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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2266 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (190 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (181 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (100 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1197 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (390 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (64 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)

ENGINEERING (1197 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 207)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 215)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 160)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  
CTheory     Open Access  
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy
  [SJR: 0.351]   [H-I: 9]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1874-4621 - ISSN (Online) 1874-463X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Agricultural Land Consumption in Periurban Areas: a Methodological
           Approach for Risk Assessment Using Artificial Neural Networks and Spatial
           Correlation in Northern Italy
    • Authors: Chiara Mazzocchi; Stefano Corsi; Guido Sali
      Pages: 3 - 20
      Abstract: Abstract In periurban areas, the phenomenon of land use change is particularly intense, and it involves both natural and agricultural areas. Agricultural areas have various functions, including environmental, cultural and recreational. One of the nonproductive functions of agricultural areas is the role of agriculture in land use control. This paper analyzes the risk of land use change in a very densely popultated periurban area in Northern Italy, the Milan and Monza e Brianza area, using a model based on artificial neural networks as a weighting method and spatial correlation as a clustering method. This approach provides a useful tool for decisional support in relation to agricultural policies. The results highlight the major risks related to agricultural land consumption area, specifically that the most significant factors causing agricultural land use changes are those related to urban pressure, visualized by a geographical information systems (GIS) map. The irrelevance of existing policies designed to protect agricultural lands is also highlighted.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9168-9
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Assessing Neighbor and Population Growth Influences on Agricultural Land
           Conversion
    • Authors: Darren Haarsma; Feng Qiu
      Pages: 21 - 41
      Abstract: Abstract This study uses remote sensing data to assess the extent of agricultural land converted to developed (built-up) land in Alberta, Canada, from 2000 to 2012. Pairing aggregated conversion values with county-level census data, we further investigate the impacts of population growth and conversion activities in the neighboring areas on agricultural land conversion. To account for the omitted variable bias and spatial dependency, a first-differenced spatial regression model is used. The results show that spillover effects can be attributed to both neighbor conversion activities and neighboring population growth. Controlling for spatial dependence is important for producing estimates with minimized risk of bias. A policymaker who considers land use strategies in isolation from neighbors may make decisions with potentially adverse impacts. The dominant influences of population growth and spatial lag effects direct recommendations on regional planning mandates and mechanisms that promote densification in urban areas.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9172-0
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Regional Endogenous Development Based on Conceptualizing a Regional
           Productivity Model for Application in Iran
    • Authors: Mohammad Hossein Sharifzadegan; Behzad Malekpourasl; Roger Stough
      Pages: 43 - 75
      Abstract: Abstract This paper attempts to conceptualize and examine regional productivity in terms of the regional endogenous development of Iran’s regions. The paper introduces a conceptual model for the study and then develops and tests the model with data for the primary regions of Iran. Large and positive correlation is found between measures of latent and explanatory independent and dependent variables in the regional productivity model. Specifically it is found that such endogenous factors as agglomeration and clustering is a critical driving force for achieving increased regional productivity and thus the tailoring of polices to support regional endogenous development and growth.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9169-8
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Strategy of Spatial Panel Estimation: Spatial Spillovers Between Taxation
           and Economic Growth
    • Authors: K. Kopczewska; J. Kudła; K. Walczyk
      Pages: 77 - 102
      Abstract: Abstract Spatial panels are a powerful econometric tool for the estimation of space-dependent cross-sectional time-series models of economic phenomena. A plethora of parameters and possible specifications require a systematic approach to estimation. This paper presents a strategy of estimation to be considered in applied research on economic policy, including the concept of spatial spillovers and its local and global effects, direct and indirect impacts, as well as the role of different spatial weighting schemes. The paper presents fiscal factors affecting GDP between the years 2002–2015 in a number of European economies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9170-2
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Monetary Policy and the Time-Varying Spatial Effects of Bilateral Trade:
           Evidence from China-ASEAN-5 Countries
    • Authors: Po-Chin Wu; Shiao-Yen Liu
      Pages: 103 - 120
      Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the China–ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)-5 bilateral trade balances by using a time-space simultaneous gravity model with a panel smooth transition regression specification. This model can investigate both internal and external bilateral trade. The empirical results show that a larger real interest rate differential between China and a member country of the ASEAN-5 would switch the negative spatial effect to a positive one, causing a higher average spatial effect from the bilateral trade balance. The time-varying marginal effects of the determinants of bilateral trades are verified. However, the geographical distance of each country pair remains the most important deterrent to China–ASEAN-5 bilateral trade.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9175-x
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A Spatiotemporal Analysis of Inter-County Migration Patterns in the United
           States
    • Authors: Shrinidhi Ambinakudige; Domenico Parisi
      Pages: 121 - 137
      Abstract: Abstract The dynamic nature of internal migration flows has altered population redistribution and changed composition in the United States for more than a century. Socioeconomic push and pull factors have influenced people’s migration decisions during various internal migration waves in the United States. The main objective of this paper is to identify how effective internal migration flows have been in transforming the population distribution of the United States since the mid-1990s. We also examine the characteristics of the counties that gained or lost population during the last two decades. We analyze migration data from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) from 1994–95 to 2006–07 to achieve these objectives. The results show that migration was very effective in redistributing population from rural to urban areas. Although suburbanization was a major characteristic of urban growth, our study indicates that suburbanization was not as effective as rural-to-urban migration. The South continued to be the major population magnet in the United States. Counties with large black and Hispanic populations had a negative migration effect. During the last two decades, increase in the Hispanic population and economic inequality in American neighborhoods have also influenced migration patterns in the United States.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9171-1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the Matching Process of Disabled People Through a
           Macroeconomic Approach: the Italian Case
    • Authors: M. Agovino; A. Rapposelli
      Pages: 139 - 159
      Abstract: Abstract This paper estimates a spatial matching function for disabled people by using a panel of 20 Italian regions over the period 2006–2011. According to the results obtained, in the regional labour market analysed there is a congestion effect among unemployed disabled people, due to an excess of unemployed disabled people compared to available vacancies. In terms of policy, it is necessary to promote policy actions aimed at supporting private firms in their production processes, especially for those with a high number of temporary layoff hours.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9176-9
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • New Spatial Mobility Patterns in Large Spanish Cities: from the Economic
           Boom to the Great Recession
    • Abstract: Abstract Until 2008—the beginning of the economic crisis—Spanish metropolitan areas were characterised by relatively high residential mobility, suburbanisation, and urban sprawl. Municipalities situated farthest away from the core cities were the areas that were expanding more rapidly, while urban cores were losing native population that was being replaced by foreign immigrants. All these features presumably changed when the Great Recession hit the Spanish economy and the housing bubble burst. Using two INE (Spanish National Statistical Institute) data sources, the Padrón, or local register, and the Estadística de Variaciones Residenciales, or residential moves statistics, this paper studies changing trends in residential mobility and migration between 1999 and 2012 in Spain, focusing on the country’s main urban areas: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville. In particular, internal migration patterns during the economic expansion and crisis periods are compared. Despite the fact that high unemployment since 2008 has certainly affected pre-crisis trends, results show that residential mobility has decreased much less than expected. Nevertheless, territorial patterns have changed and are now much less polarised. Urban cores and inner-ring towns, which had previously been losing inhabitants because of people moving to outer-ring areas, are now losing less native population. By contrast, suburban municipalities, which had been the most attractive to internal migrants during the economic growth period, are now much less appealing, as corroborated by the fact that practically no new housing is being built in these areas and their housing market has plummeted.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
       
