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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2277 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (191 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (103 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1204 journals)
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ENGINEERING (1204 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 229)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 180)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 228)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  
CTheory     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover Comptes Rendus Mécanique
  [SJR: 0.633]   [H-I: 32]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1631-0721
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3043 journals]
  • A novel method based on maximum likelihood estimation for the construction
           of seismic fragility curves using numerical simulations
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 August 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Cong-Thuat Dang, Thien-Phu Le, Pascal Ray
      Seismic fragility curves presenting some probability of failure or of a damage state exceedance versus seismic intensity can be established by engineering judgment, empirical or numerical approaches. This paper focuses on the latter issue. In recent studies, three popular methods based on numerical simulations, comprising scaled seismic intensity, maximum likelihood estimation and probabilistic seismic demand/capacity models, have been studied and compared. The results obtained show that the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method is in general better than other ones. However, previous publications also indicated the dependence of the MLE method on the ground excitation input. The objective of this paper is thus to propose a novel method improving the existing MLE one. Improvements are based on probabilistic ground motion information, which is taken into account in the proposed procedure. The validity of this new approach is verified by analytical tests and numerical examples.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T05:48:46Z
       
  • From the water wheel to turbines and hydroelectricity. Technological
           evolution and revolutions
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Pierre-Louis Viollet
      Since its appearance in the first century BC, the water wheel has developed with increasing pre-industrial activities, and has been at the origin of the industrial revolution for metallurgy, textile mills, and paper mills. Since the nineteenth century, the water wheel has become highly efficient. The reaction turbine appeared by 1825, and continued to undergo technological development. The impulsion turbine appeared for high chutes, by 1880. Other turbines for low-head chutes were further designed. Turbine development was associated, after 1890, with the use of hydropower to generate electricity, both for industrial activities, and for the benefits of cities. A model “one city + one plant” was followed in the twentieth century by more complex and efficient schemes when electrical interconnection developed, together with pumped plants for energy storage.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • The use of images in fluid mechanics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Marc Fermigier
      Still images, photographs and drawings, as well as movies are widely used in fluid mechanics and this has been true since the very early developments of this discipline. The intrinsic geometrical complexity of fluid flows, in particular when they are turbulent, explains this necessity of using visual representations to gain a physical understanding of the phenomena involved. The aesthetic appeal of images in fluid mechanics research is another reason why their use is more prevalent than in other fields of the physical sciences.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • Une histoire de l'Institut de mécanique des fluides de Toulouse de
           1913 à 1970
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): François Charru


      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • Paul Germain et la mécanique des fluides (1945–1970)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Gérard A. Maugin


      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • A century of wind tunnels since Eiffel
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Bruno Chanetz
      Fly higher, faster, preserve the life of test pilots and passengers, many challenges faced by man since the dawn of the twentieth century, with aviation pioneers. Contemporary of the first aerial exploits, wind tunnels, artificially recreating conditions encountered during the flight, have powerfully contributed to the progress of aeronautics. But the use of wind tunnels is not limited to aviation. The research for better performance, coupled with concern for energy saving, encourages manufacturers of ground vehicles to perform aerodynamic tests. Buildings and bridge structures are also concerned. This article deals principally with the wind tunnels built at ONERA during the last century. Somme wind tunnels outside ONERA, even outside France, are also evocated when their characteristics do not exist at ONERA.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • On the developments of Darcy's law to include inertial and slip effects
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Didier Lasseux, Francisco J. Valdés-Parada
      The empirical Darcy law describing flow in porous media, whose convincing theoretical justification was proposed almost 130 years after its original publication in 1856, has however been extended to account for particular flow conditions. This article reviews historical developments aimed at including inertial and slip effects (respectively, when the Reynolds and Knudsen numbers are not exceedingly small compared to unity). Despite the early empirical extensions to include inertia and slip effects, it is striking to observe that clear formal derivations of physical models to account for these effects were reported only recently.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • Numerical analysis of the effects induced by normal faults and dip angles
           on rock bursts
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Lishuai Jiang, Pu Wang, Peipeng Zhang, Pengqiang Zheng, Bin Xu
      The study of mining effects under the influences of a normal fault and its dip angle is significant for the prediction and prevention of rock bursts. Based on the geological conditions of panel 2301N in a coalmine, the evolution laws of the strata behaviors of the working face affected by a fault and the instability of the fault induced by mining operations with the working face of the footwall and hanging wall advancing towards a normal fault are studied using UDEC numerical simulation. The mechanism that induces rock burst is revealed, and the influence characteristics of the fault dip angle are analyzed. The results of the numerical simulation are verified by conducting a case study regarding the microseismic events. The results of this study serve as a reference for the prediction of rock bursts and their classification into hazardous areas under similar conditions.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • Foreword
    • Abstract: Publication date: July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique, Volume 345, Issue 7
      Author(s): François Charru, Olivier Darrigol, Pierre Mounier-Kuhn, José E. Wesfreid


