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  Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 845 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (51 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (595 journals)
    - CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (21 journals)
    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (25 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (41 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (45 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (67 journals)

CHEMISTRY (595 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
2D Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ACS Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
ACS Macro Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 246)
ACS Photonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chimica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 218)
Annales UMCS, Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 310)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomacromolecules     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 118)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 14)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 181)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 255)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemosensors     Open Access  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access  
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Comptes Rendus Chimie     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Physique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coordination Chemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CrystEngComm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Current Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Metabolomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Current Research in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 61)
Dalton Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Developments in Geochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dislocations in Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Drying Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Contamination     Open Access  
Educación Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry     Open Access  
Elements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Science & Technology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover ChemBioEng Reviews
  [1 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Online) 2196-9744
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1579 journals]
  • Submit Now!
    • PubDate: 2014-02-12T06:10:05.756265-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cben.201310101
       
  • Dehydration of Lactic Acid: The State of The Art
    • Abstract: The dehydration of lactic acid to produce acrylic acid is a renewable alternative to the mostly used production of acrylic acid from propene. In this review, the recent developments and state of the art for the dehydration of lactic acid to acrylic acid are presented and critically commented. The most recent publications on the topic are discussed inetail with respect to the observed catalysts and process performance data. Among the different catalysts developed, three main groups can be distinguished: zeolites, sulphates, and phosphates. The latter, especially hydroxyapatites, have recently attracted the attention of academics in particular. The three families of catalysts are discussed and the recent developments and technical drawbacks in the gas phase dehydration are reported.To satisfy the increasing demand for acrylic acid, new production routes from renewable sources are explored. This review presents recent developments in the dehydration of lactic acid to acrylic acid. The current state of the art on this subject is presented and critically commented with respect to the observed catalytic performances.
       
  • A Review on Detection and Abatement of Heavy Metals
    • Abstract: Heavy metal contamination is one of the major concerns in today's world. Trace elements like arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, and zinc are released from natural and anthropogenic activities and considered highly hazardous. Therefore, the continuous monitoring, detection, and remediation of heavy metals in groundwater and soil are of utmost importance. In this article, the detection technologies available together with their working principles and the remediation processes that are used until today are presented. The basic abatement technologies used fall into 3 categories: chemical, biological, and physico‐chemical. General approaches like isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction can also be used for remediation of heavy metals. For large scale operations, chemical treatment technologies have proven to be the best option. Physico‐chemical treatment technologies can exclude all the possibilities of auxiliary toxic effects that may be produced by the treating chemical agents, hence, approaching a green remediation process.This article reviews the provenance, detection and abatement of heavy metals. The origin of the heavy metals exceeding statutory limits as well as the analytical detection along with the most recent field kit‐based detection technologies are discussed. The state of art of heavy metal abatement technologies are dependent on the location and the level of contamination. They include chemical treatment, biological and physico‐chemical treatment methods.
       
  • Beryllium and Copper‐Beryllium Alloys
    • Abstract: The light metal beryllium is a comparatively rare element, which nowadays is primarily derived from bertrandite. It is mainly used as pure metal or in the form of copper‐beryllium alloys, e.g., in automotive industry, aerospace, and electrical components. The wide range of applications is mainly attributed to the extremely high rigidity/density ratio. An overview of the history of the metal, its production and recycling as well as the properties of CuBe alloys are given.Beryllium is a critical raw material used in various branches of industry due to its extremely high strength/density ratio and other important properties such as resistance to corrosion and spark formation. Since it is difficult to replace, optimization of the extraction technologies and recycling methods is the focus of future research.
       
  • Cover Picture: ChemBioEng Reviews 5/2017
    • Abstract: Cover: Biogas‐Batch‐VersucheCopyright: Foltan/Leibniz‐Institut für Agrartechnik und Bioökonomie e. V. (ATB).
       
