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ENGINEERING (1208 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 229)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 181)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 227)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover American Journal of Applied Sciences
  [SJR: 0.254]   [H-I: 28]   [28 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1546-9239 - ISSN (Online) 1554-3641
   Published by Science Publications Homepage  [28 journals]
  • Experimental Investigation of Thermo-Physical Properties of Soil Using
           Solarisation Technology

    • Abstract: Soil Thermo-Physical Properties (TPP) depend on heat transfer in the soil. This paper presents a study on different soil solarisation technologies influenced by soil TPP. This study evaluates three factors: The tillage depth for soil at three levels (15, 25 and 45 cm), the number of plastic film at three levels (single, double and without plastic film) and three cases of fertilizers (chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer and without fertilizer). The parameters explored in this study include soil bulk density (Mg/cm3), soil porosity (%), soil volumetric moisture content (cm3/cm3) and soil thermal diffusivity (m2/sec). Data management and analysis were performed using SAS 9.1 statistical software and the spilt-plot under Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). The results show that soil Tillage Depth (TD) strongly influences TPP, as well as a significant effect on soil bulk density (ρb), porosity (Φ), volumetric moisture content (θ) and thermal diffusivity (D). The results also reveal that a tillage depth of 15 cm produces lower values of ρb, θ and D (1.25 Mg/cm3, 0.131 cm3/cm3 and 1.24×10-6 m2/sec, respectively) and a higher value of Φ (52.78%). In addition, the finding indicates that ρb is increased by increasing TD. There was a significant positive correlation between the number of plastic film and parameters studied. The soil double plastic film produced lower values of ρb and D for soil (1.253 Mg/cm3, 7.76×10-7m2/sec). However, it recorded higher values for Φ and θ for soil (52.70% and 0.231 cm3/cm3, respectively). Furthermore, the current study shows significant differences between the types of fertilizers on ρb. Organic Fertilizer (OF) obtained a lower value of ρb (1.2 Mg/m3), compared with chemical fertilizer and without fertilizer (1.28 and 1.31 Mg/m3, respectively). In contrast, contrary to expectations, this study did not find significant differences between the types of fertilizer on D and θ for soil. A positive correlation was found in the interaction between the studied factors in the parameters. Furthermore, D increased with increasing soil bulk density (pb) and tillage depth.
  • Survey on Representation Techniques for Malware Detection System

    • Abstract: Malicious programs are malignant software’s designed by hackers or cyber offenders with a harmful intent to disrupt computer operation. In various researches, we found that the balance between designing an accurate architecture that can detect the malware and track several advanced techniques that malware creators apply to get variants of malware are always a difficult line. Hence the study of malware detection techniques has become more important and challenging within the security field. This review paper provides a detailed discussion and full reviews for various types of malware, malware detection techniques, various researches on them, malware analysis methods and different dynamic programming-based tools that could be used to represent the malware sampled. We have provided a comprehensive bibliography in malware detection, its techniques and analysis methods for malware researchers.
  • Extracting Unique Personal Identification Number from Iris

    • Abstract: The aim of this research is to propose an enhanced model that significantly reduces the noise in the iris templates and thus present an efficient and reliable iris recognition system. Accuracy of Iris recognition system significantly depends on reducing noise at every stage of recognition process especially at eye image acquisition and iris segmentation stages. The proposed Iris recognition model combines Canny edge detector and circular Hough transform which yields more rapid and accurate localization of Iris inner and outer boundaries. The eyelid and eyelashes occlusion is also dealt with by applying non maxima radial suppression technique. The segmented Iris area is then normalized and converted from annular shape to fixed-sized rectangular block. In this stage all iris templates converted from circular to rectangular shape will have standard dimensions thus enabling Iris recognition system to perform comparison between them. Fast Fourier Transform function is then applied to normalized Iris image. Input image is viewed as a signal that is converted from time to frequency domain in which the number of frequencies is equal to number of image pixels. The resulting matrix is consisted of real and imaginary part represented by complex numbers. The matrix is encoded according to the pre established encoding pattern that assigns certain sequence of binary numbers to each possible combination of complex numbers thus producing Iris code. In the matching phase the iris codes are compared and if the determined degree of dissimilarity between the two is below the pre-established threshold value than the codes belong to the same user. The proposed Iris recognition method, therefore, successfully treats eyelids and eyelashes noise issues and present the efficient set of algorithms whose performance is superior compared to other existing methods.
  • Can Emotional Stability Buffer the Effect of Job Stress on Deviant

