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  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1606 journals)
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LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (567 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
3L : Language, Linguistics, Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
@nalyses     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ação Midiática : Estudos em Comunicação, Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algazarra : Revista do Centro de Pesquisa Comunicação e Cultura : Barroco e Mestiçagem     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access  
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription  
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
andererseits : Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
ANTARES (Letras e Humanidades)     Open Access  
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arbitrium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arcadia - International Journal for Literary Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access  
Asia Minor Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 115)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
boundary 2     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Byron Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Byzantinische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Letras da UFF     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access  
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Chloe: Beihefte zum Daphnis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
CLEaR     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access  
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Comparative Mythology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
De Zeventiende Eeuw. Cultuur in de Nederlanden in interdisciplinair perspectief     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Yearbook     Hybrid Journal  
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
DQR Studies in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Drammaturgia     Open Access  
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-TEALS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
English in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Enthymema     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access  
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access  
Estudis Romànics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
European Journal of Life Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ExELL : Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access  
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Figurationen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fólio : Revista de Letras     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
French Studies in Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
FronteiraZ. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Literatura e Crítica Literária     Open Access  
Galatasaray Üniversitesi Iletişim Dergisi     Open Access  
Genre     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Globe : A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Gothic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Hardy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
HeLix - Dossiers zur romanischen Literaturwissenschaft     Open Access  
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Hispanic Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Huntington Library Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)

        1 2 3     

Journal Cover AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2227-5452
   Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [266 journals]
  • Sallust’s Account of Corruption and Its Western Accomplices

    • Authors: Gill Oluwatosin Adekannbi
      Abstract: The axiom, ‘it takes two to tango’ may fittingly describe how corruption thrives. While demonstrably endemic in and seemingly generic to Africa, the ancient history of corruption depicts active participation of Western accomplices; collaborators, who perpetrated and advanced their political interests with the proceeds of sleaze. This article, using the Roman historian Sallust’s Bellum Iugurthinum (The War with Jugurtha), employs interpretive approach to highlight how an African monarch was spurred on by corrupt leading Roman senator, who treated public assets as personal property, to recklessly pursue his political ambition. The article highlighted how Roman soldiers introduced the use of money in seeking power to Jugurtha and the stages of the former’s duplicity in the prolonged African conflicts. With evidence to support Jugurtha’s description of Rome in her corrupt state as ‘urbem venalem et mature perituram, si emptorem invenerit’ (a city for sale and doomed to speedy destruction if it finds a purchaser- Sallust, Jugurthine War 35.10), the conclusion is: the African ruler got in the Roman senate a viral school of bribery. Interestingly, the episode of corruption ended when the will of the corrupt Roman senators was thwarted. Therefore, mitigating corruption could begin from the West that hosts its influential accomplices.Key words: Africa, Corruption, Sallust, Western Collaborators
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Problems in Locke’s Theory of Knowledge

    • Authors: Francis Israel Minimah
      Abstract: As a solution to the epistemological problem of inquiring into what the human mind is capable of knowing, John Locke, founder of British empiricism rejects the rationalist assumption that the human mind does have a privileged access to reality. He is especially critical of the Cartesian notion of innate ideas as an explanation of how knowledge is acquired. Locke insists that the senses are the final arbiter of truth. He believes that as our mental powers develop from childhood; we tend to learn things about external objects primarily through our interactions with the world and in adult age puzzle over the meaning, reliability and limits of our acquired knowledge and beliefs. His notable theses include the concepts of sensation and reflection, simple and complex ideas, primary and secondary qualities, substance and the degrees of knowledge. Given this background, this paper, from two spectra, attempted a rigorous exposition of the major issues in Locke’s theory of knowledge. By showing the essential details of his position and arguments on these issues, the author raised several possible objections or problems as well as critical assessment of some of his reasoning and conclusions. One important contribution of this work is that Locke, far from being an empiricist deviated and turned towards the rationalistic philosophy that he sets out to criticized - a view that would inevitably be dissatisfying to those who are drawn to Locke’s theory of perception as a reaction to the traditional conception of reason; the faculty that governs the whole of one’s cognitive life in the pursuit of truth.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Martin Heidegger on Temporality: Its Moral Implication on Society

