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  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1803 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (691 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (249 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (190 journals)
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    - POETRY (13 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (691 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
A Cor das Letras     Open Access  
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Abril : Revista do Núcleo de Estudos de Literatura Portuguesa e Africana da UFF     Open Access  
Abusões     Open Access  
Ação Midiática : Estudos em Comunicação, Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access  
Actio Nova : Revista de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Akra Kültür Sanat ve Edebiyat Dergisi / Akra Journal of Culture Art and Literature     Open Access  
Aksara     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aksara : International Journal of Indonesian Literature     Open Access  
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algazarra : Revista do Centro de Pesquisa Comunicação e Cultura : Barroco e Mestiçagem     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Amasya Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Anàlisi : Quaderns de Comunicació i Cultura     Open Access  
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
andererseits : Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
Annales islamologiques     Open Access  
ANTARES (Letras e Humanidades)     Open Access  
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arabia     Open Access  
Arbitrium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
arcadia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access  
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aturá : Revista Pan-Amazônica de Comunicação     Open Access  
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Slavonic and East European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bahasa dan Seni : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
Bahastra     Open Access  
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Beyond Words     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Bingöl Üniversitesi Yaşayan Diller Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 123)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access  
Byron Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno de Letras     Open Access  
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Letras da UFF     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de Narratologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
CELEHIS : Revista del Centro de Letras Hispanoamericanas     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
CLEaR     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access  
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Comparative Mythology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Comunicação & Sociedade     Open Access  
Comunicação e Sociedade     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access  
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura de la República : Revista de Análisis Crítico (CRRAC)     Open Access  
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dialogues : An Interdisciplinary Journal of English Language Teaching and Research     Open Access  
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
DIGILEC : Revista Internacional de Lenguas y Culturas     Open Access  
Dil ve Edebiyat Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diyalog Interkulturelle Zeitschrift Für Germanistik     Open Access  
Doblele : Revista de lengua y literatura     Open Access  
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi / Dokuz Eylül University Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi GÜZEL SANATLAR FAKÜLTESİ (Yedi)     Open Access  
Drammaturgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
e-Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-TEALS: an e-journal of Teacher Education and Applied Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
EID&A : Revista Eletrônica de Estudos Integrados em Discurso e Argumentação     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eltin Journal : Journal of English Language Teaching in Indonesia     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
Encyclopedia     Open Access  
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
English Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Englisia Journal     Open Access  
Enthymema     Open Access  
Entrelaces     Open Access  
Entrevous : Littérature organique     Full-text available via subscription  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.251
Number of Followers: 24  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0128-5157
Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Indigenous Ambivalent Figure in Jack Davis’s Play, The Dreamers

    • Authors: Bahee Hadaegh, Himan Heidari
      Abstract: History of Australian Aboriginal’s colonisation, exploitation and assimilation has had ill effects on the performance of Indigenous gender relations, challenged the heteronormative conception of gender and directed Aboriginal people into shaping marginalised type of masculinities and femininities. With this background, this study attempts to depict the trajectory of shift in gender enactment of Aboriginal men and women in the pre and post contact era. The purpose is to account for the gender enactment of Indigenous people of Australia as has been veridically represented in Davis’s The Dreamers in the decades of 1970s and 1980s. Zooming in on such issues as unemployment, imprisonment, alcohol consumption, and acts of violence, among others, this paper argues that Indigenous characters in the play show signs of crisis of masculinity; in this regard, Tim Edwards’s notion of the crisis of masculinity has been employed. As the counterbalance of Indigenous emasculated men, however, the masculine performative role of Indigenous women has been highlighted. Raising these assumptions, we touch upon Judith Butler’s notion of performativity and gender identity, at the heart of theoretical framework, and prove the authority of our discussion regarding Indigenous ambivalent figures in the light of Indigenous critics such as Brendan Hokowhitu, Kim Anderson and Shino Konishi, to name but a few. Keywords: Jack Davis; The Dreamers; Indigenous Gender Roles; The Crisis of Masculinity; Performativity
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-01
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Development and Validation of a Monolingual Glossary of Terms Used by
           Cockfighters

