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  Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 790 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (69 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (557 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (92 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (45 journals)

AGRICULTURE (557 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta agriculturae Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agronomica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Agronomica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Agriculture & Botanics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access  
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agribusiness : an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agric     Open Access  
Agricultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription  
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Agricultural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 161)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access  
Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America     Open Access  
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Agriprobe     Open Access  
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Agronomía Colombiana     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Ziraat Dergisi     Open Access  
Alinteri Zirai Bilimler Dergisi : Alinteri Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ambiência     Open Access  
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals Valahia University of Targoviste - Agriculture     Open Access  
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
APCBEE Procedia     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Applied Financial Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Agronomy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioagro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biosystems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Biotemas     Open Access  
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. Agriculture     Open Access  
Caderno de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Cahiers Agricultures     Open Access  
California Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Ceiba     Open Access  
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CERNE     Open Access  
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access  
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Natura     Open Access  
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
Ciencia e investigación agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Agricultura     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Corps et culture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultural Geographies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Cultural Studies - Critical Methodologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cultural Studies of Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Agricultural Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Agriculture Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Developments in Agricultural Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Die Bodenkultur : Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment     Open Access  
Dossiers Agraris     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 158)
Economic Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Economic and Industrial Democracy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Economic Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Encuentro     Open Access  
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Eppo Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
EU agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Euphytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Eurochoices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Agrophysical Journal     Open Access  
European Journal of Agronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Journal of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Farmer’s Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmlink Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Florea : Jurnal Biologi dan Pembelajarannya     Open Access  
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Agricultural Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access  
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food Economics - Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover American Journal of Potato Research
  [SJR: 0.558]   [H-I: 35]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1874-9380 - ISSN (Online) 1099-209X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2354 journals]
  • Consumer Demand for Low-Acrylamide-Forming Potato Products: Evidence from
           Lab Auctions
    • Authors: Jonathan McFadden; Wallace Huffman
      Pages: 465 - 480
