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  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1635 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (586 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (233 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (184 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (120 journals)
    - NOVELS (12 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (486 journals)
    - POETRY (14 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (586 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
@nalyses     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Abril : Revista do Núcleo de Estudos de Literatura Portuguesa e Africana da UFF     Open Access  
Abusões     Open Access  
Ação Midiática : Estudos em Comunicação, Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algazarra : Revista do Centro de Pesquisa Comunicação e Cultura : Barroco e Mestiçagem     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
andererseits : Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
ANTARES (Letras e Humanidades)     Open Access  
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arbitrium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arcadia - International Journal for Literary Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access  
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 121)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
boundary 2     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Byron Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno de Letras     Open Access  
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Letras da UFF     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
CELEHIS : Revista del Centro de Letras Hispanoamericanas     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access  
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Chloe: Beihefte zum Daphnis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Claraboia     Open Access  
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
CLEaR     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access  
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Comparative Mythology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comunicação & Sociedade     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Yearbook     Hybrid Journal  
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
DQR Studies in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Drammaturgia     Open Access  
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
e-Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-TEALS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Enthymema     Open Access  
Entrelaces     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access  
Estudios de Teoría Literaria - Revista digital: artes, letras y humanidades     Open Access  
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
European Journal of Life Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ExELL : Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access  
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Figurationen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fólio : Revista de Letras     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FronteiraZ. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Literatura e Crítica Literária     Open Access  
Genre     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Globe : A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)

        1 2 3     

Journal Cover 3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature
  [SJR: 0.36]   [H-I: 4]   [12 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0128-5157
   Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Full Sentence vs. Substitutable Defining Formats: A Study of Translation
           Equivalents

    • Authors: Mehrnoosh Fakharzadeh, Behnaz Mahdavi
      Abstract: The present article reports on the results of a study which investigated the quality of translation equivalence for mental verbs as guided by two monolingual dictionaries namely, the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English and the COBUILD Dictionary, which employ two distinct defining strategies, Substitutability and Full-Sentence strategies respectively. Two parallel tests were administered to a group of Persian translation trainees. In one of the tests, the unknown verbs were defined by Substitutability and in the other, by Full-Sentence Strategy. The results showed that the participants performed significantly better on the test the items of which were defined by Substitutability strategy. The analysis of the test items revealed that both definition formats are conducive to kidrule strategy which guided them to select familiar words from the entry as a substitute for the search term. The application of this strategy was also found to depend on the position of information content, information load, in the definitions. Keywords: Equivalent; substitutability strategy; full-sentence strategy; kidrule principle; information load
      PubDate: 2017-06-23
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Many Languages, Whither Literacy' Understanding the Ontology of
           Reading in Linguistically-diverse Contexts

    • Authors: Su Li Chong
      Abstract: The reading experience of those who are literate in more than one language is highly complex. This makes the reading experience a phenomenon that is not easily understood. Yet, in Malaysia’s education policy, reading goals are subsumed under language learning goals. Such implicit ways of assuming that literacy occurs through language learning not only overlooks any impact language learning may have on literacy practice but also undermines the fact that learning to read in a language is ontologically different from reading through all or any language. This paper discusses a part of an in-depth qualitative study which scrutinized the reading experiences of eight multiliterate Malaysian undergraduates studying in a British university in order to understand the difference between being literate in many languages and choosing to read through any one language. The contrast between multilingual Malaysia and monolingual England formed an important backdrop. In this study, the phenomenological interview and diary-writing were used as research methods to capture the participants’ past reading experience as Malaysian school students and as British university undergraduates. Phenomenographic analysis and discourse analysis were used to analyse the data. Findings from this study suggest that multilingual readers experience “language-ness” because of the specificities of multiple language learning. The phenomenon of language-ness then go on to influence the habituation and sustenance of reading choice across different languages. This paper suggests that as linguistically-diverse countries forge ahead to maintain its citizens’ linguistic abilities, they must not forget that linguistic capital alone cannot shape a nation. Semiotic capital which relates to meaning-making is also critical in shaping an informed nation. This study has important implications towards contemporary discourse about Literacies, language and the reading experience. Keywords: multiliteracy; reading; language-ness; meaning-making; policy
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-01
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • John Donne's Metaphors of Self and Empire: A Cognitive Analysis

