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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2567 journals)
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    - ENGINEERING (1340 journals)
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ENGINEERING (1340 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 328)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis     Open Access  
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Nahrain Journal for Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A : Applied Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Annals of Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
AURUM : Mühendislik Sistemleri ve Mimarlık Dergisi = Aurum Journal of Engineering Systems and Architecture     Open Access  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autocracy : Jurnal Otomasi, Kendali, dan Aplikasi Industri     Open Access  
Automotive Experiences     Open Access  
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Avances en Ciencias e Ingenierías     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Beyond : Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BioNanoMaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Engineering and Science     Open Access  
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers Droit, Sciences & Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Carbon Resources Conversion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Communications in Information Science and Management Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 298)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 272)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.483
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2213-2902
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3161 journals]
  • Failure analysis of leakage caused by perforation in an L415 steel gas

    • Authors: Zhiyong Liu; Wenju Liao; Wei Wu; Cuiwei Du; Xiaogang Li
      Pages: 63 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 9
      Author(s): Zhiyong Liu, Wenju Liao, Wei Wu, Cuiwei Du, Xiaogang Li
      The reasons for the failure of a buried pipeline perforated during construction were investigated by a chemical composition analysis; a metallographic test; macromorphology observation; characterization of the corrosion products by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction; field medium characterization; and an analysis of the working conditions. The results revealed that the material composition and organization of the steel pipe conformed to API Specification 5CT. However, the reason for the perforation of the L415 steel pipe was an ultrahigh growth rate of pitting corrosion, as high as 14mm per year. We confirmed that the synergistic effect of a high partial pressure of oxygen introduced by an improper packing process and concentrated Cl− in the corrosion product layer, which originated from groundwater with a high salt concentration that was used for the water pressure test, were responsible for the failure process.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T22:47:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.07.003
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Analysis of a failed pipe elbow in geothermal production facility

    • Authors: Kusmono; Khasani
      Pages: 71 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 9
      Author(s): KusmonoKhasani
      Failure of a pipe elbow used in geothermal production facility was reported to occur after 2 months in service. A leak was found to form at the bottom of elbow of horizontal pipe. The main cause of failure was investigated through conducting standard failure analysis including visual examination, chemical analysis, mechanical characterization, metallurgical examinations using optical microscopy in combination with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and corrosion test using a three-electrode potential technique. Results of this investigation indicated that the failure of elbow was caused by an erosion-corrosion with the presence of wall thinning in leak area. The failure mechanism was discussed in this paper.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T22:47:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.08.001
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Failure analysis of a carbon steel roller shaft of continuous pad steam

    • Authors: Santosh D. Dalvi; Hariom; D. Chandrababu; Sunil Satav; Vijoykumar
      Pages: 118 - 128
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 9
      Author(s): Santosh D. Dalvi, Hariom, D. Chandrababu, Sunil Satav, Vijoykumar
      This paper presents the failure analysis of carbon steel roller shaft of continuous pad steam machine used in textile industry. The fracture position was located at a stepped diameter. The failed component was the shaft made of carbon steel AISI 1040. Standard procedure for failure analysis was employed in this investigation. Visual examination, chemical analysis, hardness and tensile strength measurements, microstructural characterization, fractography analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) were used for the failure analysis. Using this failure analysis approach, we pinpointed the root cause of failure and developed a means of solving this type of failure in the future. Firstly, the chemical composition of the shaft is done by an Optical Emission Spectroscopy (OES) method, the found chemical composition was matching with required standard value. Mechanical testing consists of two test i.e. tensile test and hardness test and it was found out that the strength and hardness of specimens were within the required capacity. For metallurgical analysis, the microstructure of the shaft was developed by using an optical microstructure. Equal distribution of ferrite perlite shows that heat treatment was performed well and carbon percentage in a material is satisfying the standard values. Thus, it proves that the material used was of good quality and indicates that failure is not due to material property. Further for the fractography, the fractured surface was examined by SEM. The cross-section was taken in a quarter segments and divided into four regions i.e. A, B, C, and D. Fractography morphology mainly showed that the failure of roller shaft was caused due to fatigue. To examine the stress distribution at the fractured surface the Finite Element Method (FEM) was also carried out. Based on the shaft size, a precise ANSYS model was developed. The result of FEM shows that stress concentration was significant at roller shaft step which could reduce the material reliability to some extent. Based on the failure analysis it could be concluded that due to stress concentration a micro crack is initiated along the weak interface and further it converted into the major fatigue failure. Fractography morphology of failed roller shaft also confirms the fatigue failure.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T10:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Analysis of acetal toilet fill valve supply line nut failure

