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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1278 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (379 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (99 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (80 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 175)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2278-344X - ISSN (Online) 2278-4292
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [344 journals]
  • Preoperative preparation of children

    • Authors: Priya Reshma Aranha, Larissa Martha Sams, Prakash Saldanha
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Priya Reshma Aranha, Larissa Martha Sams, Prakash Saldanha
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):1-4
      Surgery is a stressful and anxiety provoking experience for children. Millions of children undergo surgery every year. The majority of children experience significant preoperative anxiety which intern can affect their recovery. Preoperative anxiety may bring about physical and physiological changes in children, which can be particularly evident in terms of increased heart rate and blood pressure. To identify various strategies used to minimize the preoperative anxiety of children and update their clinical effectiveness among children undergoing surgery, the authors searched PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Cochrane Library for identifying the relevant studies and retrieved available literature. It is concluded that utilization of the strategies available to reduce the preoperative anxiety of children will be a promising intervention to reduce anxiety, to promote relaxation, satisfaction, and speedy recovery. Many of these techniques are simple, cost-effective and can be easily carried out by nurses. It is essential to use the age appropriate and individualized methods in preparing children for surgery. Further research is required to strengthen the evidence.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):1-4
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_76_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Factors predicting the risk of intra-abdominal sepsis and burst abdomen in
           patients with abdominal trauma undergoing laparotomy

    • Authors: Bhupinder Singla, Karnail Singh, Inderjit Chawla
      Pages: 5 - 10
      Abstract: Bhupinder Singla, Karnail Singh, Inderjit Chawla
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):5-10
      AIM: This study aims to study the factors which predict the risk of intra-abdominal sepsis (IAS) and burst abdomen in patients with abdominal trauma undergoing laparotomy.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five patients with abdominal trauma undergoing laparotomy were evaluated in pre-, intra-, post-operative period for factors such as injury severity score (ISS), abdominal trauma index (ATI), operative severity score (OSS), and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). The correlation was found among these factors and risk of IAS and burst abdomen following laparotomy.RESULTS: Mean ATI, ISS, and OSS in IAS present and absent group were (35 ± 10 and 21 ± 7), (47 ± 16 and 22 ± 9), and (30 ± 6 and 18 ± 6), respectively. Mean ATI, ISS, and OSS in burst abdomen present and absent group were (35 ± 10 and 22 ± 8), (43 ± 14 and 23 ± 12), and (30 ± 6 and 19 ± 6) respectively. Mean IAP on D0, D1, and D2 in IAS present and absent group were (23 ± 7 mmHg and 16 ± 3 mmHg), (14 ± 4 mmHg and 7 ± 3 mmHg), and (11 ± 5 mmHg and 5 ± 2 mmHg), respectively. Mean IAP on D0, D1, and D2 in burst abdomen present and absent group were (23 ± 7 mmHg and 16 ± 3 mmHg), (13 ± 4 mmHg and 7 ± 4 mmHg), and (11 ± 5 mmHg and 5 ± 2 mmHg), respectively. Out of the 15 patients who had IAS, 13 also had burst abdomen. Significant correlation was found between ATI, ISS, and OSS with IAS and burst abdomen, and between IAS and burst abdomen.CONCLUSIONS: Higher scores of ATI, ISS, OSS, and IAP are associated with higher chance of developing IAS and burst abdomen in the postoperative period. The presence of one complication in the postoperative period increases the risk for the other. Therefore, we can have risk-based approach in managing the patients having above-mentioned risk factors.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):5-10
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_134_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A study on prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity testing methods for
           Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates among female outpatients of sexually
           transmitted infection clinic

