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  Subjects -> ENERGY (Total: 307 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENERGY (2 journals)
    - ENERGY (183 journals)
    - ENERGY: GENERAL (8 journals)
    - NUCLEAR ENERGY (30 journals)
    - PETROLEUM AND GAS (53 journals)
    - RENEWABLE ENERGY (31 journals)

ENERGY (183 journals)                 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 406 Journals sorted alphabetically
ActaEnergetica     Open Access  
Advances in Building Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Nuclear Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bulletin of Energy Economics and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atomic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Atoms for Peace: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biofuel Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biofuels     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin de droit nucleaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Carbon Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 7)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clefs CEA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dams and Reservoirs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Development of Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Distributed Generation & Alternative Energy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electrical and Power Engineering Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Electricity Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
ENERGETIKA. Proceedings of CIS higher education institutions and power engineering associations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 24)
Energy & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Energy & Fuels     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Energy and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Energy and Emission Control Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy and Environment Focus     Free   (Followers: 6)
Energy and Environment Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Energy and Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Energy Conversion and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Harvesting and Systems : Materials, Mechanisms, Circuits and Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Energy Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Energy Materials : Materials Science and Engineering for Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Energy Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 58)
Energy Prices and Taxes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Energy Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy Research & Social Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Energy Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Energy Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Energy Strategy Reviews     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Energy Studies Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Energy Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Energy Technology & Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy, Sustainability and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
EPJ Photovoltaics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Renewable Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Energy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Fuel and Energy Abstracts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Functional Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gcb Bioenergy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geothermal Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geothermal Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Green     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Green Energy & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IEA Electricity Information     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IEA Natural Gas Information     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Ingeniería Energética     Open Access  
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Alternative Propulsion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Ambient Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Coal Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Energy and Power     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Energy and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Energy Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Energy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Global Energy Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Green Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Marine Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Desalination     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nuclear Hydrogen Production and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Knowledge Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ocean and Climate Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Power and Energy Conversion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Smart Grid and Green Communications     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sustainable Energy Planning and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sustainable Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Alternate Energy Sources & Technologies     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows     Open Access  
Journal of Energy     Open Access  
Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy, Environment & Carbon Credits     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Fusion Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Energy Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nano Energy and Power Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Power Generation Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Radiological Protection     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solar Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sustainable Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy     Hybrid Journal  
Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Natural Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nature Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Nuclear Data Sheets     Full-text available via subscription  
Nuclear Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Nuclear Law Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nuclear Materials and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oil and Gas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Oil, Gas, Coal and Electricity - Quarterly Statistics - Electricite, charbon, gaz et petrole - Statistiques trimestrielles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Power Technology and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Progress in Nuclear Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Radiochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Radioprotection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Solar Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
SourceOCDE Energie nucleaire     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Nuclear Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South Pacific Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Surface Science Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments     Full-text available via subscription  
Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Technology Audit and Production Reserves     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Washington and Lee Journal of Energy, Climate, and the Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Waste Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Energy and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Wind Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Wind Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

