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  Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 778 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (80 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (531 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (93 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (28 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (46 journals)

AGRICULTURE (531 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta agriculturae Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agronomica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Agriculture & Botanics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
AFBM Journal     Open Access  
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agribusiness : an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agricultura     Open Access  
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription  
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agricultural Sciences in China     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Open Access  
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Agriprobe     Open Access  
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Agronomía Colombiana     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agrosearch     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Ziraat Dergisi     Open Access  
Alinteri Zirai Bilimler Dergisi : Alinteri Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ambiência     Open Access  
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals Valahia University of Targoviste - Agriculture     Open Access  
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
APCBEE Procedia     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Applied Financial Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics     Full-text available via subscription  
Bangladesh Agronomy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioagro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biosystems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biotemas     Open Access  
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
British Poultry Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access  
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access  
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. Agriculture     Open Access  
Cahiers Agricultures     Open Access  
California Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ceiba     Open Access  
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CERNE     Open Access  
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access  
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Natura     Open Access  
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
Ciencia e investigación agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access  
Ciência Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Agricultura     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contributions to Tobacco Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Corps et culture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cultural Geographies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Cultural Studies - Critical Methodologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cultural Studies of Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Culture & Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Developments in Agricultural Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Die Bodenkultur : Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment     Open Access  
Dossiers Agraris     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 132)
Economic Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Economic and Industrial Democracy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Economic Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Encuentro     Open Access  
Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food     Hybrid Journal  
Ensaios e Ciência: Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Eppo Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
EU agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Euphytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Eurochoices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Agrophysical Journal     Open Access  
European Journal of Agronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
European Journal of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Farmer’s Weekly     Full-text available via subscription  
Farmlink Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Agricultural Immunology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food Economics - Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Forest@ : Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Forum for Health Economics & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Agriculture in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geoderma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover American Journal of Potato Research
  [SJR: 0.558]   [H-I: 35]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1874-9380 - ISSN (Online) 1099-209X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Energy Use Efficiency of Conventional versus Conservation Management
           Practices for Irrigated Potato Production in Southern Alberta
    • Authors: Mohammad Khakbazan; Francis J. Larney; Jianzhong Huang; Ramona Mohr; Drusilla C. Pearson; Robert E. Blackshaw
      Pages: 105 - 119
      Abstract: Abstract A 12-yr. (2000–2011) study was conducted in Alberta, Canada to compare the energy use efficiency (EUE) of conventional (CONV) and conservation (CONS) potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) management practices. Potato was grown in 3- to 6-yr. rotations which included dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), oat (Avena sativa L.), and timothy (Phleum pratense L.). CONS included compost application, reduced tillage, cover crops, and solid-seeded bean. Findings suggested that potato in 5-yr. CONS produced the highest EUE compared to the other CONS or CONV rotations. CONS can be used as a means of reducing the reliance on non-renewable energy inputs and improving overall EUE of potato production when less than 21% of the N content of compost applied was counted toward energy input use of potato production. At more than 21%, potato in the 4-yr. CONV became more favorable compared to potato in other rotations.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9551-3
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Priming Potato with Thiamin to Control Potato Virus Y
    • Authors: Amber C. Vinchesi; Silvia I. Rondon; Aymeric Goyer
      Pages: 120 - 128
