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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 875 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 391)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 163)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 203)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 128)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access  
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 115)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 125)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access  
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Burnout Research
  [7 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Online) 2213-0586
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3031 journals]
  • Burnout and engagement: Identical twins or just close relatives?

    • Authors: Toon W. Taris; Jan Fekke Ybema; Ilona van Beek
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 May 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Toon W. Taris, Jan Fekke Ybema, Ilona van Beek
      Past research has frequently cast doubts on the theoretical and empirical distinction between the concepts of work engagement and burnout. Drawing on cross-sectional survey data from 1,535 Dutch police officers, the current study examined (a) the associations among the two core dimensions of burnout (i.e. exhaustion and cynicism) and work engagement (vigour and dedication); and (b) the concurrent and discriminant validity of these dimensions by relating these four dimensions to various important job demands and job resources. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the distinction between burnout and engagement is elusive. Moreover, although the indicators of burnout and those of engagement differed in terms of their job-related correlates, these patterns of associations only partly supported previous theorizing on the antecedents of burnout and engagement. We conclude that burnout and engagement are to a large degree overlapping concepts and that their conceptual and empirical differences should not be overestimated.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T20:28:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.05.002

    • Authors: Daniel Goering; Akihito Shimazu Feigu Zhou Tyki Wada Ryutaro Sakai
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 May 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Daniel D. Goering, Akihito Shimazu, Feigu Zhou, Tyki Wada, Ryutaro Sakai
      The distinctiveness between work engagement and burnout has long been an issue of debate. To address this issue, we use a recently developed technique by Yu et al. (2016) to specify and test a meta-analytic structural equation model (MASEM) which accounts for the non-independence between engagement and burnout as well as the simultaneous effects of all relationships in our model, based on job demands-resources (JD-R) theory. We also estimate the degree of variability of these relationships across subpopulations. We report the findings as a distribution of effect size estimates—each estimate in the distribution representing the true effect size for a potential subpopulation—around the mean average estimate for each relationship in the model. Based on the findings, we conclude that overall burnout and engagement display empirically distinct relationships within the JD-R model (i.e., they are not antipodal), particularly in terms of antecedents. Perhaps most interestingly, rather than a polar opposite pattern of relationships, challenge demands have a similarly positive relationship to both burnout (ß =.35, SD=.10) and engagement (ß =.35, SD=.08), suggesting that challenge demands simultaneously lead—in equal force—to both engagement and burnout. In addition, the distributions of effect sizes are nearly identical for both relationships, indicating that this holds true for nearly all subpopulations. As expected, hindrance demands have a positive relationship with burnout (ß =.31, SD=.10) and have a relatively weak, negative relationship on average to engagement (ß =−.07, SD=.07); work resources have a negative relationship with burnout (ß =−.15, SD=.06) and are positively related to engagement, but in absolute terms they are a stronger predictor of engagement (ß =.33, SD=.05). In terms of outcomes, burnout and engagement predict a variety of behavioral and attitudinal outcomes differentially from one another, although the differences are less clear due to wide variation in effect sizes in the population. Future research directions are discussed alongside practical implications.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T20:28:16Z
  • Work engagement or burnout: which comes first? A meta-analysis of
           longitudinal evidence

    • Authors: Laurențiu P. Maricuțoiu; Coralia Sulea; Alina Iancu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 May 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Laurențiu P. Maricuțoiu, Coralia Sulea, Alina Iancu
      Currently, burnout (BU) and work engagement (WE) and are considered different forms of workplace well-being, negatively related that might even co-occur, or as direct opposites and mutually exclusive. These contrasting views generate difficulties regarding the true nature of the relationship between the two concepts. In the present paper, we aim at clarifying this issue by testing the cross-lagged effects between BU and WE. We conducted systematic database searches using keywords relevant for WE, BU and design type (e.g., longitudinal), and we found 25 eligible research studies (Ntotal =13271 participants). The selected papers a) reported a longitudinal research study; b) included measures of BU and WE, and c) reported the correlation matrix between BU and WE at all measurement moments. First, we used meta-analytical formulas to compute the averaged correlations between BU and WE. Second, we used the averaged effects to complete a correlation matrix, which was used to test the cross-lagged effects between BU and WE, using structural equations modeling. On the entire sample of studies, we found insignificant cross-lagged effects between BU and WE. However, when the time-lag between the two measurement moments was used as a moderator, significant reciprocal cross-lagged effects were found between exhaustion and WE, at 12-month time lag. Notably, it appears that the validity of causal perspective depends on the size of the time lag.

