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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2255 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (187 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (178 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (99 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1203 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
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    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (90 journals)

ENGINEERING (1203 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1001 - 1200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
Progress in Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research & Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Progress in Polymer Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 232)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Purinergic Signalling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns d’Història de l’Enginyeria     Open Access  
Quality and Reliability Engineering International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Quality Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Radiochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Rapid Prototyping Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rare Metals     Hybrid Journal  
Reactive and Functional Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Patents on Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Recent Patents on Nanotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Recherche Transports Sécurité     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Redes de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Regional Maritime University Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Regular and Chaotic Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
Rem : Revista Escola de Minas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Requirements Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Engineering Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Works of Air Force Institute of Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Review of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Reviews in Advanced Sciences and Engineering     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Revista AIDIS de Ingeniería y Ciencias Ambientales. Investigación, desarrollo y práctica     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ciencias e Ingeniería al Día     Open Access  
Revista Científica e-Locução     Open Access  
Revista CINTEX     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Engenharia da Universidade Católica de Petrópolis     Open Access  
Revista de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Ingenieria Sismica     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación     Open Access  
Revista EIA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingenieria - Universidad de Tarapaca     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial RIAI     Open Access  
Revista Informador Técnico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenieria de Construcción     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Métodos Numéricos para Cálculo y Diseño en Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista Logos Ciencia & Tecnología     Open Access  
Revue de Métallurgie     Full-text available via subscription  
Russian Engineering Research     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Russian Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sadhana     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Safety Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Scholedge International Journal of Multidisciplinary & Allied Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science & Technique     Open Access  
Science and Engineering Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science China Technological Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Science in Context     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Technology and innovations     Open Access  
Science Progress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Scientia cum Industria     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Control Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Journal of Review     Open Access  
Sealing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Securitas Vialis     Hybrid Journal  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selcuk University Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Semiconductors     Hybrid Journal  
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription  
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sensor Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Separation and Purification Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Shock and Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
SIAM Journal on Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
SIAM Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
SILICON     Hybrid Journal  
Sistemas & Telemática     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sleep and Biological Rhythms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Small     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Smart Grid     Open Access  
Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Soldagem & Inspeção     Open Access  
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
SourceOCDE Developpement urbain, rural et regional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SourceOCDE Energie     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Energy     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Science and Technology Statistics - SourceOCDE Base de donnees des sciences et de la technologie     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Transport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SourceOECD Urban, Rural and Regional Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Computer Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sports Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stahlbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Steel in Translation     Hybrid Journal  
Steel Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Stochastic Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Stochastic Processes and their Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Stochastics and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
Strain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
Studies in Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Logic and Practical Reasoning     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Surface Review and Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Surface Science Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Survey Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Surveying and Land Information Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sustainability Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sustainability Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sustainable Management of Sediment Resources     Full-text available via subscription  
Swiss Journal of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Symmetry     Open Access  
Synthesis Lectures on Algorithms and Software in Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Antennas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Computational Electromagnetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Energy and the Environment: Technology, Science, and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Global Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Professionalism and Career Advancement for Scientists and Engineers     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthetic Metals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Systems Engineering Procedia     Open Access  
