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LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (586 journals)            First | 1 2 3     

Showing 201 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
Hardy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
HeLix - Dossiers zur romanischen Literaturwissenschaft     Open Access  
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Hispanic Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Huntington Library Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
I Tatti Studies in the Italian Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education)     Open Access  
İletişim Kuram ve Araştırma Dergisi     Open Access  
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Interdisciplinary Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Language, Translation and Intercultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Welsh Writing in English     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intertexts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Inti : Revista de literatura hispánica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigaciones Sobre Lectura     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Arts Management and Cultural Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Irish Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Istituto Lombardo - Accademia di Scienze e Lettere - Memorie     Open Access  
Istituto Lombardo - Accademia di Scienze e Lettere - Rendiconti di Lettere     Open Access  
Italique     Open Access  
Itinéraires. Littérature, Textes, Cultures     Open Access  
Izumi : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Budaya Jepang     Open Access  
J19 : The Journal of Nineteenth-Century Americanists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Jahrbuch for Internationale Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
James Joyce Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Jangada : Crítica, Literatura, Artes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JAWS : Journal of Arts Writing by Students     Hybrid Journal  
JEELS : Journal of English Education and Linguistics Studies     Open Access  
Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Arabic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Biblical Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Commonwealth Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Dutch Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of English and Arabic Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of English and Germanic Philology (JEGP)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of European Periodical Studies     Open Access  
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Late Antiquity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latin American & Caribbean Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Literacy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medieval Latin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Modern Greek Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Narrative Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Philosophy : A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Poetry Therapy: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice, Theory, Research and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Postcolonial Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Technical Writing and Communication     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 131)
Journal of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Journal of the History of Sexuality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of the Short Story in English     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Tolkien Research     Open Access  
Journal of Transatlantic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Writing in Creative Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Joyce Studies Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Keilmuan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
Jurnal Melayu     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Kalbotyra     Open Access  
Káñina     Open Access  
Karaite Archives     Open Access  
Keats-Shelley Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kōtare : New Zealand Notes & Queries     Open Access  
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kritikon Litterarum     Hybrid Journal  
Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal     Open Access  
L'Atelier     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
L'Atelier du CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
L'Espace Politique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L'Homme     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
La corónica : A Journal of Medieval Hispanic Languages, Literatures, and Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
La Palabra     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Language     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Language and Text     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Language Circle : Journal of Language and Literature     Open Access  
Language in Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lapurdum     Open Access  
Law and Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Legacy : A Journal of American Women Writers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Leitura Flutuante. Revista do Centro de Estudos em Semiótica e Psicanálise     Open Access  
Lenguas Modernas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers d'Outre-Mer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Les Chantiers de la Création     Open Access  
Letras     Open Access  
Letras : Órgano de la Facultad de Letras y Ciencias Huamans     Open Access  
Letras Escreve     Open Access  
Lettres Romanes (Les)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Lexis - Journal in English Lexicology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lidil     Open Access  
Lingua Cultura     Open Access  
Lingüística y Literatura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Linguæ & - Rivista di lingue e culture moderne     Open Access  
Literacy Research : Theory, Method, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Literary and Linguistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Literatura Mexicana     Open Access  
Literatura y Lingüística     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Literature and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Literature and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Literature Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe     Open Access  
Litteraria Copernicana     Open Access  
Littératures     Open Access  
Llên Cymru     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Lucero     Open Access  
Luso-Brazilian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Machado de Assis em Linha     Open Access  
Madrygal. Revista de Estudios Gallegos     Open Access  
Magnificat Cultura i Literatura Medievals     Open Access  
Magyar Terminológia     Full-text available via subscription  