  • Deprivation, Healthcare Accessibility and Satisfaction: Geographical
           Context and Scale Implications
    • Authors: Pablo Cabrera-Barona; Thomas Blaschke; Gabriel Gaona
      Abstract: Abstract Indices explaining health phenomena are important tools for identifying and investigating health inequalities and to support policy making. Some of these indices are expressed at area-level, and the investigation of the areal influences of these indices on individual health outcomes have scale and geographical contextual implications that need to be assessed. In this study we calculated two area-level indices: one deprivation index and one index of healthcare accessibility. Using multilevel modelling, we calculated the area-level influences of these indices on an individual-level index of healthcare satisfaction considering three kinds of areas or contexts: a context of deprivation, a context of healthcare accessibility and a context combining the two characteristics of healthcare accessibility and deprivation. We evaluated two kinds of geographical problems using the statistical results of these area-level influences: the modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) and the uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP). Regarding the MAUP we evaluated the scale effects at two scales: census blocks and census tracts. Regarding the UGCoP we evaluated the differences in areal influences between the three kinds of contexts for both scales. The case study area was the city of Quito, Ecuador. The results of the performed analyses showed no severe MAUP and UGCoP, and revealed important evidence of the area-level influence of deprivation and healthcare accessibility on healthcare satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9221-y
       
  • Editorial: ASAP Ten Years On
    • Authors: John Stillwell
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9220-z
       
  • There’s No Place Like Home! Examining the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks
           Through Terrorist Group Locations
    • Authors: Yasutaka Tominaga
      Abstract: Abstract Suicide attacks have been widely used by many terrorist groups since the 1980s. It cannot be ignored that Al-Qaeda has played a role in diffusing this tactic, in particular among groups that have links with Al-Qaeda. However, the decision to adopt an innovative tactic is not without risk. Its implementation may inspire potential supporters, but may also cause a backlash from government and alienation from those whose support the group may be seeking. Thus, in their decision-making, it is crucial that terrorist groups learn the repercussions of their decision to adopt such tactics. In so doing, examination of the success or otherwise of other groups that adopt an innovation and its results can provide evidence for the predictability of their decision. This research argues that terrorist groups tend to learn and be influenced more by nearby groups due to the similarity of their environment of operation. The estimation is conducted through the logit model with the original terrorist group location dataset and the findings indicate that the influence of an Al-Qaeda link in adopting the tactics of suicide attack is larger when they are geographically close.
      PubDate: 2017-01-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9219-x
       
