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ENGINEERING (1326 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 316)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Nahrain Journal for Engineering Sciences     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A : Applied Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
AURUM : Mühendislik Sistemleri ve Mimarlık Dergisi = Aurum Journal of Engineering Systems and Architecture     Open Access  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Automotive Experiences     Open Access  
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Beyond : Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BioNanoMaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Engineering and Science     Open Access  
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers Droit, Sciences & Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Carbon Resources Conversion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Communications in Information Science and Management Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 293)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 271)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Number of Followers: 27  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1546-9239 - ISSN (Online) 1554-3641
Published by Science Publications Homepage  [31 journals]
  • Formation Mechanism and Characterization of PANI Nanoparticles by Hybrid
           Chemical and Gamma Irradiation Technique

    • Abstract: Here we present additional data regarding specific doping process in nanoparticle samples of PANI. In such technique, the ionizing γ-irradiation and (dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid), DBSA were being used as dopants and as accelerators to the oxidizing agent to polymerize aniline monomer into conductive PANI Emeraldine Salt (ES), in which PANI was produced from its monomer by this noble methodology by a single-step process. In such synthesis technique, the interactions promote a more extended conformation of PANI chains, which leads to the improvement in solubility, the thermal stability and conductivity. Hence the dielectric and optical properties of PANI nanoparticles could be improved tremendously by incorporation of a long-chain organic acid (DBSA) as the dopant ion under the influence of γ-irradiation. It was also expected that the single step, direct double doping procedure (γ-ray and DBSA) could be used for synthesizing these nanomaterials with different long-chain dopant ions instead of the standard route of synthesizing, to avoid tedious steps involved like de-doping, re-doping etc.
  • The Effects of Seasonal Variations on Typha capensis and Heliconia
           psittacorum in the Remediation of Heavy Metals from Soil and Water

    • Abstract: Different plant species have been used in the remediation of different heavy metals. The performance of a macrophyte to remediate heavy metals may be dependent on a lot of factors which may include water chemistry, metal solubilityand temperature. The objective of this research was to ascertain the effects of seasonal variations on the remediation of heavy metals. To this end,two macrophytes: Typha capensis and Heliconia psittacorum were employed in the remediation of Arsenic, Lead, Mercury and Cadmium under two seasons (dry and wet). The plants were dosed withknown concentrations of the heavy metals under different temperature and humidity for a period of forty days. The plant samples were subjected to heavy metal analysis by Atomic absorption spectroscopy. The exposure of the heavy metals uptake under seasonal variations showed that, the remediation of the four selected heavy metals by the two plants were very effective during the dry weather conditions than that of the wet weather conditions.
  • Developing a Prototype for Sun Tracker System Based on IoT: Controlled by
           Mobile App and Online Database Monitoring

    • Abstract: IoT (Internet of Things) has become a separate research field since the development of internet technology and other communication media. IoT optimizes several tools such as sensor media radio frequency identification, wireless sensor networks and other smart objects that allow humans to easily interact with all devices connected to the internet network. The purpose of this research is to build an IoT-based solar cell tracker which can be controlled through mobile Apps and the data can be read anywhere as long as there is an internet network. In this research used LDR sensor, DHT11 sensor, Voltage sensor and MPU6050 sensor to optimize the performance of the proposed solar cell tracker system. The control system is built using an Appinventor that allows the system to be controlled via cellular phone from a distance. All sensors will be connected via Arduino and real-time data can be viewed through the Thinger.Io web page using Raspberry and mini LCD. ESP8266 NODE MCU microcontroller is used for a Wi-Fi connection. The results of this study indicate that the voltage value generated by dynamic solar cell tracker is greater than the static solar cell tracker. Dual axis sun tracker devices that are built using four LDRs produce an average voltage of 19.40 Volt when the sunny weather, 18.05 Volt when the cloudy weather and 13.60 Volt when the rainy weather.
  • Remote Surgeon Hand Motion and Occlusion Removal in Mixed Reality in
           Breast Surgical Telepresence: Rural and Remote Care