      Abstract: Abstract Potato virus Y (PVY) is a major potato pathogen affecting potato yields worldwide. Thiamin, a water-soluble B vitamin (vitamin B1) has been shown to boost the plant’s immunity, thereby increasing resistance against pathogens. In this study, we tested different concentrations of thiamin (1 mM, 10 mM, 50 mM, 100 mM) and multiple thiamin applications (once, biweekly and monthly) on potato resistance to PVY in Ranger Russet potatoes. Plants were mechanically inoculated with PVYN:O. This PVY strain is known for causing well-defined foliar symptoms. We collected leaflets weekly through April and May 2015 and tested them with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay specific to PVY as well as by real time quantitative RT-PCR. These assays allowed us to determine the presence and level of PVY in different parts of the plants. We found that the highest thiamin concentration treatment (100 mM) produced the lowest virus level in potatoes across all dates and leaflet samples. Also, it was found that multiple applications of thiamin had a positive effect on reducing virus level, especially when thiamin was applied every four weeks.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9552-2
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Chloropicrin Soil Fumigation Reduces Spongospora subterranea Soil Inoculum
           Levels but Does Not Control Powdery Scab Disease on Roots and Tubers of
           Potato
    • Authors: Francisco G. Bittara; Gary A. Secor; Neil C. Gudmestad
      Pages: 129 - 147
      Abstract: Abstract The effect of chloropicrin fumigation on the soil populations of Spongospora subterranea and the development of powdery scab, formation of root galls and tuber yield was investigated in seven field trials conducted in Minnesota and North Dakota. Sixteen potato cultivars, with different levels of susceptibility to disease on roots and tubers, were planted in plots treated with chloropicrin at rates ranging from zero to 201.8 kg a.i. ha−1. The amount of S. subterranea DNA in soil was determined using qPCR. Bioassays were conducted to further assess the effect of chloropicrin fumigation on root colonization by S. subterranea in two potato cultivars with contrasting disease susceptibility. In the field, chloropicrin applied at rates between 70.1 to 201.8 kg a.i. ha−1 significantly decreased S. subterranea initial inoculum in soil but increased the amount of disease observed on roots and tubers of susceptible cultivars. The effect of increasing disease was confirmed in controlled conditions experiments. Although the amount of S. subterranea DNA in roots of bioassay plants increased with increasing chloropicrin rates, it remained similar among potato cultivars. Chloropicrin fumigation significantly increased tuber yield which in cultivars such as Shepody and Umatilla Russet were associated with the amount root galls (r = 0.30; P < 0.03). Results of these studies contradict earlier reports on the use of chloropicrin fumigation for the control of powdery scab. Factors other than inoculum level, such as environmental conditions that affect inoculum efficiency and host susceptibility, may be significant contributors to the development of powdery scab and root gall formation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9555-z
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Lamoka, a Variety with Excellent Chip Color Out of Cold Storage and
           Resistance to the Golden Cyst Nematode
    • Authors: Walter S. De Jong; Donald E. Halseth; Robert L. Plaisted; Xiaohong Wang; Keith L. Perry; Xinshun Qu; Ken M. Paddock; Matthew Falise; Barbara J. Christ; Gregory A. Porter
      Pages: 148 - 152
      Abstract: Abstract Lamoka is a white-skinned, white-fleshed potato variety notable for excellent chip color from cold storage, good yield and specific gravity, and resistance to both common scab and race Ro1 of the golden cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis). It was selected from a cross made at Cornell University in 1998 between NY120 and NY115. The tubers are round-oblong and slightly flattened, with shallow eyes and relatively smooth skin. Chip color out of cold storage is better than ‘Snowden’. Marketable yield averaged 90% of Snowden across 95 trials in New York, Pennsylvania and Maine, while specific gravity averaged 0.003 less than Snowden. Lamoka was released by the New York Agricultural Experiment Station in 2011.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9557-x
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Determination of Glycoalkaloids in Potatoes and Potato Products by
           Microwave Assisted Extraction
    • Authors: Narasimharao Kondamudi; Jacob K. Smith; Owen M. McDougal
      Pages: 153 - 159
      Abstract: Abstract Potato glycoalkaloids can reach levels that are harmful to human health. A rapid and reliable microwave assisted extraction method for quantitative analysis of α-solanine and α-chaconine content in raw potato and potato based products is presented. A chemical microwave was used to determine optimal temperature and pressure conditions for the extraction of α-solanine and α-chaconine from Idaho grown tubers and six commercially available mashed potato products. Recovery efficiency of glycoalkaloids was 37% greater by microwave assisted extraction (19.92 mg/kg glycoalkaloid) as compared to conventional solid/liquid methods (12.51 mg/kg glycoalkaloid). Optimal extraction of glycoalkaloids from potato samples dissolved in methanol was achieved using a microwave reactor set to 90 °C for ten minutes. The interior of Idaho grown tubers was determined to contain lower levels of glycoalkaloids (19.92 mg/kg dry weight; 6.5 ± 1.78 mg α-solanine and 13.40 ± 1.65 mg α-chaconine), as compared to commercial potato products (33.86–81.59 mg/kg).
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9558-9
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Tuber Resistance and Slow-Rotting Characteristics of Potato Clones
           Associated with the Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project to the
           US-24 Clonal Lineage of Phytophthora infestans
    • Authors: Lyndon D. Porter; Charles R. Brown; Shelley H. Jansky; Dennis A. Johnson; Jeremiah K. S. Dung
      Pages: 160 - 172
      Abstract: Abstract Late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is a devastating disease on potato worldwide and new lineages of the pathogen continue to develop in the U.S. Breeding for resistance is important for economic and environmental purposes. The Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project (SolCAP) focuses on linking allelic variation in genes to valuable traits in elite cultivated potato germplasm. This research assessed the SolCAP diversity panel (206 clones in Washington and 213 clones in Wisconsin) for tuber resistance to the US-24 clonal lineage of P. infestans after potatoes were harvested from fields in Washington and Wisconsin in 2011. This is the first time this germplasm has been evaluated for tuber resistance to P. infestans using a non-intrusive zoospore inoculation technique. Clones with a percent incidence of 30% or less were considered resistant and only eight clones (Palisade Russet, AWN86514–2, MSL268-D, MSM171-A, MSM182–1, MSN230-1RY, Patagonia and Yukon Gem) were characterized as resistant at both locations. These clones have previously demonstrated high to moderate partial foliar resistance to isolates of P.infestans and therefore represent germplasm with both foliar and tuber resistance. Nine clones (AWN86514–2, F66041, MN 18747, MSM 182–1, MSN230-1RY, Modoc, Ama-Rosa, Patagonia and Purple Majesty), were characterized as slow-rotting at both locations with a mean percent internal rot of 75% or less after 33 days of storage. Two clones, MN 18747 and Modoc, are considered to have the highest risk of being a carrier for P. infestans of all the clones evaluated in the SolCAP collection. Not a single clone demonstrated complete tuber resistance to the US-24 strain at both locations.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9559-8
