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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1278 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (379 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (99 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (80 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 174)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Food and Public Health
  [10 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2162-9412 - ISSN (Online) 2162-8440
   Published by SAP Homepage  [105 journals]
  • Food Poisoning Investigation in an Under-resourced Environment: A Case
           Report

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Charles Muruka,John Njuguna,Andrew Muruka,Kennedy Otuto,Margaret Maureen Atieno OketchFood borne diseases are of public health importance. A food poisoning incident occurred on 24th October 2010 amongst 22 mourners who had consumed porridge one day after the funeral rites of a child in Mubachi Sub-Location of Suba West Division in Migori District, south western Kenya. An investigation of the incident was conducted with only two objectives in mind, i.e. (1) to document the poisoning incident for learning and for future reference and (2) to determine the causative factors so as to recommend appropriate public health interventions. Both patient and clinician interviews were conducted. A total of seven patients were interviewed. Patients denied any knowledge of environmental contamination within or without the homestead. They also denied care-less handling of tobacco farming pesticides. The investigation established that the water used in preparing the porridge had been left uncovered on the verandah overnight and it had developed a brownish discoloration. The porridge was prepared from a mixture of cassava and sorghum flour in the ordinary way and mourners had consumed between 250ml-500ml in clean plastic cups. The victims developed signs and symptoms about 30–60 minutes after consumption. Children were affected first. They collapsed, vomited, complained of abdominal pains and had diarrhea. Other signs and symptoms occurring in both adults and children were fever, generalized body weakness, and profuse sweating. The frequency distribution of signs and symp-toms showed 63% generalized body weakness, 50% vomiting, 27% nausea, 23% abdominal pain, 14% diarrhea, 9% cough and 5% restlessness. The attack rate was 100%. The suspected cause of poisoning was either hydrocyanic acid in cassava flour or pesticide contamination of the water used in preparing the porridge. In order to arrive at a differential diagnosis, an internet-based literature search was con-ducted to provide an overview of the signs and symptoms associated with the suspected toxicological agents. On this basis, hydrocyanic acid, organochlorine and pyrethroid pesticides were ruled out. There was a near-perfect match between the signs and symptoms of the poisoning to classical signs and symptoms of organophosphate poisoning in the literature. We conclude that the poisoning agent was an organophosphate. Though the victims denied any knowledge of environmental contamination, we strongly believe that the water used in preparing the porridge had been chemically contaminated either by careless handling of pesticides or foul play. We recommend that since the affected area and indeed the rest of Migori district are tobacco growing areas, there is need for mass health education on the safe handling and disposal of pesticide products as these are widely used. Pesticide dispensing outlets should provide also pesticide safety education to customers on each pesticide sold to encourage safe use and handling.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • The Suitability of Water in Khartoum State Industrial Area for Food
           Processing

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Abdel Moneim E. Sulieman,Batran E. El Hilali,Mohammed O. BabekirThe present study aimed at investigating the suitability of water for food processing particularly gaseous beverages in Khartoum State. Ten samples of water were collected from six wells (A, B, C, D, E and F) distributed throughout Khartoum North Industrial Area, also three samples (T1,T2,T3) were collected from well (B) after water treatment. The pH of water samples ranged (6.7 – 7.8). All samples gave acceptable results for the Electrical Conductivity (E.C) (284–970µs/cm, total dissolved solids (T.D.S) (143 – 485 mg/L), sulfate (1.5 – 142.4 mg/L), chloride (6.8–94.0mg/L), fluoride (0.0–0.23 mg/L), nitrate (2.01 – 9.24 mg/L), nitrite (0.006–0.467 mg/L), As for ammonia the collected water samples contained a range of (0.0 – 0.01mg/L), while the iron content of the various water samples was ≤0.3 mg/L. Some of the samples gave high levels of turbidity while other samples gave low levels of turbidity. The water samples were free from E. coli and the total coliform, therefore they were acceptable for the consumer and were suitable for drinking and food processing as they have matched with all conditions of the Sudanese Standards and the International Standards for drinking water. The T.D.S of water samples ranged between 143-260 m/l. This indicates that there is no need for using Reverse Osmosis (R.O) to reduce the concentration of the salts and minerals in water. Filtration and coagulation process for the water treatment is sufficient process for this purpose. Most of the microbiological, physical, chemical and geological properties for well's water samples (A, B, C, D, E and F) , were found to match with the local and International Standards for drinking water, that means these water samples are suitable for food processing and drinking.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Obesity in Moscow School Age Students: Prevalence, Age- and Gender-
           Related Features

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  D. N. Gazina,K. G. GurevichBackground: obesity in children and adolescents became one of the most globally challenging medical problems over the past decades. Method: School-age children and adolescents from the Moscow’s schools were examined. Height and weight data were obtained from screening examination records found in school medical charts. BMI (body mass index) was calculated. Derived data was analyzed according to the World Health Organization growth charts, for gender and age. Results: We demonstrated that in Moscow students aged 5 to 16 years old, obesity occurs mostly in the prepuberty period: boys 10-13, and girls 9-10. At the same time obesity prevalence is significantly higher in male adolescents than in female. In older groups decline in obesity prevalence provides for decrease in overweight prevalence. Obesity in specific groups with its maximum prevalence shows unfavorable features due to the predominance of central obesity indices both in boys and in girls. The most significant growth registered in thickness of abdominal and subscupular skinfolds (ASF and SSF, respectively) which was found in boys (4.3 and 4 times greater). In males abdominal obesity prevails, whereas in females, distribution of subcutaneous adipose tissue is more even. Conclusion: The value of ASF and SSF as a tool for cardiovascular pathology risk factors assessment in urban students ages 9-13 was confirmed by correlative analysis. These parameters have the strongest correlation with all the others evalu-ated in this investigation. Waist-to-hip ratio didn’t show any significance in assessment of obesity in persons of prepuberty age.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Traveling Wave Solutions for Foam Drainage Equation by Modified
           F-Expansion Method

