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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1279 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (508 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (381 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (100 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (80 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (508 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 170)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access  
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Heart Insight     Full-text available via subscription  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
  [13 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2278-9014 - ISSN (Online) 2278-9030
   Published by eJManager Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Effect of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) in stress induced loss of
           cognition in hippocampus of wister albino rats

    • Abstract: 2016-12-17T04-35-38Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Sivanandan Ramar, Mazen Alqahtani, Anandh Bose, Salameh Al Dajah.
      Background: Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, which interface enables a direct communications pathway between the brain and the object to be controlled. By reading signals from an array of neurons and using computer chips and programs to translate the signals into action. The Magneto encephalography (MEG) is to record the firing of the neuron and absorb the brain activity as the magnetic field travels from region to region with in the brain. It has the potential to enhance the life style of the disabled person. The MEG Brain Computer Interface (BCI) impact on medicine and healthcare now may be subtle but is still revolutionary.Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop novel methods and systems for rehabilitation and control of assistive devices using signals from the brain – BCI on motor coding and on neural plasticity.Materials and methods: The experiment was carried out in 24 albino rats with Magneto encephalography (MEG). All the rats underwent BCI procedure except the first and second group which was exposed to fake intervention. The objective of this proof of concept closed loop BCI experiment was for the subject to control the positive movement of a rat in the radial arm maze to take the food even altered position which was recorded in the system.Results: An important finding in the present study was the enhancing effect of BCI against neurodegeneration. It shows that these rats achieve to learn the task. It suggests that the BCI activated the neurons in the hippocampus and makes it sufficient for normal acquisition. Conclusion: Stress induced hippocampal degeneration leads to significant impairment of cognitive functions especially in calculation, immediate recall and attention. In this present study, stress induced loss of cognition was studied by activating the neurons of the hippocampus by grid electrodes of BCI system.Keywords: Magneto encephalography (MEG), glucocorticoid, hippocampal formation & grid electrodes.

      PubDate: Sun, 11 Dec 2016 01:41:27 GMT
       
  • Effect of Recasting of Ni-Cr Base Metal Dental Casting Alloys on the
           Corrosion Rate, Compositional Changes and Ion Release in Artificial Saliva
           and Saline Solution

    • Abstract: 2016-12-10T09-40-01Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      K Jayaprakash, K Harish Kumar Shetty, A Nityananda Shetty, Bantarahalli Thopegowda Nandish, Sowmya Rao.
      Background: Environmental concerns are increasing rapidly, and the industryand public are more concerned about natural resources and recycling. Today, it is equally important to take into account cost, ecological factors in production and recycling of materials used in various fields.Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate corrosion rate, compositional changes and ion release of recasted Ni-Cr dental casting alloyMaterials and Methods: Commercially available Ni -Cr alloy (Bellabond) was used in the study. The recasting was done without any addition of new alloys and recasted up to six times. Corrosion rate was determined by Tafel extrapolation method in artificial saliva in pH 2.3, 6.7 and in 0.9% saline solution at pH 7.3. The compositional changes were studied by Inductively coupled Plasma – Atomic emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) method. Ion release during storage in artificial saliva and saline solution for one week and four weeks was detected by usingatomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS).Results: The corrosion rate was found slightly increased with recasting numbers up to six times. The quantities of ions released increased as the recasting number increases. These changes were not clinically significant. During recasting procedure, there was a change in their alloy compositions, which increases the corrosion rate in recasted alloys. Conclusion: The recasting technique can be accepted in dental practices. This study showed the possibilities of safe usage of recasted alloys up to certain generations in dentistry and in later stages if it is not suitable for dentistry it can be directed to other fields of industries, where the biocompatibility is not a major requirement. This lowers the environmental burden, health hazards and protects imbalance of natural resources

