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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 881 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 408)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 230)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 221)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 134)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Current Opinion in Psychology
  [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2352-250X
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3044 journals]
  • From ideation to action: recent advances in understanding suicide
    • Authors: Alexis M May; Sarah E Victor
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Alexis M May, Sarah E Victor
      Suicide capability is one of few risk factors associated with suicide attempts among ideators. In the decade since the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide introduced the concept of acquired capability (i.e. the ability to face the fear and pain associated with death), understanding of the capability to attempt suicide has grown. Acquired (e.g. NSSI), dispositional (e.g. genetic), and practical contributors (e.g. access to firearms) appear to influence suicide capability via mechanisms such as the fear of death, persistence through pain, and familiarity with suicide methods. Self-report methods have shown mixed results, highlighting the importance of developing behavioral measures of suicide capability.

      PubDate: 2017-07-27T15:25:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Firearm suicide: pathways to risk and methods of prevention
    • Authors: Claire Houtsma; Sarah E Butterworth; Michael D Anestis
      Pages: 7 - 11
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Claire Houtsma, Sarah E Butterworth, Michael D Anestis
      Firearms are utilized in approximately half of all US suicides, making them a serious public health concern and a target of suicide prevention efforts. Practical capability influences the transition from suicidal ideation to action and is particularly relevant to firearm suicide. Firearm ownership, experience using firearms, unsafe firearm storage, and high cultural acceptability of firearms increase risk for death by firearm suicide. Means safety strategies, which emphasize the reduction of practical capability for suicide through the limitation of access to and safe storage of firearms, are effective in preventing suicide and include interventions such as lethal means counseling, firearm legislation, and promoting safe storage practices. Public health interventions aimed at reducing firearm suicide are critical topics for continued research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The relationship between entrapment and suicidal behavior through the lens
           of the integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behavior
    • Authors: Rory C O’Connor; Gwendolyn Portzky
      Pages: 12 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Rory C O’Connor, Gwendolyn Portzky
      Suicide and suicidal behavior are major public health concerns. As a result, a number of psychological models have been developed to better understand the emergence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. One such model is the integrated motivational–volitional model, a tri-partite model of suicidal behavior, which posits that entrapment is central to the final common pathway to suicide. In this review, we summarize the extant research evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior. Although there is robust evidence for the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior, there are gaps in our knowledge. We discuss the clinical implications and suggest key directions for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.021
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Physical disability and suicide: recent advancements in understanding and
           future directions for consideration
    • Authors: Lauren R Khazem
      Pages: 18 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lauren R Khazem
      Recent research indicates a heightened risk of suicide in this population, a concern given that suicide may be more accepted for those with physical disabilities than for those without such disabilities. The relationship between physical disability and suicide has begun to be examined within empirically supported frameworks of suicide and indicates that interpersonal factors (e.g. perceived burdensomeness) and pain are mechanisms contributing to this heightened risk of suicide. The suicide rate after acquiring a physical disability, such as a spinal cord injury, and the greater odds of suicide after reporting having a disability further support the association between physical disability and suicide. The multifaceted nature of physical disability is reflected in its relationship with suicidal ideation and behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.018
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide in physicians and veterinarians: risk factors and theories
    • Authors: Erin L Fink-Miller; Lisa M Nestler
      Pages: 23 - 26
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Erin L Fink-Miller, Lisa M Nestler
      Physicians and veterinarians are at increased risk for suicide compared to the general population. In particular, this risk appears to be especially pertinent to females in both of these professions. Although increased risk is well-documented, less is known about potential causes for suicidality in these groups. A host of risk factors have been examined in recent research, including job stressors, personality traits, access to lethal medications, and unique work experiences. In addition to these factors, the interpersonal psychological theory of suicidal behavior may provide promise in specifying why physicians and veterinarians are at increased risk for suicide. While there is recognition of mental health issues in these professions, significant treatment barriers remain.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.019
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide prevention in the military: a mechanistic perspective
    • Authors: Craig J Bryan; David C Rozek
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Craig J Bryan, David C Rozek
      In response to elevated suicide rates among U.S. military personnel, increased attention has focused on developing effective suicide prevention intervention strategies. Accumulating evidence from a series of recently-completed clinical trials focused on the treatment of suicide risk and posttraumatic stress disorder suggest two likely mechanisms of action for reducing suicidal thoughts and behaviors: emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility. The present article provides an overview of converging evidence from psychological, biological, and neurocognitive studies supporting the central role of emotion regulation and cognitive flexibility. The effects of various treatments on suicidal thoughts and behaviors, aggregated from seven clinical trials conducted with military personnel, are considered using this integrated clinical science perspective. Implications for intervention refinement and suicide prevention among military personnel are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.022
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Real-time assessment of suicidal thoughts and behaviors
    • Authors: Evan M Kleiman; Matthew K Nock
      Pages: 33 - 37
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Evan M Kleiman, Matthew K Nock
