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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2270 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (191 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (99 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1199 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (390 journals)
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    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)

ENGINEERING (1199 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1205 Journals sorted alphabetically
3 Biotech     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
3D Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
AAPG Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
AASRI Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Abstract and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 217)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Active and Passive Electronic Components     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Adsorption     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Engineering Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Artificial Neural Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Fuzzy Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Heat Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aerobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AIChE Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Ain Shams Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Alexandria Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Engineering Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Chimie     Open Access  
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Regional Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applicable Analysis: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Catalysis A: General     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Magnetic Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Nanoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Foundry Engineering     Open Access  
Archives of Thermodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASEE Prism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Engineering Review     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ATZagenda     Hybrid Journal  
ATZextra worldwide     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Multi-Disciplinary Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bautechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BER : Manufacturing Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Motor Trade Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Retail Sector Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Retail Survey : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Manufacturing : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Retail : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bharatiya Vaigyanik evam Audyogik Anusandhan Patrika (BVAAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biofuels Engineering     Open Access  
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Engineering Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Biomedical Engineering: Applications, Basis and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biomedical Microdevices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomedizinische Technik - Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Biomicrofluidics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BioNanoMaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biotechnology Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Boletin Cientifico Tecnico INIMET     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Boundary Value Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory     Hybrid Journal  
Cahiers, Droit, Sciences et Technologies     Open Access  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Geotechnical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Studies in Thermal Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysis Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CFD Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chaos : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Science Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Ingenieria Neogranadina     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Cientifica     Open Access  
CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Coastal Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Color Research & Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 223)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164)
Comptes Rendus Mécanique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computation     Open Access  
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Computers & Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computing and Visualization in Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computing in Science & Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Conciencia Tecnologica     Open Access  
Concurrent Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Control and Dynamic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Control Engineering Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Control Theory and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
CT&F Ciencia, Tecnologia y Futuro     Open Access  
CTheory     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering
  [SJR: 2.841]   [H-I: 40]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1886-1784 - ISSN (Online) 1134-3060
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Recent Advances on Topology Optimization of Multiscale Nonlinear
           Structures
    • Authors: Liang Xia; Piotr Breitkopf
      Pages: 227 - 249
      Abstract: Research on topology optimization mainly deals with the design of monoscale structures, which are usually made of homogeneous materials. Recent advances of multiscale structural modeling enables the consideration of microscale material heterogeneities and constituent nonlinearities when assessing the macroscale structural performance. However, due to the modeling complexity and the expensive computing requirement of multiscale modeling, there has been very limited research on topology optimization of multiscale nonlinear structures. This paper reviews firstly recent advances made by the authors on topology optimization of multiscale nonlinear structures, in particular techniques regarding to nonlinear topology optimization and computational homogenization (also known as FE2) are summarized. Then the conventional concurrent material and structure topology optimization design approaches are reviewed and compared with a recently proposed FE2-based design approach, which treats the microscale topology optimization process integrally as a generalized nonlinear constitutive behavior. In addition, discussions on the use of model reduction techniques is provided in regard to the prohibitive computational cost.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9170-7
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Numerical Analysis of a Vortex Tube: A Review
    • Authors: T. Karthikeya Sharma; G. Amba Prasad Rao; K. Madhu Murthy
      Pages: 251 - 280
      Abstract: Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube is a simple devise with no moving parts which could generate cold and hot air/gas streams simultaneously with compressed air/gas as a working fluid. The energy and flow separation in a vortex tube is highly depends on factors like nozzle shape, nozzle number, diameter and length of the vortex tube, inlet pressure, control valve, diaphragm hole size and cold mass fraction. As the energy separation and flow patterns in a vortex tube are highly complex and were not explained successfully by any researcher, a computational study of vortex tube flow and energy separation will give a better understanding about the physics and mechanism involved. Many researchers conducted computational fluid dynamic analysis of the vortex to have a deep insight about the process of flow separation. In this paper computational analysis of vortex by many researchers were presented along with the results obtained and suggestions to improve the performance of the vortex tube. Researchers considered Turbulence models which predict the performance precisely were discussed in the present paper. Researchers considered turbulence models like LES, k–ε, k–ω and RMS to predict the energy separation in vortex tube. Some researchers considered artificial neural networks (ANN) and Taguchi methods for their analysis. Comparison of the predictions with simulation results were also presented to give a clear idea for the reader about the CFD models prediction capabilities.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9166-3
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Numerical Simulation of Fracking in Shale Rocks: Current State and Future
           Approaches
    • Authors: Gabriel Hattori; Jon Trevelyan; Charles E. Augarde; William M. Coombs; Andrew C. Aplin
      Pages: 281 - 317
