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    - ELECTRICAL ENERGY (3 journals)
    - ENERGY (194 journals)
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ENERGY (194 journals)                 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ActaEnergetica     Open Access  
Advances in Building Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nuclear Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Applied Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bulletin of Energy Economics and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Atoms for Peace: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biofuel Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin de droit nucleaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbon Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 7)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clean Technologies     Open Access  
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Alternative Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dams and Reservoirs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Development of Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Distributed Generation & Alternative Energy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Eksergi : Jurnal Teknik Energi     Open Access  
Electrical and Power Engineering Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Electricity Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
ENERGETIKA. Proceedings of CIS higher education institutions and power engineering associations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 33)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Energy & Fuels     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Energy and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy and Emission Control Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy and Environment Focus     Free   (Followers: 6)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Energy and Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Energy Conversion and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Energy Harvesting and Systems : Materials, Mechanisms, Circuits and Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Energy Materials : Materials Science and Engineering for Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Energy Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 61)
Energy Prices and Taxes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Energy Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Research & Social Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Energy Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Energy Strategy Reviews     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Energy Studies Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Energy Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Energy Technology & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy, Sustainability and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
EPJ Photovoltaics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Renewable Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fuel and Energy Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Functional Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Gcb Bioenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geothermal Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geothermal Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Green     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Green Energy & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
High Voltage     Open Access  
IEA Electricity Information     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
IEA Natural Gas Information     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Ingeniería Energética     Open Access  
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Alternative Propulsion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Ambient Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Coal Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Energy and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Energy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Global Energy Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Green Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Marine Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Desalination     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Knowledge Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Power and Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Smart Grid and Green Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Joule     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Alternate Energy Sources & Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows     Open Access  
Journal of Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fusion Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Energy Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nano Energy and Power Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Power Generation Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Radiological Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Solar Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sustainable Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Materials Today Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MRS Energy & Sustainability - A Review Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural Resources     Open Access  
Nature Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nuclear Data Sheets     Full-text available via subscription  
Nuclear Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nuclear Law Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oil and Gas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Oil, Gas, Coal and Electricity - Quarterly Statistics - Electricite, charbon, gaz et petrole - Statistiques trimestrielles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Power Technology and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Progress in Nuclear Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Radiochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Radioprotection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
SourceOCDE Energie nucleaire     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Nuclear Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Surface Science Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments     Full-text available via subscription  
Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Technology Audit and Production Reserves     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Universal Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Washington and Lee Journal of Energy, Climate, and the Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Waste Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Energy and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Wind Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Wind Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

       | Last

Journal Cover
Atomic Energy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.215
Number of Followers: 4  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-8205 - ISSN (Online) 1063-4258
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Emergency Heat Removal System for the Secondary Loop of a Fast Sodium
           Reactor and its Efficiency Evaluation
    • Authors: Yu. M. Ashurko
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: An emergency heat removal system (SAOT) that removes heat from the secondary loop of a fast sodium reactor by air cooling the surfaces of the piping and equipment of the heat-sink loops of the secondary loop is described and ways to optimize it are indicated. A method of evaluating the efficiency of such an SAOT is described, and the results of an evaluation for a fast sodium reactor are presented as an example showing that the system can be used in fast sodium reactors of any power capacity.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0366-9
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Method of Determining the Reliability of Real-Time In-reactor Monitoring
           of VVER
    • Authors: A. V. Semenikhin; Yu. V. Saunin; S. I. Ryasnyi
      Pages: 8 - 13
      Abstract: A methodological approach and the basic tenets for evaluating the reliability of in-reactor monitoring of VVER are presented. The method is based on the statistical analysis of indications in real time and includes methods for evaluating the admissible maximum error of the measurement channels used for monitoring as well as the average value and admissible deviation of indications in groups of parallel monitoring channels, as well as a method of evaluating reliability by comparing the values of a parameter with the regime values. In comparing the indications of a monitoring channel with the indications of other parallel channels, the median value is proposed as the baseline value. The developed method is implemented in the Diagnostika SVRK special software, which has been successfully tested during the commissioning of the No. 1 unit at the Novovoronezh NPP-2.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0367-8
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Heat Emission and Temperature Non-uniformity in Rod Bundles with Different
           Spacing, Cooled by Heavy Liquid-Metal Coolant
    • Authors: Yu. A. Kuzina; A. P. Sorokin
      Pages: 14 - 21
      Abstract: Heat emission and temperature non-uniformity along the perimeter of rods in free lattices of fuel elements with heavy liquid-metal coolant are studied. The experimental data for an assembly of smooth rods, assemblies of fuel elements with spiral ribbing, and transverse lattices are analyzed. The studies show that there is almost no temperature non-uniformity in a lattice of smooth fuel elements along its perimeter, which is in contrast to the high general azimuthal temperature non-uniformity in an assembly with spacing by spiral coils. Rib spacing resulted in significant reduction of heat emission. In an assembly with transverse spacer lattices, the heat emission increases only in the region containing the lattices; in the spaces between lattices, it is approximately equal to the heat emission in a bundle with smooth fuel elements. Inside a spacer lattice, periodic temperature non-uniformities appear along the perimeter of the fuel elements; these non-uniformities are due to the fuel elements touching the elements of the lattice. A relation is recommended for calculating heat emission (Nusselt numbers) and temperature non-uniformity along the perimeter of the fuel elements for the studied methods of spacing the fuel elements.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0368-7
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Hysteresis in Coolant Radiolysis in a Pressurized-Water Reactor and its
           Effect on the Critical Hydrogen Concentration
    • Authors: O. P. Arkhipov; S. A. Kabakchi
      Pages: 22 - 27
      Abstract: Mathematical modeling is used to investigate the effect of the thermophysical non-uniformity of the core in a reactor on the behavior of radiation-chemical processes in the first-loop water coolant of pressurizedwater power reactors. The problem of determining the critical hydrogen concentration in coolant that is sufficient to maintain the concentration of oxidizers in the coolant at a corrosion safe level is used as an example. It is shown that in a reactor the critical hydrogen concentration may not have a definite value but rather a range of values dependent on the radiation-chemical process and the reactor’s thermo- and neutron-physical parameters. Calculations also showed that the conditions under which oxidizer formation is suppressed can be determined accurately only with detailed three-dimensional modeling of thermophysical phenomena and radiation-chemical transformations in the entire core volume.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0369-6
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Swelling of Uranium Dioxide–Silumin Dispersion Fuel Composition in
           Experimental Fuel Elements of the SM Reactor
    • Authors: I. F. Gil’mutdinov; V. Yu. Shishin; F. N. Kryukov; S. V. Kuz’min; P. P. Silant’ev; I. A. Minduksheva; V. A. Starkov; V. V. Pimenov
      Pages: 28 - 35
      Abstract: A variant of experimental dispersion fuel elements with a displacer and uranium dioxide-silumin fuel composition, which were proposed for modernizing the core of the SM reactor, was investigated. The fuel elements were irradiated in a wide spectrum of neutron- and thermophysical parameters of the reactor’s reflector channel. The fuel elements showed satisfactory radiation resistance at thermal flux density 5.8–8 MW/m 2 and burnup to 45%. The swelling of the fuel composition was analyzed. It is shown that of three possible components of the swelling the one due to gaseous fission products makes the main contribution, approximately 3/4 of the total amount. The interaction of the fuel components results in compaction of the kernel and promotes some compensation of the swelling, increasing as the interaction increases. These investigations show that the depth of burnup at the achieved thermal flux density for fuel elements with a displacer is not the limit.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0370-0
