Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1541 journals)
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HEALTH AND SAFETY (722 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 280)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Child's Nervous System
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.534
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1433-0350 - ISSN (Online) 0256-7040
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2643 journals]
  • Thoracic epidural haematoma after spinal manipulation treatment
    • PubDate: 2019-03-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04122-2
  • The condylar canal and emissary vein—a comprehensive and pictorial
           review of its anatomy and variation
    • Abstract: Abstract The condylar canal and its associated emissary vein serve as vital landmarks during surgical interventions involving skull base surgery. The condylar canal serves to function as a bridge of communication from the intracranial to extracranial space. Variations of the condylar canal are extremely prevalent and can present as either bilateral, unilateral, or completely absent. Anatomical variations of the condylar canal pose as a potential risk to surgeons and radiologist during diagnosis as it could be misinterpreted for a glomus jugular tumor and require surgical intervention when one is not needed. Few literature reviews have articulated the condylar canal and its associated emissary vein through extensive imaging. This present paper aims to further the knowledge of anatomical variations and surgical anatomy involving the condylar canal through high-quality computed tomography (CT) images with cadaveric and dry bone specimens that have been injected with latex to highlight emissary veins arising from the condylar canal.
      PubDate: 2019-03-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04120-4
  • Bevacizumab-containing regimen in relapsed/progressed brain tumors: a
           single-institution experience
    • Abstract: Aim The aim of the study is to assess tumor response, treatment-related toxicities, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) in patients with relapsed/refractory brain tumors treated with bevacizumab-containing regimen. Methods Patients that had received I and II line treatments with or without megatherapy were included. Doses and schedule were as follows: bevacizumab (BVZ) 10 mg/kg i.v. with irinotecan (IRI) 150 mg/m2 i.v. every 2 weeks ± temozolamide (TMZ) 200 mg/m2 p.o. daily for 5 days every 4 weeks. TMZ was omitted in heavily pretreated cases. Results Between 2013 and 2018, 12 patients (3F/9M), median age 161 months (range 66–348), affected with medulloblastoma (n 7), or low-grade glioma (n 2), or high-grade glioma (n 3), received BVZ/IRI association (median courses 20, range 4–67); 3 of them continued single-agent BVZ (median courses 23, range 8–39). TMZ (median courses 8, range 2–26) was administered in eight patients and then stopped in three of them because of myelotoxicity or lack of compliance. Treatment was well tolerated. After 3 months, two complete responses, two partial responses, seven stable diseases, and one progressive disease were observed. Nine cases experienced an improvement in neurological symptoms. Median time to progression was 11 months (95% confidence interval, 4–18 months). Six-month and 2-year PFS were 75% and 42%, respectively. The OS is 33%; interestingly, two cases (one medulloblastoma and one high-grade glioma) are progression-free off-therapy since 30 and 48 months, respectively. Conclusions BVZ/IRI association ± TMZ showed encouraging therapeutic activity and low toxicity in this series of relapsed/refractory brain tumors.
      PubDate: 2019-03-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04117-z
  • Endoscopic third ventriculostomy prior to resection of posterior fossa
           tumors in children
    • Abstract: Objective Hydrocephalus is a common presenting symptom of pediatric posterior fossa tumors and often requires permanent cerebrospinal fluid diversion even after resection. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a well-established treatment of obstructive hydrocephalus in children. The objective of this study is to demonstrate that ETV prior to posterior fossa tumor resection decreases the rate of postoperative ventriculoperitonal shunt (VPS) placement. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who presented with hydrocephalus and underwent posterior fossa tumor resection between 2005 and 2016 excluding pineal and tectal tumors. The rate of postoperative VPS placement was compared in patients who underwent resection and had a VPS placed perioperatively (historical controls) with patients who underwent ETV prior to resection. The two groups were matched for demographics, tumor histology, and tumor location. We also performed a literature review of prior studies that examined the role of ETV in pediatric posterior fossa tumors. Results Thirty-six patients in the control group were compared to 38 patients in our study. The patients were matched across all variables (age, gender, tumor histology, and tumor locations). The rate of postoperative VPS placement was 31% in the control group compared to 16% in the ETV group. No complications were encountered during ETV. Conclusions Endoscopic third ventriculostomy prior to posterior fossa tumor resection in children appears to decrease the rate of postoperative VPS placement. Given its efficacy and safety, ETV should be considered prior to tumor resection in these patients.