    • Authors: Anthony Timpanaro; Ryan Scherzer; Orion P. Keifer; Paul D. Eason
      Pages: 129 - 137
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 9
      Author(s): Anthony Timpanaro, Ryan Scherzer, Orion P. Keifer, Paul D. Eason
      In recent years, there has been a rise in the number of product liability cases involving the failure of toilet water supply line acetal plastic nuts. These nuts can fail in service, causing water leaks that result in significant property and financial losses. This study examines three possible failure modes of acetal plastic toilet water supply nuts. The three failure modes tested were all due to over load failure of the acetal nut and are as follows: (1) Overtightening of the supply line acetal nut, (2) Supply line lateral pull and, (3) Embrittled supply line lateral pull. Additionally, a “hand-tight” torque survey was conducted. The fracture surfaces and characteristics of these failure tests were examined with Stereo Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The failure modes were compared and contrasted to provide guidance in determination of cause in these investigations.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T10:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Determining critical areas of transmission towers due to sudden removal of

    • Authors: Soheil Dadras Eslamlou; Behrouz Asgarian
      Pages: 138 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 9
      Author(s): Soheil Dadras Eslamlou, Behrouz Asgarian
      In this study, the structural susceptibility of a 400kV power transmission tower subjected to progressive collapse and methods of determining the critical areas of above mentioned structure are investigated. OpenSees program is used for numerical modeling and nonlinear dynamic analysis of the tower which considers the buckling possibility of compression members and the plasticity in the cross sections as well. First, the progressive collapse analysis is performed and the results are reported as time history diagrams. Then, the impact factor of members’ removal and the capacity-to-demand ratio are calculated for different failure scenarios of structural members due to the results of preliminary analysis of progressive collapse. The critical areas of the transmission tower through impact factor and capacity-to-demand ratio are determined so that it will be more feasible to propose retrofitting methods for the damaged structure in order to reduce the future risks. For the studied sample transmission tower, impact factors and capacity-to-demand ratios of 41% of APM cases can predict same critical areas.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T10:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2015.09.005
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • A new model for the optimization of periodic inspection intervals with
           failure interaction: A case study for a turbine rotor

    • Authors: Esmaeil Rezaei
      Pages: 148 - 156
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 9
      Author(s): Esmaeil Rezaei
      Inspection is one of the important activities to detect and fix failures in repairable system. Optimization of inspection intervals has critical role in maintenance cost and operating system. When a component fails, it is renewed or repaired. A great deal of periodic inspection research is for hidden failure and considered one of the perfect (renew) and minimal repair policies. In literature, the lack of simultaneous consideration of both perfect and minimal repair in reliability model has been observed. This study presents new reliability model by synchronous consideration of both minimal and perfect repair. As well as, the expected total maintenance cost is presented and modeled to figure out the optimal inspection interval. The proposed model is more comprehensive model in reliability evaluation and can be applied in different pertinent problems. The model is applied to steam turbine system which the rotor considered as soft component and filter as hard component. The result revealed that the system should be inspected every 12 month.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T10:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2015.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Failure investigation of a secondary super heater tube in a 140MW thermal
           power plant

    • Authors: Atanu Saha; H. Roy
      Pages: 57 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, Volume 8
      Author(s): Atanu Saha, H. Roy
      This article describes the findings of a detailed investigation into the failure of a secondary super heater tube in a 140MW thermal power plant. Preliminary macroscopic examinations along with visual examination, dimensional measurement and chemical analysis were carried out to deduce the probable cause of failure. In addition optical microscopy was a necessary supplement to understand the cause of failure. It was concluded that the tube had failed due to severe creep damage caused by high metal temperature during service. The probable causes of high metal temperature may be in sufficient flow of steam due to partial blockage, presence of thick oxide scale on ID surface, high flue gas temperature etc. rupture.

