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  Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 1538 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (546 journals)
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LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (546 journals)            First | 1 2 3     

Showing 201 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Language, Translation and Intercultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Welsh Writing in English     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intertexts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Inti : Revista de literatura hispánica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigaciones Sobre Lectura     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Arts Management and Cultural Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Irish Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Istituto Lombardo - Accademia di Scienze e Lettere - Memorie     Open Access  
Istituto Lombardo - Accademia di Scienze e Lettere - Rendiconti di Lettere     Open Access  
Italique     Open Access  
Itinéraires. Littérature, Textes, Cultures     Open Access  
Izumi : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Budaya Jepang     Open Access  
J19 : The Journal of Nineteenth-Century Americanists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Jahrbuch for Internationale Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
James Joyce Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Jangada : Crítica, Literatura, Artes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAWS : Journal of Arts Writing by Students     Hybrid Journal  
Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Arabic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Biblical Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Commonwealth Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Dutch Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of English and Arabic Language Teaching     Open Access  
Journal of English and Germanic Philology (JEGP)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Late Antiquity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latin American & Caribbean Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Literacy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medieval Latin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Modern Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Narrative Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Philosophy : A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Poetry Therapy: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice, Theory, Research and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Postcolonial Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Technical Writing and Communication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 108)
Journal of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Journal of the History of Sexuality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Journal of the Short Story in English     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Transatlantic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Writing in Creative Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Joyce Studies Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Melayu     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Káñina     Open Access  
Karaite Archives     Open Access  
Keats-Shelley Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kōtare : New Zealand Notes & Queries     Open Access  
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kritikon Litterarum     Hybrid Journal  
Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal     Open Access  
L'Atelier     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
L'Atelier du CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
L'Espace Politique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L'Homme     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
La corónica : A Journal of Medieval Hispanic Languages, Literatures, and Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
La Palabra     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Language     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Language and Text     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Language in Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lapurdum     Open Access  
Law and Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Legacy : A Journal of American Women Writers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Leitura Flutuante. Revista do Centro de Estudos em Semiótica e Psicanálise     Open Access  
Les Cahiers d'Outre-Mer     Open Access  
Les Chantiers de la Création     Open Access  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Letras Escreve     Open Access  
Lettres Romanes (Les)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Lexis - Journal in English Lexicology     Open Access  
Lidil     Open Access  
Lingua Cultura     Open Access  
Lingüística y Literatura     Open Access  
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Literatura Mexicana     Open Access  
Literatura y Lingüística     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Literature and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Literature and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Literature Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Litteraria Copernicana     Open Access  
Littératures     Open Access  
Llên Cymru     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Lucero     Open Access  
Luso-Brazilian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Machado de Assis em Linha     Open Access  
Madrygal. Revista de Estudios Gallegos     Open Access  
Magnificat Cultura i Literatura Medievals     Open Access  
Magyar Terminológia     Full-text available via subscription  
Manoa     Full-text available via subscription  
Materiali di Estetica     Open Access  
MATLIT : Revista do Programa de Doutoramento em Materialidades da Literatura     Open Access  
Matraga - Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras da UERJ     Open Access  
