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ENGINEERING (1199 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 215)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 176)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 223)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  
CTheory     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Applied Nanoscience
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2190-5509 - ISSN (Online) 2190-5517
   Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [224 journals]
  • DNA–carbon nano onion aggregate: triangle, hexagon, six-petal flower
           to dead-end network

    • Abstract: The interaction between calf-thymus (CT) dsDNA and water soluble carbon nano onion (wsCNO) in water follows denaturation of dsDNA (double stranded) to ssDNA (single stranded) as monitored by optical spectroscopy. The ssDNA concomitantly wraps the spiky surface of wsCNO to create triangular aggregate as the building block as observed by time-dependent SEM images. These triangles further aggregate leading to six-petal flower arrangement via hexagon and finally reach a dead end network as imaged by SEM and optical fluorescence microscopy. The dead-end network aggregate lost the intrinsic optical property of DNA suggesting complete loss of its activity.
      PubDate: 2017-05-17
  • A study of the optical band gap of zinc phthalocyanine nanoparticles using
           UV–Vis spectroscopy and DFT function

    • Abstract: In the present work, we used the ultraviolet–Visible (UV–Vis) spectroscopy technique to find the optical band gap of zinc phthalocyanine nanoparticles (ZnPc-NP) experimentally. Moreover, we used a time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) to simulate the UV–Vis absorption spectrum of ZnPc molecule in gas and solution phases. The ZnPc-NP absorption spectrum shows a shift toward higher energies compared to the bulk ZnPc. The simulated UV–Vis and the experimental nanoparticle’s spectrum were found to have a good agreement. The ZnPc energy band gap from the DFT calculations shows how it’s possible to get wider range of energy band gap for the ZnPc. The ZnPc-NP’s size and shape were examined using the transmission electron microscope (TEM).
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
  • Blood flow analysis with considering nanofluid effects in vertical channel

    • Abstract: Manipulation of heat convection of copper particles in blood has been considered peristaltically. Two-phase flow model is used in a channel with insulating walls. Flow analysis has been approved by assuming small Reynold number and infinite length of wave. Coupled equations are solved. Numerical solution are computed for the pressure gradient, axial velocity function and temperature. Influence of attention-grabbing parameters on flow entities has been analyzed. This study can be considered as mathematical representation to the vibrance of physiological systems/tissues/organs provided with medicine.
      PubDate: 2017-04-25
  • Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye by pristine titanium
           dioxide, zinc oxide, and graphene oxide nanostructures and their
           composites under visible light irradiation

    • Abstract: Discharge of azo dyes by textile and allied industries to the environment is a growing problem. Degradation of an azo dye, methyl orange (MO), was tested in simulated wastewater with different oxide nanomaterials acting as photocatalysts under visible light. Titanium dioxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), and graphene oxide (GO) were synthesized, characterized, and applied for adsorptive and photocatalytic removal of the dye. Factors such as initial concentration of MO and size of nanoparticle photocatalyst were varied to determine the optimum conditions for dye removal. Finally, nanocomposites of the three materials (GO–TiO2–ZnO) were synthesized and tested for its photocatalytic performance. The composition of the individual oxide in the nanocomposite was then varied to achieve the best photocatalytic performance.
      PubDate: 2017-04-22
  • Effect of Mg doping and sintering temperature on structural and
           morphological properties of samarium-doped ceria for IT-SOFC electrolyte

