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  Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 852 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (52 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (598 journals)
    - CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (21 journals)
    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (25 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (41 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (46 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (69 journals)

CHEMISTRY (598 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 735 Journals sorted alphabetically
2D Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: Journal for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
ACS Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
ACS Chemical Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ACS Combinatorial Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
ACS Macro Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
ACS Nano     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 252)
ACS Photonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Chemica Iasi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Chimica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chimica Slovaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Chimica Slovenica     Open Access  
Acta Chromatographica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis     Open Access  
Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
Advances in Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Colloid and Interface Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Drug Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Fluorine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Fuel Cells     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Nanoparticles     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Organometallic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Protein Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Quantum Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Bacteriology Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Al-Kimia : Jurnal Penelitian Sains Kimia     Open Access  
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 66)
American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Plant Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Analyst     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Angewandte Chemie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 179)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 229)
Annales UMCS, Chemia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports in Computational Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Reports Section A (Inorganic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Reports Section B (Organic Chemistry)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Organometallic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Applied Surface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Arabian Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ARKIVOC     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atomization and Sprays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avances en Quimica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biochemical Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 326)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BioChip Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biology, Medicine, & Natural Product Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomacromolecules     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biomedical Chromatography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biomolecular NMR Assignments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BioNanoScience     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 120)
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
Bioorganic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Biopolymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biosensors     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biotechnic and Histochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bitácora Digital     Open Access  
Boletin de la Sociedad Chilena de Quimica     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
C - Journal of Carbon Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakra Kimia (Indonesian E-Journal of Applied Chemistry)     Open Access  
Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Carbohydrate Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Carbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Catalysis for Sustainable Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Reviews: Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis Science and Technology     Free   (Followers: 7)
Catalysis Surveys from Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cellulose     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
ChemCatChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 15)
Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University     Open Access  
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Research in Toxicology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 184)
Chemical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Chemical Vapor Deposition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chemie in Unserer Zeit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik (Cit)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemistry & Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chemistry & Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry - A European Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 146)
Chemistry - An Asian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemistry and Materials Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 246)
Chemistry of Natural Compounds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemistry World     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Chemistry-Didactics-Ecology-Metrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ChemistryOpen     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemkon - Chemie Konkret, Forum Fuer Unterricht Und Didaktik     Hybrid Journal  
Chemoecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemosensors     Open Access  
ChemPhysChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ChemPlusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ChemTexts     Hybrid Journal  
CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clay Minerals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cogent Chemistry     Open Access  
Colloid and Interface Science Communications     Open Access  
Colloid and Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Comments on Inorganic Chemistry: A Journal of Critical Discussion of the Current Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Composite Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Comptes Rendus Chimie     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Physique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coordination Chemistry Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Copernican Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corrosion Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Croatica Chemica Acta     Open Access  
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CrystEngComm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Current Catalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Metabolomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Current Research in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
Dalton Transactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Developments in Geochemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dislocations in Solids     Full-text available via subscription  
Doklady Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Drying Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Eclética Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Contamination     Open Access  
Educación Química     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry     Open Access  