Manoa     Full-text available via subscription  
Materiali di Estetica     Open Access  
Matraga - Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras da UERJ     Open Access  
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mechademia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Medea     Open Access  
MELUS : Multi-Ethnic Literature of the U.S.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Methis. Studia humaniora Estonica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
MFS Modern Fiction Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Michigan Quarterly Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Milton Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Milton Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Miranda     Open Access  
Missouri Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mitologías hoy : Revista de pensamiento, crítica y estudios literarios latinoamericanos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
MLN     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Modernism/modernity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Monatshefte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Mosaic : a journal for the interdisciplinary study of literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Muitas Vozes     Open Access  
Myth & Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Nabokov Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Narrative     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Narrative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Nederlandse Letterkunde     Full-text available via subscription  
Neohelicon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Neue Politische Literatur     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
New Coin Poetry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New England Review     Full-text available via subscription  
New Hibernia Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Literary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Nineteenth-Century Contexts: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Nineteenth-Century French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Nineteenth-Century Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Nomenclatura : aproximaciones a los estudios hispánicos     Open Access  
Nordic Journal of ChildLit Aesthetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nordic Journal of Literacy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nordlit     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nottingham Medieval Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Nouvelles Études Francophones     Full-text available via subscription  
Novos Olhares : Revista de Estudos Sobre Práticas de Recepção a Produtos Midiáticos     Open Access  
Nuevo Texto Crítico     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
O Eixo e a Roda : Revista de Literatura Brasileira     Open Access  
Oficios Terrestres     Open Access  
OKARA Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra or Journal of Languages and Literature     Open Access  
Olho d'água     Open Access  
Olivar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbis Litterarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pacific Northwest Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access  
PAN: Philosophy Activism Nature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Papers: Explorations into Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Paragraph     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parergon     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paroles gelées     Full-text available via subscription  
Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Passage - Tidsskrift for litteratur og kritik     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Passagens     Open Access  
Peake Studies     Open Access  
Pecia     Full-text available via subscription  
Pensares em Revista     Open Access  
Periférica. Revista para el análisis de la cultura y el territorio     Open Access  
Persian Literary Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Perspectives Médiévales : Revue d’Épistémologie des Langues et Littératures du Moyen Âge     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Philip Roth Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

  First | 1 2 3     

Journal Cover Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems
  [4 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1683-0296
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [188 journals]
  • Introduction: towards the integration of indigenous knowledge Systems into
           climate change science
    • Authors: Tendai Chari; Mavis Mulaudzi Mogomme Masoga
      Abstract: Climate change has become one of the most serious threats on the livelihoods of local populations in the Global South in contemporary times. In spite of their low contribution to climate change on account of their traditional ways of living, local populations of the Global South, particularly in Africa carry on their shoulders a disproportionate burden of the consequence of climate change because their livelihoods revolve around the natural ecosystem and landscape for sustenance (Raygorodetsky 2011). Climate variability has played havoc with the agricultural, fishing, hunting, pastoral and other subsistence activities of local populations. However, scholarly literature on how the indigenous people of the Global South are experiencing, adapting, and mitigating the effects of climate change has been scant. As a consequence, indigenous knowledge about climate change has been shunted to the periphery, particularly in policy-making initiatives and platforms such as the United Nations.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Climate change adaptation and indigenous knowledge : prospecting African
           union channels for influecing national policy
    • Authors: A.O. Jegede; M.A. Masoga
      Abstract: Climate change and its adverse impacts are real in Africa. While there exists indigenous knowledge and practices which are useful in responding to adverse effects of climate change, an assessment of adaptation processes of selected states in Africa which have embarked on national adaptation plans of action (NAPA) in response to climate change reveals that scanty attention is placed on the relevance of indigenous knowledge. This article explores the potential in regional channels under the African Union (AU) to influence and shape the promotion of indigenous knowledge in climate related adaptation actions at the national level in Africa. Intervention through regional channels can be anchored on institutions and initiatives, namely, the Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change (CAHOSCC), African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMGEN) and the Climate for Development in Africa Programme which operates through the three channels of African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), Climate Change and Desertification Unit (CCDU) and Climate for Development in Africa Special Fund (CDSF).
