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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2269 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (190 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (181 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (101 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1203 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (61 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)

ENGINEERING (1203 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1001 - 1200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Progress in Energy and Combustion Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Progress in Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research & Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Progress in Polymer Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Purinergic Signalling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns d’Història de l’Enginyeria     Open Access  
Quality and Reliability Engineering International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Quality Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Radiochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Rapid Prototyping Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rare Metals     Hybrid Journal  
Reactive and Functional Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Patents on Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Recent Patents on Nanotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Recherche Transports Sécurité     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Redes de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Regional Maritime University Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Regular and Chaotic Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
Rem : Revista Escola de Minas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Remote Sensing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Requirements Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Engineering Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Research Works of Air Force Institute of Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Reviews in Advanced Sciences and Engineering     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Revista AIDIS de Ingeniería y Ciencias Ambientales. Investigación, desarrollo y práctica     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ciencias e Ingeniería al Día     Open Access  
Revista CINTEX     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Engenharia da Universidade Católica de Petrópolis     Open Access  
Revista de Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista de Ingenieria Sismica     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación     Open Access  
Revista EIA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad de Ingenieria - Universidad de Tarapaca     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Fatec Zona Sul : REFAS     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial RIAI     Open Access  
Revista Informador Técnico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenieria de Construcción     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Métodos Numéricos para Cálculo y Diseño en Ingeniería     Open Access  
Revista Logos Ciencia & Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista Petra     Open Access  
Revue de Métallurgie     Full-text available via subscription  
Russian Engineering Research     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Russian Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sadhana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Safety Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Scholedge International Journal of Multidisciplinary & Allied Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science & Technique     Open Access  
Science and Engineering Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science China Technological Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Technology and innovations     Open Access  
Science Progress     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Scientia cum Industria     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Control Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Journal of Review     Open Access  
Sealing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Securitas Vialis     Hybrid Journal  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Selcuk University Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Semiconductors     Hybrid Journal  
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription  
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sensor Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Separation and Purification Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Shock and Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
SIAM Journal on Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
SIAM Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
SILICON     Hybrid Journal  
Sistemas & Telemática     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sleep and Biological Rhythms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Small     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Smart Grid     Open Access  
Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Soldagem & Inspeção     Open Access  
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
SourceOCDE Developpement urbain, rural et regional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SourceOCDE Energie     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Energy     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Science and Technology Statistics - SourceOCDE Base de donnees des sciences et de la technologie     Full-text available via subscription  
SourceOECD Transport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SourceOECD Urban, Rural and Regional Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Computer Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
South African Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sports Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Stahlbau     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Steel in Translation     Hybrid Journal  
Steel Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Stochastic Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Stochastic Processes and their Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Stochastics and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
Strain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Strategic Planning for Energy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
Studies in Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in Logic and Practical Reasoning     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Surface Review and Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Surface Science Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Survey Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Surveying and Land Information Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sustainability Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sustainability Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sustainable Management of Sediment Resources     Full-text available via subscription  
Swiss Journal of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal  
Symmetry     Open Access  
Synthesis Lectures on Algorithms and Software in Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Antennas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Synthesis Lectures on Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Computational Electromagnetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Synthesis Lectures on Energy and the Environment: Technology, Science, and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Global Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis Lectures on Professionalism and Career Advancement for Scientists and Engineers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Synthetic Metals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Systems Engineering Procedia     Open Access  
Systems Research Forum     Hybrid Journal  
Systems Science & Control Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Techno.Com     Open Access  
Technological Engineering     Open Access  
Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
TECHNOLOGY     Hybrid Journal  
Technology and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technology in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Technometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Tecnologia, Ciencia, Educacion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tecnura     Open Access  
Telecommunications Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Terahertz Science and Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Textile Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Supercomputing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
The Scientific World Journal     Open Access  
Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Thermal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Tikrit Journal of Engineering Science     Open Access  
tm - Technisches Messen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Topics in Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Traffic Injury Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
TRANSACTIONS of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava, Safety Engineering Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transactions of Tianjin University     Full-text available via subscription  
Transport and Telecommunication Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Transport World Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transportation Research Board     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Applied Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tribology in Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tribology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Tribology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Tribology Transactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Tribotest     Hybrid Journal  
Tropical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ultramicroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal Journal of Engineering Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Utilities Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Vacuum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Virtual and Physical Prototyping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Visualization in Engineering     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Waste and Biomass Valorization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Waste Management Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Waves in Random and Complex Media     Hybrid Journal  
Waves, Wavelets and Fractals     Open Access  
Wear     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Welding in the World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
West African Journal of Industrial and Academic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
World Journal of Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
World Journal of Engineering and Technology     Open Access  
World Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World Pumps     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
World Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering
  [SJR: 0.449]   [H-I: 32]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal  (Not entitled to full-text)
   ISSN (Print) 1530-9827
   Published by ASME International Homepage  [25 journals]
  • A Three-Dimensional Diffusion Filtering Model Establishment and Analysis
           for Point Cloud Intensity Noise
    • Authors: Zhang Y; Lyu X.
