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ENERGY (185 journals)                 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ActaEnergetica     Open Access  
Advances in Building Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Energy and Environment     Open Access  
American Journal of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Nuclear Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bulletin of Energy Economics and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atomic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Atoms for Peace: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biofuel Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin de droit nucleaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Carbon Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 7)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Clefs CEA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Alternative Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Dams and Reservoirs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Development of Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Distributed Generation & Alternative Energy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electrical and Power Engineering Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Electricity Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
ENERGETIKA. Proceedings of CIS higher education institutions and power engineering associations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 30)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Energy & Fuels     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Energy and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy and Emission Control Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy and Environment Focus     Free   (Followers: 6)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Energy and Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Energy Conversion and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Harvesting and Systems : Materials, Mechanisms, Circuits and Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Energy Materials : Materials Science and Engineering for Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Energy Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
Energy Prices and Taxes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Energy Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Research & Social Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Energy Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Energy Strategy Reviews     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Energy Studies Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Energy Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Energy Technology & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy, Sustainability and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
EPJ Photovoltaics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Renewable Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fuel and Energy Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Functional Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Gcb Bioenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geothermal Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geothermal Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Green     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Green Energy & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IEA Electricity Information     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
IEA Natural Gas Information     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Ingeniería Energética     Open Access  
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Alternative Propulsion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Ambient Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Coal Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Energy and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Energy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Global Energy Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Green Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Marine Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Desalination     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Knowledge Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Power and Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Smart Grid and Green Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows     Open Access  
Journal of Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Energy Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Fusion Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Energy Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nano Energy and Power Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Power Generation Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Radiological Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Solar Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sustainable Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Materials Today Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nature Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nuclear Data Sheets     Full-text available via subscription  
Nuclear Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nuclear Law Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oil and Gas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Oil, Gas, Coal and Electricity - Quarterly Statistics - Electricite, charbon, gaz et petrole - Statistiques trimestrielles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Power Technology and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Progress in Nuclear Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Radiochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Radioprotection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