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Climate change as a social health determinant and the mitigating
           indigenous interventions : a hermeneutic literature review
    • Authors: Ramadimetja Mogale; Fhumalani M. Mulaudzi, Mmapheko D. Peu, Mamakwa Sanah Mataboge, Roinah N. Ngunyulu Seepaneng S. Moloko-Phiri
      Abstract: As indigenous health scholars we are mindful of the fact that that climate change is experienced differently in North and South countries, although the impacts can be equally severe. Climate change and its consequences can affect the health of impacted communities in different ways. Climate change is currently a dominant topic of global discourse but remains poorly discussed by indigenous communities in the countries of the South. Misunderstandings about climate change, a lack of community-based health data and inadequate knowledge about progress may limit discussions. Indigenous communities who depend on land and water for sustenance are hit harder by the effects of climate change and unpredictable weather events. Unpredictable weather events include droughts, heat waves, floods and storms which can negatively impact the health and well-being of the population. The paper reports the findings of a hermeneutic literature review that unpacks climate change as a social health determinant and discusses mitigating indigenous interventions used to cope with the negative effects of climate change. A hermeneutic circle was used as a framework for the literature review. A contextual interpretive understanding of climate change as a social determinant was created based on all the papers that were reviewed. Each paper that was reviewed influenced each new paper that was read and interpreted; hence the circle. The review yielded three main themes on climate change as a social determinant of health: climate change extant as a syndrome, climate change is an inter and trans-generational problem in sub-Saharan countries and placed-based versus universal health related interventions to address climate change.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Effects of climate variability on the harvesting and preservation of
           Mopani worms
    • Authors: Mamakwa Sanah Mataboge; Fumulani Mavis Mulaudzi, Friedeburg Anna Maria Wenhold, Phillip Obed Yobe Nkunika, Nomusa Rhoda Dlamini Robyn Gwen Alders
      Abstract: The effects of climate variability on the harvesting and preservation of Mopani worms are addressed in this review. Human consumption of insects has occurred for millennia and has recently received increased attention in the literature. Given the intimate link between the larvae of lmbrasiabelina (i.e. the Mopani worm), Mopani woodlands and rainfall, climate change and weather variability will likely have negative effects on Mopani worm availability, harvesting, preservation and nutritional status of global communities including sub-Saharan- African (hence forth SSA) countries. The literature review presented in this article covered the period between 1982 and 2015 relating to the search for alternative nutrient food sources which was very prominent during the period of variable climatic conditions. Both qualitative and quantitative literature was read. Intensive data mining of reports and publications using Google search engine was carried out, using the words Mopani worms, harvesting and preservation as key search words. Climate variability effect on the Mopani woodlands, Mopani worms developmental stages, harvesting, preservation, economic development and nutrition are discussed. The recommendations made are that the negative effects of climate variability on Mopani woodlands and Mopani worms need to be mitigated to ensure food security and sustained economic development.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The impacts of climate change on household food security : the case of
           Mogaladi village in Sekhukhune district, South Africa
    • Authors: M. Masekoameng; M.C. Molotja
      Abstract: This article explored the impacts of climate change on household food security of the rural households in the Mogaladi village of the Sekhukhune district of South Africa. A qualitative methodology employing a case study research design including 40 small-scale farming households was adopted. The data were collected through interactive, participatory research methods such as recorded interviews, focus group discussions, semi-structured questionnaires, transect walks, village resource maps, social maps and seasonal calendars. The data were analysed using interpretational analysis and structural analysis.The results showed that rural women have indigenous knowledge in terms of food gathering and food production activities to ensure household food security. Furthermore, climate change had negatively affected the rainfall patterns in the area, resulting in reduced or no food production and household food insecurity. This has also resulted in decreased availability of wild food resources such as indigenous fruits, vegetables and roots, gathered by rural women to ensure household food security. Most participants (88%) indicated that they were used to depend on agricultural production for their livelihoods. Currently, they rely on other coping strategies such as involvement in petty trading, migration to the cities as well as state government welfare grants to ensure that they have food in their households. It is recommended that the existing climate change policies of the country should consider the indigenous knowledge of rural communities and also trickle down to the villages to assist small-holder farmers who are at the crossroad of food insecurity. Research and extension programmes should be restructured such that they consider the indigenous knowledge of rural communities in a bid to tackle climate change effectively.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Exploring the link between fisher folks' experimental knowledge and
           climate variability in an urban coastal community Inaccra
    • Authors: Irene Appeaning Addo; Samuel Nii - Ardey Codjoe
