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  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1292 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (18 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (521 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (379 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (101 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (81 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (521 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access  
A Life in the Day     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Primary Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 179)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences : Interface And Interaction     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Best Practices in Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Digital Health     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription  
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access  
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health and Human Rights     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health Inform     Full-text available via subscription  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Health Professional Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Health Renaissance     Open Access  
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access  
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare in Low-resource Settings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
HIV & AIDS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Hospitals & Health Networks     Free   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Inmanencia. Revista del Hospital Interzonal General de Agudos (HIGA) Eva Perón     Open Access  
Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Child's Nervous System
  [SJR: 0.444]   [H-I: 63]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1433-0350 - ISSN (Online) 0256-7040
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • Erratum to: Neuropsychological improvement after posterior fossa arachnoid
           cyst drainage
    • Authors: M. L Cuny; M. Pallone; H. Piana; N. Boddaert; C. Sainte-Rose; L. Vaivre-Douret; P. Piolino; S. Puget
      Pages: 1023 - 1023
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3368-3
      Issue No: Vol. 33, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • The first lady president of the ISPN: Prof. Dr. Graciela Zuccaro and her
           journey through pediatric neurosurgery
    • Authors: Zulma Tovar-Spinoza
      Abstract: The International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) was founded in 1972 in Chicago, IL, USA. It has been 45 years since the creation of the ISPN, but it is not until now that the pediatric neurosurgery community has been led by a female neurosurgeon.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3477-z
       
  • Cavernous malformations of central nervous system in pediatric patients:
           our single-centered experience in 50 patients and review of literature
    • Authors: Dattaraj Paramanand Sawarkar; Suveen Janmatti; Rajinder Kumar; Pankaj Kumar Singh; Hitesh Kumar Gurjar; Shashank Sharad Kale; Bhawani Shanker Sharma; Ashok Kumar Mahapatra
      Abstract: Purpose Cavernous malformations (CMs) are rare developmental cerebrovascular malformations of the central nervous system with a childhood prevalence of 0.3 to 0.53%. Our purpose was to assess the clinical features and microsurgical outcome in pediatric central nervous system (CNS) CMs. Material and methods We retrospectively enrolled all the CM patients admitted to our institute from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2014. Data was analyzed for their clinical features and surgical outcome. Results A total of 50 patients with CMs (30 supratentorial, 14 infratentorial, and 6 spinal) with a mean age of 14 years (3–18 years, SD ±4.64) were enrolled into the study. Most of these patients (78%) were male. Size varied from 1.2 to 6 cm. Three patients had multiple CMs. Symptoms of CMs were site specific. Seizure was the most common symptom (63.3%) of CMs at supratentorial location followed by headache (46%) and neurodeficiency (26%), while all brainstem and spinal CMs presented with neurodeficiencies. History of clinically significant acute hemorrhage was present in 19.2% of supratentorial (ST) superficial CMs, 50% of ST deep CMs, 25% of cerebellar CMs, 44.4% of brainstem CMs, and 50% of spinal CMs. Forty-five CMs in 44 patients were surgically excised. Their follow-up ranged from 6 to 162 months (mean 47.2 months, SD ±53). All supratentorial CM patients showed improvement in their symptoms. Patients with preoperative seizure showed good seizure control with Engel scale I in 16 (94.1%) and Engel scale II in 1 (5.9%). In infratentorial (IT) and spinal CM patients, 92.3 and 66.7% had improvement in their neurodeficiencies, respectively. There was no mortality in our series. Conclusion Microsurgical excision of CNS CM results in excellent neurological outcome in pediatric patients. Early intervention is necessary in spinal CMs for better outcome.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3429-7
       