      One of the greatest challenges to understanding, predicting, and preventing suicide is that we have never had the ability to observe and intervene upon them as they unfold in real-time. Recently developed real-time monitoring methods are creating new opportunities for scientific and clinical advances. For instance, recent real-time monitoring studies of suicidal thoughts show that they typically are episodic, with quick onset and short duration. Many known risk factors that predict changes in suicidal thoughts over months/years (e.g. hopelessness) do not predict changes over hours/days—highlighting the gap in our abilities for short-term prediction. Current and future studies using newer streams of data from smartphone sensors (e.g. GPS) and wearables (e.g. heart rate) are further expanding knowledge and clinical possibilities.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.026
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicide among Hispanics in the United States
    • Authors: Caroline Silva; Kimberly A Van Orden
      Pages: 44 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Caroline Silva, Kimberly A Van Orden
      Suicide ideation and behavior among U.S. Hispanics has increased notably in the last decade, especially among youth. Suicide risk increases across generations of Hispanics, with risk greatest amongst U.S.-born Hispanics. Acculturative stress has been linked to increased risk for suicide ideation, attempts, and fatalities among Hispanics. Acculturative stress may increase suicide risk via disintegration of cultural values (such as familism and religiosity) and social bonds. Culturally-tailored prevention efforts are needed that address suicide risk among Hispanics. We propose a conceptual model for suicide prevention focused on augmenting cultural engagement among at risk Hispanics.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.013
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • What suicide interventions should target
    • Authors: Joseph C Franklin; Xieyining Huang; Kathryn R Fox; Jessica D Ribeiro
      Pages: 50 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Joseph C Franklin, Xieyining Huang, Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro
      Recent reviews and national statistics indicate that, so far, our field has made limited progress on fulfilling its central mission of preventing future suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). We posit that a fundamental reason for our lack of progress is the way in which our field tends to think about and select STB intervention targets. Specifically, the vast majority of our intervention targets are derived from untested theoretical assertions, moderate correlates of STBs, or weak risk factors for STBs. None of these forms of evidence permits causal inferences, which is problematic because successful STB interventions must target the causes of STBs. To develop effective interventions, we must employ experimental designs to identify targets that are causal, necessary, and viable.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Suicidal behavior and aggression-related disorders
    • Authors: Michael S McCloskey; Brooke A Ammerman
      Pages: 54 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Michael S McCloskey, Brooke A Ammerman
      Studies of suicidal behavior among those with aggression-related disorders (i.e. intermittent explosive disorder, borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and conduct disorder) were examined. The presence of an aggressive disorder generally increased the risk of suicide attempts and mortality, with this effect (when examined) usually existing independent of other psychopathology. However, this may not be the case for antisocial personality disorder. Furthermore, with the exception of intermittent explosive disorder, the extant research suggests severity of aggression was associated with suicide attempt risk in aggression-related disorders. Future research is needed to better understand what mechanisms may influence the suicide–aggression relationship.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.010
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • What role do nightmares play in suicide' A brief exploration
    • Authors: Caitlin E Titus; Katrina J Speed; Patricia M Cartwright; Christopher W Drapeau; Yeseul Heo; Michael R Nadorff
      Pages: 59 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Caitlin E Titus, Katrina J Speed, Patricia M Cartwright, Christopher W Drapeau, Yeseul Heo, Michael R Nadorff
      The suicide rate in the United States has climbed each year for more than a decade, highlighting the need for greater understanding of, and prevention strategies for suicidal behavior. Nightmares have been shown to be associated with suicidal behavior independent of several psychiatric risk factors for suicide, such as symptoms of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The specific role of nightmares in contributing to suicide remains unclear due to the difficulty in delineating causal factors. However, the reporting, screening and treatment of nightmares continues to remain rare making progress difficult. Research is beginning to make some progress in uncovering the mechanisms by which nightmares increase suicide risk providing opportunities for intervention and prediction of suicidal behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.022
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Eating disorders and suicidality: what we know, what we don’t know, and
           suggestions for future research
    • Authors: April R Smith; Kelly L Zuromski; Dorian R Dodd
      Pages: 63 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): April R Smith, Kelly L Zuromski, Dorian R Dodd
      Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), and suicidal behavior is elevated in bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) relative to the general population. This paper reviews the suicidality literature within each ED, as well as theoretical explanations for the elevated risk for suicidality among those with EDs. Approximately one-quarter to one-third of people with AN, BN, or BED have thought about suicide, and one-quarter to one-third of people with AN and BN have attempted suicide. Relative to gender and aged matched comparison groups, individuals with AN are 18 times more likely to die by suicide, and individuals with BN are seven times more likely to die by suicide. However, the majority of the research in this area is cross-sectional or retrospective, which leaves the timing of the mortality risk unclear. Longitudinal work that is designed to examine dynamic and acute fluctuations in suicidality among ED samples is needed in order to determine meaningful risk factors.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.023
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Repetitive negative thinking and suicide: a burgeoning literature with
           need for further exploration
    • Authors: Keyne C Law; Raymond P Tucker
      Pages: 68 - 72
      Abstract: Publication date: August 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 22
      Author(s): Keyne C Law, Raymond P Tucker
      Extant research has found a significant overlap between various repetitive negative thinking (RNT) patterns, such as rumination and worry, across different affective disorders implicating that the process of repetitive negative thinking is likely trans-diagnostic. Furthermore, RNT patterns at the core of psychiatric disorders associated with suicide (e.g., rumination and worry) have been found to be associated with suicide even after accounting for the disorder. A synthesis of existing literature on repetitive negative thoughts suggest that following negative emotional experiences, RNTs may lead to a sense of entrapment and hopelessness that may contribute to the onset of suicidal ideation and then facilitate the transition from thinking about suicide to making a suicide attempt by increasing an individual's capability for suicide through repetitive exposure to violent thoughts and imagery associated with suicide.