      Abstract: The article looked at the possibility of integrating indigenous knowledge and scientific knowledge in fisheries management under the scenario of climate change and variability in an urban coastal community in Ghana. The objective was to explore fisher folk's perception of temperature and rainfall variability impact on fish catch. Focus group discussions were used for data collection in GaMashie. The results show that the fisher folks, through their experiential knowledge were able to tell that fish from marine artisanal fishing sources was getting depleted and this could be attributed to rising temperatures, rainfall variability and anthropogenic activities. However, information on the use of chemicals in fishing and the use of unprescribed fishing nets may have been acquired from public education. The paper calls for a greater collaboration between the local community, the scientific community and policy makers to develop sustainable adaptation and mitigation strategies that will be beneficial to the community.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • 'Perceptions of reality'? challenges of climate change to indigenous
           knowledge systems in Vhembe district municipality, South Africa
    • Authors: Mokgale Makgopa; Chiyemura Frangton
      Abstract: Climate change and variability is defined as change attributed directly or indirectly to human and natural circumstances that alters the composition of the global atmosphere. Different regions encounter different challenges and, as a result, climate change is increasingly recognized as a threat to not only development issues, but embodiments of indigenous knowledge systems. In its broadest sense, indigenous knowledge represents knowledge and skills which people in a particular geographic area possess and enables them to get the most out of their environment. That said, there is a humanecology interaction that is mutual and a threat to one entity resultantly affects the other. Climate change therefore, challenges the human-ecology interaction as it diminishes the retention capacity of the environment to humanity. Given the above background, the paper investigated the perceived challenges posed by climate change on human-ecology interaction within indigenous knowledge approach, framed on human security approach of climate change. Data is gathered through the use of interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussion and literature on the subject matter. Through the use of predominantly qualitative data and less of quantitative data analysis techniques, the study found that climate change is highly perceived as a real threat to indigenous knowledge systems, in particular those directly aligned to the environment. Unless there is drastic community lead interventionist approach to saving the environment, the perceived knowledge possessed in relation to the environment, will diminish, disappear and then die a natural death.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Indigenous knowledge and social work in the context of climate change and
           older persons in rural areas
    • Authors: Allucia Lulu Shokane
      Abstract: Climate change poses a serious threat to the older persons in rural community of Ga-Sekororo, where coping, mitigation and adaptive capacity remain limited. The study adopts a resilience theory to understand indigenous knowledge and how the older persons cope with the risks associated with climate change, how it affects them and others in their community. Social work is tasked with the responsibility of protecting the vulnerable population affected by climate change. The researcher applied a qualitative exploratory research design to explore the indigenous knowledge strategies of people in rural areas towards climate change for an integrated environmental sustainability. A purposive sampling technique was used to select 20 Black African older persons between the ages of 60 and BO years old who reside in rural areas of the Ga-Sekororo community.Individual stories and focus group discussions were employed to collect qualitative data, which was narratively analysed. The findings of the research indicates that the older person in rural areas suffer high rates of poverty, inequality and climate change vulnerability. The findings reveal that indigenous knowledge systems can be applied to mitigate the impacts of climate change in rural areas. Recommendations for future research are made on how social workers and social scientists can contribute to indigenous knowledge and working towards environmental sustainability.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Local knowledge, perception and attitudes about water hyacinth among
           communities adjacent to Shagashe river and lake Mutirikwi, Masvingo,
    • Authors: Tinoziva Hungwe; Joseph J. Baloyi Nobbert T. Ngongoni
      Abstract: Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), a major issue in today's aquatic ecosystems, is perceived as a global threat to water bodies due to challenges attributed to its prolific growth habit. This study was carried out in a semi-arid area of Zimbabwe, to determine farmers' local knowledge, perceptions and attitudes about water hyacinth. A sample of 150 respondents, selected randomly from three wards around Lake Mutirikwi, was used to extract data using questionnaires and interviews. The results showed that there was an association between knowledge of water hyacinth and the gender of the farmer, with knowledge levels of 86.7% and 56.7% for males and females, respectively. Farmer's level of education had no effect on the knowledge of water hyacinth. Although there were mixed perceptions on water hyacinth trends in water bodies, a large proportion (over 75%) perceived an increase in water hyacinth trends. The major reason for perceived increases in water hyacinth was poor sewage treatment (61.4%). Utilisation by grazing cattle (73%) and frequent harvesting by fishing cooperatives (65%) were perceived to be major contributors to the decline in water hyacinth. Attitudes towards water hyacinth varied across farmers of different cattle herd sizes, with those having small herds disliking the plant (60%). It is recommended that local communities need to be integrated in harnessing water hyacinth in the face of climate change. Scientific analyses of water hyacinth as a local fodder innovation need to be considered in future research.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Indigenous knowledge practices as mechanism for flood management and
           disaster risk reduction : the case of the Lozi people of Zambia
    • Authors: Nande Neeta