    • Authors: Swapna Muthusamy, Selvi Elangovan
      Pages: 11 - 14
      Abstract: Swapna Muthusamy, Selvi Elangovan
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):11-14
      CONTEXT: Gonorrhoea is the second most common sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Though asymptomatic infections are common in females, adverse outcome is a long list and they serve as hidden sources for the transmission of infection.AIMS: To study the prevalence of N. gonorrhoeae infection among female outpatients and to compare Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) and calibrated dichotomous sensitivity (CDS) methods for antibiotic sensitivity testing.SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Total number of subjects included in the study was 130. Two endocervical swabs were collected from each subject during speculum examination. Gram's stain, culture and antibiotic sensitivity test were performed as per CLSI and CDS methods.STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Results were analysed by Chi-square test using IBM-SPSS Statistics-22 statistical package.RESULTS: Among the 130 females studied, three were positive for N. gonorrhoeae. Gram's stain and culture were equally sensitive. According to CLSI method, all the isolates were sensitive to spectinomycin, while other drugs showed 33% resistance. CDS method detected 33% resistance to ciprofloxacin and the rest of the antibiotics were 100% sensitive.CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of N. gonorrhoeae was 2.3%. Gram's stain has got similar sensitivity as that of culture. CLSI method showed only spectinomycin was exclusively sensitive. CDS method showed all the tested drugs were sensitive except ciprofloxacin.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):11-14
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_103_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Epidemiology of biofilm formation by gram-negative bacilli in patients
           with urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital

    • Authors: Jasmin Halim Hussain, Abha Sharma, Tavleen Jaggi, Bibhabati Mishra, Archana Thakur, Vinita Dogra, Poonam Sood Loomba
      Pages: 15 - 19
      Abstract: Jasmin Halim Hussain, Abha Sharma, Tavleen Jaggi, Bibhabati Mishra, Archana Thakur, Vinita Dogra, Poonam Sood Loomba
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):15-19
      INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection poses a serious health threat with respect to antibiotic susceptibility and high recurrence rate. Uropathogenic bacteria may produce biofilm, rendering the bacteria very difficult to eradicate with antibiotics. This study was carried out to compare biofilm formation by Gram-negative organisms in catheterized and noncatheterized patients and also to evaluate their antibiotic susceptibility pattern.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised fifty consecutive specimens of urine yielding significant colony count of Gram-negative bacteria. Twenty-five specimens were collected from catheterized patients while the rest of the 25 specimens were collected from noncatheterized patients. All the specimens were processed following the standard microbiological guidelines. The isolated organisms were screened for biofilm production by tube method, and antibiotic susceptibility of both biofilm- and nonbiofilm-producing isolates was done by Kirby–Bauer disc diffusion method.RESULTS: Eighteen (72%) of the 25 organisms isolated from the catheterized patients were found to be biofilm producers, while only 4 (16%) of the rest of the 25 organisms, isolated from the noncatheterized patients were found to produce biofilm. The percentage sensitivity of all the biofilm-producing organisms was found to be lower than the nonbiofilm-producing organisms.CONCLUSION: The present study shows that urinary catheterization is a major environmental factor that facilitates biofilm formation by uropathogenic Gram-negative bacilli. As biofilm-producing organisms are difficult to treat, proper measures should be taken to prevent its formation.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):15-19
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.200206
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Lifestyle practice and associated risk factors of noncommunicable diseases
           among the students of Delhi University

