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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1278 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (379 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (99 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (80 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (509 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 175)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Child's Nervous System
  [SJR: 0.444]   [H-I: 63]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1433-0350 - ISSN (Online) 0256-7040
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • Midline occipital suture: a rare finding
    • PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Factors contributing to spinal cord infarction occurring in surgery
           performed in the prone position
    • PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Pipeline embolization device for the treatment of a traumatic intracranial
           aneurysm in a child
    • Abstract: Introduction Traumatic intracranial aneurysms in children are rare and may occur as the result of closed or penetrating head trauma. Their natural history seems to be more aggressive. Most traumatic aneurysms have complex shape, tending to have a large neck or even a fusiform morphology. Case report We present a case of a traumatic carotid artery aneurysm in a 9-year-old girl that was successfully treated with pipeline embolization device. Discussion Due to its dissecting nature, wall friability and lack of a substantial neck can make surgical clipping and selective coiling difficult and risky. Although endovascular parent artery occlusion is the best approach in the acute phase, in some situations it is not possible or very risky. In such scenario the use of flow diverter devices would be an alternative approach. Additionally, we discuss the potential advantages and risks of flow diverter deployment inside a developing vessel.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Otto Mennicke (1876–) and the first description of skull base anomalies
           causing cerebellar tonsillar ectopia: one of the first mentions of the
           Chiari I malformation
    • Abstract: Introduction Although Hans Chiari made significant and meaningful contributions to our understanding and classification of hindbrain herniations, others have also contributed to this knowledge. One figure who has been lost to history is Otto Mennicke. Herein, we discuss his role in our understanding of tonsillar ectopia and his life and connection to Hans Chiari. Conclusions Our knowledge of what is now known as the Chiari malformations has been shaped by several clinicians including Otto Mennicke.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Psychiatric and neurologic lessons in the oldest Persian medical liber.
           Akhawayani Bokhari (?-died 983 AD), physician of insane.
    • PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • An aggressive parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma with multiple spinal cord
           metastases: a case report and review of the literature
    • Abstract: Purpose Spinal cord metastasis from rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is extremely rare, with three cases reported to date. Herein, we report an aggressive case of RMS of the infratemporal fossa who which developed spinal cord metastases during treatment. Case presentation A 6-year-old girl presented with an enlarging painless mass around her right ear for 3 months. An enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a 5 × x4 × x4.5 5 cm mass on her right infratemporal fossa. A tru-cut biopsy was performed, and histopathologic examination revealed the diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma. At the time of the diagnosis, cerebrospinal fluid cytology was negative for malignant cells. The patient underwent induction chemotherapy. There was minimal response to chemotherapy, and the patient underwent curative radiotherapy. However, by 12th fraction of RT, the patient developed a progressive weakness on her lower extremity. Spinal MRI revealed multiple gross masses in different parts of the spinal cord. The local radiotherapy was changed toas craniospinal radiotherapy. However, two 2 weeks after the completion of the RT, the patient developed sepsis and expired because of septic shock. Conclusion Parameningeal RMS is a peculiar subgroup of RMS, which needs an aggressive approach. Despite aggressive approach, meningeal spread is the most important cause of the treatment failure. We should keept in mind that during the treatment, there can be meningeal spread towards to either the brain or spinal cord; therefore, we should follow -up the patients closely from this aspect.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • 5ALA in pediatric brain tumors is not routinely beneficial
    • Abstract: Purpose Over recent years, 5-aminoluvolinic acid (5ALA) has been increasingly used for resection guidance in adult high-grade gliomas. However, amongst pediatric patients, publication of intraoperative fluorescence has been limited, with inconsistent outcomes. We describe our experience and intraoperative finding amongst children with various brain tumors that were given 5ALA prior to tumor resection. Methods Since October 2014, data regarding intraoperative findings amongst children that received 5ALA prior to tumor resection were prospectively collected. Inclusion criteria included any intracranial tumor amongst children 3–18 years of age. Data included intraoperative findings (regarding fluorescence of the tumor), as well as postoperative follow-up and documentation of complications. Results Fourteen children were included, covering a wide pathological spectrum: pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) (6), medulloblastoma (2), and one each of DNET, hemangiopericytoma, hemangioblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma, oligodendroglioma grade II (OD), and ganglioglioma grade I. Fluorescence was clearly visible in one case (PA), and in a heterogeneous and slighter degree in two (PA, OD). One patient had a rash, fever, and leukocytosis 6 days after surgery and died 1 month later from extensive tumor progression (large cell medulloblastoma with leptomeningeal spread). Conclusion 5ALA showed a low rate of fluorescence amongst this pediatric brain tumor cohort. These findings are consistent with the literature, where the role of 5ALA in guidance of pediatric brain tumor resection is limited mainly to glioblastoma multiforme. This stems not only from the low rate of significant fluorescence, but also from inherent structural properties of these lesions such as color, consistency, and invasion.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Perioperative antibiotic use in vagus nerve stimulator implantation: a