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mechademia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Medea     Open Access  
Media Industries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
MELUS : Multi-Ethnic Literature of the U.S.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
MFS Modern Fiction Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Michigan Quarterly Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Milton Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Milton Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Miranda     Open Access  
Missouri Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mitologías hoy : Revista de pensamiento, crítica y estudios literarios latinoamericanos     Open Access  
MLN     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Modernism/modernity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Monatshefte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Mosaic : a journal for the interdisciplinary study of literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Muitas Vozes     Open Access  
Myth & Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Nabokov Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Narrative     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Narrative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Nederlandse Letterkunde     Full-text available via subscription  
Neohelicon     Hybrid Journal  
Neue Politische Literatur     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Coin Poetry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New England Review     Full-text available via subscription  
New Hibernia Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Literary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Nineteenth-Century Contexts: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Nineteenth-Century French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Nineteenth-Century Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Nomenclatura : aproximaciones a los estudios hispánicos     Open Access  
Nordic Journal of ChildLit Aesthetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nordic Journal of Literacy Research     Open Access  
Nordlit     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nottingham Medieval Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Nouvelles Études Francophones     Full-text available via subscription  
Novos Olhares : Revista de Estudos Sobre Práticas de Recepção a Produtos Midiáticos     Open Access  
Nuevo Texto Crítico     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
O Eixo e a Roda : Revista de Literatura Brasileira     Open Access  
Oficios Terrestres     Open Access  
OKARA Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra or Journal of Languages and Literature     Open Access  
Olho d'água     Open Access  
Olivar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbis Litterarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pacific Northwest Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access  
PAN: Philosophy Activism Nature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Papers: Explorations into Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Paragraph     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parergon     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paroles gelées     Full-text available via subscription  
Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Passage - Tidsskrift for litteratur og kritik     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Peake Studies     Open Access  
Pensares em Revista     Open Access  
Periférica. Revista para el análisis de la cultura y el territorio     Open Access  
Persian Literary Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Perspectives Médiévales : Revue d’Épistémologie des Langues et Littératures du Moyen Âge     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Philip Roth Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Philologica Canariensia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Philosophy and Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Pleine Marge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ploughshares     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Plurentes. Artes y Letras     Open Access  
Poe Studies     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Poetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Pólemos : Journal of Law, Literature and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Polifonia     Open Access  
POP : Kultur und Kritik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Poroi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Postmodern Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Poznańskie Studia Polonistyczne. Seria Językoznawcza     Open Access  
Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne     Open Access  
Pragmalingüística     Open Access  
Prague Journal of English Studies     Open Access  
Prairie Light Review     Open Access  
Prairie Schooner     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Pratiques : Linguistique, littérature, didactique     Open Access  
Pretexts : Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Probus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
PsicoArt - Rivista on line di arte e psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Publications of the English Goethe Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quaderni d'italianistica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Quadrant     Full-text available via subscription  
Quarterly Essay     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Question     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3     

Journal Cover Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems
  [3 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1683-0296
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [187 journals]
  • Ubuntu as a foundation for researching African indigenous psychology
    • Authors: Queeneth N. Mkabela