      Abstract: This paper's aim is to propose a strategy that incorporates indigenous knowledge systems for rural South Africa in mitigating the impact associated with climate change and more specifically, disasters like flooding. As such, this paper is built on the experiences of the Barotse floodplain people of Western Zambia, on the Zambezi River. The Lozi's indigenous knowledge practices through their traditional and institutional arrangements form a backdrop to floodplain mitigation through adhering to the information, knowledge and practices that have stood the test of time. But it is noteworthy that the post-independence Zambian government's centralised management control of the Bulozi ecosystem has compromised the floodplain socio-economic system. This has resulted in the ecosystem being open to abuse and exploitation. The paper is developed through a literature review of a qualitative case study highlighting the role of indigenous knowledge practices for disaster risk reduction in the mitigation of vulnerability to climate change and flooding in the Barotse plain. The emphasis is on the recognition of the relationship between the ecosystem and the local people for flood management and risk reduction as the separation of the entwined entities, leads to a dysfunctional link in the system of operation. Hence the paper recommends the incorporation of the indigenous knowledge system in development planning initiatives as leitmotif for community resilience to climate change and flood management risk reduction in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Rural perspectives, challenges and strategies of climate change amongst
           small-holder farmers in Mopani district of Limpopo province
    • Authors: J.C. Makhubele; A.L. Shokane M.A. Mabasa
      Abstract: Climate change is expected to have serious environmental, economic, and social impacts on rural farmers of Mopani District of Limpopo Province, wherein their livelihoods depend on the use of natural resources are likely to bear the brunt of its adverse impacts. Rural areas are also confronted by issues like poverty, environmental degradation, natural resources depletion, shrinking water resources; desertification and climate change. The study was aimed at exploring indigenous ecological knowledge on climate and analyses how rural small-holder farmers in Mopani District perceive and react to climatic variations. The perception of the rural community facing climate change was explored through a cross-sectional design where a total of 200 households were selected randomly from four villages of Muyexe, Thomo, Ga-Mogoboya, and NwaDzekudzeku of Mopani District. Data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire. This was complemented by focus group discussions and keyinformant interviews. Out of 200 participants, about 90% reported that the heat intensity has increased significantly during summer over the last fifteen years. A substantial number of participants (88%) indicated that seasonal variability is prevalent as instead of raining in summer, it rains in winter. Again, a majority of the participants (92%) said that there is decline in rainfall during rainy season. When it comes to the negative implications of climate change on ecosystems, agriculture and health, most of the respondents had noticeable understanding in this connection. It is concluded that rural people should be engaged on climatic variations to better understand their reactions and strategies. Also, adaptation strategies should initially focus on factors that rural people already considered I imperative. It is further shown that indigenous ecological knowledge, and assessment of rural concerns and needs, affords concrete discernments for the development and promotion of rural appropriate adaptation strategies. These insights offer a foundation for further engagement.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The impact of climate change on the availability and consumption of
           indigenous vegetables in Limpopo province, South Africa
    • Authors: Sejabaledi A. Rankoana
      Abstract: Climate change threatens the livelihood of rural communities that depend on natural resources for food. Many people in developing countries living in the rural areas depend on indigenous food resources which in years are scarce and in poor supply as a result of marginal and erratic rainfall, low soil and ambient temperatures below the minimum temperature. Consumption of indigenous vegetables is among the indigenous livelihood patterns that are declining due to erratic rainfall patterns, excessive heat and persistent drought. The present study examined the implications of climate change on the availability and consumption of indigenous vegetables in Dikgale community in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Focus group discussions with a sample of 100 informants revealed awareness of change in climatic conditions in the form of erratic rainfall patterns and excessive heat. The implications of this change have led to the scarcity of indigenous vegetables and their rare consumption.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Insights into the potential of indigenous rain making practices in
           combating the negative effects of climate change in Chimanimani district
           of Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Timothy Marango; Joseph Francis Mushaisano A. Mathaulula
      Abstract: Foreign and western modernity continue to influence indigenous knowledge in Africa many decades after the struggle against colonization was won. For example, cloud seeding is a technology commonly used for rain making. However, in Zimbabwe those who believe in western science look down upon renowned traditional rain makers. Considering the fact that climate change causes water and food insecurity, there is need to build an understanding of how indigenous and scientific knowledge systems can be integrated to combat this problem. Thus, an exploratory study was conducted in Chimanimani District of Zimbabwe focusing on this theme. A semi-structured interview guide was used to facilitate conversations with a judgmental sample of five Shona-speaking rain makers and thirteen community members who predominantly were more than 70 years old. These were regarded as key informants. Thematic content analysis was used to analyze the qualitative data. The respondents lamented the erosion of the rain making tradition,which they argued had helped conserve flora and fauna for centuries. This was attributed to the failure of co-existence of scientific and indigenous knowledge, religious orientations, political interference, poor environmental management and general decay in human factor. It is concluded that the suggestions that the rain makers made on the integration of scientific and indigenous knowledge to combat the negative effects of climate change on water and food security be tested.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Language and climate change : a case study of Tshivenda and Egnlish