       | Last

Journal Cover Atomic Energy
  [SJR: 0.216]   [H-I: 12]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-8205 - ISSN (Online) 1063-4258
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • History, Current Status, and Prospects for Radioecological Remediation of
           the Arctic
    • Authors: A. A. Sarkisov; L. A. Bol’shov; S. V. Antipov; V. P. Bilashenko; V. L. Vysotskii; M. N. Kobrinskii; P. A. Shvedov
      Pages: 317 - 326
      Abstract: The main problems of the contamination of the Arctic seas by technogenic radionuclides are reviewed. The sources of contamination and assessments of their contribution to the current radiation conditions are examined. Attention is focused on the potential sources of contamination: ships decommissioned from the naval and ice-breaking fleets and nuclear vessels as well as the objects of their maintenance infrastructure (nuclear technological servicing vessels and shore-based technical facilities). The main results of the development and implementation of a strategic master plan for the comprehensive salvaging of objects of the nuclear fleet in the North-West region of the country are described. Sunken nuclear and radiation hazardous objects in the Arctic seas are examined separately. Assessments of their radiation characteristics are presented. Possible radioecological consequences of accidents and the prospects for making these objects safe are examined.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0205-4
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Multifunctional Backup for NPP Internal Needs
    • Authors: R. Z. Aminov; A. N. Egorov; V. E. Yurin; V. N. Bessonov
      Pages: 327 - 333
      Abstract: The multifunctional backup power system for the internal needs of nuclear power plants uses an added steam turbine. This approach makes it possible to increase the power capacity of NPP with water cooled reactors and at the same time maintain high safety and reliability. The reactor cools down in 72 h in the event of an accident with total blackout of NPP. The significant results of multifunctional backup are: positive economic impact, pay back of the added capital investments in the safety system, and higher technical and economic efficiency, safety, and competitiveness of NPP.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0206-3
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Determination of the Heat-Exchange Characteristics of Low-Pressure
           Heat-Exchangers for Lead and Lead-Bismuth Cooled Loops
    • Authors: A. V. Beznosov; A. S. Chernysh; A. D. Zudin; T. A. Bokova; E. G. Novinskii
      Pages: 334 - 338
      Abstract: Heat removal during transient processes in nuclear power installations and bench loops cooled by lead and lead-bismuth coolant is studied. It is shown that low-pressure heat-exchange equipment is effective. The studies were conducted in a non-isothermal loop with circulating of lead coolant at 450–500°C, average speed in the narrow section of the gap in longitudinal flow over the heat-exchange surface 0.1–1.05 m/sec, Peclet number 300–3300, and the oxygen thermodynamic activity in lead 1–10–3. The processes occurring in a non-isothermal liquid-metal loop with an experimental heat-exchange section model the dependence of the heat-exchange characteristics on impurity mass transfer in the loop.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0207-2
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Absorption-Spectral Photometric Method of Measuring the Boric Acid
           Concentration in First-Loop Coolant of a Nuclear Power Reactor
    • Authors: S. K. Mankevich; E. P. Orlov
      Pages: 339 - 343
      Abstract: A modification of the absorption-spectral photometric method and a system based on it are proposed for measuring boric acid concentrations from 0.01 mg/liter to 10 g/liter or more to within 0.01 mg/liter directly in cooling loop of a water moderated and cooled power reactor. Compared with other systems, the method permits increasing the sensitivity and accuracy of boric acid concentration measurements 1000-fold and monitoring the concentration remotely at a radiation-safe distance.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0208-1
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Laser Plasma Methods for Improving the Corrosion Resistance of EP-823
           Steel Fuel-Element Cladding at 650–720°C
    • Authors: V. M. Borisov; V. N. Trofimov; V. A. Kuz’menko; A. Yu. Sapozhkov; V. B. Mikhailov; A. A. Yakushkin; V. E. Cherkovets
      Pages: 344 - 349
      Abstract: The existing excimer lasers with pulse durations in the nanosecond range and high pulse and average power afford a unique possibility of influencing the surface of materials and developing new, efficient technologies. It is shown in this article that surface treatment with a periodic-pulse UV laser cleans surfaces by removing oxides, reduces roughness, and increases hardness. Different variants of pulsed laser deposition of aluminum and Al2O3 are used to form protective, composite, cermet layers that suppress surface corrosion of EP-823 steel fuel-element cladding in lead in contact with air at 650–720°C.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0209-0
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Incentives and Prerequisites for Modernizing NPP Radwaste Management
    • Authors: V. A. Vinnitskii; A. F. Nechaev; A. S. Chugunov; V. I. Pereguda; I. V. Ryzhov
      Pages: 350 - 354
      Abstract: It is shown analytically that the introduction of the law “On the Management of Radioactive Waste” and the start of the active phase of the decommissioning of NPP have changed goal-setting in the waste management system and actualized the task of modernizing the system. The necessary conditions for improving the technological platform for managing radioactive waste at NPP (R&D status, experience in using in practice the advances made in science, commercial accessibility of the required materials and technical means) have mostly been formulated. Modernization of the waste management system, as a rule, does not require radical revisions of the design solutions or high material costs.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0210-7