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  M. T. Darvishi,Maliheh Najafi,Mohammad NajafiIn this paper, using modified F-expansion method, we present some explicit formulas of exact traveling wave solutions for the foam drainage equation. A modified F-expansion method is proposed by taking full advantages of F-expansion method and Riccati equation in seeking exact solutions of non-linear partial differential equations.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Rice Cooking Quality and Physico-Chemical Characteristics: a Comparative
           Analysis of Selected Local and Newly Introduced Rice Varieties in Ebonyi
           State, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Oko A. O.,Ubi B. E,Dambaba N.The Choice of rice varieties by farmers and consumers and the rate at which farmers in Ebonyi state go for new rice varieties at the expense of indigenous varieties have become a source of worry to scientists in Nigeria. We assessed the cooking quality and physico-chemical characteristics of 15 selected indigenous and five newly introduced hybrid rice varieties grown in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Significant variation (P
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Effect of Processing and Cooking Methods on the Chemical Composition,
           Sugars and Phytic Acid of Soybeans

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Ramadan E. A.The present investigation was conducted to study the effect of processing (soaking and germination) and cooking methods (ordinary cooking and autoclaving) on the chemical composition, sugars and phytic of two varieties soybean seeds, Giza, 21 and Giza, 35. The processing and cooking methods caused increase in both protein and crude fiber contents. Meanwhile, crude oil and carbohydrates contents were decreased of the studied soybean seeds. Generally, the processing and cooking methods resulted in a decrease of raffinose, stachyose, verbascose, maltose and sucrose accompanied by an increase in glucose. These resulted revealed that the processing (soaking and germination) and cooking methods (ordinary cooking and autoclaving) was more effective in eliminating the contents of oligosaccharides and phytic acid in both varieties soybean seeds.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Assessment of Total Lipid Fractions and Fatty Acids Composition in Raw,
           Germinated Barleys and Talbina Products

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  M.Kamal E. Youssef,Fawzy Abd El-Kader El-Fishawy,El-Sayed Abd El-Naby Ramadan,Asmaa MohamedAbd El-RahmanTalbina is a food product with high potential applications as a functional food. Talbina was prepared from two barley varieties namely: Giza126 and Giza130 by adding whole barley flour to water (1:10 w/v) and (1:5 w/v) for germinated barley then heating at 80° C for 5 minutes with continuous stirring until reaching a porridge like texture. The study included the fractionation and determinations of the compounds of raw, germinated barley, talbina, germinated talbina and commercial talbina oil. Besides, the all treatments recorded rather slight decrease in crude fat content, which ranged from 1.5 to 2.9%. Using TLC technique the total lipids of raw, germinated barley and their talbina products were fractionated to eight fractions and triglycerides showed the highest percentage among lipid fractions (33.92-60.82%) followed by 1,3diglycerides (6.78-20.43%). The fatty acids analysis revealed that there were 11 fatty acids in the studied treatments oil namely: caprylic, lauric, myristic, palmitic, stearic, arachidic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic and gadoleic. The essential fatty acid linoleic (C18:2) recorded the highest percentage of the unsaturated fatty acids (53.59%) in germinated 130. While palmitic acid (C16:0) recorded the highest value of saturated fatty acids in germinated 126 (17.44%).
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Assessment of Toxic Metals in Agricultural Produce

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Lokeshappa B.,Kandarp Shivpuri,Vivek Tripathi,Anil K. DikshitThis study was conducted to analyze the metals in selected vegetables available in Powai area, Mumbai, India. The total 9 samples viz., 5 vegetables, 3 cereals and 1 medicinal plant were collected which are commonly consumed in the locality. These were digested using microwave acid digester with nitric acid and hydrochloric acid and analyzed with the aid of ICP-AES to determine toxic metals. Highly toxic metals such as arsenic and silver were below detectable limit while two of the samples had high mercury and lead content. The results obtained were compared with their permissible levels set by the FAO and WHO and were found to be within safe limits for some metals while concentrations of some of the metals were much greater than permissible limits and were, hence, not safe to consume. It was found that the overall toxic metal accumulation was greater in leafy vegetables viz. spinach, coriander and tubers such as potato.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • The Present Situation of Trichinellosis in Indochina (2001–2011)

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Viroj WiwanitkitTrichinellosis is an important parasitic infestation cause by round worm. This infection is considered serious and the transmission is due to eating of uncooked meat. This disease is considered an important tropical food borne infection and is sporadically reported. The sanitation seems to be an important tool for disease control. In this brief review, the author summarizes on the present situation of trichinellosis in Indochina, an important endemic area, during the present decade (2001 – 2011).
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Presence and Levels of Common Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in
           Staple Foods of Nigerians

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Dike Henry Ogbuagu,Adedolapo Abeke AyoadeWe investigated the presence and levels of 11 polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in 4 commonly consumed roasted food delicacies in Owerri, a southeastern city of Nigeria. Freshly roasted plantain, yam, fish and meat (popularly called suya) samples were purchased from 10 roadside fast-food sellers in the municipality, preserved in labelled sterile amber bottles with benzene and taken to the laboratory in iced-chest. A gas chromatograph coupled with flame ionization detector (GC-FID) was used in the analysis of samples. The single factor ANOVA and means plots were used to detect homogeneity in mean variance and structure of group means of the PAHs determined in the foods, respectively. Roasted plantain contained the highest level of combined PAHs measured (0.0465 mg/kg), followed by suya (0.0372 mg/kg); with mean concentrations of 0.004227 (± 0.0019135) and 0.003382 (± 0.0023045) mg/kg, respectively. However, least concentration of the combined PAHs of 0.0135 (0.001227 ± 0.0004152) mg/kg was recorded in roasted fish. There was significant heterogeneity [F(214.52)>Fcrit(3.95)] at P
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Nutritional Assessment of Wheat Biscuits and Fortified Wheat Biscuits with
           Citrus Peels Powders

