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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 889 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 418)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 200)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 227)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 206)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 130)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 141)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access  
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Depression and Anxiety
  [SJR: 2.491]   [H-I: 85]   [18 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1091-4269 - ISSN (Online) 1520-6394
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • Anhedonia is associated with suicidal ideation independently of
           depression: A meta-analysis
    • Authors: Déborah Ducasse; Gwenolé Loas, Déborah Dassa, Carla Gramaglia, Patrizia Zeppegno, Sébastien Guillaume, Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet
      Abstract: BackgroundAnhedonia is considered a suicide risk factor in patients with major affective disorders. Here, we wanted to quantify the association between anhedonia and current suicidal ideation according to the absence/presence of between-group differences for depressive scores and psychiatric disorders.MethodsWe performed a meta-analysis of data on studies retrieved from Medline, Web of Science, and PsycINFO from 1965 to 2016 using, among others, the terms (suicid* or depression) and anhedonia.ResultsWe identified 15 observational case–control studies that investigated the anhedonia differences in individuals with and without current (i.e., within the past week, independently of the lifetime suicidality status) suicidal ideation (defined as thoughts of killing oneself). Overall, 657 subjects with and 6,690 subjects without current suicidal ideation could be compared. Anhedonia level was higher in the group with current suicidal ideation than in the group without, with a medium effect size (standardized mean difference = 0.57, z = 5.43, P 
      PubDate: 2017-12-12T13:06:19.525477-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22709
       
  • Seeing the signs: Using the course of residual depressive symptomatology
           to predict patterns of relapse and recurrence of major depressive disorder
           
    • Authors: Floor E.A. Verhoeven; Klaas J. Wardenaar, Henricus G. (Eric) Ruhé, Henk Jan Conradi, Peter Jonge
      Abstract: BackgroundMajor depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by high relapse/recurrence rates. Predicting individual patients’ relapse/recurrence risk has proven hard, possibly due to course heterogeneity among patients. This study aimed to (1) identify homogeneous data-driven subgroups with different patterns of relapse/recurrence and (2) identify associated predictors.MethodsFor a year, we collected weekly depressive symptom ratings in 213 primary care MDD patients. Latent class growth analyses (LCGA), based on symptom-severity during the 24 weeks after no longer fulfilling criteria for the initial major depressive episode (MDE), were used to identify groups with different patterns of relapse/recurrence. Associations of baseline predictors with these groups were investigated, as were the groups’ associations with 3- and 11-year follow-up depression outcomes.ResultsLCGA showed that heterogeneity in relapse/recurrence after no longer fulfilling criteria for the initial MDE was best described by four classes: “quick symptom decline” (14.0%), “slow symptom decline” (23.3%), “steady residual symptoms” (38.7%), and “high residual symptoms” (24.1%). The latter two classes showed lower self-esteem at baseline, and more recurrences and higher severity at 3-year follow-up than the first two classes. Moreover, the high residual symptom class scored higher on neuroticism and lower on extraversion and self-esteem at baseline. Interestingly, the steady residual symptoms and high residual symptoms classes still showed higher severity of depressive symptoms after 11 years.ConclusionSome measures were associated with specific patterns of relapse/recurrence. Moreover, the data-driven relapse/recurrence groups were predictive of long-term outcomes, suggesting that patterns of residual symptoms could be of prognostic value in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11T14:35:40.121802-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22695
       
  • Association between attention bias to threat and anxiety symptoms in
           children and adolescents
    • Authors: Rany Abend; Leone Voogd, Elske Salemink, Reinout W. Wiers, Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Amanda Fitzgerald, Lauren K. White, Giovanni A. Salum, Jie He, Wendy K. Silverman, Jeremy W. Pettit, Daniel S. Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
      Abstract: BackgroundConsiderable research links threat-related attention biases to anxiety symptoms in adults, whereas extant findings on threat biases in youth are limited and mixed. Inconsistent findings may arise due to substantial methodological variability and limited sample sizes, emphasizing the need for systematic research on large samples. The aim of this report is to examine the association between threat bias and pediatric anxiety symptoms using standardized measures in a large, international, multi-site youth sample.MethodsA total of 1,291 children and adolescents from seven research sites worldwide completed standardized attention bias assessment task (dot-probe task) and child anxiety symptoms measure (Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders). Using a dimensional approach to symptomatology, we conducted regression analyses predicting overall, and disorder-specific, anxiety symptoms severity, based on threat bias scores.ResultsThreat bias correlated positively with overall anxiety symptoms severity (ß = 0.078, P = .004). Furthermore, threat bias was positively associated specifically with social anxiety (ß = 0.072, P = .008) and school phobia (ß = 0.076, P = .006) symptoms severity, but not with panic, generalized anxiety, or separation anxiety symptoms. These associations were not moderated by age or gender.ConclusionsThese findings indicate associations between threat bias and pediatric anxiety symptoms, and suggest that vigilance to external threats manifests more prominently in symptoms of social anxiety and school phobia, regardless of age and gender. These findings point to the role of attention bias to threat in anxiety, with implications for translational clinical research. The significance of applying standardized methods in multi-site collaborations for overcoming challenges inherent to clinical research is discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T18:50:45.4989-05:00
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22706
       