           clinical series
    • Abstract: Purpose Preoperative antibiosis contributes up to one third of total antibiotic use in major hospitals. Choice of antibiotic is not uniformly standardized, and polypharmacy regimens may be used without knowing the effect on rates of surgical site infection, nonsurgical infections, or antibiotic resistance. Careful examination of trends in surgical prophylaxis is warranted. In this study, we aimed to examine our institution’s experience with vagus nerve stimulator (VNS) implantation, focusing on association between perioperative antibiotic practices and postoperative infectious outcomes. Methods We conducted a single-center case-control study using a retrospective chart review of 50 consecutively operated patients undergoing VNS implantation over 24 months by two experienced surgeons at our institution from April 2014 to March 2016. In each surgery, the technical procedure, operating room, and surgical team were the same, while surgeon’s preference in antibiotic prophylaxis differed. Group 1 received a single dose of intravenous (IV) cefazolin (n = 26), and Group 2 received IV cefazolin, paired with one or both of gentamicin/vancomycin, in addition to a 10-day outpatient oral course of clindamycin (n = 24). Patient demographics, perioperative details, and minimum 3-month follow-up for infection and healthcare utilization were recorded. Student t tests were computed for significance. Results Group 1 patients on average were older than group 2 patients (10.2, 7.1 years, p = 0.01), and length of surgery was longer (115.5, 91.9 min, p = 0.007). There were no differences in number of surgeons gowned (p = 0.11), presence of tracheostomy (p = 0.43) or gastrostomy (p = 0.20) tube, nonsurgical infections (p = 0.32), and number of postoperative emergency department (ED) visits (p = 0.22) or readmissions (p = 0.23). Neither group had VNS infections in the follow-up period. Conclusion Single preoperative dosing of one antibiotic appropriately chosen to cover typical skin flora conferred equal benefit to perioperative prophylactic polypharmacy in this study. There were no differences in postoperative infection events or ED visits/readmissions. Restraint with preoperative antibiosis shows equipoise in postoperative infection and overall resource utilization.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Cerebellopontine angle medulloblastoma with extensive nodularity in a
           child: case report and review of the literature
    • Abstract: Background Cerebellar medulloblastomas (MBs) are one of the most common posterior fossa tumors in children but rarely occur in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Only 39 cases of CPA MBs were reported in the literature, and most of them were classic and desmoplastic MBs. Case presentation A 22-month-old girl presented with progressive cerebellar ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a large tumor in the right CPA and obstructive hydrocephalus. Surgical resection was performed and achieved total tumor removal. Microscopic examination and immunohistochemical staining revealed the diagnosis of MB with extensive nodularity. The patient recovered from her symptoms during follow-up and was transferred for adjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusion MB should be considered as a differential diagnosis of a lesion in the CPA. The treatment and outcome of CPA MBs are similar to cerebellar MBs.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Early outcomes of spinal growth tethering for idiopathic scoliosis with a
           novel device: a prospective study with 2 years of follow-up
    • Abstract: Questions/purposes Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a 3D spine deformity that worsens during the whole growth. New methods for spinal growth modulation with flexible spinal implants have been described to avoid progression of the deformity during growth spurt. The main limitations are that no specific ancillaries and devices are available, which makes the surgery technically demanding. Methods We have developed a new method of spinal growth tethering using minimal invasive videothoracoscopic approach. Fixation is performed with staples and synthetic ligament on the lateral aspect of vertebral bodies on main curvature convexity. Patients with progressive thoracic idiopathic scoliosis despite the brace treatment were included. The clinical and radiological examinations were compared before and 2 years after surgery. Results Six patients with flexible thoracic curves with a mean age 11.2 ± 1.2 years and a mean Cobb angle 45° ± 10° (35–60) were operated. All were skeletally immature. At last follow-up, the Cobb angle was stable. None of the patient underwent fusion. Conclusions The procedure allowed a stabilization of the deformity during growth spurt. Validated devices and further studies with longer term follow-up are needed to confirm the efficiency of this technique. This small cohort of patients is a source of reflection for further medical devices developments. Level of Evidence Level 4 case series comparing to not randomized studies.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Diameters and bone thickness at the margin of the foramen magnum in dry
           skulls from pediatric population: a cross-sectional anatomical study