    • Authors: Peter Alawa
      Abstract: Martin Heidegger is one of the contemporary philosophers; he is a mystic reflecting on Being. He believes that all philosophers from ancient to contemporary periods had forgotten Being. His contribution to philosophy is to recover the real meaning of Being. For him, Being is spacio-temporal which means Being is anchored in space and time. According to Heidegger “Being” is a mystery that can be approached but it cannot be penetrated. Heidegger’s temporality includes: past, present and future and they are interconnected. Heidegger’s discussion on time as future does not involve lasting future but immediate future. Therefore, Heidegger’s temporality lacks “eternity”. Indeed, any society that the members accept only “now” and “immediate future” and they do not believe in “eternity” life becomes a do-or-die affair. It means that the society is materialistic, and we are running the race of self-survival, self-preservation, that we cannot donate for the welfare of others and also for good neighbourliness. Our method is to reflect on the original works of Heidegger and commentaries written on him by other authors to see the implications for the society.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • The Prevalence of HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Anambra State, Nigeria: Exploring
           Gender, Cultural and Socio-Religious Perspectives

    • Authors: Ogugua Patricia Anwuluorah
      Abstract: The study examined gender, culture and socio-religious issues with regard to HIV/AID prevalence in Anambra State, Nigeria. Since the discovery of Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) over three decades ago, it has plundered the global populations with impunity, resulting in the death of millions of people. The sub-Saharan Africa seems to be the centre of the epidemic, as it records the highest prevalence rates in the world with roughly 25 million people living with HIV in 2012. It also accounted for an estimated 70% of all the people living with HIV and 70% of AIDS deaths in 2011. As a result, the epidemic has had widespread social and economic consequences, not only in the health sector but also in education industry and the wider economy. In 2012 AVERT’S HIV/AIDS statistics records Nigeria as the second largest number of people living with HIV/AID (PLWHA) in Africa. Furthermore, the disease seems to be rearing its ugly head in Anambra state, Nigeria with 8.7% above the national prevalence average rate of 4.5 per cent. Both face to face oral and telephone interviews were employed in collecting the primary data from randomly sampled 14 respondents. A total of 15 itemed questions were administered on 30 Doctors and 230 Nurses making up 260 respondents. Reliability coefficient using Cronbach Alpha is 0.843 which shows that the instrument is internally consistent. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-tests. Results revealed among others that: biological issues, poverty, female sexual passivity, domestic violence etc. are gender related factors that exacerbate prevalence of HIV. Findings also show that concubinage or extra marital relations, harmful widowhood practices, patriarchal cultural system, stigma and discrimination are some of the culture induced factors. Furthermore, inadequate information/education about HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS denial based on religious beliefs, false claim about cure of HIV/AIDS, false religious assurances against HIV/AIDS, and traditional birth practices are the socio-religious related factors. The work impacts on the urgency for radical advocacy about human dignity, rights and responsibility of all stakeholders in eradicating HIV/AIDS prevalence in the state and wider society.Key Words: Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV), Gender, Culture, Religion, human Dignity
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Women in Ministry (Luke 24: 22-23): Where are they in Nigeria
           Ecclesia?

    • Authors: Caroline N. Mbonu
      Abstract: The biblical faith tradition prides itself as foremost in gender relations, which a close reading of the biblical text assents. Some scholars, however, argue that women in the Hebrew Bible were totally beholden to the men and as such played little or no part in Israel’s faith history. A critical reading of the Scriptural texts highlights an array of women whose active participation in salvation history remained largely unsung. Shrouded in anonymity, the liberative role of biblical women as well as women in church history continued to be inaccessible to the ordinary reader because of entrenched androcentric interpretation of the religious texts, which tends to minimize women’s unique role repeatedly. Scripture and church tradition present women who from the beginning of the Jesus Movement and down through the centuries have collaborated with men as well as stood on their own, in church ministry. This expository paper draws insights from scripture, church history and cultural studies, and with hermeneutics of acknowledgement as critical tool, shows women’s active engagement in church ministry. The Lucan text (24:22-23), provided the platform from which to tease out the assertion of women participation for the optimal engagement of contemporary Nigeria women in church life and ministry.
      Key Words: Ministry, Women, Service, Asceticism, Diaconate
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • A Professional Encounter with the Manufacturing China

