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ENGINEERING (1240 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 266)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 274)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 211)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)
  [SJR: 0.525]   [H-I: 18]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1006-7191 - ISSN (Online) 2194-1289
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Influence of Continuous Bending Process on Texture Evolution and
           Mechanical Properties of AZ31 Magnesium Alloy
    • Authors: Ting-Zhuang Han; Guang-Sheng Huang; Lun Huang; Bin Jiang; Guan-Gang Wang; Ai-Tao Tang; Fu-Sheng Pan
      Pages: 225 - 233
      Abstract: Mg–3Al–1Zn alloy sheets have been deformed by continuous bending (CB) to investigate the effects of processing parameters (bending angle and repetitive passes) on the texture and formability. The samples exhibited a bimodal microstructure with abnormal growth grains in the surface region and fine grains distributed in the center after CB process followed by annealing. The texture evolution measured by XRD indicated that the basal poles were rotated from ND toward RD, and the texture intensity decreased with the bending angle decreasing and repetitive passes increasing. Compared with the as-received sample, the yield strength of CBA-120-2 sample significantly decreased from 183 to 112 MPa, and a smaller r-value and a larger n-value were obtained. The formability of CB processed samples in annealing condition was significantly enhanced with the highest of Erichsen value of 5.4 mm, increased by about 135%. The improvement of formability was likely attributed to the weakened and RD-tilt basal texture and coarse grains in the surface part.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0671-7
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Mechanical Properties of Al/BN Nanocomposites Fabricated by Planetary Ball
           Milling and Conventional Hot Extrusion
    • Authors: Reza Gostariani; Ramin Ebrahimi; Mohsen Asadi Asadabad; Mohammad Hossein Paydar
      Pages: 245 - 253
      Abstract: In this study, Al matrix nanocomposites containing 1, 2 and 4 wt% nano-boron nitride were fabricated by mechanical milling and hot extrusion. The mechanical properties of all extruded samples were evaluated. Also, the morphology and microstructure of the milled composite powders were characterized using two types of electron microscope. The results showed that a high fraction of the boron nitride nanoparticles dissolved and formed a solid solution in Al matrix during the milling process. Through the process of solid solution formation, the work hardening rate of the composite powders increased. This led to a morphological change in the composite powders and resulted in equiaxed shape. The powder particle size also decreased after the milling process. By increasing boron nitride content within a range of 0–4 wt% in the hot extruded samples, tensile stress increased from 212 to 333 MPa. The hardness of the nanocomposite samples including 1, 2 and 4 wt% boron nitride improved approximately 55, 70 and 90% in comparison with pure Al, respectively.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0640-1
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Synthesis and Characterization of CdO–SnO 2 Nanocomposites Prepared
           by Hydrothermal Method
    • Authors: Kapil Sirohi; Suresh Kumar; Virender Singh; Anil Vohra
      Pages: 254 - 262
      Abstract: In this work, (1−x)CdO–xSnO2 nanocomposites (≤ 0.15) have been synthesized via hydrothermal route. The structural study reveals that CdO nanostructures possess crystalline phase and cubic structure. The CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites possess both cubic and orthorhombic structure with good crystallinity. The crystallite size in the nanocomposites was found to be in the range of 9.6–19.6 nm. Field emission scanning electronic microscopy and high-resolution tunnelling microscopy analysis confirm the presence of both cubic and orthorhombic structures which is also confirmed from X-ray diffraction studies. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) studies confirm that CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites possess the characteristics band of both CdO and SnO2 nanostructures. The UV–visible absorption studies confirm that the optical absorption band in CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites possesses both blue and red shift as compared to that of CdO nanostructures. Photoluminescence spectroscopy studies reveal the appearance of strong emission peak at 513, 469 and 369 nm corresponding to green, blue and violet emission spectrum, respectively, in CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites. The FTIR studies confirm the presence of hydroxyl and water functional group due to atmospheric water vapours and chemical bonding in CdO and CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites. Raman spectroscopy confirms the presence of Raman bands of both CdO and SnO2 phases in the CdO–SnO2 nanocomposites.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0659-3
