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Management Science and Engineering
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1913-0341 - ISSN (Online) 1913-035X
   This journal is no longer being updated because:
  • The Effect of Programme Costs in the Adaptation of Furniture Industry
           Accounting Information Systems on General Production Expenses and

    • Authors: Orhan Bozkurt, Şükrü Dokur, Adem Yıldırım
      Abstract: The subject of this study is the change of operational costs when accounting information system is used; and special cases in registering this change in accounting records and how the costs will change in case accounting information system is used in a business. To do this, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) operating in Turkish furniture industry was examined. Lowering the costs is an important objective in manufacturing businesses. In this respect, accounting information systems (AIS) provide significant contributions. The aim of this study is to explain this contribution , the new programme adaptation and its cost, the new programme purchasing accounting records and to offer solutions. At the end of the study, it was found that in case businesses carry out all their transactions over one single programme lowered their general production expenses significantly. In addition, this study shows that operational efficiency will be ensured in case AIS is used. Some other results are given in the study. 
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Developing An Early Warning System For Currency Crises: The Case Of Jordan

    • Authors: Qasim M. Jdaitawi, Izz Eddien N. Ananzeh, Ahmed M. Al-Jayousi
      Abstract: In this paper an early warning system for currency crisis in Jordan was developed. The system is based on two standard empirical methods of researching and forecasting a currency crisis: the signaling method and the Logit method.  Our findings showed that all leading indicators on average sent signals within 6 to 24 months ahead of the crisis. Among the leading indicators, four variables were identified as key to the warning system; they were succeeded and precisely warning system showed also a behavior and a precise description for the period preceding the currency crisis that occurred in Jordan, and these variables were the sharp decline in international reserves, the decline in the trade balance, increase the broad money supply (M2), and finally the increase in the Dinar exchange rate.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Experimenting with 3 different input-output mapping structures of ANN
           models for predicting CSI 300 index

    • Authors: Chengzhao ZHANG, Heping PAN
      Abstract: Forecasting the stock market price index is a challenging task. Many scholars have tried on many kinds of models to predict the stock index, mainly autoregressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA), artificial neural networks (ANN) with genetic algorithms (GA). This paper documents a set of thorough empirical tests of ANN's with different choices of inputs and different numbers of hidden neurons for forecasting the CSI 300 - the benchmark stock index of China. The prediction accuracy is measured in terms of hit rate and mean square error. The trend of the hit rate is observed by adjusting the window length and the number of hidden neurons. The results show that the hit rate is highest when the window length is between 14 days to 20 days.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Implementing Effect of Chinese Corporate Environmental Information
           Disclosure Policy: Empirical data from A-Share Listed Companies in Heavy
           Pollution Industry

    • Authors: Jian TANG, Jue PENG
      Abstract: Corporate environmental information disclosure policy (CEIDP) is a system tool for solving the asymmetry problem of corporate environmental information. Relevant literature suggests that there are obvious differences on implementing effect of CEIDP in different countries, regions, and industries. As far as implementing effect of CEIDP is concerned, the domestic researches have distinct opinions. Because of relating the single corporate environmental governance, environmental protection and environmental investment decision-making in microscopic scales and China’s sustainable development strategy goals in macroscopic view, it is of theoretical value and practical significance to estimate implementing effect of CEIDP. Based on the mechanism of CEIDP, this article analyses comprehensively the relationship between corporate environmental disclosure and its system, builds a comprehensive index system by system function analysis, taking 2008-2010 A-share listed companies in heavy polluting industries for the study sample, and makes use of Wilcoxon rank sum test to appraise implementing effect and its lagged effects. The research results show that CEIDP is not only a statistically significant effect, but also has a lagged effect. This paper builds an operable and reflecting effect of CEIDP index system, and introduces non-parametric test method to the Evaluation of CEIDP, thus enriching the theory of CEIDP.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Algeria During 1980-2010

    • Authors: Qasim M. Jdaitawi, Izz eddien N. Ananzeh, Hamid A. Elhirtsi
      Abstract: Economic growth holds the field of social research. Even now, many researchers agree about indispensability of growth, while others emphasis that it's insufficient until the possibility of coexistence of negative effects is still realized. For example: weaknesses in economic balance (sectors and regions), and enlargement of the gap between society classes mentioned as inequality.In this paper, descriptive statistics are used to diagnose economic growth, poverty and inequality inAlgeriabased on a policy oriented work looking for a judgment about decisions made to eradicate poverty. 
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Unifying Urban-Rural Public Cultural Service System: Taking Chongqing as
           an Example

    • Authors: Jian XIANG
      Abstract: In the 18th Third plenary Session, the Party put the enhancement of cultural building among the top rank of their executive purposes, to make it come true, the unified building of urban-and-rural public cultural service system becomes the largest breach to breakthrough. This thesis, on the basis of defining the concept of unified building of urban-and-rural public cultural service system, gives an adequate introduction to How does Chongqing explore its way in dealing this task, and points out four challenges in respects of dual economic structure, public cultural services consuming ability, the quantity of public cultural facilities and residents’ cultural cultivation of both areas. At last, the thesis gives four effective solutions to the task; they are: top-down planning, offering cultural services of public interests, giving more official supports and encouraging social sector’s involvement.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • The Design of Scientific Research Project Management System in

