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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1290 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (520 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (520 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 181)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover CES Medicina
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   ISSN (Print) 0120-8705 - ISSN (Online) 2215-9177
   Published by SciELO Homepage  [717 journals]
  • La humildad como cualidad perenne en el médico

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  • Characterization of patients with epilepsy treated in a children's
           hospital in Manizales 2013-2014

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: caracterizar la población con diagnóstico de epilepsia en el Hospital Infantil Universitario Rafael Henao Toro, en Manizales (Colombia), desde el punto de vista del comportamiento de la enfermedad, factores de riesgo, tratamiento y particularidades demográficas. Métodos: estudio de corte transversal realizado mediante la revisión de historias clínicas.Resultados: de 172 pacientes, 51,2 % fueron del género masculino; las crisis focales fueron las más frecuentes con 59,1 %; la comorbilidad más usual fue el retraso del desarrollo psicomotor (30,9 %), aunque si se tiene en cuenta la asociación con otras enfermedades la cifra asciende al 57,9 %; la monoterapia más utilizada fue el ácido valpróico (39,8 %). La epilepsia infantil se asoció con estados hipertensivos maternos en un 8,7 %; el 21,7 % presentó encefalopatía hipóxica-isquémica; 24,1 % tenían antecedentes familiares de epilepsia; en 15,1 % de los casos hubo bajo peso y 16,7 % de talla baja al nacer. Conclusión: los hallazgos de la presente investigación, en general, coinciden con lo reportado en otros estudios efectuados en poblaciones análogas.Abstract Objective:To characterize the diagnosed with epilepsy population at the "Hospital Infantil Universitario Rafael Henao Toro", in the city of Manizales (Colombia) from the behavior of the disease, risk factors, treatment and demographic characteristics. Methods: Cross-sectional study of the population referred to and performed by reviewing medical records. Results: of 172 patients, 51,2% were male gender; focal seizures were the most frequent with 59.1%; the most common comorbidity was delayed psychomotor development (30.9%), although if is consider the association with other diseases the figure is 57.9%; the most commonly monotherapy used was Valproic Acid (39.8%). Childhood epilepsy was associated with maternal hypertensive disorders in 8,7%; 21.7% had hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy; 24.1% had a family history of epilepsy; in 15.1 % of cases was underweight and 16.7% of short stature at birth. Conclusion: The findings of this research, in general, agree with those reported in other studies in similar populations.
       
  • NGAL as a marker to detect donor risk factors for delayed graft
           function

