Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1541 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 280)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.254
Number of Followers: 22  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2282-0930 - ISSN (Online) 2282-0930
Published by Prex S.p.A Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Data inconsistencies do not allow valid modelling of the Italian COVID

    • Authors: Carlo La Vecchia, Simone Cialdi
      Abstract: We tried to monitor the epidemic of Covid-19 in Italy between February 22 and March 30 using the data disclosed by the Italian “Protezione Civile”.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13330
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Helicobacter Pylori Infection in
           Asymptomatic Sudanese Population: A Cross-sectional Study

    • Authors: Lobaina Mohammed Abozaid
      Abstract: Background: Helicobacter pylori infections are a global problem, and constitute a known cause of gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric malignancies; they are also implicated in extra intestinal diseases, such as chronic urticarial and peripheral arterial disease. This study aims to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infections in asymptomatic individuals, and to estimate the risk factors of the infection.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Kassala Military Hospital in Sudan. A convenience sample of healthy individuals was used; 237 people were checked for eligibility. The individuals who were included to participate in the study consisted of healthy individuals, hospital staff, blood donors, and females arriving to receive antenatal care. A questionnaire was used to record the socio-demographics of the participants. Helicobacter pylori antibodies were detected in their blood by a rapid chromatographic immunoassay.Results: Of the 207 participants, 92 (44.4%) were male and 115 (55.6%) were female. The prevalence of the Helicobacter pylori infection was 48.1%, and was significantly associated with the water source (p = 0.02) of the participant and whether they shared a bed with their siblings during childhood (p = 0.016). There was no association found between the Helicobacter pylori infection and sanitation methods, gender, employment status, number of rooms in a dwelling, or level of education.Conclusion: The prevalence of the Helicobacter pylori infection was 48.1%, and the infection was significantly associated with the source of water and childhood sleeping arrangements.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13233
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Knowledge, acceptance and willingness to pay for Dengue vaccine in
           Yogyakarta and Jakarta

    • Authors: Woro Supadmi, Auliya Abdurrohim Suwantika, Diah Ariyani Perwitasari, Rizky Abdulah
      Abstract: Despite the fact that Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of diseases with the highest incidence rate in Indonesia, its prevention strategies remain ineffective. One of the most cost-effective strategies to prevent DHF is through vaccination. This study aimed to investigate correlations between the knowledge of DHF, the behavior of DHF prevention and the knowledge of vaccine with the acceptance of dengue vaccine and willingness-to-pay (WTP) of dengue vaccine in Yogyakarta and Jakarta, Indonesia. A cross-sectional study was conducted by collecting data from people visiting primary healthcare centers (PHCs) through a valid and reliable questionnaire. A purposive sampling was applied, which resulted in 838 respondents among PHCs in Yogyakarta (two selected districts: Bantul and Kulon Progo) and Jakarta (two selected districts: West Jakarta and Central Jakarta). The result showed that the percentage of respondents who had good knowledge of vaccine was estimated to be 67-77% in all districts. The percentage of respondent who had good acceptance of vaccine was estimated to be 68-81%. WTP of dengue vaccine among respondents was estimated to be IDR 10,000-50,000. The result showed that the knowledge of DHF was significantly correlated (p<0.05) with the acceptance of dengue vaccine in districts of West Jakarta, Bantul and Kulon Progo. In particular, the behavior of DHF prevention and the knowledge of dengue vaccine were significantly correlated (p<0.05) with the acceptance of dengue vaccine in all districts. Additionally, the knowledge and acceptance of vaccine were significantly correlated (p<0.05) with WTP in West Jakarta only. It can be concluded that correlation among variables in all districts are not the same. Hence, specific approach is required to be applied in each district.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13274
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Anti-HPV vaccination in women treated for HPV-related lesions: effective
           vaccination strategy for achieving HPV-related diseases control

    • Authors: Giovanna Elisa Calabrò, Elettra Carini, Michele Basile, Paolo Bonanni, Rosa De Vincenzo, Alessandro Ghelardi, Silvio Tafuri, Michele Conversano, Carlo Favaretti, Americo Cicchetti
      Abstract: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is able to reduce the risk of relapse in women undergoing surgery for HPVrelated lesions. The surgical treatment of these lesions can correlate with a greater risk of preterm parts. The extension of the recommendation of HPV vaccination to patients treated for a previous HPV-related lesion would entail a lower expense for the Health System. Therefore, an increase in the use of HPV vaccination is desirable also in this target population as well as the implementation of a care pathway dedicated to women treated for HPV lesions that includes vaccination in the prevention activities of relapses.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13302
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Clinical risk and patient safety: a multicenter cross-sectional study to
           explore knowledge, attitudes and practice of hospital nurses