      PubDate: 2017-05-22T22:39:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2017)
  • A case study of sample entropy analysis to the fault detection of bearing
           in wind turbine

    • Authors: Qing Ni; Ke Feng; Kesheng Wang; Binyuan Yang; Yu Wang
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): Qing Ni, Ke Feng, Kesheng Wang, Binyuan Yang, Yu Wang
      Rolling bearing is an important and fragile component in the wind turbine transmission system. The failure of rolling bearing is one of the highest risk events which may result in unexpected economic loss. To give a proper condition assessment of rolling bearing, especially for early fault detection, is of great importance and become an urgent issue to the wind energy industry. In this paper, sample entropy is studied through the field data of wind turbine transmission system measured from Lu Nan Wind Farm in China. Compared with several frequently used statistical indicators, sample entropy features advantages in detecting and evaluating the progress of the early faults of the rolling bearing. The studies show that the sample entropy is an effective and practical tool for condition monitoring of rolling bearing for a wind turbine transmission system.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T14:49:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.10.002
  • Root Cause Failure Analysis of a Tracked Vehicle Balance Arm

    • Authors: Ayaz M. Khan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 October 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): Ayaz M. Khan
      This paper relates to an upgraded Industrial tracked vehicle which was found with a failed Balance arm during disassembly. The failure analysis of an actual Balance Arms surface was carried out using Fractography and Non Destructive testing techniques to dig out the root cause. The analysis revealed microscopic signatures categorically pointing towards post failure surface mechanical damage. The factor causing to promote failure was improper manufacturing i.e. casting which was further attributed to MnS inclusions.

      PubDate: 2017-10-18T14:49:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.10.001
  • Failure analysis of type 304 stainless steel amine exchanger sheets in a
           gas sweetening plant

    • Authors: H. Panahi; A. Eslami; M.A. Golozar; A. Ashrafi; M. Aryanpur; M. Mazarei
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 August 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): H. Panahi, A. Eslami, M.A. Golozar, A. Ashrafi, M. Aryanpur, M. Mazarei
      Amine exchangers are widely used in gas sweetening plants for amine solution regeneration process. This study is investigates cracking and leakage of a 304 type stainless steel plate in an amine exchanger unit, used between absorption and stripper towers. In this regard, micro and macro examinations were performed on the plate, and solution was analyzed. Micro cracks were observed on both sides of the plate, especially under the gasket region of the plate. Results showed that the main reason of cracking was intergranular corrosion accompanied by stress. High concentration of Formate in amine solution, and also high level of stress under gasket region, had initiated the intergranular corrosion and cracking.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T22:47:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.08.002
  • Effect of additional holes on transient thermal fatigue life of gas
           turbine casing

    • Authors: Bazvandi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 August 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): H. Bazvandi
      Gas turbines casings are susceptible to cracking at the edge of eccentric pin hole, which is the most likely position for crack initiation and propagation. This paper describes the improvement of transient thermal fatigue crack propagation life of gas turbines casings through the application of additional holes. The crack position and direction was determined using non-destructive tests. A series of finite element patterns were developed and tested in ASTM-A395 elastic perfectly-plastic ductile cast iron. The effect of arrangement of additional holes on transient thermal fatigue behavior of gas turbines casings containing hole edge cracks was investigated. ABAQUS finite element package and Zencrack fracture mechanics code were used for modeling. The effect of the reduction of transient thermal stress distribution around the eccentric pin hole on the transient thermal fatigue crack propagation life of the gas turbines casings was discussed. The result shows that transient thermal fatigue crack propagation life could be extended by applying additional holes of larger diameter and decreased by increasing the vertical distance, angle, and distance between the eccentric pin hole and the additional holes. The results from the numerical predictions were compared with experimental data.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T07:14:34Z
  • A case study on failure of AISI 347H stabilized stainless steel pipe in a
           petrochemical plant