  • What is the effect on comorbid personality disorder of brief panic-focused
           psychotherapy in patients with panic disorder'
    • Authors: John R. Keefe; Barbara L. Milrod, Robert Gallop, Jacques P. Barber, Dianne L. Chambless
      Abstract: BackgroundNo studies of psychotherapies for panic disorder (PD) have examined effects on comorbid personality disorders (PersD), yet half such patients have a PersD.MethodsIn a randomized trial for PD with and without agoraphobia comparing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Panic-Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (PFPP), PersD was assessed pre-to-post treatment with the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnosis of Axis-II Disorders (SCID-II). For patients completing therapy (n = 118, 54 with PersD), covariance between panic and SCID-II criteria improvements was analyzed. SCID-II diagnostic remission and recovery were evaluated. Comparative efficacy of PFPP versus CBT for improving PersD was analyzed both for the average patient, and as a function of PersD severity.Results37 and 17% of PersD patients experienced diagnostic PersD remission and recovery, respectively. Larger reductions in PersD were related to more panic improvement, with a modest effect size (r = 0.28). Although there was no difference between treatments in their ability to improve PersD for the average patient (d = 0.01), patients meeting more PersD criteria did better in PFPP compared to CBT (P = .007), with PFPP being significantly superior at 11 criteria and above (d = 0.66; 3 more criteria lost).ConclusionsPersD presenting in the context of primary PD rarely resolves during psychotherapies focused on PD, and change in PersD only moderately tracks panic improvements, indicating non-overlap of the constructs. Patients receiving panic-focused psychotherapies may require additional treatment for their PersD. PFPP may be superior at improving severe PersD, but replication of this finding is required.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T18:50:37.622016-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22708
       
  • Erratum: Quantitative evaluation of the clinical efficacy of attention
           bias modification treatment for anxiety disorders
    • Authors: Marian Linetzky; Lee Pergamin-Hight, Daniel S. Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
      PubDate: 2017-11-28T15:20:24.448212-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22690
       
  • Depressive symptoms prior to and after incident cardiovascular disease and
           long-term survival. A population-based study of older persons
    • Authors: Rosanne Freak-Poli; M. Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
      Abstract: BackgroundDepression after a cardiovascular disease event (post-CVD) is associated with increased mortality. However, little is known about how pre-existing depression affects survival after CVD incidence.AimTo evaluate whether depressive symptoms preceding first incident CVD (pre-CVD) affects survival.MethodsFrom the Rotterdam Study, 6,932 persons aged 55+ and free of dementia and CVD completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale every 4 to 5 years from 1993. CES-D subdomains were positive affect, negative affect, somatic symptoms, and interpersonal affect. Persons were followed for mortality and CVD.ResultsDuring 15-year follow-up, 22% of participants suffered their first incident CVD. Pre-CVD depressive symptoms was not associated with mortality after adjustment for smoking status and physical function (HR per 10-point score: 1.05, 95%CI: 0.99–1.10). After first incident CVD, depressive symptoms increased. Higher post-CVD depressive symptoms was associated with increased mortality (HR: 1.13, 95%CI: 1.06, 1.22). The relation between post-CVD depressive symptoms and mortality was no longer statistically significant after adjustment for pre-CVD depressive symptoms. Pre-CVD and post-CVD measures of somatic symptoms and positive affect were associated with mortality.ConclusionsDuring 15 years follow-up in community-dwelling older adults, the relation between higher depressive symptoms measured before first incident CVD and mortality was not independent of health status. Whereas, higher depressive symptoms measured after CVD was associated with increased mortality, was not independent of pre-CVD depressive symptoms. Given the associations observed between positive affect and mortality, positive affect may be the reason we observed a relation between depressive symptoms and mortality.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T19:30:45.262153-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22689
       
  • Adverse life events increase risk for postpartum psychiatric episodes: A
           population-based epidemiologic study
    • Authors: S. Meltzer-Brody; J. T. Larsen, L. Petersen, J. Guintivano, A. Di Florio, W. C. Miller, P. F. Sullivan, T. Munk-Olsen
      Abstract: BackgroundTrauma histories may increase risk of perinatal psychiatric episodes. We designed an epidemiological population-based cohort study to explore if adverse childhood experiences (ACE) in girls increases risk of later postpartum psychiatric episodes.MethodsUsing Danish registers, we identified women born in Denmark between January 1980 and December 1998 (129,439 childbirths). Exposure variables were ACE between ages 0 and 15 including: (1) family disruption, (2) parental somatic illness, (3) parental labor market exclusion, (4) parental criminality, (5) parental death, (6) placement in out-of-home care, (7) parental psychopathology excluding substance use, and (8) parental substance use disorder. Primary outcome was first occurrence of in- or outpatient contact 0–6 months postpartum at a psychiatric treatment facility with any psychiatric diagnoses, ICD-10, F00-F99 (N = 651). We conducted survival analyses using Cox proportional hazard regressions of postpartum psychiatric episodes.ResultsApproximately 52% of the sample experienced ACE, significantly increasing risk of any postpartum psychiatric diagnosis. Highest risks were observed among women who experienced out-of-home placement, hazard ratio (HR) 2.57 (95% CI: 1.90–3.48). Women experiencing two adverse life events had higher risks of postpartum psychiatric diagnosis HR: 1.88 (95% CI: 1.51–2.36), compared to those with one ACE, HR: 1.24 (95% CI: 1.03–49) and no ACE, HR: 1.00 (reference group).ConclusionsACE primarily due to parental psychopathology and disability contributes to increased risk of postpartum psychiatric episodes; and greater numbers of ACE increases risk for postpartum psychiatric illness with an observed dose–response effect. Future work should explore genetic and environmental factors that increase risk and/or confer resilience.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T19:30:39.513146-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22697
       