    • Authors: Phyllis Kaburise; Grace Ramavhona
      Abstract: Language is a tool that influences our behavior, either positively or otherwise. The impact of an issue, such as climate change, hence is related directly to the words employed in narrating the issue. Choosing the appropriate lexicon and their structural arrangement should therefore merit attention if one desires a particular effect and subsequent action, when climatic conditions are being discussed. Difficulties in selecting words and phrases to accurately reflect our sentiments are compounded by various factors, for example, interlocutors' multiple-language background. Multi-lingual interlocutors interacting may miscommunicate information concerning any topic, mainly because of differences in utterance construction and the semantic value of words used in the discourses of different languages. In this case, the focus of this article is on discourse related to climate issues. This is a reflective paper which reports on an analysis of Tshivenda and English expressions used in narrations on climate and its resultant impact on peoples' behavior. The discussions focused on the connotations inherent in selected words and expressions, in Tshivenda and English, usually associated with the weather, to determine whether their full semantic values are captured in the two languages. The analysis demonstrated that there is semantic under-determination of some words and expressions used by interlocutors from English and Tshivenda backgrounds. This arises from the connotations attached to words because of the interlocutors' variables,such as geographical context, ethnic background, status and language, among others. It is recommended that data from both indigenous and geo-scientific sources should be repackaged to capture the gravity of the phenomenon. This will ensure interlocutors' common understanding, accommodation, composite remediation strategies and finally, uniformity in actions in response to the effects of climate change.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Rethinking climate change communication strategies in Africa : the case
           for indigenous media
    • Authors: Tendai Chari
      Abstract: The mass media have played a significant role in shaping public opinion and perceptions about climate change. However, the phenomenon is still misunderstood, particularly in Africa where an information lacuna about the science of climate change persists, owing to among other factors, socio-cultural, economic and structural factors. As a consequence, citizen engagement with climate change discourse is very minimal and awareness about its causes and risks remain marginal. Numerous studies have questioned the efficacy and professional ethos of the mass media in communicating climate change, with some scholars accusing the mass media of mis-communicating, mis-reporting, distortions or falsification (Henderson-Sellers 1998; Boykoff and Boykoff 2004; Antilla 2005) of climate change issues, thereby imposing barriers on the audience's ability to understand climate change. This article is a theoretical treatise on the efficacy of big media such as television, radio and newspapers in communicating climate change in the African context. The article contributes to the existing body of knowledge and debates on climate change through an interrogation of the epistemological assumptions embedded in contemporary climate change communication strategies epitomized by the obsession with 'big media' and how such assumptions militate against consensual participation and understanding of the climate change discourse. It advocates the integration of mass media with indigenous media in generating public engagement on climate change issues. The article uses biomass burning as a lens for canvassing the incorporation of indigenous media in existing strategies of communicating climate change. It argues that the communication of climate change science in Africa could be better served by integrating indigenous communication systems that embrace existing local knowledge in order to create more awareness and knowledge about climate change issues in Africa. As a component of indigenous Knowledge Systems (/KS), indigenous communication media have distinct characteristics that resonate with the lived experiences of the majority of African people and therefore more effective in communicating complex issues such as climate change.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Foreword : African indigenous knowledge systems and development
    • Authors: Queeneth N. Mkabela; Jose P. Castiano
      Abstract: Without first acquiring knowledge of their environment and the social context in which they grow, human beings could not develop their living conditions. Accumulating knowledge about the context is important to not only grow food, bring water from the sources, etc. but also to improve the social and religious conditions in which the material and natural resources could be redistributed.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • African customary law and the protection of indigenous cultural heritage :
           challenges and issues in the digitization of indigenous knowledge in South
    • Authors: Ken Chisa; Ruth Hoskins
