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ENGINEERING (1203 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 244)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 265)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 186)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CTheory     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover Applied Nanoscience
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2190-5509 - ISSN (Online) 2190-5517
   Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [226 journals]
  • Green synthesis and characterization of monodispersed silver nanoparticles
           using root bark aqueous extract of Annona muricata Linn and their
           antimicrobial activity

    • Abstract: In recent time, various phytosynthetic methods have been employed for the fabrication of silver nanoparticles; these unique metal nanoparticles are used in several applications which include pharmaceuticals and material engineering. The current research reports a rapid and simple synthetic partway for silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using root bark aqueous extract of Annona muricata and the evaluation of its antimicrobial efficacy against pathogenic microorganisms. The root bark extract was treated with aqueous silver nitrate solution. Silver ions were reduced to silver atoms which on aggregation gave Silver nanoparticles; the biosynthesized AgNPs were characteristically spherical, discreet and stabilized by phytochemical entities and were characterized using ultraviolet visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscope (TEM) and photon correlation microscopy. The aqueous plant extract-AgNPs suspension was subjected to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. TEM result for the average particle size is 22 ± 2 nm. The polydispersity index and zeta-potential were found to be 0.44 ± 0.02 and − 27.90 ± 0.01 mV, respectively (Zeta-Sizer). The antimicrobial evaluation result showed that the synthesized silver nanoparticles at different concentration were very active against the Gram-positive bacteria (B. subtilis, S. aureous) and Gram-negative bacteria (K. Pneumonia, E. Coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), P. aeruginosa being most susceptible to the anti microbial effect of the silver nanoparticles. Stable silver nanoparticles with antimicrobial activity were obtained through biosynthesis.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14
  • Green and microwave synthesis of SrAl 2 O 4 nanoparticles by application
           of pomegranate juice: study and characterization

    • Abstract: In the present paper, a green method was applied for the synthesis of SrAl2O4 nanostructures with the aid of microwave irradiation and pomegranate juice. SrAl2O4 nanocrystals were obtained when the raw materials were irradiated with 720–900 W for 6–10 min and then calcinated at 550 °C for 5 h. Using pomegranate juice as a dispersion and stabilizing agent, SrAl2O4 nanoparticles have been made with better properties in view of morphology and particle size. Also, the effect of some parameters affecting synthesis process such as microwave power and reaction time on the morphology and particle size of product was studied and optimized. X-ray diffraction and field emission-scanning electron microscopy were used to study and characterize the manufactured SrAl2O4 nanoparticles.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14
  • Preparation, characterization and X-ray attenuation property of Gd 2 O 3
           -based nanocomposites

    • Abstract: In an attempt to develop an alternate to lead-based X-ray shielding material, we describe the X-ray attenuation property of nanocomposites containing Gd2O3 as nanofiller and silicone resin as matrix, prepared by a simple solution-casting technique. Gd2O3 nanoparticles of size 30 and 56 nm are used at concentrations of 25 and 2.5 wt%. The nanoparticles and the nanocomposites are characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies, small angle X-ray spectroscopy (SAXS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The X-ray attenuation property of nanocomposites, studied using an industrial X-ray unit, shows that nanocomposites containing nanoparticles of size 56 nm (G2) exhibit better attenuation than nanocomposites containing nanoparticles of size 30 nm (G1), which is attributed to the greater interfacial interaction between the G2 nanofillers and silicone matrix. In the case of nanocomposites containing G1 nanoparticles, the interfacial interaction between the nanofiller and the matrix is so weak that it results in pulling out of nanofillers, causing voids in the matrix, which act as X-ray transparent region, thereby reducing the overall X-ray attenuation property of G1 nanocomposites. This is further corroborated from the AFM images of the nanocomposites. The weight loss and heat flow curves of pure silicone matrix and the nanocomposites containing Gd2O3 nanoparticles of size 30 and 56 nm show the degradation of silicone resin, due to chain scission, between 403 and 622 °C. The same onset temperature (403 °C) of degradation of matrix with and without nanoparticles shows that the addition of nanofillers to the matrix does not deteriorate the thermal stability of the matrix. This confirms the thermal stability of nanocomposites. Therefore, our study shows that nanocomposites containing G2 nanoparticles are potential candidates for the development of X-ray opaque fabric material.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14
  • Enhanced photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanoparticles grown on porous
           silica microparticles

