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ENGINEERING (1267 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 274)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Beyond : Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 278)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 248)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 195)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.896
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 14  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1435-9537 - ISSN (Online) 1435-9529
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Optimization approach for determining rainfall duration-intensity
           thresholds for debris flow forecasting
    • Authors: Min-Hao Wu; J. P. Wang; I-Chia Chen
      Abstract: Debris flow is a natural hazard typically triggered by heavy rainfall. Previous research aimed at forecasting the occurrence of debris flows have led to the development of several rainfall duration-intensity thresholds for different areas using the second-percentile method that allows a missed-alarm probability of up to 2%, while disregarding the occurrence of false alarms. The current study aims to develop rainfall duration-intensity thresholds for debris flow forecasting taking into account both missed alarms and false alarms. Specifically, the new optimization approach seeks to determine the optimal duration-intensity threshold associated with the lowest missed- and false-alarm probabilities combined. In addition to the methodology, a case study is presented to show that the new optimization approach is feasible for determining rainfall duration-intensity thresholds in debris flow forecasting, and is more efficient than the method currently in use, which is associated with a higher probability of missed and false alarms combined.
      PubDate: 2018-06-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1314-6
  • Investigation on shear modulus and damping ratio of Algiers marls under
           cyclic and dynamic loading conditions
    • Authors: Samir Bedr; Nourredine Mezouar; Luca Verrucci; Giuseppe Lanzo
      Abstract: A sound knowledge of the dynamic properties of soils is needed to solve several geotechnical engineering problems associated with earthquakes. Here we describe a laboratory investigation performed to measure the dynamic properties of the Plaisancian deposit of marls in the Algiers region using cyclic triaxial tests, cyclic double specimen direct simple shear tests, cyclic torsional shear tests and dynamic resonant column tests. The key parameters governing the nonlinear soil behavior under cyclic/dynamic loading and their relative importance in terms of affecting the dynamic properties of soils, wich are communaly represented by the normalized equivalent shear modulus reduction and damping ratio curves, are illustrated and discussed. We also address the differences in the deduced parameters obtained with different tests, procedures and interpretation criteria. The comparison between test results and empirical or semi-empirical relations for normalized equivalent shear modulus and damping ratio curves highlights a number of limitations and shortcomings of predictive models currently widely used.
      PubDate: 2018-06-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1310-x
  • A method for quick assessment of earthquake-triggered landslide hazards: a
           case study of the Mw6.1 2014 Ludian, China earthquake
    • Authors: Xiaoli Chen; Chunguo Liu; Mingming Wang
      Abstract: Rapid assessment of the distribution of earthquake-triggered landslides is an important component of effective disaster mitigation. The effort should be based on both seismic landslide susceptibility and the ground shaking intensity, which is usually measured by peak ground acceleration (PGA). In this paper, we address this issue by analyzing data from the Mw6.1 2014 Ludian, China earthquake. The Newmark method of rigid-block modeling was applied to calculate the critical acceleration of slopes in the study area, which serve as measurement of slope stability under seismic load. The assessment of earthquake-triggered landslide hazard was conducted by comparing these critical accelerations with the distribution of known PGA values. The study area was classified into zones of five levels of landslide hazard: high, moderate high, moderate, light, and very light. Comparison shows that the resulting landslide hazard zones agree with the actual distribution of earthquake-triggered landslides. Nearly 70% of landslides are located in areas of high and moderately high hazard, which occupy only 17% of the study region. This paper demonstrates that using PGA, combined with the analysis of seismic landslide susceptibility, allows a reliable assessment of earthquake-triggered landslides hazards. This easy-operation mapping method is expected to be helpful in emergency preparedness planning, as well as in seismic landslide hazard zoning.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1313-7
  • The Aso-Bridge coseismic landslide: a numerical investigation of failure
           and runout behavior using finite and discrete element methods
    • Authors: Ching Hung; Chih-Hsuan Liu; Guan-Wei Lin; Ben Leshchinsky
