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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 990 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 470)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 226)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 279)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología     Open Access  
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy Online     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 174)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Buletin Psikologi     Open Access  
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health     Open Access  
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Community Psychology in Global Perspective     Open Access  
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aggression and Violent Behavior
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.238
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 470  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1359-1789
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3161 journals]
  • Why we should universalize the insanity defense and replace punishment
           with therapy and education
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): James Gilligan The insanity defense, which exempts those judged to be insane from being punished for whatever illegal acts they have committed, exists in order to be the exception that proves the rule: namely, that illegal acts, except those committed by the insane, deserve punishment, since they are produced by a person who chose to do what he knew was wrong; and that the only questions we need to ask are moral and legal ones: “how evil was he, and how much punishment does he deserve'” This article will be devoted to showing why punishment, far from preventing violence, is the most powerful stimulant to violence that we have yet discovered; and that we need to replace it with empirically tested policies that do prevent violence. To speak of universalizing the insanity defense is simply another way to speak of abolishing punishment. The article will show why we should abandon the notion that prisons can be reformed, and instead replace them with safe, secure residential colleges and therapeutic communities. This would mean thinking of violence as a problem in public health and preventive medicine, about which we ask “what are the causes of violence, and how can we prevent it'”
       
  • Tracking narrative change in the context of extremism and terrorism:
           Adapting the Innovative Moments Coding System
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Raquel da Silva, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Miguel M. Gonçalves, Catarina Rosa, Joana Silva Existing models of deradicalisation, countering violent extremism (CVE), and counter-terrorism (CT) have lacked a clear theory of change, as well as robust empirical methodologies. This paper proposes an empirically-based systematic and transparent methodology – the Innovative Moments Coding System (IMCS) – which is empirically sensitive, ethically defensible, and can be of use in the context of research to inform practitioner contexts. Through a case study of former violent militants, we explore the adaptation and usage of this instrument to identify and track self-narrative change in the processes of engagement and disengagement, as well as radicalisation and deradicalisation in the context of violent extremism and terrorism. We illustrate how this methodology has the potential to bring benefits to the work of researchers involved in producing guidelines for disengagement, deradicalisation or risk-reduction interventions.
       
  • Juvenile Firesetters as multiple problem youth with particular interests
           in fire: A meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Danielle L.C. Perks, Bruce D. Watt, Katarina Fritzon, Rebekah Doley Juveniles are overrepresented among arson offenders, though previous research has been mixed in identifying key risk factors differentiating juvenile firesetters from youth who do not light unsanctioned fires. The current meta-analysis examined all published and available unpublished research over a 30-year period, examining risk and protective factors associated with youth firesetting. Control groups comprised youth living in the community, forensic samples, and clinic referred youth. Across 39 independent samples with 22,292 juveniles, fire specific variables yielded the strongest differentiation between firesetters and non-firesetters, particularly history of fire involvement and fire interest. Juvenile firesetters had significantly more extensive histories of problematic behaviours, experienced adverse familial events, elevated rates of emotional dysregulation, and greater prevalence of mental health disorders compared to youth not involved in firesetting. Protective factors were less often identified for firesetters compared to non-firesetters. The findings highlight juvenile firesetters often experience multiple problems, magnified by a history of interest and involvement in firesetting. Hence, interventions with juvenile firesetters need to target multiple problem areas while assisting youth to redirecting interests towards non-antisocial pursuits. Caution is noted in interpreting the findings, with significant heterogeneity identified for most effect sizes across studies.
       
  • Moving beyond prison rape: Assessing sexual victimization among youth in
           custody
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Eileen M. Ahlin This integrated literature review discusses the need to treat youth in custody distinctly from adult carceral populations when examining sexual victimization. Although the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) mandates correctional facilities address sexual assault in both populations, the lack of available information on risk factors among youth may lead to practitioners and policy-makers becoming reliant on the adult literature when making decisions on preventative and reactive care for juveniles. Such extrapolation may lead to an inadequate or even inappropriate response for youth in custody. A research agenda using an ecological framework to determine youth-specific individual and structural level risk factors is proposed. Findings demonstrate differences in sexual victimization risk factors for adults in jails and prisons compared to youth in custody. This review serves as a foundation for moving research on this topic to juvenile custody settings while also acknowledging the challenges associated with conducting such research among youth in custody.
       
  • Neurobiological findings of the psychopathic personality in adults: One
           century of history
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Diana Moreira, Andreia Azeredo, Fernando Barbosa This review intends to produce a historical overview of the psychobiological bases of psychopathy from the first studies using biological or neuropsychological measures up to the present state of knowledge. The reviewed studies were retrieved from multiple databases, following the procedures of the Cochrane Collaboration. Of the 205 documents obtained, 49 were selected for further analysis and 31 were considered eligible for inclusion. Furthermore, eight studies were included through manual search. The objectives, sample (age, percentage of male, type of sample), country of origin of the studies, language, design, instruments, and results and main conclusions were extracted from each study. Overall, the results reinforce the idea that psychopathic traits are associated with abnormalities in the way the brain processes environmental emotional information, and that the fundamental cognitive properties related to attention maintain or worsen these abnormalities. In some cases, changes in attention explain, by themselves, the abnormalities in emotional processing. Future studies using neurophysiological paradigms would be a great asset to help differentiate, at a neurocognitive level, the personality structures characterized by pronounced antisocial behavior, in order to improve the understanding of their heterogeneous etiologies.
       