    • Authors: M. Ghalambaz; M. Abdollahi; A. Eslami; A. Bahrami
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 August 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): M. Ghalambaz, M. Abdollahi, A. Eslami, A. Bahrami
      In this study failure of AISI 347 stabilized stainless steel pipe after 60000hour of working in a petrochemical plant was investigated. Result showed that the main cause of failure was thermal stress fatigue. Fatigue cracks were formed at the outer surface of the investigated pipe, and were grown towards the inner surface at the fusion line of welded area. The formation of chromium-rich phases together with thermal fatigue stresses were found to be main causes of failure.

      PubDate: 2017-08-03T07:14:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.07.001
  • Failure analysis of the boiler water-wall tube

    • Authors: S.W. Liu; W.Z. Wang; C.J. Liu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 June 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): S.W. Liu, W.Z. Wang, C.J. Liu
      Failure analysis of the boiler water-wall tube is presented in this work. In order to examine the causes of failure, various techniques including visual inspection, chemical analysis, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy were carried out. Tube wall thickness measurements were performed on the ruptured tube. The fire-facing side of the tube was observed to have experienced significant wall thinning. The composition of the matrix material of the tube meets the requirements of the relevant standards. Microscopic examinations showed that the spheroidization of pearlite is not very obvious. The failure mechanism is identified as a result of the significant localized wall thinning of the boiler water-wall tube due to oxidation.

      PubDate: 2017-07-03T08:42:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.06.002
  • Failure and Sensitivity Analysis of a Reconfigurable Vibrating Screen
           Using Finite Element Analysis

    • Authors: Boitumelo Ramatsetse
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 June 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): Boitumelo Ramatsetse
      In mineral processing industries vibrating screens operate under high structural loading and continuous vibrations. In this regard, this may result in high strain rates, which may often lead to structural failure or damage to the screen. In order to lessen the possibility of failure occurring, theories and techniques for analyzing machine structures are investigated and applied to perform a sensitivity study of a newly developed vibrating screen. Structural strength and stability of a vibrating screen is essential to insure that failure doesn’t occur during production. In this paper a finite element analysis (FEA) on a reconfigurable vibrating screen (RVS) is carried out to determine whether the structure will perform as desired under extreme working conditions at the different configurations of 305mm×610mm, 305mm×1220mm and 610mm×1220mm. This process is aimed at eliminating unplanned shutdowns and minimizes maintenance cost of the equipment. Each component of a screen structure is analyzed separately, stress and displacement parameters are determined based on dynamic analysis. In addition, a modal analysis was carried out for the first three (3) modes at frequency f of 18.756Hz, 32.676Hz and 39.619Hz respectively. The results from the analysis showed weak points on the side plates of screen structure. Further improvements were incorporated to effectively optimize the RVS structure after undergoing an industrial investigation of similar machines.

      PubDate: 2017-07-03T08:42:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.04.001
  • Failure investigation of super heater tubes of coal fired power plant