    • Authors: Shuyan SUN, Xiaojuan QI, Yongji YANG
      Abstract: Researching and designing the university scientific research project management system based on network is conducive to tracking, guiding and managing product life-cycle of the whole research procedure management of projects. It also can provide information support for the managers to make scientific research management decisions and contribute to advancing the management level of scientific research and management. Fully understanding the procedure of scientific research management system, the paper researched problems which are important to project management and designed the basic structure of the scientific research management system according to the manager’s demands. Adopting Myeclipse, Tomcat, Mysql development tools, the function models such as information publishment, achievement exhibition, project management and academic communication can be constructed. Therefore the goal of all-dimensional management of progress, resources and results can be realized. It can not only facilitate project directors to do comprehensivize management of project, but also helpful for the management sector to get the advanced progress information of all the internal scientific research projects. The management system can meet the need of academic institutions macro-management and decision demand of scientific activities, providing support for the project participators’ evaluation.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Chinese Wisdom on Eco-Innovation Management

    • Authors: Jing XIAO
      Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to find out theoretical ground to improve the eco-innovation performance in enterprises from traditional Chinese ecological point of view.
      Design/methodology/approach: Implications of traditional Chinese ecological thoughts on eco-innovation performance were analyzed textually. Based on it, both business and societal benefits as output indicators were proposed to evaluate the eco-innovation performance in enterprises and the theoretical framework was established. To test it, the survey data were collected from 10 electronic and communication equipment manufacturers in P.R.C. and the DEA models were used.
      Findings: The estimated results show that it is more efficient to evaluate eco-innovation performance by outputs including business and societal benefits than by solely economic benefits and eco-innovation performance in most selected enterprises is DEA inefficient. The sample study shows the managerial measures of improvement to a DEA inefficient eco-innovative enterprise.
      Research limitations/implications: A large samples from high-tech industrial enterprises, as well as multi-industrial samples are more revealing to test the evaluation system than samples from Electronic and Communication Equipment manufacturers. In addition, according to the DEA theory, relative efficiency rather than absolute efficiency of eco-innovative performance is calculated, so the managerial suggestions of the sample study could be weakened.
      Practical implications: The ecological values embedded in traditional Chinese wisdom could be applied to guide ecological development of innovation performances in Chinese enterprises. Chinese enterprises should pay same attention to societal benefits as well as business benefits in their eco-innovations, and explore the strength from traditional Chinese wisdom to be sustainable and competitive.
      Originality/value: It explains a Chinese characteristic way of evaluating eco-innovation performance by exploring implications from the traditional Chinese ecological ideas.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • A Discussion on Smart City Management Based on Meta-Synthesis Method

    • Authors: Weisi FU, Ping PENG
      Abstract: This paper proposes an idea that Smart City could be considered to be an open complex giant system, from which consensus emergence can be demonstrated and handle by meta-synthesis. It clarified the differences between smart city management and traditional city management. Smart city can be managed with the theory of processing complex system--from qualitative to quantitative method of the integrated method, which was put forward by QIAN Xuesen. Finally the smart city management model is established.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Strategy of Chongqing Rural Labor Resources Development: From the
           Respective of Urban-Rural Coordinated Development

    • Authors: Yangchen LIU
      Abstract: The development and utilization of rural labor resources are major problems bothering urban-rural coordinative development of Chongqing. In order to improve peasants’ ability to get used to the coordinative development of urban and rural areas, we should proceed from the development of rural labor resources. Chongqing, as a national experimental district for urban-rural coordinative development, still has lots of problems to be solved, such as the existence of urban-rural dual economic structure, deficient play of government functions, unbalanced allocation of education resources between urban and rural areas, etc.. To improve the situation, we need to strengthen systems of organization, build learning-oriented villages, reasonably promote the flow of labor resources between areas and optimize the allocation of resources and so on.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • Game-Theoretic Analysis for a Supply Chain With Distributional and
           Peer-Induced Fairness Concerned Retailers

    • Authors: Yucheng SHI, Jia'ang ZHU
      Abstract: In this paper, we consider a supply chain system with one supplier and two homogeneous retailers to investigate the influence of distributional and peer-induced fairness concerns on supply chain. The Nash bargaining solution is used as distributional fairness reference and the first retailer’s monetary payoff is used as the peer-induced fairness reference. We first analyze the decision-making process of the fairness concerned retailers under a given wholesale price and make a comparison with the fairness-neutral counterparts, then we derive the supplier’s optimal wholesale price and the retailers’ corresponding optimal order quantity in equilibrium. The results show that the second retailer orders less product and receives a higher wholesale price than the first retailer. The peer-induced fairness concerned retailer is in a worse position than the distributional fairness concerned retailer.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
  • The Economic, Social and Environmental Benefits Derived From the
           Redevelopment of Brownfields

    • Authors: M. Malek, Chaise V. Matev
      Abstract: Brownfields are defined as former industrial or commercial properties that have been abandoned, idled or are no longer in use.  These properties may be compromised with contaminated water and/or toxic materials.  This paper demonstrates that Brownfields may however, be salvaged and redeveloped.  Redeveloping brownfields has many challenges.  Financial barriers and liability concerns are often cited as the main concerns, but this strategy can also have many economic, social and environmental benefits. Some are mentioned as: tax incentives, smart growth and inducement of labor concentrations among many….
      PubDate: 2014-03-17
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2014)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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