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  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1875 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (730 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (258 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (194 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (136 journals)
    - NOVELS (11 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (532 journals)
    - POETRY (14 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (730 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
19 : Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
A Cor das Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Abril : Revista do Núcleo de Estudos de Literatura Portuguesa e Africana da UFF     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abusões     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ação Midiática : Estudos em Comunicação, Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actio Nova : Revista de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akra Kültür Sanat ve Edebiyat Dergisi / Akra Journal of Culture Art and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aksara     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aksara : International Journal of Indonesian Literature     Open Access  
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algazarra : Revista do Centro de Pesquisa Comunicação e Cultura : Barroco e Mestiçagem     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Amasya Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Anàlisi : Quaderns de Comunicació i Cultura     Open Access  
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
andererseits : Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
Annales islamologiques     Open Access  
ANTARES (Letras e Humanidades)     Open Access  
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arabia     Open Access  
Arbitrium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
arcadia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access  
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aturá : Revista Pan-Amazônica de Comunicação     Open Access  
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Slavonic and East European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bahasa dan Seni : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
Bahastra     Open Access  
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Beyond Words     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Bingöl Üniversitesi Yaşayan Diller Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 129)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access  
Byron Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno de Letras     Open Access  
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Letras da UFF     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de Narratologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Cahiers d’Études Germaniques     Open Access  
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
CELEHIS : Revista del Centro de Letras Hispanoamericanas     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Chinese Semiotic Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
CLEaR     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access  
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Communication and Culture Online / Komunikacija i kultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Comparative Mythology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Comunicação & Sociedade     Open Access  
Comunicação e Sociedade     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura de la República : Revista de Análisis Crítico (CRRAC)     Open Access  
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dialogues : An Interdisciplinary Journal of English Language Teaching and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
DIGILEC : Revista Internacional de Lenguas y Culturas     Open Access  
Dil ve Edebiyat Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diyalog Interkulturelle Zeitschrift Für Germanistik     Open Access  
Doblele : Revista de lengua y literatura     Open Access  
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi / Dokuz Eylül University Journal of Humanities     Open Access  
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi GÜZEL SANATLAR FAKÜLTESİ (Yedi)     Open Access  
Drammaturgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
e-Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-TEALS: an e-journal of Teacher Education and Applied Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Écrire l'histoire     Open Access  
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
EID&A : Revista Eletrônica de Estudos Integrados em Discurso e Argumentação     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
El Taco en la Brea     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eltin Journal : Journal of English Language Teaching in Indonesia     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
Encyclopedia     Open Access  
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
English Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.251
Number of Followers: 28  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0128-5157
Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Genre Analysis of Experiment-based Dental Research Article Abstracts: Thai
           and International Journals

    • Authors: Kriangkrai Vathanalaoha, Supong Tangkiengsirisin
      Abstract: Academic dental abstracts play a pivotal role for readers to grasp the essence of scientific development in the world of dentistry as they particularly address on key information designated by dental researchers. However, the generic structures of Thai and international dental research article abstracts have not been investigated as a means of pedagogical implication in terms of English for Specific Purposes (ESP). This study aims to investigate generic structures of Thai and international dental research article abstracts and compare the results with respect to the linguistic features found within the two datasets. Two separate datasets of 120 abstracts were randomly selected and compiled from dental journals certified by Thai-Journal Citation Index (TCI) and Impact Factors (IF), respectively, were analysed by Kanoksilapatham’s (2013) BPMRD nomenclature of abstract analysis. A set of linguistic features based on Pho’s (2008) and Hyland’s (2004) frameworks also reported to show linguistic variation in dental research article abstracts between Thai and international writers. The data shows that Move B is apparently disregarded by Thai writers while the others are comparatively similar. Regarding linguistic features, objective writing is more emphasised by Thai writers through the omission of self-reference pronouns and the lack of modalities. As international publication is a milestone for professional success in higher education, the results from this study can stress on a means of developing writing pedagogy that can be globally used within the academic discourse of dentistry.  Keywords: genre analysis; abstract writing; dentistry; linguistic analysis; English for specific purposes
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-01
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Translating English Specialized Dictionary Articles into Danish and
           Spanish: Some Reflections

