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CHEMISTRY (619 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
2D Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
ACS Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ACS Macro Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
ACS Nano     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 299)
ACS Photonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ACS Symposium Series     Full-text available via subscription  
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Environmental Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 256)
Annales UMCS, Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access  
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access  
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 371)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomacromolecules     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 134)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 22)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 75)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chemical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 164)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry International     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Chemistry of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 264)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemosensors     Open Access  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Chromatography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chromatography Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colloids and Interfaces     Open Access  
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications Chemistry     Open Access  
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Chimie     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Physique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Coordination Chemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corrosion Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Croatica Chemica Acta     Open Access  
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CrystEngComm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Current Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Chromatography     Hybrid Journal  
Current Green Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Metabolomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Microwave Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 73)
Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dalton Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Geochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dislocations in Solids     Full-text available via subscription  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.977
Citation Impact (citeScore): 8
Number of Followers: 19  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0001-8686
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3162 journals]
  • Layer-by-layer adsorption: Factors affecting the choice of substrates and
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Iuliia S. Elizarova, Paul F. Luckham The electrostatic layer-by-layer technique for fabrication of multi-layered structures of various sizes and shapes using flat and colloidal templates coupled with polyelectrolyte layer-forming materials has attracted significant interest among both academic and industrial researchers due to its versatility and relative simplicity of the procedures involved in its execution. Fabrication of the multi-layered structures using the electrostatic layer-by-layer method involves several distinct stages each of which holds great importance when considering the production of a high-quality product. These stages include selection of materials (both template and a pair of construction polyelectrolytes), adsorption of the first polyelectrolyte layer onto the selected templates, formation of the second layer comprised of the oppositely charged polyelectrolyte and guided by the interactions between the two chosen polyelectrolytes, and multi-layering, where a selected number of layers are produced, and which is conditioned by both intrinsic properties of the involved construction materials and external fabrication conditions such as temperature, pH and ionic strength. The current review summarises the most important aspects of each stage mentioned above and gives examples of the materials suitable for utilization of the technique and describes the underlying physics involved.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Can liquid foams and emulsions be modeled as packings of soft elastic
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 November 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Reinhard Höhler, Denis Weaire When two immersed bubbles are pushed against each other, a facet is formed at their contact, leading to an increase of interfacial energy and hence a repulsive interaction force. Foams (and emulsions) in mechanical equilibrium may thus be modeled as an assembly of soft elastic interacting particles. Such a model has been used in many studies of their structure and mechanical properties, in particular near the jamming transition (or wet limit) where the contact forces are so small that bubbles remain roughly spherical.We review analytical ab initio models and simulations, based on the equilibration of pressure and surface tension forces or,equivalently, minimization of interfacial energy. Two-body interaction behavior dominates asymptotically at packing fractions approaching the jamming transition, but the interaction is intrinsically anharmonic and cannot be captured by a power law. This phenomenon was first identified by D.Morse and T.Witten: we offer a detailed analysis and transparent derivation of their classic result. For packing fractions well above the jamming transition point, the coupling among contacts mediated by bubble volume conservation has a significant impact on the macroscopic elastic response of foam. This effect is captured by a many-body interaction law, derived from first principles. Applications are explored in two and three dimensions, as are future directions for this kind of theory.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • A review on electrochemical biosensing platform based on layered double
           hydroxides for small molecule biomarkers determination
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Muhammad Asif, Ayesha Aziz, Muhammad Azeem, Zhengyun Wang, Ghazala Ashraf, Fei Xiao, Xuedong Chen, Hongfang Liu The development of layered double hydroxides (LDHs), also known as anionic clays with uniform distribution of metal ions and facile exchangeability of intercalated anions, are now appealing an immense deal of attention in synthesis of multifunctional materials. In electrochemical biosensors, LDHs provide stable environment for immobilization of enzymes or other sensing materials and play crucial roles in development of clinical chemistry, point-of-care devices through analysis of various small molecule metabolites excreted by biological processes which in turn serve as molecular biomarkers for medical diagnostics. In this review, we summarize the recent development in fabrication of LDH based nanoarchitectures and their electrocatalytic applications in ultrasensitive in vitro determination of conventional biomarkers, i.e., H2O2, glucose, dopamine and other biomolecules. Moreover, detailed discussion has been compiled to differentiate electrochemical enzymatic and nonenzymatic biosensors, to evaluate useful concentration ranges of H2O2 and glucose for analytical circumstances and to distinguish tumorigenic and normal cells via quantifying the released H2O2 efflux from living cells. Here, we envision that electrochemical sensing platform based on structurally integrated LDH nanohybrids with highly conducting substrates will assist as diseases diagnostic probe further enhancing diagnosis as well as therapeutic window for chronic diseases. Finally, the perspective for fabrication and assembly of LDH electrode is proposed for the future innovation of electrochemical biosensors with high performance making them more reliable for in vitro diagnostics.