Systems Research Forum     Hybrid Journal  
Systems Science & Control Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Techno.Com     Open Access  
Technological Engineering     Open Access  
Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
TECHNOLOGY     Hybrid Journal  
Technology and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technology in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Technometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Tecnologia, Ciencia, Educacion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tecnura     Open Access  
Telecommunications Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Terahertz Science and Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Textile Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows     Full-text available via subscription  
The Journal of Supercomputing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
The Scientific World Journal     Open Access  
Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Thermal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Tikrit Journal of Engineering Science     Open Access  
tm - Technisches Messen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Traffic Injury Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
TRANSACTIONS of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava, Safety Engineering Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transactions of Tianjin University     Full-text available via subscription  
Transport and Telecommunication Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Transport World Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transportation Research Board     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trends in Applied Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tribology in Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tribology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Tribology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Tribology Transactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Tribotest     Hybrid Journal  
Tropical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ultramicroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal Journal of Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Utilities Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Vacuum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Virtual and Physical Prototyping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Visualization in Engineering     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Waste and Biomass Valorization     Hybrid Journal  
Waste Management Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Waves in Random and Complex Media     Hybrid Journal  
Waves, Wavelets and Fractals     Open Access  
Wear     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Welding in the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
West African Journal of Industrial and Academic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
World Journal of Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
World Journal of Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
World Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World Pumps     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
World Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover Journal of Electronic Testing
  [SJR: 0.241]   [H-I: 24]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-0727 - ISSN (Online) 0923-8174
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • A Comprehensive FPGA-Based Assessment on Fault-Resistant AES against
           Correlation Power Analysis Attack
    • Abstract: Abstract The secret key used in a cryptosystem can be retrieved by physical attacks such as side-channel analysis (SCA) and fault analysis (FA) attacks. Traditionally, countermeasures for different physical attacks are developed in a separate fashion. To lay a solid foundation for countermeasure development for the emerging combined attacks, it is imperative to thoroughly study how the countermeasure for one attack affects the efficiency of other attack. In this work, we use a FPGA-based platform to investigate whether and how the FA countermeasure can influence the efficiency of the correlation power analysis (CPA) attack. Unlike the previous work using simulations on the S-Box only, our assessments are based on the FPGA emulation of the entire AES. In addition to considering different error detection codes, we compare the key retrieval speed of the CPA attack in the scenarios of using different power models, redundancy types for fault detection, modules under fault protection, and practical FPGA synthesis optimization. Furthermore, we propose a new countermeasure that integrates dynamic masking and error deflection to simultaneously thwart CPA and FA attacks. Experimental results show that for 100,000 power traces, our method successfully prevents the key leakage while other methods leak at least five AES subkey bytes. Meanwhile, our simulation also confirms that the proposed method reduces the success rate of FA attacks by up to 90 % over the other methods.
      PubDate: 2016-06-25
  • The Faults Diagnostic Analysis for Analog Circuit Based on FA-TM-ELM
    • Abstract: Abstract Developing fault detection is very important for improving the equipment reliability and saving energy consumption. As compared with neural networks, extreme learning machine (ELM) is based on statistical learning theory, which has advantages of better classification ability and generalization performance. This paper presents a novel approach for fault detection and diagnosis based on Firefly-Chaos Algorithm and Extreme Learning Machine. The experiment result indicates this proposed method is effective for Analog Circuit fault detection and diagnosis and the model generalization ability is favorable.
      PubDate: 2016-06-22
  • Security Path: An Emerging Design Methodology to Protect the FPGA IPs
           Against Passive/Active Design Tampering
    • Abstract: Abstract Modern FPGAs have a great market share in hardware prototyping, massive parallel systems and reconfigurable architectures. Although the field-programmability of FPGAs is an effective feature in the growth and diversity of their applications; it has caused security concerns for IPs/Designs on FPGAs. Recent researches show that a reliable mechanism is required to protect the IPs/applications on FPGAs against malicious manipulations during all stages of design lifecycle, especially when they are operating in the field. In this paper, we propose a new tamper-resistant design methodology (Security Path methodology) and a revised security-aware FPGA architecture. This methodology protects the configured design against tampering attacks in parallel with the normal operation of the circuit. When the attack is discovered, the normal data flow is obfuscated and the circuit is blocked. Experimental results show that this methodology provides near full coverage in tampering detection with overhead of 12.32 % in power, 12 % in delay and 38 % in area.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
  • Test Data Compression for System-on-chip using Flexible Runs-aware PRL
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a flexible runs-aware PRL coding method whose coding algorithm is simple and easy to implement. The internal 2-n -PRL coding iteratively codes 2 n runs of compatible or inversely compatible patterns inside a single segment. The external N-PRL coding iteratively codes flexible runs of compatible or inversely compatible segments across multiple segments. The decoder architecture is concise. The benchmark circuits verify the flexible runs-aware PRL coding method, the experimental results show it obtains higher compression ratio and shorter test application time.
