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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1424 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (641 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (641 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 245)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 7)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Equity     Open Access  
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal  
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.531
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1036-1073 - ISSN (Online) 2201-1617
Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [397 journals]
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Fall prevention in Central Coast community pharmacies
    • Abstract: Stuart, Gina M; Kale, Helen L
      Issue addressed: Fall injuries among people aged 65 years and over (older people) cause substantial health decline and cost to the health system. In 2009 in New South Wales, 25.6% of older people fell in the previous year, and 10.7% (32 000) were hospitalised. Pharmacists are trusted professionals, who interact extensively with older people and have potential to augment fall prevention in pharmacies. This brief report describes how professional development improved pharmacist's knowledge and confidence in fall prevention, encouraged implementation of fall prevention plans and facilitated the provision of brief fall prevention interventions for older clients, after identification of fall risk.

      Methods: In 2014, pharmacists from all Central Coast pharmacies (n = 76) were invited to free, continuing professional development (CPD) in fall prevention. It provided education and resources to identify clients' fall risk, conduct brief fall prevention interventions and implement fall prevention health promotion plans (FPHPP). Pharmacists completed written:

      1. Baseline and postworkshop questionnaires to assess changes in pharmacist's knowledge and confidence, and existing fall prevention in pharmacies.

      2. Logs of client fall risk and brief fall prevention interventions offered to clients.

      3. Four-month follow-up questionnaires to assess implementation of FPHPPs and pharmacy practice changes.

      Results: Pharmacists representing 36% of pharmacies participated. At four-month follow-up, 67% had implemented FPHPPs, and 62% delivered brief interventions determined by client fall risk. Conclusion: Fall prevention in pharmacies can be augmented through locally provided CPD tailored for pharmacists

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:46 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Injury prevention and health promotion: A global
    • Abstract: Franklin, Richard C; Sleet, David A
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Author guidelines
    • PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Alcohol and injury risk at a Western Australian school
           leavers festival
    • Abstract: Enkel, Stephanie; Nimmo, Lauren; Jancey, Jonine; Leavy, Justine
      Background: Leavers Festivals have become an institution for Australian youth to celebrate the completion of secondary school. Reported hazardous consumption of alcohol by leavers has focused concern on risk-taking behaviour. In response to this, campaigns such as "Don't Drink and Drown" have targeted youth to reduce alcohol consumption during aquatic activities. This research investigated intended and actual alcohol consumption, particularly during aquatic activities at a Leavers Festival located in the coastal town of Dunsborough, southern Western Australia.

      Method: In November 2016, 549 leavers aged 17 or 18 years completed a paper-based survey over a four-day period during the Festival.

      Results: Overall, 90% of leavers reported intending to drink during the Festival, with expected average daily consumption being seven to nine standard drinks; reported daily consumption was five to six standard drinks (P < 0.001). Of the 29% of leavers who consumed alcohol around water during Leavers, 47% had done so while swimming. About 91% were aware of the campaign "Don't Drink and Drown." Conclusion: Awareness of the "Don't Drink and Drown" campaign and knowledge of risks associated with alcohol consumption and swimming were relatively high. Intention and actual consumption of alcohol did not correlate, with daily consumption less than anticipated.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Child-parent agreement on alcohol-related parenting:
           Opportunities for prevention of alcohol-related harm
    • Abstract: Shaw, Therese; Johnston, Robyn S; Gilligan, Conor; McBride, Nyanda; Thomas, Laura T
      Issue addressed: Excessive alcohol consumption places adolescents at increased risk of preventable, acute alcohol-related injury. Parental attitudes and behaviours influence adolescents' alcohol use. This study examined alignment in parent and child reports of alcohol-related parenting and whether misalignment related to the child ever having drunk alcohol.

      Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in five secondary schools in [information removed for blinding in Perth, Western Australia] in 2015. All students in Years 7, 10 and 12 and their parents were eligible, and data were matched for 124 child-parent dyads. Alignment of parent-child reports was assessed using kappa statistics. In dyads where the parent reported protective attitudes and behaviours, the association between misalignment and alcohol use was tested in logistic regressions.

      Results: Overall, child-parent reports were aligned on parents' expectations, knowledge and actions (65% and higher agreed). While alignment on parental expectations seemed to decrease with age, alignment on parental communication and rule-setting increased. Misalignment on reports of parents' expectations was associated with increased odds of the child reporting having ever had alcohol (OR = 5.5; 95% CI = 2.7-47.7), as was parental supply (OR = 20.2; 95% CI = 3.3-121.5), but misalignment on parental communication, rule-setting and knowledge were not.

      Conclusions: Parent nonsupply of alcohol and disapproval of use were most important in terms of associations with ever drinking.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Five years of health promoting work with bottle shops
           on the Central Coast of NSW Australia. How can we best ensure outlets
           check ID'
    • Abstract: Bauer, Lyndon; Smith, Jeff; Kajons, Nicole; Tutt, Doug
      Issue Addressed: Australian surveys indicate that a large proportion of packaged liquor outlets do not check identification for young people before selling alcohol to them. There are a substantial number of presentations to Emergency Departments from young people aged 15 to 17 years. This subgroup is second only to those aged 18 to 24 years. In the 15- to 17-year-old age group, supply from direct purchase or underage friends, who have purchased alcohol, represents substantial sources of alcohol that is more likely to be consumed without parental supervision.