    • Abstract: ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized on porous silica microparticles, namely sand microparticles using the sol–gel technique. The ZnO NPs grown on the multifaceted surface of porous silica microparticles were applied as photocatalyst for the degradation of methylene blue (MB) in aqueous solution. The enhanced rate constant observed was due to two reasons. Firstly, the multifaceted surface of the sand substrate provided fixed space for growth space which prevented agglomeration of the ZnO NPs photocatalyst, thus maintaining a large surface area. Secondly, the presence of nanopores on the sand surface provided adsorption sites for MB molecules to be in the vicinity of the photocatalyst. The photocatalytic activity was significantly enhanced where photodegradation efficiency of supported ZnO NPs reached 71.7% compared to 48.2% for unsupported ZnO NPs under UV light irradiation within 150 min. The values of k increased from 4.3 × 10−3 min−1 to 8.6 × 10−3 min−1 for unsupported and supported ZnO NPs, respectively.
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
  • Immobilized aptamer on gold electrode senses trace amount of aflatoxin M1

    • Abstract: An electrochemical aptasensor for detection of trace amounts of aflatoxin M1 was developed. This required immobilization of aptamer on screen printed gold electrode comprising of working electrode, counter electrode and reference electrode and was achieved by sequentially layering dithiodipropionic acid, streptavidin and biotinylated-tetraethylene glycol-aptamer. Immobilization of aptamer was monitored by cyclic voltammetry. Peak current in square wave voltammogram was inversely related to logarithmic concentration of aflatoxin M1. Dynamic range of sensor was 1–105 ppt aflatoxin M1. Sensor can be regenerated by treating electrode with 10% sodium dodecyl sulfate or 40 mM tris-HCl (pH 8.0) containing 10 mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and 0.02% tween-20.
      PubDate: 2017-11-13
  • Influence of source parameters on the growth of metal nanoparticles by

    • Abstract: We describe the production of size-selected manganese nanoclusters using a magnetron sputtering/aggregation source. Since nanoparticle production is sensitive to a range of overlapping operating parameters (in particular, the sputtering discharge power, the inert gas flow rates, and the aggregation length), we focus on a detailed map of the influence of each parameter on the average nanocluster size. In this way, it is possible to identify the main contribution of each parameter to the physical processes taking place within the source. The discharge power and argon flow supply the metal vapor, and argon also plays a crucial role in the formation of condensation nuclei via three-body collisions. However, the argon flow and the discharge power have a relatively weak effect on the average nanocluster size in the exiting beam. Here the defining role is played by the source residence time, governed by the helium supply (which raises the pressure and density of the gas column inside the source, resulting in more efficient transport of nanoparticles to the exit) and by the aggregation path length.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07
  • Gd–Bi–Ce–O materials as catalysts in CO oxidation

    • Abstract: Ceria-based solid solutions doped by Gd and/or Bi were synthesized by co-precipitation method from acid aqueous solution of cerium, gadolinium, and bismuth salts, followed by calcination at the temperature of 500 °C. Characterization of the synthesized samples by many methods was carried out. It is shown that all obtained powders of solid solutions crystallized into a cubic structure of the fluorite type, with an average particle size of 10–17 nm, and for the sample obtained through intermediate acetylacetonate complexes was 5–8 nm. The samples had a mesoporous structure with a pore diameter of 2–5 nm. These systems were tested as the catalysts in CO oxidation in the model gas mixture by the flow method. Gd0.05Bi0.15Ce0.8O2 system obtained through intermediate acetylacetonates has the highest activity, so this sample can be used as a catalyst.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02
  • Drastic improvement in magnetization of CdO nanoparticles by Fe doping