      PubDate: 2016-05-19
  • NBTI-Aware Design of Integrated Circuits: A Hardware-Based Approach for
           Increasing Circuits’ Life Time
    • Abstract: Abstract Advances in CMOS technology have made possible the increase of integrated circuit’s density, which impacts directly on the circuit’s performance. However, technology scaling poses some reliability concerns that directly affect the circuit’s lifetime. One of the most important issues in nanoscale circuits is related to the time-dependent variation caused by Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI). This phenomenon increases the threshold voltage of pMOS transistors, which introduces delay along the integrated circuits’ paths, eventually causing functional failures. In this paper, a hardware-based technique able to increase the lifetime of Integrated Circuits (ICs) is proposed. In more detail, the technique is based on an on-chip sensor able to monitor IC’s aging and to adjust its power supply voltage in order to minimize NBTI effects and increase the circuit’s lifetime. Experimental results obtained throughout simulations demonstrate the technique’s efficiency, since the circuit’s lifetime has been increased by 150 %. Finally, the analysis of the main overheads introduced as well as the impact related to process variation renders the evaluation of the proposed approach possible.
      PubDate: 2016-05-16
  • Editorial
    • PubDate: 2016-05-14
  • Side-Channel Information Characterisation Based on Cascade-Forward
           Back-Propagation Neural Network
    • Abstract: Abstract Traditional cryptanalysis assumes that an adversary only has access to input and output pairs, but has no knowledge about internal states of the device. However, the advent of side-channel analysis showed that a cryptographic device can leak critical information. In this circumstance, Machine learning is known as a powerful and promising method of analysing of side-channel information. In this paper, an experimental investigation on a FPGA implementation of elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) was conducted to explore the efficiency of side-channel information characterisation based on machine learning techniques. In this work, machine learning is used in terms of principal component analysis (PCA) for the preprocessing stage and a Cascade-Forward Back-Propagation Neural Network (CFBP) as a multi-class classifier. The experimental results show that CFBP can be a promising approach in characterisation of side-channel information.
      PubDate: 2016-05-14
  • Identification and Rejuvenation of NBTI-Critical Logic Paths in Nanoscale
    • Abstract: Abstract The Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) phenomenon is agreed to be one of the main reliability concerns in nanoscale circuits. It increases the threshold voltage of pMOS transistors, thus, slows down signal propagation along logic paths between flip-flops. NBTI may cause intermittent faults and, ultimately, the circuit’s permanent functional failures. In this paper, we propose an innovative NBTI mitigation approach by rejuvenating the nanoscale logic along NBTI-critical paths. The method is based on hierarchical identification of NBTI-critical paths and the generation of rejuvenation stimuli using an Evolutionary Algorithm. A new, fast, yet accurate model for computation of NBTI-induced delays at gate-level is developed. This model is based on intensive SPICE simulations of individual gates. The generated rejuvenation stimuli are used to drive those pMOS transistors to the recovery phase, which are the most critical for the NBTI-induced path delay. It is intended to apply the rejuvenation procedure to the circuit, as an execution overhead, periodically. Experimental results performed on a set of designs demonstrate reduction of NBTI-induced delays by up to two times with an execution overhead of 0.1 % or less. The proposed approach is aimed at extending the reliable lifetime of nanoelectronics.
      PubDate: 2016-05-12
  • Impact of Fin-Height on SRAM Soft Error Sensitivity and Cell Stability
    • Abstract: Abstract FinFET technology has become the most promising alternative to continue CMOS scaling due to its improved short channel effects. Design flexibility reduces on FinFET based circuits such as SRAM cells due to the effective channel width is determined by an integer number of fins. In this work, the impact of fin height size of FinFET transistors on the simultaneous behavior of soft error sensitivity and SRAM cell static noise margin is investigated. 3-D TCAD Sentarus environment is used to quantify the amount of collected and critical charges of an SRAM cell due to a heavy ion strike while Mix-Mode Hspice-TCAD simulation is used for stability analysis. Even more, the influence of process variations on sensitivity to soft errors and cell stability is considered. A 10 nm-SOI Tri-Gate FinFET technology is used. Results show that increasing the fin height of FinFET transistors considerably increases SRAM cell sensitivity to soft errors but improves its stability. This suggests that the optimum fin height value of FinFET transistors of an SRAM cell depends on the best tradeoff between soft error robustness and stability.
