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  Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 881 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (54 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (616 journals)
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CHEMISTRY (616 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
2D Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 280)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription  
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 65)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 243)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 354)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 86)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 19)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications Chemistry     Open Access  
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Chimie     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Physique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Coordination Chemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corrosion Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Croatica Chemica Acta     Open Access  
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CrystEngComm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Current Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Chromatography     Hybrid Journal  
Current Green Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Current Metabolomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Microwave Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dalton Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Developments in Geochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dislocations in Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.24
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1011-3924
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [264 journals]
  • Correlation of antioxidant activity of dried berry infusions with the
           polyphenols and selected microelements contents

    • Authors: M. M. Bratu, S. Birghila, A. Popescu, B. S. Negreanu-Pirjol, T. Negreanu-Pirjol
      Abstract: Antioxidant activity was measured by ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assay in seven types of infusions prepared from commercial dried berry fruit products: Rosa canina, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Hiphophae rhamnoides, Hibiscus sabdariffa and three fruit mixtures. Total polyphenols (TP), total anthocyanins and the polyphenolic compounds were determined by HPLC equipped with diode array detector. To estimate the amount of elements released from fruits into the water extracts, levels of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu in dried samples and in infusions were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The correlation between polyphenols content and the antioxidant activities and the microelements in the infusions and the antioxidant activities were estimated using the Pearson’s correlation test. The results showed a high, positive and significant correlation (r = 0.9465) between the FRAP values and TP content, meaning that the concentration of phenolic compounds may be a good indicator of the reducing capacity in the infusions. Correlations varied (positive, negative and weak) between antioxidant and mineral extractability of berry infusions. Among the polyphenolic compounds, gallic acid contributed particularly to the antioxidant capacity of the studied samples (r = 0.563). The correlation of antioxidants, total polyphenols with mineral extractability showed the influence of antioxidant compound on mineral bioavailability. KEY WORDS: Mixed berry infusion, Antioxidant activity, Phenolic compounds, Microelements Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 1-12
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.1
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Correlation between caffeine contents of green coffee beans and altitudes
           of the coffee plants grown in southwest Ethiopia

    • Authors: M. Hagos, M. Redi-Abshiro, B. S. Chandravanshi, E. Ele, A. M. Mohammed, H. Mamo
      Abstract: Caffeine contents of 45 green coffee bean samples collected from coffee plants grown at different altitudes in Southwest Ethiopia was determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The caffeine contents were found in the range of 0.62 - 1.2% (w/w). A moderate negative correlation (R = 0.5463) was found between the caffeine contents of green coffee beans and the altitudes at which the coffee plants were grown. The caffeine contents of 9 of the green coffee bean samples analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) provided comparable results in the range of 0.60−1.1% (w/w). Statistical analysis of data (t-test) indicated absence of significant differences between the caffeine contents obtained by the two methods. Nonetheless, HPLC method is precise, accurate and reliable in determining caffeine content in green coffee bean samples while the UV-Vis spectrophotometry is simple, rapid, precise and more economical. KEY WORDS: Green coffee beans, Caffeine, Correlation between caffeine content and altitude of coffee plant, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, High performance liquid chromatography, Ethiopia Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 13-25
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.2
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Assessment of metals in roasted indigenous coffee varieties of Ethiopia

    • Authors: A. Gure, B. S. Chandravanshi, T. W. Godeto
      Abstract: The metals content (Ca, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) of roasted coffee varieties grown in five different regions of Ethiopia was determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Representative samples were collected from Coffee Quality Inspection and Liquoring Center in the capital city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and the metals were extracted by wet digestion. The optimal digestion required 4 hours refluxing at 270 oC on Kjeldhal hot plate with a mixture of 5 mL HNO3 (70%) and 1.5 mL HClO4 (70%) to completely digest 0.5 g of roasted coffee samples. Recoveries of metals in the spiked samples varied from 90 to 110%. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences in the concentrations of Ca, Co, Cu, Mn, Cr, Ni and Zn with the variation of coffee beans geographic origin. Pearson correlation coefficients indicated high positive correlation among some metals and high negative correlation among others. The amounts of metals that a person can get from two cups of coffee are well below the daily recommended values and drinking two cups of coffee is safe for an adult person and free from the risks of Cd and Pb toxicity. KEY WORDS: Metals content, Roasted coffee, Indigenous coffee varieties, Ethiopia Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 27-38
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.3
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Removal of heavy-metals from wastewater using a hydrous alumino-silicate
           mineral from Kenya

