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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1374 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (23 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (88 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (582 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (385 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (108 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (582 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 212)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
Healthy Aging Research     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
Histoire, médecine et santé     Open Access  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Global Health     Open Access  
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Infodir : Revista de Información científica para la Dirección en Salud     Open Access  

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover
CES Medicina
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0120-8705 - ISSN (Online) 2215-9177
Published by SciELO Homepage  [718 journals]
  • De la importancia de formar autores

    •  
  • Colon cancer, a single entity' Considerations about laterality in a
           Colombian oncology institution 2001-2016

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: Ha sido sugerido que los cánceres del lado derecho e izquierdo del colon se presentan como entidades diferentes y como tal deberían ser abordados para su estudio, tratamiento y seguimiento. El propósito de esta investigación es hacer un análisis de pacientes con cáncer de colon según la lateralidad. Materiales y métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva de 442 pacientes remitidos a Oncólogos del Occidente desde enero de 2001 a diciembre de 2016 con diagnóstico de cáncer de colon. Resultados: El 54 % de los casos fueron en colon izquierdo; sexo femenino 52 %; media de edad: 60,5 años en izquierdo y 62,5 en derecho; histología mucinosa (40 % vs 60 %), células en anillo de sello (40 % vs 60 %) y mal diferenciado (40 % vs 60 %); media de antígeno carcino-embrionario 51,7 vs 63,9 ngr/mL; ganglios resecados mayores o igual a 13 (41 % vs 59 %); presencia de obstrucción (22 % vs 18 %), compromiso de serosa (16 % vs 18 %) y ulceración (21 % vs 17 %). Se presentó recaída en 58 % vs 42 % y de ellos a hígado (33 % vs 23 %), pulmón (18 % vs 15 %) y carcinomatosis (15 % vs 14 %). La media de seguimiento global fue de 40,1 ± 39 con 38,3 meses para el lado izquierdo y 42,2 meses para el derecho y sobrevida a cinco años de 61 % vs 64 % para colon izquierdo y derecho, respectivamente. Conclusión: El patrón de ocurrencia del cáncer de colon según su lateralidad se presenta en el lado derecho en menor número, mayor edad, histología más agresiva, mayor nivel ganglionar, mayor compromiso de serosa, mayor seguimiento y similar sobrevida. Lo anterior, sumado al estado mutacional, podría ayudar a definir el manejo terapéutico inicial. Quedan aún muchas dudas para entender la diferencia en resultados no explicada solo basado en la lateralidad. Introduction: It has been suggested that cancers on the right and left sides of the colon are presented as different entities and as such should be addressed for study, treatment and follow-up. The purpose of this research is to make an analysis of patients with colon cancer according to laterality. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort of 442 patients referred to Oncólogos del Occidente from January 2001 to December 2016 with a diagnosis of colon cancer. Results: 54% of the cases were in the left colon; 52% female sex; average age: 60.5 years on the left and 62.5 on the right; mucinous histology (40% vs 60%), signet ring cells (40% vs 60%) and poorly differentiated (40% vs 60%); mean carcino-embryonic antigen 51.7 vs 63.9 ng/mL; resected lymph nodes greater than or equal to 13 (41% vs 59%); presence of obstruction (22% vs 18%), serosa involvement (16% vs 18%) and ulceration (21% vs 17%). There was relapse in 58% vs 42% and of them to liver (33% vs 23%), lung (18% vs 15%) and carcinomatosis (15% vs 14%). The mean global follow-up was 40.1 ± 39 with 38.3 months for the left side and 42.2 months for the right, and survival at 5 years of 61% vs 64% for the left and right colon, respectively. Conclusion: The pattern of occurrence of colon cancer according to its laterality is presented on the right side in smaller numbers, older age, more aggre- ssive histology, higher nodal level, greater serosal involvement, longer follow-up and similar survival. The above, added to the mutational state, could help to define the initial therapeutic management. There are still many doubts to understand the difference in results not explained only based on laterality.
       