  • The impact of resilience and subsequent stressful life events on MDD and
           GAD
    • Authors: Christina M. Sheerin; Mackenzie J. Lind, Emily A. Brown, Charles O. Gardner, Kenneth S. Kendler, Ananda B. Amstadter
      Abstract: BackgroundThere remains a dearth of research examining the “buffering” effect of resilience, wherein resilience at one point in time would be expected to protect an individual against development of psychopathology following future adverse life events.MethodsUsing longitudinal data from an epidemiological twin sample (N = 7463), this study tested whether resilience would act as a buffer for stressful life events (SLEs) against risk for major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Resilience, demographics, and psychopathology were measured at Time 1 and recent SLEs and current MDD and GAD were measured at Time 2.ResultsFinal models, controlling for demographic covariates and Time 1 diagnosis, examined the impact of Time 1 resilience, recent SLEs, their interaction, and a three-way interaction adding sex on MDD and GAD.ConclusionsThe pattern of findings was the same for MDD and GAD, wherein main effects and two-way interactions of resilience and SLEs were significant, such that greater resilience was protective even in the context of high numbers of past-year SLEs. The three-way interaction was not significant, suggesting that the relationship between SLEs and resilience on psychopathology was the same for both men and women. Findings support the conceptualization of resilience as a buffer against the impact of future life stressors on common internalizing psychopathology. Longitudinal designs and trajectory-based studies that include recurring measures of SLEs could inform conceptualizations of resilience in the context of ongoing adversity and aid in developing interventions aimed at fostering healthy adaptation in the face of stressors.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T19:30:34.643832-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22700
       
  • Apolipoprotein E gene polymorphism, trauma burden, and posttraumatic
           stress symptoms in U.S. military veterans: Results from the National
           Health and Resilience in Veterans Study
    • Authors: Natalie P. Mota; Shizhong Han, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Paul Maruff, John H. Krystal, Steven M. Southwick, Joel Gelernter, Robert H. Pietrzak
      Abstract: BackgroundPrevious research examining the association between apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymorphism and risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been inconsistent due to the use of small and select samples. This study examined the relation between APOE genotype and PTSD symptoms in two nationally representative samples of U.S. military veterans. The potential effect of cumulative trauma burden and social support in moderating this association was also evaluated.MethodsThe main sample consisted of 1,386 trauma-exposed European American (EA) veterans (mean age: 62–63 years) who participated in the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS) in 2011. The independent replication sample consisted of 509 trauma-exposed EA veterans from the 2013 NHRVS.ResultsAPOE ε4 allele carriers reported significantly greater severity of PTSD symptoms than noncarriers in the main, but not the replication, sample. In both samples, the interaction of APOE ε4 carrier status and cumulative trauma burden was associated with greater severity of PTSD symptoms (F range = 2.53–8.09, all P’s < .01), particularly re-experiencing/intrusion symptoms (F range = 3.59–4.24, P’s < .001). Greater social support was associated with lower severity of PTSD symptoms among APOE ε4 allele carriers with greater cumulative trauma burden (β range −.27 to −.60, P’s < .05).ConclusionU.S. military veterans who are APOE ε4 allele carriers and exposed to a high number of traumas may be at increased risk for developing PTSD symptoms than ε4 noncarriers. Greater social support may moderate this association, thereby highlighting the potential importance of social support promoting interventions in mitigating the effect of ε4 × cumulative trauma burden on PTSD risk.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24T19:30:27.438458-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22698
       
  • Vortioxetine versus placebo in major depressive disorder comorbid with
           social anxiety disorder
    • Authors: Michael R. Liebowitz; Jason Careri, Kyra Blatt, Ann Draine, Junko Morita, Melissa Moran, Rita Hanover
      Abstract: BackgroundMajor Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) are highly comorbid, yet the combined condition has not been subject to any placebo-controlled treatment trials. This study reports a trial of vortioxetine, an antidepressant that has also shown benefit in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), in patients meeting DSM-5 criteria for both MDD and SAD.MethodsThe study was a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison of vortioxetine 10–20 mg/day or placebo administered on a 1:1 ratio. The study was designed to include 40 male or female outpatients aged 18–70 years. The primary endpoint was the “composite” Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) responder rate, factoring in improvement in both MDD and SAD features. Major secondary outcome measures were changes on the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS).ResultsOn the composite CGI-I, 10 of 20 (50%) vortioxetine and six of 20 (30%) placebo-treated patients were rated as responders, a non-significant difference. However, vortioxetine-treated patients did show significantly greater improvement than those on placebo on both the MADRS (effect size 0.672) and LSAS (effect size 0.714). Efficacy in depression was seen before improvement in SAD. Adverse effects were similar to those previously reported.ConclusionsIn this preliminary trial vortioxetine appears safe and effective for patients with MDD comorbid with SAD, with robust effect sizes on dimensional measures of both depression and social anxiety, but failure to separate from placebo on the primary outcome measure of composite responder rate. More studies of patients with comorbid conditions are needed, as this mirrors what is often seen in clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2017-11-22T14:30:50.82177-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22702
       
