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ENGINEERING (1197 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 207)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 215)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  
CTheory     Open Access  
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
  [SJR: 0.525]   [H-I: 35]   [3 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1435-9537 - ISSN (Online) 1435-9529
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Effects of the particle-size distribution on the micro and macro behavior
           of soils: fractal dimension as an indicator of the spatial variability of
           a slip zone in a landslide
    • Authors: Sha Lu; Huiming Tang; Yongquan Zhang; Wenping Gong; Liangqing Wang
      Abstract: Abstract A field investigation of the Huangtupo landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir area, China, indicated that the particle-size distribution—characterized by an index termed the fractal dimension—varied along the main sliding direction: the fractal dimension tended to increase in this direction. A preliminary study of the spatial variability of the slip zone based upon the fractal dimension was performed. Remolded soil samples with various fractal dimensions obtained from the Huangtupo landslide were prepared for laboratory testing that was carried out to determine the effect of the fractal dimension on the micro and macro behavior of the soils. The microstructure of each soil sample was determined using scanning electron microscopy, while its macromechanical properties were evaluated via consolidated undrained triaxial tests. The results showed that there were close relationships of the fractal dimension with the microstructure, stress–strain behavior, and shear strength. The test results were also consistent with the results of the field investigation of the Huangtupo landslide. Thus, the fractal dimension can be used as an indicator of the spatial variability of the slip zone of a landslide.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1028-1
  • Resource recovery as a sustainable perspective for the remediation of
           mining wastes: rehabilitation of the CMC mining waste site in Northern
    • Authors: S. Sözen; D. Orhon; H. Dinçer; G. Ateşok; H. Baştürkçü; T. Yalçın; H. Öznesil; C. Karaca; B. Allı; H. Dulkadiroğlu; N. Yağcı
      Abstract: Abstract This paper highlights resource recovery and stabilization as the novel approach adopted in the rehabilitation strategy of the abandoned copper mine site (CMC mine) located in Northern Cyprus, recognized as a source of chronic pollution problems. The site holds 9.5 million tons of tailings stored in poorly equipped ponds. The waste contains pyrite and chalcopyrite undergoing slow oxidation; this way, sulfide has been partly converted to sulfuric acid causing severe acid mine drainage problems. The rehabilitation strategy adopted the EU’s key principle of resource recovery, where all tailings would be processed for copper recovery and stabilized to further prevent the chemical mobility of heavy metals before final landfilling. A leaching-cementation process, with no chemical usage, except for lime stabilization after recovery, was designed for this purpose. The corresponding action plan entailed that all the waste material be processed in situ, in a zero waste environment. Accordingly, the remediation will be carried out in a sequential process involving emptying the ponds for resource recovery, preparing the necessary number of emptied ponds with sufficient holding capacity, as selected landfill sites in a way to secure and provide all necessary measures imposed by international regulations for containing and controlling hazardous wastes. Finally closure plans will be implemented for the rehabilitation of the mining site to reclaim full attributes of natural characteristics.