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Axial and Azimuthal Asymmetry of RBMK-1000 Fuel-Element Cladding Oxidation
    • Authors: A. V. Sukhikh; S. S. Sagalov; S. V. Pavlov
      Pages: 36 - 42
      Abstract: The particularities of the axial and azimuthal asymmetry of nodular corrosion of RBMK-1000 fuel-element cladding operating in FA at power 1.7–2.2 MW are examined. The measured thickness of the oxides is compared with the concentration of the oxidative products of radiolysis in the coolant and the computed distribution of the thermophysical parameters in a fuel channel of the reactor. It is shown that the axial asymmetry of the oxidation of the fuel elements could be due to the temperature distribution in cladding and the non-uniform content of radiolytic oxygen and the radicals HO2 and \( {\mathrm{O}}_2^{-} \) over height in FA and the azimuthal distribution is due to the radial distribution of the fast and thermal neutron fluxes. The results of studies attesting the possibility of the appearance in the RBMK-1000 fuel channel of conditions where the corrosion rate of the cladding on the sections between the spacer grills is comparable to the oxidation rates of VVER-1000 fuel elements are presented.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0371-z
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Corrosion Resistance and Mechanical Stability of Nickel Alloys in
           Molten-Salt Nuclear Reactors
    • Authors: A. I. Surenkov; V. V. Ignat’ev; S. S. Abalin; S. A. Konakov; V. S. Uglov
      Pages: 43 - 49
      Abstract: Choosing structural materials for molten-salt nuclear reactors is a high-priority problem. The results making it possible to choose the basic structural material for a molten-salt nuclear reactor are colligated in the present article. Forced and natural circulation setups operating under reactor and laboratory conditions with molten metal-fluoride salts with different compositions have been developed at the National Research Center Kurchatov Institute: LiF–NaF–BeF2–PuF3, LiF–BeF2–UF4, and LiF–BeF2–ThF4–UF4. Corrosion tests were conducted with domestically produced corrosion-resistant steel (12Kh18N10T, EP-164) and specially developed nickel-based alloys (KhN80M-VI, KhN80MTYu, KhN80MTV, et al.) as well as the alloy Hastelloy (USA), MONICR (Czechoslovakia) and EM-721 (France) in the working temperature range 600–800°C and mechanical loads up to 80 MPa on the samples.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0372-y
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Radioecological State of the Agrosphere in the 30-km Zone of the Siberian
           Chemical Combine During the Pre-Startup Period of a Prototype Power
    • Authors: V. M. Solomatin; R. M. Aleksakhin; E. V. Spirin; I. B. Sorokin; A. I. Zhivago; L. I. Ryzhova
      Pages: 50 - 53
      Abstract: The results of radioecological monitoring of agricultural activities within the 30-km impact zone of the Siberian Chemical Combine are examined. The surface activity of 137Cs in soil and the specific activity of 137Cs in plants with similar indicators characteristic for NPP sites are analyzed and compared. The obtained data make it possible to evaluate the impact of a prototype electric power complex (PEPC) on the soil-and-vegetation cover and the products of agricultural activity, since the data make it possible to differentiate information on two basic parts – that associated with the activity of the Combine, on the one hand, and the other with the possible contribution of PEPC, on the other.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0373-x
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Non-Proliferation Regime and Export Control
    • Authors: E. N. Avrorin; Yu. I. Churikov
      Pages: 54 - 57
      Abstract: The barriers required to counter the threat of proliferation of nuclear weapons are examined. The most important barriers are the nuclear weapons non-proliferation treaty, the IAEA safeguard system, and the guiding principles of the Zangger committee and the nuclear suppliers groups. The principles of monitoring for the switching of nuclear materials from peaceful to military uses are fundamental and are applicable for nuclear power based on thermal as well as fast reactors.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0374-9
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Laser Method of Measuring the Steam Content of Coolant in Water Nuclear
           Power Reactors
    • Authors: S. K. Mankevich; E. P. Orlov
      Pages: 58 - 61
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0375-8
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Prizma-DSP Code Calculations of the Fission-Point Distribution in the
           OECD/NEA Proposed Test2 System
    • Authors: Ya. Z. Kandiev; L. V. Lobanova; E. V. Serova
      Pages: 62 - 68
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0376-7
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Isotopic Kinetics Problems on a Complete Elemental Basis of the
           Fission-Product Yield
    • Authors: E. F. Mitenkova; E. V. Solov’eva; V. B. Manichev; E. O. Fel’dman
      Pages: 69 - 73
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0377-6
      Issue No: Vol. 124, No. 1 (2018)
  • Automatic Modeling of VVER-1000 Power Maneuvers
    • Authors: A. A. Dubov
      Pages: 365 - 370
      Abstract: A special version of the IR code is described. The purpose of this code is to generate recommendations for the reactor operator when operating in a maneuvering regime, automate boron regulation, and study the maneuvering characteristics of VVER-1000 fuel loads. The results of modeling of operation in a daily load schedule are presented for the example of a stationary run of VVER-TOI. The impact of variation of the parameters of power maneuvers (run, operating time a reduced power, loading rate) on the boron regulation parameters is analyzed.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0354-0
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
  • Effect of Cellular Lattices, Heat-Exchange Intensifiers, and Coolant
           Mixing on the Critical Power of VVER FA
    • Authors: Yu. F. Selivanov; V. M. Loshchinin; I. V. Razzhivin
      Pages: 376 - 383