    • Authors: A.K. Pramanick; G. Das; S.K. Das; M. Ghosh
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): A.K. Pramanick, G. Das, S.K. Das, M. Ghosh
      Cause of failure of two adjacent super heater tubes made of Cr-Mo steel of a coal based 60MW thermal power plant has been portrayed in present investigation. Oxide deposits were found on internal surface of tubes. Deposits created significant resistance to heat transfer and resulted in undesirable rise in component temperature. This situation, in turn, aggravated the condition of gas side that was exposed to high temperature. Localized heating coarsened carbides as well as propelled precipitation of new brittle phases along grain boundary resulting in embrittlement of tube material. Continuous exposure to high temperature softened the tube material and tube wall was thinned down with bulging toward outside. Creep void formation along grain boundary was observed and steered intergranular cracking. All these effects contributed synergistically and tubes were failed ultimately due to overload under high Hoop stress.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-06-12T00:04:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.06.001
  • Failure Analysis of Dissimilar Weld in Heat Exchanger

    • Authors: Carlos Corleto; Gaurav Argade
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 May 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): Carlos R. Corleto, Gaurav R. Argade
      The failure analysis of a dissimilar weld in a heat exchanger has been conducted. Within hours of being placed in service, the circumferential weld joining the carbon steel shell to the duplex stainless steel tubesheet experienced partial cracking as H2S was being introduced into the exchanger. The cracking of the weld was determined to be associated with sulfide-stress corrosion cracking facilitated by high weld hardness levels and local dilution of chemistry in the weld.

      PubDate: 2017-05-27T23:02:17Z
  • Failure of 321 stainless steel heater tube in heavy crude oil

    • Authors: H.M. Shalaby; K. Ravindranath; N. Tanoli; B. Al-Wakaa
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): H.M. Shalaby, K. Ravindranath, N. Tanoli, B. Al-Wakaa
      Failure investigation was done on a 321 stainless steel charge heater tube which failed in a refinery unit processing heavy crude oil. Crude oil was the charge in the radiant and convection sections; while saturated stripping steam is present in convection section. After a leak was detected, visual inspection revealed that nine convection tubes had black oil/coke deposits on their external surfaces. The deposits were seen on the first three rows of tubes. When one of the tubes was lightly ground at the black colored area, a circumferential crack was visually observed. The investigation revealed that long-term aging, coupled with localized deposition of salts and coke from the heavy crude led to sensitization of the tube surface layers. This in turn resulted in sulphidation of the internal surface grain boundaries, formation of grooves, and cracking of the material. Thus, cracking was intergranular in nature in the initial stage, but became transgranular at later stages. It was concluded that cracking was due to chloride stress corrosion cracking catalyzed by the presence of sulphur-bearing species. It was recommended that the desalter operation be improved and frequent decoking and scale removal be carried out, with emphasis on the convection section at the refinery.

      PubDate: 2017-05-22T22:39:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.04.004
  • Forensic Investigation of a Failed Connecting Rod from a Motorcycle Engine

    • Authors: K. Bari; A. Rolfe; A. Christofi; C. Mazzuca; K.V. Sudhakar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 May 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): K. Bari, A. Rolfe, A. Christofi, C. Mazzuca, K.V. Sudhakar
      In the present work, a failed connecting rod from a motorcycle engine was investigated for the root cause of and possible mechanisms leading to its premature failure. In addition to finding the root cause, the expectation from this study was to possibly improve the existing designs or practices to avoid similar failures in future. These results were validated using a finite element analysis (FEA) simulation. A Scanning Electron Microscope was used for investigating the mechanisms of fracture modes, optical microscopy for studying the microstructures and visual inspection were primarily utilised to determine the root cause of the failure. In conclusion, it was determined that the root cause for the premature failure of the connecting rod was the presence of scale build-up inclusions, which led to micro cracking during fatigue loading of the component.