    • Authors: Alphonsus Shireku Orisaremi
      Abstract: This essay is a developed version of a presentation made at a workshop titled “ChinAfrica Under Construction”. The workshop was facilitated and hosted by Goethe Institute Lagos. It was conducted by two artist researchers, Danial Kotter and Jochen Becker from Berlin Germany. According to their consultant Jahman Anikulapo, it is a research and art project that is exploring the traces and cultural links between the African continent and China. He says it also dealt with the development of the urban land scape of Lagos with the aid of Chinese investors. This work therefore, dwelled more on the Theatre/Entertainment technology related aspects. It focuses on the art of manufacturing, purchase and its attendant ripple effects on the economy with tourism being one of them. In it, an attempt was made at summarizing views of some participants at the workshop. My briefing was to discuss my professional encounter and experience with manufacturing China as a theatre designer and technologist. Using the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) methodology suitable for the workshop.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • La mémoire au Service de la Résistance Culturelle: L’exil Selon Julia
           de Gisèle Pineau

    • Authors: Chinwe Jane Okolo, Martins Ikechukwu Ali
      Abstract: L’exil selon Julia de Gisèle Pineau dépeint les expériences aliénantes d’une famille guadeloupéenne dans le milieu parisien des années soixante. Face au déracinement occasionné par l’émigration de leurs parents et se heurtant à la discrimination raciale dans l’Hexagone, la survie de la culture guadeloupéenne parmi les descendants des émigrés est menacée. Comment ces progénitures des émigrés se définissent-elles ? Dans le roman cette quête d’identité n’a d’autre voie d’accès que celle de la mémoire de Man Ya leur grand-mère. Quel rôle la mémoire joue-t-elle envers la résistance culturelle dans le roman ? Une navigation dans l’espace de la mémoire de Man Ya est suffisante pour que la nouvelle génération de la famille puisse se fabriquer un pays, se négocier une place et une identité nationale. La mémoire culturelle semble une bouée de sauvetage et la voie à suivre pour survivre au traumatisme de la discrimination quotidienne. De nos jours où des guerres des formes différentes provoquent tant de migrations aussi bien que des exils, les cultures de ces peuples exilés risquent de disparaître si leurs progénitures ne retiennent pas leur identité culturelle. Cette communication examine le rôle de la mémoire vis-à-vis la résistance culturelle dans le roman.Mots clés : L’émigration, l’identité, la mémoire, la résistance culturelle
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • The Impact of Language Development and Global Peace Initiative in the 21st
           Century: The Linguistic Perspective

    • Authors: Stellamaris C. Ugoji
      Abstract: The indisputable nature of language in social contacts cannot be over-emphasized. Language is regarded as key to peoples’ hearts because it is used to appeal to their emotions. Language is not only specie-specific but a window to our innermost self. It is an x-ray with which our innermost mind can be inferred. Language can be used to ignite conflict and can also be used to restore peace. Provocative language can be used to cause conflicts and at times even wars, but appropriate use of language can restore peace. Our present world has been bedevilled by conflicts, distrust and even wars. Most often when peace is needed, avenue for dialogue is created and the only instrument used in this dialogue is language. However, it is surprising that in most cases, the issue of language is not considered as a veritable tool for conflict resolution and as such most often, this is not always one of the things that are focused at in global peace initiatives. The study focused on how language and most importantly language development can be used not just to achieve peace but also to inculcate the habit of using appropriate language at all times. In the 21st century where it appears there is a growing trend of violence and eroding of our cultural values and norms, the paper identified language, and more, linguistic politeness strategies as significant means of resolving conflicts and initiating peace. The paper combined insights from the theory of linguistic relativism by Sapir and Whorf and thus advocated the inculcation of peace and the need to use appropriate language while the children are still acquiring and learning language(s).Key words: language, peace, development, linguistic, conflict and resolution, linguistic relativism
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • African Primodial Society in Armah and Kourouma’s Historical Novels: The
           Binary Polemics of Yes and No to Retours Aux Sources