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Maturity-Adjusted Resistance of Potato ( Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivars
           to Verticillium Wilt Caused by Verticillium dahliae
    • Authors: Ivan Simko; Kathleen G. Haynes
      Pages: 173 - 177
      Abstract: Abstract Verticillium wilt is a fungal disease of potato caused by two species of Verticillium, V. dahliae and V. albo atrum. The pathogen infects the vascular tissue of potato plants through roots, interfering with the transport of water and nutrition, and reducing both the yield and quality of tubers. We have evaluated the reaction of 283 potato clones (274 cultivars and nine breeding selections) to inoculation with V. dahliae under greenhouse conditions. A significant linear correlation (r = 0.4, p < 0.0001) was detected between plant maturity and partial resistance to the pathogen, with late maturing clones being generally more resistant. Maturity-adjusted resistance, that takes into consideration both plant maturity and resistance, was calculated from residuals of the linear regression between the two traits. Even after adjusting for maturity, the difference in the resistance of clones was still highly significant, indicating that a substantial part of resistance cannot be explained by the effect of maturity. The highest maturity-adjusted resistance was found in the cv. Navajo, while the most susceptible clone was the cv. Pungo. We hope that the present abundance of data about the resistance and maturity of 283 clones will help potato breeders to develop cultivars with improved resistance to V. dahliae.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9553-1
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Biocontrol Potential of Verticillium leptobactrum and Purpureocillium
           lilacinum Against Meloidogyne javanica and Globodera pallida on Potato (
           Solanum tuberosum )
    • Authors: Lobna Hajji; Wassila Hlaoua; Hajer Regaieg; Najet Horrigue-Raouani
      Pages: 178 - 183
      Abstract: Abstract Pot experiment was conducted in a greenhouse to assess the biocontrol potential of Purpureocillium lilacinum and Verticillium leptobactrum against single or concomitant infestations of Meloidogyne javanica and Globodera pallida in potato cv. Spunta. The incorporation of each fungus alone into the soil significantly increased the growth parameters. Fresh weight of shoots, roots and tubers were lower (P ≤ 0.05) in the untreated control than in plants treated with having the above-mentioned fungi treatments. Control efficacy achieved by soil application of P. lilacinum was 73% and 76% in terms of root/g of roots and soil population/g of soil, respectively and that of V. leptobactrum was 73% and 55% 117 days after inoculation. The results revealed also that the application of P. lilacinum and V. leptobactrum decreased significantly the development of potato cyst-nematode in roots by 76% and 83% and in the soil by 61% and 66% respectively. Combined infection by the two pathogens had also a significant reduction in case by introducing V. lepobactrum or P. lilacinum in soil.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9554-0
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Pedigree Reconstruction with Genome-Wide Markers in Potato
    • Authors: Jeffrey B. Endelman; Cari A. Schmitz Carley; David S. Douches; Joseph J. Coombs; Benoit Bizimungu; Walter S. De Jong; Kathleen G. Haynes; David G. Holm; J. Creighton Miller; Richard G. Novy; Jiwan P. Palta; David L. Parish; Gregory A. Porter; Vidyasagar R. Sathuvalli; Asunta L. Thompson; G. Craig Yencho
      Pages: 184 - 190
      Abstract: Abstract Reliable pedigree information facilitates a scientific approach to breeding, but errors can be introduced in many stages of a breeding program. Our objective was to use single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to check the pedigree records of elite North American potato germplasm. A population of 719 tetraploids was genotyped with an Infinium SNP array, yielding 5063 high-quality markers. Based on pedigree records, the dataset contained 198 parent-offspring trios, of which 182 were consistent with the marker data. For 13 of the 16 trios with a pedigree error, the true parent was identified in the population. By comparing the additive relationship matrix calculated from pedigree with the genetic distance calculated from markers, an additional 24 pedigree modifications were proposed, including the paternity of several varieties developed with bulk pollen. To ensure accurate pedigree records are published in the future, we recommend that new varieties be SNP genotyped and checked against this dataset.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9556-y
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Potato Common Scab: a Review of the Causal Pathogens, Management
           Practices, Varietal Resistance Screening Methods, and Host Resistance
    • Authors: Sarah Braun; Amanda Gevens; Amy Charkowski; Christina Allen; Shelley Jansky
      Abstract: Abstract Potato common scab is a widespread disease in which scab-like lesions develop on tubers. The disease is caused by pathogenic Streptomyces species, which synthesize the phytotoxin thaxtomin. The txtAB operon, responsible for thaxtomin production, can be used as a marker to identify pathogenic strains of the bacterium. Screening methods to assess scab susceptibility in breeding programs are time-consuming and can produce variable results. Management practices to control the disease vary and include crop rotation, tolerant varieties, monitoring soil pH, avoiding low soil moisture at tuber initiation, and application of soil- and/or seed-applied pesticides. There is a wide range in levels of tolerance among potato varieties. Many public research programs are committed to breeding for scab-tolerant varieties and evaluating management methods. Topics reviewed target readers focused on breeding and disease management objectives to reduce the incidence and severity of potato common scab.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9575-3
       
