for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2269 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (190 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (181 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (101 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1203 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (61 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)

ENGINEERING (1203 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1001 - 1200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Progress in Energy and Combustion Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Progress in Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research & Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Progress in Polymer Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Purinergic Signalling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns d’Història de l’Enginyeria     Open Access  
Quality and Reliability Engineering International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Quality Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Radiochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Rapid Prototyping Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rare Metals     Hybrid Journal  
Reactive and Functional Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Patents on Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Recent Patents on Nanotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Recherche Transports Sécurité     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Redes de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Regional Maritime University Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Regular and Chaotic Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
Rem : Revista Escola de Minas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Requirements Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Engineering Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Research Works of Air Force Institute of Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Reviews in Advanced Sciences and Engineering     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Revista AIDIS de Ingeniería y Ciencias Ambientales. Investigación, desarrollo y práctica     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ciencias e Ingeniería al Día     Open Access  
Revista CINTEX     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Engenharia da Universidade Católica de Petrópolis     Open Access  
Revista de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Ingenieria Sismica     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación     Open Access  
Revista EIA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingenieria - Universidad de Tarapaca     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Fatec Zona Sul : REFAS     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial RIAI     Open Access  
Revista Informador Técnico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenieria de Construcción     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Métodos Numéricos para Cálculo y Diseño en Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista Logos Ciencia & Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista Petra     Open Access  
Revue de Métallurgie     Full-text available via subscription  
Russian Engineering Research     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Russian Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sadhana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Safety Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Scholedge International Journal of Multidisciplinary & Allied Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science & Technique     Open Access  
Science and Engineering Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science China Technological Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Technology and innovations     Open Access  
Science Progress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Scientia cum Industria     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Control Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Journal of Review     Open Access  
Sealing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Securitas Vialis     Hybrid Journal  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Selcuk University Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Semiconductors     Hybrid Journal  
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription  
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sensor Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Separation and Purification Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Shock and Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
SIAM Journal on Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
SIAM Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
SILICON     Hybrid Journal  
Sistemas & Telemática     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sleep and Biological Rhythms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Small     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Smart Grid     Open Access  
Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Soldagem & Inspeção     Open Access  
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
SourceOCDE Developpement urbain, rural et regional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SourceOCDE Energie     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Energy     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Science and Technology Statistics - SourceOCDE Base de donnees des sciences et de la technologie     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Transport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SourceOECD Urban, Rural and Regional Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Computer Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
South African Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sports Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Stahlbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Steel in Translation     Hybrid Journal  
Steel Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Stochastic Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stochastic Processes and their Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Stochastics and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
Strain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
Studies in Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Logic and Practical Reasoning     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Surface Review and Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Surface Science Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Survey Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Surveying and Land Information Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sustainability Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sustainability Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sustainable Management of Sediment Resources     Full-text available via subscription  
Swiss Journal of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Symmetry     Open Access  
Synthesis Lectures on Algorithms and Software in Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Antennas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Synthesis Lectures on Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Computational Electromagnetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Synthesis Lectures on Energy and the Environment: Technology, Science, and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Global Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Professionalism and Career Advancement for Scientists and Engineers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Synthetic Metals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Systems Engineering Procedia     Open Access  
Systems Research Forum     Hybrid Journal  
Systems Science & Control Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Techno.Com     Open Access  
Technological Engineering     Open Access  
Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
TECHNOLOGY     Hybrid Journal  
Technology and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technology in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Technometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Tecnologia, Ciencia, Educacion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tecnura     Open Access  
Telecommunications Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Terahertz Science and Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Textile Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Supercomputing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
The Scientific World Journal     Open Access  
Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Thermal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tikrit Journal of Engineering Science     Open Access  
tm - Technisches Messen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Topics in Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Traffic Injury Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
TRANSACTIONS of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava, Safety Engineering Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transactions of Tianjin University     Full-text available via subscription  
Transport and Telecommunication Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Transport World Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transportation Research Board     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Applied Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tribology in Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tribology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Tribology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Tribology Transactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Tribotest     Hybrid Journal  
Tropical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ultramicroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal Journal of Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Utilities Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Vacuum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Virtual and Physical Prototyping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Visualization in Engineering     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Waste and Biomass Valorization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Waste Management Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Waves in Random and Complex Media     Hybrid Journal  
Waves, Wavelets and Fractals     Open Access  
Wear     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Welding in the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
West African Journal of Industrial and Academic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
World Journal of Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
World Journal of Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
World Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World Pumps     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
World Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover Journal of Electronic Testing
  [SJR: 0.372]   [H-I: 27]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-0727 - ISSN (Online) 0923-8174
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • A Low-Cost Reliability vs. Cost Trade-Off Methodology to Selectively
           Harden Logic Circuits
    • Authors: I. Wali; B. Deveautour; Arnaud Virazel; A. Bosio; P. Girard; M. Sonza Reorda
      Abstract: Selecting the ideal trade-off between reliability and cost associated with a fault tolerant architecture generally involves an extensive design space exploration. Employing state-of-the-art reliability estimation methods makes this exploration un-scalable with the design complexity. In this paper we introduce a low-cost reliability analysis methodology that helps taking this key decision with less computational effort and orders of magnitude faster. Based on this methodology we also propose a selective hardening technique using a hybrid fault tolerant architecture that allows meeting the soft-error rate constraints within a given design cost-budget and vice versa. Our experimental validation shows that the methodology offers huge gain (1200 ×) in terms of computational effort in comparison with fault injection-based reliability estimation method and produces results within acceptable error limits.