      Abstract: The question of how researchers work with and select research methods is complex. For researchers researching African indigenous culture, the complexity takes specific forms, usually forms that are embedded within the values and beliefs of research participants and their indigenous communities. In order to honour, indigenous methodologies, researchers need to approach cultural protocols, values and behaviours as an integral part of methodology. Methodological challenges that may be faced by researchers are those associated with acceptable scholarly psychological research, from within a specific discipline as well as from within the particular indigenous community. The article intends to highlight ubuntu (African philosophy of life) as a foundation for an African centred, indigenous psychology, research method carried out by indigenous researchers working from or within indigenous communities.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • Some southern African views on interconnectedness with special reference
           to indigenous knowledge
    • Authors: Steve Edwards
      Abstract: The Global Coherence Initiative (GCI) conducts pioneering research into interconnectedness in order to promote global coherence, consciousness and health through heart-focused care (Institute of HeartMath, 2013). A global network of ultrasensitive magnetic field detectors are being installed strategically around the planet, one of which is established on a private game reserve in KwaZulu-Natal, which provides various local research opportunities. Southern African indigenous knowledge themes on interconnectedness are discussed in order to provide a relevant, local and conceptual grounding for the initiative. As this knowledge is invested with human spirituality, communality, mutuality and other local meaning, the presentation speaks of relationships. Although certain themes have been singled out for instructional purposes in this presentation, as local indigenous knowledge represents a coherent whole that is continuously changing. These themes should be considered from an integrative and transformational perspective.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • A survey of farming practices and cassava pests and diseases : a case
           study for Mseleni Village, KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa
    • Authors: Makhosi N. Buthelezi; Ntsako D. Ngobeni
      Abstract: Although cassava is one of the staple food crops in Africa, it is cultivated mainly by subsistence producers in South Africa. Production is constrained by a number of agronomic, biological, environmental and socio-economic factors responsible for yield reduction. A study was conducted from May to August 2006 to evaluate cultural practices applied in cassava production and to evaluate the prevalence of pests and diseases on cassava at Mseleni village. A semi-structured questionnaire was utilized to collect data. Almost 80% of the farmers, both male and female, were randomly selected to take part in the survey. Results from the survey revealed that there was no application of commercial inputs (fertilizers or pesticides) used in the production process of cassava. Other important production constraints in cassava production were pests and diseases. It was established that 91% of farmers in the village did not control pests in their cassava at all, while 9% indicated that they used household remedies. Generally, cultural practices which are fundamental and crucial in cassava production were not properly executed and these had a significant negative impact on cassava total yield. In order to improve cassava yield in the village, it is recommended that practices such as incorporating green manures in the soil, application of fertilizers and the use of disease-free planting material, be adopted.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • Traditional medicine invigorated : an expanded response to HIV and Aids in
           South Africa
    • Authors: Blessing Mbatha
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to shed light on patterns of, and major motives for the utilisation of traditional medicine to fight the spread of HIV and AIDS in South Africa. This study was conducted in Soshanguve township in Gauteng. A qualitative approach was adopted by conducting focus group interviews with fifty-seven traditional healers. Data was analysed using axial coding and open coding, where dominant themes from the discussions were identified and discussed in detail. The findings depict that traditional healing is a deep-seated practice. In addition, the study established that the foremost motives for choosing traditional healers over biomedical practitioners were affordability of the services rendered by traditional healers and the efficacy and safety of traditional medicines. It is worth noting that the African continent, as the worst-ravaged region in terms of HIV and AIDS and the poorest in terms of modern health care resources, is an obvious site for collaboration between traditional healers and biomedical health care providers.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • Pedi psychologists' perceptions of working with mental illness in the Pedi
           community in Limpopo, South Africa : the need to incorporate indigenous
           knowledge in diagnosis and treatment
    • Authors: Mahlodi Joslina Sehoana; Sumaya Laher