    • Authors: Pedro A. Fuertes Olivera, Sandro Nielsen
      Abstract: This paper aims to cast some light on three broad topics. Firstly, it elaborates on the concept of dictionaries as texts. Hence, they are compiled to provide assistance in several situations and are divided into sections that often represent different text types. Secondly, it defends that lexicographic equivalence is a parole phenomenon that is so much influenced by genre and topic conventions that practicing it, e.g. translating bilingual dictionary articles, requires skills that, to the best of our knowledge, have not been described in the lexicographic literature. Thirdly, reflections on the above topics are illustrated with the practice of translating the English dictionary articles of the Accounting Dictionaries into Danish and Spanish. They will allow us to comment on some peculiarities of specialized dictionary translation, i.e. a type of translation that shows some differences with standard text types such as journal articles, books and so on.  Keywords: specialized dictionary; lexicographic equivalent; Danish; English; Spanish; dictionary translation; accounting; bilingual dictionary
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-02
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • What Do Different Word Lists Reveal about the Lexical Features of a
           Specialised Language'

    • Authors: Noorli Khamis, Imran Ho Abdullah
      Abstract: Most corpus-based investigations capitalise on word list analyses: frequency, keyword, and key-keywords, in profiling the lexical features of a specialised language. Though the three word lists have been used in many corpus-based language studies, comparisons across these three types of word lists in characterising a specialised language has not been made to identify any salient information each word list can reveal about the target language. This paper provides comparisons of Engineering English using three types of word list: frequency, keyword and key-keyword lists. The purpose is to identify the lexical information that can be revealed by the groups of words listed according to each type of word lists. To conduct the analyses, a corpus of Engineering English (E2C) is created. All the word lists from the corpus are extracted using the Wordsmith software. Next, further analyses on the distribution of the vocabulary components, namely function vs. content words, and word categories i.e. GSL, AWL and Others, are conducted on all the three word lists. The findings reveal that different word lists result in different ranges of words, and the analyses of the words reveal the distinct features of the specialised language at different levels. Given such differences, this study provides insights into which word lists are to be considered in a lexical study for language description purposes. Hence, this study further verifies the importance of corpus-based lexical investigations in providing empirical evidences for language description. Keywords: corpus; lexical features; specialised corpus; language description; word lists analysis
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-03
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Factors Contributing to the use of Conversational Silence in Academic
           Discourse among Malaysian Undergraduate students

    • Authors: Bashir Ibrahim, Zalina Mohd. Kasim, Ain Nadzimah Abdullah, Shameem Rafik-Galea
      Abstract: Asians are said to use silence in academic situation more than other learners from Europe and America. With the increased need for students’ oral participation in the language learning classroom and other academic situations, the Asian silent behavior has been considered a problem. The aim of this study is to investigate factors that contribute to the use of conversational silence by Malaysian science and non-science undergraduate students in academic discourse. Seventeen undergraduate students from a local university in Malaysia participated in a focus group interview which required them to respond to questions related to the beliefs of their culture on the use of silence, the extent to which the participants practice silence in academic discourse, and factors that contribute to the use of conversational silence. There were two groups each from the Departments of English and Computer and Communication System who informed the research. The study was underpinned by Brown and Levinson Politeness Theory, which is tied to the concept of ‘face’ as something that is highly valuable, and must be guarded in interaction. The findings suggest that some factors such as socio-cultural upbringing, personality and intimidation by the environment play a role in the use of silence by the informants of this study.  Keywords: Use of conversational silence; Academic discourse; Politeness; Malaysian undergraduate students; Focus Group Interview 
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-04
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Noir Sensibility and the Mystical East in Amir Hafizi’s “The
           Unbeliever” of Amir Muhammad’s KL Noir: Red