      Abstract: A probable human carcinogen—acrylamide—was discovered about a decade ago to form naturally in potato products cooked at high temperatures. Using incentive compatible lab auctions and adult consumers from three distant U.S. locations, we test food labeling and information effects on willingness-to-pay (WTP) for conventional and genetically engineered potatoes, fries, and chips to reduce acrylamide levels. These new potato products are the first biotech products to have enhanced food safety for a popular food in the American and European diets. Relative to an environmental group’s perspective, scientific and industry information significantly increase WTP for biotech relative to conventional potato products. In addition, we find significant location-specific fixed effects of information treatments. Scientific and industry information can be used to nudge consumers towards improved decision making and healthy diets.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9577-1
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Fumigation and Fertilizer Nitrogen Source Effects on Potato Yield,
           Quality, and Early Dying
    • Authors: Keith A. Kelling; Douglas I. Rouse; Phillip E. Speth
      Pages: 481 - 489
      Abstract: Research has shown that while fumigation and use of ammonium N can both reduce the severity of verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae Kleb.) of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.), the use of the two practices together raises concerns over feeding the crop only ammonium N under reduced nitrification conditions. To assess the validity of this concern, we conducted two 3-year field split-plot experiments with both using metam sodium fumigant (none, fall or spring applied) as the main plot. For the first experiment, N source (134 kg N ha−1 as ammonium sulfate, urea, or ammonium nitrate) was the split, whereas for the second trial in-season N rate (0, 67, 134, or 202 kg N ha−1 all as ammonium sulfate) was the split. For both trials, in 2 of the 3 years, fumigation significantly increased tuber yield by an average of 9.9 Mg ha−1 and decreased late-season verticillium severity ratings from 77 to 45%. In some years, fumigation also increased the proportion of U.S. No. 1 tubers and tubers >170 g. No differences in crop yield or quality were observed between the various N sources applied. This was true even on spring-fumigated areas with the highest rate of ammonium N applied. These experiments confirm that the choice between in-season potato N fertilizer should be based on factors such as potential for benefits or N losses, cost, and convenience of use rather than concern over an interaction between fumigation and ammonical N. While both fumigation and N rate reduced verticillium severity ratings in some years, the lack of interaction suggests these factors are functioning independently.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9585-1
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Association of Potato Psyllid ( Bactericera cockerelli ; Hemiptera:
           Triozidae) with Lycium spp. (Solanaceae) in Potato Growing Regions of
           Washington, Idaho, and Oregon
    • Authors: Jenita Thinakaran; David R. Horton; W. Rodney Cooper; Andrew S. Jensen; Carrie H. Wohleb; Jennifer Dahan; Tariq Mustafa; Alexander V. Karasev; Joseph E. Munyaneza
      Pages: 490 - 499
      Abstract: Potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc), causes economic damage to potato crops throughout the major potato growing regions of western North America. When cultivated crops are not available, potato psyllid often occurs on non-crop hosts. In the southern U.S. and northern Mexico, native species of Lycium (Solanaceae) are important non-crop hosts for the psyllid. We determined whether Old World species of Lycium now widespread in the Pacific Northwest are reservoirs of potato psyllid in this growing region. We examined Lycium spp. across a wide geographic region in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho at irregular intervals during three growing seasons. Potato psyllids were present at all locations. To determine whether Lycium is also a host during intervals of the year in which the potato crop is not available, we monitored a subset of these sites over the entire year. Six sites were monitored at 1- to 3-week intervals from June 2014 to June 2016. Psyllids were present on Lycium throughout the year at all sites, including during winter, indicating that Lycium is also a host when the potato crop is seasonally not available. Psyllid populations included a mixture of Northwestern and Western haplotypes. We observed well-defined spring and fall peaks in adult numbers, with peaks separated by long intervals in which psyllid numbers were very low. Seasonal patterns in psyllid numbers on these non-native Lycium hosts were very similar to what has been observed on native Lycium in the desert southwest region of the U.S. Our findings demonstrate that potato psyllid associates with Lycium across a broad geographic region within the Pacific Northwest. These results will assist in predicting sources of potato psyllid colonizing potatoes in this important growing region.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9586-0
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Tuber Position in the Ridge in Relation to the Planting Depth with the
           Technology of Simultaneous Planting and Final Ridge Formation
    • Authors: Filip Vučajnk; Rajko Bernik; Matej Vidrih
      Pages: 500 - 512