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Hanan M. K. E. Youssef,Rasha M. A. MousaCitrus peels, the waste by-products of citrus juices factories are reckoned valuable healthful functional food. The present investigation performed to assess nutritional status of wheat and fortified biscuits with citrus peels powders. Study included determination of gross chemical composition, caloric value , minerals (Fe, Mn, Cu, Ca, Mg, Na, K and P) of wheat and fortified biscuits with citrus peels powders. Likewise physical and sensory characteristics of control and 10% fortified wheat biscuits with the four studied citrus peels powders: Tangerine peel powder, Abo-Sora peel powder, Baladi orange peel powder, and Baladi lemon peel powder. The data revealed that 10% incorporation of citrus peels powders in wheat biscuits increased crude protein, crude fat contents as well as crude fiber, moisture contents and caloric value. However, it decreased carbohydrate content. The supplementation of control biscuits with 10% citrus peels powders of the four studied citrus enhanced the nutritive value. The data revealed that all 10% fortified biscuits with the four studied citrus peels powders improved all studied sensory characteristics in all the studied biscuits. Moreover, biscuits fortified with 10% citrus peel powders. Could be recommended for caloric reduced diets for obese, over-weight persons and diabetic persons.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Determination of Aflatoxin Levels in Some Dairy Food Products and Dry Nuts
           Consumed in Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Muhammad Waqar AshrafThree hundred and ninety-three samples of dairy products (124 samples of white cheese, 61 samples of cream cheese, 76 samples of Kashar cheese, and 132 samples of butter), 91 samples of cashew nut and 97 macademia nut marketed in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia during September 2010-September 2011, were analyzed for aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), total aflatoxin and AFB1 by microtitre plate enzyme linked immunosorband assay (ELISA) The incidence of AFM1 contamination in dairy products analyzed was 82%. Total aflatoxin contamination was determined in 84 (92.3%) of 91 cashew nut and in 88 (90.7%) of 97 macademia nut whereas total aflatoxin contamination was not detected in 3 (3.2%) of 91 cashew nut samples and in 12 of 97 macademia nut samples. AFB1 was found in 84 (92.3%) of 91 cashew nut and in 83 (85.5%) of 97 samples of macademia nut samples. AFM1 levels in 3 (2.4%) white cheese, 4 (3.0%) of butter, 2 (3.2%) in cream cheese and 5 (6.5%) of Kashar cheese samples were found higher than the maximum acceptable levels as set by European Union.Continuous surveillance program may be warranted to monitor regularly the occurrence of aflatoxins in foodstuffs.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Amylase Production on Solid State Fermentation by Bacillus Spp

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Salwa Elamin Ibrahim,Hassan Beshir El Amin,Elmutaz Nasir Hassan,Abdel Moneim Elhadi SuliemanTwenty bacterial isolates were isolated from different sources. Preliminary screening for amylotic bacteria was performed on starch solid media. Out of them; 11 isolates showed positive results when flooded with iodine solution. The amylotic activity index was 93, 95 and 99. Identification of all isolates revealed that they belonged to the genus Bacillus. Out of all, three strains of Bacillus designated as B1, B2, and B11 were chosen for further study; according to their saccharification activity measured with the DNS method. Optimum conditions for enzyme production were measured, using wheat bran solid state fermentation (SSF) method. The optimum conditions for the three strains were generally found to be 55%- 75% moisture contents ; not less than 48 hrs incubation time (72 hours max. ); maximum enzymes production was attained at incubation temperature of 30℃ - 50℃; although the amylase retained more than 89% of its activity at temperature ranging from20℃ -70℃ , and optimum pH of 3.5.Qualitative analysis revealed that glucose and maltose was produced by Bacillus strains, B11 enzymes from hydrolysis of soluble starch.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Mineral Profile of Pito from Accra, Tamale, Bolgatanga and Wa in Ghana

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  G. O. Duodu,E. O. Amartey,A. B. Asumadu-Sakyi,C. A. Adjei,F. K. Quashie,I. Nsiah-Akoto,G. AyanuThis study was undertaken to investigate the mineral profile of pito, a traditionally brewed alcoholic beverage popularly consumed along West Coast of Africa. Pito samples from four cities in Ghana namely; Bolgatanga, Tamale, Wa and Accra were analysed for their metal content. Concentrations of Na, K, Mn, Cu and Zn, were measured in all the samples analysed. However, Fe, Ni, Cd and Pb recorded 70%, 83%, 58% and 79% incidence respectively in the samples, but Cr was measured below detection limit in all the samples. The concentrations of Na, K, Mn, Cu, Zn, Fe, Ni, Pb and Cd recorded ranged between 15 to 66mg/L, 581 to 1108mg/L, 0.152 to 0.808mg/L, 0.076 to 0.308mg/L, 0.456 to 0.910mg/L, 0.308 to 2.832mg/L, 0.040 to 0.176mg/L, 0.056 to 0.272mg/L and 0.011 to 0.048mg/L respectively. With the exception of Mn, all the essential minerals measured were below the recommended WHO maximum limits in water. Hence pito is a good source of K, Na, Fe, Cu and Zn. The detected concentrations of Ni, Pb and Cd in the pito samples were however, above the respective maximum WHO guideline in water. Therefore pito is susceptible to metal contamination due to poor handling and primitive equipment used in the production and consumers should be apprehensive of the environs where the pito is prepared.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Zingiber Officinale and Curcuma Longa as Potential Functional
           Foods/Ingredients

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Trinidad P. Trinidad,Rosario S. Sagum,Marco P. de Leon,Aida C. Mallillin,Melissa P. BorlagdanBackground: Zingiberofficinale and Curcuma longa are rhizomes used as traditional medicine for gastrointestinal illnesses, motion sickness and inflammatory diseases. However, there is scarcity of data regarding its nutritional composition and functions. Objective:To characterize Zingiberofficinale and Curcuma longa as potential functional food/ ingredients Materials and Methods: Zingiberofficinale and Curcuma longa were analyzed for proximate composition, minerals, dietary fiber and phytonutrients. Mineral availability and fermentability in vitro, and antioxidant activity was also determined. Results: Curcuma longa has greater ash, fat, protein, carbohydrates and dietary fiber while Zingiberofficinale has greater moisture and ß-carotene. Both samples were good sources of dietary fiber and when fermented in vitro, the only short chain fatty acid produced was propionate. Zingiberofficinale has significantly greater iron and calcium content.The availability of zinc (11.9±0.4%) and calcium (56.9±4.7%) for absorption was significantly higher in Curcuma longa but not iron (1.7±0.1%; P
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • The Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetic Patients Attending Rajshahi Diabetes
           Association, Rajshahi, Bangladesh and Its Primary Prevention

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Rafiqul Islam,Obaidur RahmanDiabetes is a serious harmful disease. The purpose of this study is to find out the risk factors of Type 2 diabetic patients in . For this purpose, the data are collected from the diabetic patients of Rajshahi Diabetes Association, . To fulfill this objective, chi square test and logistic regression analysis have been used. It is found that diabetes affects more in the age 35 years and over which is 89.7% in which 68.3% have type 2 diabetes. Again, 79.3% of diabetic patients have type 2 diabetes in which females (43.7%) are more affected than males (35.7%). It has been found that age, controlling diabetic through exercise, controlling diabetic through taking medicine and living house of the respondents are significantly associated with the type 2 diabetes of diabetic patients. It is also identified from logistic model that respondent’s age, occupation, controlling diabetic through dieting, controlling diabetic through exercise, controlling diabetic through taking medicine, time spending in walking, calorie intake according to diabetic food table and living house of the respondents have statistically significant effect on type 2 diabetes.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Determination and Residues Level of Emamectin Benzoate in Tea Using HPLC
           with Fluorescence Detection

