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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 875 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 402)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 176)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 215)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access  
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 129)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access  
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Current Addiction Reports
  [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Online) 2196-2952
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Children’s Motives to Start, Continue, and Stop Playing Video Games:
           Confronting Popular Theories with Real-World Observations
    • Authors: Antonius J. Van Rooij; Rowan Daneels; Sien Liu; Sarah Anrijs; Jan Van Looy
      Abstract: Purpose of Review The current study reviews popular theoretical perspectives that cover motives for video gaming and confronts them with findings from interviews with children. Recent Findings Psychological and behavioral engagements with games have been explained using a number of theoretical approaches, which can be crudely categorized into three major groups: (1) active choice, such as Uses and Gratifications Theory; (2) social cognitive learning, such as Social Cognitive Theory; and (3) basic psychological needs, such a Self-Determination Theory. Summary Considerable overlap was found between theories and many theoretical aspects were confirmed in the interviews. However, the interviews reveal that current models insufficiently account for the dynamic nature of gaming over time (e.g., in-game asset ownership, notification systems, or in-game timers) and the crucial role of game-external context (e.g., parental regulation, weather conditions, game accessibility). Accounting for these dynamics in future work would help us to better understand and contribute to balanced, non-problematic video gaming behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0163-x
  • An Overview of Structural Characteristics in Problematic Video Game
    • Authors: Mark D. Griffiths; Filip Nuyens
      Abstract: Purpose of Review There are many different factors involved in how and why people develop problems with video game playing. One such set of factors concerns the structural characteristics of video games (i.e., the structure, elements, and components of the video games themselves). Much of the research examining the structural characteristics of video games was initially based on research and theorizing from the gambling studies field. The present review briefly overviews the key papers in the field to date. Recent Findings The paper examines a number of areas including (i) similarities in structural characteristics of gambling and video gaming, (ii) structural characteristics in video games, (iii) narrative and flow in video games, (iv) structural characteristic taxonomies for video games, and (v) video game structural characteristics and game design ethics. Many of the studies carried out to date are small-scale, and comprise self-selected convenience samples (typically using self-report surveys or non-ecologically valid laboratory experiments). Summary Based on the small amount of empirical data, it appears that structural features that take a long time to achieve in-game are the ones most associated with problematic video game play (e.g., earning experience points, managing in-game resources, mastering the video game, getting 100% in-game). The study of video games from a structural characteristic perspective is of benefit to many different stakeholders including academic researchers, video game players, and video game designers, as well as those interested in prevention and policymaking by making the games more socially responsible. It is important that researchers understand and recognize the psycho-social effects and impacts that the structural characteristics of video games can have on players, both positive and negative.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0162-y
  • New Assessment Tools for Buying Disorder
    • Authors: Astrid Müller; James E. Mitchell; Birte Vogel; Martina de Zwaan
      Abstract: Purpose of Review The purpose of this study is to summarize studies concerning the development and evaluation of assessment tools for buying disorder (BD) between 2000 and 2016. Recent Findings There is still a lack of formal diagnostic criteria and field-tested structured interviews for BD. With regard to questionnaires, the following psychometrically sound instruments assessing symptoms of BD have been developed within the last decade: (1) the Richmond Compulsive Buying Scale (RCBS), which conceptualizes BD as an obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder; (2) the Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale (BSAS), which regards BD as “shopping addiction;” and (3) the Pathological Buying Screener (PBS), which reflects addictive and impulse-control-disorder aspects of BD. Summary Future studies should make use of the new questionnaires assessing symptoms of BD. Furthermore, diagnostic criteria for BD should be developed and validated in order to better establish the diagnosis of BD and to accomplish its recognition as a mental disorder.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0161-z
  • Personality and Internet Gaming Disorder: a Systematic Review of Recent
    • Authors: Alessia Maria Gervasi; Luana La Marca; Antonino Costanzo; Ugo Pace; Fanny Guglielmucci; Adriano Schimmenti
      Abstract: Purpose of Review In this study, we present a systematic review of empirical studies that have addressed the relationship between Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and personality in the last 10 years (2007–2016). A systematic search of scientific literature identified 27 peer-reviewed empirical studies that examined the relationship between IGD and personality dimensions. Recent Findings The findings of recent empirical studies suggest that IGD is linked to a wide range of personality traits, domains, and disorders. Summary Although some personality factors such as high neuroticism, high impulsivity, and high aggressiveness emerged quite consistently as significant predictors of IGD across the studies, the overall result of this systematic review showed that different personality traits (more frequently, in combination) may play a pivotal role in the acquisition, development, and maintenance of IGD. Therefore, further research is needed to understand whether specific patterns of personality traits may predispose people to IGD.