      Abstract: The complex coseismic process of the Aso-Bridge landslide during the main shock of the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake was investigated. Finite element analysis and discrete element analysis considering vertical seismic accelerations (VSA) were conducted to explore the salient features of the prefailure mechanism and postfailure kinematic process of the coseismic landslide associated with the initiation time and kinematic runout behavior, respectively. Two seismic input conditions, one involving only horizontal seismic accelerations (HSA), and the other accounting for both HSA and VSA, were used to assess the influence of VSA from the prefailure to postfailure regimes. First, satisfactory agreement between the study and the published results in terms of landslide initiation time was obtained. As revealed by the rapid change of source displacement (RCSD), VSA did not alter landslide initiation time; however, it significantly increased the RCSD approximately 2-fold, which provided a clear initiation time. At landslide initiation, the estimated average velocities in a vertical direction increased approximately 16-fold (from −0.011 to −0.174 m/s) by accounting for VSA. Second, the results suggested that VSA had a trivial influence on runout behavior in the postfailure regime, given that such behavior was dominated by the collision and free fall during the sliding as well as the terrain features. With an average velocity of 21.34 m/s, the sliding source ultimately reached the riverbank within 21 s. The paper demonstrates that a combination of FEA and DEA can be used to investigate the coseismic process of the Aso-Bridge landslide and lead to satisfactory agreement with the event. Our comprehensive analysis provides insight into the role of VSA in earthquake-induced landslides.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1309-3
  • Geometric quality assessment of in situ blocks in dimension stone quarries
    • Abstract: The profitability of stone quarries depends on the appearance (color and texture) and, more importantly, on the size of the blocks, which is determined by the three-dimensional discontinuity pattern of the rock mass. However, to date there is no comprehensive criterion by which to assess the size of blocks in quarries. The aim of the study reported here is to identify factors that facilitate decision-making on the desirability of an individual block and ultimately on all blocks for extraction as a dimension stone. To this end, we first developed a novel algorithm to calculate the largest rectangular parallelepiped that can be placed inside a block and then defined a regularity factor (α) and a quarry block shape factor (q) that enable the geometric quality of the block to be assessed more accurately than currently possible. The sensitivity analysis of these factors showed that the change in angle relative to the change in spacing has the greater effect on the geometric quality. The proposed factors displayed a good performance in a comparison analysis of four sites of the Dareh Bokhari travertine quarry complex located in Mahallat, Markazi province, Iran. Based on the results, blocks at sites 2 and 4 have the lowest and the highest geometric quality, respectively, which is in accordance with the operational conditions at the respective sites. Moreover, comparison of the values of factor q obtained from applying various cutting planes indicated that to maximally increase block production capacity, the current cutting direction at site 4 should be adjusted 33° eastward.
      PubDate: 2018-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1316-4
  • Assessment of landslide-induced damage to structures: the Agnone landslide
           case study (southern Italy)
    • Abstract: Landslides are among the most important and frequent natural calamities that cause severe socio-economic and human losses. After earthquakes, landslides are responsible for the greatest number of casualties and the largest amount of damage to man-made structures. On average, southern Italy is affected by a high spatial density of landslides due to its complex geological setting, which often predisposes it to slope instability phenomena under both natural and anthropogenic influences. Structurally complex formations are widespread in the southern Apennines and are characterized by high heterogeneity and very poor mechanical properties. Thus, these formations represent one of the main factors contributing to the predisposition of slopes to landsliding. In this paper, landslide-induced damage was investigated and analyzed in an area within the municipality of Agnone (Molise region), which is affected by a complex landslide that involves a structurally complex formation. The approaches used were based on six different methods that have previously been described in the literature, and a comparison of the results was made. Data regarding the damage, which consists largely of cracks observed in buildings and at the ground, were compiled through field surveys. The results were critically analyzed to note the advantages and constraints of each classification scheme. The aim of the work was to apply and compare different approaches in order to test the best and most accurate procedures for assessing damage due to landslides at the scale of individual buildings as well as to provide an objective assessment of the degree of landslide damage to structures and facilities.