  • Small-Area Incomes: Their Spatial Variability and the Relative Efficacy of
           Proxy, Geodemographic, Imputed and Model-Based Estimates
    • Authors: Paul Williamson
      Pages: 463 - 489
      Abstract: Abstract This paper uses data from a UK Census Rehearsal to explore the problem of small-area income estimation. First, the nature of the problem is revisited through an examination of the way in which incomes vary spatially. Residential rather than labour market sorting is found to be the dominant driver; and the rich are found to exhibit greater spatial segregation than the poor. Even so, location is shown to capture only a small fraction of the overall variation in incomes. Second, the performance of competing small-area estimation strategies is assessed, uniquely comparing proxy, geodemographic, imputation and model-based estimates; and validating all of these against directly observed values. An area-level model, ecological regression, performs best. Unit-record imputation approaches capture similar levels of spatial variation in mean income, but have higher variances and greater systematic biases. The same can be said of a simple univariate proxy (% professionals), which even so proves surprisingly effective.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9163-1
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Wage Taxes and Commuters—the Case of Pennsylvania
    • Authors: Ji Guo
      Pages: 491 - 502
      Abstract: Abstract The primary purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between worker flows and local wage taxes. It is motivated by results of theoretical analysis on asymmetric tax competition for mobile labor. A sample of 176 localities in metropolitan areas of Pennsylvania is examined. The Two Stage Least Squares estimation results show that inter-jurisdictional worker flow has an important effect on the determination of local wage tax rates. On the other hand, effect of wage tax rates on worker flow is not significant, but other factors including population, per capita income and per capita capital stock do have significant effects.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9159-x
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Spatial Diffusion of Social Policy in China: Spatial Convergence and
           Neighborhood Interaction of Vocational Education
    • Authors: Jiafeng Gu
      Pages: 503 - 527
      Abstract: Abstract There has been a vast amount of discussion about the positive and negative regional effect on policy diffusion. During this debate, the role of neighborhood structure is ignored and the linear assumption is still prevailing in this field. By analyzing the spatial convergence of local vocational education development with data of 31 provinces from 1995 to 2008 in China, we explore the effects of neighborhood interactions on policy diffusion, paying specific attention to the dynamical role of neighborhood structures in policy diffusion. The empirical results clearly indicate that the development of local vocational education systems in China is spatially autocorrelated to the neighboring provinces. Local vocational education systems converge more slowly if a spatially lagged dependent variable is introduced, while they converge faster if a spatially error variable is introduced. The policy transition between neighbors considering their local spatial context is analyzed with Spatial Markov Chain and a fundamental nonlinear connection between neighborhood structure and policy transition is unveiled. Using spatial econometric models, we also find that the socio-spatial diffusion patterns with the social factors such as consumption, urban/rural distribution and occupation serve as barriers to and amplifiers of policy diffusion. These results not only resonate with conventional linear wisdom on policy diffusion but also offer a new nonlinear perspective on socio-spatial patterns of policy diffusion that are clearly embedded within the local neighborhood structures.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9161-3
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Vulnerability and Exposure to Crime: Applying Risk Terrain Modeling to the
           Study of Assault in Chicago
    • Authors: Leslie W. Kennedy; Joel M. Caplan; Eric L. Piza; Henri Buccine-Schraeder
      Pages: 529 - 548
      Abstract: Abstract Prior research has applied risk assessment and spatial analysis techniques to the study of violence. This paper builds on those results, tying the practical outcomes of spatial risk analysis methods to broader spatial issues on the articulation of risky places for aggravated assault. We begin by conceptualizing key relationships, addressing the effects of environmental factors on creating distinct, identifiable areas that are conducive to crime. Propositions of the theory of risky places are posed and then empirically tested using a GIS based program, RTMDx, on aggravated assault data in an urban area. Given the current thinking about crime vulnerability based on concentration and spatial influence of features and events, this paper offers an analytical strategy to model risky places that combines the conceptual insights of crime emergence and persistence, advances in geo-spatial analytical techniques, and micro-level data.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9165-z
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • An Analysis of Italian Regional Social Expenditure on Disability and Other
           Social Measures: A Spatial Econometric Approach
    • Authors: Massimiliano Agovino; Giuliana Parodi
      Pages: 549 - 567
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this work is to implement a convergence analysis of social expenditure on disability and other social measures (e.g. families and children, disabled people, substances, old age, immigrants and nomadic people, poverty adult problems and homelessness, multineeds, total), taking into account spatial effects. To this purpose, we develop a two-step analysis focusing on Italian regional data for the period 2003–2008. In the first phase, we perform a descriptive analysis and a joint application of a measure of inequality and of the degree of spatial autocorrelation. We subsequently apply the beta and sigma convergence analysis to per capita expenses on social issues, with special emphasis on expenses on disability, broadly defined. The results show that Italian regions do tend to converge in total, and also specific items of per capita social expenditures. In addition, we observe that the discrepancy among per capita expenditures for social actions and services have not been reduced over time, and that spatial effects differ according to the various types of social expenses. Policy considerations are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9166-y
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Agricultural Land Conversion Drivers in Northeast Iran: Application of
           Structural Equation Model
    • Authors: Hossein Azadi; Ali Akbar Barati; Parisa Rafiaani; Valiollah Raufirad; Kiumars Zarafshani; Mohsen Mamoorian; Steven Van Passel; Philippe Lebailly
      Pages: 591 - 609
      Abstract: Abstract Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty emerges from the fact that in ALC, multiple actions and interactions between different factors (i.e., economic, political, environmental, biophysical, institutional, and cultural) exist and make it difficult to understand the function of the processes behind the changes. The phenomenon of ALC in different countries is varied in terms of intensity, trends and drivers. The main goal of this study was to understand these drivers in Northeast Iran through applying structural equation model (SEM). Using multi-stage stratified random sampling, 101 executive officers participated in the study. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire. A multi-stakeholder analysis and a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) approach were applied. Results revealed that not only from the policy makers’ perspective but also based on the SEM, “economic”, “political”, “technological”, “social” and “environmental” factors should respectively be the five major drivers of ALC. The results also showed that among other drivers, “more profitability of non-agriculture sectors”, “excessive rising of land prices”, “farmers’ income instability”, “land fragmentation”, “urban sprawl” and “inheritance laws” are the main six causes of ALC. Hence, it can be concluded that policy-makers and planners need to take these drivers and subsidiaries more into consideration in order to properly respond to ALC.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9160-4
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Analyzing Spatiotemporal Patterns of Urbanization in Treasure Valley,
           Idaho, USA
    • Authors: Khila R. Dahal; Shawn Benner; Eric Lindquist
      Abstract: Abstract Knowledge of spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in terms of overall urban growth, growth forms (or types) and land use types contributes to an understanding of the consequences of urban growth on human health, biodiversity and natural resources, thereby providing guidance for formulating effective land use policies. In this study, we delineated spatial extent of urban area in Treasure Valley of Idaho for five different years with a decadal interval beginning in 1974 based on remote sensing data. The newly urbanized area during each change period was categorized into three growth forms: edge-expansion, infill and outlying development, and into two built-intensity classes: high and low intensity development. We applied ten class-level landscape metrics to the urban class as a whole. Results show that edge-expansion dominated the growth with more than 60% of new development for each of the four study periods. Infill and outlying growth witnessed a temporal oscillation with an alternating dominance. Despite some regularities observed in spatiotemporal patterns of urban class and urban growth forms, we concluded that diffusion and coalescence are two concurrently occurring processes of urban growth rather than two dichotomous temporal phases. Our study documented that a combined study involving patch dynamics, gradient analysis, and time-series analysis of new development, growth forms and built intensity was effective in identifying different spatiotemporal patterns and associate them to underlying processes.
      PubDate: 2016-12-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9215-1
       