  • Detection of carbapenem resistance genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
           isolates with several phenotypic susceptibility profiles

    • Abstract: Introduction: Pseudomonas aeruginosa display several resistance mechanisms to carbapenems and such variety makes it difficult to infer from the antibiogram. The aim of this study was to determine the carbapenem resistance genes in P. aeruginosa isolates with different profiles of phe-notypic susceptibility to these antibiotics. Materials and methods: From a microbial collection of P aeruginosa isolates from infected patients, 40 isolates with different carbapenem resistance profiles were selected. The carbapenemases genes, and expression of the OprD porin, the MexAB-OprM efflux pump and the p-lactamase AmpC were determined. Results: From a total of 40 isolates evaluted, in 21 (52.5%) any mechanism of resistance evaluated were detected. In the meropenem-resistant group, overexpression of AmpC (n = 1) and decreased expression of MexAB-OprM (n = 2) and OprD (n = 1) were found. A decrease in the expression of MexAB-OprM was observed in imipenem-resistant group (n = 3) and mutations in the gene encoding the OprD porin (n = 1). Finally, the presence of carbapenemases (VIM, n= 3, KPC-2 / VIM, n = 1) was detected in imipenem-meropenem resistant isolates. Conclusion: The phenotypic susceptibility profiles in P aeruginosa isolates were not explained by the molecular mechanisms explored, with the exception of carbapenemase-producing isolates. These results evidence the complexity of the antibiotic resistance mechanisms involved in this bacterium.Resumen Introducción: Pseudomonas aeruginosa presenta diferentes mecanismos de resistencia a los carbapenémicos, dificultando su inferencia a partir del antibiograma. El objetivo fue determinar los genes de resistencia a car-bapenémicos en aislados de Pseudomonas aeruginosa con diferentes perfiles de susceptibilidad a estos antibióticos. Materiales y métodos: A partir de una colección microbiana de aislados de P. aeruginosa provenientes de pacientes infectados se seleccionaron 40 aislados con diferentes perfiles de resistencia a carbapenémicos y en los cuales se determinaron los genes de car-bapenemasas, la expresión de la porina OprD, la bomba de expulsión MexAB-OprM y la betalactamasa AmpC. Resultados: El 52,5 % de los aislados no presentó ninguno de los mecanismos de resistencia evaluados. En los resistentes a meropenem se encontró sobreexpresión de AmpC (n=1) y disminución de la expresión de MexAB-OprM (n=2) y OprD (n=1). En los resistentes a imipenem se observó disminución en la expresión de MexAB-OprM (n=3) y mutaciones en el gen que codifica la porina OprD (n=1). En aislados resistentes a imipenem y meropenem se detectó la presencia de carbapenemasas (VIM, n=3, KPC/VIM, n=1). Conclusión: Los mecanismos moleculares hallados no explican el fenotipo de resistencia a carbapenémicos, excepto en los aislados productores de carbapenemasas. Estos resultados evidencian la complejidad de los mecanismos implicados en la resistencia antibiótica en esta bacteria.
       
  • Estresse e correlatos com características de saúde e sociodemográficas
           de estudantes de medicina

