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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2166 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (185 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (168 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (93 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1171 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (57 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (81 journals)

ENGINEERING (1171 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Data Handling in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Designed Monomers and Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Designs, Codes and Cryptography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Developments in Geotechnical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Diálogos Interdisciplinares     Open Access  
Diamond Light Source Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription  
Digital Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Discrete Optimization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Documents pour l'histoire des techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dyes and Pigments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dyna     Open Access  
Dynamical Systems: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
El Hombre y la Máquina     Open Access  
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Electrophoresis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Elsevier Geo-Engineering Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elsevier Ocean Engineering Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Energies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Energy and Power Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Energy Conversion and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Energy Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Energy Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Energy Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Energy Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
ENGEVISTA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ENGI : Revista Electrónica de la Facultad de Ingenieria     Open Access  
Engineer : Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Engineering Computations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Engineering Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Economist, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engineering Failure Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Engineering Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering International     Open Access  
Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engineering Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Management Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engineering Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal     Open Access  
Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
Engineering Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Engineering With Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental & Engineering Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Environmental and Ecological Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Environmetrics     Hybrid Journal  
Épités - Épitészettudomány     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
EPJ Photovoltaics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Épsilon     Open Access  
Ergonomics in Design: The Quarterly of Human Factors Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription  
ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
ESAIM: Proceedings     Open Access  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Mass Spectrometry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
European Medical Device Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Physical Journal - Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
European Transport Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Evolutionary Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
Evolving Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Exacta     Open Access  
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Experiments in Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fibers and Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Filtration & Separation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Fire Science Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
First Monday     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Flow, Turbulence and Combustion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fluid Dynamics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Fluid Phase Equilibria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Focus on Catalysts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Focus on Pigments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Focus on Powder Coatings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Focus on Surfactants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Food Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Formación Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover   Frontiers in Energy
  [SJR: 0.231]   [H-I: 4]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2095-1701 - ISSN (Online) 2095-1698
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2291 journals]
  • Attuned design of demand response program and M-FACTS for relieving
           congestion in a restructured market environment
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper addresses the attuned use of multiconverter flexible alternative current transmission systems (M-FACTS) devices and demand response (DR) to perform congestion management (CM) in the deregulated environment. The strong control capability of the M-FACTS offers a great potential in solving many of the problems facing electric utilities. Besides, DR is a novel procedure that can be an effective tool for reduction of congestion. A market clearing procedure is conducted based on maximizing social welfare (SW) and congestion as network constraint is paid by using concurrently the DR and M-FACTS. A multi-objective problem (MOP) based on the sum of the payments received by the generators for changing their output, the total payment received by DR participants to reduce their load and M-FACTS cost is systematized. For the solution of this problem a nonlinear time-varying evolution (NTVE) based multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) style is formed. Fuzzy decision-making (FDM) and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) approaches are employed for finding the best compromise solution from the set of Pareto-solutions obtained through multi-objective particle swarm optimization-nonlinear time-varying evolution (MOPSO-NTVE). In a real power system, Azarbaijan regional power system of Iran, comparative analysis of the results obtained from the application of the DR & unified power flow controller (UPFC) and the DR & M-FACTS are presented.
      PubDate: 2015-07-15
  • Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of CI engine fuelled
           with diesel and hydrogen
    • Abstract: Abstract Hydrogen (H2) is being considered as a primary automotive fuel and as a replacement for conventional fuels. Some of the desirable properties, like high flame velocity, high calorific value motivate us to use hydrogen fuel as a dual fuel mode in diesel engine. In this experiment, hydrogen was inducted in the inlet manifold with intake air. The experiments were conducted on a four stroke, single cylinder, water cooled, direct injection (DI), diesel engine at a speed of 1500 r/min. Hydrogen was stored in a high pressure cylinder and supplied to the inlet manifold through a water-and-air-based flame arrestor. A pressure regulator was used to reduce the cylinder pressure from 140 bar to 2 bar. The hydrogen was inducted with a volume flow rate of 4l pm, 6l pm and 8l pm, respectively by a digital volume flow meter. The engine performance, emission and combustion parameters were analyzed at various flow rates of hydrogen and compared with diesel fuel operation. The brake thermal efficiency (BTE) was increased and brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) decreased for the hydrogen flow rate of 8l pm as compared to the diesel and lower volume flow rates of hydrogen. The hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) were decreased and the oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) increased for higher volume flow rates of hydrogen compared to diesel and lower volume flow rates of hydrogen. The heat release rate and cylinder pressure was increased for higher volume flow rates of hydrogen compared to diesel and lower volume flow rates of hydrogen.
