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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 875 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 400)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 172)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 215)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 139)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access  
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 127)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access  
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Current Opinion in Psychology
  [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2352-250X
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3042 journals]
  • Development of aggression
    • Authors: Jennifer E Lansford
      Pages: 17 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Jennifer E Lansford
      Theories and empirical findings regarding the development of aggression have included advances in four key areas in the last two years. First, studies have increasingly adopted more nuanced operationalization of forms and functions of aggression. Second, mediators and moderators of links between risk factors and the development of aggression have been examined with more precision. Third, advances in neuroscience and studies of gene by environment interactions have led to greater understanding of genetic and neurobiological underpinnings of the development of aggression. Fourth, cross-cultural and international research has tested the generalizability of findings to more diverse samples and has examined culture as a potential moderator of links between risk factors and the development of aggression.

      PubDate: 2017-04-22T21:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.015
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Hurt people hurt people: ostracism and aggression
    • Authors: Dongning Ren; Eric D Wesselmann; Kipling D Williams
      Pages: 34 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Dongning Ren, Eric D Wesselmann, Kipling D Williams
      Because ostracism hurts, it can trigger aggression. Guided by the theoretical framework of the temporal need-threat model of ostracism, we review the existing research that investigates this ostracism–aggression link over the last two decades. Both correlational and experimental research have provided substantial support for the model’s prediction that ostracism may instigate aggression. Recent research continues to investigate why this occurs, and who is most likely to become aggressive when ostracized. A new and exciting body of literature emerges, which seeks to inform interventions for coping with ostracism and for reducing ostracism-related aggression.