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducciónen el trasplante renal de donante fallecido es importante tener marcadores tempranos que ayuden a predecir la funcionalidad adecuada del injerto renal. La medición de creatinina continóa siendo el marcador de elección para definir si los riñones de un posible donante son aptos para ser trasplantados. La lipocalina asociada a la gelatinasa del neutrófilo urinaria (NGALu) es un biomarcador que ha sido utilizado para el diagnóstico temprano de lesión renal aguda, pero su comportamiento es incierto en el donante fallecido. Este estudio tiene como objetivo determinar si los niveles de NGALu del donante pueden predecir la función retardada del injerto (FRI) en los receptores. Métodología: cohorte prospectiva en la que se evaluaron los niveles de NGALu del donante al momento de la extracción renal; se aplicó estadística descriptiva y pruebas no paramétricas. Se exploró el comportamiento de este biomarcador en el donante del injerto renal para determinar si es un factor predictivo de función retardada del injerto. Resultados: se evaluaron 27 donantes de criterios óptimos; el 74,1 % eran hombres, la edad tuvo una mediana de 27 años (rango: 18,8-43,3); la principal causa de muerte fue trauma encefalocraneano, seguido por el accidente cerebrovascular. La creatinina tuvo una mediana de 0,8 mg/dl y los valores de NGALu tuvieron una mediana de 11,1ng/ml (4,2-33,6). En total se realizaron 46 trasplantes, de los cuales el 15,2 % presentaron función retardada del injerto y dos pacientes necesitaron terapia de reemplazo renal en la primera semana luego del trasplante. Los valores de NGALu agrupados de acuerdo a presencia o no de función retardada del injerto fueron de 11,1 ng/ml (3-17,3) en los pacientes sin función retardada del injerto y 11,2 ng/ml en los pacientes con dicha función (7,7-39,4) (p=0,40). En el análisis multivariado no se encontró ningón factor asociado al desarrollo de función retardada del injerto. Conclusión: en este estudio la medición de uNGAL en donantes fallecidos de criterios óptimos no predijo función retardada del injerto.Abstract Introduction: For deceased donor renal transplantation, it is important to have early markers that can predict the functional outcome of the transplant. Currently, creatinine is the marker of choice for determining whether a potential donor's kidneys are suitable for transplantation. Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) is a biomarker that has been utilized to diagnose early-stage acute kidney injury, but its behavior in deceased donors is uncertain. The objective of this study was to determine whether donor uNGAL levels can predict delayed graft function in recipients. Methodology: A prospective cohort utilizing descriptive statistics and non-parametric median tests was carried out to evaluate donor uNGAL levels at the time of kidney removal. The behavior of this biomarker was analyzed in kidney transplant donors to evaluate its use as a predictive factor for DGF. Results: A total of 27 standard criteria transplants were evaluated, including 7 (25.9%) women and 20 (74.1%) men with a median age of 27 years (18.75-43.25). The principal cause of death was traumatic head injury, followed by stroke. The median creatinine level was 0.8 mg/dl (0.57-1), and the median uNGAL level was 11.1 ng/ml (4.2-33.6). In total, 46 transplants were performed, of which 15.22% (7 patients) presented with delayed graft function and 2 patients needed renal replacement therapy within the first week after transplantation. The patients were grouped according to the presence of DGF, with median uNGAL values of 11.1 ng/ml (3-17.3) in patients without DGF and median values of 11.2 ng/ml (7.7-39.4) (p=0.4) in those with delayed graft function. No factors were found to be associated with the development of delayed graft function in the multivariate analysis. Discussion: in this study, uNGAL measurements in deceased standard criteria donors did not predict delayed graft function.
       
  • Hepcidin and iron parameters on blood

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: la hepcidina es la principal hormona peptídica reguladora de la absorción y distribución tisular del hierro. Estudios recientes han planteado la posibilidad de utilizarla como un biomarcador para evaluar el metabolismo del hierro y sus posibles alteraciones. Aunque, ante la esca­sa información sobre las propiedades diagnósticas de la hepcidina sérica, no han sido bien caracterizadas y no se cuenta con estudios suficientes en individuos sanos, e incluso en Colombia hasta el momento no se ha realizado ningún estudio referente al tema. Objetivo: estimar las concen­traciones de la hepcidina sérica, su rango de normalidad y su correlación con parámetros bioquímicos asociados al metabolismo del hierro en una población de donantes. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo trans­versal que incluyó 85 donantes, a quienes se les realizó hemograma auto­matizado, se evaluó ferritina, transferrina y hierro total, mediante los mé­todos de electroquimioluminiscencia, inmunoturbidimetría y colorimetría. La determinación de hepcidina en suero se realizó por medio de una ELISA competitiva. Se utilizaron pruebas estadísticas, con un nivel de significan­cia de p< 0,05. Resultados: se observaron diferencias significativas en la concentración de hepcidina entre hombres y mujeres. La edad no fue un factor determinante de las concentraciones de hepcidina en los hombres Mediana (Me)=5,73 nM. Solo ferritina se correlacionó fuertemente con la hepcidina. El rango de normalidad de hepcidina encontrado en hombres estuvo entre 1,71 y 13,3 nM y entre 1,67 a 11,3 nM en mujeres. Conclusión: el nivel de hepcidina sérica es mayor en hombres y demuestra la fuerte asociación in vivo con los niveles de hepcidina sérica con el hierro de re­serva y circulante.Abstract Introduction: The hepatic peptide hormone hepcidin is the principal regulator of iron absorption and tissue iron distribution. Recent studies have proposed hepcidin as a suitable biomarker to assess iron metabolism and its failures. Although the data were limited to information on the diagnostic properties of serum hepcidin, have not been well characterized and neither have enough studies in healthy individuals, and even in Colombia so far have not been any studies on the topic. Objective: quantify the concentrations of serum hepcidin, establish a normal range and determine the correlate with biochemical parameters associated with iron metabolism in a population of donors. Materials and methods: A cross-wise study was performed on total of 85 donors to whom an automatized blood panel was tested. Ferritin, iron and transferrin were measured through electrochimioluminiscence, inmmunoturbidimetry and colorimetry respectively. Seric hepcidin presence was evidenced by competitive ELISA. Data was statistically analized with a significance level of p< 0, 05. Results: Statistically significant differences were noticed in the hepcidin concentration when comparing women and men. Hepcidin concentrations in men were constant over age (median, 5.73nM). Only ferritin is strongly correlated with hepcidin. Normal values for women ranged between 1,67nM -11,3 nM while those for men did slightly higher 1,71 nM - 13,3 nM. Conclusions: Serum hepcidin levels are higher in men and demonstrates a strong in vivo correlation between seric hepcidin and iron either circulating or storage.
       
