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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 962 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 455)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 204)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 254)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología     Open Access  
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Autism Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 150)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 160)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Buletin Psikologi     Open Access  
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Desde el Jardín de Freud Revista de Psicoanálisis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)

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Journal Cover
Clinical Psychology Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 5.226
Citation Impact (citeScore): 11
Number of Followers: 42  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0272-7358
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3155 journals]
  • Which girls, which boys' The intersectional risk for depression by
           race and ethnicity, and gender in the U.S.
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 66Author(s): Pratima A. Patil, Michelle V. Porche, Nellie A. Shippen, Nina T. Dallenbach, Lisa R. Fortuna We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses. Studies were rated on a scale of 1 through 5; those with scores of 3 or higher were included in the review. A rating of 5 indicated studies had explicitly used an intersectional theoretical framework, integrating the process of racial/ethnic identity development and gender socialization during adolescence. Three studies met the criteria for 5, one study was rated 4, and 21 studies were rated 3. Attention to experiences with discrimination was common throughout. Overall, the collective findings point to the importance of using an intersectional lens for understanding differential mechanisms for how and why specific adolescent minority youth are at greater risk for reporting depression symptoms, identifying cultural and developmental protective factors, and informing how interventions can effectively target specific mechanisms for prevention and treatment.
       
  • Sexuality and sexual experiences during gender transition: A thematic
           synthesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 66Author(s): M.D. Thurston, S. Allan AimTo establish what impact, if any, the gender-affirmation process, has on sexuality and sexual experiences.IntroductionSexuality is a multi-faceted construct that influences our attraction to others. Gender transition is the process of aligning our physical sex characteristics with our psychological gender. Our sexuality and our gender identity are often mistakenly assumed to be inextricably linked. It is important to consider and understand the influence of the gender-affirmation process on sexuality and sexual experiences.MethodA thematic synthesis of the available qualitative literature regarding sexuality, and sexual experiences in both transgender people and their partners were appraised, and synthesised. Thomas and Harden's (2008) stepwise process for conducting a thematic synthesis was followed.ResultsA total of seven articles were of relevance and included in the review. Two analytical and six sub-themes were found. The two analytical themes are: ‘Re-negotiating previous ‘norms” and ‘Establishing identity’.ConclusionDuring the gender-affirmation process, sexuality, and sexual experiences alter. This has clinical implications for transgender people and their partners, in particular, valuable therapeutic discussion points that need to be considered during the gender-affirmation process.
       
  • Sex and gender differences in substance use disorders
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 66Author(s): R. Kathryn McHugh, Victoria R. Votaw, Dawn E. Sugarman, Shelly F. Greenfield The gender gap in substance use disorders (SUDs), characterized by greater prevalence in men, is narrowing, highlighting the importance of understanding sex and gender differences in SUD etiology and maintenance. In this critical review, we provide an overview of sex/gender differences in the biology, epidemiology and treatment of SUDs. Biological sex differences are evident across an array of systems, including brain structure and function, endocrine function, and metabolic function. Gender (i.e., environmentally and socioculturally defined roles for men and women) also contributes to the initiation and course of substance use and SUDs. Adverse medical, psychiatric, and functional consequences associated with SUDs are often more severe in women. However, men and women do not substantively differ with respect to SUD treatment outcomes. Although several trends are beginning to emerge in the literature, findings on sex and gender differences in SUDs are complicated by the interacting contributions of biological and environmental factors. Future research is needed to further elucidate sex and gender differences, especially focusing on hormonal factors in SUD course and treatment outcomes; research translating findings between animal and human models; and gender differences in understudied populations, such as those with co-occurring psychiatric disorders and gender-specific populations, such as pregnant women.
       