      Abstract: To improve the quality of point cloud data, as well as maintain edge and detail information in the course of filtering intensity data, a three-dimensional (3D) diffusion filtering equation based on the general principle of diffusion filtering is established in this paper. Moreover, we derive theoretical formulas for the scale parameter and maximum iteration number and achieve self-adaptive denoising, fine control of the point cloud filtering, and accurate prediction of the diffusion convergence. Through experiments with three types of typical point cloud intensity data, the theoretical formulas for the scale parameter and iteration number are verified. Comparative experiments with point cloud data of different types show that the 3D diffusion filtering method has significant denoising and edge-preserving abilities. Compared with the traditional median filtering algorithm, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the point cloud after filtering is increased by an average of 10% and above, with a maximum value of 40% and above.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Supporting Vehicle Option Change Management Through a Graph-Based
           Visualization Tool
    • Authors: Phelan K; Pearce B, Summers J, et al.
      Abstract: When implementing configuration management methods, the amount of data required can be problematic when validating changes to the database. This is especially true for rule-based configuration management techniques. This paper presents a graph visualization tool to assist in validating changes to the rule database. The development and implementation of the tool is presented, along with the execution and results of two user studies designed to test specific aspects of the support tool. The paper then presents how the visualization tool was implemented for four ongoing configuration changes at the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to prove the effectiveness of the tool in assisting in validating configurations changes.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Poisson Mesh Reconstruction for Accurate Object Tracking With Low-Fidelity
           Point Clouds
    • Authors: Garrett T; Debernardis S, Oliver J, et al.
      Abstract: Tracking refers to a set of techniques that allows one to calculate the position and orientation of an object with respect to a global reference coordinate system in real time. A common method for tracking with point clouds is the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm, which relies on the continuous matching of sequential sampled point clouds with a reference point cloud. Modern commodity range cameras provide point cloud data that can be used for that purpose. However, this point cloud data is generally considered as low-fidelity and insufficient for accurate object tracking. Mesh reconstruction algorithms can improve the fidelity of the point cloud by reconstructing the overall shape of the object. This paper explores the potential for point cloud fidelity improvement via the Poisson mesh reconstruction (PMR) algorithm and compares the accuracy with a common ICP-based tracking technique and a local mesh reconstruction operator. The results of an offline simulation are promising.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Ontology-Based Environmental Effectiveness Knowledge Application System
           for Optimal Reliability Design
    • Authors: Li Y; Sun B, Wang Z, et al.
      Abstract: Environmental effectiveness refers to the influence and harm on products and materials resulting from the effects of various environmental factors. In their actual usage in a complex environment, products are put forward to address a series of urgent engineering problems caused by environmental effectiveness. However, environmental effectiveness is not extensively studied, and it is not sufficiently considered in the process of product reliability design and analysis. To solve these issues, we apply an ontology and rule reasoning method to design an ontology-based environmental effectiveness knowledge application system. The system comprises four layers: ontology, reasoning, data storage, and knowledge application. With the use of this system, specific measures for possible product failures caused by the environment can be deduced on the basis of the existing environment and failure data. This system can satisfy the requirements for extracting useful environmental effectiveness knowledge from large data to assist reliability designers in realizing complete reliability designs. A semi-intelligent analysis for environmental effectiveness can be applied to reliability analysis and design works. Finally, a case study of a rubber seal for environment protection design is presented to illustrate the applications of the system.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Embedding X.509 Digital Certificates in Three-Dimensional Models for
           Authentication, Authorization, and Traceability of Product Data
    • Authors: Hedberg TD, Jr; Krima S, Camelio JA.