  • Measures for evaluating sex trafficking aftercare and support services: A
           systematic review and resource compilation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Laurie M. Graham, Rebecca J. Macy, Amanda Eckhardt, Cynthia F. Rizo, Brooke L. Jordan Increasingly, organizations are providing services to promote the resilience and reintegration of persons trafficked for sexual exploitation. Unfortunately, services for survivors of trafficking have out-paced the evaluation of such services. However, formative studies exist on the needs and service outcomes of survivors of trafficking. We undertook a systematic summary of such studies with the aim of compiling the measures and constructs used in this literature. Of the 53 studies reviewed, 22 studies named 34 published measures used to collect data regarding survivors' coping; physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health; substance use; social support; trafficking-related needs, strengths, and outcomes; and trauma and abuse experiences. Additionally, to gather information on constructs of interest, 18 of the 22 studies included supplemental questions that were not part of a specific measure. Results show sex trafficking research is strongly focused on the physical and mental health needs and service outcomes of survivors. Few studies incorporate holistic views of well-being. Moreover, measures used with this population often have not been tested with survivors of trafficking. We recommend testing measures with this population, conducting holistic assessment of the needs and outcomes of survivors of sex trafficking, and developing tailored measures for various subgroups within this diverse population.
       
  • Predicting domestic violence: A meta-analysis on the predictive validity
           of risk assessment tools
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 April 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Claudia E. van der Put, Jeanne Gubbels, Mark Assink Risk assessment tools are increasingly being used to guide decisions about supervision and treatment of domestic violence perpetrators. However, earlier review studies showed that the predictive validity of most of these tools is limited, and is reflected in small average effect sizes. The present study aimed to meta-analytically examine the predictive validity of domestic violence risk assessment tools, and to identify tool characteristics that positively moderate the predictive validity. A literature search yielded 50 independent studies (N = 68,855) examining the predictive validity of 39 different tools, of which 205 effect sizes could be extracted. Overall, a significant discriminative accuracy was found (AUC = 0.647), indicating a moderate predictive accuracy. Tools specifically developed for assessing the risk of domestic violence performed as well as risk predictions based on victim ratings and tools designed for predicting general/violent criminal recidivism. Actuarial instruments (AUC = 0.657) outperformed Structured Clinical Judgment (SCJ) tools (AUC = 0.580) in predicting domestic violence. The onset of domestic violence (AUC = 0.744) could be better predicted than recurrence of domestic violence (AUC = 0.643), which is a promising finding for early detection and prevention of domestic violence. Suggestions for the improvement of risk assessment strategies are presented.
       
  • The conceptualization of gangs: Changing the focus
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 March 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Daniel Wegerhoff, Louise Dixon, Tony Ward Discussions about the gang construct and appropriate definitions have been pervasive throughout gang research. This paper seeks to shed light on these discussions by adopting a theoretical perspective to examine the suitability of ‘gangs’ as a target of explanation and the appropriateness of current definitional approaches. First, we examine the validity and utility of the gang construct. It is concluded that the gang label has poor construct validity and limited explanatory utility, thereby making it unsuitable for theoretical purposes. Instead, we suggest that researchers need to focus on what gangs are at a foundational level, namely groups, and that the group should be the target of explanation. Second, we consider the limitations of gang definitions for theory construction and instead offer a method known as three-tier analysis to comprehensively conceptualize groups without discussions of necessary and sufficient definitional boundaries. Finally, we produce a framework based on these findings and demonstrate how it facilitates understanding of a specific gang exemplar. In doing so, we bypass several theoretical roadblocks obstructing gang research and advance a way to explain the group and (by extension) gangs, thus improving our understanding of groups and gangs with the purpose of ultimately informing practice and policy initiatives.
       
  • The role of media exposure on relational aggression: A meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Nicole Martins, Andrew Weaver We conducted a meta-analysis of 33 studies that examined the effects of media exposure on relationally aggressive behaviors and cognitions (a total of 66 effect sizes, N = (20,990). Across all types of aggressive content, there was a small positive effect (r = 0.15) on relational aggression. However, a comparison of effects sizes demonstrate that exposure to relational aggression had the strongest effect (r = 0.21), whereas exposure to non-specific media content had the weakest effect (r = 0.08). Exposure to physical aggression fell in the middle of the two content types (r = 0.15). Potential explanations for these effects as well as moderators that could influence the results are considered, and the practical implications of these findings are discussed.
       