  • Interobserver agreement of cardiothoracic diseases in chest radiography
           between radiologists and general practitioners

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: estimar la concordancia inter-observador de hallazgos cardiopulmonares en la radiografía de tórax de adultos entre dos grupos independientes de radiólogos y médicos generales. Materiales y métodos: dos grupos de evaluadores, uno de radiólogos (n=2) y uno de médicos generales (n=5) valoraron 100 radiografías de tórax. Los ítems de evaluación fueron la calidad técnica radiológica, la normalidad de la radiografía y 27 hallazgos radiológicos comunes en la consulta de urgencias. Los evaluadores calificaron la posibilidad de encontrar los hallazgos específicos en la radiografía (cinco por cada placa) en un formato similar a un script de concordancia, con escala de respuesta tipo Likert. El cálculo de concordancia se realizó con el estadístico kappa por grupos de Vanbelle (K2g). Resultados: los grados de concordancia entre radiólogos y médicos generales fueron débiles para la identificación de hallazgos cardiopulmonares (K2g 0,46; IC 95 % 0,43 - 0,51), calidad de la imagen (K2g 0,44; IC 95 % 0,35 - 0,53) y determinación de normalidad (K2g 0,58; 0,44 - 0,72). Los índices de prevalencia fueron elevados (mín. - max.: 0,59 - 0,85) en la valoración de normalidad de las placas. Conclusiónes: El grado de acuerdo en la determinación de normalidad puede estar subestimado por un alto índice de prevalencia. El poco tiempo de formación en radiología y de experiencia en el campo de los médicos generales podrían estar asociados al bajo grado de acuerdo entre los grupos.Abstract Objective: To estimate the inter-observer agreement between two independent groups of radiologists and general practitioners in the identification of cardiopulmonary findings via standard plain chest radiographs in adults. Materials and methods: Two groups of independent raters (Radiologists, n=2; General Practitioners, n=5) analyzed 100 chest radiographs according to the technical quality, normality, and 5 specific findings. Cardiopulmonary findings were registered via a script concordance-like test. We calculated agreement between groups with Vanbelle’s kappa coefficient (K2g). Results: The concordance between the groups of radiologists and general practitioners in specific chest x-ray findings (K2g 0.46, 95 %CI 0.43 - 0.51), image technical quality (K2g 0.44; 95 %CI 0.35 - 0.53), and normality (K2g 0.58; 95 %CI 0.44 - 0.72) was weak. Prevalence indices were high in the analysis of chest x-ray normality (min. - max.: 0.59 - 0.85). Conclusions: Kappa coefficients in the determination of normality could have been biased downward due to high prevalence indices. Short time of training in radiology and experience in the field could account for low agreement between the groups.
       