      PubDate: Mon, 05 Dec 2016 01:06:01 GMT
       
  • Appraise the Health-Related Quality of Life among Trauma Patients

    • Abstract: 2016-12-03T08-54-41Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Ravi Kant Jain, Neelesh Dhadse, Chirag Sethi, Ravindra Kumar, Susmit Kosta.
      Background: Limb injures is revolve a life-changing event that can cause significant disruptions in many important areas of life. Objectives: The objective of our study was to appraise the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and psychosocial factors associated with pain and disability in patients following Upper limb (UL) and lower limb (LL) trauma patientsMaterials and methods: A sample of convenience 300 adult male and female patients who met the inclusion criteria was included. A short form (36) health status questionnaire was filled by a single author from each patient after one year of follow up. This part was utilized to assess the QOL among limbs traumas patients.Results: Intraclass correlation coefficients were greater than 0.7 in five of the eight domains of SF 36 except mental health, social function and general health. Chronbach’s α was higher than 0.8 all the domains except in social function domain. There was no difference in Health Related Quality of Life in patients with upper and lower limb trauma. However there was significant difference in 4 domains related to physical components of SF 36 survey form between male and females.Conclusion: Both upper and lower limb trauma similarly affects the Health Related Quality of Life in all age group of patients.Keywords: Sf-36, Trauma, HRQOL

      PubDate: Thu, 01 Dec 2016 04:46:10 GMT
       
  • Effect of laser acupuncture in mild benign hypertensive female patients

    • Abstract: 2016-12-03T08-54-41Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Mohamed K. Seyam, Ghada M. Shawky.
      Background: Recent studies have found that acupuncture treatments lower blood pressure. Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medical technique of inserting needles at particular points on the body to balance the opposing forces of yin and yang and the smooth flow of qi. Laser acupoint technique is considers as saving time because it is performed in less time than needles acupuncture.Purpose: The aim of this study was to study the effect of laser acupuncture on lowering the primary type of hypertension in old female adults.Materials and Methods: Thirty female mild hypertensive patients with ranged age 50-59 years were enrolled in the study. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure evaluated by Mercury sphygmomanometer. Baseline blood pressure measured for each subject prior to the initiation of the treatment and after enrolled in of treatment program. The anthropometric data including age, duration of hypertension, height, weight and body mass index (BMI) was collected for both experimental and six weeks control groups.Results: after treating hypertension patients by the laser acupuncture for 6 weeks (twice per week session), both the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) decreased significantly (P < .01). The mean SPB in experimental group (Group I) was 155.9 ± 4.33 mm Hg before the treatment and was reduced to 134.1 ± 2.33 mm Hg (P < .001) after treatment. While the mean SPB in control group (Group II) was 156.2 ± 3.88 mm Hg before the treatment and was reduced to 152.9 ± 2.85 mm Hg (P < .002) after treatment. The mean DBP in Group I was 91.5 ± 2.55 mm Hg before treatment and was reduced to 82.6 ± 2.12 mm Hg (P < .001), While the mean DBP in Group II was 91.1 ± 2.85 mm Hg before the treatment and was reduced to 89.2 ± 2.1 mm Hg (P < .002) after treatment. Conclusion: we concluded that low-level laser acupuncture treatment resulted in lower blood pressure by stimulating these points LI 4 LI 11, Sp 6 and P 6.

      PubDate: Mon, 28 Nov 2016 03:19:38 GMT
       
  • Effectiveness of dorsum hand splint with electrical stimulation on hand
           functions in stroke patients

    • Abstract: 2016-05-22T14-28-56Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Salameh Al Dajah, Sami Abdulwahab.
      Background: Upper extremity spasticity is a common clinical outcome following stroke and may be seriously debilitating condition. Regaining functions in the upper extremities is often more difficult than in lower extremities, which can seriously affect the progress of rehabilitation. Mainly, the hand and wrist synergistic spasticity limits rehabilitation outcomes and physical function. Therefore, rehabilitation process appears to be a challenge in stroke patients, mainly with upper limb synergistic spasticityObjectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the electro stimulation and the dorsum hand splint to reduce hand flexion spastic synergy and to enhance the functional activity of paretic hand.Methods and Materials – Sixty patients with hand flexion synergistic spasticity selected for this study. They randomly assigned into two groups. One group received NMES as well as hand functions activities and asked to wear a dorsum splint for 2x3/day hours for 12 weeks. The second group received traditional physical therapy, which include active assistive range of motion and hand activities. Subjects in both groups evaluated before and after 12 weeks of treatment using Wolf Motor Function Test and active ROM for the wrist and fingers.Results: The mean value for seven factors of Wolf Motor Functional Test evaluated in both groups. There was significant difference p