      PubDate: 2017-09-07T02:04:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.027
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Recent advances in understanding physical health problems in personality
    • Authors: Katherine L Dixon-Gordon; Lindsey C Conkey; Diana J Whalen
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Lindsey C Conkey, Diana J Whalen
      Personality disorders are associated with a range of adverse health outcomes, contributing to the high healthcare utilization seen in patients with these disorders. A growing literature supports a robust association of personality disorders and health problems. The primary aim of this article is to summarize the most recent research documenting the associations between personality disorders and health conditions. Extending past reviews, we discuss the association of personality disorders with chronic physical illnesses, sleep disturbances, pain conditions, and obesity. We provide recommendations for future research in this area.

      PubDate: 2017-09-19T02:48:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.036
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • An interpersonal perspective on Criterion A of the DSM-5 Alternative Model
           for Personality Disorders
    • Authors: Aaron L Pincus
      Pages: 11 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 21
      Author(s): Aaron L Pincus
      This paper links Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — 5th Edition Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with the contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology. Advances in interpersonal theory and assessment are outlined to demonstrate that Criterion A's self (identity, self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy, intimacy) impairments are related to the interpersonal meta-constructs and agency and communion and are operationalized by perceptual, behavioral, and affective mechanisms of the interpersonal situation framework. Research informed by the interpersonal situation examining interpersonal functioning in personality disorders is reviewed. Specifically, studies employing experience sampling with event-contingent designs examine social functioning in daily life and studies employing continuous assessment of interpersonal dynamics examine the moment-to-moment unfolding of interpersonal behavior in dyadic interactions.

