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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 881 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 408)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 230)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 221)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 151)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 134)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Culture and Brain
  [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2193-8652 - ISSN (Online) 2193-8660
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Culture and emotion perception: comparing Canadian and Japanese
           children’s and parents’ context sensitivity
    • Authors: Hajin Lee; Kristina Nand; Yuki Shimizu; Akira Takada; Miki Kodama; Takahiko Masuda
      Abstract: Abstract Prior research on the perception of facial expressions suggests that East Asians are more likely than North Americans to incorporate the expressions of background figures into their judgment of a central figure’s emotion (Masuda et al. in J Pers Soc Psychol 94:365–381, 2008b). However, little research has examined this issue in the context of developmental science, especially during joint sessions where parents engage in a task in front of their 7–8-year-old children. In this study, 22 Canadian and 20 Japanese child-parent dyads participated in an emotion judgment task, and were asked to judge a central figure’s emotion and explain their reasoning. The results indicated that while early elementary school children did not show culturally dominant reasoning styles, parents displayed culturally dominant modes of attention, serving as models for their children.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0052-0
       
  • Money for us versus money for them: cross-cultural differences in
           sensitivity to rewards for ingroup and outgroup
    • Authors: Youngbin Kwak; Jaehyung Kwon; Kyongsik Yun; Jaeseung Jeong; Scott Huettel
      Abstract: Abstract Economic decisions often involve consideration of social groups, as when a decision has consequences not just for oneself but also for an in-group or out-group member. Culture—specifically, differences between Western individualistic and Eastern collectivist cultures—has direct influence on perception of social group identity. Yet, not many studies have investigated how culture might influence economic decision making involving social groups. The current study determined cultural influences on sensitivity to rewards directed towards their ingroup and outgroup. American and Korean students performed a simple card game, in which they earned money for ingroup and outgroup members by choosing from amongst four card decks each associated with different reward outcomes for the two groups. Performance on the card game showed a culture-by-reward-group interaction such that Koreans showed greater reward sensitivity for the ingroup than did Americans. These results demonstrate significant cross-cultural differences in the processing of rewards towards different social groups.
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0051-1
       
  • Bias in cross-cultural neuropsychological testing: problems and possible
           solutions
    • Authors: Alberto Luis Fernández; Jennifer Abe
      Abstract: Abstract Cultural variables exert a powerful effect on test performance. This effect is now largely recognized in the field of neuropsychology, although rather underestimated. This paper has three parts. First, different sources of cross-cultural bias in neuropsychological testing are identified, using the taxonomy proposed by van de Vijver and Tanzer (Eur Rev Appl Psychol 54: 119–135, 2004), specifically, an examination of construct, method and item biases. Second, strategies proposed in the literature to address these biases are reviewed. Finally, a three-level approach to addressing these problems related to bias is proposed. These approaches are hierarchically organized from bottom-to-top: (1) a behavioral approach in the testing situation, (2) test adaptation and, (3) the development of a new generation of neuropsychological tests. Simultaneous test development across multiple cultures is emphasized. Guidelines for the development of these tests are proposed in order to obtain culturally fair and psychometrically robust tests.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0050-2
       
  • Culture, brain, and health: introduction to the special issue
    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Reynolds Losin
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0049-8
       
  • Culture and cardiac vagal tone independently influence emotional
           expressiveness
    • Authors: Xiao-Fei Yang; Mary Helen Immordino-Yang
      Abstract: Abstract Expressiveness (behavioral expression of emotion) is shaped by culture and by biological predispositions, such as cardiac vagal tone (CVT). However, it is unclear whether these factors interact or contribute additively, as no studies have simultaneously investigated the effects of both. Here we conducted a secondary analysis of data on emotional expressiveness to video clips depicting accidental painful injuries. Data were from a cross-cultural study of Chinese and American participants, including a bicultural group of East-Asian Americans (AA). We had previously reported that expressiveness was higher for the American than for the Chinese group (Immordino-Yang, Yang and Damasio, 2016). The current analyses included a subset of participants for whom we collected baseline electrocardiograms to establish CVT. Groups did not differ in CVT, and the effect of CVT on expressiveness did not differ across groups. Controlling for CVT, the previously reported cultural effect on expressiveness held. Controlling for group differences in expressiveness, participants with higher CVT were less expressive (calmer). These effects held controlling for participants’ reported feeling strength to the videos, suggesting that they reflect expressiveness rather than differences in strength of emotional experience. In a follow-up analysis of the bicultural AA group, higher CVT was associated with reports of stronger East-Asian ethnic identity. Our results suggest that cultural group and CVT contribute additively to emotional expressiveness, and that CVT, which is associated with emotion regulation capacity, may predispose bicultural individuals toward adopting particular cultural values. These findings should be of interest to researchers investigating cultural and CVT relations to health.
      PubDate: 2017-02-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0048-9
       