      Method: Teenagers 18-19 years of age approached a randomly selected sample of bottle shops, on the NSW Central Coast Region, to attempt to purchase alcohol without producing identification (ID). Legally we are unable to test with teens under the age of 18. If outlets do not check ID for customers 18 or 19 years of age, we propose they might not check identification for 15- to 17-year-olds. A raft of local interventions was employed over four-survey periods to attempt to reduce selling rates. Results: The lowest alcohol sales without ID occurred in 2015 when NSW Liquor and Gaming successfully prosecuted a Central Coast outlet for an underage sale. The rate of alcohol sales without checking ID each year was as follows: 2012- 43.8%, 2014-37.55%, 2015-21.5% and 2016-45%.

      Conclusion: Alcohol sales to young customers without checking ID are common, widespread and seemingly resistant to nonpunitive interventions. The NSW Liquor Act could be modified to allow compliance testing and much more practical enforcement. While Central Coast bottle shops have a better record than other Australian areas showing some improvements with our nonpunitive industry education interventions, the results need to improve substantially to stifle primary supply.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - One false move: A singular account of multiple
           outcomes arising from drink-driving
    • Abstract: McIver, Shane; van den Hoek, Daniel
      Issue addressed: To deconstruct a personal account involving the initial decision making and ultimate consequences of driving under the influence of alcohol to educate drinkers about the realities of short- and long-term impacts associated with drink-driving.

      Methods: This qualitative study uses collaborative methods and draws on an autoethnographic (n = 1) account to identify multiple challenges and outcomes arising from a singular drink-driving incident.

      Results: Findings document how the split-second decision to drink and drive can give rise to unforeseen, ongoing and complex problems associated with injuries and pain management, the legal system, personal and professional costs, social isolation and shame.

      Conclusions: Many believe that driving ability is only affected if an individual is drunk, and that the ramifications of low-range drinking (blood alcohol concentration greater than 0.05 and less than 0.07) and driving are minimal and avoidable. This personal account emphasises the stark realities associated with such narrative perceptions, particularly among young males, and augments efforts to dissuade drivers from drinking.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Preventing river drowning deaths: Lessons from
           coronial recommendations
    • Abstract: Peden, Amy E; Franklin, Richard C; Leggat, Peter
      Issue addressed: Coronial data provide rich information on drowning causal factors. Coroners may make recommendations to prevent future drowning events. Rivers are the leading drowning location in Australia. This study examines coronial recommendations associated with unintentional fatal drowning in Australian rivers from an injury prevention perspective.

      Methods: All river drowning cases in Australia between 1 July 2002 and 30 June 2012 were extracted from the National Coronial Information System (NCIS). Recommendations were thematically analysed. Using a deductive process, each unique recommendation was coded to a category aligned to the Hierarchy of Control's 6 levels. An inductive process was used for those not categorised. Recommendations were also coded against a modified SMART principle.

      Results: Of the 730 river drownings, 58 cases (7.9%) resulted in 71 unique recommendations. Victorian cases (X2 = 32.1; 'P' < 0.01) and multiple fatality events (X2 = 41.9; 'P' < 0.01) were more likely to have recommendations. Common categories of recommendations were administrative (39.4%) and signage-related (18.3%). Recommendations were often low on the Hierarchy; namely administrative (67.6%) and behaviour (19.1%). Half (50.7%) satisfied four of six modified SMART principle components. Conclusion: Coronial recommendations associated with river drowning in Australia are reasonably rare. Recommendations provide opportunities for organisations to enact change, however, they could be strengthened with a specified time period and higher order control strategies recommended.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Examination of a pilot intervention program to change
           parent supervision behaviour at Australian public swimming pools
    • Abstract: Matthews, Bernadette L; Franklin, Richard C
      Issue addressed: Drowning is one of the leading causes of unintentional death in children worldwide. There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of programs targeting child drowning prevention at public swimming pools. We examined the effectiveness of a public education program (Keep Watch @ Public Pools) for improving child supervision levels by parents at public swimming pools.

      Methods: The program was evaluated via an observational study of parent supervision behaviour with children aged 0-14 years. Measures included domains of attention, proximity and preparedness. A rating scale from 0 = least effective to 4 = most effective was used, based upon the supervision domains. Seven public swimming pools in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia were randomised to either intervention or control pool. The intervention occurred over six weeks, and observations were taken over a one-week period both pre- and postintervention. Observations of a total of 10 186 children and 6930 parents/carers were recorded and analysed.

      Results: A significant improvement in attention, proximity and preparedness was observed in parents of children aged 6-10 years at intervention pools. However, similar results were not observed in parents of children aged 0-5 years and 11-14 years.

      Conclusions: Supervision behaviour of parents can be modified, and the implications of these results for the community through to practice and policy are discussed.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Farm safety - time to act
    • Abstract: Lower, Tony; Temperley, John
      Issues addressed: Agriculture is recognised as a highly dangerous sector worldwide; hence, the use of evidence-based solutions to address injury-related incidents is critical to prevention. The main of this article was to determine the potential for prevention by use of existing controls based on deaths data from 2001-2016.