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Madasamy Kottiappan,Shanmugaselvan Veilumuthu AnandhTea is consumed throughout the world, both for pleasure and therapeutic purpose. Most people will be unaware of their involuntary exposure to residues of pesticide lingering in processed tea and so possibly transferring into infusion of tea. The objective of this trial was not only to provide a simple residue analytical method to evaluate the safe application rate of emamectin benzoate for tea crops but also suitable dosage in tea crop. The residues of emamectin benzoate were determined by high performance liquid chromatography equipped with fluorescence detector. Tea samples extracted with acetone/water (70:30 v/v), the extract were cleaned up by liquid – liquid extraction under the fortified level 0.02 µg/mg to 2.0 µg/mg, the recovery ranged from 80.90 % to 115.72 % for black tea, 82.72 % to 106.06 % for sundried green leaves, 83.85 % to 90.64 % for tea brew and 86.33 % to 104.19 % for soil. The limit of detection and limit of quantification of the method were 0.01 µg/mg and 0.02 µg/mg.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Influence of Using Coconut, Palm, and Corn Oils as Frying Medium on
           Concentration of Acrylamide in Fried Tempe

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  M. Muchtaridi,J. levita,D. Rahayu,H. RahmiThe aim of this research is to study the formation of acrylamide with different kind of vegetable oils as the cooking media. The samples were prepared by cooking and baking above 120℃ then extracted with dichloromethane-ethanol and separated by SPE (C-18) with methanol 60% as eluent. The extracts were analysed by HPLC, with condition as followed: C-18 column; acetonitrile-water (5:95) pH 2.52 mobile-phase; 0.5 ml/minute flow rate; and 210 nm wavelength. It was figured out that a fried tempe using corn oil contained 0.5778 μg/g acrylamide (8.202.10-3 standard deviation and 1.4195% coefficient variation), using coconut oil 0.192 μg/g acrylamide (5.656.10-3 standard deviation 2.946% coefficient variation), using palm oil 0.1455 μg/g acrylamide (6.081.10-3 standard deviation and 4.1794% coefficient variation).
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Nutritive and Anti – Nutritive Composition of Chanca Piedra
           (Stone Breaker)

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Gafar M. K.,Itodo A.U.,Senchi D. S.The fresh plants of Chancapiedra collected from Zuru Emirate of Kebbi State, Nigeria were dried, pulverized and subjected to nutritive and anti-nutritive analysis. The proximate composition revealed the presence of Moisture (0.03±0.06% fresh weight), Ash (5.55 ±0.01% dry weight), Crude Lipid (3.15±0.01% dry weight), Crude Proteins (9.52± 0.02% dry weight), Crude fibre (17.10±0.14%), Carbohydrate (64.31± 0.18%) and calorific value of 279.18kcal/100g. The mineral composition revealed include Calcium (25.58±1.03mg/100g), Magnesium (25.85±4.03mg/100g), Potassium (12.10 ± 0.10mg/100g), Phosphorus (15.42±3.05mg/100g), Sodium (0.44±0.35mg/100g), Iron (3.1±0.03mg/100g), Manganese (1.27±0.02mg/100g) and Zinc (0.45±1.05mg/100g). The anti-nutritive compositions are Oxalate (5.34±0.4mg/100g), Phytate (27.58±1.7mg/100g), Hydrogen cyanide (16.10±0.14mg/100g), Nitrate (22.42±0.028mg/100g) and Tannins (15.2± 0.13mg/100g). The results revealed that the plant Chancapiedra contained some essential nutrients.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Levels of Fe and Zn in Staple Cereals: Micronutrient Deficiency
           Implications in Rural Northeast Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Umar Musa,Stephen S. Hati,Abdullahi MustaphaMaize, millet, rice and sorghum are staple cereals and major source of micronutrients for rural dwellers of Northeast Nigeria. These cereals were randomly sampled form the open markets and investigated for the levels of Iron (Fe) and Zinc (Zn) with a view to provide supportive monitoring information on possible dietary deficiency implications. The standard calibration method of flame atomic absorption spectrometry was used for the determination of Fe and Zn in the cereals. The results of the analysis show average Fe concentrations in cereals: Millet (10.28±2.38μg/g), Maize (5.26± 1.41μg/g), Sorghum (11.03±5.32μg/g) and Rice (6.67±5.94μg/g), and average Zn concentrations in cereals, Millet (5.89±0.88μg/g), Maize (3.92±0.91μg/g), Sorghum (3.84±0.92μg/g), Rice (1.80±0.32μg/g). This study revealed low levels of Zn and Fe in the cereal grains from the study areas, an observation that might be a risk factor for micronutrient malnutrition in the populations of rural dwellers of this region that depend so much on these cereals in their diets. Thus although exposure effects could be additive for Fe where similar foods are eaten, the Zn and Fe contents of the cereal grains may also be hampered from full absorption in the body due to lack of aiding diet components and certain cultural practices.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Total Lipid Fractions and Fatty Acids Composition of Low-Fat Beef Burger

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Mohamed K. E. Youssef,Badway. M. D. Mostafa,Magda A. A. Seliem,Alyaa M. A. HashemLow-fat beef burgers were produced with four different fat replacer (carrageenan, carboxymethyl cellulose, soy flour and goat meat) which were added at three levels (0.3, 0.5 and 1%), (1.5, 3 and 4.5%), (5, 10 and 15%) and (25, 50 and 100%); respectively. Total lipid fractions were determined by using thin layer chromatography technique for beef burger in both raw and grilled state after 3 months of frozen storage. Data revealed that phospholipids contents were less and triglycerides contents were more in the studied beef burger. Low-fat beef burgers containing 0.3% carrageenan, 5% low-fat soy flour, 1.5% carboxymethyl cellulose, 25% goat meat + 75% beef and control sample (without any fat replacer) gained the highest sensory score, so it was important of determine the fatty acids composition of these samples by the end of frozen storage. Saturated fatty acids were C12:0, C14:0, C16:0, C17:0andC18:0. Predominated, major monounsaturated fatty acids were C16:1, C17:1, C18:1 and C20:1; and the major polyunsaturated fatty acids were descendingly: C18:2, C18:3. Among these fatty acids, the fatty acid C18:1 represented the highest relative percentage of all identified fatty acids.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Improving the Microbial Safety of Ice Cream by Gamma Irradiation

