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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 882 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 412)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 181)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 226)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 128)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 144)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover Current Opinion in Psychology
  [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2352-250X
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3048 journals]
  • From ideation to action: recent advances in understanding suicide
    • Authors: Alexis M May; Sarah E Victor
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Alexis M May, Sarah E Victor
      Suicide capability is one of few risk factors associated with suicide attempts among ideators. In the decade since the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide introduced the concept of acquired capability (i.e. the ability to face the fear and pain associated with death), understanding of the capability to attempt suicide has grown. Acquired (e.g. NSSI), dispositional (e.g. genetic), and practical contributors (e.g. access to firearms) appear to influence suicide capability via mechanisms such as the fear of death, persistence through pain, and familiarity with suicide methods. Self-report methods have shown mixed results, highlighting the importance of developing behavioral measures of suicide capability.

      PubDate: 2017-07-27T15:25:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Firearm suicide: pathways to risk and methods of prevention
    • Authors: Claire Houtsma; Sarah E Butterworth; Michael D Anestis
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Claire Houtsma, Sarah E Butterworth, Michael D Anestis
      Firearms are utilized in approximately half of all US suicides, making them a serious public health concern and a target of suicide prevention efforts. Practical capability influences the transition from suicidal ideation to action and is particularly relevant to firearm suicide. Firearm ownership, experience using firearms, unsafe firearm storage, and high cultural acceptability of firearms increase risk for death by firearm suicide. Means safety strategies, which emphasize the reduction of practical capability for suicide through the limitation of access to and safe storage of firearms, are effective in preventing suicide and include interventions such as lethal means counseling, firearm legislation, and promoting safe storage practices. Public health interventions aimed at reducing firearm suicide are critical topics for continued research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The relationship between entrapment and suicidal behavior through the lens
           of the integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behavior
    • Authors: Rory C O’Connor; Gwendolyn Portzky
      Pages: 12 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Rory C O’Connor, Gwendolyn Portzky
      Suicide and suicidal behavior are major public health concerns. As a result, a number of psychological models have been developed to better understand the emergence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. One such model is the integrated motivational–volitional model, a tri-partite model of suicidal behavior, which posits that entrapment is central to the final common pathway to suicide. In this review, we summarize the extant research evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior. Although there is robust evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior, there are gaps in our knowledge. We discuss the clinical implications and suggest key directions for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.021
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Physical disability and suicide: recent advancements in understanding and
           future directions for consideration
    • Authors: Lauren R Khazem
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lauren R Khazem
      Recent research indicates a heightened risk of suicide in this population, a concern given that suicide may be more accepted for those with physical disabilities than for those without such disabilities. The relationship between physical disability and suicide has begun to be examined within empirically supported frameworks of suicide and indicates that interpersonal factors (e.g. perceived burdensomeness) and pain are mechanisms contributing to this heightened risk of suicide. The suicide rate after acquiring a physical disability, such as a spinal cord injury, and the greater odds of suicide after reporting having a disability further support the association between physical disability and suicide. The multifaceted nature of physical disability is reflected in its relationship with suicidal ideation and behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.018
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide in physicians and veterinarians: risk factors and theories
    • Authors: Erin L Fink-Miller; Lisa M Nestler
      Pages: 23 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Erin L Fink-Miller, Lisa M Nestler
      Physicians and veterinarians are at increased risk for suicide compared to the general population. In particular, this risk appears to be especially pertinent to females in both of these professions. Although increased risk is well-documented, less is known about potential causes for suicidality in these groups. A host of risk factors have been examined in recent research, including job stressors, personality traits, access to lethal medications, and unique work experiences. In addition to these factors, the interpersonal psychological theory of suicidal behavior may provide promise in specifying why physicians and veterinarians are at increased risk for suicide. While there is recognition of mental health issues in these professions, significant treatment barriers remain.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.019
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide prevention in the military: a mechanistic perspective
    • Authors: Craig J Bryan; David C Rozek
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Craig J Bryan, David C Rozek
      In response to elevated suicide rates among U.S. military personnel, increased attention has focused on developing effective suicide prevention intervention strategies. Accumulating evidence from a series of recently-completed clinical trials focused on the treatment of suicide risk and posttraumatic stress disorder suggest two likely mechanisms of action for reducing suicidal thoughts and behaviors: emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility. The present article provides an overview of converging evidence from psychological, biological, and neurocognitive studies supporting the central role of emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility. The effects of various treatments on suicidal thoughts and behaviors, aggregated from seven clinical trials conducted with military personnel, are considered using this integrated clinical science perspective. Implications for intervention refinement and suicide prevention among military personnel are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.022
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Real-time assessment of suicidal thoughts and behaviors
    • Authors: Evan M Kleiman; Matthew K Nock
      Pages: 33 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Evan M Kleiman, Matthew K Nock
