Subjects -> ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (Total: 945 journals)
    - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (848 journals)
    - POLLUTION (27 journals)
    - TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY (53 journals)
    - WASTE MANAGEMENT (17 journals)

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (848 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 378 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Brasiliensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Ecologica Sinica     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acta Environmentalica Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access  
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Oecologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Regionalia et Environmentalica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultural & Environmental Letters     Open Access  
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecological journal     Open Access  
Agronomy for Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Amazon's Research and Environmental Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ambiência     Open Access  
Ambiens. Revista Iberoamericana Universitaria en Ambiente, Sociedad y Sustentabilidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambiente & sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ambiente & Agua : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Annals of Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Environmental Science and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences ? SGGW. Land Reclamation     Open Access  
Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Annual Review of Environment and Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Applied and Environmental Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Journal of Environmental Engineering Science     Open Access  
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arcada : Revista de conservación del patrimonio cultural     Open Access  
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archives of Environmental Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Arctic Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Environment Ecology and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Environment & Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Atmospheric Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Atmospheric Environment : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Augm Domus : Revista electrónica del Comité de Medio Ambiente de AUGM     Open Access  
Austral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australasian Journal of Environmental Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Basic and Applied Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Behavioral Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Biocenosis     Open Access  
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bioremediation Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BioRisk     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMC Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Boletín Instituto de Derecho Ambiental y de los Recursos Naturales     Open Access  
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bothalia : African Biodiversity & Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Built Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment     Open Access  
Business, Peace and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Canadian Journal of Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Carbon Resources Conversion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Casopis Slezskeho Zemskeho Muzea - serie A - vedy prirodni     Open Access  
Cell Biology and Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenges in Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chemico-Biological Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemosphere     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Child and Adolescent Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
China Population, Resources and Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Journal of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal  
Ciencia, Ambiente y Clima     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
City and Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clean Technologies     Open Access  
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleanroom Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Climate Change Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Climate Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cogent Environmental Science     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Environmental Law     Free   (Followers: 11)
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Conservation Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Conservation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Problems of Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Critical Reviews in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica / Geographical Research Letters     Open Access  
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Environmental Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Current Environmental Health Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Forestry Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Landscape Ecology Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current World Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Atmospheric Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Earth Surface Processes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Environmental Modelling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Developments in Environmental Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Integrated Environmental Assessment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Die Bodenkultur: Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment     Open Access  
disP - The Planning Review     Hybrid Journal  
Divulgación Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Drug and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Earth Science Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Earth System Governance     Open Access  
Earth System Science Data (ESSD)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Earth System Science Data Discussions (ESSDD)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth Systems and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
EchoGéo     Open Access  
Ecocycles     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ecologia Aplicada     Open Access  
Ecología en Bolivia     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 192)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ecological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Engineering : X     Open Access  
Ecological Indicators     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ecological Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ecological Management & Restoration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ecological Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
Ecological Monographs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Ecological Processes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecological Restoration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Ecologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Ecology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 427)
Ecology and Evolution     Open Access   (Followers: 83)
Ecology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 314)
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Économie rurale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ecoprint : An International Journal of Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecosphere     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ecosystem Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Ecosystems and People     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecotoxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecotrophic : Journal of Environmental Science     Open Access  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Éducation relative à l'environnement     Open Access  
Electronic Green Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Elementa : Science of the Anthropocene     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Empowering Sustainability International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Basic and Applied Ecology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.108
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 22  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1439-1791
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3204 journals]
  • Lagged effects of sawfly leaf herbivory on reproductive organs in cherry
           trees: Overcompensation in flower production reduces quality of fruits and
           seeds
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): María L. Peschiutta, Fabián G. Scholz, Guillermo Goldstein, Sandra J. Bucci
       
  • Woody elements benefit bird diversity to a larger extent than semi-natural
           grasslands in cereal-dominated landscapes
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Matthias Tschumi, Klaus Birkhofer, Sandra Blasiusson, Martin Jörgensen, Henrik G. Smith, Johan Ekroos
       
  • A heatwave increases turnover and regional dominance in microbenthic
           metacommunities
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 March 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Friederike G. Engel, Birte Matthiessen, Britas Klemens Eriksson
       