    • Abstract: Resumo Introdução: O estresse é uma resposta inespecífica do organismo mediante uma pressão exercida sobre ele, suas reações fisiológicas são chamadas de "síndrome de adaptação geral", dividida em três fases: alerta, resistência e exaustão. Objetivo: Analisar as fases do estresse e seus correlatos com características de saúde e demográficas de estudantes de medicina de uma faculdade do interior da Paraíba. Método: Pesquisa de caráter descritivo, transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, teve como cenário de estudo uma Instituição de Ensino Superior (IES) localizada no sertão paraibano. A amostra foi composta por 138 alunos do curso de Medicina da IES. Resultados: 21,02% dos acadêmicos não apresentam estresse e 78,98% apresentam: 0,72% encontram-se na fase de alerta; 61,59% na de resistência; 16,67% na de exaustão. Correlacionando os fatores de saúde e sociodemográficos, constatou-se que os alunos do sexo feminino, sem bolsa de estudo, que pensam em desistir do curso, tomam medicamento e que não procuram tratamento psicológico possuem maiores pontuações de estresse nas fases de resistência e exaustão. Conclusão: É necessário incorporar estratégias, como serviços de apoio psicológico, que possibilitem aos acadêmicos a lidar com essa realidade de forma adaptativa, valorizando e reconhecendo seus limites.Resumen Introducción: El estrés es una respuesta inespecífica del organismo a una presión ejercida sobre él; sus reacciones fisiológicas se llaman "síndrome de adaptación general" y está dividido en tres fases: alerta, resistencia y agotamiento. Objetivo: Analizar las fases del estrés y sus correlatos con características demográficas y de salud de estudiantes de medicina de una facultad del interior de Paraíba. Métodos: Investigación de carácter descriptivo, transversal, con abordaje cuantitativo, que tuvo como escenario de estudio una institución de enseñanza superior (IES) ubicada en el desierto paraibano. La muestra fue compuesta por 138 alumnos del programa de Medicina. Resultados: El 21,02% de los estudiantes no presentaron estrés y el 78,98% sí lo presentó, de los cuales, el 0,72% se encontraba en la fase de alerta; 61,59% en resistencia y 16,67% en la fase de agotamiento. En la O estresse consiste em uma resposta inespecífica do organismo diante de uma pressão exercida sobre o sistema orgânico. Constitui um estado de tensão que rompe o equilíbrio do organismo e suas reações fisiológicas são chamadas de "síndrome de adaptação geral", dividida em três fases: de alerta, de resistência, e de exaustão. mayoría de los casos se ha comprobó que los alumnos de sexo femenino, sin becas, que piensan en desistir del curso, toman medicamentos y que no buscan tratamiento psicológico poseen mayores puntuaciones de estrés en las fases de resistencia y agotamiento. Conclusión: Es necesario incorporar estrategias, como servicios de apoyo psicológico, que posibiliten a los estudiantes lidiar con esa realidad de forma adaptativa, valorizando y reconociendo sus límites.
       
  • Antenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies. Is this policy fulfilled in
           Colombia'

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: Realizar un artículo de reflexión sobre el impacto de los programas de tamizaje prenatal ecográfico de malformaciones congénitas. Reflexionar sobre las bajas tasas de detección en nuestro país y proponer algunos factores que pudieran contribuir en su mejora. Metodología: Se realizó una búsqueda electrónica en PubMed, Hinari, Cochrane y otros portales de salud. Se incluyeron artículos que, cumpliendo los criterios de inclusión, describían el uso de la ecografía antenatal para la detección de malformaciones congénitas, así como los relacionados a las tasas de detección en Colombia y el mundo. Resultados y conclusión: El implementar esquemas de diagnóstico antenatal ecográfico de alteraciones congénitas mejora las tasas de detección de malformaciones congénitas. En nuestro sistema público de salud estas no superan el 35 %, a pesar de que existe la guía clínica para la atención integral del 2013 propuesta por el Ministerio de Protección Social, lo cual hace pensar que esta política no se ha implementado ni ejecutado adecuadamente en las instituciones prestadoras de salud. Objective: To carry out a reflection article about the impact of the prenatal ultrasound screening programs for congenital malformations, to reflect on the low detection rates in our country and propose some factors that could contribute to its improvement. Methodology: An electronic search was carried out in PubMed, Hinari, Cochrane and other health websites. We included articles that met the inclusion criteria describing the use of antenatal ultrasound for the detection of congenital malformations, as well as those related to detection rates in Colombia and the world. Results and conclusion: The implementation of antenatal ultrasound diagnosis of congenital alterations improves the detection rates of congenital malformations. In our public health system, these do not exceed 35 %, despite the fact that there is a clinical guide proposed by the Ministerio de la Protección Social in 2013, which suggests that this policy has not been adequately implemented in health care institutions.
       
