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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 934 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 431)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 193)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 239)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 149)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Buletin Psikologi     Open Access  
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Diversitas : Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Aggression and Violent Behavior
  [SJR: 1.385]   [H-I: 72]   [431 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1359-1789
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Literature review on children and young people demonstrating
           technology-assisted harmful sexual behavior
    • Authors: Rhiannon Lewis
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 40
      Author(s): Rhiannon Lewis
      The review examines existing literature around the concept of technology-assisted harmful sexual behavior (TA-HSB) as demonstrated by children and young people. This is when a child or young person demonstrates sexual behavior online or through the use of technology that may be harmful to themselves or others, have a significant detrimental impact on their daily functioning, or leave them vulnerable for criminal prosecution. The review was motivated by the increase of children and young people referred to a sexual abuse service, due to their demonstration of TA-HSB. This review aimed to explore theories relating to TA-HSB and to develop awareness on identified treatment needs of these behaviors, so that professionals may better understand and support children and young people demonstrating them. Furthermore, it discusses assessment, intervention and risk management approaches as currently identified within best-practice, to support towards prevention of future criminalization and further victimization. The review initially aimed to include current literature based on children and young people (aged 5 to 21 years old) demonstrating TA-HSB; however due to the limited availability of this, the search parameters were expanded with tentative consideration on the implications of this when working with children and young people.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.011
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • A gendered strength-based treatment model for female sexual offenders
    • Authors: Dawn M. Pflugradt; Bradley P. Allen; William L. Marshall
      Pages: 12 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 40
      Author(s): Dawn M. Pflugradt, Bradley P. Allen, William L. Marshall
      Due to the relatively limited knowledge about female sexual offenders, treatment approaches and programs have been primarily based upon models developed for male perpetrators. Although male and female offenders share some common characteristics, there is increasing empirical evidence that many aspects of female sexual offending behaviors are separate and different from those of males. By integrating theoretical constructs from the current literature, this paper proposes a strength-based treatment approach utilizing a gendered paradigm of female sexual offending. In general, a gendered strength-based treatment model involves a collaborative process that builds upon positive skills and provides options to utilize those skills to fulfill unmet needs. This treatment process also considers the contextual nature of the female sexual offender's social functioning and the individual manifestations of her sexually assaultive behaviors.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.012
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • Training direct care staff working with persons with intellectual
           disabilities and challenging behaviour: A meta-analytic review study
    • Authors: Maartje H. Knotter; Anouk Spruit; Jack J.W. De Swart; Inge B. Wissink; Xavier M.H. Moonen; GeertJan J.M. Stams
      Pages: 60 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 40
      Author(s): Maartje H. Knotter, Anouk Spruit, Jack J.W. De Swart, Inge B. Wissink, Xavier M.H. Moonen, GeertJan J.M. Stams
      Two separate meta-analyses were conducted to examine (1) the effects of training programs on the behaviour of direct care staff working with clients with ID who present challenging behaviour problems (predominantly aggressive and violent behaviour), and (2) the effects of staff training on the challenging behaviour of their clients with ID. A 3-level random effects model was used for both meta-analyses to account for both within and between study variance. Results showed that staff training was moderately effective in changing staff behaviour, but no convincing evidence was found for an effect on the reduction of challenging behaviour of persons with ID. The type, content and goal of training did not moderate the effects of staff training, whereas sample and study characteristics (e.g., sex participant or year of publication) did. The way a training program is delivered to staff may be much more important than characteristics of a training.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T21:56:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • The association between experiences of exclusionary discipline and justice
           system contact: A systematic review
    • Authors: Abigail Novak
      Pages: 73 - 82
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Abigail Novak
      The term “school-to-prison pipeline” is regularly used by policymakers and researchers alike to describe school-level policies pushing students from schools into the juvenile and adult justice systems. Though the term is widely used, its interpretation and specified components vary across disciplines. Research assessing the pipeline's existence paints a complex picture, leading to questions about the existence of a non-spurious association between exclusionary discipline and justice system contact. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess existing empirical evidence evaluating the association between experiences of exclusionary discipline and subsequent justice system involvement. This review is limited to studies using multivariate, inferential statistical techniques. A total of seven studies met specified qualifications and are included in the review. All studies found a significant association between experiences of exclusionary discipline and subsequent justice system contact, with odds ratios ranging from 1.72 to 5.17. Further research is needed to extend understanding of how this association differs according to age at first experience of exclusionary discipline and frequency of discipline. Additionally, future research should explore possible mediating and moderating factors influencing the relationship between exclusionary discipline and justice system contact.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T21:56:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • The intersection of men's sexual violence perpetration and sexual risk
           behavior: A literature review
    • Authors: Kelly Cue Davis; Elizabeth C. Neilson; Rhiana Wegner; Cinnamon L. Danube
      Pages: 83 - 90
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Kelly Cue Davis, Elizabeth C. Neilson, Rhiana Wegner, Cinnamon L. Danube