SourceOCDE Energie nucleaire     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Nuclear Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Surface Science Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments     Full-text available via subscription  
Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Technology Audit and Production Reserves     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Washington and Lee Journal of Energy, Climate, and the Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Waste Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Energy and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Wind Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Wind Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

       | Last

Journal Cover Atomic Energy
  [SJR: 0.216]   [H-I: 12]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-8205 - ISSN (Online) 1063-4258
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Results of Tests of VVER-1000 Fuel Elements with High Fuel Burnup in the
           MIR Reactor for LOC Incident Conditions
    • Authors: A. V. Alekseev; A. V. Goryachev; A. L. Izhutov; O. I. Dreganov; L. V. Kireeva; I. V. Kiseleva; V. N. Shulimov
      Abstract: The main results of tests performed on VVER-1000 fuel elements with high burnup of fuel in a channel of the MIR channel reactor for LOC accident conditions are examined. The experimental setup contains one fuel element, which is arranged along the central axis. The aim of the tests is to determine the parameters of cladding depressurization. In the experiment, questions concerning fragmentation, axial displacement, and possible escape of fuel to outside the cladding were studied and the properties of the cladding material and fuel, which were subjected to the extreme parameters, were determined. The main parameters and the results of two experiments are presented. The conditions under which fuel-element depressurization occurred are determined.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0318-4
  • Irradiation Dose of the Woody Tier of a Coniferous Forest Due to
           Accidental Emissions from NPP
    • Authors: R. A. Mikailova; S. I. Spiridonov
      Abstract: An approach to the comparative assessment of the impact of accidental radioactive emissions on the biota and radioecological validation of nuclear fuel cycle objects is presented. It is shown that the dose loads on woody tier in a coniferous forest as a result of severe accidents in NPPs with PWR-890, BWR-1412, and EPR-1600 significantly exceed the limit recommended by the ICRP. The impact of the radiation factor can result in serious disturbances in forest ecosystems in the immediate vicinity of NPPs.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0325-5
  • Investigation of the Effect of Microwave Irradiation of Cement Slurries on
           the Strength of Cement Stone and Concrete
    • Authors: A. N. Didenko; M. S. Dmitriev; M. V. D’yakonov; A. S. Guchkin; R. A. Krasnokutskii
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0328-2
  • Optimal Distribution of Centrifuges over Stages in a Cascade for
           Separating Multicomponent Mixtures of Isotopes
    • Authors: V. A. Palkin
      Abstract: A method of calculating the optimal operating parameters of a centrifuge cascade for separating multicomponent mixtures of isotopes is developed. A computational scheme is proposed for calculating the parameters of a cascade and the distribution of the centrifuges over the stages with a prescribed total number of centrifuges in different variants of optimization. Calculations showing the particulars of optimization and the efficacy of the developed method are presented.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0323-7
  • Effect of Microadding Amine Surfactant on Erosion-Corrosion Wear of
           Structural Steel in NPP
    • Authors: A. N. Kukushkin; V. V. Omel’chuk; T. I. Petrova
      Abstract: Corrosion processes, specifically, erosion-corrosion, are one of the causes of damage occurring in NPP equipment during operation. Measures are taken to prevent erosion-corrosion wear of thermal-power equipment and pipelines. One such measure is the development and adoption of water chemistry regimes that are capable of forming a protective fi lm on a metal surface. Octadecylamine is one such reagent. The results of laboratory tests and industrial experiments studying the effect of octadecylamine on the development of erosion-corrosion wear of NPP equipment are presented. The octadecylamine-hydrazine water chemistry regime at octadecylamine concentration 0.5 mg/dm3 reduces the rate of erosion-corrosion wear by about 15-fold. The positive effect of micro-additions of octadecylamine is confirmed by direct erosion-corrosion studies performed at the Kola NPP.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0319-3
  • Safety Analysis Based on Delayed and Prompt Neutrons
    • Authors: G. G. Kulikov; A. N. Shmelev; E. G. Kulikov; V. A. Apse
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0326-4
  • Leaching of Degraded Preservative Matrices, Based on Sodium
           Aluminophosphate Glasses, for High-Level Wastes
    • Authors: V. I. Mal’kovskii; S. V. Yudintsev; A. V. Mokhov; A. M. Pervukhina
      Abstract: The chemical stability of vitrified high-level nuclear industry wastes in contact with water was studied experimentally in application to underground disposal of the wastes. The experiments were performed on samples of sodium aluminophosphate glass used in industrial solidification of wastes. Stable isotopes of strontium, cesium, uranium, and rare-earth elements as geochemical analogs of actinides were introduced into the glass to simulate radionuclides. It was observed that water vapor affects the degradation of the glass when vitrified wastes are placed in temporary repositories. It is shown that as a result of the degradation the rate of leaching of the glass in water increases significantly. In addition, a substantial portion of radionuclide simulators in colloidal form goes into the water medium.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0321-9