      PubDate: 2017-05-08T20:28:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.05.001
  • The Energy and Identification Continua of Burnout and Work Engagement:
           Developmental Profiles Over Eight Years

    • Authors: Anne Mäkikangas; Katriina Hyvönen; Taru Feldt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Anne Mäkikangas, Katriina Hyvönen, Taru Feldt
      Understanding of the mutual developmental dynamics between burnout and work engagement is limited due to the lack of longitudinal studies with long follow-ups and multi-wave data. This study sought to identify subgroups of employees characterized by long-term exhaustion-vigor (energy continuum) and cynicism-dedication (identification continuum). A further important aim was to investigate differences between the identified subgroups in their experiences of progress in their personal work goals. Five-wave, eight-year follow-up data among Finnish white-collar professionals (n =168) were studied using Latent Profile Analysis (LPA). The analysis yielded three exhaustion-vigor subgroups: 1) “Low stable exhaustion – high stable vigor” (n =141), 2) “Fluctuating exhaustion and vigor” (n =19), and 3) “Stable average exhaustion – decreasing vigor” (n =8). Three subgroups were also found for cynicism-dedication: 1) “Low stable cynicism – high stable dedication” (n =124), 2) “Increasing cynicism – decreasing dedication” (n =27), and 3) “Decreasing cynicism – increasing dedication” (n =17). Exhaustion and vigor were found to be stable and mutually exclusive experiences for the great majority of the participants. However, mean changes were also detected – especially in vigor – but these were rare. A notable finding was that the levels of and changes in cynicism and dedication showed opposite trends in each subgroup: among the majority of the participants (74%), the levels of cynicism and dedication were stable and inversely related, while among one-third their levels simultaneously changed in the reverse direction. The most successful progress in personal work goals was found in the groups described by the identification continuum, i.e., in the groups of “Low stable cynicism – high stable dedication” and “Decreasing cynicism – increasing dedication”.

      PubDate: 2017-05-02T21:48:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.04.002
  • Burnout and Engagement: Contributions to a New Vision

    • Authors: Michael P. Leiter; Christina Maslach
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 April 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Michael P. Leiter, Christina Maslach

      PubDate: 2017-05-02T21:48:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.04.003
  • A task-level perspective on work engagement: A new approach that helps to
           differentiate the concepts of engagement and burnout

    • Authors: Sabine Sonnentag
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Sabine Sonnentag
      This theoretical paper differentiates work engagement from the burnout concept by using a task-level perspective. Specifically, I argue that work engagement (i.e., the experience of vigor, dedication and absorption, Schaufeli & Bakker, 2004) emerges during the process of working. It does not only differ between persons and does not only fluctuate from one day to the other (or even within the course of a day), but can vary largely between different work tasks. Burnout (and particularly exhaustion) as a chronic state does not differ from one work task to the other. I describe task features derived from the job characteristics model (Hackman & Oldham, 1976) as predictors of task-specific work engagement and discuss interaction effects between task features on the one hand and job-level social and personal resources on the other hand. I outline possible avenues for future research and address practical implications, including task design and employee's energy management throughout the workday.

      PubDate: 2017-04-18T17:06:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.04.001
  • Burnout and Interventions in Pediatric Residency: A Literature Review

    • Authors: Tara F. McKinley; Kimberly A. Boland; John D. Mahan
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 March 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Tara F. McKinley, Kimberly A. Boland, John D. Mahan
      Despite an increase in interest in issues related to burnout in medical education and mandates from the national residency accrediting body, available literature is sparse in pediatrics, a medical discipline that requires special empathy and compassion, as well as enhanced communication skills to effectively care for children and their families. Burnout prevalence ranges from 17 to 67.8% of pediatric residents in recent studies. There is little that details the pathogenesis of burnout in these residents and little that compares them with those in other medical disciplines. This comprehensive literature review describes all that is published on burnout and burnout interventions since 2005 in pediatrics and other primary care oriented specialty residents, as well as key papers from pre-2005. This review, with its focus on the available information and evidence-based intervention strategies, identifies four areas for focus for future interventions and directions. It should serve as a useful resource to program directors, medical educators and graduate medical education leadership who are committed to preventing and/or treating burnout in their residents and molding these young physicians to be able to maintain resilience through their careers. This review should also be useful to investigators exploring burnout in other health care professionals.

