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  Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 931 journals)
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CHEMISTRY (663 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
2D Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 378)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 88)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Aerosol Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alchemy : Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alotrop     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A : Applied Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 192)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 290)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio AA – Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 403)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 23)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 76)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Chemical Physics Letters : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 236)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 49)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry     Open Access  
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Chemistry & Industry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 192)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Chemistry Africa : A Journal of the Tunisian Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 285)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemosensors     Open Access  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Chimie     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Physique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Coordination Chemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corrosion Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Croatica Chemica Acta     Open Access  
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CrystEngComm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Current Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Chromatography     Hybrid Journal  
Current Green Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Metabolomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Microwave Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.977
Citation Impact (citeScore): 8
Number of Followers: 20  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0001-8686
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3181 journals]
  • On the rupture of thin films made from aqueous surfactant solutions
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Dominique Langevin This short review describes the work on aqueous foam film stability with the important past contributions of Dotchi Exerowa and Dimo Platikanov, together with advances from other research groups. The review is focused on film rupture, for which few controlled experiments can be found in the literature and as a consequence, our understanding is still limited. The work on rupture of films in foams is described, together with the correlations with the rupture of isolated films. The review addresses mainly the case of aqueous films and foams, but analog studies of emulsions and emulsion films are also briefly discussed.Graphical abstractApproach of two bubbles; when C > Cbl, no film is formed and coalescence is rapid; when C > Cbl, a thin liquid film forms between bubbles and rupture of the film leads to a single large bubble.Unlabelled Image
  • Nano-interfacial decoration of Halloysite Nanotubes for the development of
           antimicrobial nanocomposites
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Saeida Saadat, Gaurav Pandey, Maithri Tharmavaram, Vincent Braganza, Deepak Rawtani In recent times, incorporation of Halloysite Nanotubes (HNTs) with various antimicrobial agents as interfacial materials between these nanotubes and pathogenic microorganisms, for the development of antimicrobial nanocomposites with enhanced antimicrobial activities has gained researcher's interest. The main benefits given by HNT to these nanocomposites include enhanced thermal and mechanical stability of the antimicrobial nanocomposites and also prolong durability and release of the antimicrobial agents in a sustained manner. The exceptional structure of these aluminosilicate minerals based nanotubes (hollow tubular lumen with huge surface area) and oppositely charged surface molecules assist in attaching various molecules on both, the internal surface as well as on the outer surface of these nanotubes. Other advantages of these clay-based minerals are their biocompatibility, non-toxicity, eco-friendly nature and their natural availability with affordable price, which also contribute in selecting them as supporting material for biological applications. Therefore, these clay-based nanotubes have been recently used for developing various antimicrobial nanocomposites. In this review, various antimicrobial nanocomposites developed through incorporation of HNT with myriad antimicrobial agents such as nanoparticles, metal ions, antibiotics, essential oils, biopolymers, phenolic compounds, surfactants and food preservatives as an interface between these nanotubes and microorganisms have been discussed. These antimicrobial nanocomposites could be synthesized in different forms (powder, film, nanocapsule and adhesive) which can be applicable in various fields such as food packaging, water decontamination, waste water management, healing of wounds, antimicrobial agents for surfaces, orthopedics and for the treatment of microbial infections.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • The pH dependent surface charging and points of zero charge. VIII. Update
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Marek Kosmulski A critical review of the points of zero charge (PZC) obtained by potentiometric titration and of isoelectric points (IEP) obtained by electrokinetic measurements. The results from the recent literature are presented with experimental details (temperature, method, type of apparatus, etc.), and they are compared with the zero points of similar materials reported in older publications. Most studies of PZC and IEP reported in the recent papers were carried out for metal oxides and hydroxides, especially alumina, iron oxides, and titania, and the results are consistent with the PZC and IEP of similar materials reported in older literature, and summarized in previous reviews by the same author. Relatively few studies were carried out with less common materials, and IEP of (nominally) VO2 and BN have been reported for the 1st time.