      PubDate: Sun, 22 May 2016 01:09:02 GMT
       
  • The effect of hands position on balance timing during single-leg-standing
           test among healthy collegiate physical therapy students

    • Abstract: 2016-05-17T14-23-47Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Tarek M. El-Gohary, Abdullah M Alshenqiti, Sameh R. Ibrahim.
      Background: Balance skills play an axial and vital role in enjoying good physical health. Static balance skills like standing on one leg are necessary for activity of daily living. Standing on one leg is a readily simple test used for assessment of static balance across different agesObjectives - The aims of this study was to 1) compare the static balance ability when changing the hands position and 2) compare static balance ability when having eyes open versus closedMethods and Materials Thirty three college students instructed to maintain balance as long as tolerated while standing on one leg. The order of measurement; for hands on chest, hands on pelvis, and hands dangled, was randomized. Open versus closed eyes tested from hands on pelvis position.Results: The mean score, in seconds, for standing on right leg with hands dangled was 74.00 (SD=41.43), with hands on pelvis was 75.75 (SD=44.20), and with hands on chest was 82.09 (SD=37.95). One-way repeated-measure ANOVA showed significant effect [ F(2,64)=3.06, P

      PubDate: Tue, 17 May 2016 08:00:38 GMT
       
  • Cardiopulmonary functions among smoking and non-smoking male university
           students in KSA.

    • Abstract: 2016-04-26T19-07-15Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Mohamed Kotb Seyam, Salameh Al Dajah, Khalid Alghamdi.
      Background: The effects of cigarette smoking on health is well established. It is a component cause of development of myocardial infarction, stroke, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the cardiopulmonary functions of smoking and non-smoking male students in Majmaah University, KSA.Materials and Methods: Sixty subjects with age range19-24 years were participate in this study. Evaluate pulmonary functions using Spirometry. Heart rate, respiratory rate and rate of perceived exertion measured for each subject before and after 6-minute walk test.Results: There is significant difference with p< 0.05 between smoking students and non -smoking students in their FVC, FEV1, MVV, HR, RR and PRE, which confirm that the smoking students are more susceptible for cardiopulmonary diseasesConclusion: This study confirm that cardiopulmonary functions were affected in smoking group in comparison to the non-smoking group

      PubDate: Sat, 23 Apr 2016 10:36:02 GMT
       
  • EFFECT OF FRUCTUS PSORELEA ON HIGH DOSE OF EXOGENOUS SYNTHETIC
           GLUCOCORTICOIDS (CORTISOL) INDUCED NEURAL DEGENERATION OF HIPPOCAMPUS

    • Abstract: 2016-04-21T20-33-06Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Sivanandan Ramar, Anandh Sam Chandra Bose, Salameh Al Dajah.
      Cortisol induced memory loss was due to disruption of hippocampal function. It negatively affects the long-term potentiation which is associated with learning and memory. Based on these observations, concern has been raised that prolonged elevation of endogenous glucocorticoids (GCs) caused by chronic cortisol or pharmacological doses of GCs commonly administered to humans with inflammatory or bronchospastic diseases might produce neuronal loss. On the other hand, studies had shown presence of potential neuroprotective plant with flavonoid and coumarin compounds plays important role against oxidative stress because it regulate the cortisol level. This infers the efficacy of flavanoid compound of Fructus Psoreleae (FP) in controlling coritsol level. So, the administration of FP not only regulate the cortisol and also reverse the elevated cortisol levels which was very much useful in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression, schizophrenia and alzhimers disease.