      PubDate: 2017-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-017-5640-6
  • A High-Level Approach to Analyze the Effects of Soft Errors on Lossless
           Compression Algorithms
    • Authors: Serhiy Avramenko; Matteo Sonza Reorda; Massimo Violante; Görschwin Fey
      Abstract: In space applications, the data logging sub-system often requires compression to cope with large amounts of data as well as with limited storage and communication capabilities. The usage of Commercial off-the-Shelf (COTS) hardware components is becoming more common, since they are particularly suitable to meet high performance requirements and also to cut the cost with respect to space qualified ones. On the other side, given the characteristics of the space environment, the usage of COTS components makes radiation-induced soft errors highly probable. The purpose of this work is to analyze a set of lossless compression algorithms in order to compare their robustness against soft errors. The proposed approach works on the unhardened version of the programs, aiming to estimate their intrinsic robustness. The main contribution of the work lies in the investigation of the possibility of performing an early comparison between different compression algorithms at a high level, by only considering their data structures (corresponding to program variables). This approach is virtually agnostic of the downstream implementation details. This means that the proposed approach aims to perform a comparison (in terms of robustness against soft errors) between the considered programs before the final computing platform is defined. The results of the high-level analysis can also be used to collect useful information to optimize the hardening phase. Experimental results based on the OpenRISC processor are reported. They suggest that when properly adopted, the proposed approach makes it possible to perform a comparison between a set of compression algorithms, even with a very limited knowledge of the target computing system.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5637-6
  • Radiation-Induced Fault Simulation of SOI/SOS CMOS LSI’s Using Universal
           Rad-SPICE MOSFET Model
    • Authors: Konstantin O. Petrosyants; Lev M. Sambursky; Igor A. Kharitonov; Boris G. Lvov
      Abstract: The methodology of modeling and simulation of environmentally induced faults in radiation hardened SOI/SOS CMOS IC’s is presented. It is realized at three levels: CMOS devices – typical analog or digital circuit fragments – complete IC’s. For this purpose, a universal compact SOI/SOS MOSFET model for SPICE simulation software with account for TID, dose rate and single event effects is developed. The model parameters extraction procedure is described in great depth taking into consideration radiation effects and peculiarities of novel radiation-hardened (RH) SOI/SOS MOS structures. Examples of radiation-induced fault simulation in analog and digital SOI/SOS CMOS LSI’s are presented for different types of radiation influence. The simulation results show the difference with experimental data not larger than 10–20% for all types of radiation.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5635-8
  • On the Consolidation of Mixed Criticalities Applications on Multicore
    • Authors: Stefano Esposito; Massimo Violante
      Abstract: In this paper we propose a hybrid solution to ensure results correctness when deploying several applications with different safety requirements on a single multi-core-based system. The proposed solution is based on lightweight hardware redundancy, implemented using smart watchdogs and voter logic, combined with software redundancy. Two techniques of software redundancy are used: the first one is software temporal triple modular redundancy, used for those tasks with low criticality and no real-time requirement. The second software redundancy technique is triple module redundancy for tasks with high criticality and real-time requirements, assisted by a hardware voter. A hypervisor is used to separate each task in the system in an independent resource partition, thus ensuring that no functional interference is occurring. The proposed solution has been evaluated through hardware and software fault injection on two hardware platforms, featuring a dual-core processor and a quad-core processor respectively. Results show a high fault tolerance achieved using the proposed architecture.
