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ENGINEERING (1124 journals)            First | 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 | Last

MATEC Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Matériaux & Techniques     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Mathematical Problems in Engineering     Open Access   (4 followers)
Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems (MCSS)     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Mauerwerk     Hybrid Journal  
Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Measurement Science Review     Open Access   (1 follower)
Meccanica     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Mechatronics     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Medical Engineering & Physics     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Membrane Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Membrane Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Memetic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
Metal Powder Report     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Metallurgist     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Metaphysica     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Metascience     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Metrologia     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Microelectronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Microelectronics International     Hybrid Journal  
Microelectronics Journal     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Microelectronics Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Micromachines     Open Access   (1 follower)
MNASSA : Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Modelling and Simulation in Engineering     Open Access   (4 followers)
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (1 follower)
Molecular BioSystems     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Molecular Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Molecular Pharmaceutics     Full-text available via subscription   (6 followers)
MRS Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
MRS Online Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Multiagent and Grid Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Multidimensional Systems and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal  
NANO     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Nano Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (37 followers)
Nano Research     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Nano Reviews     Open Access   (15 followers)
Nanopages     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Nanoscale Systems : Mathematical Modeling, Theory and Applications     Open Access  
Nanotechnologies in Russia     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Nanotechnology     Partially Free   (8 followers)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (12 followers)
Nanotechnology Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Natural Hazards     Hybrid Journal   (94 followers)
Nature Nanotechnology     Full-text available via subscription   (40 followers)
Naval Engineers Journal     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
NDT & E International     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
Nexo Revista Científica     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
NIR news     Full-text available via subscription  
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Nonlinear Engineering : Modeling and Application     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Nonlinearity     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Nova Scientia     Open Access  
NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Nuclear Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (11 followers)
Numerical Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications: An International Journal of Computation and Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals: An International Journal of Computation and Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Ocean Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Oil and Gas Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (10 followers)
Online Journal for Global Engineering Education     Open Access  
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics     Open Access   (3 followers)
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology     Open Access   (2 followers)
Operations Research Letters     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Optimization and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Opto-Electronics Review     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
OR Spectrum     Hybrid Journal  
Organic Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Ozone Science & Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Papers In Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Particle & Particle Systems Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Particulate Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Perspectives on Science     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Pesquisa Operacional     Open Access  
Pest Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Petroleum Science     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Phase Transitions: A Multinational Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Photonics Journal, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Physica B: Condensed Matter     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Physica C: Superconductivity     Hybrid Journal  
Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Physics of Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (18 followers)
Planning News     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Plasma Devices and Operations     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Plasma Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Plasmonics     Hybrid Journal  
Platinum Metals Review     Open Access   (2 followers)
Polar Research     Open Access   (1 follower)
Polar Science     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Polímeros: Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (1 follower)
Polish Maritime Research     Open Access  
Polymer Engineering & Science     Hybrid Journal   (12 followers)

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Science and Engineering Ethics    [7 followers]  Follow    
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1471-5546 - ISSN (Online) 1353-3452
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2187 journals]   [SJR: 0.269]   [H-I: 22]
  • Framework for the Analysis of Nanotechnologies’ Impacts and Ethical
           Acceptability: Basis of an Interdisciplinary Approach to Assessing Novel
    • Abstract: Abstract The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of technologies. In the second part, we present a framework for the analysis of impacts and acceptability, devised—with the goal of supporting the development of specific nanotechnological applications—by a team of researchers from various disciplines. At the conceptual level, this analytic framework is intended to make explicit those various operations required in preparing a judgement about the acceptability of technologies that have been implicit in the classical analysis of toxicological risk. On a practical level, we present a reflective tool that makes it possible to take into account all the dimensions involved and understand the reasons invoked in determining impacts, assessing them, and arriving at a judgement about acceptability.
