for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1657 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (601 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (235 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (185 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (121 journals)
    - NOVELS (12 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (489 journals)
    - POETRY (14 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (601 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
@nalyses     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
A Cor das Letras     Open Access  
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Abril : Revista do Núcleo de Estudos de Literatura Portuguesa e Africana da UFF     Open Access  
Abusões     Open Access  
Ação Midiática : Estudos em Comunicação, Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aksara     Open Access  
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algazarra : Revista do Centro de Pesquisa Comunicação e Cultura : Barroco e Mestiçagem     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
andererseits : Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
ANTARES (Letras e Humanidades)     Open Access  
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arabia     Open Access  
Arbitrium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arcadia - International Journal for Literary Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access  
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beyond Words     Open Access  
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 130)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
boundary 2     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journalism Research     Open Access  
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Byron Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno de Letras     Open Access  
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Letras da UFF     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
CELEHIS : Revista del Centro de Letras Hispanoamericanas     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access  
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Chloe: Beihefte zum Daphnis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
CLEaR     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access  
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Comparative Mythology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comunicação & Sociedade     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Yearbook     Hybrid Journal  
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
DIGILEC : Revista Internacional de Lenguas y Culturas     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
DQR Studies in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Drammaturgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
e-Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-TEALS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Enthymema     Open Access  
Entrelaces     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access  
Estudios de Teoría Literaria - Revista digital: artes, letras y humanidades     Open Access  
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
European Journal of Life Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ExELL : Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access  
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Figurationen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fólio : Revista de Letras     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FronteiraZ. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Literatura e Crítica Literária     Open Access  
Genre     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover 3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature
  [SJR: 0.36]   [H-I: 4]   [14 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0128-5157
   Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Using the Flipped Model to Foster Thai Learners’ Second Language
           Collocation Knowledge

    • Authors: Todsapon Suranakkharin
      Abstract: In recent years, interest in flipped classrooms has gained popularity among numerous ELT scholars. This research, therefore, explored the effect of flipping a classroom on Thai learners’ English collocation knowledge, and compared this instructional design with traditional instruction. The study also examined the students’ attitudes towards the flipped model. The experimental research design comprised an experimental and a control group. The experimental group (N = 35) was exposed to the flipped instruction, in which learning contents were provided outside of class time through electronic means and class time was used for activities. In the control group, the students (N = 35) were taught by the traditional method, where lectures were mainly delivered during class and supplementary exercises were given outside of class time. Two types of collocations: lexical and grammatical were studied. Receptive and productive tests were developed to measure the impact of the two instructional methods on the students’ collocation competence.  A questionnaire and an oral interview were also distributed to determine the experimental students’ perceptions towards the flipped model. The findings revealed that flipped instruction helped enhance the students’ collocation knowledge. Interestingly, in terms of the effects the results yielded no significant differences between the flipped and traditional approaches. Most flipped learners generally had a favourable perception of the flipped classroom. Taken together, the study offers insightful implications to the line of research on flipped classrooms in ELT contexts.  Keywords: English collocations; experimental ELT research; EFL learners; flipped classrooms; interactive activities
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-01
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Paratextual Analysis of English Translations of Arabic Media
           Narratives on Daesh

    • Authors: Nael F M Hijjo, Surinderpal Kaur
      Abstract: This paper investigates the role of media translations in reframing ‘reality’ and inserting ideologically-loaded concepts to promote certain agendas. It further examines the effectiveness of paratextual (re)framings as a strategic device in the manipulation of ‘reality’. It analyses the English translations of the Arabic media narratives on ‘Daesh’ employing the interdisciplinary approach of Baker (2006) narrative theory-informed. These English translations were published on the website of the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI); a Washington-based think tank that is largely quoted by the Western, mainly the US, prominent media outlets. The data collected for the purpose of this study consists of 46 Arabic editorials alongside their 25 English translations. The findings of this research suggest that paratextual devices including titles, introductions, headings, images and their captions, and endnotes and glossaries are significant (re)framing tools that function outside the immediate text. MEMRI is found to successfully reframe the Arabic narratives on ‘Daesh’ in an attempt to sustain and further the meta-narrative of the ‘War on Terror’. The significance of this study is specifically to draw the awareness of the public of the different rival narratives circulated by the media. Keywords: Daesh; MEMRI; paratextual (re)framing; terrorism; translation
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-02
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Discourse, Power and Resistance in Nadine Gordimer’s Occasion for
           Loving: A Foucauldian Reading

