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  Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 724 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (71 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (496 journals)
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AGRICULTURE (496 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta agriculturae Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Agronomica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Agronomica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access  
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Agriculture & Botanics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AFBM Journal     Open Access  
Africa Development     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Journal of Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Agribusiness : an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultural Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Agricultural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 87)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Agricultural Science     Open Access  
Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Agricultural Sciences in China     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agriculture (Poľnohospodárstvo)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agriculture and Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Agriprobe     Full-text available via subscription  
Agriscientia     Open Access  
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Agroalimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrociencia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agronomía Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Agrosearch     Open Access  
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Alinteri Zirai Bilimler Dergisi : Alinteri Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ambiência     Open Access  
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
APCBEE Procedia     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Applied Financial Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access  
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Forestry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioagro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Biosystems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biotemas     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Journal Cover   American Journal of Potato Research
  [SJR: 0.519]   [H-I: 29]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1874-9380 - ISSN (Online) 1099-209X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2291 journals]
  • Potato Variety Diversity, Determinants and Implications for Potato
           Breeding Strategy in Ethiopia
    • Abstract: Abstract Understanding what farmers need in potato varieties and assessing available genetic resources at the farmer and district levels is important for the conservation and improvement of potato in Ethiopia. A survey was conducted in six major potato growing districts representing different agro-ecologies, cropping systems, market outlets, and levels of new variety adoption. Seventy to ninety percent of the farmers surveyed reported growing two or more potato varieties; some farmers reported growing up to five. The greatest diversity at the district level (up to 10 potato varieties) was recorded at Gumer & Geta where there is better access to new varieties while the lowest diversity was reported in districts with low access to new cultivars. The distribution of varieties differed among agro-ecologies as did the traits that farmers were most concerned with, such as drought tolerance, late blight resistance, yield potential, marketability, food value, storage quality, adaptation to low soil fertility, time to maturity and suitability for multiple harvesting. Farmers’ decision-making processes and external factors that influence potato variety diversity were also documented. The registration of predominant local varieties and use of these local varieties as a starting point for the development of improved varieties are some of the recommendations for future potato breeding in Ethiopia. Moreover, it is necessary to consider variations in agro-ecologies, cropping systems and market outlets in the process of developing varieties suitable for farmers’ and consumers’ real needs.
      PubDate: 2015-07-11
  • Fluazinam Residue and Dissipation in Potato Tubers and Vines, and in Field
    • Abstract: Abstract Residual fluazinam in the environment may cause dermatitis and occupational asthma. Therefore, it is important to determine the dissipation behavior of fluazinam in edible raw food and in the environment. The aim of this study was to monitor a fungicide fluazinam on potato. A method for the analysis of fluazinam residue and its dissipation in potato plants and soil under field conditions was studied. Fluazinam residues were analyzed using a modified Quick, Easy, Cheap,Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) method and gas chromatography coupled with electron capture detector (GC-ECD). Mean recoveries and relative standard deviations (RSD) in potato plants, potatoes, and soil at three spiking levels were 85.1–99.5 and 0.7–2.8 %, respectively. The limits of quantification (LOQ) were 0.01 mg kg−1 for all three matrices. The dissipation dynamics of fluazinam were investigated in field trials in Hebei and Anhui provinces. In potato plants, fluazinam had a half-life of 2.5 days in Hebei and 3.6 days in Anhui. The half-life of fluazinam in soil was 4.7 days in Hebei and 13 days in Anhui. Terminal residues in soil samples ranged from 0.0925 to 0.949 mg · kg−1 and fluazinam was not detected in potato at pre-harvest intervals of five, seven, and 10 days. It was safe for fluazinam application on potato according to the recommended dosage and times.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03
  • Development of a PCR Diagnostic System for Detecting Andean Potato Mottle
           Virus Associated with Potato Quarantine in Korea
    • Abstract: Abstract One of the four major crops worldwide is the potato. Despite the production of potatoes in Korea, most of them are being imported from other countries. The 15 viral diseases are monitored and tested whenever potatoes are imported in Korea. In this study, there are 2 sets of RT-PCR primer for diagnosing the Andean potato mottle virus (APMoV), which is a type of monitored quarantine viruses infecting potatoes, wherein each nested PCR and modified-positive control plasmid that can verify laboratory contamination and false positive response were developed. The RT-PCR primer sets for analyzing the APMoV were 315 and 732 bp amplified, and each nested PCR were 128 and 391 bp amplified. In addition, the modified-positive control plasmid, which can be used for the PCR diagnosis system, was also developed in order to realize a precision test system for fast and accurate diagnoses of APMoV in imported potatoes. The APMoV PCR diagnosis system, which has been developed in this study, can be used for a possible quarantine in the future. It can also contribute to the increase in the potato production worldwide.