    • Abstract: Hydrothermal route was used in the preparation of Fe-doped CdO nanoparticles with 3, 5, 7 and 10 wt% and their structural and magnetic properties were investigated. Structural characterization using powder X-ray diffraction confirmed the single phase cubic symmetry of these nanoparticles. Particle size decreased monotonically with increasing the dopant ion concentration. The microstructure of the synthesized samples was studied by a high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) which confirmed the nanocrystalline nature of the samples. A vibrating sample magnetometer provided the hysteresis curves of all samples. Pure CdO reveals ferromagnetic behavior while antiferromagnetization is observed for all Fe-doped samples. Large coercivity as well as large area for the sample x = 0.05 is achieved.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
  • Yellow colored blooms of Argemone mexicana and Turnera ulmifolia mediated
           synthesis of silver nanoparticles and study of their antibacterial and
           antioxidant activity

    • Abstract: In the present work, AgNPs were prepared using a simple bio-reduction method. This is ecologically welcoming and cost-effective method. Yellow colored blooms concentrate of Argemone mexicana and Turnera ulmifolia are used as bio reducing agents in the study. The formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by UV–Vis spectrophotometer and characterization of the nanoparticles was done by FTIR, SEM, XRD and EDX. The Antibacterial action of silver nanoparticles was tested against Staphylococus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella aerogenes. The phytochemical analysis of the blooms concentrate has shown the existence of saponins, alkaloids, amino acids, phenols, tannins, terpenoids, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides. In vitro anti-oxidant action of both A. mexicana and T. ulmifolia AgNPs were studied by DPPH assay and reducing power assay.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
  • Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Azadirachta indica leaf
           extract and its antimicrobial study

    • Abstract: In this study, green synthesis of silver nanoparticles was done using leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica. The flavonoids and terpenoids present in the extract act as both reducing and capping agent. Microbes (Escherichia coli and Gram-positive bacteria) were isolated from borewell water using selective media. The silver nanoparticles showed antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria and E. coli. However the silver nanoparticles were more effective against E. coli as compared to Gram-positive bacteria. Various techniques were used to characterize synthesized silver nanoparticles such as DLS and UV–visible spectrophotometer. The absorbance peak was in the range of 420–450 nm, that varied depending upon the variation in the concentration of neem extract. This is a very rapid and cost-effective method for generation of silver nanoparticle at room temperature, however, its exact dose in water purification has to be determined.
      PubDate: 2017-10-31
  • Assembling of carbon nanotubes film responding to significant reduction
           wear and friction on steel surface

    • Abstract: Friction properties of carbon nanotubes have been widely studied and reported, however, the friction properties of carbon nanotubes related on state of itself. It is showing superlubricity under nanoscale, but indicates high shear adhesion as aligned carbon nanotube film. However, friction properties under high load (which is commonly in industry) of carbon nanotube films are seldom reported. In this paper, carbon nanotube films, via mechanical rubbing method, were obtained and its tribology properties were investigated at high load of 5 to 15 N. Though different couple pairs were employed, the friction coefficients of carbon nanotube films are nearly the same. Compared with bare stainless steel, friction coefficients and wear rates under carbon nanotube films lubrication reduced to, at least, 1/5 and 1/(4.3–14.5), respectively. Friction test as well as structure study were carried out to reveal the mechanism of the significant reduction wear and friction on steel surface. One can conclude that sliding and densifying of carbon nanotubes at sliding interface contribute to the sufficient decrease of friction coefficients and wear rates.
      PubDate: 2017-10-30
  • Fabricated CeO 2 nanopowders as a novel sensing platform for advanced
           forensic, electrochemical and photocatalytic applications

    • Abstract: In Forensic investigation, identification of various types of ridge details are essential in order to fix the criminals associated in various crimes. Even though several methods and labeling agents are available to visualize latent finger prints (LFPs) there is still simple, accurate, cost-effective, and non-destructive tool is required. In the present work, CeO2 nanopowders (NPs) are prepared via simple solution combustion route using Tamarindus indica fruit extract as a fuel. The optimized NPs are utilized for visualization of LFPs on various surfaces by powder dusting method. Results revealed that visualized LFPs exhibit Level 3 features such as pores and ridge contours under normal light with high sensitivity and without background hindrance. The photometric characteristics of the prepared samples exhibit blue color emission and highly useful in warm light emitting diodes. The photocatalytic studies were carried out with different Methylene blue (MB) dye concentration and pH values. The obtained results reveal that the CeO2 NPs exhibits an excellent catalytic properties which can act as a good catalytic reagent. The findings demonstrate that the prepared NPs are quite useful as a labeling agent for visualization of LFPs, efficient catalysts for dye degradation as well as solid-state lighting applications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25
  • Temperature-dependent thermal conductivity and viscosity of synthesized
           α-alumina nanofluids