      PubDate: 2017-09-19T02:48:26Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.035
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Giving what one should: explanations for the knowledge-behavior gap for
           altruistic giving
    • Authors: Peter R Blake
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Peter R Blake
      Several studies have shown that children struggle to give what they believe that they should: the so-called knowledge-behavior gap. Over a dozen recent Dictator Game studies find that, although young children believe that they should give half of a set of resources to a peer, they typically give less and often keep all of the resources for themselves. This article reviews recent evidence for five potential explanations for the gap and how children close it with age: self-regulation, social distance, theory of mind, moral knowledge and social learning. I conclude that self-regulation, social distance, and social learning show the most promising evidence for understanding the mechanisms that can close the gap.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.041
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Callous-unemotional behaviors in early childhood: the development of
           empathy and prosociality gone awry
    • Authors: Rebecca Waller; Luke W Hyde
      Pages: 11 - 16
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Rebecca Waller, Luke W Hyde
      Callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors are critical to understanding the development of severe forms of aggression and antisocial behavior. CU behaviors include deficits in empathy and prosocial behavior, as well as reduced interpersonal responsivity to others. We review recent research examining CU behaviors in early childhood and the role that parents play in the development of early CU behaviors. We integrate research on the development of empathy and prosociality with that of CU behaviors to propose a developmental model of early CU behaviors that considers person-by-context interactions.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.037
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The influence of group membership on young children's prosocial behaviour
    • Authors: Harriet Over
      Pages: 17 - 20
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Harriet Over
      Young children can be extremely prosocial—willing to help and share with others and comfort them in distress. However, the origins of social problems like prejudice and discrimination also appear early in development. In this paper, I discuss research investigating how group membership affects children's tendency to be prosocial. Existing research on this topic has focused primarily on sharing behaviour and shown that, in general, children allocate more resources to members of their own groups. After reviewing this important literature, I make the case for extending research with young children to other forms of prosociality. This has the potential to inform our understanding of the mechanisms behind ingroup favouritism in prosociality and help us understand routes towards interventions to encourage more egalitarian behaviour.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How to build a helpful baby: a look at the roots of prosociality in
    • Authors: Tobias Grossmann
      Pages: 21 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tobias Grossmann
      The ability to show concern for others in need and distress is thought to be a vital building block for prosocial tendencies among humans. The current review shows that such other-oriented emotional processes play an important role in guiding prosocial behavior from early in development. Recent research supports the view that infants genuinely care about others in need and distress, but also that a caring continuum exists, which underpins variability in infant prosocial action. Novel methods measuring brain, pupillary, and postural responses have provided insights into affective predictors, motivators, and consequences of prosocial behavior in infants. These advances foster a more mechanistic understanding of the ontogenetic roots of prosociality and attest to infants’ affective competency in engaging prosocially with others.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The prosocial functions of early social emotions: the case of guilt
    • Authors: Amrisha Vaish
      Pages: 25 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Amrisha Vaish
      To safeguard human cooperation, it is vital that when cooperative relationships break down, they are repaired. This requirement is met by the social emotion of guilt, at two levels: the experience of guilt motivates transgressors to repair the damage they have caused, and transgressors’ displays of guilt appease victims and bystanders and elicit cooperation toward the transgressor. I review recent evidence that guilt functions in both of these ways from early in development. The experience of guilt motivates reparative behavior in children 2–3 years of age, and transgressors’ displays of guilt appease and elicit cooperation in children 4–5 years of age. Thus, over the first few years of ontogeny, guilt becomes an important mechanism for upholding cooperation.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.008
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Neurocognitive mechanisms of prosociality in childhood
    • Authors: Nikolaus Steinbeis
      Pages: 30 - 34
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Nikolaus Steinbeis
      This paper reviews the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying prosocial development in childhood. I begin by arguing that most prosociality is costly. This cost needs to be regulated for prosocial behavior to occur. The precise regulatory mechanisms depend on the type of prosocial behavior and include behavioral control in the case of sharing and emotion regulation in the case of helping. I review evidence that these regulatory mechanisms are subserved by prefrontal cortical circuitry, which depending on the mechanism interacts with different brain regions coding for self-related and other-related affect to produce prosocial behavior. I conclude that the maturation of prefrontal cortical circuitry drives the development of both sharing and helping in childhood through supporting the emergence of relevant regulatory mechanisms.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.012
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How interpersonal synchrony facilitates early prosocial behavior
    • Authors: Laura K Cirelli
      Pages: 35 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Laura K Cirelli
      When infants and children affiliate with others, certain cues may direct their social efforts to ‘better’ social partners. Interpersonal synchrony, or when two or more people move together in time, can be one such cue. In adults, experiencing interpersonal synchrony encourages affiliative behaviors. Recent studies have found that these effects also influence early prosociality—for example, 14-month-olds help a synchronous partner more than an asynchronous partner. These effects on helping are specifically directed to the synchronous movement partner and members of that person's social group. In older children, the prosocial effects of interpersonal synchrony may even cross group divides. How synchrony and other cues for group membership influence early prosociality is a promising avenue for future research.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.009
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Fostering prosocial behavior and empathy in young children
    • Authors: Tracy L Spinrad; Diana E Gal
      Pages: 40 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tracy L Spinrad, Diana E Gal
      There is increasing interest in understanding ways to foster young children's prosocial behavior (i.e. voluntary acts to benefit another). We begin this review by differentiating between types of prosocial behavior, empathy, and sympathy. We argue that sympathy and some types of prosocial behaviors are most likely intrinsically motivated, whereas other types of prosocial behaviors may be extrinsically motivated. Next, we highlight work focusing on the socialization practices that have been found to predict individual differences in young children's prosocial behavior and concern for others. Although work in the area is limited, we also review some intervention programs that have shown effectiveness in improving young children's positive social behaviors. We conclude with areas for future research.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.004
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • From being nice to being kind: development of prosocial behaviors
    • Authors: Tina Malti; Sebastian P Dys
      Pages: 45 - 49
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tina Malti, Sebastian P Dys
      Empirical findings regarding the origins and development of prosocial behaviors from infancy to childhood have generated new information on when young children act prosocially toward others, how prosocial behavior changes across development, and why children do or do not behave prosocially. We discuss recent advances in three areas of research: First, studies have increasingly focused on age-related differences in various prosocial behaviors. Second, psychological underpinnings of prosocial behavior development have contributed to a better understanding of children's motives for prosocial behaviors. Third, dispositional and situational effects on the development of prosocial behaviors have been examined. We discuss consequences of individual differences in prosocial behaviors and provide recommendations for future directions for the study of prosocial behavior development.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.036
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Physiological mechanisms of prosociality
    • Authors: Jonas G Miller
      Pages: 50 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jonas G Miller
      Psychophysiological perspectives can provide unique insights into the nature and motivations of children's prosociality and inform our understanding of individual differences. Here, I review current research on prosociality involving some of the most common physiological measures in developmental psychology, including cortisol, various sympathetic nervous system measures, and high-frequency heart rate variability. The literature has been quite mixed, in part because the link between physiology and prosociality is context-dependent and person-dependent. However, recent advances are refining our understanding of the basic physiological mechanisms of prosociality. Resting physiology that contributes to a balance of regulation and vigilance prepares children to effectively cope with future social challenges, like noticing and attending to the needs of others. Experiencing some arousal is an important aspect of empathy-related responding, but physiological patterns of both heightened and hypoarousal can undermine prosociality. Physiological flexibility in response to others’ needs may support emotional and behavioral flexibility important for prosociality.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.018