      PubDate: 2014-04-13
  • Is it Ethical for Journals to Request Self-citation'
    • Abstract: Abstract By following the recently published paper in Science titled “Coercive Citation in Academic Publishing”, in this paper, we aim to discuss the demand of some journals that request authors to cite recently published papers in that journal to increase the impact factor of that journal. It will be mentioned that some of these demands are not ethical and consequently will diminish the reputation of the journal.
      PubDate: 2014-04-13
  • Comparison of Cross Culture Engineering Ethics Training Using the
           Simulator for Engineering Ethics Education
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper describes the use and analysis of the Simulator for Engineering Ethics Education (SEEE) to perform cross culture engineering ethics training and analysis. Details describing the first generation and second generation development of the SEEE are published in Chung and Alfred, Science and Engineering Ethics, vol. 15, 2009 and Alfred and Chung, Science and Engineering Ethics, vol. 18, 2012. In this effort, a group of far eastern educated students operated the simulator in the instructional, training, scenario, and evaluation modes. The pre and post treatment performance of these students were compared to U.S. Educated students. Analysis of the performance indicated that the far eastern educated student increased their level of knowledge 23.7 percent while U.S. educated students increased their level of knowledge by 39.3 percent.
      PubDate: 2014-04-10
  • Building Code Challenging the Ethics Behind Adobe Architecture in North
    • Abstract: Abstract Adobe masonry is part of the vernacular architecture of Cyprus. Thus, it is possible to use this technology in a meaningful way on the island. On the other hand, although adobe architecture is more sustainable in comparison to other building technologies, the use of it is diminishing in North Cyprus. The application of Turkish building code in the north of the island has created complications in respect of the use of adobe masonry, because this building code demands that reinforced concrete vertical tie-beams are used together with adobe masonry. The use of reinforced concrete elements together with adobe masonry causes problems in relation to the climatic response of the building as well as causing other technical and aesthetic problems. This situation makes the design of adobe masonry complicated and various types of ethical problems also emerge. The objective of this article is to analyse the ethical problems which arise as a consequence of the restrictive character of the building code, by analysing two case studies and conducting an interview with an architect who was involved with the use of adobe masonry in North Cyprus. According to the results of this article there are ethical problems at various levels in the design of both case studies. These problems are connected to the responsibilities of architects in respect of the social benefit, material production, aesthetics and affordability of the architecture as well as presenting distrustful behaviour where the obligations of architects to their clients is concerned.
      PubDate: 2014-04-03
  • Virtue Ethics, Positive Psychology, and a New Model of Science and
           Engineering Ethics Education
    • Abstract: Abstract This essay develops a new conceptual framework of science and engineering ethics education based on virtue ethics and positive psychology. Virtue ethicists and positive psychologists have argued that current rule-based moral philosophy, psychology, and education cannot effectively promote students’ moral motivation for actual moral behavior and may even lead to negative outcomes, such as moral schizophrenia. They have suggested that their own theoretical framework of virtue ethics and positive psychology can contribute to the effective promotion of motivation for self-improvement by connecting the notion of morality and eudaimonic happiness. Thus this essay attempts to apply virtue ethics and positive psychology to science and engineering ethics education and to develop a new conceptual framework for more effective education. In addition to the conceptual-level work, this essay suggests two possible educational methods: moral modeling and involvement in actual moral activity in science and engineering ethics classes, based on the conceptual framework.
      PubDate: 2014-04-02
  • Press Self-Regulation in Britain: A Critique
    • Abstract: Abstract This article reviews the history of press self-regulation in Britain, from the 1947 Ross Commission to the 2012 Leveson Inquiry Commission. It considers the history of the Press Council and the Press Complaints Commission, analysing the ways they developed, their work, and how they have reached their current non-status. It is argued that the existing situation in Britain is far from satisfactory, and that the press should advance more elaborate mechanisms of self-control, establishing a new regulatory body called the Public and Press Council that will be anchored in law, empowering the new regulator with greater and unprecedented authority, and equipping it with substantive sanctioning abilities. The Public and Press Council should be independent and effective, with transparent policies, processes and responsibilities. Its adjudication should be made in accordance with a written, detailed Code of Practice.