      PubDate: Thu, 21 Apr 2016 00:12:40 GMT
       
  • Association of hs-CRP with various components of metabolic syndrome

    • Abstract: 2016-04-12T02-35-21Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Shifa Kollathody, Abdul Jaleel Venmadatheyil, Mirshad Puthanveettil, Parvathi Krishna Warrier.
      Background: Metabolic syndrome is a known risk factor for atherosclerosis. Chronic inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndromeObjectives - The inflammatory marker C-reactive protein and its association with various components of metabolic syndrome needs further study.Methods – In this case control study, we studied the relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with various components of metabolic syndrome in 60 subjects. 30 of them have metabolic syndrome according to adult treatment panel III (ATP III) criteria. We compared various components of metabolic syndrome like blood pressure, fasting blood sugar, waist circumference and insulin resistance with hs-CRP levels by linear regression analysis. Results: hs-CRP levels show significant increase in metabolic syndrome group. But there is no significant correlation between hs-CRP levels and various components of metabolic syndrome like blood pressure, waist circumference and insulin resistance except for fasting blood sugar.Conclusions: hs-CRP level in the test population explains the increased cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome. Maintaining normal blood sugar level might help manage metabolic syndrome.

      PubDate: Sun, 10 Apr 2016 02:26:57 GMT
       
  • Sexual Dimorphism of Mandibular Canine in South Indian population

    • Abstract: 2016-04-12T02-35-21Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Kotteswari Jayakumar, Sivanandan Ramar, Salameh Al Dajah.
      Sexual dimorphism refers to the differences in size, stature and appearance between male and female, since no two mouths are alike. Teeth are the hardest and chemically the most stable tissues found in the body, are known to resist postmortem, mechanical, chemical, physical and thermal types of destruction. To determine sexual dimorphism of mandibular canine in south Indian population, the present study was conducted on 60 subjects. (male–30, female-30). The mean mesiodistal width of right and left mandibular canines are significantly different in males and females. The t value for mesiodistal width of right mandibular canine is more than the left mandibular canine. Mandibular canine index for right and left canines were also found to be significantly different in male and female. Sexual dimorphism was calculated and left mandibular canine was found to be more dimorphic than right mandibular canine. This study conclusively establishes that there is definite statistically significant sexual dimorphism in mandibular canines in South Indian population

      PubDate: Thu, 07 Apr 2016 03:08:28 GMT
       
  • Management of severe acute malnutrition for children; principal
           consideration in outpatient therapeutic program in context of Ethiopia
           -Review

    • Abstract: 2016-04-06T20-38-14Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Mulugeta Yohannis Kabalo.
      Background: roughly13 (2%) million children in developing countries suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). New protocol brought SAM management from facility based approach to community based, principally by Outpatient Therapeutic Program (OTP). However, little known about this new management approach. Therefore, this review intended to disclose SAM management and associated factors in children within southern Ethiopia. Methods: a review of published literatures and protocols conducted in SAM management critically. The literatures were from journals indexed in PubMed, Google Scholars, African online journals and websites of organizations like WHO and UNICEF. Results: the review indicates, currently SAM managed generally in newly endorsed community based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) in Ethiopia. There are four broad components of CMAM applied. Explicitly, community outreach, OTP, inpatient management at stabilization center (SC) and program addressing moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). All components are operational in health posts based except SC, which held in health centers. Health posts do have its catchment areas and health centers supervise the activities of health posts particularly regarding SAM management in children. Conclusion: the management of SAM in children was operational based on CMAM in Ethiopia. Most activities were set in health posts but health centers supervise the activities of health posts. Especially it should be clear that, OTP is operational only in health posts and SC in health center in this country particularly in southern region.

      PubDate: Sun, 03 Apr 2016 08:25:33 GMT
       
  • Quantitative Evaluation of Community Based Rehabilitation programme using
           the WHO Guidelines in a rural area in Bangalore District, Karnataka, India
           