    • Authors: E. W. Wambu, S. Attahiru, P. M. Shiundu, J. Wabomba
      Abstract: Heavy metals’ discharge into the environment continues to pose grave concerns around the world. The efficacy of a hydrous alumino-silicate clay (AlSiM) coming obtained from some regions of Kenya to sorb heavy-metal ions from water has been evaluated in batch tests taking into account changes in adsorbent dose, pH, contact time, and temperature. Complete metal removals, from water containing up to 66 mg/L of Pb(II) was achieved using this material at pH value of 5 over a temperature range of 289–333 K. The adsorption data fitted both the Langmuir and the Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms with R2 > 0.99. The D-R adsorption energy (−11.7 kJ/mol) indicated that chemisorption was the primary reaction in the adsorption process and the derived ∆G0 value (−7.45 kJ/mol) was consistent with the spontaneity of the adsorption process. The kinetic analyses indicated a film-diffusion and surface-chemisorption controlled process. Verification of the initial results on heavy metals-containing wastewaters obtained from a tannery and a leather processing industries revealed excellent adsorption efficacies of AlSiM for Cr3+ (99−100%), Fe3+ (96−98%), Mn2+ (85−97%) and Zn2+ (78−86%). The use of AlSiM as a plausible low-cost adsorbent for heavy-metal decontamination of industrial effluents has therefore been demonstrated. KEY WORDS: Adsorption, Clays, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Heavy metals, Isotherms, Kinetics, Langmuir, Wastewater Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 39-51
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.4
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Adsorption of bovine serum albumin onto activated carbon prepared from
           Elaeagnus stone

    • Authors: Ü. Geçgel, O. Üner
      Abstract: In this study, the adsorption of bovine serum albumin was studied using the activated carbon prepared from Elaeagnus stone with chemical activation. Elaeagnus stone activated carbon was characterized using the point of zero charge, Fourier transform infrared spectra, Brunauer-Emmet-Teller method, scanning electron microscopy, and elemental analysis. The BET surface area of Elaeagnus stone activated carbon obtained by using 30% ZnCl2 (w/w) was determined to be 1588 m2/g. The effects of adsorbent dosages, contact time, initial bovine serum albumin concentrations, temperature and pH on the adsorption were investigated. The optimum values of adsorbent dosage, pH, and contact time were determined to be 1 mg/mL, 5, and 160 min for 500 mg/L BSA concentration, respectively. Additionally, the studies of adsorption equilibrium and kinetics were performed. The best fitting model from the experimental data was determined to be Langmuir model and the adsorption follows a pseudo-first-order kinetic model. KEY WORDS: Elaeagnus stone, Bovine serum albumin, Adsorption, Activated carbon Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 53-63
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.5
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Health risk assessment of heavy metals via consumption of spinach
           vegetable grown in Elalla River

    • Authors: F. Gebreyohannes, A. Gebrekidan
      Abstract: Water pollution with heavy metals due to discharge of untreated domestic wastes and surface runoff to the rivers is a major threat for human health that consumes vegetables grown with the polluted river. The present study aimed to examine the contamination of heavy metals through the health risk assessment via the consumption of spinach vegetable grown by the irrigation of Elalla River. Water from Elalla River, soil and spinach were analyzed for Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb, Cr and Cd using FAAS. Based on the elements analyzed, TF, DIM and HRI were calculated. The elements Cr (0.18-0.60) and Cd (0.021-0.023) in water samples (mg/L), Zn (316.10-517.86) and Cd (16.00-16.80) in soil samples(mg/kg); and Fe (483.38-612.24), Zn (109.86-219.72), Pb (2.56-3.97), Cr (8.42-13.45) and Cd (1.62-1.91) in spinach (mg/kg) were exceeded the permissible limits set by FAO and Ewers and Weigert. The TF calculated were lower for all metals except for Pb (2.832). Although the HRI values of all studied heavy metals were found to be < 1, the values for Cd and Pb were higher indicating alarming condition for the long term use of spinach in the studied area. Therefore, regular monitoring of heavy metals is essential to prevent excessive build up in the food chain and prevent serious health risk of population. KEY WORDS: Vegetables, Metal accumulation, Daily intake of metals, Health risk index, Human health Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 65-75
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.6
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Synthesis and characterization of nanocomposite NiFe2O4@SalenSi and its
           application in efficient removal of Ni(II) from aqueous solution

