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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 931 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 434)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 197)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 241)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 147)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access  
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas : Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)

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Journal Cover Culture and Brain
  [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2193-8652 - ISSN (Online) 2193-8660
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2349 journals]
  • Cultural differences in lateral biases on aesthetic judgments: The effect
           of native reading direction
    • Authors: Meghan E. Flath; Austen K. Smith; Lorin J. Elias
      Abstract: Left-to right (LTR) or right-to-left (RTL) directionality bias has been proposed to influence individuals’ aesthetic preference for dynamic stimuli. Two general theoretical propositions attempt to account for this bias. One states that directionality bias is based on scanning habits due to cultural differences in native reading/writing direction, whereas the other proposition speculates that LTR motion bias occurs due to the right hemisphere’s specialization in visuospatial processing. The current study assessed the aesthetic preference bias present when native LTR and RTL readers evaluated fashion garments on the runway in LTR or RTL motion. The aim of the study was to assess aesthetic preference bias for a novel dynamic stimulus and the corresponding influence of biological and cultural factors. Native LTR and RTL readers viewed two blocks of 20 mirror-reversed video pairs with models wearing dresses on a runway. Participants indicated which dress within the mirror-reversed pair they preferred. LTR readers displayed a significant leftward aesthetic preference bias indicating a preference for dresses moving LTR. RTL readers did not display a significant aesthetic preference bias for dresses moving in either direction. These results further support the generalizability of aesthetic preference biases for novel dynamic stimuli and support seminal literature that argues the bias occurs due to a combination of hemispheric dominance and cultural differences in native reading/writing direction.
      PubDate: 2018-03-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-018-0062-6
  • Reminders of mortality weaken P2 amplitude underlying both self-reflection
           and mother-reflection
    • Authors: Jingtao Wang; Yang Shen; Xiangyan Liu; Xiaolin Zhao; Wenying Yuan; Juan Yang
      Abstract: Recent research has repeatedly shown that people usually escape self-related thoughts to behaviorally buffer the anxiety elicited by death, and that reminders of mortality influence the brain activations related to self-related thoughts. Meanwhile, neuroimaging studies have suggested an overlapped neural representation of self and intimate others (e.g., mother) in Chinese individuals. However, whether mortality salience (MS) influences the neural processing of both self and mother in Chinese individuals has not been examined. Therefore, the current study recorded the event-related potentials in response to self-reflection and mother-reflection after MS priming. Our results showed that relative to neutral priming, MS priming significantly decreased the peak of P2 in response to both self-related and mother-related traits. Our work suggested a similar neural mechanism of the avoidance of both self-focus and mother-focus after being reminded of mortality.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-018-0059-1
  • Radical wellness for a radically ethical life
    • Authors: Lorraine Marie Arangno
      Abstract: Ethics is dedicated to establishing ways for human beings to strive for the good life. Analogously, the field of Dietetics is focused on ways people might live physically healthy lives; while, Neuroscience is committed to brain health. Each discipline is dedicated to the establishment of a life free of dis-ease. But it is in the union of ethics, neuroscience and diet where the vital features of each area converge to produce the greatest benefits within every stage of life. Thus, I will outline the Socratic concept of the good life; next, I will offer a parallel between the Socratic soul and the parts of the contemporary model of the brain. My conclusion: Human beings must live nutritionally healthy lives so that brains are properly nourished and strengthened throughout life, and into old age, bringing clarity and focus to ethical decisions; and, thus, providing the crucial ingredients for the good life.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-018-0060-8
  • Correction to: Cross-cultural and hemispheric laterality effects on the
           ensemble coding of emotion in facial crowds
    • Authors: Hee Yeon Im; Sang Chul Chong; Jisoo Sun; Troy G. Steiner; Daniel N. Albohn; Reginald B. Adams; Kestutis Kveraga
      Abstract: In the original publication of the article under Introduction, the sentence in the second paragraph that reads as, “Therefore, none of the existing studies…Westerners” should read as, “Therefore, none of the existing studies on crowd emotion perception allows us to directly compare potential differences between Easterners and Westerners in extracting crowd emotion from groups of faces of Easterners vs Westerners.”