  • Do litter-feeding macroarthropods disrupt cascading effects of land use on
           microbial decomposer activity'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 March 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Sylvain Coq, Johanne Nahmani, Elena Kazakou, Nathalie Fromin, Jean-François David
       
  • Examining intraspecific multiple predator effects across shifting predator
           sex ratios
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 March 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Ross N. Cuthbert, Tatenda Dalu, Ryan J. Wasserman, Olaf L.F. Weyl, P. William Froneman, Amanda Callaghan, Jaimie T.A. Dick
       
  • Floral visitors in urban gardens and natural areas: Diversity and
           interaction networks in a neotropical urban landscape
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: Basic and Applied Ecology, Volume 43Author(s): Linda Marín, Mariana Esther Martínez-Sánchez, Philippe Sagot, Darío Navarrete, Helda Morales
       
  • Amphibian diversity in Polish cities: Taxonomic diversity, functional
           diversity and evolutionary distinctiveness
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Mikołaj Kaczmarski, Yanina Benedetti, Federico Morelli
       
  • Small wild bee abundance declines with distance into strawberry crops
           regardless of field margin habitat
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Gail MacInnis, Christopher M. Buddle, Jessica R.K. Forrest The preservation of pollinator habitat on croplands in the form of hedgerows, wildflower strips, and natural and semi-natural areas can help maintain and enhance wild bee populations in agricultural landscapes. However, there have been few comparisons of the effectiveness of different types of field-margin pollinator habitat in maintaining bee diversity and pollination of the focal crops. We compared wild bee abundance, species richness and community composition between strawberry crops bordered by hedgerows, and those bordered by larger expanses of natural land (forests). Strawberry is an ideal crop in which to investigate pollinator export from field margins as the rows are covered with straw, which reduces habitat for ground-nesting bees within the crop; thus, most wild pollinators need to enter the crop from the margins. We sampled bees in six strawberry fields with hedgerow margins and six strawberry fields with forested margins of at least 200 m in length, using a paired design. We examined strawberry pollen deposition at regular intervals into the fields, and the magnitude of pollinator export from the field margins towards the centre of the crops. We found that bees as a group were no more species-rich or abundant in crops bordered by forests than in crops bordered by hedgerows, although large-bodied bees were more abundant in the former than the latter. Regardless of field-margin type, we found that small wild bee abundance declined significantly from the edge to the centre of the crop, but honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) and large-bodied bee abundance did not. Strawberry pollen deposition also did not decline with distance into the crop. Although previous work indicates that small wild bees are more effective (yield-increasing) pollinators of strawberry on a per-visit basis, their limited foraging ranges suggest they may only pollinate areas near the crop margins, given typical field sizes in our area.
       
  • Redundancy in wildflower strip species helps support spatiotemporal
           variation in wild bee communities on diversified farms
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Laura A. Burkle, Casey M. Delphia, Kevin M. O’Neill Wildflower strips are a management practice increasingly used to provide floral resources to wild bees in agroecosystems. Yet, despite known spatiotemporal variation in wild bee communities, the degree to which different wildflower strip species consistently support wild bee communities is poorly understood. Additionally, whether such consistency is related to the functional roles wildflower species play (e.g., in supporting diverse, rare, or unique suites of bee species) has not been considered. Over three years and on four diversified farms, we evaluated spatiotemporal variation in wild bee communities and bee-flower interactions in wildflower strips to better understand the roles of flower strip species in supporting bees. We documented spatiotemporal variation in the abundance, richness, and composition of local wild bee communities. Certain wildflower species consistently supported the highest richness of wild bees across years. These wildflower species were regularly core members of the bee-flower interaction network, visited by both generalist and specialist bees. By contrast, wildflower species supporting the most unique suites of bees were variable in this role among farms. In order to select plant species for wildflower strips that consistently support a high diversity of wild bee communities within farm landscapes, it is useful to consider several different functional roles that plants may play. Whereas a handful of wildflower species may be visited by the majority of local wild bee species, achieving support for the remaining, and perhaps rarer, bee species will require planting additional flower species, which may appear redundant until the spatiotemporal variation in wild bee communities is more thoroughly considered. This functional approach to selecting wildflower species for bee conservation efforts is important for making practical recommendations to land managers and for guiding best management practices in different regions and with diverse management goals.
       