      PubDate: 2017-06-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0159-6
  • Prevention and Policy Related to Internet Gaming Disorder
    • Authors: Daniel L. King; Paul H. Delfabbro
      Abstract: Purpose of Review Recent international developments in policy and prevention for disordered or hazardous gaming are summarized. The regional scope included the USA, UK, Australia, Germany, China, Japan, and South Korea. Recent Findings Many recent prevention studies have trialled school-based programs to train healthier Internet and gaming use habits in adolescents. Such programs aim to promote critical reflection of gaming among players. At a policy level, much of the focus of prevention strategies have been upon the recognition of gaming-related harm, with countries such as South Korea cited as a representative example of these approaches. Summary Although East Asian countries had led recent efforts to test and implement prevention measures for problematic gaming, further research is needed to identify the most efficacious strategies for preventing disordered gaming across diverse populations. Meaningful advances will rely upon engagement of all stakeholders, including the gaming industry where appropriate, working collaboratively to develop practical, ethical, and sustainable countermeasures.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0157-8
  • Decision-making and Related Processes in Internet Gaming Disorder and
           Other Types of Internet-Use Disorders
    • Authors: Johannes Schiebener; Matthias Brand
      Abstract: Purpose of Review The review aims to characterize decision-making in individuals with symptoms of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and other types of Internet-use disorders. We therefore discuss both theories of decision-making and theoretical models of Internet-use disorders as well as recent studies which investigated decision-making in these addictive behaviors. Recent Findings Studies from 2012 to 2017 demonstrated that individuals with symptoms of IGD show riskier behavior, tend to disregard objective probabilities, display reduced feedback processing, and have a preference for immediate rewards. These behaviors are related to increased reward sensitivity and reduced executive/inhibitory control on behavioral and brain levels. Summary Risky and short-termly oriented decisions may be major aspects in the development and maintenance of IGD and other Internet-use disorders. Dual-process models of decision-making can explain the addictive behavior by interactions between immediate reward expectation, specific predisposing factors, and situational aspects. These interactions make it increasingly likely that short-term-oriented impulses towards the use of specific Internet applications overwhelm attempts to reflectively control the behavior.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0156-9
  • Dysfunctional Cognitions in Online Gaming and Internet Gaming Disorder: a
           Narrative Review and New Classification
    • Authors: Claudia Marino; Marcantonio M. Spada
      Abstract: Purpose of Review Over the last two decades, Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has emerged as a potential clinical entity. Dysfunctional cognitions relating to IGD have been the object of debate by scholars in the field. The aim of the current paper is to provide a narrative review and new classification of dysfunctional cognitions involved in IGD. Recent Findings A wide range of dysfunctional cognitions have been investigated in online gaming. Recent research has indicated the importance and value of distinguishing dysfunctional cognitions from dysfunctional metacognitions in IGD. Summary We propose a new classification which distinguishes between dysfunctional cognitions and metacognitions in IGD. Future studies should compare these two forms of cognitive constructs using longitudinal and experimental designs and examine their relative contribution in predicting IGD and efficacy of different treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0160-0
  • Internet Gaming Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Addiction
    • Authors: Vladan Starcevic; Elias Aboujaoude
      Abstract: Purpose of Review To examine the degree of relatedness between Internet gaming disorder (IGD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and substance use disorders. Recent Findings IGD is phenomenologically distinct from OCD, and its relationship with OCD, although apparently strong, is not specific. At a neurobiological level, IGD and OCD appear to differ, but more studies directly comparing the two disorders are needed. IGD was conceptualized as a behavioral addiction, which has been controversial. Limited data on co-occurrence of IGD and substance use disorders do not suggest their strong relationship. However, they are similar in terms of greater sensitivity to reward, impaired executive control, and impaired risky decision-making—features that are also largely shared with impulsivity. Summary IGD appears to be more characterized by impulsivity than compulsivity. If the hallmark of behavioral addictions is the initial impulsivity followed by compulsivity, IGD may be more akin to an impulse-control disorder than a behavioral addiction.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0158-7
  • Cue-Reactivity, Craving, and Decision Making in Buying Disorder: a Review