  • Nitrogen Fertilizer Management Practices to Reduce N 2 O Emissions from
           Irrigated Processing Potato in Manitoba
    • Authors: Xiaopeng Gao; Sally Parsonage; Mario Tenuta; Kevin Baron; Krista Hanis-Gervais; Alison Nelson; Dale Tomasiewicz; Ramona Mohr
      Abstract: Abstract Nitrogen fertilizer practices affect nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from agricultural soils. The “4R” nutrient stewardship framework of using N fertilizer at the right rate, right source, right placement and right time can reduce N2O emissions while maintaining or improving yield of field crops, but understanding of how the various factors affect N2O emissions from irrigated processing potato is lacking. We examined the effects of selected 4R practices on emissions, using results from two irrigated processing potato studies each conducted in 2011 and 2012 in Manitoba, Canada. Experiment 1 examined combinations of source (urea, ESN), placement (pre-plant incorporation [PPI], banding), and rate (100 and 200 kg N ha-1) on a clay loam soil. Experiment 2 examined timing and source treatment combinations (urea PPI, ESN PPI, urea split, urea split/fertigation) on a loamy fine sandy soil. For Experiment 1, use of ESN at 200 kg ha-1 did not reduce area-, yield- and applied fertilizer N- based N2O emissions compared to urea at 200 kg ha-1, irrespective of placement. Emissions from pre-plant banding ESN at 200 kg ha−1, however, were 32% lower than from PPI ESN. For Experiment 2, compared to single pre-plant urea application, fertigation simulated by in-season application of urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) gave lower area-, yield- and applied fertilizer N- based emissions. Split urea ( \( \raisebox{1ex}{\(2\)}\!\left/ \!\raisebox{-1ex}{\(3\)}\right. \) pre-plant, \( \raisebox{1ex}{\(1\)}\!\left/ \!\raisebox{-1ex}{\(3\)}\right. \) hilling) also reduced area- and yield- based N2O emissions compared to single pre-plant urea application. Emissions were generally lower at the site with loamy fine sandy soil than the site with clay loam soil. These results demonstrate that combinations of “4R” practices rather than source alone are best to achieve reductions in N2O emissions from irrigated potato production.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9574-4
       