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Positive feelings reward and promote prosocial behavior
    • Authors: Lara B Aknin; Julia W Van de Vondervoort; J Kiley Hamlin
      Pages: 55 - 59
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Lara B Aknin, Julia W Van de Vondervoort, J Kiley Hamlin
      Humans are extraordinarily prosocial. What inspires and reinforces a willingness to help others? Here we focus on the role of positive feelings. Drawing on functional accounts of positive emotion, which suggest that positive emotional states serve to alert actors to positive experiences and encourage similar action in the future, we summarize evidence demonstrating that positive feelings promote and reward prosocial behavior throughout development. Specifically, we highlight new and classic evidence from both child and adult research showing first, that various positive states prompt prosocial behavior, and second, prosocial action leads to positive states. We also consider the possibility of a positive feedback loop, wherein the emotional rewards of giving promote future prosociality.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.017
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Genetic and environmental contributions to children's prosocial behavior:
    • Authors: Ariel Knafo-Noam; Dana Vertsberger; Salomon Israel
      Pages: 60 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Ariel Knafo-Noam, Dana Vertsberger, Salomon Israel
      Children's prosocial behaviors show considerable variability. Here we discuss the genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in children's prosocial behavior. Twin research systematically shows, at least from the age of 3 years, a genetic contribution to individual differences in prosocial behavior, both questionnaire-based and observed. This finding is demonstrated across a wide variety of cultures. We discuss the possibility that different prosocial behaviors have different genetic etiologies. A re-analysis of past twin data shows that sharing and comforting are affected by overlapping genetic factors at age 3.5 years. In contrast, the association between helping and comforting is attributed to environmental factors. The few molecular genetic studies of children's prosocial behavior are reviewed, and we point out genome-wide and polygenic methods as a key future direction. Finally, we discuss the interplay of genetic and environmental factors, focusing on both gene×environment interactions and gene–environment correlations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.013
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Domain-general neural computations underlying prosociality during infancy
           and early childhood
    • Authors: Jason M Cowell; Destany Calma-Birling; Jean Decety
      Pages: 66 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jason M Cowell, Destany Calma-Birling, Jean Decety
      A mounting body of neuroscience research in the social and moral evaluative abilities of infants and young children suggests the coopting of three domain-general processes involved in attention allocation, approach/avoidance, and intention and action understanding. Electrophysiological investigations demonstrate children's preference for prosocial others, that children's individual differences in moral evaluation predict prosocial behaviors, and that parental values may already influence neural sociomoral computations at quite young ages. This review highlights the importance of a developmental neuroscience approach in clarifying our understanding of early prosocial preference and behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.016
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How, not whether: contributions of others in the development of infant
    • Authors: Audun Dahl
      Pages: 72 - 76
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Audun Dahl
      Young children's helping behaviors emerge and develop through everyday interactions with others. This paper proposes to sidestep the dichotomy between socialization and biological processes in research on early helping: The question is not whether but how others contribute to the development of infant helping. To answer this question, it is necessary to broaden conceptions of how others may contribute to the development of helping beyond explicit teaching and rewards. Recent experimental and observational research indicates that family members scaffold helping from the first year of life and that specific forms of scaffolding influences the development of helping. The roles of others appear to vary with child age and across communities and are responsive to children's social initiatives.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.038
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The early emergence of sociomoral evaluation: infants prefer prosocial
    • Authors: Julia W Van de Vondervoort; Jane Kiley Hamlin
      Pages: 77 - 81
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Julia W Van de Vondervoort, Jane Kiley Hamlin
      Humans readily evaluate third-parties’ prosocial and antisocial acts. Recent evidence reveals that this tendency emerges early in development—even preverbal infants selectively approach prosocial others and avoid antisocial ones. Rather than reflecting attraction toward or away from low-level characteristics of the displays or simple behavioral rules, infants are sensitive to characteristics of both the agents and recipients of prosocial and antisocial acts. Specifically, infants’ preferences require that the recipients of positive and negative acts be social agents with clear unfulfilled goals, who have not previously harmed others. In addition, prosocial and antisocial agents must act intentionally, in the service of positive and negative goals. It is an open question whether these prosocial preferences reflect self-interested and/or moral concerns.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.014
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The evolutionary roots of prosociality: the case of instrumental helping
    • Authors: Alicia P Melis
      Pages: 82 - 86
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Alicia P Melis
      Comparative studies with closely related primate species are crucial to understand the origins of human prosociality. One type of prosocial behaviour that probably relies on evolutionary ancient skills and motivations is instrumental helping. Recent experimental studies have shown that bonobos and chimpanzees will help others achieve their action goals. Chimpanzees have shown to help others picking up and giving objects to a recipient, opening locked doors for conspecifics struggling to open them, and releasing stuck rewards that recipients were trying to reach. Recent studies have now replicated some of these results with bonobos. However, whereas chimpanzee's helping emerges mainly in response to recipients’ signals of need, bonobos also help proactively. This difference could rely on bonobos’ enhanced socio-cognitive skills.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.019
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • How do social norms influence prosocial development'
    • Authors: Bailey R House
      Pages: 87 - 91
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Bailey R House
      Humans are both highly prosocial and extremely sensitive to social norms, and some theories suggest that norms are necessary to account for uniquely human forms of prosocial behavior and cooperation. Understanding how norms influence prosocial behavior is thus essential if we are to describe the psychology and development of prosocial behavior. In this article I review recent research from across the social sciences that provides (1) a theoretical model of how norms influence prosocial behavior, (2) empirical support for the model based on studies with adults and children, and (3) predictions about the psychological mechanisms through which norms shape prosocial behavior. I conclude by discussing the need for future studies into how prosocial behavior develops through emerging interactions between culturally varying norms, social cognition, emotions, and potentially genes.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.011
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The influence of reputational concerns on children's prosociality
    • Authors: Jan M Engelmann; Diotima J Rapp
      Pages: 92 - 95
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jan M Engelmann, Diotima J Rapp
      While it is well known that reputational concerns promote prosociality in adults, their ontogenetic origins remain poorly understood. Here we review evidence suggesting that the first prosocial acts of young children are not aimed at gaining reputational credit. However, at approximately five years of age, children come to be concerned about their reputations, and their prosocial behaviors show the signature of self-promotional strategies: increased prosociality in public compared to private settings. In middle childhood, at around eight years of age, children acquire further abilities to control the image they project and start to reason explicitly about their reputation. We discuss potential social and cognitive factors—Partner Choice and Theory of Mind—that contribute to the developmental emergence of self-presentational behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.024
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Sibling influences on prosocial behavior
    • Authors: Claire Hughes; Gabrielle McHarg; Naomi White
      Pages: 96 - 101
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Claire Hughes, Gabrielle McHarg, Naomi White
      Sibling relationships are characterized by familiarity and emotional intensity. Alongside frequent shared play, sibling interactions feature complementary interactions (e.g. teaching, caregiving) reflecting age-related asymmetries in socio-cognitive skills. These aspects may underpin sibling influences on prosocial behavior: theoretical accounts of social influences on prosocial behavior highlight emotion sharing, goal alignment, the intrinsically rewarding nature of social interaction, and scaffolding of social norms. Taking a fine-grained approach to prosocial behavior, we examine these processes in relation to sibling influences on children's comforting, sharing, and helping. Emergent themes include: developmental change in the nature of sibling influences on prosocial behavior, the need to consider sibling influences in the wider family context, and the importance of individual differences in the quality of sibling relationships.