      PubDate: 2015-06-23
  • Influence of Climatic Conditions on Development and Yield of Potato Plants
           Growing Under Organic and Conventional Systems in Poland
    • Abstract: Abstract A field study was conducted in 2012 and 2013, two seasons with very different temperature and rainfall patterns in Poland, with 2012 being a normal good year for potato production, and 2013 being poor. Four potato cultivars (Viviana, Gawin, Legenda, Gustaw) were grown under organic and conventional systems. Morphological and physiological characteristics of the plants were determined, as well as tuber yield and size distributions. As expected, the organic production system resulted in less than optimal plant growth, tuber yield and tuber size even in the normal season of 2012. But the reduction in these parameters was even more pronounced in 2013. For example, in the poor growing year, total yield was reduced by 45 % in conventional, but 55 % in organic. Tuber size was particularly impacted in organic production in an unfavorable year, as small tubers increasing by 39 % in conventional, but 149 % in organic. Thus, the impact of unfavorable weather conditions results in greater losses in crop value for organic growing systems than conventional.
      PubDate: 2015-06-20
  • Importance of Early-Season Nitrogen Rate and Placement to Russet Burbank
    • Abstract: Abstract Early-season nitrogen (N) is necessary for optimal potato vegetative growth and creating an optimal growing condition for high yields; however, on sandy soils it also increases the risk of losing fertilizer N through leaching. This 3-year field experiment evaluated whether a smaller amount of N placed near the plant roots could provide the benefits associated with higher rates of early N applications that were less well placed. Two rates of N applied at emergence (40 or 80 kg N ha−1) were spot-placed (5 to 7 cm around each plant), banded along the row, or broadcast applied, and compared to no N or where all of the in-season N was applied at tuberization. All plots except the zero N controls received a total of 170 kg ha−1 of in-season N. Where emergence N was spot-applied in some years, tuber numbers were reduced compared to where the N was broadcast, and in these situations, resulted in increased tuber size and higher yields of prime-sized tubers (U.S. No. 1, 170 to 370 g). Where differences existed, results from banded treatments were intermediate between those from the spot and broadcast treatments. However, in spite of apparent N placement effects likely associated with having a higher concentration of N near the plant roots early in the season, no differences were evident between the two rates of emergence N within a given placement. In this experiment, total yields were not affected by rate or placement of emergence N. Overall, this experiment provides support for the concept of placing early-season N near the plant roots, and band applications along the row may be a grower-manageable alternative for achieving this goal.
      PubDate: 2015-06-20
  • Influence of Mating Structure on Agronomic Performance, Chip Fry Color,
           and Genetic Distance Among Biparental Tetraploid Families
    • Abstract: Abstract The impact of mating structure on progeny performance is not routinely analyzed in potato breeding programs, despite the importance of choosing parental lines. Varying degrees of assortative and disassortative mating can have a significant effect on the agronomic performance and cold chipping ability of potato breeding clones. A disassortative mating strategy of crossing parents from different market types can incorporate commercially relevant traits into a market class which lacked that trait. Here we report the effect of mating structure in three breeding families created from parental lines from different market classes, within the same market class, and from self-pollination. Disassortative mating structure produced clones with increased yield and tuber size while assortative mating produced clones with improved cold-storage chipping ability. Inbreeding depression was observed for yield, tuber traits, and chip color in the selfed progeny. Chip color in a russet type clone was improved through crossing with an elite chipping parent, demonstrating a viable method for improving russet processing quality. Mating structure explained a significant proportion of phenotypic variance for yield, tuber, and chipping traits across the three families. Discriminant analysis of principal components and genetic distance based on SNP markers from the SolCAP project were able to discriminate among family types and were informative about the relative diversity generated from each particular cross. A number of promising genotypes from both the russet × chipper family and the chipper × chipper families were identified which outperformed parental varieties for chip color and tuber size.