      PubDate: 2015-07-03
  • Water pumping analysis and experimental validation of beach well
           infiltration intake system in a seawater source heat pump system
    • Abstract: Abstract Based on energy conservation equation and Darcy’s law, a model of beach well infiltration intake system applied in a seawater source heat pump system was established. The model consists of the seawater seepage and the heat transfer process. A porous medium model in a software named FLUENT was applied to simulate the seepage and the heat transfer process. This model was also validated by field experiment conducted on the seashore in Tianjin, China. The maximum relative error between simulation results and experimental results was 2.1% (less than 5%), which was acceptable in engineering application. The porosity and coefficient of thermal conductivity of the aquifer soil were determined to be 0.49 W/(m·K) and 1.46 W/(m·K), respectively in the simulation. In addition, the influencing factors of pumping water of beach well were also analyzed. The pumping water was found to increase when the distance between the beach well and the impervious boundary becomes longer, when the distance between the beach well and the supplying water source shortens, when the diameter of the beach well enlarges, and the drawdown enlarges.
      PubDate: 2015-06-25
  • Wind-diesel hybrid power system integration in the south Algeria
    • Abstract: Abstract In most isolated sites situated in south Algeria, the diesel generators are the major source of electrical energy. Indeed, the power supply of these remote regions still poses order problems (technical, economical and ecological). The electricity produced with the help of diesel generators is very expensive and responsible for CO2 emission. These isolated sites have significant wind energy potential. Hence, the use of twinning wind-diesel is widely recommended, especially to reduce operating deficits. The objective of this paper is to study the global modeling of a hybrid system which compounds wind turbine generator, diesel generator and storage system. This model is based on the control strategy to optimize the functioning of the hybrid system and to consolidate the gains to provide proper management of energy sources (wind, diesel, battery) depending on the load curve of the proposed site. The management is controlled by a controller which ensures the opening/closing of different power switches according to meteorological conditions (wind speed, air mass, temperature, etc).
      PubDate: 2015-06-24
  • Doubly-fed induction generator drive based WECS using fuzzy logic
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this paper is to improve the control performance of the variable speed, constant frequency doubly-fed induction generator in the wind turbine generation system by using fuzzy logic controllers. The control of the rotor-side converter is realized by stator flux oriented control, whereas the control of the grid-side converter is performed by a control strategy based on grid voltage orientation to maintain the DC-link voltage stability. An intelligent fuzzy inference system is proposed as an alternative of the conventional proportional and integral (PI) controller to overcome any disturbance, such as fast wind speed variation, short grid voltage fault, parameter variations and so on. Five fuzzy logic controllers are used in the rotor side converter (RSC) for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm, active and reactive power control loops, and another two fuzzy logic controllers for direct and quadratic rotor currents components control loops. The performances have been tested on 1.5MW doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) in a Matlab/Simulink software environment.
      PubDate: 2015-06-22
  • Effectiveness of state incentives for promoting wind energy: a panel data
    • Abstract: Abstract Over the last decade, India has started to concentrate earnestly on renewable energy. The Indian government, as well as different state governments, are adopting policy instruments such as feed in tariff, captive consumption, renewable purchase obligation and generation based incentive etc. aimed at renewable energy development. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of state level incentives for the development of wind energy in India. Fixed effect panel data modelling technique of econometric analysis is used to analyse the data of 26 Indian states in 11 years. The results show that feed in tariff and captive consumption are the significant predictors of wind energy development. However, renewable purchase obligation does not affect wind energy significantly.
      PubDate: 2015-06-15
  • Enhancement of grid-connected photovoltaic system using ANFIS-GA under
           different circumstances
    • Abstract: Abstract In recent years, many different techniques are applied in order to draw maximum power from photovoltaic (PV) modules for changing solar irradiance and temperature conditions. Generally, the output power generation of the PV system depends on the intermittent solar insolation, cell temperature, efficiency of the PV panel and its output voltage level. Consequently, it is essential to track the generated power of the PV system and utilize the collected solar energy optimally. The aim of this paper is to simulate and control a grid-connected PV source by using an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and genetic algorithm (GA) controller. The data are optimized by GA and then, these optimum values are used in network training. The simulation results indicate that the ANFIS-GA controller can meet the need of load easily with less fluctuation around the maximum power point (MPP) and can increase the convergence speed to achieve the MPP rather than the conventional method. Moreover, to control both line voltage and current, a grid side P/Q controller has been applied. A dynamic modeling, control and simulation study of the PV system is performed with the Matlab/Simulink program.