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.08.015
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Early prosocial development across cultures
    • Authors: Tara Callaghan; John Corbit
      Pages: 102 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Tara Callaghan, John Corbit
      Human prosociality is ubiquitous, even though it may be manifested differently across cultures. Low cost helping and sharing emerge early in development, and at similar levels, across cultures having vastly different sociocultural niches. Developmental trajectories for costly sharing diverge across cultures around middle childhood, in line with differences in the sociocultural niches that children experience. Cultural developmental research has focussed primarily on the emergence and development of prosocial behaviour, and would benefit from an examination of the interplay between psychological (cognitive, motivational) and sociocultural (norms, developmental niche) foundations over ontogeny.

      PubDate: 2017-09-07T02:04:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.039
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The influence of understanding and having choice on children's prosocial
    • Authors: Nadia Chernyak; Tamar Kushnir
      Pages: 107 - 110
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Nadia Chernyak, Tamar Kushnir
      Humans are remarkable moral evaluators. However, between infancy and the preschool-age, children move from merely evaluating the world in terms of moral (“good”/“bad”) terms to acting upon it in meaningful (prosocial and antisocial) ways. We argue that children's developing understanding and experience of choice and agency has profound behavioral consequences for this development in prosocial behavior. During the preschool age, children begin to explicitly reflect on their own actions and alternative actions (i.e., actions not taken), which then in turn help them make sense of the extent to which their prosocial behavior is costly, freely chosen, and internally motivated. We review the progression and developmental antecedents of children's beliefs about choice and agency as well as recent evidence for how children's social contexts may imbue them with a sense of choice and agency over their moral actions. We argue that the preschool period may be a particularly sensitive developmental time window during which children are sensitive to input regarding their own agency.

      PubDate: 2017-09-13T02:06:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.043
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Development of aggression
    • Authors: Jennifer E Lansford
      Pages: 17 - 21
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Jennifer E Lansford
      Theories and empirical findings regarding the development of aggression have included advances in four key areas in the last two years. First, studies have increasingly adopted more nuanced operationalization of forms and functions of aggression. Second, mediators and moderators of links between risk factors and the development of aggression have been examined with more precision. Third, advances in neuroscience and studies of gene by environment interactions have led to greater understanding of genetic and neurobiological underpinnings of the development of aggression. Fourth, cross-cultural and international research has tested the generalizability of findings to more diverse samples and has examined culture as a potential moderator of links between risk factors and the development of aggression.