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Comparison of Microstructure and Residual Stress Between TIG and MAG
           Welding Using Low Transformation Temperature Welding Filler
    • Authors: Zhong-Yuan Feng; Xin-Jie Di; Shi-Pin Wu; Dong-Po Wang; Xiao-Qian Liu
      Pages: 263 - 272
      Abstract: A Cr–Ni type of low transformation temperature (LTT) welding filler was devised in the present study. The LTT weld microstructures of the tungsten inert gas (TIG) and metal active gas (MAG) weldings were investigated by using electron-backscattered diffraction and orientation imaging microscopy. The results showed that the LTT weld microstructures prepared by TIG and MAG weldings were primarily martensite with 17.5% and 8.0% retained austenite, respectively. The LTT weld metal using TIG welding had larger grain size than using MAG. In addition, based on the Taylor factor calculation, the weld metal using MAG welding was more competent in repressing fatigue crack initiation. Meanwhile, the high angle and coincidence site lattice grain boundaries were dominant in the LTT weld metal using MAG welding. Moreover, the hardness of the LTT weld metal using MAG welding was higher than that of using TIG. Based on heat input and phase transformation, finite element method was applied to analyzing the tensile residual stress (RS) reduction in welded joints prepared by both conventional and LTT welding fillers, respectively. The corresponding outcome confirmed that the LTT weld metal using MAG welding was more beneficial to tensile RS reduction.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0642-z
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effect of Sub- T g Annealing on the Corrosion Resistance of the
           Cu–Zr Amorphous Alloys
    • Authors: Sang-Soo Shin; Hong-Kyu Kim; Jae-Chul Lee; Ik-Min Park
      Pages: 273 - 280
      Abstract: Despite the economy of material cost and excellent toughness of Cu-based amorphous alloys, especially Cu50Zr50, their poor corrosion resistance to a chloride medium limits their widespread applications. In this study, corrosion tests were performed on the Cu50Zr50 amorphous alloy with different degrees of short-range order, which were prepared by annealing below the glass transition temperature (T g). It was found that the corrosion resistance of amorphous alloys is improved to a significant level when the alloys were heated below T g. Calorimetric studies showed that thermally activated relaxation process of created disorder, which occurs during sub-T g annealing, is responsible for the improvement in the corrosion resistance. Molecular dynamics simulations performed on the Cu–Zr amorphous alloys demonstrated that the relaxation process of the alloys is associated with the formation of energetically stable icosahedra and icosahedron-like structures. Our study highlights the effects of sub-T g annealing on the improvement in the corrosion resistance of the amorphous alloys from the viewpoint the relaxation process of the short-range orders.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0637-9
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • σ -Phase Precipitation Mechanism of 15Cr–15Ni Titanium-Modified
           Austenitic Stainless Steel During Long-Term Thermal Exposure
    • Authors: Zhi-Nan Wang; Tian Liang; Wei-Wei Xing; Ai-Bing Du; Ming Gao; Ying-Che Ma; Kui Liu
      Pages: 281 - 289
      Abstract: The σ-phase precipitation in 20% cold-worked 15Cr–15Ni titanium-modified austenitic stainless steel was studied during long-term aging treatment. During the isothermal aging stage, the amount of σ-phase was significantly increased at beginning and gradually became constant. The aging time only slightly affected the size and morphology of the σ-phase. Conversely, during the isochronal aging stage, the amount of σ-phase grew rapidly with the increase in the aging temperature. The σ-phase with a large amount of stacking faults was prone to nucleate around the (Ti, Mo)C particles or at the grain boundaries. The (Ti, Mo)C particles can act as effective nucleation sites, where the σ-phase directly precipitates from the austenitic matrix. From this work, the growth of σ-phase is found to be influenced by the aging temperature, and a new mechanism of σ-phase precipitation from austenite has been proposed.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0624-1