      PubDate: 2017-12-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0058-7
  • Effects of food neophobia on visual attention and sensory acceptance of
           ethnic-flavored foods
    • Authors: Shilpa S. Samant; Aubrie D. Hanson; Ruby Asare; Dalton S. Nichols; Jean-Pierre Nna-Mba; Han-Seok Seo
      Abstract: Due to growing globalization, there has been an increase in demand for ethnic or ethnic-flavored foods in the retail grocery and foodservice industries. However, some consumers are unlikely to enjoy ethnic or ethnic-flavored foods due to novelty or unfamiliarity associated with them. Limited research exists on consumer behavior toward ethnic or ethnic-flavored foods as a function of food neophobia. This study aimed to determine the influence of food neophobia on Caucasian consumers’ visual attention toward packaging images, as well as sensory acceptance of ethnic-flavored potato chips. Ninety adults were divided into high food neophobia (HFN) and low food neophobia (LFN) groups based on a food neophobia scale score. All participants’ visual attention toward packaging images of ethnic-, local-, and plain-flavored potato chips were measured using an eye-tracker, and their willingness to taste, expected liking, and purchase intent were assessed. One week later, the participants rated sensory perception and liking of the potato chip samples whose packaging images had been viewed. Participants in the LFN group looked significantly longer at the descriptions of ethnic (Chinese Szechuan) and local (Southern biscuits and gravy) flavors shown on the packaging images of potato chips than did those in the HFN group. As participants in the LFN group, but not those in the HFN group, looked at the descriptions of ethnic flavors shown on the packaging longer, they were more likely to like and purchase those potato chips. There were only limited impacts of food neophobia on attribute intensities and likings of the potato chips, irrespective of flavor. In conclusion, this study provides empirical evidence that participants with a lower level of food neophobia are more attentive to descriptions regarding ethnic flavor shown on packaging of chip products, possibly inducing a higher intent of purchasing the products, although such findings vary with the type of ethnic flavor.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0057-8
  • Cultural differences in attentional breadth and resolution
    • Authors: Aysecan Boduroglu; Priti Shah
      Abstract: We have previously demonstrated that East Asians allocate attention more broadly when processing visual information than Westerners (Boduroglu et al. in J Cross-Cult Psychol 40(3):349–360, 2009). Since it is known that the processing efficiency in a region is inversely related to the size of the region attended, in this experiment we tested whether Chinese have reduced processing efficiency than Westerners using a functional field of view task. We asked viewers to detect and report the location of a briefly presented (67 ms) target at one of the 24 locations across three eccentricities. As expected, the Chinese performed significantly worse than Americans. Furthermore, Americans were more likely to identify of one of the neighboring positions instead of the actual target, the Chinese errors were more randomly distributed, suggesting that the Chinese may have had a harder time precisely representing targets in this fast pace task. These differences were not due to general ability differences across the samples for the same set of participants performed equally well visual working memory and interference resolution tasks.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0056-9
  • Cross-cultural and hemispheric laterality effects on the ensemble coding
           of emotion in facial crowds
    • Authors: Hee Yeon Im; Sang Chul Chong; Jisoo Sun; Troy G. Steiner; Daniel N. Albohn; Reginald B. Adams; Kestutis Kveraga
      Abstract: In many social situations, we make a snap judgment about crowds of people relying on their overall mood (termed “crowd emotion”). Although reading crowd emotion is critical for interpersonal dynamics, the sociocultural aspects of this process have not been explored. The current study examined how culture modulates the processing of crowd emotion in Korean and American observers. Korean and American (non-East Asian) participants were briefly presented with two groups of faces that were individually varying in emotional expressions and asked to choose which group between the two they would rather avoid. We found that Korean participants were more accurate than American participants overall, in line with the framework on cultural viewpoints: Holistic versus analytic processing in East Asians versus Westerners. Moreover, we found a speed advantage for other-race crowds in both cultural groups. Finally, we found different hemispheric lateralization patterns: American participants were more accurate to perceive the facial crowd to be avoided when it was presented in the left visual field than the right visual field, indicating a right hemisphere advantage for processing crowd emotion of both European American and Korean facial crowds. However, Korean participants showed weak or nonexistent laterality effects, with a slight right hemisphere advantage for European American facial crowds and no advantage in perceiving Korean facial crowds. Instead, Korean participants showed positive emotion bias for own-race faces. This work suggests that culture plays a role in modulating our crowd emotion perception of groups of faces and responses to them.