  • Clinical relevance of drug interactions with antibiotics related to
           changes in the absorption: Structured review

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: Durante el proceso de uso de los medicamentos es complejo establecer un esquema terapéutico eficaz y seguro, especialmente en los pacientes geriátricos, debido a la polimedicación. En este sentido, a medida que aumenta el número de medicamentos también aumenta la probabilidad de aparición de una interacción medicamentosa que podría tener consecuencias clínicas importantes. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer y evaluar la relevancia clínica de las interacciones de antibióticos relacionadas con cambios en la absorción. Métodos: Búsqueda en PubMed/Medline y Embase de artículos en inglés y español, acceso a texto completo, sin fecha límite, en humanos. La relevancia clínica se estableció con base a la probabilidad y la gravedad. Se identificaron 85 artículos, 46 informaron interacciones de antibióticos relacionadas con cambios en la absorción. Los resultados se orientaron en los antibióticos comercializados en Colombia, acorde con la base de datos del Instituto Nacional de Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos. Resultados: Se identificaron 74 parejas de interacciones medicamentosas de medicamentos comercializados en Colombia, 63 fueron clínicamente relevantes y 11 con evidencia de ausencia de interacción. Conclusiones: La absorción de los antibióticos puede modificarse por factores como el uso simultaneo de medicamentos o alimentos; igualmente, los antibióticos pueden afectar la biodisponibilidad de algunos medicamentos, principalmente por modificaciones en la microbiota y generando interacciones clínicamente relevantes. El 67 % de las interacciones identificadas son de riesgo alto. Introduction: During the process of drug use, it is demanding to establish an effective and safe therapeutic scheme, especially in elderly patients, because they are polymedicated. In this sense, while the number of medications increases also increases the likelihood of the appearance of an interaction drug, which could have significant clinical consequences. The objective of this study was toestablish and evaluate the clinical relevance of drug interactions whit antibiotics related to changes in the absorption. Methods: A search in PubMed / MedLine and Embase was made for articles in English and Spanish, full-text access, without a cut-off date, in humans. The clinical relevance was established based on the probability of occurrence and the severity of the interaction. The results were oriented in the antibiotics commercialized in Colombia, according to the database of Invima. Results: 74 pairs of drug interactions of drugs marketed in Colombia were identified, 63 were clinically relevant and 11 with evidence of absence of interaction. Conclusion: The absorption of antibiotics can be modified by factors such as the simultaneous use of drugs or food; equally, antibiotics can affect the bioavailability of some drugs, mainly by modifications in the microbiota and generating clinically relevant interactions. 67% of the identified interactions are high risk.
       
  • Bioresorbable bronchial stents and factors that affect the rate of
           degradation

    • Abstract: Resumen Las causas que pueden conducir a la obstrucción de la vía aérea central pueden ser de origen funcional, por obstrucción de la luz, por lesión orgánica parietal o compresión extrínseca; a su vez, también pueden agruparse en obstrucciones malignas y no malignas. Cuando una obstrucción reduce el 50 % de la luz de la vía aérea causa síntomas debilitantes y es una de las indicaciones para implantar un stent bronquial. Los stents bronquiales actualmente disponibles son una solución incompleta para las obstrucciones de las vías aéreas. Por otra parte, un stent bronquial ideal debe cumplir con muchas características, tales como ser biocompatible, en muchos casos bioabsorbible, radio opaco, que no genere reacción inflamatoria, tener características similares a las de la vía aérea para disminuir la acumulación de secreciones, entre otras. Por esta razón los stents bronquiales bioabsorbibles se presentan como una alternativa atractiva que ofrece ciertas ventajas, aunque aún se encuentran en desarrollo. El presente artículo busca describir los avances alrededor de los stents bronquiales bioabsorbibles y los factores que afectan la degradación de los polímeros con los cuales se han fabricado. The causes that can lead to obstruction of the central airway can be of functional origin, due to obstruction of the light, organic parietal lesion or extrinsic compression; in turn, they can also be grouped into malignant and non-malignant obstructions. When an obstruction reduces more than 50% of the lumen of the airway causes debilitating symptoms and is an indication to implant a bronchial stent. The bronchial stents currently available are an incomplete solution for obstructions of the airways. On the other hand, an ideal bronchial stent must comply with many characteristics, such as being biocompatible, in many cases bioabsorbable, radio opaque, that does not generate an inflammatory reaction, having characteristics similar to those of the airway to decrease the accumulation of secretions, between others. For this reason, bioabsorbable bronchial stents are presented as an attractive alternative that offers certain advantages, although they are still in development. This article seeks to describe the advances around the bioabsorbable bronchial stents and the factors that affect the degradation of the polymers with which they have been manufactured.
       