      Abstract: Mental illness is conceptualised differently across cultural and religious groups. Perceptions of mental illness that are held in communities play a role in the treatment sought and the response to treatment offered. Psychologists from these communities who work in the community are well positioned to provide insight into the perceptions of mental illness as well as the issues involved in working within their communities. A convenience sample of nine Pedi psychologists practising in the Sekhukhune and Capricorn districts of Limpopo, South Africa were interviewed about their work with members of the Pedi community as a means of exploring perceptions of mental illness and its' associated challenges and opportunities in the Pedi community. Semi structured interviews were conducted at the practitioners' rooms with each interview lasting approximately one hour. Thematic analysis of the results revealed four themes. These were: psychologists' perceptions of mental illness; conducting psychotherapy with clients who have spiritual or cultural beliefs of illness; perceptions of mental illness in the Pedi community; and the limited understanding of mental health services in the Pedi community. It is evident from the results that mental illness in the Pedi community is conceptualised differently to mainstream conceptualisations. There is therefore a need for culturally competent practitioners to work in communities holding cultural and religious beliefs in relation to mental illness in order for treatment to be successful. The perceptions of mental illness held by the Pedi community influences the type of treatment sought, with the choice of treatment often being traditional healing. Aside from cultural beliefs which makes traditional healing the first option for treatment, socio economic status and the cost of health care were also highlighted for the preference of traditional healing.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • Effect of indigenous knowledge system based sun drying on the
           microbiological quality and safety of egg powders
    • Authors: Elizabeth Mnyandu; Unathi Kolanisi Muthulisi Siwela
      Abstract: Although eggs have been successfully dried into powder at industrial level no evidence is available that sun drying or oven drying has been tried on eggs in the rural areas. This article is based on the study, which was conducted in the rural areas of Impendle in the KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa, determined the level of egg utilisation and the microbiological quality and safety of sun-dried eggs. A sample of eggs was oven-dried at 65°C over a period of three hours. Another sample was sun-dried over a period of 72 hours. The dried egg samples were subjected to microbiological analysis: Salmonella spp., E. coli, Coliforms, Listeria monocytogenes and Total Plate Count. A high percentage (87%) of the survey respondents owned egg laying chickens. About 81% of the respondents indicated that eggs were consumed by the whole family about three times per week. Microbiological analysis results indicated that both egg powder samples had acceptable total microbial load and pathogenic (harmful) micro-organisms were absent. When observed over a period of eight weeks, both sun-dried and oven-dried eggs developed a rancid flavour. The study demonstrated the potential for processing eggs into egg powder in rural areas to improve household food security.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • "Badimo ba fihlile mošomong" - is there a place for cultural ethos and
           practices at the workplace? African cultural practices and beliefs
    • Authors: Matome M. Ratiba
      Abstract: This article seeks to interrogate and explore whether African ethos and practices have a place at the workplace, more especially in the light of the recent decision in Kievits Kroon Country Estate (Pty) Ltd v Mmoledi and Others. Practices and/or beliefs having a bearing on only three contextual cultural issues or concepts are isolated for this purpose and dealt with in the context of absence from the workplace. The applicable cultural issues in question are cultural and spiritual ailments, family responsibilities and ancestral callings, all of which are reviewed within the broader milieu of culture in the workplace. The article conforms to the following set structural format. Following the introduction, the second part lays the theoretical framework or background to the discussion in which attempt is made in the definition, unpacking and explanation of common cultural practices under discussion. The third part will explain the relevance of those common cultural practices to the workplace. In the fourth part a summary of the current case of Kievits Kroon Country Estate (Pty) Ltd v Mmoledi and Others and the impact thereof are presented. The last part will be constituted by concluding remarks.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • The potential of crossbreeding indigenous chickens to improve rural food
           security and nutrition in southern Africa - a review
    • Authors: Feyisayo Adeola Odunitan-Wayas; Unathi Kolanisi, Michael Chimonyo Muthulisi Siwela
      Abstract: The need to increase poultry production in southern Africa to meet the increasing protein requirement of the growing population is becoming a great concern. The quality of poultry meat and eggs produced in terms of taste, texture, flavour and leanness are of importance to consumers. Crossbreeding indigenous with exotic strains of chickens is one of the main factors that can improve food and nutrition security in southern Africa. In this article, ways in which the quality and quantity of poultry meat and eggs can be improved for sustainable food and nutrition security in southern Africa, with emphasis on crossbreeding as a prospective food security (protein) stability technique are discussed. This article is based on critical analysis of the literature and discusses and evaluates various crossbreeding methods of chickens that have been carried out in African countries. Comparative studies on the implementation, failures and successes of crossbreeding of chickens in African countries, such as Egypt, Botswana, Malawi and South Africa among others are reviewed. Crossbreeding, combined with selection, information dissemination, improved management and technology, is recommended for the geometric increase in poultry meat and egg production in southern Africa to improve food and nutrition security.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • The Lambas of the copper belt/Zambia's behaviours and taboos 'before
           colonisation and Christianisation' : a literature review to accommodate
           research in the indigenous realm
    • Authors: Rosemary Kalenga