      PubDate: 2017-04-22T21:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.026
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Aggression prevention and reduction in diverse cultures and contexts
    • Authors: Farida Anwar; Douglas P Fry; Ingrida Grigaitytė
      Pages: 49 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Farida Anwar, Douglas P Fry, Ingrida Grigaitytė
      It is not as difficult to prevent and reduce violence as commonly assumed. The examination of peaceful societies and nonviolent social movements provides insight on how core values and norms like humility, respect for others, love and caring, forgiveness, and patience are fundamental in promoting peace. Additionally, nonviolent attitudes actualized through nonviolent models and non-punitive childrearing practices can help socialize children to become nonviolent adults. At the group level, the commitment to nonviolence by individuals using methods of sit-ins, boycotts, strikes, work slow-downs, civil disobedience, marches, and demonstrations in struggles against violence and oppression can bring about positive social change. Thus, the growing number of cases of nonviolent resistance triumphing over injustice and repression as well as the existence of dozens of highly peaceful societies bear witness to the fact that life without violence is possible.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.029
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The roots of intimate partner violence
    • Authors: David S Chester; C Nathan DeWall
      Pages: 55 - 59
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): David S Chester, C Nathan DeWall
      Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a paradoxical combination of affection and aggression. So why do people show an all-too-frequent tendency to harm their loved ones? Towards answering this question, we review a broad literature that explicates the ultimate and proximate roots of IPV perpetration. At the ultimate level, IPV perpetration is likely to be the result of evolutionary and socio-structural forces. Theories of aggression are then brought to bear in order to articulate the proximal sequence of psychological processes that magnify and constrain IPV. Interpersonal (e.g., rejection), intrapersonal (e.g., self-regulation), and biological (e.g., testosterone) factors are discussed in their relation to IPV perpetration. Finally, potentially fruitful avenues for intervention are evaluated, as exemplars of the hope that a robust understanding IPV perpetration will lead to the reduction of this costly behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.009
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The aggressive brain: insights from neuroscience
    • Authors: Bruce D Bartholow
      Pages: 60 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Bruce D Bartholow
      Aggression is a complex, multifaceted behavior often caused by numerous factors and expressed in innumerable ways. Like all behaviors, aggression represents the outcome of sets of biological and physiological processes emerging from the brain. Although this may seem obvious, discovering the specific neural circuits and neurophysiological processes responsible for engendering aggressive responses has proven anything but simple. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief overview of discoveries in both human cognitive neuroscience and animal behavioral neuroscience that have begun to shed light—literally in some cases—on the heretofore mysterious neural processes and connections responsible for producing aggressive behavioral responses.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Anger and aggression treatments: a review of meta-analyses
    • Authors: Amy Hyoeun Lee; Raymond DiGiuseppe
      Pages: 65 - 74
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Amy Hyoeun Lee, Raymond DiGiuseppe
      In the last several decades, researchers have begun to recognize dysregulated anger as a common and debilitating psychological problem among various psychiatric populations. Accordingly, the treatment of anger and aggression has received increasing attention in the literature. The current article reviews existing meta-analyses of psychosocial intervention for anger and aggression with the aims of (1) synthesizing current research evidence for these interventions, and (2) identifying interventions characteristics associated with effectiveness in specific populations of interest. Results demonstrate that cognitive behavioral treatments are the most commonly disseminated intervention for both anger and aggression. Anger treatments have consistently demonstrated at least moderate effectiveness among both non-clinical and psychiatric populations, whereas aggression treatment results have been less consistent. We discuss the implication of these findings and provide directions for future research in the treatment of anger and aggression.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The General Aggression Model
    • Authors: Johnie J Allen; Craig A Anderson; Brad J Bushman
      Pages: 75 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Johnie J Allen, Craig A Anderson, Brad J Bushman
      The General Aggression Model (GAM) is a comprehensive, integrative, framework for understanding aggression. It considers the role of social, cognitive, personality, developmental, and biological factors on aggression. Proximate processes of GAM detail how person and situation factors influence cognitions, feelings, and arousal, which in turn affect appraisal and decision processes, which in turn influence aggressive or nonaggressive behavioral outcomes. Each cycle of the proximate processes serves as a learning trial that affects the development and accessibility of aggressive knowledge structures. Distal processes of GAM detail how biological and persistent environmental factors can influence personality through changes in knowledge structures. GAM has been applied to understand aggression in many contexts including media violence effects, domestic violence, intergroup violence, temperature effects, pain effects, and the effects of global climate change.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.034
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Animal models of excessive aggression: implications for human aggression
           and violence
    • Authors: Sietse F de Boer
      Pages: 81 - 87
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Sietse F de Boer
      Escalated interpersonal aggression and violence are common symptoms of multiple psychiatric disorders and represent a significant global health issue. Current therapeutic strategies are limited due to a lack of understanding about the neural and molecular mechanisms underlying the ‘vicious’ shift of normal adaptive aggression into violence, and the environmental triggers that cause it. Development of novel animal models that validly capture the salient features of human violent actions combined with newly emerging technologies for mapping, measuring, and manipulating neuronal activity in the brain significantly advance our understanding of the etiology, neuromolecular mechanisms, and potential therapeutic interventions of excessive aggressive behaviors in humans.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.006
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Aggression as a trait: the Dark Tetrad alternative
    • Authors: Delroy L Paulhus; Shelby R Curtis; Daniel N Jones
      Pages: 88 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Delroy L Paulhus, Shelby R Curtis, Daniel N Jones
      Aggression is often construed as a unitary trait fully captured by the Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ). Our review of the literature questions that assumption in several respects. Instead of a top-down approach, we argue for a bottom-up conception based on the Dark Tetrad of personality, that is, narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and sadism. We highlight research showing that each member of the tetrad responds to different provocations. We conclude that the unitary trait conception of aggression has yielded more confusion than understanding. The term aggression should be reserved for outcomes, with many possible trait×situation predictors. Future research should continue the investigation of moderators as well as cognitive mediators to clarify the triggering of aggression in the individual tetrad members.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.007
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The weapons effect
    • Authors: Arlin James Benjamin; Brad J Bushman
      Pages: 93 - 97
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Arlin James Benjamin, Brad J Bushman
      In some societies, weapons are plentiful and highly visible. This review examines recent trends in research on the weapons effect, which is the finding that the mere presence of weapons can prime people to behave aggressively. The General Aggression Model provides a theoretical framework to explain why the weapons effect occurs. This model postulates that exposure to weapons increases aggressive thoughts and hostile appraisals, thus explaining why weapons facilitate aggressive behavior. Data from meta-analytic reviews are consistent with the General Aggression Model. These findings have important practical as well as theoretical implications. They suggest that the link between weapons and aggression is very strong in semantic memory, and that merely seeing a weapon can make people more aggressive.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.011
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The facts on the furious: a brief review of the psychology of trait anger
    • Authors: Lotte Veenstra; Brad J Bushman; Sander L Koole
      Pages: 98 - 103
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Lotte Veenstra, Brad J Bushman, Sander L Koole
      Some people are more prone to aggression than others. These individual differences are associated with trait anger, a personality dimension that relates to the frequency, intensity, and duration with which people experience angry feelings. Trait anger is an important antecedent of state anger and aggression. People with high trait anger tend to perceive situations as hostile and are less capable of controlling their hostile thoughts and feelings. Moreover, people with high trait anger display heightened approach motivation in threatening situations. This reactive approach motivation may be countered by avoidance states, which may reduce anger among high trait anger people. Insights into the underlying processes of trait anger may be used to combat human aggression.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.014
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The effects of violent media content on aggression
    • Authors: Patrick K Bender; Courtney Plante; Douglas A Gentile
      Pages: 104 - 108
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Patrick K Bender, Courtney Plante, Douglas A Gentile
      Decades of research have shown that violent media exposure is one risk factor for aggression. This review presents findings from recent cross-sectional, experimental, and longitudinal studies, demonstrating the triangulation of evidence within the field. Importantly, this review also illustrates how media violence research has started to move away from merely establishing the existence of media effects and instead has begun to investigate the mechanisms underlying these effects and their limitations. Such studies range from investigations into cross-cultural differences to neurophysiological effects, and the interplay between media, individual, and contextual factors. Although violent media effects have been well-established for some time, they are not monolithic, and recent findings continue to shed light on the nuances and complexities of such effects.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Gun violence
    • Authors: Wendy Cukier; Sarah Allen Eagen
      Pages: 109 - 112
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Wendy Cukier, Sarah Allen Eagen
      Drawing on the World Health Organization’s ecological model, this review explores how contextual and institutional factors shape individual choice and behavior with respect to gun violence. Young men are disproportionately represented among both perpetrators and victims of violence. Although specific characteristics and behaviors present risks, these vary with the specific forms of violence. There is ample international research that suggests the availability of guns increases the risk of lethal violence. When guns are present, suicide attempts are more likely to succeed and assaults are more likely to become homicides. Some research has indicated that stockpiling guns and the fascination with guns is an indicator of antisocial behavior. Broad social, cultural, and political forces both shape and reflect guns violence.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.008
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Climate, aggression, and violence (CLASH): a cultural-evolutionary
    • Authors: Maria I Rinderu; Brad J Bushman; Paul AM Van Lange
      Pages: 113 - 118
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Maria I Rinderu, Brad J Bushman, Paul AM Van Lange
      The CLimate, Aggression, and Self-control in Humans (CLASH) proposes that aggression and violence increase as climates become hotter and seasonal variation becomes smaller by influencing time-orientation and self-control. Emerging empirical evidence supporting the model is reviewed. Wealth, income inequality, and pathogen stress as powerful influences of these processes are also discussed. We conclude by discussing the theoretical and societal importance of climate change in shaping violence.