  • Predictive validity and correlates of self-assessed resilience among U.S.
           Army soldiers
    • Authors: Laura Campbell-Sills; Ronald C. Kessler, Robert J. Ursano, Xiaoying Sun, Charles T. Taylor, Steven G. Heeringa, Matthew K. Nock, Nancy A. Sampson, Sonia Jain, Murray B. Stein
      Abstract: BackgroundSelf-assessment of resilience could prove valuable to military and other organizations whose personnel confront foreseen stressors. We evaluated the validity of self-assessed resilience among U.S. Army soldiers, including whether predeployment perceived resilience predicted postdeployment emotional disorder.MethodsResilience was assessed via self-administered questionnaire among new soldiers reporting for basic training (N = 35,807) and experienced soldiers preparing to deploy to Afghanistan (N = 8,558). Concurrent validity of self-assessed resilience was evaluated among recruits by estimating its association with past-month emotional disorder. Predictive validity was examined among 3,526 experienced soldiers with no lifetime emotional disorder predeployment. Predictive models estimated associations of predeployment resilience with incidence of emotional disorder through 9 months postdeployment and with marked improvement in coping at 3 months postdeployment. Weights-adjusted regression models incorporated stringent controls for risk factors.ResultsSoldiers characterized themselves as very resilient on average [M = 14.34, SD = 4.20 (recruits); M = 14.75, SD = 4.31 (experienced soldiers); theoretical range = 0–20]. Demographic characteristics exhibited only modest associations with resilience, while severity of childhood maltreatment was negatively associated with resilience in both samples. Among recruits, resilience was inversely associated with past-month emotional disorder [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.62–0.68, P < .0005 (per standard score increase)]. Among deployed soldiers, greater predeployment resilience was associated with decreased incidence of emotional disorder (AOR = 0.91; 95% CI = 0.84–0.98; P = .016) and increased odds of improved coping (AOR = 1.36; 95% CI = 1.24–1.49; P < .0005) postdeployment.ConclusionsFindings supported validity of self-assessed resilience among soldiers, although its predictive effect on incidence of emotional disorder was modest. In conjunction with assessment of known risk factors, measurement of resilience could help predict adaptation to foreseen stressors like deployment.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02T10:42:09.726182-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22694
       
  • The impact of race and ethnicity on rates of return to psychotherapy for
           depression
    • Authors: John E. Zeber; Karen J. Coleman, Heidi Fischer, Tae K. Yoon, Brian K. Ahmedani, Arne Beck, Samuel Hubley, Zac E. Imel, Rebecca C. Rossom, Susan M. Shortreed, Christine Stewart, Beth E. Waitzfelder, Greg E. Simon
      Abstract: BackgroundThere are many limitations with the evidence base for the role of race and ethnicity in continuation of psychotherapy for depression.MethodsThe study sample consisted of 242,765 patients ≥ 18 years old from six healthcare systems in the Mental Health Research Network (MHRN) who had a new episode of psychotherapy treatment for depression between 1/1/2010 and 12/31/2013. Data were from electronic medical records and organized in a Virtual Data Warehouse (VDW). The odds of racial and ethnic minority patients returning for a second psychotherapy visit within 45 days of the initial session were examined using multilevel regression.ResultsThe sample was primarily middle aged (68%, 30–64 years old), female (68.5%), and non-Hispanic white (50.7%), had commercial insurance (81.4%), and a low comorbidity burden (68.8% had no major comorbidities). Return rates within 45 days of the first psychotherapy visit were 47.6%. Compared to their non-Hispanic white counterparts, racial and ethnic minority patients were somewhat less likely to return to psychotherapy for a second visit (adjusted odds ratios [aORs] ranged from 0.80 to 0.90). Healthcare system was a much stronger predictor of return rates (aORs ranged from 0.89 to 5.53), while providers accounted for 21.1% of the variance in return rates.ConclusionsProvider and healthcare system variation were stronger predictors of patient return to psychotherapy than race and ethnicity. More research is needed to understand why providers and healthcare systems determine psychotherapy return rates for patients of all racial and ethnic groups.
      PubDate: 2017-11-02T10:42:03.207168-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22696
       
  • Erratum
    • PubDate: 2017-10-27T13:50:24.009565-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22639
       
  • A randomized controlled pilot trial of vilazodone for adult separation
           anxiety disorder
    • Authors: Franklin R. Schneier; Danielle M. Moskow, Tse-Hwei Choo, Hanga Galfalvy, Raphael Campeas, Arturo Sanchez-Lacay
      Abstract: BackgroundSeparation anxiety disorder was recently recognized by fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a diagnosis in adults, but no publications to date have characterized a sample of patients seeking treatment for adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) or assessed treatment efficacy. We hypothesized that vilazodone, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin 1a (5HT1a) receptor partial agonist, would have efficacy in ASAD, because SSRIs have appeared efficacious in children with mixed diagnoses including separation anxiety disorder and in animal models of separation anxiety.MethodsIn this pilot study, 24 adults (ages 18–60) with a principal diagnosis of ASAD were randomized to 12 weeks of double-blind treatment with vilazodone (n = 13) or placebo (n = 11). Outcome was assessed by an independent evaluator and self-ratings, and analyzed with mixed effect models.ResultsThis sample was predominantly female (67%), with comorbid psychiatric disorders (58%), and adult onset of separation anxiety disorder (62%). Response rates at week 12 did not differ significantly between groups. Across all time points, the vilazodone group evidenced greater improvement on the Structured Clinical Interview for Separation Anxiety Symptoms (P = .026) and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (P = .011), and trends toward greater improvement on the Adult Separation Anxiety Questionnaire (P = .054) and the Clinical Global Impression–Change Scale (P = .086), all with large between-group effect sizes.ConclusionsFindings demonstrate feasibility of a clinical trial in ASAD, and they suggest that vilazodone may have efficacy in the treatment of ASAD and warrants further study.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25T20:16:11.585712-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22693
       