      PubDate: 2017-07-24T03:16:13Z
       
  • Intermittency as a transition to turbulence in pipes: A long tradition
           from Reynolds to the 21st century
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 July 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Christophe Letellier
      Intermittencies are commonly observed in fluid mechanics, and particularly, in pipe flows. Initially observed by Reynolds (1883), it took one century for reaching a rather full understanding of this phenomenon whose irregular dynamics (apparently stochastic) puzzled hydrodynamicists for decades. In this brief (non-exhaustive) review, mostly focused on the experimental characterization of this transition between laminar and turbulent regimes, we present some key contributions for evidencing the two concomittant and antagonist processes that are involved in this complex transition and were suggested by Reynolds. It is also shown that a clear explicative model was provided, based on the nonlinear dynamical systems theory, the experimental observations in fluid mechanics only providing an applied example, due to its obvious generic nature.

      PubDate: 2017-07-11T23:41:41Z
       
  • Asymptotic behavior of the spectrum of an elliptic problem in a domain
           with aperiodically distributed concentrated masses
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Gregory A. Chechkin, Tatiana P. Chechkina
      In this paper, we consider a spectral problem with singular perturbation of density located near the boundary of the domain, depending on a small parameter. We prove the compactness theorem and study the behavior of eigenelements to the given problem, as the small parameter tends to zero.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:45:30Z
       
  • Turbulence from 1870 to 1920: The birth of a noun and of a concept
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Francois G. Schmitt
      We consider here the works of French, British, and German researchers in fluid mechanics from 1870 to the beginning of the twentieth century. Our aim is to understand how the term “turbulence” introduced by William Thomson in 1887, which was not used by the main researchers of the time, including Joseph Boussinesq, Osborne Reynolds, Lord Rayleigh, Horace Lamb in the first editions of his book, became classical in the 1920s. We trace the first introductions of the terms “turbulence”, “turbulent flow” in the works of relatively unknown researchers between 1889 and 1903, until it reaches the vocabulary of mainstream researchers in fluid mechanics and physics. Our result is that the shift was in 1906–1908, when the term was used in the 1906 edition of the book of Horace Lamb, and in Lanchester's book, followed by a series of papers of German researchers before the First World War. The use of the word “turbulence”, a word used for a long time for crowds or for children, in a scientific context, corresponds to the introduction of a new concept, a new understanding of a scientific phenomenon clearly identified as being different from laminar motion. The study of the use of this term is also the study of the diffusion of a new concept among researchers of the time.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:45:30Z
       
  • Horace Lamb… and how he found his way back to Manchester
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Brian Launder
      The paper examines aspects of the career of Professor Sir Horace Lamb, FRS, a highly regarded classical fluid mechanicist, who, over a period of some thirty-five years at Manchester, made notable contributions in research, in education and in wise administration at both national and university levels. The article reveals the unusual sequence of events that led to his removing from Adelaide, South Australia, where he had served for nine years as the Elder Professor of Mathematics, to Manchester where he frequently interacted (sometimes rather coolly) with Manchester's other outstanding fluid mechanicist of the period, Osborne Reynolds.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:45:30Z
       