      According to the Confluence Model of Sexual Violence, men with a strong impersonal sex orientation (i.e., greater engagement in sexual activities with more casual sexual partners) are at increased risk of perpetrating sexual violence. Research from a variety of countries and samples has supported this proposition, finding that men who perpetrate sexual violence are also more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior. The present article reviews this literature, synthesizing research findings from both psychology and public health domains utilizing both domestic and international samples. In particular, this review focuses on the associations between men's perpetration of sexual violence and their sexual partners, condom use, and sexually transmitted infection status, as well as provides recommendations for future research directions and prevention and intervention programming.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T21:56:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • The enduring effect of maltreatment on antisocial behavior: A
           meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    • Authors: Teresa Braga; Olga Cunha; Ângela Maia
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 40
      Author(s): Teresa Braga, Olga Cunha, Ângela Maia
      The maltreatment-antisocial behavior relationship has been a focus of research for decades. Nevertheless, understanding this association has been largely based on cross-sectional designs and on juvenile antisocial outcomes. The present meta-analysis aimed to extend previous work on the maltreatment-antisocial relation by focusing on prospective longitudinal studies that have followed-up participants into adulthood. General, maltreatment and abusive intimate partner violent behaviors were included as outcomes. A total of 14 studies including 18 independent samples and 20,946 individuals were considered. Our results revealed that maltreated youth are nearly two times as likely to engage in antisocial behaviors in adulthood compared with their non-maltreated peers (OR = 1.96; CI[1.42, 2.71]). The relation between maltreatment and antisocial behavior was stronger when less covariates or the bivariate associations between them were considered, and maltreatment assessed in both childhood and adolescent years was more strongly related to the antisocial outcome. Nevertheless, the maltreatment-antisocial behavior link prevailed in the contrasting conditions, i.e., maltreatment assessed in childhood or in adolescent years, in multivariate analyses. Our results support an enduring effect of maltreatment on subsequent involvement in antisocial behavior, stressing the importance of preventing this victimization experience or, at best, the adverse consequences of maltreatment.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • Sex differences in temperament: A partial explanation for the sex
           difference in the prevalence of serious antisocial behaviors
    • Authors: Robert Eme
      Pages: 101 - 107
      Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 40
      Author(s): Robert Eme
      Although temperamental traits, which refer to biologically based early-developing behavioral and emotional tendencies, have long been understood to be important constructs for understanding normal and abnormal development, their relevance to criminal justice has only recently been recognized. This paper extended belated recognition to an examination of how the sex difference in three temperamental dimensions contributed to the massive sex difference in the severest forms of antisocial behavior. The dimensions were attention/regulation, activity level, and emotionality. A plausible biological mechanism influencing each of these sex differences was also discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • Hate speech review in the context of online social networks
    • Authors: Naganna Chetty; Sreejith Alathur
      Pages: 108 - 118
      Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 40
      Author(s): Naganna Chetty, Sreejith Alathur
      Advances in Internet Technologies (ITs) and online social networks have made more benefits to humanity. At the same time, the dark side of this growth/benefit has led to increased hate speech and terrorism as most common and powerful threats globally. Hate speech is an offensive kind of communication mechanism that expresses an ideology of hate using stereotypes. Hate speech targets different protected characteristics such as gender, religion, race, and disability. Control of hate speech can be made using different national and international legal frameworks. Any intentional act directed against life or related entities causing a common danger is known as terrorism. There is a common practice of discussing or debating hate speech and terrorism separately. In the recent past, most of the research articles have discussed either hate speech or terrorism. Hate speech is a type of terrorism and follows an incident or trigger event of terrorism. Online social networks are the result of ITs and evolved rapidly through the popularity among youth. As both the activities are near to close and makes use of online social networks, the collective discussion is appropriate. Therefore we have a review on hate speech with different classes and terrorism with cyber use in the framework of online social networks. With the help of combined effort from the government, the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and online social networks, the proper policies can be framed to counter both hate speech and terrorism efficiently and effectively.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • Motivational interviewing for enhancing engagement in Intimate Partner
           Violence (IPV) treatment: A review of the literature
    • Authors: Sara Soleymani; Eileen Britt; Mark Wallace-Bell
      Pages: 119 - 127
      Abstract: Publication date: May–June 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 40
      Author(s): Sara Soleymani, Eileen Britt, Mark Wallace-Bell
      Client engagement is an essential component in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) treatment. Engaged clients are more likely to engage with treatment and report a greater degree of treatment satisfaction. Likewise, enhanced engagement is associated with positive treatment outcomes such as session attendance and homework compliance. Only small effect sizes have been reported for reductions in IPV itself, and treatment engagement has been identified as an important factor in this, with studies reporting high rates of non-attendance and drop-out. This article reviews research on the efficacy of motivational interviewing (MI) as a pre-treatment intervention to promote treatment engagement for men who have been mandated or self-referred to attend Intimate Partner Violence treatment. Although limited in number (n = 5), these studies revealed a significant improvement in the level of engagement, session attendance and homework compliance following MI. Further research to focus on MI for treatment engagement, specifically, rather than MI for behaviour change is needed.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.05.005
      Issue No: Vol. 40 (2018)
       