  • So close and yet so different: The importance of considering temporal
           dynamics to understand habitat selection
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Laura Richter, Niko Balkenhol, Christoph Raab, Horst Reinecke, Marcus Meißner, Sven Herzog, Johannes Isselstein, Johannes Signer Habitat selection of animals is influenced by spatial heterogeneity as well as temporal environmental dynamics. In addition, human activities potentially have severe influences on the habitat selection of animals, often resulting in more nocturnal behavior. We investigated seasonal and circadian habitat selection patterns of red deer (Cervus elaphus) on a military training area in Bavaria (Germany). Individual deer ranged on two neighboring, but non-overlapping sites differing in landscape composition and human activity. Using GPS telemetry data, we visually investigated selection patterns and then fitted step-selection functions to assess multiple approaches to account for temporal (i.e., diel and seasonal) effects and for the impact of habitat conditions on selection. We first showed that the way in which time of day is considered in step-selection functions is essential for obtaining ecologically meaningful results, and that the usual ways of including time (i.e., either based on clock-time or based on night vs. day categories) can lead to incomplete or misleading conclusions. Furthermore, we found that individuals followed either circadian or seasonal habitat selection patterns, depending on the site they inhabited. This can be explained by differences in disturbance between the two sites. Except in winter, individuals selected for open habitats during the nights irrespective of human activity level, but only individuals from the more disturbed site selected for covered habitats during the day. Our results highlight the importance of carefully considering the appropriate temporal scale for habitat selection analyses. Our findings also indicate that red deer are not a crepuscular or nocturnal species per se, as is often observed in human-dominated landscapes. Instead, our results imply that nocturnality in red deer is an effect of adaption to human activities.
       
  • Inadequate pollination services limit watermelon yields in northern
           Tanzania
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Thomas Sawe, Anders Nielsen, Ørjan Totland, Samora Macrice, Katrine Eldegard Insect pollination plays a vital role for the yield of many crops, such as apples, strawberries and coffee, which are economically significant commodities on the global market. Yet, knowledge about the role of insect pollination is lacking for many cash crops that support the livelihoods of small-scale farmers in developing countries.To assess if yields of watermelon are pollen limited, we conducted a supplemental hand-pollinated experiment (using a pollen mixture of cross and self-pollen) in 13 small-scale farms in an agricultural landscape in the Kilimanjaro and Arusha regions in northern Tanzania. We assessed fruit set, fruit abortion and weight of the mature fruits stemming from hand pollinated and control flowers. To check if differences in yield responses between hand-pollinated and control treatments depended on resource availability, we also accounted for local soil conditions.We found that hand pollination i) increased the probability of fruit initiation by 30%, ii) reduced the probability of fruit abortion by 13%, iii) increased the probability of flowers developing into mature fruits by 42% and iv) increased average fruit weight by 1.3 kg (± 0.15 SE). Our results indicate that our system is pollen limited, due to insufficient visitor frequency and/or inefficient pollinator species.Fruit initiation and fruit weight were positively related to soil carbon, irrespective of treatment. The influence of soil moisture was not consistent across the measured responses, and differed between hand-pollinated and the control treatments.We suggest that farmers in our focal area should focus on improving the quality of the landscape to sustain and enhance healthy pollinator communities ultimately improving yields. We also suggest that farmers should continue current practices with respect to fertilization. The role of soil moisture on fruit initiation and maturation should be investigated to ensure that the positive effects of pollen is not hindered by soil moisture conditions.
       