  • Boundary layer separation and asymptotics from 1904 to 1969
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Pierre-Yves Lagrée
      The aim of this Note is to follow the spreading of the idea of asymptotic analysis in fluid mechanics (more precisely the laminar boundary layer). We will focus on the actors who worked on the problem of boundary layer separation from 1904 to 1969. This correspond to the invention of the “boundary layer” concept by Prandtl in 1904 and the invention of the “triple deck” in three different papers in 1969. The rationalization of the methods by the GALCIT group allowed one to solve, with exactly the same tools, problems at small and large Reynolds number (or problems with a small parameter). This story starts in Göttingen and goes to California before coming to London and Moscow.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:45:30Z
       
  • L'héritage de Craya, pour une approche statistique à points multiples de
           la turbulence homogène anisotrope
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Claude Cambon
      Some elements are given on the very multiform career of Antoine Craya. In addition to a strong involvement in applied hydraulics in Grenoble, he was very influential on the research of his colleagues: to give only a few examples of well-known scientists in the Lyon–Grenoble area, he inspired the doctoral work on wall-jets by Jean Mathieu, the doctoral work on channel flow by Geneviève Comte-Bellot, and the dominant research area of René Moreau on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. The main part of this article is devoted to the legacy of Antoine Craya, from his own doctoral dissertation (1957). Inspired by G.I. Taylor probably more than by G. Batchelor, he contributed to establish the concept of HAT (Homogeneous Anisotropic Turbulence), as a useful intermediate step between HIT (Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence) and fully statistically inhomogeneous turbulent flows. For this purpose, a mean flow with space-uniform velocity gradient can inject energy and anisotropy to a fluctuating flow, and statistical homogeneity is restricted to fluctuations. Complete equations for two-point second-order and three-point third-order velocity correlations were written, both in physical space and in Fourier space, in order to exactly solve mixed pressure–velocity correlations thanks to the incompressibility constraint. Antoine Craya is well known for the use of the eponymous frame of reference, thanks to Jacks Herring (1974). Later recognized as a spectral counterpart of a general decomposition in terms of toroidal/poloidal/dilatational modes, this frame leads to expressing the spectral tensors of correlation with a minimal number of scalar (or pseudo-scalar) descriptors, without loss of information and for arbitrary anisotropy. Craya provided us with a special angle of attack of the so-called RDT (Rapid Distortion Theory) and triadic closures, even if he did not work directly on them. Accordingly, this paper is also an opportunity to come back on the long history of RDT, including the Spectral Linear Theory as a better nomenclature, especially for recent studies. As far as possible, historical milestones are recalled throughout this article, and one recovers the Lagrangian formalism of Cauchy, emphasized by Uriel Frisch as well, with the use of a ‘Cauchy matrix’ in connection with linear theory. Finally, it is shown how the legacy of Craya is present in new (not addressed by him) domains, such as stratified turbulence and MHD turbulence. We discuss how further (past 1957) approaches, by Keith Moffatt (spectral linear theory, 1967), and Steven Orszag (triadic closure for HIT, as EDQNM, Eddy Damped Quasi-Normal Approximation, 1970) can be integrated in a general approach to anisotropic turbulence, which still benefits from Craya's legacy. A synoptic scheme for the description of multipoint statistics is re-discussed on this occasion. More incidentally, connections with Kraichnan theories and with the formalism of Kármán–Howarth–Monin equation(s) are touched upon.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:45:30Z
       
  • Henri Bénard: Thermal convection and vortex shedding
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): José Eduardo Wesfreid
      We present in this article the work of Henri Bénard (1874–1939), a French physicist who began the systematic experimental study of two hydrodynamic systems: the thermal convection of fluids heated from below (the Rayleigh–Bénard convection and the Bénard–Marangoni convection) and the periodical vortex shedding behind a bluff body in a flow (the Bénard–Kármán vortex street). Across his scientific biography, we review the interplay between experiments and theory in these two major subjects of fluid mechanics.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:45:30Z
       
  • A hybrid multi-objective imperialist competitive algorithm and Monte Carlo
           method for robust safety design of a rail vehicle
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Mohamed Nejlaoui, Ajmi Houidi, Zouhaier Affi, Lotfi Romdhane
      This paper deals with the robust safety design optimization of a rail vehicle system moving in short radius curved tracks. A combined multi-objective imperialist competitive algorithm and Monte Carlo method is developed and used for the robust multi-objective optimization of the rail vehicle system. This robust optimization of rail vehicle safety considers simultaneously the derailment angle and its standard deviation where the design parameters uncertainties are considered. The obtained results showed that the robust design reduces significantly the sensitivity of the rail vehicle safety to the design parameters uncertainties compared to the determinist one and to the literature results.