  • Prediction of intracranial hypertension through noninvasive intracranial
           pressure waveform analysis in pediatric hydrocephalus
    • Authors: Matheus Fernando Manzolli Ballestero; Gustavo Frigieri; Brenno Caetano Troca Cabella; Sergio Mascarenhas de Oliveira; Ricardo Santos de Oliveira
      Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate a noninvasive device to assess intracranial pressure wave form in children with hydrocephalus. Methods A prospective and non-experimental descriptive-analytic study was performed. Fifty-six patients were enrolled in this study. They were divided in four groups: group A, children with clinically compensated hydrocephalus; B, surgically treated hydrocephalus; C, patients with acute intracranial hypertension due to hydrocephalus; and D, children without neurological disease (control). Data were collected through the installation of an extracranial deformation sensor, coupled to the children’s scalp, which allowed registration of noninvasive intracranial pressure curves. Parameters obtained were analyzed: P2/P1 ratio, “classification P1 and P2 and P1 slope. Results P2/P1 index and “classification of P1 and P2” had a sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 100% for predicting intracranial hypertension. “P1 slope” presented no statistical difference. Conclusion This study showed a useful and noninvasive method for monitoring intracranial pressure, which was able to indicate the intracranial hypertension in children with hydrocephalus and, thus, should be further investigated for clinical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-06-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3475-1
       
  • Primary intraventricular osteosarcoma in a 3-year-old boy: report of a
           case and review of literature
    • Authors: Ahmad Pourrashidi Boshrabadi; Mohammadali Surakiazad; Kourosh Karimi Yarandi; Abbas Amirjamshidi
      Abstract: Introduction Extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ExOS) is a rare and well-known entity. Three to 4% of ExOSs occur in the head and neck region but anecdotally in the central nervous system (CNS). Primary intracranial osteosarcoma (PIOS) can originate from the skull, brain parenchyma, or meninges. Case presentation A 3-year-old boy with history of head trauma 2 weeks before admission is presented harboring an ExOS in the left temporoparietal region. He was operated with the impression of intraventricular meningioma but turned to be a PIOS without any sources in his skeleton. Tumor recurred after 5 months and patient died in 2 weeks with tumor seeding to the brain stem. Conclusion This case is reported to show failure of surgery as the only treatment for these tumors, highlighting the need for more aggressive treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-06-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3450-x
       
  • PHACE syndrome and cerebral cavernous malformations: association or simply
           microhemorrhages'
    • Authors: Mark D. Mamlouk; Mohit Maheshwari; Patricia E. Burrows; Dawn H. Siegel; Ilona J. Frieden; Beth A. Drolet; Christopher P. Hess
      PubDate: 2017-06-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3479-x
       
  • H3 K27M mutations are extremely rare in posterior fossa group A ependymoma
    • Authors: Scott Ryall; Miguel Guzman; Samer K. Elbabaa; Betty Luu; Stephen C. Mack; Michal Zapotocky; Michael D. Taylor; Cynthia Hawkins; Vijay Ramaswamy
      Abstract: Background Mutations in the tail of histone H3 (K27M) are frequently found in pediatric midline high-grade glioma’s but have rarely been reported in other malignancies. Recently, recurrent somatic nucleotide variants in histone H3 (H3 K27M) have been reported in group A posterior fossa ependymoma (EPN_PFA), an entity previously described to have no recurrent mutations. However, the true incidence of H3 K27M mutations in EPN_PFA is unknown. Methods In order to discern the frequency of K27M mutations in histone H3 in EPN_PFA, we analyzed 151 EPN_PFA previously profiled with genome-wide methylation arrays using a validated droplet digital PCR assay. Results We identified only 1 case out of 151 EPN_PFA harboring the K27M mutation indicating that histone mutations are extremely rare in EPN_PFA. Morphologically, this single mutated case is clearly consistent with an ependymoma, and the presence of the K27M mutation was confirmed using immunohistochemistry. Discussion K27M mutations are extremely rare in EPN_PFA. Routine evaluation of K27M mutations in EPN_PFA is of limited utility, and is unlikely to have any bearing on prognosis and/or future risk stratification.
      PubDate: 2017-06-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3481-3
       
  • Exploring for the optimal structural design for the 3D-printing technology
           for cranial reconstruction: a biomechanical and histological study
           comparison of solid vs. porous structure
    • Authors: Jun Young Lim; Namhyun Kim; Jong-Chul Park; Sun K. Yoo; Dong Ah Shin; Kyu-Won Shim
      Abstract: Purpose Cranioplasty for recovering skull defects carries the risk for a number of complications. Various materials are used, including autologous bone graft, metallic materials, and non-metallic materials, each of which has advantages and disadvantages. If the use of autologous bone is not feasible, those artificial materials also have constraints in the case of complex anatomy and/or irregular defects. Material and methods This study used metal 3D-printing technology to overcome these existing drawbacks and analyze the clinical and mechanical performance requirements. To find an optimal structure that satisfied the structural and mechanical stability requirements, we evaluated biomechanical stability using finite element analysis (FEA) and mechanical testing. To ensure clinical applicability, the model was subjected to histological evaluation. Each specimen was implanted in the femur of a rabbit and was evaluated using histological measurements and push-out test. Results and Conclusion We believe that our data will provide the basis for future applications of a variety of unit structures and further clinical trials and research, as well as the direction for the study of other patient-specific implants.
      PubDate: 2017-06-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3486-y
       