      PubDate: 2016-05-10
  • Test Technology Newsletter
    • PubDate: 2016-05-05
  • An SEU-Resilient SRAM Bitcell in 65-nm CMOS Technology
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents an SEU-resilient 12 T SRAM bitcell. Simulation results demonstrate that it has higher critical charge than the traditional 6 T cell. Alpha and proton testing results validate that it has a lower soft error rate compared to the reference designs for all data patterns and supply voltage levels. The improvement in SEU tolerance is achieved at the expense of 2X area penalty.
      PubDate: 2016-04-29
  • High Performance Significance Approximation Error Tolerance Adder for
           Image Processing Applications
    • Abstract: Abstract Addition is one of the fundamental arithmetic operations which are used extensively in many VLSI systems such as microprocessors and application specific DSP architectures. In this paper, the Significance Approximation Error Tolerant Carry Select Adder (SAET-CSLA) is constructed, which is efficient in terms of accuracy, power and area. While considering the elementary structure of an image processing applications, it is a combination of the multipliers and delays, which in turn are the combination of the adders. This research paper describes the Algorithmic strength reduction technique which leads to a reduction in hardware complexity by exploiting the significances. This transformation is basically implemented for the reduction in the power consumption and area efficient of Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) design or iteration period in a programmable Digital Signal Processing (DSP) implementation. The significance approximation error tolerant adder is designed using full adder and approximate full adder cells with reduced complexity at the gate level. The performance of 16 bit conventional Carry Select Adder (CSLA), 16 bit Error Tolerant carry select Adder (ET-CSLA) and proposed Significance Approximation Error Tolerant Carry Select Adder (SAET-CSLA) are compared. For all the 216 input combinations, comparison is made between existing and proposed CSLA adders and the error tolerance analysis is carried out for accuracy improvement. Application of image processing is carried out using proposed SAET-CSLA.
      PubDate: 2016-04-29
  • Optimization of Boundary Scan Tests Using FPGA-Based Efficient Scan
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a method for optimization of board-level scan test with the help of reconfigurable scan-chains (RSCs) implemented in a programmable logic of FPGA. Despite that the RSC concept is a well-known solution for scan-based test time reduction, the usage of RSC may lead to un-acceptable hardware overhead. In our work, we are targeting a completely new approach of exploiting on-board FPGA resources that being unconfigured are typically available during the manufacturing test phase for carrying out tests using temporarily implemented virtual RSC structures. As the allocated FPGA logic is re-claimed for functional use after the test is finished, the presented method delivers all the advantages of RSCs at no extra hardware cost. Experimental results show that the proposed virtual RSCs can fit into all available commercial FPGAs providing a significant test time reduction in comparison with state-of-the-art Boundary Scan test tecnique.
      PubDate: 2016-04-28
  • Real-Time Adaptive Test Algorithm Including Test Escape Estimation Method
    • Abstract: Abstract This work aims to reduce the test time per chip, but affect the quality of the products only as little as possible compared to the conventional semiconductor test. For that purpose, a simulation software has been developed that performs adaptive test simulations based on real data and test results of conventional production testing. Products has been analyzed and both the potential for test time savings and the resulting loss of quality are determined. Finally, it is shown that by the intelligent omission of tests, compared to conventional testing procedures, test time reduction of up to 50 % can be achieved. In contrast, there are only few defective components that are not detected by the adaptive test procedure and which reduced the quality of products. In best case, the fraction of test escapes was under 40 ppm. To handle the potential risk of test escapes this paper also introduces a statistical estimation method.