      PubDate: 2017-05-16T05:12:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.010
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • An integrative theoretical understanding of aggression: a brief exposition
    • Authors: L Rowell Huesmann
      Pages: 119 - 124
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): L Rowell Huesmann
      Like other social behaviors, aggressive behavior is always a product of predisposing personal factors and precipitating situational factors. The predisposing factors exert their influence by creating encoded social cognitions including schemas about the world, scripts for social behavior, and normative beliefs about what is appropriate. These social cognitions interact with situational primes to determine behavior. These social cognitions are acquired primarily through observational learning; so youth who are repeatedly exposed to violence will acquire social cognitions promoting aggression that last into adulthood. Thus, violence can be viewed as a contagious disease which can be caught simply through its observation.

      PubDate: 2017-05-16T05:12:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.015
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The social psychological makings of a terrorist
    • Authors: David Webber; Arie W Kruglanski
      Pages: 131 - 134
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): David Webber, Arie W Kruglanski
      Social psychological factors pertain to all aspects of terrorism, including how terrorist organizations operate, and the impact of terrorism on everyday people. The present analysis focuses on the aspect of terrorism where social psychology’s voice is perhaps most critical: radicalization (i.e., how terrorists are made) and deradicalization (i.e., how terrorists are unmade). In reviewing the literature, we identify three factors critical to radicalization: (1) the individual need that motivates one to engage in political violence, (2) the ideological narrative that justifies political violence, and (3) the social network that influences one’s decisions along the pathway to extremism. Theoretical and empirical contributions are discussed. We end with an examination of interviews conducted with former extremists of various ideological leanings to highlight these same three factors as critical to their individual deradicalization experiences.

      PubDate: 2017-05-20T15:21:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.024
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Two pedals drive the bi-cycle of violence: reactive and appetitive
    • Authors: Thomas Elbert; Maggie Schauer; James K Moran
      Pages: 135 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Thomas Elbert, Maggie Schauer, James K Moran
      The Good: when you fight to counter threat, your aggression is a reactive defense, and often morally justifiable. The Bad: when you loot and rob, hurt and kill, to obtain social status or material goods, that is an extrinsic reward. This is instrumental aggression. And The Ugly: The intrinsic enjoyment of violence. This ‘appetitive aggression’ describes a lust for violence, underlying first-person shooter gamers, hunting, and extreme acts of violence, such as murder and massacres. Although violence often results from a combination of these forms of aggression, the differentiation is necessary to understand their interplay, as they drive two interconnected cycles of violence: the reactive cycle, fueled by the motivation to overcome negative feelings, and the hedonically driven appetitive cycle.

      PubDate: 2017-05-31T02:27:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.016
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Aversive events and aggression
    • Authors: Christopher L Groves; Craig A Anderson
      Pages: 144 - 148
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Christopher L Groves, Craig A Anderson
      There is perhaps no finding in psychology that is more consistent than the human motivation to avoid negative experiences and seek out positive ones. The current review details some of the aggression-related consequences that result from failures to avoid these negative experiences. Attention is paid to the theoretical processes at work that produce such effects. A review is conducted of the empirical literature detailing animal and human studies, in the lab and field. Lastly, we briefly discuss future directions in research that may advance our understanding of such effects.

      PubDate: 2017-06-05T06:31:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.027
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Testosterone and human behavior: the role of individual and contextual
    • Authors: Justin M Carré; John Archer
      Pages: 149 - 153
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Justin M Carré, John Archer
      The study of testosterone and aggression originated in experimental studies of animals, showing a direct causal link in some species. Human studies showed an overall weak correlation between testosterone and aggression. A theoretical framework (‘the challenge hypothesis’) enabled testosterone–behavior interactions in humans to be framed within a theory that emphasized hormonal responses to competition influencing subsequent aggressive behavior. The short-term administrations of testosterone to young women and to young men showed influences on behavioral and neural processes associated with aggression. Other findings are that testosterone influences aggression in high dominance men, and in those with low cortisol levels; and that testosterone can affect both aggressive and prosocial behavior, within the context of an experimental game.