  • Associations between individual-level characteristics and exposure to
           physically violent behavior among young people experiencing homelessness:
           A meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 March 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Jessica A. Heerde, Sheryl A. Hemphill Risk factor reduction approaches may decrease exposure to violence among young people experiencing homelessness. This study presents a meta-analysis exploring associations between characteristics of young people experiencing homelessness (individual-level factors) and exposure to physically violent behavior, both as perpetrators and as victims. A series of meta-analyses using random effects models were conducted, examining 426 effect sizes, calculated from findings across 26 studies. Data were analyzed from 8842 homeless young people, aged 13–26 years from North America. Individual-level factors were significantly associated with both perpetration of physically violent behavior (OR 4.87, p 
       
  • Versatility and exploratory psychometric properties of the
           Impulsive/Premeditated Aggression Scale (IPAS): A review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 March 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Ana Rita Cruz, Andreia de Castro-Rodrigues, Brian Rundle, Ioannisely Berrios-Torres, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves, Fernando Barbosa, Matthew S. Stanford Aggression has different conceptualizations and can be behaviorally expressed in diverse ways. Designed to evaluate impulsive and premeditated forms of aggression, the Impulsive/Premeditated Aggression Scale (IPAS; Stanford et al., 2003) is a 30 item self-report questionnaire. The aim of the present study was to explore IPAS versatility in different psychological settings by reviewing and examining the exploratory psychometric properties of the IPAS impulsive and premeditated subscales, across different samples and cultural backgrounds. Fifty-two articles including demographic or psychometric information (internal consistency, factor analysis, validity, reliability) were retrieved. It is suggested that the IPAS is reliable across different cultures, samples and scoring techniques. The two subscales (Impulsive and Premeditated) show acceptable internal consistency. Also, IPAS factors seem to be constant both in clinical and non-clinical samples. The IPAS appears to be a clinically useful instrument for differentiating between subtypes of aggressive behavior, to support risk assessment evaluations, pretrial decisions and better treatment and rehabilitation strategies in offenders and clinical relevant samples.
       
  • Aggression among men: An integrated evolutionary explanation
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 March 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): John Klasios This paper develops an integrated theoretical explanation of aggression among men, showing that much of that aggression is anchored in naturally-selected psychological adaptations—or, in the case of honor, importantly tied to cultural transmission—designed to solve the recurrent evolutionary problems of status and honor. Both of these problems are—or at least were—very crucial to the reproductive success of men. Maintaining and cultivating honor, engaging in theft, mating competition, war, and gangs are the main phenomena thereby explained in evolutionary terms. Drawing on theoretical and conceptual resources from the evolutionary sciences at large, and in particular evolutionary psychology, the explanation developed here also and importantly pulls together the psychological, developmental, cultural, and ecological dimensions of the phenomena at issue. Doing so allows the model to sketch the ways in which the psychological adaptations underlying aggression are sensitive to both external and individual contingencies and thereby open-ended and flexible. The evolutionary model developed here draws an additional strength from its ability to grapple with evolutionarily novel environments and individual differences. Finally, the integrated explanation is also synthesized with the evolutionary genetics and heritability of aggression.
       
  • Socially accepted violence by “agents of law”: Sublimation of
           aggression as a model
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Efrat Even-tzur, Uri Hadar As part of their duty, police officers sometime use electro-shock weapons in order to restrain violent behaviors; prison guards use physical force to restrict convicted felons' freedom of movement; staff members of forensic psychiatric units sometime use physical restraining means on dangerous patients. Such actions are sometimes criticized, but in other instances, when they do not exceed reasonable use of power, they may be perceived as appropriate and expected of the aforementioned officials.Now would it be accurate to claim that even when following regulations, such acts involve expressions of aggression' Would it be an overstatement to ascribe the term “violence” to them, customary and accepted as they may be in their institutional and social context' These questions raise even additional difficulties regarding the use of force by law-enforcement agents: do their actions produce significant psychological implications' Could these uses of physical force potentially elicit unique anxieties that require unique coping mechanisms'The core of the difficulty, we suggest, lies in the intricacies of the topic of socially accepted violence. The intention of this paper is to propose a psychoanalytic exploration of this complicated problem, and to examine how the Freudian idea of sublimation of aggression contributes to its understanding.
       
  • The Connection's approach: A model for integrating criminal justice,
           
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Bandy Lee, David Sells, Jacob Hasson, Michele Klimczak, Charles Barber At a time when societal problems and systems are becoming increasingly complex, a state-wide human services agency in Connecticut, called “The Connection,” has adopted a human approach to care. Far from being impractical or irrelevant, we have found this philosophy to be at the core of its success, which has the potential to inform similar agencies worldwide. At a time in the U.S. when most agencies are reducing their services and trying merely to survive in a climate of little concern for disadvantaged populations, The Connection has been expanding and thriving while taking care of the sickest, the neediest, and the most high-risk populations. It addresses social challenges at the most basic level, “making connections” between criminal justice, mental health, and social support services through a simplification of principles that allows for their integration. In this article, we review the elements that have led to its efficacy, the scientific support for it, and potential pitfalls.
       