  • Islands in cities: urbanization and fragmentation drive taxonomic and
           functional variation in ground arthropods
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Elena Piano, Davide Giuliano, Marco Isaia The conversion of natural lands in urban areas is exponentially increasing worldwide, causing a major decline in biodiversity. Environmental alterations caused by urbanization, such as land conversion and isolation of natural patches, favour tolerant and generalist species, causing both species loss and replacement. In addition, selective pressure is exerted on particular functional traits, driving a functional homogenization or turnover of biotic communities. We sampled ground arthropods within the municipality of Turin (NW-Italy), wherein an isolated and a connected control subplot were repeatedly sampled at 15 stations distributed along a gradient of increasing urbanization. Such a nested sampling design allowed us to investigate the taxonomic and the functional responses of carabids and spiders to both the urbanization level and patch isolation. First, we highlighted the dominant role played by species homogenization (nestedness) in explaining both taxonomic and functional variation in both groups of arthropods. Secondly, we showed that urbanization causes simultaneously functional homogenization and replacement in both carabid and spider assemblages, whereas patch isolation influences carabid species composition and homogenizes and shifts spider taxonomic and functional composition. Lastly, by relating community-weighted means of body length, dispersal capacity and trophic strategy to the urbanization and isolation gradients, we demonstrated that urbanization alters the trophic structure of both taxonomic groups and increases the average dispersal capacity of spiders. On the other hand, patch isolation affected the functional composition of spiders only, reducing the body size and increasing dispersal capacity and the proportion of web-builder species. Our results demonstrate that both urbanization and patch isolation alter species composition by causing functional and taxonomic homogenization. In addition, they exert a strong filtering effect on community functional traits, increasing the proportion of phytophagous species in carabids, and increasing dispersal capacity and web-builders occurrence in spiders, while reducing spider body size.
       
  • Effects of urbanization-climate interactions on range expansion in the
           invasive European pavement ant
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Marion Cordonnier, Arnaud Bellec, Gilles Escarguel, Bernard Kaufmann Global changes, such as climate and urbanization, are strongly entwined and aggravated by the development of human activities, which also intensifies the human-mediated dispersal of species. However, few studies have explicitly considered the combined influence of urbanization and climate on species expansion. We investigated the combined roles of climate, urbanization and human-mediated dispersal in the expansion of Tetramorium immigrans (an invasive pavement ant in North America) in urban areas of South-eastern France. A total of 544 T. immigrans individuals were sampled from 16 urban gradients and genotyped at 14 microsatellite markers. Based on molecular ecology methods and statistical modelling, we evaluated the impact of climate and urbanization on its distribution patterns. Through the combined study of the occurrence probabilities of T. immigrans, its genetic structure and the founder effects within its populations, the effect of climate-urbanization interaction on species distribution was clearly evidenced, suggesting that in the north of its range, T. immigrans subsists under harsher climate by colonizing the most urbanized areas. Many taxa may conform to such pattern, making the combined study of climate and urbanization a necessary challenge for future studies. Distribution patterns concurred with similar observations in the American invasive range of T. immigrans, making it likely that it may not be native to the northernmost part of its European range. Cryptic invasions or discreet range shifts in response to increasing urbanization are likely to occur in many taxa, especially in ants, and deserve increased attention from researchers and managers alike.
       
  • The Solitary Bees: Biology, Evolution, Conservation, Bryan N. Danforth,
           Robert L. Minckley, John L. Neff. Princeton University Press, Princeton,
           NJ, USA (2019), 488 pp., $45.00 (Hardback), $29.34 (eBook). ISBN:
           9780691168982 (Hardback), 9780691189321 (eBook)
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: Basic and Applied Ecology, Volume 43Author(s): Alexandra-Maria Klein
       
  • Testing prediction accuracy in short-term ecological studies
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Connor M. Wood, Zachary G. Loman, Shawn T. McKinney, Cynthia S. Loftin Applied ecology is based on an assumption that a management action will result in a predicted outcome. Testing the prediction accuracy of ecological models is the most powerful way of evaluating the knowledge implicit in this cause-effect relationship, however, the prevalence of predictive modeling and prediction testing are spreading slowly in ecology. The challenge of prediction testing is particularly acute for small-scale studies, because withholding data for prediction testing (e.g., via k-fold cross validation) can reduce model precision. However, by necessity small-scale studies are common. We use one such study that explored small mammal abundance along an elevational gradient to test prediction accuracy of models with varying degrees of information content. For each of three small mammal species, we conducted 5,000 iterations of the following process: (1) randomly selected 75% of the data to develop generalized linear models of species abundance that used detailed site measurements as covariates, (2) used an information theoretic approach to compare the top model with detailed covariates to habitat type-only and null models constructed with the same data, (3) tested those models’ ability to predict the 25% of the randomly withheld data, and (4) evaluated prediction accuracy with a quadratic loss function. Detailed models fit the model-evaluation data best but had greater expected prediction error when predicting out-of-sample data relative to the habitat type models. Relationships between species and detailed site variables may be evident only within the framework of explicitly hierarchical analyses. We show that even with a small but relatively typical dataset (n = 28 sampling locations across 125 km over two years), researchers can effectively compare models with different information content and measure models’ predictive power, thus evaluating their own ecological understanding and defining the limits of their inferences. Identifying the appropriate scope of inference through prediction testing is ecologically valuable and is attainable even with small datasets.
       