    • Authors: Joy Kumar Chakma, Sanjay Gupta
      Pages: 20 - 25
      Abstract: Joy Kumar Chakma, Sanjay Gupta
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):20-25
      BACKGROUND: Lifestyle has long been associated with the development of many chronic diseases and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). NCDs are largely preventable through effective interventions by tackling the shared modifiable risk factors, and onset and progress can also be delayed. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the practice of lifestyle and assess the burden of associated risk factors of NCDs among the students of selected colleges of Delhi University.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 students from two coeducational colleges of Delhi University. Data were collected in accordance with the World Health Organization STEPwise approach to Surveillance (WHO STEPS) questionnaires. Standardized questionnaires of WHO STEPS methodology for surveillance of chronic diseases for Step 1 and clinical measurement on height, weight and blood pressure (BP) for Step 2 were used. Data were collected in September 2013 to November 2013.RESULTS: Of the 450 students, 56.88% were male, all in the age group of 18–26 years. Only 28.66% of the subjects perform the moderate physical activity during a usual week. During the past 7 days, 59.33% consumed carbonated soft drinks at least 1–2 times/day and 49.11% eaten >2 servings of fast foods per day. Tobacco use (smoking only) was prevalent in around 15.77% of the subjects and alcohol in 20.88%. Majorities use tobacco and alcohol in relation to socialization, peer pressure and for enjoyment. 31.55% of the subjects were overweight and obese and 8.22% underweight, while 1.55% high normal BP.CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed a poor practice of healthy lifestyle with a high burden of lifestyle-related risk factors of NCDs among students of Delhi University. Therefore, the University should emphasize on curriculum for a healthy lifestyle in all faculties as a required subject. Frequent campaigns and educational seminars are to be encouraged for the adoption of healthy lifestyle and health promotions.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):20-25
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_34_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Impact of diet counseling in thalassemic children and its response on
           nutritional status

    • Authors: Pavana Sreenivasan, Arun Umesh Mahtani, MD Ravi, Kalpana Gowda
      Pages: 26 - 29
      Abstract: Pavana Sreenivasan, Arun Umesh Mahtani, MD Ravi, Kalpana Gowda
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):26-29
      OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify some nutritional deficiencies in thalassemic patients on regular transfusion therapy and to assess the improvement after dietetic modification.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in thalassemia patients admitted to the Pediatric Ward of JSS Hospital, Mysore for 6 months. Those with any concurrent illnesses that could interfere with dietary intake were excluded. Dietary data were collected by 24 h recall method. The total amount of energy, protein, fat, calcium, iron, phosphorus, fiber, and carbohydrates consumed was estimated. Dietary counseling was then done to meet the recommended daily allowance of deficient nutrients for that specific age group during the next follow-up to the hospital. Using the similar 24-h recall method, the total amount of energy, protein, fat, calcium, iron, phosphorus, fiber, and carbohydrates consumed was again estimated and assessed after 6 months.ETHICAL CLEARANCE: Institutional Ethical Clearance was taken from the ethics committee before commencing the study. An informed written consent was taken from the parents before starting data collection.RESULTS: Before diet counseling, the study showed that all children consuming iron deficient diet suffered from deficiencies of calories, fiber, calcium, and phosphorus. All children seemed to consume adequate levels of protein, fat, and carbohydrates. On the 6-month review, these deficiencies continued to persist, but the nutritional value of the diet seemed to show an improvement when compared to their pre-counseled values.CONCLUSION: The emphasis on iron deficient diets in thalassemic children causes associated deficiencies. Emphasis on diet rich in these elements with follow-up dietary counseling during each visit is required to maintain a balanced nutrition.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):26-29
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_71_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Pre-lacteal feeding practices and associated factors in Himachal Pradesh

    • Authors: Anupam Parashar, Deepak Sharma, Anmol Gupta, Dineshawar Singh Dhadwal
      Pages: 30 - 34
      Abstract: Anupam Parashar, Deepak Sharma, Anmol Gupta, Dineshawar Singh Dhadwal
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):30-34
      BACKGROUND: Prelacteal feeds are dangerous for newborn health and thus should not be given. Studying the enabling factors of this harmful practice can help determine ways of how to get rid of it.AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the pattern of prelacteal feeding in a district of Himachal Pradesh and to study its predictive factors.SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 mothers attending Anganwadi centers in Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained by trained field investigator using a pretested interview schedule. In-depth interviews were held to find out the reasons for providing prelacteal feeds.STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were analyzed using Epi Info software for windows (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta). Logistic regressions were used to find out the adjusted odds ratios (AORs) for factors associated with the practice of giving prelacteal feed.RESULTS: The prevalence of prelacteal feeding was 49.5% (confidence interval [CI] = 42.5%–56.4%). In logistic regression analysis, living in joint family (AOR = 2.5, CI = 1.3–4.9) and higher socioeconomic status (AOR = 3.8, CI = 1.1–13.1) were positively associated with prelacteal feeding practice. Mothers who delivered by cesarean section were more likely to give prelacteal feeds to their baby (AOR = 3.4, CI = 1.3–8.8) as compared to those who delivered by normal vaginal delivery.CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that prelacteal feeding is commonly practiced in both urban and rural areas of Shimla hills of Himachal Pradesh. Child health programs in the study area should use behavior change communication to decrease the harmful practice of giving prelacteal feeds to newborns.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):30-34
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.200205
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Study on effectiveness and outcome of mifepristone and misoprostol in
           medical termination of pregnancy

