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  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1606 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (567 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (232 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (182 journals)
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LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (567 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
@nalyses     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ação Midiática : Estudos em Comunicação, Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algazarra : Revista do Centro de Pesquisa Comunicação e Cultura : Barroco e Mestiçagem     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
andererseits : Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
ANTARES (Letras e Humanidades)     Open Access  
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arbitrium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arcadia - International Journal for Literary Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access  
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 114)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
boundary 2     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Byron Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Letras da UFF     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
CELEHIS : Revista del Centro de Letras Hispanoamericanas     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access  
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Chloe: Beihefte zum Daphnis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
CLEaR     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access  
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Comparative Mythology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Yearbook     Hybrid Journal  
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
DQR Studies in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Drammaturgia     Open Access  
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-TEALS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Enthymema     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access  
Estudios de Teoría Literaria - Revista digital: artes, letras y humanidades     Open Access  
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access  
Estudis Romànics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
European Journal of Life Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ExELL : Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access  
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Figurationen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fólio : Revista de Letras     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FronteiraZ. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Literatura e Crítica Literária     Open Access  
Galatasaray Üniversitesi Iletişim Dergisi     Open Access  
Genre     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Globe : A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Hardy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
HeLix - Dossiers zur romanischen Literaturwissenschaft     Open Access  
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Hispanic Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3     

Journal Cover 3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature
  [SJR: 0.36]   [H-I: 4]   [10 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0128-5157
   Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Agreement Strategies Among Malaysian Chinese Speakers of English

    • Authors: Azlina Abdul Aziz
      Abstract: This research aims to discover the agreement strategies adopted by Malaysian Chinese speakers of English in an academic discussion. Using Brown and Levinson’s (1987) Politeness Principle and Speech Acts as frameworks, it seeks to find out the reasons governing their choice of agreement strategies. Student discussions were recorded, transcribed and analysed. Review sessions were also carried out to gain insight into the speakers’ choice of strategies. Analysis of the data revealed five agreement strategies employed by the students during a discussion. During the discussions, the students expressed the speech act of agreement, which support the hearer’s positive face, by directly agreeing with the previous speaker, building upon the previous speaker’s turn, completing and repeating part of the previous speaker’s utterance and giving positive feedback. Of all the strategies, the most often employed and is sustained throughout the discussions is positive feedback. This is followed by building upon utterances, completion of the previous speaker’s utterance and direct agreement. Apart from the Chinese cultural values which may influence the group’s agreement strategies, the findings also reveal that gender has an influence in the participants’ choice of agreement strategies since four out of the five strategies are mainly employed by the female participants.  In sum, Malaysian Chinese speakers of English have their own communicative style when expressing agreement acts which is influenced by their cultural values and gender.  Keywords: agreement strategies; Chinese cultural values; speech act; politeness principles; gender 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-12

      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A Corpus-based Study of Writer Identity in Qualitative and Quantitative
           Research Articles

    • Authors: Leila Dobakhti, Norizah Hassan
      Abstract: Academic communication is now widely seen as a social activity where writers interact with their audience. Various studies have shown that authorial presence is one of the key strategies for achieving this interaction. This corpus-based study examines the degree of authorial presence through the use of first person pronouns (I, we, my, our, me, us) in 150 qualitative and 150 quantitative research articles in Applied Linguistics using the concordance freeware AntcConc.3.4.1w (Anthony 2014). The analysis shows a greater use of self-mention by qualitative research writers compared with their quantitative counterparts, suggesting that research design determines the degree of personal involvement in academic communication within the same discipline. It also suggests that while quantitative research is considered “objective” in nature, the writers still position themselves in their writing and try to interact with their audience. Qualitative analysis of discourse functions of subject pronouns showed great similarity between the two sub-corpora (qualitative and quantitative), stating results/claims and elaborating arguments as being the most frequent functions. Keywords: authorial-presence; first person pronouns; qualitative research article; quantitative research article; discussion section  
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-01  
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Acquisition of L2 Fricatives in Thai Learners’ Interlanguage