  • Examining the role of sex in self-injurious thoughts and behaviors
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 66Author(s): Kathryn R. Fox, Alexander J. Millner, Cora E. Mukerji, Matthew K. Nock Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and suicide death exhibit substantial sex differences. Across most countries, men die by suicide more frequently than women; yet, women think about and attempt suicide more frequently than men. Research on sex differences in nonsuicidal self-injury is less developed; however, nonsuicidal self-injury is historically understood as a primarily female phenomenon. This review describes current research on sex differences across SITBs with a focus on factors that moderate these effects, such as age, race, geographic region, and time. Additionally, this review describes factors that may help to explain why sex differences across SITBs exist, including differences in culture, access to lethal suicide methods, rates of mental illness, and utilization of health care. The role of gender, and particularly non-binary gender, is also discussed. Current understanding of these sex differences is described with an eye toward future research on this topic.
       
  • A Path Towards Effectively Investigating the Impact of Sex and Gender on
           Mental Health
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2018Source: Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 66Author(s): S.L. Pineles, C.P.C. Borba
       
  • Does exercise improve sleep for adults with insomnia' A systematic
           review with quality appraisal
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Hayley Lowe, Gillian Haddock, Lee D. Mulligan, Lynsey Gregg, Lesley-Anne Carter, Annabel Fuzellier-Hart, Simon D. Kyle Insomnia is recognised as the most prevalent sleep disorder. Untreated insomnia carries a heavy burden for patients and society. Exercise is proposed as a safe, inexpensive, and accessible non-pharmacological treatment. To the author's knowledge this is the first systematic review to investigate the sleep-enhancing effects of exercise by focusing exclusively on controlled trials comprising poor sleepers only and examining interventions consistent with national guidelines. Using a narrative synthesis, this review aimed to identify whether exercise improves objective and subjective sleep outcomes for people with insomnia.Five papers including participants with insomnia disorder, and six papers including participants with insomnia symptoms were identified through electronic database searches (CINAHL plus, PsycINFO, EMBASE, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, CENTRAL) and quality assessed using the Clinical Trial Assessment Measure.We found that exercise interventions led to improvements in subjective sleep quality for people with insomnia disorder and insomnia symptoms. However, exercise only improved objective and subjective measures of sleep continuity (sleep onset latency and sleep efficiency) for people presenting with insomnia symptoms, with a reduction in sleep onset latency being the most consistently observed effect across studies.The reliability of significant findings is reduced by methodological limitations. Recommendations are made to improve the quality of future research.
       
  • The ice in voices: Understanding negative content in auditory-verbal
           hallucinations
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Frank Larøi, Neil Thomas, André Aleman, Charles Fernyhough, Sam Wilkinson, Felicity Deamer, Simon McCarthy-Jones Negative voice-content is the best sole predictor of whether the hearer of an auditory-verbal hallucination will experience distress/impairment necessitating contact with mental health services. Yet, what causes negative voice-content and how interventions may reduce it remains poorly understood. This paper offers a definitions of negative voice content and considers what may cause negative voice-content. We propose a framework in which adverse life-events may underpin much negative voice-content, a relation which may be mediated by mechanisms including hypervigilance, reduced social rank, shame and self-blame, dissociation, and altered emotional processing. At a neurological level, we note how the involvement of the amygdala and right Broca's area could drive negative voice-content. We observe that negative interactions between hearers and their voices may further drive negative voice-content. Finally, we consider the role of culture in shaping negative voice-content. This framework is intended to deepen and extend cognitive models of voice-hearing and spur further development of psychological interventions for those distressed by such voices. We note that much of the relevant research in this area remains to be performed or replicated. We conclude that more attention needs to be paid to methods for reducing negative voice-content, and urge further research in this important area.
       
  • The psychology of Tourette disorder: Revisiting the past and moving toward
           a cognitively-oriented future
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Jean-Philippe Gagné Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by chronic tics (i.e., repetitive and stereotyped movements and vocalizations) and premonitory urges (i.e., aversive sensations preceding tics that are alleviated once a tic is performed). Research supports that dysfunctional neurobiological and psychological processes interact and contribute to the development and maintenance of tics. However, psychological theories of Tourette syndrome and accompanying research have mainly focused on the emotional states (e.g., anxiety and frustration) and behavioural principles (i.e., operant conditioning) that play a role in tic exacerbation. This selective review summarizes key discoveries pertaining to the emotional and behavioural aspects of Tourette syndrome but also proposes a more comprehensive, cognitively-oriented conceptualization of the disorder. Specifically, it is proposed that maladaptive beliefs about discomfort and about one's ability to cope with discomfort underlie negative appraisals of unpleasant sensory experiences in individuals with Tourette syndrome. It is further suggested that these beliefs lead individuals to perceive premonitory urges in a catastrophic manner and thereby enhance tic frequency. Concrete research avenues to empirically examine these hypotheses are outlined and clinical implications for the field of cognitive-behaviour therapy are discussed.
       
