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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 931 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 434)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 197)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 241)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 147)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access  
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas : Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)

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Journal Cover Current Opinion in Psychology
  [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2352-250X
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Time use—economic approaches
    • Authors: Daniel S Hamermesh
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 26
      Author(s): Daniel S Hamermesh
      I describe an economic approach to studying time use. The literature has applied this approach to analyzing: differences and changes in work time; the gender division of chores; the determinants of the split of time outside work; differences in time use and time stress by earnings and household income; how the artificial constructs of time zones and summer time affect what people do and when they do it; how and why non-work time is used differently by race, gender and age; and how people would use non-work time if they had more.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 26 (2018)
  • Sex differences in attachment styles
    • Authors: Marco Del Giudice
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Marco Del Giudice
      Sex differences in attachment styles have been found in adulthood, emerge as early as middle childhood, and can be sizable when described at the appropriate level of analysis. However, they have received relatively little attention in mainstream attachment research. Here I review the evidence of sex differences in attachment, including what is currently known about developmental patterns and cross-cultural variation. I summarize existing evolutionary models of sex differences, and discuss evidence for a role of prenatal and postnatal sex hormones. I highlight current theoretical and empirical gaps in the literature, and call for more integrative research on this fascinating topic.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment orientations and emotion regulation
    • Authors: Mario Mikulincer; Phillip R Shaver
      Pages: 6 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Mario Mikulincer, Phillip R Shaver
      According to attachment theory, individual differences in the availability and responsiveness of close relationship partners, beginning in infancy, and the resulting formation of fairly stable attachment orientations are crucial for understanding the ways people experience and regulate emotions. In this article, we review what has been learned during the last decade about attachment-related individual differences in emotion regulation. We begin with a brief account of the hypothesized links between different forms of attachment insecurity (anxiety, avoidance) and strategies people use in regulating distress and coping with threatening events. We then review findings from correlational and experimental studies showing that individual differences in attachment orientation are reflected in cognitive, behavioral, and neural patterns of emotion regulation.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Evolved to be connected: the dynamics of attachment and sex over the
           course of romantic relationships
    • Authors: Gurit E Birnbaum; Harry T Reis
      Pages: 11 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Gurit E Birnbaum, Harry T Reis
      Sexual urges and emotional attachments are not always connected. Still, joint operation of the sexual and the attachment systems is typical of romantic relationships. Hence, within this context, the two systems mutually influence each other and operate together to affect relationship well-being. In this article, we review evidence indicating that sex promotes enduring bonds between partners and provide an overview of the contribution of attachment processes to understanding the sex-relationship linkage. We then present a model delineating the functional significance of sex in relationship development. We conclude by suggesting future directions for studying the dual potential of sex for either deepening attachment to a current valued partner or promoting a new relationship when the existing relationship has become less rewarding.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment, caregiving in couple relationships, and prosocial behavior in
           the wider world
    • Authors: Phillip R Shaver; Mario Mikulincer; Jude Cassidy
      Pages: 16 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Phillip R Shaver, Mario Mikulincer, Jude Cassidy
      According to attachment theory, a sense of attachment security (confidence that others will be available and supportive when needed) facilitates the functioning of the caregiving behavioral system and the empathic provision of care to suffering others. In this article we review what has been learned during the last decade about attachment-related individual differences in caregiving within couple relationships and prosocial behavior in the wider world. We begin with a brief account of attachment theory and the dynamic interplay of the attachment and caregiving behavioral systems. We then review findings from correlational and experimental studies showing that attachment security has positive influences on noticing and reacting favorably to the suffering of romantic partners and strangers.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.009
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment and social networks
    • Authors: Omri Gillath; Gery C Karantzas; Juwon Lee
      Pages: 21 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Omri Gillath, Gery C Karantzas, Juwon Lee
      The current review covers two lines of research linking attachment and social networks. One focuses on attachment networks (the people who fulfill one's attachment needs), examining composition and age-related differences pertaining to these networks. The other line integrates attachment with social network analysis to investigate how individual differences in adult attachment are associated with the management and characteristics (e.g., density, multiplexity, and centrality) of people's social networks. We show that most people's attachment networks are small and hierarchical, with one figure being the primary attachment figure (often a mother or romantic partner, depending on age). Furthermore, attachment style predicts network characteristics and management, such that insecurity is associated with less closeness, multiplexity, centrality, and poorer management (less maintenance, more dissolution).