      Abstract: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have revolutionised the global appropriation of indigenous knowledge (IK) to unprecedented levels. Consequently, the question of how this knowledge should be safeguarded from illicit use has received increased attention. Some commentators have backed existing intellectual property rights (IPRs) as the only means to protect the material. Others have proposed using the alternative sui generis solutions. The article is based on the study that advocates the third way: the use of customary laws of indigenous communities to protect their own cultural heritage. The study interrogates the assumption that the existing status quo provides the only viable protection for IK. It argues that IPRs are incompatible with the goals underlying the protection of IK and give rise to ineffectual solutions. The study explores why customary law should be accepted as law, and how it can satisfactorily be used by indigenous communities in South Africa to protect their own cultural heritage. The Delphi method was used for the collection and analysis of data. A review of literature was also conducted to trace related issues. The study concedes that the application of customary law may encounter implementation challenges. However, it argues that a genuine desire to safeguard indigenous cultural rights can engender the discovery of lasting solutions.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Opportunities for emancipation and transformation through
           community-centred indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) research
    • Authors: Constance Khupe; Moyra Keane Ann Cameron
      Abstract: Human rights, social justice and democracy are key pillars of the South African constitution, and also key principles of the school curriculum. Despite continued calls for research among indigenous peoples to be done in frameworks rooted in local worldviews and cultures, education research in general, and science education research in particular, is not always done in ways that promote these ideals. In this article we report on aspects of an interpretive study collaboratively done with a rural community in KwaZulu-Natal, in which an integrative research framework promoted relationship-building with participants. We adapt Vithal's (2000; 2004) typology to develop a retrospective understanding of how negotiating the context developed the potential for emancipation and transformation for all participants.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • The Ubuntu principle amongst the Shona speaking people in promoting the
           wellness of HIV and aids orphaned learners in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Mafumbate Racheal
      Abstract: The article is based on a study that was conducted to establish how the Ubuntu principle is reflective in the Shona speaking people as they promote wellness of HIV/AIDS orphaned learners who live in Masvingo City in Zimbabwe. The study unveiled various ways in which the Shona speaking people are doing to promote the wellness of HIV and AIDS orphaned learners. More specifically, the main focus of the study was to look into the Ubuntu principle among the Shona speaking people in the lives of HIV/AIDS orphaned learners. The study was a qualitative ethnographic study and the participants were purposefully selected. The sample consisted of five double orphans of age range 12 to15 and five caregivers mainly grandmothers of ages ranging 65 to70. Ethical considerations were observed by the researchers. Interviews and observations were used as data collection methods. Data were analyzed through the inductive content analysis coding, categorizing then eventually coming up with themes. Findings revealed that extended family heads are experiencing great financial challenges to promote the physical wellness of HIV/AIDS orphaned learners. The extended families applied Ubuntu by assisting the orphans with physical needs so that their wellness could be enhanced. The study proposes ways that can be used in strengthening cultural ways that will ensure that the orphans are well looked after and not discriminated against.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Addressing the developmental challenges in rural South Africa through
           Ubuntu philosophy : the case of Sedikong sa Lerato Cooperative
    • Authors: Akwasi Arko-Achemfuor
      Abstract: The African philosophy of Ubuntu has been practised over centuries and contributed to its development in diverse way over the years. The concept dwells on the humanity of people and respect for human life. In recent times, the influence of Western and other cultures has negatively impacted on this beautiful cultural attribute. There are people who still believe that the philosophy of Ubuntu can be applied to address some of the socioeconomic challenges confronting Africa today. The Sedikong sa Lerato Cooperative in Limpopo Province of South Africa is applying this philosophy in addressing the challenges of unemployment, poverty, inequality, health and other problems that are threatening South Africa's democracy. Using a qualitative approach, this article investigates how the philosophy is being applied. Interviews, focus groups and observations are the instruments used as data collection tools in this research. The findings from the research show that the application of the Ubuntu philosophy is helping in addressing the challenges of unemployment, health, poverty, inequality and psycho-social support for orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs). It is recommended that the use of this philosophy be encouraged in other communities in South Africa and elsewhere on the African continent to address the developmental challenges that confront communities.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Towards a model of teaching practice experience informed by mentoring
           practices drawn from African indigenous knowledge
    • Authors: R. Letsholo; M. Mdakane
      Abstract: The study investigates the interrelationships between teaching practice experience and the training of traditional healers amongst the Batlokwa and Bakwena communities in Madikwe, the North West Province in South Africa. The article uses a participatory and case study approach to determine aspects of convergence and divergence such as content, mode of teaching/training, ways of assessment and final determination of completion of the training. The authors argue that there are areas from which both practices can benefit.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Coexisting tensions between the 'tradition-modernity' and the
           'sustainability-integration' approaches to urban development policy and
           planning practices in Botswana
    • Authors: Tshenesani Nigel Tapela