  • Nerve root anomalies: making sense of a complicated literature
    • Authors: Cameron K. Schmidt; Tarush Rustagi; Fernando Alonso; Marios Loukas; Jens R. Chapman; Rod J. Oskouian; R. Shane Tubbs
      Abstract: Introduction Nerve root anomalies (NRAs) are a set of well-described congenital irregularities for which several classification systems have been devised over the years. Conclusion This comprehensive review examines the anatomy and characteristics of NRAs; their surgical, radiographic, and cadaveric prevalence rates; clinical and radiographic presentations; and surgical management. In addition, the top 5 NRA classification systems are presented and related.
      PubDate: 2017-06-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3457-3
       
  • Meningocele manqué: a comprehensive review of this enigmatic finding in
           occult spinal dysraphism
    • Authors: Cameron Schmidt; Ellie Bryant; Joe Iwanaga; Rod J. Oskouian; W. Jerry Oakes; R. Shane Tubbs
      Abstract: The term meningocele manqué (MM) was coined in 1972 to describe a broad range of surgical findings characterized by intradural bands tethering neural structures to the dorsal dura. Over the following decades, reports continued to lump intradural tethering bands associated with a variety of comorbidities under the umbrella term MM. In more recent years, disorders previously called MM have been identified as embryologically distinct and were reclassified. While this sectioning continues, there remains a set of intradural tethering disorders for which no better term than MM exists. Herein, we comprehensively review the literature surrounding MM, including embryological disorders, clinical, radiographic, and surgical presentation, as well as alternative classification methods and MM treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3472-4
       
  • Choroid plexus cauterization on treatment of hydranencephaly and maximal
           hydrocephalus
    • Authors: Hugo Abi-Saber R. Pedrosa; Sandro P. Lemos; Carolli Vieira; Leandro Custódio Amaral; José Augusto Malheiros; Marcelo Magaldi Oliveira; Renato Santiago Gomez; Alexandre Varella Giannetti
      Abstract: Introduction The standard treatment for hydranencephaly and maximal hydrocephalus consists of inserting shunts, although complications frequently occur. Choroid plexus cauterization (CPC) is an alternative, but its long-term efficacy and the factors associated with the success and failure of controlling head circumference (HC) are not well defined. Objective This study aims to evaluate the long-term efficacy and factors related to the success rate of CPC in the treatment of hydranencephaly and maximal hydrocephalus. Method Forty-two children with maximal hydrocephalus and hydranencephaly underwent CPC from 2006 to 2014 and were retrospectively evaluated. Children with less than 3 months of follow-up were excluded. The long-term efficacy and success rate of possible variables (i.e., sex, type of malformation, type of surgery performed, treatment hospital, age, and HC at the time of surgery and birth) were evaluated. Results Thirty-four children were considered for the effectiveness analysis. Treatment was successful in 24 children (70.6%), and failure occurred in 10 children (29.4%). Failure was detected soon after the endoscopic procedure (average 116 days). There was no difference in effectiveness when comparing the age at the moment of surgery (p = 0.473), type of malformation (p = 1), HC at birth (0.699), and HC at the time of surgery (p = 0.648). The surgical death rate was 7.14%. Conclusion Endoscopic CPC was a valid procedure used to treat hydranencephaly and maximal hydrocephaly, and it was effective in 70.6% of cases, with an average follow-up period of 32 months. When failures occurred, they occurred early. None of the analyzed variables interfered with the success of the treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-06-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3470-6
       