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.010
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • The development of adult attachment styles: four lessons
    • Authors: R Chris Fraley; Glenn I Roisman
      Pages: 26 - 30
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): R Chris Fraley, Glenn I Roisman
      Why are some adults secure or insecure in their relationships' The authors review four lessons they have learned from longitudinal research on the developmental antecedents of adult attachment styles. First, although adult attachment appears to have its origins in early caregiving experiences, those associations are weak and inconsistent across measurement domains. Second, attachment styles appear to be more malleable in childhood and adolescence than in adulthood, leading to asymmetries in socialization and selection processes. Third, early experiences do not determine adult outcomes. Fourth, there is still a lot to learn, and future research requires examining relationship-specific attachment patterns, the distinction between distal and proximal factors, and interactions between relational and genetic vulnerabilities.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Bridges across the intergenerational transmission of attachment gap
    • Authors: Marinus H van IJzendoorn; Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
      Pages: 31 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
      Attachment is transmitted from one generation to the next. Adult attachment has been shown to predict the security or insecurity of children's attachment relationship with their parents. In search for the mechanism of intergenerational transmission of attachment sensitive parenting has been the main focus of research during the past four decades. Meta-analytic work confirmed the role of sensitive parenting, but a large explanatory gap remains to be explained. Parental mentalization has not yet fulfilled its promise as a bridge across the transmission gap. Here we suggest a model of intergenerational transmission that includes context and differential susceptibility, and we argue that the concept of parenting should be broadened to include autonomy support, limit-setting, protective parenting, parental warmth, and repair of mismatches.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.014
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment and aged care: a systematic review of current research
    • Authors: Gery C Karantzas; Daniel Romano; Juwon Lee
      Pages: 37 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Gery C Karantzas, Daniel Romano, Juwon Lee
      Attachment theory is an important framework from which to examine familial aged care. Despite this, the role of attachment in later-life caregiving remains unclear. The current study presents a systematic review of papers within the last five years on attachment and various outcomes related to familial aged care. For the caregiver, attachment anxiety was associated with poorer mental health, and attachment insecurity with a more controlling manner of caregiving. The few studies conducted with care recipients found that attachment insecurity was associated with greater self-appraisals of dementia symptoms and a lower sense of security. Research continues to suffer from the use of inadequate assessments of individual differences into adult attachment.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.016
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Adult attachment orientations and well-being during the transition to
    • Authors: Jeffry A Simpson; W Steven Rholes
      Pages: 47 - 52
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Jeffry A Simpson, W Steven Rholes
      In this article, we discuss theory and research on how people who have different adult romantic attachment orientations fare across one of life's often happiest, but also most chronically stressful, events—the transition to parenthood. We first discuss central principles of attachment theory and then review empirical research revealing how two types of attachment insecurity—anxiety and avoidance—tend to prospectively predict unique patterns of relational and personal outcomes across this often challenging life event. We also suggest how many of these findings can be understood within a diathesis-stress process model that has guided our own research on the transition to parenthood.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.019
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment insecurity and power regulation in intimate relationships
    • Authors: Nickola C Overall
      Pages: 53 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Nickola C Overall
      Power and dependence are fundamental to the development of attachment insecurity and attachment insecurity is central in defining different ways people regulate power. This paper applies an integrated power and attachment perspective to advance understanding of the diverse ways people attempt to negotiate dependence and power in adult relationships. The paper demonstrates how: (1) power is integral to the concerns and goals underlying attachment avoidance and anxiety, (2) the situations that activate attachment strategies represent specific power-relevant concerns and goals, (3) the reactions associated with avoidance and anxiety reflect distinct strategies to regulate dependence and control, and (4) partners counter with their own power regulation attempts. The integrative model presented generates new insights into both power and attachment dynamics.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment and eating disorders: a research update
    • Authors: Giorgio A Tasca
      Pages: 59 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Giorgio A Tasca
      Prominent models of eating disorders tend to focus on cognitive and behavioral features, but tend not to consider important developmental issues related to affect regulation, interpersonal style, self concept, and mentalization—all of which are well conceptualized within attachment theory. Higher levels of attachment insecurity across diagnoses are related to greater eating disorder symptoms. Low parental care and early trauma may lead to attachment insecurity that then might lead to greater eating disorder symptoms. The association between insecure attachment and eating disorder severity is likely mediated by affect dysregulation and perfectionism. Recent research using the Adult Attachment Interview highlights the importance of reflective functioning in predicting treatment response and therapeutic processes, and on the utility of therapies that increase mentalization.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment within life history theory: an evolutionary perspective on
           individual differences in attachment
    • Authors: Ohad Szepsenwol; Jeffry A Simpson
      Pages: 65 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Ohad Szepsenwol, Jeffry A Simpson