    • Authors: Zohreh Sohrabi, Hossein Pirnajmuddin
      Abstract: Donne's strategies to win the authority of the 'domain' of love in his poetry are attempts to claim a personal domain for himself. This essay focuses on this personal domain in order to analyse the concept of self in Donne's poetry. Lakoff and Johnson's discussion about the basic metaphors embedded in our childhood by which we conceptualise the notion of self presents the cognitive bases of Donne's different metaphors of self. Significantly, as a poet of late Renaissance, Donne's metaphors have close association with imperial and colonial patterns. Combining insights from cognitive poetics and Edward Said's views about culture and imperialism, the writers try to look into the way the poet uses these metaphors to fashion a sense of communal/national identity. The essay will further focus on the multiple representations of self in Donne's poetry and the paradoxical signification of his identity.   Keywords: John Donne; cognitive poetics; metaphor; self; empire; Renaissance; colonial discourse    
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-02
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Generic Structures and Linguistic Features of TESOL Master’s Thesis
           Acknowledgements Written by Vietnamese Postgraduates

    • Authors: Thi Thuy Loan Nguyen
      Abstract: Acknowledgements are a widely used genre in academic discourse to express gratitude towards various types of assistance and contribution of individuals and institutions, and they have been reported to be contextually and culturally interwoven. Despite a number of acknowledgement studies in various settings, little is known of how these texts are composed by EFL writers in Vietnam and whether or not the culture has any influence on the composition of acknowledgements as reported in previous studies of acknowledgements. Following Hyland’s (2004) and Hyland and Tse’s (2004) frameworks, this study investigates the generic structures and linguistic elements of acknowledgements in 202 TESOL master’s theses written by Vietnamese postgraduates. The findings were compared with those in the literature to explore cross-cultural variations in acknowledgement writing. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted with actual thesis writers. The results revealed that these writers generally followed Hyland’s (2004) three-tier structure of writing thesis acknowledgements, but they were frank and less reserved in expressing their gratitude than their Chinese-speaking counterparts. Moreover, socio-cultural expectations, personal dispositions, and individual writing styles mainly affected their move constructions, inclusions of acknowledgees and linguistic choices.  Keywords: acknowledgement writing; generic structure; master’s thesis; TESOL; Vietnamese writer
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-03
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Welcome to the Desert of the Real: Resisting a Postcolonial Reality in the
           Modern Irish Novel

    • Authors: Shahriyar Mansouri
      Abstract: Benedict Anderson claims In Imagined Communities that nationalism and national identity are but fruits of a politicised imagination, and that the nation only acts what the State imagines. A decade later, in Tom Inglis re-examines such an imagination in a postcolonial Irish context, and traces the significance of the land in the process of identity formation. Anderson’s and Inglis’s understanding of personal identity formation resonate with the Deleuzian reading of a Rhizome-based local identity set against a monolithic backdrop of root-tree system. Where the former variety promises an animate, multifaceted identity, the latter conditions the development of Irishness to a closed system in which values are yet to be pronounced by the governing root, namely, the State. This is where one can draw the very red thin line between personal and national perception of reality (of being). The multilayered and dialectical nature of the modern Irish novel and its critical caliber has created an accurate touchstone that enables the Irish to identify the very two sides of reality. For the Irish, on the one hand, reality emerges as a monolithic, obdurate construct, fabricated and observed by the State; and on the other, it materialises as the nation’s memory of economic hardships, political marginalisation, ideological bifurcations, and psychological exiles. By exploring James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) and Flann O’Brien’s The Third Policeman (1974), this paper shall answer the question that Anderson and Inglis failed to address: what made the contemporary Irish literature a difficult reflection of postcolonial identity, which neither accepts the State’s atavistic nativism nor identifies with neocolonial political mindset' Keywords: Modern Irish Novel; Memory Studies; James Joyce; Flann O’Brien; Postcolonial Literature 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-04
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Ethnolinguistic Influence on Citation in English and Persian Hard and Soft
           Science Research Articles