      PubDate: 2014-03-31
  • Dual Use Research: Investigation Across Multiple Science Disciplines
    • Abstract: Abstract Most recent studies of dual use research have focused on the life sciences, although some researchers have suggested that dual use research occurs across many disciplines. This research is an initial investigation into the prevalence of dual use research in other scientific disciplines by surveying senior editors of scientific journals, drawn from Journal Citation Reports. The survey was emailed to 7,500 journal editors with a response rate of 10.1 %. Approximately 4.8 % of life science editors reported they had to consider whether to publish dual use research and 38.9 % said they decided to not publish the research in question. In disciplines other than the life sciences, 7.2 % of editors from other science disciplines reported that they had to consider whether to publish dual use research, and 48.4 % declined to publish it. The survey investigated relationships between dual use and the journal’s source of funding and place of publication, but no relationships were found. Further research is needed to better understand the occurrence of dual use research in other science disciplines.
      PubDate: 2014-03-27
  • The (lack of) Impact of Retraction on Citation Networks
    • Abstract: Abstract Article retraction in research is rising, yet retracted articles continue to be cited at a disturbing rate. This paper presents an analysis of recent retraction patterns, with a unique emphasis on the role author self-cites play, to assist the scientific community in creating counter-strategies. This was accomplished by examining the following: (1) A categorization of retracted articles more complete than previously published work. (2) The relationship between citation counts and after-retraction self-cites from the authors of the work, and the distribution of self-cites across our retraction categories. (3) The distribution of retractions written by both the author and the editor across our retraction categories. (4) The trends for seven of our nine defined retraction categories over a 6-year period. (5) The average journal impact factor by category, and the relationship between impact factor, author self-cites, and overall citations. Our findings indicate new reasons for retractions have emerged in recent years, and more editors are penning retractions. The rates of increase for retraction varies by category, and there is statistically significant difference of average impact factor between many categories. 18 % of authors self-cite retracted work post retraction with only 10 % of those authors also citing the retraction notice. Further, there is a positive correlation between self-cites and after retraction citations.
      PubDate: 2014-03-26
  • Islamic Bioethical Deliberation on the Issue of Newborns with Disorders of
           Sex Development
    • Abstract: Abstract This article presents the Islamic bioethical deliberation on the issue of sex assignment surgery (SAS) for infants with disorders of sex development (DSD) or intersexed as a case study. The main objective of this study is to present a different approach in assessing a biomedical issue within the medium of the Maqasid al-Shari’ah. Within the framework of the maqasidic scheme of benefits and harms, any practice where benefits are substantial is considered permissible, while those promoting harms are prohibited. The concept of Maqasid al-Shari’ah which is the mechanistic interpretation of Qur’an and Hadith presents the holistic attention of Islam on many life activities, including healthcare. Indeed, this concept encompasses many aspects of worldly life, both for the human individual and collectively for the whole society. In healthcare, the practice of SAS on DSD newborns has presented an assortment of implications on the future livelihood of the affected individual. The process of decision-making seems to be very multifaceted since every element such as the determination of the ‘correct’ sex and the urgency of early surgery must consider the benefits and harms, as well as the child’s rights and best interest. The application of the concept of Maqasid al-Shari’ah, would convey a pragmatic approach that is often disregarded in Western medicine. This approach considers the right of the individual to live life optimally, individually and socially and practice his faith, precisely, in accordance with the assigned gender.
      PubDate: 2014-03-25
  • On the Suppression of Vaccination Dissent
    • Abstract: Abstract Dissenters from the dominant views about vaccination sometimes are subject to adverse actions, including abusive comment, threats, formal complaints, censorship, and deregistration, a phenomenon that can be called suppression of dissent. Three types of cases are examined: scientists and physicians; a high-profile researcher; and a citizen campaigner. Comparing the methods used in these different types of cases provides a preliminary framework for understanding the dynamics of suppression in terms of vulnerabilities.