    • Abstract: 2016-03-18T00-16-59Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Dr. Deepthi N Shanbhag, MD.
      Background: Community Based Rehabilitation was a concept which though thought of in early 80s was formalised as a guideline for any rehabilitation programme by the WHO in 2004 in collaboration with UNESCO AND ILO. Purpose: To assess to quantitatively evaluate a community based rehabilitation programme in the target area in terms of the 5 components of CBR as per WHO guidelines in rural Bangalore district, Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in 13 villages covering a population of 10,000 in a rural area in Southern India. A pretested interview schedule on CBR was administered by a to the caregiver or the Persons with Disability (PWDs). The rehabilitation needs of the PWDs were quantified using scores for each CBR component. The maximum scores attainable were: Health-10, Education-12, Livelihood-10, Empowerment-18 and Social-16. After 5 years of implementation of the CBR programme, a midterm evaluation was carried with the same assessment forms and similar scoring pattern Results: There were 78 PWDs assessed in 2006. 32(41%) were adults and 46(59%) were children with disability. They were assessed after 5 years in 2011 (Post CBR).It was seen that among adults there was significant difference (p

      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2016 23:08:23 GMT
       
  • Home based Exercise management in Primary Dysmenorrhea

    • Abstract: 2016-03-12T19-02-52Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Ananda Vaiyapuri, Loganathan Chandrasekar, Unikrishnan Radhakrishnan, Rekha Kaja.
      Background: In recent years researchers have made important discoveries for reducing pain during painful menstruation. Dysmenorrhea causes considerable personal and family disruption. Exercise seems to reduce menstrual symptoms, including pain. In this study, exercise has been given to reduce the pain and make them physically active during menstruation.Objectives: To find the effects of Home Exercise in Primary DysmenorrheaMaterials and methods: Experimental study was taken up among the 20 subjects suffering from primary dysmenorrhea, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The exercise intervention was given during the menstrual cycle for 3 days, after that Questionnaire was administered to assess the intensity of pain who were suffering from primary dysmenorrhea. Numeric Pain Rating Scale has been used as to assess pain level as the pretest and posttest. Results: Paired t-test used to compare the outcomes within the group for numerical pain rating scale(P

      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2016 01:31:45 GMT
       
  • Static balance ability as an indication of static stability among healthy
           physical therapy students at Taibah University

    • Abstract: 2016-03-12T19-02-52Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Tarek M. El-gohary, Hala Abdelmonem Nassar, Abdullah M. Alshenqiti, Mahmoud I. Ibrahim, Osama A. Khaled, Mostafa S. Ahmed, Hatem A. Emara, Sameh R. Ibrahim.
      Background: Balance is an essential component for the overall physical performance among individuals.Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate and to compare the static balance ability, in terms of endurance time, during trunk stability push-up and during deep squat. Method and Materials: Twenty three healthy physical therapy students, aged between 20 and 23 years, were recruited from college of medical rehabilitation to participate in the study. The physical therapy testers demonstrated the activity to the participants. Every participant had to maintain his balance as long as tolerated during deep squat and during doing push-up while maintaining the trunk stable. The order of measurement was counterbalanced. Results: The mean score, in seconds, for trunk stability push-up was 49.57 (SD=22.07), and the mean score for deep squat was 52.83 (SD=24.60). No significant difference between trunk stability push-up and deep squat mean value, was found [ t (22)= -0.639, p>0.05]. Also, a moderate positive correlation was found [r (21) = 0.454, p

      PubDate: Thu, 10 Mar 2016 02:07:39 GMT
       
  • The Reality of Medical Services Provided to the People with Special Needs
           in the Majmaah City from the Viewpoint of Specialists

    • Abstract: 2016-03-12T19-02-52Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Wasef Al Ayed, PhD.
      Background: quality services provided to special needs population highly effects on their rehabilitation outcomes. Physiotherapy, occupational therapy, nursing and support services are necessary services provided to people with special needs. Purpose: the aim of this study is to emphasize the reality of medical services provided to the people with special needs in the Majmaah city from the viewpoint of various specialists Materials and Methods: This is a Descriptive study. A Structured self-Administered questionnaire was completed by the specialists in different fields in the hospital to assess medical services provided to the people with special needs at the health centers in Majmaah province, Saudi Arabia Results: The study was consisted of five questions in the questionnaire. The first question showed that the level of medical services provided to the disabled in the province from the viewpoint of specialists, the second question also showed statistically significant difference at the level of (α = 0.05) medical services provided to the disabled in the province from the viewpoint of specialists such as doctors and nurses, the third question showed that differences in the level of medical services provided to the disabled in the province from the viewpoint of specialists according to the qualification is not a statistical function at a level of significance (α = 0.05) the fourth question also showed differences in the level of medical services provided to the disabled in the province from the viewpoint of specialists according to expertise not statistically function at a level of significance (α = 0.05) finally the fifth question, the answer was that the differences in the level of medical services provided to the disabled in the province from the viewpoint of specialists according to the training courses non-statistically function at a level of significance (α = 0.05)Conclusion: This study concludes that the level/quality of medical services provided to the disabled people in Majmaah province need to be improved and they must have a consistency in the delivery of medical services.