    • Abstract: The interrelationships between job stress, WDB and emotional stability have not been studied in a model to comprehend whether emotional stability could weaken the impact of job stress on employee deviant behavior. We tested a model on the moderating role of emotional stability, a personality factor, in the relationship between job stress and workplace deviant behavior. The model was developed based on the general strain theory and the integrated general model of workplace deviant behavior. Structural equation modeling analysis was conducted on survey data from 261 employees from six Malaysian public service agencies. Our results supported the proposed model. The stress-deviance relationship is significant. The stress-deviance linkage is stronger among employees who are less emotionally stable than those who are more emotionally stable. The results suggest that emotional stability as a personality factor plays a vital role in further understanding the impact of job stress on employee deviant behavior. Based on the results, the general strain theory and the integrated general model of workplace deviant behavior could serve as the bases for explaining the stress-deviance relationship and the moderating role of emotional stability.
  • A Conceptual Model for Risk Allocation in the Construction Industry

    • Abstract: Appropriate risk allocation influences positive project delivery on construction projects while inappropriate allocation results in disputes, quality shortfalls, time and cost overruns. The existing body of knowledge provides guides on how risks should be allocated between the contracting parties. Nevertheless, the full appreciation of risks allocation is rarely given as risk allocation is more than just which party should bear a risk. This study provides a conceptual model of the various ways risks could be allocated. Furthermore, the FIDIC-Redbook (1999), NEC3 2005/2006 and JCT Major building contract 2005, JBCC (2014), JLC (1972) and open national bidding contract (2013) are used to demonstrate the practicality of the conceptual model. An understanding of risk allocation prerequisites might help to mitigate risks that influence project performance negatively. The use of this conceptualization may help to assign a risk with more than one treatment option to maximize a positive outcome of a negative risk factor.
  • Comparison of Microbial and Heavy Metal Contents in Soils and Roots under
           Mangrove Forest Stands with Different Levels of Pollution in the Niger
           River Delta, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Oil and gas exploration in the Niger Delta, has resulted to increased heavy metal contamination. It is thus postulated that increased heavy metal will lead to decreased microbial content in soil and root. To test this hypothesis ten replicates each of soil and root samples were collected from already established sites. Samples were sent to the laboratory for analyses of heavy metals (spectrophotometric method), total hydrocarbon (colorimetric method) and microbial (Sabouraud Destrose Agar) contents. The result indicates that bacterial population outnumbered fungal population in soils and roots. Similarly, there were significant differences in both microbial and heavy metal contents between highly and lowly polluted plots (p = 0.0001) and between polluted and non-polluted locations (p = 0.0001). Heavy metal has negative linear relationship with microbial content. As heavy metal increases the microbial activities reduces with implication on litter decomposition and nutrient cycling, which may eventually affect mangrove growth and development.
  • Stationarity and Cointegration between Health Care Expenditure and GDP for

    • Abstract: This paper explores the Granger-causality relationship between real GDP per capita and real health care expenditure per capita for Jordan during 1995 through 2013. The findings point out that the dominant type of Granger-causality is unidirectional. Furthermore, income elasticity of health expenditure is less than 1, which means that health care is a necessary good in Jordan. To this end, policies must be aimed at raising national income to improve eventually the well-being of the population.
  • Water Filter Fabrication from a Mixture of KMnO4 Modified Kapok Carbon
           Fiber, Zeolite, Bentonite and Clay for Fe3+Removal and Water Hardness