           of the Current Knowledge and Future Directions
    • Authors: Patrick Trotzke; Matthias Brand; Katrin Starcke
      Abstract: Purpose of the Review The current review summarizes the literature for buying disorder (BD) with a focus on addiction-relevant concepts such as craving, executive functions, and decision making. Recent Findings First, studies could demonstrate craving reactions in relationship to BD in both offline and online contexts. Decision-making studies demonstrated disadvantageous decision-making performance in individuals with BD when the outcomes and contingencies of the decision options are unknown (ambiguous risk). In contrast, unimpaired decision making was observed when outcomes and probabilities were explicitly provided (objective risk). Most studies reported normal executive functions in individuals with BD. Summary The findings emphasize the role of craving in the context of BD. Decision-making performance seems to be related to difficulties in emotional processing of negative consequences rather than to executive dysfunctions. The findings are discussed in the context of current models of addiction and decision making. We also suggest an integrative approach for a better understanding of the psychological processes underlying the phenomenon of BD and point out future research directions.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0155-x
  • Differences and Similarities Between Compulsive Buying and Other Addictive
    • Authors: Gemma Mestre-Bach; Trevor Steward; Susana Jiménez-Murcia; Fernando Fernández-Aranda
      Abstract: Purpose of Review We aimed to review recent research drawing attention to the parallels between compulsive buying and other addictive disorders. More specifically, special focus was given to common risk factors, comorbidity in compulsive buying, and shared diagnostic obstacles with other behavioral addictions. Recent Findings New research reaffirms that compulsive buying possesses many commonalities with both substance use disorders and other behavioral addictions. Specific personality traits, sociodemographic variables, and neurobiological vulnerabilities are understood to be risk factors for compulsive buying, as with other addictive disorders. Compulsive buying is not yet categorized as an addictive disorder despite its similarities to gambling disorder; consensus on diagnostic criteria is needed. Summary The latest research suggests that compulsive buying should be classified as a behavioral addiction. More empirical research is required to determine universal diagnostic criteria. Concerted efforts on the treatment and prevention of compulsive buying would advance the field.
      PubDate: 2017-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0153-z
  • Do You Think That Money Can Buy Happiness' A Review of the Role of
           Mood, Materialism, Self, and Cognitions in Compulsive Buying
    • Authors: Richard Moulding; Annie Duong; Maja Nedeljkovic; Michael Kyrios
      Abstract: Purpose of Review Although not recognized as a discrete psychiatric disorder, compulsive buying (CB) is a widespread psychological problem characterized by a preoccupation with shopping and impulses to purchase that are experienced as irresistible and chronic, leading to distress and significant impairment. Recent Findings Social psychological frameworks for CB highlight the link between CB and materialistic value endorsement and individuals’ motives to compensate for a perceived deficiency in self-concept. Alternatively, cognitive frameworks for CB focus on the role of beliefs about possessions (e.g. perceiving goods as “essential” and “unique,” and buying opportunities as “occasions not to be missed”) in order to explain CB. Both models also strongly implicate the role of mood in CB phenomena. Summary Strong links have been found between materialism, mood, and CB. The relevance of self and cognitions to CB has also been supported, albeit fewer studies have examined such links.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0154-y
  • Resisting Temptation: Is Compulsive Buying an Expression of Personality
    • Authors: Laurence Claes; Astrid Müller
      Abstract: Purpose of Review We summarized studies focusing on the associations between compulsive buying and temperament/personality traits in community and clinical samples published between 2010 and 2016. Recent Findings We found significant associations between compulsive buying (CB) and high levels of Behavioral Activation System (BAS) reactivity, Novelty Seeking, and Positive Urgency (promotion focus), as well as high levels of Neuroticism, Emotional Instability, and Negative Urgency (prevention focus). Finally, the results showed negative relationships between CB and lack of Effortful Control, Self-Control, Perseverance, and Premeditation. Summary CB seems to be driven by positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement as well as a breakdown in self-regulation. Longitudinal studies should investigate the development of CB throughout time, and experimental studies should examine whether individuals with CB suffer from a general vs. a cue-specific breakdown in self-regulation. Psychotherapy should focus on the training of self-control as well as the development of behavioral alternatives to regulate emotions.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0152-0
  • Food Addiction Beliefs Amongst the Lay Public: What Are the Consequences