    • Authors: Ririn Kurnia Trisnawati
      Abstract: This paper examines Amir Hafizi’s “The Unbeliever”, one noir story taken from Amir Muhammad’s KL Noir: Red (2013), a noir anthology published in Malaysia. Hafizi’s “The Unbeliever” is a self-claimed noir work contained by noir sensibility with portrayals of postcolonial experiences written from the perspective of contemporary-postcolonial Malaysian society. Both its noir sensibility and postcolonial experiences constitute the darkness and alienation which are commonly associated with noir fiction. Consequently, this paper looks into noir sensibility or noir parameters that construct Hafizi’s “The Unbeliever” and, simultaneously, the inclusion of subversion of the West and East as a fragment of the postcolonial experiences that can also function as noir sensibility. The finding shows that the noir sensibility is manifested, firstly, by the noir theme comprising issues of mysticism and violence and, secondly, by the noir protagonist who is doomed and alienated. Additionally, the mystical East represented by the figure of Nyai Roro Kidul, the Queen of the Sea, has drowned the characters into darkness, chaos and, most importantly, subversion of the West and the East binary. Thus, they impressively shape this story to be a noir narrative with postcolonial issue.   Keywords: noir sensibility; mysticism; subversion; postcolonialism
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-05
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Translation, Modernity, Acceptability—From Language Reform to Cultural
           Resistance in Translation Practice in China

    • Authors: Mingming Yuan
      Abstract: This paper compares the linguistic acceptability in the Chinese translations of Peter Pan from a diachronic perspective, in terms of how changing socio-cultural factors over different time periods influence the linguistic acceptability of the target text. Linguistic acceptability is defined in relation to the extent to which translation conforms to dominant conventions and expectations in the target language. Relating to the polysystem theory, the paper first analyses the different roles translated literature has played in the Chinese literary system from the 1920s to the present, highlighting how, as translated literature moves from a central to a peripheral position, the preferred method of translation changes from innovative methods compromising the acceptability of the target text to conservative methods prioritising high acceptability. As part of the target literature polysystem, translation practice inevitably bears the mark of history. Three translations of J. M. Barrie’s Peter Pan, completed respectively in 1929 (Liang’s), 1991 (Yang’s) and 2011 (Ren’s) are compared in terms of their linguistic acceptability, illustrating how the changed position of translated literature results in the change of preferred translating methods, signalling a move from language reform to cultural resistance in the prevalent translation norms in China. Keywords: translation; polysystem theory; linguistic acceptability; language reform; China  
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-06
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Developing English L2 Critical Reading and Thinking Skills through the
           Pisa Reading Literacy Assessment Framework: A Case Study of Thai EFL
           Learners

    • Authors: Surasak Khamkhong
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the use of the PISA reading literacy assessment framework (PRF) to improve EFL learners’ critical reading and thinking skills. The sample group, selected by the random sampling technique, included 36 EFL learners from a university in Northeastern Thailand. The instruments consisted of 8 PRF-based reading lessons, a 27-item-PRF-based reading test used as a pre-test and a post-test, and a questionnaire of their attitude toward the designed lessons. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and a paired sample t-test. The results revealed that before the intervention, the students’ English reading proficiency was low as is evident from their low pre-test scores (M=14.00). They did fairly well for the literal questions (M=6.11), but poorly for the interpretative questions (M=4.89) and the critical questions (M=3.00), respectively. This means that the students could comprehend the texts but they could hardly interpret or evaluate them. However, after the intervention, they could do much better as their post-test scores were significantly higher (M=18.01). They could comprehend (M=6.78), interpret (M=6.00) and evaluate (M=5.25) well. The paired sample t-test results also confirmed this as the students’ post-test scores for overall, literal, interpretative, and critical questions were significantly higher than the pre-test scores at p<0.001. This indicates that after the intervention, their reading skills had improved. In terms of their attitude, most students were satisfied with the lessons and the instruction, particularly because they were given background information of texts and knowledge about different types of the PRF questions. It may thus be concluded that the designed lessons can help improve students’ English critical reading proficiency and may be used as a teaching model for improving EFL learners’ critical reading and thinking skills. Keywords: critical reading; critical thinking; reading proficiency; PISA reading framework; reading literacy
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-07
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Instructor’s Direct and Indirect Feedback: How do they Impact
           Learners’ Written Performance'