  • Understanding suicide risk within the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC)
           framework: A meta-analytic review
    • Authors: Catherine R. Glenn; Evan M. Kleiman, Christine B. Cha, Charlene A. Deming, Joseph C. Franklin, Matthew K. Nock
      Abstract: BackgroundThe field is in need of novel and transdiagnostic risk factors for suicide. The National Institute of Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) provides a framework that may help advance research on suicidal behavior.MethodWe conducted a meta-analytic review of existing prospective risk and protective factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors (ideation, attempts, and deaths) that fall within one of the five RDoC domains or relate to a prominent suicide theory. Predictors were selected from a database of 4,082 prospective risk and protective factors for suicide outcomes.ResultsA total of 460 predictors met inclusion criteria for this meta-analytic review and most examined risk (vs. protective) factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The overall effect of risk factors was statistically significant, but relatively small, in predicting suicide ideation (weighted mean odds ratio: wOR = 1.72; 95% CI: 1.59–1.87), suicide attempt (wOR = 1.66 [1.57–1.76), and suicide death (wOR = 1.41 [1.24–1.60]). Across all suicide outcomes, most risk factors related to the Negative Valence Systems domain, although effect sizes were of similar magnitude across RDoC domains.ConclusionsThis study demonstrated that the RDoC framework provides a novel and promising approach to suicide research; however, relatively few studies of suicidal behavior fit within this framework. Future studies must go beyond the “usual suspects” of suicide risk factors (e.g., mental disorders, sociodemographics) to understand the processes that combine to lead to this deadly outcome.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24T10:01:06.428831-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22686
       
  • Hypothalamic–pituitary–thyroid (HPT) axis functioning in anxiety
           disorders. A systematic review
    • Authors: Susanne Fischer; Ulrike Ehlert
      Abstract: Depression has repeatedly been linked to subclinical hypothyroidism, and thyroid hormones have successfully been used to augment antidepressant treatment. By contrast, the extent of thyroid dysfunction in anxiety disorders remains less clear. This is surprising, given that anxiety-related symptoms (e.g., nervousness, palpitations, increased perspiration) are highly prevalent in hyperthyroidism. The present study was undertaken to synthesize the literature on hypothalamic–pituitary–thyroid (HPT) axis functioning in anxiety disorders. The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched. Three types of studies were included: (1) “comorbidity studies” assessing the prevalence of thyroid disorders in individuals with anxiety disorders, (2) “case-control studies” comparing HPT parameters between patients and controls, and (3) “correlational studies” assessing self-reported anxiety levels and HPT parameters. Risk of bias was assessed via a standardized quality rating. Twenty studies were eligible. Nearly all found the comorbidity between anxiety and thyroid disorders was significant. Half of the studies additionally supported the notion of subtle thyroid dysfunction in that thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) responses to the administration of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) were blunted and an inverse relationship was observed between self-reported anxiety levels and TSH. Overall, HPT assessments were well conducted, but several studies failed to adjust their analyses for smoking, body mass index (BMI), and depression. The findings resonate well with clinical recommendations to routinely screen for thyroid disorders in patients with anxiety disorders, and with what is known from basic research about thyroid–brain interactions. The results of the risk of bias assessment underscore the importance of further high-quality experimental and longitudinal epidemiological research.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24T10:00:40.124866-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22692
       
  • Parenting mediates the impact of maternal depression on child
           internalizing symptoms
    • Authors: Jennie M. Kuckertz; Colter Mitchell, Jillian Lee Wiggins
      Abstract: BackgroundTo examine the potential mediating role of parenting behaviors in the longitudinal, bidirectional relationships between maternal depression and child internalizing symptoms (i.e. depression and anxiety).MethodsWe analyzed data from 4,581 mother–child dyads from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, assessed when the child was 3, 5, and 9 years old. Data included maternal depression diagnosis, child internalizing symptoms, and parenting behaviors (i.e. psychological aggression, nonviolent discipline, and physical assault). Data were analyzed using cross-lagged panel models.ResultsResults indicated bidirectional relationships between maternal depression and child internalizing symptoms over childhood. Mediation analyses suggested that maternal depression led to subsequent increased psychological aggression toward their child, which in turn led to increased child internalizing symptoms. Nonviolent discipline and physical assault did not mediate this relationship. However, greater use of nonviolent discipline at age 5 among all parents predicted higher child internalizing symptoms at age 9. No parenting behaviors were both predicted by earlier child internalizing symptoms and predictive of subsequent maternal depression.ConclusionsOur results suggest a bidirectional relationship between child and maternal internalizing psychopathology that is partially explained by depressed mothers’ greater use of psychological aggression toward their children. It is important to note that the size of these effects were small, suggesting that the relationship between parent and child psychopathology is likely additionally explained by factors not assessed in the current study. Nonetheless, these results have implications for prevention and intervention strategies targeting child anxiety and depression.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29T17:00:56.964616-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22688
       