  • Biosurfactants, natural alternatives to synthetic surfactants:
           Physicochemical properties and applications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Ruksana Jahan, Andrew M. Bodratti, Marina Tsianou, Paschalis Alexandridis Biosurfactants comprise a wide array of amphiphilic molecules synthesized by plants, animals, and microbes. The synthesis route dictates their molecular characteristics, leading to broad structural diversity and ensuing functional properties. We focus here on low molecular weight (LMW) and high molecular weight (HMW) polymeric biosurfactants of microbial origin. These are environmentally safe and biodegradable, making them attractive candidates for applications spanning cosmetics to oil recovery. Biosurfactants spontaneously adsorb at various interfaces and self-assemble in aqueous solution, resulting in useful physicochemical properties such as decreased surface and interfacial tension, low critical micellization concentrations (CMCs), and ability to solubilize hydrophobic compounds. This review highlights the relationships between biosurfactant molecular composition, structure, and their interfacial behavior. It also describes how environmental factors such as temperature, pH, and ionic strength can impact physicochemical properties and self-assembly behavior of biosurfactant-containing solutions and dispersions. Comparison between biosurfactants and their synthetic counterparts are drawn to illustrate differences in their structure-property relationships and potential benefits. Knowledge of biosurfactant properties organized along these lines is useful for those seeking to formulate so-called green or natural products with novel and useful properties.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Rheology of mixed solutions of sulfonated methyl esters and betaine in
           relation to the growth of giant micelles and shampoo applications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Veronika I. Yavrukova, Gergana M. Radulova, Krassimir D. Danov, Peter A. Kralchevsky, Hui Xu, Yee Wei Ung, Jordan T. Petkov This is a review article on the rheological properties of mixed solutions of sulfonated methyl esters (SME) and cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB), which are related to the synergistic growth of giant micelles. Effects of additives, such as fatty alcohols, cocamide monoethanolamine (CMEA) and salt, which are expected to boost the growth of wormlike micelles, are studied. We report and systematize the most significant observed effects with an emphasis on the interpretation at molecular level and understanding the rheological behavior of these systems. The experiments show that the mixing of SME and CAPB produces a significant rise of viscosity, which is greater than in the mixed solutions of sodium dodecyl sulfate and CAPB. The addition of fatty alcohols, CMEA and cationic polymer, leads to broadening of the synergistic peak in viscosity without any pronounced effect on its height. The addition of NaCl leads to a typical salt curve with high maximum, but in the presence of dodecanol this maximum is much lower. At lower salt concentrations, the fatty alcohol acts as a thickener, whereas at higher salt concentrations – as a thinning agent. Depending on the shape of the frequency dependences of the measured storage and loss moduli, G' and G“, the investigated micellar solutions behave as systems of standard or nonstandard rheological behavior. The systems with standard behavior obey the Maxwell viscoelastic model (at least) up to the crossover point (G' = G”) and can be analyzed in terms of the Cates reptation-reaction model. The systems with nonstandard rheological behavior obey the Maxwell model only in a restricted domain below the crossover frequency; they can be analyzed in the framework of an augmented version of the Maxwell model. The methodology for data analysis and interpretation could be applied to any other viscoelastic micellar system.Graphical abstract“Rheology of mixed solutions of sulfonated methyl esters and betaine in relation to the growth of giant micelles and shampoo applications”.Unlabelled Image
  • Carotenoid-loaded nanocarriers: A comprehensive review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Abdur Rehman, Qunyi Tong, Seid Mahdi Jafari, Elham Assadpour, Qayyum Shehzad, Rana Muhammad Aadil, Muhamad Waheed Iqbal, Marwan M.A. Rashed, Bilal Sajid Mushtaq, Waqas Ashraf Carotenoids retain plenty of health benefits and attracting much attention recently, but they have less resistance to processing stresses, easily oxidized and chemically unstable. Additionally, their application in food and pharmaceuticals are restricted due to some limitations such as poor bioavailability, less solubility and quick release. Nanoencapsulation techniques can be used to protect the carotenoids and to uphold their original characteristics during processing, storage and digestion, improve their physiochemical properties and enhance their health promoting effects. The importance of nanocarriers in foods and pharmaceuticals cannot be denied. This review comprehensively covers recent advances in nanoencapsulation of carotenoids with biopolymeric nanocarriers (polysaccharides and proteins), and lipid-based nanocarriers, their functionalities, aptness and innovative developments in preparation strategies. Furthermore, the present state of the art encapsulation of different carotenoids via biopolymeric and lipid-based nanocarriers have been enclosed and tabulated well. Nanoencapsulation has a vast range of applications for protection of carotenoids. Polysaccharides in combination with different proteins can offer a great avenue to achieve the desired formulation for encapsulation of carotenoids by using different nanoencapsulation strategies. In terms of lipid based nanocarriers, solid lipid nanoparticles and nanostructure lipid carriers are proving as the encouraging candidates for entrapment of carotenoids. Additionally, nanoliposomes and nanoemulsion are also promising and novel-vehicles for the protection of carotenoids against challenging aspects as well as offering an effectual controlled release on the targeted sites. In the future, further studies could be conducted for exploring the application of nanoencapsulated systems in food and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) for industrial applications.Graphical abstract.Schematic illustration of niosomes loaded with carotenoids.Unlabelled Image