      Abstract: This article is a literature review of the Lambas' (AŴalamba) behaviours and taboos as documented before colonisation and Christianisation, from the diary of Joseph Doke, who died in Lambaland (IlamŴa) in 1913. The diary was published in 1931 by his son Clement Martyn Doke. The aim of this article is to examine the ways of living of the Lambas before colonisation and Christianisation, in order to promote mental liberation from a world where we study only Western knowledge. The analysis is done through the lens of theories of Sacralisation, 'umuchinshi' - Polite Behaviour and Indigenous Knowledge Systems. The concludes that mental liberation for Africans may only be achieved if we take deliberate steps to study and embrace the wisdom of our forefathers. The recommendations are that despite living in modern society, the knowledge of our forefathers should not be forgotten. Lessons of life originate from their generations of tested and proven ways of harmonious living, socially and environmentally sustainable.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • An analysis of the depiction of indigenous people during the early
           colonial conquest in South African history textbooks
    • Authors: Johannes Seroto
      Abstract: In this article, I examine the construction of knowledge about the representation of indigenous people in Grade 10 South African history textbooks. I illustrate and unearth the ways whereby power relations during the early colonial conquest were situated, maintained, reproduced and transmitted in specific social, historical and political contexts. To achieve this aim, the article focuses on the knowledge that is constructed by the authors of the history textbooks; the perspectives valued in the construction of the history textbooks; and the authors' location and understanding of power relations in the context of the early settlement at the Cape of Good Hope. Critical analysis discourse method is used to critique the selected textbooks.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • Towards a cartography of indigenous knowledge systems in library and
           information science training and education in Anglophone eastern and
           southern Africa
    • Authors: Patrick Ngulube; Luyanda Dube Maned Mhlongo
      Abstract: The focus of this article is on mapping the inclusion of indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) content in the higher education curriculum of universities that offer library and information science (LIS) education in Anglophone eastern and southern Africa (AESA). As universities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are being encouraged to "adapt" and to become more "societally relevant" in their production, transmission and acquisition of knowledge, they should include hitherto subjugated IKS. The main argument is that the inclusion of indigenous knowledge (IK), with its emphasis on context and the holistic nature of human experiences, in higher education may partly offer knowledge that resonates with Bernstein's (2000) horizontal discourses and Dewey's (2004) notion of education that addresses the disposition of the learner holistically. Although some studies on higher education curricula have focused on a diversity of issues, including improved pedagogy, assessment strategies, low achievement, student throughput, content, institutional autonomy and public accountability (Bester, 2011), the scope of this article is limited to the content aspect of the curriculum. Content is at the centre of the relevance of a curriculum in a specific context. A meaningful coverage of IK content in the curriculum may equip information and heritage management professionals with skills and knowledge to preserve the declining IK and elevate it to a respectable level in Africa. The results of this quantitative study confirm that the end of foreign domination in AESA did not bring about a new cartography in the LIS curricula of the universities, as colonial pedagogic practices that undervalued IK have continued to dominate the higher education landscape at the expense of the inclusion of IK.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01T00:00:00Z
  • Indigenous approaches to peacemaking and conflict resolution : the case of
           inter-clans and political conflict in Msinga villages in -Natal province
    • Authors: Rudigi Rukema Joseph
      Abstract: This article is based on the study that examined communities' indigenous approaches to peacemaking and conflict resolution and seeks to determine whether the government's responses are concomitant with local knowledge of peacemaking and conflict resolution through a case study of Msinga villages in the North of the Natal Province. It focuses on inter-clan wars, which have a long history in the study areas; the scars of violence are still fresh in the minds of men and women living in these areas. In the qualitative study, face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted with local traditional leaders, village elders, both men and women, and local government officials and the youth. The findings of the study demonstrate that there is still mistrust between members of these communities to the extent that any tension can lead to violence. The findings also show that, although there have been and still are many peacemaking and conflict resolution initiatives, these seem to be ineffective in bringing about peace and the sense of a united community. Furthermore, many local citizens and women believe that government imposed approaches have limited their effective participation in peacemaking and conflict resolution. The contestation and in fighting between the Inkatha Freedom Party and the African National Congress has further undermined ordinary citizens' full participation as they try to wrest control from the other group; this continues to deepen divisions in an already divided society.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • An experiential investigation into the phenomenon of respect in Zulu
    • Authors: Buyi Mbele; Luvuyo Makhaba, Dumisani Nzima, Mandla Hlongwane, Jabu Thwala, David Edwards, Mbali Sibiya, Steve Edwards, Buyi Mbele, Luvuyo Makhaba, Dumisani Nzima, Mandla Hlongwane, Jabu Thwala, David Edwards, Mbali Sibiya Steve Edwards