  • Hydrocephalus and mucopolysaccharidoses: what do we know and what do we
           not know?
    • Authors: Amauri Dalla Corte; Carolina F. M. de Souza; Maurício Anés; Roberto Giugliani
      Abstract: Introduction The precise incidence of hydrocephalus in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) is hard to determine, because the condition lacks a formal, consensus-based definition. The diagnosis of hydrocephalus depends on symptom profile, presence of neuroimaging features, and the outcome of diagnostic tests. Although numerous techniques are used to identify MPS patients who are most likely to have hydrocephalus and respond to treatment, no definitive method exists to prove diagnosis. Purpose The authors propose an algorithm to aid in the diagnosis and management of hydrocephalus in MPS patients. Conclusions The theory of venous hypertension associated with the morphological changes in the skull base and craniocervical junction indicate the need for future neuroimaging studies including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and venous flow measurements to monitor hydrocephalus progression and select therapeutic interventions in MPS patients. Preoperative planning should also be based on the increased risk of intraoperative and postoperative hemorrhagic complications.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3476-0
       
  • A reformed surgical treatment modality for children with giant cystic
           craniopharyngioma
    • Authors: Wanchun Zhu; Xiang Li; Jintao He; Tao Sun; Chunde Li; Jian Gong
      Abstract: Objective Surgical removal plays an important role in treating children’s craniopharyngioma. For a safe and minimally invasive craniotomy, a reformed surgical modality was proposed in this paper by combining the insertion of an Ommaya reservoir system (ORS) by stereotactic puncture, aspiration of cystic fluid in 2-day interval for consecutive 7–10 days, and the delayed tumor resection. Patients and methods Eleven patients (aged from 5 to 9 years old) with giant cystic craniopharyngiomas who had undergone the reformed surgical modality during November 2014 and December 2015 were collected as group A. In contrast, seven patients (aged from 5 to 11 years old) who had undergone the traditional directed operation without any prior management from January 2014 to October 2014 were collected into group B. A retrospective analysis was performed for both groups at one institution. The preoperative and postoperative clinical presentations, neuroimaging, early postoperative outcome, and the surgery-related complications of both groups were reviewed. Results For group A, the mean value of the maximum tumor diameters shank from 52.36 to 23.82 mm after implementing aspiration of the cystic fluid in 1-day interval for consecutive 8.23 days. Eight patients (72.73%) in group A underwent a gross total resection (GTR), while two (28.57%) patients underwent GTR in group B. The postoperative electrolyte disturbance rate and endocrine disorder rate of group B were significantly higher than those of group A (42.86 vs 36.36%; 71.43 vs 45.45%). Postoperative long-term diabetes insipidus only occurred in one patient of group B, and postoperative visual deterioration occurred in two patients of group B. Besides, one patient of group B died of severe postoperative hypothalamus dysfunction. Patients with residual tumors were applied with additional adjuvant radiotherapy, and no recurrence was observed in follow-up examinations. Conclusion A favorable outcome can be achieved by combining the insertion of an ORS by stereotactic puncture, aspiration of cystic fluid in 2-day interval for continuously 7–10 days, and the delayed tumor resection. This combined treatment modality maybe an effective method to treat children with giant cystic craniopharyngiomas.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3473-3
       
  • Prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida: from intracranial translucency to
           intrauterine surgery
    • Authors: Waldo Sepulveda; Amy E. Wong; Francisco Sepulveda; Juan L. Alcalde; Juan C. Devoto; Felipe Otayza
      Abstract: Accurate and timely prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida (SB) is a major goal of modern antenatal care. Prenatal screening for open SB should be first performed at the time of routine first-trimester ultrasound by examining the posterior fossa for obliteration or non-visualization of the fourth ventricle (“intracranial translucency”) and cisterna magna. The second step of screening is the second-trimester anatomy scan, at which time the features of the Chiari type II malformation should be looked for, including ventriculomegaly, scalloping of the frontal bones (“lemon” sign), and backward and caudal displacement of the cerebellar vermis with obliteration of the cisterna magna (“banana” sign). In cases with positive findings, evaluation must include a focused examination of the spine for defects. In cases of closed SB and SB occulta, the cranial and posterior fossa features will not be present as they are not associated with leaking of spinal fluid and resultant hindbrain herniation, highlighting the fact that the spine should be examined thoroughly whenever possible during the second-trimester scan. In tertiary fetal medicine centers, two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound allows an accurate determination of the location, type, extent, and upper level of the spinal defect as well as the presence of associated anomalies. Fetal magnetic resonance imaging should be restricted to candidates for intrauterine surgery as part of the preoperative protocol.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3445-7
       