    • Authors: Dexter Lucas Manzano
      Abstract: This research sought to develop a monolingual glossary of terms used by cockfighters. The lexical entries were gathered through observation and interview with the selected cockfighters. Results revealed that the glossary uncovers and enables development of the language of the cockfighters as a specific group of language users. The collection was found as an initial effort to document the language of a specific activity context that is assumed an additional contribution to the cockfighting lexicon. The glossary consists of 98 entries, of which 82 are simple words, and 16 are compound words.  The majority of the terms that cockfighters used originated from the Tagalog and Spanish languages; others came from English, Latin, and other Philippine languages like Iluko, Visayan, Kapampangan, Ilonggo, Cebuano. Regarding lexical classifications, these were identified as nouns, adjectives, and verbs. Hence, the monolingual glossary of terms in Filipino is a documentation of the practical, acceptable, and commonly used terms of cockfighters. It is hoped that this study could preserve the language in cockfighting and contribute a glossary that may be used in the field of language and cultural studies.  Keywords: lexicography; glossary; monolingual glossary; glossarian; cockfighting
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-02
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • A Responsive Pedagogical Initiative for Multimodal Oral Presentation
           Skills: An Action Research Study

    • Authors: Sze Seau Lee, Hazita Azman, Noorizah Mohd. Noor
      Abstract: Poor oral presentation skills amongst ESL speakers are frequently linked to weakness in general English proficiency. However, the literature has also identified the lack of a systematic and effective pedagogical method to develop students' multimodal oral presentation skills to meet 21st century communication realities. This paper elucidates the application of a pedagogical initiative for multimodal oral presentations skills, informed by the Sociocultural Theory of Learning created by Vygotsky (1978), and the Pedagogy of Multiliteracies introduced by the New London Group (1996) and further developed by Cope and Kalantzis (2009). This initiative was experienced by 20 students through the action-reflection cycle methodology and was implemented for 13 weeks in a tertiary ESL classroom. Preliminary findings based on focus group interviews indicated that the initiative left a clear positive impact on student abilities in various multimodal components of oral presentation skills. Furthermore, the initiative positively affected students’ learning experience and raised their self-awareness of themselves as presenters. The findings also suggested that techniques employed in the initiative such as videos, feedback, collaborative learning and Web 2.0 could scaffold the students’ development of multimodal oral presentation skills. Based on these findings, significant implications for teaching oral presentation skills systematically are offered to be referred by ESL practitioners and researchers; in particular, the proposed multimodal oral presentations skills model as a multiliteracies pedagogy and the potential use of web 2.0 tools in promoting collaborative learning and creation of creative content by the learners.  Keywords: ESL pedagogy; oral presentation skills; collaborative learning; multimodal literacy; action research
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-03
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Double Inference in the Processes of Comprehension of Russian and English
           Discourse Complicated by an Idiom

    • Authors: Elena Suvorova, Liliya Polyakova
      Abstract: The paper briefly surveys contemporary studies in the field of secondary nomination and idiom comprehension in discourse. The research mainly focuses on the inferential processes which occur at the moment of perceiving a discourse containing an idiom. Although the inference phenomenon has received much attention in recent years, the majority of scientific works on the topic are targeted at the inferential processes in text comprehension while such a challenging area as inference in secondary nomination remains unrevealed. The aim of the present study is to find out if the traces of inferences in the metaphoric meaning of an idiom can interfere in the comprehension of a discourse complicated by an idiom. Thus, the study presents an analysis of idiom comprehension in a narrative discourse that lies in both fields of inference study: inference in secondary nomination and inference in discourse comprehension. For this purpose, the paper gives an outline to the theories which explain some mechanisms of inference action and presents an analysis of some pieces of narrative discourse from the perspectives of the discussed theories. The research is conducted on Russian and English language material. The results of the study point to the double mapping of the inferential processes that is  caused, on the one hand, by the inferential traces of secondary nomination and, on the other hand, by the implicit sense of an idiom in  discourse. The paper presents a model of conceptual integration in the process of double inference while comprehending a text complicated by an idiom.      Keywords: discourse; implication; inference; nomination; idiom
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-04
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Differentiation and Imperfectionality in John Updike’s Terrorist