      In this article, we discuss theory and research on how individual differences in adult attachment mediate the adaptive calibration of reproductive strategies, cognitive schemas, and emotional expression and regulation. We first present an integration of attachment theory and life history theory. Then, we discuss how early harsh and/or unpredictable environments may promote insecure attachment by hampering parents’ ability to provide sensitive and reliable care to their children. Finally, we discuss how, in the context of harsh and/or unpredictable environments, different types of insecure attachment (i.e. anxiety and avoidance) may promote evolutionary adaptive reproductive strategies, cognitive schemas, and emotional expression and regulation profiles.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment and psychopathology: a dynamic model of the insecure cycle
    • Authors: Roger Kobak; Guy Bosmans
      Pages: 76 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Roger Kobak, Guy Bosmans

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.018
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment across the lifespan: insights from adoptive families
    • Authors: Kenneth Lee Raby; Mary Dozier
      Pages: 81 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Kenneth Lee Raby, Mary Dozier
      Research with adoptive families offers novel insights into longstanding questions about the significance of attachment across the lifespan. We illustrate this by reviewing adoption research addressing two of attachment theory's central ideas. First, studies of children who were adopted after experiencing severe adversity offer powerful tests of the unique consequences of experiences in early attachment relationships. Although children who experience early maltreatment or institutionalization show remarkable recovery in the quality of their attachments after being placed with their adoptive families, experiencing pre-adoptive adversity also has long-lasting repercussions for these individuals’ later attachment representations. Second, adoptive families allow for genetically-informed examinations of the intergenerational transmission process. Indeed, despite the lack of genetic relatedness, adoptive parents’ attachment representations are associated with their children's attachment behaviors and representations across childhood and adolescence.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.011
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment security priming: a systematic review
    • Authors: Omri Gillath; Gery Karantzas
      Pages: 86 - 95
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Omri Gillath, Gery Karantzas
      Attachment security priming has been used to shed light on the cognitive processes related to attachment internal working models as well as the cognitive substrates of people's attachment-related affect and behavior. Security primes activate a sense of attachment security by making mental representations in one's memory more accessible and salient. In the current paper, we report on a qualitative synthesis of 20 studies published in the last two years to determine the effects of security priming. We found that supraliminally administered security priming (especially via guided imagery or visualization) is associated with beneficial effects across a diverse set of domains. The effects were especially strong among anxiously attached individuals.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment and psychoneuroimmunology
    • Authors: Katherine B Ehrlich
      Pages: 96 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Katherine B Ehrlich
      In this review, I outline how attachment experiences in adulthood are thought to be related to the immune system. After a brief primer on the two branches of the immune system, I describe a theoretical model that explains how adults’ attachment orientation could influence various immune processes. I then review recent findings documenting novel associations between attachment orientation and measures of the immune system, including inflammatory processes and cellular immunity. I conclude with a discussion about future directions focused on how we can advance our understanding about the role of attachment in shaping immune processes in ways that could shape our health over the lifespan.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.012
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • Attachment in action—changing the face of 21st century couple
    • Authors: Susan Johnson
      Pages: 101 - 104
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2019
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 25
      Author(s): Susan Johnson
      The field of couple therapy—one of the most widely sought and practiced modality of therapy—has been revolutionized by the emergence of attachment science in the 21st century. We now understand not only the centrality of close relationships for human health and wellbeing, but also that the key to a healthy happy relationship is a secure attachment bond. Emotionally Focused Therapy is an attachment-based approach that aims to help couples create a secure attachment bond. Several outcome studies have shown that EFT helps to not only alleviate relationship distress but individual co-morbidities as well, with positive follow-up effects. EFT appears to help couples not only improve their relationships but also access the optimal resilience and wellbeing secure attachment allows.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
  • The social neuroscience of mentalizing: challenges and recommendations
    • Authors: Dorit Kliemann; Ralph Adolphs
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 24
      Author(s): Dorit Kliemann, Ralph Adolphs
      Our ability to understand and think about the mental states of other people is referred to as ‘mentalizing’ or ‘theory of mind’. It features prominently in all social behavior, is essential for maintaining relationships, and shows pronounced individual differences. Here we review new approaches to study the underlying psychological mechanisms and discuss how they could best be investigated using modern tools from social neuroscience. We list key desiderata for the field, such as validity, specificity, and reproducibility, and link them to specific recommendations for the future. We also discuss new computational modeling approaches, and the application to psychopathology.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.015
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
  • Sharing the social world via intersubject neural synchronisation
    • Authors: Lauri Nummenmaa; Juha M Lahnakoski; Enrico Glerean
      Pages: 7 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 24
      Author(s): Lauri Nummenmaa, Juha M Lahnakoski, Enrico Glerean