      PubDate: 2018-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1303-9
  • An integrated approach to investigate slope instability affecting
    • Authors: Massimo Conforti; Fabio Ietto
      Abstract: This article focuses on an area located at the northern border of the Monte Poro plateau along the Tyrrhenian coast of Calabria (southern Italy). The area is characterized by weathered gneissic rocks involved in widespread landslides. This research employed an integrated approach concerning the relationships between the geological and geomorphological setting and landslides triggered during the construction of a road. The data were obtained by geological, geomorphological, structural, and geomechanical field surveys, coupled with a geomorphological analysis carried out through a combination of aerial photographs, satellite images, and digital elevation models (DEMs). Rock mass classifications of the weathered gneissic materials were applied to evaluate the quality of the rock masses and to define the potential stability conditions of the slopes. Furthermore, a DEMs analysis of pre- and post-road construction was also performed to define a detailed evolution of the instability conditions affecting the studied escarpment. A total of 32 landslides were recognized before the road construction, while 27 landslides were collected after the road construction. Rotations are the most frequent type of mass movements and involved the more weathered rocks or eluvial/colluvial deposits. Complex landslides are less widespread than the previous ones involving different weathering grades. The results showed that the roadworks had a great impact on the geomorphological scenario in terms of landslide trigger in an area already characterized by a high landslide susceptibility. The approach used can provide a reliable tool to evaluate the hazard conditions in other regions with similar geological features.
      PubDate: 2018-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1311-9
  • Geotechnical properties and microstructure of lime-stabilized silt clay
    • Authors: Fu Zhu; Zechuang Li; Weizhi Dong; Yangyun Ou
      Abstract: The geotechnical properties and microstructures of lime-stabilized silt clay from Jilin province, China, were studied in detail. Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the effects of lime content and curing time on the overall soil properties, including compaction characteristics, Atterberg limits, particle size distribution, pH, stress–strain behavior, peak strength, shear strength parameters, and California bearing ratio (CBR). The stabilized mechanisms of lime in silt clay were examined, and the observed test results were explained based on the results of scanning electron microscropy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analyses of the specimens. Lime content and curing duration significantly influenced the geotechnical properties and microstructure of the lime-stabilized silt clay specimens. An increase in lime content resulted in increases in compaction water content, liquid limit, plastic limit, sand size-fractions, pH, peak strength, cohesion, internal friction angle, and the CBR, but led to a reduction in the plasticity index, silt fractions, clay fractions, swelling capacity, and water absorption. Also, the addition of lime to silt clay changed this soil type from a ductile to a brittle material. The optimum lime content of the silt clays from Jilin province was determined to be approximately 5–7%. SEM micrographs showed that a white cementitious gel was formed after the addition of lime and that peaks related to smectite, illite, kaolinite, and quartz appeared to be sharper after stabilization with lime and a 90-day period of curing. These results show that the geotechnical properties of lime-stabilized silt clay are affected by the microstructural organization of the silt clay itself.
      PubDate: 2018-05-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1307-5
  • Estimation of Cerchar abrasivity index of andesitic rocks in Ecuador from
           chemical compounds and petrographical properties using regression analyses
    • Authors: F. Javier Torrijo; Julio Garzón-Roca; Julio Company; Guillermo Cobos
      Abstract: An important issue in any rock engineering project is the adequate prediction of tool consumption. Excavation tools are subjected to wear, and repair/replacement of those tools is usually an important expense on any excavation budget. The key factor that affects wear of excavation tools is rock abrasivity. In mining and civil engineering, rock abrasivity is typically measured by the Cerchar abrasivity index (CAI), which is obtained in laboratory from a Cerchar abrasivity test. This paper studied the relation between CAI and the chemical compounds and petrographical properties of andesitic rocks from the central area of Ecuador. A series of regression analyses are performed to study the influence of the different chemical compounds and petrographical properties on the CAI value. Results show that it is possible to make a good estimation of CAI from the plagioclase grain size and/or the content of SiO2, FeO, MgO, CaO, Na2O and K2O compounds.