    • Abstract: Mixed reality in surgical telepresence has not been practically implemented as yet and research done, until now, is only theoretical. Aiming to implement a proposed new solution by merging virtual and augmented realities and bringing about improvements by removing occlusion and the noise caused by hand motions during surgery. The proposed system consists of an extended Camshift algorithm for the detection of the remote expert surgeon’s hand during surgery and enhancement of an image synthesization algorithm to remove the occlusion by including two Red-Green-Blue-Depth (RGBD) cameras. The experimental results from 10 breast samples reduce the average accuracy error of the video frame image overlay from 1.44 mm to 1.28 mm with average processing time enhanced to 76 sec compared to the state-of-the-art method. The proposed system provides a satisfactory outcome in terms of accuracy and operating time, which allows surgeons in local and remote sites to collaborate more effectively.
  • Policy Priorities for the Economic Development in Agropolitan Area of
           Karacak Based on Mangosteen Agroindustry

    • Abstract: Agropolitan approach is important in connecting rural and urban development areas at the local level. Efforts need to be continuously carried out in the development of agropolitan region which is essential for accelerating rural development in general and agriculture in particular. This study was conducted in agropolitan area of Karacak, Bogor District, Indonesia, by using the judgement of experts. The type of data used was primary data collected through expert surveys. Data analysis was performed with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach using Expert Choice software. Mangosteen as strategic commodity in the region, have not been developed for agroindustrial scale. Agroindustrial approach is important, to encourage economic growth in the agropolitan area, through increasing the economic value of strategic commodity. The introduction of agro-industry into agropolitan area requires policy support. The purpose of this study was to determine the priority of economic development policies in agropolitan area of Karacakbased on mangosteen agro-industry. The results showed that the main direction related to economic development policy of agropolitan area based on agro-industry, was the policy of providing incentives for agro-industrial investors in the agropolitan area with alternative weights 0.319. The main actor was the private sector (investors) with criteria weight 0.263. Whereas, the main objective was to encourage investor’s interest to invest in agropolitan area with criteria weight 0.402.
  • A Proposed an Enhanced Authentication and Dual Encryption Algorithm:
           Secured Video Transmission in Surgical Tele-Training

    • Abstract: Implementation of tele-training for trainee surgeons has been slow to date as current standards of video transmission do not meet requirements for security, speed and clarity for such videos. The aim of this paper is to increase security by providing enhanced authentication as well as improving the overall throughput of the system. The proposed solution consists of a dual encryption algorithm based on Elliptical curve cryptography and 2k-RSA which enhances security through entropy and also performance through the processing time. It reduces the key size of the algorithm to reduce encryption and decryption time. Furthermore, two-factor authentication using biometrics and a secure One-Time Password (OTP) are used for authentication. Results show that the proposed algorithm reduces processing time by 33% for encryption and 43% for decryption compared to the current best solution, while entropy increased by 11% during encryption.
  • Grain Size Distribution Characteristics Variationin Oily Contaminated
           Sandy Soils Dueto Long Term Aging Effectin Al-Ahmadi Field at Kuwait

    • Abstract: Almost three decades on, the negative environmental impacts arising from the burning of over 600 oil wells in Kuwait following the 1991 Gulf War are still evident. At the time of the incident, the Kuwaiti desert region became polluted with hydrocarbon, with a number of ‘oil lakes’ forming, causing critical harm to local land. This paper discusses the shifts in particle size distribution (PSD) found in soil taken from Kuwait’s Al-Ahmadi oil field, caused by aging sandy soil polluted with hydrocarbon. The analysis of changes in PSD was achieved using 16 contaminated and uncontaminated soil samples, with the samples undergoing PSD analysis along with Unified Classification Soil System (UCSS), Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM) and Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) analyses.The analyses revealed a significant reduction in the mean values of both sand and silty/clay particles, which fell from 44.6% to 9.0% and 7.8% to 3.4%, respectively. The analyses also showed a significant increase in the mean values of gravel particles, rising to 44.6% from 6.1%. These results obviously clarify that the overall outcome of the alteration in soil gradation was a poorer one, which may be due to bigger particles forming out of fine particles as a result of oil contamination. The results presented in this paper are intended to support the treatment (soil washing and cement stabilisation) of contaminated sandy soil based on the insights gained into how soil grain size distribution is impacted by oil contamination.
  • Space Debris Removal Mechanism Using CubeSat with Gun Shot Facilities