    • Authors: Anthony Njoku
      Abstract: Africa remains a massive political wasteland after her independence failure. The foremost nationalists who became first generation leaders and their corrupt successors in the post-colonial era mismanaged the huge success in a disconcerting manner and Africa’s political, social and economic life was marked by irony and contrast. This dismal situation engendered hopelessness and scepticism which triggered off disillusionment literature. Should Africa return to her cradle of unspoilt spring of pristine and primordial values? Were these values really magnificent? Should we disdain her past and be thankful enough to colonisation and so join the global train? Ayi Kwei Armah and Ahmadou Kourouma offer different perspectives in their historical novels’ accounts. This paper reviewed the high stakes in retour aux sources spiritual movement against the call for Africa to brace forward. It concluded by stating that the authors’ parallel views are gnawed by the same virus—dissention (disunity) of which they accused the ancient society. But isn’t it natural for heterogeneous voices to delimit all known historical accounts?
      Key words: Historical novels, primordial values, disillusionment, retour aux sources
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • The Impact of Globalization on the African Culture in Helon Habila’s
           Measuring Time

    • Authors: Ocholi Victor Idakwo, Edith Awogu-Maduagwu, Eugenia Abiodun-Eniayekan
      Abstract: Globalization is a phenomenon of the postmodern era which accommodates the shrinking of the world into a small functional community. As a result of this, geographical distance and socio-cultural divergence are no longer constraints to aggregating the entire human race into one global family. The term is used to describe transnational relationships, engagements, cooperation and the sharing of human, material and ideological resources across regions. Discourse on the subject has become so relevant across previously unrelated fields that their definitions have now converged on a consensus theoretical concept understood as “universal homogeneity.” The primary material, Helon Habila’s novel, Measuring Time is studied in the context of globalization and hybridity of cultures. The paper asserts that no human community should be isolated from the dynamic engagements of the wider society. This paper avers that globalization should not be advanced as an imposition of foreign cultural values; rather it should be seen as a practice that reflects mutually beneficial contact amongst people of divergent cultures. In the current dispensation, the cultural consumption and uncritical assimilation of Western values by African colonized people do not reflect the underlying objective of Globalization. This paper projected the need for a revision of the concept and to promote a symbiosis of unions where ideological, material and human capital flow across cultures in such a manner that all the actors in the ‘shrinking’ borderless world are mutual beneficiaries.
      Key words: Globalisation, African, Culture, Hybridity, Post-Colonialism
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • The Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTS) in Foreign
           Language Teaching in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges

    • Authors: Jenny Benjamin Inyang
      Abstract: The integration of information and communication technologies into foreign language teaching/learning has become indispensable, nay imperative, in today’s teaching and learning environment. This is so as computer literacy, together with reading and writing literacy are generally considered as skills needed by students to succeed in today’s technologically developed world. Furthermore, modern technologies are generally viewed as having potentials of impacting and revolutionizing the teaching and learning of all academic subjects. In Nigeria, the use of ICTs in secondary and tertiary educational institutions is more of a myth than a reality and this has caused the traditional approach to principally be considered in language teaching in schools within the Federation. This paper explored some of the negative effects of this traditional approach, particularly to foreign language teaching. It also examined the prospects and challenges facing the use of ICTs in foreign language teaching in Nigeria. It argued that ICTs have the potentials of improving the quality of language teaching and learning and of facilitating access to such teaching and learning. It also has the potentials of enhancing language competence and learners’ interaction among others. However, this modernist approach is faced with challenges such as ineffective education policies, absence of ICT facilities in schools, overcrowded classrooms and erratic power supply among others. Key words: Information Communication Technology (ICT), Educational Technology, Foreign Language Teaching, Multimedia
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Effect of Teacher Variables on the Teaching of Initial Reading to Basics 1
           and 2 Pupils in Imo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: J.O. Oyekanmi, Harriet A. Obi
      Abstract: Teaching initial reading is a herculean task that must be carried out by qualified, mature teachers. This work is out to investigate if the conditions are met by initial reading teachers in Owerri, Imo State. This study is a survey, carried out on 300 pupils and 60 teachers, randomly selected from eight public basic schools in Owerri Educational Zone 1 of Imo State. Two research hypotheses were posed and two 4-point Likert rating scales; a checklist and a questionnaire with Cronbach Reliability Coefficient r= 0.63 and r= 0.61 respectively were used to generate data, analyzed using t-test. Findings revealed that adult, experienced teachers with Bachelor’s degree in language education (B.Ed.) teach initial reading. There was no significant difference between Basic 1 and Basic 2 teachers’ teaching methods: t (58) = -0.381, p = .146 with Basic one (x̅= 12.54, S.D= 2.487) to Basic two (x̅= 12.75, S.D= 1.741) with the effect size of (r = 0.093) very small; no significant difference in the challenges teachers face in teaching initial reading: t (58) = 0.064, p = .842 with Basic one (x̅= 16.04, S.D= 2.134) to Basic two (x̅= 16.00, S.D= 2.200) with the effect size of (r = 0.045) very small; and no significant difference in teachers’ cadre: t (58) = 0.844, p = .258 with Basic one (x̅= 12.64, S.D= 1.592) to Basic two (x̅= 13.03, S.D= 1.926) with the effect size of (r = 0.234) moderate. It was therefore suggested that teachers should be qualified, have teaching experience, and use mother tongue in their classroom interactions to build in pupils a strong, lifelong foundation in reading.Key Words: Initial reading, mother tongue, qualified teachers, basic learners, teaching methods, reading difficulties, challenges
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Dysfunctional Consequences of Conflict on Teachers’ Productivity: A
           Theoretical Insight

    • Authors: N. Chinyere Alimba
      Abstract: Conflicts have become more prevalent in the educational system than any other social organisation on earth. Despite this, conflicts occurring in schools are the least discussed events in social conflict discourses, making this research necessary for a better understanding of the behaviour of violent conflict in the educational system. The point is that when conflict is misperceived and mismanaged, it will exert unimaginable force which will produce adverse effect on students, teaching and non-teaching staff, the system and the society in general. However, conflict outcomes depend on the nature, ferocity of conflict, and approaches adopted for mitigation. Thus, this study described the dysfunctional consequences of conflict on teachers’ productivity. To achieve the objectives of the study, discussions were woven around six thematic areas which include: the conceptualization of conflict, the issue of teachers’ productivity, the factors influencing teachers’ productivity, the dynamics of dysfunctional conflict, exploration of the effects of violent conflict on education and finally, the issues of dysfunctional conflict and teachers’ productivity.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Art, Symbol and Royalty: A Case Study of the Yoruba Speakers in Nigeria

    • Authors: Morenike Folabalogun
      Abstract: This paper set out to examine the relationship and importance of Art, Symbol and Royalty amongst the Yoruba speakers in Nigeria. While studies have been done in different areas of this topic, yet this area remains unattended to despite its importance in art history. The aim of this paper is to bring awareness and fill the existing gap. The methodology of research employed is qualitative, through observation, non-observation, intrinsic/contextual analyses. Yoruba culture follows the general patterns of traditions in African societies. The traditional leaders are seen and reverenced as intermediaries to God; the Yoruba traditional heads are custodians of history, religion, tradition, myths, norms and values. Their subjects see them as deities; to wade off the ills within individuals and communities at large. The paper revealed that art; symbol and royalty are inextricably tied together. The unknown artists are still the machines that create the art, symbol and royalty traditionally, amongst the Yoruba speakers.
      Key Word: Ade, Are, Oba, Oduduwa, and Ooni, art, regalia, beed
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • The Origin and Development of the Guild of Bronze Casters of Benin Kingdom
           up to 1914