  • Government political structure and gender differences in violent death: A
           longitudinal analysis of forty-three countries, 1960–2008
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Morkeh Blay-Tofey, Bandy X. Lee, Phillip Marotta, Kelsey K. Schuder, James Gilligan ObjectivesLittle global and longitudinal scholarship exists on the relationship between regime type and mortality on a global level. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of democracy on violent death rates (homicide, suicide, and combined) by gender (men and women).MethodsThree measures of democracy were used to quantify regime type. Homicide and suicide rates were obtained from the World Health Organization. Multi-level regression analyses examined associations between regime characteristics and logged rates of homicide, suicide, and violent deaths. Models were adjusted for unemployment and economic inequality.ResultsNations that scored higher on democracy indices, especially emerging democracies, experienced increased mortality due to violence. Women possessed higher rates of homicide and suicide in democracies compared to men.ConclusionsViolent deaths appear to be more prevalent even in stable democracies, and women are more affected than men. This overturns the common assumption that democracies bring greater equality, and therefore lower death rates over long-term. Future analyses might examine the aspects of democracies that lead to higher rates of violent death so as to help mitigate them.
       
  • Biosocial studies of antisocial behavior: A systematic review of
           interactions between peri/prenatal complications, psychophysiological
           parameters, and social risk factors
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Babette C.M. van Hazebroek, Hilde Wermink, Lieke van Domburgh, Jan W. de Keijser, Machteld Hoeve, Arne Popma In order to reduce antisocial behavior (ASB) and associated individual and societal problems, insight into determinants of ASB is warranted. Increasing efforts have been made to combine biological and social factors in explaining antisocial development. Two types of biological parameters have been studied vastly and provide the most compelling evidence for associations between biosocial interaction and ASB: peri/prenatal complications and psychophysiological parameters. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize empirical evidence on interactions between these biological measures and social risk factors in predicting ASB. In doing so, we aimed to (1) examine whether specific peri/prenatal and psychophysiological measures composite a vulnerability to social risk and increase risk for specific types of ASB, and (2) evaluate the application of divergent biosocial theoretical models. Based on a total of 50 studies (documented in 66 publications), associations between biological parameters and ASB were generally found to be stronger in the context of adverse social environments. In addition, associations between biosocial interaction and ASB were stronger for more severe and violent types of ASB. Further, in the context of social risk, under-arousal was associated with proactive aggression, while over-arousal was associated with reactive aggression. Empirical findings are discussed in terms of distinct biosocial theoretical perspectives that aim to explain ASB and important unresolved empirical issues are outlined.
       
  • A meta-analysis of the association between psychopathy and sadism in
           forensic samples
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Debra O'Connell, David K. Marcus This meta-analysis examined the association between psychopathic personality traits as assessed by the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 1991), and sadism. The PCL-R yields a total score as well as two factor scores. Factor 1 encompasses the interpersonal/affective components of psychopathy such as glibness, and callousness. Factor 2 captures the antisocial behavior aspects of psychopathy including impulsivity, and poor planning abilities. The meta-analysis included 19 independent adult, male forensic samples from 16 articles that included a total of 5161 participants. The average r across all studies for PCL-R total score and sadism was 0.24 (p 
       
  • The use of pornography and the relationship between pornography exposure
           and sexual offending in males: A systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Emily Mellor, Simon Duff BackgroundExposure to pornography is common, although research examining the use of pornography, and the relationship between exposure to pornography and offending, is contradictory. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine whether there was an association between pornography exposure and sexual offending in males.MethodA comprehensive search of eight electronic databases was undertaken to systematically identify literature relating to pornography and offending. Reference lists of key journals were hand searched and contact was made with experts in the field to identify any unpublished work. A total of twenty-one studies were included in the review and all were assessed using a quality criteria tool adapted from the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP, 2018).ResultsFrom the twenty-one studies included in the review, studies explored pornography use either prior to or during offending. Studies exploring the effects of pornography assessed recidivism, seriousness of the sexual offence and deviant sexual fantasies. The data synthesis indicated that the impact of pornography on offending is not always negative but that it is complex, particularly due to issues related to defining pornography.ConclusionThe review yielded mixed findings largely due to variations in samples and a lack of agreed definitions for pornography. Recommendations are provided regarding the need for more recent longitudinal studies able to capture any possible changes within the pornography literature and its effect on sexual offenders, and the need for studies that provide specific definitions for pornography.
       
  • The intersection of violence, brain networks, and mindfulness practices
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Richard H. Morley, Paul B. Jantz, Cheryl Fulton This paper reviews and discusses the intersection of three brain networks, violence, and mindfulness practices. Research findings suggest that violence and predictors of violence are linked to neurological abnormalities in three interconnected brain networks including the salience network, the executive control network, and the default mode network. This paper also reviews findings which demonstrate that mindfulness practices and a related trait, self-compassion, lead to positive changes in the same brain systems and research results that discuss the use of mindfulness practices and self-compassion as interventions to violence. Future research directions and implications of mindfulness practices, brain networks, and violence are discussed.
       
  • The lack of social belonging: Reflections on violence against children in
           Mozambique
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Nair Teles With the aim of reflecting on violence against children in Mozambique, the Health and Society Research Group (HSRG) at the Department of Sociology, Eduardo Mondlane University, held interviews and conducted focus groups with children and professionals in two cities. The hypothesis of the study is that the lack of social belonging carries within itself a kind of social behaviour that, in general, does not denounce the significant number of violent cases, especially those against the child. This reinforces such acts, allowing them to become normalized.
       