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Hesham M BadrIn this study, a survey for the microbiological status of 120 ice cream samples revealed the presence of high microbial counts and different pathogenic bacteria in different samples. Therefore, the possibility of improving the microbial safety of different ice cream samples through irradiation treatment was studied. Ice cream samples were gamma irradiated in the frozen state at doses of 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 kGy and examined for their microbiological and sensory properties during frozen storage. The results showed that irradiation treatments significantly reduced the counts of microbial populations, while Enterobacteriaceae were completely inactivated in samples irradiated at 2 kGy dose. Furthermore, irradiation dose of 3 kGy completely inactivated the inoculated Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella typhimurium, while significantly reduced the counts of Bacillus cereus spores in samples. Meanwhile, frozen storage had no significant effect on inoculated pathogens. Ice cream samples that irradiated at 3 kGy dose were acceptable for their sensory attributes during storage. Therefore, gamma irradiation can be applied at dose of 3 kGy to improve the microbial safety of frozen ice cream products without adverse effects on their sensory acceptability.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Domoic Acid, Okadaic Acid and Spirolides: Inter-Species Variability in
           Contamination and Cooking Effects

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  C. Picot,G. Limon,G. Durand,N. Wesolek,D. Parent-Massin,A. C. RoudotThe inter-species variability of contamination by domoic acid (DA), okadaic acid and analogues (OAs) and spirolides (SPX) in mussels, oysters, cockles, carpet shell clams and razor clams was assessed. DA concentrations were measured using both high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with Ultra Violet (UV) detection and HPLC coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS); OAs and SPX were measured using HPLC-MS/MS. Observations showed that for each phycotoxin, the contamination rates are species-dependent and the most contaminated species differ according to the kind of phycotoxin. For DA and SPX, cockles appear to be the most contaminated species whereas mussels seem to be the predominant vector for OAs. The effect of cooking process on DA concentrations was investigated in five different bivalve species by comparing toxin concentrations in whole raw flesh with concentrations in whole cooked flesh. The DA concentration decreased in cooked cockles and razor clams whereas it increased in cooked mussels, carpet shell clams and donax. Thus the impact of cooking is bivalve species-dependent. For OAs and SPX, the cooking process was studied on mussels and resulted in an increase in the toxin concentration because of their lipophilic nature. These results should be taken into consideration in exposure assessments and in the design of regulatory monitoring programs, as the current banning levels based on raw bivalves may over- or under-protect consumers when shellfish are eaten cooked.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Taurine in Lower Concentration Attenuates Platelet Activity

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  A. B. Santhakumar,M. D. Linden,I. SinghTaurine, 2-aminoethanesulphonic acid is a common ingredient of energy drinks which is very popular with young adults. Taurine in energy drinks is known to enhance muscular performance in athletes. However, caffeine in high concentrations as found in most energy drinks have also been implicated to play an adverse role leading to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Hyper activation of platelets is one of the major risk factors of CVD. The aim of the study was to evaluate effect of taurine alone on platelet aggregation and activation of platelet surface antigens by flowcytometry. It is hypothesized that taurine’s antioxidant property would inhibit platelet activity. Twelve healthy, male and female, volunteers aged 20–60 years were recruited for this study. A statistically significant inhibition of platelet aggregation was observed upon stimulation with agonists adenosine diphosphate (ADP), collagen and arachidonic acid (AA) (p
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Molal Solubility, Dissociation, Association and Solvation Parameters for
           

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Esam A. Gomaa The molal solubility for saturated solutions of O -chlorobenzoic acid at 298.15 K in various solvents was determined. The solvents used are, water (W), ethanol (Et), dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO), acetonitrile (AN), methanol (Me), 1-4, dioxane (Di) and N , N-dimethylformamide (DMF).From the experimental data for solubility, pH , densities, the different volumes, free energies, dissociation constants, association constants and solvation parameters were estimated. Also the free energies of dissociation and association were also evaluated. Other solvation parameters like the solvation numbers were cited here to help explaining the solubility trend.This work give a lot of data for the solubility of orthochlorobenzoic acid which help the biologist for using it as food preserver .The results were also discussed.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Hippophae Rhamnoides L. (Sea Buckthorn): a Potential Source of
           Nutraceuticals

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Efterpi ChristakiHippophae rhamnoides, also known as sea buckthorn is an ancient plant with modern virtues, due to its nutritional and medicinal value. Sea buckthorn is a spiny bush with long and narrow leaves, and orange-yellow berries. It is cold resistant, and native to Europe and Asia. All parts of Hippophae e.g. berries, leaves, and seed or pulp oils contain many bioactive compounds. They are a rich source of natural antioxidants such as ascorbic acid, tocopherols, carotenoids, flavonoids, while they contain proteins, vitamins (especially vitamin C), minerals, lipids (mainly unsaturated fatty acids), sugars, organic acids and phytosterols. Animal and human studies suggest that sea buckthorn may have various beneficial effects: cardioprotective, anti-atherogenic, antioxidant, anti-cancer, immunomodulatory, anti-bacterial, antiviral, wound healing and anti-inflammatory. Hippophae could also be used in human and animal nutrition. Therefore, it would be worthwhile to perform more scientific research on this medicinal plant and to promote its large-scale utilization.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Level of Awareness about HIV/AIDS among Ever Married Women in Bangladesh

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Md Nazrul Islam Mondal,Md Mahfuzar Rahman,Md Obaidur Rahman,Mst Naznin AkterEver married women are more vulnerable group to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), HIV/AIDS infection, and unplanned pregnancies. The aims of this study are to assess the level of awareness among ever married women on HIV/AIDS and to determine the affecting factors influenced knowledge and awareness about HIV/AIDS regarding its prevention and control. The data on 10,996 ever married women in their reproductive span (15-49 years) was taken from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS), 2007. The statistical tools, Chi square (χ2) test and binary logistic regression analysis have been performed to analyse the data. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses identified that respondent’s education, husband’s education, husband’s occupation, age at marriage, watching TV, electricity in the household, marital status, and residence are found to have statistically significant effects with HIV/AIDS awareness (p18 years), education, and mass media campaigns are strongly suggested for increasing knowledge and awareness to be controlled the spread of HIV/AIDS as well as STDs among ever married women in Bangladesh.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Evaluation of Microbiological Quality of Raw Milk Produced at Two
           Properties in the Far West of Santa Catarina, Brasil