    • Authors: Assunta Guillari, Tommasangelo Petitti, Maria Rosaria Esposito, Silvio Simeone, Teresa Rea
      Abstract: Objectives: To investigate knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of nurses working in acute care hospitals regarding clinical risk and patient safety, and to identify predisposing factors.Design: Cross-sectional multicenter study.Methods: The study was conducted in thirteen non-teaching acute public and private hospitals of a region of southern Italy from September through December 2015. A structured self-report questionnaire was administered to clinical nurses working in the hospitals involved. Three multivariate linear and logistic regression models have been constructed: knowledge of the definition of an adverse event; attitude towards risk of making an error while working and nurses who reported at least one error in the past 12 months.Results: The sample consisted of 484 respondents out of 670 (72.2%) nurses approached. The final multivariable model showed that educational courses about patient safety play a significant role in nurses gaining knowledge of adverse events. In the absence of organization-wide patient safety programs, nurses with low knowledge levels showed a significantly higher perceived risk. Nurses (n=96) who made errors over the past 12 months had discussed them with head nurses (75%) and colleagues (41.7%). Anonymous reporting to the organization was very low, with only 8.3% of nurses who had made an error submitting an anonymous report.Conclusions: Managers should implement multimodal improvement strategies aimed at enabling nurses’ to recognize the critical issues of the system and to increase their reporting, in order to make the organizations safer.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13298
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Investigation of diagnostic value of artificial intelligence systems in
           the diagnosis of breast cancer based on histopathological images using
           Meta-MUMS DTA tool

    • Authors: Massoud Sokouti, Ramin Sadeghi, Saeid Pashazadeh, Saeid Eslami, Mohsen Sokouti, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Babak Sokouti
      Abstract: Background: Various artificial intelligence systems are available for diagnosing breast cancer based on histopathological images. Assessing the performance of existing methodologies for breast cancer diagnosis is vital.Methods: The SCOPUS database has been searched for studies up to December 15, 2018. We extracted the data, including "true positive," "true negative," "false positive," and "false negative". The pooled sensitivity, pooled specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds ratio, area under the curve of summary receiver operating characteristic curve were useful in assessing the diagnostic accuracy. Egger's test, Deeks' funnel plot, SVE (Smoothed Variance regression model based on Egger’s test), SVT (Smoothed Variance regression model based on Thompson’s method), and trim and fill methodologies were essential tests for publication bias identification.Results: Three studies with eight approaches from thirty-seven articles were found eligible for further analysis. A sensitivity of 0.95, a specificity of 0.78, a PLR of 7525, an NLR of 0.06, a DOR of 88.15, and an AUC of 0.953 showed high significant heterogeneity; however, the reason was not the threshold effect. The publication bias was detected by SVE, SVT, and trim and fill analysis.Conclusion: The artificial intelligent (AI) systems play a pivotal role in the diagnosis of breast cancer using histopathological cell images and are important decision-makers for pathologists. The analyses revealed that the overall accuracy of AI systems is promising for breast cancer; however, the pooled specificity is lower than pooled sensitivity. Moreover, the approval of the results awaits conducting randomized clinical trials with sufficient data.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13313
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • The Economic Burden of Multiple Myeloma. Definition of a Model for
           Forecasting Patients’ Costs

    • Authors: Alessandro Corso, Daniele Corso, Silvia Mangiacavalli, Claudio Cartia, Maya Ganzetti, Federica Cocito, Virginia Ferretti, Cinzia Di Novi, Luca Arcaini
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate healthcare costs in a single-centre population of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), in an attempt to develop a model for forecasting costs.Methods: A cohort of 387 MM patients, diagnosed at Policlinico San Matteo (Pavia, Italy), between 2002 and 2014, was analysed grouping patients into those eligible (n=223) or not eligible (n=164) for transplantation. After descriptive statistics, the benchmark model - Ordinary Least Squares - and different variations of the Generalized Linear Model were adopted.Results: The average total cost per patient was around €28,500 for patients not eligible for transplantation and around €87,000 for the eligible ones. The difference in marginal costs for transplant-eligible patients was probably due to higher costs for hospitalisation and the costs of the transplant procedure itself. The analysis highlighted four determinants useful for building a model to forecast expenditure: age, bortezomib use, lenalidomide use, and number of lines of therapies. The two most important determinants of expenditure were use of the novel agents and the total number of lines of therapy, which reflects a higher number of doses and a greater need for accesses to hospital.Conclusion: In conclusion, using a Generalized Linear Model, we identified four determinants in our cohort which were useful for building a model to predict expenditure for MM patients. Although the analysis was performed in a particular setting in a single hospital, the model could be applied to any scenario of patients.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13252
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • An Italian survey on the attitudes and beliefs of public health
           professionals towards mandatory vaccination: a pilot study