      PubDate: 2014-03-23
  • Managerial Preferences in Relation to Financial Indicators Regarding the
           Mitigation of Global Change
    • Abstract: Abstract Biochar is a soil—improving substrate made from phytomass pyrolysis. In Southeast Asia, its application decreases due to the long-term growth of biochar cost and thus caused further prolongation of the payback period. In the Euro-American civilization the biochar application is already almost forgotten once it has been much earlier recognized that the crop yields can be increased much faster with higher doses of nutrients and other agrochemicals. The payback period can be expected in decades. Such a long-time investment into soil fertility raises also many ethical questions. The final decision combines issues of social responsibility, risk and other financial indicators as well as personal preferences and more. The attitudes of Western and Central European decision makers in the agriculture business segment were analyzed on the basis of electronic questionnaire survey and a subsequent interview through their local unions. According to the data, most of them did not know about the possibilities of a more environmentally friendly approach to soil enhancement based on the addition of a fertilizer in the form of biochar. Among others, the collected data also shows that the decision makers from Western Europe have a much different ethical approach to the land and financial indicators than the Central Europeans.
      PubDate: 2014-03-20
  • Assessing Security Technology’s Impact: Old Tools for New Problems
    • Abstract: Abstract The general idea developed in this paper from a sociological perspective is that some of the foundational categories on which the debate about privacy, security and technology rests are blurring. This process is a consequence of a blurring of physical and digital worlds. In order to define limits for legitimate use of intrusive digital technologies, one has to refer to binary distinctions such as private versus public, human versus technical, security versus insecurity to draw differences determining limits for the use of surveillance technologies. These distinctions developed in the physical world and are rooted in a cultural understanding of pre-digital culture. Attempts to capture the problems emerging with the implementation of security technologies using legal reasoning encounter a number of problems since law is by definition oriented backwards, adapting new developments to existing traditions, whereas the intrusion of new technologies in the physical world produces changes and creates fundamentally new problems.
      PubDate: 2014-03-02
  • Conflict(s) of Interest in Peer Review: Its Origins and Possible Solutions
    • Abstract: Abstract Scientific communication takes place at two registers: first, interactions with colleagues in close proximity—members of a network, school of thought or circle; second, depersonalised transactions among a potentially unlimited number of scholars can be involved (e.g., author and readers). The interference between the two registers in the process of peer review produces a drift toward conflict of interest. Three particular cases of peer review are differentiated: journal submissions, grant applications and applications for tenure. The current conflict of interest policies do not cover all these areas. Furthermore, they have a number of flaws, which involves an excessive reliance on scholars’ personal integrity. Conflicts of interest could be managed more efficiently if several elements and rules of the judicial process were accepted in science. The analysis relies on both primary and secondary data with a particular focus on Canada.
      PubDate: 2014-03-01
  • Ensuring PhD Development of Responsible Conduct of Research Behaviors:
           Who’s Responsible'
    • Abstract: Abstract The importance of public confidence in scientific findings and trust in scientists cannot be overstated. Thus, it becomes critical for the scientific community to focus on enhancing the strategies used to educate future scientists on ethical research behaviors. What we are lacking is knowledge on how faculty members shape and develop ethical research standards with their students. We are presenting the results of a survey with 3,500 research faculty members. We believe this is the first report on how faculty work with and educate their PhD students on basic research standards. Specifically, we wanted to determine whether individual faculty members, who are advisors or mentors, differ in how they implemented components of responsible conduct of research (RCR) with their PhD students. Mentors were more likely than advisors or supervisors to report working with all of their PhDs, who graduated in the last 5 years, on the 17 recognized critical components of RCR training and research skill development. We also found about half of the faculty members believe RCR is an institutional responsibility versus a faculty responsibility. Less than a quarter have had opportunities to participate in faculty training to be a better mentor, advisor, or research teacher, and about one third of faculty did not or could not remember whether they had guidelines related to their responsibilities to PhD students. We discuss the implications of our findings and focus on ways that PhD research mentoring can be enhanced.