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Non-isothermal Crystallization Kinetics and Isothermal Crystallization
           Kinetics in Supercooled Liquid Region of Cu–Zr–Al–Y Bulk Metallic
    • Authors: Ke Yang; Xin-Hui Fan; Bing Li; Yan-Hong Li; Xin Wang; Xuan-Xuan Xu
      Pages: 290 - 298
      Abstract: The crystallization kinetics of Cu43Zr48Al9 and (Cu43Zr48Al9)98Y2 bulk metallic glasses in non-isothermal and isothermal conditions was studied by differential scanning calorimetry. In the non-isothermal and isothermal modes, the average activation energy of (Cu43Zr48Al9)98Y2 is larger than that of Cu43Zr48Al9, meaning the higher stability against crystallization of (Cu43Zr48Al9)98Y2. In addition, the average activation energies for Cu43Zr48Al9 and (Cu43Zr48Al9)98Y2 calculated using Arrhenius equation in isothermal mode are larger than the values calculated by Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose method in non-isothermal mode, indicating that the energy barrier is higher in isothermal mode. The Johnson–Mehl–Avrami model was used to analyze the crystallization kinetics in the non-isothermal and isothermal modes. The Avrami exponent n for Cu43Zr48Al9 is above 2.5, indicating that the crystallization is mainly determined by a diffusion-controlled three-dimensional growth with an increasing nucleation rate, while the Avrami exponent n for (Cu43Zr48Al9)98Y2 is in the range of 1.5–2.5 in the non-isothermal mode, implying that the crystallization is mainly governed by diffusion-controlled three-dimensional growth with decreasing nucleation rate. Finally, the Avrami exponents n for Cu43Zr48Al9 and (Cu43Zr48Al9)98Y2 are different in the non-isothermal and isothermal conditions, which imply different nucleation and growth behaviors during the crystallization processes.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0625-0
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Multiferroic Consequence of Porous (BiFeO 3 ) x –(BiCrO 3 ) 1−x
           Composite Thin Films by Novel Sol–Gel Method
    • Authors: William Raja Victor; Marikani Arumugam; Thiruramanathan Pandirengan; Madhavan Durairaj; Raghavendra Reddy Varimalla
      Pages: 299 - 307
      Abstract: In this work, we have presented a spin-coating method to produce thin films started with pure BiCrO3 (BCO) and ended up with BiFeO3 (BFO) by increasing x values in the (BiFeO3) x –(BiCrO3)1−x composites. All the produced thin films have been crystallized at the annealing temperatures of 400 °C for 0.5 h. The XRD and EDAX spectrums give insight that the two crystal phases related to BCO and BFO stayed together within the thin film matrices. SEM analysis showed that the prepared composite had macroporous morphology with interconnected pores and its width (size) decreased with increasing x values. The strong correlations are observed among the microstructure, dielectric, ferroelectric, ferromagnetic properties and Fe concentration. Among all composites, the composition of 0.75 shows an attractive magnetization, polarization, switching and improved dielectric behaviors at room temperature. Significant increase in the multiferroic characteristics of 0.75 composition is due to arise of lower leakage current by causing reduction in oxygen vacancy density, and enhancement of super-exchange magnetic interaction between Fe3+ and Cr3+ at BFO/BCO interface layers. Our result shows that the thin layer on Pt (111)/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate possesses simultaneously improved ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties which make an inaccessible potential application for nonvolatile ferroelectric memories.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0593-4
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Synergistic Effect of Mo, W, Mn and Cr on the Passivation Behavior of a
           Fe-Based Amorphous Alloy Coating
    • Authors: Wan-Ping Tian; Hong-Wang Yang; Suo-De Zhang
      Pages: 308 - 320