    • Authors: Zohreh Gooniband shooshtari, Alireza Jalilifar, Somaiyeh Shahri
      Abstract: Citation, as a central and integral issue in academic writing, has been the focus of many recent scholarly articles to highlight the significant role of this discursive practice in the realm of research article writing. Nonetheless, most of the previous studies, with notable exceptions, examined disciplinary influences on citation practices independently of ethnolinguistic influences, and vice versa. The present study investigates the doubly contrastive language-discipline perspective on the one hand and draws a distinction between disciplinary cultures and national cultures on the other. A corpus of 240 research articles sampled from leading Persian and English language medium journals of applied linguistics and psychology as representatives of soft sciences, and computer engineering and mechanical engineering as representatives of hard sciences, was examined drawing on Coffin’s (2009) integrative analytic framework. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the several aspects of citation features of Bakhtinian dialogism demonstrated some cross-disciplinary and cross-linguistic similarities and differences. Pedagogical implications derived from these findings are discussed. Keywords: Citations; Persian and English Academic writing; writer stance; author integration; textual integration 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-05
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • From Visual Culture to Visual Imperialism: The Oriental Harem and the New
           Scheherazades

    • Authors: Esmaeil Zeiny
      Abstract: Drawings, paintings, photographs, moving images and the emergence of Visual Culture as a discipline can confirm the growing centrality of the visuality in our everyday life. This visuality shapes people’s attitude and understanding and once constantly reproduced, constructs a fixed set of meaning for certain issues, perspectives, cultures, and groups of people. Therein lies the danger when visuality commits the misrepresentation, which is part of the process of ‘Othering’ and the backbone of visual imperialism. The Western representation of the East and its women has been one of these misrepresentations through which East is conceived as exotic, erotic, inferior and slave. By drawing upon Hall’s definition of representation (1997), this paper explores the historical representation of Eastern women through the Oriental harem paintings and photography, and reveals how the misconception of the harem Odalisques was conceived. It examines how this stereotypical representation resurfaced in the post-9/11 contexts through life narratives written by Muslim women known as the new Scheherazade. Unlike the Scheherazade of the Oriental harem who was reduced to a submissive sexy odalisque, these Scheherazade are brave and articulate. I argue that this is a post-9/11 strategy to offset all the negative depictions of Muslim women. These brave Scheherazades have been provided with the platform to relate the plights of living in Islamic societies as a woman, and therefore their texts are, in Whitlock’s term (2007), ‘soft weapons’ in manufacturing consent for the presence of empire in the East by corroborating the Orientalist representation of Muslim women.   Keywords: Visual culture; Oriental harem; Scheherazades; women; representation  
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-06
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Moderate Moralism: The Aesthetic Virtue and Defect in Bob Dylan’s
           ‘Masters of War’ and ‘Neighbourhood Bully’

    • Authors: Sumaya Monaif Alotaibi
      Abstract: No one can argue against the fact that the first thing that will keep the reader wanting to complete reading or to reread a literary text is the aesthetic experience that the work affords. This can be noticed when the perceiver faces any successful work of art. There is a sense of amusement and excitement (an aesthetic experience). This experience is emergent, formed as a result of the artistic value of the work. One of the elements comprising the artistic value is the moral dimension. Poems, and indeed any art work may hold moral value which will affect the experience of receiving them. The concept of moral value and its relation to aesthetic value in some art forms has been discussed by many scholars. This paper discusses the merit of Noel Carrol’s theory, moderate moralism. It then displays the moral virtues and defects of lyrics from two Bob Dylan’s songs, Masters of War and Neighbourhood Bully on the real readers’ aesthetic experience by using insights from moderate moralism, to establish the relationships between moral defects and virtues and their aesthetic value. Keywords: aesthetics; morality; Dylan; reader response; poetry
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-07
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Multiple Labels Marking Connotative Values of Idioms in the Oxford Idioms
           Dictionary for Learners of English