      Abstract: Simultaneous planting and final ridge formation using a deeper planting depth is necessary in order to achieve good soil cover of tubers and fewer green tubers. Three planting depths were used: planting depth 1 (the shallowest), planting depth 2 (the medium), and planting depth 3 (the deepest). Planting depth 3 led to the largest minimum distance of tubers from the ridge side, and the smallest percentage of tubers in the upper layer of the ridge (0 to 5 cm). However, the highest yield and percentage of green tubers and the smallest marketable yield occurred at the shallowest planting depth (1). The tuber cluster covers 80 to 90% of the area of the ellipse. Empty spaces surrounding the tuber cluster in the ridge also affect the percentage of green tubers in the ridge, which predominantly occur at planting depth 3 and are the rarest at planting depth 1.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9587-z
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • A System for Identification of Potato Varieties Using SNP Dosage
    • Authors: Harumitsu Sasaki; Rena Sanetomo; Kazuyoshi Hosaka
      Pages: 513 - 523
      Abstract: As in autoteraploids, five genotypes are possible in a biallelic locus, allele dosage could be useful for variety identification in potato. DNA sequences of 13 genes associated with tuber yield, tuber starch content or late blight resistance were surveyed for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in eight tetraploid varieties. A total of 193 potential SNPs was found by Sanger-sequencing, of which 58 were measured for nucleotide frequencies using a pyrosequencer. Of the 58 SNPs, 35 yielded distinct clusters, corresponding to allele dosages. Among these, six were highly correlated with another, leaving 29 independent SNP loci for use in variety discrimination. By using dosage scores at the 29 SNP loci, it was possible to differentiate 115 varieties, except for a sport with red tuber skin color, with at least three different SNP dosages. Therefore, using SNP dosages is a simple, fast and reliable tool for variety identification.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9588-y
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Effects of Calcium Concentration in Potato Tuber Cells on the Formation of
           Cross-Links between Pectin Molecules by Ca 2+
    • Authors: Daiki Murayama; Masayuki Tani; Shinya Ikeda; Jiwan P. Palta; Samanthi W. Pelpolage; Hiroaki Yamauchi; Hiroshi Koaze
      Pages: 524 - 533
      Abstract: The formation of cross-links between pectin molecules via Ca2+ in the potato tuber cell wall is a determinant factor on processing properties of potato and the quality of its products such as French fries. Thus, in this study, potato tubers varying significantly in their calcium concentrations were analyzed to investigate whether an increased absorption of calcium by a potato tuber led to an increase in the calcium concentration in the cell wall and how the calcium concentration in the cell wall influenced on the formation of cross-links between pectin molecules via Ca2+. Correlation analysis revealed that calcium absorbed by a potato tuber was bound to the cell wall as a water insoluble form 99 days after planting or later. Furthermore, with an increase in the calcium concentration in the cell wall, the content of chelator soluble pectin increased throughout tuber bulking and maturation stages. However, the degree of methylation was not a limiting factor in the formation of cross-links between pectin chains via Ca2+. Atomic force microscopy images of parenchyma cell walls prepared from mature potato tubers indicated an increase in the amount of calcium cross-linked pectin molecules with an increase in the calcium concentration in the cell wall. The present study demonstrated that the calcium concentration of the cell wall of potato tubers significantly affected the formation of cross-linkages between pectin molecules and, consequently, contributed to an enhanced formation of pectin-calcium networks in the cell wall.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9589-x
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Rate of Cooling Alters Chip Color, Sugar Contents, and Gene Expression
           Profiles in Stored Potato Tubers
    • Authors: Amy E. Wiberley-Bradford; Paul C. Bethke
      Pages: 534 - 543
      Abstract: When stored at temperatures below 10 °C, potatoes accumulate sucrose and the reducing sugars glucose and fructose. This process, cold-induced sweetening, has been studied extensively because potatoes with elevated reducing sugar contents produce undesirable, dark-colored products and acrylamide, a suspected carcinogen, during high-temperature cooking. Potatoes in commercial storages are cooled slowly, but many research studies have used potatoes cooled rapidly. In this study, effects of cooling rate and variety on chip color, sugars, and gene expression were examined. Sucrose and reducing sugar contents were substantially lower in slowly cooled than in rapidly cooled tubers of ‘Snowden’ and “MegaChip’ for the first 11 weeks after cooling to 3 °C began. Differences in gene expression for VInv, β-amylase, SPS, AGPase and GBSS were observed between cooling treatments and varieties. Overall, the data showed that cooling rate, time in storage, and variety influenced multiple aspects of cold-induced sweetening.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9591-3
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Effect of Growth Regulators and Ethanol on Termination of Dormancy in
           Potato Tubers
    • Authors: Sławomir Wróbel; Jacek Kęsy; Krzysztof Treder