  • Diversity in randomized clinical trials of depression: A 36-year review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Antonio J. Polo, Bridget A. Makol, Ashley S. Castro, Nicole Colón-Quintana, Amanda E. Wagstaff, Sisi Guo Historically, authors reporting the results of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to address mental health problems have insufficiently described sample characteristics pertaining to the ethnic/racial, linguistic, socioeconomic, and immigrant backgrounds of participants. RCTs have also had inadequate representation of participants from diverse backgrounds. This study reports on the trends in the reporting and representation of various sample demographic characteristics in RCTs of psychotherapy and other psychosocial interventions for depression over a 36-year period, and on the extent to which ethnicity, in particular, is considered in the analyses of treatment effects. A total of 342 trials (85.1% comprised of adult samples), representing 61,283 participants, are summarized in the review. Reporting for ethnicity and socioeconomic indicators improved over time, and RCTs for depression have also increasingly included significant numbers of ethnic minority and low-income groups. However, trials are far more likely to exclude, rather than include, linguistic minorities, and have not enrolled a meaningful number of Asian American, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Native Alaskan and multi-ethnic participants. Finally, treatment effects are almost never presented separately across racial/ethnic groups and ethnicity moderation analyses are only sporadically conducted. These findings have implications for generalizability, policy, journal reporting guidelines, and dissemination and implementation.
       
  • The impact of symptom severity on cognitive function in
           obsessive-compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Amitai Abramovitch, Breana McCormack, Devon Brunner, Mckensey Johnson, Nathan Wofford Research on cognitive functions in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is notoriously heterogeneous with no moderators accounting for this variability. OCD severity is the primary potential moderator of interest given the longstanding trait versus state debate. Nevertheless, severity has been previously assessed exclusively as a moderator and was not directly and systematically investigated. To address this gap in the literature, the aim of this study was to conduct a systematic meta-analytic review of correlations between cognitive function and symptom severity in OCD samples. Thirty-eight studies were included, allowing for analysis of 132 effects and meta-regression analyses for potential moderators. Small effects were found for the association between cognitive function and symptom severity on major neuropsychological domains, and some subdomains exhibited medium effects for this association. However, several significant methodological and conceptual problems were identified, including the use of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale that assesses severity in the past week and not at time of testing, a tendency to not report non-significant correlations, and problematic ecological validity of neuropsychological tests in OCD. In conclusion, we found a small-to-moderate degree of association between OCD symptom severity and cognitive function, but results should be interpreted cautiously given the limitations identified. We offer recommendations that will facilitate future research into this association and move the field beyond the largely stagnant debate about the state versus trait nature of cognitive deficiencies in OCD.
       
  • The association between poor reading and internalising problems: A
           systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 September 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Deanna A. Francis, Nathan Caruana, Jennifer L. Hudson, Genevieve M. McArthur Numerous studies have demonstrated an association between learning disabilities and internalising problems such as anxiety and depression. However, our understanding of this association for people with specific types of learning disability – such as poor reading – is poorly understood. Here, we present the first systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that have examined associations between poor reading and internalising problems – including anxiety and depression – in children, adolescents, and adults. Our systematic search identified 34 studies comprising 16,275 participants (N = 2491 poor readers). Our meta-analysis revealed statistically significant differences between poor readers and typical readers on general measures of internalising problems (d = 0.41), as well as specific measures of anxiety (d = 0.41) and depression (d = 0.23). These outcomes suggest that poor readers are at moderate risk for experiencing internalising problems compared to typical readers, which appears to stem from a greater risk for anxiety than depression.
       