      PubDate: 2017-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5636-7
  • High Speed Energy Efficient Static Segment Adder for Approximate Computing
    • Authors: R . Jothin; C. Vasanthanayaki
      Abstract: Real time high quantity digital data computing design needs to achieve high performance with required accuracy range. The constraints involved with high performance are low power consumption, area efficiency and high speed. This paper proposes a design of high speed energy efficient Static Segment Adder (SSA), which improves the overall performance based on static segmentation. Accuracy Adjustment Logic (AAL) is incorporated to improve the accuracy derived from negating lower order bytes of input operands. In this paper, an integration of static segment method and accuracy adjustment logic is used to achieve computational accuracy for error tolerant applications. The proposed adder design enables to provide high speed and energy efficiency through the static segmentation method. Image enhancement operation is carried out using proposed SSA design. In this method, 99.4% overall computational accuracy for 16-bit addition even with 8-bit adder can be achieved.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5634-9
  • Golden-Free Hardware Trojan Detection with High Sensitivity Under Process
    • Authors: Tamzidul Hoque; Seetharam Narasimhan; Xinmu Wang; Sanchita Mal-Sarkar; Swarup Bhunia
      Abstract: Malicious modification of integrated circuits in untrusted design house or foundry has emerged as a major security threat. Such modifications, popularly referred to as Hardware Trojans, are difficult to detect during manufacturing test. Sequential hardware Trojans, usually triggered by a sequence of rare events, represent a common and deadly form of Trojans that can be extremely hard to detect using logic testing approaches. Side-channel analysis has emerged as an effective approach for detection of hardware Trojans. However, existing side-channel approaches suffer from increasing process variations, which largely reduce the detection sensitivity and sets a lower limit of the sizes of Trojans detectable. In this paper, we present TeSR, a Temporal Self-Referencing approach that compares the current signature of a chip at two different time windows to isolate the Trojan effect. Since it uses a chip as a reference to itself, the method completely eliminates the effect of process noise and other design marginalities (e.g. capacitive coupling), thus providing high detection sensitivity for Trojans of varying size. Furthermore, unlike most of the existing approaches, TeSR does not require a golden reference chip instance, which may impose a major limitation. Associated test generation, test application, and signature comparison approaches aimed at maximizing Trojan detection sensitivity are also presented. Simulation results for three complex sequential designs and three representative sequential Trojan circuits demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach under large inter- and intra-die process variations. The approach is also validated with current measurement results from several Xilinx Virtex-II FPGA chips.
      PubDate: 2016-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5632-y
  • An ATE Filter Characterization ToolKit Using a Discrete Chirped Excitation
           Signal as Stimulus
    • Authors: Peter Sarson
      Abstract: This paper describes how to measure a full suite of RF filter characteristics using reusable code to produce a chirp that sweeps the filters’ frequency range. It shows how to measure 3 dB points, bandwidth and group delay of any filter and how accurately the technique correlates to measurements of the silicon performance made in the lab. The test time saving and stability of results are shown as well as the advantages of the technique with regard to having full characterization data available in a production program. Historically test engineers have been asked to characterize certain parts of the device during debug of initial silicon. This adds time pressure to an already time critical sections of product delivery milestone because device characterization on ATE is never part of the original test quotation. This also adds considerable cost pressure since this takes extra software development and tester time to produce. The proposed method can alleviate a part of this problem.