  • Solid-liquid-liquid wettability and its prediction with surface free
           energy models
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 October 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): A. Stammitti, E.J. Acosta Understanding wettability in solid-liquid-liquid (SLL or immersed) systems is important for numerous applications. However, predicting SLL wetting behavior on smooth surfaces has received little attention. The objective of this work was to explore alternatives to predict SLL wettability. To this end, we first present a review of solid surface free energy (σS) data obtained from solid-liquid-air (SLA) contact angle (θLa) data and a summary of available SLL contact angle data for selected materials. Next, the existing surface free energy models for SLA systems are discussed in terms of their applicability to predict wettability of SLL systems. Finally, the SLL wettability of toluene drops on glass, mica, stainless steel and PTFE immersed in equilibrated Toluene-water-isopropyl alcohol (IPA) solutions was determined via contact angle (θO) measurements through the oil phase using the inverted sessile drop method over a wide range of interfacial tensions (γo-aq). The results were plotted as γo-aq·cosθO vs. γo-aq, showing a smooth wetting transition from water-wetting to oil-wetting with decreasing γo-aq for glass and stainless steel. Mica remained water-wetting, while PTFE oil-wetting. The Geometric (GM) and Harmonic (HM) mean approaches, and the Equation-of-State (EQS), originally developed for SLA systems, were extended to SLL systems. The extended GM and HM approaches could fit the SLL behavior after fitting the dispersive and polar contributions of the solid surface free energy (σSd, σSp), which required additional SLA θLa measurements using PTFE as the reference surface. However, attempts at predicting θO for systems with high γo-aq resulted in significant deviations, a problem linked to the high σSd values required to fit the wettability of low γo-aq systems (toluene-water-IPA). The extended EQS (e-EQS) method produced reasonable predictions of γo-aq·cosθO for all the available experimental and literature data. The e-EQS method required fitting one of the interfacial energy terms (γS-L). For low surface energy materials, such as PTFE, the γS-o value should be fitted. For high surface energy materials, the γS-aq should be fitted instead. The fitted values of γS-o for PTFE and γS-aq for glass were consistent with the values obtained from Young's equation applied to SLA data.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Physico-chemistry from initial bacterial adhesion to surface-programmed
           biofilm growth
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 October 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Vera Carniello, Brandon W. Peterson, Henny C. van der Mei, Henk J. Busscher Biofilm formation is initiated by adhesion of individual bacteria to a surface. However, surface adhesion alone is not sufficient to form the complex community architecture of a biofilm. Surface-sensing creates bacterial awareness of their adhering state on the surface and is essential to initiate the phenotypic and genotypic changes that characterize the transition from initial bacterial adhesion to a biofilm. Physico-chemistry has been frequently applied to explain initial bacterial adhesion phenomena, including bacterial mass transport, role of substratum surface properties in initial adhesion and the transition from reversible to irreversible adhesion. However, also emergent biofilm properties, such as production of extracellular-polymeric-substances (EPS), can be surface-programmed. This review presents a four-step, comprehensive description of the role of physico-chemistry from initial bacterial adhesion to surface-programmed biofilm growth: (1) bacterial mass transport towards a surface, (2) reversible bacterial adhesion and (3) transition to irreversible adhesion and (4) cell wall deformation and associated emergent properties. Bacterial transport mostly occurs from sedimentation or convective-diffusion, while initial bacterial adhesion can be described by surface thermodynamic and Derjaguin−Landau−Verwey−Overbeek (DLVO)-analyses, considering bacteria as smooth, inert colloidal particles. DLVO-analyses however, require precise indication of the bacterial cell surface, which is impossible due to the presence of bacterial surface tethers, creating a multi-scale roughness that impedes proper definition of the interaction distance in DLVO-analyses. Application of surface thermodynamics is also difficult, because initial bacterial adhesion is only an equilibrium phenomenon for a short period of time, when bacteria are attached to a substratum surface through few surface tethers. Physico-chemical bond-strengthening occurs in several minutes leading to irreversible adhesion due to progressive removal of interfacial water, conformational changes in cell surface proteins, re-orientation of bacteria on a surface and the progressive involvement of more tethers in adhesion. After initial bond-strengthening, adhesion forces arising from a