      PubDate: Wed, 09 Mar 2016 00:07:43 GMT
       
  • MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS IN THE TRIGEMINAL GANGLION

    • Abstract: 2016-03-08T09-17-35Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Sankaran Pk, Sivanandan Ramar. Salameh Bweir Al Dajah.
      The trigeminal ganglion neurons are responsible for migraine and trigeminal neuralgia so it is important to study the morphology of neurons responsible for nociception. The rats’ trigeminal ganglion were collected and stained for crystal violet and immunohistochemical localization for GFAP and CGRP to study the morphology of cells responsible for nociception. The pseudo unipolar neurons were classified into small (29 micron) based on their size. The CGRP was localized in cytoplasm on neurons especially in small neurons with dense staining indicating those neurons are responsible for nociception. The GFAP was localized in satellite glial cells surrounding each neuron. Upregulation of GFAP and CGRP can lead to pathological conditions like migraine and trigeminal neuralgia.

      PubDate: Sat, 05 Mar 2016 02:25:08 GMT
       
  • IMPORTANCE OF SERATONIN GENE RELATED PEPTIDE (SGRP) IN MIGRAINE

    • Abstract: 2016-02-25T23-16-28Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Sivanandan Ramar, Sankaran Ponnusamy, Salameh Al Dajah.
      Migraine is a neurovascular disorder involving trigeminal ganglion characterized by recurrent episodic headache and rise in levels of Serotonin Gene Related Protein (SGRP) in plasma. SGRP is a neuropeptide present in the central and peripheral nervous system that has diverse functions as primary afferent neurotransmitter which is important in nociception. In this study expression of SGRP studied in neurons of trigeminal ganglion in male wistar albino rats. SGRP is expressed in cytoplasm of neurons mainly in the small sized neurons indicating that small sized neurons are mainly involved in nociception. Keyword:.

      PubDate: Sun, 21 Feb 2016 10:07:28 GMT
       
  • Test-retest Reliability of a Questionnaire to Assess the Ergonomic
           Knowledge of Computer Professionals

    • Abstract: 2016-02-10T09-15-33Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Mohamed Sherif Sirajudeen, Padmakumar Somasekharan Pillai.
      Background: Questionnaire is one of the efficient tool to gather health-related data. Measuring and reporting validity and reliability of research tool are important. Objectives: To establish the test-retest reliability of a questionnaire to assess ergonomic knowledge of Computer professionals.Materials and Methods: An Ergonomic knowledge questionnaire was administered twice at 2 weeks interval to the same set of Computer professionals (N = 20). Pearson correlation coefficients at 95% confidence interval were computed. Results: The test-retest reliability of the sections of the Knowledge questionnaire seems to be fair to high. The results also showed that Correlation values (r) were highly significant for all the sections of the questionnaire (P