      PubDate: 2017-03-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1037-0
  • Landslide susceptibility mapping at Ovacık-Karabük (Turkey) using
           different artificial neural network models: comparison of training
    • Authors: Aslı Can; Gulseren Dagdelenler; Murat Ercanoglu; Harun Sonmez
      Abstract: Abstract This study aims to investigate the performances of different training algorithms used for an artificial neural network (ANN) method to produce landslide susceptibility maps. For this purpose, Ovacık region (southeast of Karabük Province), located in the Western Black Sea Region (Turkey), was selected as the study area. A total of 196 landslides were mapped, and a landslide database was prepared. Topographical elevation, slope angle, aspect, wetness index, lithology, and vegetation index parameters were taken into account for the landslide susceptibility analyses. Two different ANN structures, which were composed of single and double hidden layers, were applied to compare the effects of the ANN. Four different training algorithms, namely batch back-propagation, quick propagation, conjugate gradient descent (CGD), and Levenberg–Marquardt, were used for the training stage of the ANN models. Thus, eight different landslide susceptibility maps were produced for the study area using different ANN structures and algorithms. In order to assess the effects and spatial performances of the considered training algorithms on the ANN models, the relative operating characteristics (ROC) and relation value (r ij ) approaches were used. The susceptibility map produced by CGD1 has the highest AUC (0.817) and r ij values (0.972). Comparison of the susceptibility maps indicated that CGD training algorithm is the slowest one among the other algorithms, but this algorithm showed the highest performance on the results.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1034-3
  • A regional-scale engineering geological study for selecting suitable rock
           masses for constructing unlined oil storage caverns in Southern Zagros,
    • Authors: J. Hassanpour; Y. Firouzei; G. Hajipour
      Abstract: Abstract The southern section of the Zagros zone in southwestern Iran, a well-known sedimentary basin, was investigated to address two key questions: (1) whether it would be feasible to construct large unlined rock caverns (URCs) in moderate-quality sedimentary rocks of this area for the storage of crude oil, and (2) which parts of this wide area were most suitable for constructing such huge underground structures. To answer these questions, first, the geological, hydrogeological and engineering geological properties of typical rock units in the area were investigated, and preliminary analyses were performed to check the stability, permeability and water circulation conditions of typical rock masses at depth. Next, geographical information system (GIS) techniques were applied to select the best regions for constructing the URCs. Parameters including geological characteristics, governmental restrictions, and proximity to facilities were selected as important factors for area zonation and for preparing a suitability map for constructing URCs for storing crude oil. The results of the study indicated that limestone units of the Asmari and Sarvak Formations at a moderate depth (200–300 m) were the most appropriate rock units for construction of URCs with a cross-section area of around 500 m2. In addition, the suitability map showed that two small regions in the central and northern parts of the study area were best suited for URC construction. The key advantages of these regions include a wide distribution of surface exposures of good-quality stratigraphic units (Asmari and Sarvak Formations), limited distribution of active tectonic structures such as salt domes and faults, and proximity to crude oil facilities.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1035-2
  • Insights into statistical structural characteristics and deformation
           properties of columnar jointed basalts: field investigation in the
           Baihetan Dam base, China
    • Authors: Jie Cui; Quan Jiang; Xiating Feng; Shaojun Li; Junfeng Liu; Wenfu Chen; Jiancong Zhang; Shufeng Pei
      Abstract: Abstract The columnar jointed basalt (CJB) in the left-bank dam foundation of the Baihetan hydropower station, China, is a special jointed rock mass with a columnar cylinder structure. A field investigation revealed three types of joints developing in the CJB: (1) columnar joints, (2) internal steeply dipping joints (ISDJ), and (3) internal gently dipping joints (IGDJ). A uniform distribution survey lines method (UDSLM) is proposed to describe quantitatively the spatial structural features of CJB exposed in limited outcrops. The visible spacing of internal joints in CJB is found to evolve; joint spacing decreases with increased degrees of weathering, disturbance, and time after unloading excavation. Combined with the actual structure, the formation mechanism of CJB is discussed from the structure of a single column to the whole rock mass, based on the contraction hypothesis. A columnar joint tensor, which is closely related to the CJB deformation characteristics, is established for describing the complex columnar joint network in the three-dimensional space based on the measurement data with the UDSLM. In addition, the structural characteristics of intact columns were exposed through dismantling cuboid specimens of 0.5 m edge lengths and 1.0 m height, verifying the rationality of the UDSLM and the evaluation of structural characteristics of CJB in the Baihetan dam foundation. This in situ study presents an in-depth understanding of CJB structure and provides meaningful guidance for excavation and supporting reinforcement for the CJB exposed on the Chinese Baihetan dam foundation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1029-0