      Sociability and capability of shared mental states are hallmarks of the human species, and pursuing shared goals oftentimes requires coordinating both behaviour and mental states. Here we review recent work using indices of intersubject neural synchronisation for measuring similarity of mental states across individuals. We discuss the methodological advances and limitations in the analyses based on intersubject synchrony, and discuss how these kinds of model-free analysis techniques enable the investigation of the brain basis of complex social processes. We argue that similarity of brain activity across individuals can be used, under certain conditions, to index the similarity of their subjective states of consciousness, and thus be used for investigating brain basis of mutual understanding and cooperation.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.021
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
  • What can rodents teach us about empathy'
    • Authors: Ksenia Meyza; Ewelina Knapska
      Pages: 15 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 24
      Author(s): Ksenia Meyza, Ewelina Knapska
      While many consider empathy an exclusively human trait, non-human animals are capable of simple forms of empathy, such as emotional contagion, as well as consolation and helping behavior. Rodent models are particularly useful for describing the neuronal background of these phenomena. They offer the possibility of employing single-cell resolution mapping of the neuronal activity as well as novel techniques for manipulation of in vivo activity, which are currently unavailable in human studies. Here, we review recent developments in the field of rodent empathy research with special emphasis on behavioral paradigms and data on neuronal correlates of emotional contagion. We hope that the use of rodent models will enhance our understanding of social deficits in neuropsychiatric disorders characterized with empathy impairments and the evolutionary continuity of the empathic trait.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
  • Regulating shared reality with micro-dynamics in the form of conversation
    • Authors: Namkje Koudenburg
      Pages: 47 - 51
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Namkje Koudenburg
      One of the central goals within communication is to establish whether people are on the same wavelength. Although such assessment can occur objectively, by exchanging and comparing viewpoints, people may also derive a sense of shared reality subjectively, through micro-dynamics in the form of conversation that inform them whether their views are shared. The present review outlines the role of these micro-dynamics in developing and regulating a shared reality. It focuses on three different contexts: intergroup communication, computer mediated communication and communication within intimate relationships. The review concludes with a discussion of the power of micro-dynamics in comparison to more explicit forms of social validation.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Socially-shared cognition and consensus in small groups
    • Authors: John M Levine
      Pages: 52 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): John M Levine
      This paper reviews recent work on socially-shared cognition in small groups. Major attention is devoted to the impact of information and preference sharing on the achievement of group consensus and the consequences of consensus (and dissensus) for the group and its members. The literature is organized in terms of the task context in which sharing occurs (i.e., group problem-solving/decision-making tasks vs. group-productivity tasks). Topics covered include information sharing in hidden-profile situations, regulation of socio-cognitive conflict, shared mental models, transactive memory systems, and group discussions involving collective action. The impact of group members’ motives on information and preference sharing is highlighted, and more attention to relational (social) motives is suggested.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • How shared reality is created in interpersonal communication
    • Authors: Gerald Echterhoff; Bjarne Schmalbach
      Pages: 57 - 61
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Gerald Echterhoff, Bjarne Schmalbach
      Communication is a key arena and means for shared-reality creation. Most studies explicitly devoted to shared reality have focused on the opening part of a conversation, that is, a speaker's initial message to an audience. The aspect of communication examined by this research is the evaluative adaptation (tuning) of the messages to the audience's attitude or judgment. The speaker's shared-reality creation is typically assessed by the extent to which the speaker's evaluative representation of the topic matches the audience-tuned view expressed in the message. We first review research on such audience-tuning effects, with a focus on shared-reality goals and conditions facilitating the generalization of shared reality. We then review studies using other paradigms that illustrate factors of shared-reality creation in communication, including mere message production, grounding, validation responses, and communication about commonly known information (including stereotypes) in intragroup communication. The different lines of research reveal the potency, but also boundary conditions, of communication effects on shared reality.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.12.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Achieving local and global shared realities: distance guides alignment to
           specific or general social influences
    • Authors: Alison Ledgerwood; Y Andre Wang
      Pages: 62 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Alison Ledgerwood, Y Andre Wang
      Humans routinely navigate a multitude of potential social influences, ranging from specific individual's opinions to general social norms and group values. Whereas specific social influences afford opportunities to achieve shared inner states with particular individuals, general social influences afford opportunities to achieve shared inner states with broader groups. We review recent theory and evidence examining how people tune into different kinds of social influence in the service of shared reality. We argue that the distance of an attitude object (e.g. how far away it is in time or space) systematically influences what kind of social influence informs people's attitudes. As an attitude object grows more distant, people's attitudes increasingly align with general (vs. specific) social influences.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.12.008
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Epistemic companions: shared reality development in close relationships
    • Authors: Maya Rossignac-Milon; E Tory Higgins
      Pages: 66 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Maya Rossignac-Milon, E Tory Higgins
      We propose a framework outlining the development of shared reality in close relationships. In this framework, we attempt to integrate disparate close relationship phenomena under the conceptual umbrella of shared reality. We argue that jointly satisfying epistemic needs— making sense of the world together —plays an important but under-appreciated role in establishing and maintaining close relationships. Specifically, we propose that dyads progress through four cumulative phases in which new forms of shared reality emerge. Relationships are often initiated when people discover Shared Feelings, which then facilitate the co-construction of dyad-specific Shared Practices. Partners then form an interdependent web of Shared Coordination and ultimately develop a Shared Identity. Each emergent form of shared reality continues to evolve throughout subsequent phases, and, if neglected, can engender relationship dissolution.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Shared reality as collective closure