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Biopolymers
  [SJR: 1.199]   [H-I: 104]   [18 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0006-3525 - ISSN (Online) 1097-0282
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • Impact of bistrand abasic sites and proximate orientation on DNA global
           structure and duplex energetics
    • Authors: Conceição A. Minetti; Jeffrey Y. Sun, Daniel P. Jacobs, Inkoo Kang, David P. Remeta, Kenneth J. Breslauer
      Abstract: Bistrand lesions embedded within a single helical turn of tridecameric deoxyoligonucleotide duplexes represent a model system for exploring the impact of clustered lesions that occur in vivo and pose a significant challenge to cellular repair machineries. Such investigations are essential for understanding the forces that dictate lesion-induced mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, and cytotoxicity within a context that mimics local helical perturbations caused by an ionizing radiation event. This study characterizes the structural and energy profiles of DNA duplexes harboring synthetic abasic sites (tetrahydrofuran, F) as models of clustered bistrand abasic (AP) lesions. The standard tridecameric dGCGTACCCATGCG·dCGCATGGGTACGC duplex is employed to investigate the energetic impact of single and bistrand AP sites by strategically replacing one or two bases within the central CCC/GGG triplet. Our combined analysis of temperature-dependent UV and circular dichroism (CD) profiles reveals that the proximity and relative orientation of AP sites within bistrand-damaged duplexes imparts a significant thermodynamic impact. Specifically, 3′-staggered lesions (CCF/GFG) exert a greater destabilizing effect when compared with their 5′-counterpart (FCC/GFG). Moreover, a duplex harboring the central bistrand AP lesion (CFC/GFG) is moderately destabilized yet exhibits distinct properties relative to both the 3′ and 5′-orientations. Collectively, our energetic data are consistent with structural studies on bistrand AP-duplexes of similar sequence in which a 3′-staggered lesion exerts the greatest perturbation, a finding that provides significant insight regarding the impact of orientation on lesion repair processing efficiency.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11T04:35:55.252891-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23098
       
  • A long-lived aβ oligomer resistant to fibrillization
    • Authors: Mimi Nick; Yibing Wu, Nathan W. Schmidt, Stanley B. Prusiner, Jan Stöhr, William F. DeGrado
      Abstract: The hydrophobic Aβ peptide is highly aggregation prone; it first forms soluble oligomers, which then convert into the amyloid fibrils found in the cerebral plaques of Alzheimer's disease. It is generally understood that as the peptide concentration of Aβ increases, the fibrillization process is accelerated, but we examine the limits on this phenomenon. We found that once a threshold concentration of Aβ is exceeded, a stable oligomer is formed at the expense of fibril formation. The suppression of fibril formation was observed by amyloid-binding dye Thioflavin T and solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Small-angle X-ray scattering, size exclusion chromatography, and analytical ultracentrifugation demonstrated that Aβ peptides form a range of compact species, with a dimer being an early highly populated oligomer. Solution NMR allowed us to define the secondary structure of this Aβ dimer, which shows interlocking contacts between C-terminal peptide strands. Thus, we present a novel Aβ oligomer that resists conversion to fibrils and remains stable for more than one year.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10T05:13:37.554531-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23096
       
  • Jack Aviv and brains of children
    • Authors: Angelo A. Lamola
      Abstract: Both lead intoxication in early childhood and deficient bilirubin-binding capacity (BBC) of blood in jaundiced neonates indicate risk for brain damage. Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) is a biomarker for lead intoxication (PbI) as well as well as for iron deficiency. Under the leadership of Jack Aviv, Aviv Biomedical, Inc. developed robust hematofluorometers for point-of-care assays of ZPP in blood and for the high-affinity BBC of blood. These assays use just drops of whole blood and are simple, fast and inexpensive. ZPP by hematofluorometry has been used world-wide as a primary screen for lead intoxication since 1979. Recent clinical studies enabled by an Aviv Biomedical, Inc. bilirubin hematofluorometer have renewed interest in BBC-based assessment of neurotoxicity for improved management of neonatal jaundice. This article sketches Jack Aviv's contribution to the development and application of hematofluorometry.
      PubDate: 2017-12-04T00:51:13.82429-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23092
       
  • Enzymatic degradation of hyaluronan hydrogels with different capacity for
           in situ bio-mineralization
    • Authors: Liyang Shi; Yu Zhang, Dmitri Ossipov
      Abstract: In situ cross-linked hyaluronan (HA) hydrogels with different capacities for biomineralization were prepared and their enzymatic degradation was monitored. Covalent incorporation of bisphosphonates (BPs) into HA hydrogel results in the increased stiffness of the hydrogel in comparison with the unmodified HA hydrogel of the same cross-linking density. The rate of enzymatic degradation of HABP hydrogel was significantly lower than the rate of degradation of control HA hydrogel in vitro. This effect is observed only in the presence of calcium ions that strongly bind to the matrix-anchored BP groups and promote further mineralization of the matrix. The degradation of the hydrogels was followed by noninvasive fluorescence measurements enabled after mild and chemoselective labeling of cross-linkable HA derivatives with a fluorescent tag.
      PubDate: 2017-11-27T03:49:40.831918-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23090
       