    • Authors: Kietnawin Sridhanyarat
      Abstract: This research examined how Thai undergraduates acquired English marked and unmarked fricatives in their interlanguage. It also determined what sounds the learners used to replace some fricatives and how variable they were. Based on the Markedness Differential Hypothesis (MDH), unmarked fricatives are /s/ and /f/, and marked ones are /ʃ/, /v/, /z/, /θ/, /ð/, and /ʒ/. The former are considered unmarked because they are available in Thai, whereas the latter are not. The participants included three groups: high, intermediate, and low proficiency students who were studied through three types of tasks: word list, sentence list, and oral interview. The word and sentence lists required the learners to produce the target fricatives in a formal situation, while the oral interview in a natural context. The results demonstrated that marked fricatives /v/, /z/, /θ/, /ð/, and /ʒ/ were difficult for the participants. Only the advanced informants could acquire unmarked /s/ and /f/ as well as marked /ʃ/ both initially and finally. According to the MDH, the learners produced /s/, /f/, and /ʃ/ before marked /v/, /z/, /θ/, /ð/, and /ʒ/. They also appeared to produce various substitutions for the problematic sounds. Plausible explanations to account for the Thai learners’ difficulty of English fricatives involve the first language (L1) transfer, distribution of a particular sound, voicing, systematic variability, and design of a task. In pronunciation classes, teachers or educators may design tasks appropriate for their learners and employ strategies that suit their learning style preferences.     Keywords: English fricatives; interlanguage; L2 phonology; markedness; variability 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-02
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Testing the Test: Exploring Conceptualisations of English Literature in
           Post-16 Literature Assessment

    • Authors: Jia Wei Lim
      Abstract: The format of post-16 literature education assessment has not varied much since formal post-16 education began in Malaysia in the late 1950s. While it still relies heavily on the writing of literature essays, conceptualisations of literature as a school subject embedded in examination papers which are constructed by different examination boards have changed in important ways. This article argues that identifying these conceptualisations through an analysis of examination papers creates an avenue to provide a different perspective in exploring the development of literature in schools. To demonstrate this, examination papers on Shakespeare and modern literature from two examination sittings administered in Malaysia, one in the year 1968 and the other in the years 2012/2013, are analysed with a focus on whether questions are writer, text or reader-centred while considering how student response, termed outcome space, is framed. This study suggests that conceptualisations of literature have shifted in two ways: the first is a shift from a balance between writer, text and reader-centred questions to a heavy inclination towards text-centred questions which is linked to another noticeable shift in student responses to literature texts that has moved from the expression of personal meaning and interpretation of the text to the demonstration of detailed textual knowledge. Such shifts demonstrate that there is a need to consider literature assessment not only as an end-product of school subject construction but as an active representation of literature that influences the teaching and learning of the subject.  Keywords:  literature assessment; English literature; post-16 education; Malaysia; curriculum implementation 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-03

      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Women and Psychological Trauma of 9/11 in Amy Waldman’s The
           Submission

    • Authors: SeyedehRobabeh Zabihzadeh, Ruzy Suliza Hashim, Raihanah M. M.
      Abstract: On September 11, 2001, the world was stunned into silence as four hijacked airplanes crashed into two of America’s iconic landmarks, namely the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon.  For the first time, perhaps since the Vietnam War, the entire United States of America was engulfed in a mutual sense of loss and inconsolable grief. 2996 people, a vast number of them unarmed civilians including all the passengers aboard the four hijacked airplanes, lost their lives in what was perceived by many to be the worst terrorist attack of the twenty-first century. Occurrence of such a colossal tragedy has led to producing a large corpus of textual representation of the event including countless novels such as Amy Waldman’s The Submission (2012). This study focuses on analysing The Submission by Amy Waldman using the theory of Psychoanalysis to explore the concept of psychological trauma and the effects of PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder) on female characters affected by the tragedy of 9/11. The analysis, which is mostly based on Wilson and Keane (2004) and Caruth (2001) psychoanalysis theories, seeks to explore Waldman’s perception of the process of healing from the devastating tragedy and psychological trauma of the female characters of the story.  It is believed that Waldman’s novel does not only portray the trauma of the characters but also presents the path of recovery and overcoming the PTSD of those who were emotionally wounded by the tragedy of 9/11.  Keywords: American authoress; Amy Waldman; The Submission; trauma; posttraumatic stress disorder  
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-04

      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Language Proficiency and the Speech Act of Complaint of Chinese EFL
           Learners