  • Embolização de artérias renais para o tratamento da hipertensão
           arterial não controlada

    • Abstract: Resumo A causa mais comum e muitas vezes ignorado de hipertensão secundária e resistente é a doença renal parenquimatosa, cuja prevalência está crescendo. Quando se tenha esgotado a terapia anti-hipertensiva oral, podem ser usadas outras medidas não farmacológicas como a embolização de artérias renais, que visa diminuir o estímulo simpático, o estado hiperreninêmico e ativação do sistema renina angiotensina aldosterona que estão aumentados na doença renal crônica. Reportamos o caso de uma mulher com doença renal crônica e em terapia de substituição renal, com mínimo de diurese residual e hipertensão arterial resistente, submetida à embolização de artérias renais com a finalidade de conseguir um melhor controle dos valores da pressão arterial e diminuir o nómero de medicamentos anti-hipertensivos. Com este procedimento, consegue-se os objetivos propostos, além de uma melhor adesão ao manejo médico e menor probabilidade de internações hospitalares por crise hipertensiva.Pouco existe na literatura sobre a embolização de artérias renais em pacientes em terapia dialítica; no entanto, é possível que uma função renal residual mínima possa levar a estados de hiperatividade simpática e altos níveis de renina circulantes, que pode gerar hipertensão arterial resistente; é aqui onde a embolização de artérias renais teria sua maior utilidade.Resumen La causa médica más común y con frecuencia ignorada de hipertensión arterial secundaria y resistente es la enfermedad renal parenquimatosa, cuya prevalencia viene en aumento. Cuando se ha agotado la terapia antihipertensiva oral se pueden utilizar otras medidas no farmacológicas que buscan frenar la contribución del riñón a la hipertensión, esto es mediante la disminución del estímulo simpático, el estado hiperreninémico y la activación del eje renina angiotensina aldosterona que se encuentran aumentados en la enfermedad renal crónica, mediante herramientas poco usadas pero útiles para este fin como lo es la embolización de las arterias renales. Realizamos el reporte de un caso de embolización de arterias renales en una mujer con enfermedad renal crónica y en terapia de reemplazo renal, con mínima diuresis residual e hipertensión arterial resistente, en quien se buscaba como objetivo primario un mejor control en las cifras de presión arterial y como objetivo secundario la disminución del número de medicamentos antihipertensivos a utilizar. Se logró no solo la mejoría en las cifras tensionales y la disminución de los medicamentos antihipertensivos, sino también una mejor posibilidad de adherencia al manejo médico a futuro, con menor nómero de recaídas por crisis hipertensiva. Poco existe en la literatura actual acerca de la embolización de arterias renales en pacientes en terapia dialítica; sin embargo, es factible que una mínima función renal residual pueda llevar a estados de hiperactividad simpática y altos niveles de renina circulante, que puedan generar escenarios de hipertensión arterial resistente; es aquí en donde la embolización de arterias renales tendría su mayor utilidad.
       
  • Coccidioidomycosis: skin manifestations and hypersensitivity
           syndromes

    • Abstract: Abstract Coccidioidomycosis is caused by Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii fungi, which are endemic in certain locations in the American continent. They produce an asymptomatic infection in the majority of the exposed population, and in a lower proportion, a self-limited influenza-like illness, pneumonia or dissemination. Skin compromise could be secondary to the infection by the fungus or by a hypersensitivity reaction to the pulmonary infection. Primary skin compromise produces a chancriform, self-limited lesion, and the dissemination to the skin commonly produces nodules and abscesses, with a tendency to form fistulas. The most common hypersensitivity reaction is erythema nodosum, which is considered a marker of good prognosis. Treatment depends on the localization of the infection, the presence of dissemination, and the clinical conditions of the patient.Resumen La coccidioidomicosis es causada por los hongos Coccidioides immitis y Coccidioides posadasii, los cuales son endémicos en determinadas localizaciones del continente americano. Producen infección asintomática en la mayoría de expuestos y en menor proporción cuadros gripales autolimitados, neumonía o diseminación. El compromiso en piel puede ser secundario a la infección por el hongo o por una reacción de hipersensibilidad a la infección pulmonar. El compromiso primario en piel produce una lesión chancreiforme, autolimitada y la diseminación a piel produce comúnmente nódulos y abscesos, con tendencia a la fistulización. La reacción de hipersensibilidad más común es el eritema nodoso, considerándose un marcador de buen pronóstico. El tratamiento depende de la localización de la infección, la presencia de diseminación y las condiciones clínicas del paciente.
       