    • Abstract: Samples of Sm and Mg co-doped ceria electrolyte of Ce1−x Sm x−y Mg y O2−δ (x = 0.2; y = 0.00, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, and 0.175) were synthesized by sol–gel process. The prepared samples were sintered at 1100 and 1400 °C for 4 h. The bulk densities were measured by Archimedes method. XRD measurements indicate that the synthesized samples were in single-phase cubic fluorite structure (space group Fm3m). The cell parameters decrease with the concentration of Mg, and 2θ values slightly shift towards right. The particle sizes obtained were between 7.14 and 17.44 nm. The sintered sample achieved 95% of theoretical density. FTIR spectra of samples sintered at 1400 °C indicates weak interactions between 3550–3400 cm−1 and 1600–1300 cm−1 are attributed to O–H stretching modes and strong bonds 850–450 cm−1 are assigned to characteristic Ce–O vibrations. The surface morphology and chemical composition were analyzed by SEM and EDS, SEM micrographs show spherical faceted grains, and the samples were crack free, dense material with some pores on surface which are inconsistent with density results. The average grain size obtained was 0.5 μm. Particle size obtained by TEM was in agreement with that obtained by XRD. The high-density ceria co-doped ceramic can be used as electrolyte in SOFC.
      PubDate: 2017-04-21
  • Synthesis and magnetic induction heating properties of Gd-substituted
           Mg–Zn ferrite nanoparticles

    • Abstract: Gadolinium-substituted magnesium–zinc ferrite (Mg x Zn1−x Gd y Fe2−y O4) nanoparticles with different metal compositions for x between 0 and 1 and y between 0 and 0.06 were synthesized via coprecipitation of metal hydroxides, followed by calcination. Their crystal structure was characterized via X-ray diffraction analysis, confirming that the Gd-substituted Mg–Zn ferrite samples had a single-phase spinel structure. The metal composition significantly affected the crystal structure, including the lattice parameters and crystallite size. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the ferrite samples had a diameter of approximately 50–200 nm. Furthermore, the temperature rise in an alternating magnetic field was measured, and the magnetic induction heating properties were evaluated using the specific absorption rate (SAR) determined from the temperature profile. The SAR significantly varied depending on the compositions of x and y. When x = 0.5 and y = 0.02, the SAR was found to be at maximum. This reveals that the compositions can control the magnetic induction heating properties. The results suggest that Gd-substituted Mg–Zn ferrite nanoparticles are promising candidates for magnetic hyperthermia applications.
      PubDate: 2017-04-19
  • A molecular dynamics investigation into the adsorption behavior inside
           {001} kaolinite and {1014} calcite nano-scale channels: the case with
           confined hydrocarbon liquid, acid gases, and water

    • Abstract: A set of molecular dynamics simulations was conducted, as the first comparative study of the adsorption behavior of liquid hydrocarbon/acid gases/water molecules over \(\{ 10\bar{1}4\}\) calcite surface and {001} octahedral kaolinite surface in nano-confined slit. According to atomic z-density profiles, hydrocarbon molecules have higher tendency towards the \(\{ 10\bar{1}4\}\) calcite surface than the {001} octahedral kaolinite surface. In addition, water molecules form stronger adsorption layer over calcite surface than kaolinite. In contrast, acid gas molecules have higher tendency towards kaolinite surface than calcite. This behavior was spotted within nanometer-sized slit pores. The results also point to reduction in self-diffusion coefficient of molecules with strong adsorption over mineral surfaces in nano-confined environment.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
  • Sonication-assisted synthesis of polystyrene (PS)/organoclay
           nanocomposites: influence of clay content

    • Abstract: This article presents the synthesis of a series of polystyrene (PS)/organoclay nanocomposite films consisting of different contents of clay (1–7 wt%) by sonication-coupled solvent-blending technique. The prepared PS nanocomposite films were characterized using various techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The XRD and TEM results revealed the formation of exfoliated nanocomposites at lower loading of organoclay (<5 wt%). The presence of various functional groups in the organoclay and PS/organoclay nanocomposite was verified by FTIR spectra. The thermal stability of PS nanocomposites was significantly improved as compared to pristine PS, which is evident from TGA analysis. When 10% mass loss was chosen as a point of reference, the thermal degradation temperature of PS nanocomposite holding 7 wt% of organoclay was found to be 30 °C more over pristine PS. The thermal kinetic parameters such as activation energy (E a), pre-exponential factor (A), and the order of reaction (n) were determined by employing the Coats–Redfern model. Thermal degradation reaction mechanism of PS nanocomposites was also investigated.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
  • Optimized interaction parameters for metal-doped endohedral fullerene