      Abstract: In this work, the electrochemical behaviors of SAM2X5 Fe-based amorphous alloy coating and hard chromium coating were comparatively studied in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. In comparison with the hard chromium coating, the SAM2X5 coating exhibited a wider and stable passive region with lower passive current density in the potentiodynamic polarization and showed a considerably lower current density at different anodic potentials in the potentiostatic polarization. In order to understand the passivation mechanism of the Fe-based amorphous coating, the components of the passive films formed at various polarization potentials were examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The synergistic effect of Mo, W, Mn and Cr in the passive films was systemically analyzed. It has been revealed that Mo and W facilitate the formation of compact and stable Cr2O3 passive film at lower potentials, and the substantial enrichment of Mn in the passive film enhances the passivation ability at relatively higher potentials. The deep understanding of the passivation characteristics in multicomponent alloy systems could provide a guide for the design of corrosion-resistant amorphous alloy coatings for engineering applications.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0604-5
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Microstructural Characterization of Pure Titanium Treated by Laser Surface
           Treatment Under Different Processing Parameters
    • Authors: Can Huang; Jian Tu; Yu-Ren Wen; Zhi Hu; Zhi-Ming Zhou; An-Ping Dong; Guo-Liang Zhu
      Pages: 321 - 328
      Abstract: Advanced characterization techniques are utilized to investigate the effect of laser surface treatment on microstructural evolution of pure titanium (Ti). The results show that there are three distinctly different types of microstructure from surface to substrate in Ti samples, including phase transformation and solidification microstructure in zone I (melting zone); insufficient recrystallization grains with residual α martensitic plates in zone II (heat-affected zone, HAZ); fully recrystallization microstructure in zone III (base metal, BM). The hardness evolution profiles under different laser treatment parameters are similar. The highest hardness in MZ is ascribed to α plate, while the lowest hardness value in HAZ is due to the insufficiently recrystallized grains. The metallurgical process on the laser-modified Ti samples is systematically discussed in this work.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0608-1
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Stress Study on CrN Thin Films with Different Thicknesses on Stainless
    • Authors: Di Fan; Hao Lei; Chao-Qian Guo; Dong-Li Qi; Jun Gong; Chao Sun
      Pages: 329 - 336
      Abstract: The reliability of a substrate curvature-based stress measurement method for CrN thin films on substrate with fluctuant surface was discussed. The stress error led by the ignorance of substrate thermal deformation was studied. Results showed that this error could be as large as several hundred MPa under general deposition conditions. Stress in the CrN thin films with different thicknesses ranging from 110 to 330 nm on stainless steel was studied by this method, in comparison with conventional results on silicon wafer. The thin films’ morphology and structure were investigated and related to the film stress. A significant result of the comparison is that stress evolution in the thin films on steel obviously differs from that on silicon wafer, not only because the two substrates have different coefficients of thermal expansion, which provokes thermal stress, but also the considerable discrepancy in the thin films’ grain coarsening rate and structure that induce different intrinsic stresses.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0620-5
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2018)
  • Microstructure and Stress-Rupture Property of Large-Scale Complex
           Nickel-Based Single Crystal Casting
    • Authors: Min Huang; Gong Zhang; Dong Wang; Jia-Sheng Dong; Li Wang; Lang-Hong Lou
      Abstract: The microstructure and stress-rupture property of the large-scale complex single crystal (SX) casting DD10 were investigated in high-rate solidification process. It is found that the primary dendrite arm spacing (PDAS) does not increase monotonically with the height increase. When across the platform, the temperature gradient increases due to the effect of platform, and the corresponding PDAS decreases. The distribution of eutectic volume fraction in large-scale complex SX casting is affected by PDAS, solid back diffusion, and the development of high order dendrites. The eutectic volume fraction contained in the sample taken below the platform decreases with the height increase. While the eutectic volume fraction contained in the sample taken upper the platform increases gradually with the height increase. After heat treatment, most of the γ/γ′ eutectics are eliminated and the components are distributed uniformly. The similar stress rupture properties of the samples at different heights in the same direction are obtained.