    • Abstract: Space derbies is a very perilous problem and most of the proposed methods for space debris removal are not successfully serviceable for all sized space junk. Keeping in view the limitation of the existing methods of debris removal techniques an active approach is needed and in this regard required to be instigated purposefully. In more than half a century of space activities, by using above 4800 launches have placed around 6000 satellites into orbit, of which less than a thousand are still operating. In this research, a new concept to remove small space junks of Low Earth Orbit (LEO) is proposed which functions by using CubeSat with Gunshot equipment. The target of this concept is to confiscate the small-sized space junk of ranges 0.2 to 1 inches diameter and which will be identified by collaborating with FGAN radar. CubeSat is loaded five bullets of 0.1 kg with strong thruster gunshot technology and after the first shot, reaction force will help to change the orbit of the satellite to find out the second space debris. This research intended to comprehend and helps to get assess of small-sized space debris removal activity in terms of the simple business model.
  • Elderly People Fall Detection System Using Skeleton Tracking and

    • Abstract: The fall detection systems use a variety of technologies like sensors, wearable devices, color camera, thermal camera etc. With the use of Microsoft Kinect camera for non-gaming purposes, depth images have started being utilized for fall detection. Various authors have made an attempt at using Kinect for fall detection in combination with a variety of techniques like ellipse analysis, bounding box analysis etc. However, most of these attempts fail to differentiate between human subjects and other inanimate objects and fail to identify the person who has fallen while assuming that there is only one person who needs to be monitored. This paper proposes a new system that is based on the depth images captured by Microsoft Kinect, skeleton tracking and bounding box analysis. The key novelty of this system is that it wraps the moving object into the bounding box and determines the change of size of the moving object by analysis the motion over the time to distinguish the human moving object and non-human moving object. The system stores the joint measurements of the known people in a database and compares the joint measurements of the detected person with the values in the database to identify the person. The proposed solution provides a significantly higher accuracy rate as compared to the current best solution and especially when the person carrying an object, sweeping the floor, dropping an object and picking an object from the floor.
  • A Novel Weighted Integral Energy Functional (WIEF) Algorithm: Augmented
           Reality (AR) for Visualising the Blood Vessels in Breast Implant Surgeries

    • Abstract: The use of Augmented Reality (AR) for visualising blood vessels in surgery is still at the experimental stage and has not been implemented due to limitations in terms of accuracy and processing time. The AR also hasn't applied in breast surgeries yet. As there is a need for a plastic surgeon to see the blood vessels before he cuts the breast and before putting the implant, this paper aims to improve the accuracy of augmented videos in visualising blood vessels during Breast Implant Surgery. The proposed system consists of a Weighted Integral Energy Functional (WIFE) algorithm to increase the accuracy of the augmented view in visualising the occluded blood vessels that covered by fat in the operating room. The results on breast area shows that the proposed algorithm improves video accuracy in terms of registration error to 0.32 mm and processing time to 23 sec compared to the state-of-the-art method. The proposed system focuses on increasing the accuracy in augmented view in visualising blood vessels during Breast Implant Surgery as it reduces the registration error. Thus, this study concentrates on looking at the feasibility of the use of Augmented Reality technology in Breast Augmentation surgeries.
  • Knowledge, Motivations and Barriers Regarding Blood Donation Among
           Students in Different Undergraduate Majors