  • Seismic site characterization for Moulvibazar town, Bangladesh
    • Authors: Md. Zillur Rahman; Md. Shakhawat Hossain; A. S. M. Maksud Kamal; Sumi Siddiqua; Fansab Mustahid; Atikul Haque Farazi
      Abstract: Abstract In recent years, decision-making and site-planning strategies for earthquake mitigation have shifted away from a crisis management approach, to a greater emphasis on risk reduction. The earthquake hazard of a particular area can be assessed using geophysical and geotechnical site investigations. In the present study, seismic site characterization was carried out to evaluate earthquake risk for the town of Moulvibazar, Bangladesh, by integrating geophysical and geotechnical approaches. The study revealed that the average shear wave velocity to a depth of 30 m (AVS30) varied from 150 to 235 m/s, and US National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) soil site classes D and E were predominant, with soil amplification factors (SAF) of 1.3 and 1.45 for site classes D and E, respectively. In addition, peak ground acceleration (PGA) at the ground surface ranged from 0.325 to 0.3625 g, foundation layer depths for the deep foundation varied from 15 to 29 m, and the predominant periods ranged from 0.35 to 0.72 s. These soil parameters can be used to prepare an earthquake risk-sensitive land use plan for future urban development and to design earthquake-resistant structures.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1031-6
  • Apport d’une base de données d’éboulements rocheux obtenue par
           scanner laser dans la caractérisation des conditions de rupture et
           processus associés
    • Authors: Julie D’Amato
      Abstract: Abstract Using laser scanner data, an exhaustive rockfall database has been established for a rockwall located near the town of Grenoble (France). The study site is a long double cliff, on the eastern border of the Chartreuse Massif. The two cliffs consist respectively of thinly bedded and massive limestone, which show different structures, morphologies and rockfall activities. The 3D point clouds obtained by laser scanner allow to detect and model the fallen compartments in 3D. Information about cliff surface, and localization, dimensions, failure mechanism for each compartment were obtained and analyzed in order to characterize the morphological evolutions of the cliffs. It appears that the morphology and the slope of the lower cliff is related to fracturing and torrential erosion which occurs in the marls below the cliff, showing a rockfall frequency 22 times higher than for the upper cliff. These results show that the erosion process in the lower cliff is in a transient state, whereas it could be in a steady state in the upper cliff. Rockfalls have been dated by a near-continuous photographic survey (1 photo each 10 mn) and a monthly survey during 2.5 years. The analysis of the two data bases shows that the rockfall frequency is 7 times higher during freeze-thaw episodes than without meteorological event, and 4.5 times higher during rainfall episodes. Moreover, it becomes 26 times higher when the mean rainfall intensity is higher than 5 mm/h. Based on these results, a 3-level hazard scale has been proposed for hazard prediction.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1032-5
  • Fracture mapping in challenging environment: a 3D virtual reality approach
           combining terrestrial LiDAR and high definition images
    • Authors: G. Mastrorocco; R. Salvini; C. Vanneschi
      Abstract: Abstract The latest technological developments in computer vision allow the creation of georeferenced, non-immersive desktop virtual reality (VR) environments. VR uses a computer to produce a simulated three-dimensional world in which it is possible to interact with objects and derive metric and thematic data. In this context, modern geomatic tools enable the remote acquisition of information that can be used to produce georeferenced high-definition 3D models: these can be used to create a VR in support of rock mass data processing, analysis, and interpretation. Data from laser scanning and high quality images were combined to map deterministically and characterise discontinuities with the aim of creating accurate rock mass models. Discontinuities were compared with data from traditional engineering-geological surveys in order to check the level of accuracy in terms of the attitude of individual joints and sets. The quality of data collected through geomatic surveys and field measurements in two marble quarries of the Apuan Alps (Italy) was very satisfactory. Some fundamental geotechnical indices (e.g. joint roughness, alteration, opening, moisture, and infill) were also included in the VR models. Data were grouped, analysed, and shared in a single repository for VR visualization and stability analysis in order to study the interaction between geology and human activities.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1030-7
  • Introduction to a thematic set of papers on methods to assess the
           reliability of landslide hazard mapping
    • Authors: G. Vessia; L. Coco; M. Rossi
      PubDate: 2017-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1026-3
  • Development of new models for the estimation of deformation moduli in rock
           masses based on in situ measurements
    • Authors: Slobodan Radovanović; Vesna Ranković; Vladimir Anđelković; Dejan Divac; Nikola Milivojević
