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  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1602 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (563 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (232 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (182 journals)
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    - POETRY (15 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (563 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
@nalyses     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Abril : Revista do Núcleo de Estudos de Literatura Portuguesa e Africana da UFF     Open Access  
Ação Midiática : Estudos em Comunicação, Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algazarra : Revista do Centro de Pesquisa Comunicação e Cultura : Barroco e Mestiçagem     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
andererseits : Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
ANTARES (Letras e Humanidades)     Open Access  
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arbitrium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arcadia - International Journal for Literary Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access  
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 111)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
boundary 2     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Byron Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access  
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Chloe: Beihefte zum Daphnis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
CLEaR     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access  
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Comparative Mythology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Yearbook     Hybrid Journal  
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
DQR Studies in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Drammaturgia     Open Access  
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-TEALS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Enthymema     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access  
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access  
Estudis Romànics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
European Journal of Life Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ExELL : Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access  
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Figurationen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fólio : Revista de Letras     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FronteiraZ. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Literatura e Crítica Literária     Open Access  
Genre     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Globe : A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication     Open Access  
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Hardy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
HeLix - Dossiers zur romanischen Literaturwissenschaft     Open Access  
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Hispanic Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Huntington Library Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
I Tatti Studies in the Italian Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3     

Journal Cover 3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature
  [SJR: 0.36]   [H-I: 4]   [10 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0128-5157
   Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [13 journals]
  • The Challenge of Learning to Read Written English for the Profoundly
           Pre-lingually Deaf Adult

    • Authors: Brett Edward Furlonger
      Abstract: Many adults with profound prelingual deafness have difficulties reading and comprehending written English and this problem may originate from English phonological deficits and/or difficulties connecting sign language with written English. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to investigate the word coding strategies of profoundly deaf adults with a view to identify to what extent they used speech-based and sign-based strategies to process English text. For the gathering of the data participants completed three tasks: (1) a measure examining the use of speech and sign-based word coding during reading (2) a phoneme awareness task (3) and a task assessing skill in applying grapheme-phoneme correspondences. Data was analysed using tests of difference (t-tests and ANOVA) with the findings showing that while the less proficient readers had significantly greater English phonological deficits they reported only a minimal use of supplementary sign language coding strategies. Surprisingly, some of the proficient readers, with good English phonological skills chose to supplement them with some sign-based strategies.  The possible reasons and instructional implications for these findings are discussed. Keywords: phonological; adults; reading; deaf; sign-language 
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Prosody and Particles: A Study of Interaction in a Malaysian Academic
           Meeting

    • Authors: Zuraidah Mohd Don, Shu Sim Tam
      Abstract: This article examines prosody in interaction in the context of a 66 minute meeting to agree on assessment marks as part of a pilot project studying assessment procedures. The data is drawn from a larger set of data of approximately 10 hours of academic meetings. The three participants are female colleagues involved in English Language teaching. The raw data in the audio file was subjected to a three stage process of annotation, analysis and presentation. Findings show that particles can be sorted into emotive particles, artefacts of vocalisation, and those concerned with the sharing of knowledge between speaker and addressee. They can also be classified according to their relationship to speech, and whether or not they are linguistically and phonologically organised. What is also interesting is that when prosody co-occurs with particles it operates in a different way than when it illustrates syntactic or information structure or plays a role in turn taking. Prosody appears to operate as an independent component of particles, using salience to draw attention, or lack of salience to accompany activities which are not intended as interruptions. Keywords: prosody; academic meeting; particles; English language; interaction
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Multiple Literary Identities in Contemporary Malaysian Literature: An
           Analysis of Readers’ Views on Heroes by Karim Raslan