      PubDate: 2017-04-22T21:38:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.015
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The aggressive brain: insights from neuroscience
    • Authors: Bruce D Bartholow
      Pages: 60 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Bruce D Bartholow
      Aggression is a complex, multifaceted behavior often caused by numerous factors and expressed in innumerable ways. Like all behaviors, aggression represents the outcome of sets of biological and physiological processes emerging from the brain. Although this may seem obvious, discovering the specific neural circuits and neurophysiological processes responsible for engendering aggressive responses has proven anything but simple. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief overview of discoveries in both human cognitive neuroscience and animal behavioral neuroscience that have begun to shed light—literally in some cases—on the heretofore mysterious neural processes and connections responsible for producing aggressive behavioral responses.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The General Aggression Model
    • Authors: Johnie J Allen; Craig A Anderson; Brad J Bushman
      Pages: 75 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Johnie J Allen, Craig A Anderson, Brad J Bushman
      The General Aggression Model (GAM) is a comprehensive, integrative, framework for understanding aggression. It considers the role of social, cognitive, personality, developmental, and biological factors on aggression. Proximate processes of GAM detail how person and situation factors influence cognitions, feelings, and arousal, which in turn affect appraisal and decision processes, which in turn influence aggressive or nonaggressive behavioral outcomes. Each cycle of the proximate processes serves as a learning trial that affects the development and accessibility of aggressive knowledge structures. Distal processes of GAM detail how biological and persistent environmental factors can influence personality through changes in knowledge structures. GAM has been applied to understand aggression in many contexts including media violence effects, domestic violence, intergroup violence, temperature effects, pain effects, and the effects of global climate change.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.034
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Animal models of excessive aggression: implications for human aggression
           and violence
    • Authors: Sietse F de Boer
      Pages: 81 - 87
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Sietse F de Boer
      Escalated interpersonal aggression and violence are common symptoms of multiple psychiatric disorders and represent a significant global health issue. Current therapeutic strategies are limited due to a lack of understanding about the neural and molecular mechanisms underlying the ‘vicious’ shift of normal adaptive aggression into violence, and the environmental triggers that cause it. Development of novel animal models that validly capture the salient features of human violent actions combined with newly emerging technologies for mapping, measuring, and manipulating neuronal activity in the brain significantly advance our understanding of the etiology, neuromolecular mechanisms, and potential therapeutic interventions of excessive aggressive behaviors in humans.

      PubDate: 2017-04-30T11:55:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.006
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Aggression as a trait: the Dark Tetrad alternative
    • Authors: Delroy L Paulhus; Shelby R Curtis; Daniel N Jones
      Pages: 88 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Delroy L Paulhus, Shelby R Curtis, Daniel N Jones
      Aggression is often construed as a unitary trait fully captured by the Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ). Our review of the literature questions that assumption in several respects. Instead of a top-down approach, we argue for a bottom-up conception based on the Dark Tetrad of personality, that is, narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and sadism. We highlight research showing that each member of the tetrad responds to different provocations. We conclude that the unitary trait conception of aggression has yielded more confusion than understanding. The term aggression should be reserved for outcomes, with many possible trait×situation predictors. Future research should continue the investigation of moderators as well as cognitive mediators to clarify the triggering of aggression in the individual tetrad members.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.007
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • The facts on the furious: a brief review of the psychology of trait anger
    • Authors: Lotte Veenstra; Brad J Bushman; Sander L Koole
      Pages: 98 - 103
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Lotte Veenstra, Brad J Bushman, Sander L Koole
      Some people are more prone to aggression than others. These individual differences are associated with trait anger, a personality dimension that relates to the frequency, intensity, and duration with which people experience angry feelings. Trait anger is an important antecedent of state anger and aggression. People with high trait anger tend to perceive situations as hostile and are less capable of controlling their hostile thoughts and feelings. Moreover, people with high trait anger display heightened approach motivation in threatening situations. This reactive approach motivation may be countered by avoidance states, which may reduce anger among high trait anger people. Insights into the underlying processes of trait anger may be used to combat human aggression.

      PubDate: 2017-05-11T04:52:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.014
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Climate, aggression, and violence (CLASH): a cultural-evolutionary
    • Authors: Maria I Rinderu; Brad J Bushman; Paul AM Van Lange
      Pages: 113 - 118
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Maria I Rinderu, Brad J Bushman, Paul AM Van Lange
      The CLimate, Aggression, and Self-control in Humans (CLASH) proposes that aggression and violence increase as climates become hotter and seasonal variation becomes smaller by influencing time-orientation and self-control. Emerging empirical evidence supporting the model is reviewed. Wealth, income inequality, and pathogen stress as powerful influences of these processes are also discussed. We conclude by discussing the theoretical and societal importance of climate change in shaping violence.

      PubDate: 2017-05-16T05:12:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.010
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • An integrative theoretical understanding of aggression: a brief exposition
    • Authors: L Rowell Huesmann
      Pages: 119 - 124
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): L Rowell Huesmann
      Like other social behaviors, aggressive behavior is always a product of predisposing personal factors and precipitating situational factors. The predisposing factors exert their influence by creating encoded social cognitions including schemas about the world, scripts for social behavior, and normative beliefs about what is appropriate. These social cognitions interact with situational primes to determine behavior. These social cognitions are acquired primarily through observational learning; so youth who are repeatedly exposed to violence will acquire social cognitions promoting aggression that last into adulthood. Thus, violence can be viewed as a contagious disease which can be caught simply through its observation.