    • Abstract: The present work aims to investigate barriers, motivations and perceptions as well as the role of students’ future profession with respect to their propensity to donate blood, in students enrolled in different university undergraduate majors: Nursing, Psychology and Economics. Considerable research has underscored that it is crucial to create publicity campaigns differentiated on the basis of target groups’ needs and characteristics. University students have been used in many studies to investigate motivations and barriers regarding blood donation, but their specific undergraduate majors have infrequently been studied. A self-report questionnaire was administered to 1,842 students in five different universities (Mean age = 23.27, SD = 5.04, females = 78.3%). The results show differences between the different typologies of the students investigated. Students in the Nursing major demonstrate more knowledge about donation and higher motivations to donate and perceive fewer barriers. They also acknowledge the greater relevance and responsibility existing between their academic major and blood donation. Economics students feel more distant from the world of donation while Psychology students occupy an intermediate position. These differences in knowledge and propensities underscore the necessity of evaluating formative/informative programs in relation to the target group in order to achieve maximum efficacy in interventions and to numerically increase donors of blood and blood products.
  • Effect of Y2O3 Additions on Microstructure and Properties of
           Alumina–Magnesia Ceramics

    • Abstract: The purposes of this research are to prepare and investigate the characterization of 0.7MgO-xY2O3-(99.3-x)Al2O3 by varies x at 0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0 and 10.0 wt% (AMY). AMY samples were synthesized by solid state reaction under two different sintering methods conventional sintering method (NS) and two stage sintering method (TS). Ceramic samples were sintered by conventional sintering at 1600°C for 5 h and using two stage sintering with the first sintering temperature (T1) at 1600°C for 30 min and cooling down to the second sintering temperature (T2) at 1450°C for 10 h. The phase composition of the samples were characterized using XRD technique. XRD patterns from two method sintering revealed phase combination of Al2O3, MgAl2O4, MgO and Y2O3. It was found that it is not different XRD patterns from two method sintering. SEM micrographs form NM and TS showed that the shape of the ceramic grains were polyhedron and ellipsoid, while the grain sizes form NS were in the range of 0.91-1.00 μm and the grain sizes from TS were in the range of 0.34-0.48 μm. The samples from NS and TS is showed optimum mechanical properties by AMY with Y2O3 additions between 4-6 wt%.
  • Solution of Second Order Ordinary Differential Equation Associated with
           Toeplitz and Stiffness Matrices

    • Abstract: In this work we develop a technique solution of second order ordinary differential equation (integrating by parts) to reach to Toeplitz matrices and Stiffness matrix to solve O.D.Es. We investigate that solution numerically using finite difference method and we  find the error between exact and numerical solution computed using  finite element.
  • Real Time Object Tracking and Protection: Hybrid Logistics Architecture in
           Ubiquitous Environments (HLAiUE)

    • Abstract: Realtime object security and vehicle tracking have not been successfully implemented in commercial vehicles due to limitations in processing large amount of data and hardware capabilities. This paper aimed to improve the object security, processing power and data storage in a distributed environment. The proposed system (HLAiUE) consists of a three-layer architecture, first layer is used to collect data, second layer distributes the data processing and the last layer stores the processed data. The designed architecture improves the performance and security by applying data compression algorithms in a real time and removes the hardware dependency by processing the data in a distributed environment using Hadoop and Spark framework. The results demonstrate that the proposed architecture improves processing time by 80% compared to other algorithms and provides more reliability, security and flexibility due to ubiquity and the absence of hardware dependency in comparison with other existing architectures which are hardware dependent. Also, using an NOSQL database server in a distributed environment optimizes data storage by up to 80% and is flexible because all the infrastructure is in a distributed environment. The proposed architecture improves the object tracking by implementing compression technique in a distributed architecture. Thus, this system improves the accuracy up to 80% without depending on hardware resources.
  • Characterisations of Parameters of Granularity of Sediments from Togolese
           Littoral: Granular Potential