  • A decline in depression treatment following FDA antidepressant warnings
           largely explains racial/ethnic disparities in prescription fills
    • Authors: Nicholas J. Carson; Ana M. Progovac, Ye Wang, Benjamin L. Cook
      Abstract: BackgroundThe Food and Drug Administration's 2004 antidepressant warning was followed by decreases in antidepressant prescribing for youth. This was due to declines in all types of depression treatment, not just the intended changes in antidepressant prescribing patterns. Little is known about how these patterns varied by race/ethnicity.MethodData are Medicaid claims from four U.S. states (2002–2009) for youth ages 5–17. Interrupted time series analyses measured changes due to the warning in levels and trends, by race/ethnicity, of three outcomes: antidepressant prescription fills, depression treatment visits, and incident fluoxetine prescription fills.ResultsPrewarning, antidepressant fills were increasing across all racial/ethnic groups, fastest for White youth. Postwarning, there was an immediate drop and continued decline in the rate of fills among White youth, more than double the decline in the rate among Black and Latino youth. Prewarning, depression treatment visits were increasing for White and Latino youth. Postwarning, depression treatment stabilized among Latinos, but declined among White youth. Prewarning, incident fluoxetine fills were increasing for all groups. Postwarning, immediate increases and increasing trends of fluoxetine fills were identified for all groups.ConclusionsAntidepressant prescription fills declined most postwarning for White youth, suggesting that risk information may have diffused less rapidly to prescribers or caregivers of minorities. Decreases in depression treatment visits help to explain the declines in antidepressant prescribing and were largest for White youth. An increase in incident fluoxetine fills, the only medication indicated for pediatric depression at the time, suggests that the warning may have shifted prescribing practices.
      PubDate: 2017-09-29T17:00:40.198971-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22681
       
  • Proximal relationships between social support and PTSD symptom severity: A
           daily diary study of sexual assault survivors
    • Authors: Emily R. Dworkin; Sarah E. Ullman, Cynthia Stappenbeck, Charlotte D. Brill, Debra Kaysen
      Abstract: BackgroundIn cross-sectional studies, social support and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms appear related, in that higher severity of PTSD is associated with lower social support and vice versa. Theoretical models of the causal direction of this relationship differ. Most longitudinal studies suggest that PTSD symptoms erode social support over time, although some suggest that higher social support is prospectively associated with decrease in PTSD symptom severity. It is unclear, though, how social support and PTSD affect each other in the short term. The purpose of this study was to test day-to-day relationships between PTSD and social support to elucidate how PTSD and social support influence each other.MethodsUsing 1173 daily observations from 75 college women who met screening criteria for lifetime sexual assault and past-month PTSD, this study tested same-day and next-day relationships between PTSD and social support using mixed models.ResultsWithin-person analyses indicated that, when PTSD was higher than usual on a given day, social support was higher the next day. Between-person analyses suggested that people with generally higher social support tended to have lower PTSD symptoms on a given day, but average PTSD symptom severity was not associated with day-to-day fluctuations in social support.ConclusionsRather than eroding in response to daily symptoms, social support might be sought out following increases in PTSD, and when received consistently, might reduce symptoms of PTSD in the short term. Interventions that increase college women's access to social support after sexual assault may thus be helpful in addressing PTSD.
      PubDate: 2017-09-28T05:06:40.774933-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22679
       
  • Meta-analysis: Risk of hyperhidrosis with second-generation
           antidepressants
    • Authors: Chad Beyer; Kiley Cappetta, Jessica A. Johnson, Michael H. Bloch
      Abstract: BackgroundOur goal was to quantify the risk of hyperhidrosis associated with commonly used antidepressant agents and examine the impact of medication class, pharmacodynamics, and dose on risk of hyperhidrosis.MethodsWe conducted a PubMed search to identify all double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials examining the efficacy of second-generation antidepressant medications in the treatment of adults with a depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, or obsessive-compulsive disorder. We used a random-effects meta-analysis to examine the pooled risk ratio of hyperhidrosis reported as a side effect in adults treated with second-generation antidepressants compared to placebo. We used stratified subgroup analysis and metaregression to examine the effects of medication type, class, dosage, indication, and receptor affinity profile on the measured risk of hyperhidrosis.ResultsWe identified 76 trials involving 28,544 subjects. There was no significant difference in the risk of hyperhidrosis between serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) [risk ratio (RR) = 3.17, 95% CI: 2.63–3.82] and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) (RR = 2.93, 95% CI: 2.46–3.47) medications compared to placebo. All antidepressant medications were associated with a significantly increased risk of hyperhidrosis except fluvoxamine (RR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.12–2.53), bupropion (RR = 1.23, 95% CI: 0.57–2.67), and vortioxetine (RR = 1.35, 95% CI: 0.79–2.33). The dose of SSRI/SNRI medications was not significantly associated with the risk of hyperhidrosis. Increased risk of hyperhidrosis was associated with increased affinity of SSRI/SNRI medications to the dopamine transporter.ConclusionRisk of hyperhidrosis was significantly increased with most antidepressant medications but was associated with dopamine transporter affinity.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07T14:40:44.796948-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22680
       