  • Probing the activity of a recombinant Zn2+-transporting P-type ATPase
    • Authors: H. Ravishankar; A. Barth, M. Andersson
      Abstract: P-type ATPase proteins maintain cellular homeostasis and uphold critical concentration gradients by ATP-driven ion transport across biological membranes. Characterization of single-cycle dynamics by time-resolved X-ray scattering techniques in solution could resolve structural intermediates not amendable to for example crystallization or cryo-electron microscopy sample preparation. To pave way for such time-resolved experiments, we used biochemical activity measurements, Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR) and time-dependent Fourier-Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectroscopy to identify optimal conditions for activating a Zn2+-transporting Type-I ATPase from Shigella sonnei (ssZntA) at high protein concentration using caged ATP. The highest total activity was observed at a protein concentration of 25 mg/mL, at 310 K, pH 7, and required the presence of 20% (v/v) glycerol as stabilizing agent. Neither the presence of caged ATP nor increasing lipid-to-protein ratio affected the hydrolysis activity significantly. This work also paves way for characterization of recombinant metal-transporting (Type-I) ATPase mutants with medical relevance.
      PubDate: 2017-11-23T05:21:05.868211-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23087
       
  • Design and development of low cost polyurethane biopolymer based on castor
           oil and glycerol for biomedical applications
    • Authors: A. C. W. Tan; B. J. Polo-Cambronell, E. Provaggi, C. Ardila-Suárez, G. E. Ramirez-Caballero, V. G. Baldovino-Medrano, D. M. Kalaskar
      Abstract: In the current study, we present the synthesis of novel low cost bio-polyurethane compositions with variable mechanical properties based on castor oil and glycerol for biomedical applications. A detailed investigation of the physicochemical properties of the polymer was carried out by using mechanical testing, ATR-FTIR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Polymers were also tested in short term in-vitro cell culture with human mesenchymal stem cells to evaluate their biocompatibility for potential applications as biomaterial. FTIR analysis confirmed the synthesis of castor oil and glycerol based PU polymers. FTIR also showed that the addition of glycerol as co-polyol increases crosslinking within the polymer backbone hence enhancing the bulk mechanical properties of the polymer. XPS data showed that glycerol incorporation leads to an enrichment of oxidized organic species on the surface of the polymers. Preliminary investigation into in vitro biocompatibility showed that serum protein adsorption can be controlled by varying the glycerol content with polymer backbone. An alamar blue assay looking at the metabolic activity of the cells indicated that castor oil based PU and its variants containing glycerol are non-toxic to the cells. This study opens an avenue for using low cost bio-polyurethane based on castor oil and glycerol for biomedical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-11-21T02:11:37.334001-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23078
       
  • The burst-phase folding intermediate of ribonuclease H changes
           conformation over evolutionary history
    • Authors: Shion A. Lim; Susan Marqusee
      Abstract: The amino acid sequence encodes the energy landscape of a protein. Therefore, we expect evolutionary mutations to change features of the protein energy landscape, including the conformations adopted by a polypeptide as it folds to its native state. Ribonucleases H (RNase H) from Escherichia coli and Thermus thermophilus both fold via a partially folded intermediate in which the core region of the protein (helices A-D and strands 4-5) is structured. Strand 1, however, uniquely contributes to the T. thermophilus RNase H folding intermediate (Icore+1), but not the E. coli RNase H intermediate (Icore) (Rosen & Marqusee, PLoS One 2015). We explore the origin of this difference by characterizing the folding intermediate of seven ancestral RNases H spanning the evolutionary history of these two homologs. Using fragment models with or without strand 1 and FRET probes to characterize the folding intermediate of each ancestor, we find a distinct evolutionary trend across the family—the involvement of strand 1 in the folding intermediate is an ancestral feature that is maintained in the thermophilic lineage and is gradually lost in the mesophilic lineage. Evolutionary sequence changes indeed modulate the conformations present on the folding landscape and altered the folding trajectory of RNase H.
      PubDate: 2017-11-20T03:16:41.931439-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23086
       