    • Abstract: Interaction between various atoms doped inside C60 can be modeled using interaction potentials and, thus, cohesive energy and other physical constants may be calculated. In case of metal-doped fullerene total energy may be written in terms of three different types of interactions, namely carbon–carbon interaction, metal–metal interaction and carbon–metal interaction. Brenner potential, Gupta potential, and Lennard–Jones potentials have been used to model these interactions respectively. Generally, parameters used in these model potentials are not readily available and need to be fine-tuned for different dopants. In this paper, we have deduced/optimized these interaction parameters for Cu, Ag, Al and Ga doped C60 comparing with our Density Functional Theory (DFT) results and hence predicting the stability of various metal-doped fullerenes. Total energy calculations reveal that a maximum of nine copper atoms can be doped inside the fullerene cage and form stable complex without distorting the cage significantly. As we add more number of Cu atoms in the fullerene molecule, cage structure breaks down. In the same way, we have done calculations for Ag, Al and Ga atoms doped inside the fullerene molecule and found that the maximum of eight, nine, nine atoms can form stable complexes.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
  • ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) and their antifungal activity against coffee
           fungus Erythricium salmonicolor

    • Abstract: In this work, a methodology of synthesis was designed to obtain ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) in a controlled and reproducible manner. The nanoparticles obtained were characterized using infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Also, we determined the antifungal capacity in vitro of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized, examining their action on Erythricium salmonicolor fungy causal of pink disease. To determine the effect of the quantity of zinc precursor used during ZnO NPs synthesis on the antifungal capacity, 0.1 and 0.15 M concentrations of zinc acetate were examined. To study the inactivation of the mycelial growth of the fungus, different concentrations of ZnO NPs of the two types of synthesized samples were used. The inhibitory effect on the growth of the fungus was determined by measuring the growth area as a function of time. The morphological change was observed with high-resolution optical microscopy (HROM), while TEM was used to observe changes in its ultrastructure. The results showed that a concentration of 9 mmol L−1 for the sample obtained from the 0.15 M and at 12 mmol L−1 for the 0.1 M system significantly inhibited growth of E. salmonicolor. In the HROM images a deformation was observed in the growth pattern: notable thinning of the fibers of the hyphae and a clumping tendency. The TEM images showed a liquefaction of the cytoplasmic content, making it less electron-dense, with the presence of a number of vacuoles and significant detachment of the cell wall.
      PubDate: 2017-04-09
  • Enhance the figure of merit for flexible thermoelectric materials by
           reducing the screening effect

    • Abstract: A flexible thermoelectric materials (FTEM) films based on Polydimethylsiloxane as the polymer matrix and (Zinc Oxide, Polyaniline and multi wall Carbon nanotube) as the fillers were prepared. The fillers were prepared using modified sol–gel method to enhance the distribution of the nanoparticles inside the polymer matrix and good performance. The Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity and dielectric measurements were carried out for all of the four films. The Seebeck coefficient results for the investigated films were −40, 220, −120, 280 μv/k° at 200 °C for FTEM 1, 2, 3, 4 alternatively. The sign and the value for the Seebeck measurements show a great dependent on the filler type add to the film. The electrical conductivity results for the films was varied from 2 × 10−8 to 0.14 S/m and strongly dependent on the fillers electrical conductivity. The less dependent on the thermal conductivity of the fillers and a slight change in the thermal conductivity value of the films were obtained. The figure of merit for the films was ranged from 1.14 × 10−16 to 3.134 × 10−8. The dielectric results ranged from 4 to 3500. Reducing the screening effect will increase the electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient values.
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
  • Assessment of toxicity in fresh water fish Labeo rohita treated with
           silver nanoparticles