  • Developmental pathways between peer victimization, psychological
           functioning, disordered eating behavior, and body mass index: A review and
           theoretical model
    • Authors: Kirsty S. Lee; Tracy Vaillancourt
      Pages: 15 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Kirsty S. Lee, Tracy Vaillancourt
      Peer victimization, a high body mass index (BMI), and disordered eating behavior are all considered to be major health concerns afflicting today's youth. We bring together evidence from epidemiological, longitudinal, and meta-analytic research to propose a theoretical model of how peer victimization relates to psychopathology, which in turn, leads to misguided attempts to alter physical appearance through disordered eating behavior, and highlight how the pathway may vary as a function of BMI and gender. Specifically, we argue that, as a result of being victimized by peers: (1) overweight adolescents will be at high risk of psychological dysfunction and disordered eating behavior (particularly binge eating), and the effect will be stronger in girls; (2) average weight adolescents will be at high risk of psychological dysfunction and disordered eating behavior (particularly binge eating and bulimic symptoms), and the effect will be stronger in girls; and (3) underweight adolescents will be at high risk of psychological dysfunction and disordered eating behavior (particularly to increase muscle mass), and the effect will be stronger in boys. The identification and testing of comprehensive theoretical models may be beneficial for the targeting of interventions for children and adolescents affected by repeated aggressive behavior.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:53:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Hostile attribution bias and aggression in children and adolescents: A
           systematic literature review on the influence of aggression subtype and
           gender
    • Authors: A. Martinelli; K. Ackermann; A. Bernhard; C.M. Freitag; C. Schwenck
      Pages: 25 - 32
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): A. Martinelli, K. Ackermann, A. Bernhard, C.M. Freitag, C. Schwenck
      Hostile attributions of intention have been discussed in relation to the development and maintenance of aggressive behavior in children for over thirty years. In this time, factors such as subtypes in the function (reactive versus proactive) and form (relational versus physical) of aggression as well moderators of aggression, such as gender, have been studied in increasing detail in relation to attributions of intention. The present article reviews the literature on hostile attributions and aggressive behavior in children and adolescents under consideration of aggression subtypes and the influence of gender. Results of 27 empirical research articles show that hostile attribution biases (1) are more consistently related to reactive rather than proactive aggression, (2) show evidence for separate pathways between relational and physical aggression and the respective attribution bias, and (3) are associated with aggression in both genders, with no clear gender differences in association strength. Implications for cognitive training to reduce attribution bias in treatment of childhood aggression and an outlook on further research domains are discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:53:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • From online to offline sexual offending: Episodes and obstacles
    • Authors: Francis Fortin; Sarah Paquette; Benoit Dupont
      Pages: 33 - 41
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Francis Fortin, Sarah Paquette, Benoit Dupont
      Script theory explains how different types of crime may be committed in a particular sequence. While researchers have traditionally been interested in crimes against property and crimes against persons, this study analyzes a new form of crime: sexual crimes committed on the Internet. The objective of the present study was to review the scientific literature and investigate how viewing and creating Child Sexual Exploitation Material (CSEM) can be understood dynamically. It is suggested that a motivated CSEM user, in acquiring new knowledge and techniques, goes through many stages and obstacles that lead ultimately to the contact sexual abuse of children. It is important to note that only a small proportion of individuals who follow the scripts described move on to the next step. The focus here is on the context and not on any causality between the steps, as the latter has not been demonstrated. Specifically, this study looked at the offenders' path from consumption of adult pornography, to consumption of CSEM, to its distribution, to child luring, and, finally, to child sexual abuse and production of CSEM. The limitations and implications of the study are discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:53:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Social responsibility on the Internet: Addressing the challenge of
           cyberbullying
    • Authors: Raphael Cohen-Almagor
      Pages: 42 - 52
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Raphael Cohen-Almagor
      This article discusses the phenomena of cyberbullying especially among young people. The discussion, based on an interdisciplinary study in the fields of brain studies, child development, psychology, social policy, victimization and Internet studies, probes the troubling phenomenon of cyberbullying which may result in suicide. It is argued that adolescents are more vulnerable than adults because they lack maturity with respect to capacities such as thrill seeking, impulse control, peer pressure, reward sensitivity, cognitive processing, rational decision-making and long-term planning. The article suggests remedies to counter online social ills and argues for responsible cooperation between parents, schools, governments, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and social networking sites.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:53:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Violent behavior in autism spectrum disorders: Who's at risk'
    • Authors: Jill Del Pozzo; Matthew W. Roché; Steven M. Silverstein
      Pages: 53 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Jill Del Pozzo, Matthew W. Roché, Steven M. Silverstein
      Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a range of complex neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Over the last decade, there has been increased media attention focused on the relationship between ASD and violent behavior due to a number of school shootings and high-profile criminal cases involving offenders with alleged ASD diagnoses. This coverage and these incidents have given rise to public concern and led to the perception that people with ASD are predisposed to violent behavior. In this manuscript, we provide a comprehensive review of the literature bearing on the relationship between ASD and violent behavior, and in doing so, characterize which people with ASD are most likely to be violent and under what circumstances. We conclude that, on the whole, while research findings are mixed, they lend support to the assertion that ASD does not cause violence, and indicate that when violent behavior occurs in people with ASD, it is the result of third variables including poor parental control, family environment, criminality, bullying, or psychiatric comorbidity (e.g., psychosis), that go undetected or untreated. The conclusions of this review have implications for families, clinicians, and policy makers, as a greater understanding of ASD-related violence risk is needed to combat misconceptions about people with ASD and the stigma associated with these conditions.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:53:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.01.007
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Victim-focussed studies of intimate partner femicide: A critique of
           methodological challenges and limitations in current research
    • Authors: S. McPhedran; L. Eriksson; P. Mazerolle; H. Johnson
      Pages: 61 - 66
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): S. McPhedran, L. Eriksson, P. Mazerolle, H. Johnson
      Developing strategies to prevent intimate partner femicide (IPF) remains a pressing policy challenge across nations. However, most research to date focuses on perpetrators of IPF rather than victims, which creates gaps in understanding of IPF. A contributor to the limited amount of victim-focussed knowledge is that – for sadly obvious reasons – IPF victims cannot directly provide information about their own experiences and circumstances. This challenge, and methodological approaches researchers have used in an attempt to overcome it, has not been given consideration in its own right. The current study examines dominant approaches used in the study of IPF, and discusses strengths and limitations of each approach. Implications and potential ways forward for enhancing methodological approaches to the study of IPF victimisation are identified, such as adapting ‘psychological autopsy’ methods commonly used in suicide research to the study of IPF.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Communication skills training in the management of patient aggression and
           violence in healthcare
    • Authors: Maria Baby; Christopher Gale; Nicola Swain
      Pages: 67 - 82
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Maria Baby, Christopher Gale, Nicola Swain
      Challenging behaviours may sabotage therapeutic relationships if not addressed appropriately. While medication, environmental planning and staffing resources are requisites for the management of challenging behaviour, effective communication is an important aspect in the management of these challenging behaviours including aggression. Good communication helps the patient become an active partner in the process. Staff training that focuses on communication skills can be useful to both patients and healthcare workers. This paper aims to review the research evidence from existing communication skills training programmes that are exclusively or partly focused on the reduction of aggression perpetrated by patients. This review included one randomized controlled trial protocol, one quasi experimental study, six pre-test/post-test designs, three mixed methods, four qualitative studies, one descriptive survey and four with other designs that were mostly conducted in mental health settings. The findings show that communication skills training improve the confidence of staff in dealing with aggression. However, minimal number of studies with a focus on aggression reduction, the quality of the studies in terms of design and lack of active controlled trials minimizes the generalizability of the findings. These findings reiterate the need for future research with a focus on well designed, active controlled studies to establish the effectiveness of communication skills training as a suitable strategy to minimise and prevent patient aggression.