      PubDate: 2017-06-05T06:31:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.021
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • A social identity analysis of responses to economic inequality
    • Authors: Jolanda Jetten; Zhechen Wang; Niklas K Steffens; Frank Mols; Kim Peters; Maykel Verkuyten
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 18
      Author(s): Jolanda Jetten, Zhechen Wang, Niklas K Steffens, Frank Mols, Kim Peters, Maykel Verkuyten
      Even though there is growing awareness that economic inequality is harmful for people’s health, the way that such inequality affects social behavior and political attitudes remains poorly understood. Moving beyond a focus on the health and well-being costs of income inequality, we review research that examines how economic inequality shapes dynamics between groups within societies, addressing the questions why, when, and for whom inequality affects social behavior and political attitudes. On the basis of classic social identity theorizing, we develop five hypotheses that focus on the way inequality shapes the fit of wealth categorizations (H1), intergroup relations (H2), and stereotypes about wealth groups (H3). We also theorize how the effects of inequality are moderated by socio-structural conditions (H4) and socio-economic status (H5). Together, these hypotheses provide a theoretically informed account of the way in which inequality undermines the social fabric of society and negatively affects citizen’s social and political behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-06-20T04:36:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.05.011
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2017)
  • Social class and prosocial behavior: current evidence, caveats, and
    • Authors: Paul K Piff; Angela R Robinson
      Pages: 6 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 18
      Author(s): Paul K Piff, Angela R Robinson
      This review synthesizes research on social class and prosocial behavior. Individuals of lower social class display increased attention to others and greater sensitivity to others’ welfare compared to individuals of higher social class, who exhibit more self-oriented patterns of social cognition. As a result, lower-class individuals are more likely to engage in other-beneficial prosocial behavior, whereas higher-class individuals are more prone to engage in self-beneficial behavior. Although the extant evidence indicates that higher social class standing may tend to undermine prosocial impulses, we propose that the effects of social class on prosocial behavior may also depend on three crucial factors: motivation, identity, and inequality. We discuss how and why these factors may moderate class differences in prosociality and offer promising lines of inquiry for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-06-27T04:44:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.003
      Issue No: Vol. 18 (2017)
  • Neurobiology of infant attachment: attachment despite adversity and
           parental programming of emotionality
    • Authors: Rosemarie E Perry; Clancy Blair; Regina M Sullivan
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Rosemarie E Perry, Clancy Blair, Regina M Sullivan
      We review recent findings related to the neurobiology of infant attachment, emphasizing the role of parenting quality in attachment formation and emotional development. Current findings suggest that the development of brain structures important for emotional expression and regulation (amygdala, prefrontal cortex, hippocampus) is deeply associated with the quality of care received in infancy, with sensitive caregiving providing regulation vital for programming these structures, ultimately shaping the development of emotion into adulthood. Evidence indicates that without sensitive caregiving, infants fail to develop mechanisms needed for later-life emotion and emotion regulation. Research suggests that a sensitive period exists in early life for parental shaping of emotional development, although further cross-species research is needed to discern its age limits, and thus inform interventions.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.022
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • Interoception and emotion
    • Authors: Hugo D Critchley; Sarah N Garfinkel
      Pages: 7 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Hugo D Critchley, Sarah N Garfinkel
      Influential theories suggest emotional feeling states arise from physiological changes from within the body. Interoception describes the afferent signalling, central processing, and neural and mental representation of internal bodily signals. Recent progress is made in conceptualizing interoception and its neural underpinnings. These developments are supported by empirical data concerning interoceptive mechanisms and their contribution to emotion. Fresh insights include description of short-term interoceptive effects on neural and mental processes (including fear-specific cardiac effects), the recognition of dissociable psychological dimensions of interoception, and models of interoceptive predictive coding that explain emotions and selfhood (reinforced by structural anatomical models and brain and experimental findings). This growing grasp of interoception is enriching our understanding of emotion and its disorders.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.020
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • Formalizing emotion concepts within a Bayesian model of theory of mind
    • Authors: Rebecca Saxe; Sean Dae Houlihan
      Pages: 15 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Rebecca Saxe, Sean Dae Houlihan
      Sensitivity to others’ emotions is foundational for many aspects of human life, yet computational models do not currently approach the sensitivity and specificity of human emotion knowledge. Perception of isolated physical expressions largely supplies ambiguous, low-dimensional, and noisy information about others’ emotional states. By contrast, observers attribute specific granular emotions to another person based on inferences of how she interprets (or ‘appraises’) external events in relation to her other mental states (goals, beliefs, moral values, costs). These attributions share neural mechanisms with other reasoning about minds. Situating emotion concepts in a formal model of people’s intuitive theories about other minds is necessary to effectively capture humans’ fine-grained emotion understanding.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.019
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • Emotion dynamics
    • Authors: Peter Kuppens; Philippe Verduyn
      Pages: 22 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Peter Kuppens, Philippe Verduyn
      The study of emotion dynamics involves the study of the trajectories, patterns, and regularities with which emotions (or rather, the experiential, physiological, and behavioral elements that constitute an emotion) fluctuate across time, their underlying processes, and downstream consequences. Here, we formulate some of the basic principles underlying emotional change over time, discuss methods to study emotion dynamics, their relevance for psychological well-being, and a number of challenges and opportunities for the future.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.004
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • Visual perception of facial expressions of emotion
    • Authors: Aleix M Martinez
      Pages: 27 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Aleix M Martinez
      Facial expressions of emotion are produced by contracting and relaxing the facial muscles in our face. I hypothesize that the human visual system solves the inverse problem of production, that is, to interpret emotion, the visual system attempts to identify the underlying muscle activations. I show converging computational, behavioral and imaging evidence in favor of this hypothesis. I detail the computations performed by the human visual system to achieve the decoding of these facial actions and identify a brain region where these computations likely take place. The resulting computational model explains how humans readily classify emotions into categories as well as continuous variables. This model also predicts the existence of a large number of previously unknown facial expressions, including compound emotions, affect attributes and mental states that are regularly used by people. I provide evidence in favor of this prediction.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.009