      PubDate: 2016-12-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5633-x
  • An Efficient Reverse Engineering Hardware Trojan Detector Using Histogram
           of Oriented Gradients
    • Authors: Abdurrahman A. Nasr; Mohamed Z. Abdulmageed
      Abstract: The problem of hardware Trojan is certainly serious, complex and tricky. Therefore, hardware Trojan (HT) detection is difficult, time and effort consuming and challenging due to non-trivial threats that compromise the security of integrated circuits (IC). The problem becomes more serious with the extensive outsourcing of ICs design and fabrication by untrusted foundries. Recently, hardware Trojan detection has gained insight and interest from different researches and industries in order to detect Trojan horses in the fabrication phase of an IC. In that phase HT detection requires expensive testing techniques. Hardware Trojans in the fabrication phase show that the detection process may be either side-channel based (non-destructive) or reverse engineering based (destructive). The destructive approach consists mainly of three steps: (1) decapsulation, (2) delayering and (3) imaging for layout identification. This paper presents a new approach for automating the third step, namely, the layout identification of the underlying circuit. The proposed approach automatically extracts and describes the features of circuit layout by making use of histogram of oriented gradient. Features descriptors obtained from such histogram of oriented gradient are then fed to a machine learning classifier represented by a decision tree that aims at learning the pattern of malicious ICs in order to differentiate them from benign ones. In addition, the classification result is enhanced by utilizing AdaBoost learning algorithm to produce a strong meta-classifier in a chain of cascaded stages. Based on that scheme, a composite classification model is built up to provide an Automatic Hardware Trojan Detection and description Tool (AHTDT). The proposed model has been tested (on noisy and clean data) and evaluated using ISCAS89 benchmark dataset. Such benchmark is emphasized deliberately to show different Trojan examples –namely, Trojan insertion, Trojan deletion and Trojan parametric- inside hardware circuits. Model simulation and evaluation results have shown a remarkable enhancement in HT detection compared to other reverse engineering detection techniques. Moreover, the proposed approach has the advantages of being automatic, systematic and capable of detecting and diagnosing hardware Trojans accurately with high detection rate, while keeping low false positive rate.
      PubDate: 2016-12-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5631-z
  • Using Distortion Shaping Technique to Equalize ADC THD Performance Between
    • Authors: Peter Sarson; Haruo Kobayashi
      Abstract: In this paper, we describe how a phase switching technique is used to control the harmonic contents of a generated sinusoidal signal using digital signal processing techniques. We will describe how this technique equalizes the harmonic performance of arbitrary waveform generators installed in a large scale integration test system, allowing extended performance testing of the total harmonic distortion of an analog-to-digital converter that ordinarily would be possible only using more advanced test equipment. Once a device has been characterized and correlated to the bench, a test engineer is required to release the product into production. One of the major issues surrounding this exercise is the difference in the obtained results between testers of the same manufacture for parameters sensitive to harmonics, noise, and spurious components such as total harmonic distortion. By using the techniques developed in this paper, the user will be able to deploy an academic solution to an industrial problem and extend the range of test equipment that ordinarily would need to be discarded for such test requirements. We will then show the gauge repeatability and reproducibility between two testers of the same manufacture, and how using the described technique produces a better correlation, thus allowing less stringent guard-bands to guarantee the performance of those devices that have performance criteria close to the device specification. This work also goes some way to proving previous papers’ works on distortion shaping testing to enhance the spectral performance of arbitrary waveform generators.
      PubDate: 2016-12-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5630-0
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Vishwani D. Agrawal
      PubDate: 2016-12-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5629-6
  • New Methodology for Complete Properties Extraction from Simulation Traces
           Guided with Static Analysis
    • Authors: Mohamed Hanafy; Hazem Said; Ayman M. Wahba
      Abstract: This paper introduces a new methodology for digital design properties extraction from simulation traces. A new Breadth-First Decision Tree (BF-DT) mining algorithm is proposed for complete properties extraction from simulation traces. The new mining engine supports both bit-level and word-level values of different design variables. Static analysis technique is implemented to extract all data dependencies between the digital design variables. New traces regeneration algorithm is proposed to obtain reduced traces for more efficient and easier mining. The mining engine is guided with these data dependencies to extract complete design properties relating target variables desired to extract properties for and their cone of interest feature variables. The contributed mining technique has been tested for different designs with different sizes. The design properties generated from the mining engine completely match with all design properties covered in the input simulation traces. Moreover, the generated properties are at the highest possible level of abstraction leading to the best coverage for the input data space. The simulation results show that the proposed methodology has superior efficiency in extracting both bit-level and word-level complete assertions of digital design in both superior quality and feasible time.
