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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 900 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 436)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 210)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 246)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 181)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 147)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access  
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access  
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)

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Journal Cover Current Opinion in Psychology
  [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2352-250X
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3120 journals]
  • The development and importance of shared reality in the domains of
           opinion, morality, and religion
    • Authors: Larisa Heiphetz
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Larisa Heiphetz
      The importance of shared reality emerges early in human development. Infants and young children notice when others share their beliefs, and information about shared beliefs influences their social judgments. This article reviews recent research on the importance of shared beliefs in three domains that have been widely investigated over the past several years—opinions, moral views, and religious beliefs. I argue that shared religious beliefs appear especially influential and suggest several reasons why this might be the case, including the perceived link between religion and morality as well as the strong role that religious beliefs play in personal identity. Future research can further test these possibilities.

      PubDate: 2017-11-22T16:41:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Social identities and shared realities
    • Authors: Michael A Hogg; Mark J Rinella
      Pages: 6 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Michael A Hogg, Mark J Rinella
      People are fundamentally motivated to establish a shared reality with others to validate their identity and experiences. Guided by social identity theory, we examine how social identity processes, such as self-categorization and depersonalization, create a shared identity and a sense of shared reality. Research demonstrates that internal states such as attitudes, feelings, and emotions are often shared among members of a group. Furthermore, research has shown that self-uncertainty motivates people to establish shared realities through group identification, often with highly entitative groups that are associated with a self-saturating reality that is shared absolutely. Finally, we review research on how group-defining norms that serve as the bases of these identity-related shared realities are constructed and communicated through group-membership based influence.

      PubDate: 2017-11-22T16:41:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Political aspects of shared reality
    • Authors: Chadly Stern; Peter Ondish
      Pages: 11 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Chadly Stern, Peter Ondish
      The political world permeates people's everyday experiences. In this article, we review recent research concerning how the pursuit, creation, and maintenance of shared reality underlie important political phenomena. We address three general points. First, we discuss how the desire to share reality shapes the political attitudes that people adopt. Second, we outline how the existence of competing representations of reality can lead to prolonged political conflicts that are challenging to overcome. Third, we consider how and why shared reality contributes to social stasis and change. A scientifically informed understanding of how shared reality shapes the political arena will enrich psychological research and facilitate addressing social issues.

      PubDate: 2017-11-22T16:41:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Social transmission and shared reality in cultural dynamics
    • Authors: Yoshihisa Kashima; Boyka Bratanova; Kim Peters
      Pages: 15 - 19
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Yoshihisa Kashima, Boyka Bratanova, Kim Peters
      Micro cultural dynamics are concerned with the mechanisms of transmission, retention, and modification of cultural information in social networks. When interacting individuals mutually recognize that they share psychological reactions to given cultural information, it may be grounded as an aspect of their shared reality under specifiable conditions. The interpretation of cultural information as socially verified shared reality provides a basis for further dissemination of the information and coordinated social action. We review the recent literature that supports this general contention, while highlighting the role of emotion—a somewhat under-recognized aspect of shared reality research—and emphasizing the mediating role of cultural dynamics in the mutual constitution of social reality and shared reality.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.004
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Shared identity in organizational stress and change
    • Authors: Rolf van Dick; Valeria Ciampa; Shuang Liang
      Pages: 20 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Rolf van Dick, Valeria Ciampa, Shuang Liang
      The social identity approach has been found very useful for the understanding of a range of phenomena within and across organizations. It has been applied in particular to analyze employees’ stress and well-being at work and their reactions to organizational change. In this paper, we argue that there is a mismatch between the theoretical notion of shared identities in teams and organizations and empirical research, which largely focuses on the individual employee's identification with his or her social categories at work. We briefly review the literature in the two areas of stress and change and conclude with an agenda for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Emergence of shared reference and shared minds in infancy
    • Authors: Ulf Liszkowski
      Pages: 26 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Ulf Liszkowski
      The emergence of a social-interactional ‘infrastructure’ of communication in infancy has remained underspecified until recently. I argue and show that firstly, the ability for shared reference is firmly established around 12 months of age when infants begin to point, enabling a meeting of shared minds; secondly, interactions entailing different perspectives and minds emerge only thereafter, based on prior interactional experiences; thirdly, the emergence of shared reference is itself mediated by interaction and caregivers’ assistance in goal-directed activities. Instead of focusing on the infrastructure of shared reference in infancy as a snapshot, I suggest focusing on the process of social and cognitive co-construction in which shared reference is as much a foundation as an ontogenetic outcome of social cognition and interaction.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • What is unique about shared reality' Insights from a new comparison