      PubDate: 2017-05-22T22:39:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.05.002
  • Damage Analysis of the Forced Draft Fan Blade in Coal Fired Power Plant

    • Authors: M. Nurbanasari; T. Kristyadi; T.S. Purwanto; A. Maulana; R.R. Fadilah
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 May 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): M. Nurbanasari, T. Kristyadi, T.S. Purwanto, A. Maulana, R.R. Fadilah
      The Forced Draft Fan (FDF) blade in a 300MW coal fired power plant that experienced catastrophic failure has been investigated. There were two main locations of the blade damage, namely damage at the root of the blade and the other one is at the third of the blade height. The FDF blade has been run for 5 years and before its failure, the FDF experienced high vibration (14mm/s). The forced draft fan is an axial flow fan horizontally in front of the boiler and the fan is single stage. Visual inspection, metallographic analysis, chemical composition and hardness test were carried out to find the cause of the failure. It is concluded that the material of the blade is cast Al-Si alloy (A356.0) that fits the requirements for FDF blade application, the failure of the third of the blade height is owing to the external particles collide to the leading edge of the blades causing erosion and notch. That notch acted as initial crack. The failure at the root blade was caused by broken fragments of the others damaged blades entered in between casing (stator) and the blade (rotor) so they obstructed the blade rotation.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T17:56:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.04.005
  • Failure analysis of gas turbine first stage blade made of nickel-based

    • Authors: A.M. Kolagar; N. Tabrizi; M. Cheraghzadeh; M.S. Shahriari
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): A.M. Kolagar, N. Tabrizi, M. Cheraghzadeh, M.S. Shahriari
      Various degradation mechanisms are characterized in gas turbine rotor blades due to service conditions such as: high temperature and stress. Failure of turbine blade can have the tremendous effects on the safety and performance of the gas turbine engine. This paper investigates a first stage turbine blade failure in a 6.5MW gas turbine. The blade is made of nickel-based superalloy, and the failure occurred in the airfoils after 6500hours of operation. Several examinations were carried out in order to identify potential failure reasons such as: visual examination, fractography and microstructural characterization used by optical and scanning electron microscopes (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). The precipitated phases morphology (carbides and γ' (Ni3Al)) changed in the airfoil for example γ' resolved and re-deposited in addition to decomposition of carbides. Furthermore, the fracture surface exhibits the local melting occurred and re-solidified in the leading edge. From analysis and experimental results of this study, overheating is shown to be the main reason of blade failure.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T17:47:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.04.002
  • Overheated Pipe due to Scale: Field Failure Investigation and Finite
           Element Analysis

    • Authors: H. Sunandrio; H.A. Suhartono; Y. Prawoto
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): H. Sunandrio, H.A. Suhartono, Y. Prawoto
      Through a field failure investigation and finite element analysis, a study on overheated pipe due to scale was performed. The field failure samples were collected from primary reformer convection tube made of material based on ASTM A 335 grad P91 modified specification. The type of the object was a fin tube coil. The tube shows rupture with the shape of fish mouth accompanied by bulging. The analysis performed using finite element mimics the actual field conditions. It was discovered that long term overheating due to scale both at the outside and in the inside of the tube hinders the smooth heat transfer process. This consequently leads to poor heat transfer and violates the original design philosophy. Metallurgical evaluation proves this verdict. Furthermore, the finite element analysis also supports the conclusion.

      PubDate: 2017-05-03T17:47:53Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.04.003
  • Failure analysis of the fasten system of wheels used in mining pickup

    • Authors: A. Artigas; A. Monsalve; R. Colás; N.F. Garza-Montes-de-Oca
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): A. Artigas, A. Monsalve, R. Colás, N.F. Garza-Montes-de-Oca
      Regardless of their specific applications, all the vehicles used in mining operations are subjected to severe working conditions that reduce in a considerable amount, their active in-service life. In this work, the causes that promote failure of the fasten system and subsequent ejection of the wheels of passenger pickup trucks used in open-pit mines are analysed. By means of scanning electron microscopy, optical microscopy analyses and hardness tests, it was found that failure of the fasten system is characterised by a series of synergetic steps that include, the plastic deformation of the lug nuts caused by deficient tightening practices, fatigue and plastic deformation of the bolts. When combined, these phenomena leaded to the formation of cracks that propagated in the radial direction of these elements. The reasons that promote the development of this kind of failure are presented and discussed in this investigation.