    • Authors: Collin Jerome, Ruzy Suliza Hashim, Su-Hie Ting
      Abstract: Contemporary Malaysian literature not only provides an avenue for creative expression, but also functions as a site for identity creation where writers create multiple identities for their characters. While many studies have examined specific identities possessed by the characters, there is still a need for more research on the multiplicity of literary identities and how they affect readers’ understanding of the characters’ identities and their own identities in the process. This paper presents readers’ views on the construction of multiple literary identities in Karim Raslan’s Heroes. Drawing on the tenets of sociocultural and literary theories, the paper examines readers’ (1) views on the author’s construction and portrayal of the characters’ identities, and (2) understanding of these identities and their own identities in the process. The readers were two undergraduate students from a public university in Malaysia who volunteered to read and respond critically to the author’s work, and share their views about the characters’ identities. The analysis revealed that the author used a wide range of words and phrases to construct the characters’ identities based on ethnicity, religion, gender, familial roles, social rank, place, and profession. While acknowledging that some of these identities overlapped with each other as part and parcel of being Malaysian, the readers opined that the characters’ physical features, feelings and emotions, and values associated to identities could be included into the authorial construction of characters’ identities. Furthermore, while the readers claimed that the author’s identity portrayal enhanced their understanding of the characters’ identities and their own identities in the process, they sought an avenue to challenge such portrayal, given that they too create multiple identities in the narrative of their lives.   Keywords: multiplicity of identities; literary identities; Malaysian literature; reader response; authorial construction 
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Aesthetics in the Relationship of Conceptual Metaphors and Cultural Models
           in the Translation of Rubayyat of Khayyam

    • Authors: Ehsan Panahbar, Akbar Hesabi, Hussein Pirnajmuddin
      Abstract: Mandelblit’s cognitive translation hypothesis investigates the translatability of metaphors at the conceptual level by considering two possible alternatives of same mapping condition (SMC) and different mapping condition (DMC) facing translators. His model incorporating other ideas about cultural models presumes conceptual metaphors as intertwined with cultural models. Additionally, in philosophy aesthetics has been defined as a way to access truth (constructed, situated and embodied rather than absolute). Therefore, the aim of the present study is to aesthetically evaluate Khayyam’s Rubayyat and its English translation by Whinfield as a case study in order to gauge the issue of aesthetic equivalence with regard to the integrated model based on ideas of Mandelblit, Tabakowska, and Al-Zoubi et al. Thus, firstly, SMCs and DMCs are investigated in Whinfield’s translation and secondly, aesthetic experiences of the two cultures involved are evaluated in terms of conceptual metaphors; finally, an attempt is made to modify the integrated model in terms of aesthetics. The research findings reveal that the translator has been mostly successful in maintaining conceptual equivalence by changing generic schemas and cultural models compatible to his Western community in cases of DMCs. This indicates the interrelation of conceptual metaphors and cultural models and demonstrates the overall applicability of the integrated model. Also confirmed is the necessity of supplementing the said model by factoring in aesthetics, defined by Heidegger and Nietzsche as the very understanding of a community about realities. Keywords: translation; conceptual metaphor; aesthetics; cultural models; Whinfield’s Rubayyat
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Implementation and Challenges of English Language Education Reform in
           Malaysian Primary Schools

    • Authors: Hazita Azman
      Abstract: This article elucidates the implementation of English as a second language (ESL) learning and teaching programmes at the primary school level, spanning three decades of English language education (ELE) in Malaysia, its reform initiatives as well as the arising realities. The realities highlighted underscore the paradoxical challenges experienced with each ELE reform that are introduced, arising from the multilingual and plural socio-political circumstances of the country. In particular, among recent reforms that are examined, is the consequence that the new Primary School Standards-Based Curriculum for English language education (SBELC), which was introduced in 2011, has on the literacy performance of year three pupils when they sit for the LINUS LBI (literacy and Numeracy Screening for English Literacy) test, and the extent to which the English teachers and these young learners are ready to embrace the new curriculum. Concurrently, a review of the Malaysia Education Blueprint (2013-2025) as well as the Malaysia English Language Roadmap (2015-2025), is undertaken and their implications for yet another major language in education reform juxtaposed against existing problems related to teacher’s language proficiency, inadequate trained and skilled teachers, mismatch between curriculum and practices, limited language exposure, and most significantly, the foreboding view of the English language as a threat towards maintaining multilingual plurality, are duly extrapolated. By way of conclusion, this article draws upon selected innovative practices to illustrate the creative pathways that have emerged from these multifarious circumstances and have ironically shown potential in strengthening the young learners’ English language proficiency, notwithstanding identified impeding factors. Keywords: ESL Literacy; English Language Education Reform; English Language Proficiency; Language in Education Policy; Primary Education
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Citation Practice in the Whole TESOL Master’s Theses by Vietnamese
           Postgraduates