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • Cultural differences in the neural correlates of social–emotional
           feelings: an interdisciplinary, developmental perspective
    • Authors: Mary Helen Immordino-Yang; Xiao-Fei Yang
      Pages: 34 - 40
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Xiao-Fei Yang
      Social neuroscience has documented cultural differences in emotional brain functioning. Most recently, these differences have been extended to include cultural effects on the real-time neural correlates of social–emotional feelings. Here we review these findings and use them to illustrate a biopsychosocial framework for studying acculturated social-affective functioning and development. We argue that understanding cultural differences in emotion neurobiology requires probing their social origins and connection with individuals’ subjective, lived experiences. We suggest that an interdisciplinary, developmental perspective would advance scientific understanding by enabling the invention of protocols aligning neurobiological measures with techniques for documenting cultural contexts, social relationships and subjective experiences. Such work would also facilitate insights in applied fields struggling to accommodate cultural variation, such as psychiatry and education.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.008
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • How to think about emotion and morality: circles, not arrows
    • Authors: Kurt Gray; Chelsea Schein; C Daryl Cameron
      Pages: 41 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Kurt Gray, Chelsea Schein, C Daryl Cameron
      Emotion and morality are powerful conscious experiences. There are two ways to think about their psychological basis: arrows and circles. Arrows ground each experience in its own specialized mechanism (mechanism x causes phenomenon x; mechanism y causes phenomenon y). Examples of arrows include when feelings of disgust are attributed to a specialized ‘disgust circuit’ and when judgments of impurity are attributed to a specialized ‘purity foundation.’ In contrast, circles — Venn diagrams — describe experiences as emerging from the overlap of more fundamental domain-general processes (different combinations of processes a, b, c cause both phenomena x and y). Circles are used by constructionist theories of emotion and morality, including the Theory of Dyadic Morality, which grounds moral judgment in the combination of norm violations, negative affect, and perceived harm. Despite the intuitive popularity of arrows, we show that scientific evidence is more consistent with circles.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.011
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • The inherently contextualized nature of facial emotion perception
    • Authors: Hillel Aviezer; Noga Ensenberg; Ran R Hassin
      Pages: 47 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Hillel Aviezer, Noga Ensenberg, Ran R Hassin
      According to mainstream views of emotion perception, facial expressions are powerful signals conveying specific emotional states. This approach, which endorsed the use of stereotypical-posed faces as stimuli, has typically ignored the role of context in emotion perception. We argue that this methodological tradition is flawed. Real-life facial expressions are often highly ambiguous, heavily relying on contextual information. We review recent work suggesting that context is an inherent part of real-life emotion perception, often leading to radical categorical changes. Contextual effects are not an obscurity at the fringe of facial emotion perception, rather, they are part of emotion perception itself.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.006
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • The developing amygdala: a student of the world and a teacher of the
    • Authors: Nim Tottenham; Laurel J Gabard-Durnam
      Pages: 55 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Nim Tottenham, Laurel J Gabard-Durnam
      Amygdala and prefrontal cortex (PFC) function subserving emotional behavior has largely been examined from the perspective of their adult roles, with a tremendous focus on the regulatory influence of the PFC over amygdala activity. Here we consider the circuit's function in its developmental context, when maximal learning about emotion and incentives from the environment is necessary. We argue that during development the amygdala exhibits an overwhelming influence over the developmental destiny of circuitry function, and the amygdala's learning and experiential history are conveyed to the cortex to modulate subsequent PFC development. We present recent findings on the different developmental trajectories of the amygdala and PFC, their functional connectivity, and the timing of environmental influences as evidence supporting our position.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.012
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • Discovering cultural differences (and similarities) in facial expressions
           of emotion
    • Authors: Chaona Chen; Rachael E Jack
      Pages: 61 - 66
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 17
      Author(s): Chaona Chen, Rachael E Jack
      Understanding the cultural commonalities and specificities of facial expressions of emotion remains a central goal of Psychology. However, recent progress has been stayed by dichotomous debates (e.g. nature versus nurture) that have created silos of empirical and theoretical knowledge. Now, an emerging interdisciplinary scientific culture is broadening the focus of research to provide a more unified and refined account of facial expressions within and across cultures. Specifically, data-driven approaches allow a wider, more objective exploration of face movement patterns that provide detailed information ontologies of their cultural commonalities and specificities. Similarly, a wider exploration of the social messages perceived from face movements diversifies knowledge of their functional roles (e.g. the ‘fear’ face used as a threat display). Together, these new approaches promise to diversify, deepen, and refine knowledge of facial expressions, and deliver the next major milestones for a functional theory of human social communication that is transferable to social robotics.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.06.010
      Issue No: Vol. 17 (2017)
  • Anticipation in sport
    • Authors: Florian Loffing; Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
      Pages: 6 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Florian Loffing, Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
      Anticipation has become an increasingly important research area within sport psychology since its infancy in the late 1970s. Early work has increased our fundamental understanding of skilled anticipation in sports and how this skill is developed. With increasing theoretical and practical insights and concurrent technological advancements, researchers are now able to tackle more detailed questions with sophisticated methods. Despite this welcomed progress, some fundamental questions and challenges remain to be addressed, including the (relative) contributions of visual and motor experience to anticipation, intraindividual and interindividual variation in gaze behaviour, and the impact of non-kinematic (contextual or situational) information on performance and its interaction with advanced kinematic cues during the planning and execution of (re)actions in sport. The aim of this opinion paper is to shortly sketch the state of the art, and then to discuss recent work that has started to systematically address open challenges thereby inspiring promising future routes for research on anticipation and its application in practice.