      Methods: This study assesses data from the National Coroner's Information System for the period 2001-2016 in regard to unintentional farm injury deaths in Australia (n = 1271). The six leading causes of death (tractors, quads [ATVs], water/dams, farm utilities [pickups], motorcycles and horses: n = 644) are reviewed against existing evidence-based practice recommendations to ascertain the potential capacity to prevent and/or ameliorate the severity of the fatal incidents. Projections of economic costs associated with these incidents in the past five years (2012-2016) are outlined.

      Results: Of the cases involving the six leading agents (n = 644), 36% (n = 235) have the potential to be prevented with the use of designated evidence-based controls. Meanwhile, the costs attributed to deaths involving the six leading agents in the 2012-2016 period, exceeded $313 million.

      Conclusions: Farm injury incidents and their related economic costs can be reduced by enhanced adoption of the existing evidence-based controls.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Barriers to adequate first aid for paediatric burns at
           the scene of the injury
    • Abstract: Frear, Cody C; Griffin, Bronwyn; Watt, Kerrianne; Kimble, Roy
      Issue Addressed: The recommended first aid for burns, consisting of 20 minutes of cool running water (CRW) delivered within three hours of the injury, offers a simple yet effective means of improving health outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine patient and injury characteristics associated with inadequate CRW therapy among children with thermal burns, with the goal of identifying populations at greatest risk of undertreatment.

      Methods: A cross‐sectional study was performed on children treated at a large tertiary paediatric burns centre. First aid was evaluated as either "adequate" or "inadequate", and then descriptive analyses were conducted to examine differences between the groups in age, ethnicity, location and socioeconomic status, among others.

      Results: From 2013 to 2016, the families of 2522 patients were interviewed. Overall, 31.3% of children received adequate CRW at the scene of the injury. Provision of adequate CRW did not significantly differ with sex, ethnicity or nationality. Factors that were associated with inadequate first aid included very young age and early adolescence (P < 0.001), rural or remote location (P = 0.045), low socioeconomic status (P = 0.030), radiant heat and flame burns (P < 0.001), as well as burns occurring at recreational sites, on farm/trade/industrial properties and in the street (P = 0.001).

      Conclusions: Although most burns occurred in close proximity to sources of CRW, first aid was poor across all demographics. The highest levels of undertreatment were found in children aged 0‐2, adolescents aged 15‐16, those living rurally or remotely, and the socioeconomically disadvantaged.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - The Ironbark program: Implementation and impact of a
           community-based fall prevention pilot program for older Aboriginal and
           Torres Strait Islander people
    • Abstract: Lukaszyk, Caroline; Coombes, Julieann; Sherrington, Catherine; Tiedemann, Anne; Keay, Lisa; Mackean, Tamara; Clemson, Lindy; Cumming, Robert; Broe, Tony; Ivers, Rebecca
      Aim: To document the implementation and investigate within-group impact of The Ironbark Program: a community-based, Aboriginal-specific fall prevention program, in New South Wales, Australia.

      Methods: The Ironbark Program was trialled in six Aboriginal communities over a three- to six-month period. A mixed methods approach was used for program evaluation: strength, balance and gait were assessed to measure participant physical function and BMI was monitored. Semi-structured participant interviews investigated program suitability, relevance and impact.

      Results: Ninety-eight Aboriginal people aged 40+ years registered for the pilot program, 77 (79%) of whom were present at all assessment time points. There were significant improvements in participant leg strength (average time to complete five repetition sit-to-stand: 14 seconds to 11 seconds), balance (timed single-leg stance: 5.6 seconds to 7.8 seconds), gait (timed 4 m walk: 0.51 m/s to 0.94 m/s) and a significant decrease in BMI (32.0 to 31.6) was observed. Participants reported enjoying the program and stated they would recommend it to others. Conclusion: The evaluation of the Ironbark Program demonstrated acceptability, and showed significant improvements in physical function. If proven to be effective in a definitive trial, this program could be used widely to prevent falls in older Aboriginal people.

      Implications: Key features of the Ironbark Program were local Aboriginal management, culturally relevant resources, ongoing availability and enabling program use for people aged less than 65 years. These features should be retained on the program's upscale, and may be incorporated into other healthy ageing programs developed for the Aboriginal population.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Injury prevention through employment as a priority for
           wellbeing among Aboriginal people in remote Australia
    • Abstract: Schultz, Rosalie; Abbott, Tammy; Yamaguchi, Jessica; Cairney, Sheree
      Issue addressed: Injuries lead to more hospitalisations and lost years of healthy life for Aboriginal people than any other cause. However, they are often overlooked in discussion of relieving Aboriginal disadvantage.

      Methods: Four Aboriginal communities with diverse geography, culture and service arrangements participated in the Interplay Wellbeing project. In each community, Aboriginal researchers conducted focus groups and interviews arranged through Aboriginal organisations to explore wellbeing. A total of 84 participants contributed to 14 focus groups and eight interviews, which were recorded, transcribed and coded. This article reports on injury and possibilities for prevention, unanticipated themes raised in discussions of wellbeing.

      Results: Interpersonal violence, injury and imprisonment emerged as themes that were linked with employment and wellbeing. Employment in Aboriginal ranger programs provides meaningful activity, which strengthens people's identity and cultural integrity. This can avert interpersonal violence through empowering women and reducing alcohol access and consumption.