      Abstract: Exchange and reuse of three-dimensional (3D) product models are hampered by the absence of trust in product-lifecycle data quality. The root cause of the missing trust is years of “silo” functions (e.g., engineering, manufacturing, and quality assurance) using independent and disconnected processes. Those disconnected processes result in data exchanges that do not contain all of the required information for each downstream lifecycle process, which inhibits the reuse of product data and results in duplicate data. The X.509 standard, maintained by the Telecommunication Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T), was first issued in 1988. Although originally intended as the authentication framework for the X.500 series for electronic directory services, the X.509 framework is used in a wide range of implementations outside the originally intended paradigm. These implementations range from encrypting websites to software-code signing, yet X.509 certificate use has not widely penetrated engineering and product realms. Our approach is not trying to provide security mechanisms, but equally as important, our method aims to provide insight into what is happening with product data to support trusting the data. This paper provides a review of the use of X.509 certificates and proposes a solution for embedding X.509 digital certificates in 3D models for authentication, authorization, and traceability of product data. This paper also describes an application within the aerospace domain. Finally, the paper draws conclusions and provides recommendations for further research into using X.509 certificates in product lifecycle management (PLM) workflows to enable a product lifecycle of trust.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Dynamic Computation of Time-Varying Spatial Contexts
    • Authors: Horváth I; Li Y, Rusák Z, et al.
      Abstract: There are many real-life processes whose smart control requires processing context information. Though processing time-varied context information is addressed in the literature, domain-independent solutions for reasoning about time-varying process scenarios are scarce. This paper proposes a method for dynamic context computation concerning spatial and attributive information. Context is interpreted as a body of information dynamically created by a pattern of entities and relationships over a history of situations. Time is conceived as a causative force capable of changing situations and acting on people and objects. The invariant and variant spatial information is captured by a two-dimensional spatial feature representation matrix (SFR-matrix). The time-dependent changes in the context information are computed based on a dynamic context information (DCI) management hyper-matrix. This humble but powerful representation lends itself to a quasi-real time computing and is able to provide information about foreseeable happenings over multiple situations. Based on this, the reasoning mechanism proposed in this paper is able to provide informative instructions for users who needed to be informed in a dynamically changing situation. This paper uses the practical case of evacuation of a building in fire both as an explorative case for conceptualization of the functionality of the computational mechanism and as a demonstrative and testing application. Our intention is to use the dynamic context computation mechanism as a kernel component of a reasoning platform for informing cyber-physical systems (I-CPSs). Our future research will address the issue of context information management for multiple interrelated spaces.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Computation of Midsurface by Feature-Based
    • Authors: Kulkarni YH; Sahasrabudhe A, Kale M.
      Abstract: Computer-aided design (CAD) models of thin-walled solids such as sheet metal or plastic parts are often reduced dimensionally to their corresponding midsurfaces for quicker and fairly accurate results of computer-aided engineering (CAE) analysis. Computation of the midsurface is still a time-consuming and mostly, a manual task due to lack of robust and automated techniques. Most of the existing techniques work on the final shape (typically in the form of boundary representation, B-rep). Complex B-reps make it hard to detect subshapes for which the midsurface patches are computed and joined, forcing usage of hard-coded heuristic rules, developed on a case-by-case basis. Midsurface failures manifest in the form of gaps, overlaps, nonmimicking input model, etc., which can take hours or even days to correct. The research presented here proposes to address these problems by leveraging feature-information available in the modern CAD models, and by effectively using techniques like simplification, abstraction, and decomposition. In the proposed approach, first, the irrelevant features are identified and removed from the input FbCAD model to compute its simplified gross shape. Remaining features then undergo abstraction to transform into their corresponding generic Loft-equivalents, each having a profile and a guide curve. The model is then decomposed into cellular bodies and a graph is populated, with cellular bodies at the nodes and fully overlapping-surface-interfaces at the edges. The nodes are classified into midsurface-patch generating nodes (called “solid cells” or sCells) and interaction-resolving nodes (“interface cells” or iCells). In a sCell, a midsurface patch is generated either by offset or by sweeping the midcurve of the owner-Loft-feature's profile along with its guide curve. Midsurface patches are then connected in the iCells in a generic manner, thus resulting in a well-connected midsurface with minimum failures. Output midsurface is then validated topologically for correctness. At the end of this paper, real-life parts are used to demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed approach.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Status, Comparison, and Issues of Computer-Aided Design Model Data
           Exchange Methods Based on Standardized Neutral Files and Web Ontology
           Language File
    • Authors: Qin Y; Lu W, Qi Q, et al.
