Authors:Josip Soln First page: 1 Abstract: The primary, obscure and normal particles with respective limiting velocities c1, c2 and c3,solutions from bicubic equation, offer comfortable venues to tackle the newly emergent dark matter particles. Particular emphasis is given to particles with velocities of O(10-3c) ( with c the velocity of light) and whose energies are from 1eV to over 100GeV for which the congruent parameter z = 3p3mv2/2E assumes values of 10-6 and 10-7. At z = 10-6 with mc2 = 100GeV one can have E = 260GeV or with E = 1eV one can have mc2 = 0:38eV; while at z = 10-7 with mc2 = 100GeV one can have E = 2:6TeV or with E = 1eV one can have mc2 = 0:038eV. The small values of the congruent parameter z allow the limiting velocities c1, c2 and c3 as well as the resulting energy expressions be written down perturbatevly in terms of the congruent parameter z. It is shown that for mc2 = 100GeV particle in the MilkyWay Dark Matter Velocity Profile (Laha, 2016), the derived limiting velocities of primary, obscure and normal particles as dark matter particles are: c1 = 1; 7c (z = 10-7), 1:34c; 2:15c (z = 10-6); c2 = +-i1; 7c (z = 10-7), +-i1:34c; +-i2:15c (z = 10-6), and c3 = v (z = 10-7; 10-6). Perturbatively, for a very small common primary and obscure particle velocity v compared to the absolute values of their limiting velocities, one shows that the obscure particle acquires (-mv2) intrinsic negative energy with respect to the primary particle,with m being their common mass. PubDate: 2017-05-10 Issue No:Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)

Authors:Luciano Rota First page: 8 Abstract: The duality waves/particle and the dynamic of propagation of electromagnetic emanations suggest the existence of a natural kind of waves, which differently from de classic ones, are originating by kinetic thrust and propagating, also though vacuum, by inertial force. The model taken into consideration, to which has been given the name of “kinetic waves” is, like the classic one, a concretely existing natural phenomenon which can also be visually perceived if produced on molecular scale. Results suggest, by giving consistent mathematical proof, that kinetic waves offer many more points of similarity, in dynamic and behavior, than the classic ones, which were taken, since the discovery of electromagnetic waves, as basic model.Applying the obtained results relatively to this model, to the astrophysical red-shift, taking as example the quasar 3C-273 and the recently found, most far galaxy GN-z11, we could find a mathematical sustainable and logic answer about still unsolved problems with regard to the origin and the dynamic of the universe.In the appendix, a suggested and accurately described experiment on base of Radar Astronomy to possibly confirm the validity of this model. PubDate: 2017-05-11 Issue No:Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)

Authors:David Zareski First page: 21 Abstract: In previous publications, we showed that Maxwell’s equations are an approximation to those of General Relativity when V<<c, where V is the velocity of the particle submitted to the electromagnetic field. This was demonstrated by showing that the Lienard-Wiechert potential four-vector A_u created by an electric charge is the equivalent of the gravitational four-vector G_u created by a massive neutral point when V<<c. In the present paper, we generalize these results for V non-restricted to be small. To this purpose, we show first that the exact Lagrange-Einstein function of an electric charge q submitted to the field due an immobile charge q_0 is of the same form as that of a particle of mass m submitted to the field created by an immobile particle of mass m_0. Maxwell’s electrostatics is then generalized as a case of the Einstein’s general relativity. In particular, it appears that an immobile q_0 creates also an electromagnetic horizon that behaves like a Schwarzschild horizon. Then, there exist ether gravitational waves constituted by gravitons in the same way as the electromagnetic waves are constituted by photons. Now, since A_u and G_u, are equivalent, and as we show, G_u produces the approximation, for V<<c, of g_u4 created by m_0 mobile, where the g_uv are the components of Einstein’s fundamental tensor, it follows that A_u+u_u produces the approximation, for V<<c, of Bet_u4 , where the Bet_uv created by m_0 and by q_0, generalize the g_uv. PubDate: 2017-05-12 Issue No:Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)