  • Mechanisms of GTP hydrolysis and conformational transitions in the dynamin
           superfamily
    • Authors: Oliver Daumke; Gerrit J. K. Praefcke
      PubDate: 2017-11-17T07:40:19.013355-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23079
       
  • Β-cyclodextrin encapsulated polyphenols as effective antioxidants
    • Authors: Pritam Roy; Amit Kumar Dinda, Susmitnarayan Chaudhury, Swagata Dasgupta
      Abstract: Formation of dityrosine (DT) cross-linkages in proteins is one of the most widely used markers of oxidative stress. Ribonuclease A (RNase A) has 6 Tyr residues and shows a characteristic DT fluorescence peak upon oxidation in addition to major changes in its secondary structure. DT formation can be prevented by using polyphenols (GA, ECG, and EGCG) which are known to have strong antioxidant activity. However, it has been observed that ECG and EGCG initiate protein oligomerization due to protein-polyphenol cross-linkages. To prevent the formation of such cross-linkages we have used β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) to encapsulate the polyphenols and studied its antioxidant properties along with that of free polyphenols. The polyphenol/β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) inclusion complexes not only prevent DT formation but also reduce protein oligomerization. This may be attributed to the fact that the quinone forming rings of ECG and EGCG become encapsulated in the cavity of β-CD and are no longer available for protein cross-linking.
      PubDate: 2017-11-15T02:10:57.997521-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23084
       
  • Differentiation potential of human adipose stem cells bioprinted with
           hyaluronic acid/gelatin-based bioink through microextrusion and visible
           light-initiated crosslinking
    • Authors: Shinji Sakai; Hiromi Ohi, Tomoki Hotta, Hidenori Kamei, Masahito Taya
      Abstract: Bioprinting has a great potential to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) functional tissues and organs. In particular, the technique enables fabrication of 3D constructs containing stem cells while maintaining cell proliferation and differentiation abilities, which is believed to be promising in the fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. We aimed to demonstrate the utility of the bioprinting technique to create hydrogel constructs consisting of hyaluronic acid (HA) and gelatin derivatives through irradiation by visible light to fabricate 3D constructs containing human adipose stem cells (hADSCs). The hydrogel was obtained from a solution of HA and gelatin derivatives possessing phenolic hydroxyl moieties in the presence of ruthenium(II) tris-bipyridyl dication and sodium ammonium persulfate. hADSCs enclosed in the bioprinted hydrogel construct elongated and proliferated in the hydrogel. In addition, their differentiation potential was confirmed by examining the expression of pluripotency marker genes and cell surface marker proteins, and differentiation to adipocytes in adipogenic differentiation medium. Our results demonstrate the great potential of the bioprinting method and the resultant hADSC-laden HA/gelatin constructs for applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.
      PubDate: 2017-11-15T02:10:28.011318-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23080
       