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Irradiation of Ytterbium Microsources in the SM-3 Reactor
    • Authors: S. V. Akulinichev; S. A. Artamonov; I. S. Tychkin; S. A. Chaushanskii; O. I. Andreev; V. I. Derzhiev; E. G. Romanov; V. A. Tarasov
      Pages: 355 - 359
      Abstract: The conditions for the irradiation of 168Yb-enriched samples in reactors for obtaining sources to be used in brachytherapy are examined. The optimum irradiation conditions in the SM-3 high-flux reactor are determined. The computational methods are compared with the measurements.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0211-6
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Experimental Investigation of Ion Sources of Gas-Filled Neutron Tubes
    • Authors: S. P. Maslennikov; E. Ya. Shkol’nikov
      Pages: 360 - 364
      Abstract: The results of experimental studies of discharge generation regimes in ion sources of gas-filled neutron tubes are presented. The objects of investigation are neutron tubes developed at the Dukhov All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA) for portable pulsed neutron generators. The experiments showed that the conditions for igniting a discharge depend on the pulse-periodic powering system of the ion source and the conditions for heating the gas generator of the neutron tubes. The obtained data show that the efficiency and stability of gas-filled neutron tubes can be increased by optimizing the operating regimes of the powering systems and creating the appropriate ignition conditions for a discharge.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0212-5
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Uncooled CdTe and CdZnTe Based Detectors for γ-Radiation Spectrometry
    • Authors: I. M. Gazizov; A. A. Smirnov; V. G. Fedorkov; Yu. P. Kharitonov; V. S. Khrunov; V. M. Zaletin
      Pages: 365 - 370
      Abstract: The results of a study of the electrophysical characteristics of the detector single crystals CdZnTe and CdTe obtained from the best domestic (Institute of Rare Metal Industry, Giredmet) and foreign (Acrorad (Japan) and Redlen (Canada)) producers are presented. The values of (μτ)e in Redlen CdZnTe were 3·10–3–2·10–2 cm2/V. It is shown that the transport characteristics μτ of nonequilibrium charge carriers in domestic materials is 3–30 times lower than in the foreign samples. The spectrometric characteristics of the fabricated detectors were studied in the γ-ray energy range 30–662 keV using uncollimated γ-ray sources 133Ba, 241Am, 57Co, and 137Cs. The measured spectra of the amplitude distribution of the pulses from these sources are presented. The best energy resolution for quasi-hemispherical CdZnTe detectors in terms of the energy 662 keV 137Cs was 1.7%. The results of these investigations are of interest for monitoring nuclear materials using compact devices with high energy resolution that do not require cooling.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0213-4
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Method of Routine Monitoring of Fuel-Element Cladding Tightness During
           Icebreaker Core Removal
    • Authors: M. M. Kashka; A. N. Pastukhov; O. B. Samoilov; B. I. Kolomiets; S. P. Dovbush
      Pages: 371 - 376
      Abstract: The tightness of fuel-element cladding is monitored in order to identify fuel assemblies where depressurization has occurred in the course of operation. The condition of the fuel elements in the fuel assemblies of icebreaker cores is determined during refueling of the reactor immediately after a spent assembly is loaded into a dry cell of the storage facility cover in the floating technical service facility by extracting an air sample from its active part into a standard radiation-monitoring measurement system. This method of monitoring cladding tightness does not disrupt the refueling of icebreaker reactors or the refueling cycle time and allows routine evaluation of the condition of the core for representative extraction of spent fuel assemblies for materials studies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0214-3
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Particularities of the Dismantling of the Intra-Vessel Structures of the
           RFT Reactor
    • Authors: A. G. Volkovich; O. P. Ivanov; A. V. Lemus; V. I. Pavlenko; S. G. Semenov; Yu. N. Simirskii; S. V. Smirnov; A. V. Stepanov; V. E. Stepanov; A. V. Chesnokov
      Pages: 377 - 382
      Abstract: The results of work on dismantling the graphite masonry and reactor structures of the RFT research reactor at the National Research Center Kurchatov Institute are presented. Remote-controlled technology and remote-sensing measurements of contamination levels were used to perform the operations of removing radioactive structures. Such methods have significantly reduced the impact of the radiation on the workers, the general public living in nearby urban areas, and the environment. The measurements of the dose rate in the masonry channels are presented and the total 137Cs activity in the graphite is determined.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0215-2
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Radioactivity Category Determination for Radiation-Protection Concrete in
           Nuclear Facilities Undergoing Decommissioning
    • Authors: B. K. Bylkin; A. N. Kozhevnikov; I. A. Engovatov; D. K. Sinyushin
      Pages: 383 - 387
      Abstract: The classification used during the decommissioning of nuclear installations for the activated materials of radiation protection made of concrete is validated. It is shown that in the decommissioning of nuclear installations the category of activated wastes that are formed, including owing to the large and sometimes determining contribution of 3H in the total induced activity of the concrete with decay times up to 100 years, can be interpreted loosely. The requirements of handling tritium-containing wastes have not been developed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0216-1
      Issue No: Vol. 121, No. 5 (2017)
       