    • Authors: M Ikbal M Alosman, Raihanah M. M., Ruzy Suliza Hashim
      Abstract: John Updike, one of America’s eminent 20th century novelists, provides his own fictionalized presentation of the Muslim other within the American socio-cultural context in his 22nd novel, Terrorist. This novel is abundant with binary representations of Muslims whose acts and interactions with fellow Christian and Jewish Americans are scripted by their respective religious values. Updike’s exemplifications of Islam and Muslims within the American context are investigated through the problematizing of Muslims’ socio-cultural imperfections within the lens of orientalism and psychology of (im)perfection. Imperfectionalism as used in this paper refers to the inconsistent, unreliable and unpredictable characteristics that define the Muslim Other in comparison to mainstream American society.  Using themes of ‘religious differences,’ ‘differences between religions,’ ‘social differences,’ ‘gendered and exotic differences’ and ‘optimized differences,’ Updike’s Muslim characters are presented as flawed and faulty in their beliefs and conviction. In addition, Updike’s representation of Islam rests on its blemishes including its disregard for self-improvement and modernity. Designs of orientalism and imperfection as seen in this novel frame the Muslim other as the imperfect version of the perfect non-Muslim American.  Keywords: 9/11; Muslims; American novel; differentiation; imperfectionality 
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-05
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Transrealism: In Pursuit of Social Change and Collective Justice in
           Huxley's Brave New World

    • Authors: Vafa Nadernia
      Abstract: Science fiction stories extend the limits of human realities. In that imagined world where things appear different, mysterious, and normless, human measures such as sexism, prejudice, viciousness and other judicial realms are negotiated through atypical lenses. Therefore, what remains noticeable here would be the question if science fiction is an agent for social change and collective justice and decent mortalities. The main purpose of this article is to argue how Rudy Rucker's Transrealism -works as an interplay between dream and reality in which the writer shapes his/her own immediate perceptions in a fantastic way- can carry out this commitment. The selected text of analysis here will be Aldous Leonard Huxley' Brave New World (1932), which will be theoretically analyzed based on the doctrine of UN Social Justice in an Open World: The Role of the United Nations (2006) published under the auspices of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. The main elements of UN document will be the Six important areas of inequality in the distribution of goods, opportunities and rights. The implication of the present inquiry would depict the role of science fiction novels, such as Huxley's Brave New World, to challenge today's human position in the world, to call for social values for a better community to exist and to restore social justice as a milestone for a fair new world to live in.  Keywords: Transrealism; Science Fiction; UN Social Justice; Rudy Rucker; Brave New World
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-06
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Specificity in English for Academic Purposes (EAP): A Corpus Analysis of
           Lexical Bundles in Academic Writing

    • Authors: Leng Hong Ang, Kim Hua Tan
      Abstract: The issue of specificity in English for Academic Purposes (EAP) settings has always challenged linguists and instructors in the field to take a stance on how language should be perceived, that is whether language forms and features are transferable across different academic disciplines or are specific to particular disciplines. This study intends to take this debate a step further by employing a corpus-driven method in identifying a type of phraseological sequence, namely lexical bundles in a corpus of journal articles in the field of International Business Management (IBM). The lexical bundles were compared with those compiled by Simpson-Vlach and Ellis (2010) in their study of Academic Formulas List (AFL) to determine the specificity of the lexical bundles identified in this study. Following frequency-based approach, the corpus tool, Collocate 1.0 was used to extract three- to five-word sequences. These word sequences were manually filtered to exclude irrelevant and meaningless combinations. The qualified lexical bundles were compiled and compared with lexical bundles in AFL (Simpson-Vlach and Ellis 2010) using log-likelihood test. The findings show that three-word lexical bundles are the most common types of lexical bundles in IBM corpus. The comparison reveals that lexical bundles in IBM corpus are relatively specific as compared with lexical bundles in AFL.  A discipline-specific approach to the teaching and learning of lexical bundles in EAP settings is therefore advocated to enhance EAP syllabuses and instruction.  Keywords: EAP; phraseological sequences; lexical bundles; frequency-based; discipline-specific 
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-07
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The Syntax of Applicative Constructions in Spoken Sudanese Arabic