      PubDate: 2017-04-02T11:21:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.008
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • The future for PETTLEP: a modern perspective on an effective and
           established tool
    • Authors: Dave Collins; Howie J Carson
      Pages: 12 - 16
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Dave Collins, Howie J Carson
      Over the past 15 years there has been much research into the PETTLEP model of motor imagery, originally designed to improve the quality and impact of imagery interventions on sport performance. This article reviews the most recent trends within this research. Despite a suggested change of underpinning mechanisms involved, there is much support for the positive impact of the model when applied within the sporting context and with engaged participants. The model also appears to have provided impact in fields other than sport, such as medicine and music. Therefore we suggest that it has largely met its desired aims. However, not all research has optimised the model’s guidelines, with a distinct failure to account for personal relevance when designing imagery scripts or selecting tasks for use in studies. Other recent and pertinent findings relate to the mediating role of expectancy and beneficial augmentation through movement observation. Future research should, however, seek exploitation and clarification towards contemporary issues in motor control, namely; automaticity, the relative merits of internal and external foci and subconscious goal priming. Finally, we endorse the application of imagery, as a conscious intervention, even for execution of unconscious, fast-actions.

      PubDate: 2017-04-15T21:37:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • Mental toughness: progress and prospects
    • Authors: Daniel F Gucciardi
      Pages: 17 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Daniel F Gucciardi
      Mental toughness (MT) has become a popular area of investigation and practice within sport and exercise psychology over the past two decades. Since the turn of the twenty first century, there have been hundreds of studies published on mental toughness, yet concerns remain about the conceptualisation and measurement of mental toughness. In this paper, I take stock of past work with the goal of clarifying and elaborating the most fundamental and common aspects of MT. I also look to the future and outline key substantive and methodological issues that may offer the greatest potential for refining the conceptualisation of MT and contributing to theory building on this concept. My hope is that this information will provide a platform from which to foster coherent and systematic scholarly work on MT.

      PubDate: 2017-04-15T21:37:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.010
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • Advances in athlete development: understanding conditions of and
           constraints on optimal practice
    • Authors: Joseph Baker; Bradley W Young; David Mann
      Pages: 24 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Joseph Baker, Bradley W Young, David Mann
      The development of elite, high performance athletes reflects the complex interaction of biological and genetic factors with important environmental influences. Over the past two decades, discussions of athlete development have largely focused on the role of ‘deliberate’ practice, and more recently, researchers have begun exploring the means by which practice can be best used to maximize the rate of talent development across the different stages of athlete development. In this article, we summarize recent developments in understanding how athletes maximize practice including (a) antecedents of practice involvement, (b) environmental constraints of practice involvement, (c) the value of diversification for athlete development, (d) and methodological advancements in this area. Collectively, sustained focus on issues of athlete development and researchers’ use of more advanced approaches to novel questions extend our understanding of the nuances associated with this process.

      PubDate: 2017-04-22T21:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • Anxiety and performance: perceptual-motor behavior in high-pressure
    • Authors: Arne Nieuwenhuys; Raôul RD Oudejans
      Pages: 28 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Arne Nieuwenhuys, Raôul RD Oudejans
      When the pressure is on and anxiety levels increase it is not easy to perform well. In search of mechanisms explaining the anxiety–performance relationship, we revisit the integrated model of anxiety and perceptual-motor performance (Nieuwenhuys and Oudejans, 2012) and provide a critical review of contemporary literature. While there is increasing evidence that changes in attentional control affect the execution of goal-directed action, based on our model and emerging evidence from different scientific disciplines, we argue for a more integrated, process-based approach. That is, anxiety can affect performance on different levels of operational control (i.e., attentional, interpretational, physical) and – moving beyond the execution of action – have implications for different aspects of perceptual-motor behavior, including situational awareness and decision making.