  • Determination of the Physicochemical Forms of Iodine Isotopes in the
           IVV-2M Reactor Ventilation System
    • Authors: A. A. Ekidin; M. E. Vasyanovich; D. V. Markov; R. G. Bil’danov; Yu. N. Filatov; I. A. Kapustin
      Abstract: The average volume activity of iodine isotopes is determined, and the ratio of the physicochemical forms of iodine isotopes entering the ventilation system of the first loop of the IVV-2M reactor facility before the emission purification system is investigated. New sorption-filtering materials and a new model for the interpretation of the measurement data is used to determine the physicochemical forms of iodine. It is shown that most of the iodine isotopes are represented in the gaseous form as organic compounds and elemental iodine – 29 and 63%, respectively. The aerosol fraction of the iodine isotopes in the experimental samples of the ventilation system air did not exceed 8% on average.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0203-6
       
  • Integral Material Studies of Nuclear Fuel at Institute of Reactor
           Materials
    • Authors: M. V. Chernetsov
      Abstract: Survey information on integral material studies of advanced fuel compositions performed at the Institute of Reactor Materials over a period of 50 years is presented. The influence of the reactor testing conditions on the radiation resistance of different forms of nuclear fuel was investigated: oxide, carbide, nitride, carbosulfide, and some of their compounds. Uranium oxides possessed a different initial microstructure and were doped with the oxides Y2O3, TiO2, Sc2O3, and others. Carbide fuel was tested in the form of solid solutions of uranium carbide with Zr, Nb, and Ta carbides. The dimensional, phase, and structural stability of fuel compositions were studied in hot boxes; the electrophysical and mechanical properties, such as strength in compression and bending, Young’s modulus, the shear modulus, and Poisson’s ratio were investigated. The experimental data on the radiation resistance of advanced fuel compositions formed the basis for the validation of the serviceability of different nuclear reactors.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0193-4
       
  • Mass-Spectrometric Studies of Irradiated Uranium-Erbium Fuel
    • Authors: A. V. Barybin; E. A. Kinev
      Abstract: The aim of this work was to investigate by means of secondary-ion mass spectrometry the isotopic composition of the matrix and the erbium consumable absorber in RBMK fuel samples in the initial state (enrichment from 2.4 to 2.8% in terms of 235U) and the state after irradiation in the IVV-2M reactor (to maximum burnup 34.4 MW·days/kg). It is found that burnup growth is accompanied by reduction of the 167Er concentration and growth of the 168Er content. The residual concentration of 167Er in a mixture of erbium isotopes is 11-fold lower than the initial value. An increase of burnup from 0.42 to 34.4 MW·days/kg is accompanied by 236U and 239Pu accumulation. The 235U concentration in fuel with maximum burnup decreases approximately six-fold relative to the initial value. The usual fission products of irradiated fuel – Cs, Ba, Pr, Nd, Sm, and Ce – are found in the range 132–162 amu.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0198-z
       