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04125-z
  • Removal of a minimal amount of subdural hematoma is effective and
           sufficient for term neonates with severe symptomatic spontaneous
           parenchymal hemorrhage
    • Abstract: Introduction Spontaneous parenchymal hemorrhage of term neonates is usually asymptomatic and does not require surgical intervention. However, there is no consensus on the management of cases with severe life-threatening symptoms, including repeated apnea, respiratory failure with severe cyanosis, severe bradycardia, or uncontrolled seizures. Cases Our medical records of term neonates with intracranial hemorrhage who underwent surgical intervention were retrospectively reviewed. There were two cases with spontaneous parenchymal hemorrhage. Both cases were delivered vaginally without any use of forceps or vacuum devices. Neither of them showed asphyxia, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, hematological abnormalities, congenital vascular anomalies, infection, or birth trauma. Common symptoms included apnea, cyanosis, bradycardia, and decreased consciousness. The original location of bleeding was the parenchyma of the right temporal lobe. The hemorrhage extended to subdural spaces in both cases. Subdural hematoma (SDH) removal was performed without manipulating the parenchymal hematoma. Only a small amount of SDH (approximately 5 ml) was drained spontaneously with irrigation, which was sufficient to decrease the elevated intracranial pressure. The patients’ respiratory conditions improved dramatically after the surgery. Conclusion We propose that removing only a small amount of SDH would be effective and sufficient to relieve severe symptoms of increased intracranial pressure in term neonates with massive spontaneous parenchymal hemorrhage.
      PubDate: 2019-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04114-2
  • Comparison of equiosmolar dose of hyperosmolar agents in reducing
           intracranial pressure—a randomized control study in pediatric traumatic
           brain injury
    • Abstract: Introduction There are no comparative studies available for hyperosmolar therapy in children. The present study is a prospective open label randomized control trial to compare the effect of equiosmolar doses of mannitol and hypertonic saline in reducing intracranial pressure in children who sustained severe traumatic brain injury. Methods This is a prospective open-label randomized controlled trial. Thirty children aged less than or equal to 16 years with severe traumatic brain injury and raised intracranial pressure as measured by ventricular catheter insertion were enrolled. Sixteen children received 20% mannitol, and 14 children received 3% saline as 2.5 ml/kg bolus for episodes of intracranial pressure above cutoff value for age. The mean reduction in intracranial pressure and Glasgow outcome scale at 6 months after injury was measured. Results The mean reduction in intracranial pressure in mannitol group was 7.13 mmHg and in hypertonic saline group was 5.67 mmHg, and the difference was not statistically significant, p = 0.33. The incidence of death or survival in vegetative state was 23.07% in mannitol group and 16.66% in hypertonic saline group, and the difference was not statistically significant, p = 0.69. Conclusion Both mannitol and hypertonic saline were equally effective for treatment of raised intracranial pressure in children with severe traumatic brain injury.
      PubDate: 2019-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04121-3
  • Reirradiation for diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma: a systematic review
           and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Background Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a pediatric brain tumor with dismal prognosis despite initial radiation therapy (RT). The clinical consequences of attempting reirradiation (reRT) in these patients to alleviate both symptomatology and improve prognosis are currently unclear. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to clarify the efficacy and safety of reRT in DIPG. Methods Searches of seven electronic databases from inception to January 2019 were conducted following the appropriate guidelines. Articles were screened against prespecified criteria. The incidence and duration of clinical outcomes were then extracted and pooled by means of meta-analysis from the included studies. Results A total of 7 studies satisfied all criteria, describing 90 cases of DIPG in which reRT was attempted 11.8–14 months after initial RT. Based on a random-effects model, the incidences of clinical improvement and radiologic response following reRT were 87% (95% CI, 78–95%) and 69% (95% CI, 52–84%), respectively. The incidence of acute serious toxicity was 0% (95% CI, 0–4%). Pooled overall survivals from initial diagnosis and time of reRT were 18.0 months (95% CI, 14.2–21.7) and 6.2 months (95% CI, 5.5–7.0), respectively. Conclusions Based on these results, the clinical consequences of reRT for DIPG when administered appropriately and safely at first progression appear acceptable, and potentially favorable, based on the limited evidence in the current literature. Concerns regarding acute serious toxicity were not realized. It is likely that a subcohort of all DIPG diagnoses will be most amenable to improve prognosis with reRT, and greater investigation is required to identify their characteristics.