    • Abstract: In the present work, we focused on the thermal conductivity and viscosity of the synthesis as well as characterize metal oxide α-Al2O3 nanoparticles suspended in distilled water:ethylene glycol (60:40) ratio based stable colloidal nanofluid. The band gap of the α-Al2O3 with and without surfactant is 4.42 and 4.59 eV, respectively. The results show that nanoparticle with polyvinyl alcohol surfactant has smaller crystalline size (~23 nm) than without surfactant (~36 nm). The synthesized nanofluids have good stability after 15 days of synthesis which is characterized by zeta potential analyzer. Thermal conductivity and viscosity are measured for 0.1 and 0.5 wt% concentration of alumina for with and without surfactant. The concentration of particles and added surfactant are responsible for stable fluid, thermal conductivity enhancement, and viscosity of nanofluid with respect to temperature. Therefore, the novel combinations of characterized properties of α-Al2O3 nanofluid has proved to be the best thermally stable heat transfer fluid compared to conventional cooling fluids.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
  • Bimetallic magnetic PtPd-nanoparticles as efficient catalyst for PAH
           removal from liquid media

    • Abstract: Monometallic Pd- and bimetallic PtPd-nanoparticles supported on a mesoporous magnetic magnetite@silica matrix resembling a core–shell structure (Fe3O4@mSiO2) have been fabricated. The material was characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), high-angle annular dark field-scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The catalysts were applied in the removal of anthracene from liquid phase via catalytic hydrogenation. It was found that anthracene as a model compound could be completely converted into the partially hydrogenated species by the monometallic and bimetallic solids. However, during the recycling study the bimetallic material (Fe3O4@mSiO2PtPd-) showed an enhanced activity towards anthracene removal compared with the monometallic materials. A single portion of the PtPd-based catalyst can be used up to 11 times in the hydrogenation of anthracene under mild conditions (6 atm of H2, 75 °C, 20 min). Thanks to the presence of a dense magnetic core, the catalysts were capable of responding to an applied external magnetic field and once the reaction was completed, catalyst/product separation was straightforward.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23
  • Eco-friendly biosynthesis, anticancer drug loading and cytotoxic effect of
           capped Ag-nanoparticles against breast cancer

    • Abstract: The work aimed to prepare silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) from silver nitrate and various concentrations of the seed extract (Setaria verticillata) by a green synthetic route. The chemical and physical properties of the resulting Ag-NPs were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry and ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectrophotometry. Anticancer activity of Ag-NPs (5–20 nm) had dose-dependent cytotoxic effect against breast cancer (MCF7-FLV) cells. The in vitro toxicity was studied on adult earthworms (Lumbricina) resulting in statistically significant (P < 0.05) inhibition. The prepared NPs were loaded with hydrophilic anticancer drugs (ACD), doxorubicin (DOX) and daunorubicin (DNR), for developing a novel drug delivery carrier having significant adsorption capacity and efficiency to remove the side effects of the medicines effective for leukemia chemotherapy.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23
  • Enzyme-free monitoring of glucose utilization in stimulated macrophages
           using carbon nanotube-decorated electrochemical sensor

    • Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been extensively explored for a diverse range of applications due to their unique electrical and mechanical properties. CNT-incorporated electrochemical sensors have exhibited enhanced sensitivity towards the analyte molecule due to the excellent electron transfer properties of CNTs. In addition, CNTs possess a large surface area-to-volume ratio that favours the adhesion of analyte molecules as well as enhances the electroactive area. Most of the electrochemical sensors have employed CNTs as a nano-interface to promote electron transfer and as an immobilization matrix for enzymes. The present work explores the potential of CNTs to serve as a catalytic interface for the enzymeless quantification of glucose. The figure of merits for the enzymeless sensor was comparable to the performance of several enzyme-based sensors reported in literature. The developed sensor was successfully employed to determine the glucose utilization of unstimulated and stimulated macrophages. The significant difference in the glucose utilization levels in activated macrophages and quiescent cells observed in the present investigation opens up the possibilities of new avenues for effective medical diagnosis of inflammatory disorders.
      PubDate: 2017-10-20
  • Effect of nanosilicon dioxide on growth performance, egg quality, liver
           histopathology and concentration of calcium, phosphorus and silicon in
           egg, liver and bone in laying quails