  • Masthead: ChemBioEng Reviews 5/2017
    •  
  • Table of Contents: ChemBioEng Reviews 5/2017
    •  
  • Reliability for Nanosafety Research – Considerations on the Basis of a
           Comprehensive Literature Review
    • Abstract: After 15 years of intense research on the risks of nanomaterials, the evaluation of specific nanomaterials is still difficult. The more research is performed, the more studies which demonstrate critical effects of nanomaterials are published. In this regard, it should be noted that most published studies do not show usable toxicological results, although these are well‐cited as such and appear as headlines in the daily press. There is a lack of reliability of the scientific data, especially for nanosafety research. Here, this statement is illustrated by examples and solutions are shown.It is self‐evidently assumed that scientific investigations are accurate and results are always true. This may be true for some disciplines, but must be considered critically for biology, toxicology, and medicine. This review presents examples from the literature and suggestions for solutions.
       
  • Potential Application of Redox Mediators and Metabolic Uncouplers in
           Environmental Research – A Review
    • Abstract: Redox mediators (electronophores) and metabolic uncouplers (protonophores) play a major role in the sub-atomic particle transportation in chemical and biological processes. Application areas include activated sludge treatment, excess biomass removal, bio-filtration of gaseous pollutants, electricity generation by means of solar or microbial fuel cell (MFCs), biosensors, and dye degradation. Through a detailed review of peer-reviewed and environmental literature, redox mediators and metabolic uncouplers, their mode of action as well as major factors influencing the redox mediators and metabolic uncouplers are discussed. This review article will help researchers to enhance their understanding of the application of redox mediators and metabolic uncouplers in environmental research.Redox mediators and metabolic uncouplers can enhance the sub-atomic particle transport in both chemical and biological processes. Since they show high potential for application in environmental research, this review discusses their role in the emerging field of biotechnology and fuel cell technology. It aims to help in identifying factors influencing the reaction rate.
       
  • Lithium Recovery from Challenging Deposits: Zinnwaldite and Magnesium-Rich
           Salt Lake Brines
    • Abstract: Lithium can be found in its bound form in silicatic rocks and dissolved in salt lake brines. Both types of lithium resources, whose amounts exceed the expected demand for lithium by several times, are used for lithium recovery. The known lithium resources and their geochemical characteristics are reviewed together with the presently applied recovery processes which are still very similar to the historically early techniques. New processes for direct carbonization of zinnwaldite, hydrochloric and oxalic acid leaching as well as a new method for the recovery of lithium from magnesium-rich brines are presented.At present, 99 % of lithium is obtained from primary resources, using lithium-containing silicate rocks or salt lakes. An overview of the basic methods for the production of lithium from both these raw material sources is given as well as new process approaches for the zinnwaldite and magnesium-rich Brines.
       
  • A Comprehensive Review of H2S Scavenger Technologies from Oil and Gas
           Streams
    • Abstract: Sour crudes containing > 0.5 % sulfur are of low quality and cause harm to equipment, the environment, and to humans. Therefore, sustainable measures for crude oil sweetening are of significant importance. Removal of H2S directly at the wellhead before the transport increases the value of crude oil and may be necessary to adhere to legal transport laws. Chemical agents known as scavengers are used to scrub H2S from crude oils. Scavengers are either of the regenerative or non-regenerative type and are used depending on the pH or water content of the crude stream. The literature has been surveyed to reveal those absorbents that allow the most effective scavenging of H2S at wellhead applications. The chemical processing, including recovery of scavenger or end use of products, is discussed for decision-making at the confluence of chemistry and chemical engineering for H2S removal. This work investigates how and why some scavengers perform better for some crudes and environmental conditions than others with the intent to develop designer scavengers and processing conditions for the crude oil industry.H2S in oil and gas streams causes corrosion and fouling of industrial equipment and also presents a danger for humans. Chemical scavengers used to reduce the H2S vary depending on the pH and aqueous content of the crude and the amount to be removed. Regenerative and non-regenerative scavengers are reviewed to discuss their performance and ability to meet legal transport laws and downstream processing requirements.
       