    • Authors: Michelle Dugas; Arie W Kruglanski
      Pages: 72 - 76
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Michelle Dugas, Arie W Kruglanski
      We draw on the theory of lay epistemics to understand how universal processes of knowledge formation drive the emergence, and determine the consequences of shared reality in groups. In particular, we highlight the role in these processes of the need for cognitive closure and credible epistemic authorities. Whereas the former construct explains why people seek a shared reality, the latter clarifies who the reality is shared with. In this connection, we review relevant bodies of empirical evidence that bear on the epistemic underpinnings of shared reality phenomena.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Ideological asymmetries in conformity, desire for shared reality, and the
           spread of misinformation
    • Authors: John T Jost; Sander van der Linden; Costas Panagopoulos; Curtis D Hardin
      Pages: 77 - 83
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): John T Jost, Sander van der Linden, Costas Panagopoulos, Curtis D Hardin
      Ideological belief systems arise from epistemic, existential, and relational motives to reduce uncertainty, threat, and social discord. According to system justification theory, however, some ideologies—such as those that are conservative, religious, and legitimizing of the status quo—are especially appealing to people whose epistemic, existential, and relational motives are chronically or temporarily heightened. In this article, we focus on relational motivation, describing evidence that conservatives are more likely than liberals to: prioritize values of conformity and tradition; possess a strong desire to share reality with like-minded others; perceive within-group consensus when making political and non-political judgments; be influenced by implicit relational cues and sources who are perceived as similar to them; and maintain homogenous social networks and favor an ‘echo chamber’ environment that is conducive to the spread of misinformation.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Existential isolation and I-sharing: Interpersonal and intergroup
    • Authors: Elizabeth C Pinel
      Pages: 84 - 87
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Elizabeth C Pinel
      I-sharing, or believing one has the same in-the-moment experience as another person, constitutes a specific way in which people may share reality. I-sharing research underscores its significance for interpersonal and intergroup outcomes. I-sharing fosters liking for people who differ from us in objective and sometimes important ways, and counteracts robust tendencies to favor ingroup members and dehumanize outgroup members. Research and theory indicate that existential isolation—feeling alone in one's experience—explains the potency of I-sharing, insofar as people with high levels of existential isolation are especially drawn to those with whom they have reason to believe they I-share. Recent findings are reviewed, followed by a discussion of the clinical implications of the work.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Building a collective memory: the case for collective forgetting
    • Authors: William Hirst; Alin Coman
      Pages: 88 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): William Hirst, Alin Coman
      The shared reality of a community rests in part on the collective memories held by members of that community. Surprisingly, psychologists have only recently begun to study collective memories, an area of interest in the social sciences for several decades. The present paper adopts the perspective that remembering is often an act of communication. One consequence of communicative acts of remembering is that speaker and listeners can come to share the same memories, thereby providing a foundation on which to build a collective memory. Another consequence is that the selectivity of communicative acts of remembering can induce collective selective forgetting, clearly one component of any collective memory. The phenomenon of retrieval-induced forgetting is discussed in the context of dyadic conversational exchanges of unrelated individuals and conversational exchanges between ingroup and outgroup members. In addition, the paper reviews work demonstrating that what occurs at the dyadic level can shape global outcomes of complex social networks, including convergence of memories across a network. The bottom-up approach described in this paper can help us understand how individual memories can come to be shared across a community.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T05:49:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • A collective perspective: shared attention and the mind
    • Authors: Garriy Shteynberg
      Pages: 93 - 97
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Garriy Shteynberg
      I review the recent literature on shared attention, instances in which one's personal perspective is also another's. As described by Shteynberg [6•• ], shared attention involves the activation of a psychological perspective that is personal and plural and irreducibly collective—a perspective in which the world is experienced from ‘our attention’. When shared attention is perceived, information under shared attention receives deeper cognitive processing. By updating mutual knowledge, shared attention facilitates communication and, quite possibly, the creation of shared attitudes and beliefs. In this review, I focus on the last 5 years of empirical work detailing the cognitive and affective consequences of shared attention. I also highlight empirical work on the relevance of shared attention to pragmatically important challenges, such as the polarizing effects of social and mass media consumption, as well as the cognitive mechanisms behind autism-like traits. In all, the findings underscore the possibility that shared attention is a basic psychological building block of human sociality—a capacity to act collectively with others who share one's reality.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.12.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • The neural basis of representing others’ inner states
    • Authors: Elien Heleven; Frank Van Overwalle
      Pages: 98 - 103
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Elien Heleven, Frank Van Overwalle