  • Enhanced tissue adhesiveness of injectable gelatin hydrogels through dual
           catalytic activity of horseradish peroxidase
    • Authors: Thai Thanh Hoang Thi; Yunki Lee, Seung Bae Ryu, Dai Hai Nguyen, Ki Dong Park
      Abstract: Development of bioadhesives with tunable mechanical strength, high adhesiveness, biocompatibility, and injectability is greatly desirable in all surgeries to replace or complement the sutures and staples. Herein, the dual catalytic activity of horseradish peroxidase is exploited to in situ form the hydroxyphenyl propionic acid-gelatin/thiolated gelatin (GH/GS) adhesive hydrogels including two alternative crosslinks (phenol-phenol and disulfide bonds) with fast gelation (few seconds – several minutes) and improved physicochemical properties. Their elastic moduli increase from 6.7 to 10.3 kPa by adding GS polymer that leads to the better stability of GH/GS hydrogels than GH ones. GH/GS adhesive strength is respectively 6.5-fold and 15.8-fold higher than GH-only and fibrin glue that is due to additional disulfide linkages between hydrogels and tissues. Moreover, in vitro cell study with human dermal fibroblast showed the cell-compatibility of GH/GS hydrogels. Taken together, GH/GS hydrogels can be considered as promising potential adhesive materials for various biomedical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06T03:12:02.42836-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23077
       
  • Issue Information
    • PubDate: 2017-11-02T04:21:01.017036-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.22962
       
  • Cover Image, Volume 107, Issue 12
    • Abstract: DNA interactions with drugs are often examined in ordinary buffers where the DNA molecule is fully dispersed in solution – far from the state it is found in cells. Rocha et al. add bovine serum albumin (BSA) to mimic two conditions in the intracellular environment: the condensed state of DNA, and the abundance of charged macromolecules. When the anticancer drug doxorubicin is added to DNA already condensed by BSA, doxorubicin intercalates and unfolds the DNA condensates. However, if the drug is first intercalated in dispersed DNA, it hinders DNA condensation upon addition of BSA. The results may help our understanding the action of drugs inside prokaryote cells. (
      DOI : 10.1002/bip.23071)
      PubDate: 2017-11-02T04:21:00.560001-05:
       
  • Probing the dynamics of restriction endonuclease NgoMIV-DNA interaction by
           single-molecule FRET
    • Authors: Marijonas Tutkus; Giedrius Sasnauskas, Danielis Rutkauskas
      Abstract: Many type II restriction endonucleases require two copies of their recognition sequence for optimal activity. Concomitant binding of two DNA sites by such an enzyme produces a DNA loop. Here we exploit single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) of surface-immobilized DNA fragments to study the dynamics of DNA looping induced by tetrameric endonuclease NgoMIV. We have employed a DNA fragment with two NgoMIV recognition sites and a FRET dye pair such that upon protein-induced DNA looping the dyes are brought to close proximity resulting in a FRET signal. The dynamics of DNA-NgoMIV interactions proved to be heterogeneous, with individual smFRET trajectories exhibiting broadly different average looped state durations. Distinct types of the dynamics were attributed to different types of DNA-protein complexes, mediated either by one NgoMIV tetramer simultaneously bound to two specific sites (“slow” trajectories) or by semi-specific interactions of two DNA-bound NgoMIV tetramers (“fast” trajectories), as well as to conformational heterogeneity of individual NgoMIV molecules.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27T04:51:29.854024-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23075
       
  • The polypeptide biophysics of proline/alanine-rich sequences (PAS):
           Recombinant biopolymers with PEG-like properties
    • Authors: Joscha Breibeck; Arne Skerra
      Abstract: PAS polypeptides comprise long repetitive sequences of the small L-amino acids proline, alanine and/or serine that were developed to expand the hydrodynamic volume of conjugated pharmaceuticals and prolong their plasma half-life by retarding kidney filtration. Here, we have characterized the polymer properties both of the free polypeptides and in fusion with the biopharmaceutical IL-1Ra. Data from size exclusion chromatography, dynamic light scattering, circular dichroism spectroscopy and quantification of hydrodynamic and polar properties demonstrate that the biosynthetic PAS polypeptides exhibit random coil behavior in aqueous solution astonishingly similar to the chemical polymer poly-ethylene glycol (PEG). The solvent-exposed PAS peptide groups, in the absence of secondary structure, account for strong hydrophilicity, with negligible contribution by the Ser side chains. Notably, PAS polypeptides exceed PEG of comparable molecular mass in hydrophilicity and hydrodynamic volume while exhibiting lower viscosity. Their uniform monodisperse composition as genetically encoded polymers and their biological nature, offering biodegradability, render PAS polypeptides a promising PEG mimetic for biopharmaceutical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27T04:40:43.402464-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23069
       
