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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2410 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (206 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (201 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (112 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1268 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (392 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (57 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (78 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (96 journals)

ENGINEERING (1268 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
AAPG Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 280)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Antarctic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription  
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Beyond : Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Information Science and Management Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 288)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 219)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 257)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 197)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Journal Cover
CEAS Space Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.278
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1868-2510 - ISSN (Online) 1868-2502
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2348 journals]
  • Multiple beacons for supporting lunar landing navigation
    • Authors: Stephan Theil; Leonardo Bora
      Pages: 295 - 305
      Abstract: Abstract The exploration and potential future exploitation of solar system bodies requires technologies for precise and safe landings. Current navigation systems for landing probes are relying on a combination of inertial and optical sensor measurements to determine the current flight state with respect to the target body and the desired landing site. With a future transition from single exploration missions to more frequent first exploration and then exploitation missions, the implementation and operation of these missions changes, since it can be expected that a ground infrastructure on the target body is available in the vicinity of the landing site. In a previous paper, the impact of a single ground-based beacon on the navigation performance was investigated depending on the type of radiometric measurements and on the location of the beacon with respect to the landing site. This paper extends this investigation on options for ground-based multiple beacons supporting the on-board navigation system. It analyzes the impact on the achievable navigation accuracy. For that purpose, the paper introduces briefly the existing navigation architecture based on optical navigation and its extension with radiometric measurements. The same scenario of lunar landing as in the previous paper is simulated. The results are analyzed and discussed. They show a single beacon at a large distance along the landing trajectory and multiple beacons close to the landing site can improve the navigation performance. The results show how large the landing area can be increased where a sufficient navigation performance is achieved using the beacons.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0199-3
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Project-based learning applied to spacecraft power systems: a long-term
           engineering and educational program at UPM University
    • Authors: Santiago Pindado; Javier Cubas; Elena Roibás-Millán; Félix Sorribes-Palmer
      Pages: 307 - 323
      Abstract: Abstract The IDR/UPM Institute is the research center responsible for the Master in Space Systems (MUSE) of Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM). This is a 2-year (120 ECTS) master’s degree focused on space technology. The UPMSat-2 satellite program has become an excellent educational framework in which the academic contents of the master are trained through project-based learning and following a multidisciplinary approach. In the present work, the educational projects developed and carried out in relation to spacecraft power systems at the IDR/UPM Institute are described. These projects are currently being developed in the framework represented by the aforementioned MUSE master’s program and UPMSat-2.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0200-1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • ATON (Autonomous Terrain-based Optical Navigation) for exploration
           missions: recent flight test results
    • Authors: S. Theil; N. Ammann; F. Andert; T. Franz; H. Krüger; H. Lehner; M. Lingenauber; D. Lüdtke; B. Maass; C. Paproth; J. Wohlfeil
      Pages: 325 - 341
      Abstract: Abstract Since 2010 the German Aerospace Center is working on the project Autonomous Terrain-based Optical Navigation (ATON). Its objective is the development of technologies which allow autonomous navigation of spacecraft in orbit around and during landing on celestial bodies like the Moon, planets, asteroids and comets. The project developed different image processing techniques and optical navigation methods as well as sensor data fusion. The setup—which is applicable to many exploration missions—consists of an inertial measurement unit, a laser altimeter, a star tracker and one or multiple navigation cameras. In the past years, several milestones have been achieved. It started with the setup of a simulation environment including the detailed simulation of camera images. This was continued by hardware-in-the-loop tests in the Testbed for Robotic Optical Navigation (TRON) where images were generated by real cameras in a simulated downscaled lunar landing scene. Data were recorded in helicopter flight tests and post-processed in real-time to increase maturity of the algorithms and to optimize the software. Recently, two more milestones have been achieved. In late 2016, the whole navigation system setup was flying on an unmanned helicopter while processing all sensor information onboard in real time. For the latest milestone the navigation system was tested in closed-loop on the unmanned helicopter. For that purpose the ATON navigation system provided the navigation state for the guidance and control of the unmanned helicopter replacing the GPS-based standard navigation system. The paper will give an introduction to the ATON project and its concept. The methods and algorithms of ATON are briefly described. The flight test results of the latest two milestones are presented and discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0201-0