    • Abstract: A water filter was fabricated from a mixture of KMnO4 modified kapok carbon fiber, zeolite, bentonite and kaolinite clay for Fe3+ removal and water hardness treatment. The effects of amount of KMnO4 modified kapok carbon fiber (30-60 wt%), zeolite (20-40 wt%) and sintering temperature (500-700°C) on the properties of sintered products were evaluated. The best of sintered products were tested for treatment of solutions with 5 mg L-1 Fe3+ and 40-200 mg L-1 total water hardness. The results show that the physical properties of the sintered products were affected by the contents of KMnO4 modified kapok carbon fiber and sintering temperature. The linear drying shrinkages of the mixture of raw materials increase with increasing content of modified kapok carbon fiber amounts due to the effect of water amount used for mixing process. Furthermore, firing shrinkages of sintered products increased with increasing sintering temperature for the same ratio of raw materials. Finally, the firing shrinkages and density of sintered products decrease with increasing content of the modified kapok carbon fiber at constant sintering temperature. It was shown that the sintered product made with 40 wt% of KMnO4 modified kapok carbon fiber and sintered at 600°C is suitable for filter fabrication. The KMnO4 modified kapok carbon fiber filter could adsorb 5-6% more Fe3+ at equilibrium than filter made with kapok carbon fiber. The Fe3+ was removed by adsorption and precipitation processes. The Fe3+ adsorption process of modified kapok carbon fiber filter was fitted to the Langmuir model with maximum adsorption capacity of 53.76 mg g-1. For hardness removal, the Ca2+, Mg2+ and HCO3' ions removal capacities from solutions of total hardness in the range 40-200 mg L-1 by modified kapok carbon fiber filter are 4.49-19.21 mg g-1 for Ca2+, 1.55- 5.31 mg g-1 for Mg2+ and 28.1-123.5 mg g-1 for HCO3', respectively. 
  • Potential Radiological Impacts of Phosphate Fertilizers Brands used in
           Southeast, Nigeria

    • Abstract: The radionuclides present in phosphate fertilizers used in Southeast Nigeria were identified and their activity concentration determined to assess the potential radiological impact on the environment due to fertilizer applications in agricultural farm lands. The radioactivity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in the fertilizer samples range from 13.22±1.83 to 87.37±8.98 Bqkg-1 for 226Ra (mean: 31.71±5.4 Bqkg-1), 0.78±0.07 to 47.65±6.05 Bqkg-1 for 232Th (mean: 10.88±3.06) and 575.07±18.08 to 1234.80±36.61 Bqkg-1 for 40K (mean 876.91±20.03 Bqkg-1). The mean activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides of 226Ra and 232Th in the superphosphate fertilizer formulation were found to be above the world’s average. This will have potential health impact on humans if the fertilizers are applied in crops cultivation. The absorbed dose range from 31.01±0.03 to 75.11±0.49 nGyh-1 (mean: 68.66±0.35 nGyh-1). The super phosphate brand of fertilizer with the highest value of activity concentration has its value of annual effective dose as 0.08μ SvGyh-1.
  • Least Absolute Deviation Regression and Least Squares for Modeling

    • Abstract: Considering the importance of the statistical analysis of regression in modeling based separately on study for Quantitative structure retention indices on Carbowax 20 M (ICw20M) and OV-101 columns (IOV-101) relationships (QSRR) are determined for 114 pyrazines. The detection of influential observations for the standard least squares regression model is a problem which has been extensively studied. Least Absolute Deviation regression diagnostics offers alternative dicapproaches whose main feature is the robustness. Here a nonparametric method for detecting influential observations is presented and compared with other classical diagnostics methods. With have been applied for modeling separately retention indices of the same set of (89 pyrazines of Training and 25 of Test) eluted on Columns OV-101 and Carbowax-20M, using theoretical molecular descriptors derived from DRAGON Software and validating the results in the state approached graphically by Probability plot of the error and approached tests statistics of Anderson-Darling, in finished by the confidence interval thanks to robustness concept to check if errors distribution is really approximate.
  • Rutting and Fatigue Cracking Susceptibility of Polystyrene Modified

    • Abstract: The absence of studies investigating the influence of waste Polystyrene (PS) on the performance characteristics of rutting resistance and fatigue cracking resistance of the indigenous asphaltic materials Trinidad Lake Asphalt (TLA) and Trinidad Petroleum Bitumen (TPB), has hindered the possible use of PS as a performance enhancer as observed with other asphalts from different sources thus also developing a sustainable approach for the disposal of PS. The influence of PS on TLA and TPB was investigated by measuring the rheological properties of complex modulus (G*) and phase angle (δ) of prepared blends and calculating the fatigue cracking resistance and rutting resistance parameters (G*sin δ and G*/sin δ respectively). The addition of PS to TLA resulted in an increase in the fatigue cracking resistance as well as the rutting resistance compared to the pure TPB binder. Despite having improvements in rutting resistance due to PS addition, the fatigue cracking resistance of the TPB parent binders were superior compared with the PS modified TPB blends. The incremental increase in temperatures for TPB and TLA based blends resulted in gradual improvements in their fatigue cracking resistances but gradual deterioration in the rutting resistance of the modified blends. The conclusions were identical for both the Research Program Super pave specification and the Strategic Highway Research Program specifications. There is strong rheological evidence of the possibility to utilize waste PS as an asphalt performance enhancer for both TLA and TPB thus creating a sustainable strategy for the reuse of waste PS.
  • Impact of Microfinance on the Efficiency of Maize Producers in Nigeria