      One of the greatest challenges to understanding, predicting, and preventing suicide is that we have never had the ability to observe and intervene upon them as they unfold in real-time. Recently developed real-time monitoring methods are creating new opportunities for scientific and clinical advances. For instance, recent real-time monitoring studies of suicidal thoughts show that they typically are episodic, with quick onset and short duration. Many known risk factors that predict changes in suicidal thoughts over months/years (e.g. hopelessness) do not predict changes over hours/days—highlighting the gap in our abilities for short-term prediction. Current and future studies using newer streams of data from smartphone sensors (e.g. GPS) and wearables (e.g. heart rate) are further expanding knowledge and clinical possibilities.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.026
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide among Hispanics in the United States
    • Authors: Caroline Silva; Kimberly A Van Orden
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Caroline Silva, Kimberly A Van Orden
      Suicide ideation and behavior among U.S. Hispanics has increased notably in the last decade, especially among youth. Suicide risk increases across generations of Hispanics, with risk greatest amongst U.S.-born Hispanics. Acculturative stress has been linked to increased risk for suicide ideation, attempts, and fatalities among Hispanics. Acculturative stress may increase suicide risk via disintegration of cultural values (such as familism and religiosity) and social bonds. Culturally-tailored prevention efforts are needed that address suicide risk among Hispanics. We propose a conceptual model for suicide prevention focused on augmenting cultural engagement among at risk Hispanics.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.013
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • What suicide interventions should target
    • Authors: Joseph C Franklin; Xieyining Huang; Kathryn R Fox; Jessica D Ribeiro
      Pages: 50 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Joseph C Franklin, Xieyining Huang, Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro
      Recent reviews and national statistics indicate that, so far, our field has made limited progress on fulfilling its central mission of preventing future suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). We posit that a fundamental reason for our lack of progress is the way in which our field tends to think about and select STB intervention targets. Specifically, the vast majority of our intervention targets are derived from untested theoretical assertions, moderate correlates of STBs, or weak risk factors for STBs. None of these forms of evidence permits causal inferences, which is problematic because successful STB interventions must target the causes of STBs. To develop effective interventions, we must employ experimental designs to identify targets that are causal, necessary, and viable.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicidal behavior and aggression-related disorders
    • Authors: Michael S McCloskey; Brooke A Ammerman
      Pages: 54 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Michael S McCloskey, Brooke A Ammerman
      Studies of suicidal behavior among those with aggression-related disorders (i.e. intermittent explosive disorder, borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and conduct disorder) were examined. The presence of an aggressive disorder generally increased the risk of suicide attempts and mortality, with this effect (when examined) usually existing independent of other psychopathology. However, this may not be the case for antisocial personality disorder. Furthermore, with the exception of intermittent explosive disorder, the extant research suggests severity of aggression was associated with suicide attempt risk in aggression-related disorders. Future research is needed to better understand what mechanisms may influence the suicide–aggression relationship.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.010
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • What role do nightmares play in suicide' A brief exploration
    • Authors: Caitlin E Titus; Katrina J Speed; Patricia M Cartwright; Christopher W Drapeau; Yeseul Heo; Michael R Nadorff
      Pages: 59 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Caitlin E Titus, Katrina J Speed, Patricia M Cartwright, Christopher W Drapeau, Yeseul Heo, Michael R Nadorff
      The suicide rate in the United States has climbed each year for more than a decade, highlighting the need for greater understanding of, and prevention strategies for suicidal behavior. Nightmares have been shown to be associated with suicidal behavior independent of several psychiatric risk factors for suicide, such as symptoms of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The specific role of nightmares in contributing to suicide remains unclear due to the difficulty in delineating causal factors. However, the reporting, screening and treatment of nightmares continues to remain rare making progress difficult. Research is beginning to make some progress in uncovering the mechanisms by which nightmares increase suicide risk providing opportunities for intervention and prediction of suicidal behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.022
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Eating disorders and suicidality: what we know, what we don’t know, and
           suggestions for future research
    • Authors: April R Smith; Kelly L Zuromski; Dorian R Dodd
      Pages: 63 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): April R Smith, Kelly L Zuromski, Dorian R Dodd
      Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), and suicidal behavior is elevated in bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) relative to the general population. This paper reviews the suicidality literature within each ED, as well as theoretical explanations for the elevated risk for suicidality among those with EDs. Approximately one-quarter to one-third of people with AN, BN, or BED have thought about suicide, and one-quarter to one-third of people with AN and BN have attempted suicide. Relative to gender and aged matched comparison groups, individuals with AN are 18 times more likely to die by suicide, and individuals with BN are seven times more likely to die by suicide. However, the majority of the research in this area is cross-sectional or retrospective, which leaves the timing of the mortality risk unclear. Longitudinal work that is designed to examine dynamic and acute fluctuations in suicidality among ED samples is needed in order to determine meaningful risk factors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.023
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Repetitive negative thinking and suicide: a burgeoning literature with
           need for further exploration
    • Authors: Keyne C Law; Raymond P Tucker
      Pages: 68 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Keyne C Law, Raymond P Tucker
      Extant research has found a significant overlap between various repetitive negative thinking (RNT) patterns, such as rumination and worry, across different affective disorders implicating that the process of repetitive negative thinking is likely trans-diagnostic. Furthermore, RNT patterns at the core of psychiatric disorders associated with suicide (e.g., rumination and worry) have been found to be associated with suicide even after accounting for the disorder. A synthesis of existing literature on repetitive negative thoughts suggest that following negative emotional experiences, RNTs may lead to a sense of entrapment and hopelessness that may contribute to the onset of suicidal ideation and then facilitate the transition from thinking about suicide to making a suicide attempt by increasing an individual's capability for suicide through repetitive exposure to violent thoughts and imagery associated with suicide.