  • Spasticity as a positive sign of superior motor neuron damage and its
           importance in rehabilitation

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: La espasticidad, como signo clínico de daño de motoneurona superior, cobra gran importancia al momento de definir su impacto en el proceso rehabilitador. Los objetivos de esta revisión bibliográfica son: analizar la evolución de la espasticidad como concepto, describir los hallazgos actuales en relación con su fisiopatología y analizar su importancia en el proceso rehabilitador. Métodos: Búsqueda bibliográfica durante el segundo semestre del 2017 en bases de datos Pubmed, Scielo, Cochrane y Google Académico, utilizando los términos MeSH: muscle spasticity, physiopathology y stroke. Los límites de búsqueda fueron: textos completos en idioma inglés y español, en humanos y publicados durante los últimos cinco años. Resultados: La fisiopatología de la espasticidad no es causada por un solo mecanismo, sino más bien una intrincada cadena de alteraciones en diferentes redes nerviosas interdependientes. Existiendo dos mecanismos principales: la alteración del control espinal y suprasegmentario y los cambios en las propiedades del sistema músculo-esquelético. Conclusión: La evidencia científica es amplia y aborda el concepto de espasticidad, sus implicancias fisiopatológicas y clínicas. Sin embargo, futuras investigaciones deberían orientar y apoyar las decisiones del equipo rehabilitador, en relación con el manejo clínico. Background: Spasticity as a clinical sign of upper motor neuron damage becomes highly important when defining its impact on the rehabilitation process. The aim of this bibliographical review is to examine the evolution of spasticity as a concept, describe the current findings in relation to its pathophysiology and to analyze its importance on the rehabilitation process. Material and methods: A bibliographic search was carried out during 2018 using Pubmed, Scielo, Cochrane and Google Academic databases, using the terms MeSH: 'muscle spasticity', 'physiopathology' and 'stroke'. The searches were limited to full texts in English and Spanish language, published during the last 5 years and for human patients. Results: The physiopathology of spasticity is not caused by a single mechanism, but rather an intricate chain of alterations in different interdependent nerve networks. Analyzed articles describe two main mechanisms, alteration of the control spinal and suprasegmental and changes in the properties of the musculoskeletal system. Conclusion: The scientific evidence is broad and addresses the concept of spasticity, its pathophysiological and clinical implications. However, future research should guide and support the decisions of the rehabilitation team, in relation to their clinical management.
       
  • Neonatal fulminant septic shock by Clostridium perfringens

    • Abstract: Resumen Clostridium spp. es un bacilo grampositivos, anaerobio, formador de esporas y ampliamente distribuido en el ambiente. Las infecciones por Clostridium perfringens en neonatos son en extremo raras. La sepsis grave por anaerobios, incluyendo el choque séptico, es un evento clínico inusual en este grupo de pacientes. Se reportan dos casos de bacteriemia por C. perfringens asociados a choque séptico fulminante en recién nacidos con enterocolitis necrosante grave. Clostridium species are anaerobic, spore, forming gram-positive bacteria that are widely spread in the environment. Clostridium perfringens infections in neonates are extremely rare. Severe anaerobic sepsis, including septic shock, is an unusual clinical event in this group of patients. We highlight two cases of C. perfringens bacteremia associated with fulminant septic shock in neonates with severe necrotizing enterocolitis.
       
  • Pediatric Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis

    • Abstract: Resumen La pielonefritis xantogranulomatosa es una variante atípica, severa y poco frecuente de una forma crónica de pielonefritis, que puede ocurrir a cualquier edad. En niños está generalmente asociada a malformaciones urológicas congénitas como obstrucción de las vías urinarias. Se describe el caso de un paciente de un año con episodios febriles recurrentes en quien, tras el tratamiento fallido de una pionefrosis y después de descartar múltiples diagnósticos diferenciales, se decide realizar nefreureterectomía izquierda, considerando clínicamente una pielonefritis xantogranulomatosa, la cual fue confirmada por estudio histopatológico. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an atypical, severe and infrequent variant of a chronic form of pyelonephritis, which can occur at any age. In children it is generally associated with congenital urological malformations as obstruction of the urinary tract. Next, we describe the case of a 1-year-old patient, with recurrent febrile episodes, where after the failed treatment of pionefrosis and after ruling out multiple differential diagnoses, it was decided to perform a left nephrectomy clinically considering a xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, a diagnosis confirmed by study histopathological.
       