  • Evidence of Recombinant Isolates of Potato Virus Y (PVY) in Argentina
    • Authors: Mónica L. Colavita; Marcos Lancia; Sergio E. Feingold; Gabriela A. Massa
      Abstract: Abstract In order to make a first approach in the identification of the genetic diversity of Potato virus Y (PVY) in Argentina, 46 PVY isolates from different potato growing regions of Argentina were characterized both, biological and serologically. Five of them (ST11, RCA5a, RCA6, RCA14b and SSF6) were selected for further genomic analyses. Four genomic fragments containing hot spot regions of recombination (HSR) reported previously were sequenced in each isolate and compared to PVYN (CS434575.1) and PVYO (U09509.1) reference genomes looking for genomic recombinations. Isolates with one, two or three recombination points were identified among these, including the two strains considered typical PVYN (RCA5b) and PVYO (SSF18) used as controls. This is the first report of the presence of recombined PVY in Argentina using a combination of biological, serological and molecular tools that shed light on the genetic diversity of PVY viruses in this country.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9564-y
       
  • Assessment of Growth, Tuber Elemental Composition, Stomatal Conductance
           and Chlorophyll Content of Two Potato Cultivars Under Irrigation with Fly
           Ash-Treated Acid Mine Drainage
    • Authors: Maropeng Vellry Nemutanzhela; David Mxolisi Modise; Kotose Joseph Siyoko; Sheku Alfred Kanu
      Abstract: Abstract The impact of fly ash (FA)-treated acid mine drainage (AMD) on growth, tuber yield and elemental composition, stomatal conductance and chlorophyll content of two potato cultivars was assessed. Two potato cultivars were irrigated with the following treatments: tap water (0% AMD/control), acid mine drainage mixed with fly ash (v/v); 25% AMD, 50% AMD & 75% AMD and untreated AMD (100% AMD). A complete randomized block design pot experiment with six replicates per treatment was conducted in two cropping seasons. Irrigation with 75% AMD in both cropping seasons significantly increased growth and tuber yield compared with control. However, unsafe levels of Ni, Zn, and Sr were found in tubers of both cultivars irrigated with FA-treated AMD treatments in both seasons. Additionally, FA-treated AMD treatments reduced leaf stomatal conductance and chlorophyll content relative to control in both cultivars. Cultivar response was found to differ with respect to all measured parameters.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9572-6
       
  • Potato Response to Phosphorus Fertilization at Two Sites in Nova Scotia,
           Canada
    • Authors: Judith Nyiraneza; Keith D. Fuller; Aimé J. Messiga; Benoît Bizimungu; Sherry Fillmore; Yefang Jiang
      Abstract: Abstract Identifying phosphorus (P) requirements and P-use efficiency is crucial to a sustainable potato industry in Eastern Canada. In a three-year study (2013–2015) conducted in Nova Scotia, Canada, we assessed the potato (CV Superior) yield response to P fertilization on two different soils in the Annapolis Valley. Soil organic matter ranged from 3.0% to 4.1% and from 2.0% to 2.5% at the Kentville and Sheffield sites, respectively. Initial soil phosphorus was higher at Kentville site, ranging from 81 to 162 mg kg−1 than at Sheffield site ranging from 75 to 109 mg kg-1. A randomized complete block design was used with five P rates (0, 17.5, 35, 52, and 79 kg P ha−1) applied at planting. Tuber yields were assessed at harvest, and P-uptake efficiency characteristics were measured before vine senescence. Total and marketable yields were not impacted by P rates. Marketable yield was 68% and 57% greater for Kentville than for Sheffield in 2013 and 2015, respectively and were significantly affected by P rates × year interactions at a 5.4% probability level. Quadratic functions were used to describe tuber yield responses to P rates (0.61 > R 2 < 0.85) and P rates corresponding to the maximum yields were 17.5 kg P ha−1 in 2013 and 2015 and 35 kg P ha−1 in 2014 when data from both sites were pooled together. Phosphorus uptake efficiency ranged from 0.47 to 0.54 g DM mg−1 P offtake at Kentville and from 0.45 to 0.49 g DM mg−1 P offtake at Sheffield and was 13% and 7% greater at Kentville than at Sheffield in 2013 and 2015, respectively. While further studies are still needed for recalibration, results from this study provide some of the first information regarding potato response to P fertilization in Nova Scotia. Based on current P recommendations in the region for the same soil P levels, our results suggest that current P rates can be reduced without impacting potato yield.
      PubDate: 2017-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9571-7
       