      PubDate: 2018-02-06T18:00:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Out of place: Sexualities, sexual violence, and heteronormativity
    • Authors: Aliraza Javaid
      Pages: 83 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Aliraza Javaid
      In this paper, I offer a platform in which to theorise sexual violence against men. In doing so, I critically interrogate the ways in which male sexual victimisation is socially and culturally constructed in the public space of compulsory heterosexuality. Drawing on male rape as a case study and focus, I explore how rape against men is constructed and socially defined in public territory where homosexuality is often marginal, excluded, and stigmatised. The interactional, social and cultural contexts wherein rape against men is constructed are considered, with the adoption of the theoretical framework of heteronormativity to make sense of the connection between male rape and ‘heterosexual spaces’. In respect of the binary distinction between the public and private, whereby homosexuality is deemed ‘private’ and heterosexuality ‘public’, and drawing on ideas of male sexual victimisation and victim blameworthy, I provide an improved understanding of the different ways in which rape against men is constructed within a heterosexual landscape that always surrounds us all.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Shame and a Theory of war and violence
    • Authors: Thomas Scheff; G. Reginald Daniel; Joseph Sterphone
      Pages: 109 - 115
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Thomas Scheff, G. Reginald Daniel, Joseph Sterphone
      It is possible that war in modern societies is largely driven by emotions, but in a manner that is almost completely hidden. Modernity rationalizes the self and tends to ignore emotions, which can result in the total hiding of humiliation leads to vengeance. This essay outlines a theory of the social-emotional world implied in the work of C. H. Cooley, whose concept of the “looking-glass self” can be used as antidote to the assumptions of modernity: the self is based on “living in the mind” of others, resulting in feeling either pride or shame. This essay proposes that the complete hiding of shame can lead to feedback loops with no natural limit. These ideas may help explain the role of France in causing WWI, and Hitler's rise to power in Germany.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Treatment effect on psychosocial functioning of juveniles with harmful
           sexual behavior: A multilevel meta-analysis
    • Authors: Ellis ter Beek; Chris H.Z. Kuiper; Rachel E.A. van der Rijken; Anouk Spruit; Geert Jan J.M. Stams; Jan Hendriks
      Pages: 116 - 128
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Ellis ter Beek, Chris H.Z. Kuiper, Rachel E.A. van der Rijken, Anouk Spruit, Geert Jan J.M. Stams, Jan Hendriks
      This multilevel meta-analysis examined the effects of treatment for juveniles with harmful sexual behavior on psychosocial functioning, and the potential moderating effects of outcome, treatment, participant, and study characteristics. In total, 23 studies, comprising 31 independent samples and 1342 participants, yielded 362 effect sizes (Cohen's d). A moderate overall effect size was found of d = 0.60, indicating that groups receiving treatment achieved an estimated relative improvement in psychosocial functioning of 33%. Type of outcome did moderate the effect of treatment, indicating that effects on atypical sexual arousal and empathy (a trend) were smaller, compared to effects on other outcomes. Most prominently, studies of weak quality produced larger effect sizes. Unexpectedly, non-established treatments had more effect than did established treatments, which may be explained by the use of less rigorous study designs. Treatment groups with a higher percentage of juveniles with similar age victims or mixed type problem behavior also yielded larger effect sizes. Lastly, evaluation of treatment effects by professionals produced higher effect sizes, compared to other sources of information (e.g., adolescent self-report). Although only a marginal to no indication was found for publication bias by means of funnel plot analysis of the distribution of effect sizes, articles published in peer reviewed journals showed relatively large effect sizes. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Who would destroy the world' Omnicidal agents and related phenomena
    • Authors: Phil Torres
      Pages: 129 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Phil Torres
      The capacity for small groups and even single individuals to wreak unprecedented havoc on civilization is growing as a result of dual-use emerging technologies. This means that scholars should be increasingly concerned about individuals who express omnicidal, mass genocidal, anti-civilizational, or apocalyptic beliefs/desires. The present article offers a comprehensive and systematic survey of actual individuals who have harbored a death wish for humanity or destruction wish for civilization. This paper thus provides a strong foundation for future research on “agential risks” and related issues. It could also serve as a helpful resource for counterterrorism experts and global risk scholars who wish to better understand our evolving threat environment.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Distorted cognition related to male sexual offending: The multi-mechanism
           theory of cognitive distortions (MMT-CD)
    • Authors: Filip Szumski; Ross M. Bartels; Anthony R. Beech; Dawn Fisher
      Pages: 139 - 151
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Filip Szumski, Ross M. Bartels, Anthony R. Beech, Dawn Fisher
      Cognitive distortions are considered an important factor in the etiology and maintenance of sexual offending behavior in males. A predominant view within the literature is that cognitive distortions are cognitive products that arise from deeper cognitive structures, although it has also been proposed that goals and situational factors can play a role. In this article, we provide an updated theoretical account of cognitive distortions in males – the Multi-Mechanism Theory of Cognitive Distortions (MMT-CD). Adopting a dual-process perspective, and incorporating the concept of motivated cognition and the effects of visceral factors, we propose that cognitive distortions arise from three mechanisms, which can be identified in terms of their temporal occurrence to an offense. Mechanism I accounts for cognitive distortions that arise long before an offense is committed but serve to influence an individual's life-course and goals in a way that brings them closer eventually sexually offending. Mechanism II accounts for distortions that arise in the lead up to or immediately before a sexual offense, thus, providing a justification for committing an offense. Mechanism III accounts for distortions that are formed post-offense as a result of the adversarial context of the individual's social environment. We describe: (1) the nature of each mechanism; (2) the way they underpin particular distortions; (3) the role they play in the etiology of sex offending; (4) and how they may play out in research and practice.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 39 (2018)
       