  • Using Bayesian methods to update and expand the meta-analytic evidence of
           the five-factor model's relation to antisocial behavior
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 September 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Colin E. Vize, Katherine L. Collison, Joshua D. Miller, Donald R. Lynam The Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality is the dominant hierarchical model of personality. Previous work has demonstrated the importance of the FFM domains and facets in understanding a variety of antisocial behaviors ranging from non-violent antisocial behavior to a variety of aggression outcomes. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantitatively summarize the empirical work that has examined these relations, as well as update and expand previous work in this area using Bayesian meta-analytic methods. A comprehensive search of available literature on the FFM and antisocial behavior was conducted and posterior distributions of effect sizes were computed for the FFM domains (across 12 antisocial outcomes). The meta-analytic results supported the primary importance of (low) Agreeableness and (low) Conscientiousness in predicting antisocial behavior across antisocial outcomes, with the exception of the outcome related to child molestation. The importance of Neuroticism was more dependent on the specific antisocial outcome under examination. The results are discussed in the context of the descriptive research on the FFM and antisocial behavior, and how Bayesian methods provide additional utility in estimation and prediction compared to more common frequentist methods. Furthermore, we recommend that future work on the FFM and antisocial behavior move towards process-level analyses to further examine how traits are implicated in different forms of antisocial behavior.
       
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder and relationship functioning: A
           comprehensive review and organizational framework
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Sarah B. Campbell, Keith D. Renshaw Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with impairments in relationship functioning. Beyond the abundance of research that has demonstrated this basic link, more recent research has begun to explore possible mediators and moderators of this association. The present paper reviews and synthesizes existing literature in the context of an overarching organizational framework of potential ways in which PTSD impacts relationship functioning. The framework organizes findings in terms of specific elements of PTSD and comorbid conditions, mediators (factors that are posited to explain or account for the association), and moderators (factors that are posited to alter the strength of the association). Specific symptoms of PTSD, comorbid symptoms, and many of the potential mediators explored have extensive overlap, raising questions of possible tautology and redundancy in findings. Some findings suggest that non-specific symptoms, such as depression or anger, account for more variance in relationship impairments than trauma-specific symptoms, such as re-experiencing. Moderators, which are characterized as individual, relational, or environmental in nature, have been the subject of far less research in comparison to other factors. Recommendations for future research and clinical implications of the findings reviewed are also presented.
       
  • Mirror exposure therapy for body image disturbances and eating disorders:
           A review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 August 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Trevor C. Griffen, Eva Naumann, Tom Hildebrandt Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). However, most clinical trials of mirror exposure therapy have been small or uncontrolled and have included few male subjects. Adverse events have been reported during mirror exposure clinical trials. We discuss how individuals respond when looking in a mirror and how mirrors can be used therapeutically, and we critically evaluate the evidence in favor of mirror exposure therapy. We discuss clinical indications and technical considerations for the use of mirror exposure therapy.
       
  • Cognition and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: A systematic review
           of longitudinal studies
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 August 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Christine B. Cha, Kelly M. Wilson, Katherine M. Tezanos, Katherine A. DiVasto, Gabrielle K. Tolchin There is a long tradition in suicide research, accompanied by recent developments in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) research, of examining cognitive processes as potential precursors of risk. But these cognitive processes are often studied separately, and are rarely integrated or directly compared with each other. In an effort to synthesize this literature, this systematic review (n=109 longitudinal studies conducted over the past 10 years) demonstrates how specific cognitive processes predict self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), and examines whether intervening on features of cognition may help mitigate SITB risk. Our review reveals that cognitive processes, measured using self-report and behavioral measures, are most often linked to recurrent suicidal ideation. Overall, several patterns emerged. First, SITB-themed cognitions were robust risk factors and proximally associated with SITB outcomes. Second, negatively-valenced cognitive risk factors were the most commonly studied risk factors, relatively robust, and modestly related to SITB outcomes. Third, cognitive deficits (i.e., basic cognitive processes not characterized by thematic content or negative valence) produced mixed findings that suggest a more distal relationship to SITB outcomes. Moreover, our review of treatment articles revealed that while many interventions are informed by the cognitive literature, potential cognitive mechanisms of treatment change are rarely studied. We conclude by outlining key ways that future research can generate more comprehensive cognitive profiles of self-injurious and suicidal individuals.
       