      Pages: 544 - 555
      Abstract: The main objective of this study was to find the best practice of inducing the sprouting of dormant potato tubers. We compared two protocols of breakage of dormancy, which are based on dipping excised potato eyes in an aqueous solution of gibberellic acid (GA3) and kinetin (standard 1) or in the aqueous solution of GA3, thiourea, and daminozide (standard 2), with a newly reported approach based on ethanol. We tested the effect of ethanol alone or in combination with GA3 and/or kinetin on dormancy release and sprouting of the potato tubers. As a model, we used two potato genotypes (cultivars Pasat and Dorota), with long dormancy of 5 and 10 weeks respectively. We showed that the standard 2 was the most effective treatment both for dormancy breaking and in promoting sprout growth, especially for cv. Dorota, for which the treatment induced 82.3% of tuber eye-plugs to sprout 28 days after treatment and to produce 93.2% of emerged plants after subsequent 28 days of cultivation in the greenhouse. For this cultivar, similar efficacy was observed for the combination of 4% ethanol with GA3 and kinetin. The same concentration of ethanol combined with GA3 but without kinetin was the most efficient treatment for breaking dormancy of cultivar Pasat. However, the difference between the various treatment combinations was statistically insignificant. Ethanol alone or in combination with kinetin poorly induced breakage of dormancy, confirming the main role of GA3 in artificial dormancy breaking. Thus our study showed that the standard 2 is the most effective approach for breakage of dormancy at least with long term-dormancy cultivars.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9592-2
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Susceptibility to Pressure Flattening Correlates with Texture Analysis of
           Potato Tubers
    • Authors: Henry C. Castleberry; Sastry S. Jayanty
      Pages: 556 - 566
      Abstract: The physiological disorder referred to as pressure flattening is a cause of significant economic losses in the storage of Irish potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) intended for use in the fresh market. As the flattened area on each tuber becomes larger in diameter or becomes more depressed the USDA quality grade, and therefore the market value of the potatoes is reduced. Experiments were conducted to identify at-harvest which potato lots within and among cultivars were likely to pressure flatten earlier or more severely. The use of an instrumented penetrometer or texture analyzer to measure peak load required for periderm deformation at harvest appears to anticipate correctly the majority of fields from which tubers are more likely to have severe pressure flattening at six months’ storage duration. At-harvest texture analysis appears to segregate varieties according to susceptibility to deformation based on cultivar specific factors that play a role in pressure flattening development during storage. The Pearson correlation coefficient (R2=0.5481) indicates that there is a correlation between tuber texture at harvest and pressure flattened area on the tuber following storage. Testing of tubers from different fields and cultivars as the potatoes are loaded into storage, may allow growers to identify and ship potatoes that are more susceptible before they develop significant pressure flattening.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9594-0
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Recent Price Developments in the United States Potato Industry
    • Authors: Yuliya V. Bolotova
      Pages: 567 - 571
      Abstract: An analysis of the relationship between potato prices and potato production is important for understanding industry developments. The analysis of the effect of potato production on potato prices was presented in two AJPR articles: Pavlista and Feuz (American Journal of Potato Research 82:339–343, 2005) and Loy et al. (American Journal of Potato Research 85:438–444, 2011). The articles estimated inverse potato demand in the U.S. and Germany, respectively, during the period of 1980–2003. They hypothesized that the potato price response to changes in potato production may be affected by a shift in consumer demand towards increasing consumption of processed potatoes in the U.S. and by socio-economic changes in Germany. This paper extends the existing research by analyzing the recent price developments in the U.S. potato industry. The empirical results indicate that the potato price response to changes in potato production was different during the period of 2005–2010, as compared to the periods of 1993–2004 and 2011–2016, which coincided with the implementation of the potato acreage management program.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9590-4
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 5 (2017)
  • Assessment of Antioxidant Potential of Potato Varieties and the
           Relationship to Chemical and Colorimetric Measurements
    • Authors: Ana Seijo-Rodríguez; Olga Escuredo; M. Shantal Rodríguez-Flores; M. Carmen Seijo-Coello