    • Authors: Ajay K Jawarkar, Pushpa O Lokare, Anuradha Kizhatil, Jyoti Ajay Jawarkar, Sandhya G Kale
      Pages: 35 - 38
      Abstract: Ajay K Jawarkar, Pushpa O Lokare, Anuradha Kizhatil, Jyoti Ajay Jawarkar, Sandhya G Kale
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):35-38
      BACKGROUND: One of the most effective and safest medical abortion (MA) regimens consist of the use of a combination of mifepristone and misoprostol. Misoprostol can be administrated by oral or vaginal route after giving a single dose of mifepristone. The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness and complications by these two routes.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The present study was nonrandomized clinical trial conducted at two private hospitals and medical college, Amravati city. The women having a history of amenorrhea ≤49 days and who were willing for medical termination of pregnancy by MA pills method were included in the study during the 1-year after obtaining ethical approval. The women in both groups were given tablet mifepristone (200 mg day) on day 1 orally followed by tablet misoprostol (two tablets of 200 μg) on day 3 orally in one group and vaginally in other group.RESULTS: The success rate of medical termination in group with oral administration of misoprostol was 96.3% as compared to 97.7% success rate in group with vaginal administration of misoprostol. The gastrointestinal side effects were 41.4% in group with oral administration of misoprostol as compared to 21.7% in group with vaginal administration of misoprostol. The Chi-square test of significance was applied using SPSS software version 16.0.CONCLUSIONS: The success of medical termination of pregnancy was comparable in both groups with slightly higher success rate by vaginal route of administration of misoprostol.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):35-38
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.200200
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Verification of an irregular field algorithm of a treatment planning
           system using a locally designed pelvic phantom: A simple design low-cost
           phantom suitable for quality assurance and control test in radiotherapy

    • Authors: Michael Onoriode Akpochafor, Akintayo Daniel Omojola, Samuel Olaolu Adeneye, Moses Adebayo Aweda, Muritala Shehu Oniyangi, Chieloka Chinazom Iloputaife
      Pages: 39 - 44
      Abstract: Michael Onoriode Akpochafor, Akintayo Daniel Omojola, Samuel Olaolu Adeneye, Moses Adebayo Aweda, Muritala Shehu Oniyangi, Chieloka Chinazom Iloputaife
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):39-44
      BACKGROUND: Modern radiotherapy treatment machine today comes along side with sophisticated treatment planning systems (TPSs). The accuracy of any TPS depends on the mathematical algorithm it uses and can be well verified using a dedicated phantom.AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To design a low-cost pelvic phantom and to use the designed phantom to verify whether the accuracy of an Irregular Field Algorithm of a Precise PLAN 2.16 TPS is within ±5% International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) minimal limit.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Designed pelvic phantom was made of Plexiglas with six tissue equivalent inserts and an ion-chamber port. The mimicked organs for the inserts were: Prostate, bladder, adipose, muscle, rectum, and bone. A Hi-speed computed tomography (CT) simulator was used for acquiring images and CT numbers of the designed pelvic phantom, a Precise PLAN 2.16 TPS was used for image planning, an Elekta-Precise Clinical Linear Accelerator was used for prescription of the planned images and a precalibrated NE 2570/1 farmer-type ion-chamber with an electrometer was used to calculate the mean dose. Data analysis value was done using GraphPad Prism 5.0 statistics software.RESULTS: The maximum percentage deviation with large field sizes of 22 cm × 25 cm for six different inhomogeneous inserts was −3.95%, and bone only homogeneous inserts was 2.38%. The maximum percentage deviation with small field sizes of 5 cm × 5 cm with six different inhomogeneous inserts was −3.57%. The percentage deviation between the solid water phantom and the locally designed pelvic phantom was −3.46%.CONCLUSION: The irregular field algorithm showed an overall accuracy of approximately ±4% with the locally designed pelvic phantom for both large and small field sizes against ±5% ICRU minimal limit. Although there were significant differences in percentage deviation between inhomogeneity and homogeneous insert irrespective of field sizes.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):39-44
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.200196
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor presenting as perforative peritonitis