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Measurement of fracture toughness of metallic materials produced by
           additive manufacturing
    • Authors: O. Quénard; O. Dorival; Ph. Guy; A. Votié; K. Brethome
      Pages: 343 - 353
      Abstract: Abstract This study focuses on the microstructure and mechanical properties of metallic materials produced by additive layer manufacturing (ALM), especially the laser beam melting process. The influence of the specimen orientation during the ALM process and that of two post-build thermal treatments were investigated. The identified metal powder is Ti-6Al-4V (titanium base). Metallographic analysis shows their effects on the microstructure of the metals. Mechanical experiments involving tensile tests as well as toughness tests were performed according to ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) norms. The results show that the main influence is that of the thermal treatments; however the manufacturing stacking direction may lead to some anisotropy in the mechanical properties.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0202-z
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Orbital Hub: a concept for human spaceflight beyond ISS operations
    • Authors: Stephan S. Jahnke; Volker Maiwald; Claudia Philpot; Dominik Quantius; Oliver Romberg; Wolfgang Seboldt; Vincent Vrakking; Conrad Zeidler
      Pages: 355 - 379
      Abstract: Abstract The International Space Station (ISS) is the greatest endeavour in low-Earth orbit since the beginning of the space age and the culmination of human outposts like Skylab and Mir. While a clear schedule has yet to be drafted, it is expected that ISS will cease operation in the 2020s. What could be the layout for a human outpost in LEO with lessons learnt from ISS' What are the use cases and applications of such an outpost in the future' The System Analysis Space Segment group of the German Aerospace Center investigated these and other questions and developed the Orbital Hub concept. In this paper an overview is presented of how the overall concept has been derived and its properties and layouts are described. Starting with a workshop involving the science community, the scientific requirements have been derived and Strawman payloads have been defined for use in further design activities. These design activities focused on Concurrent Engineering studies, where besides DLR employees participants from the industry and astronauts were involved. The result is an expandable concept that is composed of two main parts, the Base Platform, home for a permanent crew of up to three astronauts, and the Free Flyer, an uncrewed autonomous research platform. This modular approach provides one major advantage: the decoupling of the habitat and payload leading to increased quality of the micro-gravity environment. The former provides an environment for human physiology experiments, while the latter allows science without the perturbations caused by a crew, e.g. material experiments or Earth observation. The Free Flyer is designed to operate for up to 3 months on its own, but can dock with the space station for maintenance and experiment servicing. It also has a hybrid propulsion system, chemical and electrical, for different applications. The hub’s design allows launch with just three launches, as the total mass of all the hub parts is about 60,000 kg. The main focus of the design is on autonomy and reducing crew maintenance and repair efforts, and reducing the need for extravehicular activities. Following a description of the design approach and technical details, cost estimation and a detailed discussion of the use cases for such a station concept, along with the possible scenarios of international cooperation, are also presented in this paper.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0203-y
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • OMA analysis of a launcher under operational conditions with time-varying
           properties
    • Authors: M. Eugeni; G. Coppotelli; F. Mastroddi; P. Gaudenzi; S. Muller; B. Troclet
      Pages: 381 - 406
      Abstract: Abstract The objective of this paper is the investigation of the capability of operational modal analysis approaches to deal with time-varying system in the low-frequency domain. Specifically, the problem of the identification of the dynamic properties of a launch vehicle, working under actual operative conditions, is studied. Two OMA methods are considered: the frequency-domain decomposition and the Hilbert transform method. It is demonstrated that both OMA approaches allow the time-tracking of modal parameters, namely, natural frequencies, damping ratios, and mode shapes, from the response accelerations only recorded during actual flight tests of a launcher characterized by a large mass variation due to fuel burning typical of the first phase of the flight.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0209-5
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Performance analysis of an IMU-augmented GNSS tracking system on board the
           MAIUS-1 sounding rocket
    • Authors: Benjamin Braun; Andreas Grillenberger; Markus Markgraf
      Pages: 407 - 425
      Abstract: Abstract Satellite navigation receivers are adequate tracking sensors for range safety of both orbital launch vehicles and suborbital sounding rockets. Due to high accuracy and its low system complexity, satellite navigation is seen as well-suited supplement or replacement of conventional tracking systems like radar. Having the well-known shortcomings of satellite navigation like deliberate or unintentional interferences in mind, it is proposed to augment the satellite navigation receiver by an inertial measurement unit (IMU) to enhance continuity and availability of localization. The augmented receiver is thus enabled to output at least an inertial position solution in case of signal outages. In a previous study, it was shown by means of simulation using the example of Ariane 5 that the performance of a low-grade microelectromechanical IMU is sufficient to bridge expected outages of some ten seconds, and still meeting the range safety requirements in effect. In this publication, these theoretical findings shall be substantiated by real flight data that were recorded on MAIUS-1, a sounding rocket launched from Esrange, Sweden, in early 2017. The analysis reveals that the chosen representative of a microelectromechanical IMU is suitable to bridge outages of up to thirty seconds.