      Abstract: Potatoes are one of the main foods throughout the world contributing to the daily intake of nutrients. This work studies the relationship among some physical characteristics of tubers from 35 potato varieties, the total phenol and flavonoid content and their antioxidant potential. Some significant differences were found depending on the potato variety. Thus, Fleur Bleue, Violetta, Yona, Stronga and Flamenco tubers had the highest antioxidant capacity. This is apparently a consequence of the presence of purple and red pigments in skin and flesh. A regression model for radical scavenging activity, total phenol content and the value of coordinate a* (CIElab scale) for tuber flesh was obtained.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9615-z
  • Changing Phenology of Potato and of the Treatment for its Major Pest
           (Colorado Potato Beetle) – A Long-term Analysis
    • Authors: Piotr Tryjanowski; Tim H. Sparks; Andrzej Blecharczyk; Irena Małecka-Jankowiak; Stanisław Switek; Zuzanna Sawinska
      Abstract: Potato Solanum tuberosum is one of the world’s four most important crops. Its cultivation is steadily increasing in response to the need to feed a growing world population. The yield of potato is influenced inter alia by both climate and pests. The main defoliator pest of potato is Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata. Using data from a long-term experiment (1958–2013) in western Poland, we show that increasing temperature has affected the trophic relationship between potato and Colorado potato beetle. The planting, leafing, flowering and harvest dates for potato were advanced, after controlling for different cultivars, by 2.00 days, 3.04 days, 3.80 days and 3.42 days respectively for every 1 °C increase in temperature. In contrast, first treatment against Colorado potato beetle advanced by 4.66 days for every 1 °C increase in temperature, and, furthermore, the number of treatments against the beetle increased by 0.204 per 1 °C increase in temperature. This suggests that the beetle responds faster to increasing temperature than the plant does, but both parts of the system are probably greatly modified by farming practices.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9611-3
  • The Impact of Retail Light Source on Greening of Russet Burbank Potato
    • Authors: Nora L. Olsen; Tina Brandt; William J. Price
      Abstract: The use of accent lighting in retail stores has focused illumination on potatoes for greater consumer awareness. Unfortunately, this directed light on displayed potatoes may impact the rate or level of tuber greening. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of various retail accent light sources on greening and quality of illuminated tubers. Two separate experiments exposed ‘Russet Burbank’ potato tubers to fiber optic, ceramic metal halide, fluorescent, fluorescent with filter lighting (experiment 1) and fiber optic, halogen, and fluorescent lighting (experiment 2). In each experiment, tubers were exposed to a consistent light intensity (1390 lx in experiment 1 and 1300 lx in experiment 2) in addition to a dark control. Tubers were illuminated for 22 h per day at an ambient room temperature of 22 C. Six randomly selected tubers were evaluated for level of greening, chlorophyll concentration, and weight loss at day 0, 2, 4, 7, and 9. Total glycoalkaloid content was analyzed at days 0 and 9. In experiment 1, the fiber optic and fluorescent illuminated tubers showed significantly lower chlorophyll content compared to the ceramic metal halide light source. There was no significant difference in chlorophyll level or greening rating between the fluorescent light source and fluorescent with filter. In experiment 2, the fiber optic illuminated tubers had lower chlorophyll content and less visual greening compared to the halogen illuminated tubers. Total glycoalkaloids were not significantly impacted by light source. The use of fiber optic lighting or a combination of fiber optic lighting with standard fluorescent lighting would retard the progression of greening in the retail store yet potentially highlight the commodity for consumer eye-appeal.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9616-y
  • The Effect of Vine Kill Method on Vine Kill, Tuber Skinning Injury, Tuber
           Yield and Size Distribution, and Tuber Nutrients and Phytonutrients in Two
           Potato Cultivars Grown for Early Potato Production
    • Authors: R. A. Boydston; D. A. Navarre; H. P. Collins; B. Chaves-Cordoba
      Abstract: Sixteen vine kill programs were tested on Bintje and Ciklamen potato cultivars grown for early potato production over a three year period near Paterson, Washington. Mechanical (flail chopping, flail chopping and undercutting), chemical (glufosinate, diquat, sulfuric acid, carfentrazone, pyraflufen-ethyl), and physical (flaming) vine kill methods, and sequential combinations of the three were effective in killing rapidly growing potato vines of Bintje and Ciklamen. Rolling and crimping did not kill vines as completely and more vine regrowth occurred than with most other methods tested. Tuber skinning injury was greatly reduced when harvesting at 4 weeks after initial vine kill than at 2 weeks. None of the vine kill programs were able to hasten skin set enough to allow tubers to be harvested at 2 weeks after initial vine kill without significant tuber skinning injury. Glufosinate treatments that were applied several days earlier than other initial vine kill treatments tended to average less skinning injury at the early harvest possibly due to more time elapsing between