    • Authors: N. Babadi, H. Tavakkoli, M. Afshari
      Abstract: In this work, nano ferrite spinel NiFe2O4 was synthesized by sol-gel method and characterized by SEM, XRD, FT-IR, and VSM. In second step Schiff base made from salicylaldehyde and amino propyl triethoxy silane was used for modification of the synthesized nano ferrit. In the third step removal of Ni(II) was done using modified adsorbent and 95% efficiency was achieved. The removal rate was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. These studies showed that the Freundlich isotherm model was fitted well with adsorption data. Moreover, the pseudo-second order kinetic model was fitted very well with experimental data. The results demonstrated that NiFe2O4@SalenSi nanoadsorbent can be used for the removal and recovery of metal ions from wastewater over a number of cycles, indicating its suitability for the design of a continuous process.               KEY WORDS: Nano ferrite, Sol-gel method, Schiff base, Removal of Ni(II), Magnetic nanocomposite Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 77-88
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.7
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Synthesis of new nano Schiff base complexes: X-ray crystallography,
           thermal, electrochemical and anticancer studies of nano uranyl Schiff base
           complexes

    • Authors: F. D. Firuzabadi, Z. Asadi, R. Yousefi
      Abstract: This study presents synthesis and characterization of new nano uranyl Schiff base complexes. Electrochemistry of these complexes showed a quasireversible redox reaction without any successive reactions. Furthermore, X-ray crystallography exhibited that beside the coordination of tetradentate Schiff base, one solvent molecule (dimethylformamide) was also coordinated. According to Coats-Redfern plots the kinetics of thermal decomposition of the studied complexes was first-order in all stages. Anticancer activities of the uranyl Schiff base complexes against cancer cell lines (Jurkat) was studied and determined by MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide) assay. The results demonstrated that the complexes with aliphatic bridging units showed less anticancer activities than those having the aromatic units.               KEY WORDS: Uranyl Schiff base complex, Anticancer activities, Thermal studies, Electrochemistry; X-ray crystallography Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 89-100
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.8
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic activity of
           Mn2O3/Al2O3/Fe2O3 nanocomposite for degradation of malachite green

    • Authors: N. R. Habib, A. M. Taddesse, A. Temesgen
      Abstract: A Mn2O3/Al2O3/Fe2O3 nanocomposite photocatalyst was prepared by a co-precipitation method. Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and UV–Vis diffuse absorption spectroscopy (UV–Vis DAS) were employed to study elemental composition, functional group identification, structure, morphology, and band gap of the as-synthesized nanocomposite. The highest photodegradation efficiency was recorded for the sample containing the 10/10/80 percentages composition of Mn2O3/Al2O3/Fe2O3, respectively. The average crystallite size calculated from XRD for this sample was 40 nm. UV-Vis diffuse absorbance of the sample showed strong absorption in visible region at 550 nm, which is comparable to Fe2O3 which has absorption at 563.6 nm. This confirmed that coupling with alumina and manganese oxide did not contribute to the band gap narrowing but to delay the electron-hole recombination as witnessed by the highest photodegradation efficiency.               KEY WORDS: Co-precipitation method, Nanocomposite, Photocatalyst, Photodegradation, Malachite green Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 101-109
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.9
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Synthesis and structural characterization of
           N-(2-{[(2E)-2-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)- hydrazinyl]
           carbonyl}-phenyl)benzamide (HL) and its Co(II), Fe(III), Cu(II) and Zn(II)
           complexes. X-ray crystal structure of HL

    • Authors: R. Khan, A. Tavman, D. Gürbüz, M. Arfan, A. Çinarli
      Abstract: N-(2-{[(2E)-2-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)hydrazinyl]carbonyl}phenyl)benzamide (HL) and its Co(II), Fe(III), Cu(II) and Zn(II) perchlorate complexes were synthesized. The structures of HL and its complexes were confirmed on the basis of elemental analysis and FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H-NMR spectra. TGA, magnetic moment and molar conductivity measurements were carried out for the complexes. In addition, the crystal structure of HL was determined by X-ray diffraction at room temperature. It crystallizes in the monoclinic, space group C2/c and Z=4. HL has an interesting structure due to the presence of two intramolecular hydrogen bonds. It behaves as a bidentate ligand through the C=N nitrogen and OH oxygen atoms in its chelate complexes that they have 1:2 M:L (metal:ligand) ratio. The Fe(III), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes, [Fe(HL)(L)(H2O)2](ClO4)2, [Cu(HL)2](ClO4)2∙3H2O, [Zn(HL)2](ClO4)2·H2O are 2:1 electrolytes whereas the Co(II) complex, [Co(HL)(L)(H2O)]ClO4·H2O, is 1:1 electrolyte according to the molar conductivity data.               KEY WORDS: Hydrazine, Hydroxybenzylidene, Benzamide, Metal Complexes, Crystal Structure Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 111-124
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.10
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Synthesis, characterization and crystal structures of hydrazone compounds
           derived from isonicotinohydrazide