      PubDate: 2017-03-08T02:54:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.02.003
  • Examining the Link between Burnout and Medical Error: A Checklist Approach

    • Authors: Evangelia Tsiga; Efharis Panagopoulou; Anthony Montgomery
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Evangelia Tsiga, Efharis Panagopoulou, Anthony Montgomery
      Background The aim of this cross-sectional study was to develop an evidence-based systematic Medical Error Checklist (MEC) for self-reporting of medical errors. In addition the study examined the comparative influence of individual, structural, and organizational factors on the frequency of self-reported medical errors. Research Design A three-step process was followed in order to develop three checklists, for internists, surgeons and pediatricians respectively. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) and the teamwork-subscale of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (AHRQ) were used in order to measure physicians’ levels of burnout, job engagement and teamwork respectively. A total of 231 doctors working in a large teaching hospital in Greece participated in the study (response rate: 49.8%). Results Internal reliability coefficients were high for all three checklists. Gender, age, clinical experience, and working hours were not related to medical errors in any of the medical specialties. In surgeons, medical errors were negatively related to engagement (R2 =.210, p=.004), while teamwork and depersonalization were the only predictive factors of frequency of medical errors, in both pediatricians and internists (R2 =.306 p < .001). Conclusions The Medical Error Checklists developed in this study advance the study of medical errors by proposing a comprehensive, valid and reliable self-assessment tool. The results highlight the importance of hospital organizational factors in preventing medical errors.

      PubDate: 2017-02-21T21:31:25Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.02.002
  • Interventions to alleviate burnout symptoms and to support return to work
           among employees with burnout: systematic review and meta-analysis

    • Authors: Kirsi Ahola; Salla Toppinen-Tanner; Johanna Seppänen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 February 2017
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Kirsi Ahola, Salla Toppinen-Tanner, Johanna Seppänen
      Burnout has adverse health and work-related outcomes but there is no consensus how to treat it. We systematically reviewed controlled studies evaluating the effects of individually- and occupationally-focused interventions on burnout symptoms or work status among workers suffering from burnout. Of 4430 potential abstracts, 14 studies reporting the effects of 18 interventions fulfilled the pre-set criteria. Fourteen interventions were individually-focused and four had combined individual and occupational approaches. The specific contents of the interventions varied considerably and the results were mixed. Meta-analysis of four individually-focused RCT interventions did not present effects on exhaustion and cynicism. Meta-analysis on the effect of combined interventions or on return to work could not be conducted. Tackling burnout needs more systematic intervention development and evaluation. The evaluation of interventions would benefit from consensus on definition and assessment of burnout.

      PubDate: 2017-02-15T00:58:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.02.001
  • Latent burnout profiles: A new approach to understanding the burnout

    • Authors: Michael P. Leiter; Christina Maslach
      Pages: 89 - 100
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 September 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Michael P. Leiter, Christina Maslach
      Latent profile analysis, with two large datasets, was used to identify multiple person-centered profiles across the burnout – engagement continuum, as assessed by the three dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Five profiles emerged from this analysis: Burnout (high on all three dimensions), Engagement (low on all three), Overextended (high on exhaustion only), Disengaged (high on cynicism only), and Ineffective (high on inefficacy only). Each of these profiles showed a different pattern of correlates with organizational variables. The Disengaged profile was more negative than Overextended, and closer to the Burnout profile, which argues against the use of exhaustion alone as a proxy for burnout. The results have important implications for theory, research, and interventions.

      PubDate: 2016-10-03T23:04:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 4 (2016)
  • Early Career Burnout Among Dutch Nurses: A Process captured in a Rasch

    • Authors: Jan Alexander de Vos; André Brouwers; Tineke Schoot; Ron Pat-El; Peter Verboon; Gérard Näring
      Pages: 55 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Jan Alexander de Vos, André Brouwers, Tineke Schoot, Ron Pat-El, Peter Verboon, Gérard Näring
      This study investigates burnout among Dutch nursing graduates as a process by testing a sequential-developmental model. A sample of 237 respondents was recruited from a population of Dutch early career nurses. Burnout was measured with the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS, Maslach & Jackson, 1981; Schaufeli & van Dierendonck, 2000). First, the dimensionality was tested with confirmatory factor analysis. A resulting one-dimensional model with exhaustion and depersonalisation was then analysed using a Rasch rating scale measurement model. Rasch analysis showed that these data adhered well to a sequential-developmental model. Burnout among early career nurses may be operationalized as a process that starts with fatigue as a result of strain and ends with severe exhaustion and depersonalisation towards patients. Personal accomplishment develops relatively independently. A separate Rasch analysis on the personal accomplishment items revealed a scale with almost similar item locations, resulting in redundant information.