      PubDate: 2016-11-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5626-9
  • 2015 JETTA-TTTC Best Paper Award
    • PubDate: 2016-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5627-8
  • Four-Port Network Parameters Extraction Method for Partially Depleted SOI
           with Body-Contact Structure
    • Authors: Jun Liu; Yu Ping Huang; Kai Lu
      Abstract: This work presents a model parameter extraction method based on four-port network for RF SOI MOSFET modeling. The gate, drain, source and body terminals are served as four separate ports. Four-port measurement simplifies the determination of small-signal equivalent circuit model elements such as parameters related to the body terminal which become clear in the equivalent circuit analysis. The extraction method of the RF SOI MOSFET extrinsic parasitic elements was also presented. The accuracy of the model extraction was verified by measurement and simulation from 100 MHz to 20 GHz.
      PubDate: 2016-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5625-x
  • Test Technology Newsletter
    • PubDate: 2016-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5628-7
  • A Routability-Aware Algorithm for Both Global and Local Interconnect
           Resource Test and Diagnosis of Xilinx SRAM-FPGAs
    • Authors: Aiwu Ruan; Haiyang Huang; Jingwu Wang; Yifan Zhao
      Abstract: With increasing scale of Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), architecture of interconnect resources (IRs) in FPGA is becoming more and more complicated. IR testing plays an important role to guarantee correct functionality of FPGAs. Usually, architecture of Global IRs is regular, while architecture of Local IRs is more complicated compared to Global IRs. In the paper, a generic IR model revealing the connection relationships for both Global and Local IRs in Xilinx series FPGAs is studied. A routability-aware algorithm based on the generic IR model is also presented. Test configurations (TCs) can be automatically generated by the proposed algorithm. Thus, both Global and Local IRs can be tested with identical method. Further, the algorithm is generic and independent of type and size of FPGAs. The algorithm is evaluated in Virtex series FPGAs. Experimental results demonstrate that the routing algorithm is applicable to Virtex series FPGAs with higher IR coverage achieved.
      PubDate: 2016-11-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5622-0
  • Instruction-Vulnerability-Factor-Based Reliability Analysis Model for
           Program Memory
    • Authors: Qingyu Chen; Li Chen; Haibin Wang; Longsheng Wu; Yuanqing Li; Xing Zhao; Mo Chen
      Abstract: Bit faults induced by single-event upsets in instruction may not cause a system to experience an error. The instruction vulnerability factor (IVF) is first defined to quantify the effect of non-effective upsets on program reliability in this paper; and the mean time to failure (MTTF) model of program memory is then derived based on IVF. Further analysis of MTTF model concludes that the MTTF of program memory using error correcting code (ECC) and scrubbing is not always better than unhardened program memory. The constraints that should be met upon utilizing ECC and scrubbing in program memory are presented for the first time, to the best of authors’ knowledge. Additionally, the proposed models and conclusions are validated by Monte Carlo simulations in MATLAB. These results show that the proposed models have a good accuracy and their margin of error is less than 3 % compared with MATLAB simulation results. It should be highlighted that our conclusions may be used to contribute to selecting the optimal fault-tolerant technique to harden the program memory.
      PubDate: 2016-11-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5624-y
  • Mahalanobis Distance Based Approach for Anomaly Detection of Analog
           Filters Using Frequency Features and Parzen Window Density Estimation
    • Authors: Zewen Hu; Mingqing Xiao; Lei Zhang; Shuai Liu; Yawei Ge
      Abstract: Analog filters play a very important role in insuring the availability of electronic systems. Early detection of anomalies of analog filters can prevent the impending failures and enhance reliability. The complex architecture and the tolerances of multiple components make it very difficult to detect anomalies in analog filters. To address this concern, A Mahalanobis distance (MD) based anomaly detection method for analog filters is proposed in this paper. The conventional frequency features and the moment of frequency response are selected as the feature vector. Mahalanobis distance is used to transform the frequency feature vector to one dimensional MD data. The anomaly detection threshold is obtained based on probability density of the health MD data sets which is estimated by Parzen window density estimation method. The efficiency of the proposed method has been verified by two case studies. In the case studies, a comprehensive indicator constructed by miss alarm and false alarm is used to obtain an optimal anomaly detection threshold. One class SVM (OCSVM) based anomaly detection method is used as a comparison with our approach. The results illustrate that: (1) the proposed frequency features can effectively clarify the degradation of analog filters; (2) the proposed MD based approach can detect anomalies in analog filters effectively at an early time stage. (3) the proposed MD based approach can detect anomalies in analog filters more accurately than OCSVM based method.