    • Abstract: Silver nanoparticles (17.78 ± 12.12 nm) were synthesized by the reduction of 0.5 M silver nitrate using formaldehyde as reducing and triethylamine as promoting and stabilizing agent. The particles were grain like agglomerates with spherical, centered-face cubic and crystalline in nature. The sample was highly pure with amine (NH) as associated and capping molecules. Further, the genotoxicity and oxidative stress of these particles were evaluated using Labeo rohita (L. rohita) as genetic model exposed (10–55 mg L−1 dose) through aquatic medium for 28 days. The cells were produced with micronuclei, fragmented, lobed and buds nuclei in dose dependent manner. The highest incidence of comet was recoded (27.34 ± 5.68) at 55 mg L−1 Ag-NPs and 14 days treatment. Then frequency was decreased to 22.65 ± 6.66% after 28 days due to complex repair mechanism. Moreover, the treatment also produces the oxidative stress and disturbs the level of GST in gill and liver tissue. There was a sharp decline in the activities of GST and this decrease of activity increase the MDA content. Further, the elevated level of GSH represents that the liver has started defensive mechanism against oxyraidcals. This study concluded, Ag-NPs are genotoxic in nature and produce micronuclei, comet cells and also induces oxidative stress in aquatic organisms.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
  • Synthesis of ammonium and sulfate ion-functionalized titanium dioxide for
           photocatalytic applications

    • Abstract: Due to high band gap energy the optimum photocatalytic activities can only be achieved under UV light, thus limiting the practical application of TiO2. In this study, a method combining NH4 +/SO4 2−-functionalization technique and post-treatment was developed and successfully applied to synthesize photoactive TiO2 samples which showed higher photocatalytic activity than the commercial P25 TiO2 under visible light radiation. The results also showed that the addition of (NH4)2SO4 surface functionalization on TiO2 increased the photocatalytic activity, which could be due to the combined effect of crystallinity and band gap energies. Moreover, the results showed that calcination temperature was inversely proportional to photocatalytic activity. The degradation efficiency for methylene blue under visible light was improved by ~2 times from 10.7% for P25 nano Degussa TiO2 to 20.2% for the synthesized sample. The band gap energies were also reduced from 3.7 to 3.4 eV (under UV–Vis direct transition mode) indicating a red shift towards higher wavelength.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
  • Effects of concentration on CdO films grown by electrodeposition

    • Abstract: Thin films of CdO were synthesized by electrodeposition via chronoamperometry. The concentrations of aqueous solutions of Cd(NO3)2 were chosen between 0.005 and 0.08 M. It was thought that the reaction rate would reach saturation at 0.02 M of concentration and it was measured as the concentration increased, the thicknesses of the films increased from the 452 nm to the 798 nm. The well-crystallized film was observed to be at 0.01 M of concentration. It was also found that the band gap increased at low concentrations and surface morphology of the films did not change much with concentration.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
  • Effect of temperature on the morphology of ZnO nanoparticles: a
           comparative study

    • Abstract: The present study reports the comparative analysis for the synthesis of zinc oxide nano particles by precipitation techniques using different zinc precursors. The synthesized nano particles were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis for their sizes, shapes and arrangement. SEM has been studied for the samples before as well as after calcination to know the effect of temperature on structural behaviours. The XRD pattern shows the purity of synthesized zinc oxide nano particles and using Debye–Scherrer equation, the average crystal size of synthesized nanoparticles was calculated. The results have been discussed in the light of variation of morphological structures of different samples. Apart from this, the band gap energies of the synthesized particles have also been calculated from UV–visible spectrophotometric analysis, which is quite appreciable with the reported results.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
  • Sonochemical synthesis of novel magnesium 1,2,4-triazole-1-carbodithioate
           nanoparticles as antifungals

    • Abstract: Novel magnesium 1,2,4-triazole-1-carbodithioates were sonochemically synthesized as water-dispersable nanoparticles owing to their water insolubility. The two-step reaction protocol was followed to synthesize the novel triazole ligand system for complexation with magnesium metal due to its low biological toxicity. Different concentrations of Poly Vinyl Pyrrolidine were used to stabilize and standardise the size of nanoparticles, which were characterised by TEM analysis. UV–Visible and infrared spectroscopies were used to analyse the metal ligand interaction, and CHNS analysis was used to propose the structure of the metal complex. The spore germination inhibition technique was used to evaluate the antifungal potential of synthesized nano-complexes against two phytopathogenic test fungi viz. A. alternata and F. moniliforme. The nanoparticles had inflicted moderate in vitro inhibition of fungal growth, which was comparable to standard fungicide Indofil M-45. The in silico toxicity of the compounds was made using the Toxtree analysis software that indicated the compounds belong to class III group of toxicity, which was same as that of commercial standards of DTC.
      PubDate: 2017-03-11
  • Preparation and properties of polystyrene incorporated with gold and
           silver nanoparticles for optoelectronic applications