  • Characterization of the Tolerance against Zebra Chip Disease in Tubers of
           Advanced Potato Lines from Mexico
    • Authors: O. A. Rubio-Covarrubias; M. A. Cadena-Hinojosa; S. M. Prager; C. M. Wallis; J. T. Trumble
      Abstract: Abstract Potato zebra chip disease (ZC), a threat to potato production in the USA, Mexico, New Zealand, and Central America, is associated with the bacterium “Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum” (Cls) that is vectored by the potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli Sulc.). ZC control currently depends on insecticide applications, but sustainable control will require development of resistant and/or tolerant varieties. This study characterized four promising potato lines (246, 865, 510 and NAU) exposed to Cls-positive adult psyllids in choice and no-choice assays for ZC resistance. Psyllids preferred to settle on Atlantic over 246 and 865, and oviposit on Atlantic compared to 510. However, tolerance to ZC appeared more dependent on host responses to Cls infection. All four of these potato genotypes exhibited putative ZC tolerance in raw tubers compared to the susceptible commercial variety Atlantic. Expressed tolerance was associated with reduced concentrations of phenolic compounds in Cls-infected raw tubers with corresponding reductions in freshly-cut symptoms. However, these four genotypes exhibited ZC-linked discoloration of fried tuber slices, which was associated with increased sugar content that occurred following Cls-infection. As a result, these four ZC-tolerant experimental potato lines could be useful if the tubers produced are used for fresh, but not processing, markets.
      PubDate: 2017-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9570-8
       
  • BC 1 and F 1 Progeny from Solanum × michoacanum (+) S. tuberosum Somatic
           Hybrids, Autofused 4 × S. michoacanum and Cultivated Potato
    • Authors: Paulina Smyda-Dajmund; Jadwiga Śliwka; Iwona Wasilewicz-Flis; Henryka Jakuczun; Ewa Zimnoch-Guzowska
      Abstract: Abstract Solanum × michoacanum (mch) is a valuable source of resistance to Phytophthora infestans and has not been used in potato breeding due to crossing barriers with S. tuberosum. Somatic hybridization followed by backcrossing is a strategy for introgression of important traits from wild potato species sexually isolated from S. tuberosum. Tetraploid somatic hybrids Solanum × michoacanum (+) S. tuberosum [mch (+) tbr] and autofused 4× mch lines were crossed to several potato cultivars as male and female parents. Our results indicate that resistance against late blight, originating from mch (+) tbr somatic hybrids and autofused 4× mch lines can be transferred to cultivated potato by sexual crossing. Viable and fertile progeny was obtained providing a route to using mch as a source of resistance to P. infestans in potato breeding.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9568-2
       
  • Cultivar Effects on the Interaction between Free-Living Plant-Parasitic
           Nematodes and the Fungal Pathogen Rhizoctonia solani in Potato
    • Authors: Maria Viketoft; Annhild Andersson; Eva Edin
      Abstract: Abstract Crop damage is associated with infection by plant pathogens but can also arise through abiotic factors. However, the plant pathogens are involved in biotic interactions with other plant pathogens, and these interactions may differ depending of the cultivar of the crop. Here, the interaction between the fungus Rhizoctonia solani (AG3) and free-living plant-parasitic nematodes was investigated in a pot experiment with different potato cultivars. No synergistic interaction between R. solani and plant-parasitic nematodes was found, instead there was an effect of treatment with lower tuber yield when nematodes occurred alone. There were differences among the cultivars regarding incidence of black scurf, dry weight of stems and tubers, and there was interactive effects between treatment and cultivar regarding dry weight of stolons and roots. Therefore, results concerning incidence and damage of R. solani and/or plant-parasitic nematodes found for one cultivar may not be applicable to other cultivars.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9567-3
       