      Abstract: Extracting gas from shale rocks is one of the current engineering challenges but offers the prospect of cheap gas. Part of the development of an effective engineering solution for shale gas extraction in the future will be the availability of reliable and efficient methods of modelling the development of a fracture system, and the use of these models to guide operators in locating, drilling and pressurising wells. Numerous research papers have been dedicated to this problem, but the information is still incomplete, since a number of simplifications have been adopted such as the assumption of shale as an isotropic material. Recent works on shale characterisation have proved this assumption to be wrong. The anisotropy of shale depends significantly on the scale at which the problem is tackled (nano, micro or macroscale), suggesting that a multiscale model would be appropriate. Moreover, propagation of hydraulic fractures in such a complex medium can be difficult to model with current numerical discretisation methods. The crack propagation may not be unique, and crack branching can occur during the fracture extension. A number of natural fractures could exist in a shale deposit, so we are dealing with several cracks propagating at once over a considerable range of length scales. For all these reasons, the modelling of the fracking problem deserves considerable attention. The objective of this work is to present an overview of the hydraulic fracture of shale, introducing the most recent investigations concerning the anisotropy of shale rocks, then presenting some of the possible numerical methods that could be used to model the real fracking problem.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9169-0
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • An Overview of Recent Advancements in Causal Studies
    • Authors: Pramod Kumar Parida; Tshilidzi Marwala; Snehashish Chakraverty
      Pages: 319 - 335
      Abstract: In causal study we are interested in finding the graphical structure in the form of directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). These DAGs describe the directions and connection strength to connecting variables represented by nodes. In this regard, various methods have been developed to estimate the appropriate structure of the causal model and to explain a fair number of its features. Our review aims to provide a complete and systematic analysis of selected articles from past few decades, having powerful methods to infer the area of study. In this article, we categorized all selected articles in three groups, on the basis of techniques these used to construct the causal model. To provide a full comparative study under categories of probabilistic, statistical and algebraic approaches, we discussed underlying difficulties, limitations, merits and disadvantages in applying these techniques. The reader will find it helpful to choose and use the appropriate method for a better implication.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9168-1
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Parallelization Strategies for Computational Fluid Dynamics Software:
           State of the Art Review
    • Authors: Asif Afzal; Zahid Ansari; Ahmed Rimaz Faizabadi; M. K. Ramis
      Pages: 337 - 363
      Abstract: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is one of the most emerging fields of fluid mechanics used to analyze fluid flow situation. This analysis is based on simulations carried out on computing machines. For complex configurations, the grid points are so large that the computational time required to obtain the results are very high. Parallel computing is adopted to reduce the computational time of CFD by utilizing the available resource of computing. Parallel computing tools like OpenMP, MPI, CUDA, combination of these and few others are used to achieve parallelization of CFD software. This article provides a comprehensive state of the art review of important CFD areas and parallelization strategies for the related software. Issues related to the computational time complexities and parallelization of CFD software are highlighted. Benefits and issues of using various parallel computing tools for parallelization of CFD software are briefed. Open areas of CFD where parallelization is not much attempted are identified and parallel computing tools which can be useful for parallelization of CFD software are spotlighted. Few suggestions for future work in parallel computing of CFD software are also provided.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9165-4
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A Review on the Mechanical Modeling of Composite Manufacturing Processes
    • Authors: Ismet Baran; Kenan Cinar; Nuri Ersoy; Remko Akkerman; Jesper H. Hattel
      Pages: 365 - 395
      Abstract: The increased usage of fiber reinforced polymer composites in load bearing applications requires a detailed understanding of the process induced residual stresses and their effect on the shape distortions. This is utmost necessary in order to have more reliable composite manufacturing since the residual stresses alter the internal stress level of the composite part during the service life and the residual shape distortions may lead to not meeting the desired geometrical tolerances. The occurrence of residual stresses during the manufacturing process inherently contains diverse interactions between the involved physical phenomena mainly related to material flow, heat transfer and polymerization or crystallization. Development of numerical process models is required for virtual design and optimization of the composite manufacturing process which avoids the expensive trial-and-error based approaches. The process models as well as applications focusing on the prediction of residual stresses and shape distortions taking place in composite manufacturing are discussed in this study. The applications on both thermoset and thermoplastic based composites are reviewed in detail.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9167-2
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Historical Origin and Recent Development on Normal Directional Impact
           Models for Rigid Body Contact Simulation: A Critical Review
    • Authors: Arnab Banerjee; Avishek Chanda; Raj Das
      Pages: 397 - 422
      Abstract: The impact is one of the most abundant phenomena in the field of multi-body dynamics when two or more bodies come in close vicinity and depending on the interaction properties and geometry, all the interacting bodies experience certain impulsive force for an infinitesimal duration. Nowadays, impact modelling becomes an intrinsic part in the modelling of structural pounding, granular materials, crash and machinery analysis, robotics and bio-mechatronics applications. Since the time of Newton, numerous literatures have been published on the modelling of both normal and oblique contact phenomena. The scope of this critical review is limited to consolidate the existing knowledge on the computational model of normal directional impact on rigid bodies. The literature related to modelling of oblique impact, soft body impact, impact damage in composites and associated stress wave propagation are excluded from the scope of this critical review. Smooth and non-smooth mechanics are two schools of thought in simulating the normal directional impact. In this review, the shortcomings of all the classes of compliance and non-smooth models are analysed in the unified dimensionless frame-work to compare their response output with the conventional stereo-mechanical model. This review opens a new avenue for future researchers in selecting a proper contact formulation for specific application.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9164-5
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Multiphase Flow in Deforming Porous Media: A Review
    • Authors: Francesco Pesavento; Bernhard A. Schrefler; Giuseppe Sciumè
      Pages: 423 - 448
      Abstract: In this work we present a general model for the analysis of multiphase flow in deforming porous media with particular regard to concrete and biological tissues. Such problems are typically multi-physics ones with overlapping domains where diffusion, advection, adsorption, phase change, deformation, chemical reactions and other phenomena take place in the porous medium. For the analysis of such a complex system, the model here proposed is obtained from microscopic scale by applying the thermodynamically constrained averaging theory which guarantees the satisfaction of the second law of thermodynamics for all constituents both at micro and macro-level. Furthermore, one can obtain some important thermodynamic restrictions for the evolution equations describing the material deterioration. Two specific forms of the general model adapted to the cases of cementitious and biological materials respectively are shown. Some numerical simulations aimed at proving the validity of the approach adopted, are also presented and discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-016-9171-6
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Reduced Modeling of Unknown Trajectories
    • Abstract: This paper deals with model order reduction of parametrical dynamical systems. We consider the specific setup where the distribution of the system’s trajectories is unknown but the following two sources of information are available: (i) some “rough” prior knowledge on the system’s realisations; (ii) a set of “incomplete” observations of the system’s trajectories. We propose a Bayesian methodological framework to build reduced-order models (ROMs) by exploiting these two sources of information. We emphasise that complementing the prior knowledge with the collected data provably enhances the knowledge of the distribution of the system’s trajectories. We then propose an implementation of the proposed methodology based on Monte-Carlo methods. In this context, we show that standard ROM learning techniques, such e.g., proper orthogonal decomposition or dynamic mode decomposition, can be revisited and recast within the probabilistic framework considered in this paper. We illustrate the performance of the proposed approach by numerical results obtained for a standard geophysical model.
      PubDate: 2017-05-25
       