  • Editorial comment to article: Pediatric Thoracic SCIWORA After Back Bend
           During Dance Practice: A Retrospective Case Series and Analysis of Trauma
           Mechanisms
    • Authors: Dachling Pang
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3465-3
       
  • A case of awake craniotomy surgery in an 8-year-old girl
    • Authors: Elise Riquin; Pierre Martin; Philippe Duverger; Philippe Menei; Matthieu Delion
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3463-5
       
  • Infected colloid cyst
    • Authors: Atilla Yilmaz; Mustafa Aras; Yurdal Serarslan; Mustafa Emrah Kaya
      Abstract: Introduction Colloid cysts are the most common pathologic lesions of the third ventricle. Although they are histologically benign, they may grow and can cause the hydrocephalus. Case summary A 5-year-old male patient underwent to surgery with the diagnosis of colloid cyst. In operation, after the anterior transcallosal approach, the cyst was punctured by syringe and obviously pus aspirated. Conclusion Colloid cysts mostly remain silent and detected incidentally. Although it is rarely defined, rhinorrhea, hypopituitarism, diabetes insipidus, spasmodic torticollis, drop attack, aseptic meningitis, and coexistence with neurocysticercosis have been reported, but this is the first reported case of an infected colloid cyst.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3467-1
       
  • Cranial ultrasound is a reliable first step imaging in children with
           suspected craniosynostosis
    • Authors: L. Pogliani; G. V. Zuccotti; M. Furlanetto; V. Giudici; A. Erbetta; L. Chiapparini; L. Valentini
      Abstract: Purpose Skull radiography (SR) and Computed Tomography (CT) are still proposed as the first-line imaging choice for the diagnosis of craniosynostosis (CS) in children with abnormal head shape, but both techniques expose infants to ionizing radiation. Several studies shown that ultrasound may play an important role in the diagnosis of craniosynostosis. The aim of our study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of cranial ultrasound scan (CUS) and confirm if it is a reliable first step imaging evaluation for the diagnosis of craniosynostosis in newborn. Method A cohort of 196 infants (122/74 males/females), with a mean age of 4 months, clinically suspected to have abnormal closure of cranial sutures, were firstly examined by CUS and then referred to neuroradiologists to perform volumetric CT scan if the suspicion of stenosis was ecographically confirmed; otherwise, a routine follow-up and physical treatment was performed, to observe the evolution of the head shape. Results Of the 196 children studied by CUS, only two had inconclusive studies due to age limitation (>12 months). Thirty children were diagnosed with cranial synostosis at CUS and verified by CT; all the CUS results were confirmed, except two cases, that were revealed as false positives in the starting phase of the study. Twelve patients with very prominent head deformity and negative CUS underwent CT, which confirmed the CUS results in all of them; one case of closure of both temporal sutures, not studied by CUS, was documented by CT. All the 148 children with poor clinical suspicion and negative CUS underwent just a prolonged clinical follow-up. In all of them, a progressive normalization of head shape was observed, and the craniosynostosis was excluded on a clinical base. Conclusions CUS is a highly specific and sensitive imaging technique. In referral centers, expert hands can use it as a reliable first-step screening for infants younger than 1 year, suspected to have a craniosynostosis, thus avoiding unnecessary exposure to ionizing radiation. The “golden age” to obtain the best CUS results is under 6 months of life. Because the method is operator-dependent and there is a learning curve, a case centralization is advisable.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3449-3
       