  • Book Review: R. Lovelace and M. Dumont. Spatial Microsimulation with R .
           CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida USA, 2016, 260 Pages, £57.99, ISBN
           9781498711548
    • Authors: Mark A. Green
      PubDate: 2016-12-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9218-y
       
  • Market-Conscious Planning: A Planning Support Methodology for Estimating
           the Added Value of Sustainable Development in Fast Urbanizing China
    • Authors: Hong Hu; Stan Geertman; Pieter Hooimeijer
      Abstract: Abstract Planners need to adopt market-conscious planning to estimate how and where planning interventions create value for both investors and end-users. This article presents such kind of planning support methodology by incorporating difference-in-differences estimation into hedonic price models to examine the added value of sustainable development. It illustrates this methodology by using spatial panel data to compare market effects before and after the extension of the metro system in Nanjing, China. Results show that metro extension has positive effects in suburban areas, particularly in suburbs far away from metro stops before, while it has limited effects in central urban areas. Accessibility to financial and business services and open space also contributes to house prices after controlling for the effects of access to metros. Urban sustainable policies need to emphasize integration between land use and transportation planning in suburbs. This methodology provides planners with a means for determining market value of planning interventions, and contributes to more market-conscious planning.
      PubDate: 2016-12-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9217-z
       
 
 
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