      PubDate: 2015-06-20
  • A One-Step, Real-Time Reverse Transcription Loopmediated Isothermal
           Amplification Assay to Detect Potato Virus Y
    • Abstract: Abstract Potato viruses such as Potato virus Y (PVY) cause diseases that affect potato quality and thus damage potato production worldwide. Current tests for viral infection use double-antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (DAS‑ELISA) or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)/real-time RT-PCR. Despite many advantages, these assays have a number of drawbacks that affect cost and time of diagnosis. Reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) allows fast detection of target RNA. Here, we developed a closed-tube real-time RT‑LAMP assay for fluorescent detection of PVY. Specific RT-LAMP primers were designed to target the conserved region of the sequence encoding the PVY coat protein. The assay was specific and facilitated sensitive PVY detection in a single tube at 65 °C. The time-to-positive values depended on the PVY concentration in tested samples. The effectiveness of RT‑LAMP in testing field-grown plants compared favorably with DAS‑ELISA and RT-PCR; under the tested conditions, RT-LAMP was about 1000-fold more sensitive than DAS‑ELISA and lateral flow assay (LFA) and about 10-fold more sensitive than RT‑PCR. Thus, this fluorescent RT-LAMP assay has great potential for routine detection of PVY.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Attainable CO 2 Emission of Ware Potatoes Under High Yield Conditions in
           Southern Chile
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of the analysis was to calculate the attainable CO2 emissions associated with the production of one ton of potatoes in a high yield environment in southern Chile. Two field experiments were performed. The first field experiment used an optimal sowing date while the second experiment used a late sowing date. In each experiment, treatments were the factorial combination of (i) four N fertilization rates (0, 75, 150 and 250 kg N ha−1) and (ii) four P fertilization rates (0, 150, 300 33 and 450 kg P2O5 ha−1). The Cool Farm Tool – Potato (CFT) was used to calculate the amount of CO2 produced per one ton of potatoes and LINTUL-Potato was used to simulate potential yields. High variations in tuber yields were observed across experiments (90 and 36 t ha−1). The average tuber yield in experiment one (82 t ha−1) was greater than experiment two (51 t ha−1). Tuber yields were not significantly affected by N fertilization in either experiment. In contrast, tuber yield responded (P < 0.01) positively to P fertilization (10–82 %). The gaps between maximum and potential yields simulated in experiments one and two were 4 and 14 %, respectively. In experiment one, the average total CO2 emissions per ton of potatoes were lower than experiment two (41 and 72 kg CO2 eq t−1, respectively). In both experiments the total CO2 emissions were affected (P < 0.01) by both N and P fertilization. We conclude an average CO2 emission of 46 CO2 eq t−1 could be considered an attainable value for potato production systems with high technology intending to improve their carbon footprints in southern Chile.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Germplasm Release: Three Potato Clones Incorporating Combined Resistances
           to Early Blight from S. palustre and Late Blight from S. bulbocastanum
           into a S. tuberosum Background
    • Abstract: Abstract Three clones in a segregating population derived from a cross between the disease resistant parents +297 and K41 are being released as germplasm with resistance to both early blight, caused by Alternaria solani, and late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans. The source of resistance to early blight in +297 is the wild species S. palustre and late blight resistance in K41 is conferred by the RB gene from S. bulbocastanum. These clones, named BR3, BR5, and BR85 (BR for Blight Resistant), yield well at a temperate zone latitude. In addition to containing heritable resistance to both early and late blights, these clones possess multiple other desirable agronomic traits, are fertile, and readily cross to cultivars.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • SSR and e-PCR Provide a Bridge Between Genetic Map and Genome Sequence of
           Potato for Marker Development in Target QTL Region
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to increase marker density in a previously identified late blight resistance QTL in a diploid potato population. SSR markers from the reference potato genome sequence were located by e-PCR in the QTL region in the chromosome 9 genetic map of the diploid potato population B3C1HP, and utilized to identify more candidate genes locating between the SSR markers. After verified by PCR and genetic mapping, two SSR markers and two DM candidate genes were mapped in the QTL peak in the maternal genetic map of B3C1HP. The new markers narrowed down the average 2-LOD support interval from 2.6 to 1.4 cM. The new markers on the LOD peak are valuable for fine mapping and positional cloning of the alleles in late blight resistance QTL. This study proves that combination of SSR and e-PCR is an effective way to develop markers in target QTL region.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • High-Fidelity PCR Improves the Detection of ‘ Candidatus