      PubDate: 2016-04-25
  • A New Capacitance-to-Frequency Converter for On-Chip Capacitance
           Measurement and Calibration in CMOS Technology
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, a new capacitance-to-frequency converter using a charge-based capacitance measurement (CBCM) circuit is proposed for on-chip capacitance measurement and calibration. As compared to conventional capacitor measurement circuits, the proposed technique is able to represent the capacitance in term of the frequency so that the variations can be easily handled in measurement or calibration circuits. Due to its simplicity, the proposed technique is able to achieve high accuracy and flexibility with small silicon area. Designed using standard 180 nm CMOS technology, the core circuit occupies less than 50 μm × 50 μm while consuming less than 60 μW at an input frequency of 10 MHz. Post-layout simulation shows that the circuit exhibits less than 3 % measurement errors for fF to pF capacitances while the functionality has been significantly improved.
      PubDate: 2016-04-23
  • A Fast Statistical Soft Error Rate Estimation Method for Nano-scale
           Combinational Circuits
    • Abstract: Abstract Nano-scale digital integrated circuits are getting increasingly vulnerable to soft errors due to aggressive technology scaling. On the other hand, the impacts of process variations on characteristics of the circuits in nano era make statistical approaches as an unavoidable option for soft error rate estimation procedure. In this paper, we present a novel statistical Soft Error Rate estimation framework. The vulnerability of the circuits to soft errors is analyzed using a newly defined concept called Statistical Vulnerability Window (SVW). SVW is an inference of the necessary conditions for a Single Event Transient (SET) to cause observable errors in the given circuit. The SER is calculated using a probabilistic formulation based on the parameters of SVWs. Experimental results show that the proposed method provides considerable speedup (about 5 orders of magnitude) with less than 5 % accuracy loss when compared to Monte-Carlo SPICE simulations. In addition, the proposed framework, keeps its efficiency when considering a full spectrum charge collections (more than 36X speedups compared to the most recently published similar work).
      PubDate: 2016-04-16
  • Automatic Feature Selection of Hardware Layout: A Step toward Robust
           Hardware Trojan Detection
    • Abstract: Abstract Recently, the problem of hardware Trojan detection has gained a tangible significance in academia and industry. That problem, by its nature, is complex, time consuming and error prone due to design and fabrication outsourcing of hardware circuits to external untrusted foundries. Researchers have proposed different approaches, either destructive or non-destructive, to overcome that problem. The destructive approach depends on reverse engineering via decapsulation, delayering and layout identification. This paper presents a first trial of a new approach that can afford an automatic and robust solution for the step of layout identification. The proposed technique takes the underlying digital circuit as input, and automatically determines its basic features using Haar feature extractor. Based on that features, a decision tree is trained to act as a weak classifier, which is later boosted, by making use of AdaBoost learning algorithm, to produce a strong classifier in a chain of cascaded classifiers. Accordingly, a classification model is built up to provide an automatic hardware Trojan location and detection tool. To evaluate the proposed model, ISCAS89 benchmark dataset was used for training and testing. The hardware dataset has been altered deliberately to show different Trojan examples –namely, Trojan insertion, Trojan deletion and Trojan parametric- inside hardware circuits. By investigating the underlying experimental results, the capabilities of the proposed model are evaluated, and the evaluation shows that the approach can detect different hardware Trojan types in different circuit layouts, with high accuracy rate. The proposed approach is not only automatic, but also robust and promising.
      PubDate: 2016-04-07
  • Dynamic Power Integrity Control of ATE for Eliminating Overkills and
           Underkills in Device Testing
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper proposes a power integrity control technique for dynamically controlling power supply voltage fluctuations for a device under test (DUT), and demonstrates its effectiveness for eliminating the overkills/underkills due to the difference of power supply impedance between an automatic test equipment (ATE) and a practical operating environment of the DUT. The proposed method injects compensation currents into the power supply nodes on the ATE system in a feed-forward manner such that the ATE power supply waveform matches with the one on the customer’s operating environment of the DUT. A method for calculating the compensation current is also described. Experimental results show that the proposed method can emulate the power supply voltage waveform under a customer’s operating condition and eliminate 95 % of overkills/underkills in the maximum operating frequency testing with 105 real silicon devices. Limitations and applications of the proposed method are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-04-02
  • Editorial
    • PubDate: 2016-03-22
  • Test Technology Newsletter
    • PubDate: 2016-03-02
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