  • Leprosy reactions

    • Abstract: Resumen Entre 30-50 % de pacientes con lepra pueden llegar a presentar reacciones inmunológicas, que son eventos agudos que interrumpen el curso crónico de la lepra y son importantes debido a que pueden causar a largo plazo secuelas graves, como el daño permanente de nervios, lo que conlleva a discapacidad y deformidad. Se revisan los diferentes aspectos clónicos y terapéuticos de las reacciones lepromatosas con el fin de profundizar en el conocimiento actual de estas complicaciones de difícil diagnóstico y que son prioritarias para prevenir discapacidades.Abstract Between 30-50% of patients with leprosy could have immune reactions, which are acute events that disrupt the chronic course of leprosy and are important because they can cause serious long-term consequences such as permanent damage nerve, leading to deformity and disability. We review the different clinical and therapeutic aspects of lepromatous reactions in order to deepen the current knowledge of these complications of a difficult diagnosis and are the priority to prevent disabilities.
       
  • Intrathoracic goiter resection by combined surgical approach : resection
           by right videothoracoscopy and cervicotomy

    • Abstract: Resumen La cirugía es el manejo recomendado para el bocio intratorácico y cerca de un 90 % de ellos pueden resecarse mediante cervicotomía. El bocio en el mediastino posterior ha sido manejado satisfactoriamente empleando diversos abordajes cervicotorácicos, existiendo poca información en la literatura acerca del uso de la videotoracoscopia como parte de estas técnicas combinadas. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con un bocio intratorácico con extensión a mediastino posterior, en quien, dadas las características de la masa y su localización, sumado a las ventajas ampliamente conocidas de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva, se decide remplazar la toracotomía y la esternotomía por la videotoracoscopia, permitiendo una buena exposición y disección segura del mediastino. Consideramos que la videotoracoscopia es una técnica segura y efectiva en casos seleccionados de pacientes con bocio con extensión a mediastino posterior.Abstract Surgery is the recommended treatment for intrathoracic goiter. About 90 % of the lessons can be resected by cervicotomy. The posterior mediastinal goiter was been successfully managed using different cervico-thoracic approaches; however, there is little available information in the literature about the use of videothoracoscopy as part of these combined techniques. We present a case of a patient with a intrathoracic goiter extended to the posterior mediastinum, in which, given the characteristics of the mass and its location added to the widely known benefits of minimally invasive surgery, it was decided to replace thoracotomy and sternotomy with videothoracoscopy allowing good exposure and safe dissection of the mediastinum. We consider that videothoracoscopy is a safe and effective technique in selected cases of patients with goiter extending into the posterior mediastinum.
       
  • Idiopathic calcific chronic constrictive pericarditis (concretio
           cordis)

    • Abstract: Resumen La pericarditis constrictiva es una enfermedad poco frecuente que resulta de la pérdida de la elasticidad normal del saco pericárdico y la consiguiente cicatrización. Comprende diversas etiologías, pero en un gran porcentaje de los casos es diagnosticada como idiopática. Sus manifestaciones suelen ser crónicas, aunque sus variantes incluyen constricción subaguda, transitoria y oculta. Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 53 años de edad con deterioro de su clase funcional asociado a disnea, frote pericárdico y hallazgos radiológicos de calcificación pericárdica, requiriendo pericardiectomía total.Abstract Constrictive pericarditis is an uncommon condition resulting from loss of normal elasticity pericardial sac and consequent healing. Although a large percentage of cases are diagnosed as idiopathic. That pathology comprises various etiologies. Its manifestations are usually chronic, but variants include subacute and transient constriction. We present the case of a male patient of 53 years who presented functional class deterioration manifested by dyspnea, pericardial rub and radiological findings confirming pericardial calcification requiring total pericardiectomy.
       