      PubDate: 2017-10-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0054-y
  • Cultural differences in perceiving and processing emotions: a holistic
           approach to person perception
    • Authors: R. Thora Bjornsdottir; Konstantin O. Tskhay; Keiko Ishii; Nicholas O. Rule
      Abstract: East Asians tend towards holistic styles of thinking whereas Westerners generally think more analytically. Recent work has shown that Western participants perceive emotional expressions in a somewhat holistic manner, however. Specifically, Westerners interpret emotional facial expressions differently when presented with a body displaying a congruent versus incongruent emotional expression. Here, we examined how processing these face-body combinations varies according to cultural differences in thinking style. Consistent with their proclivity towards contextual focus, Japanese perceivers focused more on the body when judging the emotions of face-body composites. Moreover, in line with their greater tendency towards holistic perceptual processing, we found that pairing facial expressions of emotion with emotionally congruent bodies facilitated Japanese participants’ recognition of faces’ emotions to a greater degree than it did for Canadians. Similarly, incongruent face-body combinations impaired facial emotion recognition more for Japanese than Canadian participants. These findings extend work on cultural differences in emotion recognition from interpersonal to intrapersonal contexts with implications for intercultural understanding.
      PubDate: 2017-10-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0053-z
  • Influence of encoding instructions and response bias on cross-cultural
           differences in specific recognition
    • Authors: Laura E. Paige; Selen Amado; Angela H. Gutchess
      Abstract: Prior cross-cultural research has reported cultural variations in memory. One study revealed that Americans remembered images with more perceptual detail than East Asians (Millar et al. in Cult Brain 1(2–4):138–157, 2013). However, in a later study, this expected pattern was not replicated, possibly due to differences in encoding instructions (Paige et al. in Cortex 91:250–261, 2017). The present study sought to examine when cultural variation in memory-related decisions occur and the role of instructions. American and East Asian participants viewed images of objects while making a Purchase decision or an Approach decision and later completed a surprise recognition test. Results revealed Americans had higher hit rates for specific memory, regardless of instruction type, and a less stringent response criterion relative to East Asians. Additionally, a pattern emerged where the Approach decision enhanced hit rates for specific memory relative to the Purchase decision only when administered first; this pattern did not differ across cultures. Results suggest encoding instructions do not magnify cross-cultural differences in memory. Ultimately, cross-cultural differences in response bias, rather than memory sensitivity per se, may account for findings of cultural differences in memory specificity.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0055-x
  • Culture and emotion perception: comparing Canadian and Japanese
           children’s and parents’ context sensitivity
    • Authors: Hajin Lee; Kristina Nand; Yuki Shimizu; Akira Takada; Miki Kodama; Takahiko Masuda
      Abstract: Prior research on the perception of facial expressions suggests that East Asians are more likely than North Americans to incorporate the expressions of background figures into their judgment of a central figure’s emotion (Masuda et al. in J Pers Soc Psychol 94:365–381, 2008b). However, little research has examined this issue in the context of developmental science, especially during joint sessions where parents engage in a task in front of their 7–8-year-old children. In this study, 22 Canadian and 20 Japanese child-parent dyads participated in an emotion judgment task, and were asked to judge a central figure’s emotion and explain their reasoning. The results indicated that while early elementary school children did not show culturally dominant reasoning styles, parents displayed culturally dominant modes of attention, serving as models for their children.
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0052-0
  • Money for us versus money for them: cross-cultural differences in
           sensitivity to rewards for ingroup and outgroup
    • Authors: Youngbin Kwak; Jaehyung Kwon; Kyongsik Yun; Jaeseung Jeong; Scott Huettel
      Abstract: Economic decisions often involve consideration of social groups, as when a decision has consequences not just for oneself but also for an in-group or out-group member. Culture—specifically, differences between Western individualistic and Eastern collectivist cultures—has direct influence on perception of social group identity. Yet, not many studies have investigated how culture might influence economic decision making involving social groups. The current study determined cultural influences on sensitivity to rewards directed towards their ingroup and outgroup. American and Korean students performed a simple card game, in which they earned money for ingroup and outgroup members by choosing from amongst four card decks each associated with different reward outcomes for the two groups. Performance on the card game showed a culture-by-reward-group interaction such that Koreans showed greater reward sensitivity for the ingroup than did Americans. These results demonstrate significant cross-cultural differences in the processing of rewards towards different social groups.