  • Abundant Earth: Toward an Ecological Civilization, Eileen Crist. The
           University of Chicago Press, Chicago (2019), 288 pp., $105.00 (Hardback),
           $35.00 (Paperback), ISBN: 9780226596778 (Hardback), 9780226596808
           (Paperback)
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: Basic and Applied Ecology, Volume 43Author(s): S. Suresh Ramanan
       
  • Biodiversity and carbon storage are correlated along a land use intensity
           gradient in a tropical montane forest watershed, Mexico
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 January 2020Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Quetzalli Vizcaíno-Bravo, Guadalupe Williams-Linera, Heidi Asbjornsen Tropical montane cloud forest landscapes are changing, and forest conversion to other land uses is a major driver of biodiversity loss. Land use intensification can lead to significant losses in biodiversity and carbon storage (C); however, the impacts may vary greatly depending on land use type, management practices, and environmental context. We investigated how biodiversity and C are related along a gradient of land use intensification characterized by four dominant land uses in the upper part of Antigua River watershed, Mexico. The land uses were montane cloud forest, secondary forest, and traditional and intensive shade coffee plantations. We determined tree species composition, diversity, ecosystem structure, wood density and C content in dominant tree species to assess aboveground biomass (AGB) and C storage within eight study sites across the land use intensity gradient. A total of 83 tree species was recorded. A canonical correspondence analysis indicated that land uses are separated by particular tree species assemblages. Forests had higher basal area, density, and biomass than coffee plantations, however, the traditional shade coffee plantation had values similar to secondary forest. Calculating C using the standard estimate of 50% of AGB resulted in an overestimation of stored C by 5.8 to 4.1% compared to calculations based on actual measurements. Carbon storage in AGB and biodiversity were strongly and positively related across the land use intensity gradient, although the distinction between the two different intensities of coffee plantation management was not consistently as clear as we had expected. Carbon was highest in forest, but secondary forests and traditional shade coffee plantation had similar C, while intensive coffee had the lowest C content. These results highlight the importance of considering the potential of low intensity land uses such as traditional coffee plantations to mitigate biodiversity loss and preserve ecosystem functions as part of conservation efforts.
       
  • Grassland management for meadow birds in the Netherlands is unfavourable
           to pollinators
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2019Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): M.F. (Marco) Tanis, Leon Marshall, J.C. (Koos) Biesmeijer, Lisette van Kolfschoten Agricultural intensification and loss of semi-natural grassland have contributed to biodiversity decline, including pollinator species, in pastures around the world. To reverse the decline, agri-environmental schemes have been implemented, varying widely in effectiveness. In addition, many countries, including the Netherlands, have established nature reserves in which semi-natural grasslands are restored and are often managed for specific groups of species, e.g. meadow birds or plants. The effects of such measures on insect biodiversity are not well known but recent reports on the dramatic decline of insect biomass in nature reserves have put even more attention to the impact of land use and management on biodiversity. This study compares pollinator abundance and species richness in three common semi-natural grassland management types in the Netherlands: (1) hay meadows, (2) herb-rich grasslands and (3) meadow bird grasslands. Pollinator abundance and species richness were assessed in eleven study areas, each with all three management types present. Standardized transects, insect sampling within a standard 20 minute time frame and plot-based flower surveys were used in spring and summer to assess the relationships between management regime, floral abundance and diversity and pollinator communities. The results show that meadow bird grasslands have lower pollinator abundance and diversity and a less unique pollinator assemblage than both other types. Moreover, flower abundance has a positive effect on pollinator abundance and flower diversity has a positive effect on pollinator species richness. These results indicate that meadow-bird grasslands are a comparatively unfavourable habitat for bees, hoverflies and butterflies, which may be explained by a lack of flowers as well as unsuitable mowing practices. Measures benefitting both insectivorous birds and flower-visiting insects, such as rotational mowing, could remediate this imbalance.
       