  • Effect of perceived parent child relations on adjustment of young women
           exposed to mutual intimate partner violence during childhood
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): P. Duval, M. Pietri, E. Bouteyre ObjectiveWe sought to show that the adjustment of young women who witnessed mutual intimate partner violence (IPV) as children is influenced by their current perceptions of relations with their parents.MethodOur sample comprised 793 young female French university students, 623 of whom had been exposed to IPV during childhood. Of these, 289 had witnessed severe violence and 334 minor violence. All participants completed an online battery assessing perceived IPV (CTS2-CA), perceived parent-child relations (QERPE), predisposition to aggression (Aggression Questionnaire), and anxious and depressive symptomatology (HADS).ResultsResults revealed that young women with IPV exposure exhibited a higher level of anxiety than those with no such exposure, and perceived their relations with their parents more negatively. Those who had witnessed severe, as opposed to minor, violence displayed higher levels of anxiety, depression and aggression. They also had more negative perceptions of their relations with their parents. More generally, perceived maternal rejection was a decisive factor for the presence of internalizing and/or externalizing problems among participants with IPV exposure.ConclusionWhere there is a history of mutual IPV, the quality of parent-child relations has a major impact on young women's adjustment. We discuss the study's limitations, as well as prospects for future research.
       
  • Direct verbal aggression in school settings: A review of the literature
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Daniel V. Poling, Stephen W. Smith, Gregory G. Taylor, Megan M. Worth Overt physical aggression in schools gains the most attention from educational professionals, yet researchers find that verbal aggression (VA) delivered directly is the most prevalent form. Perpetrators who engage in VA can experience a host of negative long-term outcomes and victims often experience anxiety, depression, and even suicide ideation. A review of the current literature about VA is essential to raise awareness of this form of aggression and to develop strategies to mollify its deleterious effects. Thus, the purpose of our review is to explore VA, specifically its prevalence and demographics, internalizing effects, and related risk and protective factors. We also examine student perspectives, school climate and safety, the relationship between academic performance and VA, and current interventions. We discuss future research, including the need to situate conceptually VA processes and cognitive events, mediators and moderators, proximal and distal outcomes of VA, and the need for efficient and effective interventions.
       
  • Public health problems associated with “boda boda” motorcycle Taxis in
           Kenya: The sting of inequality
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Kennedy Mkutu, Tessa Rhodes Mkutu
       
  • Capturing violence in the night-time economy: A review of established and
           emerging methodologies
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Richard Philpot, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Kim Kristian Møller, Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard, Mark Levine Night-time economy (NTE) leisure zones, while providing local economic growth and positive social experiences, are hotspots for urban public violence. Research aimed at better understanding and thus reducing this violence has employed a range of empirical methods: official records, self-reports, experiments, and observational techniques. In this paper, we review the applications of these methodologies for analyzing NTE violence on key research dimensions, including mapping incidents across time and space; interpreting the motivations and meaning of violence; identifying social psychological background variables and health consequences; and the ability to examine mid-violent interactions. Further, we assess each method in terms of reliability, validity, and the potential for establishing causal claims. We demonstrate that there are fewer and less established methodologies available for examining the interactional dynamics of NTE violence. Using real-life NTE bystander intervention as a case example, we argue that video-based behavioral analysis is a promising method to address this gap. Given the infancy and relative lack of exposure of the video observational method, we provide recommendations for scholars interested in adopting this technique.
       
  • Efficacy of different versions of Aggression Replacement Training (ART): A
           review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Faride Ensafdaran, Barbara Krahé, Soodabe Bassak Njad, Nasrin Arshadi Aggression Replacement Training (ART) is a multimodal intervention for chronically aggressive youth. The program has been frequently administered in a variety of samples in the original form or in modified versions. This review examines evaluations of the efficacy of ART on aggressive behaviors and secondary outcomes in young people and adults, including modifications of ART and evaluations of the original version not covered by earlier reviews.MethodScholarly databases were searched to identify 10 articles reporting 11 independent studies evaluating the efficacy ART in reducing aggressive behavior and improving anger control, social skills, and moral reasoning in children and youth.ResultsThe majority of studies found positive effects of ART on aggression and other outcomes related to anger control, social skills, and moral reasoning. However, most studies were based on small samples, and few included a control group to evaluate intervention success.ConclusionsThe studies reviewed in this paper tentatively suggest that ART is an efficacious intervention to reduce aggressive behavior and improve anger control, social skills, and moral reasoning in at-risk children and youth. However, this conclusion is qualified by a number of methodological limitations that highlight the need for further, more rigorous evaluation studies.
       
  • What role can cognitive neuroscience play in violence prevention'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): R.J.R. Blair A cognitive neuroscience perspective seeks to understand behavior in terms of dysfunction in cognitive processes underpinned by neural processes. There has been an explosion in cognitive neuroscience work, and neuro-scientific work more generally, on violence over the last 20 years, particularly over the last decade. The paper will articulate a position regarding several forms of functional process, and their neural substrates, that, when dysfunctional, increase the risk for different forms of violence. Implications of this work with respect to the development of individualized assessments and treatments will be briefly considered.
       