    • Authors: Rui Li, Raja Rozina Raja Suleiman
      Abstract: Complaint is an under-researched speech act in the field of interlanguage pragmatics. Making a complaint runs the risk of impairing the relationship between speaker and hearer as it requires the speaker to express displeasure and frustration to what is believed to be the responsibility of the hearer. The speaker, therefore, has to use appropriate linguistic forms bearing in mind social conventions to make the hearer take some action of repair or to avoid interactional conflicts. For L2 learners, making complaints in a second/foreign language is more difficult as they may lack both sociocultural and L2 knowledge. This study investigated the ability of Chinese EFL learners to produce complaints and its relationship with their L2 proficiency. Thirty-two Chinese university students and five native speakers of American English completed a Free Discourse Completion Test (FDCT); English proficiency was measured by learners’ performance in TEM-4. Data elicited from the FDCT were analysed using a holistic rating scale for the overall appropriateness of complaints and a coding framework for complaint strategies and modifications. Results showed that learners were unable to produce appropriate complaints and L2 proficiency significantly influenced the overall appropriateness of complaints. Differences were also identified in strategies and external and internal modifications used by learners of different proficiency levels. The study suggested that the production of complaints by Chinese learners is greatly influenced by their native culture. In addition to improving L2 proficiency, lessons on cultural differences should be introduced for them to improve the ability to complain in English.  Keywords: L2 proficiency; speech act of complaint; complaint strategies; Chinese EFL learners; Chinese culture

      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-05 

      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Promoting Higher Order Thinking Skills via Teaching Practices

    • Authors: Malini Ganapathy, Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh, Sarjit Kaur, Liew Wai Kit
      Abstract: The birth of the Malaysia Higher Education Blueprint (2015-2025) consolidates the Ministry’s overriding aspiration to create a higher education system that ranks among the world’s leading education systems and that enables Malaysia to compete in the global economy by specifically promoting Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and innovations that address students’ needs and enable greater personalisation of the learning experience (Ganapathy et al. 2016). This exploratory study is vital in gaining deeper insights into the current teaching and learning practices used by ESL lecturers, the types of ICT used in their classes, their views on the integration of these skills into the curriculum and the application methods of teaching and learning using ICT to promote Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTs). Data were collected using purposive sampling where 40 participants were selected to take part in answering a questionnaire and participating in an interview. These respondents for this study comprised of a group of lecturers teaching English major degree courses in a public university in Malaysia. The findings of this study contribute a significant amount of information to the statistics of ESL teaching and learning in higher education especially in using ICT to promote HOTs. Findings from this study provide several important insights on the potential opportunities of technologies in facilitating higher order thinking but success lies on the tasks that are appropriately designed for promoting the content. This study found that ESL lecturers encounter challenges that need to be addressed in order to facilitate the learning process with the integration of ICT as a supplementary tool in promoting higher order thinking skills.  Keywords:  Malaysia Higher Education Blueprint; information and communication technologies; higher order thinking skills; teaching; learning 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-06
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • New Asmaradana in Indonesian Contemporary Poetry and Malayan Pop Song:
           Product of Rooted Culture or New Interpretations?

    • Authors: Suyitno Suyitno
      Abstract: Goenawan Mohamad, an Indonesian writer, created a poem called Asmaradana that is derived from the classic Asmaradana song written by Tandhakusuma. Comparing the two works gives the impression that these two texts interact dialectically in giving the concept of fate and love. The ‘new’ Asmaradana from Goenawan Mohamad is a soliloquy about realistic attitude in facing destiny whilst the ‘old’ Asmaradana is a kind of assertive reflection from the main character, Damarwulan, in responding to an inevitable situation. It generates new meanings and interpretations, whether it is from the writer or the reader, when a new work is created based on the classic ones. This paper examines how the new Asmaradana shows new interpretation compared to its previous versions; its prior texts. This paper discusses four Asmaradana poems, two of which are the re-made versions from Goenawan Mohamad and the Putri Gunung Ledang movie soundtrack, and how they are interrelated. This paper takes focus on the interpolations of meanings shown in contemporary works that are different from their originals. This paper shows that the new works still follow the tone of the original works but they create new interpretations. Keywords: Intertextuality; intertextual analysis; literary transformation; Asmaradana poems;interpretations 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-07
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Patterns of Interaction in Young EFL Learners’ Pair Work: The
           Relationship between Pair Dynamics and Vocabulary Acquisition