      Conclusion: Ranger programs may provide a much-needed opportunity to control escalating rates of injury for Aboriginal people in remote communities.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - The role of Aboriginal family workers in delivering a
           child safety-focused home visiting program for Aboriginal families in an
           urban region of New South Wales
    • Abstract: Clapham, Kathleen; Bennett-Brook, Keziah; Hunter, Kate
      Issue addressed: Aboriginal Australian children experience higher rates of injury than other Australian children. However, few culturally acceptable programs have been developed or evaluated. The Illawarra Aboriginal Medical Service (IAMS) developed the Safe Homes Safe Kids program as an injury prevention program targeting disadvantaged Aboriginal families with children aged 0-5 in an urban region of New South Wales. Delivered by Aboriginal Family Workers (AFWs), the program aims to reduce childhood injury by raising awareness of safety in the home. A program evaluation was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the home visiting model as an injury prevention program. This study reports on the qualitative interviews which explored the ways in which clients, IAMS staff and external service providers experienced the program and assessed its delivery by the AFWs.

      Methods: A qualitative program evaluation was conducted between January 2014 and June 2015. We report here on the semi-structured interviews undertaken with 34 individuals.

      Results: The results show increased client engagement in the program; improved child safety knowledge and skills; increased access to services; improved attitudes to home and community safety; and changes in the home safety environment.

      Conclusions: Safe Homes Safe Kids provides a culturally appropriate child safety program delivered by AFWs to vulnerable families. Clients, IAMS staff and external service were satisfied with the family workers' delivery of the program and the holistic model of service provision.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - A balanced approach to falls prevention: Application
           in the real world
    • Abstract: Jancey, J; Wold, C; Meade, R; Sweeney, R; Davison, E; Leavy, J
      Background: Falls place a heavy burden on the health system, impacting on an individual's quality of life, often resulting in a fear of falling, reduction in independence and at times admission to residential care. This study aimed to determine health professionals' confidence in discussing falls prevention strategies, topics discussed and the barriers and enablers to falls prevention discussions with clients aged 60 years and over.

      Method: A cross-sectional self-complete online survey was undertaken with a sample of health professionals (n = 191) who had engaged in the services of the Stay On Your Feet programs delivered by the Injury Matters in Western Australia (WA).

      Results: The majority of participants were physiotherapists (25.7%), registered nurses (17.8%) and occupational therapists (11%) located in metropolitan (56%) and regional (44%) WA. Most health professionals (80.2%) were "highly" confident discussing falls prevention strategies. Discussion of falls prevention included the benefits of strength and balance exercises (83%), eating a healthy diet (78.7%), regular eyesight checks (64.5%), reviewing medications (54.8%) and exposure to sunlight (50.3%). The main enablers to falls prevention were knowledge (89.7%), skills to identify (77.7%) and implement (66.3%) falls prevention strategies, and access to printed resources (74.9%), while the main barrier was appointment times (14.6%).

      Conclusion: Health professionals' indicated that they are confident in discussing falls prevention strategies, and although a range of falls prevention strategies were discussed, limited attention was directed at the pharmacists' review of medications, eyesight checks and increasing vitamin D levels.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 2 - Linked data systems for injury surveillance and
           targeted prevention planning: Identifying geographical differences in
           injury in Western Australia, 2009-2012
    • Abstract: Lyle, Greg; Hendrie, Delia; Miller, Ted R; Randall, Sean; Davison, Erica
      Issue addressed: Injuries are a leading preventable cause of disease burden in Australia. Understanding how injuries vary by geographical location is important to guide health promotion planning. Therefore, the geographical and temporal distribution of injury across Western Australia from 2009 to 2012 is explored.

      Methods: Three Western Australian health datasets were linked and the expected number of injury cases per postcode calculated. A Standardised Injury Ratio was calculated by comparing the observed and expected number of injury cases. Priority areas and associated injury mechanisms were identified by postcode based on injury rates and temporal trends.

      Results: Injury levels varied across health region, health district and postcode. All nonmetropolitan regions had at least one health district classified as High or Medium- High priority. In contrast, neither metropolitan health region had health districts in these categories. Adopting the finer postcode level of analysis showed localised injury priority areas, even within health districts not classified as High or Medium- High injury areas. Postcodes classified as High or Medium-High injury priority were located alongside those with lower priority categories.

      Conclusion: Injury prevention priority areas had consistent trends both geographically and over time. Finer scale analysis can provide public health policy makers with more robust information to plan, evaluate and support a range of injury prevention programs.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:55:29 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Impact evaluation of "Have Fun - Be Healthy" program:
           A community based health promotion intervention to prevent childhood
    • Abstract: Pathirana, Thanya; Stoneman, Rebecca; Lamont, Amanda; Harris, Neil; Lee, Patricia
      Issue addressed: Childhood obesity is rising in prevalence in Australia. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the "Have Fun - Be Healthy (HFBH) intervention, delivered in the Playgroup setting, to generate short term changes in dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviours of children under 5 years and self-efficacy of parents and primary carers.

      Methods: This intervention consisted of eight structured cooking and physical play sessions delivered over a period of 8 weeks by trained facilitators. Pre- and post-intervention data collection was performed using survey questionnaires administered to parents and carers of children under 5 years from low socioeconomic backgrounds recruited through convenience sampling.