  • An Overview of Multiresolution Analysis for Nondestructive Evaluation of
           Pavement Surface Drainage
    • Authors: Behrouz Mataei; H. Zakeri; F. Moghadas Nejad
      Abstract: Network level drainage assessment of the pavement surface plays a crucial role in controlling and decreasing the accident rate. Hydroplaning is one of the major causes of accidents in wet weather conditions and is the consequence of low drainage quality of pavement surfaces. Since no automated system currently exists for the pavement drainage evaluation, this work was conducted to present a new system to assess drainage process quality. For this aim, the saturation situation was simulated for pavement surface and photo acquisition was carried out on the drainage process of pavement surface after saturation. Finally, image processing method was applied to produce an index related to drainage quality. Using a proper method to enhance and prepare these images for the analysis step and find appreciate feature for the drainage quality is also among the necessities of drainage assessment. After a brief overview of multiresolution analysis, we revise the state-of-the-art of multiresolution analysis methods by discussing assessing parameters for asphalt surface image enhancement in nondestructive evaluation, formulated and fused to allow for a general comparison. In this work, different transform methods are used for asphalt surface image enhancement and a comparison is made between wavelet, curvelet, ridgelet, shearlet, and contourlet transforms by assessing parameters including TIME, PSNR, SNR, MSE, MAE, MSE, UQI, and SSIM. The comparison among the obtained results shows the superiority of shearlet transform over other transforms in providing of processed images with higher quality. Furthermore, it was found that ridgelet transform is more suitable for the jobs which time is the main parameter.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9230-7
       