      PubDate: 2017-06-21T19:30:11Z
       
  • Joseph Kampé de Fériet et la mécanique des fluides en France durant
           l'entre-deux-guerres
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Antonietta Demuro
      Up until the twentieth century, fluid mechanics was characterised by a strong division between theory and practice. The formulas of mathematicians and physicists were difficult to apply experimentally and their relevance was neither well accepted nor well understood by engineers. In France, where priority was given to the theoretical aspects of this subject, the creation of several centres of fluid mechanics in the 1930s (Lille, Marseille, Paris and Toulouse) represented an attempt at a rapprochement between fluid mechanics, experimental aerodynamics, and hydrodynamics. The aim was to re-establish France's international profile, which had been lost after 1918. In Lille, the leadership of the “Institut de mécanique des fluides” (IMFL) was entrusted to Jospeh Kampé de Fériet, who was able to address questions of both theoretical and experimental nature in the context of his work at the IMFL and at the “Commission de la turbulence atmosphérique”. On the one hand, Kampé de Fériet used a probabilistic approach to give greater mathematical rigour to the statistical theory of turbulence due to Taylor–von Kármán. On the other hand, he played an active part in his group's experimental research on atmospheric turbulence. This paper aims to show in what way Kampé de Fériet's approach to fluid mechanics enabled him to contribute to the international development of the statistical theory of turbulence during the interwar period.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T17:45:29Z
       
  • D'Alembert's paradox, 1900–1914: Levi-Civita and his Italian and
           French followers
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Rossana Tazzioli
      Before the First World War, Tullio Levi-Civita (1873–1941) was already a well-known mathematician in Italy and abroad, in particular in France. Professor at the University of Padua since 1898, he had published important contributions to tensor calculus, theory of relativity, differential geometry, hydrodynamics, and the three-body problem. In 1918, when he moved to the University of Rome, he created an international school of mathematics. In this paper, we focus on d'Alembert's paradox to which Levi-Civita and some of his Italian and French followers contributed remarkable solutions. This case-study is used to illustrate Levi-Civita's approach to hydrodynamics and its influence in Italy and France, especially in the period 1910–1914.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T17:45:29Z
       
  • Joseph Boussinesq's legacy in fluid mechanics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Olivier Darrigol
      Joseph Boussinesq was the most prolific of all French contributors to nineteenth-century fluid mechanics. His scientific production included a novel theory of solitary waves, the KdV equation for finite deformations of the water surface in an open channel, a systematic study of open channel and pipe flow based on the concept of effective viscosity, pioneering derivations of boundary layers and entrance effects, new exact solutions of the Navier–Stokes equation under geometrically simple boundary conditions, and the ‘Boussinesq approximation’ for heat convection in a moving fluid under gravity. Although his extraordinary skills were quickly recognized and rewarded, other experts in the field were often unaware even of his most important results and they ended up rediscovering some of them. Boussinesq's unusual background and the resulting peculiarities of his style explain this problematic diffusion. They also account for the richness of his legacy.

      PubDate: 2017-06-11T16:25:13Z
       
  • Modélisation de la turbulence en déclin avec rotation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Zouaoui Jihene, Hamed Marzougui, Taieb Lili
      The study presented in the present paper deals with the modeling of the rotation effects on a homogeneous turbulence evolving without a mean velocity gradient. The developed model results from a modification of the second order model of Haworth and Pope. This modification is expressed as a function of the rotation rate, of the component of the Reynolds tensor and of the characteristic length scale in the direction of the rotation axis. The obtained results have evidenced the great capacity of the present model to describe the rotation effects on the time evolution of the homogeneous decaying turbulence.