  • Adsorption of ionic surfactants at the air-water interface: The gap
           between theory and experiment
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Mengsu Peng, Anh V. Nguyen We review the experimental and theoretical results for the adsorption and structure of ionic surfactants at the air-liquid interface. The results show that ionic surfactants form thick adsorption layers at the interfacial region. We also review several adsorption models for ionic surfactants, which become increasingly complex as they capture the many features of adsorption layers. However, the adsorption layer structures determined by experiments and the structures predicted by models do not match because most models assume very thin adsorption layers. We show the discrepancies between measured and predicted surface properties and provide several explanations. We conclude that the mismatch in the adsorption layer structure provided by experiments and the structure provided by adsorption models is the main reason for the discrepancies in the surface excess and the surface potential.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • DNA hydrogel-empowered biosensing
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Sima Khajouei, Hadi Ravan, Ali Ebrahimi DNA hydrogels as special members in the DNA nanotechnology have provided crucial prerequisites to create innovative gels owing to their sufficient stability, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and tunable multifunctionality. These properties have tailored DNA hydrogels for various applications in drug delivery, tissue engineering, sensors, and cancer therapy. Recently, DNA-based materials have attracted substantial consideration for the exploration of smart hydrogels, in which their properties can change in response to chemical or physical stimuli. In other words, these gels can undergo switchable gel-to-sol or sol-to-gel transitions upon application of different triggers. Moreover, various functional motifs like i-motif structures, antisense DNAs, DNAzymes, and aptamers can be inserted into the polymer network to offer a molecular recognition capability to the complex. In this manuscript, a comprehensive discussion will be endowed with the recognition capability of different kinds of DNA hydrogels and the alternation in physicochemical behaviors upon target introducing. Finally, we offer a vision into the future landscape of DNA based hydrogels in sensing applications.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Multifaceted applications of green carbon dots synthesized from renewable
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Neeraj Tejwan, Subbroto Kumar Saha, Joydeep Das Fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) are an emerging class of nanomaterials in the carbon family. There are various inexpensive and renewable resources that can be used to synthesize green CDs, which have received immense attention from researchers because of their improved aqueous solubility, high biocompatibility, and eco-friendly nature compared with chemically derived CDs. Additional surface passivation is not required, as heteroatoms are present on the surface of green CDs in the form of amine, hydroxyl, carboxyl, or thiol functional groups, which can improve their physicochemical properties, quantum yield, and the probability of visible light absorption. Green CDs have potential applications in the fields of bioimaging, drug/gene delivery systems, catalysis, and sensing. Since their discovery, there have been several review articles that describe the synthesis of green CDs and some of their applications. However, there are no review articles describing the synthesis and complete applications of green CDs. Here, we provide detailed information regarding their synthesis and applications based on the available literature. In addition, we discuss some of the less explored applications of green CDs and the challenges that remain to be overcome.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Dispersed graphene materials of biomedical interest and their
           toxicological consequences
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Rahul Patil, Pratap Bahadur, Sanjay Tiwari Graphene is one-atom thick nanocarbon displaying a unique honeycomb structure and extensive conjugation. In addition to high surface area to mass ratio, it displays unique optical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties. Atomic scale tunability of graphene has attracted immense research interest with a prospective utility in electronics, desalination, energy sectors, and beyond. Its intrinsic opto-thermal properties are appealing from the standpoint of multimodal drug delivery, imaging and biosensing applications. Hydrophobic basal plane of sheets can be efficiently loaded with aromatic molecules via non-specific forces. With intense biomedical interest, methods are evolving to produce defect-free and dispersion stable sheets. This review summarizes advancements in synthetic approaches and strategies of stabilizing graphene derivatives in aqueous medium. We have described the interaction of colloidal graphene with cellular and sub-cellular components, and subsequent physiological signaling. Finally, a systematic discussion is provided covering toxicological challenges and possible solutions on utilizing graphene formulations for high-end biomedical applications.