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0051-1
  • Bias in cross-cultural neuropsychological testing: problems and possible
    • Authors: Alberto Luis Fernández; Jennifer Abe
      Abstract: Cultural variables exert a powerful effect on test performance. This effect is now largely recognized in the field of neuropsychology, although rather underestimated. This paper has three parts. First, different sources of cross-cultural bias in neuropsychological testing are identified, using the taxonomy proposed by van de Vijver and Tanzer (Eur Rev Appl Psychol 54: 119–135, 2004), specifically, an examination of construct, method and item biases. Second, strategies proposed in the literature to address these biases are reviewed. Finally, a three-level approach to addressing these problems related to bias is proposed. These approaches are hierarchically organized from bottom-to-top: (1) a behavioral approach in the testing situation, (2) test adaptation and, (3) the development of a new generation of neuropsychological tests. Simultaneous test development across multiple cultures is emphasized. Guidelines for the development of these tests are proposed in order to obtain culturally fair and psychometrically robust tests.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0050-2
  • Culture, brain, and health: introduction to the special issue
    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Reynolds Losin
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0049-8
  • Culture and cardiac vagal tone independently influence emotional
    • Authors: Xiao-Fei Yang; Mary Helen Immordino-Yang
      Abstract: Expressiveness (behavioral expression of emotion) is shaped by culture and by biological predispositions, such as cardiac vagal tone (CVT). However, it is unclear whether these factors interact or contribute additively, as no studies have simultaneously investigated the effects of both. Here we conducted a secondary analysis of data on emotional expressiveness to video clips depicting accidental painful injuries. Data were from a cross-cultural study of Chinese and American participants, including a bicultural group of East-Asian Americans (AA). We had previously reported that expressiveness was higher for the American than for the Chinese group (Immordino-Yang, Yang and Damasio, 2016). The current analyses included a subset of participants for whom we collected baseline electrocardiograms to establish CVT. Groups did not differ in CVT, and the effect of CVT on expressiveness did not differ across groups. Controlling for CVT, the previously reported cultural effect on expressiveness held. Controlling for group differences in expressiveness, participants with higher CVT were less expressive (calmer). These effects held controlling for participants’ reported feeling strength to the videos, suggesting that they reflect expressiveness rather than differences in strength of emotional experience. In a follow-up analysis of the bicultural AA group, higher CVT was associated with reports of stronger East-Asian ethnic identity. Our results suggest that cultural group and CVT contribute additively to emotional expressiveness, and that CVT, which is associated with emotion regulation capacity, may predispose bicultural individuals toward adopting particular cultural values. These findings should be of interest to researchers investigating cultural and CVT relations to health.
      PubDate: 2017-02-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-017-0048-9
  • Erratum to: Audience effects: what can they tell us about social
           neuroscience, theory of mind and autism'
    • Authors: Antonia F. de C. Hamilton; Frida Lind
      PubDate: 2017-01-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0047-2
  • Cultural context moderates neural pathways to social influence
    • Authors: Christopher N. Cascio; Matthew B. O’Donnell; Bruce G. Simons-Morton; C. Raymond Bingham; Emily B. Falk
      Abstract: People from different cultural backgrounds respond differently to social cues, and may use their brains differently in social situations. Socioeconomic status (SES) is one key cultural variable that influences susceptibility to social cues, with those from lower SES backgrounds tending toward greater interdependence, and those from higher SES backgrounds tending toward greater independence. Building on past research linking brain sensitivity during social exclusion with tendency to take risks in the presence of peers, we examined whether SES moderated the relationship between neural measures of sensitivity during social exclusion and later conformity to peer pressure in a driving simulator. Our data show that SES does moderate the relationship between brain responses during social exclusion and conformity to peer influence on driving behavior. Specifically, increased activity in brain regions implicated in social pain and reward-sensitivity during social exclusion were associated with greater conformity to peer passenger driving norms for low SES and decreased conformity for high SES. In addition, increased activity brain regions implicated in understanding others’ mental states during exclusion was associated with similar patterns of decreased conformity for high SES. Overall, results highlight the importance of considering cultural factors, such as SES, in understanding the relationship between neural processing of social cues and how these translate into real-world relevant behaviors.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0046-3
  • Cultural neuroscience and global mental health: addressing grand
    • Authors: Joan Y. Chiao; Shu-Chen Li; Robert Turner; Su Yeon Lee-Tauler; Beverly A. Pringle
      Abstract: Mental, neurological and substance-use (MNS) disorders comprise approximately 13% of the global burden of disease. The Grand Challenges in Global Mental Health Initiative has recently identified research priorities for the next decade to address prevention and treatment of MNS disorders. One main research priority is to identify the root causes, risks and protective factors associated with global mental health. Recent advances in cultural neuroscience have identified theoretical, methodological, and empirical methods of identifying biomarkers associated with mental health disorders across nations. Here we review empirical research in cultural neuroscience that address meeting the grand challenges in global mental health.