      PubDate: 2018-05-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1306-6
  • Peak shear strength prediction for discontinuities between two different
           rock types using a neural network approach
    • Authors: Qiong Wu; Yanjun Xu; Huiming Tang; Kun Fang; Yaofei Jiang; Chaoyuan Liu; Xiaohan Wang
      Abstract: The peak shear strength of discontinuities between two different rock types is essential to evaluate the stability of a rock slope with interlayered rocks. However, current research has paid little attention to shear strength parameters of discontinuities with different joint wall compressive strength (DDJCS). In this paper, a neural network methodology was used to predict the peak shear strength of DDJCS considering the effect of joint wall strength combination, normal stress and joint roughness. The database was developed by laboratory direct shear tests on artificial joint specimens with seven different joint wall strength combinations, four designed joint surface topographies and six types of normal stresses. A part of the experimental data was used to train a back-propagation neural network model with a single-hidden layer. The remaining experimental data was used to validate the trained neural network model. The best geometry of the neural network model was determined by the trial-and-error method. For the same data, multivariate regression analysis was also conducted to predict the peak shear strength of DDJCS. Prediction precision of the neural network model and multivariate regression model was evaluated by comparing the predicted peak shear strength of DDJCS with experimental data. The results showed that the capability of the developed neural network model was strong and better than the multivariate regression model. Finally, the established neural network model was applied in the stability evaluation of a typical rock slope with DDJCS as the critical surface in the Badong formation of China.
      PubDate: 2018-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1290-x
  • Estimating engineering properties of igneous rocks using semi-automatic
           petrographic analysis
    • Authors: Saeed Aligholi; Gholam Reza Lashkaripour; Mohammad Ghafoori
      Abstract: An experimental study that contributes to the understanding of the relationships between petrographic features and engineering properties of igneous rocks is conducted. To this end, a wide range of igneous rocks were tested for their engineering properties including abrasivity (Cerchar abrasivity index), mechanical (point load strength index Is(50)), basic physical (dry density and porosity) and dynamic (P-wave velocity) characteristics. Moreover, a semi-automatic method has been developed to analyze petrographic data that relies on digital image acquisition from representative parts of representative thin sections of samples, semi-automatic image segmentation and image analysis. The method quantifies 18 petrographic features including size descriptors (area, perimeter, equivalent circular diameter, minimum Feret’s diameter, maximum Feret’s diameter), shape descriptors (elongation, orientation, eccentricity, compactness, rectangularity, solidity, convexity), rock fabric coefficients (index of interlocking, index of grain size homogeneity, texture coefficient) and mineralogical indices (saturation index, feldspathic index, colouration index). The Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis are employed to analyze the relationships between extracted petrographic features and engineering properties. In general, fine-grained and basic igneous rocks compared to the acidic and coarse-grained ones possess higher engineering quality and lower abrasiveness potential. The results imply that mineralogical composition tends to be more important than rock fabric characteristics in determining the engineering properties of igneous rocks. Furthermore, among rock fabric characteristics, size descriptors have significant influence on the engineering properties. Overall, it was found that mineralogical composition and rock fabric characteristics provide a suitable complement to reliably predict engineering properties of igneous rocks.
      PubDate: 2018-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1305-7
  • New methodology for estimating the shear strength of layering in slate by
           using the Brazilian test
    • Authors: C. C. Garcia-Fernandez; C. Gonzalez-Nicieza; M. I. Alvarez-Fernandez; R. A. Gutierrez-Moizant
      Abstract: A new method is proposed in order to estimate the shear strength of schistosity planes in slate in terms of Mohr–Coulomb cohesion and internal friction angle. The procedure consists in carrying out the Brazilian method under different loading-foliation angles, for which experimental tests were achieved in slates from the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain). The experimental fracture patterns were analytically studied and justified by simulating the stress field in the discontinuity planes contained in the whole sample, taking into account the first failure registered in the tests. By combining experimental and analytical studies and a procedure based on the representation of the threshold state of stresses—in the elastic regime—in the failure plane, it is possible to estimate the foliation’s strength envelope through a lineal adjustment according to the Mohr–Coulomb criterion and, thus, to characterize the layering. Finally, the proposed procedure was validated by the direct shear test. The cohesion and the internal friction angle obtained with this convenctional test were very close to that calculated by the proposed method, verifying the methodology developed by the authors. This procedure may be interesting in various engineering applications, either in the study of the properties of cleavage in slate, which is commonly used as an industrial rock, or in dam foundations, underground excavations and slope engineering, since one of the main failures in civil engineering is due to sliding along weak planes.