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Overcharging and charge inversion: Finding the correct explanation(s)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Wiebe M. de Vos, Saskia Lindhoud Both overcharging and charge inversion denote a general observation that the sign of a surface charge can flip in the presence of interacting species such as surfactants, polyelectrolytes, proteins and multivalent ions. Moreover, charge inversion of proteins through charge regulation, is one explanation for protein adsorption to similarly charged surfaces. While overcharging and charge inversion have been long studied, the explanations for these phenomena are often still debated. Broadly these explanations can be categorized as “chemical” where specific attractive interactions are seen as the cause of charge inversion, and “physical” where purely electrostatic interactions and constraints of geometry are used as explanation. In this review, charge inversion is discussed from a very broad viewpoint, where we draw connections between the various explanations proposed for very different systems. Especially, we highlight the work of Johannes Lyklema, who always carefully balanced between the competing chemical and physical explanations, and demonstrated that only few experimental systems allow just a single explanation.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Biolubrication synergy: Hyaluronan – Phospholipid interactions at
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Andra Dėdinaitė, D.C. Florian Wieland, Piotr Bełdowski, Per M. Claesson The manner in which nature has solved lubrication issues has fascinated scientists for centuries, in particular when considering that lubrication is achieved in aqueous media. The most outstanding system in this respect is likely the synovial joint, where close to frictionless motion is realized under different loads and shear rates. This review article focuses on two components present in the synovial area, hyaluronan and phospholipids. We recapitulate what has been learned about their interactions at interfaces from recent experiments, with focus on results obtained using reflectivity techniques at large scale facilities. In parallel, modelling experiments have been carried out and from these efforts new detailed knowledge about how hyaluronan and phospholipids interact has been gained. In this review we combine findings from modelling and experiments to gain deeper insight. Finally, we summarize what has been learned of the lubrication performance of mixtures of phospholipids and hyaluronan.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Delivery to the gut microbiota: A rapidly proliferating research field
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Adi Seifert, Yechezkel Kashi, Yoav D. Livney The post genomic era has brought breakthroughs in our understanding of the complex and fascinating symbiosis we have with our co-evolving microbiota, and its dramatic impact on our physiology, physical and mental health, mood, interpersonal communication, and more. This fast “proliferating” knowledge, particularly related to the gut microbiota, is leading to the development of numerous technologies aimed to promote our health via prudent modulation of our gut microbiota. This review embarks on a journey through the gastrointestinal tract from a biomaterial science and engineering perspective, and focusses on the various approaches proposed in research institutes and those already used in various industries and clinics, and the various state-of-the-art approaches for their delivery to the gut microbiota, with emphasis on the latest developments published within the last 5 years. Current and possible future trends are discussed. It seems that future development will progress toward more personalized solutions, combining high throughput diagnostic omic methods, and precision interventions.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Adsorption properties of plant based bio-surfactants: Insights from
           neutron scattering techniques
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): J. Penfold, R.K. Thomas There is an increasing interest in biosustainable surfactants and surface active proteins for a range of applications, in home and personal care products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and food and drink formulations. This review focuses on two plant derived biosurfactants, the surface active glycoside, saponin, and the surface active globular protein, hydrophobin. A particular emphasis in the review is on the role of neutron reflectivity in probing the adsorption, structure of the adsorbed layer, and their mixing at the interface with a range of more conventional surfactants and proteins.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Efficacy of several additives to modulate the phase behavior of biomedical
           polymers: A comprehensive and comparative outlook
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Payal Narang, Pannuru Venkatesu Several new classes of polymeric materials are being introduced with unique properties. Thermoresponsive polymers (TRPs) are one of the most fascinating and emerging class of biomaterials in biomedical research. The design of TRPs with good response to temperature and its ability to exhibit coil to globular transition behavior near to physiological temperature made them more promising materials in the field of biomaterials and biomedicines. Instead of numerous studies on TRPs, the mechanistic interplay among several additives and TRPs is still not understood clearly and completely. The lack of complete understanding of biomolecular interactions of various additives with TRPs is limiting their applications in interdisciplinary science as well as pharmaceutical industry. There is a great need to provide a collective and