      Abstract: The goal of this article was to explore the phenomenon of respect as experienced by South African psychologists with special reference to Zulu culture. The narrative experiences of six isiZulu speaking psychologists with regard to the isiZulu concept of respect (Ukuhlonipha) were thematically analysed and synthesized by two independent English speaking psychologists. Five main interrelated themes respectively emerged of Ukuhlonipha as: pillar of African humanity (Ubuntu); including ancestors, marriage, family, parents and children; special language, narrative, story and/or textual reality; harmony, order and discipline; and gratitude and appreciation. These findings reiterated the manner in which African people have always recognized respect, as a concept, experience and practice with spiritual and cultural dimensions of great breadth, depth and height. Such practice is recognized as crucial for the promotion of local, international and global health and wellbeing.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Heritage resources as vehicles for Africa's rural economic development
    • Authors: Lesiba Joseph Teffo
      Abstract: Some of the economies of the world are currently under severe strain. For their survival, these economies within nation states are therefore compelled to explore new avenues to generate revenue. It is in this context that I perceive and conceive of indigenous heritage as an economic resource essential for local rural development. Accordingly, it should be treated as an integral part of national development plans and strategies. The challenge though is to link heritage to practical, sustainable and mutually beneficial economic development programmes. To this end local communities and developers should work together in the pursuit of common goals and interests, enabled by indigenous knowledge systems and contemporary information and communication technologies (ICT). The argument in this article is that Africa has a major under development challenge and with 'nature based' tourism properly administered and developed there could be economic dividends and attendant social benefits. The article cites success stories from similar initiatives that have profoundly transformed some rural communities into economic hubs.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Enlightened women and polygamy : voices and perspectives from within
    • Authors: Zamambo Mkhize; Nompumelelo B. Zondi
      Abstract: Within the prevalent patriarchal system, polygamy and ilobolo are deeply-rooted practices that still endure and are considered vital within African cultures. The customs, however, have gender and power implication at times, where polygamy causes anguish for women when men consider them 'paid for' or 'bought commodities', not deserving to be treated with respect. Traditional men have championed polygamy in terms of 'tradition and culture' but a cursory observation suggests that it is currently also being embraced by women who seem to marry into these unions freely. By extension, it would seem that some first wives do not find it a problem when their husbands inform them of their intention to take second and subsequent wives. Even in arranged marriages certain women seem content to enter into a polygamous union because they will be answering the call of duty (Mkhize, 2011). This article reports on a study that was conducted at a semi-urban township of Hammarsdale in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa between 2009 and 2011 using qualitative research methodology. The aim of the study was to explore why middle-class educated and employed women enter or even stay in these matrimonial arrangements. The study differed from any previous studies in that it focused on financially independent women; a crucial point which eliminated one of the main assumptions that women enter into such unions for financial and or material gain and/or support. Moreover previous studies had focused on rural women who were mainly housewives entirely dependent on their husbands for their livelihoods. The findings of the study revealed that women entered such unions for numerous reasons, amongst them, love, family, societal pressures as well as desperation to have a higher social standing in the community than being a single woman. It is concluded that most of these women were influenced by society into being married regardless of the type of marriage they wanted.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Nexus between culture and health : perceptions and management of malaria
           in rural Nigeria
    • Authors: Ali Arazeem Abdullahi; Ali Arazeem Abdullahi
      Abstract: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Nigeria, especially in rural areas among children under the age of five years. This cannot be unconnected from the fact that malaria control programmes and strategies have not taken cognisance of the local perceptions of the causes and symptoms as well as management of malaria in rural communities of Nigeria. The article is based on the study that examined the nexus between culture and health with emphasis on the perceptions of the causes and symptoms as well as management of malaria in Okanle and Fajeromi communities in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study was guided by the constructionist paradigm through the use of semi-structured interviews, in-depth interviews and focus group discussion (FGD). The majority of the respondents were mothers of children below the age of five. Although the perceived threat and symptoms of malaria in children as reported by caregivers were in tandem with biomedical constructions, the perceived causes and management sharply contradicted biomedical knowledge. Such contradiction has significant implications on health seeking behaviour of caregivers as well as malaria control programmes in rural communities of Nigeria. While it is undisputable fact that caregivers in local communities require informed education about the aetiology and management of malaria in children, there is the need for intensification of scientific investigation into the efficacy or otherwise of indigenous knowledge medicine (IKM) in the management of malaria in indigenous communities of Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Documenting indigenous knowledge about Africa's traditional medicine : a
           myth or a reality?