      Abstract: The results of one stage in the development of methods for increasing the critical power of water-cooled nuclear reactors – the capacity of a reactor installation with sharp degradation of the heat exchange characteristics of the coolant (crisis of heat exchange) – are presented. This stage included experimental determination of the effect on the crisis of heat exchange of arranging heat-exchange intensifiers in FA and transverse mixing of the coolant flow, for which lattices assembled from properly shaped cellular elements where used. The FA models consisted of an assembly of 19 fuel-element simulators with a non-uniform distribution of heat emission along the length. Freon-12 was used as the coolant. The models of the FA differed by the type of intensifier lattices and the number of FA arranged along the length. The efficacy of the influence of lattices on the critical power as a result of the intensification of heat exchange and transverse mixing of the coolant was determined separately. The optimal rigging of FA with lattices was determined experimentally.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0356-y
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
  • Effect of Moderator–Coolant Chemical Interaction on Accident Development
           in the No. 4 Unit of the Chernobyl NPP
    • Authors: D. S. Pashkevich; E. D. Fedorovich; V. V. Kapustin
      Pages: 384 - 388
      Abstract: The accident in the No. 4 unit of the Chernobyl NPP destroyed the reactor and enclosures and resulted in atmospheric emissions of fission products, irradiated fuel, moderator, and other radioactive materials. The large-scale destruction could have been due to the chemical interaction of the coolant (water) and moderator (graphite) with carbon monoxide and hydrogen forming at temperatures above 1000 K. The results of calculations of the composition of a thermodynamically equilibrium mixture in the system of elements C–H–O and measurements of the characteristic graphite-water interaction time at ~1500 K are presented and this time is compared with the characteristic development time of the accident at the Chernobyl NPP.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0357-x
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
  • Mechanism and Conditions for Continuous Hydride Layer Formation in
           Zirconium Cladding
    • Authors: V. V. Novikov; O. V. Khomyakov; Yu. N. Devyatko
      Pages: 389 - 398
      Abstract: Local hydrogenation of zirconium fuel-element cladding, resulting in the formation of continuous hydrides, as a rule occurs when coolant or other hydrogen-containing compound finds its way beneath the fuel-element cladding irradiated in the core of a water moderated and cooled reactor. In this article, the set of processes occurring during hydrogenation of zirconium cladding is analyzed, and estimates are given for the parameters of these processes. The conditions and mechanism of formation of a continuous hydride over the thickness of zirconium cladding are established. It is shown that the duration of the nucleation of the hydride is determined primarily by the time to local destruction of the oxide film on the inner surface of the zirconium cladding of the fuel elements. The shortest possible time for continuous hydride to grow through the thickness of fuel-element cladding is determined.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0358-9
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
  • Computational Errors in the Calculation of Long Radioactive Decay Chains
    • Authors: R. I. Bakin; A. A. Kiselev; A. M. Shvedov; A. V. Shikin
      Pages: 406 - 411
      Abstract: For safety security of objects utilizing atomic energy, the effect of numerical errors on the calculation of the activity and integrals of the activity in time when using Bateman’s formula and Siewers’ algorithm to calculate radioactive decay chains is investigated. The smallest errors obtain when using Siewers’ algorithm and Bateman’s formula together with long arithmetic. It is shown that the standard calculations of radioactive decay chains according to Bateman’s formula with double precision lead to significant errors. However, these errors have almost no effect on the dose characteristics of mixtures of radionuclides. The analysis is based on data contained in ICRP Publication No. 107.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0360-2
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
  • Monte-Carlo Method of Calculating Weakly Coupled Systems Using the
           PRIZMA-DSP Code
    • Authors: Ya. Z. Kandiev; L. V. Lobanova; V. G. Orlov; E. V. Serova
      Pages: 412 - 417
      Abstract: A Monte Carlo method implemented in the PRIZMA-DSP code to calculate multiplying systems, including weakly coupled systems, is described. In the code, the basis of the method is a sequential calculation of a prescribed chain of active generations, which is described by, first and foremost, the dominant ratio of the system. The fission points of the running generation serve as a source for constructing neutron trajectories, new fission points arising on a trajectory are transmitted unchanged to calculate the next generation, and so on. In the calculation of the active generation, Keff and made-to-order linear-fractional functions are evaluated. In order for the distribution to become established, a passive calculation with prescribed chain length is made before the active calculation. In addition, after the calculation of each generation the operation of random mixing of the entire set of fission points and their distribution over the nuclei is performed in order to obtain a uniform distribution. At the start of the calculation, a special rejection procedure performs a pre-set number of preliminary computational iterations so that an arbitrary zeroth distribution over all nuclei goes to a distribution obtained via a characteristic function.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0361-1
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
  • Role of Fast-Reactor Reflector Neutrons in Increasing Fission Chain
           Reaction Resistance to Rapid Runaway
    • Authors: G. G. Kulikov; A. N. Shmelev; E. G. Kulikov; V. A. Apse; N. V. Chubko
      Pages: 424 - 425
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0363-z
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
  • Correction to: Neutron yield of the reactions Li 6 (t, n) and Li 7 (t, n)
    • Pages: 432 - 432
      Abstract: The first author’s name should read A. K. Valter.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0365-x
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 6 (2018)
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