      PubDate: 2017-09-07T02:04:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.027
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide and traumatic brain injury: a review by clinical researchers from
           the National Institute for Disability and Independent Living
           Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) and Veterans Health Administration
           Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems
    • Authors: Laura E Dreer; Xinyu Tang; Risa Nakase-Richardson; Mary Jo Pugh; Molly K Cox; Erin K Bailey; Jacob A Finn; Ross Zafonte; Lisa A Brenner
      Pages: 73 - 78
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Laura E Dreer, Xinyu Tang, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Mary Jo Pugh, Molly K Cox, Erin K Bailey, Jacob A Finn, Ross Zafonte, Lisa A Brenner
      Research among a wide range of cohorts (e.g. civilian, military) has increasingly highlighted traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, including death by suicide. With this recognition, subsequent changes in clinical practice, such as TBI screenings among individuals seeking mental health services, as well as suicide risk assessment among individuals seeking rehabilitation services are essential. Information provided below is aimed at highlighting key and emerging findings regarding suicide and TBI, with the goal of encouraging providers and researchers to explore changing and expanding evidence-based clinical practices to match the needs of those living with a history of TBI.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.030
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Late-life suicide prevention strategies: current status and future
    • Authors: Kim Van Orden; Charlene Deming
      Pages: 79 - 83
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Kim Van Orden, Charlene Deming
      Late life suicide prevention differs from suicide prevention for other age groups: first, the number of older adults worldwide is on the rise; second, late-life suicide receives much less attention in all societal spheres, from the media, to federal funding agencies, to healthcare initiatives. Recent findings indicate an association between internalized ageist stereotypes and reduced will to live. Recent research also addresses the role of cognitive control as a contributor to risk and as an intervention target (e.g., through psychotherapies such as problem solving therapy) as well as firearm safety as a promising, though a politicized and challenging strategy to implement. Another strategy that may prove feasible is an approach on upstream prevention strategies in healthcare. One strategy we believe holds great promise is the promotion of high quality geriatric medicine. Geriatricians are trained to work with patients to prioritize the promotion of physical and cognitive functioning (rather than solely absence of disease) and to focus on well-being as a goal. Thus, geriatricians routinely target numerous late-life suicide risk factors—physical illness, functioning, pain, and (dis)satisfaction with life. However, efficacious strategies will not prevent suicide deaths if they are not implemented—addressing ageism as a universal prevention strategy is essential.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T04:54:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.033
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Evolutionary processes in suicide
    • Authors: Bruno Chiurliza; Megan L Rogers; Matthew E Schneider; Carol Chu; Thomas E Joiner
      Pages: 84 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Bruno Chiurliza, Megan L Rogers, Matthew E Schneider, Carol Chu, Thomas E Joiner
      Suicidal behavior contains several dynamic elements. Due to its complexity, empirical science may approach suicide through various avenues. One underutilized approach is taking an evolutionary perspective. Our review of the literature presents two evolutionary processes that may be implicated in suicidal behavior, namely eusocial behavior and antipredator response behaviors. Studies have indicated that aspects of suicidal behavior parallel self-sacrificial behavior in eusocial animals, and that systems similar to hyperarousal-shutdown systems involved in antipredator behaviors may be activated among suicidal individuals. Research on brain activity and decision-making processes among suicidal individuals also suggests that eusociality and antipredator response behaviors in suicide may not be mutually exclusive. These processes represent novel sources of information and potential solutions regarding suicide.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.038
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Emerging trends in adolescent suicide prevention research
    • Authors: Cheryl A King; Alejandra Arango; Cynthia Ewell Foster
      Pages: 89 - 94
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Cheryl A King, Alejandra Arango, Cynthia Ewell Foster
      A comprehensive public health strategy for adolescent suicide prevention includes upstream prevention strategies, strategies for risk recognition, and services for those at risk. Interpersonal trauma and substance use are important prevention targets as each is associated with risk for suicide attempts. Multiple prevention programs target these factors; however, the Family Check-Up, designed to reduce substance use and behavioral problems, also has been associated with reduced suicide risk. Several youth screening instruments have shown utility, and a large-scale trial is underway to develop a computerized adaptive screen. Similarly, several types of psychotherapy have shown promise, and sufficiently powered studies are underway to provide more definitive results. The climbing youth suicide rate warrants an urgent, concerted effort to develop and implement effective prevention strategies.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.037
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Recent advances in understanding physical health problems in personality
    • Authors: Katherine L Dixon-Gordon; Lindsey C Conkey; Diana J Whalen
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Lindsey C Conkey, Diana J Whalen
      Personality disorders are associated with a range of adverse health outcomes, contributing to the high healthcare utilization seen in patients with these disorders. A growing literature supports a robust association of personality disorders and health problems. The primary aim of this article is to summarize the most recent research documenting the associations between personality disorders and health conditions. Extending past reviews, we discuss the association of personality disorders with chronic physical illnesses, sleep disturbances, pain conditions, and obesity. We provide recommendations for future research in this area.