    • Authors: Erica Pitini, Annalisa Rosso, Azzurra Massimi, Valentina Baccolini, Corrado De Vito, Carolina Marzuillo, Paolo Villari
      Abstract: Background: This pilot study aimed to test a questionnaire developed to assess the attitudes and beliefs of Italian public health professionals towards mandatory vaccination for school-aged children.Methods: The online questionnaire was administered to members of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Internal consistency was measured using Cronbach’s alpha.Results: Fifty-two people answered the questionnaire: 90.4% were in favour of mandatory vaccination. Overall, the alpha score was above the cut-off value of 0.70.Conclusion: The questionnaire has proved a valid tool for assessing the attitudes and beliefs of Italian public health professionals towards mandatory vaccination.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13321
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Socioeconomic status and health literacy as the important predictors of
           general health in Iran: a structural equation modeling approach

    • Authors: Tayebeh Nadi, Jalal Poorolajal, Amin Doosti-Irani
      Abstract: Background: We aimed to determine the level of health literacy (HL), and its association with general health. In addition, we investigated the direct and indirect association of socioeconomic status (SES) and general health among the adult population in Iran.Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 750 literate adults' people. The SES was assessed based on the owning of assets. HL was evaluated using a validated questionnaire in Iran. General health was assessed using the WHO general health questionnaire. The simple and adjusted linear regression models, and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used for data analysis.Results: In adjusted model, female gender, higher level of education, use of books, pamphlets, or brochures as a source of health information, the higher level of SES were positively associated with higher HL. In addition, the HL was significantly associated with higher scores of general health. Results of SEM showed that the direct effect of SES on general health was not significant, but the indirect effect via HL was significant (path coefficient: 0.24; p<0.001).Conclusion: Results of our study indicated HL is strongly associated with general health among the adult population. SES had a significant indirect association with general health via the effect on health literacy.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13312
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Tuberculosis risk factors in South Africa, 2008 to 2017: A Generalised
           Estimating Equations approach

    • Authors: Hilda Dhlakama, Siaka Lougue, Henry Godwell Mwambi
      Abstract: Background: Although, death due to tuberculosis has been on the decline. In 2016, 124 000 people died of tuberculosis in South Africa and the disease was declared the leading cause of death by Statistics South Africa. Continued efforts to use research to create a nation free of tuberculosis are underway. Methods: A repeated measures investigation was performed with the aim of identifying the persistent predictors and the long-term patterns of tuberculosis infection in South Africa for the period 2008 to 2017. The most suitable Generalised Estimating Equations that describe the population average probability of infection over time were applied to a sample of respondents taken from the National Income Dynamics Survey data, wave 1 to wave 5. The response variable was binary with the outcome of interest being the respondents that self-reported to have been diagnosed with tuberculosis. To improve estimation efficiency, the best working correlation matrix for this data was selected. Results: We used a sample of 8510 individuals followed for five waves, of these, 3.7%, 2.54%, 4.15%, 5.72% and 5.99% for waves 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively, reported to have been diagnosed with tuberculosis. Findings revealed that the independent working correlation matrix with the model-based standard error estimates gave the most robust results for the repeated measures tuberculosis data in South Africa. Furthermore, over the years, the average probability of being diagnosed with tuberculosis was positively associated with being single, male, middle-aged (30- 59 years), black African, unemployed, smoking, lower education levels, lack of regular exercise, asthma, suffering from other diseases, lack of access to improved sanitation, lower household income and expenditure. Conclusion: The probabilities of tuberculosis infection are independent within individuals over time. The inequalities in socioeconomic status in South Africa caused the poor to be more at risk of tuberculosis over time from 2008 to 2017. 
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13227
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
  • Bayesian modeling of clustered competing risks survival times with spatial
           random effects

    • Authors: Somayeh Momenyan, Amir Kavousi, Taban Baghfalaki, Jalal Poorolajal
      Abstract: In some studies, survival data are arranged spatially such as geographical regions. Incorporating spatial association in these data not only can increase the accuracy and efficiency of the parameter estimation, but it also investigates the spatial patterns of survivorship. In this paper, we considered a Bayesian hierarchical survival model in the setting of competing risks for the spatially clustered HIV/AIDS data. In this model, a Weibull Parametric distribution with the spatial random effects in the form of county-failure type-level was used. A multivariate intrinsic conditional autoregressive (MCAR) distribution was employed to model the areal spatial random effects. Comparison among competing models was performed by the deviance information criterion and log pseudo-marginal likelihood. We illustrated the gains of our model through the simulation studies and application to the HIV/AIDS data.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
      DOI: 10.2427/13301
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2020)
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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