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Maldaner Nádia,Scapin Diane,Oro Débora,Rossi Eliandra MirleiMilk is a food that inherently favors microbial growth and due to its characteristics several precautions must be taken to prevent contamination in its production, processing, marketing and consumption, which are routinely subject to changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate microbiological contamination in milk produced at two farms in the Far West of Santa Catarina, before and after the application of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). Initially, samples of the milk, surfaces of equipment and utensils for milking, the teats of animals, disinfectants, and water were tested. Next, we conducted training of the farmers in microbiological analysis of milk samples. The analyses included counts of mesophilic aerobes (MA), Staphylococcus coagulase positive (SA), total coliform (TC), and thermotolerant (FC). The methods used for analyses were those described by the Regulation number 62 of August 26th, 2003 published by the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture and Food Supply (MAPA) that follows methods recommended by the Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods - APHA. The mean values for MA, SA, TC, and FC in milk obtained before and after the training were, respectively: 4.88 and 3.69 log colony-forming-unit (CFU)/ ml, 3.04 and 2.37 log CFU / ml, 61.19 Most probable number (MPN) and 17.89 MPN/ ml, and 40.26 and 8.71 MPN/ ml. Thus, according to these results, including training in GMP can improve the quality of milk, with immediate results for MA, TC, and CF. But, beyond the procedures employed, the control and prevention of mastitis could help to avoid contamination by SA.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Effect of Different Concentrations of Coconut Milk on the Chemical and
           Sensory Properties of Soy-coconut Milk Based Yoghurt

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Adelodun L. Kolapo,Abiodun O. OlubamiwaThe possibility of enhancing the sensory attributes of soy yoghurt through the use of composite soymilk was investigated. The effect of using starter cultures from different sources on the chemical characteristics and consumer acceptability was also studied. Soy milk containing 0, 10 and 20% coconut milk were used in the production of soy yoghurt using commercially available yoghurt starter and starters isolated from naturally fermenting soy milk and cow milk. Chemical and sensory characteristics of soy yoghurts obtained were evaluated. The pH of the yoghurt premixes at the beginning of fermentation ranged between 6.25 and 6.45; after fermentation the values were between 4.81 and 5.51 with commercially available starter bringing about greatest pH reduction. Chemical compositions of obtained soy yoghurts were as follows: titratable acidity as %lactic acid (0.25-0.43%), crude protein (2.66-3.62%), fat content (0.13-0.89%), total solid content (7.91-9.06%). Variation in premix formulation had no significant (P>0.05) effect on the chemical composition of different soy yoghurts obtained. Addition of coconut milk to soy milk improved the sensory characteristics of soy yoghurts with the premix containing 10% coconut milk fermented with starter obtained from cow milk producing yoghurts with the best taste, aroma, and acceptability. Results from the present study have demonstrated a further way of enhancing soy yoghurt acceptability by the western ‘palate’.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Environmental and Socioeconomic Correlates of Child Malnutrition in Iseyin
           Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Timothy T. Awoyemi,John C. Odozi,A.A. OgunniyiPolicy makers at global, national and local levels are more than ever concerned about the rising trend in child malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa and how it can be curtailed in the context of general food and basic-needs policies. To support programme setting at the local government level, this study was conducted to examine the relative importance of environmental and socio economic correlates of child malnutrition. Primary data were collected through a well structured questionnaire and analysed using Z-score indices and probit model.Our results reveal that 46% of the children are stunted, 6% under weight and 21% wasted. Our model estimation identified the age of the child, diarrhoea infection and poor sanitation as key factors that increases the likelihood of malnutrition in the study area. This reflects the relative importance of environmental factors in the study area. Socioeconomic factors were less robust but were consistent with previous empirical studies in terms of direction of association. The study recommends that government and other stakeholders should pursue sanitation/ hygiene programmes and public enlightenment programmes on the dangers of poor sanitation and diarrhoea.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Changes in Biochemical Properties of Fresh Attiéké During Its
           Storage

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Sahoré drogba alexis,Nemlin Gnopo JeanSamples of attiéké, food on base of cassava, were kept in various temperatures namely: (30°C), (15°C), (6°C) and (-18°C) during 15 days to study the changes of its biochemical properties according to the duration of the storage. at 30°C, under ambient conditions, attiéké fermented rapidly after 3 to 4 days, at 15°C in the cold room and 6°C in the refrigerator the fermentation occurred in the first 10 days. During storage at these positive temperatures, the biochemical properties of attiéké varied significantly. Furthermore, the biochemical properties of attiéké kept at -18°C in the freezer has not changed much, except his taste became flat. The attiéké kept at-18°C in the freezer does not ferment after 15 days.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Chemical Characterization and Stability of the Bombacopsis
           g
    labra Nut Oil

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  M. H. Chaves,F. D. S. Araújo,C. V. R. Moura,L. J. Tozetto,S. Aued-Pimentel,M. S. F. CarusoThe aim of this study was to characterize the Bombacopis glabra nut oil (Malvaceae-Bombacoideae) by the determination of its lipid content and fatty acid composition with emphasis on the cyclopropenoid fatty acids (CPFA). The lipids were obtained by five different extraction conditions:[raw almonds: maceration with ethyl ether (I-MA) and n-hexane (II-MA), both at room temperature, and Soxhlet extraction with hexane for 6 (III-MA) and 12 h (IV-MA) and toasted almond: maceration with hexane at room temperature (V-MA)]. Additionally, the oxidation stability of oil by the Rancimat test and the boiling point by thermal analysis (technical TG / DTG) were evaluated. The oil content ranged from 34.99 (I-MA) to 47.36% (IV-MA); oxidation stability was 4.18 h and the boiling point was 373.37 ℃. It should be noted that results about thermal and oxidative stability are been reported for the first time with respect to Bombacopis glabra nut oil. The major oil constituents were palmitic acid (56.06%) and estercúlico (24.83%). The high percentage of CPFA oil, determined by NMR 1H (26.2 to 30.9%) and GC-FID (26.5%), reinforce that the kernels of this species are not suitable for human consumption.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Dietary Antioxidant Profile and Control of Lipid Oxidation Characteristics
           of DaniellinTM