      PubDate: 2015-06-09
  • Erratum to: Enhancing power generation of piezoelectric bimorph device
           through geometrical optimization
    • PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Pragmatic multi-stage simulated annealing for optimal placement of
           synchrophasor measurement units in smart power grids
    • Abstract: Abstract Conventional power grids across the globe are reforming to smart power grids with cutting edge technologies in real time monitoring and control methods. Advanced real time monitoring is facilitated by incorporating synchrophasor measurement units such as phasor measurement units (PMUs) to the power grid monitoring system. Several physical and economic constraints limit the deployment of PMUs in smart power grids. This paper proposes a pragmatic multi-stage simulated annealing (PMSSA) methodology for finding the optimal locations in the smart power grid for installing PMUs in conjunction with existing conventional measurement units (CMUs) to achieve a complete observability of the grid. The proposed PMSSA is much faster than the conventional simulated annealing (SA) approach as it utilizes controlled uphill and downhill movements during various stages of optimization. Moreover, the method of integrating practical phasor measurement unit (PMU) placement conditions like PMU channel limits and redundant placement can be easily handled. The efficacy of the proposed methodology has been validated through simulation studies in IEEE standard bus systems and practical regional Indian power grids.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Thermogravimetric kinetic analysis of Nannochloropsis oculata combustion
           in air atmosphere
    • Abstract: Abstract The thermal behavior of Nannochloropsis oculata combustion in air atmosphere were investigated by performing experiments on STA PT1600 Thermal Analyzer at heating rates of 10°C/min, 40°C/min and 70°C/min and range of temperatures from room temperature to 1200°C. The kinetic parameters were evaluated by using Kissinger and Ozawa methods. The result showed that Nannochloropsis oculata combustion occurred in five stages. Started with initial devolatilization, the main thermal decomposition and combustion process, transition stage, the combustion of char and the last stage was the slow burning reaction of residual char. In line with increasing heating rate, the mass loss rate increased as well, but it delayed the thermal decomposition processes toward higher temperatures. The average activation energy at the main thermal decomposition stage and the stage of char combustion were approximately 251 kJ/mol and 178 kJ/mol, respectively.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
  • Implementation of photovoltaic water pumping system with MPPT controls
    • Abstract: Abstract To increase the output efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) system, it is important to apply an efficient maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique. This paper describes the analysis, the design and the experimental implementation of the tracking methods for a standalone PV system, using two approaches. The first one is the constant voltage (CV) MPPT method based on the optimum voltage, which was deduced experimentally, and considered as a reference value to extract the optimum power. The second one is the increment conductance (Inc- Cond) MPPT method based on the calculation of the power derivative extracted by the installation. The output controller can adjust the duty ratio to the optimum value. This optimum duty ratio is the input of a DC/DC boost converter which feeds a set of Moto-pump via a DC/AC inverter. This paper presents the details of the two approaches implemented, based on the system performance characteristics. Contributions are made in several aspects of the system, including converter design, system simulation, controller programming, and experimental setup. The MPPT control algorithms implemented extract the maximum power point (MPP), with satisfactory performance and without steady-state oscillation. MATLAB/Simulink and dSpace DS1104 are used to conduct studies and implement algorithms. The two proposed methods have been validated by implementing the performance of the PV pumping systems installed on the roof of the research laboratory in INSAT Tunisia. Experimental results verify the feasibility and the improved functionality of the system.
      PubDate: 2015-05-20
  • Performance analysis of solar still with cow dung cakes and blue metal
    • Abstract: Abstract The aims of this paper is to investigate the effects of various materials inside the solar still on the increase of the productivity of potable water. Here, blue metal stones and cow dung cakes were used as materials. To investigate their effect, three identical solar stills with an effective area of 1 m square made from locally available materials were tested in climate conditions of Mehsana (23°50′ N 72° 23′). The first and second solar stills were filled with blue metal, stones and cow dung cakes, while the third one was taken as a reference which consisted of only blue paint at the basin. The experiments show that blue metal stones have the highest distillate output at daytime, followed by cow dung cakes solar still and reference solar still. On the other hand, the overall distillate output of blue metal stones and cow dung cakes at daytime as well as at night were 35% and 20% compared with that of reference solar still.
