Health Psychology Research
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2281-2075 - ISSN (Online) 2420-8124
Published by PAGEPress [76 journals]
- A systematic review of the effect of individualized risk communication
strategies on screening uptake and its psychological predictors: the role
of psychology theory
Authors: Kathryn Bould, Blanaid Daly, Stephen Dunne, Suzanne Scott, Koula Asimakopoulou
Abstract: People might be more likely to attend for health screening if they are told their individual risk of an illness. The way this risk of ill-health is communicated might have an effect on screening uptake or its psychological proxies. It is possible that the format, presentation, and details of the information as well as the complexity of an intervention and use of psychological theory to inform the intervention may impact the effectiveness of individual risk communication. This systematic review collates, analyses and synthesizes the evidence for effectiveness of these aspects of individual risk communication. The synthesis indicated that written, individualized risk scores or categories are effective at supporting screening uptake and its psychological proxies. Complex, or theory-based interventions, surprisingly, are no more effective than simpler or atheoretical interventions.
Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
- Variations in weight stigma concerns
Authors: Jessica E. Cornick, Cambridge Teter, Andrew K. Thaw
Abstract: Over the past 40 years, obesity rates in the United States have grown significantly; these rates have not grown uniformly across the United States (18 of the 20 counties with the highest obesity rates are located in the South). Obesity increases cardiovascular disease risk factors and new research has highlighted the negative psychological effects of obesity, known as weight stigma, including decreased selfcontrol resources, over eating, and exercise avoidance. The primary objective of this study was to determine if weight stigma concerns varied regionally and if social behaviors influenced this variation. In two studies, we collected cross-sectional data from participants in the United States including height and weight, weight stigma concerns, and perception of friends’ preoccupation with weight and dieting. We also collected each participant’s home zip code which was used to locate local obesity rate. We established differences in the relationship between body mass index and weight stigma concerns by local county obesity rate and showed that perceived friend preoccupation with weight and dieting mediated this relationship for individuals in low and medium obesity rate counties. For individuals living in United States counties with lower levels of obesity, increases in personal body mass index leads to increased weight stigma concerns due to an increase in perceived friend preoccupation with weight and dieting. These results indicate that relationships between body mass index, weight stigma concerns, and social networks vary significantly for subpopulations throughout the United States.
Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2016)
- Translation, adaptation and initial validation of Food Allergy Quality of
Life Questionnaire: child form in Greek
Authors: Zoe Morou, Georgios N. Lyrakos, Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos, Nikolaos Douladiris, Athina Tatsioni, Ioannis D.K. Dimoliatis
Abstract: The aim of the study is to determine the reliability and validity of the Greek version of the Food Allergy Quality of life Questionnaire- Child Form (FAQLQ-CF). After linguistic validation, the Greek FAQLQCF, Food Allergy Independent Measure (FAIM) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) were used by a physician to interview children diagnosed with food allergy and aged 8-12 via telephone. Cronbach’s alpha was used to evaluate reliability, and factor analysis to assess construct validity. The correlation between FAQLQ-CF and FAIM was moderate (rho=0.509, P<0.001) and internal consistency was strong (Cronbach’s alpha 0.905). FAQLQ-CF discriminated well each question’s contribution to children’s quality of life deterioration (32- 80%), each child’s quality of life (17-89%), children differing in doing things with others (total score 3.55 vs 2.57, difference =0.98 > minimal clinical importance difference = 0.5; P<0.001), but not children differing in reporting anaphylaxis. The total FAQLQ-CF score correlated with the total PedsQL™ score and with the score of one of PedsQL™ subscales, demonstrating convergent validity. Factor analysis uncovered an underlying structure of four factors, explaining 50% of the variance. We can conclude that Greek FAQLQ-CF is a reliable, valid, discriminant tool for interviewing food allergic children aged 8- 12, detecting those in need for immediate care.
Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016)