    • Abstract: The present study aims at analysing the dimensional distribution of granulate grains all along the Togolese littoral and identifying the law of their longitudinal distributions. In this regard two hundred and ten (210) samples are collected all along the Togolese littoral from the Togo-Ghana border up to Togo-Benin border and another ten (10) samples on each side of a spike located at 37.5 PK. Samples dried at 105°C for 20 h are then subjected to screening test. Their longitudinal size distributions, uniformity coefficients and bendings are then specified. It is apparent that the sediments of the Togolese littoral consist of grains of category ‘’F3’’ that are getting bigger and bigger, less and less tight, badly graduated and more open in accretion and erosion zones in the direction of the littoral drift. Natural and artificial works all along the Togolese littoral enable to identify three categories of sediment (fine, medium-size and big) corresponding to properly determined usages in the concrete.
  • Effects of Extended-Rotifers Inclusion and Live Food-Enrichment with
           Probiotics on the Survival, Metamorphosis, Development Time and Growth of
           Mud Crab, Scylla paramamosain (Estampador) Larvae

    • Abstract: The present larval nutrition study was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding probiotic-enriched rotifers inclusion mixed with Artemia until zoeal stages 4 (Z4) and Z5 on the survival, metamorphosis, development time and growth of mud crabs, Scylla paramamosain larvae. The efficiency of the feeding regime was tested by two-factor analysis. A 4&times;2 factorial experimental design with eight combinations of enriched or un-enriched or a mixture of enriched and un-enriched live food (factor 1) in each of two feeding regimes (factor 2) in triplicate was setup. After 24 days of larval cultivation, there were no significant (p>0.05) interactive effects between the two selected factors on survival and metamorphosis rate of larvae. Larval survival in all treatments, under both factors, decreased gradually (p<0.05) during the cultivation period. From 15 Days After Hatching (DAH), the survival and metamorphosis rates of larvae fed both enriched rotifers and Artemia were higher (p<0.05) than those of the larvae without enriched live food. Similarly, from 18 DAH onwards, the extension of rotifers inclusion mixed with Artemia until Z5, irrespective of enrichment, showed higher (p<0.05) survival, metamorphosis and growth of megalopa than when the rotifers were included only until Z4 stage. Overall, an amalgamation of extending rotifer feeding and enriching them at the same time with Artemia can result in considerable improvements in survival and metamorphosis which can in turn, have beneficial impact on the technical feasibility of a commercial crab hatchery.
  • An Improved Object Detection Technique for Hazard Avoidance Systems

    • Abstract: Hazard detection and avoidance at construction sites working with heavy equipment and moving vehicles is one of the biggest issues in modern surveillance. Background subtraction using a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) is widely utilized for identification of moving objects with most existing methods leading to improvements but lacking accuracy of object detection. This paper aims to improve accuracy and processing time for object detection. The proposed algorithm consists of a correlation coefficient to reduce the existing geometric error and provide more accurate detection of moving objects by comparing foreground and background pixels in every frame. A Kalman filter is used for keeping track of the object. The results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm outperforms existing applications in terms of accuracy of object detection. On this basis, it is recommended that object detection with a correlation coefficient of background and foreground pixels of objects can be used for hazard detection in real-time monitoring systems such as traffic monitoring and detection and tracking of humans.
  • Short-Term Effects of Aroma Therapeutic Herbal Steam on Heart Rate
           Variability and Stress