    • Authors: Marjeta Vrbinc, Alenka Vrbinc
      Abstract: This contribution is aimed at studying multiple labelling in the Oxford Idioms Dictionary for Learners of English (OIDLE2). We sought to establish whether labels belonging to one and the same category combine with one another or whether multiple labelling consists of labels from different categories of labels, the latter providing different types of information. The database used for the analysis was compiled by searching manually through the dictionary and keying in all the idioms with multiple labelling into our database. Altogether, 392 idioms or their senses with two or more labels were found in OIDLE2. The findings of the study are: labels expressing different types of diasystematic information are included; the three most frequent labels appearing in combination with other labels are informal, humorous and old-fashioned; the combination of four labels is used only once, ten idioms were identified with three labels, while the majority of label combinations consist of two labels. The significance of the findings lies in the issues related to multiple labels, combinations of labels expressing different types of diasystematic information and other issues related to labelling in general. The inclusion of diasystematic information largely depends on the type of dictionary and its intended users. This is especially true of dictionaries intended for non-native speakers of a language, where one of the main functions is to promote the active use of a foreign language, and where every single piece of information included in the dictionary counts. Keywords: phraseological dictionary; diasystematic information; labels; connotation; dictionary users
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-08
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • The Butterfly Effect Hits Complicité: A Chaotic Reading of Mnemonic
           and A Disappearing Number

    • Authors: Khalid Ahmad Yas, Arbaayah Ali Termizi, Rosli Talif, Hardev Kaur
      Abstract: The middle ground chaos theory secures among other gigantic scientific theories to describe the world has brought it to the fore lately. It neither declines the Newtonian clockwork model completely nor promotes the quantum indeterministic model entirely. It preaches that the world is both ordered and disordered, and man is both bound and free. Unlike relativity and quantum physics, it is neither busy with massive objects nor preoccupied with tiny ones, the atoms. It simply works in between, our world. Thus, it spreads and is widely utilised in a variety of disciplines, including literary and cultural domains. Conversely, Theatre de Complicité promotes nonlinearity and fragmentation for structure, and physicality and visual imagery for performance. It does not prefer pre-written texts rather favours devising its own through a lengthy process of improvising and rehearsing. It believes that the world is no longer a world of a single story. It cannot be encompassed within one philosophy or viewpoint. Mnemonic and A Disappearing Number suggest human body within the context of origin as a collective identity, and math within the context of infinity as a path for eternity. Hence, chaos theory is deemed to be the appropriate choice for analysis as it can provide an avenue of escape from the soul-crushing mechanical view of the world dominated most critical approaches for decades and can also furnish an alternative language and scope for literary interpretation. Keywords: chaos theory; butterfly effect; strange attractors; recursive symmetry; nonlinearity and fragmentation
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-09
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Practices of (Neoliberal) Governmentality: Racial and Gendered Gaze in
           Jhumpa Lahiri’s Fiction