    • Authors: Fazal Mohamed Mohamed Sultan, Mohammed Adam Mohammed Taha, Saeed Al- Qumairi
      Abstract: Different languages have different means for structuring clauses which allow the coding of a thematically peripheral argument or adjunct as a core-object argument. The resulting constructions are known as double object or applicative constructions. The primary aim of this paper is to present a syntactic analysis of applicative constructions in Sudanese Arabic within the theoretical framework of the Minimalist Program (Chomsky, 1993, 1995), in particular, the notion of phases, in combination with Pylkkänen's proposed phrase structure and the semantics of I-applicative (2000, 2008). The overall endeavor is to provide answers to the central questions: how applicatives in Sudanese Arabic are derived' Whether applicatives in Sudanese Arabic are I-applicatives or E-applicatives' The derivation of such constructions in Sudanese Arabic involves the coding of new argument in the argument structure of the verb. This new argument is introduced via a preposition and has a benefactive/goal interpretation. This argument is c-commanded by any internal argument. The applied argument is placed in the complement position of the head ApplI, and can undergo neither A-movement nor wh-movement. This makes Sudanese Arabic fit into the general syntactic typology of I-type applicative languages cross-linguistically and consequently promoting contrastive linguistics. Keywords: Applied argument; applicative construction; minimalist program; spoken Sudanese Arabic; syntax
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-11
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Self-Evaluation of Thai Adult Learners in English Writing Practice

    • Authors: Kasma Suwanarak
      Abstract: This research primarily aims to investigate how the Thai adult learners self-evaluate their English writing performance in relation to the teacher’s evaluation and what the students and the teacher experience from the evaluation practice. The participants were 32 Thai graduate students and a Thai English language teacher of an EFL (English as a foreign language) writing course. The data were collected through student’s self-evaluation and teacher’s evaluation forms, writing tasks, and individual interviews. The qualitative data were considered together with the quantitative data in order to gain the whole picture of the issue under investigation. The findings revealed that the adult learners (or students) were able to self-evaluate their writing performance. The goals set out in the course syllabus, concerning the students’ participation in writing process and evaluating their writing, were practical and the students were well aware of what their performance levels were. Having access to students’ self-evaluations also gave the teacher more useful information for judging their learning achievement. This research highlights the importance of students’ self-evaluation as a real and valid source of information for developing teaching EFL writing, and promoting the students to be autonomous and lifelong learners. Implications are drawn regarding the independent learning goals and recommendations for future research. Keywords: students’ self-evaluation; teacher’s evaluation; adult learners; EFL writing; autonomous and lifelong learners 
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-08
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • English Oral Communication in Public Secondary Schools in Kazakhstan:
           Understanding its Practice and Challenges

    • Authors: Kemboja Ismail, Almagul Tuspekova, Rosniah Mustaffa
      Abstract:  The teaching of oral communication (OC) has been addressed in different ESL and EFL contexts, though mainly in a university setting. However, it has received little attention in the Central Asian context. This paper will provide preliminary insights into the practice of teaching English OC and the challenges associated with it in public schools in Kazakhstan (KZ), a country in Central Asia. For the pilot study reported here, data was collected from 18 KZ learners from 9 different schools via e-mail interviews. The study was guided by a theoretical model representing three levels of influence on OC practice: micro, meso, and macro. The current OC activities were found to be lacking in spontaneity, too teacher-centred and individual-oriented. At the micro level, emotional constraints were considered to have a greater impact on female students’ oral performance, while limited linguistic repertoire affected male students’ oral production. At the meso level, females found a lack of emotional support from their teachers, while males preferred to have out-of-class help from their friends to practise English. At the macro level, males were found to be more influenced by a wider sociocultural context than females. Firstly, the findings reveal the gap between the actual and preferred OC practices in KZ public schools, which can be further addressed by the stakeholders. Secondly, they illustrate how gender influences the way learners engage in OC activities. And lastly, they underline the importance of examining OC in relation to learners’ self, their social communities and the overarching context that shapes their attitude towards a language.  Keywords: EFL context; Asian learners; gender; spontaneous speaking; affective factors
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-09
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Local Context-Based English Lessons: Forging Northern Thai knowledge,
           Fostering English Vocabulary