    • Authors: Loan Thi Thuy Nguyen, Issra Pramoolsook
      Abstract: Citing previous works is an important rhetorical feature of academic writing and it is challenging for novice writers, especially non-native English writers (NNEWs). However, little is known about how NNEWs cite in each chapter of their master’s (M.A.) theses. This paper thus reports on the citation practice in 24 TESOL M.A. theses written by Vietnamese students. Citation types were first searched on the Antconc software with the use of the Regular Expressions (Regex) written for both conventional and ‘invented’ citing ways by this group of writers, and then based on Thompson and Tribble’s (2001) framework, citation functions were investigated and classified. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted with thesis writers and thesis supervisors. Besides the general citation practice by this group of NNEWs, and the different citation functions and types in different chapters of their theses, the study also found that these writers were not fully aware of the significance of citations as a rhetorical device in their thesis writing, and insufficient attention was paid to the in-text citations in the TESOL discourse community in Vietnam. These findings suggest explicit instructions on citations in order to help novice writers to fully acquire the citation use.   Keywords: citation type; citation function; Vietnamese writer; Master’s thesis; TESOL 
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Teaching and Classroom Management Strategies of Indonesian Master
           Teachers: Investigating a Vocational English Classroom

    • Authors: Akhyar Rido, Radha M.K. Nambiar, Noraini Ibrahim
      Abstract: Master teachers are the exemplary models of the Indonesian teaching profession. Their main role is to assist the government in effectively attending to the needs of the global workforce that demands young and skilled human capital. In the process, they are expected to demonstrate effective pedagogical practices. This study examines the teaching and classroom management strategies of Indonesian vocational English master teachers and the effects on the students. Using a qualitative approach, this study involved three selected master teachers. Data were collected through 18 sessions of observations, 45 hours of video-recordings, and interviews with 34 students. The results demonstrated that, in terms of teaching strategies, the master teachers used a wide variety of teaching techniques, focused on speaking skills, and combined various teaching sources and aids. In terms of classroom management strategies, they facilitated group work, organised seating arrangement in a traditional way, and emphasised classroom discipline. The strategies used by the MTs were also positively perceived by the students as they had a better understanding of the lesson, an enjoyable learning experience, improved their speaking skills, shared knowledge with their friends, and enjoyed better mutual respect. The findings of this study can be used by stakeholders as a platform to enhance learning of English language in the vocational context in Indonesia.  Keywords: master teachers; teaching strategies; classroom management strategies; English classrooms; Indonesian vocational schools
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Causal Relationships between Integrative Motivation, Self-Efficacy,
           Strategy Use and English Language Achievement

    • Authors: Masoomeh khodadad, Jagdish Kaur
      Abstract: Due to students' poor level of English achievement in Iran and the fact that some language institutes attribute this problem to students' lack of motivation, this study aimed to investigate the effect of motivation on students' English achievement.  In this research motivation is considered in relation to certain individual difference variables which may have important effects on motivation and L2 learning but no attention has been given to them in Iranian English learning context. Hence, this study intended to investigate the causal interrelations between the variables namely, attitudes toward the learning situation, integrativeness, motivation, strategy use, self-efficacy, and English language achievement. To this end, an adapted form of Gardner's (2001a) socio-educational model of second/foreign language learning was used. Research participants were 240 intermediate EFL learners at the Iran Language Institute. The participants were administered the Attitude Motivation Test Battery [AMTB], the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire [SEQ], and the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning [SILL]. Results yielded by Structural Equation Modeling showed that motivation had a direct significant influence on English achievement. However, the effect of motivation on English achievement was stronger when it was affected by attitudes toward the learning situation, integrativeness, and self-efficacy. Thus, to improve students' English achievement in Iranian EFL context, it is necessary to consider not only motivation but also self-efficacy and attitudes, on which students' motivation depend. Keywords: Motivation; Self-efficacy; Attitudes toward the learning situation; Integrativeness; Strategy use; English Achievement
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Promoting Global English while Forging Young Northeastern Thai
           Learners’ Identity