    • Abstract: This experimental research aims to examine the short-term effects of aroma therapeutic herbal steam on heart rate variability and stress. In this experimental study, the participants were 60 diabetic patients with stress who had rated their stress in the Suang-prung Stress Test-20 at the level of 3 or higher. They were divided into the treatment group (n = 30) and the control group (n = 30) using a simple random sampling method. The former was administered aroma therapeutic hot steam, whereas the latter received standard conventional medical care. Both before and after the experimental period, both groups were assessed in terms of their Heart Rate Variability (HRV). The within-group HRV values, namely SDNN, RMS-SD, LF and HF, for both the treatment and the control groups pre- and post-treatment differed significantly (p<0.05). Additionally, when the between-group values post-treatment were considered, the SDNN, RMS-SD and LF values for the treatment group were significantly higher than those for the control group (p<0.05). Based on the findings, it can be concluded that aroma therapeutic hot steam will interact with factors triggering stress and enhance parasympathetic nervous system function, thereby reducing stress levels. This is proof that the treatment should improve the conditions of diabetic patients suffering from stress.
  • Characterization of the Earth's Surface State by Unsupervised
           Classification: Case of Vegetated, Aquatic and Mineral Surfaces

    • Abstract: In this study, we propose an unsupervised classification scheme based on the Dempster-Shafer Theory (TDS) and the Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) to characterize vegetated, aquatic and mineral surfaces. From pre-processed ASTER satellite images (georeferencing, geometric correction and 15 m re-sampling), neo-channels were produced by determining the spectral indices NDVI, MNDWI and NDBaI, considered as sources of information for classification of a given pixel. NDVI is a contrast function to highlight vegetation. By account, the MNDWI makes it possible to characterize the water and the NDBaI makes it possible to recognize the mineral resources. Then, we modeled respectively the formalisms of the DST and the DSmT, these formalisms are modeling tools close to advanced probabilities based on the notions of belief and fusion functions to take into account certain imperfections (uncertainty, ignorance, etc.) encountered in the acquisition of images. In addition, the DST manages a formalism of disjunction between the sources during the DSmT simultaneously manages a disjunction and a conjunction between the sources. Next we realized the algorithms and related codes that we implemented in the MATLAB environment. Our contribution lies in taking into account the imperfections (inaccuracies and uncertainties) linked to source information through the use of mass functions based on a simple Gaussian distribution support model in order to model each focal element independently of the others and to evaluate the belonging of a pixel to a class with respect to the majority of elements representing said class. The resulting results show that the DST approach is relatively satisfactory for the unsupervised classification of mineral surfaces and aquatic surfaces while it is not satisfactory for vegetated surfaces according to all proposed models. As for the DSmT, it presents satisfactory results for all the models proposed. The model with the exclusion integrity constraint E∩V ∩ M = φ was selected as the best model because having, in addition to an average rate of well-graded pixels of 93.34%, a compliance rate (96, 37%) with the terrain higher than those of the other models implemented.
  • Sentiment Analysis: Comparative Study between GSVM and KNN

    • Abstract: Sentiment classification aims detecting general opinion of users in social media towards business products or daily life events. The classification tells whether sentiment is positive or negative. Techniques of sentiment classification are categorized into lexical analysis and machine learning techniques. In this paper, we propose a comparative study between SVM applied genetics (GSVM) against KNN algorithm in terms of speed and accuracy. We present also an experimental study of sentiment classification on different domains movie reviews, financial and amazon toys products. The experimental results shows that GSVM achieves a classification accuracy of 92% and KNN achieves 87% on movie reviews dataset. For classification speed, KNN shows a remarkable improvement (above 10% improvement) in comparison with GSVM.
  • Determination of Dynamic Viscosity of Viscous Oils using Mach Zehnder
           Digital Holographic Method

    • Abstract: The digital in-line holography based on Mach Zehnder interferometer (MZDIH) was setup for the determination of dynamic viscosity of the viscous oils. The spherical irons were used as the falling objects in the viscous oils. The hologram images of the iron falling along its entire path were recoded as a video file on the CMOS camera. The recorded hologram images were reconstructed on the holoviewer program via MATLAB. Then, the diameter and velocity of the iron were obtained. Finally, the dynamic viscosity of viscous oils were determined and compared with standard values. From the experimental results, it can be concluded that the MZDIH method is the simple and precise tool for determining the dynamic viscosity of fluids.
  • Juvenile Delinquency: Evidence of Challenges in Rehabilitation