      PubDate: 2015-05-16
  • Novel methods by using non-vacuum insulated tubing to extend the lifetime
           of the tubing
    • Abstract: Abstract The analysis of the failure mechanics, namely hydrogen permeation of vacuum insulated tubing (VIT), indicated that the failure of VIT could be decreased but could not be avoided. To solve this problem, some measures by using non-vacuum materials were proposed and analyzed in this paper. The results show that to fill the tubing with foam-glass beads or high pressure argon may lead to a good performance.
      PubDate: 2015-05-04
  • A systematic approach to ON-OFF event detection and clustering analysis of
           non-intrusive appliance load monitoring
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of non-intrusive appliance load monitoring (NIALM) is to disaggregate the energy consumption of individual electrical appliances from total power consumption utilizing non-intrusive methods. In this paper, a systematic approach to ON-OFF event detection and clustering analysis for NIALM were presented. From the aggregate power consumption data set, the data are passed through median filtering to reduce noise and prepared for the event detection algorithm. The event detection algorithm is to determine the switching of ON and OFF status of electrical appliances. The goodness-of-fit (GOF) methodology is the event detection algorithm implemented. After event detection, the events detected were paired into ON-OFF pairing appliances. The results from the ON-OFF pairing algorithm were further clustered in groups utilizing the K-means clustering analysis. The K-means clustering were implemented as an unsupervised learning methodology for the clustering analysis. The novelty of this paper is the determination of the time duration an electrical appliance is turned ON through combination of event detection, ON-OFF pairing and K-means clustering. The results of the algorithm implementation were discussed and ideas on future work were also proposed.
      PubDate: 2015-05-04
  • Inhibition of NO emission by adding antioxidant mixture in Jatropha
           biodiesel on the performance and emission characteristics of a C.I. engine
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, the effect of adding an antioxidant mixture in Jatropha biodiesel as fuel, in a single cylinder, direct injection compression ignition engine was experimentally investigated and the level of pollutants in the exhaust and performance characteristics of the engine were analyzed. Nine test fuels were prepared with three antioxidants, namely, Succinimide (C4H5NO2), N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine-dihydrochloride (C8H14Cl2N2), and N-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (C6H5NHC6H4NH2) added to neat biodiesel at 500 parts per million (ppm), 1000 ppm and 2000 ppm and the observed experimental results were compared with those of neat biodiesel and neat diesel as base fuels. The comparison showed that NO emission was reduced drastically for the test fuels with the antioxidant addition of 2000 ppm. The maximum reduction of 10% of NO emission was observed for the antioxidant mixture in neat biodiesel, with a slight increase in unburned HC, CO and smoke opacity. In addition, the obtained experimental results reveal that the addition of two antioxidants as mixture in neat biodiesel caused improved NO emission reduction for all test fuels.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
  • Ternary phase behavior of water microemulsified diesel-palm biodiesel
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper aims to develop a new microemulsions system comprising diesel and palm oil methyl ester (PME) that have the potential to be used as alternative fuels for diesel engines. The water-in-diesel-biodiesel microemulsions were prepared by applying PME mixed with diesel, non-ionic surfactants, co-surfactants and water to make the water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion system. This microemulsified fuel was achieved through low-energy microemulsification by using the constant composition method. The diesel used was mixed with four different concentrations of PME, i.e., 10% (w/w) (B10), 20% (w/w) (B20), 30% (w/w) (B30) and neat diesel (B0). The amount of water was fixed at 20%(w/w). The phase behavior of the water/mixed non-ionic surfactant/diesel-PME system were studied by constructing pseudoternary phase diagrams with the goal of formulating optimized systems. The results showed that the microemulsions were formed and stabilized with a mixture of non-ionic surfactants at a weight ratio of 80:20 at 20% (w/w), and with mixed co-surfactants at a weight ratio of 25:75, 20:80 and 10:90 for B0, B10, B20 and B30 respectively. The particle size, kinematic viscosity at 40°C, refractive index, density, heating value, cloud point, pour point and flash point of the selected water-in-diesel microemulsion were 19.40 nm (polydispersity of 0.012), 12.86 mm2/s, 1.435, 0.8913 g/mL, 31.87 MJ/kg, 7.15°C, 10.5°C and 46.5°C respectively. The corresponding values of the water-in-diesel-PME selected were 20.72 nm to 23.74 nm, 13.02 mm2/s to 13.29 mm2/s, 1.442, 0.8939 g/mL to 0.8990 g/mL, 31.45 MJ/kg to 27.34 MJ/kg, 7.2°C to 6.8°C, 8.5°C to 1.5°C and 47.5°C to 52.0°C. These preliminary findings were further studied as potential fuels for diesel engines.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