      PubDate: 2014-03-01
  • Publication Ethics in Biomedical Journals from Countries in Central and
           Eastern Europe
    • Abstract: Abstract Publication ethics is an important aspect of both the research and publication enterprises. It is particularly important in the field of biomedical science because published data may directly affect human health. In this article, we examine publication ethics policies in biomedical journals published in Central and Eastern Europe. We were interested in possible differences between East European countries that are members of the European Union (Eastern EU) and South-East European countries (South-East Europe) that are not members of the European Union. The most common ethical issues addressed by all journals in the region were redundant publication, peer review process, and copyright or licensing details. Image manipulation, editors’ conflicts of interest and registration of clinical trials were the least common ethical policies. Three aspects were significantly more common in journals published outside the EU: statements on the endorsement of international editorial standards, contributorship policy, and image manipulation. On the other hand, copyright or licensing information were more prevalent in journals published in the Eastern EU. The existence of significant differences among biomedical journals’ ethical policies calls for further research and active measures to harmonize policies across journals.
      PubDate: 2014-03-01
  • On Ethics and the Earthquake Resistant Interior Design of Buildings
    • Abstract: Abstract The most common tectonic quality of modern structures, such as frame systems, is their flexibility; they are open for change. Although this characteristic is a big advantage in comparison to the inflexible masonry structures of the past, it might also create some serious problems, such as e.g. the lack of safety in the event of an earthquake, if the flexibility is not used consciously by architects and interior designers. This article attempts to define and establish some rules for the interior design of buildings with reinforced concrete frame systems. The rules for making subtractions from these structures and extending them by making additions to them are contained within this article. The main objective of this article is to derive some ethical values from these rules. Thus, the conclusion of the article focuses on the derivation of some ethical values for achieving earthquake resistant interior design of buildings with reinforced concrete frame systems.
      PubDate: 2014-03-01
  • RETRACTED ARTICLE: Improving Case-Based Ethics Training: How Modeling
           Behaviors and Forecasting Influence Effectiveness
    • PubDate: 2014-03-01
  • Medical Ethics, Bioethics and Research Ethics Education Perspectives in
           South East Europe in Graduate Medical Education
    • Abstract: Abstract Ethics has an established place within the medical curriculum. However notable differences exist in the programme characteristics of different schools of medicine. This paper addresses the main differences in the curricula of medical schools in South East Europe regarding education in medical ethics and bioethics, with a special emphasis on research ethics, and proposes a model curriculum which incorporates significant topics in all three fields. Teaching curricula of Medical Schools in Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro were acquired and a total of 14 were analyzed. Teaching hours for medical ethics and/or bioethics and year of study in which the course is taught were also analyzed. The average number of teaching hours in medical ethics and bioethics is 27.1 h per year. The highest national average number of teaching hours was in Croatia (47.5 h per year), and the lowest was in Serbia (14.8). In the countries of the European Union the mean number of hours given to ethics teaching throughout the complete curriculum was 44. In South East Europe, the maximum number of teaching hours is 60, while the minimum number is 10 teaching hours. Research ethics topics also show a considerable variance within the regional medical schools. Approaches to teaching research ethics vary, even within the same country. The proposed model for education in this area is based on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Bioethics Core Curriculum. The model curriculum consists of topics in medical ethics, bioethics and research ethics, as a single course, over 30 teaching hours.
      PubDate: 2014-03-01
  • Sherry Turkle. Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less
           from Each Other
    • PubDate: 2014-02-20
  • Science and Engineering
    Enters its Third Decade
    • PubDate: 2014-02-12
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