      PubDate: 2016-11-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0045-4
  • A neuroimaging point of view on the diversity of social cognition:
           evidence for extended influence of experience- and emotion-related factors
           on face processing
    • Abstract: Faces are key social stimuli that convey a wealth of information essential for person perception and adaptive interpersonal behaviour. Studies in the domain of cognitive, affective, and social neuroscience have put in light that the processing of faces recruits specific visual regions and activates a distributed set of brain regions related to attentional, emotional, social, and memory processes associated with the perception of faces and the extraction of the numerous information attached to them. Studies using neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have allowed localizing these brain regions and characterizing their functional properties. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) techniques are complementary to fMRI in that they offer a unique insight into the temporal dynamics of mental processes. In this article, I review the contribution of neuroimaging techniques to the knowledge on face processing and person perception with the aim of putting in light the extended influence of experience-related factors, particularly in relation with emotions, on the face processing system. Although the face processing network has evolved under evolutionary selection pressure related to sociality-related needs and is therefore highly conserved throughout the human species, neuroimaging studies put in light both the extension and the flexibility of the brain network involved in face processing. MEG and EEG allow in particular to reveal that the human brain integrates emotion- and experience-related information from the earliest stage of face processing. Altogether, this emphasizes the diversity of social cognitive processes associated with face perception.
      PubDate: 2016-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0043-6
  • The relationship between parents’ social network diversity and pulmonary
           function among children with asthma
    • Authors: Cynthia S. Levine; Erika M. Manczak; Paula J. Ham; Van Le; Edith Chen
      Abstract: Regular contact with people from another racial or ethnic group can have physiological benefits. The present research explored whether these benefits extend to children who live in families with greater intergroup contact. Specifically, it investigated whether children with asthma had better pulmonary function if their parents reported having more people in their social network who were of a different race or ethnicity, and whether this relationship was moderated by the quality of the relationship between children and their parents. Consistent with hypotheses, results showed that the percentage of people in parents’ social networks who were of a different race or ethnicity predicted better pulmonary function among children who reported higher quality relationships with their parents, but not among children who reported lower quality relationships. Thus, the racial/ethnic diversity of parents’ social networks may play a role in protecting children’s health, particularly when children are close to their parents.
      PubDate: 2016-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0042-7
  • A sociocultural neuroscience approach to pain
    • Authors: Steven R. Anderson; Elizabeth A. Reynolds Losin
      Abstract: A significant body of research has identified ethnic, racial, and national differences in pain report. Although a number of contemporary models of the pain experience include top-down modulation by social and cultural factors, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these group differences in pain remain unknown. We argue that a sociocultural neuroscience approach to pain may elucidate the sociocultural and neurobiological mechanisms underlying group differences in pain report. As a foundation for this approach to pain we will (1) review examples of group differences in pain report, (2) propose a neurocultural model of pain that outlines and connects cultural and neurobiological mechanisms that may account for these group differences, (3) review the literature that supports the connections between culture, pain, and the brain in each stage of our model, and (4) discuss the novel contributions that a sociocultural neuroscience approach to pain can make to our understanding of pain and to improving pain diagnosis and treatment.
      PubDate: 2016-08-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s40167-016-0037-4
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Heriot-Watt University
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