    • Authors: Angie M Johnston; Molly Byrne; Laurie R Santos
      Pages: 30 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Angie M Johnston, Molly Byrne, Laurie R Santos
      We introduce a new comparison species—domesticated dogs (Canis familaris)—that can shed light on the evolutionary origins of shared reality. Given that dogs share many basic building blocks of shared reality (e.g. representing others’ perceptions, emotions, and behaviors) they provide an ideal species for pinpointing unique aspects of shared reality in humans. In particular, current research with dogs underscores two aspects of shared reality that may be special to humans. First, humans may be unique in our tendency to share reality involuntarily. Second, humans may be unique in the extent to which we share reality. Although both humans and dogs share reality in one-on-one interactions, only humans share reality at the more extensive group and cultural level.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Romantic relationships as shared reality defense
    • Authors: Sandra L Murray; Veronica Lamarche; Mark D Seery
      Pages: 34 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Sandra L Murray, Veronica Lamarche, Mark D Seery
      A model of meaning maintenance in relationships is proposed to explain how relationships function to regulate threats to shared systems of meaning posed by life's capricious and unexpected events. This model assumes that people flexibility compensate for unexpected events in the world by affirming the expected in their relationship and compensate for unexpected events in the relationship by affirming the expected in the world. Supportive evidence is reviewed that reveals how people in more or less satisfying relationships flexibly maintain a sense of life's meaning in the face of unexpected events.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.008
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Trusting others: shared reality in testimonial learning
    • Authors: Annelise Pesch; Sarah Suárez; Melissa A Koenig
      Pages: 38 - 41
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Annelise Pesch, Sarah Suárez, Melissa A Koenig
      Much of early learning depends on others, and the transmission of testimony presents children with a range of opportunities to learn about and from other people. Much work has focused on children's ability to select or prefer particular sources of information based on various epistemic (e.g. accuracy, reliability, perceptual access, expertise) and moral (e.g. benevolence, group membership, honesty) characteristics. Understanding the mechanisms by which such selective preferences emerge has been couched primarily in frameworks that treat testimony as a source of inductive evidence, and that treat children's trust as an evidence-based inference. However, there are other distinct interpersonal considerations that support children's trust towards others, considerations that influence who children learn from as well as other practical decisions. Broadening our conception of trust and considering the interpersonal reasons we have to trust others can both strengthen our current understanding of the role that trust plays in children's learning and practical decisions as well as provide a more holistic picture of how children participate in a shared reality with their family, peers, and communities.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.009
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Shared reality in interpersonal relationships
    • Authors: Susan M Andersen; Elizabeth Przybylinski
      Pages: 42 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: October 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 23
      Author(s): Susan M Andersen, Elizabeth Przybylinski
      Close relationships afford us opportunities to create and maintain meaning systems as shared perceptions of ourselves and the world. Establishing a sense of mutual understanding allows for creating and maintaining lasting social bonds, and as such, is important in human relations. In a related vein, it has long been known that knowledge of significant others in one's life is stored in memory and evoked with new persons—in the social-cognitive process of ‘transference’—imbuing new encounters with significance and leading to predictable cognitive, evaluative, motivational, and behavioral consequences, as well as shifts in the self and self-regulation, depending on the particular significant other evoked. In these pages, we briefly review the literature on meaning as interpersonally defined and then selectively review research on transference in interpersonal perception. Based on this, we then highlight a recent series of studies focused on shared meaning systems in transference. The highlighted studies show that values and beliefs that develop in close relationships (as shared reality) are linked in memory to significant-other knowledge, and thus, are indirectly activated (made accessible) when cues in a new person implicitly activate that significant-other knowledge (in transference), with these shared beliefs then actively pursued with the new person and even protected against threat. This also confers a sense of mutual understanding, and all told, serves both relational and epistemic functions. In concluding, we consider as well the relevance of co-construction of shared reality n such processes.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • From ideation to action: recent advances in understanding suicide
    • Authors: Alexis M May; Sarah E Victor
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Alexis M May, Sarah E Victor
      Suicide capability is one of few risk factors associated with suicide attempts among ideators. In the decade since the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide introduced the concept of acquired capability (i.e. the ability to face the fear and pain associated with death), understanding of the capability to attempt suicide has grown. Acquired (e.g. NSSI), dispositional (e.g. genetic), and practical contributors (e.g. access to firearms) appear to influence suicide capability via mechanisms such as the fear of death, persistence through pain, and familiarity with suicide methods. Self-report methods have shown mixed results, highlighting the importance of developing behavioral measures of suicide capability.