  • Endogenous oxytocin is associated with the experience of compassion and
           recalled upbringing in Borderline Personality Disorder
    • Authors: Andreas Ebert; Marc-Andreas Edel, Paul Gilbert, Martin Brüne
      Abstract: Background/ObjectiveThe role of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is poorly understood. It is particularly unknown how early experiences with caregivers moderate the action of OT in BPD. Here, we examined the association of plasma OT levels in BPD patients with the experience of compassion and recalled parental behavior during childhood.MethodsFifty-seven BPD patients and 43 healthy controls participated in the study. OT plasma levels were analyzed by radioimmunoassay. Subjects additionally completed questionnaires focusing on fears of compassion (FOC) and recalled upbringing (“Questionnaire of Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior/Fragebogen zum erinnerten elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten,” FEE).ResultsBPD patients had significantly lower OT plasma levels than healthy controls and differed significantly on all FOC and FEE scales; BPD patients had higher FOC scores (indicating more aversion of being compassionate to themselves and others and receiving compassion from others). They also differed in recalled parenting. In the BPD group, scores of the FOC scale “fear of compassion from others” were significantly negatively correlated with OT levels. Moreover, recalled “emotional warmth” of their parents during childhood was positively correlated with OT plasma levels of BPD subjects. No such correlations were found in the control group.ConclusionOur results corroborate findings from previous studies reporting lower OT levels in patients with BPD. Moreover, peripheral OT seems to be linked with the tolerance of compassionate feelings and early experiences with caregivers. This is consistent with other findings that OT is an important mediator of the experience of emotional warmth from others.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07T14:40:36.270219-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22683
       
  • The impact of enhancing perceived self-efficacy in torture survivors
    • Authors: Naser Morina; Richard A. Bryant, Emma L. Doolan, Chantal Martin-Sölch, Michael Plichta, Monique C. Pfaltz, Ulrich Schnyder, Matthis Schick, Angela Nickerson
      Abstract: BackgroundPerceived self-efficacy (SE) is an important factor underlying psychological well-being. Refugees suffer many experiences that can compromise SE. This study tested the impact of enhancing perceived SE on coping with trauma reminders and distress tolerance in tortured refugees.MethodsTorture survivors (N = 40) were administered a positive SE induction in which they retrieved mastery-related autobiographical memories, or a non-SE (NSE) induction, and then viewed trauma-related images. Participants rated their distress following presentation of each image. Participants then completed a frustration-inducing mirror-tracing task to index distress tolerance.ResultsParticipants in the SE condition reported less distress and negative affect, and improved coping in relation to viewing the trauma-related images than those in the NSE condition. The SE induction also led to greater persistence with the mirror-tracing task than the NSE induction.ConclusionsThese findings provide initial evidence that promoting SE in tortured refugees can assist with managing distress from trauma reminders, and promoting greater distress tolerance. Enhancing perceived SE in tortured refugees may increase their capacity to tolerate distress during therapy, and may be a useful means to improve treatment response.
      PubDate: 2017-09-07T14:40:30.811127-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22684
       
  • COMT val158met polymorphism links to altered fear conditioning and
           extinction are modulated by PTSD and childhood trauma
    • Authors: Jessica Deslauriers; Dean T. Acheson, Adam X. Maihofer, Caroline M. Nievergelt, Dewleen G. Baker, Mark A. Geyer, Victoria B. Risbrough,
      Abstract: BackgroundRisk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is thought to be mediated by gene × environment (G × E) interactions that affect core cognitive processes such as fear learning. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism has been associated with risk for PTSD and impaired fear inhibition. We used a large, relatively homogenous population to (1) replicate previous findings of poor fear inhibition in COMT Met/Met carriers with PTSD; (2) determine if COMT association with fear inhibition is moderated by childhood trauma (CT), an environmental risk factor for PTSD; and (3) determine if COMT is associated with altered fear processes after recent exposure to combat trauma.MethodsMale Marines and Navy Corpsmen of European-American ancestry were assessed prior to (n = 714) and 4–6 months after deployment to Afghanistan (n = 452). Acquisition and extinction of fear-potentiated startle, childhood and combat trauma history, and PTSD diagnosis were assessed at both time points.ResultsBefore deployment, Met/Met genotype was associated with fear inhibition deficits in participants with current PTSD; however, this association was dependent on CT exposure. After deployment, combat trauma was associated with a modest reduction in fear extinction in Met/Met compared with Val/Val carriers. There were no associations of COMT genotype with fear extinction within healthy and nontraumatized individuals.ConclusionsThese findings support the hypothesis that G × E interactions underlie associations of COMT val158met with fear inhibition deficits. These studies confirm that Met/Met carriers with PTSD have poor fear inhibition, and support further research in understanding how this polymorphism might impact response to extinction-based therapies.
      PubDate: 2017-08-18T10:20:43.709456-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22678
       
  • Nonremission and time to remission among remitters in major depressive
           disorder: Revisiting STAR*D
    • Authors: Ramin Mojtabai
      Abstract: BackgroundSome individuals with major depressive disorder do not experience a remission even after one or more adequate treatment trials. In some others who experience remission, it happens at variable times. This study sought to estimate the prevalence of nonremission in a large sample of patient participating in the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) trial and to identify correlates of nonremission and time to remission among remitters.MethodsUsing data from 3,606 participants of STAR*D, the study used cure regression modeling to estimate nonremission and jointly model correlates of nonremission and time to remission among the remitters.ResultsOverall, 14.7% of the STAR*D participants were estimated to be nonremitters. Among remitters, the rate of remission declined over time. Greater severity, poorer physical health, and poor adherence with treatments were associated with both nonremission and a longer time to remission among the remitters in multivariable analyses, whereas unemployment, not having higher education, and longer duration of current episode were uniquely associated with nonremission; whereas, treatment in specialty mental health settings, poorer mental health functioning, and greater impairment in role functioning with a longer time to remission among remitters.ConclusionPoor treatment adherence and poor physical health appear to be common risk factors for both nonremission and longer time to remission, highlighting the importance of integrated care models that address both medical and mental healthcare needs and interventions aimed at improving treatment adherence.
      PubDate: 2017-08-18T10:20:32.56116-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22677
       