  • Ethical loneliness and the development of a victim-focused approach to
           rape cases in South Africa
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Sheena Swemmer In this article, I focus on the rape trial of the former South African president, Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma. I have chosen this specific case as it was extensively documented, both in the media and academically, with the main focus being on how the court had relied on gender-stereotyping in coming to its conclusion that the accused was not guilty as well as the degrading onslaught the victim experienced by communities around her. I look at the court's reliance on evidence of previous sexual history in finding that the complainant (Khwezi) was, in fact, an unreliable witness. I endeavour to show how the reliance of the court on rape stereotypes can be humiliating, degrading and one of the causes of secondary victimisation. I argue that Khwezi's harmful experience of the criminal justice system is common to many victims in rape cases. I then proceed to argue that the experience of Khwezi (and many other rape survivors) can be described as what Stauffer calls, ‘ethical loneliness’. As one outlet for this loneliness, I suggest the development of the South African criminal law, which can be applied to criminal law universally, to shift the focus of rape trials from being accused-focused to victim-focused. Through this process, I argue, that law can begin to influence change in the reluctance of society to hear the story of rape survivors and help to create a safe space in communities for survivors to be heard.
       
  • Measuring relational aggression in children and adolescents: A systematic
           review of the available instruments
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Ioanna Voulgaridou, Constantinos M. Kokkinos Research on relational aggression, defined as behaviors that are used to harm others' relationships, has shown that it is detrimental to children's and adolescents' emotional and social functioning. The main goal of this study is to review the extant relational aggression instruments and provide recommendations for future studies. Emphasis was placed on the measures' conceptual basis as well as on their psychometric properties, referring to reliability (i.e., internal consistency) and validity (i.e., construct and convergent). A systematic literature search between 2005 and May 2018 yielded 89 published studies which were coded on assessed behaviors and participants' as well as on measurement characteristics, such as number of items, information source, scales' reliability and validity. The review includes a variety of different measures that relied on distinct reporters to capture relationally aggressive behaviors. Regarding the conceptual clarification of the construct reflected in the corresponding measures, an inconsistency across studies was detected. Evidence of convergent validity is provided for the majority of the instruments, while very few of the studies investigated the measures' construct validity. Findings demonstrate great variability in measures used to assess relationally aggressive behavior and highlight the need for robust and psychometrically-sound instruments.
       
  • Hostile attribution bias and aggression in adults - a systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Stéphanie Klein Tuente, Stefan Bogaerts, Wim Veling Human aggression is highly prevalent and has a large impact on the lives of victims and society in general. Causes and mechanisms of aggression are manifold. One prominent component of aggression is the tendency to interpret ambiguous behavior of others as hostile, so called Hostile Attribution Bas (HAB). This systematic review investigated the association between HAB and aggression in adults. PsychInfo, Embase, PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched and 25 studies were included. These studies reported small to medium associations between HAB and aggression in adults. The association was present across different population samples, varying from students to forensic psychiatric patients. As most studies were cross-sectional and HAB measurements varied in quality, conclusions and implications for interventions are preliminary. This review provides an overview of existing research on HAB and aggression in adults, and highlights the importance of longitudinal studies and adequate HAB measurements for future research.
       
  • Homicide and indigenous peoples in North America: A structural analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Lisa Monchalin, Olga Marques, Charles Reasons, Simranjit Arora Indigenous peoples in Canada and the United States experience high levels of homicide and violence. In fact, the Indigenous homicide rate is the highest of any racial and ethnic group in either country. Of particular concern, is the amount of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls. While such individual violence has been subject to research in Canada and, to a lesser extent, the United States, most of the literature focuses upon the micro factors to explain such violence. These types of explanations however, largely fail to provide the historical and structural framework for understanding this violence. For instance, the crisis of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls must not be separated from the structural embeddedness of colonialism and the impacts of patriarchy. While the history of colonialism is usually evoked within the literature to provide context, this paper argues that colonialism is not only a contextual factor to situate individual violence, but rather that the embeddedness of colonialism within the political, economic, and social organization, or structure of society, leads to the continued precarity of Indigenous people to violence and victimization – particularly homicide.
       
  • To destroy a people: Sexual violence as a form of genocide in the
           conflicts of Bosnia, Rwanda, and Chile
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Rachel A. Sitkin, Bandy X. Lee, Grace Lee Throughout history, attacks on women have been common during armed conflict. Frequently military forces have viewed sexual violence as a spoil of war, a punishment to defeated populations, or as the deviance of rogue soldiers. However, conflicts in which sexual violence has been weaponized have been increasing. When a military force's command utilizes systematic and widespread sexual violence as a weapon of war against a specific group, in both intent and effect, it fulfills every condition of the Geneva Convention standards of genocide. In this article, we analyze three cases: Bosnia during the break-up of the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda during its genocide, and Chile under the Pinochet dictatorship. Motivations for each of the conflicts varied, from ethnic cleansing to the elimination of a competing political group, however, the constant in all three was the intended elimination of a specific group and a state sanctioned implementation of a policy of sexual violence in order to do so.Egregious acts of sexual violence were deliberately planned to murder, to incur permanent mental and physical harm, to demoralize and destroy the group's ability to procreate in the future, and to impose measures upon the group to bring about its end. Based on these examples, we argue that, irrespective of the cause of a conflict, systematic and widespread sexual violence used as a weapon of war must be classified as genocide. Our intention is not to expand the definition of genocide, but rather to more clearly specify the definition in light of advancements in the understanding of the impacts of sexual violence on societies.
       