      PubDate: 2017-09-19T02:48:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.036
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • An interpersonal perspective on Criterion A of the DSM-5 Alternative Model
           for Personality Disorders
    • Authors: Aaron L Pincus
      Pages: 11 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Aaron L Pincus
      This paper links Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — 5th Edition Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with the contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology. Advances in interpersonal theory and assessment are outlined to demonstrate that Criterion A's self (identity, self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy, intimacy) impairments are related to the interpersonal meta-constructs and agency and communion and are operationalized by perceptual, behavioral, and affective mechanisms of the interpersonal situation framework. Research informed by the interpersonal situation examining interpersonal functioning in personality disorders is reviewed. Specifically, studies employing experience sampling with event-contingent designs examine social functioning in daily life and studies employing continuous assessment of interpersonal dynamics examine the moment-to-moment unfolding of interpersonal behavior in dyadic interactions.

      PubDate: 2017-09-19T02:48:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.035
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Basic personality model
    • Authors: Thomas A Widiger; Cristina Crego; Stephanie L Rojas; Joshua R Oltmanns
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Thomas A Widiger, Cristina Crego, Stephanie L Rojas, Joshua R Oltmanns
      The personality structure of persons within clinical populations may not be fundamentally different from the personality structure of persons who have not sought treatment for their maladaptive personality traits. Indeed, there has long been an interest in understanding personality disorders as maladaptive variants of general personality structure. Presented herein is an understanding of personality disorder from the perspective of basic personality research; more specifically, the five factor model (FFM) of general personality structure. Potential advantages of understanding personality disorders from the perspective of the FFM are provided.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.007
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Neurobiology of Criterion A: self and interpersonal personality
    • Authors: Sabine C Herpertz; Katja Bertsch; Haang Jeung
      Pages: 23 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Sabine C Herpertz, Katja Bertsch, Haang Jeung
      The Criterion A of the DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders follows a functional approach to personality disorders which can be effectively related to abnormalities in brain circuits that are involved in processes related to the self and others. While brain circuits related to the self and others highly overlap supporting the notion of inseparable constructs, structural and functional neuroimaging data point to rather specific deviations in brain processes among the various types of personality disorders, with a focus on borderline and antisocial personality disorders. Neurobiological data have shed light on the problem areas of individuals with personality disorders that goes beyond what we know from either patients’ reports or observing their behavior and may open new perspectives on treatment.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T04:54:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.032
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Personality disorders: community prevalence and socio-demographic
    • Authors: Nicholas R Eaton; Ashley L Greene
      Pages: 28 - 32
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Nicholas R Eaton, Ashley L Greene
      Multiple studies have reported community prevalence rates of personality disorders (PDs), but these studies differed in terms of diagnostic criteria, assessment instruments, communities sampled, and size, producing widely ranging estimates. We take a meta-analytic approach to characterizing PD community prevalence rates by comparing results from two reviews that pooled previous studies. Overall, particular PD rates are low in community samples, but the presence of any PD is relatively high, with approximately one person in seven experiencing personality psychopathology. High congruence of prevalence estimates, but low rank-order agreement of rates, was observed. We discuss how the presence of PD is associated with socio-demographic correlates such as gender, race/ethnicity, and age and highlight areas for further study.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Impact of personality pathology on psychosocial functioning
    • Authors: Andrew E Skodol
      Pages: 33 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Andrew E Skodol
      Personality disorders impair social, occupational, leisure, and global functioning more than a significant disorder such as major depressive disorder. Impairment is found in clinical and community populations. Impairment is independent of co-occurring other mental disorders. Impairment is more stable over time than are the diagnoses themselves. Personality traits are also impairing and may be more predictive of outcomes over time, but a hybrid of personality disorder features and normal range personality traits may be the most predictive model. A general, ‘transdiagnostic,’ self-other severity factor may be important for understanding the relationship of personality pathology and psychosocial functioning over time. The Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders may be useful for the study of psychosocial functioning in individuals with personality pathology.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.006
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • The assessment of personality disorder: methodological, developmental, and
           contextual considerations
    • Authors: Kathleen W Reardon; Eric J Mercadante; Jennifer L Tackett
      Pages: 39 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Kathleen W Reardon, Eric J Mercadante, Jennifer L Tackett
      The reliable and valid assessment of personality disorders (PDs) faces several challenges in different domains. In particular, the variety of methods, settings, and informants relevant for PD assessment raises questions about best practices. Additionally, issues surrounding assessment across the lifespan, including youth and the elderly, further complicate PD assessment. We review these issues here and point toward future directions in PD assessment, with an emphasis on the utility of dimensional PD assessment.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.004
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • A mentalization-based approach to common factors in the treatment of
           borderline personality disorder
    • Authors: Anthony Bateman; Chloe Campbell; Patrick Luyten; Peter Fonagy
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Anthony Bateman, Chloe Campbell, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