  • Baldwin+and+Imel's+(2013)+review&rft.title=Clinical+Psychology+Review&rft.issn=0272-7358&rft.date=&rft.volume=">A systematic review of therapist effects:A critical narrative update and
           refinement to Baldwin and Imel's (2013) review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 August 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Robert G. Johns, Michael Barkham, Stephen Kellett, David Saxon ObjectiveTo review the therapist effects literature since Baldwin and Imel's (2013) review.MethodSystematic literature review of three databases (PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science) replicating Baldwin and Imel (2013) search terms. Weighted averages of therapist effects (TEs) were calculated, and a critical narrative review of included studies conducted.ResultsTwenty studies met inclusion criteria (3 RCTs; 17 practice-based datasets) with 19 studies using multilevel modeling. TEs were found in 19 studies. The TE range for all studies was 2% to 29% (weighted average = 5%). For RCTs, 1%–29% (weighted average = 8.2%). For practice-based studies, 0.2–21% (weighted average = 5%). The university counseling subsample yielded a lower TE (2.4%) than in other groupings (i.e., primary care, mixed clinical settings, and specialist/focused settings). Therapist sample sizes remained lower than recommended, and few studies appeared to be designed specifically as TE studies as opposed to maximising on the availability of large routine patient datasets.ConclusionsTherapist effects are a robust phenomenon although considerable heterogeneity exists across studies. Patient severity appeared related to TE size. TEs from RCTs were highly variable. Using an overall therapist effects statistic may lack precision, and TEs might be better reported separately for specific clinical settings.
       
  • Intrusive memories of trauma: A target for research bridging cognitive
           science and its clinical application
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 August 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Lalitha Iyadurai, Renée M. Visser, Alex Lau-Zhu, Kate Porcheret, Antje Horsch, Emily A. Holmes, Ella L. James Intrusive memories of a traumatic event can be distressing and disruptive, and comprise a core clinical feature of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intrusive memories involve mental imagery-based impressions that intrude into mind involuntarily, and are emotional. Here we consider how recent advances in cognitive science have fueled our understanding of the development and possible treatment of intrusive memories of trauma. We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed, selecting articles published from 2008 to 2018 that used the terms “trauma” AND (“intrusive memories” OR “involuntary memories”) in their abstract or title. First, we discuss studies that investigated internal (neural, hormonal, psychophysiological, and cognitive) processes that contribute to intrusive memory development. Second, we discuss studies that targeted these processes using behavioural/pharmacological interventions to reduce intrusive memories. Third, we consider possible clinical implications of this work and highlight some emerging research avenues for treatment and prevention, supplemented by new data to examine some unanswered questions. In conclusion, we raise the possibility that intrusive memories comprise an alternative, possibly more focused, target in translational research endeavours, rather than only targeting overall symptoms of disorders such as PTSD. If so, relatively simple approaches could help to address the need for easy-to-deliver, widely-scalable trauma interventions.
       
  • Psychological and clinical correlates of the centrality of event scale: A
           systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 July 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Tine B. Gehrt, Dorthe Berntsen, Rick H. Hoyle, David C. Rubin The Centrality of Event Scale (CES) was introduced to examine the extent to which a traumatic or stressful event is perceived as central to an individual's identity and life story, and how this relates to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms. In addition, the CES has been examined in relation to a range of other conditions and dispositions. We present a systematic review of the correlates of the CES. Results from 92 publications resulted in 25 measurement categories in the six theoretical domains of trauma, negative affect and distress, autobiographical memory, personality, positive affect, and gender. The mean weighted correlations of the 25 measurement categories ranged from −.17 to .55, with standard errors from .01 to .02, allowing us to distinguish empirically among effects. Consistent with the theoretical motivation for the CES and predictions predating the review, the CES correlated positively with a range of measures, correlating most highly with measures related to trauma, PTSD, grief, and autobiographical memory. The findings show that the CES probes aspects of autobiographical memory of broad relevance to clinical disorders, and with specific implications for theories of PTSD.
       