comprehensive information of various additives and their behavior on widely accepted biopolymers, TRPs such as poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), poly(vinyl methyl ether) (PVME), poly(N-vinylcaprolactum) (PVCL) and poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(propylene glycol)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-PPG-PEG) in aqueous solution. Obviously, as the literature on the influence of various additives on TRPs is very vast, therefore we focus our review only on these four selected TRPs. Additives such as polyols, methylamines, surfactants and denaturants basically made the significant changes in water structure associated to polymer via their entropy variation which is the direct influence of their directly or indirectly binding abilities. Eventually, this review addresses a brief overview of the most recent literature of applications based phase behavior of four selected TRPs in response to external stimuli. The work enhances the knowledge for use of TRPs in the advanced development of drug delivery system and in many more pharmaceutical applications. These kinds of studies provide powerful impact in exploring the utility range of polymeric materials in various field of science.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Bile salts in digestion and transport of lipids
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Adam Macierzanka, Amelia Torcello-Gómez, Christian Jungnickel, Julia Maldonado-Valderrama Because of their unusual chemical structure, bile salts (BS) play a fundamental role in intestinal lipid digestion and transport. BS have a planar arrangement of hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties, which enables the BS molecules to form peculiar self-assembled structures in aqueous solutions. This molecular arrangement also has an influence on specific interactions of BS with lipid molecules and other compounds of ingested food and digestive media. Those comprise the complex scenario in which lipolysis occurs. In this review, we discuss the BS synthesis, composition, bulk interactions and mode of action during lipid digestion and transport. We look specifically into surfactant-related functions of BS that affect lipolysis, such as interactions with dietary fibre and emulsifiers, the interfacial activity in facilitating lipase and colipase anchoring to the lipid substrate interface, and finally the role of BS in the intestinal transport of lipids. Unravelling the roles of BS in the processing of lipids in the gastrointestinal tract requires a detailed analysis of their interactions with different compounds. We provide an update on the most recent findings concerning two areas of BS involvement: lipolysis and intestinal transport. We first explore the interactions of BS with various dietary fibres and food emulsifiers in bulk and at interfaces, as these appear to be key aspects for understanding interactions with digestive media. Next, we explore the interactions of BS with components of the intestinal digestion environment, and the role of BS in displacing material from the oil-water interface and facilitating adsorption of lipase. We look into the process of desorption, solubilisation of lipolysis products and formation of mixed micelles. Finally, the BS-driven interactions of colloidal particles with the small intestinal mucus layer are considered, providing new findings for the overall assessment of the role of BS in lipid digestion and intestinal transport. This review offers a unique compilation of well-established and most recent studies dealing with the interactions of BS with food emulsifiers, nanoparticles and dietary fibre, as well as with the luminal compounds of the gut, such as lipase-colipase, triglycerides and intestinal mucus. The combined analysis of these complex interactions may provide crucial information on the pattern and extent of lipid digestion. Such knowledge is important for controlling the uptake of dietary lipids or lipophilic pharmaceuticals in the gastrointestinal tract through the engineering of novel food structures or colloidal drug-delivery systems.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Gold nanoparticles: New routes across old boundaries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Yogita Kumari, Gurmandeep Kaur, Rajesh Kumar, Sachin Kumar Singh, Monica Gulati, Rubiya Khursheed, Ayinkamiye Clarisse, K. Gowthamarajan, V.V.S. Narayana Reddy Karri, Ravichandran Mahalingam, Dipanjoy Ghosh, Ankit Awasthi, Rajan Kumar, Ankit Kumar Yadav, Bhupinder Kapoor, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Kamal Dua, Omji Porwal In recent years, gold nanoparticles have emerged as unique non-invasive drug carriers for targeting drugs to their site of action. Their site specificity has helped in increasing drugs' efficacy at lower dose as well as reduction in their side effects. Moreover, their excellent optical properties and small size offer their utilization as diagnostic tools to diagnose tumors as well as other diseases. This review focuses on various approaches that have been used in last several years for preparation of gold nanoparticles, their characterization techniques and theranostic applications. Their toxicity related aspects are also highlighted. Gold nanoparticles are useful as theranostic agents, owing to their small size, biocompatible nature, size dependent physical, chemical and optical properties etc. However, the challenges associated with these nanoparticles such as scale up, cost, low drug payload, toxicity and stability have been the major impediments in their commercialization. The review looks into all these critical issues and identifies the possibilities to overcome these challenges for successful positioning of metallic nanoparticles in market.Graphical abstract•Turkevich, Brust-Schiffrin, seeded growth, sonochemical and green methods are mainly used to prepare AuNPs.•UV–Visible, NMR and mass spectroscopy are used for chemical characterization of AuNPs•Dynamic light scattering, TEM and AFM and X-ray diffraction studies are used for physical characterization.•Optical and physio-chemical properties of AuNPs offer their application in targeted therapies and imaging.•Toxicity of nanoparticles depends upon their size, shape and capping ligand.Unlabelled Image