      PubDate: 2017-07-27T15:25:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Firearm suicide: pathways to risk and methods of prevention
    • Authors: Claire Houtsma; Sarah E Butterworth; Michael D Anestis
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Claire Houtsma, Sarah E Butterworth, Michael D Anestis
      Firearms are utilized in approximately half of all US suicides, making them a serious public health concern and a target of suicide prevention efforts. Practical capability influences the transition from suicidal ideation to action and is particularly relevant to firearm suicide. Firearm ownership, experience using firearms, unsafe firearm storage, and high cultural acceptability of firearms increase risk for death by firearm suicide. Means safety strategies, which emphasize the reduction of practical capability for suicide through the limitation of access to and safe storage of firearms, are effective in preventing suicide and include interventions such as lethal means counseling, firearm legislation, and promoting safe storage practices. Public health interventions aimed at reducing firearm suicide are critical topics for continued research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The relationship between entrapment and suicidal behavior through the lens
           of the integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behavior
    • Authors: Rory C O’Connor; Gwendolyn Portzky
      Pages: 12 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Rory C O’Connor, Gwendolyn Portzky
      Suicide and suicidal behavior are major public health concerns. As a result, a number of psychological models have been developed to better understand the emergence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. One such model is the integrated motivational–volitional model, a tri-partite model of suicidal behavior, which posits that entrapment is central to the final common pathway to suicide. In this review, we summarize the extant research evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior. Although there is robust evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior, there are gaps in our knowledge. We discuss the clinical implications and suggest key directions for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.021
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Physical disability and suicide: recent advancements in understanding and
           future directions for consideration
    • Authors: Lauren R Khazem
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lauren R Khazem
      Recent research indicates a heightened risk of suicide in this population, a concern given that suicide may be more accepted for those with physical disabilities than for those without such disabilities. The relationship between physical disability and suicide has begun to be examined within empirically supported frameworks of suicide and indicates that interpersonal factors (e.g. perceived burdensomeness) and pain are mechanisms contributing to this heightened risk of suicide. The suicide rate after acquiring a physical disability, such as a spinal cord injury, and the greater odds of suicide after reporting having a disability further support the association between physical disability and suicide. The multifaceted nature of physical disability is reflected in its relationship with suicidal ideation and behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.018
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide in physicians and veterinarians: risk factors and theories
    • Authors: Erin L Fink-Miller; Lisa M Nestler
      Pages: 23 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Erin L Fink-Miller, Lisa M Nestler
      Physicians and veterinarians are at increased risk for suicide compared to the general population. In particular, this risk appears to be especially pertinent to females in both of these professions. Although increased risk is well-documented, less is known about potential causes for suicidality in these groups. A host of risk factors have been examined in recent research, including job stressors, personality traits, access to lethal medications, and unique work experiences. In addition to these factors, the interpersonal psychological theory of suicidal behavior may provide promise in specifying why physicians and veterinarians are at increased risk for suicide. While there is recognition of mental health issues in these professions, significant treatment barriers remain.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.019
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide prevention in the military: a mechanistic perspective
    • Authors: Craig J Bryan; David C Rozek
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Craig J Bryan, David C Rozek
      In response to elevated suicide rates among U.S. military personnel, increased attention has focused on developing effective suicide prevention intervention strategies. Accumulating evidence from a series of recently-completed clinical trials focused on the treatment of suicide risk and posttraumatic stress disorder suggest two likely mechanisms of action for reducing suicidal thoughts and behaviors: emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility. The present article provides an overview of converging evidence from psychological, biological, and neurocognitive studies supporting the central role of emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility. The effects of various treatments on suicidal thoughts and behaviors, aggregated from seven clinical trials conducted with military personnel, are considered using this integrated clinical science perspective. Implications for intervention refinement and suicide prevention among military personnel are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.022
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Real-time assessment of suicidal thoughts and behaviors
    • Authors: Evan M Kleiman; Matthew K Nock
      Pages: 33 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Evan M Kleiman, Matthew K Nock
      One of the greatest challenges to understanding, predicting, and preventing suicide is that we have never had the ability to observe and intervene upon them as they unfold in real-time. Recently developed real-time monitoring methods are creating new opportunities for scientific and clinical advances. For instance, recent real-time monitoring studies of suicidal thoughts show that they typically are episodic, with quick onset and short duration. Many known risk factors that predict changes in suicidal thoughts over months/years (e.g. hopelessness) do not predict changes over hours/days—highlighting the gap in our abilities for short-term prediction. Current and future studies using newer streams of data from smartphone sensors (e.g. GPS) and wearables (e.g. heart rate) are further expanding knowledge and clinical possibilities.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.026
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide among Hispanics in the United States
    • Authors: Caroline Silva; Kimberly A Van Orden
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Caroline Silva, Kimberly A Van Orden
      Suicide ideation and behavior among U.S. Hispanics has increased notably in the last decade, especially among youth. Suicide risk increases across generations of Hispanics, with risk greatest amongst U.S.-born Hispanics. Acculturative stress has been linked to increased risk for suicide ideation, attempts, and fatalities among Hispanics. Acculturative stress may increase suicide risk via disintegration of cultural values (such as familism and religiosity) and social bonds. Culturally-tailored prevention efforts are needed that address suicide risk among Hispanics. We propose a conceptual model for suicide prevention focused on augmenting cultural engagement among at risk Hispanics.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.013
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • What suicide interventions should target
    • Authors: Joseph C Franklin; Xieyining Huang; Kathryn R Fox; Jessica D Ribeiro
      Pages: 50 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Joseph C Franklin, Xieyining Huang, Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro
      Recent reviews and national statistics indicate that, so far, our field has made limited progress on fulfilling its central mission of preventing future suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). We posit that a fundamental reason for our lack of progress is the way in which our field tends to think about and select STB intervention targets. Specifically, the vast majority of our intervention targets are derived from untested theoretical assertions, moderate correlates of STBs, or weak risk factors for STBs. None of these forms of evidence permits causal inferences, which is problematic because successful STB interventions must target the causes of STBs. To develop effective interventions, we must employ experimental designs to identify targets that are causal, necessary, and viable.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicidal behavior and aggression-related disorders
    • Authors: Michael S McCloskey; Brooke A Ammerman
      Pages: 54 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Michael S McCloskey, Brooke A Ammerman
      Studies of suicidal behavior among those with aggression-related disorders (i.e. intermittent explosive disorder, borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and conduct disorder) were examined. The presence of an aggressive disorder generally increased the risk of suicide attempts and mortality, with this effect (when examined) usually existing independent of other psychopathology. However, this may not be the case for antisocial personality disorder. Furthermore, with the exception of intermittent explosive disorder, the extant research suggests severity of aggression was associated with suicide attempt risk in aggression-related disorders. Future research is needed to better understand what mechanisms may influence the suicide–aggression relationship.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.010
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • What role do nightmares play in suicide' A brief exploration
    • Authors: Caitlin E Titus; Katrina J Speed; Patricia M Cartwright; Christopher W Drapeau; Yeseul Heo; Michael R Nadorff
      Pages: 59 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Caitlin E Titus, Katrina J Speed, Patricia M Cartwright, Christopher W Drapeau, Yeseul Heo, Michael R Nadorff
      The suicide rate in the United States has climbed each year for more than a decade, highlighting the need for greater understanding of, and prevention strategies for suicidal behavior. Nightmares have been shown to be associated with suicidal behavior independent of several psychiatric risk factors for suicide, such as symptoms of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The specific role of nightmares in contributing to suicide remains unclear due to the difficulty in delineating causal factors. However, the reporting, screening and treatment of nightmares continues to remain rare making progress difficult. Research is beginning to make some progress in uncovering the mechanisms by which nightmares increase suicide risk providing opportunities for intervention and prediction of suicidal behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.022
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Eating disorders and suicidality: what we know, what we don’t know, and
           suggestions for future research
    • Authors: April R Smith; Kelly L Zuromski; Dorian R Dodd
      Pages: 63 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): April R Smith, Kelly L Zuromski, Dorian R Dodd
      Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), and suicidal behavior is elevated in bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) relative to the general population. This paper reviews the suicidality literature within each ED, as well as theoretical explanations for the elevated risk for suicidality among those with EDs. Approximately one-quarter to one-third of people with AN, BN, or BED have thought about suicide, and one-quarter to one-third of people with AN and BN have attempted suicide. Relative to gender and aged matched comparison groups, individuals with AN are 18 times more likely to die by suicide, and individuals with BN are seven times more likely to die by suicide. However, the majority of the research in this area is cross-sectional or retrospective, which leaves the timing of the mortality risk unclear. Longitudinal work that is designed to examine dynamic and acute fluctuations in suicidality among ED samples is needed in order to determine meaningful risk factors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.023
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Repetitive negative thinking and suicide: a burgeoning literature with
           need for further exploration
    • Authors: Keyne C Law; Raymond P Tucker
      Pages: 68 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Keyne C Law, Raymond P Tucker
      Extant research has found a significant overlap between various repetitive negative thinking (RNT) patterns, such as rumination and worry, across different affective disorders implicating that the process of repetitive negative thinking is likely trans-diagnostic. Furthermore, RNT patterns at the core of psychiatric disorders associated with suicide (e.g., rumination and worry) have been found to be associated with suicide even after accounting for the disorder. A synthesis of existing literature on repetitive negative thoughts suggest that following negative emotional experiences, RNTs may lead to a sense of entrapment and hopelessness that may contribute to the onset of suicidal ideation and then facilitate the transition from thinking about suicide to making a suicide attempt by increasing an individual's capability for suicide through repetitive exposure to violent thoughts and imagery associated with suicide.

      PubDate: 2017-09-07T02:04:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.027
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide and traumatic brain injury: a review by clinical researchers from
           the National Institute for Disability and Independent Living
           Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) and Veterans Health Administration
           Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems
    • Authors: Laura E Dreer; Xinyu Tang; Risa Nakase-Richardson; Mary Jo Pugh; Molly K Cox; Erin K Bailey; Jacob A Finn; Ross Zafonte; Lisa A Brenner
      Pages: 73 - 78
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Laura E Dreer, Xinyu Tang, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Mary Jo Pugh, Molly K Cox, Erin K Bailey, Jacob A Finn, Ross Zafonte, Lisa A Brenner
      Research among a wide range of cohorts (e.g. civilian, military) has increasingly highlighted traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, including death by suicide. With this recognition, subsequent changes in clinical practice, such as TBI screenings among individuals seeking mental health services, as well as suicide risk assessment among individuals seeking rehabilitation services are essential. Information provided below is aimed at highlighting key and emerging findings regarding suicide and TBI, with the goal of encouraging providers and researchers to explore changing and expanding evidence-based clinical practices to match the needs of those living with a history of TBI.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.030
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Late-life suicide prevention strategies: current status and future
    • Authors: Kim Van Orden; Charlene Deming
      Pages: 79 - 83
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Kim Van Orden, Charlene Deming