      PubDate: 2017-06-11T16:25:13Z
       
  • Optimal streaks in the wake of a blunt-based axisymmetric bluff body and
           their influence on vortex shedding
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique, Volume 345, Issue 6
      Author(s): Mathieu Marant, Carlo Cossu, Grégory Pujals
      We compute the optimal perturbations of azimuthal wavenumber m THAT maximize the spatial energy growth in the wake of a blunt-based axisymmetric bluff body. Optimal perturbations with m ≠ 0 lead to the amplification of streamwise streaks in the wake. When forced with finite amplitude m ≠ 1 , optimal perturbations have a stabilizing effect on large-scale unsteady vortex shedding in the wake. We show that m ≥ 2 modes, which are forced with zero mass flux, can significantly reduce the amplitude of the unsteady lift force exerted on the body. When combined with low levels of base bleed, these perturbations can completely suppress the unsteadiness in the wake with reduced levels of mass injection in the flow.

      PubDate: 2017-06-11T16:25:13Z
       
  • Ludwig Prandtl and the growth of fluid mechanics in Germany
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 June 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Michael Eckert
      Ludwig Prandtl (1875–1953) has been called the father of modern aerodynamics. His name is associated most famously with the boundary layer concept, but also with several other topics in 20th-century fluid mechanics, particularly turbulence (Prandtl's mixing length). Among his disciples are pioneers of modern fluid mechanics like Heinrich Blasius, Theodore von Kármán, and Walter Tollmien. Furthermore, Prandtl founded the Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt (AVA) and the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Strömungsforschung in Göttingen, nuclei for the growth of fluid mechanics in Germany. In this article I trace this development on the basis of my recent biography of Prandtl.

      PubDate: 2017-06-06T15:37:02Z
       
  • Stochastic modeling and generation of random fields of elasticity tensors:
           A unified information-theoretic approach
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 May 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Brian Staber, Johann Guilleminot
      In this Note, we present a unified approach to the information-theoretic modeling and simulation of a class of elasticity random fields, for all physical symmetry classes. The new stochastic representation builds upon a Walpole tensor decomposition, which allows the maximum entropy constraints to be decoupled in accordance with the tensor (sub)algebras associated with the class under consideration. In contrast to previous works where the construction was carried out on the scalar-valued Walpole coordinates, the proposed strategy involves both matrix-valued and scalar-valued random fields. This enables, in particular, the construction of a generation algorithm based on a memoryless transformation, hence improving the computational efficiency of the framework. Two applications involving weak symmetries and sampling over spherical and cylindrical geometries are subsequently provided. These numerical experiments are relevant to the modeling of elastic interphases in nanocomposites, as well as to the simulation of spatially dependent wood properties for instance.

      PubDate: 2017-06-02T14:53:00Z
       
  • A new apparatus for testing the delayed mechanical behaviour of
           interfaces: The Shearing Interfaces Creep box (SInC box)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 May 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Eleni Stavropoulou, Matthieu Briffaut, Frédéric Dufour, Guillaume Camps, Marc Boulon
      A new experimental apparatus is presented for testing the time-dependent behaviour of interfaces, including in particular interfaces of geomaterials, under constant loading. This apparatus allows the application of two orthogonal loads normal and tangential to the mean plane of the interface, as well as the measurement of the axial and tangential relative displacements. The sample is moulded inside two half shear boxes and the system is designed in such a way that the shear force is applied along the mean plane of the interface. Some preliminary testing was carried out on a clay rock/concrete interface, under a controlled temperature environment. Preliminary results are presented, showing the evolution of the delayed displacements.

      PubDate: 2017-05-22T13:38:56Z
       
  • An inverse Hölder inequality and its application in lower bound
           estimates for blow-up time
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 May 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Bin Guo
      This paper deals with the lower bound for blow-up solutions to a nonlinear viscoelastic hyperbolic equation. An inverse Hölder inequality with the correction constant is employed to overcome the difficulty caused by the failure of the embedding inequality W 0 1 , r ( Ω ) ↪ L 2 α − 2 ( Ω ) ( r ⁎ + 2 2 < α < r ⁎ = N r N − r ) and the lack of a version of the Gagliardo–Nirenberg inequality. Moreover, a lower bound for blow-up time is obtained by establishing a first-order differential inequality. This result is a continuation of an earlier work [1].