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of the study was to estimate the size and bone thickness at the margin of the foramen magnum in a pediatric population. Methods Sixty occipital bone specimens from the collection of macerated skulls at the Department of Anatomy, University of Zagreb, were examined and measured using a vernier scale/caliper. For the purpose of analysis, specimens were divided into two age groups: 1–6 years and 7–18 years of age (before and after the fusion of ossification centers in the occipital bone). We measured the following: antero-posterior and transverse diameters of the foramen magnum, bone thicknesses at the basion, opisthion, two paramedial points on the anterior and posterior margins, and at the occipito-squamous junction. Results Data presented in this study show that diameters of the foramen magnum increase with age, whereas bone thickness shows variable behavior depending on the measured area. Conclusions Increases in diameters in specimens from the younger age group and their absence in specimens from older subjects reflect the growth pattern of the basilar part of occipital bone. Variability of bone thickness at the margin of the foramen magnum and lack of its association with age of the subjects may be attributed to various factors and may potentially affect the clinical presentation of compression syndromes at the level of foramen magnum.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Pediatric infratentorial meningiomas: a series of 19 cases and review of
           the literature
    • Abstract: Purpose Pediatric infratentorial meningiomas are extremely rare. In this article, we present a series of 19 cases operated at our institution in the last 8 years. Methods During the 8-year period from January 2008 to December 2015, we encountered 21 cases suffered from infratentorial meningiomas. Two patients were excluded. The clinical profiles, radiological features, surgical procedures, intraoperative findings, and outcomes were extracted from the patient records and neuroimaging data. Results The 19 cases with pediatric infratentorial meningiomas account for about 12.8% of all pediatric intracranial meningiomas. The age distribution of the patients ranged from 7 to 18 years. There were 9 male and 10 female patients. Cranial nerve defects were the first common signs and symptoms found in most cases (n = 14). One meningioma localized in cerebellum, one originated in jugular foramen. Meningioma involving internal auditory canal was only seen in one of the six patients with CPA meningioma. One tumor was totally ossified. In all, total resection was achieved in 14 patients, subtotal resection in 5 patients. Gamma knife was used for the recurrent and subtotally resected tumors. Conventional radiotherapy was applied for high-grade meningiomas (WHO grade II and WHO grade III). Conclusion Pediatric infratentorial meningiomas are different from supratentorial ones in many aspects, such as onset age, gender ratio, and neuroradiological characteristics. Surgical excision is challenging. According to the locations of tumors, different surgical approaches would be chosen to maximally resect the lesions without damage to brain stem and cranial nerves. Gamma knife and conventional radiotherapy could be used as postoperative adjuvant therapies. Long-term clinical follow-up and serial imaging are recommended.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Cerebellopontine angle tumors in young children, displaying cranial nerve
           deficits, and restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging: a new
           clinical triad for atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors
    • Abstract: Abstract Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) of the central nervous system (CNS) are rare, highly malignant neoplasms that carry a poor prognosis. Even with prompt diagnosis, gross total resection and early initiation of intensive adjuvant therapy, the majority of patients will succumb within 9–12 months of diagnosis. The CPA location in children harbors lesions along a wide spectrum varying from benign to highly malignant. Imaging features of lesions within the CPA that aid the diagnostic process will help to initiate early treatment in higher-grade lesions. We report three cases, in very young children, all with cranial nerve deficits, who displayed CPA lesions with restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with pathology confirming AT/RT. We propose that in young children with a CPA tumor diffusion-weighted imaging should be routinely evaluated to aid in prompt management. In addition, the diagnosis of AT/RT should be highly suggestive in infants presenting with cranial nerve findings as well as DWI restricted diffusion within the CPA.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Raised intracranial pressure as a result of pansynostosis in a child with
           Albright’s hereditary osteodystrophy
    • Abstract: Case The authors describe the case of an 8-year-old boy with pansynostosis in the context of Albright’s hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO). This condition had lead to raised intracranial pressure (ICP). The elevated ICP was a consequence of the rigid skull impeding brain growth. Therefore, a decompressive cranioplasty was performed successfully, leaving further space for the growing brain. Affection of the central nervous system has been documented in AHO. However, affection of the skull bones has rarely been described in literature. Conclusion We suggest that craniosynostosis may develop in patients with AHO and other types of pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP). Furthermore, we suggest regular head circumference-for-age and ophthalmic examination for children with AHO or other types of PHP.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Second re-irradiation for DIPG progression, re-considering “old
           strategies” with new approaches
    • Abstract: Abstract Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is an aggressive infiltrative glioma for which no curative therapy is available. Radiation therapy (RT) is the only potentially effective intervention in delaying tumor progression, but only transiently. At progression, re-irradiation is gaining popularity as an effective palliative therapy. However, at second progression, exclusive symptomatic treatment is usually offered. Here we report two patients with DIPG at second progression who were treated with a second re-irradiation course with good response. Importantly, treatment was well tolerated with no irradiation associated acute toxicity identified.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Effect of Nigella sativa seed administration on prevention of febrile