  • Prediction of treatment outcomes to exercise in patients with nonremitted
           major depressive disorder
    • Authors: Chad D. Rethorst; Charles C. South, A. John Rush, Tracy L. Greer, Madhukar H. Trivedi
      Abstract: BackgroundOnly one-third of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieve remission with initial treatment. Consequently, current clinical practice relies on a “trial-and-error” approach to identify an effective treatment for each patient. The purpose of this report was to determine whether we could identify a set of clinical and biological parameters with potential clinical utility for prescription of exercise for treatment of MDD in a secondary analysis of the Treatment with Exercise Augmentation in Depression (TREAD) trial.MethodsParticipants with nonremitted MDD were randomized to one of two exercise doses for 12 weeks. Participants were categorized as “remitters” (≤12 on the IDS-C), nonresponders (
      PubDate: 2017-07-03T13:25:23.345011-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22670
       
  • Atypical depression and double depression predict new-onset cardiovascular
           disease in U.S. adults
    • Authors: Stephanie M. Case; Manisha Sawhney, Jesse C. Stewart
      Abstract: BACKGROUNDAlthough depression is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), it is unknown whether this risk varies across depressive disorder subtypes. Thus, we investigated atypical major depressive disorder (MDD) and double depression as predictors of new-onset CVD in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults.METHODSProspective data from 28,726 adults initially free of CVD who participated in Wave 1 (2001–2002) and Wave 2 (2004–2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were examined. Lifetime depressive disorder subtypes (Wave 1) and incident CVD (Wave 2) were determined by structured interviews.RESULTSWe identified 1,116 incident CVD cases. In demographics adjusted models, the atypical MDD group had a higher odds of incident CVD than the no depression history (OR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.71–2.81, P 
      PubDate: 2017-06-22T12:40:21.369156-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22666
       
  • Ultra-brief behavioral skills trainings for blood injection injury phobia
    • Authors: Alicia E. Meuret; Erica Simon, Lavanya Bhaskara, Thomas Ritz
      Abstract: BackgroundBlood injection injury (BII) phobia is common, with debilitating consequences to the health and well being of many of its sufferers. BII phobia presents with a unique fear response that can involve drops in blood pressure and ultimately fainting. The aim of this study was to provide proof of concept for a line of brief, easy to implement, video-based interventions for reducing phobic avoidance and fears in BII sufferers. One of the interventions was a novel Hypoventilation Respiratory Training (HRT) aimed at reducing the exaggerated ventilation response (hyperventilation) seen in BII phobia. The response has been linked to cerebral vasoconstriction and fainting symptoms.MethodSixty BII patients were randomly assigned to one of three 12-min video-guided trainings: Symptom-Associated Tension (SAT) training, Relaxation Skills Training (RST), or HRT. Experiential and cardiorespiratory activity to phobic stimuli was assessed before and after training.ResultsBoth SAT and HRT resulted in overall greater reductions of phobic fears and symptoms than RST. SAT significantly increased heart rate during exposure, and HRT led to significantly reduced ventilation, increases in PCO2, and elevated blood pressure throughout exposure and recovery. Treatment expectancy was rated equally high across conditions, whereas credibility ratings were highest for HRT.ConclusionsBrief, video-based instructions in muscle tension and normocapnic breathing are effective in reducing BII symptom severity and require minimal time and expertise. HRT may be particularly helpful in reducing fainting caused by cerebral vasoconstriction.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15T06:25:37.522168-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22616
       
  • Issue Information
    • Pages: 1073 - 1079
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T14:48:45.870845-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22571
       
  • President's Letter December 2017
    • Authors: Karen Lynn Cassiday
      Pages: 1080 - 1081
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T14:48:46.539333-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22704
       
  • Individuation for a DSM-5 disorder: Adult separation anxiety
    • Authors: Jeffrey R. Strawn; Eric T. Dobson
      Pages: 1082 - 1084
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T14:48:44.780213-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22703
       
  • Less is more: Patient-level meta-analysis reveals paradoxical
           dose-response effects of a computer-based social anxiety intervention
           targeting attentional bias
    • Authors: Rebecca B. Price; Jennie M. Kuckertz, Nader Amir, Yair Bar-Haim, Per Carlbring, Meredith L. Wallace
      First page: 1106
      Abstract: BackgroundThe past decade of research has seen considerable interest in computer-based approaches designed to directly target cognitive mechanisms of anxiety, such as attention bias modification (ABM).MethodsBy pooling patient-level datasets from randomized controlled trials of ABM that utilized a dot-probe training procedure, we assessed the impact of training "dose" on relevant outcomes among a pooled sample of 693 socially anxious adults.ResultsA paradoxical effect of the number of training trials administered was observed for both posttraining social anxiety symptoms and behavioral attentional bias (AB) toward threat (the target mechanism of ABM). Studies administering a large (>1,280) number of training trials showed no benefit of ABM over control conditions, while those administering fewer training trials showed significant benefit for ABM in reducing social anxiety (P = .02). These moderating effects of dose were not better explained by other examined variables and previously identified moderators, including patient age, training setting (laboratory vs. home), or type of anxiety assessment (clinician vs. self-report).ConclusionsFindings inform the optimal dosing for future dot-probe style ABM applications in both research and clinical settings, and suggest several novel avenues for further research.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28T13:23:02.884652-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/da.22634
       
 
 
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