substratum surface cause nanoscopic deformation of the bacterial cell wall against the elasticity of the rigid peptidoglycan layer positioned in the cell wall and the intracellular pressure of the cytoplasm. Cell wall deformation not only increases the contact area with a substratum surface, presenting another physico-chemical bond-strengthening mechanism, but is also accompanied by membrane surface tension changes. Membrane-located sensor molecules subsequently react to control emergent phenotypic and genotypic properties in biofilms, most notably adhesion-associated ones like EPS production. Moreover, also bacterial efflux pump systems may be activated or mechano-sensitive channels may be opened upon adhesion-induced cell wall deformation. The physico-chemical properties of the substratum surface thus control the response of initially adhering bacteria and through excretion of autoinducer molecules extend the awareness of their adhering state to other biofilm inhabitants who subsequently respond with similar emergent properties. Herewith, physico-chemistry is not only involved in initial bacterial adhesion to surfaces but also in what we here propose to call “surface-programmed” biofilm growth. This conclusion is pivotal for the development of new strategies to control biofilm formation on substratum surfaces, that have hitherto been largely confined to the initial bacterial adhesion phenomena.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Reverse engineering the ultrasound contrast agent
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 October 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Mark A. Borden, Kang-Ho Song In this review, a brief history and current state-of-the-art is given to stimulate the rational design of new microbubbles through the reverse engineering of current ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs). It is shown that an effective microbubble should be biocompatible, echogenic and stable. Physical mechanisms and engineering calculations have been provided to illustrate these properties and how they can be achieved. The rational design paradigm is applied to study current FDA-approved and commercially available UCAs. Given the sophistication of microbubble designs reported in the literature, rapid development and adoption of ultrasound device hardware and the growing number of revolutionary biomedical applications moving toward the clinic, the field of Microbubble Engineering is fertile for breakthroughs in next-generation UCA technology. It is up to current and future microbubble engineers and clinicians to push forward with regulatory approval and clinical adoption of advanced UCA technologies in the years to come.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Colloidal aspects of digestion of Pickering emulsions: Experiments and
           theoretical models of lipid digestion kinetics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 October 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Anwesha Sarkar, Shuning Zhang, Melvin Holmes, Rammile Ettelaie Lipid digestion is a bio-interfacial process that is largely governed by the binding of the lipase-colipase-biosurfactant (bile salts) complex onto the surface of emulsified lipid droplets. Therefore, engineering oil-water interfaces that prevent competitive displacement by bile salts and/or delay the transportation of lipase to the lipidoidal substrate can be an effective strategy to modulate lipolysis in human physiology. In this review, we present the mechanistic role of Pickering emulsions i.e. emulsions stabilised by micron-to-nano sized particles in modulating the important fundamental biological process of lipid digestion by virtue of their distinctive stability against coalescence and resilience to desorption by intestinal biosurfactants. We provide a systematic summary of recent experimental investigations and mathematical models that have blossomed in the last decade in this domain. A strategic examination of the behavior and mechanism of lipid digestion of droplets stabilised by particles in simulated biophysical environments (oral, gastric, intestinal regimes) was conducted. Various particle-laden interfaces were considered, where the particles were derived from synthetic or biological sources. This allowed us to categorize these particles into two classes based on their mechanistic role in modifying lipid digestion. These are ‘human enzyme-unresponsive particles’ (e.g. silica, cellulose, chitin, flavonoids) i.e. the ones that cannot to be digested by human enzymes, such as amylase, protease and ‘human enzyme-responsive particles’ (e.g. protein microgels, starch granules), which can be readily digested by humans. We focused on the role of particle shape (spherical, anisotropic) on modifying both interfacial and bulk phases during lipolysis. Also, the techniques currently used to alter the kinetics of lipid digestion using intelligent physical or chemical treatments to control interfacial particle spacing were critically reviewed. A comparison of how various mathematical models reported in literature predict free fatty acid release kinetics during