      PubDate: 2018-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0206-8
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • A concept of active mount for space applications
    • Authors: A. Souleille; T. Lampert; V. Lafarga; S. Hellegouarch; A. Rondineau; G. Rodrigues; C. Collette
      Pages: 157 - 165
      Abstract: Abstract Sensitive payloads mounted on top of launchers are subjected to many sources of disturbances during the flight. The most severe dynamic loads arise from the ignition of the motors, gusts, pressure fluctuations in the booster and from the separation of the boosters. The transmission of these dynamic forces can be reduced by mounting payloads on passive isolators, which comes at the expense of harmful amplifications of the motion at low frequency due to suspension resonances. To bypass this shortcoming, this paper presents a novel concept of active mount for aerospace payloads, which is easy to install, and meets two objectives. The first one is a high damping authority on both suspension resonances and flexible resonances without compromising the isolation and large stability margins of the closed loop system due to the collocation of the actuator and the sensor. The second one is a broadband reduction of the dynamic force transmitted to the payload, which was achieved in terms of 16 dB. The concept is presented in the first part of the paper and studied numerically and experimentally on a single degree of freedom isolator. A commercial isolator has been chosen for the purpose of the demonstration. The second part of the paper is dedicated to experimental validations on multi-degree of freedom scaled test benches. It is shown that the force feedback allows damping of both suspension and flexible modes (first and second modes, respectively), and significantly reducing the force transmitted in some broad frequency ranges.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-017-0180-6
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Modal analysis of passive flow control for the turbulent wake of a generic
           planar space launcher
    • Authors: S. Loosen; V. Statnikov; M. Meinke; W. Schröder
      Pages: 189 - 202
      Abstract: Abstract The turbulent wake of a generic planar space launcher equipped with two passive flow control devices is simulated using a zonal RANS–LES method and analyzed by dynamic mode decomposition (DMD). In the first approach, the effect of a classical boat tail on the wake is examined. In the second concept, a flow control device consisting of semi-circular lobes integrated at the base shoulder of the main body is used. The objective of the two concepts is to reduce the reattachment length and thus the lever arm of the forces as well as to stabilize the separated shear layer. Using a boat tail, the reattachment length can be reduced by 50%. Furthermore, it is shown that the semi-circular lobes enhance the turbulent mixing and the shear layer growth rate. Hence, they significantly reduce the reattachment length by about 75%. The semi-circular lobes partially reduce undesired low-frequency pressure fluctuations on the nozzle surface. However, this reduction is achieved at the expense of an increase of high-frequency pressure fluctuations due to intensified small turbulent scales. The DMD analysis of the velocity field reveals that the large-scale coherent structures featuring a wave length of two step heights observed in the reference configuration without flow control can be suppressed by the lobes. The spanwise wave length of the coherent structures seems to depend on the geometry of the lobes, since all detected spatial DMD modes show a spanwise periodicity being equal to the distance between two lobes.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-017-0183-3
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Finite element modelling and performance optimization of an ion thruster
           depending on the nature of the propellant
    • Authors: Ionuț-Florian Popa; Anna-Maria Theodora Andreescu; Dan Ifrim; Radu Mihalache; Dragoș Mihai; Grigore Cican
      Abstract: Abstract The electrostatic propulsion is a class of space propulsion which makes use of electrical power and this kind of systems are characterized by high exhaust velocities and specific impulse, enhancing the propulsive performances of thrusters compared to conventional chemical thrusters. Since the ionized particle exhaust velocity is a function of the ratio between the electrical charge and their molecular mass, the obvious solution is to use ions with low electrical charge–molecular mass ratio. Currently, the most used propellant for the space propulsion is the Xenon gas, as it has a series of important advantages, but is quite expensive when compared to other propellants. This paper aims to make an optimization of the ideal ion propulsion systems depending on the nature of the propellant, like common used substances in the space propulsion, but also other substances which are potential candidates for this application. A variety of ion thruster performances will be analyzed, such as force, specific impulse, efficiency for the same power available onboard, the same accelerating voltage, and the same ion current. Also, for the Xenon case a numerical simulation was performed to highlight the behavior and trajectory of the ionized particles and their velocity. The conclusion obtained following the study is that a reasonable ion thruster regarding the dimensions should use an accelerating potential of at least 4000 V and 2 A of ion current.
      PubDate: 2018-08-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0218-4
       