      PubDate: 2017-03-08T09:39:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.02.001
  • Failure analysis of Fire Resistant Fluid (FRF) piping used in hydraulic
           control system at oil-fired thermal power generation plant

    • Authors: Muhammad Akram; Muhammad Umair; Mujeeb-Ur-Rehman; Asim Iqbal
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2017
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): Muhammad Akram, Muhammad Umair, Mujeeb-Ur-Rehman, Asim Iqbal
      This is a case study regarding frequent forced outages in an oil-fired power generating station due to failure of fire resistant fluid (FRF) piping of material ASTM A-304. This analysis was done to find out the most probable cause of failure and to rectify the problem. Methods for finding and analyzing the cracks include nondestructive testing techniques such as visual testing (VT) and dye penetrant testing (PT) along with that periodic monitoring after rectification of problem. The study revealed that pitting and pit to crack transitions were formed in stainless steel piping containing high pressure (system pressure 115 bars) fire resistant fluid. However, after replacement of piping the pitting and cracking reoccurred. It was observed that due to possible exposure to chlorinated moisture in surrounding environment pitting was formed which then transformed into cracks. The research work discussed in this paper illustrates the procedure used in detection of the problem and measures taken to solve the problem.

      PubDate: 2017-02-14T06:16:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2017.01.001
  • Assessment of circumferential cracks in hypereutectic Al-Si clutch

    • Authors: M. Haghshenas; J. Jamali
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 December 2016
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): M. Haghshenas, J. Jamali
      As in situ natural composites with silicon phase acting as the reinforcing phase, Al-Si alloys are among most commonly used aluminum alloys in automotive applications (i.e. engine component). Silicon contributes to the strength of Al-Si alloys through load transfer from the Al matrix to the hard (rigid) Si phase in the microstructure (load-carrying capacity). Casting parameters (i.e. solidification rate, elemental segregation, secondary dendrite spacing…) as well as the size and distribution of the microstructural constituents in Al-Si alloys (i.e. morphology of Si particles, intermetallic compounds, secondary dendrite spacing) contribute directly to the mechanical response and failure (or fracture) behavior of the alloy within the service. In hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloys (i.e. B390.0), distribution of coarse pre-eutectic Si particle mainly contribute to stress concentration, crack initiation and propagation during the actual service condition. In the present paper, the parameters contribution to the formation of the circumferential cracks in clutch housings made of die cast hyper-eutectics B390.0 Al-Si alloys are assessed through optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Casting variable, cooling rate, their effect on the cracks as well some of the possible causes are also discussed in detail.

      PubDate: 2016-12-16T06:38:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.csefa.2016.11.003
  • Failure analysis of a first stage IN738 gas turbine blade tip cracking in
           a thermal power plant

    • Authors: Sushila Rani; Atul Agrawal Vikas Rastogi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 December 2016
      Source:Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis
      Author(s): Sushila Rani, Atul K. Agrawal, Vikas Rastogi
      This research paper deals with the investigation of causes of failure of the first stage gas turbine blade of 30MW gas turbine having tip cracks at the trailing as well as leading edge. This blade is made of nickel based super alloy IN738LC, having directional solidified grain structure and contains aluminide coating (Pt–Al2) by diffusion process. The main focus of the paper is evaluation of tip crack at the trailing edge and further degradation of blade coating. The investigations included the visual observations, material composition analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and fatigue mode evaluation through ANSYS, Finite Element Software. During examination of the failed blade, it is found that the blade surface is completely degraded due to overheating. Corrosion pits are formed on the blade surface, these pits act as a notch to produce stress concentrations and cracks is initiated due to fatigue which further propagate due to hot corrosion. It is also reported that the Al-Pt coating is completely degraded, heavily oxidized. From these investigations, it is concluded that the failure of gas turbine blade takes place due to the combined effect of surface degradation caused by overheating, oxidation, hot corrosion and degradation of coating heavily oxidized.

      PubDate: 2016-12-09T03:43:03Z
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