lipid digestion highlighted the importance of the clear statement of the underlying assumptions. We provide details of the initial first order kinetic models to the more recent models, which account for the rate of adsorption of lipase at the droplet surface and include the crucial aspect of interfacial dynamics. We provide a unique decision tree on model selection, which is appropriate to minimize the difference between experimental data of free fatty acid generation and model predictions based on precise assumptions of droplet shrinkage, lipase-binding rate, and nature of lipase transport process to the particle-laden interface. Greater insights into the mechanisms of controlling lipolysis using particle-laden interfaces with appropriate mathematical model fitting permit better understanding of the key lipid digestion processes. Future outlook on interfacial design parameters, such as particle shape, size, polydispersity, charge, fusion, material chemistry, loading and development of new mathematical models that provide closed-loop equations from early to later stages of kinetics are proposed. Such future experiments and models hold promise for the tailoring of particle-laden interfaces for delaying lipid digestion and/or site-dependent controlled release of lipidic active molecules in composite soft matter systems, such as food, personal care, pharmaceutical, healthcare and biotechnological applications.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • A critical review of the model fitting quality and parameter stability of
           equilibrium adsorption models
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 October 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Mengsu Peng, Anh V. Nguyen, Jianlong Wang, Reinhard Miller We reviewed eight commonly used equilibrium adsorption models and examined their underlying assumptions, fitting qualities, and parameter stabilities. We compared several objective functions that have been applied to curve fitting analysis and a few statistics tests that have been performed to evaluate regression quality. The iteratively reweighted least squares algorithm was selected as the most suitable regression method for adsorption models in the presence of heteroscedasticity. The fraction of unexplained variance was selected to indicate the model fitting quality. Two sources of parameter instability were identified: residue instability and function instability. While the definition of the instability caused by residue is well established, we are the first to consider the instability caused by an adsorption model. The models discussed in this article can be applied to many surfactants, such as normal alcohols, polyglycol ethers, and sodium dodecyl sulfate at different salt concentrations. Our results show that both the model fitting quality and parameter instability increase with the number of parameters subject to curve fitting. For the Frumkin-type of reorientation model, the parameter instability can be as high as 25%. The high degree of instability in some complicated adsorption models may invalidate the estimated parameters. Therefore, additional measurements or simulations are required for complicated models to extract reliable model parameters.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Mechanistic insight into protein supported biosorption complemented by
           kinetic and thermodynamics perspectives
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 September 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): M.A. Khosa, Aman Ullah In this review, we discussed the micro-level aspects of protein supported biosorption. The mechanism, surface chemistry in terms of energy interactions and electron transfer process (ETP) of peptide systems within protein are three important areas that provide mechanistic insight into protein supported biosorption. The functional groups in proteinous material like hydroxyl (—OH), carbonyl (>C=O), carboxyl (—COOH) and sulfhydryl (—SH) play a significant role in the biosorption of variety of pollutants such as metal ions, metalloids, and organic matters in wastewaters. The mechanistic aspects of biosorption are crucial not only for the separation process but also they contribute towards stoichiometric considerations and mathematical modelling process. The surface chemistry of applied biosorbents relies on interfacial components whose interaction energies are estimated with help of classical Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey, and Overbeek (DLVO) theory mathematically. Proteins are the fundamental molecules of many biomaterial used for the biosorption of contaminents and peptide bond is considered as the backbone of proteins. The charge variations on peptide bonding is the result of ETP whose discussion was made part of this review for understaning number of biological and technological processes of vital interests. In addition, this review was complemented by exhaustive overview of kinetic and thermodynamics perspectives of biosorption process.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • New developments in liquid-liquid extraction, surface modification and