      Results: A total of 640 pre-intervention surveys and 312 post-intervention surveys were returned. The matched response rate was 45.5%. There was an improvement in mean intake of healthy foods and mean physical activity with a decrease in mean intake of unhealthy food and mean screen time in children (P > .05). Following the intervention, parental/carer self-efficacy in promoting healthy eating and limiting screen time of children improved significantly (P < .05). Children's physical activity levels and consumption of healthy foods were positively correlated with parental/carer self-efficacy (P < .01) while screen time and consumption of unhealthy foods were negatively correlated (P < .01).

      Conclusions: HFBH intervention was successful in improving the dietary, physical activity and screen time in children and parental self-efficacy.

      So what' Being amongst the first of its' kind in Australia, the findings of this study can have implications for developing and implementing similar future health promotion interventions in comparable settings.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:51:13 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Is this health campaign really social marketing' A
           checklist to help you decide
    • Abstract: Chau, Josephine Y; McGill, Bronwyn; Thomas, Margaret M; Carroll, Tom E; Bellew, William; Bauman, Adrian; Grunseit, Anne C
      Issue addressed: Social marketing (SM) campaigns can be a powerful disease prevention and health promotion strategy but health-related campaigns may simply focus on the "promotions" communication activities and exclude other key characteristics of the SM approach. This paper describes the application of a checklist for identifying which lifestyle-related chronic disease prevention campaigns reported as SM actually represent key SM principles and practice.

      Methods: A checklist of SM criteria was developed, reviewed and refined by SM and mass media campaign experts. Papers identified in searches for "social marketing" and "mass media" for obesity, diet and physical activity campaigns in the health literature were classified using the checklist.

      Results: Using the checklist, 66.6% of papers identified in the "SM" search and 39% of papers identified from the "mass media" search were classified as SM campaigns. Inter-rater agreement for classification using the abstract only was 92.1%.

      Conclusions: Health-related campaigns that self-identify as "social marketing" or "mass media" may not include the key characteristics of a SM approach. Published literature can provide useful guidance for developing and evaluating health-related SM campaigns, but health promotion professionals need to be able to identify what actually comprises SM in practice.

      So what' SM could be a valuable strategy in comprehensive health promotion interventions, but it is often difficult for non-experts to identify published campaigns that represent a true SM approach. This paper describes the application of a checklist to assist policy makers and practitioners in appraising evidence from campaigns reflecting actual SM in practice. The checklist could also guide reporting on SM campaigns.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:49:30 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Are older Australians with chronic diseases
    • Abstract: Burns, Pippa; Jones, Sandra C; Caputi, Peter; Iverson, Don
      Issue addressed: Health information can be easily and cheaply provided through the Internet. However, we do not know whether older adults, those people most likely to be living with a chronic disease, are online or whether they use the Internet to find health information.

      Methods: In order to establish the proportion of older Australians online, the impact of their current health status and chronic disease diagnosis on Internet usage and whether they use the Internet to search for health information, a paper-based survey was developed and mailed to 9000 older adults, resident in New South Wales, Australia (response rate = 46.8% ).

      Results: Results showed that many older Australians are online (52.3%) and that the majority who are use the Internet to find health information (68.5%). Respondents were more likely to use the Internet if they reported good health. The presence of most chronic diseases reduced use of the Internet; however, this was not the case for those reporting asthma, anxiety or sleep apnoea. Internet use decreased as the number of reported co-morbidities increased. However, once online, self-perceived overall health and number of chronic diseases did not affect use of the Internet to find health information.

      Conclusions: This study is important as there is currently little information available about Internet use for health information by older Australians. Findings show that the provision of health information online has the potential to reinforce existing barriers created by the social determinants of health.

      So what' There is a role for the Internet in providing preventative, health promotion information, to older adults, who are already online and younger, computer literate audiences. However, practitioners need to consider the fact that this mode of delivery reinforces existing social divides; requires people to have Internet access and be both literate and e-literate.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:48:54 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - A qualitative study of the role of playgroups in
           building community capacity
    • Abstract: Keam, Georgia; Cook, Kay; Sinclair, Sarah; McShane, Ian
      Issue addressed: Given that approximately half of all Australian families with children aged 2-3 years participate in playgroups, these settings may provide an important venue for social support and community capacity building. The aim of this study is to assess the benefits that parents and the wider community derive from such participation.

      Methods: We examined community capacity building opportunities through qualitative interviews conducted with a self-selected sample of 33 playgroup participants. All participants were the child's biological mother, and many had been involved in the playgroup committee of management, including 11 participants who were currently, or had previously been, a playgroup coordinator.

      Results: We found that playgroups act as key sites for building community capacity through developing community connections, skill building and creating leadership pathways. We found that playgroup committee participation was often women's first foray into community volunteering, and often translated into future community leadership, such as kindergarten committees of management and primary school councils.

      Conclusions: Community playgroups play a key role in building the capacity of communities and provide a vehicle for the development of new volunteers.

      So what' Local governments, schools and other community organisations that rely on volunteer committees would benefit from providing support to community playgroups to foster future community leaders.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:48:44 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Not so different' Comparison of risk profile of
           gay men who acquired HIV while travelling with those who acquired HIV in
    • Abstract: Brown, Graham; Prestage, Garrett; Down, Ian; Ellard, Jeanne; Triffitt, Kathy
      Issue addressed: Many countries now identify HIV and international mobility as a priority issue within a global and shared epidemic, including Australia. To support health promotion in this complex area, we investigated recent HIV infections that occurred among Australian gay men while travelling and compared to HIV infections that occurred in Australia.