      PubDate: 2017-05-16T05:12:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.04.015
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Two pedals drive the bi-cycle of violence: reactive and appetitive
    • Authors: Thomas Elbert; Maggie Schauer; James K Moran
      Pages: 135 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Thomas Elbert, Maggie Schauer, James K Moran
      The Good: when you fight to counter threat, your aggression is a reactive defense, and often morally justifiable. The Bad: when you loot and rob, hurt and kill, to obtain social status or material goods, that is an extrinsic reward. This is instrumental aggression. And The Ugly: The intrinsic enjoyment of violence. This ‘appetitive aggression’ describes a lust for violence, underlying first-person shooter gamers, hunting, and extreme acts of violence, such as murder and massacres. Although violence often results from a combination of these forms of aggression, the differentiation is necessary to understand their interplay, as they drive two interconnected cycles of violence: the reactive cycle, fueled by the motivation to overcome negative feelings, and the hedonically driven appetitive cycle.

      PubDate: 2017-05-31T02:27:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.016
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Testosterone and human behavior: the role of individual and contextual
    • Authors: Justin M Carré; John Archer
      Pages: 149 - 153
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Justin M Carré, John Archer
      The study of testosterone and aggression originated in experimental studies of animals, showing a direct causal link in some species. Human studies showed an overall weak correlation between testosterone and aggression. A theoretical framework (‘the challenge hypothesis’) enabled testosterone–behavior interactions in humans to be framed within a theory that emphasized hormonal responses to competition influencing subsequent aggressive behavior. The short-term administrations of testosterone to young women and to young men showed influences on behavioral and neural processes associated with aggression. Other findings are that testosterone influences aggression in high dominance men, and in those with low cortisol levels; and that testosterone can affect both aggressive and prosocial behavior, within the context of an experimental game.

      PubDate: 2017-06-05T06:31:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.021
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2017)
  • Beyond dichotomies—(m)others' structuring and the development of
           toddlers' prosocial behavior across cultures
    • Authors: Joscha
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 20
      Author(s): Joscha Kärtner
      Basic elements of prosociality—(pro)social cognition, motivation, and prosocial behavior—emerge during the first and second year of life. These elements are rooted in biological predispositions and the developmental system is complemented by caregivers' structuring. By structuring, (m)others integrate toddlers' unrefined (pro)social sentiments and behavioral inclinations into coherent patterns and align toddlers' experience and behavior with the population's cultural model. These cultural models specify target states for appropriate affective, motivational and behavioral responses regarding toddlers' prosociality and these target states, in turn, inform (m)others' appraisal and guide their structuring. The experiences that toddlers make in these social interactions have important implications for how the basic elements of prosociality are refined and further develop.
      Graphical abstract image

      PubDate: 2017-09-01T01:55:48Z
  • The I3 Model: a metatheoretical framework for understanding aggression
    • Authors: Eli Finkel; Andrew Hall
      Abstract: Publication date: February 2018
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 19
      Author(s): Eli J Finkel, Andrew N Hall
      The I3 Model is a general-purpose metatheory. It posits that three orthogonal processes influence the likelihood and intensity of a given behavior, including aggressive behavior. Instigation encompasses immediate environmental stimuli (e.g., provocation) that normatively afford an aggressive response. Impellance encompasses situational or dispositional qualities (e.g., trait aggressiveness) that influence how strongly the instigator produces a proclivity to enact that response. Inhibition encompasses situational or dispositional qualities (e.g., alcohol intoxication) that influence how strongly the proclivity is overridden rather than manifesting in aggressive behavior. Extant evidence supports Perfect Storm Theory—a theoretical perspective derived from the I3 Model—which posits that aggression is especially likely, and especially intense, to the extent that instigation and impellance are strong and inhibition is weak.

      PubDate: 2017-05-26T02:23:12Z
  • Gender Differences in Aggression
    • Authors: Kaj
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 April 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology
      Author(s): Kaj Björkqvist
      Studies on gender differences in aggressive behavior are examined. In proportions of their total aggression scores, boys and girls are verbally about equally aggressive, while boys are more physically and girls more indirectly aggressive. There are genetic determinants of both physical and indirect aggression, suggesting that both types of aggression give evolutionary advantages. Analyses of 2D:4D finger length ratios indicate that the prenatal hormonal environment is crucial for the development of these aggressive strategies.

      PubDate: 2017-04-15T21:37:44Z
  • Effects of Alcohol on Human Aggression
    • Authors: Dominic J. Parrott; Christopher I. Eckhardt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2017
      Source:Current Opinion in Psychology
      Author(s): Dominic J. Parrott, Christopher I. Eckhardt
      There is little debate that alcohol is a contributing cause of aggressive behavior. The extreme complexity of this relation, however, has been the focus of extensive theory and research. And, likely due to this complexity, evidence-based programs to prevent or reduce alcohol-facilitated aggression are quite limited. We integrate I3 Theory and Alcohol Myopia Theory to provide a framework that (1) organizes the myriad instigatory and inhibitory factors that moderate the effect of alcohol on aggression, and (2) highlights the mechanisms by which alcohol facilitates aggression among at-risk individuals. This integrative framework provides the basis for understanding the appropriate targets for prevention and intervention efforts and may serve as a catalyst for future research that seeks to inform intervention development.

      PubDate: 2017-04-08T21:35:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.03.023
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