           agglomerate-free processing of inorganic particles
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 September 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): R.M.E. Silva, R. Poon, J. Milne, A. Syed, I. Zhitomirsky This review describes new methods for the particle extraction through liquid-liquid interface (PELLI). The discovery of new surface modification techniques, advanced extractors and new adsorption mechanisms enabled novel applications of PELLI in nanotechnology of metals, quantum dots, oxides and hydroxides. Colloidal and interface chemistry of PELLI is emerging as a new area of technological and scientific interest. The progress achieved in the understanding of particle behavior and interactions at the liquid-liquid interface, phase transfer and interface reactions allowed for the development of new extraction mechanisms. An important breakthrough was the development of surface modification techniques for extraction of functional oxides. Especially important is the possibility of particle transfer from the synthesis medium to the device processing medium, which facilitates agglomerate-free processing of functional nanoparticles. Multifunctional extractor molecules were discovered and used as capping and reducing agents for particle synthesis or dispersing and charging agents for colloidal processing. The progress achieved in the development of extractors and extraction mechanisms has driven the advances in the surface modification and functionalization of materials. New PELLI techniques were used for the development of advanced materials and devices for optical, photovoltaic, energy storage, electronic, biomedical, sensor and other applications.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Graphene inks for printed flexible electronics: Graphene dispersions, ink
           formulations, printing techniques and applications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 September 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Tuan Sang Tran, Naba Kumar Dutta, Namita Roy Choudhury Graphene inks have recently enabled the dramatic improvement of printed flexible electronics due to their low cost, ease of processability, higher conductivity and flexibility. In this review, we discuss the state-of-the-art of the fundamental formulation of graphene inks and the current printing techniques used for inks deposition, followed by recent practical applications for printed flexible electronics. The progression of science and technology for the dispersion of graphene using variety of solvents and the characteristics of the resulting conductive inks have been highlighted, with specific emphasis focused on the challenges to be resolved. The printing techniques discussed here include screen printing, gravure printing, inkjet printing and other emerging printing technologies. Each approach's pros and cons are discussed in correlation with the ink formulations and the operating principles. We also discuss the challenges and outlook of graphene ink for its future development in the world of printed flexible devices.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Recent progress in the engineering of multifunctional colloidal
           nanoparticles for enhanced photodynamic therapy and bioimaging
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 September 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Łukasz Lamch, Agata Pucek, Julita Kulbacka, Michał Chudy, Elżbieta Jastrzębska, Katarzyna Tokarska, Magdalena Bułka, Zbigniew Brzózka, Kazimiera A. Wilk This up-to-date review summarizes the design and current fabrication strategies that have been employed in the area of mono- and multifunctional colloidal nanoparticles – nanocarriers well suited for photodynamic therapy (PDT) and diagnostic purposes. Rationally engineered photosensitizer (PS)-loaded nanoparticles may be achieved via either noncovalent (i.e., self-aggregation, interfacial deposition, interfacial polymerization, or core-shell entrapment along with physical adsorption) or covalent (chemical immobilization or conjugation) processes. These PS loading approaches should provide chemical and physical stability to PS payloads. Their hydrophilic surfaces, capable of appreciable surface interactions with biological systems, can be further modified using functional groups (stealth effect) to achieve prolonged circulation in the body after administration and/or grafted by targeting agents (such as ligands, which bind to specific receptors uniquely expressed on the cell surface) or stimuli (e.g., pH, temperature, and light)-responsive moieties to improve their action and targeting efficiency. These attempts may in principle permit efficacious PDT, combination therapies, molecular diagnosis, and − in the case of nanotheranostics − simultaneous monitoring and treatment. Nanophotosensitizers (nano-PSs) should possess appropriate morphologies, sizes, unimodal distributions and surface processes to be successfully delivered to the place of action after systemic administration and should be accumulated in certain tumors by passive and/or active targeting. Additionally, physically facilitating drug delivery systems emerge as a promising approach to enhancing drug delivery, especially for the non-invasive treatment of deep-seated malignant tissues. Recent advances in nano-PSs are scrutinized, with an emphasis on design principles, via the promising use of colloid chemistry and nanotechnology.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Surface modified halloysite nanotubes: A flexible interface for