    • Authors: M. T. Zhu, X. Y. Qiu, S. J. Liu, L. Y. He, D. Z. Xu, Z. You
      Abstract: New isonicotinohydrazone compounds, N’-(3-bromobenzylidene)isonicotinohydrazide (1) and N’-(2,3-difluorobenzylidene)isonicotinohydrazide (2), were prepared and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV and 1H NMR spectra, and single crystal X-ray determination. Compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/n with unit cell dimensions a = 7.600(2) Å, b = 11.365(2) Å, c = 14.412(2) Å, β = 101.748(2)º, V = 1218.7(4) Å3, Z = 4, R1 = 0.0335, and wR2 = 0.0745. Compound 2 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 with unit cell dimensions a = 7.6241(6) Å, b = 11.3937(9) Å, c = 14.335(1) Å, α = 79.664(1)º, β = 75.990(1)º, γ = 71.159(1)º, V = 1136.5(2) Å3, Z = 4, R1 = 0.0345, and wR2 = 0.0940. Structures of both compounds are stabilized by hydrogen bonds and π···π interactions.               KEY WORDS: Isonicotinohydrazone, Crystal structure, Hydrogen bonds, X-ray diffraction Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 125-132
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.11
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Multi component one pot synthesis and characterization of derivatives of
           2-amino-7,7-
           dimethyl-5-oxo-4-phenyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromene-3-carbonitrile and
           study of anti-microbial activity

    • Authors: N. K. Rao, T. N. Rao, B. Parvatamma, K. P. Devi, S. C. Setty
      Abstract: An efficient and convenient procedure has been described for one-pot multi-component synthesisof tetrahydrobenzo[b]pyrans known as 2-amino-7,7-dimethyl-5-oxo-4-phenyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromene-3-carbonitrile which can be obtained from the reaction of substituted aromatic aldehydes, dimedone, malonitrile, in the presence of base such as potassium tertiary butoxide and THF in methanol as solvent at RT condition. All the compounds were examined by advanced spectroscopic data (1H NMR, 13C NMR and LCMS) and the structural determination was evaluated by elemental analysis. In addition to this, all the newly synthesized compounds were examined for their antibacterial activities and antifungal activity by disc diffusion method against the organism of Aspergillus niger and Candida ablicans L.               KEY WORDS: Aromatic aldehydes, Dimedone, Malonitrile, Potasium tertiary butoxide, 2-Amino-7,7-dimethyl-5-oxo-4-phenyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromene-3-carbonitrile, Anti-microbial activity Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 133-138
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.12
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Grinding solvent-free Paal-Knorr pyrrole synthesis on smectites as
           recyclable and green catalysts

    • Authors: O. Marvi, H. T. Nahzomi
      Abstract: An environmentally benign method for the synthesis of N-substituted pyrroles from one-pot solvent-free condensation reaction of 2,5-hexanedione with various primary amines (Paal-Knorr pyrrole synthesis) on smectite clays as green and reusable heterogeneous Lewis acid catalysts is presented. The use of nontoxic, inexpensive, easily available and reusable catalysts under solvent-free conditions make this protocol practical, environmentally friendly and economically attractive.               KEY WORDS: Paal-Knorr, Smectites, Pyrrole, Solvent-free, Grinding Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 139-147
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.13
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Solvent free one pot synthesis of novel naphtho[1,8-gh]
           quinazoline-7,10-dione derivatives with CuCl2

    • Authors: M. K. Mohammadi
      Abstract: The Biginelli-type reaction of phenalen-1,3-dione with urea, and benzaldehyde derivatives in the presence of CuCl2 as a catalyst for the synthesis of naphtho[1,8-gh]quinazoline-7,10-diones in solvent free condition are reviewed. Excellent yields of the products, short reaction times and simple work-up are attractive features of this suitable protocol.               KEY WORDS: Synthesis, Naphtho[1,8-gh]quinazoline-7,10-diones, One pot, Solvent free Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 149-156
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.14
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Efficientone-pot synthesis of imidazoles catalyzed by silica-supported
           La0.5Pb0.5MnO3 nano particles as anovel and reusable perovskite oxide