  • A GMSK VHF-uplink/UHF-downlink transceiver for the CubeSat missions
    • Authors: Yaseen Zaidi; Robert Ryk van Zyl; Norman G. Fitz-Coy
      Abstract: Abstract Functional and thermal performance characteristics of a very high frequency/ultra high frequency (VHF/UHF) transceiver based on Gaussian minimum shift keying (GMSK) modulation are presented. The transceiver has been designed for CubeSats telemetry and commanding needs or low rate data download. The design is validated at 27 dBm, 30 dBm and 33 dBm transmitting powers over −20 \(^\circ \hbox {C}\) to +51 \(^\circ \hbox {C}\) . Under these thermal conditions, the transmitter spurious dynamic response shows little if any change and the average sensitivity of receiver at the 12 dB signal noise and distortion (SINAD) is −116.7 dBm at 140 MHz and −116.78 dBm at 149.98 MHz. The transmitter and receiver frequencies are stable and the current consumption as well the output RF levels are steady. The design has been verified against a simulation model which allows system tradeoff analysis. The measurements demonstrate the transceiver made with commercial grade parts has dependable performance at the low earth altitudes and orbital heating conditions.
      PubDate: 2018-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0217-5
       
  • Computational modeling of nonlinear propellant sloshing for spacecraft
           AOCS applications
    • Authors: Manuel Hahn; Stefan Adami; Roger Förstner
      Abstract: Abstract During all operational phases, propellant sloshing may have a significant influence on spacecraft performance and stability. The proper description of propellant sloshing effects is then essential for the verification of the Attitude and Orbit Control System (AOCS). As soon as nonlinear effects predominate (e.g. for high-agility or in a micro-gravity environment), classical approaches as mechanical analog models (e.g. pendulums) fail and computational models need to be utilized to describe the propellant dynamics. These computational models currently lack the ability to accurately describe nonlinear effects like high-velocity impacts, as well as cohesion and adhesion forces in a micro-gravity environment. Additionally these models are computationally very expensive, so that they are commonly not directly used in AOCS verification campaigns, where a large number of simulations are performed. The scope of this work is the development of a computational model based on smoothed particle hydrodynamics, which is able to accurately describe nonlinear propellant sloshing effects in gravity-dominated regimes, which is of relevance for example for high-agility spacecraft missions. The newly developed code is validated using analytical expressions, experimental data as well as other numerical codes. Subsequently, a study is performed showing that the global variables like forces acting on the tank wall or the center of mass are still approximated reasonably well when using lower spatial resolutions, resulting in much faster simulation runs and making it feasible to use the computational model directly in AOCS verification campaigns. Finally, the coupling of the propellant sloshing code to an AOCS and Flight Dynamics rigid-body simulator is demonstrated by simulating a nonlinear forced-roll motion of a partially-filled tank under Earth-gravity.
      PubDate: 2018-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0216-6
       
  • Lunar landing navigation supported by ranging to an orbiter
    • Authors: Ennio Condoleo; Stephan Theil
      Abstract: Abstract Precise and safe landings on celestial bodies as the Moon are needed for the further exploration and potential future exploitation of solar system bodies. The current navigation systems for landing probes are based on sensor data fusion of inertial and optical sensor measurements to determine the current flight state with respect to the target body and the desired landing site. To improve the accuracy of lunar landing navigation, radiometric measurements (range and range-rate) with respect to an orbiting vehicle have been proposed in several studies. This paper analyzes the impact of range and range-rate measurements from an orbiting vehicle on the navigation accuracy. For that purpose, a baseline configuration of an optical navigation system is used which has already been taken as a reference for investigating the effect of ground-based beacons. First, the influence of the orbiter trajectory in relation to the landing trajectory is investigated. In particular, the line of sight between orbiter and lander permits a preliminary assessment of the navigation performance. Later, the effects of sensor noise for all measurements and of the orbiter ephemeris error are also evaluated. Finally, for a selected scenario, it is demonstrated that radiometric measurements with respect to an orbiter can reduce the positioning error by about 40%.
      PubDate: 2018-07-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0215-7
       