      Abstract: Abstract Knowledge of the deformation properties of the rock mass is essential for the stress–strain analysis of structures such as dams, tunnels, slopes, and other underground structures and the most important parameter of the deformability of the rock mass is the deformation modulus. This paper describes statistical models based on multiple linear regression and artificial neural networks. The models are developed using the test results of the deformation modulus obtained during the construction of the Iron Gate 1 dam on the Danube River and correlate these with measurements of the velocities of longitudinal waves and pressures in the rock mass. The parameters used for defining the models were obtained by in situ testing during dam construction, meaning that scale effects were also taken into account. For the analysis, 47 experimental results from in situ testing of the rock mass were obtained; 38 of these were used for modelling and nine were used for testing of the models. The model based on the artificial neural networks showed better performance in comparison to the model based on multiple linear regression.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1027-2
  • Identification of structural domains by considering multiple discontinuity
           characteristics: a case study of the Songta Dam
    • Authors: Shengyuan Song; Fengyue Sun; Wen Zhang; Jianping Chen; Peihua Xu; Cencen Niu; Chen Cao; Jiewei Zhan
      Abstract: Abstract Discontinuities formed by different geological processes strongly affect the inhomogeneity of a rock mass. Demarcation of statistically homogeneous regions is useful to speculate the tectonic evolution history. Therefore, a new method is introduced to divide the homogeneous structural domains based on multiple discontinuity characteristics. The new method is divided into three steps. Firstly, the 34-patch network on the lower-hemisphere Schmidt projection and the correlation coefficient are adopted to quantify the similarity of discontinuity orientation. Secondly, the Wald–Wolfowitz runs test is utilized to identify the similarity for trace length and trace type. Thirdly, the structural domains are comprehensively identified based on the similarity of discontinuity orientation, trace length and trace type. The comprehensive method is subsequently adopted to divide the structural domains within the Songta right abutment rock mass. The results illustrate that the rock mass around PD222 and PD234 belongs to the same structural domain D1 and the rock mass around PD224 and PD236 belongs to the other structural domain D2. The D2 located at the high elevation suffers longer and stronger unloading effect of the river valley, which is more likely to form the long discontinuities. However, the D1 located at the low elevation develops mainly the short discontinuities. Hence, it is reasonable and consistent with geological development background that the abutment rock mass is divided into two structural regions along the vertical direction using the new method.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1024-5
  • Fuzzy approach for preliminary design of weak rock slopes in lignite mines
    • Authors: Ahmet Gunes Yardimci; Celal Karpuz
      Abstract: Abstract Rock slope failure modes are either driven by structurally controlled mechanisms (planar, wedge, or toppling failure) or lean upon the highly jointed or weak rock mass (circular failure). Developing practical tools for preliminary slope design is a popular topic among geotechnical society. This study proposes a practical methodology to predict a safe overall slope angle for weak rock slopes of lignite mines. Rock mass rating (RMR) and slope mass rating (SMR) classification systems can be remarkably misleading for weak rocks. Fuzzy modification was proven to improve rock and slope quality predictions. In addition, structurally controlled failures can be estimated more precisely. Later, a popular slope performance chart of Bieniawski that is based on RMR was modified by the fuzzy approach, and the computer models of a weak rock mass failure in a Turkish lignite mine are presented. The modified methodology was proven to be better suited to the weak rock conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1022-7
  • An investigation on the mechanisms of instabilities and safe design of the
           south slope at a lignite pit (SW Turkey) based on a sensitivity approach
    • Authors: Kemal Cem Solak; Ergün Tuncay; Resat Ulusay
      Abstract: Abstract Turkey has significant lignite reserves which are generally being extracted using open pit mining methods. The Hüsamlar pit is one of the operated lignite pits in the well-known Mugla lignite province in SW Turkey. Some local failures and one large failure, which caused the evacuation of the Hüsamlar village located next to the slope crest and interruption in coal production, occurred along the south slope of this pit. This paper outlines the results of the field and laboratory geotechnical investigations associated with the causes and mechanisms of the instabilities, and assessments on the possible modifications in the current and planned final slope geometries to improve the stability of the south slope. Since no sufficient data on groundwater conditions in the pit were available, in order to reduce the uncertainty associated with groundwater, different pore pressure ratios (r u) were considered and a sensitivity approach was used in the stability assessments. The back-analyses of the observed instabilities including one or more benches in the overburden indicated that the most critical modes of failure for the south slope are circular and composite sliding surfaces. Although kinematical analyses suggested that structurally controlled failures would not be expected, one local planar failure that occurred in the south slope emphasizes that the possibility of local planar sliding should be considered when the dip of bedding planes locally exceed 20° and pore pressure becomes high. In addition, the back-analyses revealed that r u was probably between 0.3 and 0.4 and the residual shear strength along the bedding planes was critical when slope instabilities occurred along the south slope. The stability assessments for the current and the final south slope, which was planned by the mining organization operating the pit, indicated that some modifications in bench and slope geometries are necessary to achieve a factor of safety of 1.3, which is a commonly used value in open pit practice. In addition, these assessments also suggested that the most critical zone in the overburden was the thinly bedded marl in terms of stability, and at the thickest part of this material (30 m), the overall slope angles satisfying F = 1.3 at r u values of 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 should be 18°, 17° and 15°, respectively. Except those in the thinly bedded marl, bench widths in the overburden units and coal seam are reduced and steeper slopes with F ≥ 1.3 were achieved.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1025-4