  • Cyberhate: A review and content analysis of intervention strategies
    • Authors: Catherine Blaya
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 May 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Catherine Blaya
      This paper presents a review of intervention programmes against cyberhate. Over the last decade, the preoccupation over the use of electronic means of communication as a tool to convey hate, racist and xenophobic contents rose tremendously. NGOs, legal professionals, private companies, and civil society have developed interventions but little is known about their impact. For this review we followed the method and protocol from the guidelines from the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook for Systematic Reviews and the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice guidelines. The review identified three key intervention areas: law, technology and education through the empowerment of the individuals under the form of counter-speech. No specific intervention towards aggressors was found and most projects focus on prevention or victims through confidence building and skills learning to speak out, report and potentially react in an appropriate way. We did not find any rigorously assessed interventions, which highlights a gap in research and stresses the need for this type of studies. The evaluation of effectiveness of interventions needs to be included in the near future research agenda. Up to now, although intentions are good, we have no evidence that the steps that are undertaken are effective in preventing and reducing cyberhate.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.05.006
       
  • Influence of psychological contract on workplace bullying
    • Authors: M. Rajalakshmi; B. Naresh
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 May 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): M. Rajalakshmi, B. Naresh
      A few decades back, organizations were very much targeted towards profit, productivity, performance and turnovers. But now some organizations are only concerned about their employee's well-being and satisfaction for better performance in their organization. In this esteem, researchers and organization are considering various factors which improve their employee satisfaction, employee well-being, employee productivity, employee morale, employee performance, employee behavior and attitude in the work environment. To increase this relationship between employee and employer, many scholars and management are focusing on various areas like, organizational justice, career satisfaction, employee Work Performance, employee and employer relationship in workplace, consequences of psychological contract, and effects of psychological contract on job outcomes and violation of psychological contract. Based on the many literature, there is a need for research on workplace bullying especially to know its impact is due to psychological contract violation in industries. Various researchers have undergone to know the behavior outcome of workplace bullying in other sectors like hospitality, service, IT Industry, etc. The purpose of this review research is to look at impact of psychological contract on workplace bullying among employees.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.05.001
       
  • Consistency of gender differences in bullying in cross-cultural surveys
    • Authors: Peter K. Smith; Leticia López-Castro; Susanne Robinson; Anke Görzig
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 May 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Peter K. Smith, Leticia López-Castro, Susanne Robinson, Anke Görzig
      Many studies have reported on gender differences in bully and victim rates, but with the majority of reports from a small number of countries. Here we report on such gender differences from five large cross-national data bases. We report on overall male:female (M:F) ratios, and variations in these by age (or grade), by survey time point, and by offline/online bullying. We also compare consistency of M:F ratios across countries, over the five surveys. The preponderance of male perpetrators of bullying is found consistently across surveys, and survey time point. It is also consistent by age, but HBSC data suggest a curvilinear trend in early adolescence. Males also tend to more frequently be victims of bullying, consistent across age and survey time point, but with variations by survey. There is some indication of a decrease in M:F ratio recently in mid-adolescence, possibly related to online bullying. At least relatively, females are more involved as victims of online than offline bullying. Comparing recent findings on M:F ratio across countries for the five surveys, correlations vary from high to near zero. Implications for the explanation of gender differences in different countries, the comparability of data from different surveys, and for gender-specific interventions, are discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.006
       
  • Sexual abuse and charismatic cults
    • Authors: Hava Dayan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Hava Dayan
      The article explores the enigmatic yet dire phenomenon of sexual abuse in cultic circumstances. Such a quest into the realm of cults is vital since, “sexual exploitation of women in cults of all types is widespread, and, to date, is possibly the least talked about, and certainly the least researched, aspect of cult life” (Lalich, 1997, pp. 7). Sexual abuse of consenting adults has been examined in circumstances of formal authority (workplace, mental institutions, jailing institutions and even academic institutions), however the study of consenting adults in informal circumstances of authority in general, and of cultic spiritual authority in particular, has hardly been addressed. The article attempts to do so, supported by empirical extrapolations from a recent criminal ruling of the Jerusalem District Court. Are women cult members genuinely capable of exercising their sexual autonomy with their charismatic cult leader' If they are unable to do so in cultic circumstances, does this impair their informed consent to the point of rendering their sexual relations with the cult leader legally abusive and criminal' The answers to these questions have dire consequences for both women cult members and cult leaders. Through a comprehensive review of the legal, criminological and sociological aspects of the case, the article sheds much needed light on one of the most enigmatic and elusive fields: sexual abuse of adults by a spiritual authority.

      PubDate: 2018-05-15T10:11:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.04.004
       
  • Are children involved in cyberbullying low on empathy' A systematic
           review and meta-analysis of research on empathy versus different
           cyberbullying roles
    • Authors: Izabela Zych; Anna C. Baldry; David P. Farrington; Vicente J. Llorent
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Izabela Zych, Anna C. Baldry, David P. Farrington, Vicente J. Llorent
      Cyberbullying is a relatively new aggressive behavior in which young people repeatedly and intentionally inflict harm on peers, using electronic devices. Cyberbullying has very damaging consequences and studies on the topic are increasing. Nevertheless, there are still gaps in sound knowledge regarding factors that could protect children from being cyberbullies or cybervictims. The current systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to overcome limitations of previous studies on risk factors to establish if and how empathy is related to the different cyberbullying roles. After exhaustive searches with rigorous inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 studies were included. Cyberbullying perpetration was found to be related to low empathy (OR = 1.5) and this relationship held also after controlling for covariates (OR = 1.3) but cybervictimization was not significantly related to empathy (OR = 0.94). There were some indications that cybervictims could have high affective empathy (OR = 0.83), but more research is needed to clarify this relationship. Results are presented also separately for the relationship between affective and cognitive empathy and different cyberbullying roles. There were not enough studies to draw conclusions about the relationship between empathy and being a cyberbully/victim or defender, but some tendencies were found and described. These results have important implications for policy and practice and might be very useful in designing specific tailored programs to prevent cyberbullying.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T21:56:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.03.004
       