      PubDate: 2018-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0716-6
  • Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of Extruded
           Mg–Zn–Ag Alloys with Single-Phase Structure
    • Authors: Hong Zhao; Li-Qing Wang; Yu-Ping Ren; Bo Yang; Song Li; Gao-Wu Qin
      Abstract: Mg–Zn–Ag alloys have been extensively studied in recent years for potential biodegradable implants due to their unique mechanical properties, biodegradability and biocompatibility. In the present study, Mg–3Zn-xAg (wt%, x = 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8) alloys with single-phase crystal structure were prepared by backward extrusion at 340 °C. The addition of Ag element into Mg–3Zn slightly influences the ultimate tensile strength and microstructure, but the elongation firstly increases from 12% to 19.8% and then decreases from 19.8% to 9.9% with the increment of Ag concentration. The tensile yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation of Mg–3Zn–0.2Ag alloy reach up to 142, 234 MPa and 19.8%, respectively, which are the best mechanical performance of Mg–Zn–Ag alloys in the present work. The extruded Mg–3Zn–0.2Ag alloy also possesses the best corrosion behavior with the corresponding corrosion rate of 3.2 mm/year in immersion test, which could be explained by the single-phase and uniformly distributed grain structure, and the fewer twinning.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0712-x
  • Microstructure and High-Temperature Oxidation Behavior of Dy-Doped
           Nb–Si-Based Alloys
    • Authors: Yue-Ling Guo; Li-Na Jia; Hua-Rui Zhang; Bin Kong; Yong-Lin Huang; Hu Zhang
      Abstract: Microstructures and oxidation behaviors of four Dy-doped Nb–Si-based alloys at 1250 °C were investigated. The nominal compositions of the four alloys are Nb–15Si–24Ti–4Cr–2Al–2Hf–xDy (at.%), where x = 0, 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15, respectively. Results showed that the four alloys all consisted of Nbss, αNb5Si3 and γNb5Si3, and the addition of Dy produced no obvious effect on the phase constitution and the microstructures of Nb–Si-based alloys. After oxidation at 1250 °C for 58 h, it was found that the addition of Dy accelerated the oxidation rate of Nb–Si-based alloys and caused a larger weight gain, accompanied by the formation of a more porous and less protective oxide scale. The oxides of Nb2O5, Ti2Nb10O29, TiNb2O7, Ti0.4Cr0.3Nb0.3O2 and glassy SiO2 were formed on Dy-doped Nb–Si-based alloys. The high-temperature oxidation mechanism of Dy-doped Nb–Si-based alloys was discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0701-0
  • Selective Laser Melting of 30CrMnSiA Steel: Laser Energy Density
           Dependence of Microstructural and Mechanical Properties
    • Authors: Lin-Zhi Wang; Wen-Hou Wei
      Abstract: Three-dimensional parts of the 30CrMnSiA steel were successfully fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM). The microstructures and mechanical properties of the SLM-processed 30CrMnSiA samples were investigated by scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscopy. The results indicate that the microstructures of the 30CrMnSiA samples consist mainly of lath martensite and acicular martensite. The value of the surface roughness decreases with increasing laser energy density (LED) before it reaches a minimum and then increases with further increasing LED. The relative density, microhardness and ultimate tensile strength of the SLM-processed samples initially increase and then decrease with increasing LED. By taking the relative density, surface roughness, microhardness and ultimate tensile strength into account, the optimized LED should be in the range of 46.15–51.28 J mm−3 for the SLM-processed 30CrMnSiA alloys. In addition, the differences in the microstructures and mechanical properties between the conventionally wrought 30CrMnSiA sample and SLM-processed 30CrMnSiA samples were also studied.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0717-5
  • Characterization of Impact Deformation Behavior of a Thermally Aged Duplex
           Stainless Steel by EBSD
    • Authors: Gang Liu; Shi-Lei Li; Hai-Long Zhang; Xi-Tao Wang; Yan-Li Wang
      Abstract: The effect of thermal aging on phase transformation and impact toughness of an as-cast duplex stainless steel was investigated at room temperature. After long-term thermal aging, the impact toughness decreases significantly and the cracks initiate and propagate more easily. The plastic deformation ability of the ferrite phase decreases after thermal aging, which leads to the degradation of impact toughness. High stress concentration occurs on the grain boundaries of the austenite phase in the aged materials. Meanwhile, high-stress concentration areas are also observed in the austenite phase near the grain boundaries. After long-term thermal aging, pinned dislocations in ferrite and along phase boundaries lead to the high stress concentration. Micro-cracks preferentially initiate in the ferrite phase and propagate via separation of phase boundaries. The blocking influences of spinodal decomposition precipitates and G-phase precipitates are stronger than the effect of grain boundaries and phase boundaries on the dislocation movement.