      PubDate: 2019-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04118-y
  • The effect of combination therapy on critical-size bone defects using
           non-activated platelet-rich plasma and adipose-derived stem cells
    • Abstract: Purpose Non-activated platelet-rich plasma (nPRP) slowly releases growth factors that induce bone regeneration. Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are also known to induce osteoblast differentiation. In this study, we investigated the combined effect of nPRP and ASC treatment compared with single therapy on bone regeneration. Methods Thirty New Zealand white rabbits with 15 × 15 mm2 calvarial defects were randomly divided into four treatment groups: control, nPRP, ASC, or nPRP + ASC groups. For treatment, rabbits received a collagen sponge (Gelfoam®) saturated with 1 ml normal saline (controls), 1 ml non-activated PRP (nPRP group), 2 × 106 ASCs (ASCs group), or 2 × 106 ASCs plus l ml nPRP (nPRP + ASCs group). After 16 weeks, bone volume and new bone surface area were measured, using three-dimensional computed tomography and digital photography. Bone regeneration was also histologically analyzed. Results Bone surface area in the nPRP group was significantly higher than both the control and ASC groups (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01, respectively). The percentage of regenerated bone surface area in the nPRP + ASC group was also significantly higher than the corresponding ratios in the control group (p < 0.001). The volume of new bone in the nPRP group was increased compared to the controls (p < 0.05). Conclusion Our results demonstrate that slow-releasing growth factors from nPRP did not influence ASC activation in this model of bone healing. PRP activation is important for the success of combination therapy using nPRP and ASCs.
      PubDate: 2019-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04109-z
  • Şânîzâde Mehmed Atâullah Efendi (1771'–1826), who is the author
           of the first modern anatomy book Mir’âtü’l-Ebdân fî Teşrîhi
           Âzâü’l-İnsân in the Ottoman Empire
    • PubDate: 2019-03-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04115-1
  • Posterior fossa astroblastoma in a child: a case report and a review of
           the literature
    • Abstract: Abstract A 4-year-old girl presented to the hospital with a progressive headache, difficulty walking, and persistent daily vomiting for 3 weeks. Papilledema was observed on fundoscopic examination. A large left cerebellovermian tumor with “bubbly” appearance was discovered. Total removal of the tumor mass was performed, and a diagnosis of low-grade astroblastoma was made. Adjuvant radiotherapy was performed due to the risk of recurrence. The patient is disease-free and has been kept on close follow-up for 6 months. The occurrence of posterior fossa astroblastoma has been rarely reported in the literature. Thus, when a “bubby” appearance enhancing cystic solid tumor is located on the cerebellar hemisphere in a child, an astroblastoma should also be included in the differential diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2019-03-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04113-3
  • Correction to: Central nervous system (CNS) neuroblastoma. A case-based
    • Abstract: Unfortunately in the original publication, the affiliation provided for the author G. Tamburrini was incorrect. The correct affiliation for G. Tamburrini should read as follows:
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04100-8
  • The life and works of Johannes Schultheiss (1595–1645), who was the
           pioneer surgeon
    • PubDate: 2019-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04110-6
  • Correction to: Posterior cranial fossa and spinal local infections
    • Abstract: Unfortunately in the original publication, the affiliation provided for the author G. Tamburrini was incorrect. The correct affiliation for G. Tamburrini should read as follows: Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCSS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04101-7
  • Experience with resorbable sonic pins for the attachment of distraction
           devices in posterior cranial vault distraction operations
    • Abstract: Background Distraction techniques are effective methods for the treatment of craniosynostoses when a significant gain of an intracranial volume is required. However, this technique raises some challenges at different stages of the treatment. While installing the distractors in patients with thin calvarial bone, there is a risk of dural damage from the titanium screws. The need for wide exposure of the devices and the screws during removal causes soft tissue damage and bleeding. Objective This study aimed to evaluate sonic pin use in the distraction procedures. Methods Resorbable sonic pins were used in 11 consecutive posterior cranial vault distraction procedures to attach distraction devices to the calvarial bone. Results This method allowed for a less traumatic and faster removal of the devices without the risk of leaving foreign bodies in the wound. In three out of 11 cases on follow-up, displacement of proximal distractor footplate and partial relapse of distraction were detected. Though there was a smaller volume increase in these patients, all of them benefited clinically from the PCVD and did not require reoperations. Conclusions This method allows a strong and stable attachment of the distractor devices to the cranial vault bones with a reduced risk of dural tears due to the screws. It also allows for easier and less traumatic device removal.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04097-0
  • Iulius Casserius, a relatively underestimated anatomist: his contributions
           to brain’s anatomy
    • Abstract: Abstract Iulius Casserius is to be remembered for his excellent contributions in Anatomy and especially in Neuroanatomy. His persistent and meticulous scientific anatomical work resulted in the first record of the arterial circle of the brain 37 years before the comprehensive description by Thomas Willis. Casserius’ great interest in the human brain led him to the discovery of plenty anatomical structures before their official documentation. Casserius was an excellent teacher and anatomist of a humble origin, who managed to be distinguished among other famous physicians of his era.