      Shared reality is facilitated by social mentalizing, that is, inferring the inner states such as beliefs and traits of another person. Recent advances in neuroscientific research on mentalizing have pinpointed the role of (a) the temporo-parietal junction in the switching of perspectives from self-to-other, and (b) the medial prefrontal cortex in holding stable neural representation of personality traits and the persons that hold these traits. Furthermore, the recently discovered role of the cerebellum in social mentalizing is introduced, and its potential role in inferring action sequences. These three processes are relevant preconditions for shared understanding because they allow people to adjust their own beliefs and adequately invest their talents by taking into account others’ beliefs and traits, and so shape a shared reality in which differences in beliefs, opinions and talent are appreciated and integrated.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Perspective taking: motivation and impediment to shared reality
    • Authors: Sara D Hodges; Kathryn R Denning; Sara Lieber
      Pages: 104 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Sara D Hodges, Kathryn R Denning, Sara Lieber
      Taking another person's perspective requires acknowledging that there is another viewpoint, which can challenge the concept of shared reality. At the same time, taking someone else's perspective can also preserve shared reality, by helping to explain how aspects of the world may be perceived differently by two different individuals. Thus, establishing or maintaining shared reality may be a primary motivator for perspective taking in everyday life. However, depending on the content (e.g., self-perceptions, assumptions about other people, cherished beliefs) used in constructing another perspective and comparing it with one's own, perspective taking may in some cases instead highlight differences between how people view the world, thus hindering a sense of shared reality.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Shared reality through social tuning of implicit prejudice
    • Authors: Jeanine LM Skorinko; Stacey Sinclair
      Pages: 109 - 112
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Jeanine LM Skorinko, Stacey Sinclair
      Sharing reality with an interaction partner is a key element of social connections. One way in which shared reality can be formed in an interpersonal situation is through affiliative social tuning. Affliative social tuning occurs when individuals experience a desire to get along with their interaction partner and this affiliative motivation encourages the individual to spontaneously and genuinely align their attitudes and/or behaviors with their interaction partner to achieve a sense of shared reality. In this review, we examine when and how affiliative social tuning of implicit prejudice occurs. We also explore whether individuals garner shared reality by affiliating with ingroup members who seem to hold similar implicit beliefs.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.011
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Collaboration or negotiation: two ways of interacting suggest how shared
           thinking develops
    • Authors: Rebeca Mejía-Arauz; Barbara Rogoff; Andrew Dayton; Richard Henne-Ochoa
      Pages: 117 - 123
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Rebeca Mejía-Arauz, Barbara Rogoff, Andrew Dayton, Richard Henne-Ochoa
      This paper contrasts two ways that shared thinking can be conceptualized: as negotiation, where individuals join their separate ideas, or collaboration, as people mutually engage together in a unified process, as an ensemble. We argue that these paradigms are culturally based, with the negotiation model fitting within an assumption system of separate entities—an assumption system we believe to be common in psychology and in middle-class European American society—and the collaboration model fitting within a holistic worldview that appears to be common in Indigenous-heritage communities of the Americas. We discuss cultural differences in children's interactions—as negotiation or collaboration—that suggest how these distinct paradigms develop.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.02.017
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2018)
  • Audience tuning effects in the context of situated and embodied processes
    • Authors: Semin
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Gün R Semin
      This review provides an overview of the research on communication and the ‘Saying is Believing’ paradigm in the context of different perspectives on communication. The process of ‘audience tuning’ is shaped by a variety of situated factors in contexts that affect the communicators’ confidence in their message. The overwhelming common denominator is that the combination of features that create ambiguity yields the optimal condition for the formation of shared realities. I conclude with an argument that the implied invariance of memory processes in shared reality work needs to be more attentive to the regulatory function of memories driving the expression of shared realities.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T09:24:03Z
  • The development and importance of shared reality in the domains of
           opinion, morality, and religion
    • Authors: Larisa Heiphetz
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Larisa Heiphetz
      The importance of shared reality emerges early in human development. Infants and young children notice when others share their beliefs, and information about shared beliefs influences their social judgments. This article reviews recent research on the importance of shared beliefs in three domains that have been widely investigated over the past several years—opinions, moral views, and religious beliefs. I argue that shared religious beliefs appear especially influential and suggest several reasons why this might be the case, including the perceived link between religion and morality as well as the strong role that religious beliefs play in personal identity. Future research can further test these possibilities.

      PubDate: 2017-11-22T16:41:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Social identities and shared realities
    • Authors: Michael A Hogg; Mark J Rinella
      Pages: 6 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Michael A Hogg, Mark J Rinella
      People are fundamentally motivated to establish a shared reality with others to validate their identity and experiences. Guided by social identity theory, we examine how social identity processes, such as self-categorization and depersonalization, create a shared identity and a sense of shared reality. Research demonstrates that internal states such as attitudes, feelings, and emotions are often shared among members of a group. Furthermore, research has shown that self-uncertainty motivates people to establish shared realities through group identification, often with highly entitative groups that are associated with a self-saturating reality that is shared absolutely. Finally, we review research on how group-defining norms that serve as the bases of these identity-related shared realities are constructed and communicated through group-membership based influence.