  • Predicting the shear strength parameters of sandstone using genetic
    • Authors: Jiayi Shen; Rafael Jimenez
      Abstract: Abstract The strength of intact rock is, together with the rock mass structure, probably the most important properties for rock engineering. To accurately estimate the Mohr–Coulomb (MC) strength parameters—cohesion c and angle of friction ϕ—of a rock, triaxial tests must be carried out at different stress levels so that a failure envelope can be obtained to be linearized. However, this involves a higher budget and time requirements that are often not available at the early stages of a project; thus faster and cheaper indirect methods have been developed as an alternative. In this paper, we use genetic programming (GP) to develop a predictive model to estimate the MC shear strength parameters of intact sandstone using other strength measures (the uniaxial compressive strength, UCS, and uniaxial tensile strength, UTS) under different stress conditions which shear failure takes place. The reliability of the proposed GP model is evaluated and compared with alternative linear regression models based on UCS or UTS only, and with the traditional triaxial-based approach. Results show that, although the triaxial method provides the better estimations, the proposed GP model has the best prediction performance in the absence of triaxial data, so that it can be used for practical strength estimations for intact sandstone at the early stage of projects or when triaxial test data are not available.
      PubDate: 2017-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1023-6
  • Recension de l’ouvrage «Mécanique des sols et des roches» par Laurent
           Vulliet, Lyesse Laloui et Jian Zhao
    • Authors: Jean-Louis Durville; Jean-Alain Fleurisson; Véronique Merrien-Soukatchoff
      PubDate: 2017-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1017-4
  • An approach for determining the relationship between the parameters of
           pressuremeter and SPT in different consistency clays in Eastern Turkey
    • Authors: Ali Özvan; İsmail Akkaya; Mücip Tapan
      Abstract: Abstract The pressuremeter test is one of the borehole loading tests that determines the deformation characteristics of subsurface soil. The main idea of the pressuremeter test is to inflate the cylindrical hole drilled in order to measure the pressure-deformation relations of the soil. Another in situ test by which soil properties are determined is the well-known standard penetration test (SPT). The consistency and firmness of soils can be determined using the test results of these in situ tests. In order to determine the relationship between the results of these two tests in clayey soils with low and high plasticity characteristics, a total of 20 boreholes with 1.5–4.5 m depths were drilled, and both tests were performed at varying depths. Following the pressuremeter test, pure limit pressure (P L) values and pressuremeter deformation modulus (E M) were calculated for 31 different levels, respectively. These values were compared to SPT (N 60) values, and high determination coefficients (R 2) were attained. Therefore, for clayey soils, it is possible to determine E M and P L values from SPT results, and consequently SPT test results can be used to calculate settlement and bearing capacity as well as the undrained shear strength values (c u) of low and high plasticity clayey soils.
      PubDate: 2017-02-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1020-9
  • Geometrical and structural setting of landslide dams of the Central
           Alborz: a link between earthquakes and landslide damming
    • Authors: Mohsen Ehteshami-Moinabadi; Shahram Nasiri
      Abstract: Abstract The combination of remote sensing observations, geological field investigations and geomorphological mapping and measurements along with faults and landslides inventory were employed to identify the landslide-dams of Alborz Mountain belt in northern Iran. The study comprises main landslide-dams of Central Alborz, including those with saturated and dried lakes. Valasht, Chort, Shoormast, Evan, Tar, Havir and Imamza-e-Ali were the lakes discovered as being formed by a landslide-damming process. Several other ancient lakes were identified as the remnants of breached and dried landslide-dams. The geometry and structural setting of each case is described; however, more investigations are required to evaluate the potential hazards for downstream populations. Most of these cases are believed to be co-seismic or earthquake-induced landslide dams formed due to large (M: ~7.0) known historical and derived pre-historic earthquakes. This paper emphasizes the relationship between active faulting, fault valleys and slope instability that leads to fault valley blockage by landslide. The recommendation from this study is that more consideration of active structures is needed in tectonically active regions, where the fault damage zones are more susceptible to slope instability due to progressive deformation and earthquakes.