  • VHF Data Exchange System (VDES): an enabling technology for maritime
           communications
    • Authors: Francisco Lázaro; Ronald Raulefs; Wei Wang; Federico Clazzer; Simon Plass
      Abstract: Abstract This work presents an overview of the radio interface of VHF Data Exchange System (VDES), which is currently on its way to become an ITU standard supported by International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities. VDES includes the already existing collision avoidance tracking system Automatic Identification System and the messaging system Application Specific Messages. Additionally, a new third component for digital maritime communications of any kind, named VHF Data Exchange is included. On the one hand, there is a traditional terrestrial component, on the other hand, a satellite communication link is also envisioned partly by the same spectrum usage. In this article, focus is given towards the technical design aspects and challenges of this hybrid communications transmission scheme.
      PubDate: 2018-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0214-8
       
  • Evaluating the stability of NASA’s space launch system with adaptive
           augmenting control
    • Authors: Tannen S. VanZwieten; Michael R. Hannan; John H. Wall
      Abstract: Abstract NASA’s baseline space launch system (SLS) flight control system (FCS) design includes an adaptive augmenting control (AAC) component that modifies the attitude control system response by augmenting the classical gain-scheduled architecture with additional performance and robustness. The NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) teamed with the SLS Program to perform a comprehensive assessment of the stability and robustness of this FCS with emphasis on the AAC component. Multiple analysis techniques applicable to nonlinear systems were commissioned as part of this assessment, which was conducted in parallel with the program’s standard design analysis cycle. The following analyses were included, with each technique adding unique valuable insights: Lyapunov-based stability analysis, classical stability analysis with static AAC gain variations, circle criterion-based analysis of the FCS with a time-varying gain element, time-domain stability margin assessment, Monte Carlo simulations with expanded dispersions, and an extensive set of stressing cases. Several of the completed analyses focused on determining whether the inclusion of AAC introduced risk to the FCS, while others quantified the benefits of the adaptive augmentation.
      PubDate: 2018-06-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0211-y
       
  • AOCS design for the ATHENA X-ray telescope: challenges and solutions
    • Authors: T. Ott; S. Goerries; A. Schleicher; S. Winkler
      Abstract: Abstract The ATHENA—Advanced Telescope for High-ENergy Astrophysics—mission is currently assessed in a phase A feasibility study as L-class mission in ESA’s Cosmic Vision 2015–2025 plan, with launch foreseen in 2028. Primary mission goal is the mapping of hot gas structures and the determination of their physical properties to search for supermassive black holes. ATHENA is an X-ray telescope with a focal length of 12 m. It has a mass of ~ 7000 kg and it is ~ 15 m high with a diameter of ~ 3 m. The main mass is distributed to the mirror on the one side of the spacecraft and to the science instrument module on the other side of the spacecraft. To achieve its science goals, ATHENA performs a sky survey with precision line-of-sight pointing requirements in the order of arc seconds for absolute pointing and sub-arc seconds for relative pointing in time windows > 1 ks, all at 95% confidence level. That is very demanding for large X-ray telescopes. In addition to the precision pointing requirements, ATHENA cannot violate a certain sun exclusion zone. This is a hard constraint to prevent any stray-light falling onto the instruments, as it would immediately destroy them. The sky survey is defined by an observation plan that is demanding in terms of availability and thus spacecraft agility. The pointing and agility requirements and the fact that ATHENA is a spacecraft with high mass and volume introduce several design challenges for the attitude and orbit control system. This paper presents those challenges, corresponding solutions, and preliminary results, which have been achieved during the phase A study led by Airbus in Friedrichshafen, Germany. The main focus and contribution of this paper are the identification of research and development needs for attitude and orbit control systems to enable the ATHENA mission. In this respect, the ATHENA design challenges are discussed and addressed with the state-of-the-art design methods. This paper concludes with the main identified technology development needs and formulates specific research questions related to practical design problems. In particular, the following attitude and orbit control system design challenges are addressed: autonomous and agile large angle slew manoeuvres with exclusion zones, availability for science observations, precision line-of-sight determination as well as analysis during the design process using the ESA Pointing Error Engineering Tool and pointing control with a hexapod as line-of-sight actuator in the control loop. The last challenge, namely, the hexapod in the control loop, is without precedence in Europe and to the best knowledge of the authors in the world.
      PubDate: 2018-06-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0213-9
       