  • A dangerous relation : Systemic lupus erythematosus disease and Kikuchi
           Fujimoto disease

    • Abstract: Resumen La enfermedad de Kikuchi-Fujimoto (EKF) es conocida como una linfadenitis necrotizante histiocítica, tiene una presentación benigna y autolimitada, afecta principalmente a mujeres jóvenes y generalmente resuelve sin tratamiento en los primeros seis meses de los síntomas. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 48 años quien consultó por un cuadro de dolor abdominal, mialgias y adenopatía cervical al examen físico. Se le encontró en los exámenes paraclínicos anticuerpos antinucleares 1:640, anti DNA de doble cadena asociado a consumo de complemento y anticuerpos anticardiolipina positivos. Se realizó biopsia de ganglio cervical que mostró necrosis cortical y población de histiocitos y linfocitos. Al iniciar el manejo con esteroides y cloroquina se comprobó mejoría franca y posteriormente la paciente fue dada de alta, continuando controles de manera ambulatoria por los servicios de reumatología y medicina interna.Abstract Kikuchi disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, isa benign and self-limited condition that mainly affects young women andresolve without treatment within six months of symptoms. It was first describedin Japan in 1972 and is more common in Asian population. We report the case of a woman of 48 years who consults for abdominal pain, myalgia, and cervical lymphadenopathy on physical examination. He found himself in the presence of antinuclear antibodies paraclinical 1: 640 positive DNA double chain associated with complement consumption and positive cardiolipin antibodies We perform cervical node biopsy that showed the presence of cortical necrosis and histiocytes and lymphocytes population. When you start handling steroid and chloroquine, a high frank and subsequent improvement was observed, continuing control rheumatology and internal medicine.
       
  • Langerhans cell Histiocytosis and diagnostic images

    • Abstract: Resumen El objetivo del artículo es presentar el caso de un paciente que consultó al servicio de imaginología por dolor en la región costal, y quien posteriormente fue diagnosticado como histiocitosis de células de Langerhans. Se pretende proveer al lector una breve revisión de tema de imágenes diagnósticas de esta enfermedad para que el reconocimiento de la misma permanezca dentro de la lista de diagnósticos diferenciales.Abstract The goal of this article is to provide readers with a case presentation of a patient who presented to the radiology department for pain located at the costal region, which later was diagnosed as Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). We pretend with this article to provide a brief, complete and efficient literature review regarding the topic of imaging on this pathology. This was done with the objective of providing the reader with a brief and concise literature review so that this disease entity can remain within the list of differencials.
       
  • Anatomical variations in the venous drainage of the neck

    • Abstract: Resumen Las venas superficiales, especialmente la vena yugular externa, son cada vez más utilizadas para canalización o procedimientos diagnósticos, terapias intravenosas, nutrición parenteral en pacientes debilitados. Las variaciones en el drenaje venoso de la cabeza y cuello son importantes no solamente para los anatomistas y radiólogos, sino también para los cirujanos. Durante una disección de rutina en el Laboratorio de Morfología de la Universidad de Pamplona en un cadáver masculino de 75 años de edad, se encontraron variaciones anatómicas e inusuales patrones de drenaje en la región de cara y cuello, las cuales fueron cuidadosamente disecadas y los detalles morfológicos fueron fotografiados; esas variaciones consistían en: ausencia unilateral de vena yugular externa. La vena lingual, la vena infrahioidea y la vena tiroidea superior tenían conexiones venosas transversas que drenaban en un arco venoso localizado entre la arteria carótida común y la arteria tiroidea superior. Este arco venoso drenaba hacia arriba en la vena facial común y hacia abajo en la vena yugular interna. El conocimiento de las variaciones anatómicas y morfológicas en las venas de cabeza y cuello es esencial para llevar a cabo procedimientos quirúrgicos exitosos en estas regiones.Abstract The superficial veins, especially the external jugular vein are increasingly used for cannulation or diagnostic procedures, intravenous therapy, parenteral nutrition in debilitated patients. Variations in the venous drainage of the head and neck are important not only for anatomists and radiologists but also for surgeons. During routine dissection in the Laboratory of Morphology, University of Pamplona in a 75 year-old male cadaver in the region face and neck anatomical variations and unusual drainage patterns were found, which were dissected carefully and morphological details were photographed; these variations consisted of unilateral absence of external jugular vein. The lingual vein, the infrahyoid vein and the superior thyroid vein had transverse venous connections that drained into a venous arch located between the common carotid artery and the superior thyroid artery. This draining venous arch upward in the common facial vein and down into the internal jugular vein. Knowledge of the anatomical and morphological variations in the veins of the head and neck is essential to carry out successful surgical procedures in these regions.
       