      In this paper we conceptualize borderline personality disorder as a disorder of mentalizing, social cognition, and loss of resilience. Several treatment approaches are effective, and meta-analyses suggest that there are few substantive differences in effectiveness between them and between specialized and non-specialized approaches. We propose that these findings arise because of shared mechanisms of change, congruent with current thinking both about the existence of a general ‘p’ factor of psychopathology and a reconceptualization of personality disorders as involving a lack of resilience resulting from problems with epistemic trust and salutogenesis, the capacity to derive benefit from the social environment. Effective treatments share the characteristics of consistency, coherence and continuity, qualities particularly relevant to borderline personality disorder. They create the conditions for the reopening of epistemic trust, an essential component in therapeutic change, as it enables the individual to use the experience of being mentalized, to learn mentalizing of others, and then apply and develop these experiences in day-to-day life, which is the basis for meaningful therapeutic change.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T06:22:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.005
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorder: testing the trait
           perspective captured in Criterion B
    • Authors: Joshua D Miller; Chelsea Sleep; Donald R Lynam
      Pages: 50 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Joshua D Miller, Chelsea Sleep, Donald R Lynam
      We review the trait model (i.e., Criterion B) included as a central piece of the alternative model of personality disorder (PD) included in DSM-5. The pathological traits are organized into five domains with 25 facets that overlap substantially with basic personality models (e.g., five-factor model). These PD traits can be reliably assessed using a variety of measures; however, questions of poor discriminant validity have been raised. Concerns were raised that this model would result in the loss of clinically meaningful constructs (e.g., borderline personality disorder) but the empirical literature suggests that the traits can faithfully and adequately assess traditional PD constructs. Although personality dysfunction and pathological traits are required for this alternative model, impairment and traits largely overlap with only the latter demonstrating substantial and consistent incremental validity.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T06:22:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.012
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Past, present, and future of genetic research in borderline personality
    • Authors: Anahita Bassir Nia; Matthew C Eveleth; Jonathan M Gabbay; Yonis J Hassan; Bosi Zhang; M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez
      Pages: 60 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Anahita Bassir Nia, Matthew C Eveleth, Jonathan M Gabbay, Yonis J Hassan, Bosi Zhang, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez
      Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a major mental illness with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 1–3%, characterized by a persistent pattern of instability in relationships, mood, impulse regulation, and sense of self. This results in impulsive self-damaging behavior, high suicide rates, and severe functional impairment. BPD has a complex, multifactorial etiology, resulting from an interaction among genetic and environmental substrates, and has moderate to high heritability based on twin and family studies. However, our understanding of the genetic architecture of BPD is very limited. This is a critical obstacle since genetics can pave the way for identifying new treatment targets and developing preventive and disease-modifying pharmacological treatments which are currently lacking. We review genetic studies in BPD, with a focus on limitations and challenges and future directions. Genetic research in BPD is still in its very early stages compared to other major psychiatric disorders. Most early genetic studies in BPD were non-replicated association studies in small samples, focused on single candidate genes. More recently, there has been one genome-wide linkage study and a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of subclinical BPD traits and a first GWAS in a relatively modest sample of patients fulfilling full diagnostic criteria for the disorder. Although there are adequate animal models for some of the core dimensions of BPD, there is a lack of translational research including data from animal models in BPD. Research in more pioneering fields, such as imaging genetics, deep sequencing and epigenetics, holds promise for elucidating the pathophysiology of BPD and identifying new treatment targets.

      PubDate: 2017-10-14T06:42:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Issues resolved and unresolved in pathological narcissism
    • Authors: Aidan GC Wright; Elizabeth A Edershile
      Pages: 74 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Aidan GC Wright, Elizabeth A Edershile
      Narcissism is one of the oldest personality constructs, and yet debates about its definition and structure have been a topic of intense debate over the past decade. Recent independent reviews of the literature have proposed conceptually identical triarchic structural models of individual differences in pathological narcissism. In each model entitlement serves as the core of the construct, and its expression is moderated by basic personality/temperament to manifest in exhibitionism or vulnerability. However, the clinical observation that individuals high in pathological narcissism vacillate between grandiose and vulnerable states remains understudied and poorly understood. We review the recent research that has driven the contentious debates, emerging points of consensus, and necessary future directions for research.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Advances in transference-focused psychotherapy derived from the study of
           borderline personality disorder: clinical insights with a focus on
    • Authors: John F Clarkin; Nicole M Cain; Mark F Lenzenweger
      Pages: 80 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): John F Clarkin, Nicole M Cain, Mark F Lenzenweger
      The most current conceptualization of personality pathology emphasizes the assessment of the severity of selected domains of functioning involving lack of accurate perceptions of self and others that are common across the personality disorder categories. Advances in our understanding of personality pathology have stimulated further development of Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP) for patients with borderline personality disorder, including treatment focus on both behavior and mental representations of self and others, the trajectory of change in TFP, and the extension of TFP principles to the entire domain of personality pathology.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.008
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Age-related outcomes associated with personality pathology in later life
    • Authors: Patrick J Cruitt; Thomas F Oltmanns
      Pages: 89 - 93
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Patrick J Cruitt, Thomas F Oltmanns
      Methodological advances enable the latest research on personality pathology in later life to turn toward understanding the role personality pathology plays in age-related outcomes. Despite indications that some features of personality disorders fade in later life, a prevalence rate of approximately 10 percent has been established for adults aged 50 or older. Personality disorder features have been linked to suicidal ideation, poorer physical health, and cognitive decline in later life. Given these associations, the literature on treatment of personality disorders in this age group is surprisingly scant. Future research needs to address this lack in order to provide guidelines for the use of the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with older adults.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.013