    • Authors: Charles Akwe Masango; Barthelemy Nyasse
      Abstract: This article examines the global debates about indigenous knowledge and Africa's traditional medicine. It explores whether it is possible to document all the elements of indigenous knowledge about Africa's traditional medicine that is used for the treatment of diverse forms of sickness. Certain types of Africa's traditional medicines used for the treatment of different forms of sickness encompass associated knowledge in the form of spiritual rituals that may be considered mostly by religious leaders as devilish in nature. It may be difficult to document the spiritual elements of traditional medicine that is deemed devilish as traditional healers consider it top secret. The non-documentation of the spiritual rituals that form part of the traditional medicine is tantamount to documenting certain elements and not the entire process of a particular medicine. The raison d'être for documenting Africa's traditional medicine stem from the notion that there is an increasing extinction of medicinal plants due to environmental degradation, deforestation, agricultural encroachment, over harvesting and population growth that is associated with the loss of indigenous knowledge on plant use for medicine. Hence there is a need to document medicinal plants with their associated knowledge. The article explores Africa's traditional medicines that can and cannot be documented in its entirety and proposes measures within Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in the form of patents through which certain types of traditional medicines used for the treatment of particular illnesses could be documented in their entirety.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The Traditional Health Practitioners Act 22 of 2007 : a perspective on
           some of the statute's strengths and weaknesses
    • Authors: Boyane Tshehla
      Abstract: The Traditional Health Practitioners Act 22 of 2007 was enacted to regulate the traditional health sector in South Africa. With effect from 1 May 2014, a cluster of the Act's sections became effective by promulgation in the Government Gazette. This development made the majority of the sections of this statute binding after the last proclamation in 2008. The current article discusses the key provisions of the Act and the implications it has for the traditional health sector. After presenting these key provisions and highlighting their strengths and weaknesses, the article relates them to other legislative measures in the form of the Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Act 28 of 2013 and the Medicines and Related Substances Amendment Bill (B 6-2014). It then argues that the legislative measures introduced thus far fall short of providing a framework necessary for the protection of the traditional health practice. Thereafter, the article discusses the bias of the Act, evident in the more concern shown about the protection of the public against the practices of traditional health practitioners and less concern about the protection of the traditional health practitioners against the hegemony of Western health practitioners and low respect that the former have been accorded. The main argument is that there could have been more balance in the legislative measures effected to bring about justice in the health care system of South Africa.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Integration of indigenous knowledge management into the university
           curriculum : a case for Makerere University
    • Authors: Elisam Magara
      Abstract: Over the years, people have attempted at preservation of their indigenous knowledge (IK) in their day-to-day activities for socio-economic and community development. Preservation of IK systems would significantly contribute to food and health security, as well as environmental protection. Considering that most of the IK is not documented and is not easy to access, providing appropriate skills for managing IK becomes imperative. The challenge for universities is to orient their curriculum towards IK management. Strategies for identification, tapping/accessing, collection, documentation, organizing and processing, retrieval, disseminating and utilisation of IK are required. This article presents a strategy for integrating IK management into the university curriculum in Uganda. It attempts to identify the IK systems in Uganda, establishes the IK management curriculum needs universities, and the mechanism for integrating IK management into the university curriculum. In an exploratory qualitative research, data was collected from people believed to be knowledgeable and skilled in IK management from institutions and communities selected purposively. Physical visits and observations in institutions that keep information on IK, including the Uganda Museum, national archives, cultural centres and community/traditional institutions were also made. It is anticipated that, when appropriate mechanisms of mainstreaming IK values are developed and integrated into the university curriculum, there will be improved curriculum, appreciated and mainstreamed IK values, and an informed society for the enhancement of good governance.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Challenges and opportunities for IKS in higher education institutions in
           South Africa : politics, ideological, institutional cultures and
           structural dimensions
    • Authors: Itumeleng Mekoa