    • Authors: Moussa Pourya Asl, Nurul Farhana Low Abdullah
      Abstract: Michel Foucault’s notion of neoliberal governmentality is important in the context of the portrayal of the private sphere of the family by diasporic writers. Family, which is generally defined in terms of its functionality, when considering the difficulties of integration into the non-natal culture from the perspective of the uprooted migrants, is often referred to, erroneously, as the locus of privacy, individuality and autonomy. Among the works of the contemporary writers of Indian diaspora experience in America, Jhumpa Lahiri’s Interpreter of Maladies (1999) has addressed issues of displacement, assimilation and acculturation modifying Indian diaspora individuals and families. This essay analyses two of her short stories “Mrs. Sen’s” and “When Mr. Pirzada Came to Dine”  to examine the strategies employed to monitor, regulate and (re)form racial and gendered identities within the seemingly private domain of the Indian diaspora families in the process of establishing a socially acceptable congruence of images for the members of the migrant family. Using the personal sphere of the family as an example of constraint that perpetually fixes subjects to their disciplinary apparatuses, Lahiri portrays the capillary functioning of it through various acts of looking. This essay seeks to explore some of the complex dynamics of the gaze in Lahiri’s stories with a particular focus on the coercive character of power and the unequal gendering of the (examining) gaze. Keywords: neoliberalism; governmentality; gaze; homogenization; power 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-10
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Re-actualisation of Puppet Characters in Modern Indonesian Fictions of the
           21st Century

    • Authors: Burhan Nurgiyantoro, Anwar Efendi
      Abstract: Indonesian fiction works of the 21st century often intertextualise with puppet stories and characters. Puppet stories and characters, used as sources and references, inspire the creation of modern Indonesian fiction. Puppet stories are canonic works originating from mainstream Mahabharata and Ramayana, thematically narrating the heroism of good characters in defeating evil characters. Reactualisation of puppet stories and characters in literature is a redefinition and contextualisation as a response to the chalenges of time.  Analyses of the intertextuality between Indonesian fiction and puppet stories and characters show the following things. First, Indonesian fiction is seen as intensively intertextualising with puppet stories and characters. Many puppet characters that are actualised originate more from the mainstream Mahabharata than from the mainstream Ramayana. Characters with good traits are made protagonists and characters with evil traits are made antagonists. Second, Indonesian fiction uses the identities of puppet characters as name references. References of puppet character identities take the form of hypograms of names with characters, names without characters, and characters without names. The most intensive identity referencing of puppet characters in the form of hypogramming to continue convention is naming with characters. Third, Indonesian fiction uses puppet stories and characters as cultural references. Puppet hypograming is taken to function as cultural references, comparison purposes, means of children education, and reincarnation sources in the Hindu religion. Cultural referencing of puppets is more efficient and communicative as it is typological, following the mainstreams and exact.  Keywords: Indonesian fiction; puppet culture; Ramayana and Mahabharata; character re-actualisation; intertextuality
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-11
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Mental Processes in Teachers’ Reflection Papers: A Transitivity Analysis
           in Systemic Functional Linguistics

    • Authors: Leonardo Orevillo Munalim
      Abstract: The tradition of reflective teaching has been around for thirty-four years since Schӧn (1983) first proposed the notion of reflective practice. Many studies heavily rely on written genres in the investigation of teachers’ reflective practices. Thematic categories were threshed out through content and descriptive analyses. However, these themes were not culled from the clauses of mental processes employed by the teachers to express their inner world of experiences. This exploratory study proposed the transitivity model in Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) to generate the mental processes from reflection papers. Initial papers with 17,937 word tokens were produced by 28 teachers of English enrolled in a writing course. All processes were generated by UAM Corpus Tool. The themes generated from the Phenomena felt, thought of, sensed, desired, and perceived by the Senser were culled using content analysis. Results show that teachers are still boxed within the default material and relational processes. Results demonstrate that they employed higher mental types of sensing such as cognitive and desiderative. Based on the Phenomena, the top themes include: (1) commendations for the course professor, (2) writing process, its challenges, nature, and concepts, and (3) actual classroom experiences, learnings, and the subject. Although the results corroborate with the themes identified in previous studies, these present themes may be treated as valid and more realistic views and dimensions of reflective practices. This exploratory study suggests that the Phenomenon in the mental processes may be an ideal situs of looking into teachers’ human internal affairs as reflective practitioners. Keywords: reflective pedagogy; reflection; transitivity; Systemic Functional Linguistics; teacher education
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2302-12
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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