CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture
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Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1481-4374
Published by Purdue University [15 journals]
- Approaching the Value and the Future of the Novel: A Book Review Article
on Boxall's Scholarship
Authors: Yili Tang
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:56:10 PDT
- Zamyatin's Reception of Wells's Fiction
Authors: Natalia Aksenova et al.
Abstract: In their article "Zamyatin's Reception of Well's Fiction," Natalia Aksenova and Marina Albertovna Khatyamova examine several essays written by Yevgeny Zamyatin on Herbert Wells's texts and analyse Zamyatin's reception of Wells's work. Wells's ironic mindset, plot-driven writings, and attraction to parody drew Zamyatin's attention. Zamyatin felt a rapport with the central role of plot dynamics, unorthodox socialist politics, and dystopian tendencies in Wells's fiction. Discussions of the artistic qualities of Wells's writings allow Zamyatin to expound upon his own aesthetic program, known as "synthetism." In these discussions Zamyatin interprets Wells's work as a complex interpretation of technological modernity where the line between humans and gods is actively blurred, and traces the origins of Wellsian fiction to his predecessors, mostly English-language adventure writers. In doing so, Zamyatin gives Wells credit for extending the typical adventure novel into a philosophical realm while keeping it entertaining and captivating. Furthermore, in terms of the reimagining of the Apollonian and Dionisyan opposition as an opposition between English and Irish in Zamyatin's "English stories" of the same period, Wells is read as a typical Englishman: an unorthodox heretic. Ultimately, it becomes clear that these are the qualities that Zamyatin values most in Wells.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:56:04 PDT
- Metamodernism in Liksom’s Compartment No. 6
Authors: Kasimir Sandbacka
Abstract: In his paper "Metamodernism in Liksom's Compartment no. 6" Kasimir Sandbacka examines Rosa Liksom's latest novel Compartment No. 6 (2011). Liksom is considered to be one of the most prominent Finnish postmodernists. However, Compartment No. 6 has been seen by critics as a shift or return towards modernism or even realism. Sandbacka concurs with this observation but maintains that this is an insufficient analysis of the change in Liksom's writing. He argues that the change is related to the transformation of the cultural dominant, namely postmodernism. In dialogue with Jameson's theory of postmodernism, Sandbacka discusses recent theories of post-postmodernism and metamodernism that suggest a new term is needed to describe the cultural dominant of our present era. He reads Compartment No. 6 in light of these theories and suggests that the novel makes use of metamodernist techniques to suspend postmodern suspicion and to revive utopian desire.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:55:58 PDT
- Anarcho-Feminist Melodrama and the Manic Pixie Dream Girl
Authors: Claire T. Solomon
Abstract: In her article "Anarcho-Feminist Melodrama and the Manic Pixie Dream Girl (1929-2016)" Claire Solomon analyzes the Manic Pixie Dream Girl trope as an apparatus of capture (Deleuze and Guattari, A Thousand). More precisely, her article models how such tropes imply modes of reading anachronistically and metafictionally that decontextualize gestures of resistance and conflate female writers, performers, and characters across time and place. Solomon offers a situated formalist reading of Argentine playwright Salvadora Medina Onrubia's 1929 drama, Las descentradas, revealing an avant-garde counterpoint of melodrama and metafiction as an ambiguous alternative to capture.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:55:50 PDT
- The Dramatization of Cultural Hybridity and the "In-Between" Turkey in
Authors: Önder Çakırtaş
Abstract: In his article "The Dramatization of Cultural Hybridity and the "In-Between" Turkey in Fazıl's Künye" Önder Çakırtaş addresses Turkey's historical context and exposes how political, social and cultural changes were expressed in Turkey's public sphere. Using Niyazi Berkes's theory of secularism as proceeding of modernism Çakırtaş discusses different examples of stylistic strategies of cultural hybridity in the playwright's historical-based play, Künye. He investigates how political changes in pre-Turkey times signify Turkey's national striving, and how the Ottoman-conservative past metamorphoses into Turkic-secular. The study juxtaposes the perceptions of 'introduction to Westernization' and 'departure from Islamic past' in a period of the national shaping of modern Turkey.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:55:45 PDT
- Paris and the Birth of a Modern Fantastic during the Nineteenth Century
Authors: Patricia Garcia
Abstract: In her article "Paris and the Birth of a Modern Fantastic during the Nineteenth Century" Patricia Garcia discusses the unprecedented growth of Europe's urban centers during the nineteenth century in relation to the realist novel and takes urban and literary Paris as a paradigm. However, nineteenth-century Paris was also to become the epicenter of another narrative form: the fantastic. Garcia's objective is to explore how the modern city fueled the development of the fantastic by combining the literary and urban angle: how do works of the fantastic write the city? What role does the modern city play in the emergence of the fantastic short story? Her argumentation is divided into two parts: the first explores how literature circulated in space while the second focuses on the representations of Paris in nineteenth-century fantastic fiction to demonstrate that with the acceleration of modernity, the fantastic became an urban form of expression.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:55:39 PDT
- Towards the Inclusion of Inter-Ethnic Studies in Comparative Literature in
Authors: Xiaoqing Han et al.