  • Physical Methods for Dealcoholization of Beverage Matrices and their
           Impact on Quality Attributes
    • Abstract: Membrane-based and thermal methods to produce non-alcoholic beverages have been used for many years to remove ethanol from beer and other alcoholic, fermented matrices. The aim of all applied methods is to eliminate the ethanol as selectively as possible. Besides legal regulations and nutritional health benefits, different physical production methods as well as the effects on the aroma composition after different production steps and possibilities for procedural descriptions are elucidated.Alcohol-free beer as a drink with reduced alcohol and calorie content is regarded as a product with enormous growth potential. In addition to biological methods, there are various physical processes through which ethanol formed during the fermentation can be extracted. The methods and their effects on quality-relevant attributes are displayed.
       
  • Engineering Studies on Moisture Diffusivity of Solid Food Products during
           Processing – A Review
    • Abstract: Drying is a simultaneous heat and mass transfer operation and is extensively applied in food processing to extend the shelf life of food products and agri-produce by reducing the moisture content which in turn reduces the water activity. Moisture content is a major culprit in spoiling the foods by encouraging microbial/mold growth. Hence, the reducing moisture content economically mitigates the spoilage of foods. A number of commercial dryers is available industrially for carrying out drying operations depending on the nature of food material. However, from economic points of view, tray dryers are ubiquitous. Hence, this review focuses on explaining in-detail the design of tray dryers with an aid of CFD, mathematical tools, and statistical analysis used in diffusivity of food products. The drying process is influenced by various operating parameters such as drying chamber configuration, air velocity, and air temperature, etc. which need to be optimized to properly design a dryer for a certain duty of operation. This paper reviews the studies in this area by applying mathematical tools, statistical analysis, and CFD.Drying preserves food materials against microbial contamination over an extended period of time and can also be used in the production of dehydrated food products. Since it involves a simultaneous heat and mass transfer depending on the fluid flow, the drying process can be modeled by CFD using numerical methods and computer simulations. This review addresses heat flow analysis using tray driers for solid food materials.
       
  • Adsorptive Separation of CO2 from Flue Gas by Temperature Swing Adsorption
           Processes
    • Abstract: CO2 capture from fossil fueled power stations plays a major role in balancing environmental protection with economic growth. Besides absorption and membrane processes, adsorption processes allow for the removal of CO2 from flue gases and the recovery of the adsorbed CO2 with high purity. In recent years, several pressure swing adsorption as well as temperature adsorption processes have been postulated for carbon capture. In this work, an overview of the different adsorptive methods is exposed with a focus on thermally regenerated adsorption processes. Since the classical temperature swing adsorption process shows some drawbacks, indirectly heated temperature swing adsorption processes have been postulated, which can be categorized into two groups: electro-thermal swing adsorption and indirect heat transfer.Capturing carbon dioxide from fossil fueled power stations plays a major role in balancing environmental protection with economic growth because of the expected increasing demand in electricity from developed and developing countries. Here, an overview of the different adsorptive methods for carbon capture is presented.
       
  • Isolation and Surface Modification of Nanocellulose: Necessity of Enzymes
           over Chemicals
    • Abstract: Nanocellulose is an emerging sustainable biomaterial with exceptional physicochemical properties. It can be isolated from inexpensive renewable cellulosic biomass. Wood cellulose is the most extensively used biomass for the isolation of nanocellulose. Yet, owing to their hydrophilic nature, their utilization is restricted to applications involving hydrophilic or polar media, which limits their exploitation. With the presence of a large number of chemical functionalities within their structure, these building blocks provide a unique platform for significant surface modification through various methods. On the other hand, significantly used hazardous chemicals make the process environmentally unfriendly. Furthermore, recovery of used chemicals and toxicity of final products are the biggest challenges. To overcome these problems, the enzymatic approach is an emerging trend for isolation and surface modification of nanocellulose. This review assembles current knowledge in the research and development of nanocelluloses from cellulosic biomass and emphasizes the enzymatic routes developed so far for isolation, production, and functionalization.Nano-structured cellulose (nanocellulose) is used in a variety of industrial fields, from paper and packaging to food additives or energy. The production of nanocellulose from cellulosic biomass, mostly wood, usually involves environmentally unfriendly chemical processes. This review highlights the use of enzymes for the isolation and modification of nanocellulose as sustainable alternative.
       
 
 
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