           for Eating Behaviour'
    • Authors: Helen K. Ruddock; Charlotte A. Hardman
      Abstract: Purpose of Review The current paper reviews recent research on perceptions of food addiction in the lay public. It also examines the potential consequences of such beliefs for eating behaviour. Recent Findings Surveys suggest that, within community samples, the majority of individuals believe that certain foods are addictive, and that food addiction causes obesity. Further, many people believe themselves to be ‘food addicts’, and these individuals demonstrate increased patterns of aberrant eating. However, there is also initial experimental evidence to suggest that believing oneself to be a food addict leads to short-term food restriction. Summary To reconcile these findings, a self-perpetuating relationship between food addiction beliefs and aberrant eating is proposed. Specifically, in the short term, food addiction beliefs may encourage individuals to avoid certain foods. However, attempts at restriction may eventually lead to increased cravings and disinhibition, thus reinforcing perceptions of oneself as a food addict. These possibilities merit scrutiny in future research.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0136-0
  • Neural Correlates of Social Influence Among Cannabis Users
    • Abstract: Purpose of Review Although peer influence is an important factor in the initiation and maintenance of cannabis use, few studies have investigated the neural correlates of peer influence among cannabis users. The current review summarizes research on the neuroscience of social influence in cannabis users, with the goal of highlighting gaps in the literature and the need for future research. Recent Findings Brain regions underlying peer influence may function differently in cannabis users. Compared to non-using controls, regions of the brain underlying reward, such as the striatum, show greater connectivity with frontal regions and also hyperactivity when participants are presented with peer information. Other subcortical regions, such as the insula, show hypoactivation during social exclusion in cannabis users, indicating that neural responses to peer interactions may be altered in cannabis users. Summary Although neuroscience is increasingly being used to study social behavior, few studies have specifically focused on cannabis use, and therefore, it is difficult to draw conclusions about social mechanisms that may differentiate cannabis users and controls. This area of research may be a promising avenue in which to explore a critical factor underlying cannabis use and addiction.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0141-3
  • ‘ Oxytocin Deficiency ’: Implications for the Food-Addiction
    • Authors: Caroline Davis; Elnaz Moghimi
      Abstract: Purpose of the Review In this paper, an oxytocin-deficiency model is presented, which has considerable relevance for patterns of compulsive overeating as described by the food-addiction concept. Both animal research and human investigations are discussed in the context of individual differences in social perception and affiliation, reward processing, stress responsiveness, and eating and other addictive behaviors. Recent Findings The properties of oxytocin are well-established, indicating that low levels of this hormone are associated with increased food consumption, especially of sweet carbohydrates. Recent evidence suggests, however, that oxytocin has a “conditional” influence on eating and is moderated by various social and environmental conditions such as eating in social situations. Low oxytocin is also related to prosocial deficits including poor pair-bonding, diminished empathy, and a reduction in the rewarding properties of social contact. Oxytocin has also been linked to the increased risk for addictive substance use and abuse. Summary We propose that a proneness to stress, deficits in social interactions, and a sensitivity to addictive behaviors may render oxytocin-deficient individuals—who are already prone to overconsumption of sweet foods—at increased risk for developing addictive-like patterns of overeating.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0135-1
  • Cannabis Withdrawal: a Review of Neurobiological Mechanisms and Sex
    • Authors: Nicolas J. Schlienz; Alan J. Budney; Dustin C. Lee; Ryan Vandrey
      Abstract: Purpose of Review This report provides an updated overview of pre-clinical and clinical research on the etiology and biological substrates of the cannabis withdrawal syndrome. Recent Findings Long-term cannabis use is associated with downregulation of type-1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1). Reduced CB1 receptor density is related to increased withdrawal during early abstinence, and the reduction in CB1 receptor density reverses with extended abstinence. Females have been shown to have increased rate and severity of a subset of cannabis withdrawal symptoms compared with men. Summary Recent studies have extended knowledge of the biological processes and individual difference variables that influence cannabis withdrawal. However, caveats include small sample sizes in clinical studies, participant samples that are predominantly male, and limited examinations of endocannabinoids, enzymes that degrade endocannabinoids, negative allosteric modulators, and other neurobiological systems that may directly impact cannabis withdrawal symptom expression.