    • Authors: Seyed Mohammad Marandi, Zohreh Ramin, Ensieh Shabanirad
      Abstract: This paper is concerned with two fundamental phenomena in any society: discourse and power. It focuses on how power is being reproduced by discourse in society. Many forms of social inequality, such as those based on gender, class, sexuality and race, are construed, perpetuated and legitimated by discourse. The critical method in this study is influenced by Michel Foucault’s theories on power and discourse.  It is in discourse, as Foucault puts it, that power and knowledge are joined together. However, Foucault argues that discourse is both the means of oppressing and the means of resistance. This study examines these forms of the discursive reproduction of power in Nadine Gordimer’s novel, Occasion for Loving (1963). The researchers aim to explore how the control and power shaping and defining discourse in the prison-society of apartheid South Africa reveals the inevitable entanglement of the personal and the political and  how such a relationship can be used by the artist to resist and subvert the controlling social and political discourses. The paper also sheds light on how Gordimer generates a discourse that challenges the apartheid’s legal discourse on race and interracial sexuality.  Keywords: Foucault; discourse; power; resistance; Gordimer
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-03
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Second Language Learners' Comprehension of Conversational
           Implicatures in English

    • Authors: Hendi Pratama, Joko Nurkamto, Rustono Rustono, Sri Marmanto
      Abstract: Conversational implicature is a case in which a speaker produces a coded utterance to convey certain intent. The listener of the utterance then decodes the speaker’s intent accurately and ‘intuitively’. For instance, a speaker saying that ‘the room is hot’ could mean that the listener is expected to turn on the air conditioner. However, ‘intuition’ tends to work seamlessly for native speakers but it becomes rather problematic for second language learners. This study comes with two questions: ‘what are the most problematic implicatures for second language learners'’ and ‘what are the factors affecting learners’ competence to comprehend implicatures'’ The implicatures discussed in this study are in the form of joint-taxonomy adopted from the studies of Bouton, Grice and Arseneault. The joint-taxonomy produces ten types of implicatures: POPE-Q, Indirect Criticism, Sequential, Minimum Requirement Rule, Scalar, Idiomatic, Quantity, Quality, Manner and Relevance. 110 college students at one university in Indonesia participated in this study. Vocabulary, grammar formal exposure and informal exposure are four variables affecting the students’ competence in comprehending implicatures in English. This research has been influenced primarily by the study of Bouton and Roever. The results of this study show that indirect criticism implicatures are the most problematic implicatures for all groups of respondents. Additionally, this study is able to illustrate how both Bouton’s claim on proficiency and Roever’s claim on exposure as affecting factors of implicature comprehension can be correct at the same time. Keywords: pragmatic competence; pragmatic comprehension; conversational implicature; second language learning; communicative competence 
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-04
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Korean-English Language Translational Action of K-Pop Social Media
           Content: A Case Study on Bangtan Sonyeondan’s (BTS) Official Twitter

    • Authors: Aznur Aisyah
      Abstract: K-pop fans face language barriers on a daily basis when searching for their favourite K-Pop group related news. The translators’ role in mediating information between the international fans with the K-Pop artists is central in delivering the necessary information to its fans around the globe. This study has been motivated by the scarcity of research on the progress of translation in social media microblogging such as Twitter. It was aimed at analysing translation progress occurring in social media, namely the Twitter account, where communication discourse activities actively occurred. Big Hit Entertainment’s Twitter account (@BigHitEnt) was selected as the primary data sample because of the outstanding reputation of Bangtan Sonyeondan (BTS), a K-Pop idol group under the company’s label, in terms of social media engagement. This research employed the Social Media Translational Action (SoMTA) analytical framework, a new research methodology adapted from the Translational Action framework, for its data analysis. . The content of the news feed in Twitter’s timeline is mostly written in the Korean language which might not be understood by the international fans who do not speak Korean. Thus, this research investigated the translation progress when @BigHitEnt created new timelines on their account, particularly those related to their promotion of new albums beginning with the “Love Yourself” series.  It is hoped that this research would provide fresh insights into the current state of the translation world within this cyber age era using the new translation analysis.  Keywords: K-Pop; Bangtan Sonyeondan (BTS); translation; Korean language; Twitter
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-05
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Teacher Trainees’ Perspectives of Teaching Graphic Novels to ESL
           Primary Schoolers