      PubDate: 2016-06-14T10:46:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2016)
  • Physiology of School Burnout in Medical Students: Hemodynamic and
           Autonomic Functioning

    • Authors: Ross W. May; Gregory S. Seibert; Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez; Frank D. Fincham
      Pages: 63 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 June 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Ross W. May, Gregory S. Seibert, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Frank D. Fincham
      This study investigated the relationship between burnout and hemodynamic and autonomic functioning in both medical students (N=55) and premedical undergraduate students (N=77). Questionnaires screened for health related issues and assessed school burnout and negative affect symptomatology (anxiety and depression). Continuous beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) through finger plethysmography and electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring was conducted during conditions of baseline and cardiac stress induced via the cold pressor task to produce hemodynamic, heart rate variability, and blood pressure variability indices. Independent sample t-tests demonstrated that medical students had significantly higher school burnout scores compared to their undergraduate counterparts. Controlling for age, BMI, anxiety and depressive symptoms, multiple regression analysis indicated that school burnout was a stronger predictor of elevated hemodynamics (blood pressure), decreased heart rate variability, decreased markers of vagal activity and increased markers of sympathetic tone at baseline for medical students than for undergraduates. Analyses of physiological values collected during the cold pressor task indicated greater cardiac hyperactivity for medical students than for undergraduates. The present study supports previous research linking medical school burnout to hemodynamic and autonomic functioning, suggests biomarkers for medical school burnout, and provides evidence that burnout may be implicated as a physiological risk factor in medical students. Study limitations and potential intervention avenues are discussed.

      PubDate: 2016-06-18T18:20:07Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2016)
  • A Randomized, Controlled Study of an Online Intervention to Promote Job
           Satisfaction and Well-Being among Physicians

    • Authors: Liselotte N. Dyrbye; Colin P. West; Melanie L. Richards; Helen J. Ross; Daniel Satele; Tait D. Shanafelt
      Pages: 69 - 75
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 July 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Liselotte N. Dyrbye, Colin P. West, Melanie L. Richards, Helen J. Ross, Daniel Satele, Tait D. Shanafelt
      Although burnout, poor quality of life (QOL), depression, and other forms of psychological distress are common among physicians, few studies testing interventions to reduce distress have been reported. We conducted a randomized trial to determine the impact of a 10-week, individualized, online intervention on well-being among physicians (n=290). Participants were randomized to either the intervention or control arm. Those in the intervention arm received a menu of self-directed micro-tasks once a week for 10 weeks, and were asked to select and complete one task weekly. Baseline and end-of-study questionnaires evaluating well-being (i.e., burnout, depression, QOL, fatigue) and professional satisfaction (i.e., job satisfaction, work engagement, meaning in work, and satisfaction with work-life balance) were administered to both arms. Overall quality of life and fatigue improved over the 10 weeks of the study for those in the intervention arm (both p<0.01). When compared to the control arm, however, no statistically significant improvement in these dimensions of well-being was observed. At the completion of the study, those in the intervention arm were more likely to report participating in the study was worthwhile compared to those in the control arm. The findings suggest that although participants found the micro-tasks in the intervention arm worthwhile, they did not result in measurable improvements in well-being or professional satisfaction when compared to the control group. These results also highlight the critical importance of an appropriate control group in studies evaluating interventions to address physician burnout and distress.