      Late life suicide prevention differs from suicide prevention for other age groups: first, the number of older adults worldwide is on the rise; second, late-life suicide receives much less attention in all societal spheres, from the media, to federal funding agencies, to healthcare initiatives. Recent findings indicate an association between internalized ageist stereotypes and reduced will to live. Recent research also addresses the role of cognitive control as a contributor to risk and as an intervention target (e.g., through psychotherapies such as problem solving therapy) as well as firearm safety as a promising, though a politicized and challenging strategy to implement. Another strategy that may prove feasible is an approach on upstream prevention strategies in healthcare. One strategy we believe holds great promise is the promotion of high quality geriatric medicine. Geriatricians are trained to work with patients to prioritize the promotion of physical and cognitive functioning (rather than solely absence of disease) and to focus on well-being as a goal. Thus, geriatricians routinely target numerous late-life suicide risk factors—physical illness, functioning, pain, and (dis)satisfaction with life. However, efficacious strategies will not prevent suicide deaths if they are not implemented—addressing ageism as a universal prevention strategy is essential.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T04:54:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.033
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Evolutionary processes in suicide
    • Authors: Bruno Chiurliza; Megan L Rogers; Matthew E Schneider; Carol Chu; Thomas E Joiner
      Pages: 84 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Bruno Chiurliza, Megan L Rogers, Matthew E Schneider, Carol Chu, Thomas E Joiner
      Suicidal behavior contains several dynamic elements. Due to its complexity, empirical science may approach suicide through various avenues. One underutilized approach is taking an evolutionary perspective. Our review of the literature presents two evolutionary processes that may be implicated in suicidal behavior, namely eusocial behavior and antipredator response behaviors. Studies have indicated that aspects of suicidal behavior parallel self-sacrificial behavior in eusocial animals, and that systems similar to hyperarousal-shutdown systems involved in antipredator behaviors may be activated among suicidal individuals. Research on brain activity and decision-making processes among suicidal individuals also suggests that eusociality and antipredator response behaviors in suicide may not be mutually exclusive. These processes represent novel sources of information and potential solutions regarding suicide.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.038
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Emerging trends in adolescent suicide prevention research
    • Authors: Cheryl A King; Alejandra Arango; Cynthia Ewell Foster
      Pages: 89 - 94
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Cheryl A King, Alejandra Arango, Cynthia Ewell Foster
      A comprehensive public health strategy for adolescent suicide prevention includes upstream prevention strategies, strategies for risk recognition, and services for those at risk. Interpersonal trauma and substance use are important prevention targets as each is associated with risk for suicide attempts. Multiple prevention programs target these factors; however, the Family Check-Up, designed to reduce substance use and behavioral problems, also has been associated with reduced suicide risk. Several youth screening instruments have shown utility, and a large-scale trial is underway to develop a computerized adaptive screen. Similarly, several types of psychotherapy have shown promise, and sufficiently powered studies are underway to provide more definitive results. The climbing youth suicide rate warrants an urgent, concerted effort to develop and implement effective prevention strategies.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.037
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Recent advances in understanding physical health problems in personality
    • Authors: Katherine L Dixon-Gordon; Lindsey C Conkey; Diana J Whalen
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Lindsey C Conkey, Diana J Whalen
      Personality disorders are associated with a range of adverse health outcomes, contributing to the high healthcare utilization seen in patients with these disorders. A growing literature supports a robust association of personality disorders and health problems. The primary aim of this article is to summarize the most recent research documenting the associations between personality disorders and health conditions. Extending past reviews, we discuss the association of personality disorders with chronic physical illnesses, sleep disturbances, pain conditions, and obesity. We provide recommendations for future research in this area.

      PubDate: 2017-09-19T02:48:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.036
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • An interpersonal perspective on Criterion A of the DSM-5 Alternative Model
           for Personality Disorders
    • Authors: Aaron L Pincus
      Pages: 11 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Aaron L Pincus
      This paper links Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — 5th Edition Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with the contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology. Advances in interpersonal theory and assessment are outlined to demonstrate that Criterion A's self (identity, self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy, intimacy) impairments are related to the interpersonal meta-constructs and agency and communion and are operationalized by perceptual, behavioral, and affective mechanisms of the interpersonal situation framework. Research informed by the interpersonal situation examining interpersonal functioning in personality disorders is reviewed. Specifically, studies employing experience sampling with event-contingent designs examine social functioning in daily life and studies employing continuous assessment of interpersonal dynamics examine the moment-to-moment unfolding of interpersonal behavior in dyadic interactions.

      PubDate: 2017-09-19T02:48:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.035
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Basic personality model
    • Authors: Thomas A Widiger; Cristina Crego; Stephanie L Rojas; Joshua R Oltmanns
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Thomas A Widiger, Cristina Crego, Stephanie L Rojas, Joshua R Oltmanns
      The personality structure of persons within clinical populations may not be fundamentally different from the personality structure of persons who have not sought treatment for their maladaptive personality traits. Indeed, there has long been an interest in understanding personality disorders as maladaptive variants of general personality structure. Presented herein is an understanding of personality disorder from the perspective of basic personality research; more specifically, the five factor model (FFM) of general personality structure. Potential advantages of understanding personality disorders from the perspective of the FFM are provided.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.007
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Neurobiology of Criterion A: self and interpersonal personality
    • Authors: Sabine C Herpertz; Katja Bertsch; Haang Jeung
      Pages: 23 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Sabine C Herpertz, Katja Bertsch, Haang Jeung
      The Criterion A of the DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders follows a functional approach to personality disorders which can be effectively related to abnormalities in brain circuits that are involved in processes related to the self and others. While brain circuits related to the self and others highly overlap supporting the notion of inseparable constructs, structural and functional neuroimaging data point to rather specific deviations in brain processes among the various types of personality disorders, with a focus on borderline and antisocial personality disorders. Neurobiological data have shed light on the problem areas of individuals with personality disorders that goes beyond what we know from either patients’ reports or observing their behavior and may open new perspectives on treatment.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T04:54:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.032
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Personality disorders: community prevalence and socio-demographic
    • Authors: Nicholas R Eaton; Ashley L Greene
      Pages: 28 - 32
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Nicholas R Eaton, Ashley L Greene