    • Authors: Budsaba Kanoksilapatham
      Abstract: Globalisation and regionalisation have culminated in the highlighted role of the English language for diverse realms of people across the world, including the ASEAN region and Thailand.  To a number of scholars, the spread of English may result in negative consequences, possibly subjugating and menacing the national culture and identity of the English language learners.  Thus, a burgeoning issue that emerges in the Thai context is how the students’ English language can be improved while maintaining their Thai identity.  Given that young Thai learners tend to have relatively limited exposure to the national Thai identity due to their young age, this study focuses on a specific local identity – northern Thailand.  This paper aims to demonstrate that a set of northern Thainess-based instructional innovations designed for Grade 4 students in the northern region of Thailand can boost not only northern Thainess knowledge but also English vocabulary knowledge related to northern Thailand.  This set of the English lessons, as well as the corresponding northern Thainess and English vocabulary pretests and posttests, was constructed and implemented in four elementary schools in the northern part of Thailand.  A comparison of the pretest and posttest scores on northern Thainess and vocabulary revealed that the students’ Thainess and vocabulary knowledge substantially increased, demonstrating the potential positive impacts of local Thainess-based instructional materials. The findings demonstrate a reverse perspective regarding the role of English in relation to Thai identity.  Pedagogical implications regarding English material construction can be informed to ameliorate elementary English education in Thailand.   Keywords: Thai identity; vocabulary; northern Thainess; elementary education; local context based-English lessons
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-10
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Humanity Biologised: The Re-definition of Human Ethics in Ian
           McEwan's Enduring Love

    • Authors: Fazel Asadi Amjad, Seyed Mohammad Marandi, Amin Pourhossein Asli
      Abstract: The present study investigates how Ian McEwan's Enduring Love (1997) re-defines human ethical qualities within a Darwinian framework. McEwan's Enduring Love from the very beginning to the end abounds in Darwinian images and passages, thereby, it forms a Darwinian lens through which the events of the novel are scanned and interpreted, from the helium balloon gone out of control to a shared happiness resulted from seeing a familiar face at the airport. Within the Darwinian worldview the novel sets, it tries to subvert the traditionally-considered human ethical actions, like heroism, cooperation, courage, and love and therefore re-define them. To prove its claim, this paper, first, explores the Darwinian framework Enduring Love develops, benefiting from the ideas of literary Darwinists and other biopoetical theorists; then, it tries to show how the novel applies the same Darwinian principles to those human ethical qualities mentioned above which results in their redefinition.    Keywords: McEwan; Darwinism; re-definition of human ethical qualities; Enduring Love
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-12
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • The Non-Observance of Grice’s Maxims in Sasak

    • Authors: Lalu Nurul Yaqin, Thilagavathi Shanmuganathan
      Abstract: This study investigates how the Sasak people of Lombok Indonesia interact among each other in naturally-occurring interactions. The Politeness theory stipulates that the language of communication associates social reality and language use in real communities. Grice’s theory is based on the assumption that people are cooperative in communication. It follows that the notions of politeness are likely to exhibit this observance of being cooperative. However, studies have shown that the Cooperative Principle and the attendant maxims are almost never strictly followed in daily conversations and so, what prompts this non-observation'  The Sasak people are known to be naturally shy and communicate with each other using the Nggeto-Nggete dialect. Twenty participants were randomly selected from a population in East Sukamulia, a place where Sasak is spoken. Based on the data collected from informal domestic settings such as exchanges in the shop and home, and between the family and neighbourhood, the extent to which the Cooperative Principle and maxims are observed and the politeness strategies used to perform the exchanges are established. The findings reveal that the Sasak speakers of the Nggeto-Nggete dialect did not observe Grice's maxims and its principles when communicating with each other. They do so in order that they communicate information clearly to each other while observing what they regard to be moral etiquette and standard of decorum.  Keywords:  Politeness; Grice’s maxims; Nggeto-Nggete dialect; Sasak people
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Characters’ Politeness Strategies in Giving Command: Should
           Translators Keep Them'