      PubDate: 2016-07-10T13:27:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2016)
  • Burnout in the Nursing Home Health Care Aide: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Sarah L. Cooper; Heather L. Carleton; Stephanie A. Chamberlain; Greta G. Cummings; William Bambrick; Carole A. Estabrooks
      Pages: 76 - 87
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Sarah L. Cooper, Heather L. Carleton, Stephanie A. Chamberlain, Greta G. Cummings, William Bambrick, Carole A. Estabrooks
      Objective To systematically review the evidence on factors that influence burnout in health care aides working in nursing homes. Design Systematic literature review. Data Sources Two search engines (Google and EBSCO Discovery Service) and five databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Proquest Dissertations & Theses) through to August 2013. Keywords: nursing home, health care aide and burnout (all synonyms were included). Methods Two authors independently assessed methodological quality, data extraction, analysis and synthesis on the 10 included publications. 100% reliability was found between the first and second authors. Data extracted included precipitating and buffering factors related to burnout, interventions and demographic information for the health care aide population. Data were synthesized according to individual and organizational factors. Results Our search and screening yielded 2787 titles and abstracts resulting in 83 manuscripts for full manuscript review and 10 included publications. Methodological quality assessments revealed 3 (30%) rated as low quality, 7 (70%) rated as medium quality. Independent variables were categorized as either individual or organizational factors. Methodological problems and heterogeneity in independent and dependant variables yielded few significant results. Only personal life (attributes of provider) was found to significantly buffer burnout (depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment). Equivocal evidence was found for many of the organizational factors (work environment, workload and facility) supporting the need for further robust studies in this field. Of the two intervention studies, only dementia care mapping, and training in organizational respect buffered burnout. Conclusion Factors associated with burnout in health care aides are similar to those reported among nurses, although the level of evidence and low methodological rigor of these studies suggest more robust study designs are warranted. Our findings suggest research focused on this important but largely invisible group of care providers could yield important advances in understanding burnout in this group and yield potential interventions to buffer burnout and its consequences. Without mitigating the effects of burnout on nursing home health care aides, vulnerable older adults in residential care are at risk.

      PubDate: 2016-07-05T09:57:48Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.06.003
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2016)
  • Empirical evidence for a relationship between narcissistic personality
           traits and job burnout

    • Authors: Kathleen Schwarzkopf; Doris Straus; Hildburg Porschke; Hansjörg Znoj; Nathalie Conrad; Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss; Roland von Känel
      Pages: 25 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Kathleen Schwarzkopf, Doris Straus, Hildburg Porschke, Hansjörg Znoj, Nathalie Conrad, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Roland von Känel
      Purpose The relationship between burnout and depression has been a major focus of burnout research, but personality factors might be equally important. Largely based on theoretical grounds, narcissism has repeatedly been proposed to contribute to burnout. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine empirically the relationship between burnout and narcissism Methods We investigated 723 consecutive in-patients, aged between 22 and 80 years (51.2% female), at a hospital specialized in the treatment of job stress-related disorders. patients completed the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory and the 20-item Narcissism Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Perceived Stress Scale. Results After controlling for sociodemographic factors, depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and perceived stress, narcissism explained 3.5% of the total burnout score (p<0.001); regarding burnout dimensions, narcissism explained 7.3% of emotional exhaustion (p<0.001) and 3.6% of depersonalization (p<0.001), but was unrelated to lack of achievements (p=0.45). Depressive symptoms explained 3.6% of the total burnout score, 2.6% of emotional exhaustion, 2.0% of depersonalization, and 1.4% of lack of achievements (all p-values ≤0.005). Conclusions Personality factors, especially narcissism, may be equally important as depressive symptoms, and thus should regularly be considered in burnout research and therapy.

      PubDate: 2016-02-15T11:43:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2015.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2016)
  • Burnout in Journalists: A systematic literature review

    • Authors: Jasmine B. MacDonald; Anthony J. Saliba; Gene Hodgins; Linda A. Ovington
      Pages: 34 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 March 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Jasmine B. MacDonald, Anthony J. Saliba, Gene Hodgins, Linda A. Ovington
      The present study aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to the experience of burnout in journalists of various specialties and mediums. The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010), which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results indicate that journalists most at risk of burnout are females who are younger, with fewer years of journalism experience, working in small circulation newspapers. Editors and reporters seem to experience higher levels of burnout than those in other roles, as do journalists in non-management positions. The thorough and structured process adopted in this review provides the ability to assert with some degree of certainty what areas within the burnout and journalism literature require further consideration. This review emphasises and problematises the large focus on male reporters in newspaper settings, settings that are becoming less significant over time. Studies have tended to focus on reporters, without providing a convincing a priori rationale. What is lacking is consideration of other role groups central to broadcast news, such as camera-operators. A range of methodological and theoretical issues and future areas of research are discussed.