           Liberibacter solanacearum’ in Potato Tubers
    • Abstract: Abstract Zebra chip disease (ZC) of potato tubers, caused by the unculturable bacterium ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso) can be difficult to detect from potato tuber tissue. The polymerase chain reaction is an important tool for the detection of plant pathogens, but there are limits to its sensitivity. High-fidelity PCR incorporates a proofreading enzyme with 3′-5′ exonuclease activity and has been shown to increase detection of pathogens when the titer is low or when large amounts of competitor DNA or other host cellular contents inhibit PCR amplification. In this study, high-fidelity PCR and conventional PCR protocols were performed on tubers presenting ZC symptoms. Asymptomatic tubers were used as control. The high-fidelity PCR increased detection of Lso from symptomatic tubers by 30–40 % over conventional PCR. Slight modifications were made from previous high-fidelity protocols to decrease testing time and simplify the protocol.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • A Low Nutrient Solution Temperature and the Application of Stress
           Treatments Increase Potato Mini-tubers Production in an Aeroponic System
    • Abstract: Abstract This study was conducted to test the impact of the nutrient solution temperature and the application of different stress treatments at tuberization on several growth variables for two potato cultivars grown in an aeroponic system. At 25 days after transplanting, low pH level, wilting stress and nitrogen withdrawal under warm (24 °C) and cool (18 °C) root-zone temperatures were applied to potato plants cv. Mystere and Chieftain. Significant differences in mini-tuber production, stolon number and length and root length were observed among root zone temperatures, stress treatments and cultivars. Cooling the nutrient solution temperature to 18 °C significantly increased most growth variables and tuber yield for both cultivars. Plants subjected to nitrogen withdrawal at tuberization out-performed plants of the other treatments as well as the control and exhibited faster tuberization, higher mini-tuber number and weight as well as significantly higher root length, stolon number/plant and number of stolon branches/plant. The low pH and wilting treatments reduced plant growth and mini-tuber number/plant. They dramatically increased the number of stolon branches/plant and stolon number respectively. However, this increase did not counteract the negative effects on the other variables. The results of this study demonstrate that a judicious use of these stresses can effectively promote tuberization in aeroponics.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Effects of Cover Type and Harvest Date on Yield, Quality and
           Cost-Effectiveness of Early Potato Cultivation
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cover type (control, agro-textile or perforated plastic film) and harvest date (60 or 75 days after planting and at full physiological maturity) on the yield, quality and cost-effectiveness of early harvest potato cultivation. The study was conducted in the years 2008–2011, at the Gorzyń Experimental-Education Laboratory for Soil and Plant Cultivation, Gorzyń Branch, part of the University of Natural Sciences in Poznań. The experiment was set up in a split-plot randomized block design with four replications. Covers increased the total and marketable tuber yields at early harvest dates, in particular on the 60th day after planting, compared to the reference. Tubers cultivated under covers were also found to contain higher amounts of dry matter and starch than those which were not covered. The proportion of tuber fractions with a diameter between 4.6 and 5.5 cm and above in the total yield was found to be strongly dependent on cover type. The proportion of these fractions was significantly lower under plastic film than under Agro-textile. Over the 3 years cycle, high gross margins were achieved on the 60th and 75th days after planting with perforated film and agro-textile.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Wild Yeast Strains as Prospective Candidates to Induce Resistance Against
           Potato Late Blight ( Phytophthora infestans )