  • Genetic Diversity and Redundancy Among Potato Accessions in the
           Montenegrin Collection as Revealed by Microsatellite Markers
    • Authors: Marko Maras; Aleš Sedlar; Alex Reid; Vladan Božović; Zoran Jovović; Vladimir Meglič; Peter Dolničar
      Abstract: Abstract Potato was introduced in Montenegro in the middle of the eighteenth century. Since then it has become the most important crop in plant production. During the period between 2008 and 2010 a total of 52 potato accessions was collected across Montenegro and stored in a national gene bank. In the study reported here 23 accessions from the collection were examined using microsatellite (also known as simple sequence repeats or SSRs) molecular markers with the aim to explore genetic diversity and redundancy within the germplasm. The accessions were selected on the basis of preliminary characterization of all 52 accessions for 11 lightsprout traits. Molecular characterization of 23 accessions by 12 SSR markers was carried out at SASA (Science and Advice for Scottish Agriculture) that manages a database of more than 3000 genetic profiles of potato from Europe and abroad. Comparison of SSR genetic profiles of Montenegrin collection against the existing SASA database allowed us to test the authenticity of the Montenegrin accessions. Out of the 23 accessions examined, 13 showed distinct genetic profiles of which seven showed perfect matching with known cultivars, two profiles showed strong similarity to another two cultivars, and four profiles were found unique with regards to the SASA database. Application of microsatellite markers in this study provided valuable information on the extent of genetic diversity residing within Montenegrin potato germplasm; it gave clear indications of the scale of redundancy within the collection; and helped clarify the identity of the accessions. Four accessions within the collection might incorporate unique variation and will be subjected to further agronomical examinations to assess their potential for breeding purposes.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9566-4
       
  • Effects of Holding Temperatures on the Development of Zebra Chip Symptoms,
           ‘ Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum’ Titers, and Phenolic Levels in
           ‘Red La Soda’ and ‘Russet Norkotah’ Tubers
    • Authors: C. M. Wallis; A. Rashed; F. Workneh; L. Paetzold; C. M. Rush
      Abstract: Abstract ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso) is the putative causal agent of zebra chip disease (ZC). Late season Lso-infected potatoes that are known to be asymptomatic at harvest may continue to develop symptoms by the time of shipment to consumers. This study observed symptom development, Lso titer changes, and changes in symptom-associated phenolic compounds in Lso-infected yet asymptomatic tubers placed at different holding temperatures. ZC symptoms present in freshly-sliced tubers were more severe in ‘Red La Soda’ or ‘Russet Norkotah’ tubers held at 3 °C than at 6 °C or 9 °C. However, Lso titers showed considerable variability in both cultivars over time and at these holding temperatures. Phenolic compound levels, known to be associated with ZC symptom severity, in tubers kept at 3 °C were greater than those kept at 6 °C or 9 °C and increased over time. These results demonstrate that ZC could develop in tubers kept in cold storage, with those kept at 3 °C having more ZC development than those kept at 6 °C or 9 °C.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-017-9569-1
       
  • Anastomosis Group and Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani Associated with
           Stem Canker and Black Scurf of Potato in Heilongjiang Province of China
    • Authors: Shuai Yang; Fanxiang Min; Wenzhong Wang; Qi Wei; Mei Guo; Yunfei Gao; Xuezhi Dong; Dianqiu Lu
      Abstract: Abstract From 2012 to 2015, a total of 226 isolates of Rhizoctonia solani were collected from the stem cankers on potato stems and sclerotia on tubers from different potato cultivation areas of Heilongjiang Province, China. These isolates were assigned to the anastomosis group (AG) by performing conventional PCR assays using previously published primers for ITS-rDNA regions, as well as by observing hyphal interactions where appropriate. Most of the isolates were assigned to AG-3PT (58.85 %), and several were assigned to AG-5 (21.68 %), AG-2-1 (7.08 %) and AG-4 (12.39 %). Pathogenicity tests showed that the AG-3 and AG-5 isolates had the highest virulence, and the disease indices were 1.96a and 2.47a for stem and 1.48a and 1.6a for root (P < 0.05) after analyzed by LSD multiple comparisons, respectively. Both two isolates consistently caused large brown lesions with sunken on the potato stems and roots in in vitro and greenhouse experiments. This is the first detailed report on the AG composition, variability and pathogenicity of R. solani isolates associated with stem cankers and black scurf found on potatoes cultivated in Heilongjiang Province.
      PubDate: 2017-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12230-016-9535-3
       
 
 
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