      PubDate: 2017-11-22T16:41:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Political aspects of shared reality
    • Authors: Chadly Stern; Peter Ondish
      Pages: 11 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Chadly Stern, Peter Ondish
      The political world permeates people's everyday experiences. In this article, we review recent research concerning how the pursuit, creation, and maintenance of shared reality underlie important political phenomena. We address three general points. First, we discuss how the desire to share reality shapes the political attitudes that people adopt. Second, we outline how the existence of competing representations of reality can lead to prolonged political conflicts that are challenging to overcome. Third, we consider how and why shared reality contributes to social stasis and change. A scientifically informed understanding of how shared reality shapes the political arena will enrich psychological research and facilitate addressing social issues.

      PubDate: 2017-11-22T16:41:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Social transmission and shared reality in cultural dynamics
    • Authors: Yoshihisa Kashima; Boyka Bratanova; Kim Peters
      Pages: 15 - 19
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Yoshihisa Kashima, Boyka Bratanova, Kim Peters
      Micro cultural dynamics are concerned with the mechanisms of transmission, retention, and modification of cultural information in social networks. When interacting individuals mutually recognize that they share psychological reactions to given cultural information, it may be grounded as an aspect of their shared reality under specifiable conditions. The interpretation of cultural information as socially verified shared reality provides a basis for further dissemination of the information and coordinated social action. We review the recent literature that supports this general contention, while highlighting the role of emotion—a somewhat under-recognized aspect of shared reality research—and emphasizing the mediating role of cultural dynamics in the mutual constitution of social reality and shared reality.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.004
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Shared identity in organizational stress and change
    • Authors: Rolf van Dick; Valeria Ciampa; Shuang Liang
      Pages: 20 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Rolf van Dick, Valeria Ciampa, Shuang Liang
      The social identity approach has been found very useful for the understanding of a range of phenomena within and across organizations. It has been applied in particular to analyze employees’ stress and well-being at work and their reactions to organizational change. In this paper, we argue that there is a mismatch between the theoretical notion of shared identities in teams and organizations and empirical research, which largely focuses on the individual employee's identification with his or her social categories at work. We briefly review the literature in the two areas of stress and change and conclude with an agenda for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Emergence of shared reference and shared minds in infancy
    • Authors: Ulf Liszkowski
      Pages: 26 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Ulf Liszkowski
      The emergence of a social-interactional ‘infrastructure’ of communication in infancy has remained underspecified until recently. I argue and show that firstly, the ability for shared reference is firmly established around 12 months of age when infants begin to point, enabling a meeting of shared minds; secondly, interactions entailing different perspectives and minds emerge only thereafter, based on prior interactional experiences; thirdly, the emergence of shared reference is itself mediated by interaction and caregivers’ assistance in goal-directed activities. Instead of focusing on the infrastructure of shared reference in infancy as a snapshot, I suggest focusing on the process of social and cognitive co-construction in which shared reference is as much a foundation as an ontogenetic outcome of social cognition and interaction.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • What is unique about shared reality' Insights from a new comparison
    • Authors: Angie M Johnston; Molly Byrne; Laurie R Santos
      Pages: 30 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Angie M Johnston, Molly Byrne, Laurie R Santos
      We introduce a new comparison species—domesticated dogs (Canis familaris)—that can shed light on the evolutionary origins of shared reality. Given that dogs share many basic building blocks of shared reality (e.g. representing others’ perceptions, emotions, and behaviors) they provide an ideal species for pinpointing unique aspects of shared reality in humans. In particular, current research with dogs underscores two aspects of shared reality that may be special to humans. First, humans may be unique in our tendency to share reality involuntarily. Second, humans may be unique in the extent to which we share reality. Although both humans and dogs share reality in one-on-one interactions, only humans share reality at the more extensive group and cultural level.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Romantic relationships as shared reality defense
    • Authors: Sandra L Murray; Veronica Lamarche; Mark D Seery
      Pages: 34 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Sandra L Murray, Veronica Lamarche, Mark D Seery
      A model of meaning maintenance in relationships is proposed to explain how relationships function to regulate threats to shared systems of meaning posed by life's capricious and unexpected events. This model assumes that people flexibility compensate for unexpected events in the world by affirming the expected in their relationship and compensate for unexpected events in the relationship by affirming the expected in the world. Supportive evidence is reviewed that reveals how people in more or less satisfying relationships flexibly maintain a sense of life's meaning in the face of unexpected events.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.008
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Trusting others: shared reality in testimonial learning
    • Authors: Annelise Pesch; Sarah Suárez; Melissa A Koenig
      Pages: 38 - 41
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Annelise Pesch, Sarah Suárez, Melissa A Koenig