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality: a decision
           neuroscience perspective
    • Authors: Michael N Hallquist; Nathan T Hall; Alison M Schreiber; Alexandre Y Dombrovski
      Pages: 94 - 104
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Michael N Hallquist, Nathan T Hall, Alison M Schreiber, Alexandre Y Dombrovski
      Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by disadvantageous decisions that are often expressed in close relationships and associated with intense negative emotions. Although functional neuroimaging studies of BPD have described regions associated with altered social cognition and emotion processing, these correlates do not inform an understanding of how brain activity leads to maladaptive choices. Drawing on recent research, we argue that formal models of decision-making are crucial to elaborating theories of BPD that bridge psychological constructs, behavior, and neural systems. We propose that maladaptive interactions between Pavlovian and instrumental influences play a crucial role in the expression of interpersonal problems. Finally, we articulate specific hypotheses about how clinical features of BPD may map onto neural systems that implement separable decision processes.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.011
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Giving what one should: explanations for the knowledge-behavior gap for
           altruistic giving
    • Authors: Peter R Blake
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Peter R Blake
      Several studies have shown that children struggle to give what they believe that they should: the so-called knowledge-behavior gap. Over a dozen recent Dictator Game studies find that, although young children believe that they should give half of a set of resources to a peer, they typically give less and often keep all of the resources for themselves. This article reviews recent evidence for five potential explanations for the gap and how children close it with age: self-regulation, social distance, theory of mind, moral knowledge and social learning. I conclude that self-regulation, social distance, and social learning show the most promising evidence for understanding the mechanisms that can close the gap.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.041
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Callous-unemotional behaviors in early childhood: the development of
           empathy and prosociality gone awry
    • Authors: Rebecca Waller; Luke W Hyde
      Pages: 11 - 16
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Rebecca Waller, Luke W Hyde
      Callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors are critical to understanding the development of severe forms of aggression and antisocial behavior. CU behaviors include deficits in empathy and prosocial behavior, as well as reduced interpersonal responsivity to others. We review recent research examining CU behaviors in early childhood and the role that parents play in the development of early CU behaviors. We integrate research on the development of empathy and prosociality with that of CU behaviors to propose a developmental model of early CU behaviors that considers person-by-context interactions.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.037
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The influence of group membership on young children's prosocial behaviour
    • Authors: Harriet Over
      Pages: 17 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Harriet Over
      Young children can be extremely prosocial—willing to help and share with others and comfort them in distress. However, the origins of social problems like prejudice and discrimination also appear early in development. In this paper, I discuss research investigating how group membership affects children's tendency to be prosocial. Existing research on this topic has focused primarily on sharing behaviour and shown that, in general, children allocate more resources to members of their own groups. After reviewing this important literature, I make the case for extending research with young children to other forms of prosociality. This has the potential to inform our understanding of the mechanisms behind ingroup favouritism in prosociality and help us understand routes towards interventions to encourage more egalitarian behaviour.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How to build a helpful baby: a look at the roots of prosociality in
    • Authors: Tobias Grossmann
      Pages: 21 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tobias Grossmann
      The ability to show concern for others in need and distress is thought to be a vital building block for prosocial tendencies among humans. The current review shows that such other-oriented emotional processes play an important role in guiding prosocial behavior from early in development. Recent research supports the view that infants genuinely care about others in need and distress, but also that a caring continuum exists, which underpins variability in infant prosocial action. Novel methods measuring brain, pupillary, and postural responses have provided insights into affective predictors, motivators, and consequences of prosocial behavior in infants. These advances foster a more mechanistic understanding of the ontogenetic roots of prosociality and attest to infants’ affective competency in engaging prosocially with others.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The prosocial functions of early social emotions: the case of guilt
    • Authors: Amrisha Vaish
      Pages: 25 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Amrisha Vaish
      To safeguard human cooperation, it is vital that when cooperative relationships break down, they are repaired. This requirement is met by the social emotion of guilt, at two levels: the experience of guilt motivates transgressors to repair the damage they have caused, and transgressors’ displays of guilt appease victims and bystanders and elicit cooperation toward the transgressor. I review recent evidence that guilt functions in both of these ways from early in development. The experience of guilt motivates reparative behavior in children 2–3 years of age, and transgressors’ displays of guilt appease and elicit cooperation in children 4–5 years of age. Thus, over the first few years of ontogeny, guilt becomes an important mechanism for upholding cooperation.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.008
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Neurocognitive mechanisms of prosociality in childhood
    • Authors: Nikolaus Steinbeis
      Pages: 30 - 34
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Nikolaus Steinbeis
      This paper reviews the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying prosocial development in childhood. I begin by arguing that most prosociality is costly. This cost needs to be regulated for prosocial behavior to occur. The precise regulatory mechanisms depend on the type of prosocial behavior and include behavioral control in the case of sharing and emotion regulation in the case of helping. I review evidence that these regulatory mechanisms are subserved by prefrontal cortical circuitry, which depending on the mechanism interacts with different brain regions coding for self-related and other-related affect to produce prosocial behavior. I conclude that the maturation of prefrontal cortical circuitry drives the development of both sharing and helping in childhood through supporting the emergence of relevant regulatory mechanisms.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.012