      Abstract: In 2004 the Department of Science and Technology in the Republic of South Africa adopted a policy on Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS). By doing so it moved IKS from just being a political and academic rhetoric into a political policy of government. The policy "affirms African cultural values in the face of globalization - a clear imperative given the need to promote a positive African identity" (IKS Policy, Chapter 5; page 9). The policy also provides for practical measures for the development of services provided by IK holders and practitioners. It also focuses on the contribution of the IKS to the economy. The policy further provides for the establishment of various legislative and institutional bodies. However despite this legislative initiative over a decade now, higher education institutions have not integrated IKS in their curriculum development. There are many reasons for this; some are historical, political, ideological, institutional and structural. The purpose of this article is to analyse how these challenges have hindered the development of IKS in higher education institutions and conclude with prospects for development.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Indigenous knowledge systems and deveopment : preface
    • Authors: Phillip Higgs
      Abstract: Articles in this issue of the journal reveal a wide range of critical and practical concerns that are taken up in discourses concerned with Indigenous Knowledge Systems.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Adjusting western research techniques to accommodate research in the
           indigenous realm
    • Authors: Rosemary Chimbala Kalenga
      Abstract: This article seeks to adjust Western research techniques to accommodate research in the indigenous realm. Indigenous knowledge systems require a different approach from Western methodologies of collecting data. Indigenous people take pride in sharing their knowledge as they 'live it' because it cannot be contested anywhere in the world. Sharing it with a researcher does not change anything in their context. Indigenous research theory underpins this assertion. Data was collected through qualitative approaches that involved individual interviews and focus groups. The findings indicate that indigenous knowledge systems have their own ways of conducting research through ways that may not be palatable to Western methodology. This article recommends adjusting Western research methodologies to suit research in specific native settings. The 'one size fits all' is not a practical way of conducting indigenous research. As such, unless we embrace and respect the people and their culture, researchers may only prove hypotheses and not the realities of the phenomenon. Indigenous research methodologies will enhance finding new worthwhile knowledge.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Successful access at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa through
           ubuntu : the student voice
    • Authors: Suria Govender
      Abstract: This article assesses whether access programmes are a productive method of identifying potentially successful students in the Higher Education sector in South Africa. It presents the voices of successful students at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, who did not go directly into the mainstream programme but had to commence university education through an access programme. The interest of this investigation lies in the area of the broader academic and social discourses that they, as successful access students, inhabit and through which they produce and perform their success in undergraduate studies. The philosophy of Ubuntu and its relationship to epistemological access, the role of agency and self-regulation and student-institution reciprocity are examined using an adaptation of Tinto's student integration model as a starting point.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01T00:00:00Z
  • The traditional 'Zulu Valentine'
    • Authors: Ntandoni G. Biyela
      Abstract: In traditional Zulu society, the national ukweshwama (annual ceremony of the first fresh produce) was celebrated in January. The izinsizwa (unmarried young men) had to abstain from sexual relationships in order to prepare with undivided hearts and minds for this ritual, in which they had to take lead roles, such as offering the sacrificial bull. During the festival, the king would grant courtship freedom to the youth regiments of both genders of marriageable age. This article associates the celebration of giving 'love-beads' to loved ones with uNhlolanja (February) in the beginning of what is, traditionally a month of relaxation and abundant fresh produce. Beaded messages in red and white colours also dominated the February courtship milieu, which this article calls a traditional 'Zulu Valentine'. The Zulu name of February is also traditionally linked to the mating of dogs, suggesting that, in traditional Zulu society, February was a 'love in the air' month not only for humans. Based on first-hand interviews with local informants of KwaZulu-Natal, the present investigation attempted to examine the as yet insufficiently explored deeper meaning of indigenous beads called imibambanhliziyo (heart-holders) through which Zulu girls of yesteryear communicated their experiences, anxieties and attitudes to promote better relationships with their romantic partners, after ukweshwama abstinences.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01T00:00:00Z
  • African Indigenous Knowledge Systems and development : foreword
    • Authors: Jose P. Castiano; Queeneth N. Mkabela
      Abstract: This thirteenth volume of Indilinga: African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems continues to adhere to its legacy of critical analysis of indigenous knowledge systems. When looking for the golden thread for this current issue it became clear that indigenous knowledge systems is life itself - the issue covers articles that discuss love, courtship and romance to education, entrepreneurship, food, health, tourism, social networks, skills development and agriculture.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01T00:00:00Z
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