  • Erratum to: Audience effects: what can they tell us about social
           neuroscience, theory of mind and autism'
    • Authors: Antonia F. de C. Hamilton; Frida Lind
      PubDate: 2017-01-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0047-2
       
  • Cultural context moderates neural pathways to social influence
    • Authors: Christopher N. Cascio; Matthew B. O’Donnell; Bruce G. Simons-Morton; C. Raymond Bingham; Emily B. Falk
      Abstract: Abstract People from different cultural backgrounds respond differently to social cues, and may use their brains differently in social situations. Socioeconomic status (SES) is one key cultural variable that influences susceptibility to social cues, with those from lower SES backgrounds tending toward greater interdependence, and those from higher SES backgrounds tending toward greater independence. Building on past research linking brain sensitivity during social exclusion with tendency to take risks in the presence of peers, we examined whether SES moderated the relationship between neural measures of sensitivity during social exclusion and later conformity to peer pressure in a driving simulator. Our data show that SES does moderate the relationship between brain responses during social exclusion and conformity to peer influence on driving behavior. Specifically, increased activity in brain regions implicated in social pain and reward-sensitivity during social exclusion were associated with greater conformity to peer passenger driving norms for low SES and decreased conformity for high SES. In addition, increased activity brain regions implicated in understanding others’ mental states during exclusion was associated with similar patterns of decreased conformity for high SES. Overall, results highlight the importance of considering cultural factors, such as SES, in understanding the relationship between neural processing of social cues and how these translate into real-world relevant behaviors.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0046-3
       
  • Cultural neuroscience and global mental health: addressing grand
           challenges
    • Authors: Joan Y. Chiao; Shu-Chen Li; Robert Turner; Su Yeon Lee-Tauler; Beverly A. Pringle
      Abstract: Abstract Mental, neurological and substance-use (MNS) disorders comprise approximately 13% of the global burden of disease. The Grand Challenges in Global Mental Health Initiative has recently identified research priorities for the next decade to address prevention and treatment of MNS disorders. One main research priority is to identify the root causes, risks and protective factors associated with global mental health. Recent advances in cultural neuroscience have identified theoretical, methodological, and empirical methods of identifying biomarkers associated with mental health disorders across nations. Here we review empirical research in cultural neuroscience that address meeting the grand challenges in global mental health.
      PubDate: 2016-11-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0045-4
       
  • Audience effects: what can they tell us about social neuroscience, theory
           of mind and autism'
    • Authors: Antonia F. de C. Hamilton; Frida Lind
      Abstract: Abstract An audience effect arises when a person’s behaviour changes because they believe someone else is watching them. Though these effects have been known about for over 110 years, the cognitive mechanisms of the audience effect and how it might vary across different populations and cultures remains unclear. In this review, we examine the hypothesis that the audience effect draws on implicit mentalising abilities. Behavioural and neuroimaging data from a number of tasks are consistent with this hypothesis. We further review data suggest that how people respond to audiences may vary over development, personality factors, cultural background and clinical diagnosis including autism and anxiety disorder. Overall, understanding and exploring the audience effect may contribute to our models of social interaction, including reputation management and mentalising.
      PubDate: 2016-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0044-5
       
  • A neuroimaging point of view on the diversity of social cognition:
           evidence for extended influence of experience- and emotion-related factors
           on face processing
    • Abstract: Abstract Faces are key social stimuli that convey a wealth of information essential for person perception and adaptive interpersonal behaviour. Studies in the domain of cognitive, affective, and social neuroscience have put in light that the processing of faces recruits specific visual regions and activates a distributed set of brain regions related to attentional, emotional, social, and memory processes associated with the perception of faces and the extraction of the numerous information attached to them. Studies using neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have allowed localizing these brain regions and characterizing their functional properties. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) techniques are complementary to fMRI in that they offer a unique insight into the temporal dynamics of mental processes. In this article, I review the contribution of neuroimaging techniques to the knowledge on face processing and person perception with the aim of putting in light the extended influence of experience-related factors, particularly in relation with emotions, on the face processing system. Although the face processing network has evolved under evolutionary selection pressure related to sociality-related needs and is therefore highly conserved throughout the human species, neuroimaging studies put in light both the extension and the flexibility of the brain network involved in face processing. MEG and EEG allow in particular to reveal that the human brain integrates emotion- and experience-related information from the earliest stage of face processing. Altogether, this emphasizes the diversity of social cognitive processes associated with face perception.
      PubDate: 2016-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0043-6
       