           biological, environmental and catalytic applications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Maithri Tharmavaram, Gaurav Pandey, Deepak Rawtani Halloysite Nanotubes (HNTs) are clay minerals that possess unique chemical composition and a tubular structure due to which, they have recently emerged as a potential nanomaterial for umpteen applications. Over the years, the myriad applications of HNT have been realized through the surface modification of HNT, which involves the modification of nanotube's inner lumen and the outer surface with different functional compounds. The presence of aluminum and silica groups on the inner and outer surface of HNT enhance the interfacial relationship of the nanotube with different functional agents. Compounds such as alkalis, organosilanes, polymers, compounds of biological origin, surfactants and nanomaterials have been used for the modification of the inner lumen and the outer surface of HNT. The strategies change the constitution of HNT's surface either through micro-disintegration of the surface or by introducing additional functional groups on the surface, which further enhances their potential to be used as a flexible interface for different applications. In this review, the different surface modification strategies of the outer surface and the inner lumen that have been employed over the years have been discussed. The biological, environmental and catalytic applications of these surface modified HNTs with such versatile interface in the past two years have been elaborately discussed as well.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Lipid nanocarriers for the loading of polyphenols – A comprehensive
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 August 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): S. Pimentel-Moral, M.C. Teixeira, A.R. Fernandes, D. Arráez-Román, A. Martínez-Férez, A. Segura-Carretero, E.B. Souto Polyphenols are secondary metabolites found in all vascular plants and constitute a large group of at least 10,000 unique compounds. Particular attention is currently being paid to polyphenols attributed to their beneficial effects in the protection and prevention of several diseases. While their use in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries is largely documented, several environmental conditions (e.g. light, temperature or oxygen) may affect the physicochemical stability of polyphenols, compromising their bioactivity in vivo. To overcome these limitations, the loading of polyphenols into nanoparticles has been proposed aiming at both increasing their bioavailability and reducing eventual side effects. Lipid nanoparticles offer several advantages, namely their biodegradability and low toxicity, with the additional capacity to modify the release profile of loaded drugs.This paper is a review of the recent advances of lipid nanocarriers commonly used for the encapsulation of polyphenols, highlighting their added value to increase bioavailability and bioactivity of this group of compounds as well as their application in several diseases.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Modelling cavitation during drop impact on solid surfaces
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 August 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Nikolaos Kyriazis, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Manolis Gavaises The impact of liquid droplets on solid surfaces at conditions inducing cavitation inside their volume has rarely been addressed in the literature. A review is conducted on relevant studies, aiming to highlight the differences from non-cavitating impact cases. Focus is placed on the numerical models suitable for the simulation of droplet impact at such conditions. Further insight is given from the development of a purpose-built compressible two-phase flow solver that incorporates a phase-change model suitable for cavitation formation and collapse; thermodynamic closure is based on a barotropic Equation of State (EoS) representing the density and speed of sound of the co-existing liquid, gas and vapour phases as well as liquid-vapour mixture. To overcome the known problem of spurious oscillations occurring at the phase boundaries due to the rapid change in the acoustic impedance, a new hybrid numerical flux discretization scheme is proposed, based on approximate Riemann solvers; this is found to offer numerical stability and has allowed for simulations of cavitation formation during drop impact to be presented for the first time. Following a thorough justification of the validity of the model assumptions adopted for the cases of interest, numerical simulations are firstly compared against the Riemann