  • Exploring intimate partner violence from the perspective of African men: A
           meta-synthesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Philomina Okeke-Ihejirika, Bukola Salami, Oluwakemi Amodu Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a complex social problem, a major global concern, and an obstacle to social and economic progress in the developing regions of the world, including Africa. Generally, IPV occurs in the private sphere of the family and poses serious risks to women, children, families, and the broader society. This study was prompted by the paucity of data to address the growing problem of IPV in Africa, particularly the narrow focus on women's experiences in the current state of knowledge. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to explore African men's perceptions of IPV in order to gain an in-depth understanding of their involvement in IPV. Our findings indicate that instances of IPV in Africa are primarily linked to masculine hegemony, masculine intersubjectivity, and masculine defenses of non-violent identity. Furthermore, we find that their intimate female partners are seen as both active and passive actors in IPV. Constantly oscillating between love and abuse, the relationship between African men and women is paradoxical. Moreover, authorities make it impossible for both victims/survivors and perpetrators to break the cycle of abuse by continuously sanctifying and or justifying IPV. One step towards reducing IPV between men and women in Africa, our study suggests, is to educate community leaders, policy makers, and service providers about prevention strategies, including how to make gender relations more equitable. There is, however, a need for more studies that could inform culturally effective interventions to tackle IPV, even as we attend to hegemonic masculine forces that tend to reinforce or legitimize IPV in Africa.
       
  • The intersection of intimate partner violence and poverty in Black
           communities
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Tameka L. Gillum Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health concern that has profound impacts on women across the globe. Though it cuts across race, socioeconomic status, age, geography and sexual orientation, those communities plagued by poverty experience disproportionate rates. Poverty creates unique circumstances of vulnerability for individuals, families, and communities and is disproportionately experienced by Black communities in both developed and developing countries. The impact of poverty on Black communities is significant and pervasive, with deep historical roots. Both IPV and poverty have profound effects on women's physical and psychosocial health and well-being. Black women who live at the intersection of experiencing poverty and IPV are in an especially disadvantaged position. This paper will explore the impact of poverty on Black women's experiences of violence in the United States and on the African continent and present a call to action for necessary structural, community and individual level intervention to address this pervasive concern.
       
  • Mental health, empowerment, and violence against young women in
           lower-income countries: A review of reviews
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Rose Grace Grose, Katherine A. Roof, Daniel C. Semenza, Ximena Leroux, Kathryn M. Yount Gender-based violence (GBV) against women is a pervasive global human-rights violation. This systematic review of reviews synthesized research about the mental health and empowerment outcomes of GBV for adolescent girls and young women (ages 10–24) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). GBV exposures included child maltreatment, female genital mutilation/cutting, child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and non-partner sexual violence. PubMed and PsycINFO searches were supplemented with expert consultations and searches of reference lists and key organizational websites. Sixteen systematic reviews were quality rated and summarized. Study-level data were extracted from the five highest quality reviews (N = 25 unique studies) and results from 41 samples were synthesized. Empowerment studies were too few to synthesize. Reviews and extracted studies were predominantly from Asia and Africa and addressed child maltreatment, IPV, and non-partner sexual violence. We included combined samples with adolescent girls and adult women (ages 9–60 years) and found consistent associations between GBV and composite measures of mental health, suicidal ideation and behavior, and symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress, and eating disorders. Findings suggest that GBV must be addressed to cultivate mental health for adolescent girls and young women globally.
       
  • A systematic literature review of early posttraumatic interventions for
           victims of violent crime
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Stéphane Guay, Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost, Josette Sader, André Marchand Criminal acts are the most common traumatic events to which the general population is exposed. Developing clinical guidelines for preventing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among victims of violent crime would help to reduce the mental health costs related to these events. The goal of the current article was to systematically review published studies on the efficacy of early interventions for victims of violent crime. Of the twelve selected studies, six evaluated the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), four evaluated psychological debriefing (PD) and two evaluated another type of intervention (i.e., video). Our review found modest and inconsistent effects of active early interventions. CBT appeared to be the most promising early intervention when compared to an assessment condition or a progressive relaxation group, but relatively equivalent to supportive counselling. No proof of efficacy was found for PD compared to other interventions or a control group. A psychoeducational video for rape victims appeared to help a subgroup of victims. The assessment conditions and PD led to similar reductions in posttraumatic symptoms, while CBT had a greater impact. Further research is needed in order to develop early interventions to prevent PTSD, improve quality of life, and reduce healthcare costs.
       