      Methods: 446 gay men recently diagnosed with HIV completed an on-line survey regarding the high risk event (HRE) where they believed that they acquired HIV. Those who acquired HIV while in their usual place of residence (308 men), those who were travelling within Australia (59 men), and those who were travelling overseas (79 men) were compared.

      Results: Those who acquired HIV while overseas had very similar risk profiles, sexual behaviour, and made similar assumptions about their partners and their own HIV status, as those who acquired HIV in Australia. Only HIV status disclosure at the HRE differed across locations (P = .030). Three quarters (74.7%) of the men who acquired HIV while overseas were not diagnosed until they returned to Australia.

      Conclusions: Our findings challenge the idea that there are necessarily differences in behaviour and assumptions for HIV transmission in Australia and overseas. However, the men travelling may be in communities where HIV status is less commonly disclosed, and where HIV prevalence is higher.

      So what' A deeper understanding of contextual factors may be required for HIV prevention and health promotion strategies targeting gay men travelling to locations with different cultural, HIV prevalence, and HIV testing considerations. This would also identify opportunities for new tools such as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis and self-testing.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:48:28 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Features of successful sexual health promotion
           programs for young people: Findings from a review of systematic reviews
    • Abstract: Bowring, Anna L; Wright, Cassandra JC; Douglass, Caitlin; Gold, Judy; Lim, Megan SC
      Issue addressed: Young people have a high burden of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) problems, and it is important to reach this group through health promotion initiatives. We conducted a systematic review of reviews to identify successful elements of health promotion programs for improving SRH of young people.

      Methods: We identified and collated systematic reviews published in 2005-2015 which focused on young people (10-24 years), reported on SRH outcomes (pregnancy, sexually transmissible infections, condoms/contraceptive use, risky sexual behaviour, sexual healthcare access or intimate partner violence), and included primary studies predominantly conducted in high-income countries. This report focuses on features of successful SRH programs identified in the interpretation and discussion of included systematic reviews.

      Results: We identified 66 systematic reviews, of which 37 reported on program features which were anecdotally or statistically associated with improved program effectiveness and success. Common features of effective interventions were: longer term or repeated implementation; multi-setting and multi-component; parental involvement; culturally/gender/age appropriate; and inclusion of skills-building.

      So what' There is marked consistency of features improving SRH program effectiveness for young people despite the wide variation in interventions reviewed. There is a need to better implement this knowledge in future programs, and our findings provide useful guidance for optimising the design of SRH interventions for young people.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:48:12 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Yarning quiet ways: Aboriginal carers' views on
           talking to youth about sexuality and relationships
    • Abstract: Vujcich, Daniel; Lyford, Marilyn; Bellottie, Chontarle; Bessarab, Dawn; Thompson, Sandra
      Issue addressed: Research suggests that young Indigenous people want carers to take a more active role in discussions about sexual health. The aim of this study was to ascertain carers' perspectives of: the importance of providing young people with information about sex and sexual health; what they want young people to know about sex and sexual health; and facilitators and barriers to discussing sex and sexual health with youth.

      Methods: Thirteen focus groups and three interviews were conducted with 81 carers in four rural and urban regions of Western Australia. Data were coded using a thematic approach, analysed using inductive Framework Analysis, and interpreted using the Aboriginal Family Well being Model of Empowerment.

      Results: Many participants recognised the need for talking with young people about sex, and said they drew upon resources such as books, pamphlets and television and used humour to impart lessons. However, a large proportion of participants reported difficulties in educating youth about sex. Participants noted that colonisation had disrupted traditional structures for educating young people, and that sex was a challenging topic. The forced removal of children had interfered with Indigenous family structures and deprived some participants of the opportunity to acquire knowledge and skills from their own parents.

      Conclusions: Our findings emphasise the potential role of culture and empowerment in further improving outcomes related to relationships and sexual health. There is a need for more research into models of culturally-empowering, family-centred strategies for improving the sexual literacy of Indigenous youth.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:47:26 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - The oral health behaviours and fluid consumption
           practices of young urban Aboriginal preschool children in south-western
           Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    • Abstract: George, Ajesh; Grace, Rebekah; Elcombe, Emma; Villarosa, Amy R; Mack, Holly A; Kemp, Lynn; Ajwani, Shilpi; Wright, Darryl C; Anderson, Cheryl; Bucknall, Natasha; Comino, Elizabeth
      Issue addressed: Australian Aboriginal children have a higher risk of dental caries yet there is limited focus on oral health risk factors for urban Aboriginal preschool children. This study examined the oral health behaviours and fluid consumption practices of young children from an urban Aboriginal community in south-western Sydney, Australia.

      Methods: In total, 157 Aboriginal children who were recruited to the "Gudaga" longitudinal birth cohort participated in this study. A survey design was employed and parents responded to the oral health questions when their child was between 18 and 60 months.

      Results: Few parents (20%) were concerned about their child's oral health across the time period. By 60 months, only 20% of children had seen a dentist while 80% were brushing their teeth at least once daily. High levels of bottle use were seen up to 30 months. Consumption of sugary drinks was also very high in the early years, although this was replaced by water by 36 months.

