for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 841 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (50 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (593 journals)
    - CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (21 journals)
    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (25 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (41 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (44 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (67 journals)

CHEMISTRY (593 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
2D Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ACS Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
ACS Macro Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 234)
ACS Photonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chimica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 224)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 213)
Annales UMCS, Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 295)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomacromolecules     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 119)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 13)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 176)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 259)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemosensors     Open Access  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access  
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Comptes Rendus Chimie     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Physique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coordination Chemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CrystEngComm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Current Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Metabolomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Research in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
Dalton Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Developments in Geochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dislocations in Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Drying Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Contamination     Open Access  
Educación Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry     Open Access  
Elements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Environmental Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Science & Technology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Environmental Science : Nano     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
  [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2382-5081 - ISSN (Online) 2392-4446
   Published by Nepal Journals Online Homepage  [74 journals]
  • Gut Microbiome and their metabolic impact: New frontier

    • Authors: Dipendra Raj Pandeya
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: It has been shown that the dysbiosis of gut microbes may lead to obesity and other health complications. A combination of microbial sequencing and animal experiments may provide further insights into how the gut microbiota affects host metabolism and physiology and will aid in the diagnosis of microbiome related diseases and could potentially provide new means to prevent disease onset or to improve prognosis. The field of gut microbiome is rapidly developing and we expect that it will continue in the same pace in the years to come and the outcomes will help us to keep our life healthy.Ann. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2016:2(2); 1-3
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Iron deficiency on glycation of hemoglobin in non diabetics

    • Authors: Manzoura Rustum Moulani, Pandharinath Shankarrao Gawali
      Pages: 4 - 7
      Abstract: Background: Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) has been adopted by physicians as a surrogated for monitoring glycemic control. The use of HbA1c for the diagnosis of diabetes is now widely advocated despite caveats to its use. HbA1c concentrations are influenced by several factors including red blood cells (RBC) turnover. There are many types of anemia that affect glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values, but iron deficiency anemia (IDA) one of the most common. Further research needs to focus on the mechanistic reasons why HbA1c is higher in IDA. The study attempts to discern clinical differences in HbA1c levels in patients with IDA, compared to patients without IDA & showing the direction of such differences.Methods: 50 non diabetic anemic patients and 50 age matched healthy subjects were involved in this study. Hematological investigations were done and fasting & post prandial (PP) glucose and HbA1c level were measured in all the subjects.Results: The mean HbA1c [9.10±1.08%] in the patients with IDA was higher than that in the control non anemic group [5.21±0.45%] [P<0.001] There was no differences in the levels of fasting and PP glucose between the IDA & the control groups. [P>0.05]Conclusions: HbA1c is likely to be affected by IDA with a spurious increase in HbA1c values, conversely non IDA may lead to confusion when diagnosing diabetes using HbA1c. This article clearly identifies especially the types of anemia likely to have significantly impact on the reliability HbA1c.Ann. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2016:2(2); 4-7
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of Serum Lipids and C-peptide among Breast Cancer Patients with
           Chemotherapy

    • Authors: Anil Singh Basnyat, Prabin Prabin Gyawali, Abimanyu Jha, Prabodh Risal, Bhupal Govinda Shrestha
      Pages: 8 - 14
      Abstract: Background: Chemotherapy agents alter serum lipids and C-peptide in cancer patients increased incidence of cardiovascular disorders and diabetes, although mechanisms for these are not known. Diabetes and cardiovascular riskis the highly concerned chemotherapy induced complications among cancer patients. This study is aimed to evaluate the serum lipids and C-peptide in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.Methods: This cross-sectional study includes160 individuals comprising 80 breast cancer patients and 80 controls with age ranges from 24 to 76 years. Patients received at least 3 cycles of chemotherapy. Serum Total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) andC-peptide level was measuredin random blood sampleswhereas,other lipid parameters like Non HDL (TC-HDL),cardiac risk ratio (TC: HDL) and Non-HDL: HDL werecalculated.Results: SerumTC, Non-HDL, TC: HDL, Non-HDL: HDL and C-peptide were significantly increased in breast cancer patients as compared to control group (p<0.001). HDL cholesterol level inpremenopausal and postmenopausalpatients was decreased but was not statistically significant different.Conclusions: Altered serum lipid parameters and C-peptide indicated the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes in cancer patients. Routine assessments of these parameters are necessary for follow up care during breast cancer management.Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2016:2(2); 8-14
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Biochemical changes in Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): A study
           in Nepalese Population