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How interpersonal synchrony facilitates early prosocial behavior
    • Authors: Laura K Cirelli
      Pages: 35 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Laura K Cirelli
      When infants and children affiliate with others, certain cues may direct their social efforts to ‘better’ social partners. Interpersonal synchrony, or when two or more people move together in time, can be one such cue. In adults, experiencing interpersonal synchrony encourages affiliative behaviors. Recent studies have found that these effects also influence early prosociality—for example, 14-month-olds help a synchronous partner more than an asynchronous partner. These effects on helping are specifically directed to the synchronous movement partner and members of that person's social group. In older children, the prosocial effects of interpersonal synchrony may even cross group divides. How synchrony and other cues for group membership influence early prosociality is a promising avenue for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.009
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Fostering prosocial behavior and empathy in young children
    • Authors: Tracy L Spinrad; Diana E Gal
      Pages: 40 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tracy L Spinrad, Diana E Gal
      There is increasing interest in understanding ways to foster young children's prosocial behavior (i.e. voluntary acts to benefit another). We begin this review by differentiating between types of prosocial behavior, empathy, and sympathy. We argue that sympathy and some types of prosocial behaviors are most likely intrinsically motivated, whereas other types of prosocial behaviors may be extrinsically motivated. Next, we highlight work focusing on the socialization practices that have been found to predict individual differences in young children's prosocial behavior and concern for others. Although work in the area is limited, we also review some intervention programs that have shown effectiveness in improving young children's positive social behaviors. We conclude with areas for future research.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.004
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • From being nice to being kind: development of prosocial behaviors
    • Authors: Tina Malti; Sebastian P Dys
      Pages: 45 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tina Malti, Sebastian P Dys
      Empirical findings regarding the origins and development of prosocial behaviors from infancy to childhood have generated new information on when young children act prosocially toward others, how prosocial behavior changes across development, and why children do or do not behave prosocially. We discuss recent advances in three areas of research: First, studies have increasingly focused on age-related differences in various prosocial behaviors. Second, psychological underpinnings of prosocial behavior development have contributed to a better understanding of children's motives for prosocial behaviors. Third, dispositional and situational effects on the development of prosocial behaviors have been examined. We discuss consequences of individual differences in prosocial behaviors and provide recommendations for future directions for the study of prosocial behavior development.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.036
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Physiological mechanisms of prosociality
    • Authors: Jonas G Miller
      Pages: 50 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jonas G Miller
      Psychophysiological perspectives can provide unique insights into the nature and motivations of children's prosociality and inform our understanding of individual differences. Here, I review current research on prosociality involving some of the most common physiological measures in developmental psychology, including cortisol, various sympathetic nervous system measures, and high-frequency heart rate variability. The literature has been quite mixed, in part because the link between physiology and prosociality is context-dependent and person-dependent. However, recent advances are refining our understanding of the basic physiological mechanisms of prosociality. Resting physiology that contributes to a balance of regulation and vigilance prepares children to effectively cope with future social challenges, like noticing and attending to the needs of others. Experiencing some arousal is an important aspect of empathy-related responding, but physiological patterns of both heightened and hypoarousal can undermine prosociality. Physiological flexibility in response to others’ needs may support emotional and behavioral flexibility important for prosociality.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.018
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Positive feelings reward and promote prosocial behavior
    • Authors: Lara B Aknin; Julia W Van de Vondervoort; J Kiley Hamlin
      Pages: 55 - 59
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Lara B Aknin, Julia W Van de Vondervoort, J Kiley Hamlin
      Humans are extraordinarily prosocial. What inspires and reinforces a willingness to help others? Here we focus on the role of positive feelings. Drawing on functional accounts of positive emotion, which suggest that positive emotional states serve to alert actors to positive experiences and encourage similar action in the future, we summarize evidence demonstrating that positive feelings promote and reward prosocial behavior throughout development. Specifically, we highlight new and classic evidence from both child and adult research showing first, that various positive states prompt prosocial behavior, and second, prosocial action leads to positive states. We also consider the possibility of a positive feedback loop, wherein the emotional rewards of giving promote future prosociality.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.017
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Genetic and environmental contributions to children's prosocial behavior:
    • Authors: Ariel Knafo-Noam; Dana Vertsberger; Salomon Israel
      Pages: 60 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Ariel Knafo-Noam, Dana Vertsberger, Salomon Israel
      Children's prosocial behaviors show considerable variability. Here we discuss the genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in children's prosocial behavior. Twin research systematically shows, at least from the age of 3 years, a genetic contribution to individual differences in prosocial behavior, both questionnaire-based and observed. This finding is demonstrated across a wide variety of cultures. We discuss the possibility that different prosocial behaviors have different genetic etiologies. A re-analysis of past twin data shows that sharing and comforting are affected by overlapping genetic factors at age 3.5 years. In contrast, the association between helping and comforting is attributed to environmental factors. The few molecular genetic studies of children's prosocial behavior are reviewed, and we point out genome-wide and polygenic methods as a key future direction. Finally, we discuss the interplay of genetic and environmental factors, focusing on both gene×environment interactions and gene–environment correlations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.013
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Domain-general neural computations underlying prosociality during infancy
           and early childhood
    • Authors: Jason M Cowell; Destany Calma-Birling; Jean Decety