      PubDate: 2017-04-22T21:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.019
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • Motor heuristics and embodied choices: how to choose and act
    • Authors: Markus Raab
      Pages: 34 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Markus Raab
      Human performance requires choosing what to do and how to do it. The goal of this theoretical contribution is to advance understanding of how the motor and cognitive components of choices are intertwined. From a holistic perspective I extend simple heuristics that have been tested in cognitive tasks to motor tasks, coining the term motor heuristics. Similarly I extend the concept of embodied cognition, that has been tested in simple sensorimotor processes changing decisions, to complex sport behavior coining the term embodied choices. Thus both motor heuristics and embodied choices explain complex behavior such as studied in sport and exercise psychology.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.02.029
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • Motor cognition and neuroscience in sport psychology
    • Authors: Paul S Holmes; David J Wright
      Pages: 43 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Paul S Holmes, David J Wright
      Advances in technology have allowed research in cognitive neuroscience to contribute significantly to the discipline of sport psychology. In most cases, the research has become more rigorous and has directed current thinking on the mechanisms subserving a number of psychological theories and models of practice. Currently, the three most common neuroscience techniques informing sport and exercise research are electroencephalography, transcranial magnetic stimulation and functional magnetic resonance imaging. In this review, we highlight and discuss the contributions to sport psychology that have been made in recent years by applying these techniques, with a focus on the development of expertise, motor cognition, motor imagery and action observation.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.009
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • New directions in the psychology of optimal performance in sport: flow and
           clutch states
    • Authors: Christian Swann; Lee Crust; Stewart A. Vella
      Pages: 48 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Christian Swann, Lee Crust, Stewart A. Vella
      Csikszentmihalyi’s conceptualisation of flow is the primary framework for understanding the psychology of optimal experience and performance in sport. However, emerging evidence suggests a more dynamic, multi-state perspective. This review focuses primarily on recent studies highlighting a second, overlapping ‘clutch’ state which – in addition to flow – underlies optimal performance in sport. We also examine how the nature of goals (‘open’ or ‘fixed’) athletes pursue influence the experience of flow and clutch respectively. This new, integrated model of psychological states underlying optimal performance raises questions around conceptualisation and methodology employed in the field to date. These implications are outlined, and recommendations are provided for more critical and accurate measurement of both flow and clutch as overlapping, yet distinct, states.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.032
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • The generalizability of working-memory capacity in the sport domain
    • Authors: Tim Buszard; Rich SW Masters; Damian Farrow
      Pages: 54 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Tim Buszard, Rich SW Masters, Damian Farrow
      Working-memory capacity has been implicated as an influential variable when performing and learning sport-related skills. In this review, we critically evaluate evidence linking working-memory capacity with performing under pressure, tactical decision making, motor skill acquisition, and sport expertise. Laboratory experiments link low working-memory capacity with poorer performance under pressure and poorer decision making when required to inhibit distractions or resolve conflict. However, the generalizability of these findings remains unknown. While working-memory capacity is associated with the acquisition of simple motor skills, there is no such evidence from the available data for complex motor skills. Likewise, currently there is no evidence to suggest that a larger working-memory capacity facilitates the attainment of sport expertise.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.018
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • Athlete leadership: a review of the theoretical, measurement, and
           empirical literature
    • Authors: Todd M Loughead
      Pages: 58 - 61
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 16
      Author(s): Todd M Loughead
      Athlete leadership is defined as an athlete who occupies a formal or informal leadership role within a team and influences team members to achieve a common objective. The area of athlete leadership has been shaped by theories and measurement tools from organizational and sport coaching literatures. The present article describes the conceptual developments within athlete leadership by providing an operational definition of this construct, followed by the theories and measurement tools used to examine athlete leadership. Finally, the present paper describes both qualitative and quantitative research that has emerged over the last decade. The results suggest the importance of this source of leadership within sport teams.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.014
      Issue No: Vol. 16 (2017)
  • Some problems with cyberbullying research
    • Authors: Dan Olweus; Susan Limber
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Dan Olweus, Susan P Limber
      Research on cyberbullying is plagued by inconsistent findings and exaggerated claims about prevalence, development over time, and effects. To build a useful and coherent body of knowledge, it essential to achieve some degree of consensus on the definition of the phenomenon as a scientific concept and that efforts to measure cyberbullying are made in a ‘bullying context.’ This will help to ensure that findings on cyberbullying are not confounded with findings on general cyberaggression or cyberharassment. We tentatively recommend that cyberbullying should be regarded as a subcategory or specific form of bullying, in line with other forms such as verbal, physical, and indirect/relational.