      PubDate: 2016-03-14T14:45:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2016)
  • The psychological costs of owning and managing an SME: Linking job
           stressors, occupational loneliness, entrepreneurial orientation, and

    • Authors: Claude Fernet; Olivier Torrès; Stéphanie Austin; Josée St-Pierre
      Pages: 45 - 53
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 March 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Claude Fernet, Olivier Torrès, Stéphanie Austin, Josée St-Pierre
      The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of occupational stress in small-to-medium enterprise (SMEs) owner-managers by delving further into individual and contextual factors that make them vulnerable to burnout. From a relational perspective, the authors propose that job stressors related to SME management can predict burnout through the feeling of occupational loneliness, and that this indirect relationship is moderated by the entrepreneurial orientation of the owner-manager. The proposed moderated mediation model was supported by multiwave data collected from 377 owner-managers in France as well as its invariance across business size. The results showed that the conditional indirect effect of loneliness was stronger and significant when entrepreneurial orientation is low, but weaker and not significant when entrepreneurial orientation is high. This finding provides a starting point for further investigations of burnout in SME owner-managers, and more specifically, the complex pathways by which job stressors are related to burnout.

      PubDate: 2016-03-29T20:29:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 2 (2016)
  • From Job Demands and Resources to Work Engagement, Burnout, Life
           Satisfaction, Depressive Symptoms, and Occupational Health

    • Authors: Katja Upadyaya; Matti Vartiainen; Katariina Salmela-Aro
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 October 2016
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Katja Upadyaya, Matti Vartiainen, Katariina Salmela-Aro
      This study investigated the cross-lagged associations between work engagement and burnout, and life satisfaction and depressive symptoms, their demands (i.e., workload) and resources (i.e., servant leadership, self-efficacy, resilience) and relationships with occupational health outcomes (i.e., recovery, number of mental health diagnoses, workaholism). This study is a part of an ongoing Occupational Health Study in which 1 415 employees (586 men, 829 women) were followed twice during two years 2011-12 through their occupational health services. The participants filled in a questionnaire on their work engagement, burnout symptoms, well-being, personal and work environmental resources and demands, and occupational health. The results showed that spillover existed, in particular, from work engagement to depressive symptoms (negatively), and to life satisfaction (positively) and from depressive symptoms to work engagement (negatively), and to burnout (positively). Work engagement was also negatively associated with work burnout, and depressive symptoms were negatively associated with life satisfaction. Moreover, servant leadership was positively associated with work engagement, which, in turn, was positively associated with high life satisfaction and recovery, and negatively associated with work burnout and depressive symptoms. High workload, in turn, was positively associated with burnout and depressive symptoms, which, in turn, were further positively associated with increased mental health diagnoses, and negatively associated with recovery.

      PubDate: 2016-10-12T00:39:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.burn.2016.10.001
  • A special milestone for Burnout Research

    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2016
      Source:Burnout Research, Volume 3, Issue 2

      PubDate: 2016-06-14T10:46:02Z
  • The Person-oriented Approach to Burnout: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Anne Ulla; Kinnunen
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 December 2015
      Source:Burnout Research
      Author(s): Anne Mäkikangas, Ulla Kinnunen
      The variable-oriented approach has dominated empirical burnout research, but during the last 10 years a person-oriented approach to burnout has also become common. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify, categorize and evaluate the empirical research to date that has adopted a person-oriented approach to burnout. The results of these studies were then compared with those generated by variable-oriented burnout research. An electronic search of seven databases was conducted in spring 2015. Initially 470 publications were identified, 24 of which met the selection criteria. The reviewed articles were categorized into three groups based on their research target(s): 1) intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms (i.e., types of burnout) (42%), 2) intra-individual development of burnout over time (i.e., burnout trajectories) (33%), and 3) patterns of well-being indicators within individuals (i.e., well-being types) (33%). The typical burnout types and trajectories identified by person-oriented research were largely parallel with the information produced by variable-oriented research, but also brought out the heterogeneity of the burnout experience by revealing atypical burnout and well-being types and individual developmental trajectories. The advantages, along with the challenges, of taking a person-oriented approach are discussed. Based on the study designs, methodologies, and main findings of the reviewed studies, five avenues for future person-oriented burnout studies are proposed.

      PubDate: 2016-01-03T00:09:44Z
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