  • Computing Skills for Biologists: A Toolbox, S. Allesina, M. Wilmes.
           Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA (2019), 417 pp., €105.50
           (Hardcover), €47.50 (Paperback), ISBN: 978-0-691-16729-9 (Hardcover),
           978-0-691-18275-9 (Paperback)
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: Basic and Applied Ecology, Volume 43Author(s): Carsten F. Dormann
       
  • Bumble bee abundance and richness improve honey bee pollination behaviour
           in sweet cherry
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 November 2019Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Maxime Eeraerts, Guy Smagghe, Ivan Meeus Pollination service in agricultural crops increases significantly with pollinator diversity and wild pollinator abundance. Differences in the foraging behaviour of pollinating insects are one of the reasons why pollinator diversity and abundance enhances crop pollination. Here, we focused on the foraging behaviour of honey bees and bumble bees in sweet cherry orchards. In addition, we studied the influence of bee diversity and abundance on the foraging behaviour of honey bees and bumble bees. Honey bees were found to visit fewer flowers than bumble bees. Bumble bees also showed a higher probability of changing trees between rows than honey bees. Both visitation rate and probability of row changes of honey bees increased with bumble bee diversity and with bumble bee abundance. We also found that the probability of row changes of honey bees increased with increasing bumble bee abundance. These effects of bumble bee richness and abundance on the pollination behaviour of honey bees can improve the pollination performance of honey bees in crops that depend on cross pollination. Our results highlight the higher pollination performance of bumble bees and the facilitative effect of wild pollinators to crop pollination.
       
  • Native seed addition as an effective tool for post-invasion restoration
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Anna Bucharova, František Krahulec Invasive plant species reduce biodiversity, alter ecosystem processes, and cause economic losses. Control of invasive plants is therefore highly desired by land managers and policy makers. However, invasive plant control strategies frequently fail, partly because management often concentrates only on the eradication of invasive plants and not on revegetation with native species that use the available resources and prevent reinvasion. In this study, we focused on the intracontinental invader Rumex alpinus L., which was introduced by humans from the Alps to the lower mountains of Central Europe, where it has spread to semi-natural meadows, suppresses local biodiversity, and reduces the quality of hay used as cattle fodder. The species can be effectively removed using herbicide, but this leaves behind a persistent seed bank. Without further treatment, the invader rapidly regenerates and reinvades the area. We supplemented the herbicide treatment by adding the seeds of native grasses. Addition of native-seed effectively suppressed the regeneration of the invader from the seed bank, reduced its biomass, and consequently, prevented massive reinvasion. While the invader removal was successful, the restored community remained species-poor because the dense sward of native grasses blocked the regeneration of native forbs from the seed bank. Nevertheless, the addition of native seed proved to be an effective tool in preventing reinvasion after the eradication of the invasive plant.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
       
  • Vegetation characteristics influence fine-scale intensity of habitat use
           by wild turkey and white-tailed deer in a loblolly pine plantation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Donald P. Chance, Johannah R. McCollum, Garrett M. Street, Bronson K. Strickland, Marcus A. Lashley Habitat quality is often evaluated based on food availability. However, ecological theory suggests cover should be a more important decision rule when food is not a proximate threat to fitness, as cover mediates predation risk as well as other important factors of fitness. In reality, vegetation characteristics related to food availability and cover are rarely coupled with animal use in the same space and time to determine their relative influences on habitat use. Using an array of 81 camera traps in a matrix of forest management strategies used to deliberately cause a wide disparity in vegetation characteristics, we monitored intensity of use by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo). We measured vegetation characteristics related to food and cover at each camera trap location then used a generalized additive model to determine how vegetation characteristics specific to the location affected intensity of habitat use by animals at the location. Consistent among both species, cover best explained intensity of habitat use. Contrastingly, food did not explain intensity of habitat use well for either species. Some vegetation simultaneously provides cover and food, and our data indicate that areas with vegetation characteristics providing both resources had the greatest influence on intensity of habitat use by both species. Our results suggest deer and turkey may perceive cover as a more important habitat component when food is not a proximate fitness threat.
       