  • “Adding fuel to the fire”' Does exposure to non-consenting adult
           or to child pornography increase risk of sexual aggression'
    • Authors: Neil Malamuth
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 March 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Neil Malamuth
      This article is the first to integrate the vast research literatures on non-consenting adult and on child pornography (also a form of non-consenting pornography) by using the framework of the Confluence Model of sexual aggression. In contrast to the contradictory conclusions reached by various reviewers and commentators who have typically emphasized a particular methodology or parts of the literature, this review finds a great deal of consistency and convergence among the differing methodologies and literatures that have examined the impact of pornography on individuals. It is concluded that pornography use may add to risk of sexual aggression only for those men already predisposed to aggress sexually due to more primary causes than pornography use.

      PubDate: 2018-04-11T21:56:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.013
       
  • The power of family and community factors in predicting dating violence: A
           meta-analysis
    • Authors: Sihyun Park; Sin-Hyang Kim
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Sihyun Park, Sin-Hyang Kim
      Dating violence (DV) has been well-documented as one of the serious public health problems leading various negative health consequences, such as physical injury, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation and so on. Many factors predicting DV have been already identified; however, few papers presented the predicting power of those factors. Therefore, this study aims to identify the power of family- and community-related factors in predicting the perpetration and victimization of DV and to determine the strongest risk factors using a meta-analysis. Through a rigorous search procedure, a total of 131 correlates of DV perpetrators and 139 correlates of DV victims were identified in 27 studies. The results showed that “having deviant peers” was the strongest risk factor of DV perpetration, whereas “witnessing parental violence” was the strongest risk factor of DV victimization. Also, we found that the risk factors were more powerful predictors of DV perpetrators and victims than were the protective factors. Findings from this study provided valuable evidence to identify DV victimization and perpetration, and to develop intervention strategies preventing DV.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.03.002
       
  • Provocation and target gender as moderators of the relationship between
           acute alcohol use and female perpetrated aggression
    • Authors: Cory A. Crane; Robert C. Schlauch; Maria Testa; Caroline J. Easton
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 March 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Cory A. Crane, Robert C. Schlauch, Maria Testa, Caroline J. Easton
      Acute alcohol use appears to exert a small but significant effect on female perpetrated aggression in the laboratory but there has been no effort to evaluate comprehensively the situational moderators of this relationship. This preliminary review was intended to explore the moderating effects of provocation and target gender on alcohol-related aggression among females in this understudied area of research. Moderator analyses were conducted on 14 studies. Despite limitations imposed by the sparsity of laboratory based research on alcohol-related aggression among females, initial results suggest that alcohol may exert stronger effects over female aggression following high (d = 0.25, k = 8, p < .01, 95% CI = 0.10–0.40) rather than low (d = −0.07, k = 6, p = .52, 95% CI = −0.29–0.15) provocation and when targets of aggression are female (d = 0.19, k = 9, p = .01, 95% CI = 0.04–0.34) rather than male (d = −0.06, k = 4, p = .61, 95% CI = −0.30–0.18). Results offer initial insight into situational risk factors pertinent to research and treatment of alcohol-related aggression among females while serving as an impetus for future research in this critical, neglected area of study.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.03.001
       
  • The time for causal designs: Review and evaluation of empirical support
           for mechanisms of political radicalisation
    • Authors: Oluf
      Abstract: Publication date: March–April 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 39
      Author(s): Oluf Gøtzsche-Astrup
      This paper evaluates the most influential current approaches to the mechanisms of radicalisation on the basis of their empirical evidence and calls for a focus on research designs capable of arbitrating on matters of causality, not just correlation. It shows how the existing evidence converges on a handful of factors involved in radicalisation, including negative life experiences leading to fundamental uncertainty or loss of significance, which spur on the search for and identity shift towards groups with strong norms and ideals, including sacred values that enable extreme ingroup defences (e.g. acts of terrorism). The cumulative empirical data indicates support for some, but not all, kinds of interventions. Finally, because both theoretical approaches and current interventions propose cause-and-effect relationships, the paper argues that it is imperative that the field shifts its focus to experimental research designs capable of making causal inferences.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
       
  • Does theory matters: Constructing an integrated theoretical framework to
           describe kidnapping for ransom in Nigeria
    • Authors: Smart E. Otu; Macpherson U. Nnam
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 February 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Smart E. Otu, Macpherson U. Nnam
      Assumptions and debates on the causes/motives and, by implication, theories of kidnapping in Nigeria for ransom, are legions, and largely speculative, however. This paper engages in a rigorous analytical review of the factors, patterns and processes of kidnapping, and several related theories, to construct an integrated/alliance model of kidnapping in Nigeria. Kidnappers' social constructions and interpretative meanings show that the factors and processes that enable kidnapping to occur are, though, basically economic and space-based, they vary, occurs in chains-spaces in a coordinated, interdependent and interconnected manner. The policy implication suggests (1) that several factors coalesce and intervene at different stages to explain kidnapping (2) future research on kidnapping and meaning construction consider the kidnappers' perspective and those of the other actors and the media (3) a multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary (Epi-criminology) approach to tackle the several different theories/causes animating young Nigerians to engage in the criminal enterprise of kidnapping is a welcome development.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.010
       