    • Authors: Ese Vivian Odiahi
      Abstract: The Benin Kingdom is one of the forest kingdoms located in West Africa which became famous for its arts, especially its art of bronze casting. The art of bronze casting flourished under the guild system established by Oba Oguola in 1280AD. The guild of bronze casters was the most important guild that existed in the kingdom partly because of its function of preserving the history of the kingdom in bronze for posterity sake. A role it continued to play until the late 19th century when Benin kingdom was invaded. The outcome of the invasion was the fizzling out of the guild system. The guild system was however reinstated in 1914, but only the guild of bronze casters was able to re-organise themselves well and remain however not without some changes and developments. This paper investigated the guild of bronze casters of Benin kingdom, an area that has not been given proper attention. It discussed the guild from its inception in the thirteenth century to the changes and developments that took in the guild up to the twentieth century.
      Key words: Bronze casters, Brass, Invasion of Benin kingdom
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Civil Society Organisations and Conflict Management: The Nigerian
           Experience

    • Authors: Oseremen Felix Irene, Samuel Majekodunmi
      Abstract: Intra-state violent conflicts have been on the rise in many states in recent years. Climate change has been negatively affecting available resources in many communities, and this contributes to the spate of unhealthy competitions and violent conflicts in many communities. This is further compounded by the increasing waves of terrorism. Nigeria is not spared of this experience. From North to South, East to West, violent conflicts have negatively impacted on public service delivery and business activities in the world largest community of blacks creating a drawback in the development stride in local communities and society at large. There have been attempts by successive governments to address the violent conflicts, but much of which have been through the use of government security agents, and since violence begets violence, the approach has not really resulted in positive peace required to create the right business clime for the people. Following this, civil society organisations stepped in with a view to filling the gap occasioned by government’s failure to effectively manage the situations. The various civil society organisations explored tools, from traditional religion, Christian religion and modern conflict resolution mechanism to intervene in the conflicts. This paper examined the roles of these organisations in conflict intervention in Nigeria.
      Key words: Civil society organisations, conflict, intervention, Nigerian experience, implication, public service delivery, business activities
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • A Legacy of Peaceful Coexistence: Historico-Political and Economic
           Perspectives of Nigeria-Benin Relations

    • Authors: Shuaibu Shittu Isyaku
      Abstract: Long before colonization of Africa, there were extensive contacts and mutual interactions between various African peoples and societies. Colonialism and colonial domination in such societies affected their interactions due to the creation of international borders and boundaries by colonial powers. Thus, heterogeneous and homogenous societies and communities were forcibly divided into various European countries’ spheres of influence. The people at this period had many things in common and were linked together by internal trade route, geographical influence and thus simply lived in peace with one another. This paper examined the relations between Nigeria and Benin Republic in various aspects of life before and after colonialism. The paper discovered that historical, cultural and economic relations between the two countries predate colonialism and this is due to the belief by the people that they are one and belong to same ancestor. The paper put forward some recommendations as a means of enhancing the age long relationship between the two countries, which include establishment of joint institutions in the area of education, health, economic and culture to sustain not only the relationship but also to preserve the rich culture of the people.
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
  • Theories of Smallholder Agribusiness Entrepreneurship in the African
           Context: A Critical Review

    • Authors: Benjamin Mudiwa
      Abstract: There have been changes in the political systems of several African countries which were under colonial rule. Consequently, more than 32 African countries launched “land to the tiller” reforms between 1990s and 2000s alone. Land reform programs gave rise to the new breed of farmers, the smallholder farmers. This new breed of farmers is faced with market challenges yet they are key to Africa’s development. This desk study reviews theories of entrepreneurship that could explain how smallholder farmers in Africa engage in markets. Classical theories, neoclassical theories, and neo Austrian theories, and the Schumpeterian approach to entrepreneurship are reviewed. The paper revealed the weaknesses of these theories and concluded that they do not sufficiently explain how smallholder farmers in Africa engage in markets. The theories’ limited insight to the African context gave rise to the concept of collective entrepreneurship which is centered on entrepreneurial behavior and skills of farmer organizations or farmer groups. The review has also found out that although collective entrepreneurship is considered as an appropriate tool for rural development, there are potential problems which can undermine its effectiveness. The paper recommended the concept of collective entrepreneurship to be developed into a theory using evidence from Africa.
      Key words: Collective Entrepreneurship, Smallholder farmers, Theories of Entrepreneurship
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1
       
 
 
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