  • Top-down pressure by generalist and specialist natural enemies in relation
           to habitat heterogeneity and resource availability
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Davide Bellone, Christer Björkman, Maartje J. Klapwijk Habitat heterogeneity might to promote the abundance and richness of natural enemies potentially leading to higher top-down pressure on herbivorous insects. Heterogeneous habitats could provide natural enemies with more abundant and alternative resources and a greater variety of micro-habitats. Natural enemies with different searching behaviours, e.g. generalists and specialists, could be affected in different ways by habitat heterogeneity, thus affecting their pressure on herbivorous insects.To understand how top-down pressure on herbivorous insects is promoted by habitat heterogeneity, it is crucial to investigate which parameters contributing to habitat heterogeneity affect not only the abundance and richness but also the searching behaviour of different natural enemies. We investigated the relationship between heterogeneity in forest habitats and the top-down pressure exerted by generalist predators and specialist parasitoids on larvae of the European pine sawfly (Neodiprion sertifer).We used forest stands with endemic or epidemic densities of resident sawfly populations, within each stand we selected experimental trees to create variation in tree species diversity and density in their surrounding area, i.e. habitat heterogeneity. We found that a higher tree density increased the predation by generalists on sawfly larvae in stands with endemic sawfly densities. Parasitoids were less successful in stands with endemic sawfly densities. Total mortality depended on stand character and the proportion of pine around experimental trees.The explained variation in the response variables by the models is relatively low, indicating that other measures of heterogeneity, like understory vegetation and presence of dead wood could contribute to the observed variation. Also, interference between generalist and specialist enemies could affect the realized mortality pressure. Thus, the effect of tree species diversity in combination with these other measures of heterogeneity needs to be recognized to promote the presence and the activity of natural enemies in managed habitats.
       
  • Different contributions of birds and mammals to seed dispersal of a
           fleshy-fruited tree
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 August 2019Source: Basic and Applied EcologyAuthor(s): Yoshihiro Tsunamoto, Shoji Naoe, Takashi Masaki, Yuji Isagi Birds and mammals are important seed dispersers of fleshy-fruited plants. Although their behaviors are different, they frequently consume the same species. Thus to understand the dispersal of fleshy-fruited plants, the contribution of birds and mammals to seed dispersal has to be evaluated. Besides, within birds or mammals, some species may functionally different from others. In this study, we examined seed dispersal of the fleshy-fruited tree Swida controversa focusing on the difference between two frugivore groups (birds and mammals), and differences between species within groups. Collected seeds and S. controversa trees were identified using simple sequence repeat (SSR) genotyping, thus enabling to determine the distance between mother tree and dispersed seeds. The avian species were identified by DNA barcoding of feces, whereas the mammalian species were identified by the shape and smell of feces. Most seeds that fell near or under the maternal trees were dispersed by birds, resulting in short seed dispersal distances (average, 13 m). DNA barcoding detected five taxa of avian dispersers. No differences were detected in seed dispersal distance by different avian taxa (i.e., the distance between dispersed seeds and their maternal trees within the research plot); however the rate of seed immigration from outside the research plot by some avian taxa varied significantly. The seed dispersal distance by mammals was significantly further (127 m; min> 50 m) than that by birds. Additionally, immigrated seeds accounted for approximately two-thirds of mammal-dispersed seeds, indicating that these seeds were from outside the research plot, and that mammals significantly contributed to the long-distance seed dispersal of S. controversa. No differences in seed dispersal distance were detected between different mammalian taxa. Overall, this study revealed that birds and mammals show clearly different seed dispersal patterns, and thus, they play different roles in the regeneration of S. controversa.
       
 
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