  • Optimal Su-Do-Ku based interconnection scheme for increased power output
           from PV array under partial shading conditions
    • Abstract: Abstract Partial shading is a common phenomenon in PV arrays. They drastically reduce the power output because of mismatch losses, which are reliant on the shape of the shade as well as the locations of shaded panels in the array. The power output can be improved by distributing the shade over various rows to maximize the current entering the node. A Su-Do-Ku configuration can be used to rearrange the physical locations of the PV modules in a total cross tied PV array with the electrical connections left unchanged. However, this arrangement increases the length of the wire required to interconnect the panels thus increasing the line losses. In this paper, an improved Su-Do-Ku arrangement that reduces the length of the wire required for the connection is proposed. The system is designed and simulated in a Matlab/Simulink environment for various shading patterns and the efficacies of various arrangements are compared. The results prove that the power output is higher in the proposed improved Su-Do-Ku reconfiguration technique compared to the earlier proposed Su-Do-Ku technique.
      PubDate: 2015-03-14
  • Experimental investigations on operating characteristics of a closed loop
           pulsating heat pipe
    • Abstract: Abstract The operating mechanism of the pulsating heat pipe (PHP) is not well understood and the present technology cannot predict required design parameters for a given task. The aim of research work presented in this paper is to better understand the operation regimes of the PHP through experimental investigations. A series of experiments were conducted on a closed loop PHP with 5 turns made of copper capillary tube of 2 mm in inner diameter. Two different working fluids viz. ethanol and acetone were employed. The operating characteristics were studied for the variation of heat input, filling ratio (FR) and inclination angle of the tested device. The results strongly demonstrate the effect of the filling ratio of the working fluid on the operational stability and heat transfer capability of the device. Important insight into the operational characteristics of PHP has been obtained.
      PubDate: 2015-03-14
  • A comprehensive simulator for assessing the reliability of a photovoltaic
           panel peak power tracking system
    • Abstract: Abstract When designing a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm, it is often difficult to correctly predict, before field testing, the behavior of this MPPT under varying solar irradiation on photovoltaic (PV) panels. A solution to this problem is to design a maximum power point trackers simulator of a PV system used to test MPPT algorithms. This simulator must have the same role as the MPPT card of the PV panel and thus will fully emulate the response of a real MPPT card of the PV panel. Therefore, it is a good substitute to help to test the peak power trackers of the PV system in the laboratory. This paper describes a simple peak power trackers simulator of the PV system which has a short response time thus, can be used to test MPPT algorithms under very rapid variation condition. The obtained results and the theoretical operation confirm the reliability and the superior performance of the proposed model.
      PubDate: 2015-03-12
  • DSM in an area consisting of residential, commercial and industrial load
           in smart grid
    • Abstract: Abstract With the latest introduction of the demand side management (DSM) in smart grids, the power distribution units are able to modify the load schedules of the consumers. This involves a co-operative interaction of the utility and the consumers so as to achieve customer load modifications in which the customer, utility and society all are benefited. The interaction is performed with the help of the devices known as the smart meter. This paper shows the use of game theory and logical mathematical expressions in order to achieve the objectives. The objectives are to minimize the peak to average ratio (PAR) and the energy cost. The outcome of the game between supplier and customers helps to shape the load profile. The design proposed in this paper is very user-friendly and is based on simple logarithmic programming computations. In this paper, residential, commercial and industrial types of loads are taken into account. A basic 24 h load schedule along with the fluctuating prices at each hour of the day is forecasted by the supplier of the various shiftable and non-shiftable loads and then that schedule is conveyed to the user. The users are encouraged to shift their high load devices to off-peak hours which will not only reduce their electricity costs but also substantially reduce the PAR in the load demand.
      PubDate: 2015-03-06
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