  • A developmental approach to cyberbullying: Prevalence and protective
           factors
    • Authors: Robin M. Kowalski; Susan P. Limber; Annie McCord
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Robin M. Kowalski, Susan P. Limber, Annie McCord
      Recent years have witnessed a plethora of research on cyberbullying. However, many of the published studies have yielded mixed findings related to cyberbullying and its relation to demographic variables such as age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Review papers have been published on some of these topics, but comprehensive reviews of the relation between age and cyberbullying victimization and perpetration are lacking, particularly with regard to protective factors. Thus, the current paper takes a developmental approach to examine age and cyberbullying. The review focuses specifically on age variations in technology use, prevalence of cyberbullying involvement, risk and protective factors, and outcomes. Directions for future research, including implications for prevention and intervention, are discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-03-07T23:43:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.02.009
       
  • The test of time: A meta-analytic review of the relation between school
           climate and problem behavior
    • Authors: Samantha Reaves; Susan D. McMahon; Sophia Duffy; Linda Ruiz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Samantha Reaves, Susan D. McMahon, Sophia Duffy, Linda Ruiz
      School climate is conceptualized as a pattern of experiences within the school, which reflect the culture and norms of the school community. School climate is correlated with student outcomes. This review focuses on longitudinal literature investigating the relation between school climate and problem behavior to determine if the two are correlated over time. Six electronic databases were searched using keywords, and two recent reviews were hand-searched for references. Thirteen articles were included in this meta-analysis. Effect sizes were calculated using correlational data provided from individual studies and weighted by sample size. Results supported a small but significant relation between school climate and problem behavior over time. Research continues to support the importance of school environment as we seek to reduce problem behaviors and improve student experiences in school. This study illustrates the longitudinal impact of school environmental factors, and describes implications for theory, research, and practice.

      PubDate: 2018-02-04T17:53:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2018.01.006
       
  • Sixty years of child-to-parent abuse research: What we know and where to
           go
    • Authors: Melanie Simmons; Troy E. McEwan; Rosemary Purcell; James R.P. Ogloff
      Pages: 31 - 52
      Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 38
      Author(s): Melanie Simmons, Troy E. McEwan, Rosemary Purcell, James R.P. Ogloff


      PubDate: 2017-12-01T05:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 38 (2017)
       
  • Socio-cultural risk factors impacting domestic violence among South Asian
           immigrant women: A scoping review
    • Authors: Abha Rai; Y. Joon Choi
      Pages: 76 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: January–February 2018
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 38
      Author(s): Abha Rai, Y. Joon Choi
      Domestic violence (DV) is a significant concern for the well-being of South Asian (SA) immigrant women. Although there have been empirical studies that discussed socio-cultural risk factors related to SA immigrant women's experience of DV, there have not been any efforts to summarize these factors in a single study. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to review and synthesize empirical studies that explored socio-cultural risk factors of DV among SA immigrant women in English speaking countries. 16 English language peer reviewed articles met the inclusion criteria. The socio-cultural risk factors identified in the reviewed studies included lack of social support, low acculturation, high enculturation, patriarchal beliefs, economic control by the husband, traditional gender role attitudes, and stigma about divorce. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-12-24T11:15:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 38 (2017)
       
  • Bullying and peer violence among children and adolescents in residential
           care settings: A review of the literature
    • Authors: Angela Mazzone; Annalaura Nocentini; Ersilia Menesini
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 December 2017
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Angela Mazzone, Annalaura Nocentini, Ersilia Menesini
      The present paper offers a review of the phenomena of bullying and peer violence among children and adolescents living in residential care settings (RCS). The review was conducted on four databases (Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO and ERIC). Findings of the 31 full-text papers included in the present work showed that bullying and peer violence involve various forms of direct and indirect attacks. While bullying in RCS involves severe and repeated aggressive actions, peer violence seems to be characterized by distinct levels of severity; i.e., low-level attacks are infrequent and isolated, whereas high level attacks may be severe and frequent. Several individual factors, such as age, gender, and length of stay in RCS were found to be associated with both bullying and peer violence. Contextual risk factors such as activities, structure and facility size, along with a residential peer culture characterized by a high level of hierarchy and a poor emotional bond between children and staff, contributed to bullying and peer violence. Furthermore, findings of the studies included in the present review showed that both perpetrators and victims manifest a number of behavioral and psychological problems. Overall, the present study offers a picture of bullying and peer violence among institutionalized children. However, distinct operationalization of constructs among studies, together with the use of different methods and measures, made comparisons among studies difficult. Future research should overcome these limitations in order to promote validity and compatibility of research in this field of study.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:00:07Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.12.004
       
  • Comparative efficacy and safety of carbamazepine in adults without severe
           mental illness, with aggressive and violent interpersonal behavior: A
           systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Authors: Elias Ghossoub; Paul Noufi; Omar Ghosn; Rita Khoury; Farid Talih; Elie A. Akl
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 December 2017
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Elias Ghossoub, Paul Noufi, Omar Ghosn, Rita Khoury, Farid Talih, Elie A. Akl
      Background Violent and aggressive interpersonal behavior is a serious public health concern. Evidence for management approaches of violence in non-psychiatric populations is limited. Although it is widely used as an off-label treatment to manage aggression and impulsivity, there is a lack of systematically collected evidence on the efficacy and safety of carbamazepine for this indication. Aim Determine the efficacy and safety of carbamazepine in non-institutionalized adults without severe mental illness, with aggressive and violent interpersonal behavior. Methods We systematically searched PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CENTRAL, OpenGrey and ClinicalTrials.gov. We included randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of carbamazepine in adults without severe mental illness in reducing violent interpersonal behavior, compared to no carbamazepine or other pharmacological treatment modalities. We extracted data from published reports and planned to conduct meta-analyses. Results We reviewed 3447 citations, retrieved 17 full-texts and identified 2 eligible studies. Carbamazepine significantly reduced interpersonal aggression among women with borderline personality disorder but not so among men with impulsive aggression. Given the paucity of results, we could not perform a quantitative analysis. Conclusions Quality evidence supporting the use of carbamazepine in the management of aggressive interpersonal behavior in adults without severe mental illness is lacking. Further studies are warranted.