      Conclusions: While there are some encouraging findings, such as the rates of tooth brushing and increasing rates of water consumption, the findings do highlight the poor uptake of dental services and high levels of bottle usage among urban Aboriginal children during their early years.

      So what' Targeted oral health promotional programs are needed in the urban Aboriginal community to better support parents understanding of good oral health practices in the early years and engagement with dental health services.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:46:03 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - An evaluation of the 'Yaka Narali' Tackling Indigenous
           Smoking program in East Arnhem Land: Yolnu people and their connection to
    • Abstract: Tane, Moana P; Hefler, Marita; Thomas, David P
      Issue addressed: Smoking prevalence estimated between 65% and 84% has been reported among the Yolnu peoples of East Arnhem Land, Northern Territory. We report on findings of an evaluation of the Yaka Narali' Tackling Indigenous Smoking program in East Arnhem Land.

      Methods: Qualitative interviews with Yolnu (N = 23) and non-Yolnu (N = 7) informants were conducted in seven communities between June 2014 and September 2015, with the support of Cultural Mentors, in homeland communities throughout East Arnhem Land. The data was coded using NVivo software, analysed line-by-line and categorised by the researcher (MT) under three a priori categories established as evaluation parameters. In addition, the meanings of ŋarali' and Yolŋu cultural obligations to narali' were analysed using an inductive process.

      Results: Data were coded under three a priori themes: Yol nu trying to quit smoking (interest in quitting, access to support); the Yaka Narali program (efficacy and recognition); Yol nu workforce (roles and responsibilities). Yol nu informants, including Elders and leaders, both smokers and non-smokers uniformly acknowledged the deep cultural and traditional connection with narali' attributing this relationship with its introduction by the Macassans and its subsequent adoption into ceremony.

      Conclusions: Given the strong cultural and traditional connection to narali', care must be taken to ensure tobacco control measures maintain congruence with local values and expectations.

      So what' Tailored, localised programs, developed in consultation with communities, Elders and leaders are needed to respect and accommodate the tight connection that the Yol nu have with narali', maintained over hundreds of years.

      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:41:31 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Ten years on from the World Health Organization
           Commission of Social Determinants of Health: Progress or
    • Abstract: Smith, James; Griffiths, Kalinda; Judd, Jenni; Crawford, Gemma; D'Antoine, Heather; Fisher, Matthew; Bainbridge, Roxanne; Harris, Patrick
      PubDate: Wed, 26 Sep 2018 09:40:44 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - People's health and the social determinants of health
    • Abstract: Baum, Fran
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Cooking for one or two: Applying participatory action
           research to improve community-dwelling older adults' health and well-being
    • Abstract: Chojenta, Catherine; Mingay, Edwina; Gresham, Ellie; Byles, Julie
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Nutrition "fat facts" are not common knowledge
    • Abstract: Harbury, Cathy M; Callister, Robin; Collins, Clare E
      Issue addressed: Individuals who are knowledgeable about nutrition are more likely to eat healthily. Yet, few studies have investigated levels of nutrition knowledge using a validated tool. The present study measured nutrition knowledge using the Re-examined General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (R-GNKQ) to confirm influencing demographic characteristics.

      Methods: Adults aged 18-60 years were recruited. Nutrition knowledge was assessed using the R-GNKQ, examining four domains (dietary guidelines, sources of nutrients, choosing everyday foods, and diet-disease relationships) with 96 questions.

      Results: Of 606 respondents (mean age 38.8 +- 11.8 years), 506 completed all questions. R-GNKQ score was positively associated with education (p
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Exercise at an onsite facility with or without direct
           exercise supervision improves health-related physical fitness and exercise
           participation: An 8-week randomised controlled trial with 15-month
    • Abstract: Hunter, Jayden R; Gordon, Brett A; Lythgo, Noel; Bird, Stephen R; Benson, Amanda C
      Issue addressed: Physical activity and exercise participation is limited by a perceived lack of time, poor access to facilities and low motivation. The aim was to assess whether providing an exercise program to be completed at the workplace with or without direct supervision was effective for promoting health-related physical fitness and exercise participation.

      Methods: Fifty university employees aged (Mean +-SD) 42.5 +- 11.1 years were prescribed a moderate- to vigorous-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise program to be completed at an onsite facility for 8 weeks. Participants were randomly allocated to receive direct exercise supervision or not. Cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) and maximal muscular strength were assessed at baseline and 8 weeks. Self-report physical activity was assessed at baseline, 8 weeks and 15 months postintervention.

      Results: Attendance or exercise session volume were not different between groups. Cardiorespiratory fitness (Mean +-95% CI); +1.9 +- 0.7 mL kg min 1; P < .001), relative knee flexion (+7.4 +- 3.5; P < .001) and extension (+7.4 +- 4.6 Nm kg 1%; P < .01) strength increased, irrespective of intervention group. Self reported vigorous-intensity physical activity increased over the intervention (mean +- 95% CI; +450 +- 222 MET minutes per week; P < .001), but did not remain elevated at 15 months (+192 +- 276 MET minutes per week).

      Conclusion: Providing a workplace exercise facility to complete an individually-prescribed 8-week exercise program is sufficient to improve health-related physical fitness in the short-term independent to the level of supervision provided, but does not influence long-term participation.