    • Authors: Budsaba Kanoksilapatham
      Abstract: Globally, English is used as a central means of communication; regionally, English has been endorsed as the working language for ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations). Therefore, the need to improve Thai citizens’ English has become imperative. However, Thai learners’ English language performance has been quite unsatisfactory. AEC (ASEAN Economic Community) integration in 2015 and globalisation have brought another concern that ‘Thainess’ is being eroded due to external influences. Therefore, an effort to maintain, revive, and revitalise ‘Thainess’ has been exerted. This study aims to enhance Thai students’ global English and maintain regional “Thainess” in the northeastern region. Procedural steps in this research were carried out, integrating regional community involvement whenever possible. First, based on the community’s prominent characteristics as expressed through the completion of a questionnaire, a set of instructional innovations for elementary English education was constructed and subsequently implemented to a Grade Level 4 class at a school in the northeastern region. Two sets of pre and post-tests were constructed and administered to estimate their knowledge of regional Thainess and English vocabulary at the beginning as opposed to towards the end of the instruction. Finally, the students performed a simulated tour guide task. Their accomplished execution of the task demonstrated their integrated knowledge of Thainess and English, contributing to a sense of pride in the region and a sense of achievement in their English proficiency. In short, with the instructional innovations necessitating community involvement, this research can address the pressing needs triggered by both globalisation and regionalisation. Keywords: elementary education; English instructional innovations; Thainess; tour guide task; identity
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Formant Frequencies and Vowel Space Area in Javanese and Sundanese English
           Language Learners

    • Authors: Arum Perwitasari, Marian Klamer, Niels O. Schiller
      Abstract: Several studies have documented how first language (L1) vowel systems play an important role in the vowel production of a second language (L2). L2 learners of Western languages who exhibit a smaller L1 vowel system are predicted to struggle with producing L2 vowels. However, there remains a paucity of evidence on how the L1 vowel system of non-Western languages interferes with L2 vowel production In this case, the focus is specifically on Javanese and Sundanese, two of the most widely spoken Indonesian local languages. This present study investigated how the six Javanese vowels and the seven Sundanese vowels influence the production of ten English vowels. In this experiment, 40 speakers, Javanese, Sundanese, and 10 native English speakers, participated in the production task. Spectral dimensions, including first (F1) and second formant (F2) frequencies, were analysed acoustically. According to the Speech Learning Model, Javanese and Sundanese speakers should have trouble producing similar vowels such as (/I, ɛ, ʊ/) and should not exhibit greater L2 differences with new vowels such as (/i:, æ, ɑː, ɔ:, u:, ʌ, ɜ:/). Indeed, the results demonstrated that the Javanese speakers did have different F1 and F2 values with the English vowels (/i:, æ, ɑː, ɔ:, u:, ʌ, ɜ:/) and the Sundanese speakers produced different F1 and F2 values for vowels  (/æ, ɑː, ɔ:/) when compared to the English native speakers. Interestingly, though vowels (/I, ʊ/) were considered to be similar vowels in the L1 vowel system, the Javanese and Sundanese speakers also showed differences in the formant structure. The vowel space area in the productions by Javanese and Sundanese speakers was slightly smaller than that of the native English speakers. The present study is expected to serve as a basis for future studies and provide the patterns of English vowels produced by Javanese and Sundanese learners of English.  Keywords: phonetics; language teaching; bilingualism; second language production; second language acquisition
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Thai EFL Teachers and Learners’ Beliefs and Readiness for Autonomous
           Learning