    • Authors: Pooja Maharjan, Puspa Raj Khanal, Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Govardhan Joshi, Hridaya Parajuli, Santosh Khanal, Bibek Bhatta, Dipendra Raj Pandeya
      Pages: 15 - 20
      Abstract: Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as the most common liver problem in the western world and is a clinicopathologic entity increasingly recognized as a major health burden in developed countries. Different laboratory tests are extremely useful in achieving a better understanding of diseases, and thereby, allow making decision for better management. The examination of different biochemical parameters usually provides excellent clues to the cause of the disease. The present study was conducted with the aim to assess the biochemical markers in Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients in Nepalese population.Methods: The biochemical parameters were investigated in 75 NAFLD patients, and 70 normal participants. The diagnosis of hepatic steatosis was established by abdominal ultrasound examination. All patients diagnosed as NAFLD were investigated for biochemical parameters and see the relationship between NAFLD and control was studied.Results: The findings of all biochemical parameters were raised in NAFLD patients in comparison with non-fatty liver control group and the differences were found to be statistically (P value less than 0.005) significant.Conclusions: NAFLD is associated with changes in biochemical parameters in cases of NAFLD. Its early detection will help in modifying the disease course, delaying complications and will also play a major role in preventive cardiology.Ann. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2016:2(2);15-20
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Left Atrial Size and Left Ventricular Mass Index in Hypertensive Patients

    • Authors: Kartikesh Kumar Thakur, Ratna Mani Gajurel, Sheelendra Shakya, Aseem Bhattarai, Mithileshwor Raut, Arun Sayami
      Pages: 21 - 25
      Abstract: Background: This study was conducted with the objective of evaluation of the occurrence of left atrial enlargement (LAE) in hypertensive patients and its relationship with left ventricular mass index (LVMI).Methods: This single centre study was carried out at the Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Center, where total of 99 patients with hypertension who had left ventricular hypertrophy on echocardiography defined by left ventricular septal wall thickness > 9mm for female and >10 mm for male, were selected  from May 2015 to August 2015.Results: In the study, the left atrium was enlarged in 31% of the selected patients. A total of 44% of patients having left atrial enlargement had increased left ventricular mass index as well, while a positive correlation (r = 0.3) was observed between the left atrial size and the left ventricular mass index (p= 0.001). The mean Left Ventricular Mass Index was 98 ± 32.7 g/m2 as compared to 115.34 ± 40.2 in patients with left atrial enlargement. The mean systolic blood pressure with left atrial enlargement was 146.70 ± 21.64 g/m2. Out of 99 patients, 80% of patients with left atrial enlargement had elevated body mass indexes, 48% had a history of smoking, 32% had diabetes mellitus, 22% had other complications of hypertension, and 12% had dyslipidemia.Conclusions: We concluded that the Left Atrial Size correlates significantly with the Left Ventricular Mass Index. In addition, the presence of left atrial enlargement should raise the suspicion of other metabolic derangements in hypertensive patients.Ann. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2016:2(2);21-25
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Elevated serum uric acid and triglycerides level in the patients with Type
           II Diabetes Mellitus- a Nepalese case control study

    • Authors: Hridaya Parajuli, Jyotsna Shakya, Bashu Dev Pardhe, Puspa Raj Khanal, Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Pooja Maharjan, Govardhan Joshi, Alneil Mohamad Hamza, Dipendra Raj Pandeya
      Pages: 26 - 34
      Abstract: Background: Hyperuricemia is associated with type 2 diabetes, which is a metabolic disorder of multiple etiologies resulting from defects in insulin action. The present study wascarried out to look for any association between uric acid and Type II Diabetes Mellitus and also status of triacylglycerol level among those patients.Methods: The blood samples were collected 100 diabetic and 100 non-diabetic individuals in the department of biochemistry and then analyzed for estimation of blood glucose, Uric Acid and Triacylglycerol level.Results: The average level of serum uric acid in diabetic patients was higher (5.706±1.617) in comparison to non diabetic subjects (4.322±0.784) with statistically significant difference (p≤0.05). For female the result indicate there was a positive correlation between (FBS and triglycerides) and (triglycerides and uric acids) which was statistically significant (r =-0.465, n = 41, p = 0.002) and(r =-0.370, n = 41, p = 0.017) respectively.Conclusions: This study documents that hyperuricemia is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, the serum triacylglycerol and serum uric acid is also found to be associated risk factors for diabetic complications. Hence, timely diagnosis and management of diabetes is vital to control the complications related to diabetes.Ann. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. 2016:2(1); 26-34
      PubDate: 2017-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.162.107.122
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016