  • A Review of Multi-holes Drilling Path Optimization Using Soft Computing
           Approaches
    • Authors: Najwa Wahida Zainal Abidin; Mohd Fadzil Faisae Ab Rashid; Nik Mohd Zuki Nik Mohamed
      Abstract: In today’s competitive environment, optimization is considered as an important element for maintaining and improving both aspect of manufacturing such as quality and productivity. In multi-holes drilling process, 70% of the machining time involved the tool movement and tool switching. Various researches had been conducted to reduce the tool movement and switching time. This paper reviews the research publications on the drilling path optimization using soft computing approaches. In particular, this review focuses on four main aspects; drilling application areas, problem modeling, optimization algorithms and objective functions of drilling path optimization. Based on the review, the researchers’ interest in this area is still growing. However, the existing researches were limited to implement, modify and hybridized the well-established optimization algorithms. Furthermore, there is a lack of awareness to consider the environmental and sustainable issues in the existing research. In future, the researcher is suggested to give focus on energy consumption that related with sustainable manufacturing and also to explore the potential of new meta-heuristics algorithms that can lead to significant in reduction machining time.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9228-1
       
  • Mesh Partitioning and Efficient Equation Solving Techniques by Distributed
           Finite Element Methods: A Survey
    • Authors: Shahab U. Ansari; Masroor Hussain; Suleman Mazhar; Tareq Manzoor; Khalid J. Siddiqui; Muhammad Abid; Habibullah Jamal
      Abstract: The mesh partitioning in parallel Finite Element Method (FEM) is an NP-hard problem. During the past few decades, several heuristic approaches have been proposed to address this problem. In addition to mesh distribution, solving a large set of algebraic equations also significantly contributes to the performance of a parallel solution. A number of efficient equation solving techniques are developed which exploit inherent properties of large coefficient matrices (for instance, symmetry and positive definiteness). In the present study, the performance of a distributed FEM system on the basis of the mesh partitioning approaches and equation solvers is discussed. The work contributes towards: (i) categorizing mesh partitioning methods, (ii) examining implementation variations in linear and nonlinear solution of equations, and (iii) exploring the impact of mesh partitioning and an equation solver on the performance of a distributed FEM system.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9227-2
       
  • Review of Random Walk in Image Processing
    • Authors: Zhaobin Wang; Lijie Guo; Shuai Wang; Lina Chen; Hao Wang
      Abstract: The random walk, proposed in 1905, was applied into the field of computer vision in 1979. Subsequently, more and more researchers paid their attention to this new method. Recently it has become prevailing as to be widely applied in image processing, e.g. image segmentation, image fusion, image enhancement and so on. Until now there is no comprehensive review on random walk in image processing yet. Therefore, almost important references are reviewed in the paper, and six representative random walk models have been listed and explained in detail. And then their applications of random walk in image processing are introduced. At last, some existed problems and future work are pointed out.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9225-4
       
  • Algebraic and Parametric Solvers for the Power Flow Problem: Towards
           Real-Time and Accuracy-Guaranteed Simulation of Electric Systems
    • Authors: Raquel García-Blanco; Pedro Díez; Domenico Borzacchiello; Francisco Chinesta
      Abstract: The power flow model performs the analysis of electric distribution and transmission systems. With this statement at hand, in this work we present a summary of those solvers for the power flow equations, in both algebraic and parametric version. The application of the Alternating Search Direction method to the power flow problem is also detailed. This results in a family of iterative solvers that combined with Proper Generalized Decomposition technique allows to solve the parametric version of the equations. Once the solution is computed using this strategy, analyzing the network state or solving optimization problems, with inclusion of generation in real-time, becomes a straightforward procedure since the parametric solution is available. Complementing this approach, an error strategy is implemented at each step of the iterative solver. Thus, error indicators are used as an stopping criteria controlling the accuracy of the approximation during the construction process. The application of these methods to the model IEEE 57-bus network is taken as a numerical illustration.
      PubDate: 2017-04-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9223-6
       
  • Computer Aided Numerical Methods for Hydrological Model Calibration: An
           Overview and Recent Development
    • Authors: Guangyuan Kan; Xiaoyan He; Jiren Li; Liuqian Ding; Yang Hong; Hongbin Zhang; Ke Liang; Mengjie Zhang
      Abstract: In this paper, the computer aided numerical method for hydrological model calibration is reviewed. The content includes review of the watershed hydrological models (data-driven model, conceptual model, and distributed model), review of the model calibration methods (manual calibration, single-objective automatic calibration, multi-objective automatic calibration, objective function, termination criterion, and data utilized for calibration), and review of the parallel computing accelerated model calibration (multi-node computer cluster, multi-core CPU, many-core GPU, and heterogeneous parallel computing). Recent development and the state-of-the-art are also analyzed. Three conclusions can be drawn: (1) Nowadays, different types of hydrological models have their own application fields and perform very well. Distributed hydrological model becomes the development direction and has a good future. (2) Computer aided automatic hydrological model calibration method has become the mainstream. Single-objective optimization method such as SCE-UA and multi-objective optimization method such as NSGA-II are very suitable to the model parameter calibration. (3) Heterogeneous parallel computing technology is the most powerful acceleration method for the hydrological model parameter calibration. However, researches about the acceleration of SCE-UA and NSGA-II based on heterogeneous parallel computing technique is rare and should be focused in the future.
      PubDate: 2017-04-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9224-5
       