    • Authors: Moussa Ahmadian, Azar Tajabadi
      Abstract: Adopting a social learning perspective towards the interface between the use of pair work and language learning, the present study investigated the dyadic interaction in an EFL course for young learners at pre-elementary school level. A number of 18 EFL learners were put into 9 pairs and received instructions on 24 target vocabulary items during 6 sessions. In each session, the participants completed a recognitions task and a production task. Their dialogues were recorded, transcribed, and coded as exhibiting one of the four patterns: collaborative, expert/novice, dominant/dominant, and dominant/passive based on Storch’s (2002) patterns of interaction coding scheme. The comparison between the patterns and the participants’ performance on a vocabulary test revealed that collaborative and expert/novice were associated with better learning outcomes. The findings are discussed along with Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and pedagogical implications for trainers and instructors.   Keywords: Sociocultural theory; social learning; patterns of interaction; peer response; vocabulary acquisition  
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-08
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A Corpus-based Collocational Analysis of Noun Premodification Types in
           Academic Writing

    • Authors: Leng Hong Ang, Kim Hua Tan, Mengyu He
      Abstract: This study employs a corpus-based method in analysing the noun and noun premodification in journal articles relevant to the field of International Business Management. Following the frequency-based tradition, the noun and noun premodification are identified and extracted by using the node-and-collocate approach. The corpus is divided into five sub-corpora for the purpose of analysing the noun collocations and noun premodification types in each section and between different sections in the journal articles, namely, Introduction, Literature Review, Methods, Results and Discussion sections. The findings show that general adjective is the most common noun premodifier, followed by noun premodifier in both the Introduction and Literature Review sections, whereas general adjective and noun premodifier are both commonly used as premodifiers for nouns in Methods and Results sections. Besides, the general adjective is the most dominant premodifier in Discussion section. The findings also indicate that ed-participial and ing-participial premodifiers are not commonly used in the relevant journal articles. With regard to the use of noun premodification types between different sections in journal articles, general adjective+noun collocation is more pervasive in Introduction, Literature Review and Discussion sections. On the other hand, noun+noun collocation is more commonly found in Methods and Results sections. Following Hoey’s Lexical Priming, the results show that priming occurs at grammatical level within the discourse. The noun collocations identified are compiled for the possible use in the English for Academic Purposes Course.  Keywords: corpus-based method; noun premodification; frequency-based; collocation; textual colligations 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-09

      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Politeness Strategies in Twitter Updates of Female English Language
           Studies Malaysian Undergraduates

    • Authors: Marlyna Maros, Liyana Rosli
      Abstract: Twitter is now developing as a rich research site for scholars who studied online interaction, information dissemination and other plethora of subjects.  Taking on this new development, this paper aims to contribute to the field of politeness and English language studies in computer-mediated communication (CMC) by showcasing the politeness strategies in Twitter updates and by predicting how the tweets could potentially misfire. A total of 776 tweet updates produced by 9 female undergraduates, active users of Twitter within two months, were documented and open-ended questionnaire responses were collected for in-depth findings. The data were analysed using Brown and Levinson’s (1987) Politeness Strategies. The findings show that the participants employed four politeness strategies with positive politeness employed the most, followed by bald-on record, off-record with the least employed being negative politeness. Positive politeness is believed to be used the most because of the nature of CMC which promotes interpersonal communication and expression among its users. Although the participants employed all four politeness strategies, it is important to be aware that misunderstanding could still easily occur due to the absence of other communication cues in virtual ‘faceless’ communication. Hence, this study showed that the overuse of profanity, ambiguous indirect strategy and failure to comply with the 140-character limits in Twitter are some of the reasons that might cause misfire to happen. Keywords: politeness strategies; computer-mediated communication (CMC); Twitter status updates; communication misfire, Malaysian Public University 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-10

      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Corpus-based Exploration of Linking Adverbials of Result: Discovering What
           ELT Writing Coursebooks Lack

    • Authors: Supakorn Phoocharoensil
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine four linking adverbials (LAs) of result, which are THUS, THEREFORE, HENCE, and SO, in the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), focusing on written academic English. The data was collected from 1,200 concordance lines of the target LAs randomly selected from ACADEMIC genre in COCA. The findings revealed that the most frequent LA was THUS. The second and third most common were THEREFORE and HENCE respectively, while the SO occurred with the least frequency. With regard to the patterns in which these LAs are used, contrary to prior studies that reported SO to be the most frequently occurring in spoken English in the initial position, over 90% of SO in academic written English was found in the middle position. The patterns of the other target LAs in the corpus-informed data also outnumbered those available in the surveyed ELT coursebooks. Pedagogically speaking, it is highly recommended that English teachers incorporate more salient LA patterns based on authentic corpus-based data into their lessons to enhance the textbook information. Keywords: linking adverbial; language corpora; ELT coursebook; academic writing; corpus-based study 
      DOI : http://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2017-2301-11

      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
       
 
 
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