problem, for which the exact solution has been derived for two materials with the same velocity and pressure fields. The model is validated against the single experimental data set available in the literature for a 2-D planar drop impact case. The results are found in good agreement against these data that depict the evolution of both the shock wave generated upon impact and the rarefaction waves, which are also captured reasonably well. Moreover, the location of cavitation formation inside the drop and the areas of possible erosion sites that may develop on the solid surface, are also well captured by the model. Following model validation, numerical experiments have examined the effect of impact conditions on the process, utilizing both planar and 2-D axisymmetric simulations. It is found that the absence of air between the drop and the wall at the initial configuration can generate cavitation regimes closer to the wall surface, which significantly increase the pressures induced on the solid wall surface, even for much lower impact velocities. A summary highlighting the open questions still remaining on the subject is given at the end.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Recent and prominent examples of nano- and microarchitectures as
           hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 August 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Michelle M.T. Jansman, Leticia Hosta-Rigau Blood transfusions, which usually consist in the administration of isolated red blood cells (RBCs), are crucial in traumatic injuries, pre-surgical conditions and anemias. Although RBCs transfusion from donors is a safe procedure, donor RBCs can only be stored for a maximum of 42 days under refrigerated conditions and, therefore, stockpiles of RBCs for use in acute disasters do not exist. With a worldwide shortage of donor blood that is expected to increase over time, the creation of oxygen-carriers with long storage life and compatibility without typing and cross-matching, persists as one of the foremost important challenges in biomedicine.However, research has so far failed to produce FDA approved RBCs substitutes (RBCSs) for human usage. As such, due to unacceptable toxicities, the first generation of oxygen-carriers has been withdrawn from the market. Being hemoglobin (Hb) the main component of RBCs, a lot of effort is being devoted in assembling semi-synthetic RBCS utilizing Hb as the oxygen-carrier component, the so-called Hb-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs). However, a native RBC also contains a multi-enzyme system to prevent the conversion of Hb into non-functional methemoglobin (metHb). Thus, the challenge for the fabrication of next-generation HBOCs relies in creating a system that takes advantage of the excellent oxygen-carrying capabilities of Hb, while preserving the redox environment of native RBCs that prevents or reverts the conversion of Hb into metHb. In this review, we feature the most recent advances in the assembly of the new generation of HBOCs with emphasis in two main approaches: the chemical modification of Hb either by cross-linking strategies or by conjugation to other polymers, and the Hb encapsulation strategies, usually in the form of lipidic or polymeric capsules. The applications of the aforementioned HBOCs as blood substitutes or for oxygen-delivery in tissue engineering are highlighted, followed by a discussion of successes, challenges and future trends in this field.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Binary colloidal crystals (BCCs): Interactions, fabrication, and
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 August 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Farhana Sharmin Diba, Andrew Boden, Helmut Thissen, Mrinal Bhave, Peter Kingshott, Peng-Yuan Wang The organization of matter into hierarchical structures is a fundamental characteristic of functional materials and living organisms. Binary colloidal crystal (BCC) systems present a diversified range of nanotopographic structures where large and small colloidal particles simultaneously self-assemble into either 2D monolayer or 3D hierarchical crystal lattices. More importantly, understanding how BCCs form opens up the possibility to fabricate more complex systems such as ternary or quaternary colloidal crystals. Monolayer BCCs can also offer the possibility to achieve surface micro- and nano-topographies with heterogeneous chemistries, which can be challenging to achieve with other traditional fabrication tools. A number of fabrication methods have been reported that enable generation of BCC structures offering high accuracy in growth with controllable stoichiometries; however, it is still a challenge to make uniform BCC structures over large surface areas. Therefore, fully understand the mechanism of binary colloidal self-assembly is crucial and new/combinational methods are needed. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in BCC fabrication using particles made of different materials, shapes, and dispersion medium. Depending on the potential application, the degree of order and efficiency of crystal formation has to be determined in order to induce variability in the intended lattice structures. The mechanisms involved in the formation of highly ordered lattice structures from binary colloidal suspensions and applications are discussed. The generation of BCCs can be controlled by manipulation of their extensive phase behavior, which facilitates a wide range potential applications in the fields of both material and biointerfacial sciences including photonics, biosensors, chromatography, antifouling surfaces, biomedical devices, and cell culture tools.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Mechanisms, performance optimization and new developments in