      Multiple studies have reported community prevalence rates of personality disorders (PDs), but these studies differed in terms of diagnostic criteria, assessment instruments, communities sampled, and size, producing widely ranging estimates. We take a meta-analytic approach to characterizing PD community prevalence rates by comparing results from two reviews that pooled previous studies. Overall, particular PD rates are low in community samples, but the presence of any PD is relatively high, with approximately one person in seven experiencing personality psychopathology. High congruence of prevalence estimates, but low rank-order agreement of rates, was observed. We discuss how the presence of PD is associated with socio-demographic correlates such as gender, race/ethnicity, and age and highlight areas for further study.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Impact of personality pathology on psychosocial functioning
    • Authors: Andrew E Skodol
      Pages: 33 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Andrew E Skodol
      Personality disorders impair social, occupational, leisure, and global functioning more than a significant disorder such as major depressive disorder. Impairment is found in clinical and community populations. Impairment is independent of co-occurring other mental disorders. Impairment is more stable over time than are the diagnoses themselves. Personality traits are also impairing and may be more predictive of outcomes over time, but a hybrid of personality disorder features and normal range personality traits may be the most predictive model. A general, ‘transdiagnostic,’ self-other severity factor may be important for understanding the relationship of personality pathology and psychosocial functioning over time. The Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders may be useful for the study of psychosocial functioning in individuals with personality pathology.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.006
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • The assessment of personality disorder: methodological, developmental, and
           contextual considerations
    • Authors: Kathleen W Reardon; Eric J Mercadante; Jennifer L Tackett
      Pages: 39 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Kathleen W Reardon, Eric J Mercadante, Jennifer L Tackett
      The reliable and valid assessment of personality disorders (PDs) faces several challenges in different domains. In particular, the variety of methods, settings, and informants relevant for PD assessment raises questions about best practices. Additionally, issues surrounding assessment across the lifespan, including youth and the elderly, further complicate PD assessment. We review these issues here and point toward future directions in PD assessment, with an emphasis on the utility of dimensional PD assessment.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T04:03:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.004
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • A mentalization-based approach to common factors in the treatment of
           borderline personality disorder
    • Authors: Anthony Bateman; Chloe Campbell; Patrick Luyten; Peter Fonagy
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Anthony Bateman, Chloe Campbell, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
      In this paper we conceptualize borderline personality disorder as a disorder of mentalizing, social cognition, and loss of resilience. Several treatment approaches are effective, and meta-analyses suggest that there are few substantive differences in effectiveness between them and between specialized and non-specialized approaches. We propose that these findings arise because of shared mechanisms of change, congruent with current thinking both about the existence of a general ‘p’ factor of psychopathology and a reconceptualization of personality disorders as involving a lack of resilience resulting from problems with epistemic trust and salutogenesis, the capacity to derive benefit from the social environment. Effective treatments share the characteristics of consistency, coherence and continuity, qualities particularly relevant to borderline personality disorder. They create the conditions for the reopening of epistemic trust, an essential component in therapeutic change, as it enables the individual to use the experience of being mentalized, to learn mentalizing of others, and then apply and develop these experiences in day-to-day life, which is the basis for meaningful therapeutic change.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T06:22:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.005
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorder: testing the trait
           perspective captured in Criterion B
    • Authors: Joshua D Miller; Chelsea Sleep; Donald R Lynam
      Pages: 50 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Joshua D Miller, Chelsea Sleep, Donald R Lynam
      We review the trait model (i.e., Criterion B) included as a central piece of the alternative model of personality disorder (PD) included in DSM-5. The pathological traits are organized into five domains with 25 facets that overlap substantially with basic personality models (e.g., five-factor model). These PD traits can be reliably assessed using a variety of measures; however, questions of poor discriminant validity have been raised. Concerns were raised that this model would result in the loss of clinically meaningful constructs (e.g., borderline personality disorder) but the empirical literature suggests that the traits can faithfully and adequately assess traditional PD constructs. Although personality dysfunction and pathological traits are required for this alternative model, impairment and traits largely overlap with only the latter demonstrating substantial and consistent incremental validity.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T06:22:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.012
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Past, present, and future of genetic research in borderline personality
    • Authors: Anahita Bassir Nia; Matthew C Eveleth; Jonathan M Gabbay; Yonis J Hassan; Bosi Zhang; M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez
      Pages: 60 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Anahita Bassir Nia, Matthew C Eveleth, Jonathan M Gabbay, Yonis J Hassan, Bosi Zhang, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez
      Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a major mental illness with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 1–3%, characterized by a persistent pattern of instability in relationships, mood, impulse regulation, and sense of self. This results in impulsive self-damaging behavior, high suicide rates, and severe functional impairment. BPD has a complex, multifactorial etiology, resulting from an interaction among genetic and environmental substrates, and has moderate to high heritability based on twin and family studies. However, our understanding of the genetic architecture of BPD is very limited. This is a critical obstacle since genetics can pave the way for identifying new treatment targets and developing preventive and disease-modifying pharmacological treatments which are currently lacking. We review genetic studies in BPD, with a focus on limitations and challenges and future directions. Genetic research in BPD is still in its very early stages compared to other major psychiatric disorders. Most early genetic studies in BPD were non-replicated association studies in small samples, focused on single candidate genes. More recently, there has been one genome-wide linkage study and a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of subclinical BPD traits and a first GWAS in a relatively modest sample of patients fulfilling full diagnostic criteria for the disorder. Although there are adequate animal models for some of the core dimensions of BPD, there is a lack of translational research including data from animal models in BPD. Research in more pioneering fields, such as imaging genetics, deep sequencing and epigenetics, holds promise for elucidating the pathophysiology of BPD and identifying new treatment targets.