    • Abstract: The study applies descriptive analysis, Slacks-Based Measure (SBM) of efficiency model and fractional regression model to data collected in 2016 using cross-sectional survey of maize producers in Nigeria. The purpose was to determine the impact of microfinance on the technical efficiency of maize producers and evaluates factors that influence inefficiency among credit beneficiaries and non-credit beneficiaries. Results show that the respective mean technical efficiency of credit beneficiaries and non-credit beneficiaries were 79 and 69%, which is far from the frontier technology. This means that technical efficiency can be improve by 21 and 31% respectively, with the same set of inputs. Slacks analysis shows that in order to attain optimum efficiency, credit beneficiaries should reduce fertilizer usage by 32.34%, seeds by 6.03%, labour by 7.79% and agrochemicals by 2.44% per hectare. Similarly, non-credit beneficiaries should reduce the usage of fertilizer slacks by about 19.48%, seeds by 2.73%, labour by 2.54% and agrochemicals slacks by 1.76% per hectare. Microfinance credit, household size, years of farming experience and education increases efficiency, while drought and age declines efficiency. Findings are useful to the farmers as appropriate input reduction for inefficient farms can be set to enable them attain optimum efficiency level. Maize producers should be encouraged to collect microfinance loan in order to increase their scale of operations and government in collaboration with research institutes should educate farmers on the actual input quantities to apply. This could help to reduce production costs, increase the farmers’ efficiency and provide maize to consumers at an affordable rate.
  • Quadratic Discriminant Analysis of Dengue Viruses Disease Incidence in

    • Abstract: Palembang is classified as a city that has tropical climate with abundant rainfall, even in the driest month. These characteristics indicate that the city has a high potential for the occurrence of dengue virus disease. The areas of incidence of dengue virus disease in Palembang can be classified into five areas; South, Center, North, West and East. The aim of this paper is to map the incidence of dengue virus disease into these areas based on significant factors using the quadratic discriminant analysis. The stratified sampling technique is applied to obtain the respondents who have family members suffering from dengue disease. The results showed that the incidence of dengue virus disease in each area is significantly affected by all factors, except the age of patient, hygienic behavior of respondent, age and occupation of family head and number of bedrooms. The results of the Wilk’s lambda test and the F test indicate that gender and blood type of patient; age, education, occupation, income and knowledge of respondent; occupation and income of family head; type of residence; number of bathrooms that have tubs and clean water source are relatively different in each area. The overall correct percentage of the mapping result is 66.7%.
  • Corporate Governance on the Corporate Characteristics- Managerial
           Accounting link

    • Abstract: The objective of this article attempts to investigate the intervening impact of corporate governance on the causal link between corporate characteristics and the application of managerial accounting, which has not been discussed and empirically investigated in the prior literature. A successful survey of 395 publicly listed firms in Vietnam offers experimental evidence that corporate characteristics indirectly contribute to the application of managerial accounting via corporate governance. This research further investigates whether the causal association from corporate governance to the application of managerial accounting is moderated by corporate characteristics, which has been ignored by prior research. The findings reveal that corporate characteristics impose a moderating influence on the corporate governance- managerial accounting causal linkage. The current research contributes to the management literature by shedding light on the intricate associations among corporate governance, corporate characteristics and the application of managerial accounting in that the mediation of corporate governance and the moderation of corporate characteristics are clarified. The findings are also expected useful to executives in helping for better decisions on the application of managerial accounting tools in business, appropriate to their corporate governance structure and corporate characteristics in order to receive the best possible corporate performance.
  • BlindLogin: A Graphical Authentication System with Support for Blind and
           Visually Impaired users on Smartphones