  • The relationship between parents’ social network diversity and pulmonary
           function among children with asthma
    • Authors: Cynthia S. Levine; Erika M. Manczak; Paula J. Ham; Van Le; Edith Chen
      Abstract: Abstract Regular contact with people from another racial or ethnic group can have physiological benefits. The present research explored whether these benefits extend to children who live in families with greater intergroup contact. Specifically, it investigated whether children with asthma had better pulmonary function if their parents reported having more people in their social network who were of a different race or ethnicity, and whether this relationship was moderated by the quality of the relationship between children and their parents. Consistent with hypotheses, results showed that the percentage of people in parents’ social networks who were of a different race or ethnicity predicted better pulmonary function among children who reported higher quality relationships with their parents, but not among children who reported lower quality relationships. Thus, the racial/ethnic diversity of parents’ social networks may play a role in protecting children’s health, particularly when children are close to their parents.
      PubDate: 2016-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0042-7
       
  • Examining ecological validity in social interaction: problems of visual
           fidelity, gaze, and social potential
    • Authors: Arran T. Reader; Nicholas P. Holmes
      Abstract: Abstract Social interaction is an essential part of the human experience, and much work has been done to study it. However, several common approaches to examining social interactions in psychological research may inadvertently either unnaturally constrain the observed behaviour by causing it to deviate from naturalistic performance, or introduce unwanted sources of variance. In particular, these sources are the differences between naturalistic and experimental behaviour that occur from changes in visual fidelity (quality of the observed stimuli), gaze (whether it is controlled for in the stimuli), and social potential (potential for the stimuli to provide actual interaction). We expand on these possible sources of extraneous variance and why they may be important. We review the ways in which experimenters have developed novel designs to remove these sources of extraneous variance. New experimental designs using a ‘two-person’ approach are argued to be one of the most effective ways to develop more ecologically valid measures of social interaction, and we suggest that future work on social interaction should use these designs wherever possible.
      PubDate: 2016-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0041-8
       
  • Self- and other-descriptions by individuals with autism spectrum disorder
           in Los Angeles and New Delhi: Bridging cross-cultural psychology and
           neurodiversity
    • Authors: Rachel S. Brezis; Nidhi Singhal; Tamara Daley; Merry Barua; Judith Piggot; Shreya Chollera; Lauren Mark; Thomas Weisner
      Abstract: Decades of cross-cultural research have shown that self-concepts vary across cultural contexts. However, it is unclear whether individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who have impairments in self- and other-understanding, will acquire the relevant cultural patterns regarding self- and other-concepts; or whether their social impairments will extend to broader cultural impairments. Here we present the first examination, to our knowledge, of self- and other-concepts in a cross-cultural sample of individuals with ASD in Los Angeles, USA, and New Delhi, India, compared with matched control groups in each culture. We used a modification of the well-known 20 statements description task, and coded participants’ responses according to 28 sub-categories, along the axes of autonomous/social and abstract/specific. When describing themselves and their favorite fictional characters, participants in Los Angeles provided significantly more autonomous and abstract descriptions than participants in New Delhi, as expected from their different locations. Surprisingly, we found no effect of diagnostic group on the content of participants’ responses, suggesting that individuals with ASD are indeed capable of acquiring the cultural scripts that surround them—at least on a cognitive, verbal level—despite their neurocognitive impairments. These results provide an important step towards bridging the study of cross-cultural psychology and global autism research; while simultaneously highlighting the ways in which individuals with ASD can become a part of their local cultures, serving as an important impetus of acceptance for caregivers and policy-makers worldwide.
      PubDate: 2016-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0040-9
       