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Gabriel O. Adegoke,Theophilus E. Nkpa,Adenike A. Oguntubo,Oludele A. ItiolaThe aim of this present work is to study the possibility of using DaniellinTMas a dietary antioxidant and for controlling lipid oxidation in dairy milk.Daniellin TM found earlier to be able to control the production of ochratoxin A in a non-alcoholic beverage was produced in tablet form and it had (mg/g): vitamin A(6.3x10-4)and vitamin C(2.64). DaniellinTM dietary antioxidant with a moisture content of 2.1 %, pH 7.0 played an important role in lipid peroxidation because when it was added to fresh dairy milk at 50, 150, and 200 ppm ithad antioxidant effectiveness of 69.2%, 76.9% and 84.6% respectively.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Impact of Fruit and Vegetables on Oxidative Status and Lipid Profiles in
           Healthy Individuals

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Sapwarobol Suwimol,Luangcharoenkul Pimpanit,Metavee Aporn,Singlaw Pichita,Seawsiri Ratiyaporn,Jiamjarasrangsi WirojThis study aims to investigate the effect of different amount of low, medium and high (3, 5 and 8 servings/day) fruit and vegetables (F+V) consumption on blood lipid profile and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) in healthy individuals. In a parallel trial, 63 subjects were randomly assigned into one of the three different dietary interventions. Anthropometric, blood lipid profile and MDA were evaluated at baseline and after 4 weeks intervention. The results showed that consumption of F+V 5 and 8 servings/d could significantly reduce low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) concentrations with a mean difference (95% CI) of -13.28 , (-4.00, - 22.55) and -9.31(-2.25, -16.38) mg/dL respectively. In addition, 8 servings/d of F+V consumption had shown to significantly reduced plasma MDA concentrations with a mean difference (95%CI) of -0.15 (-0.09, -0.2) mg/dL, and p-value
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Physical Activity Perceptions and Binge Eating Disorder in Community
           Dwelling Women

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Jason Crandall,Patricia A. Eisenman,Lynda Ransdell,Justine ReelBinge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating without compensatory weight control methods[1]. Physical activity (PA) may be an innovative adjunct treatment for BED. Researchers have described PA involvement in BED individuals throughout their life spans[2]. Significant differences in PA were found during specific time periods when compared to controls. Significant differences were found for six perceived benefits/barriers to physical activity. The objective of this study was to apply qualitative research methodologies to enrich our understanding of the quantitative data. The interview participants reporting perceived barriers including social physique anxiety, health problems, compulsive issues, lack of fitness, lack of time, social barriers, and access. Perceived benefits included improved psyche, removal of frustrations, increased stamina, improved confidence and physical health. Emphasizing unstructured home-based and family-oriented PAs and including enjoyable structured activities may increase adherence levels in BED individuals.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Investigation into the Coagulating Properties of Acid and Enzyme
           Coagulated Soy Protein Precipitate

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  P. A. Adepoju,A. O. Longe,O. B. Odeinde,G. N. Elemo,O. L. ErukainurePrecipitation is widely used in processing of biological products, such as proteins. The coagulating properties of Sodom apple juice, vinegar, lemon juice and rennet as coagulants of soy protein precipitate from soymilk at different temperature were investigated. Soymilk was produced using the hot grind method. The studied coagulants were used to precipitate soy protein from the produced milk at different temperature respectively. The coagulation time was observed to decrease with increasing temperature, with 100℃ giving the best time. The pH of the coagulated proteins was observed to decrease with increasing temperature with the optimal pH observed at 70℃ for all the coagulants. No significant difference was observed on the effect of coagulating temperatures on the yield of coagulated soy protein precipitate. Results from this study indicate that optimum coagulating activities can be achieved between 70- 80℃. However, the yields by the studied coagulants are not affected by temperature. Thus, implying that temperature modulate the coagulating activities, pH and not yields of the coagulants. Therefore, production at 70 – 80℃ will give the best soy protein quality.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Food Additives in Products for Children Marketed in Brazil

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  A. S. G. Lorenzoni,F. A. Oliveira,F. Cladera-OliveraStudies show children suffer from adverse effects to food additives, in both acute and chronic forms. Children are among the biggest consumers of processed products and have more susceptibility to these adverse effects. In Brazil, there are few data about the exposure to food additives. Therefore, the objective of this article is to elaborate a database of food additives present in products for children. This database was built from August 2010 to October 2010 from the nutritional information on products for children, which could be found on the web site of a Brazilian supermarket. The information contained on product labels of all foods commercialized on the site were analysed, and those with some description or image directed to children, as well as products generally consumed by children, were organized in four categories (cereals and cereal products, dairy and meat products, candy and chocolate, beverages). The number of additives present in each product, the percentages of each class of additive present in the different food categories and the presence of artificial dyes in each category were presented in tables. Among the 5882 products commercialized on the web site, excluding alcoholic beverages, 506 (8.60%) products were classified as children products, from which 468 products contained information on their ingredients (and additives) and 438 products contained at least one additive in their formulation. The most used additives were lecithin (45.30%) and citric acid (22.86%) and artificial dyes allura red (9.83%), tartrazine (6.84%), sunset yellow (5.77%), brilliant blue (5.77%). Future studies could be carried out to evaluate the amount used and the intake of these additives by Brazilian children.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Quantification of Acrylamide in Various Belgian Potato Products Using
           Solid Phase Extraction and Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry
           Detection