  • The application and adoption of four ‘third wave’ psychotherapies for
           mental health difficulties and aggression within correctional and forensic
           settings: A systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Gary Byrne, Áine Ní Ghrada ObjectiveThe prisoner population have substantially higher mental health needs than those reported in community samples. A number of third wave therapies have accrued varying levels of evidence in clinical and community samples for a range of psychological difficulties.MethodsThis review, using PRISMA guidelines, reviewed four third wave therapies, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT), Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) and Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP) and their respective effectiveness in addressing psychological difficulties and aggression for those incarcerated in a number of forensic settings.ResultsA total of nine studies were included in the review, 8 studies for ACT, 1 for CFT and none for MCT or FAP. The study provides very tentative evidence for the use of ACT with addiction issues and anger/aggression with a prisoner population but that this is significantly tempered by methodological shortcomings and small sample sizes.ConclusionsACT shows some potential promise as a treatment with a prisoner population but the general lack of methodologically sound studies greatly limits any conclusions that can be made. At present other treatments such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and other third wave therapies, most notably, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) have accrued more evidence as a result of greater amount of research.
       
  • Immediate responses by service providers after a violent critical
           incident: A systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Philip Birch, Erin Cox
       
  • Examining ACTV: An argument for implementing neuroscience-based and
           trauma- informed treatment models in offender treatment programs
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 January 2019Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Eraina Schauss, Haley R. Zettler, Amanda Russell There is a well-established link between experiencing traumatic events in childhood such as witnessing violence and later perpetration of domestic violence. Within the United States, literature in the area of domestic violence has largely neglected the link between the neuroscience of trauma exposure in childhood and later instances of perpetration. Few research studies have explored the neurological impact of adverse childhood experiences on adult offending behavior. Additionally, the most common treatment models for these offenders do not focus on addressing prior trauma that may be related to offending behavior. Through the development of two theoretical models, this paper explores the relationship between childhood trauma and later perpetration of domestic violence. This paper argues that ACTV (Achieving Change Through Values-Based Behavior), a relatively new treatment model that incorporates elements of mindfulness, interoception, and experiential avoidance may be an effective treatment intervention for domestic violence offenders with a history of trauma.
       
  • Acknowledging the victim to perpetrator trajectory: Integrating a mental
           health focused trauma-based approach into global violence programs
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Heidi L. Kar Violence prevention and intervention programming continues to overlook conclusive findings from biopsychosocial research that demonstrates the salience of early interpersonal trauma in subsequent perpetration of violent behavior. As a result, programs struggle to achieve significant and sustained behavior change in individuals whose past experiences of early interpersonal violence predispose them to use violence against others. A robust research literature unequivocally links early interpersonal trauma experience with future violence perpetration. Though legal consequences have demonstrated some success in curtailing future violence among those involved with the legal system and only in situation in which law enforcement and judicial processes protect victims, there is growing recognition that rehabilitation and treatment of perpetrators is necessary. Globally, studies demonstrate that exposure to early interpersonal violence negatively impacts brain development, interpersonal skills, and emotional resilience and escalates risk for future violence perpetration. Studies of youth and adult violence perpetrators consistently demonstrate that individuals who engage in violent behavior are much more likely to have experienced early interpersonal trauma. It is essential to integrate a mental health approach into public health frameworks to address the core of violence perpetration. Unaddressed early trauma greatly distorts the normal developmental trajectory of cognitive and psychological/emotional abilities. Unsurprisingly, many of the affected systems are also linked to violence perpetration. This position paper outlines the interconnections between early trauma and violence perpetration, and demonstrates the necessity of integrating a mental health, trauma-based framework into violence interventions.
       
  • Assault–related sharp force injury among adults in Scotland 2001–2013:
           Incidence, socio-demographic determinants and relationship to violence
           reduction measures
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Christine A. Goodall, Fiona MacFie, David I. Conway, Alex D. McMahon BackgroundThe number of patients with assault-related sharp force injury has declined in recent years in Scotland. This study aimed to determine the incidence of these injuries over time and to explore their key socio-demographic determinants.MethodsRoutinely collected coded hospital admission data for the time period 2001–2013 were used to calculate annual incidence rates by age-group, gender, geographical region, and area-based Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation using midyear population estimates. A Poisson regression analysis model was developed including the variables: age-group, gender, year, geographical region, and deprivation quintile. The data were compared with available published crime data.ResultsThe incidence of sharp force injury showed an ongoing decline between 2001 and 2013. The fall was greatest among young people and in the West of Scotland and mirrored the reduction in weapons and knife related offences. The relative risk of sustaining a sharp force injury was greatest for younger age-groups, among males, and in those resident in the West of Scotland and in areas of socioeconomic deprivation.ConclusionsThere already exist a range of violence prevention measures in Scotland, but in order to further reduce the inequality associated with sharp force injury, interventions should be further targeted to working with younger men from deprived communities of Scotland.
       
  • Self-control, differential association and the drug–crime link in
           Uruguay in the context of the legalization of marijuana
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 September 2018Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Nicolas Trajtenberg, Pablo Menese
       
 
 
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