Abstract: In their article "Towards the Inclusion of Inter-Ethnic Studies in Chinese Comparative Literature" Xiaoqing Han and Aaron Lee Moore advocate for the inclusion of inter-ethnic studies in Chinese comparative literature. The traditional definition for many Chinese comparative literature scholars continues to confine the discipline to "inter-national" or "cross-civilization" studies rather than including "inter-ethnic" studies, and Chinese ethnic minority writing continues to be underrepresented in the national literary canon. This article is in no way opposed to the continued growth and development of a Chinese national literature. But rather, it seems crucial that inter-ethnic studies should be included in the discipline of Chinese comparative literature, considering the fact that there are 55 officially recognized and registered Chinese minorities (少数民族), constituting nearly 8.5% (113 million) of the total population of China, each with their own distinct and rich cultural heritage and literary tradition.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:55:34 PDT
- TED Talks as an Emergent Genre
Authors: Julia Ludewig
Abstract: In her article "TED Talks as an Emergent Genre" Julia Ludewig analyzes TED talks—short, informational, and entertaining presentations that are given during TED conferences in North America and abroad—as a hybrid and emerging genre. Based on a qualitative interpretation of 14 such talks, she offers a list of recurring thematic, argumentative, and rhetorical features, which she aligns with three parent genres—the sales pitch, the memoir, and the academic lecture. Comparing recent versions of TED talks with three older talks from the 1980s and 1990s, she suggests an historical trajectory, which emphasizes the professional performance character of recent talks and their popularization through highly sophisticated and sharable video footage.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:55:29 PDT
- Networks of Collaboration and Creation in Latin American Digital
Authors: Carolina Gainza
Abstract: In her article "Networks of Collaboration and Creation in Latin American Digital Literature" Carolina Gainza examines how production and reception of literature have been affected by digital technology, with special emphasis on issues related to Latin American digital literature. Gainza analyzes Jaime Alejandro Rodriguez's Narratopedia, Doménico Chiappe's La Huella de Cosmos, and Leonardo Valencia's and Eugenio Tiselli's El Libro Flotante in order to highlight collective practices of creation involved in digital productions. Through the discussion of these issues, Gainza offers an overview of ongoing changes wrought by digital technology in contemporary Latin American digital culture.
PubDate: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 10:55:21 PDT
- Nir, Oded curriculum vitae
Authors: Oded Nir
PubDate: Sun, 22 Jan 2017 07:40:55 PST
- Ofengenden, Ari curriculum vitae
Authors: Ari Ofengenden
PubDate: Thu, 22 Dec 2016 13:41:04 PST
- Humor in US-American Literature: A Book Review Article about Su's
Authors: Longhai Zhang et al.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:58 PDT
- Postcolonial Studies in the Twenty-first Century: A Book Review Article of
Literature for Our Times & Reading Transcultural Cities
Authors: Alejandra Moreno Álvarez
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:53 PDT
- Digital Humanities and Publishing a Learned Journal
Authors: Steven Tötösy de Zepetnek
Abstract: In his article "Digital Humanities and Publishing a Learned Journal" Steven Tötösy de Zepetnek discusses digital humanities and the publishing scholarship online in the context of the politics of publishing scholarship specifically as it pertains to humanities. Funding for the publishing of humanities scholarship remains constricted worldwide whether in print or digital and the standard remains to publish journals by subscription fees. Based on his argumentation against the "colonialism of knowledge," Tötösy de Zepetnek argues for the publishing of humanities scholarship against subscription-based or author-pay models. Further, he presents suggestions as to the how-s of the founding of a digital humanities journal and suggestions to authors to consider when submitting a paper for publication in a digital journal.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:48 PDT
- (Im)migrant and Ethnic Minority Literature in Education Curricula in
Authors: Marijanca Ajša Vižintin
Abstract: In her article "(Im)migrant and Ethnic Minority Literature in Education Curricula in Slovenia" Marijanca Ajša Vižintin argues that there is a need to develop in the educational system of Slovenia a comprehensive theoretical and applied approach for the inclusion of (im)migrant and ethnic minority students: in addition to writers who represent the Slovenian majority population, school curricula should include members of Slovenian (im)migrant and ethnic minority members of the country irrespective of the language in which they write. In accordance with this objective and recommendation, the reading and study of the cultural production of (im)migrant and ethnic minority texts ought to be recognized and included in the canon. At the same time, Vižintin calls for a fair representation of women authors.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:42 PDT