      PubDate: 2017-12-24T11:15:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.12.005
       
  • A systematic review of group work interventions in UK high secure
           hospitals
    • Authors: Michaela Sturgeon; Nichola Tyler; Theresa A. Gannon
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 November 2017
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Michaela Sturgeon, Nichola Tyler, Theresa A. Gannon
      Background Rehabilitating high secure hospital patients poses significant challenges. Group work is thought to play a key role in patient recovery; however, there have been no reviews conducted specifically assessing group work interventions for high secure hospital patients. Objectives To review the focus of group work interventions that are being implemented and evaluated with high secure hospital patients in the UK and to examine the effectiveness of these interventions and the methods used to assess intervention effectiveness. Method A systematic literature search combined with reference screening was conducted examining group work interventions with high secure hospital patients in the UK. Results In total, 29 manuscripts were identified for review inclusion. Across these, ten focuses of group work intervention emerged: anger/aggression, offence-specific, enhancing insight and understanding of mental illness, thinking skills/problem solving, substance misuse, self-harm, relationships, self-esteem and well-being, relapse prevention, and moving on. Positive outcomes were generally reported across all ten areas. Conclusions Studies assessing the impact of group work interventions could be improved by increasing sample sizes, reducing sole reliance on self-report measures, employing clear statistical and clinical significance testing, and increasing the use of follow-up assessments and control groups.

      PubDate: 2017-12-01T05:56:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.11.004
       
  • The Good Lives Model: A strength-based approach for youth offenders
    • Authors: Clare-Ann Fortune
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2017
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Clare-Ann Fortune
      There is increasing interest in the use of strength-based approaches, such as the Good Lives Model (GLM), in the field of offender rehabilitation to complement primarily risk management models. To date, theoretical work has focused on the application of the GLM to adult offenders, and primarily sexual offenders at that. This paper explores the theoretical application of the Good Lives Model (GLM) to the rehabilitation of youth offenders. Practitioners often struggle to engage young people in treatment as working towards the goal of avoiding further offending does not directly speak to their core concerns and, as such, is not very motivating. The GLM is a rehabilitation framework that focuses on approach goals, which encourages individuals to identify and formulate ways of achieving personally meaningful goals in prosocial ways. It is argued that as a rehabilitation framework the GLM has the flexibility and breadth to accommodate the variety of risk factors and complex needs youth offenders present with, and also provides a natural fit with a dynamic systems (e.g., family and educational systems) framework, and evidence based interventions in the youth offender field.

      PubDate: 2017-11-18T13:30:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.11.003
       
  • Criminal energetics: A theory of antisocial enhancement and criminal
           attenuation
    • Authors: Michael G. Vaughn; Matt DeLisi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Michael G. Vaughn, Matt DeLisi
      Although energy is the currency of all life forms and energy is an underlying factor for physical and mental performance, its role in antisocial behavior has yet to be articulated. In this paper, we consider the role of energy in shaping antisocial and criminal careers and suggest that much like other forms of performance/productivity some criminal offenders are more energetic and therefore more virulent than others over the life-course. Specifically, we argue that energy is an enhancement and attenuator to an antisocial career and draw upon a diverse literature merging basic research on aging and energy production in human physiology and merge these findings with principles from the career criminal paradigm in criminology. Finally, we lay forth a set of research pathways, especially ways in which energy can be assessed, that can forge stronger links between the science of energetics and criminality.

      PubDate: 2017-11-11T13:09:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.11.002
       
  • School bullying from a sociocultural perspective
    • Authors: Rachel E. Maunder; Sarah Crafter
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 November 2017
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Rachel E. Maunder, Sarah Crafter
      School bullying is an important concern. Whilst there is growing knowledge about the nature, extent and effects of school bullying, areas of complexity in research findings remain. In this paper we develop our thinking on school bullying using a sociocultural theoretical framework. We review existing literature around three main themes: 1) The conceptualisation and interpretation of bullying; 2) The relational aspects of bullying 3) Bullying as part of someone's life trajectory. For each theme, empirical findings are discussed to highlight key issues, and arguments presented from relevant sociocultural theories to provide insight in each case. During the paper, we show how varying strands of research into bullying can be integrated, and how areas of complexity can be explained. Adopting a sociocultural view of school bullying presents implications for both research and practice. Bullying is contextual, and attention should be given to the situated relationships and multiple settings surrounding the behaviour.

      PubDate: 2017-11-05T02:21:47Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.10.010
       
  • Facial affect processing in incarcerated violent males: A systematic
           review
    • Authors: Harriet Chapman; Steven M. Gillespie; Ian J. Mitchell
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 October 2017
      Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior
      Author(s): Harriet Chapman, Steven M. Gillespie, Ian J. Mitchell
      Previous reviews exploring facial affect processing among forensic samples have focused on the presence of psychopathy and/or have not distinguished on the basis of offence type. In order to develop understandings about etiological processes implicated in different types of antisocial behavior, the principle aim of this review was to systematically explore facial affect processing in incarcerated violent offenders, relative to other non-violent offenders, sexual offenders, and non-offenders. Following a systematic search of electronic databases and subsequent manual search, eight studies were assessed as meeting inclusion criteria, of which seven obtained a quality score deemed acceptable for review. These studies examined recognition accuracy, sensitivity and response bias for seven emotion categories (including neutral) in incarcerated male offenders with a history of violence. Findings supported the presence of generally impaired facial affect processing among violent offenders, including deficits in fear, anger, and disgust. Overall the findings of the review did not support the presence of a hostile attribution bias among violent offenders. The review also highlights differences in sample composition, stimuli, and study designs in emotion recognition research. Recommendations are made for future work on facial affect processing in clinically relevant groups.

      PubDate: 2017-10-28T22:55:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2017.10.006
       
 
 
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