    • Authors: Lee Luan Ng, Siti Nor Aisyah Ishak
      Abstract: Written corrective feedback (WCF) is widely used among writing teachers in attempt to improve students’ language accuracy in their written tasks. Experts of second language (L2) writing stated that WCF plays a significant role in language accuracy development because it is related to the development and improvement of students’ accuracy in second language writing. Corrective feedback can be grouped into direct WCF and indirect WCF. However, results in many past empirical studies were inconclusive because of variation in how the effectiveness of WCF was measured. Additionally, there is a lack of investigation pertaining to the students’ perceptions toward the feedback they received, which may reveal important factors that influence the students’ reception of the feedback that resulted in performance changes. Hence, the purpose of this study is to explore factors that contributed to the accurate use of the past tenses resulting from direct WCF and indirect WCF.  Interviews were conducted with 12 students and the qualitative findings revealed the following factors: 1) learner attitudes towards feedback provided, 2) learner beliefs towards what corrections entailed, and 3) types of scaffolding. Additionally, the findings revealed the importance of teacher-student conference, the need for students to be trained over a longer period of time in relation to the use of error codes and the need for instructor to understand and implement direct and indirect feedback accordingly in their teaching. Keywords: written corrective feedback; second language acquisition; direct-indirect feedback; past tenses; mixed methods
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-08
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Four Discourses and Sinthomatique Writing in Saul Bellow’s Herzog: A
           Lacanian Approach

    • Authors: Tohid Teymouri, Zahra Jannessari Ladani, Pyeaam Abbasi
      Abstract: This paper studies sinthomatique writing in Saul Bellow’s Herzog in the form of letter-writing. Referring to Lacanian theory, the Sinthome is discussed in the study as a system of signification that exploits the unconscious digging for jouissance. Connected to jouissance in writing unconscious, the Sinthome is the fourth ring in the Borromean knot that protects a subject against psychosis by intersecting the Imaginary, the Symbolic, and the Real orders. This study further develops the idea of the Sinthome in relation to the Four Lacanian Discourses. In respect to Discourses of the Master, University, Hysteric, and Analyst, the following procedure is introduced for a subject excluded spatially and socially: foreclosure of master signifier, rejection of desire, reception of jouissance, and communication of the unconscious. The subject in above-mentioned moves needs a sinthome to protect his/her subjectivity against disintegration. Regarding Jacques Lacan’s example about James Joyce in using specific styles and epiphany, letter-writing is introduced as the Sinthome in Herzog that helps Herzog deliver his subjectivity from dissolution. Herzog is a character on the verge of breakdown and madness after his second divorce. He reconfigures his subjectivity when he forecloses AMERICA as master signifier, no longer enjoys knowledge, receives contradictions and truth, and ultimately jots down his unconscious. Finally, the role of the Sinthome is explored in the production of art. The Sinthome is considered as a kind of unique discourse through which a psychotic artist is enabled to originate new artistic productions. Keywords: Jacques Lacan; the Sinthome; Four Discourses; Saul Bellow; letter-writing
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-09
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Effectiveness of English Preposition Learning through Data-Driven Learning
           (DDL)