      PubDate: 2018-05-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1297-3
  • Using geostatistical simulation to determine optimal grout injection
           pressure in dam foundation based on geomechanical characteristics
    • Authors: J. Abdollahisharif; E. Bakhtavar
      Abstract: In operational projects, injection pressure and cement bonding in boreholes are estimated based on the results of geotechnical excavations, the Lugeon test, and pilot injection. However, considering the limited number of pilot boreholes and several structural complexities of rock mass, estimating the structural characteristics of injection boreholes is always associated with errors and in some cases grave mistakes. The present paper focuses on a new approach to determine the exact rock mass engineering characteristics in different parts of the Khersan Dam area. Using geostatistical principles, drawing changes in views, and preparation of an interpolated block model, values such as RQD and Lugeon over different parts of the dam site were estimated by kriging. A solution for determining the amount of pressure required and the cement bonding at any point of the dam axis was also proposed. The results showed that, with the transition from surface horizons to depth, neither cement bonding nor injection pressure were normal and exhibited no specific trend. Accordingly, to achieve optimum results, the engineering characteristics of rock masses in the column of each borehole were estimated; injection design and estimation of required pressure must be done on the spots with regard to the engineering characteristics changes.
      PubDate: 2018-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1289-3
  • Effects of the configuration of a baffle–avalanche wall system on rock
           avalanches in Tibet Zhangmu: discrete element analysis
    • Authors: YuZhang Bi; SiMing He; YanJun Du; XinPo Sun; XinPo Li
      Abstract: Rock avalanches with a high mobility and kinetic energy pose a potential geological risk to surrounding buildings. Baffles and avalanche walls are effective ways to protect these buildings. However, the primary focus of previous studies has been on baffles or avalanche walls alone, and there have been very few studies investigating the effectiveness of a combination of baffles and avalanche walls as a countermeasure against rock avalanches. In addition, previous studies on lab-scale tests and numerical analyses often did not take the actual topography effects into consideration. In this study we adopted a numerical simulation approach based on an actual project in the town of Zhangmu, Tibet, with the aim to investigate the effect of different configurations of a combined baffle–avalanche wall system on impeding the kinetic energy of rock avalanches. A series of numerical analyses with discrete element methods (DEM) were conducted. First, the effect of three different pile groups on the reduction of the effect of the rock avalanche was studied using the numerical modeling study. Secondly, the influence of the size of the retaining wall on the maximum impact force of the rock avalanche was studied. Finally, a DEM modeling study on the energy dissipation capacity of the baffle–avalanche wall system was conducted. The results demonstrate that an arrangement of different baffle–avalanche wall systems will produce different results in terms of dissipating the energy of rock avalanches: when the wall is long enough to block all rock masses, enhancing baffle density will decrease the maximum impact force exerted on the avalanche wall; however, if the wall is just long enough to protect the target region, reducing baffle density will decrease the maximum impact force exerted on the avalanche wall. The results of this study are significant in terms of providing guidelines for the design of baffle–avalanche wall systems for protection against rock avalanches.