  • Case of jaundiced severe bleeding caused by Leptospira interrogans serovar
           icterohaemorrhagiae

    • Abstract: Resumen Se trata de un paciente con cuadro ictérico-hemorrágico grave causado por Leptospira interrogans quien presentó una hemorragia intracerebral, pulmonar y hepato-esplenomegalia. El estudio del daño tanto a nivel hepático como del bazo fueron hechos por tomografías axiales computarizadas, en tanto que el agente etiológico fue diagnosticado por la técnica de microaglutinación. El manejo terapéutico de la leptospirosis se realizó con penicilina, con buena evolución del paciente. Se presenta el caso de un cuadro ictérico hemorrágico estudiando los factores de riesgo, el desarrollo de la enfermedad y el manejo correcto del paciente contrastando la literatura.Abstract We describe a patient with severe hemorrhagic- jaundiced-causedby Leptospira interrogans, who also presented an intracerebral hemorrhage, pulmonary and hepatosplenomegaly. The study of the liver and spleen damage were made by TC scans, while the etiologic agent was diagnosed by the microscopic agglutination technique. The therapeutic management of leptospirosis was performed with penicillin, with good outcomes. We present the case of a patient with jaundice and hemorrhage and his risk factors, similarly the development of disease and the proper patient management.
       
  • Supernumerary head of musculus biceps brachii

    • Abstract: Resumen La variable más común del músculo biceps brachii es la presencia de cabezas supernumerarias. El objetivo del presente reporte de caso es describir la presencia de una tercera cabeza del músculo biceps brachii y su significancia clínica. Las variaciones anatómicas descritas fueron encontradas durante una disección de rutina realizada en el laboratorio de morfología de la Universidad de Pamplona en dos cadáveres masculinos, embalsamados, de 75 y 59 años de edad, respectivamente. Las medidas fueron tomadas usando un calibrador Vernier. Los detalles topográficos de las variaciones fueron examinados, registrados y fotografiados. Han sido descritas compresiones de la arteria braquial, nervio mediano, nervio musculocutáneo entre las cabezas supernumerarias del músculo biceps brachii, su conocimiento es de interés para clínicos, especialistas y profesionales de la salud, en aras de lograr diagnósticos, procedimientos y rehabilitaciones más seguras y eficientes.Abstract The most common variable of the muscle biceps brachii is the presence of supernumerary heads. The aim of this case report is to describe the presence of a third head of the muscle biceps brachii and its clinical significance. The anatomical variations described were found during routine dissection conducted in the laboratory of Morphology of the University of Pamplona in two male cadavers, embalmed of 75 and 59 years respectively. Measurements were taken using a Vernier caliper. Topographic details of the variations were examined, recorded and photographed. They have been described compression of the brachial artery, median nerve, musculocutaneous nerve between the supernumerary heads of muscle biceps brachii, your knowledge is of interest to clinicians, specialists; and health professionals in order to achieve diagnoses, procedures and safer and efficient rehabilitations.
       
 
 
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