  • Methodological and Engineering Approaches to Isotope Production in the
           IVV-2M Reactor
    • Authors: S. B. Zlokazov; A. A. Dzhanelidze; E. I. Zlokazova; A. V. Korenkova; N. A. Kotel’nikov; A. V. Kozlov; S. Yu. Markov; Z. N. Shakirov
      Abstract: Technological advances associated with the production of radioisotope products in the IVV-2M reactor have been made at the Institute of Reactor Materials. The design of the core and the operating regimes were changed, and the useful neutron load of the reactor was doubled. Novel approaches are presented to the production of high-activity 192Ir in a medium-flux reactor, 14C production by irradiation of aluminum nitride with efficient use of reactor resources and 131Cs by methods giving 99.99% purity, and the possibility of using barium carbonate with native 130Ba content 0.1% as the target material, as well as 177Lu. The most significant achievement is the implementation of a design for creating an intense neutrino source based on 37Ar for the international project SAGE.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0201-8
       
  • Burnup and Thermal Annealing Effect on Structural Change and Structural
           Parameters of Uranium-Molybdenum Dispersion Fuel
    • Authors: O. A. Golosov; M. S. Lyutikova; V. B. Semerikov; A. E. Teplykh
      Abstract: Experimental studies of the influence of fuel burnup in the range (3.1–6.9)·1021 fissions/cm3 and subsequent isochronous thermal annealing in the range 150–580°C in 1 h on the change in the structure and structural parameters of the components of dispersion fuel (U–Mo)/Al irradiated in IVV-2M are presented. It is found that the changes in the lattice parameters of the alloy γ-(U–Mo) and aluminum with increasing burnup and annealing temperature are of multistage character. It is determined that as fuel burnup increases the change in the lattice parameters of the alloy and aluminum is nonmonotonic, while the lattice parameters decrease monotonically with increasing temperature of isochronous annealing.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0196-1
       
  • Determination of the Size Distribution of Radioactive Aerosols in the
           IVV-2M Reactor Room Atmosphere
    • Authors: M. E. Vasyanovich; A. A. Ekidin; M. V. Zhukovskii; D. V. Markov; I. M. Russkikh
      Abstract: The results of a determination of the particle size of radioactive aerosols in the reactor room of the IVV-2M reactor facility at the Institute of Reactor Materials are presented. A four-stage diffusion battery with mesh catching elements and a five-stage setup was used to determine the size of aerosol particles. This sampling arrangement makes it possible to study the distribution of radioactive aerosols in the size range 0.5 nm to 23 μm. The gas–aerosol mixture studied in the reactor room contains the radioactive noble gases 138Xe and 88Kr, their decay products 138Cs and 88Rb, and the fission product 132Te. Three basic modes in the range of ultrafine aerosols with active median thermodynamic diameter 0.7, 6, and 35 nm were obtained for this mixture. The relative amount of the aerosols of size <50 nm is 25–30%. No radioactive aerosols with particle size >0.5 μm were detected.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0204-5
       
  • Measurement of the Volume, Pressure, and Composition of Gases Inside a
           
    • Authors: O. A. Golosov; V. N. Nikolkin; M. S. Lyutikova; V. V. Bedin; A. A. D’yakov
      Abstract: One of the stages preceding the failure of fuel elements in research reactors with uranium-molybdenum dispersion fuel is the formation of bulges in the fuel-element cladding with accumulation of gaseous fission products in them. It is impossible to validate the operational safety of fuel elements with such fuel if the behavior of gaseous fission products under such conditions is not understood. The results of experimental determination of the free volume of bulges and the volume, composition, and pressure of the gaseous fission products in them are presented.
      PubDate: 2017-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0195-2
       
  • IVV-2M Nuclear Research Reactor
    • Authors: I. M. Russkikh
      Abstract: Physical startup of the IVV-2 nuclear research reactor at nominal power 5 MW was conducted 50 years ago. Designers, builders, and personnel at the Institute of Reactor Materials needed about 10 years to develop a new reactor – IVV-2M – on the basis of the IVV-2 design. The redesign, which was accomplished in 1974–1982, made it possible not only to increase the neutron-physical parameters of the reactor but also the nuclear and radiation safety. The structural features of the IVV-2M reactor and the basic problems now being solved as well as the prospects for new advancement are shown in the present article.
      PubDate: 2017-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10512-017-0190-7
       
 
 
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