  • Effect of heavy water on the conformational stability of globular proteins
    • Authors: Andrea Pica; Giuseppe Graziano
      Abstract: It is well established from the experimental point of view that the native state of globular proteins is more stable in heavy water than in water. No robust explanation, however, has been provided up to now. The application of the theoretical approach, originally devised to rationalize the general occurrence of cold denaturation, indicates that the magnitude of the solvent-excluded volume effect is slightly smaller in heavy water than in water and cannot explain the observed protein stabilization. The latter has to be due to the strength of protein-water van der Waals attractions which are weaker in heavy water due to the smaller molecular polarizability of D2O compared with that of H2O molecules. Since protein-water van der Waals attractions occur more in the denatured than in the native state, this contribution leads to a stabilization of the latter through a destabilization of the former.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T05:55:28.432749-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23076
       
  • Polypeptoid polymers: Synthesis, characterization, and properties
    • Authors: Brandon A. Chan; Sunting Xuan, Ang Li, Jessica M. Simpson, Garrett L. Sternhagen, Tianyi Yu, Omead A. Darvish, Naisheng Jiang, Donghui Zhang
      Abstract: Polypeptoids, a class of peptidomimetic polymers, have emerged at the forefront of macromolecular and supramolecular science and engineering as the technological relevance of these polymers continues to be demonstrated. The chemical and structural diversity of polypeptoids have enabled access to and adjustment of a variety of physicochemical and biological properties (eg, solubility, charge characteristics, chain conformation, HLB, thermal processability, degradability, cytotoxicity and immunogenicity). These attributes have made this synthetic polymer platform a potential candidate for various biomedical and biotechnological applications. This review will provide an overview of recent development in synthetic methods to access polypeptoid polymers with well-defined structures and highlight some of the fundamental physicochemical and biological properties of polypeptoids that are pertinent to the future development of functional materials based on polypeptoids.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T04:39:08.738403-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23070
       
  • Exploring the influence of hyperthermophilic protein Ssh10b on the
           stability and conformation of RNA by molecular dynamics simulation
    • Authors: Xue Zhang; Qing-Chuan Zheng
      Abstract: The hyperthermophilic Ssh10b from Sulfolobus shibatae is a member of the Sac10b family, which binds RNA in vivo as a physiological substrate, and it has been postulated to play a key role in chromosomal organization in Archaea. Even though the crystal structure of Ssh10b-RNA was resolved successively by X-ray diffraction (Protein Data Bank [PDB] code: 3WBM), the detailed dynamic characteristics of Ssh10b-RNA are still unclear. In this study, molecular dynamics (MDs) simulations at 6 temperatures (300, 350, 375, 400, 450, and 500 K) and molecular mechanics Generalized-Born surface area (MM-GB/SA) free energy calculations were performed to investigate the mechanism of how Ssh10b protects and stabilizes RNA. The simulation results indicate that RNA is stabilized by Ssh10b when the temperature rises up to 375 K. RNA is found to undergo conformational transition between A-RNA and A′-RNA when Ssh10b binds to RNA at 3 different temperatures (300, 350, and 375 K). Salt bridges, hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions are observed, and some residues have significant impact on the structural stability of the complex. This study increases our understanding of the dynamics and interaction mechanism of hyperthermophilic proteins and RNA at the atomic level, and offers a model for studying the structural biology of hyperthermophilic proteins and RNA.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T04:37:27.086826-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23068
       