      Abstract: Exchanging computer-aided design (CAD) model data among heterogeneous CAD systems is indispensable for collaborative product development. Currently, the industry mainly uses the standardized neutral files-based methods to implement such exchange. While at the same time, the application of web ontology language (OWL) file and underlying semantic web technologies in CAD model data exchange is gaining importance and popularity within the academia. The coexistence of different types of methods has generated a series of controversies and questions within the industry and the academia. Yet, can the neutral files-based exchange methods completely implement model data exchange among heterogeneous CAD systems? What challenges have been addressed to date by the developed CAD model data exchange standards? Why OWL has been introduced to CAD model data exchange? Does CAD model data exchange really need OWL? Are there any issues in existing neutral files-based exchange methods and OWL file-based exchange methods need to be addressed in future studies? This paper proposes to conduct a study of the standardized neutral files-based exchange methods and OWL file-based exchange methods. An in-depth analysis of the widely used standard for the exchange of product model data (STEP) method and the newly emerging OWL methods is first provided. Then, the paper makes a detailed comparison between these two types of methods based on this analysis. Finally, some issues in the two types of methods that need to be addressed in the future are discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • An Industry Case Study: Investigating Early Design Decision Making in
           Virtual Reality
    • Authors: Berg LP; Vance JM.
      Abstract: The research presented here describes an industry case study of the use of immersive virtual reality (VR) as a general design tool with a focus on the decision making process. A group of design and manufacturing engineers, who were involved in an active new product development project, were invited to participate in three design reviews in an immersive environment. Observations, interviews, and focus groups were conducted to evaluate the effect of using this interface on decision making in early product design. Because the team members were actively engaged in a current product design task, they were motivated to use the immersive technology to address specific challenges they needed to solve to move forward with detailed product design. This case study takes the approach of asking not only what can users do from a technology standpoint but also how their actions in the virtual environment influence decision making. The results clearly show that the team identified design issues and potential solutions that were not identified or verified using traditional computer tools. The design changes that were the outcome of the experience were implemented in the final product design. Another result was that software familiarity played a significant role in the comfort level and subsequent effectiveness of the team discussions. Finally, participants commented on how the immersive VR environment encouraged an increased sense of team engagement that led to better discussions and fuller participation of the team members in the decision process.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • Application of the Particle Finite Element Method in Machining Simulation
           Discussion of the Alpha-Shape Method in the Context of Strength of
    • Authors: Sabel M; Sator C, Zohdi TI, et al.
      Abstract: In particle finite element simulations, a continuous body is represented by a set of particles that carry all physical information of the body, such as the deformation. In order to form this body, the boundary of the particle set needs to be determined. This is accomplished by the α-shape method, where the crucial parameter α controls the level of detail of the detected shape. However, in solid mechanics, it can be observed that α has an influence on the structural integrity as well. In this paper, we study a single boundary segment of a body during a deformation and it is shown that α can be interpreted as the maximum stretch of this segment. On the continuum level, a relation between α and the eigenvalues of the right Cauchy–Green tensor is presented.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
  • An Ordinary Differential Equation Formulation for Multibody Dynamics:
           Nonholonomic Constraints
    • Authors: Haug EJ.
      Abstract: A method is presented for formulating and numerically integrating ordinary differential equations of motion for nonholonomically constrained multibody systems. Tangent space coordinates are defined in configuration and velocity spaces as independent generalized coordinates that serve as state variables in the formulation, yielding ordinary differential equations of motion. Orthogonal-dependent coordinates and velocities are used to enforce constraints at position, velocity, and acceleration levels. Criteria that assure accuracy of constraint satisfaction and well conditioning of the reduced mass matrix in the equations of motion are used as the basis for updating local coordinates on configuration and velocity constraint manifolds, transparent to the user and at minimal computational cost. The formulation is developed for multibody systems with nonlinear holonomic constraints and nonholonomic constraints that are linear in velocity coordinates and nonlinear in configuration coordinates. A computational algorithm for implementing the approach is presented and used in the solution of three examples: one planar and two spatial. Numerical results using a fifth-order Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg explicit integrator verify that accurate results are obtained, satisfying all the three forms of kinematic constraint, to within error tolerances that are embedded in the formulation.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT
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