    • Authors: N. Zahedi, A. Javid, M. K. Mohammadi, H. Tavakkoli
      Abstract: Silica-supported La0.5Pb0.5MnO3 nanoparticles was prepared and used as a new perovskite-type catalyst for rapid and efficient synthesis of substituted imidazoles by an one-pot three-component condensation of [9,10]-phenanthraquinone, aryl aldehydes and ammonium acetate in excellent yield under reflux, and also solvent-free conditions.               KEY WORDS: Perovskite, Multicomponent reaction, One-pot synthesis,Imidazoles, Nano catalyst, Heterogeneous catalyst Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 157-166
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.15
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Chemical constituents and antioxidant activities of the fruits extracts of
           Piper capense

    • Authors: E. Debebe, T. Dessalegn, Y. Melaku
      Abstract: The fruits of P. capense from Ethiopia were hydro-distilled with Clevenger apparatus to furnish 2.6-2.8% yellowish oil which was analyzed with GC–MS. Results of the GC-MS analysis revealed the presence of twenty one components with the major ones are β-caryophyllene (5%), g-muurolene (7.22%), germacrene D (9.30%), dihydroxy-isocalamendiol (11.6%), and cis-muurola-3,5-diene (15.6%). The fruits were also successively extracted with n-hexane and EtOAc to give 1.3% and 2.3% yield on dry weight basis, respectively. The EtOAc extract was screened for the presence of secondary metabolites which showed the presence of alkaloids, phenols, steroids, flavonoids, saponins and terpenoids while tannin was not detected.  The EtOAc extract after silica gel column chromatography resulted in the isolation of 5-hydroxy-7,4’-dimethoxyflavone. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of the EtOAc extract, essential oil and 5-hydroxy-7,4’-dimethoxyflavone were evaluated and found to inhibit DPPH radical by 78%, 70% and 84% at 100 µg mL-1, respectively. Likewise, the EtOAc extract, essential oil and 5-hydroxy-7,4’-dimethoxyflavone inhibited peroxidation of lipid by 74, 64 and 80%, respectively. The results are significant compared to ascorbic acid used as positive control suggesting the use of the fruit of P. capense as a natural antioxidant.               KEY WORDS: Piper capense, DPPH, Ferric thiocyanate, 5-hydroxy-7,4’-dimethoxyflavone Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 167-174
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.16
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Synthesis and antioxidant activity of novel 8-formyl-4-substitued
           coumarins

    • Authors: H. Ç. Onar, B. A.Vardar
      Abstract: 4-Methyl-8-formyl- and 4-phenyl-8-formyl coumarins have been synthesized by Pechmann reaction using oxalic acid catalyst for the first time. 4-Propyl-7-hydroxy-, and 4-methyl-7-methoxy coumarins have also been accomplished by this catalyst for the first time. They have been characterizated by IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, mass and elemental analysis. Furthermore, the obtained coumarins were compared according to antioxidant activity by DPPH method.               KEY WORDS: Coumarin, Antioxidant activity, DPPH method Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 175-178
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.17
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Polymethylhydrosiloxane reduction of carbonyl function catalysed by
           titanium tetrachloride

    • Authors: N. D. Jumbam, S. Makaluza, W. Masamba
      Abstract: Reduction of aromatic aldehydes and ketones into the corresponding methylene derivatives by polymethylhydrosiloxane in the presence of titanium tetrachloride as catalyst was achieved in good to excellent yields ranging from 55-90%. The reaction took place under relatively mild conditions and smoothly led to the desired target molecules in the presence of other functional groups such as halogens, hydroxyl, nitro and methoxy groups. However, in the reduction of the substrate with two methoxy groups in close proximity (1,2-positions), the reaction necessitated a larger amount of the titanium catalyst and a longer reaction time to complete the reduction of the carbonyl function due to a likely complex formation of titanium tetrachloride with the methoxy groups.               KEY WORDS: Carbonyl reduction, Polymethylhydrosiloxane, Titanium tetrachloride, Catalyst, Hydride transfer Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 179-184
      DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v32i1.18
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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