  • Doxorubicin hinders DNA condensation promoted by the protein bovine serum
           albumin (BSA)
    • Authors: C. H. M. Lima; H. M. C. de Paula, L. H. M. da Silva, M. S. Rocha
      Abstract: In this work, we have studied the interaction between the anticancer drug doxorubicin (doxo) and condensed DNA, using optical tweezers. To perform this task, we use the protein bovine serum albumin (BSA) in the working buffer to mimic two key conditions present in the real intracellular environment: the condensed state of the DNA and the abundant presence of charged macromolecules in the surrounding medium. In particular, we have found that, when doxo is previously intercalated in disperse DNA, the drug hinders the DNA condensation process upon the addition of BSA in the buffer. On the other hand, when bare DNA is firstly condensed by BSA, doxo is capable to intercalate and to unfold the DNA condensates at relatively high concentrations. In addition, a specific interaction between BSA and doxo was verified, which significantly changes the chemical equilibrium of the DNA–doxo interaction. Finally, the presence of BSA in the buffer stabilizes the double-helix structure of the DNA–doxo complexes, preventing partial DNA denaturation induced by the stretching forces.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23T05:10:23.24831-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23071
       
  • Antimicrobial activity of lysozyme isoforms: Key molecular features
    • Authors: Melanie Derde; Véronique Vié, Astrid Walrant, Sandrine Sagan, Valérie Lechevalier, Catherine Guérin-Dubiard, Stéphane Pezennec, Marie-Françoise Cochet, Gilles Paboeuf, Maryvonne Pasco, Florence Baron, Michel Gautier, Sophie Jan, Françoise Nau
      Abstract: Increasing bacterial resistance towards antibiotics has stimulated research for novel antimicrobials. Proteins acting on bacterial membranes could be a solution. Lysozyme has been proven active against E. coli by disruption of both outer and cytoplasmic membranes, with dry-heating increasing lysozyme activity. Dry-heated lysozyme (DH-L) is a mixture of isoforms (isoaspartyl, native-like and succinimide lysozymes), giving rise to two questions: what effects does each form have, and which physicochemical properties are critical as regards the antibacterial activity' These issues were investigated by fractionating DH-L, analyzing structural properties of each fraction, and testing each fraction in vivo on bacteria and in vitro on membrane models. Positive net charge, hydrophobicity and molecular flexibility of the isoforms seem key parameters for their interaction with E. coli membranes. The succinimide lysozyme fraction, the most positive, flexible and hydrophobic, shows the highest antimicrobial activity, induces the strongest bacterial membrane disruption and is the most surface active on model lipid monolayers. Moreover, each fraction appears less efficient than DH-L against E. coli, indicating a synergetic cooperation between lysozyme isoforms. The bacterial membrane modifications induced by one isoform could facilitate the subsequent action of the other isoforms.
      PubDate: 2017-09-25T05:20:33.957698-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23040
       
  • Thermal melt circular dichroism spectroscopic studies for identifying
           stabilising amphipathic molecules for the voltage-gated sodium channel
           NavMs
    • Authors: Sam M. Ireland; Altin Sula, B.A. Wallace
      Abstract: Purified integral membrane proteins require amphipathic molecules to maintain their solubility in aqueous solutions. These complexes, in turn, are used in studies to characterise the protein structures by a variety of biophysical and structural techniques, including spectroscopy, crystallography, and cryo-electron microscopy. Typically the amphilphiles used have been detergent molecules, but more recently they have included amphipols, which are polymers of different sizes and compositions designed to create smaller, more well-defined solubilised forms of the membrane proteins. In this study we used circular dichroism spectroscopy to compare the secondary structures and thermal stabilities of the NavMs voltage-gated sodium channel in different amphipols and detergents as a means of identifying amphipathic environments that maximally maintain the protein structure whilst providing a stabilising environment. These types of characterisations also have potential as means of screening for sample types that may be more suitable for crystallisation and/or cryo-electron microscopy structure determinations.
      PubDate: 2017-09-19T01:05:21.302096-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/bip.23067
       
 
 
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