  • Chorea hyperglicemia basal ganglia síndrome

    • Abstract: Resumen La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad de alta prevalência, así como también lo son sus complicaciones agudas. Una de ellas es el estado hiperosmolar no cetósico que raramente se asocia con alteraciones involuntarias del movimiento. Sin embargo, existe una condición que asocia alteraciones glucémicas con desórdenes del movimiento, denominado síndrome de corea hiperglicemia y ganglios basales, de la cual presentamos un caso y hacemos revisión de la literatura. Diabetes mellitus is a disease of high prevalence, as well as its acute complications. One of them is the nonketotic hyperosmolar state that is rarely associated with involuntary changes in movement. However, there is a condition that associates glycemic alterations with movement disorders, called chorea hyperglycemia basal ganglia syndrome, of which we present a case and review the literature.
       
  • Neuroendocrine tumor arising in Meckel's diverticula

    • Abstract: Resumen El divertículo de Meckel es la malformación congénita más frecuente dei tracto gastrointestinal y puede complicarse por procesos inflamatorios, infecciosos o tumorales. La incidencia de tumores en un divertículo de Meckel es de 1,44 por cada 10 millones de personas al año. Reportamos un caso de obstrucción intestinal secundaria a un tumor neuroendocrino en un divertículo de Meckel y realizamos una revisión de la literatura sobre este tema. Meckel's diverticulum is the most frequent congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract and can be complicated by inflammatory, infectious or tumor processes. The incidence of tumors in a Meckel diverticulum is 1.44 per 10 million people per year. We report a case of intestinal obstruction secondary to a neuroendocrine tumor in a Meckel's diverticulum and we conducted a review of the literature on this subject.
       
  • Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma in two pediatric patients

    • Abstract: Resumen El sarcoma embrionario indiferenciado es un tumor hepático mesenquimal maligno infrecuente que ocupa el tercer lugar en frecuencia de las neoplasias primarias del hígado de la infancia; tiene crecimiento rápido y sus síntomas más frecuentes son dolor y sensación de masa abdominal; también puede presentarse ictericia, pérdida de peso, fiebre, emesis y hepatomegalia. El diagnóstico se realiza teniendo en cuenta los hallazgos en imágenes, estudios de inmuno-histoquímica y análisis patológico que aporta el diagnóstico definitivo. Inicialmente, su pronóstico era pobre, con tasas de supervivencia menores a un año; sin embargo, con la introducción de la quimioterapia asociada a la resección quirúrgica, la supervivencia a largo plazo ha mejorado con posibilidad de curación, directamente relacionada con el tratamiento oportuno. Se presentan dos casos de sarcoma embrionario indiferenciado en pacientes pediátricos y diagnosticados en la Fundación Cardioinfantil Instituto de Cardiología, los cuales fueron confirmados por patología. Finalmente, se discuten las características histopa-tológicas, hallazgos imagenológicos, diagnósticos diferenciales y opciones terapéuticas reportadas. Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma, an infrequent malignant mesenchymal liver tumor, occupies the third place in frequency of primary neoplasms of the liver in infancy. It has a fast-growing rate; the most frequent symptoms are pain and abdominal mass, also jaundice, weight loss, fever, emesis and hepatomegaly. The diagnosis is made taking into account the imaging findings, immune-histochemical studies and pathological analysis, the latter providing the definitive diagnosis. The prognosis of this tumor was initially poor, with survival rates of less than 1 year; however, with the introduction of chemotherapy associated with surgical resection, long-term survival has improved with the possibility of cure, directly related to timely treatment. In this article, two cases of undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma in pediatric patients are presented, diagnosed in the Fundación Cardioinfantil-Instituto de Cardiología, confirmed by pathology. Finally, the histopathological characteristics, imaging findings, differential diagnoses and the therapeutic options used are discussed, as reported in the literature.
       
 
 
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