    • Abstract: Most graphical password systems on smart phones do not consider the needs of blind and visually impaired users. The main objective of this paper is to propose a new graphical authentication system which combines the usability of the graphical password with the security of the textual password and allows all types of users, including the blind and visually impaired users to use the same authentication system on a smartphone without any extra costs for special hardware. 84.6% of those surveyed would recommend BlindLogin to their friends. 46.2% of the respondents also found the BlindLogin password to be easier to remember than the regular textual password. BlindLogin is a viable alternative as a universal graphical password authentication system.
  • Radiological Risks Assessment of Ogun State Drinking Water

    • Abstract: The presence of radionuclides in water constitute health risk to man. The consumption of such water increases the likelihood of incurring cancer. Analysis will enhance the detection of significant radionuclides causing harm to the populace and stimulate remediation. This inferred the radioactivity measurements of twenty (20) well water samples from three industrial cities of Ogun State using Hyper Pure Germanium detector (HPGe). The pH and other physiochemical parameters were also determined. The result showed that the mean activity concentrations of 40K, 210Pb, 224Ra, 232Th and 238U were found to be 1.86±1.70 Bql-1; 7.93±2.40 Bql-1; 3.60±1.25 Bql-1; 8.48±2.10 Bql-1; and 2.28±0.57 Bql-1 respectively. The corresponding mean total annual effective dose for ages 0-1 y; 1-2 y; 2-7 y; 7-12 y; 12-17 y and > 17 y are: 9.14 mSv y-1; 9.58 mSv y-1; 6.87 mSv y-1; 6.86 mSv y-1; 11.91 mSv y-1; and 5.68 mSv y-1 respectively. The mean cancer mortality and morbidity risks respectively are: {(3.16 and 5.00)10-5} for 40K; {(575.74 and 759.67)10-5} for 210Pb; {(43.25 and 71.05)10-5} for 224Ra; {(63.37 and 96.03)10-5} for 232Th; and {(10.70 and 16.40)10-5} for 238U. The activity concentrations of 210Pb, 224Ra and 232Th exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) guidance level in all samples but one. The corresponding total annual effective dose for all the six age groups exceeded the recommended WHO standard of 0.1 mSv y-1 in all samples. More importantly, there is high radiation risk in drinking the water from these wells and 210Pb contribution to risk was the highest.
  • Random Forest Classification and Support Vector Machine for Detecting
           Epilepsyusing Electroencephalograph Records

    • Abstract: Complexity in data structure has led to the rapid development of computational statistics methods. Machine learning approaches have been introduced and applied to solve complex problems in many fields. This paper applies two common machine learning approaches, Random Forest (RF) and Support Vector Machine (SVM), in the detection of epilepsy. The diagnosis of epilepsy can usually only be made when a seizure is happening, which leads to some difficulties in the diagnostic process. The most recent way of diagnosing epilepsy is by using an Electroencephalograph (EEG) record. However, detecting epilepsy cases through EEG records takes a long time and may lead to misleading diagnostic results. The use of machine learning approaches is intended to generate fast and accurate classification results. As the EEG only generates a signal, direct analysis using RF or SVM cannot be carried out and the EEG record needs to be pre-processed. This paper uses Discrete Wavelet Transform and Line Length Features in the data pre-processing stage to decompose the signal by frequency and time. The classification results show that both RF and SVM perform very well and are able to classify cases of epilepsy accurately. The RF outperforms the SVM in the training dataset, while the SVM has a better performance in testing, with almost nom is classified cases. Several open problems relating to interpretation as well as parameter settings are described.
  • A Guideline of using Assistive Technologies and Educational Services for
           Students with Disabilities in Higher Education

    • Abstract: Assistive Technologies (AT) and Educational Services (ES) are important in the needs of students with disabilities in higher education and their availability should be studied to provide appropriate help for them. The objectives of this study were to explore the problems in using AT and ES for these students and develop a guideline from the perspective of key informants. Data were collected from a semi-structured interview process completed by two groups of key-informants such as 12 service providers and 26 undergraduate students with disabilities. The results found that the problems in providing and using AT and ES comprised seven components; budget; personnel; discomfort in borrowing and taking care of special equipment; centralized maintenance; varieties of special individual needs; effectiveness of AT; and an AT specialist. In addition, a guideline for using AT and ES for students with disabilities included support from the government and non-governmental organizations; a training and production manual for faculty staff; and central organization of AT. This result is useful information for related service providers in helping students with disabilities to access educational activities.
  • The Relationship of Parents Knowledge Level and Socioeconomic Factor to
           Oral Health of Down Syndrome Children