           neutropenia during chemotherapy among children with brain tumors
    • Abstract: Purpose Seeds of Nigella sativa (NS) are used to combat various disease conditions through their antibacterial effects. To evaluate the seeds’ potential, we studied their effect on the prevention of febrile neutropenia (FN) in children with brain tumors. Methods A randomized pretest-post-test control group study including 80 children (2–18 years) with brain tumors undergoing chemotherapy were equally allocated into two groups. Intervention group received 5 g of NS seeds daily throughout treatment while controls received nothing. CBC with differentials, incidence of FN, and LOS were noted on each follow-up. Results The majority of children 38/40 (95%), of the intervention group, took the seeds for 3–9 consecutive months. Eight out of 372 (2.2%) FN episodes were experienced by children of intervention group compared to controls 63/327 (19.3%) (p = 0.001) and a shorter LOS (median = 2.5 days) vs 5 days in the control group (p = 0.006). Children in both groups belonged to almost same geographical area with similar socio-economic background. Weights of children were almost equal at diagnosis. Conclusion NS seeds showed a decrease in incidence of FN in children with brain tumors with shortening of subsequent LOS which may improve their outcome and thereby quality of life. Larger scale studies are needed to further evaluate the seeds’ potential.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Changes in brain microstructure during infancy and childhood using
           clinical feasible ADC-maps
    • Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine age-related changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) during infancy and childhood using routine MRI data. Methods A total of 112 investigations of patients aged 0 to 17.2 years showing a normal degree of myelination and no signal abnormalities on conventional MRI were retrospectively selected from our pool of pediatric MRI examinations at 1.5T. ADC maps based on our routinely included axial diffusion weighted sequence were created from the scanner. ADC values were measured in 35 different brain regions investigating normal age-related changes during the maturation of the human brain in infancy and childhood using clinical feasible sequences at 1.5T. Results The relationship between ADC values and age in infancy and childhood can be described as an exponential function. With increasing age, the ADC values decrease significantly in all brain regions, especially during the first 2 years of life. Except in the peritrigonal white matter, no significant differences were found between both hemispheres. Between 0 and 2 years of life, no significant gender differences were detected. Conclusions Using ADC maps based on a routinely performed axial diffusion weighted sequence, it was possible first to describe the relationship between ADC values and age in infancy and childhood as exponential function in the whole brain and second to determine normative age-related ADC values in multiple brain regions.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Mixed pineal mature teratoma and germinoma in two brothers of the
           fraternal triplets
    • Abstract: Introduction Intracranial teratomas are rare germ cell neoplasms that contain tissues derived from all three germ cell layers and most commonly occurring during childhood. This is the first report of pineal region mixed mature teratoma and germinoma in two fraternal brothers of fraternal triplets. Case presentation We report the case of a mixed mature teratoma and germinoma of the pineal region in two brothers of fraternal triplets. Older brother was initially diagnosed at the age of 11 years with the pure teratoma of the pineal region but the review of the pathology 3 years after initial surgery revealed the mixed mature teratoma with 5% germinomatous component. The younger brother was diagnosed at the age of 13 years with the mixed mature teratoma with 10% germinomatous component tumor of the pineal region. Younger brother has been treated with adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy and older brother was treated without adjuvant therapy. Both brothers had no recurrence. Conclusion Pineal mature teratomas have a good prognosis, in contrast to their immature or mixed counterparts. A rigorous histological examination of the tumor samples is mandatory, in order to not omit a mixed contingent within the tumor.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
       
  • Evaluation of the central sleep apnea in asymptomatic children with Chiari
           1 malformation: an open question
    • Authors: Marco Zaffanello; Francesco Sala; Luca Sacchetto; Emma Gasperi; Giorgio Piacentini
      Abstract: Introduction Type I is the most common Chiari malformation in children. In this condition, the lower part of the cerebellum, but not the brain stem, extends into the foramen magnum at the base of the skull leading to intermittent brain hypertension. In symptomatic children, central sleep apneas are shown in polysomnography evaluation. A central apnea index of 1/h or more is considered abnormal, but >5/h is clearly considered pathological. Therefore, central sleep apnea evaluation in pediatric age may show great age-related variability. Method and subjects We present three patients who were assessed by polysomnography with two different scores for central sleep apneas published in the literature: the method by Scholle (2011) and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine scoring system (2012). Conclusions We speculated that the Scholle scoring system can be more helpful in assessing children with asymptomatic Chiari 1 malformation for a closer follow-up. More studies are needed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3399-9
       
  • Questions about isolated traumatic shaking and confessions
    • Authors: Niels Lynøe; Måns Rosén; Anders Eriksson
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3404-3
       
 
 
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