  • Characterisation of hydrogels: Linking the nano to the microscale
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Vikram Singh Raghuwanshi, Gil Garnier Hydrogels are water enriched soft materials widely used for applications as varied as super absorbents, breast implants and contact lenses. Hydrogels have also been designed for smart functional devices including drug delivery, tissue engineering and diagnostics such as blood typing. The hydrogel properties and functionality depend on their crosslinking density, water holding capacity and fibre/polymer composition, strength and internal structure. Determining these parameters and properties is challenging. This review presents the main characterisation methods providing both qualitative and quantitative information of the structures and compositions of hydrogel. The length scale of interest ranges from the nano to the micro scale and the techniques and results are analysed in relationship to the hydrogel macroscopic applications. The characterisation methods examined aim at quantifying swelling, mechanical strength, mesh size, bound and free water content, pore structure, chemical composition, strength of chemical bonds and mechanical strength. These hydrogel parameters enable us to understand the fundamental mechanisms of hydrogel formation, to control their structure and functionality, and to optimize and tailor specific hydrogel properties to engineer particular applications.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Structure and functions of oleosomes (oil bodies)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Constantinos V. Nikiforidis Oleosomes are natural oil droplets, abundant in plants and more specifically in seeds, composing 20–50 wt% of their mass. The structure of oleosomes is the mechanism that seeds developed to safely store energy in the form of triacylglycerols and use it during germination. For this, the phospholipid/protein membrane that covers and protects the triacylglycerols has been wisely developed during evolution to grant them extreme stability against physical and chemical stresses. The remarkable property-performance relationships of oleosomes have generated a lot of interest to incorporate them in oil-in-water emulsions and take advantage of their sophisticated membrane. However, the structure-function relationship of the molecular components in the oleosome membrane is still not well understood and requires more attention in order to take complete advantage of their potential functions. The aim of this review is to give insights into the architecture of the oleosomes and to discuss the exploitation of their properties in advanced and broad applications, from carrying and protecting sensitive molecules to bio-catalysis.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Luminescent carbon nanoparticles separation and purification
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Alina A. Kokorina, Andrei V. Sapelkin, Gleb B. Sukhorukov, Irina Yu Goryacheva Nowadays luminescent carbon-based nanoparticles can be synthesized by a wide range of pHysical and chemical methods from a large variety of carbon-based material sources. However, in most of the cases the product of synthesis is a complex mixture of compounds, which results in significant challenges in understanding the structure and optical properties of the reaction products. Consequently, a number of separation and purification methodologies have been developed to alleviate these challenges. In this review, we provide a detailed analysis of the current state of the art for methods of luminescent carbon nanoparticles separation and purification. We specifically target such methods as sucrose density gradient centrifugation, chromatography techniques, and electrophoresis because of their ability for fine separation of the reaction products with into a number of fractions. The aim of our comparative analysis is to help development of future strategies for reaction product separation and purification leading to a better understanding of carbon nanoparticles structure and luminescent mechanism as well as to underpin their applications.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Colloidal networks of fat crystals
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Edmund D. Co, Alejandro G. Marangoni The following paper traces the development of the study of colloidal networks of fat crystals. The work starts with traditional pre-fractal particle network models of fat crystal networks. Due to its central importance in the study of colloidal networks of fat crystals (and other colloidal aggregates), a short exposition of fractal geometry is provided. The development of fractal aggregation models as well as models that describe the rheology of networks of these fractal aggregates is introduced. Later sections of the paper show the application of these aggregation and mechanical models specifically to fats. Finally, recent work in elucidating the nanostructural elements of fat crystal networks and aggregates of these nanostructures is provided.Graphical abstractFractal aggregates of fat crystals of the high melting fraction of milkfat in triolein.Unlabelled Image
  • A review on exfoliation, characterization, environmental and energy
           applications of graphene and graphene-based composites