    • Abstract: Different conditions of the oral cavity in children with Down syndrome which are compared to children without Down syndrome increase higher parents knowledge and the risk factors in maintaining oral health of children with Down syndrome. Correlation test with descriptive analytic by survey techniques was aimed to know the relationship of parents knowledge level and socioeconomic factor to oral health of Down syndrome children 6-12 years old in Bandung. Thirty three Down syndrome children in 6-12 years old and their parents from six special needs schools-C were recruited to this study. The data of parents knowledge and socio-economic factor were gathered from questionnaire that had been validated. The oral health of Down syndrome children was recorded using def-t and DMF-T index examination. Analysis had been made between variables using Pearson and Chi-square test (p value <0.05). There was no significant relationship between socioeconomic factors and parents knowledge to oral health of Down syndrome children (p>0.05). Caries is a disease with complex causal factors. Socio-economic factors are not the only determinants of oral health status of children with mental retardation, such as a child with Down syndrome.
  • Comparing the Empirical and the Theoretical Probability Density of Return
           in which Variance Obeying Ornstein-Uhlenbeck Process at Indonesian Stock
           Exchange IDX

    • Abstract: The distribution of the probability density of a return index with stochastic volatility has been calculated. Here the stock index is assumed to follow geometric Brownian motion, while the variance is assumed to obey Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process as in Heston model. The distribution of the probability density of the return which is obtained by solving the Fokker-Planck equation of two dimensional index and the variance have been compared with the probability density taken from Indonesian Stock Exchange (IDX). In this study, we use Jakarta Islamic Index (JII), LQ45 and Jakarta Composite Index (JCI) data series from 2004 to 2012. We have shown that the theoretical probability density of return obtained from the calculation is in agreement with the empirical probability density. The theoretical probability density with stochastic volatility is closer to the empirical one than that of the Gaussian, particularly at the tail. The variance probability density at stationary state can be obtained by fitting the empirical probability density obtained from IDX data series with an integral expression obtained from quantum mechanical method.
  • Phylogenetic of ERIC-DNA Fingerprinting and New Sequencing of Aeromonas
           Species and V. Cholerae DNA

    • Abstract: The current study included 44 isolate of A. hydrophila, A. sobria and V. cholerae and other bacteria isolated from stool samples and environmental samples (Kufa river water and hospital environmental samples). ERIC DNA Fingerprinting with ERIC primers pairs generated distinct amplification bands ranging in size from (87 bp to 8000 kb). The 44 isolates produced 93 different patterns by ERIC DNA fingerprinting. The ?ngerprinting patterns of the isolates were constructed using cluster analysis the UPGMA (group method) using average linkages Number of different bands (Similarity coef?cient), 1% tolerance. The PCR method of gene (16SrDNA and 16SrRNA) were the best methods for diagnosis, which has led to isolate and diagnosis of A. hydrophila A. sobria and V. cholerae are distributed as clinical isolates of A. hydrophila A. sobria were diarrhea samples. While, the environmental isolates were isolate of V. cholerae from Kufa river water. Sequencing technology is used to diagnosis of A. hydrophila, A. sobria and V. cholerae isolates were examined by (16SrDNA, 16SrRNA) genes. Recorded the new isolates in Nucleotide/Blast and recorded as the first sequencing in Gene-Bank/NCBI, DDBJ and ENA (INSDC). Each sequence have Accession number (No.: Gene bank: LC194875 Aeromonas sobria-HNK1, Gene bank: LC194876 Aeromonas hydrophila-HNK2, Gene bank: LC194877 Vibrio cholerae-HNK3) this is the first study in Iraq for discovery of new isolates by new sequences. The frequency of A. hydrophila, A. sobria and V. cholerae isolates in Najaf were higher among clinical and environmental isolates. The ERIC band pattern is an adequate tool for epidemiological investigations of A. hydrophila, A. sobria and V. cholerae isolates.
  • Effects of Plastic Wedges on Whole Foot Radiograph in Anteroposterior and
           Oblique Positions