      PubDate: 2017-10-14T06:42:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Issues resolved and unresolved in pathological narcissism
    • Authors: Aidan GC Wright; Elizabeth A Edershile
      Pages: 74 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Aidan GC Wright, Elizabeth A Edershile
      Narcissism is one of the oldest personality constructs, and yet debates about its definition and structure have been a topic of intense debate over the past decade. Recent independent reviews of the literature have proposed conceptually identical triarchic structural models of individual differences in pathological narcissism. In each model entitlement serves as the core of the construct, and its expression is moderated by basic personality/temperament to manifest in exhibitionism or vulnerability. However, the clinical observation that individuals high in pathological narcissism vacillate between grandiose and vulnerable states remains understudied and poorly understood. We review the recent research that has driven the contentious debates, emerging points of consensus, and necessary future directions for research.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Advances in transference-focused psychotherapy derived from the study of
           borderline personality disorder: clinical insights with a focus on
    • Authors: John F Clarkin; Nicole M Cain; Mark F Lenzenweger
      Pages: 80 - 85
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): John F Clarkin, Nicole M Cain, Mark F Lenzenweger
      The most current conceptualization of personality pathology emphasizes the assessment of the severity of selected domains of functioning involving lack of accurate perceptions of self and others that are common across the personality disorder categories. Advances in our understanding of personality pathology have stimulated further development of Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP) for patients with borderline personality disorder, including treatment focus on both behavior and mental representations of self and others, the trajectory of change in TFP, and the extension of TFP principles to the entire domain of personality pathology.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.008
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Age-related outcomes associated with personality pathology in later life
    • Authors: Patrick J Cruitt; Thomas F Oltmanns
      Pages: 89 - 93
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Patrick J Cruitt, Thomas F Oltmanns
      Methodological advances enable the latest research on personality pathology in later life to turn toward understanding the role personality pathology plays in age-related outcomes. Despite indications that some features of personality disorders fade in later life, a prevalence rate of approximately 10 percent has been established for adults aged 50 or older. Personality disorder features have been linked to suicidal ideation, poorer physical health, and cognitive decline in later life. Given these associations, the literature on treatment of personality disorders in this age group is surprisingly scant. Future research needs to address this lack in order to provide guidelines for the use of the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with older adults.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.013
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality: a decision
           neuroscience perspective
    • Authors: Michael N Hallquist; Nathan T Hall; Alison M Schreiber; Alexandre Y Dombrovski
      Pages: 94 - 104
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Michael N Hallquist, Nathan T Hall, Alison M Schreiber, Alexandre Y Dombrovski
      Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by disadvantageous decisions that are often expressed in close relationships and associated with intense negative emotions. Although functional neuroimaging studies of BPD have described regions associated with altered social cognition and emotion processing, these correlates do not inform an understanding of how brain activity leads to maladaptive choices. Drawing on recent research, we argue that formal models of decision-making are crucial to elaborating theories of BPD that bridge psychological constructs, behavior, and neural systems. We propose that maladaptive interactions between Pavlovian and instrumental influences play a crucial role in the expression of interpersonal problems. Finally, we articulate specific hypotheses about how clinical features of BPD may map onto neural systems that implement separable decision processes.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.09.011
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • The aetiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD): contemporary
           theories and putative mechanisms
    • Authors: Catherine Winsper
      Pages: 105 - 110
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Catherine Winsper
      This article presents an overview of current knowledge regarding the aetiology of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). It begins with a brief synopsis of early research and theory, and discusses how changing conceptualisations of BPD have impacted on our aetiological knowledge. Contemporary theories are described and presented within a developmental psychopathology framework. Deficient co-regulation and social communication in infancy are purported to underpin emotional dysregulation and social cognition deficits across development. These mechanisms are further potentiated by maladaptive social experiences in a series of positive feedback loops. Prospective research provides preliminary evidence for the reciprocal (or mediating) effects of maladaptive experiences and childhood dysregulation. Moving forward, cohort studies may incorporate neurobiological assessments to examine the biological systems underpinning phenotypic (e.g., impulsivity, disturbed relatedness) covariation.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.10.005
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Personality pathology grows up: adolescence as a sensitive period
    • Authors: Carla Sharp; Kiana Wall
      Pages: 111 - 116
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Carla Sharp, Kiana Wall
      There is mounting evidence that personality pathology, in particular, borderline pathology is a valid and reliable construct in adolescence, with prevalence, phenomenology, stability and risk factors similar to that of adult borderline personality disorder. Scientific evidence also delineates a marked separation of course and outcome of adolescent borderline personality disorder from other disorders and supports the efficacy of disorder-specific treatment. The current article addresses recent findings in these areas which point to adolescence as a sensitive period for the development for personality pathology. A conceptual model of psychopathology is presented wherein personality pathology is described as a qualitatively different level of psychopathology in the form of maladaptive self-other relatedness that is developmentally tied to identity formation in adolescence.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T22:40:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.11.010
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Giving what one should: explanations for the knowledge-behavior gap for
           altruistic giving
    • Authors: Peter R Blake
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Peter R Blake