           demulsification processes for oil and gas applications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 August 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Zlata Grenoble, Siwar Trabelsi The present review discusses new developments and optimization of demulsification processes in oil and gas applications, and highlights the critical parameters. Discussed are the primary mechanisms of demulsification, as well as the strategies for developing optimum demulsifiers. Demulsification mechanisms are presented in the context of emulsion stability principles which are equally applicable to the destabilization of crude oil-water emulsions.The present paper is a concise overview of the various surfactant classes and their structure-activity relationship. It correlates demulsification optimization with surfactant properties and their applications. These classes include, but are not limited to pluronic block co-polymers, as well as amine- and siloxane based nonionic surfactants. The emphasis is on providing some strategies for achieving optimum crude oil-water separation efficiency by tuning the demulsifier to the intended application and crude oil properties.A brief overview of unconventional analytical techniques, which reach beyond the standard demulsifier evaluation methods, i.e., Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR), and in particular, low resolution NMR relaxometry, highlights their role in monitoring demulsification processes.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Recent advances in polymerizations in dispersed media
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 August 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Ratchapol Jenjob, Farzad Seidi, Daniel Crespy Advances in chemistry heterophase polymerizations reflect new developments in polymer chemistry. Although some few polymerization reactions cannot be performed in dispersed media, new polymerization reactions can still benefit from advantages of heterophase reactions, which are fast kinetics due to high local concentration of reagents and advantageous heat exchange. We describe here advances in heterophase polymerizations, with a focus on miniemulsion polymerization, which are mainly driven by academic interest for biomedicine and energy science. Click-reactions in dispersion are particularly interesting because they are bioorthogonals. Synthesis of highly crosslinked polymer colloids, especially with conjugated polymers, has found applications in gas storage, catalysis, and production of energy. Finally, we show how spatial segregation in heterophase polymerization can help to obtain polymer materials with unique structures.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
  • Engineering intelligent particle-lipid composites that control
           lipase-mediated digestion
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 August 2018Source: Advances in Colloid and Interface ScienceAuthor(s): Paul Joyce, Hanna Gustafsson, Clive A. Prestidge Nanostructured particle-lipid composites have emerged as state-of-the-art carrier systems for poorly water-soluble bioactive molecules due to their ability to control and enhance the lipase-mediated hydrolysis of encapsulated triglycerides, leading to a subsequent improvement in the solubilisation and absorption of encapsulated species. The first generation of particle-lipid composites (i.e. silica-lipid hybrid (SLH) microparticles) were designed and fabricated by spray drying a silica nanoparticle-stabilised Pickering emulsion, to create a novel three-dimensional architecture, whereby lipid droplets were encapsulated within a porous matrix support. The development of SLH microparticles has acted as a solid foundation for the synthesis of several next generation particle-lipid composites, including polymer-lipid hybrid (PLH) and clay-lipid hybrid systems (CLH), which present lipase with unique lipid microenvironments for optimised lipolysis. This review details the methods utilised to engineer lipid hybrid particles and the strategic investigations that have been performed to determine the influence of key material characteristics on digestion enzyme activity. In doing so, this provides insight into manipulating the mechanism of lipase action through the intelligent design of lipid-based biomaterials for their use in drug delivery formulations and novel functional foods.Graphical abstractUnlabelled Image
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