      PubDate: 2017-04-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0143-1
  • Mindfulness Reduces Reactivity to Food Cues: Underlying Mechanisms and
           Applications in Daily Life
    • Authors: Mike Keesman; Henk Aarts; Michael Häfner; Esther K. Papies
      Abstract: Purpose of Review Mindfulness-based interventions are becoming increasingly popular as a means to facilitate healthy eating. We suggest that the decentering component of mindfulness, which is the metacognitive insight that all experiences are impermanent, plays an especially important role in such interventions. To facilitate the application of decentering, we address its psychological mechanism to reduce reactivity to food cues, proposing that it makes thoughts and simulations in response to food cues less compelling. We discuss supporting evidence, applications, and challenges for future research. Recent Findings Experimental and correlational studies consistently find that the adoption of a decentering perspective reduces subjective cravings, physiological reactivity such as salivation, and unhealthy eating. Summary We suggest that the decentering perspective can be adopted in any situation to reduce reactivity to food cues. Considering people’s high exposure to food temptations in daily life, this makes it a powerful tool to empower people to eat healthily.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0134-2
  • The Myriad Influences of Alcohol Advertising on Adolescent Drinking
    • Authors: Benjamin L. Berey; Cassidy Loparco; Robert F. Leeman; Joel W. Grube
      Abstract: Purpose of Review This review investigates effects of alcohol advertising on adolescent drinking. Prior reviews focused on behavioral outcomes and long-term effects. In contrast, the present review focuses on subgroups with greater exposure to alcohol advertising, research methods to study alcohol advertising, potential mechanisms underlying relationships between adolescent exposure to alcohol advertising, and increased drinking and points to prevention/intervention strategies that may reduce effects of alcohol advertising. Recent Findings Alcohol advertising influences current and future drinking. Further, evidence suggests that adolescents may be targeted specifically. Alcohol advertisements may influence behavior by shifting alcohol expectancies, norms regarding alcohol use, and positive attitudes. Media literacy programs may be an effective intervention strategy. Summary Adolescents are exposed to large quantities of alcohol advertisements, which violate guidelines set by the alcohol industry. However, media literacy programs may be a promising strategy for adolescents to increase critical thinking and create more realistic expectations regarding alcohol.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0146-y
  • Future Directions in “Food Addiction”: Next Steps and
           Treatment Implications
    • Authors: Erica M. Schulte; Michelle A. Joyner; Emma T. Schiestl; Ashley N. Gearhardt
      Abstract: Purpose of Review The purposes of this study were to examine future directions regarding food addiction and to discuss potential treatment implications. Recent Findings Foods likely differ in their ability to trigger addictive-like eating, with highly processed foods being the most closely associated with addictive processes. Harm reduction approaches may be relevant to the treatment of addictive-like eating. Food addiction is more closely associated with wanting for food, rather than liking the taste of food. Exposure to food cues increases wanting for food and increasing strategies to cope with cravings may be an important treatment approach. Negative affect likely increases vulnerability to overeating. Increasing emotion regulation capabilities may be important in reducing signs of food addiction. Summary The role of addictive mechanisms in problematic eating requires additional research, but an addiction perspective may also have important treatment implications.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0140-4
  • Co-use of Alcohol and Opioids
    • Authors: Karlyn A. Edwards; Kevin E. Vowles; Katie Witkiewitz
      Abstract: Purpose of Review This paper provides a narrative review of the co-use of alcohol and opioids, and its impact on biological, neurocognitive, and behavioral systems. In addition, data addressing co-use among patients receiving opioid replacement therapy and those who have chronic pain are discussed. Recent Findings Alcohol and opioids are among the most commonly used substances, and co-use has contributed to a growing number of accidental poisonings, emergency room visits, and overdose deaths. Prevalence of co-use is high among multiple populations and severely impacts treatment outcomes. Summary Treatment for those that co-use alcohol and opioids is inadequate. Future research should further investigate salient influences on co-use and identify potential targets for intervention to address this treatment need.
      PubDate: 2017-04-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s40429-017-0147-x
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