    • Authors: Punyapa Boontam, Supakorn Phoocharoensil
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of paper-based data-driven learning (DDL) method in developing young Thai students in learning three English prepositions, which are ‘during’, ‘among’ and ‘between’, and to examine the attitudes of the participants towards learning through the DDL activities. The convenience-sampled participants were 30 Thai grade 4 students who have A2 CEFR level, studying in a private school in Nakhonsawan province, Thailand. They were taught the target preposition using DDL for 6 weeks. In order to analyse the data, the mean scores of pre-test and post-test were compared by using paired-samples t-test. The tests consist of gap-filling, grammaticality judgement test and sentence building. The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference in their mean scores (p < 0.001), which increased from the pre-test to the post-test after DDL activities were introduced to the students. According to the test results, it was found that the participants could develop their grammatical consciousness and produce more meaningful and grammatical sentences with a variety of complexity. Moreover, the questionnaire and interview responses revealed the positive attitudes of the participants towards learning through the DDL method as they found it fun, interesting and challenging, and they considered this method as a helpful resource for learning new grammatical knowledge. Thus, this study yields an instructive result that DDL can be applied with young EFL learners and could be an encouraging teaching method for EFL/ESL teachers. Keywords: data-driven learning (DDL); English preposition teaching; young Thai EFL students; Corpus linguistics; paper-based
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-10
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Investigating Dominant and Passive Students on Pair Work towards the
           Students’ Writing Performance

    • Authors: Erlik Widiyani Styati, Mohammad Adnan Latief
      Abstract: The research aims to investigate the significant difference between the mean scores of the writing performance of the students working in the dominant-dominant pairs (DDP) and those working in the dominant-passive pairs (DPP). It investigates the effectiveness of pair work to reveal in what pair the students have a better-writing performance. The experimental design using pretest-posttest design was used in this study. The writing performance of the students working in the dominant-dominant pairs (DDP) and those working in the dominant-passive pairs (DPP) was compared. The subjects of the study were the students of the English Department of private University in Madiun, East Java, Indonesia who were in their fourth semester. The current study employed the standardized proficiency writing test which was adopted from the TOEFL-Test. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were chosen to answer the research question. Independent t-test by using SPSS 17.0 was employed to see whether there was a significant difference in the mean scores between the students working in the dominant-dominant pairs (DDP) and those working in the dominant-passive pairs (DPP). The result shows that the students who work in the dominant-dominant pairs (DDP) perform better at writing performance than the students who work in the dominant-passive pairs (DPP). Furthermore, pair work provides the students with more opportunities to engage with one another to share ideas in writing. Thus, the teacher should arrange the best group of classification at the beginning of making a pair work before the students are asked to have a discussion in writing. Keywords: dominant; passive; pair work; writing, argumentative essay
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-11
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • A Preliminary Evidence of Transfer in the Acquisition of Sentential
           Negation of English in Multilingual Indonesian Children in School Contexts
           

    • Authors: Evynurul Laily Zen
      Abstract: Bilingual children in Indonesia have continued to develop their trilingual competence by adding English into their linguistic repertoires, in addition to Indonesian as the first language (L1) and Javanese or any other regional languages as the second language (L2). Considering the unique characteristics of third language (L3) acquisition in the way that it requires multidirectional interactions of three language systems, this study aimed at finding an evidence of L1 and L2 transfer in the acquisition of L3 sentential negation. In specific, it examined whether the absence of functional projection in Indonesian and Javanese negations would trigger transfer in the production of English negations, and testing out whether Cumulative Enhancement Model (CEM) worked best to the data. The CEM as one of L3 acquisition models encapsulates that any previous linguistic knowledge available to L3 learners will either enhance L3 learning or remain neutral. The English sentential negations were elicited from the already-available data sets; a limited corpus and in-class writing exercises of primary school learners aged 7-10 years old who were in an International Class Program in East Java, Indonesia where English became the medium of instruction. The findings demonstrated a preliminary evidence of transfer mainly in the absence of functional projections in English sentential negations resulted from a negative transfer of L1 and L2. More importantly, it suggested that the typological proximity of L1 and L2 had supported the cumulative effect in a negative way which was in contrast to the basic principle of CEM in which such collective process should enhance or be neutral when learning L3. Thus, this study has posited a theoretical implication of reconsidering the cumulative enhancement effect of L1 and L2 to the L3 by looking at the possibility of negative transfer. This current study has also imparted a practical implication for L3 teaching and learning with specific regard to English in that teachers can highlight any contrastive features embedded in learners’ L1, L2, and L3 to explicitly show the different patterns and uses.  Keywords: Transfer; Sentential Negation; Indonesian multilingual children; L3 Acquisition Models; Cumulative Enhancement Model (CEM)
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-12
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Implementation of CEFR in Malaysia: Teachers’ awareness and the
           Challenges