      PubDate: 2017-05-31T02:27:41Z
  • The I3 Model: a metatheoretical framework for understanding aggression
    • Authors: Eli Finkel; Andrew Hall
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Eli J Finkel, Andrew N Hall
      The I3 Model is a general-purpose metatheory. It posits that three orthogonal processes influence the likelihood and intensity of a given behavior, including aggressive behavior. Instigation encompasses immediate environmental stimuli (e.g., provocation) that normatively afford an aggressive response. Impellance encompasses situational or dispositional qualities (e.g., trait aggressiveness) that influence how strongly the instigator produces a proclivity to enact that response. Inhibition encompasses situational or dispositional qualities (e.g., alcohol intoxication) that influence how strongly the proclivity is overridden rather than manifesting in aggressive behavior. Extant evidence supports Perfect Storm Theory—a theoretical perspective derived from the I3 Model—which posits that aggression is especially likely, and especially intense, to the extent that instigation and impellance are strong and inhibition is weak.

      PubDate: 2017-05-26T02:23:12Z
  • Violence against women
    • Authors: Barbara
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Barbara Krahé
      Violence against women causes suffering and misery to victims and their families and places a heavy burden on societies worldwide. It mostly happens within intimate relationships or between people known to each other. Violence against women is a social construction based on a societal consensus about the roles and rights of men and women. Two prevalent forms of violence against women are physical and sexual victimization by an intimate partner, and sexual victimization outside intimate relationships. Explanations of why men engage in aggressive behavior toward women address different levels, including the macro level of society, the micro level of dyadic interactions, and the individual level of perpetrator characteristics. Prevention efforts are needed that address each of these levels.

      PubDate: 2017-04-22T21:38:24Z
  • Aggression in Groups
    • Authors: James Densley; Jillian Peterson
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 April 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology
      Author(s): James Densley, Jillian Peterson
      Group aggression is an important concern for societies around the world. The field of intergroup relations, a sub-field of social-psychology, offers critical insight into the emergence of group conflict and aggression. This review examines the most influential theoretical frameworks from the field of intergroup relations, namely realistic conflict theory, relative deprivation theory, social identity theory, social dominance theory, and deindividuation theory. Associated empirical findings regarding groups synonymous with aggression, such as street gangs, hate groups, rebel and insurgent groups, and terrorist organizations, are explored. This review thus provides a critical overview of the current state of the field. It concludes with implications for the future of intergroup aggression research, drawing on integrated theories that account for both personal and situational factors.

      PubDate: 2017-04-15T21:37:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.031
  • Gender Differences in Aggression
    • Authors: Kaj
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 April 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology
      Author(s): Kaj Björkqvist
      Studies on gender differences in aggressive behavior are examined. In proportions of their total aggression scores, boys and girls are verbally about equally aggressive, while boys are more physically and girls more indirectly aggressive. There are genetic determinants of both physical and indirect aggression, suggesting that both types of aggression give evolutionary advantages. Analyses of 2D:4D finger length ratios indicate that the prenatal hormonal environment is crucial for the development of these aggressive strategies.

      PubDate: 2017-04-15T21:37:44Z
  • The Case Against Physical Punishment
    • Authors: Andrew Grogan-Kaylor; Julie Ma; Sandra A. Graham-Bermann
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 April 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology
      Author(s): Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Julie Ma, Sandra A. Graham-Bermann

      PubDate: 2017-04-08T21:35:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.022
  • Rampage Shootings: An Historical, Empirical, and Theoretical Overview
    • Authors: Michael Rocque; Grant Duwe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 April 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology
      Author(s): Michael Rocque, Grant Duwe
      Rampage shootings is a relatively new term to describe a phenomenon that has a long history. Rampage shootings are mass shootings (generally defined as involving four or more victims), taking place in a public location, with victims chosen randomly or for symbolic purposes. These shootings are isolated events, meaning they are not connected to another criminal act (such as robbery or terrorism). Evidence suggests that rampage shootings are not a new phenomenon, but have occurred throughout the US since the early 1900s. There is some evidence of an increase in recent years, but definitional differences across studies and data sources make interpreting trends somewhat tenuous. Theories regarding the perpetration of rampage shootings center on masculinity, mental illness, and contagion effects. Policies aimed at preventing rampage shootings remain somewhat controversial and not well-tested in the literature.

      PubDate: 2017-04-08T21:35:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.025
  • Effects of Alcohol on Human Aggression
    • Authors: Dominic J. Parrott; Christopher I. Eckhardt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology
      Author(s): Dominic J. Parrott, Christopher I. Eckhardt
      There is little debate that alcohol is a contributing cause of aggressive behavior. The extreme complexity of this relation, however, has been the focus of extensive theory and research. And, likely due to this complexity, evidence-based programs to prevent or reduce alcohol-facilitated aggression are quite limited. We integrate I3 Theory and Alcohol Myopia Theory to provide a framework that (1) organizes the myriad instigatory and inhibitory factors that moderate the effect of alcohol on aggression, and (2) highlights the mechanisms by which alcohol facilitates aggression among at-risk individuals. This integrative framework provides the basis for understanding the appropriate targets for prevention and intervention efforts and may serve as a catalyst for future research that seeks to inform intervention development.

      PubDate: 2017-04-08T21:35:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.023
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