    • Abstract: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of nanosilicon dioxide (nSiO2) on performance, egg quality, liver histopathology and concentration of calcium (Ca), phosphorus and silicon (Si) in egg, liver and bone in laying quails. The experiment was administered using 60 laying quails at 16–26 weeks of age with five treatments [0 (control), 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 mg nSiO2 per kg of diet] and four replicates in a completely randomized design. During the experiment, the amount of feed intake was recorded weekly and performance parameters were measured. During the last 3 days of the experiment, all of the eggs in each replicate were collected and egg quality parameters were measured. At the end of 26 weeks of age, the birds were sacrificed and blood samples were collected. Liver samples from each treatment were fixed in 10% buffered formalin for histopathological assessment. The right thigh bone and a portion of liver were inserted in plastic bags and stored at − 20. The results showed that nSiO2 supplementation significantly affected egg weight and egg mass (P < 0.05). Also, dietary nSiO2 supplementation decreased the yolk weight and increased the shell weight (P < 0.05). Moreover, nSiO2 increased bone ash content, Ca and Si concentration in the bone (P < 0.05). The liver enzymes in plasma and the liver tissue histopathology were not significantly affected (P > 0.05) by dietary treatments. In conclusion, the results indicated that dietary supplementation of nSiO2 could improve bone density and performance without any adverse effect on the health of laying quails.
      PubDate: 2017-10-20
  • Controlling conducting channels of single-walled carbon nanotube array
           with atomic force microscopy

    • Abstract: In this paper, we report a technique of controlling the number of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) between two electrodes. The SWNT devices consist of an array of SWNTs between two silver/palladium electrodes, which are fabricated with electron beam lithography and silver. Using the tip-sample interaction in contact mode of atomic force microscopy (AFM), the number of individual SWNTs can be controllably decreased. The current–voltage measurements indicate that the resistance increases when the conducting channels of SWNTs are reduced. This simple and controllable approach could be useful for the assembly of high performance devices with a desired number of channels for future electronic investigations.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
  • Towards efficient and cost-effective inverted hybrid organic solar cells
           using inorganic semiconductor in the active layer

    • Abstract: The article investigates the effects of NiO (p-type) and TiO2 (n-type) nanoparticles (NPs) on the performance of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and (phenyl-C61-butyric acid methylester) (PCBM) based devices with an inverse geometry. Various weight ratios of these nanoparticles were mixed in the polymer solution using 1,2-dichlorobenzene as solvent. An optimal amount of NPs-doped active layer exhibited higher power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.85% as compared to the reference cell, which exhibited an efficiency of 3.40% under white light illumination intensity of 100 mW/cm2. Enhanced PCE originates from increased film roughness and light harvesting due to increased absorption range upon mixing an optimal amount of NPs in the organic-based active layer. Further addition of NiO and TiO2 concentration relative to PCBM resulted in significant agglomeration of nanoparticles leading to degraded device parameters.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
  • Synthesis of stable cesium superoxide nanoparticles for gas sensing
           application by solution-processed spray pyrolysis method

    • Abstract: In the present work, we synthesized cesium superoxide (CsO2) nanoparticles by solution-processed spray pyrolysis technique. The as-synthesized CsO2 nanoparticles were characterized through Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy. The CsO2 nanoparticle-based gas sensor is more selective towards the carbon dioxide (CO2) gas. The sensor shows good gas sensing performance for CO2 gas. Gas sensing mechanism is dominated by the adsorption and desorption process. Through this paper, we studied another dimension of gas sensing process by employing superoxide for gas sensing. The sensing mechanism for cesium superoxide is explained by newly designed “bridging oxygen-free mechanism”.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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