      PubDate: 2019-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04104-4
  • Why do metopic sutural synostoses angulate' The concept of nasion
           sutural complex and its implication on the management of
           hypotelorism—early results and proof of concept
    • Abstract: Object Angulation at the suture is a hallmark of metopic synostoses amongst all craniosynostoses. No other sutural synostoses demonstrate angulation at synostoses consistently. We look into the possible aetiology and the implication of the understanding in the treatment goals of trigonocephaly. We hypothesise that the nasal bone and nasofrontal suture viz. “nasion sutural complex” are involved in trigonocephaly along with the well-accepted role of metopic suture. We propose that it is the angulation at this junction which leads to trigonocephaly and its secondary features. Materials and methods The study included seven infants, who underwent correction for trigonocephaly at our paediatric craniofacial division at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, India, between the period July 2015 to March 2018. The cohort included were infants with trigonocephaly who had CT head for diagnosis. We analysed the multidimensional CT (MDCT) of these infants and compared to an equal number of age-matched controls. The controls were infants with other forms of sutural synostosis with metopic uninvolved and normal infants where MDCT was done for other reasons. Sutural characteristic at the nasion and metopic suture recorded in comparison with an equal number of age-matched controls. We performed spring cranioplasty for three infants after metopic suturectomy, extending the release beyond the nasion sutural complex, placing springs to distract the suture. The infants who underwent spring cranioplasty were followed up for the aesthetic outcome. Remaining infants of the study underwent standard frontorbital correction for metopic craniosynostoses. Results We could demonstrate a fusion of nasofrontal and nasal suture in all cases (n = 7) of trigonocephaly included in the study on MDCT and intraoperatively. We performed spring cranioplasty for three infants (n = 3/7), where we released the internasal suture. At 3 months follow-up, along with correction of the angulation, the hypotelorism improved significantly. Other infants in the study (4/7) underwent classical frontorbital advancement. Conclusions Fusion of nasion sutural complex along with metopic sutures may explain the angulation in trigonocephaly. We propose that all minimally invasive techniques for correction of trigonocephaly and associated hypotelorism should consider this fact for an improved outcome.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04112-4
  • Intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts in the pediatric population:
           natural history, endovascular management, and follow-up
    • Abstract: Background Intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts represent a rare entity, particularly in the pediatric population, and clinical diagnosis can be challenging. Methods We report the analysis of clinical, angioarchitectural, procedural, and follow-up data in a population of 36 children managed by our team between 2002 and 2017. Results Hemorrhage occurred in 26 children (72%). Age at onset was 9.22 ± 3.65 years. Lesions were located at the thoracic level in 16 cases, at the cervical level in 15 cases, and the thoraco-lumbar region in 5 cases. A genetic or metameric syndrome was associated in 18 children (50%). Glue embolization provided complete occlusion in 5 children, subtotal in 7, and extensive in 14 without intraprocedural complications. We observed clinical normalization in 11 children, improvement in 11 cases, and stability in 3. Four children worsened during the follow-up, and one child died. Conclusions Endovascular staged glue embolization performed in experienced centers is safe in the treatment of pediatric intradural spinal cord arteriovenous shunts. Clinical and neuroradiological follow-up is mandatory, especially for pediatric patients.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04108-0
  • The giant anatomist, whose value is later understood: Bartolomeo Eustachi
    • PubDate: 2019-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04107-1
  • Ben W. Lichtenstein (1908–2003) and his contributions to our
           knowledge of spinal dysraphism
    • PubDate: 2019-03-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04106-2
  • Correction to: Human tail-like cutaneous appendage with a contiguous stalk
           of limited dorsal myeloschisis
    • Abstract: The article was recently published, contained error. Author name “Nobutaka Mukai” should be “Nobutaka Mukae”. Given in this article is the correct name.
      PubDate: 2019-03-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-019-04111-5
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Heriot-Watt University
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