      Pages: 66 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jason M Cowell, Destany Calma-Birling, Jean Decety
      A mounting body of neuroscience research in the social and moral evaluative abilities of infants and young children suggests the coopting of three domain-general processes involved in attention allocation, approach/avoidance, and intention and action understanding. Electrophysiological investigations demonstrate children's preference for prosocial others, that children's individual differences in moral evaluation predict prosocial behaviors, and that parental values may already influence neural sociomoral computations at quite young ages. This review highlights the importance of a developmental neuroscience approach in clarifying our understanding of early prosocial preference and behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.016
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How, not whether: contributions of others in the development of infant
    • Authors: Audun Dahl
      Pages: 72 - 76
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Audun Dahl
      Young children's helping behaviors emerge and develop through everyday interactions with others. This paper proposes to sidestep the dichotomy between socialization and biological processes in research on early helping: The question is not whether but how others contribute to the development of infant helping. To answer this question, it is necessary to broaden conceptions of how others may contribute to the development of helping beyond explicit teaching and rewards. Recent experimental and observational research indicates that family members scaffold helping from the first year of life and that specific forms of scaffolding influences the development of helping. The roles of others appear to vary with child age and across communities and are responsive to children's social initiatives.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.038
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The early emergence of sociomoral evaluation: infants prefer prosocial
    • Authors: Julia W Van de Vondervoort; Jane Kiley Hamlin
      Pages: 77 - 81
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Julia W Van de Vondervoort, Jane Kiley Hamlin
      Humans readily evaluate third-parties’ prosocial and antisocial acts. Recent evidence reveals that this tendency emerges early in development—even preverbal infants selectively approach prosocial others and avoid antisocial ones. Rather than reflecting attraction toward or away from low-level characteristics of the displays or simple behavioral rules, infants are sensitive to characteristics of both the agents and recipients of prosocial and antisocial acts. Specifically, infants’ preferences require that the recipients of positive and negative acts be social agents with clear unfulfilled goals, who have not previously harmed others. In addition, prosocial and antisocial agents must act intentionally, in the service of positive and negative goals. It is an open question whether these prosocial preferences reflect self-interested and/or moral concerns.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.014
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The evolutionary roots of prosociality: the case of instrumental helping
    • Authors: Alicia P Melis
      Pages: 82 - 86
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Alicia P Melis
      Comparative studies with closely related primate species are crucial to understand the origins of human prosociality. One type of prosocial behaviour that probably relies on evolutionary ancient skills and motivations is instrumental helping. Recent experimental studies have shown that bonobos and chimpanzees will help others achieve their action goals. Chimpanzees have shown to help others picking up and giving objects to a recipient, opening locked doors for conspecifics struggling to open them, and releasing stuck rewards that recipients were trying to reach. Recent studies have now replicated some of these results with bonobos. However, whereas chimpanzee's helping emerges mainly in response to recipients’ signals of need, bonobos also help proactively. This difference could rely on bonobos’ enhanced socio-cognitive skills.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.019
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Sibling influences on prosocial behavior
    • Authors: Claire Hughes; Gabrielle McHarg; Naomi White
      Pages: 96 - 101
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Claire Hughes, Gabrielle McHarg, Naomi White
      Sibling relationships are characterized by familiarity and emotional intensity. Alongside frequent shared play, sibling interactions feature complementary interactions (e.g. teaching, caregiving) reflecting age-related asymmetries in socio-cognitive skills. These aspects may underpin sibling influences on prosocial behavior: theoretical accounts of social influences on prosocial behavior highlight emotion sharing, goal alignment, the intrinsically rewarding nature of social interaction, and scaffolding of social norms. Taking a fine-grained approach to prosocial behavior, we examine these processes in relation to sibling influences on children's comforting, sharing, and helping. Emergent themes include: developmental change in the nature of sibling influences on prosocial behavior, the need to consider sibling influences in the wider family context, and the importance of individual differences in the quality of sibling relationships.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.015
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Integrating developmental aspects in current thinking about personality
    • Authors: Clercq
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): B De Clercq
      The current review outlines some recent highlights from the developmental literature on personality pathology with regard to its conceptualization, development, assessment and clinical utility. Notable parallels with adult evidence are described, but also unique and age-specific issues are discussed. Finally, suggestions for future research that may stimulate a life-span and integrative perspective on personality pathology from childhood onwards are proposed.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
  • Personality pathology and intentional self-harm: cross-cutting insights
           from categorical and dimensional models
    • Authors: Brianna Turner; Hyejin Jin Michael Anestis Katherine Dixon-Gordon Kim Gratz
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Brianna J Turner, Hyejin M Jin, Michael D Anestis, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Kim L Gratz
      This paper reviews current literature on the links between personality pathology and intentional self-harm, including nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. Specifically, this review highlights recent advances stemming from longitudinal, epidemiological, and health registry studies, as well as emerging research on pathological personality traits and intentional self-harm, and integrates current knowledge across dimensional and categorical frameworks to provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research. This review provides strong evidence that personality disorders marked by intense and unstable negative affect, detachment/low extraversion, aggression/hostility, and specific facets of impulsivity may be considered risk factors for suicidal behaviors. Further, there is some evidence of a stronger relation between maladaptive personality traits and suicidal versus non-suicidal intentional self-harm.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T06:22:33Z
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