    • Authors: Suriani Mohd Yusof, Zalina Mohd Lazim, Khazriyati Salehuddin
      Abstract: Students in the 21st century are exposed to multimodal texts, which are texts with the combinations of the modes of prints, images, gestures and movements. Graphic novel is one of the examples of a multimodal text and this genre is introduced in the Language Arts module as part of the English language subject in the new Curriculum for Primary Schools in Malaysia. Hence, it is important that teachers should first be aware of how to make the most of multimodal texts before introducing their pupils to the strategies necessary for comprehending the text. However, without proper training on how to approach the genre, the teaching of graphic novels may pose difficulties for teachers in general and especially so for teacher trainees. This paper reports the findings of a survey conducted on teacher trainees to explore the challenges they faced in teaching graphic novels to primary schoolers. Results show that although the graphics succeeded to entice the pupils into reading the text, the teacher trainee felt that the graphics did not help their pupils in understanding the storyline. The pupils’ eagerness to go through the graphics has caused them to ignore the words in the speech balloons. Consequently this has led to incomprehensible input and misinterpretation of the content. Results from these preliminary findings can be used to further investigate the strategies good readers use to read and comprehend graphic novels, so that teacher trainee would be better prepared to utilise graphic novels in their English classes.  Keywords: graphic novels; multimodal; teacher trainees; primary pupils; reading graphic novels
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-06
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Teachers’ Reflections on the Practicality of English In-Service
           Courses in Iran

    • Authors: Somayeh Baniasad-Azad, Mansoor Tavakoli, Saeed Ketabi
      Abstract: As professional development is essential for teacher quality, many countries have made investments in designing teacher education programs. The study explores the efficacy of in-service courses in Iran from the perspective of English language teachers. Interviews were conducted to examine teachers’ beliefs about the efficacy of in-service courses, their involvement in program development, the application of program material by teachers, and their preferences about teacher education programs. The findings showed that program designers adopted a traditional transmissive model to transfer pre-determined knowledge to the teachers without involving teachers in the decision making process. Teachers, in turn, did not apply the program materials in their teaching practices because they believed program materials were idealistic, impractical, generalized, and decontextualized. Moreover, what teachers considered beneficial for their development was different from what was presented to them in the in-service courses. The reason for such inconsistencies is a lack of communication and effective feedback channel between teachers and planners. The findings suggest that as teachers are the final decision makers based on the realities of their teaching situation, involving them in planning and program development process can decrease the existing gap and make program materials more realistic and consequently applicable. Implications for language planning and teacher education programs are discussed.  Keywords: English language education; professional development; teacher involvement; in-service courses; teacher autonomy
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-07
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Linguistic Deception of Chinese Cyber Fraudsters

    • Authors: Kim Hua Tan, Mohammad Abdollahi-Guilani, Chenzi Chen
      Abstract: Cybercrimes are on the increase in China and ‘QQ’, an instant messenger platform, is frequently exploited for these crimes. Fraudsters manipulate language to deceive users into revealing their bank accounts or depositing sums in the cheats’ accounts. Employing the theoretical framework that includes Speech Act Theory and Politeness Theory, the researchers attempted to identify the strategies used by such fraudsters. The subjects of this study included 50 interlocutors who had already chatted with different online cheats and had a record of their conversations. The data were collected and analysed on the basis of the type of discourse themes displayed. Findings indicated that the chats displayed various themes like Business Invitation, Money Transfer, Account Hacking and Online Shopping. In addition, the three levels of speech acts of locutionary, illocutionary, and perlocutionary were discernible and most fraudsters did not bother to address face threatening acts. In comparison to hoax email writers, the fraudsters in instant communication regularly came across as more aggressive and imperative, but then softened their diction if victims were not interested to chat with them in real time. The implications of this study lie in the possibility of developing a model for fraudster or cheat discourse structure, thus alerting QQ users in particular of such crimes. Other online instant messenger users will also benefit from this study. Better informed of how cheats manipulate language to present untruth as truth and be alerted of the modus operandi involved in online deception, victims can be saved and the crime curbed.  The issue of the victim’s vulnerability and the reasons behind it certainly deserve further linguistic and metalinguistic scrutiny. Keywords: cybercrimes; fraudsters; linguistic deception; speech acts; politeness
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-08
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Educators and Students Perceptions about Ecuadorian NEST Knowledge and
           Quality in Terms of Effective Teaching

    • Authors: Julia Sevy-Biloon
      Abstract: EFL has become necessary in all areas of education over the last decade in Ecuador. There has been a widespread push for changes in the level of knowledge and quality of EFL teacher effectiveness throughout the educational system. This paper aims to look at what perceptions current EFL participants have about the Ecuadorian NNEST and if they have the necessary linguistic awareness, language skills and teaching qualities to teach EFL effectively. The data for this investigation includes 89 student questionnaires and 30 teacher interviews based on their perceptions. The findings illustrated how students at lower levels tend to be more comfortable with teachers who use primarily the first language (L1) and have effective teaching qualities, while upper intermediate students tended to choose NESTs, because they needed proficiency skills such as language fluency and high levels of oral communication to be examples in class. The study goes onto demonstrate how many Ecuadorian NNESTs cannot speak, understand, communicate or pronounce English fluently at higher levels since many did not have teachers who possessed these qualities. This phenomenon creates the perception that a native speaker will have better fluency, pronunciation and overall better proficiency than an Ecuadorian NNEST.  These results show it is necessary for these teachers to increase their English proficiency to be effective teachers in the future and change the perception that native speakers have higher levels of English in Ecuador.  Keywords: English Language proficiency; effective teaching; fluency; communicative competency; motivation 
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-09
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Muslim Revert Narrative and American Gaze Post 9/11 in Jamilah
           Kolocotronis' Rebounding