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Mohammad Yusuf, Mahendra Kumar, Moonis Ali Khan, Mika Sillanpa, Hassan Arafat Because of an atom-thick two-dimensional structure with sp2 hybridization, large specific area, high thermal conductivity, superior electron mobility, and chemical stability, graphene (GN) has developed substantial interest among researchers, exponentially accelerating GN based research. GN and its derivatives are the potentially attractive materials to develop composites for energy and environmental applications. This review covered a general overview on physical and chemical properties of GN and based composite materials, briefly summarizing exfoliation methodologies and characterization techniques in the first section. The environmental applications of GN and GN composites in detection of gases, bacteria as well as in the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants were comprehensively addressed in the second section. Third section focused on recent progress associated with the applications of GN and its composites in solar energy conversion, electrochemical energy devices, storage and production of hydrogen. Finally, conclusive remarks emphasizing unresolved problems and major future challenges were covered in the last section. In addition, the prospects and further development of GN and GN composites in energy, environment and bioscience were discussed.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Human saliva and model saliva at bulk to adsorbed
           phases – similarities and differences
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 August 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Anwesha Sarkar, Feng Xu, Seunghwan Lee Human saliva, a seemingly simple aqueous fluid, is, in fact, an extraordinarily complex biocolloid that is not fully understood, despite many decades of study. Salivary lubrication is widely believed to be a signature of good oral health and is also crucial for speech, food oral processing and swallowing. However, saliva has been often neglected in food colloid research, primarily due to its high intra- to inter-individual variability and altering material properties upon collection and storage, when used as an ex vivo research material. In the last decade, colloid scientists have attempted designing model (i.e. ‘saliva mimicking fluid’) saliva formulations to understand saliva-food colloid interactions in an in vitro set up and its contribution on microstructural aspects, lubrication properties and sensory perception. In this Review, we critically examine the current state of knowledge on bulk and interfacial properties of model saliva in comparison to real human saliva and highlight how far such model salivary formulations can match the properties of real human saliva. Many, if not most, of these model saliva formulations share similarities with real human saliva in terms of biochemical compositions, including electrolytes, pH and concentrations of salivary proteins, such as α-amylase and highly glycosylated mucins. This, together with similarities between model and real saliva in terms of surface charge, has led to significant advancement in decoding colloidal interactions (bridging, depletion) of charged emulsion droplets and associated sensory perception in the oral phase. However, model saliva represents significant dissimilarity to real saliva in the lubricating properties. Based on in-depth examination of properties of mucins from animal sources (e.g. pig gastric mucins (PGM) or bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM)), we can recommend that BSM is currently the most optimal mucin source when attempting to replicate saliva based on surface adsorption and lubrication properties. Even though purification via dialysis or chromatographic techniques may influence various physicochemical properties of BSM, such as structure and surface adsorption, the lubricating properties of model saliva formulations based on BSM are generally superior and more reliable than PGM counterpart at orally relevant pH. Comparison of mucin-containing model saliva with ex vivo human salivary conditioning films suggests that mucin alone cannot replicate the lubricity of real human salivary pellicle. Mucin-based multi-layers containing mucin and oppositely charged polyelectrolytes may offer promising avenues in the future for engineering biomimetic salivary pellicle, however, this has not been explored in oral tribology experiments to date. Hence, there is a strong need for systematic studies with employment of model saliva formulations containing mucins with and without polycationic additives before a consensus on a standardized model saliva formulation can be achieved. Overall, this review provides a comprehensive framework on simulating saliva for a particular bulk or surface property when doing food oral processing experiments.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Nanoparticles fabricated from bulk solid lipids: Preparation, properties,
           and potential food applications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 August 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Qixin Zhong, Linhan Zhang Unlike conventional emulsions, solid lipids are used to prepare solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) with crystalline structures and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) with imperfect crystals or amorphous structures to encapsulate various bioactive compounds significant to food applications. The solid lipid matrix can stabilize particle structures and control release properties of the encapsulated compounds that may not be possible for emulsions with liquid droplets. In this review, common approaches of preparing SLNs and NLCs are first presented, followed by parameters used to study lipid particles, including dimensional, morphological, charge, thermal, and crystalline properties. The structures of SLNs and NLCs with respect to the release mechanisms of encapsulated compounds are discussed in the context of lipid and emulsifier chemistry and preparation conditions. Lastly, possible applications of SLNs and NLCs in food systems are discussed.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Lattice structures and phase behavior of amphiphilic monoglycerol