- Dostoyevsky, Bernanos, and Knowing Joy as the Unknown
Authors: Ruth Karin Lévai
Abstract: In her article "Dostoyevsky, Bernanos, and Knowing Joy as the Unknown" Ruth Karin Lévai analyzes the concept of joy in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's The Brothers Karamazov and Georges Bernanos's The Diary of a Country Priest. Lévai follows five main aspects of the experience of joy common to the characters of both novels: 1) joy as prerequisite to true freedom, 2) joy as risk, 3) joy as the ability to love, 4) joy as the ability to give and receive prosaic gifts, and 5) joy as community. Lévai argues that in both works joy is portrayed as a starting point rather than a destination and that it grows out of knowledge rather than circumstance. Further, she posits that Dostoyevsky's and Bernanos's understanding of joy was shaped by their Christian faith.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:35 PDT
- World War I and the Idea of Progress in Powers's Three Farmers on
Their Way to a Dance
Authors: Karsten H. Piep
Abstract: In his article "World War I and the Idea of Progress in Powers's Three Farmers on Their Way to a Dance" Karsten H. Piep reads Powers's 1985 novel as a critical reexamination of the dynamics and iconography of the early twentieth century that challenges the technological positivism espoused by many U.S. neoconservatives during the 1980s, while insisting on the individual's interpretive powers to discern and release the ever present transformative potentials of history. Situating Three Farmers in the postmodernism debates of the 1980s, Piep argues that the novel succeeds in challenging the idea of history conceived as linear progression, but fails to show how a critical engagement with the past might engender social transformation in the present.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:30 PDT
- Golding's The Spire as an Architectonic Novel
Authors: Stephan Schaffrath
Abstract: In his article "Golding's The Spire as an Architectonic Novel" Stephan Schaffrath analyzes William Golding's work as an excellent example of one of Mikhail Bakhtin's early critical concepts. In contrast to most literary entertainment which thrives on the readers' suspension of disbelief, The Spire challenges readers to actively and consciously interpret its text, thus raising readers' awareness as participants in the reading act. The Spire achieves this by presenting readers with a novelistic world seen more or less through the eyes of a pseudo narrator, a third-person narration style that consistently and regularly — yet subtly — delves into the main character's mind. The Spire constitutes a commentary on the human tendency to take positivistic shortcuts in epistemological endeavors by building into its narrative fabric Bakhtin's notion of the once-occurrent, never-repeatable nature of one and every act.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:24 PDT
- Visualizing Electronic Literature Collections
Authors: Urszula Anna Pawlicka
Abstract: In her article "Visualizing Electronic Literature Collections" Urszula Pawlicka discusses the development of electronic literature by visualizing material available in the Electronic Literature Collection . Her visualization of electronic literature presents a timeline with tag clouds of keywords related to works classified chronologically by dates of publication. Pawlicka's visualization includes also all keywords of the Collection (two date there exist three Collections) separately without division in the publication dates of works. Pawlicka argues that keywords turn out to be important data to demonstrate changes occurring in the history of electronic literature. Further, in her visualization of electronic literature Pawlicka discusses the three waves of electronic literature including two transitions between them.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:19 PDT
- Anthropological Inquiry and the Limits of Dialogue
Authors: Kathleen M. Gallagher
Abstract: In her article "Anthropological Inquiry and the Limits of Dialogue" Kathleen Gallagher analyzes the epistemological and ethical implications created by representations of Self and portrayals of Other in two apparently different ethnographic texts, R.F. Fortune's Sorcerers of Dobu and Kevin Dwyer's Moroccan Dialogues. Specific attention is paid to the authors' portrayal of themselves and the observed and the ramifications of such portrayals in the construction of anthropological knowledge. Dwyer's work was a reaction to what he perceived as anthropology's traditional muting of other voices, an alternative to such denigration being the incorporation of dialogue into one's methodology. Gallagher describes Dwyer's project in more detail and situates it theoretically within interpretive and hermeneutic paradigms in postmodern literature.
PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2016 14:04:15 PDT