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T11:29:21Z
       
  • On the identifiability of the Hill-1948 model with one uniaxial tensile
           test
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 April 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Morgan Bertin, François Hild, Stéphane Roux
      A uniaxial experiment is performed on an ultra-thin specimen made of 17-7 precipitation hardened stainless steel. An anti-wrinkling setup allows for the characterization of the mechanical behavior with Integrated Digital Image Correlation (IDIC). The result shows that a single uniaxial experiment investigated via IDIC possesses enough data (and even more) to characterize a complete anisotropic elastoplastic model.

      PubDate: 2017-04-26T10:11:45Z
       
  • Acoustical scattering identification with local impedance through a
           spectral approach
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 April 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Mohamed Amine Ben Souf, Ahmed Kessentini, Olivier Bareille, Mohamed Taktak, Mohamed N. Ichchou, Mohamed Haddar
      Acoustical scattering in waveguides is studied in this paper. The Wave Finite Element (WFE) approach is mainly used, since it allows the reduction of problems dealing with periodic waveguides. The paper deals with guided acoustical propagation, that is, propagation in a main direction is privileged. The scattering by a locally reacting lining is first studied. The liner can be characterised by its local impedance in this case. The equivalent surface impedance is therefore calculated. Then, scattering by a porous layer is considered. A full three-dimensional modelling of the lining is preferred since porous materials are bulk reacting. The scattering matrix of the lined part is computed, and acoustical scattering of high-order modes and conversion between modes are highlighted. The acoustic power attenuation is further evaluated. The response of ducts subjected to constraining boundary conditions is also calculated. Numerical results are presented and compared to those obtained with conventional approaches.

      PubDate: 2017-04-19T09:36:44Z
       
  • Identification of nonlinear anti-vibration isolator properties
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 April 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Fares Mezghani, Alfonso Fernández Del Rincón, Mohamed Amine Ben Souf, Pablo García Fernandez, Fakher Chaari, Fernando Viadero Rueda, Mohamed Haddar
      Vibrations are classified among the major problems for engineering structures. Anti-vibration isolators are used to absorb vibration energy and minimise transmitted force which can cause damage. The isolator is modelled as a parallel combination of stiffness and damping elements. The main purpose of the model is to enable designers to predict the dynamic response of systems under different structural excitations and boundary conditions. A nonlinear identification method, discussed in this paper, aims to provide a tool for engineers to extract information about the nonlinear dynamic behaviour using measured data from experiments. The proposed method is demonstrated and validated with numerical simulations. Thus, this technique is applied to determine the nonlinear parameters of a commercial metal mesh isolator. Nonlinear stiffness and nonlinear damping can decrease with the increase in the amplitude of the base excitation. The softening behaviour of the mesh isolator is clearly visible.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T15:56:52Z
       
  • Dynamic and quasi-electromagnetostatic evolution of a
           thermoelectromagnetoelastic body
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Christian Licht, Somsak Orankitjaroen, Panumart Sawangtong, Thibaut Weller
      A standard technique of evolution equations in Hilbert spaces of possible states with finite energy supplies results of existence and uniqueness for the dynamic evolution of a thermoelectromagnetoelastic body and for its ‘‘quasi-electromagnetostatic approximation’’  whose relevance is established through a convergence result as a parameter, accounting for the ratio of the speed of elastic wave propagation to the celerity of the light, goes to zero.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T15:56:52Z
       
  • Dynamic contact problem with adhesion and damage between
           thermo–electro–elasto-viscoplastic bodies
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Tedjani Hadj ammar, Abdelkader Saïdi, Abdelaziz Azeb Ahmed
      We study of a dynamic contact problem between two thermo–electro–elasto-viscoplastic bodies with damage and adhesion. The contact is frictionless and is modeled with normal compliance condition. We derive variational formulation for the model and prove an existence and uniqueness result of the weak solution. The proof is based on arguments of evolutionary variational inequalities, parabolic inequalities, differential equations, and fixed point theorem.

      PubDate: 2017-04-04T15:56:52Z
       
  • A high-order corrector estimate for a semi-linear elliptic system in
           perforated domains
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Vo Anh Khoa
      We derive in this Note a high-order corrector estimate for the homogenization of a microscopic semi-linear elliptic system posed in perforated domains. The major challenges are the presence of nonlinear volume and surface reaction rates. This type of correctors justifies mathematically the convergence rate of formal asymptotic expansions for the two-scale homogenization settings. As the main tool, we use energy-like estimates to investigate the error estimate between the micro and macro concentrations and between the corresponding micro- and macro-concentration gradients. This work aims at generalizing the results reported in [1,2].