    • Abstract: Juvenile delinquency is a global phenomenon that affect children’s developmental process and represent a significant concern for the society. Despite the fact that it is a global issue, its effects are felt more in developing countries such as Ghana due to inadequate resources available to rehabilitate them. However, the study explored the procedure used in admitting inmates into the juvenile detention facilities and challenges in rehabilitating them and recommended strategies based on findings to improve on the rehabilitation system. Using a quantitative research methodology, simple random and purposive samplings were used in selecting 94 respondents for the study at the senior correctional centre. Data obtained from the inmates was analyzed with SPSS and descriptive statistics with frequency distributions were employed to explain the data. The findings indicated challenges that affect both care takers and inmate at the centre regarding human resources, inadequate training period, facility to house inmate and the proper procedure for admission into the correctional facility. These challenges showed that, there are gaps in the rehabilitation process which mission is to make delinquent children valuable members of the society after they are released. Rather many juvenile delinquents stand high risk of becoming criminals in their adulthood.
  • Comparison of 10 cm and 50 cm Long Iodine Cells in Iodine-Stabilized Diode
           Laser-Pumped Nd:YAG Laser at 532 nm

    • Abstract: An iodine-stabilized diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser system at 532 nm was developed at the National Institute of Metrology of Thailand (NIMT) for the first time in Thailand. Two iodine cells with the lengths of 10 and 50 cm were used for the comparison of frequency stability of Nd:YAG laser. The experiment was set for phase modulation spectroscopy. The Nd:YAG laser was locked to the a10 component of the R(56)32-0 transition of iodine molecule. The variation of wavelength with time and the frequency stability were carried out at various iodine cell temperatures of 20, 10, 5, 1, -1, -3 and -5°C. The results from the frequency stability measurements showed that the lowest Allan standard deviation value of 6.643×10-10 was obtained at -5°C for 50 cm long iodine cell. From this Allan standard deviation value, it can be concluded that the iodine-stabilized diode laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser system at 532 nm developed in this study is acceptable to be used with a gauge block interferometer for the length calibration of the gauge block.
  • Microwave-Sensitive Reactors to the Rescue: From Microwave-Assisted
           Chemistry to Environmental Applications

    • Abstract: The idea of using microwave sensitive reactors is relatively new in chemistry and environmental areas. Applications in both areas might be different but the effects can be amazing. Flow through reactors coated with thin metallic films using a variety of deposition techniques have been used as vessels to conduct reactions in flow under microwave irradiation. The metal coating not only did not provide any impediment to the process, it served a two-fold purpose. Metallic coatings acted as catalysts for the flow through processes; in addition the flowed reactions were tremendously accelerated due to unusually high temperatures generated within reactors because of coupling of microwaves to metal films. The methodology of developing microwave active reactors has been successfully extended to environmental applications, transcending chemistry, such as distillation of saline/brackish waters for the purpose of generating potable water. The experimental distillation device described here as a proof of concept, will lay a foundation for a high throughput water sanitizing process, delivering potable water to large groups of people.
  • A Real-Time Optimization Approach to the Efficiency of a Photovoltaic
           System by a Hybrid Tracking Technique using LabVIEW

    • Abstract: Among the lines of research on improving the efficiency of a photovoltaic panel, sun tracking techniques occupy a large part. In this article, an extension of Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench (LabVIEW); LabVIEW Interface For Arduino (LIFA) is used. It allows the driving of an Arduino board from LabVIEW, on which a collaboration technique between two categories of pursuit is developed: The first is sensory and the second is pre-programmed. This hybrid two-axis technique is characterized by impulse control strategist with pre-programmed control and dual sensory correction. The results reveal that the hybrid tracking system gave an additional energy gain of about 36% compared to a fixed photovoltaic panel system. Thus, it has practically a percentage increase of 2 and 2.3% respectively to the two techniques used.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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