    • Abstract: Abstract The potential for crop destruction by Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of the Late Blight of potato has not diminished since its impact led to the Irish potato famine. Potato production generally requires frequent applications of synthetic fungicides to hold this disease in check. As possible alternatives to fungicides, we investigated wild yeasts as bio-control agents. Ten strains of wild yeasts isolated from vineyards within Washington State were assessed for the ability to reduce effects of P. infestans in potato leaf assays, and for suppression of growth of selected plant pathogenic fungi in agar culture. Metschnidowia pulcherrima (Mp), Curibasidium pallidicorallinum (Cp), and Candida saitoana (Cs) strains applied to potato leaves prior to inoculation with P. infestans reduced symptoms in a manner suggestive of induced immunity. A narrow concentration range of Mp most favorably suppressed late blight symptoms. These and other wild yeast strains were shown to induce phytoalexin production in a pea system developed for monitoring nonhost resistance. Further work toward developing successful agricultural application of this biocontrol agent will require verification of resistance-inducing benefits under field conditions.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • R2 - like Gene Contributes to Resistance to Phytophthora infestans in
           Polish Potato Cultivar Bzura
    • Abstract: Abstract Potato cultivar Bzura bred in 1986 is one of the few European cultivars outstanding in high level of durable resistance to late blight, but its resistance has not been characterized. The presented study was aimed at clarifying bases of durable resistance in Bzura by testing its resistance and resistance in progeny individuals. In ten-year field experiment Bzura was significantly more resistant than mid-resistant standards Escort and Robijn, and only slightly less resistant than highly resistant Sárpo Mira. Bzura expressed also high resistance in detached leaflet tests when inoculated with specific isolates of Phytophthora infestans. It was found in Bzura progeny that this race-specific resistance segregated in 1:1 ratio and is governed by a major resistance gene R2-like. However, the long-lasting field resistance observed in Bzura could be explained by combination of R2-like gene and specific genetic background of this cultivar rather than by this gene exclusively.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • The Effect of High Temperature Occurring in Subsequent Stages of Plant
           Development on Potato Yield and Tuber Physiological Defects
    • Abstract: Abstract Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is characterized by specific temperature requirements and develops best at about 20 °C. High temperatures during the growing season cause an array of changes in potato plants, which affect its development and may lead to a drastic reduction in economic yield. In natural conditions drought and heat stress are two different types of abiotic stresses that occur in the field simultaneously or separately, in the case of irrigation use on potato plantations. The aim of this work was to assess the response of six potato cultivars to high temperature during the subsequent stages of plant growth under conditions of good soil moisture and drought. The pot experiment was carried out with the cultivars: Aruba, Desirée, Etola, Finezja, Flaming and Tetyda. The impact of high temperature day/ night 35 °C/25 °C on potato plants was tested in three periods: June 16–30, July 1–15 and July 16–30. In these periods half of the plants were watered to a level close to optimal, while the other half remained without irrigation. Final harvest was performed after full maturity of plants in the control combination. Our studies confirm the view that potato productivity is greatly reduced at temperatures higher than optimum. Here we demonstrated that tested potato cultivar’s response to high temperature during the growing season is dependent on the growth stage. The earlier a heat occurs, the more negative its impact on the growth and total yield of potatoes. The results obtained in this study indicate that among the tested cultivars ‘Tetyda’ was the most tolerant to high temperature acting on the plants during the growing season. Our research shows that the total yield is not the only indicator of potato tolerance to high temperature during the growing season, but the assessment should also take into account the occurrence of secondary tuberization and physiological defects of tubers.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Application of Marker Assisted Selection for Potato Virus Y Resistance in
           the University of Wisconsin Potato Breeding Program