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 August 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): D. Vollhardt, G. Brezesinski Due to the Angstrom resolution, Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) represents the most important technique for probing the lateral ordering in condensed monolayers at the air/water interface and allows the construction of phase diagrams of amphiphilic monolayers on the basis of two-dimensional lattice structures and tilt directions of the molecules. The high potential of GIXD is demonstrated by the structural characterization of a variety of amphiphilic monoalkanoylglycerol monolayers in Å-scale. The GIXD results have impressively shown that in the racemic 1-monostearoylglycerol monolayer with the appearance of an oblique intermediate phase (Obl) between the nearest neighbor (NN)- and next-nearest neighbor (NNN)-tilted orthorhombic phases symmetry breaking occurs at low temperatures. The generic lateral pressure−temperature phase diagram of racemic monoacylglycerol monolayers constructed on the basis of reliable two-dimensional lattice structures indicates that the new and surprising presence of the oblique phase depends only on the temperature. The significant effect of the substituted polar groups, chemical structure variations at the position of the glycerol backbone and chirality on the lattice structure in Å-scale was highlighted in a systematic overview on the structure and phase behavior of amphiphilic monoglycerol monolayers. The conspicuous effect of the position of the glycerol backbone at which the polar group is substituted is demonstrated. The monolayers of 2-monopalmitoyl-rac-glycerol behave as that of 1-monomyristoyl-rac-glycerol having a two CH2 groups shorter alkyl chain. Further main topics discussed are chiral discrimination and crossover between homo- and heterochiral discrimination supported by quantum chemical calculations.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Recent advances in membrane development for treating surfactant- and
           oil-containing feed streams via membrane distillation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 August 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Nick Guan Pin Chew, Shanshan Zhao, Rong Wang Membrane distillation (MD) has been touted as a promising technology for niche applications such as desalination of surfactant- and oil-containing feed streams. Hitherto, the deployment of conventional hydrophobic MD membranes for such applications is limited and unsatisfactory. This is because the presence of surfactants and oils in aqueous feed streams reduces the surface-tension of these media significantly and the attachment of these contaminants onto hydrophobic membrane surfaces often leads to membrane fouling and pore wetting, which compromises on the quantity and quality of water recovered. Endowing MD membranes with surfaces of special wettability has been proposed as a strategy to combat membrane fouling and pore wetting. This involves the design of local kinetic energy barriers such as multilevel re-entrant surface structures, surfaces with ultralow surface energy, and interfacial hydration layer to impede transition to the fully-wetted Wenzel state. This review critiques the state-of-the-art fabrication and surface modification methods as well as practices used in the development of omniphobic and Janus MD membranes with specific emphasis on the advances, challenges, and future improvements for application in challenging surfactant- and oil-containing feed streams.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Polymer grafting on graphene layers by controlled radical polymerization
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Parvaneh Eskandari, Zahra Abousalman-Rezvani, Hossein Roghani-Mamaqani, Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi, Hanieh Mardani In situ controlled radical polymerization (CRP) is considered as an important approach to graft polymer brushes with controlled grafting density, functionality, and thickness on graphene layers. Polymers are tethered with chain end or through its backbone to the surface or edge of graphene layers with two in situ polymerization methods of “grafting from” and “grafting through” and also a method based on coupling reactions known as “grafting to”. The “grafting from” method relies on the propagation of polymer chains from the surface- or edge-attached initiators. The “grafting through” method is based on incorporation of double bond-modified graphene layers into polymer chains through the propagation reaction. The “grafting to” technique involves attachment of pre-fabricated polymer chains to the graphene substrate. Here, physical and chemical attachment approaches are also considered in polymer-modification of graphene layers. Combination of CRP mechanisms of reversible activation, degenerative (exchange) chain transfer, atom transfer, and reversible chain transfer with various kinds of grafting reactions makes it possible to selectively functionalize graphene layers. The main aim of this review is assessment of the recent advances in the field of preparation of polymer-grafted graphene substrates with well-defined polymers of controlled molecular weight, thickness, and polydispersity index. Study of the opportunities and challenges for the future works in controlling of grafting density, site-selectivity in grafting, and various topologies of the brushes with potential applications in stimuli-responsive surfaces, polymer composites, Pickering emulsions, coating technologies, and sensors is also considered.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
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