initial vine kill and harvest. Total tuber yield and size distribution were similar among most vine kill treatments, with the exception of the earlier applied glufosinate treatments, which tended to reduce total yield, but still yielded a similar mass of desired 25 to 35 mm diameter tubers. Tubers from vine-killed plots tended to average greater N, P, K, Fe, and Ca content than tubers from non-killed control plots of both cultivars. Tuber ascorbate levels were also greater in non-killed controls, whereas total phenolic content tended to be greatest in earlier-applied glufosinate treatments. Nonchemical vine kill methods, chemical vine kill methods, and combinations of the two were identified that killed vines well, had low skinning injury at the 4 week harvest, and yielded similar amounts of 25 to 35 mm diameter early potato tubers.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9614-0
  • The Effect of Alfalfa Residue Incorporation on Soil Bacterial Communities
           and the Quantity of Verticillium dahliae Microsclerotia in Potato Fields
           in the Columbia Basin of Washington State, USA
    • Authors: Z. A. Frederick; T. F. Cummings; D. A. Johnson
      Abstract: Verticillium wilt, caused by the soil-borne fungus Verticillium dahliae, is one of the most important diseases of potato in North America. Soil incorporation of alfalfa residues prior to planting potato could be a nonchemical Verticillium wilt management tactic by reducing the number of viable microsclerotia in field soil. Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia were quantified in field soils where organic material from alfalfa was incorporated, and numbers of microsclerotia were compared to fields where alfalfa residue was not incorporated. In addition, bacterial metagenomics was utilized to characterize soils where organic material from alfalfa was or was not incorporated to determine if alfalfa residue incorporation facilitates the formation of soils that suppress or kill V. dahliae microsclerotia. The number of V. dahliae microsclerotia in soil was greater (P = 0.0003) in fields where crop residue was incorporated than fields without incorporation when chloropicrin was used as a fumigant. Conversely, the number of V. dahliae microsclerotia observed in potato plants did not differ (P = 0.4020) between fields where residues were or were not incorporated if chloropicrin was used. Alfalfa residue incorporation did not significantly alter the soil bacterial metagenome compared to fields not subject to residue incorporation in both years of study. Despite these conclusions, the method can be employed to analyze the effect of grower practices with the intent of linking a field practice to increasing soil bacterial diversity and decreasing Verticillium wilt severity on potato.
      PubDate: 2017-11-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9610-4
  • Modification of Potato Steroidal Glycoalkaloids with Silencing RNA
    • Authors: Kent F. McCue; Andrew Breksa; Ana Vilches; William R. Belknap
      Abstract: Steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs), while found in many solanaceous plants, can accumulate to unacceptably high levels in potato tubers. The two primary SGAs that occur in potatoes are the tri-glycosylated alkaloids, α-solanine and α-chaconine. The first glycosylation steps in their biosynthetic pathways are performed by the regulated enzymes SGT1, the UDP-galactose:solanidine galactosyltransferase, and SGT2, the UDP-glucose:solanidine glucosyltransferase, respectively. Using fragments of the Sgt1 and Sgt2 genes to produce small inhibitory RNAs (siRNA), we have been able to down-regulate each branch of the pathway. The use of the siRNA approach increases the efficiency of producing transgenic plant lines with reductions in individual SGAs but further research is required to achieve reductions in levels of total SGA accumulation.
      PubDate: 2017-10-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9609-x
  • Sensory Evaluation of Eleven Baked Russet-type Potato Varieties and Clones
    • Authors: Rulon R. Spear; Zach J. Holden; C. F. Ross; B. J. Weddell; Mark J. Pavek
      Abstract: Six hundred untrained panelists evaluated the baked sensory appeal of up to six varieties, three clones, and two Russet Norkotah (RN) strains. Panelists consumed small samples of plain baked potato and recorded their preference for aroma, flavor, texture, aftertaste and acceptance. After viewing photographs of two unidentified baked potatoes (RN and Classic Russet) sliced in half, they selected the photo that best described their visual preference of a baked potato; each potato was stored at 6.7 °C for 6 months prior to cooking. Eighty percent of panelists shown the photographs of the unidentified baked potatoes preferred the visual appearance of Classic R (white/cream - colored  flesh) to that of RN (yellow/Gy - colored flesh). Mean scores for all culinary traits averaged > 5.0 on the 1-9 scale, which indicated that panelists generally liked the culinary attributes of all trialed varieties, however, panelists were able to detect differences among varieties. Flavor and texture were addressed in written comments from panelists more frequently than other attributes. On a texture scale of 1–7, with 1 = moist/dense and 7 = dry/crumbly, most panelists preferred baked potatoes with a texture of 3 (creamy/smooth).