    • Authors: Chamaipak Tayjasanant, Sumittra Suraratdecha
      Abstract: The emergence of the ASEAN Economic Community has spurred countries in the region to relook their English language teaching approaches to ensure it is in line with regional and global changes. This has resulted in Asian countries seeking to modernise their teaching and learning of the language to promote higher order thinking skills and pave the way for better learner autonomy. This paper examines Thai teacher and learner beliefs about autonomous learning within the Thai culture of learning to determine if both are ready for autonomous learning. Using a qualitative approach employing interviews with teacher and students data was created from 76 English language teachers and 116 lower secondary school students, subdivided into high performing and low performing groups from 41 schools in Bangkok. The overall results indicate that both teachers and students hold positive beliefs about autonomous learning. The findings further reveal that the teachers supported communicative language learning while the students emphasised their needs for mental support, that teachers from large schools have higher academic expectations than those from smaller schools, and that lower performing students struggle for more academic and psychological support than their higher performing peers. The exam system, students’ dependence on teachers, and a lack of understanding from families and surrounding communities make it difficult for both teachers and students to achieve a high degree of autonomy. The study sheds some light on the challenges facing policy makers, particularly the Ministry of Education, with regard to what they can do to promote autonomy in the Thai school system. Keywords: autonomy; culture of learning; English language teaching; learner-centeredness; teacher and learner beliefs 
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Beyond ‘Greeting’ and ‘Thanking’: Politeness in
           Job Interviews

    • Authors: Tan H. K., Teoh M. L., Tan S. K.
      Abstract: Despite the steps taken by Malaysian institutions of higher learning to equip their graduates with the necessary communication skills, local graduates are still failing to create a positive impression on the employers especially during job interviews. Hence this study explored the face-related concept of politeness proposed by Brown and Levinson (1999) at job interviews. Eight final-year undergraduates taking a communication for employment course volunteered for a mock-interview session with a human resource manager from the banking industry. The interviews were audio- and video-recorded and subsequently transcribed. Then a micro-analysis of the data was carried out using Brown and Levinson’s (1999) framework to identify the politeness strategies that the candidates used. Two positive politeness strategies were identified, the first is noticing and attending to interviewer’s interests, wants, needs or goods, and second is raising/asserting common grounds to establish solidarity. One negative politeness strategy was identified which is requesting for clarification or repetition. The pedagogical implications of these findings will be discussed and recommendations for teaching face-related politeness in communication for employment courses will be offered. Keywords: politeness strategies; face; job interviews; impression management; communication skills
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
  • Exploration through “Dyche”: An Indigenous Study of Yoikana
           and That Deadman Dance

    • Authors: S. Frank Joison, P. Rathna
      Abstract: Dyche, deals with analysing the psyche of the Dalit – “Dyche” - to redefine Dalit community and empower the victimised psyche of Dalit. The exploration of Dalit historiography and psychology through Dyche substantiates that there is cultural, spiritual and psychological uniformity among Dalits and other Indigenous people of the globe. Hence exploration through “Dyche” towards one’s culture, tradition and identity could edify the cause of psychical wounds and thus could facilitate deliverance to indigenous communities from their marginal predicament and bring back harmony. This paper attempts to apply some features of Dyche, the practical Dalit psyche theory, for studying Dalits, Sami people of Norway and  Noongar people of Australian Aborigines and to explore their common life experiences, ethos and common self-assertion for liberation with reference to Indian Dalit writer M.C. Raj’s novel, Yoikana and Australian Aboriginal writer Kim Scott’s novel, That Deadman Dance. The paper also endeavours to differentiate between migrant psyche and indigenous psyche and discuss the compensatory mechanisms “Moralising” and “Open Rebellion” adopted by the Oppressor and the Oppressed respectively in their negotiation with the “other.” Keywords: Dyche; compensatory mechanism; migrant psyche; moralising; open rebellion 
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 3 (2016)
       
 
 
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