      So what' Lower cost onsite exercise facility supervision is as effective at improving physical health and fitness as directly supervised exercise, however ongoing support may be required for sustained physical activity behaviour change.

      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Skills, systems and supports: An Aboriginal Community
           Controlled Health Service (Apunipima) approach to building health
           promotion evaluation capacity of staff
    • Abstract: Nichols, Nina; McFarlane, Kathryn; Gibson, Priscilla; Millard, Fiona; Packer, Andrew; McDonald, Malcolm
      Issue addressed: Building the health promotion evaluation capacity of a workforce requires more than a focus on individual skills and confidence. We must also consider the organisational systems and supports that enable staff to embed learnings into practice. This paper describes the processes used to build health promotion evaluation capacity of staff in an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service (ACCHS).

      Methods: To build health promotion evaluation capacity three approaches were used: (i) workshops and mentoring; (ii) strengthening systems to support program reporting; and (iii) recruitment of staff with skills and experience. Pre and post questionnaires determined levels of individual skills and confidence, updated systems were assessed for adequacy to support new health promotion practices and surveys captured the usefulness of workshops and mentoring.

      Results: There was increased participant skills and confidence. Participants completed program impact evaluation reports and results were successfully presented at national conferences. The health promotion team was then able to update in-house systems to support new health promotion practices. Ongoing collaboration with experienced in-house researchers provided basic research training and professional mentoring.

      Conclusions: Building health promotion evaluation capacity of staff in an ACCHS can be achieved by providing individual skill development, strengthening organisational systems and utilising professional support.

      So what' Health promotion practitioners have an ongoing professional obligation to improve the quality of routine practice and embrace new initiatives. This report outlines a process of building evaluation capacity that promotes quality reporting of program impacts and outcomes, reflects on ways to enhance program strengths, and communicates these findings internally and to outside professional bodies. This is particularly significant for ACCHSs responsible for addressing the high burden of preventable disease in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.

      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Online scan of FASD prevention and health promotion
           resources for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities
    • Abstract: Williams, Hayley M; Percival, Nikki A; Hewlett, Nicole C; Cassady, Rahni B J; Silburn, Sven R
      Issue addressed: Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) includes a range of lifelong impairments caused by alcohol exposure in utero. Health professionals are vital to preventing FASD but many are hesitant to discuss FASD with clients due to their need for additional resources to aid the conversation. This scan sought to identify the scope and gaps in publicly available FASD prevention and health promotion resources, and assess their cultural appropriateness for use among five key groups of Indigenous Australian people including: (i) pregnant women, (ii) women of childbearing age, (iii) grandmothers and aunties, (iv) men, and (v) health professionals.

      Methods: Relevant resources published 1995-2017 were identified through the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet, FASD organisation websites, grey literature, Google searches, and field experts. Results were screened by inclusion and cultural appropriateness criteria developed and piloted by the research team, and further screened by health professionals attending FASD training workshops.

      Results: 115 of the 2146 identified resources were eligible. Relevant resources were found for all five key groups; however, no resources were specifically designed for men, grandmothers or aunties.

      Conclusions: A range of high-quality, culturally appropriate resources were identified, however, health professionals attending the training workshops were not aware of their availability. Further resource development is suggested for men, grandmothers and aunties.

      So what' Prioritisation of active dissemination and implementation strategies is suggested to increase awareness and use of future resource developments. The inclusion of a resource trial among health professionals is a recommended strategy to increase awareness and use of newly developed resources.

      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Engaging a disadvantaged community with a fruit and
           vegetable box scheme
    • Abstract: Zorbas, Christina; McCartan, Julia; De Mel, Randini; Narendra, Karthika; Tassone, Eliza C; Yin, Ebony; Palermo, Claire
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 29 Issue 1 - Guidelines for author
    • PubDate: Fri, 15 Jun 2018 15:05:14 GMT
  • Volume 28 Issue 3 - Are regional and remote Western Australian children
           eating for good health': An investigation into fruit and vegetable
    • Abstract: Godrich, Stephanie L; Lo, Johnny; Davies, Christina R; Darby, Jill; Devine, Amanda
      Issue addressed: Little is known about the fruit and vegetable (F&V) habits of regional and remote Western Australian (WA) children beyond quantities consumed. This study aimed to ascertain the proportion of regional and remote WA children who met the Australian Dietary Guidelines (ADG) for F and V; the types and varieties of F and V consumed; and whether consumption behaviour was associated with remoteness.

      Methods: Caregiver and child dyads (n = 256 dyads) completed similar paper-based surveys, 196 of these children completed 24-h dietary records. Statistical analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS (version 23).

      Results: Overall, children were less likely to adhere to vegetables (15.4%) than fruit (65.8%) guidelines. Adherence to the ADG did not significantly differ between regional and remote locations. However, a higher proportion of remote children consumed dried fruit compared with regional children, while significantly more regional children compared with remote children consumed from the 'pome, tropical and stone fruit' group and the 'starchy vegetables', 'red/orange vegetables' and 'dark green leafy vegetables' groups.

      Conclusions: Many regional and remote WA children consumed F and V in suboptimal amounts. Further research should aim to ascertain factors that increase or decrease the likelihood of ADG adherence across regional and remote WA and determine why certain F&V variety groups and types differed in consumption across Remoteness Areas.

      PubDate: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 18:26:14 GMT
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