      Several studies have shown that children struggle to give what they believe that they should: the so-called knowledge-behavior gap. Over a dozen recent Dictator Game studies find that, although young children believe that they should give half of a set of resources to a peer, they typically give less and often keep all of the resources for themselves. This article reviews recent evidence for five potential explanations for the gap and how children close it with age: self-regulation, social distance, theory of mind, moral knowledge and social learning. I conclude that self-regulation, social distance, and social learning show the most promising evidence for understanding the mechanisms that can close the gap.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.041
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The influence of group membership on young children's prosocial behaviour
    • Authors: Harriet Over
      Pages: 17 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Harriet Over
      Young children can be extremely prosocial—willing to help and share with others and comfort them in distress. However, the origins of social problems like prejudice and discrimination also appear early in development. In this paper, I discuss research investigating how group membership affects children's tendency to be prosocial. Existing research on this topic has focused primarily on sharing behaviour and shown that, in general, children allocate more resources to members of their own groups. After reviewing this important literature, I make the case for extending research with young children to other forms of prosociality. This has the potential to inform our understanding of the mechanisms behind ingroup favouritism in prosociality and help us understand routes towards interventions to encourage more egalitarian behaviour.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How to build a helpful baby: a look at the roots of prosociality in
    • Authors: Tobias Grossmann
      Pages: 21 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tobias Grossmann
      The ability to show concern for others in need and distress is thought to be a vital building block for prosocial tendencies among humans. The current review shows that such other-oriented emotional processes play an important role in guiding prosocial behavior from early in development. Recent research supports the view that infants genuinely care about others in need and distress, but also that a caring continuum exists, which underpins variability in infant prosocial action. Novel methods measuring brain, pupillary, and postural responses have provided insights into affective predictors, motivators, and consequences of prosocial behavior in infants. These advances foster a more mechanistic understanding of the ontogenetic roots of prosociality and attest to infants’ affective competency in engaging prosocially with others.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The prosocial functions of early social emotions: the case of guilt
    • Authors: Amrisha Vaish
      Pages: 25 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Amrisha Vaish
      To safeguard human cooperation, it is vital that when cooperative relationships break down, they are repaired. This requirement is met by the social emotion of guilt, at two levels: the experience of guilt motivates transgressors to repair the damage they have caused, and transgressors’ displays of guilt appease victims and bystanders and elicit cooperation toward the transgressor. I review recent evidence that guilt functions in both of these ways from early in development. The experience of guilt motivates reparative behavior in children 2–3 years of age, and transgressors’ displays of guilt appease and elicit cooperation in children 4–5 years of age. Thus, over the first few years of ontogeny, guilt becomes an important mechanism for upholding cooperation.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.008
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Genetic and environmental contributions to children's prosocial behavior:
    • Authors: Ariel Knafo-Noam; Dana Vertsberger; Salomon Israel
      Pages: 60 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Ariel Knafo-Noam, Dana Vertsberger, Salomon Israel
      Children's prosocial behaviors show considerable variability. Here we discuss the genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in children's prosocial behavior. Twin research systematically shows, at least from the age of 3 years, a genetic contribution to individual differences in prosocial behavior, both questionnaire-based and observed. This finding is demonstrated across a wide variety of cultures. We discuss the possibility that different prosocial behaviors have different genetic etiologies. A re-analysis of past twin data shows that sharing and comforting are affected by overlapping genetic factors at age 3.5 years. In contrast, the association between helping and comforting is attributed to environmental factors. The few molecular genetic studies of children's prosocial behavior are reviewed, and we point out genome-wide and polygenic methods as a key future direction. Finally, we discuss the interplay of genetic and environmental factors, focusing on both gene×environment interactions and gene–environment correlations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.013
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Integrating developmental aspects in current thinking about personality
    • Authors: Clercq
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): B De Clercq
      The current review outlines some recent highlights from the developmental literature on personality pathology with regard to its conceptualization, development, assessment and clinical utility. Notable parallels with adult evidence are described, but also unique and age-specific issues are discussed. Finally, suggestions for future research that may stimulate a life-span and integrative perspective on personality pathology from childhood onwards are proposed.

      PubDate: 2017-11-03T14:58:50Z
  • Personality pathology and intentional self-harm: cross-cutting insights
           from categorical and dimensional models
    • Authors: Brianna Turner; Hyejin Jin Michael Anestis Katherine Dixon-Gordon Kim Gratz
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Brianna J Turner, Hyejin M Jin, Michael D Anestis, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Kim L Gratz
      This paper reviews current literature on the links between personality pathology and intentional self-harm, including nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. Specifically, this review highlights recent advances stemming from longitudinal, epidemiological, and health registry studies, as well as emerging research on pathological personality traits and intentional self-harm, and integrates current knowledge across dimensional and categorical frameworks to provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research. This review provides strong evidence that personality disorders marked by intense and unstable negative affect, detachment/low extraversion, aggression/hostility, and specific facets of impulsivity may be considered risk factors for suicidal behaviors. Further, there is some evidence of a stronger relation between maladaptive personality traits and suicidal versus non-suicidal intentional self-harm.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T06:22:33Z
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