      PubDate: 2017-03-28T14:36:44Z
       
  • On Hashin–Shtrikman-type bounds for nonlinear conductors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Michaël Peigney
      For linear composite conductors, it is known that the celebrated Hashin–Shtrikman bounds can be recovered by the translation method. We investigate whether the same conclusion extends to nonlinear composites in two dimensions. To that purpose, we consider two-phase composites with perfectly conducting inclusions. In that case, explicit expressions of the various bounds considered can be obtained. The bounds provided by the translation method are compared with the nonlinear Hashin–Shtrikman-type bounds delivered by the Talbot–Willis (1985) [2] and the Ponte Castañeda (1991) [3] procedures.

      PubDate: 2017-03-21T13:04:50Z
       
  • Modeling of failure characteristics of rectangular hard rock influenced by
           sample height-to-width ratios: A finite/discrete element approach
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Fan Feng, Xibing Li, Diyuan Li
      In the present study, a combined finite/element approach is used to analyze failure characteristics of a rectangular hard rock with different sample height-to-width ratios based on the uniaxial compression test. The objective of this paper is to illustrate the transitional mechanisms from shear fracture to extension failure of brittle rocks and the occurrence conditions of surface-parallel slabbing. Numerical results show that failure modes have experienced the shear, tension with shear and surface-parallel slabbing failure with the decrease of sample height-to-width ratios. It is seen from the simulation results that the shear band in larger height-to-width ratios is composed of an amount of extension meso-cracks that are parallel to the loading direction, and the slabbing failure tends to be the result of the accessible propagation of extension meso-cracks due to short sample height, which validate the essence of extension failure in hard rocks. The good agreement between simulation and laboratory testing also shows the practicability and advancement of a combined finite/discrete element approach.

      PubDate: 2017-03-21T13:04:50Z
       
  • Fatigue crack growth simulation in coated materials using X-FEM
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Khalid Nasri, Mohammed Zenasni
      In the present work, the eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM) is used to study the effect of bi-material interfaces on fatigue life in galvanised panels. X-FEM and Paris law are implemented in ABAQUS software using Python code. The XFEM method proved to be an adequate method for stress intensity factor computation, and, furthermore, no remeshing is required for crack growth simulations. A study of fatigue crack growth is conducted for several substrate materials, and the influence of the initial crack angle is ascertained. This study also compares the crack growth rate between three types of bi-materials alloys zinc/steel, zinc/aluminium, and zinc/zinc. The interaction between two cracks and fatigue life, in the presence of bi-material interface, is investigated as well.

      PubDate: 2017-03-17T10:59:23Z
       
  • 2-D hydro-viscoelastic model for convective drying of deformable and
           unsaturated porous material
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Lamine Hassini, Lamloumi Raja, Gisèle Laure Lecompte-Nana, Mohamed Afif Elcafsi
      The aim of this work was to simulate in two dimensions the spatio-temporal evolution of the moisture content, the temperature, the solid (dry matter) concentration, the dry product total porosity, the gas porosity, and the mechanical stress within a deformable and unsaturated product during convective drying. The material under study was an elongated cellulose–clay composite sample with a square section placed in hot air flow. Currently, this innovative composite is used in the processing of boxes devoted to the preservation of heritage and precious objects against fire damage and other degradation (moisture, insects, etc.). A comprehensive and rigorous hydrothermal model had been merged with a dynamic linear viscoelasticity model based on Bishop's effective stress theory, assuming that the stress tensor is the sum of solid, liquid, and gas stresses. The material viscoelastic properties were measured by means of stress relaxation tests for different water contents. The viscoelastic behaviour was described by a generalized Maxwell model whose parameters were correlated to the water content. The equations of our model were solved by means of the ‘COMSOL Multiphysics’ software. The hydrothermal part of the model was validated by comparison with experimental drying curves obtained in a laboratory hot-air dryer. The simulations of the spatio-temporal distributions of mechanical stress were performed and interpreted in terms of material potential damage. The sample shape was also predicted all over the drying process.