      Abstract: The reality of traditional urban forms in African towns and cities sits uncomfortably with the desire to 'modernize' them, the latter often equated to (urban) development. Urban development in this sense relates more to the enhancement of physical aesthetics of urban-spaces than to the regenerative capacity of urban economies and improvement of livelihoods of urban citizens. The discourse on 'tradition' and the knee-jerk instrumental response of 'modernization' has thus tended to coexist with the newer 'sustainability' paradigm and its 'integrative' intentions in broader development thinking and action. This is quite evident in the urban development field where these paradigms and their underlying theoretical framing often contest in both policy terms and development practices. This tension exists at several levels and manifest in urban planning's preoccupation with the physicality of spatial forms, often justified in the embracing of globalization.Using existing development planning theory and policy literature, the article explores the tensions in development and planning practice that result from two contending views of what constitutes urban development. With the backdrop of Botswana's settlement policy and praxis, the article explores how these tensions manifest in practices in responding to rapid urbanization. The article suggests that arguments for nucleation, containment and dispersal of settlements (Silitshena, 1983), which have dominated the academic explanations for settlement form and structure of Tswana agro-villes seem to be mirrored or reproduced in the discourses of 'modernization', 'densification' and 'smart growth' in current policy and praxis. Within the changing political economy and ecology of resource utilization, spatial patterns of investment and livelihood across the national space economy; the article explores the planning implications of, and responses to these coexisting paradigms and addressing the spatial forms in current practices.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Physical appraisal and attributes of Monsonia burkeana (special tea) : the
           perspective of tea users
    • Authors: Livhuwani Ronald Nnzeru; Khayalethu Ntushelo Fhatuwani Nixwell Mudau
      Abstract: The article is based on the study of the special tea (Monsonia burkeana) which is a herbal medicine used for blood cleansing, in the treatment of erectile dysfunction and to improve libido. A survey on the level of awareness about the plant was conducted in selected villages and townships of Polokwane municipality in Limpopo, South Africa. A questionnaire was designed to gather biographical information, information about the physical traits of special tea, propagation of the plant, changes in availability, harvesting season, frequency of harvesting, quantities harvested, tea and medicinal preparations, tea uses and effectiveness in curing diseases. The data was collected by means of semi-structured questionnaires. Sixty-seven questionnaires were administered to respondents selected randomly from the study area. The interviewees were traditional healers/African Zionists, sellers of the tea, people with indigenous knowledge and ordinary users of the special tea. This study showed that local people in Polokwane municipality, where this tea is predominantly used, are knowledgeable about the plant's identity, its physical environment, handling and uses, and rely on special tea to treat a wide range of human ailments. The study illustrates the importance of special tea in the treatment of ailments in rural areas of South Africa. It was found that medicinal plants still play an important role in the healthcare system in rural areas. Efforts should, therefore, be made to document and conserve the ethnobotanical knowledge and practices that are available and efforts should be made to domesticate the plants.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Management plan of a medicinal plant species in demand : the case of
           Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv
    • Authors: Milingoni Peter Tshisikhawe
      Abstract: Studies on the impact of bark harvesting for medicinal purposes on Brackenridgea zanguebarica revealed a high degree of overexploitation. Conservation effort from all levels is highly welcomed since it will be contributing towards conservation of this indigenous medicinal plant. It is therefore clear that an integrated approach of taking best conservation practices from western as well as indigenous systems can be the way to go. Formation of a Participatory Natural Resource Management Associations in areas where natural resources are being threatened by unsustainable harvesting practice can help in bringing together interested stakeholders into the mainstream of protecting such resources. Such associations should be governed by natural resource harvesting policies with clear objectives around documentation, monitoring and evaluation of harvesting. These policies should cover ecological, social, as well as economic concerns of stakeholders.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Preserving knowledge about indigenous cuisine for posterity in Zimbabwe
    • Authors: Cathrine Moyo; Patrick Ngulube Clotilda Kazembe
      Abstract: Indigenous cuisine plays a pivotal role in the nutrition and well-being of the Zimbabwean people. Zimbabwe has a wide array of indigenous cuisine which is gradually disappearing. Knowledge of the indigenous cuisine is disappearing due to modernisation and denigration of indigenous knowledge. In the Zimbabwean context, indigenous cuisine dubbed "Zimbabwe Soul Food" includes sadza or, isitshwala or, pap from maize, rapoko, millet and sorghum. Vegetable relishes include green and dried pumpkin leaves, cow peas, umhlabangubo or tsine (black jack) and nyevhe or ulude (spider flower leaves), served plain or in peanut butter sauce. Protein relishes include mopani worms (madora or amacimbi), dried meats and flying ants. Using a qualitative case study method, this study explored how indigenous knowledge of cuisine in Zimbabwe may be preserved. Findings from peri-urban men and women between the ages of 20 and 74 years revealed that the consumption of indigenous cuisine is associated with the old people and those who are socially inferior. It is recommended that the awareness about the preservation of the knowledge of indigenous cuisine should be raised because it has the potential of promoting healthy eating habits and food tourism.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
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