      PubDate: 2018-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0708-6
  • Gradient Elastic–Plastic Properties of Expanded Austenite Layer in
           316L Stainless Steel
    • Authors: Yong Jiang; Yang Li; Yun-Fei Jia; Xian-Cheng Zhang; Jian-Ming Gong
      Abstract: The gradient mechanical properties, variation of stress with strain and surface cracking behavior of expanded austenite developed on 316L austenitic stainless steel were investigated by nanoindentation tests, X-ray residual stress analysis and scanning electron microscope observation in four-point bending tests. The results show that the plastic properties of the carburizing layer including true initial yield strengths and strain hardening exponents increase significantly from substrate to surface, while the true elastic modulus just improves slightly. Due to the onset of plastic flow, the residual stresses are almost equivalent to the true initial yield strengths from surface to the depth of ~ 10 μm. The results of four-point bending tests show that surface stress increases linearly with the increase in strain until the strain reaches ~ 1.0%, after that the plastic yield happens. The expanded austenite surface layer is brittle, and the cracks will be created at the strain of ~ 1.4%. The cracking stress is about ~ 2.4 GPa.
      PubDate: 2018-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0710-z
  • Structural Evolution During Mechanical Milling of Bimodal-Sized Al 2 O 3
           Particles Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composite
    • Authors: Ke Zhao; Dan Tang; Jin-Ling Liu; Yi-Guang Wang
      Abstract: Hybrid aluminum matrix composite powders reinforced with bimodal-sized Al2O3 particles were synthesized by mechanical milling. Two different approaches were investigated for the addition of submicron- and nano-sized Al2O3 particles to the aluminum powders. It was observed that the simultaneous addition of bimodal-sized Al2O3 particles to the aluminum powders resulted in an equiaxed morphology of the composite powders and the average particle size stabilized after 5 h of milling, indicating that the presence of bimodal-sized particles has greater effect on accelerating milling process as compared to nano-sized particles; the grain size of the aluminum matrix in composite powders was reduced to under 40 nm, approximate to the value obtained in the separate addition case, while a lower rate of refining was observed due to hindrance of submicron-sized particles on the interactions between nano-sized particles and the aluminum matrix.
      PubDate: 2018-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0714-8
  • Enhanced Thermochemical H 2 Production on Ca-Doped Lanthanum Manganite
           Perovskites Through Optimizing the Dopant Level and Re-oxidation
    • Authors: Lulu Wang; Mohammad Al-Mamun; Porun Liu; Yu Lin Zhong; Yun Wang; Hua Gui Yang; Huijun Zhao
      Abstract: Perovskite material is one of the promising classes of redox catalysts for hydrogen production through two-step thermochemical H2O splitting. Herein, an analogue of La1−xCa x MnO3 perovskite was systematically investigated as a catalyst for thermochemical H2 evolution. The Ca doping level (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) and re-oxidation temperature were comprehensively optimized for the improvement of catalytic performance. According to our experimental results, La0.6Ca0.4MnO3 perovskite displayed the highest yield of H2 at the re-oxidation temperature of 900 °C and the obtained H2 production was ~ 10 times higher than that of the benchmark ceria catalyst under the same experimental condition. More importantly, La0.6Ca0.4MnO3 perovskite catalyst exhibited impressive cyclic stability in repetitive O2 and H2 test.
      PubDate: 2018-02-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-018-0715-7
  • Temperature-Dependent SRS Behavior of 316L and Its Constitutive Model
    • Authors: Jian Peng; Jian Peng; Kai-Shang Li; Jun-Feng Pei; Chang-Yu Zhou
      Abstract: The strain rate sensitivity (SRS) and temperature sensitivity (TS) of 316L austenitic stainless steel were investigated by constant strain rate test (CSRT) and strain rate jump test (SRJT) under four temperatures (293, 373, 473 and 573 K) and four strain rates (5 × 10−4/s, 1 × 10−3/s, 5 × 10−3/s and 1 × 10−2/s). The results show that temperature sensitivity (TS) indexes at different strain rates are coincidence to be negative, related to temperature softening. On the contrary, SRS indexes change from positive to negative with the increase in temperature associated with dynamic strain aging (DSA). Moreover, based on the comparison between CSRT and SRJT, SRS and TS indexes obtained by two methods agree well. It proves that the SRJT can describe the SRS and TS phenomenon of 316L efficiently. Furthermore, the effects of temperature and strain rate on fracture mechanism were discussed. At last, an improved Johnson–Cook model was proposed to consider the temperature-dependent SRS behavior of 316L.
      PubDate: 2018-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40195-017-0697-x
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