  • Emotions of my kin: disambiguating expressive body movement in minimal
           groups
    • Authors: Gary Bente; Daniel Roth; Thomas Dratsch; Kai Kaspar
      Abstract: Abstract Using a minimal group paradigm, the current study investigated the influence of group membership on the detection of negative and positive emotions from body movement. Computer animations of movement behavior expressing happiness or anger served as experimental stimuli. A pre-study served to generate and validate the stimuli. Observers were able to identify happiness and anger expressions above chance level, but they also showed a significant negativity bias in emotion ascription. However, expressive movements displayed by neutral computer characters also showed considerable levels of ambiguity. The main study investigated the influence of minimal groups on emotion recognition. Group membership was randomly assigned using green or blue jersey color for computer characters and observers. Hit rates, response times, and confidence ratings served as dependent measures. We found an interaction between group membership and emotion for category assignment and response times irrespective of judgment correctness. While there was no difference in either one of the parameters for outgroup stimuli, observers showed distinct response patterns regarding the ascription of positive and negative emotions to ingroup members. The data suggest a salience asymmetry of ingroup and outgroup members in minimal group settings. Potentially higher salience of the ingroup caused a negativity bias in the ingroup as participants ascribed more anger than happiness to ingroup avatars. However, being concordant with a potentially positive attitude towards the ingroup, anger ascriptions required longer response times compared to happiness ascriptions. In accordance with previous research, these findings point to multiple cognitive and emotional processes interplaying in emotion recognition.
      PubDate: 2016-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0038-3
       
  • Niche construction, social cognition, and language: hypothesizing the
           human as the production of place
    • Authors: Oliver Davies
      Abstract: Abstract New data is emerging from evolutionary anthropology and the neuroscience of social cognition on our species-specific hyper-cooperation (HC). This paper attempts an integration of third-person archaeological and second-person, neuroscientific perspectives on the structure of HC, through a post-Ricoeurian development in hermeneutical phenomenology. We argue for the relatively late evolution of advanced linguistic consciousness (ALC) (Hiscock in Biological Theory 9:27–41, 2014), as a reflexive system based on the ‘in-between’ or ‘cognitive system’ as reported by Vogeley et al. (in: Interdisziplinäre anthropologie, Heidelberg, Springer, 2014) of face-to-face social cognition, as well as tool use. The possibility of a positive or negative tension between the more recent ALC and the more ancient, pre-thematic, self-organizing ‘in-between’ frames an ‘internal’ niche construction. This indexes the internal structure of HC as ‘convergence’, where complex, engaged, social reasoning in ALC mirrors the cognitive structure of the pre-thematic ‘in-between’, extending the bio-energy of our social cognition, through reflexive amplification, in the production of ‘social place’ as ‘humanized space’. If individual word/phrase acquisition, in contextual actuality, is the distinctive feature of human language (Hurford in European Reviews 12:551–565, 2004), then human language is a hyperbolic, species-wide training in particularized co-location, developing consciousness of a shared world. The humanization of space and production of HC, through co-location, requires the ‘disarming’ of language as a medium of control, and a foregrounding of the materiality of the sign. The production of ‘hyper-place’ as solidarity beyond the face-to-face, typical of world religions, becomes possible where internal niche construction as convergence with the ‘in-between’ (world in us) combines with religious cosmologies reflecting an external ‘cosmic’ niche construction (world outside us).
      PubDate: 2016-09-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0039-2
       
  • A sociocultural neuroscience approach to pain
    • Authors: Steven R. Anderson; Elizabeth A. Reynolds Losin
      Abstract: Abstract A significant body of research has identified ethnic, racial, and national differences in pain report. Although a number of contemporary models of the pain experience include top-down modulation by social and cultural factors, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these group differences in pain remain unknown. We argue that a sociocultural neuroscience approach to pain may elucidate the sociocultural and neurobiological mechanisms underlying group differences in pain report. As a foundation for this approach to pain we will (1) review examples of group differences in pain report, (2) propose a neurocultural model of pain that outlines and connects cultural and neurobiological mechanisms that may account for these group differences, (3) review the literature that supports the connections between culture, pain, and the brain in each stage of our model, and (4) discuss the novel contributions that a sociocultural neuroscience approach to pain can make to our understanding of pain and to improving pain diagnosis and treatment.
      PubDate: 2016-08-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0037-4
       