    • Abstract: The whole foot radiography may be taken twice with different exposure parameters. It produces two images in two radiation exposures; one is the metatarsal view of the phalange and the other is a tarsal view. The aim of this study was to study the effects of plastic wedges on whole foot radiography with one radiation exposure. The plastic wedge was developed from plastic wood. Whole foot phantom radiographic imaging was created in anteroposterior and oblique positions with and without plastic wedges mounted on the collimator of an X-ray machine. A radiation imaging plate was used as a transmitted-radiation receptor. The radiation exposure parameter was 54 kilo-voltage at 100 milliamperes for 0.02 sec. The results showed that the resolution of whole foot phantom radiographic imaging in both anteroposterior and oblique positions with plastic wedge mounted on a collimator of an X-ray machine was better than without plastic wedge mounted on collimator. Percentage of Coefficient Variance (%CV) of pixel value on radiographic imaging with plastic wedge mounted on collimator was less than without plastic wedge mounted on collimator. This finding suggests that plastic wedges can help improve image quality of whole foot radiography with one radiation exposure.
  • Study of Modified Oral Minimal Model using n-Order Decay Rate of Plasma
           Insulin for the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test in Subjects with Normal,
           Impaired and Diabetic Glucose Tolerance

    • Abstract: : In this present study, the modified Oral Minimal Model (OMM), with secretion of insulin from pancreas was assumed that the insulin decay rate was not always a ?rst-orderly process in the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), had been developed to study Normal Glucose Tolerance (NGT), Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT or pre-diabetes) and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) subjects. The modified OMM model was used to assess physiological functions which were insulin sensitivity (SI) and glucose effectiveness (SG) from the OGTT data. The results of the modified OMM model fit to the measured glucose and insulin concentration-time profiles in the OGTT process of the subjects. The single-step ?tting process to optimize the real pAarameters of the SI and SG index from the experimental data using the modi?ed OMM. Our results showed that all NGT subjects had higher the SI and SG index than all IGT and T2DM subjects following the OGTT process. Basal and large peak glucose were lower in all NGT subjects than in all IGT and T2DM subjects. Insulin extraction was lower in all subjects with T2DM but was almost similar for the NGT and IGT subjects. The averaged correlation between measured and this present model, commonly called R2 value, showed that these four cases were 0.96 which indicated good agreement.
  • The Generation of Malay Lexicon

    • Abstract: The most important element in analyzing sentiment in text is to assign polarity to the opinion words. Polarity means the positive, negative or neutral state of the opinion words. They are many methods or ways in determining the polarity of an opinion words. One of the methods is using lexicon-based method. Lexicons are digital library of opinion words together with the polarity of the words. Basically, there are 3 methods in developing lexicon-based approach which is manual, dictionary-based and corpus-based. For Malay language there is no available sentiment lexicon and also very limited sources. Thus, in this study we present the automation lexicon generation for Malay language using the dictionary approach. The detail description of the automation lexicon generation for Malay language is discussed in this study.
  • Continuous Wavelet Transform Based Spectral Decomposition of 3d Seismic
           Data for Reservoir Characterization in Oyi Field, se Niger Delta

    • Abstract: Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) is one of the most used wavelet transform based spectral decomposition methods in the direct detection of hydrocarbons and as an indicator of stratigraphic variability due to its optimal time-frequency resolution and variable time window requirements. CWT based spectral decomposition was applied on a 3D Post Stack Time Migrated (PSTM) seismic data acquired over a producing field using morlet wavelet and a time varying analysis window. Frequency amplitude slices of 10 Hz to 50 Hz were extracted from a 1625 ms HD1 seismic horizon and analyzed for possible hydrocarbon indications and stratigraphy. Hydrocarbon filled reservoir sands were delineated as low frequency high amplitude spectral anomalies between 20 Hz to 30 Hz frequency band coincident with the locations of producing wells in the field. Also, high frequency high amplitude spectral anomaly were delineated at predominantly 50 Hz frequency indicating a thin-bed with probable hydrocarbon saturation particularly gas, suspected to be a bypass hydrocarbon zone. Result also shows amplitude diminution with increasing frequency attributed to local variations in lithology. Therefore, appropriate application of this method will improve reservoir characterization and enhanced bed thickness definition, de-risk prospects and minimize dry well drilling in the field.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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