      PubDate: 2018-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1284-8
  • The reliability of CPTu and DMT for the mechanical characterisation of
           soft tailings
    • Authors: Matej Maček; Jasna Smolar; Ana Petkovšek
      Abstract: Nowadays, the stability and the safe cover and closure of soft tailings has become one of the most challenging topics in geotechnical and environmental engineering. For appropriate analysis and modelling, geotechnical properties of tailings should be well defined. Due to low strength, viscous nature and poor trafficability, as well as due to the specific geometrical properties of fine particles and pore water chemistry in tailings, different test methods and their modification and improvements must be used for valid and reliable characterisation of tailings. This paper analyses and compares the results of different field test methods, piezocone penetration test (CPTu), flat dilatometer test (DMT) and field vane test (FVT), performed on the red gypsum sludge and complementary laboratory tests. CPTu and DMT measurements were evaluated using procedures developed for soils and the obtained mechanical properties were compared with those measured in the laboratory. The significant distinctions between different test methods and different empirical correlations were analysed taking into account differences in index properties of soils and the red gypsum sludge. Based on analysis, some modifications of conventional empirical correlations were proposed for field tests results interpretation and sludge characterisation. The obtained data also show the advantages and limitations of some conventional methods and prove the need for further development in that field of geotechnical investigation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1299-1
  • Assessment of dynamic site response of the peat deposits at an industrial
           site (Turkey) and comparison with some seismic design codes
    • Authors: N. Tunar Özcan; R. Ulusay; N. S. Işık
      Abstract: Peat is an organic soil type with properties of high compressibility and high water content. Peat deposits are often unsuitable for supporting structures of any kind due to their susceptibility to cause a number of geo-engineering problems, such as settlement, slope instability and soil amplification. There are peatlands in Turkey, although these are not so extensive as in other countries, such as Canada, where peatlands are very common. One of the peat deposits in Turkey is located close to the city of Kayseri (Central Anatolia), and industrial structures have been built on these deposits. This paper focuses on one part of a comprehensive research project conducted by the authors on various geo-engineering aspects of the peat deposits in this industrial site, with the main aims to investigate and assess some of the dynamic properties of the peat deposits in this area, to determine and assess their seismic site response and to compare them with the design spectra recommended in the current seismic codes of Turkey and Europe. In the study shear wave velocities of the peat deposits were determined with seismic measurements, and some dynamic properties of the peat were obtained from the resonant column and torsional shear tests. Then site response analyses were carried out and the results were compared with the design spectra recommended for loose-soft soils by the Turkish Seismic Design Codes and European Construction Design Codes. The comparisons suggest that the response spectra of the investigated peat deposits are greater than those recommended in the Turkish Seismic Codes and that at periods of > 0.3–0.5 s the peat will cause an increase in amplification. Although the response spectra of the peat tested show a better agreement with those recommended in the European codes, they show differences at periods of > 1 s.
      PubDate: 2018-05-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1285-7
  • Prediction of the whole mooring chain reaction to cyclic motion of a
    • Authors: Kanmin Shen; Zhen Guo; Lizhong Wang
      Abstract: Floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) are generally positioned by mooring systems including embedded anchoring foundations and mooring lines. The mooring line consists of three portions: the embedded portion, the lying portion and the suspended portion. Previous studies ignore the embedded and lying portion, and assume the lower end of the suspended chain is fixed at the touchdown point on the seabed. However, the effect of the chain–seabed interaction plays a more important role, especially in the dynamic response of the mooring chain. This article proposes a numerical model for the dynamic response of the mooring chain, considering the dynamic interaction between the mooring chain and the clay and sand sediment. Firstly, the configuration and tension of the mooring chain under monotonic motion of the fairlead are verified against the static model and then the response of the chain under cyclic horizontal drift and vertical heave of the floating facility is investigated. It was found that the chain gradually digs into the deeper soil and become straightened within a few cycles. The dig-in effect leads to the cyclic degradation of the mooring chain tensions and uplift angle at the padeye. The development in the configuration, tension, and angle of the mooring chain under horizontal and vertical motion in clay and sand sediments are compared in this study in order to give practical advice. The effects of embedment depth and soil shear strength are also evaluated.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1300-z
  • Spatial prediction of landslide-susceptible zones in El-Qaá area, Egypt,
           using an integrated approach based on GIS statistical analysis
    • Authors: Sara M. Abuzied; Hamed A. Alrefaee