      PubDate: 2016-11-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5623-z
  • Analog Circuit Test Point Selection Incorporating Discretization-Based
           Fuzzification and Extended Fault Dictionary to Handle Component Tolerances
    • Authors: Yiqian Cui; Junyou Shi; Zili Wang
      Abstract: Analog circuit test point selection aims to find the least number of test points that can isolate all the fault modes (including the fault-free case). The fault dictionary, which uses the integer-valued codes to represent the diagnosability of a specific test point, is very popular and saves computation efforts. However, the classical fault dictionary has a limited ability to handle the component tolerances and continuous-valued monitoring variables. To solve the problem, the approach of clustering-based discretization (CBD) is used to abstract the information of data samples distribution. We also develop a new fault dictionary construction technique called extended fault dictionary (EFD). An element of EFD is a set containing either a single integer code or multiple integer codes. The fault isolation rules are redefined, and a novel entropy measure is created in line with CBD of the continuous values. The practical test point selection procedures are presented, which avoids the likelihood to include a redundant test point. Finally, two application studies of circuit test point election are presented, showing that the proposed method provides an effective implementation option for the engineering practice of circuit diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2016-11-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5620-2
  • Optimal Selective Count Compatible Runlength Encoding for SOC Test Data
    • Authors: Harpreet Vohra; Amardeep Singh
      Abstract: Test data volume amount is increased multi-fold due to the need of quality assurance of various parts of the circuit design at deep submicron level. Huge memory is required to store this enormous test data which not only increases the cost of the ATE but also the test application time. This paper presents an optimal selective count compatible run length (OSCCPRL) encoding scheme for achieving maximum compression for reduction of the test cost. OSCCPRL is a hybrid technique that amalgamates the benefits of other two techniques: 10 Coded run length (10 C) and Selective CCPRL (SCCPRL) proposed here. These techniques work on improvement of the 9 C and CCPRL techniques. In OSCCPRL, entire data is segmented in blocks and further compressed using inter block and intra block level merging techniques. SCCPRL technique is used for encoding the compatible blocks while the 10C is used to do encoding at sub block (half block length) level. In case, if no compatibility is found at block/sub block level then the unique pattern is held as such in the encoded data along with the necessary categorization bits. The decompression architecture is described and it is shown how by just the addition of few states of FSM, better test data compression can be achieved as compared to previous schemes. The simulation results performed for various ISCAS benchmarks circuits prove that the proposed OSCCPRL technique provides an average compression efficiency of around 80 %.
      PubDate: 2016-10-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5617-x
  • An Effective Power-Aware At-Speed Test Methodology for IP Qualification
           and Characterization
    • Authors: Kapil Juneja; Darayus Adil Patel; Rajesh Kumar Immadi; Balwant Singh; Sylvie Naudet; Pankaj Agarwal; Arnaud Virazel; Patrick Girard
      Abstract: Advanced nanometer technologies have led to a drastic increase in operational frequencies resulting in the performance of circuits becoming increasingly vulnerable to timing variations. The increasing process spread in advanced nanometer nodes poses considerable challenges in predicting post-fabrication silicon performance from timing models. Thus, there is a great need to qualify basic building structures on silicon in terms of critical parameters before they could be integrated within a complex System-on-Chip (SoC). The work of this paper presents a configurable circuit and an associated power-aware at-speed test methodology for the purpose of qualifying basic standard cells and complex IP structures to detect the presence of timing faults. Our design has been embedded within test-chips used for the development of the 28 nm Fully Depleted Silicon On Insulator (FD-SOI) technology node. The relevant silicon results and analysis validate the proposed power-aware test methodology for qualification and characterization of IPs and provide deeper insights for process improvements.
      PubDate: 2016-10-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10836-016-5621-1
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Your IP address:
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016