  • Beyond L ∞ reaction wheel commanding: increased on-board autonomy
           through enhanced wheel failure handling
    • Authors: Stefan Winkler; Maik Evers; Benjamin Kraft
      Abstract: Abstract Latest large spacecraft and/or agility requirements have led to configurations of five or more reaction wheels. To avoid (1) handling a significant amount of pre-stored parameters on board and (2) intervening by ground (classical approach) to recover single- and multiple-wheel failures, the orthogonal null space basis must be robustly computed on board. Two deterministic methods are presented in this paper: (1) via virtual torque commands using L∞ and L2 commanding, (2) via generalized inverse. Furthermore, a cascading null space control approach that autonomously respects predefined wheel momentum operating bands is introduced. The presented work is dedicated to the demand of high on-board autonomy driven by more and more customers requiring just a working spacecraft with minimum interventions by ground. The presented solutions are already part of the Airbus high-power satellite avionics system Astrobus AS400 for current and future missions such as MetOp-SG. Furthermore, the presented functionalities are essential towards on-board real-time spacecraft reconfiguration which is; however, beyond the scope of this paper.
      PubDate: 2018-06-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0212-x
       
  • Sentinel-1 near real-time application for maritime situational awareness
    • Authors: Detmar Krause; Egbert Schwarz; Sergey Voinov; Heiko Damerow; Daniel Tomecki
      Abstract: Abstract In the context of the project real-time services for maritime security (Echtzeitdienste für die Maritime Sicherheit—security), an experimental research platform for validation of maritime products derived from remote sensing data, was developed. This article describes the work carried out to derive ship-, wind-, and wave detection products out of Sentinel-1 remote-sensing data by DLR’s Maritime Safety and Security Lab in Neustrelitz, part of the German Remote Data Center DFD. The activity aims to the fulfilment of project requirements, primarily to support the need for near real-time performance up to 15 min, as those in maritime situational awareness. The development and implementation cover the task of level 0 processing, based on DLR’s front end processor, the implementation of the framework for real-time processing up to level 2 (value adding), as well as the development of a hardware-independent virtual-processing platform.
      PubDate: 2018-06-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0210-z
       
  • Thank you to our CEAS Space Journal Reviewers
    • PubDate: 2018-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0198-4
       
  • Autonomous vision-based navigation for proximity operations around binary
           asteroids
    • Authors: Jesus Gil-Fernandez; Guillermo Ortega-Hernando
      Abstract: Abstract Future missions to small bodies demand higher level of autonomy in the Guidance, Navigation and Control system for higher scientific return and lower operational costs. Different navigation strategies have been assessed for ESA’s asteroid impact mission (AIM). The main objective of AIM is the detailed characterization of binary asteroid Didymos. The trajectories for the proximity operations shall be intrinsically safe, i.e., no collision in presence of failures (e.g., spacecraft entering safe mode), perturbations (e.g., non-spherical gravity field), and errors (e.g., maneuver execution error). Hyperbolic arcs with sufficient hyperbolic excess velocity are designed to fulfil the safety, scientific, and operational requirements. The trajectory relative to the asteroid is determined using visual camera images. The ground-based trajectory prediction error at some points is comparable to the camera Field Of View (FOV). Therefore, some images do not contain the entire asteroid. Autonomous navigation can update the state of the spacecraft relative to the asteroid at higher frequency. The objective of the autonomous navigation is to improve the on-board knowledge compared to the ground prediction. The algorithms shall fit in off-the-shelf, space-qualified avionics. This note presents suitable image processing and relative-state filter algorithms for autonomous navigation in proximity operations around binary asteroids.
      PubDate: 2018-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12567-018-0197-5
       
 
 
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