      Abstract: The spatial prediction of landslide susceptibility locations is a crucial task to support risk management and development plans in mountainous areas, such as El-Qaá area. The study aims to delineate landslide-susceptible zones that can cause enormous damage to property, infrastructure, and loss of life. An innovative integrated approach using remote sensing, geographic information systems, and geophysical techniques was used in the current work to evaluate landslide susceptibility locations. Magnetic data were supported by information derived from geologic, geomorphologic, topographic, and seismic data to reveal the landslides-prone zones. Several factors contributing to landslide susceptibility in El-Qaá area were determined, such as distance to faults, lithology, stream power index, slope, density of earthquake events, distance to epicenters, tilt derivative of magnetic data, distance to drainages, aspect, and topographic wetness index. A unique landslide susceptibility model (LSM) was developed in this study by integration all the spatial data that represent the contributing factors. The bivariate statistical index method was constructed to assign logic ranks and weights for the causative factors and their classes representing their realistic relations with landslide susceptibility in El-Qaá area. The landslide susceptibility map classifies El-Qaá area into five relative susceptibility zones: very high, high, moderate, low, and very low. The very high- and high-susceptibility zones are distributed in the eastern side of El-Qaá area where structurally controlled channels, steep topography to downhill lands, and Precambrian basement rocks are located. The resulting susceptibility map was tested and validated using the landslide locations that were delineated from field survey and satellite images at high resolution. The integrated methodology shows a more realistic landslide susceptibility map and adds a powerful tool to design a fruitful management plan in mountainous areas.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1302-x
  • Experimental research on strata movement characteristics of
           backfill–strip mining using similar material modeling
    • Authors: Xiaojun Zhu; Guangli Guo; Hui Liu; Tao Chen; Xiaoyu Yang
      Abstract: In consideration of the high filling costs and backfill material shortage at present, backfill–strip mining, which combines the advantages of strip mining and backfill mining, has gradually been adopted to control surface subsidence. In this study, similar material modeling is established to simulate strata movement characteristics of backfill–strip mining. The displacement and deformation values of this similar material modeling are precisely acquired through close-range photogrammetry and optical image methods, respectively. On this basis, structural and movement characteristics of the overlying strata are investigated in different stages to reveal the strata subsidence control mechanism of backfill–strip mining. The dynamic deformation characteristics of the overlying strata in mining are also explored. This study provides a scientific technical reference for safe mining engineering design and surface disaster protection for backfill–strip mining.
      PubDate: 2018-05-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1301-y
  • Weak disturbance-triggered seismic events: an experimental and numerical
    • Authors: Jie Li; Shuxin Deng; Mingyang Wang; Houxu Huang
      Abstract: Geological masses can be regarded as rock blocks of different scale of structural planes with the ability to store various forms of energy. Propagation of stress waves generated by weak external disturbances in rock blocks may trigger the release of internal potential energies and slip movements along these structural planes, resulting in seismic events, such as residual deformations, fault-slip rock bursts, ground motions, etc. First, based on a simplified rock block system, a novel experimental system, and a numerical model, we investigated weak disturbance-triggered seismic events. We then conducted a theoretical analysis in which we quantitatively characterized the critical energy conditions of seismic events. The experimental and numerical results showed that the tensile stages of the stress waves generated by the disturbance loading reduced the normal stress on the interface of adjacent blocks, leading to an ultra-low friction phenomenon. This phenomenon resulted in the slip movements of the work block. The residual displacements and the critical energy conditions significantly depended on the initial stress states. As the initial shearing force ratio β increased, greater residual displacements were observed and lower disturbance energy was required to trigger a seismic event. When β was close to 1, even an extremely weak disturbance was able to trigger large residual displacements or sustainable slip failures. A dimensionless parameter k was introduced to characterize the critical energy conditions of the seismic events. The critical condition for initiating a slip was that k should exceed a critical value, while the critical conditions for a slip failure were that k should reach a larger critical value and the work block should be in a subcritical stress state. It can be concluded that disturbances, initial shear forces, and friction-weakening mechanisms are the most important factors, with the initial shear forces providing the potential energies, which are locked by the static friction force (the shear strength). The disturbances reduce the shear strength and weaken the restrictions. The friction-weakening mechanisms determine energy conversion coefficient efficiency.
      PubDate: 2018-05-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10064-018-1292-8
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