    • Abstract: In this paper, methyl-orange-doped polystyrene (PS) microspheres covered with gold and silver nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized. The optical and structural properties of the porous polystyrene films before and after incorporation of Au and Ag nanoparticles were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), atomic force microscope (AFM), Fourier transformation infrared spectrophotometer (FT-IR), and UV–Vis spectrophotometer. The optical data showed that the optical energy gap of PS film was increased from 2 to 3.4 eV and to 3.5 eV after being filled with Ag and Au nanoparticles, respectively. The electrical and photoresponse properties of Ag–PS/p-Si and Au–PS/p-Si heterojunctions were studied. The rectification characteristics of the junction were improved after nanoparticle incorporation. The photoresponse results confirm the presence of two peaks of response located at 450 and 900 nm. The Au–PS/Si heterojunction gave the best photosensitivity.
      PubDate: 2017-03-02
  • Self-assembled nanotubes from single fluorescent amino acid

    • Abstract: Self-assembly of biomolecules has gained increasing attention as it generates various supramolecular structural assemblies having potential applications principally in biomedical sciences. Here, we show that amino acid like tryptophan or tyrosine readily aggregates as nanotubes via a simple self-assembly process. These were characterized by FTIR, scanning electron microscopy, and by fluorescence microscopy. Nanotubes prepared from tryptophan are having ~200 nm inner diameter and those from tyrosine are having the same around ~50 nm diameter.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
  • Nanoparticle targeting of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria for
           magnetic-based separations of bacterial pathogens

    • Abstract: Antimicrobial resistance is a healthcare problem of increasing significance, and there is increasing interest in developing new tools to address bacterial infections. Bacteria-targeting nanoparticles hold promise to improve drug efficacy, compliance, and safety. In addition, nanoparticles can also be used for novel applications, such as bacterial imaging or bioseperations. We here present the use of a scalable block-copolymer-directed self-assembly process, Flash NanoPrecipitation, to form zinc(II)-bis(dipicolylamine) modified nanoparticles that bind to both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with specificity. Particles have tunable surface ligand densities that change particle avidity and binding efficacy. A variety of materials can be encapsulated into the core of the particles, such as optical dyes or iron oxide colloids, to produce imageable and magnetically active bacterial targeting constructs. As a proof-of-concept, these particles are used to bind and separate bacteria from solution in a magnetic column. Magnetic manipulation and separation would translate to a platform for pathogen identification or removal. These magnetic and targeted nanoparticles enable new methods to address bacterial infections.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24
  • A new approach for orientation-controlled growth of CNTs: an in-depth
           analysis on the role of oxygen plasma treatment to catalyst

    • Abstract: In this paper, a novel and easy technique is proposed for orientation controlled growth of MWNTs. The results indicate that when CNT growth was carried over the substrate, not treated with plasma, horizontal network of MWNTs was formed. Plasma treatment to the substrate prior to CNTs growth led to formation of vertically aligned MWNTs. An in situ growth as a function of plasma treatment time reveals the mechanism behind this flip process. All experiments were performed under atmospheric pressure. At every step during time-dependent growth process, CNTs were characterized using FESEM, HRTEM, and Raman spectroscopy. Iron sputtered silicon substrate was also investigated to validate the excellent formation of as-grown vertical CNTs and also to analyze the role of oxygen plasma behind the orientation-controlled growth. The as-grown CNTs over the iron sputtered silicon substrate with or without plasma treatment were characterized by FESEM and AFM. The successful orientation-controlled growth of CNTs was achieved.
      PubDate: 2017-02-20
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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