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Caroline Douny,Joëlle Widart,Guy Maghuin-Rogister,Edwin De Pauw,Marie-Louise ScippoAcrylamide (CH2=CHCONH2), a neurotoxic and potentially carcinogenic substance for human health, is in the glare of the spotlights for a few years. This is mostly due to the fact that acrylamide was found worldwide in various heated foodstuffs. Levels reported in the literature vary from 25 to 2000 µg/kg and potato products are considered as containing the highest level in acrylamide. A possible pathway of synthesis of acrylamide is the Maillard reaction between reducing sugars and the amino acid asparagine. The aim of this study was to develop a liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry method to analyse as quickly as possible acrylamide in a variety of Belgian food samples such as potatoes, French fries, crisp bread, coffee, corn-flakes, etc. The sample preparation consisted in a liquid/liquid extraction, a centrifugation, followed by purification with Solid Phase Extraction (SPE). The instruments used were a Waters 2690 Alliance HPLC system coupled to a Micromass Quattro Ultima Platinum triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer. The analysis was performed in MS/MS mode using isotopic dilution technique for quantification. An internal 13C3 labelled standard was added prior to extraction. Quantification in MS/MS mode was calculated by reconstructing the ion current with the most abundant daughter ions for native and 13C labelled standard (ions of m/z 55 and 58).
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Trends in Particle Formation of Bioactive Compounds Using Supercritical
           Fluids and Nanoemulsions

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  M. Thereza M. S. Gomes,Diego T. Santos,M. Angela A. MeirelesThis review discusses the recent developments in the application of supercritical fluid technologies for the production of composites or encapsulates of bioactive compounds. Various supercritical particle formation technologies are briefly described, including processes in which the supercritical fluid acts as a solute, solvent, and antisolvent. The main features and mechanisms of antisolvent techniques that contribute to the understanding of the fundamentals of the Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Emulsions (SFEE) process are described. The published literature on SFEE, including the results and perspectives of its application in various industrial fields, are discussed. This article is the first comprehensive review specifically focused on the formation of particles using the SFEE technique.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Influence of the Addition of Flavoring on the Sodium Content of Fried
           Potato Chips and the Fatty Acid Profile

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Paula Fernandes Montanher,Luana Nascimento de Paula,Fabio Augusto Garcia Coró,Lucia Felicidade Dias,Myka Reghiany Pedrão,Nilson Evelazio de SouzaThe influence of the addition of flavorings on the sodium content and the fatty acid profile of fried potato chips, particularly of trans fatty acids and the centesimal composition, of fried potato chips was investigated. Three brands of two types of flavored fried potato chips (onion plus parsley and barbecue) and the traditional product were assessed. An increase in the sodium content was observed in all flavored products of all brands. Among the flavored products, brand B had the lowest values of sodium (0.40, 0.47 and 0.60 g 100 g-1 of the unflavored product, onion and parsley, and barbecue, respectively). The total lipid (TL) values were high, ranging from 28 to 35%. All flavors of brand C had the lowest TL content. The fatty acids in the greatest amounts were palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0), and oleic acid (18:2n-6). The amounts of trans fatty acids (TFA) were low and under 0.2 g per portion, the limit set by the regulation in force. Among the samples evaluated, brand C had the highest TFA contents, 92, 157, and 95 mg 100 g-1 of food in the traditional, onion and parsley, and barbecue flavorings, respectively.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Progressive Changes in Overweight and Obesity during the Early Years of
           Schooling among Children in a Central Region of Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Mohammed Ismail,Samir Ahmed,Abdulrahman Al-Mohaimeed,Khadija Dandash,Muslet Al-HarbiChildhood overweight and obesity have become a global public health problem.This study aims to determine the prevalence of these health conditions in children studying in government schools in the two cities of Buraidah and Unaizah of the Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia. The key question that we examined was whether the children enter the school as overweight or become overweight after entering the school. Using a cross-sectional, observational study design, a random sample of 874 school children between 6– to 10 years was enrolled in 2010/2011. A structured questionnaire was used for collecting data. Weight and height were measured, and the body mass index (BMI) was categorized. Based on the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, the overall prevalence of overweight and obesity was 12.8% and 10.1%, respectively. Girls had a higher prevalence of overweight (18.4%) and obesity (15.6%) than boys. Overweight tendency increased dramatically from 7.6% in Grade 1 to 19% in Grade 4. Similarly, obesity also increased progressively after entering the school. Our study suggests that overweight and obesity are mostly acquired after entering the school. Public health program are, therefore, required to promote a healthy lifestyle from the early years of schooling.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Kidney and Liver Functions and Stress Oxidative Markers of Monosodium
           Glutamate-Induced Obese Rats

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  María Del Carmen Contini,Néstor Millen,Luisina Riera,Stella MahieuThe purpose of the present study was to determine the function and oxidative status in kidney and liver using a model of obesity induced by neonatal treatment of rats with monosodium glutamate, and to investigate the association of these metabolic changes with antioxidant enzymes, oxidative stress and NO generation. Methods: neonate male Wistar rats were subcutaneously injected, with monosodium L-glutamate (MSG), at a dose of 4 g/kg body weight at days 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 of life. We evaluated: anthropometrical parameters and obesity markers, intravenous glucose and insulin tolerance tests, liver function, bile flow and pharmacokinetic parameters, biochemical and histological studies in renal and hepatic tissues, measurement of oxidative stress markers and histopathological examination. Results: glutathione decreased in kidney; glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) increased activities. These suggest that the oxidative defences of kidney reacts positively giving to such tissue more resistance against to the oxidative stress. There may be a ROS mediate inactivation of NO and as a result reduced renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate. In liver redox status induces decrease in SOD and increase in GPx activity. Changes in redox status would be responsible of the functional and histological alterations observed both in kidney and liver.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
  • Amaranth Grain Brings Health Benefits to Young Normolipidemic Rats

    • Abstract: Publication year:  2011Source:Food and Public Health,  Volume  1,  Number  1  Yoon Kil Chang,Cinthia Baú Betim Cazarin,Matheus Depieri,Everardo Magalhães Carneiro,Aparecida Sônia de Souza,Jaime Amaya-FarfanThis paper reports the impact of an extruded amaranth (Amaranthus spp) supplement on intestinal bile and fatty acids of normolipidemic rats. Forty-eight rats were fed either a control diet AIN 93-G (12 or 18% protein), or one of two levels of supplemental extruded amaranth flour for 48 days. Plasma glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, their fractions, and triacylglycerols, liver weight and lipid content, cecum short-chain fatty acids and fecal excretion of bile acids were determined. While no significant differences in the levels of plasma triacylglycerols, glucose or insulin, and liver parameters due to the diet were detected. Although amaranth promotes reduction of both total and LDL serum cholesterol, increased production of butyric acid in cecum and fecal excretion of deoxycholic acid in the feces. These results suggest that amaranth used routinely as a supplement to the standard casein diet could have a health-promoting value in the normal rat.
      PubDate: 10/17/2012 17:09:01
       
 
 
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