  • Shared neural representations of self and conjugal family members in
           Chinese brain
    • Abstract: Abstract Human adults share ample experiences with their spouse and offspring. Do these experiences produce shared neural correlates of reflection on oneself and family members' We addressed this issue by scanning 14 Chinese middle-aged married couples, using functional MRI, during personality trait judgments of the self, one’s spouse, one’s child, and a celebrity. We found common activations in the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) during trait judgments of the self, spouse, and child compared to a celebrity. Self- and spouse-judgments also elicited overlapping activations in the ventral thalamus and caudate. Female and male participants showed comparable MPFC activity during child-judgments but females exhibited stronger MPFC activity during spouse-judgments compared to males. Our neuroimaging findings suggest that life experiences with conjugal family members during adulthood shape the functional organization of the brain and result in shared neural representations of oneself and conjugal family members during reflection on personality traits.
      PubDate: 2016-08-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0036-5
       
  • Adults with Asperger syndrome are less sensitive to intonation than
           control persons when listening to speech
    • Authors: Martine Grice; Martina Krüger; Kai Vogeley
      Abstract: Abstract In conversation, speakers typically draw attention to items that are meant to be informative by pronouncing the words referring to these items in a particular way. These words have a distinct intonation, and are accented—typically involving a rise or fall in vocal pitch on the stressed syllable. Listeners use this information to know which part of the sentence is new, and therefore worthy of attention. In a perception study, adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) and a group of control persons were instructed to rate the informativeness of words, based on how they sounded. The AS group showed a reduced sensitivity to intonation and subsequently based their judgement less on the way the word was pronounced and more on word frequency and semantic features of the words themselves. This finding is in concordance with a general reduced sensitivity to non-verbal cues in social encounters and to a propensity towards literal interpretation in the group of persons with AS.
      PubDate: 2016-04-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0035-6
       
  • Gene–culture interaction: influence of culture and oxytocin receptor
           gene (OXTR) polymorphism on loneliness
    • Authors: Jessica LeClair; Joni Y. Sasaki; Keiko Ishii; Mizuho Shinada; Heejung S. Kim
      Abstract: Abstract Previous research has shown that culture and genes can interact to influence social behaviors. Variation of the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) rs53576 polymorphism has been linked to differential susceptibility to cultural influences with genetically susceptible individuals showing more culturally typical behaviors. The present research focuses on a psychological outcome of such behaviors, specifically loneliness, which is an outcome related to well-being. We also considered attachment style as a mediator for the interaction between culture and OXTR genetic variation on loneliness. Previous gene–culture interaction research shows that G-allele carriers may be genetically predisposed to show more culturally typical behaviors and psychological tendencies, compared to A-allele carriers. Thus, we expected that genetically susceptible Japanese would show a more avoidant attachment style (a pattern more common in Japan), while susceptible Americans would show a more secure attachment style (a pattern more common in the U.S.). In both cultures, we expected that greater avoidant relationship tendencies would predict greater loneliness. Participants (217 American and 153 Japanese students) completed scales to measure loneliness and attachment style, and provided saliva for genotyping. As predicted, culture moderated the link between genetic susceptibility and loneliness, with G-allele Americans showing less loneliness than A-allele carriers. Further, the link was mediated by attachment style. Our study extends existing research by showing that gene–culture interactions on relationship patterns have consequences for psychological well-being outcomes.
      PubDate: 2016-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0034-7
       
  • Does uncertainty avoidance keep charity away' comparative research
           between charitable behavior and 79 national cultures
    • Authors: Ivana Stojcic; Lu Kewen; Ren Xiaopeng
      Abstract: Abstract Prosocial behavior and the motivation behind it have been dominant topic and core concern of numerous studies across array of different social science disciplines. Nevertheless, the prevailing research approach is still mainly focused on prosocial behavior observed in terms of situational and individual aspects and less in terms of cultural and group tendencies and orientations. This research tried to explain prosocial behavior among 79 different countries focusing on cultural dimension of uncertainty avoidance. According to Hofstede, uncertainty avoidance (UAI) reflects how society deals with the uncertainty that future brings and with the level of anxiety brought by the outcome of this ambiguity. The amount to which the participants of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unfamiliar situations and shape views and institutions to avoid them are reflected in UAI score. Since charity is closely intertwined with economic, social and personal resources which in turn are closely linked with uncertainty avoidance, we successfully postulated how lower uncertainty avoidance is related with higher prosocial behavior which we ultimately supported by our research results.
      PubDate: 2016-01-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0033-8
       
 
 
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