  • Solubility of Uranium Hexafluoride in Liquid Metal Penta- and
    • Authors: V. K. Ezhov
      Abstract: The existence of a linear dependence of the mutual solubility of the higher fluorides of group-V and –VI metals on the atomic number of the solvent metal was established. The solubility of uranium hexafluoride in liquid metal pentafluorides is shown to be a linear function of the parameter α/r 6 of the solvent.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0320-x
  • Heat-and-Mass Transfer Intensification in Saturated-Steam Generators in
           NPP with VVER as a Means for Increasing Efficiency and Reliability
    • Authors: N. D. Agafonova; M. Yu. Egorov; V. V. Sergeev; M. A. Gotovskii; P. A. Kruglikov; M. E. Lebedev; A. V. Sudakov; E. D. Fedorovich; B. S. Fokin
      Abstract: The intensification of steam generation in combination with improvement of the temperature regime, specifically, with the elimination of temperature fluctuations of the loaded components of the apparatus (heat-exchange tubes, warming-medium headers) increases the steam-generation capacity and eliminates the factors causing damage to the structural elements of steam generators. The possibility of intensifying heat-and-mass transfer on the basis of the experience gained in operating steam generators in NPP with VVER (horizontal) and NPP in foreign countries (vertical) is examined. It is concluded on the basis of the analysis that it is expedient to develop a domestically produced apparatus of the vertical type, which will make possible well-founded production of steam generators for NPP with VVER in the future.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0317-5
  • Environmental Particulars of Different Methods of Power Generation
    • Authors: V. A. Grachev; O. V. Plyamina
      Abstract: The environmental and economic efficiency of different energy sources – coal, gas, shale gas, oil, wind, sun, water, nuclei, and others – is examined. The environmental indices of different methods of power generation are presented, the contribution of different types of energy carriers to electricity production and their prospects are indicated, and the environmentally most acceptable energy sources for sustainable development are named. A comprehensive index of the environmental impact is proposed.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0324-6
  • Analysis of the Dynamics of the IBR-2M Pulsed Reactor with Statistically
           Optimal Automatic Regulator
    • Authors: A. A. Marachev; Yu. N. Pepelyshev; A. K. Popov; D. Sumkhuu
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0327-3
  • Complex Method of Non-Destructive Measurements of Plutonium Composition
           and Mass
    • Authors: A. Yu. Gorbunova; V. Yu. Rogozhkin; D. I. Smirnov; V. I. Timoshin
      Abstract: A complex method of performing non-destructive measurements of the isotopic composition and mass of plutonium that does not require external data on 242Pu content is described. The method includes a set of measurements performed by means of γ-spectrometry, calorimetry, and neutron multiplicity. Determinations of the metrological characteristics showed that in terms of accuracy it greatly surpasses the existing analogues, approaching the coulometric and isotopic dilution methods. The method is recommended for use in the industrial production of mixed uranium-plutonium fuel.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0322-8
  • Risk Management of NPP Incidents
    • Authors: A. K. Adamenkov; A. A. Sal’nikov; I. N. Veselova; S. I. Ryasnyi
      Abstract: A diagnostic model for managing the risk of NPP incidents attending different irregularities of equipment operation is examined for the example of the oil delivery system of the main circulation pump. The model includes the construction of a graph of the operation of the oil system and ranking in order to obtain indices of priority for monitoring information flow that reflect the actuation probability of each form of protection. The results of the analysis can used as input data for predicting the duration of a stable state of a technological system in the course of operation on the basis of stochastic extrapolation of the parameters by means of single-channel queuing systems with finite storage – technological protection and blocking.
      PubDate: 2018-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-018-0316-6
  • Theoretical Prerequisites for PIK Reactor Subcriticality Control Aided by
           Spectral Noise Analysis
    • Authors: A. M. Degtyarev; A. A. Ivanov; N. N. Andryushchenko; A. A. Myasnikov; A. S. Zakharov; O. A. Seryanina; S. E. Sorokin
      Pages: 73 - 80
      Abstract: The possibility of measuring and controlling PIK reactor subcriticality on the basis of spectral analysis of reactor noise is examined. A simple lumped-parameter working model of the reactor and an equivalent noise source in accord with Schottky’s relation are used. Attention is focused on the statistical error of measurement of the spectral density of reactor noise owing to the finite measurement time and the random nature of neutron detection in a detector. It is shown that in connection with this error the measurements will require a long time and high-sensitivity detectors.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0304-2
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 2 (2017)
  • Evaluation of the Radiological Consequences of Beyond Design Basis
           Accident for IRT MEPhI
    • Authors: V. K. Sakharov; M. V. Shchurovskaya; V. P. Alferov; N. I. Geraskin; A. A. Portnov
      Pages: 81 - 86