      PubDate: 2017-03-17T10:59:23Z
       
  • A method for the identification of dynamic constraint parameters in
           multi-supported flexible structures
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Ahmad Baklouti, José Antunes, Vincent Debut, Tahar Fakhkakh, Mohamed Haddar
      In this paper, a new method for identifying the dynamical parameters of local constraining supports such as mass, stiffness, and damping was developed through combining the measured frequency transfer functions and structural modification techniques. Since measurement noise often leads to erroneous identifications, regularization techniques have been implemented to reduce noise amplification in the inverse problem. The developed technique has been validated by numerical tests on a multi-supported flexible structure, which can be seen as an idealized electricity generator rotor shaft. The results are satisfactory for noise-free data as well as under realistic noise levels. The sensitivity of the identified support features to noise levels is asserted through a parametric study

      PubDate: 2017-03-17T10:59:23Z
       
  • Bridging meso- and microscopic anisotropic unilateral damage formulations
           for microcracked solids
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Qi-Zhi Zhu, Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Jian-fu Shao
      A mathematically consistent and unified description of induced anisotropy and unilateral effects constitutes one of the central tasks in the continuum damage theories developed so far. This paper aims at bridging constitutive damage formulations on meso- and micro-scales with an emphasis on a complete mesoscopic determination of material effective properties for microcracked solids. The key is to introduce a new set of invariants in terms of strain tensor and fabric tensor by making use of the Walpole's tensorial base. This invariant set proves to be equivalent to the classical one, while the new one provides great conveniences to high-order orientation-dependent tensor manipulations. When limited to the case of parallel microcracks, potential relations between ten combination coefficients are established by applying continuity conditions. It is found that the dilute approximation with penny-shaped microcracks is a particular case of the present one. By originally introducing effective strain effect, interactions between microcracks are taken into account with comparison to the Mori–Tanaka method as well as the Ponte-Castaneda and Willis scheme. For completeness, discussions are also addressed on macroscopic formulations with high-order damage variables.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T09:51:41Z
       
  • Two-phase flow patterns and size distribution of droplets in a
           microfluidic T-junction: Experimental observations in the squeezing regime
           
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Yassine Mahdi, Kamel Daoud, Lounès Tadrist
      Generating micrometer sized droplets has been studied in a microfluidic system with T-junction geometry 250 μm in internal diameter and with PTFE capillary tubing. Several experiments were conducted by varying the flow rate of the dispersed phase from 2.78 ⋅ 10 − 11  m 3 / s to 5.28 ⋅ 10 − 9  m 3 / s and that of the continuous phase from 2.78 ⋅ 10 − 10  m 3 / s to 1.94 ⋅ 10 − 9  m 3 / s . The visualization of different flow regimes (drop, plug, and annular) was carried out for three configurations (not inverted in a horizontal position, inverted in a horizontal position, and inverted in a vertical position) for low capillary numbers. The model of Gauss was also chosen for a droplet size distribution in the dispersed phase, with the flow quality x varying from 0.016 to 0.44. The evolution of the drop size distribution as a function of the flow quality in the dispersed phase shows that the variation coefficient of the droplet's diameter is inversely proportional to the flow quality.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T09:51:41Z
       
  • Reply to “Comments on ‘Large deflection and rotation of Timoshenko
           beams with frictional end supports under three-point bending’ ” [C.
           R. Mecanique 345 (2017), doi:10.1016/j.crme.2017.01.004]
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 February 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Dao-Kui Li, Xian-Fang Li


      PubDate: 2017-02-11T01:41:58Z
       
  • Comments on ‘Large deflection and rotation of Timoshenko beams with
           frictional end supports under three-point bending’ [Comptes rendus
           Mecanique 344 (8) (2016) 556–568]
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 February 2017
      Source:Comptes Rendus Mécanique
      Author(s): Milan Batista
      The paper discusses certain limitations of the analytical solution presented in this article [1]. It is demonstrated that the solution is valid only for small deflections of an inextensible beam.

      PubDate: 2017-02-11T01:41:58Z
       
 
 
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