    • Authors: Siddharth Pramod Dubhashi, Ratnesh Jenaw
      Pages: 45 - 46
      Abstract: Siddharth Pramod Dubhashi, Ratnesh Jenaw
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):45-46
      Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors arising from the muscularis propria of the gastrointestinal tract. Presenting features include abdominal mass (5%–50%), obstruction (5%), hemorrhage and rarely perforation (0.8%). This is a case report of an elderly male with a perforated jejunal GIST presenting as acute abdomen. GISTs exhibit an unpredictable behavior. Complete surgical excision with clear margins is the treatment of choice with adjuvant chemotherapy.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):45-46
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.200204
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Nonsyndromic multiple unerupted permanent and supernumerary teeth

    • Authors: Santanu Mukhopadhyay, Pinaki Roy, Maheswar Halder
      Pages: 47 - 49
      Abstract: Santanu Mukhopadhyay, Pinaki Roy, Maheswar Halder
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):47-49
      Failure of eruption of multiple permanent teeth is uncommon. This may be attributed to some local and systemic factors. In general, systemic factors are responsible for eruption failure of multiple teeth whereas the local causes tend to affect one or few teeth. In this article, we describe a rare case of multiple impacted permanent teeth of normal series and supernumeraries in a 14-year-old girl not associated with any syndrome.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):47-49
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_102_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Inclusion of guided tissue regeneration membrane for the management of
           multiple gingival recession

    • Authors: Nitin Tomar, Divya Dureja, Mayur Kaushik, Amit Wadhawan
      Pages: 50 - 52
      Abstract: Nitin Tomar, Divya Dureja, Mayur Kaushik, Amit Wadhawan
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):50-52
      Gingival recession (GR) is not only a major esthetic concern but also is often associated with dentinal hypersensitivity. Correction of mucogingival recession deformities with a variety of periodontal plastic surgical procedures has been described, each demonstrating a variable degree of success. However, among the various treatment modalities, coronally advanced flaps are the most commonly employed for multiple teeth recession coverage. This case report describes the management of Class I GR due to faulty brushing technique associated with dentinal hypersensitivity with coronally advanced flap combined with guided tissue regeneration membrane.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):50-52
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/ijhas.IJHAS_125_16
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Tubercular esophagocutaneous fistula: A rare case

    • Authors: Afzal Anees, Kaushal Deep Singh, Mohammad Amanullah Khan, Shehtaj Khan
      Pages: 53 - 55
      Abstract: Afzal Anees, Kaushal Deep Singh, Mohammad Amanullah Khan, Shehtaj Khan
      International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):53-55
      Tubercular esophagocutaneous fistula is a very rare complication arising either due to erosion by caseating cervical lymph nodes or due to tuberculosis (TB) of the esophagus. Both of these conditions are themselves rather sporadic. A young male presented with a passage of “orally taken liquids” from an opening in the neck. He had no primary foci of TB detected whatsoever, which was unusual. He was started on antitubercular treatment (ATT) for 8 weeks, but due to nonclosure of tract, the fistula had to be excised. Histopathology confirmed the tubercular nature of tract. ATT was continued postoperatively. There has been no recurrence even after 1½ years of follow-up.
      Citation: International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences 2017 6(1):53-55
      PubDate: Wed,15 Feb 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/2278-344X.200203
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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