      Much of early learning depends on others, and the transmission of testimony presents children with a range of opportunities to learn about and from other people. Much work has focused on children's ability to select or prefer particular sources of information based on various epistemic (e.g. accuracy, reliability, perceptual access, expertise) and moral (e.g. benevolence, group membership, honesty) characteristics. Understanding the mechanisms by which such selective preferences emerge has been couched primarily in frameworks that treat testimony as a source of inductive evidence, and that treat children's trust as an evidence-based inference. However, there are other distinct interpersonal considerations that support children's trust towards others, considerations that influence who children learn from as well as other practical decisions. Broadening our conception of trust and considering the interpersonal reasons we have to trust others can both strengthen our current understanding of the role that trust plays in children's learning and practical decisions as well as provide a more holistic picture of how children participate in a shared reality with their family, peers, and communities.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.009
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Shared reality in interpersonal relationships
    • Authors: Susan M Andersen; Elizabeth Przybylinski
      Pages: 42 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Susan M Andersen, Elizabeth Przybylinski
      Close relationships afford us opportunities to create and maintain meaning systems as shared perceptions of ourselves and the world. Establishing a sense of mutual understanding allows for creating and maintaining lasting social bonds, and as such, is important in human relations. In a related vein, it has long been known that knowledge of significant others in one's life is stored in memory and evoked with new persons—in the social-cognitive process of ‘transference’—imbuing new encounters with significance and leading to predictable cognitive, evaluative, motivational, and behavioral consequences, as well as shifts in the self and self-regulation, depending on the particular significant other evoked. In these pages, we briefly review the literature on meaning as interpersonally defined and then selectively review research on transference in interpersonal perception. Based on this, we then highlight a recent series of studies focused on shared meaning systems in transference. The highlighted studies show that values and beliefs that develop in close relationships (as shared reality) are linked in memory to significant-other knowledge, and thus, are indirectly activated (made accessible) when cues in a new person implicitly activate that significant-other knowledge (in transference), with these shared beliefs then actively pursued with the new person and even protected against threat. This also confers a sense of mutual understanding, and all told, serves both relational and epistemic functions. In concluding, we consider as well the relevance of co-construction of shared reality n such processes.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • From ideation to action: recent advances in understanding suicide
    • Authors: Alexis M May; Sarah E Victor
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Alexis M May, Sarah E Victor
      Suicide capability is one of few risk factors associated with suicide attempts among ideators. In the decade since the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide introduced the concept of acquired capability (i.e. the ability to face the fear and pain associated with death), understanding of the capability to attempt suicide has grown. Acquired (e.g. NSSI), dispositional (e.g. genetic), and practical contributors (e.g. access to firearms) appear to influence suicide capability via mechanisms such as the fear of death, persistence through pain, and familiarity with suicide methods. Self-report methods have shown mixed results, highlighting the importance of developing behavioral measures of suicide capability.

      PubDate: 2017-07-27T15:25:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Firearm suicide: pathways to risk and methods of prevention
    • Authors: Claire Houtsma; Sarah E Butterworth; Michael D Anestis
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Claire Houtsma, Sarah E Butterworth, Michael D Anestis
      Firearms are utilized in approximately half of all US suicides, making them a serious public health concern and a target of suicide prevention efforts. Practical capability influences the transition from suicidal ideation to action and is particularly relevant to firearm suicide. Firearm ownership, experience using firearms, unsafe firearm storage, and high cultural acceptability of firearms increase risk for death by firearm suicide. Means safety strategies, which emphasize the reduction of practical capability for suicide through the limitation of access to and safe storage of firearms, are effective in preventing suicide and include interventions such as lethal means counseling, firearm legislation, and promoting safe storage practices. Public health interventions aimed at reducing firearm suicide are critical topics for continued research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The relationship between entrapment and suicidal behavior through the lens
           of the integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behavior
    • Authors: Rory C O’Connor; Gwendolyn Portzky
      Pages: 12 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Rory C O’Connor, Gwendolyn Portzky
      Suicide and suicidal behavior are major public health concerns. As a result, a number of psychological models have been developed to better understand the emergence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. One such model is the integrated motivational–volitional model, a tri-partite model of suicidal behavior, which posits that entrapment is central to the final common pathway to suicide. In this review, we summarize the extant research evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior. Although there is robust evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior, there are gaps in our knowledge. We discuss the clinical implications and suggest key directions for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.021
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Physical disability and suicide: recent advancements in understanding and
           future directions for consideration
    • Authors: Lauren R Khazem
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lauren R Khazem
      Recent research indicates a heightened risk of suicide in this population, a concern given that suicide may be more accepted for those with physical disabilities than for those without such disabilities. The relationship between physical disability and suicide has begun to be examined within empirically supported frameworks of suicide and indicates that interpersonal factors (e.g. perceived burdensomeness) and pain are mechanisms contributing to this heightened risk of suicide. The suicide rate after acquiring a physical disability, such as a spinal cord injury, and the greater odds of suicide after reporting having a disability further support the association between physical disability and suicide. The multifaceted nature of physical disability is reflected in its relationship with suicidal ideation and behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.018
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
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