    • Authors: Hassan Majid Ahmed, Raihanah M. M., Ruzy Suliza Hashim
      Abstract: This paper focuses on the manifestations of the American gaze post-9/11 as portrayed in the fictional narrative, Rebounding, by Jamilah Kolocotronis. Kolocotronis, a Caucasian American Muslim revert whose novels in the Echoes Series highlight the American Muslim revert’s personal, interpersonal and multicultural complexities of living in post-9/11 America. Those complexities are made obvious through the American gaze post-9/11 as intentional views, behaviors and actions made by certain members of the non-Muslim American majority towards white and non-white Muslims minority, due to affiliation with Islam. By using the post-9/11 counter-terrorism perspective on national security, this article problematises the American gaze post-9/11 by explicating how the protagonist Joshua Adams’ material support to a Muslim fellow in Pakistan has brought serious repercussions on his personal and public life. Efforts are also devoted to delineate the transition of the American gaze post-9/11 from the private level, i.e., Joshua’s clash with his father Sam, to the public level, through Joshua’s incarceration by the Homeland Security agents. The findings reveal that the American post-9/11 gaze move beyond the realm of race and nationality into the space of religiosity. It positions Joshua in the grip of atonality, robbing him of his faith, selfhood, and citizenship on both private and public levels. Kolocotronis’ Rebounding expounds how the severity of the post-9/11 American gaze fails to fully establish a sharp distinction between innocent Americans and terrorists. An essential feature of civic engagement which is neglected in post-9/11America as illustrated in this novel is the recognition of the American Muslim revert's public service, virtues and achievements, which demonstrates the premises of separation and association with forces of terrorism. Keywords: American gaze; American Muslim Reversion Narrative; 9/11; war on terror; Rebounding
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-10
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Investigating The Relationship Between Foreign Language Anxiety In The
           Four Skills and Year of Study Among Yemeni University EFL Learners

    • Authors: Amr Abdullatif Yassin, Norizan Abdul Razak
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between foreign language anxiety and the year of study among Yemeni university EFL learners. The data were collected from the English language students from years 1 to 4 of the Faculty of Arts, Ibb University, Yemen. The data were collected using Foreign Language Anxiety Scale (FLAS) which measures the level of anxiety in the four skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. The data were analysed using SPSS version 22 and one-way Anova is used to determine if there is a significant difference in the level of anxiety between the students in the four years. The results revealed that second year students experienced the highest level of anxiety followed by third year, fourth year and the first year students experienced the least level of anxiety. However, no significance difference was found between the level of foreign language anxiety and the year of study. The study concluded that two other factors, the interference of the mother tongue and novelty effect, might have affected the relationship between language anxiety and year of study. Implications of the study are also discussed. Keywords: Foreign Language Anxiety; year of study; Yemeni university EFL learners; novelty effect; mother tongue interference
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-11
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Lat’s Comics and the Articulation of the Malaysian Cultural
           Landscape

    • Authors: Lee Siew Chin, T'ng Cheah Kiu Choon, Noraza Ahmad Zabidi, Badrul Redzuan Abu Hassan
      Abstract: Over the past few years, there has seen some renewed serious interest in comics in terms of the humour and narrative aspect. However not much can be said of comics as a representation of the cultural mores of the community. This study looks at how a local comic writer frames his subjective viewpoints, and how he stages them graphically and visually in his comics. Using Rodriguez and Dimitrova’s (2011) four-tiered model, this paper sets out to analyse the how Lat frames culture in his comics in 5 selected comic strips culled from online sources. The findings indicated that Lat has a tendency to frame his cartoons in terms of a Malaysianised landscape. Of interest is the way in which he portrays the Malaysian as a melting pot of multi-cultural community through a sharp and yet seemingly tongue-in-cheek portrayal of their values and behaviours.  Keywords: comics; culture; framing; visual language; representations
      PubDate: 2017-09-29
      DOI: 10.17576/3L-2017-2303-12
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2017)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.166.203.76
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016