      PubDate: 2017-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1021-8
  • Geoenvironmental assessment of the formation and expansion of earth
           fissures as geological hazards along the route of the Haram-to-Haram
           Highway, Iran
    • Authors: O. Nikbakhti; M. Hashemi; M. Banikheir; A. Khabbazi Basmenj
      Abstract: Abstract This study assessed the mechanisms and agents that have contributed to the formation and expansion of earth fissures along the route of the Haram-to-Haram Highway in Iran. To this end, several geological and geotechnical approaches were used, including comprehensive field investigations, in situ tests, soil sampling, and laboratory assessments. Results showed that a combination of shallow and deep mechanisms and various geoenvironmental agents contributed to fissure formation and expansion in the study area, with soil characteristics playing a significant part in the fissuring. This study indicated that earth fissuring is an ongoing problem in the study area that endangers the safety of highway traffic. However, some applicable remedial measures that could mitigate the problem and protect the highway from the adverse consequences of the earth fissuring are also proposed herein.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1019-2
  • Comprehensive evaluation of the stability of the left-bank slope at the
           Baihetan hydropower station in southwest China
    • Authors: Nuwen Xu; Jiayao Wu; Feng Dai; Yilin Fan; Tao Li; Biao Li
      Abstract: Abstract The stability of the left-bank slope is a crucial geological engineering problem at the Baihetan hydropower station, China. Due to continuous excavations on the rock slope, different regions of the surrounding rock mass undergo varying degrees of unloading deformation. It is important to assess the stability of the rock slope from a macroscopic viewpoint by investigating its deformation characteristics and mechanisms. Therefore, in this work, microseismic (MS) monitoring was first employed to detect the progressive rock mass damage in the rock slope subjected to excavation, including the initiation, propagation, coalescence, and interaction of rock microfractures. Numerical modeling was subsequently performed to understand the deformation and failure mechanism of the rock slope. Moreover, traditional surveying approaches (i.e., multiple-point extensometers and inclinometers) and field observations were also used to analyze the deformation and failure characteristics of the rock slope. The MS monitoring results showed that spatiotemporal regularities in the evolution of seismic source locations were indicators of deformation failure and potential sliding surfaces. MS event clustering can be used to delineate activated pre-existing geological structures (i.e., LS331 and LS337). The simulation results show that the deformation and failure characteristics of the rock slope are mainly controlled by pre-existing weak structural planes (i.e., the intraformational faulted zones LS3319, LS331, and LS337 and fault F17). These results agree well with the results of geological data and conventional monitoring data. Our study reveals that an integrated approach combining MS monitoring, numerical modeling, traditional surveying, and field observations leads to a better understanding of the behavior of the rock slope under the influence of excavation as well as greater control of the working faces, ensuring safety under complex geological and excavation conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1018-3
  • Dust formed during drilling in natural stone quarries
    • Authors: Marjo Sairanen; Olavi Selonen
      Abstract: Abstract Dust mass concentration and concentration decrease was studied in two natural stone quarries in Finland. The dust mass concentrations produced during drilling was measured at several distances with short time interval (5 s) sampling. The variation of concentration was high, and wind direction had a crucial effect on dust dispersion. The impact of weather conditions, such as temperature and relative humidity, on dust concentration were inconsistent. The dust produced during drilling was mainly coarse-grained and it settled quickly. The background mass concentration was attained from 55 to 105 m at the downwind direction from the drill. The fine particle mass concentrations were low during the measurements. The fine particles originated mainly from other, remote, sources and from the machinery used in the quarries. Local dust sources, such as hauling, had a significant impact on dust mass concentrations even inside the quarry. The drilling capacity effected on dust mass concentration near the drill, but the impact vanished quickly with increasing distance.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-017-1016-5
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