    • Abstract: Abstract Potato virus Y (PVY) is responsible for the majority of seed potato lot rejections in North America. Some commercial cultivars and breeding lines have major genes for PVY resistance, but their use in North American breeding programs has been limited. Marker assisted selection of PVY resistance can increase the efficiency of identifying resistant plants and integrating resistance into new cultivars. We used markers RYSC3 and YES3-3B, linked to genes Ry adg and Ry sto , respectively, to screen 46 breeding clones and cultivars, and identified 19 resistant clones. Resistant parents were crossed with susceptible parents with good market and agronomic traits and molecular marker analysis of each family showed a 1:1 segregation ratio. The persistence of this segregation ratio over 2 years of selection and the lack of major linkage drag as assessed by a breeder rating indicated that there was no evidence of an association of PVY resistance with undesirable traits.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Comparative Study of Soft Computing Methodologies for Energy
           Input–Output Analysis to Predict Potato Production
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was developed to predict potato production in Iran. Data related to potato yield from 2010 to 2011 was collected from 50 potato producers in Hamedan, Iran. The resulting ANFIS network has an input layer with eight neurons and an output layer with a single neuron (potato yield). The energy inputs were manual labor, diesel, chemical fertilizers, and manure from farm animals, chemicals, machinery, water, and seed. The most significant and influential inputs were selected from the eight initial inputs and the ANFIS network was used to choose the parameters that have the most influence on potato yield. A new ANFIS model was created after the three most influential parameters were selected. The new ANFIS model was then utilized to estimate yield using the three energy inputs. Next, the ANFIS model results were compared with the results from the support vector regression (SVR) technique. The end results revealed that ANFIS provided more accurate predictions and had the capacity to generalize. The Pearson correlation coefficient (r) for ANFIS potato yield prediction was 0.9999 in the training and testing phases, while the SVR model had a correlation coefficient of 0.8484 in training and 0.9984 in testing.
      PubDate: 2015-04-28
  • Strategies for Selecting Stable Common Scab Resistant Clones in a Potato
           Breeding Program
    • Abstract: Abstract Common scab (CS) of potato, caused by Streptomyces scabies, is an important disease in the US. CS problems can be avoided using resistant varieties. However, evaluating breeding clones can be complicated by high location and season-based soil and environmental variation. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of screening for CS resistance within the Wisconsin breeding program across multiple environments from 2006 to 2013. In each trial, 60–160 clones were evaluated. We compared the ability to select for CS resistance in a set of 18 dedicated CS screening trials (DST) versus 18 similar parallel standard breeding trials (SBT). Heritability for CS rating across DST was 0.83 vs. 0.53 in SBT. Data analysis from DST was able to separate CS susceptible cultivars (Atlantic, Snowden) from resistant cultivars (Pike, Snowden). However, same data analysis from SBT was not able to separate susceptible from resistant cultivars. Using DST datasets, we estimated the genotypic stability of scab performance across years and locations. We also calculated the probability distributions for the better or worse performance of a given clone vs. a standard variety. Using results from six or more DST we identified five round white clones that outperformed or matched CS tolerant Pike, eleven russet clones that outperformed or matched CS tolerant Russet Burbank and five red or yellow skin clones that outperformed or matched CS resistance level of Dark Red Norland. The approaches utilized here offer useful additional information for breeding programs which aim to improve selection efficiency for scab resistance.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
  • Investigations on Putative Zebra Chip Tolerant Potato Selections
    • Abstract: Abstract ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso) has emerged as a devastating pathogen of solanaceous and other vegetable crops. In potato, Lso is the causative agent of zebra chip (ZC) disease, which threatens production in North and Central America and New Zealand. Lso has caused significant economic losses to the potato industry in Texas since the emergence of the disease in 2000. Presently, disease control relies on pesticide applications, but efforts are under way to identify plant resistance. The objective of this work was to validate the most promising cultivars identified as potentially resistant or tolerant to ZC from previous field trials in different Texas locations and in multiple years. An important component of the study was the development of protocols to effectively evaluate resistance or tolerance. Results show that, while none of the tested cultivars displayed resistance against ZC, differences in susceptibility among them were confirmed. Results also demonstrated the importance of performing cage trials in which vector and disease pressure can be controlled.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
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