    • Authors: Havid Ardi, M. R. Nababan, Djatmika Djatmika, Riyadi Santosa
      Abstract: Politeness strategies have been studied from various angles. In literary works, they can be used as a device to frame characterisation. However, in recent times only a few studies have investigated the association of politeness strategies with characterisation as seen from the translation perspective. This article discusses the result of an investigation on how far the translation of politeness markers in giving commands has contributed to the framing of certain characterisation in literary works. A Pragmatic approach is used in this qualitative research to analyse the translation of politeness markers from English to Indonesian. Objective data were collected through purposive sampling from Dan Brown’s novel Deception Point and its two Indonesian versions to obtain information as to which techniques produce better translation quality in both translations. Then, affective data were collected through Focus Group Discussions. The results show that the translation of politeness markers contributed to the characterisation. It was found that established equivalence, variation, and explicitation techniques employed to the translation of politeness markers contributed to the maintenance of characterisation and the translation quality. Meanwhile, addition, reduction, and literal translation techniques altered the characterisations and therefore, decreased the translation quality. This implies that translators should consider politeness and characterisation in translating commands. Keywords: characterisation; literary translation; politeness markers; translation; translation techniques 
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-14
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Practices of Counter-Conduct as a Mode of Resistance in Middle East
           Women’s Life Writings

    • Authors: Moussa Pourya Asl
      Abstract: Middle East women life writings have been downplayed for their oversimplified representations of female subjects as purely passive, submissive and unresisting. This article explores the allegation in three contemporary memoirs by Jean P. Sasson (1992) (the ghostwriter of Saudi princess Sultana), Zainab Salbi (2005) and Manal al-Sharif (2017) who recount similar observations on subordinated women’s daily experiences in phallocentric Arab communities, and whose stories have similarly been the subject of much controversial criticism. In the present study, I aim to examine the practices exercised by marginalized Arab women to destabilize the patriarchal status quo and redefine the established ways of being. To do so, I draw on Michel Foucault’s notion of counter-conduct, often associated with the issues of women and their socio-political and religious position, to identify acts of defiance that are exercised simultaneously with strategies of governmentality through practices of moral self-reflection, or what Foucault describes as the art of being governed differently. The article concludes that in creatively documenting their life stories and through tactical elements such as counter-history, counter-society and reversed obedience, the so-called passive women interrogate the totality of prevailing hierarchies of power, and resist against the unequal society as well as the operating practices of subjugation.    Keywords: Jean Sasson; Zainab Salbi; Manal al-Sharif; Michel Foucault; Counter-Conduct
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-15
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Food and Drink Idioms in English "A little Bit More Sugar and Lots of
           Spice"

    • Authors: Kim Hua Tan
      Abstract: The revised and renamed edition of Laura Pinnavaia’s previous book “‘Sugar and Spice’…Exploring food and drink idioms in English” expands on what she had originally presented in 2010, with updates made to chapter four and three.  In all, 276 food and drink idioms were identified, dissected, and categorised over six chapters, to provide further analyses for future research in the field of lexicography and beyond. Currently a Full Professor of English Language and Linguistics at the University of Milan, Italy, Pinnavaia’s field of expertise is firmly in lexicology and lexicography where she has published one edited volume and four other books on the topic – “Food and Drink Idioms in English” is her latest.
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2402-16
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2018)
       
 
 
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