  • Building a Digital Wind Farm
    • Authors: Sam Hewitt; Lee Margetts; Alistair Revell
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide a high level, holistic overview of the work being undertaken in the wind energy industry. It summarises the main techniques used to simulate both aerodynamic and structural issues associated with wind turbines and farms. The motivation behind this paper is to provide new researchers with an outlook of the modelling and simulation landscape, whilst highlighting the trends and direction research is taking. Each section summarises an individual area of simulation and modelling, covering the important historical research findings and a comprehensive analysis of recent work. This segregated approach emphasises the key components of wind energy. Topics range in geometric scales and detail, ranging from atmospheric boundary layer modelling, to fatigue and fracture in the turbine blades. More recent studies have begun to combine a range of scales and physics to better approximate real systems and provide higher fidelity and accurate analyses to manufacturers and companies. This paper shows a clear trend towards coupling both scales and physics into singular models utilising high performance computing system.
      PubDate: 2017-04-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9222-7
       
  • Observable Dictionary Learning for High-Dimensional Statistical Inference
    • Authors: Lionel Mathelin; Kévin Kasper; Hisham Abou-Kandil
      Abstract: This paper introduces a method for efficiently inferring a high-dimensional distributed quantity from a few observations. The quantity of interest (QoI) is approximated in a basis (dictionary) learned from a training set. The coefficients associated with the approximation of the QoI in the basis are determined by minimizing the misfit with the observations. To obtain a probabilistic estimate of the quantity of interest, a Bayesian approach is employed. The QoI is treated as a random field endowed with a hierarchical prior distribution so that closed-form expressions can be obtained for the posterior distribution. The main contribution of the present work lies in the derivation of a representation basis consistent with the observation chain used to infer the associated coefficients. The resulting dictionary is then tailored to be both observable by the sensors and accurate in approximating the posterior mean. An algorithm for deriving such an observable dictionary is presented. The method is illustrated with the estimation of the velocity field of an open cavity flow from a handful of wall-mounted point sensors. Comparison with standard estimation approaches relying on Principal Component Analysis and K-SVD dictionaries is provided and illustrates the superior performance of the present approach.
      PubDate: 2017-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9219-2
       
  • Bi-level and Multi-Level Programming Problems: Taxonomy of Literature
           Review and Research Issues
    • Authors: Kailash Lachhwani; Abhishek Dwivedi
      Abstract: This paper presents taxonomy of detailed literature reviews on bi-level programming problems (BLPPs), multi-level programming problems (MLPPs) and associated research problems, while providing detail of solution techniques at the same time. In this taxonomy of review, we classified the multi-level programming problems into two types: (i) General multi-level programming problems (MLPPs) (ii) multi-level multi-objective programming problems (ML-MOPPs) which are further sub classified based on the algorithmic and optimality studies. Bi-level programming problems (BLPPs) are considered as special cases of multi-level programming problems with two level structures. The present literature review includes approximately all prior and latest references on BLPPs, and MLPPs, related solution methodologies. The general related concepts are briefly described while associated references are included for further investigations. The aim of this paper is to provide an easy and systematic road map of currently available literature studies on BLPPs and MLPPs for future researchers.
      PubDate: 2017-04-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9216-5
       
  • Erratum to: Computational Methods for Elastoplasticity: An Overview of
           Conventional and Less‑Conventional Approaches
    • Authors: Giulia Scalet; Ferdinando Auricchio
      PubDate: 2017-03-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9221-8
       
  • A Survey of the Hysteretic Duhem Model
    • Authors: Fayçal Ikhouane
      Abstract: The Duhem model is a simulacrum of a complex and hazy reality: hysteresis. Introduced by Pierre Duhem to provide a mathematical representation of thermodynamical irreversibility, it is used to describe hysteresis in other areas of science and engineering. Our aim is to survey the relationship between the Duhem model as a mathematical representation, and hysteresis as the object of that representation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s11831-017-9218-3
       
 
 
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