  • Trans-falcine and contralateral sub-frontal electrode placement in
           pediatric epilepsy surgery: technical note
    • Authors: Jonathan Pindrik; Nguyen Hoang; R. Shane Tubbs; Brandon J. Rocque; Curtis J. Rozzelle
      Abstract: Introduction Phase II monitoring with intracranial electroencephalography (ICEEG) occasionally requires bilateral placement of subdural (SD) strips, grids, and/or depth electrodes. While phase I monitoring often demonstrates a preponderance of unilateral findings, individual studies (video EEG, single photon emission computed tomography [SPECT], and positron emission tomography [PET]) can suggest or fail to exclude a contralateral epileptogenic onset zone. This study describes previously unreported techniques of trans-falcine and sub-frontal insertion of contralateral SD grids and depth electrodes for phase II monitoring in pediatric epilepsy surgery patients when concern about bilateral abnormalities has been elicited during phase I monitoring. Methods Pediatric patients with medically refractory epilepsy undergoing stage I surgery for phase II monitoring involving sub-frontal and/or trans-falcine insertion of SD grids and/or depth electrodes at the senior author’s institution were retrospectively reviewed. Intra-operative technical details of sub-frontal and trans-falcine approaches were studied, while intra-operative complications or events were noted. Operative techniques included gentle subfrontal retraction and elevation of the olfactory tracts (while preserving the relationship between the olfactory bulb and cribriform plate) to insert SD grids across the midline for coverage of the contralateral orbito-frontal regions. Trans-falcine approaches involved accessing the inter-hemispheric space, bipolar cauterization of the anterior falx cerebri below the superior sagittal sinus, and sharp dissection using a blunt elevator and small blade scalpel. The falcine window allowed contralateral SD strip, grid, and depth electrodes to be inserted for coverage of the contralateral frontal regions. Results The study cohort included seven patients undergoing sub-frontal and/or trans-falcine insertion of contralateral SD strip, grid, and/or depth electrodes from February 2012 through June 2015. Five patients (71%) experienced no intra-operative events related to contralateral ICEEG electrode insertion. Intra-operative events of frontal territory venous engorgement (1/7, 14%) due to sacrifice of anterior bridging veins draining into the SSS and avulsion of a contralateral bridging vein (1/7, 14%), probably due to prior anterior corpus callosotomy, each occurred in one patient. There were no intra-operative or peri-operative complications in any of the patients studied. Two patients required additional surgery for supplemental SD strip and/or depth electrodes via burr hole craniectomy to enhance phase II monitoring. All patients proceeded to stage II surgery for resection of ipsilateral epileptogenic onset zones without adverse events. Conclusions Trans-falcine and sub-frontal insertion of contralateral SD strip, grid, and depth electrodes are previously unreported techniques for achieving bilateral frontal coverage in phase II monitoring in pediatric epilepsy surgery. This technique obviates the need for contralateral craniotomy and parenchymal exposure with limited, remediable risks. Larger case series using the method described herein are now necessary.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3469-z
       
  • The role of FV 1691G>A , FII 20210G>A mutations and MTHFR 677C>T
           ; 1298A>C and 103G>T FXIII gene polymorphisms in pathogenesis of
           intraventricular hemorrhage in infants born before 32 weeks of gestation
    • Authors: Dawid Szpecht; Janusz Gadzinowski; Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz; Grażyna Kurzawińska; Krzysztof Drews; Marta Szymankiewicz
      Abstract: Background Congenital thrombophilia is associated with an increased intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) risk among newborns, but it may also play a protective role. The role of genetic polymorphisms involved in the coagulation pathway of IVH pathogenesis is probably a consequence of an increased risk of thrombosis in the fine blood vessels in the germinal matrix region. Material and methods The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between Factor V (FV) 1691G>A, Factor II (FII) 20210G>A mutations and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T; 1298A>C and Factor XIII (FXIII) 103G>T gene polymorphisms and the occurrence of IVH in 100 infants born from 24 + 0 to 32 + 0 weeks of gestation, born from singleton pregnancy, before 32 + 0 weeks of gestation, exposed to antenatal steroid therapy, and without congenital abnormalities. Results IVH developed 45 (45%) infants, including 15 (33.33%) diagnosed with IVH stage I, 20 (42.22%) with stage II, 8 (17.77%) with stage III, and 3 (6.66%) with stage IV. Analysis showed a prevalence 4.5 times higher of IVH stages II to IV in infants with the genotype CC (OR 4511 (1147–17.75); p = 0.026) of MTHFR 1298A>C gene polymorphism. Our investigation did not confirm any significant prevalence of IVH development in other studied mutations/polymorphisms. Conclusions This study confirmed that the MTHFR 1298A>C polymorphism is associated with the risk of IVH. IVH is a significant problem for preterm infants. In addition to little progress in preventing IVH in preterm babies, substantial research that is focused on understanding the etiology, mechanism, and risk factors for IVH is imperative. In the era of personalized medicine, identification of genetic risk factors creates opportunities to generate preventative strategies.
      PubDate: 2017-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00381-017-3460-8
       
 
 
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