      Abstract: The results of an analysis of the radiological consequences of a beyond design basis accident for IRT MEPhI with high-enrichment uranium fuel and conversion to IRT-3M fuel assemblies with fuel kernel based the alloy U–9% Mo in an aluminum matrix with enrichment 19.7% are presented. The beyond design basis accident is assumed to be blocking of the flow section of the coolant in FA by a foreign object. It was postulated that a single eight-tube FA will melt in this accident. The analysis is performed using approximate conservative estimates. It is shown that the effective dose for the population does not exceed the admissible level. The radiological consequences of the accident for a reactor with high- and low-enrichment fuel are almost indistinguishable.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0305-1
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 2 (2017)
  • Operational Efficiency Evaluation of a Setup for Removing Stresses in the
           Steam Header of PGV-1000 Steam Generator
    • Authors: A. K. Adamenkov; I. V. Malakhov; I. N. Veselova
      Pages: 93 - 95
      Abstract: The effectiveness of a setup for removing stresses in the steam header of a PGV-1000 steam generator is evaluated. The evaluation is based on an investigation of the stress state by means of magnetic anisotropy measurements performed in the zone of the No. 111 weld seam of the hot header of steam generators operating in one of the power-generating units with a V-320 series reactor arrangement. Inspections made it possible to obtain cartograms of the distribution of the difference of the principal mechanical stresses along the perimeter of the weld connection of a PGV-1000 header equipped with a cooling mantle and headers without such a mantle. By means of statistical analysis of the data, a diagram of the distribution of the principal mechanical stresses was obtained. In addition, the distribution of the standard deviation of the principal mechanical stresses as a measure of the dispersion of a random quantity relative to its mathematical expectation was determined.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0307-z
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 2 (2017)
  • Nuclear Fuel Based on Uranium-Zirconium Carbonitride
    • Authors: A. S. Chernikov; V. A. Zaitsev; Yu. F. Khromov
      Pages: 96 - 104
      Abstract: The results of Investigations of the nitrogen and uranium pressure in the system U–Zr–C–N in the temperature range 1873–2073 K and the constructed section of the U–Zr–C–N phase diagram at 1873 K are presented. The behavior of the solid fission products in carbonitride fuel, the interaction of the fuel with a pyrolytic carbon coating, and the behavior of micro fuel elements based on such fuel during high temperature firing and in the presence of a temperature gradient are examined. The conditions for the preparation of fuel compositions of the type uranium carbonitride in a carbide-silicon matrix and some of its physicochemical and mechanical properties are determined. It is noted that there is promise in using fuel compositions and micro fuel elements based on uranium-zirconium carbonitride for high-temperature applications.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0308-y
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 2 (2017)
  • Radwaste Self-Disposal in Geological Formations by Direct γ-Ray
           Heating of Rock
    • Authors: R. V. Arutyunyan; L. A. Bol’shov; A. M. Shvedov
      Pages: 105 - 110
      Abstract: The mechanism of direct heating of rock by radiation in order to transfer energy to the surrounding rock in penetration setups that use the heat released in radioactive decay is examined. The spatial distribution of the energy release owing to absorption of 60Co gamma rays in a layer of soil, salt, and ice is obtained. The temperature distribution and penetration rate are estimated for a 60Co based setup.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0309-x
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 2 (2017)
  • Analysis of the Human Biohazard of Long-Lived Fission Products and
           Actinides for BREST-OD-300 Spent Fuel
    • Authors: S. I. Spiridonov; A. N. Perevolotskii; T. V. Perevolotskaya; R. M. Aleksakhin; E. V. Spirin
      Pages: 122 - 126
      Abstract: The aim of this work is to perform a comparative analysis of the biohazard for the population of long-lived fission products and actinides from BREST-OD-300 reactor spent fuel taking account of the time required for different radionuclides to reach Earth’s surface by migrating from a deep disposal site. It was found that the biohazard of fission products is significantly greater than that of actinides for a long time (20000 years according to the accepted scenario of radionuclide migration). The radiological impact on the population is predicted after 99Tc – radionuclide with high migration capability – reaches the soil surface. 137Cs and 90Sr will not appreciably affect the dose load because of their relatively short half-life. In order to maintain radio-ecological balance between long-lived wastes and native uranium during the entire possible time period, it is sufficient to extract from the BREST-OD-300 spent fuel 90% of the technetium and 75% of the americium with 99.9% of the fissile materials extracted.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0312-2
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 2 (2017)
  • Evaluation of Radioactive Aerosol Precipitation on the Inner Surfaces of
           Steam-Water Lines in Beyond Design Basis Accidents at NPP with RBMK
    • Authors: D. A. Afremov; I. V. Zhukov; D. A. Pripachkin; A. K. Budyka
      Pages: 135 - 139
      Abstract: The results of modeling performed with the MELCOR code of the transport and precipitation of fission product aerosols in the steam-water lines of RBMK during beyond design basis accidents are presented. It is shown that the precipitation of fission product aerosols on the inner surfaces of steam-water lines depends on the course of the accident and can be an effective mechanism for lowering their atmospheric emissions.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0314-0
      Issue No: Vol. 123, No. 2 (2017)
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