      PubDate: Mon, 08 Feb 2016 01:09:03 GMT
       
  • Effect of Chest Physical Therapy on Pediatrics Hospitalized With Pneumonia

    • Abstract: 2016-02-10T09-15-33Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Walid Kamal Mohammed Abdelbasset, Tamer Emam Hassan Elnegamy.
      Background: Pneumonia is a major cause of death among all age groups resulting in 4 million deaths yearly especially in those under five years. Chest physical therapy has been used to treat pediatrics hospitalized with pneumonia with lack of scientific evidence for the beneficial effect in pediatrics. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of chest physiotherapy on pediatrics hospitalized with pneumonia.Method and Materials: A randomized controlled study was conducted in Pediatric University Hospital and Cairo University Hospitals. Fifty children aged 29 days to 5 years hospitalized with pneumonia between October 2014 and January 2015 was obtained, 25 were randomly allocated to the study group (chest physical therapy and standard treatment for pneumonia) and 25 to the control group (standard treatment for pneumonia alone without chest physical therapy). The primary measurement was time to clinical resolution. The secondary measurements were changes of respiratory rate and arterial oxygen saturation.Results: There were significant differences in terms of median time to clinical resolution (4.0 vs 7.0 days, p = 0.012) and the study group had greater improvement in respiratory rate (40 to 30 b/m vs 39 to 34 b/m) and in arterial oxygen saturation (93 to 98% vs 93 to 95%) than the control group.Conclusion: It was concluded that chest physical therapy showed significant improvements in pediatrics hospitalized with pneumonia.

      PubDate: Mon, 08 Feb 2016 00:50:04 GMT
       
  • The Effect of a Circuit Training Program on Functional Performance in
           Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy – A Quasi-experimental Pilot
           Study

    • Abstract: 2016-02-10T09-15-33Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Mansoor Rahman,; Baskaran Chandrasekaran,; Mahalakshmi Venugopalan,; Ashokan Arumugam.
      Background: There is a plethora of literature with some conflicting findings on the effects of implementing strength and/or aerobic (fitness) training to improve motor function of children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). Purpose: This aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a circuit training regimen on static and dynamic motor function of children diagnosed to have spastic CP. Materials and Methods: This is a pilot quasi-experimental study on children with spastic CP (aged 6-11 y; 7 males and 3 females) who underwent a circuit exercise training program (combined endurance and strength training) for 6 weeks. Changes in static (standing) and dynamic (jumping, running, walking) motor function were assessed by dimensions D and E of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) scale, respectively. In addition, walking capacity was also assessed using the 30 s walk test. The Wilcoxon Signed Rank test was used to compare pre- vs. post-intervention scores.Results: There was an increase in static and dynamic motor function scores in the GMFM scale of children with spastic CP by 9 % (p = 0.005). An increase of 18.5 cm was found in the walking distance following intervention (p = 0.005). Conclusion: Circuit training used in the current study might increase standing as well as jumping, walking, and running abilities of children with spastic CP. However, randomized clinical trials are warranted to confirm these findings.

      PubDate: Tue, 02 Feb 2016 08:05:23 GMT
       
  • Effects of antenatal exercise on length of gestation among women attending
           antenatal clinic of the Federal Medical Centre Owerri, Southeast Nigeria

    • Abstract: 2016-01-30T14-28-44Z
      Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
      Jovita Ada Daniel,; Edith Ifeyinwa Nwaogu,; Clifford Chika Ezeugwu.
      Background: literature relating physical activity to risk of preterm birth or growth restriction is growing. No study has been carried out on the effect of physical exercise on gestation in Nigerian women.Objectives: To determine whether antenatal exercise predisposes to preterm delivery.Methods and Materials: A randomized controlled trial with one test group and one control group involving pregnant women in their 2nd trimester (not less than 20 weeks gestation) recruited from among women attending antenatal clinic at Federal Medical Centre Owerri, South East Nigeria. 105 subjects were initially screened and 95 met the inclusion criteria for the study and were randomized into exercise and control groups. The exercise group participated in a twice weekly exercise programme, each session lasting 45 to 60minutes at moderate intensity of 12 to 14 on a scale of 20 of Borge Scale. Control group did not participate in any exercise programme within the period of study. 70 out of the 95 participants completed the exercise programme and only their data were analyzedResults: The result showed no increase in the risk of preterm labour and delivery. Duration of Gestation was rather significantly longer in the exercise group compared to the control t (68) = 2.315, p = .026) but there was no post-datism. No significant difference was observed with regards to the wellbeing of babies born to mothers in either group as determined by the Apgar scores at 1min and 5 minutes.Conclusion: No evidence that moderate intensity exercise started from the 2nd trimester of gestation was associated with adverse changes in the length of gestation. On the contrary, we found that exercise in pregnancy significantly lengthens period of gestation

      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jan 2016 06:42:22 GMT
       
 
 
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