    • Authors: Nurul Farehah Mohamad Uri, Mohd Salehhuddin Abd Aziz
      Abstract: This study mainly seeks to investigate English teachers and Ministry of Education officials’ views on the implementation of CEFR in Malaysia. It also intends to explore the challenges encountered by the stakeholders in view of the adoption of CEFR onto Form 5 English syllabus and assessment. Data for this study were collected from questionnaires distributed to 331 English secondary school teachers and from in – depth interviews with two senior ministry officials. The findings revealed that most of the teachers had very limited knowledge, minimum exposure and low level of awareness about CEFR. Nevertheless, they were optimistic about the idea and believed that the framework is vital in order to improve the level of English proficiency of Malaysians. The officials in the ministry were also positive about the implementation plan despite the challenges and obstacles perceived. The teachers’ resistance, lack of training and negative conception that most teachers have namely it would be difficult to incorporate CEFR in their teaching are some of the main challenges identified in this study. In conclusion, the adoption of CEFR in Malaysia is seen as obligatory but sufficient time should be given by the ministry to ensure that all stakeholders are fully prepared and familiar with the framework before it is extensively introduced and used in the country.  Keywords: CEFR; English proficiency; Malaysian CEFR; CEFR alignment; education system
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Intra and Intersentential Code-switching Phenomena in Modern Malay Songs

    • Authors: Wan Nur Syaza Sahira Wan Rusli, Azianura Hani Shaari, Siti Zaidah Zainuddin, Ng Lay Shi, Aizan Sofia Amin
      Abstract: Code-switching has been used in many languages by many different groups of people or speech communities, but little is known about how and why they are used as communicative strategies in modern song lyrics. This paper aims to explore and describe the recent phenomenon of English code-switching in modern Malay songs. 25 modern Malay songs were selected and analysed using Content Analysis. The analysis was made based on Poplack’ Theory as well as the functions of code-switching proposed by Appel and Musyken. Two types of code-switching commonly used in modern Malay songs were discovered. They were intrasentential and intersentential code-switching.  The classification of the functions of code-switching was then made based on the six functions of code-switching, which are referential, directive, expressive, phatic, metalinguistic, and poetic. The findings of this research also indicate other functions of code-switching that demonstrate bilingual creativity among songwriters in Malaysia. In conclusion, the findings of this study indicated that code switching in Modern Malay songs is not just a random switch from one code to another but carries certain social functions that emphasize on the establishment of people’s intimacy, solidarity and local identity.    Keywords: Code-switching; Intrasentential; Intersentential; Referential; Directive; Expressive; Phatic; Metalinguistic; Modern Malay Songs
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-14
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • English Language and an Inclusive Malaysia

    • Authors: James Campbell
      Abstract: This article seeks to discuss the pressures and forces which define the Malaysian English language debate and suggests that a new social compact involving a renewed commitment to democracy and social justice in Malaysia may be the necessary social context needed to address the increasingly unstable tension between nationalist language concerns and the pressures of globalization. In this article we shall argue that the way to avoid the English language debate from getting stuck oscillating between the Scylla and the Charybdis of nationalist and globalist discourses is to try to move the argument around language to one informed by progressive political economy and democratic theory. This also has the advantage of potentially undermining the politics of social division and cleavage which can derail progressive initiatives such as improvement of English in plural societies such as Malaysia. Keywords: English language; democracy; plural society; globalization; nationalism
      PubDate: 2018-09-27
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2018-2403-15
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2018)
       
 
 
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