      PubDate: 2017-09-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9607-z
  • High-Resolution Aerial Imaging Based Estimation of Crop Emergence in
    • Authors: Sindhuja Sankaran; Juan José Quirós; N. Richard Knowles; Lisa O. Knowles
      Abstract: Plant emergence and stand establishment are key indicators of early crop development that are routinely assessed in potato agronomy and crop improvement research. The standard method for evaluating emergence is through manual plant counts at regular intervals. In this proof-of-concept study, unmanned aerial vehicles integrated with multispectral imaging were used for high-throughput evaluation of crop emergence under field conditions. High-resolution aerial imaging was performed at 15 m above ground level to capture data from potato plots of two varieties (‘Alturas’ and ‘Payette Russet’) in which the seed had been treated with different concentrations of growth regulators (including non-treated controls). The treatments resulted in differences in plant emergence and establishment. The images were collected at 32, 37, and 43 days after planting (DAP). Image-based features such as plant count, SUM-NDVI, and SUM-BINARY were computed from normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) images for each treatment plot using ArcGIS®. The Pearson’s correlation coefficients (r) were significant (p < 0.05) between image-based plant counts (r = 0.82) and SUM-NDVI (r = 0.62-0.73) with that of manual plant counts for both varieties, especially at early growth stages (32 DAP) when differences in emergence among treatments were more pronounced. The treatment effects on plant emergence and establishment were effectively resolved in the aerial multispectral images. Selection of the pertinent polygon threshold area to eliminate noise in delineating individual plants during image processing was important for resolution of treatment effects. The data shows that the technique can be applied in potato establishment evaluation.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9604-2
  • Recovery of Protease Inhibitors from Potato Fruit Water by Expanded Bed
           Adsorption Chromatography in Pilot Scale
    • Authors: Cheng-yu Jin; Fan-kui Zeng; Gang Liu
      Abstract: The current study was conducted to investigate the recovery of native potato protein from potato fruit water (PFW) by expanded bed adsorption (EBA) chromatography. The eluted proteins were concentrated by ultrafiltration and spray-dried into powder. The SDS-PAGE showed that the recovered proteins were potato protease inhibitors (PPIs). The trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitor activities of the recovered PPIs were 377.93 ± 8.22 and 12.90 ± 0.03 mg g−1 protein, respectively. The recovery yield of protease inhibitors was 74.88%. The glycoalkaloid assay showed that the recovered PPIs contained 30.31 ± 0.15 μg g−1 of α-chaconine and 92.77 ± 0.52 μg g−1 of α-solanine, and these values were much lower than those in potato protein concentrate (PPC) obtained by traditional thermal coagulation. The most abundant amino acid in the PPIs was serine. The results indicated that the EBA can be used to effectively recover native potato protein from PFW.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9605-1
  • Draft Genome Sequencing of Rhizoctonia solani Anastomosis Group 3 (AG3-
           PT) Causing Stem Canker and Black Scurf of Potato
    • Authors: Virupaksh U. Patil; Vanishree Girimalla; Vinay Sagar; Vinay Bhardwaj; S. K. Chakrabarti
      Abstract: Rhizoctonia solani is a soil-borne basidiomycete fungus with a necrotrophic lifestyle being classified into fourteen reproductively incompatible anastomosis groups (AGs). AG3-PT (a potato subgroup) is associated with quantitative and qualitative yield losses through stem canker and black scurf in potato. Here we present the first draft sequence of the R. solani [AG3-PT] strain RS-20 with a G-C content of 48.3%. It consists of 11,431 total predicted protein coding regions including 181 tRNA and 31 rRNA coding genes. The initial pBLAST revealed more than 97% hits among AG groups where as only 1.7% of genes hit with other organisms. The R. solani genome is found to be dominated with tri mer repeats. The genome-wide evolutionary studies revealed the close association of AG3-PT with AG3. The draft sequence represents a helpful resource not only for understanding the core genes involved in pathogenecity but also evolution and adaptive behaviour within the R. solani species complex.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9606-0
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