton, Louise Dye
      Abstract: Studies indicate that breakfast positively affects learning in children. The present study aimed to examine associations between habitual school-day breakfast consumption frequency and academic performance, as measured by the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). The GCSE is a national academic qualification obtained by most British children during secondary education. Adolescents aged 16–18 years (n = 294; females: 77.2%) completed a retrospective 7-day food diary to report breakfast intake and a questionnaire to report GCSE grades. Breakfast was defined as any food or drink containing ≥5% of total energy expenditure (TEE) consumed up to 10:00 a.m. on school days. Habitual weekly school-day breakfast consumption frequency was categorized as rare (0–1 school days), occasional (2–3 school days), or frequent (4–5 school days). GCSE grades were aggregated into point scores and linear regression models were applied. Participants' GCSE grades in Mathematics and English were analyzed using ordinal logistic regression. Adolescents who rarely consumed breakfast on school days had a significantly lower capped point score (β = −0.13, p < 0.05) and mean point score (β = −0.14, p < 0.05) compared with frequent consumers. Low/middle socio-economic status (SES) adolescents who rarely consumed breakfast were significantly less likely to achieve higher Mathematics grades compared to low/middle SES adolescents who frequently consumed breakfast [adjusted cumulative odds ratio (OR): 0.35 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.17–0.72]. This cross-sectional study demonstrates that habitual school-day breakfast consumption amongst adolescents is a significant correlate of GCSE attainment. The results offer promising associative evidence which warrants further exploration in well controlled studies.
      PubDate: 2019-11-20T00:00:00Z
  • Bootstrap ARDL on Health Expenditure, CO2 Emissions, and GDP Growth
           Relationship for 18 OECD Countries

    • Authors: Chien-Ming Wang, Hsin-Pei Hsueh, Fangjhy Li, Cheng-Feng Wu
      Abstract: Using annual time-series data over the period 1975–2017, the researcher applied the bootstrap autoregressive-distributed lag (ARDL) cointegration model developed by McNown et al. (1) to examine whether there is a long run relationship among health expenditure, CO2 emissions, and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in 18 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. We find cointegration exists in Netherlands when real GDP per capita serves as a dependent variable, in New Zealand when health expenditure is the dependent variable, and in the United States when CO2 emissions are dependent variables. The main results show evidence of a short run relationship between the three variables. The empirical results support that there is a bidirectional causality between health expenditure and GDP growth for Germany and the United States, between CO2 emissions and GDP growth for Canada, Germany, and the United States, and between health expenditure and CO2 emissions for New Zealand and Norway. The results also indicate that there are unidirectional causality in other countries.
      PubDate: 2019-11-20T00:00:00Z
  • Prevalence, Awareness, and Associated Factors of Airflow Obstruction in
           Russia: The Ural Eye and Medical Study

    • Authors: Mukharram M. Bikbov, Gyulli M. Kazakbaeva, Rinat M. Zainullin, Venera F. Salavatova, Inga I. Arslangareeva, Songhomitra Panda-Jonas, Timur R. Gilmanshin, Nikolai A. Nikitin, Svetlana R. Mukhamadieva, Dilya F. Yakupova, Renat I. Khikmatullin, Said K. Aminev, Ildar F. Nuriev, Artur F. Zaynetdinov, Yulia V. Uzianbaeva, Jost B. Jonas
      Abstract: Background: Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma belong to the most important causes of disability and death in all world regions, data about the prevalence of airflow obstruction and asthma in Russia and the associated parameters have been scarce so far. We therefore assessed the prevalence of airflow obstruction and asthma in a Russian population.Methods: The population-based Ural Eye and Medical Study, conducted in a rural and urban region of Bashkortostan/Russia, included 5,392 participants (mean age: 58.6 ± 10.6 years; range: 40–94 years) out of 7,328 eligible individuals. Airflow obstruction was defined spirometrically and asthma by self-reported diagnosis.Results: Airflow obstruction was present in 369 individuals (6.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 6.2, 7.5) with an awareness rate of 63.4% (95%CI: 58.5, 68.4) and known duration of 19.5 ± 15.8 years (median: 16 years). Prevalence of undiagnosed airflow obstruction was 2.6% (95%CI: 2.2, 3.1). Higher prevalence of airflow obstruction was associated (multivariable analysis) with higher prevalence of current smoking [P < 0.001; odds ratio (OR): 2.91; 95%CI: 1.76, 4.83] and number of cigarette package years (P < 0.001; OR: 1.03; 95%CI: 1.02, 1.08), female gender (P = 0.03; OR: 1.42; 95%CI: 1.04, 1.93), urban region (P = 0.003; OR: 1.43; 95% CI: 1.12, 1.79), higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases/stroke (P < 0.001; OR: 1.86; 95%CI: 1.45, 2.39), higher depression score (P = 0.002; OR: 1.05; 95%CI: 1.02, 1.08), and lower physical activity (P = 0.01; OR: 0.71; 95%CI: 0.54, 0.93). Asthma prevalence (2.6%; 95%CI: 2.0, 3.1; known duration: 17.2 ± 15.0 years) was associated with less alcohol consumption (OR: 0.53; 95%CI: 0.33, 0.87; P = 0.01), higher depression score (OR: 1.08; 95%CI: 1.03, 1.12; P < 0.001), and urban region (OR: 0.68; 95CI: 0.49, 0.95; P = 0.0.03).Conclusions: In this Russian population aged 40+ years, the prevalence of airflow obstruction was 6.8% with an awareness rate of 63.4% and smoking as main risk factor. Asthma prevalence was 2.6%.
      PubDate: 2019-11-20T00:00:00Z
  • Effects of CYP3A4 Polymorphisms on Drug Addiction Risk Among the Chinese
           Han Population

    • Authors: Li Wang, Mei Bai, Tianbo Jin, Jianwen Zheng, Yuhe Wang, Yongjun He, Dongya Yuan, Xue He
      Abstract: Background:Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) regulates pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions during the process of drug absorption and metabolism, suggesting CYP3A4 plays an important role in drug addiction. However, the association between CYP3A4 polymorphisms and drug addiction risk is still not clear.Methods: This case-control study included 504 drug addicts and 501 healthy controls from Xi'an, China. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in CYP3A4 (rs3735451, rs4646440, rs35564277, and rs4646437) were genotyped by Agena MassARRAY platform. After adjusting by age and gender, we calculated odd ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) by logistic regression to estimate the association between CYP3A4 polymorphisms and drug addiction risk.Results: We found rs4646440 and rs4646437 were associated with decreased risk of drug addiction in codominant (rs4646440: OR = 0.41, 95%CI = 0.19–0.92, p = 0.030; rs4646437: OR = 0.19, 95%CI = 0.04–0.87, p = 0.032) and recessive (rs4646440: OR = 0.41, 95%CI = 0.19–0.91, p = 0.028; rs4646437: OR = 0.20, 95%CI = 0.04–0.90, p = 0.036) models. Rs3735451 and rs4646437 were associated with drug addiction risk in the subgroup of middle-aged people (44 < age ≤ 59) and elderly people (age ≥ 60), individually. For men, rs3735451, rs4646440, and rs4646437 had strong relationship with decreased risk of drug addiction (p < 0.05). The effects of rs3735451 on drug addiction risk were related to drug-using time (p < 0.05). We also observed one block (rs4646440 and rs35564277) in haplotype analysis.Conclusion:CYP3A4 polymorphisms were associated with drug addiction risk among the Chinese Han population.
      PubDate: 2019-11-19T00:00:00Z
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