  • Emotion regulation in social anxiety and depression: a systematic review
           of expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 July 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): M. Taylor Dryman, Richard G. Heimberg Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly comorbid, and together they result in greater functional impairment and a poorer prognosis than either condition alone. Theoretical models implicate impairments in emotion regulation in the development and maintenance of internalizing disorders, yet there has been no systematic comparison of emotion regulation in social anxiety and depression. The current review presents an in-depth examination of the literature on two widely-studied emotion regulation strategies, expressive suppression (ES) and cognitive reappraisal (CR), in SAD and MDD. Our review indicated that SAD is broadly characterized by an overreliance on ES, which is associated with negative social and emotional consequences. SAD is also characterized by ineffective utilization of CR, which inhibits the potential positive emotional benefits of this adaptive emotion regulation strategy. In contrast, MDD is broadly characterized by an underutilization of CR, which may be particularly detrimental in stressful or uncontrollable situations. For both SAD and MDD, treatment intervention appears to address deficits in CR but not ES. After reviewing the literature, we propose multiple pathways by which impairments in ES and CR may increase risk for the co-occurrence of SAD and MDD. Clinical implications and future research directions are also discussed.
       
  • Re-evaluating the notion that resilience is commonplace: A review and
           distillation of directions for future research, practice, and policy
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 July 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Frank J. Infurna, Suniya S. Luthar The majority of multi-wave studies examining resilience in adulthood have involved growth mixture modeling (GMM). We critically evaluate the central conclusion from this body of work that “resilience is commonplace”. Our emphasis is on two questionable methodological assumptions underlying this conclusion: (1) the variances are the same across trajectories (i.e., homogeneity of variance) and (2) the amount of change does not differ across individuals (i.e., slope variances are zero). Seventy-seven empirical studies were included that used GMM to examine resilience to diverse adversities in adulthood. Of these 77 relevant studies, 66 (86%) assumed homogeneity of variances across trajectories and 52 (68%) set slope variances to zero; in the minority of studies where these assumptions were not applied (particularly the homogeneity of variance assumption), the resilient trajectory was among the smallest. Furthermore, 63 (82%) of the 77 studies conferred labels of resilience based on a single outcome, which is problematic as resilience is never an “across-the-board” phenomenon. Based on our conclusions, we discuss three important directions for future research: (1) replication across samples and measures, (2) illumination of processes leading to resilience, and (3) incorporation of a multidimensional approach. We conclude by outlining a resilience framework for research, practice, and policy.
       
  • A systematic review of negative parenting practices predicting borderline
           personality disorder: Are we measuring biosocial theory's ‘invalidating
           environment’'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 June 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Nicole Musser, Maureen Zalewski, Stephanie Stepp, Jennifer Lewis A core tenet of Linehan's biosocial theory (1993) is that borderline personality disorder (BPD) emerges as a result of transactions between emotional vulnerability and an invalidating environment. Invalidation has become a popular term in the literature, but there is a lack of uniformity in its operationalization and measurement, particularly as applied to invalidating parenting practices that are non-abusive. This systematic review of 77 empirical studies examined the measurement and operationalization of parental invalidation in the BPD literature and determined the extent to which measurements used converge with Linehan's original model. This review provides a description of methodological design features of the literature and presents the percent of studies that measured four key components of invalidation—inaccuracy, misattribution, discouragement of negative emotions, and oversimplification of problem solving. Limitations of the literature, including a dearth of studies which include measurements that align with Linehan's model, and recommendations for future research are discussed in an attempt to encourage greater scientific rigor in the measurement of invalidation and elucidate the role of invalidation in the development of BPD.
       
  • Depression: A cognitive perspective
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 June 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Joelle LeMoult, Ian H. Gotlib Cognitive science has been instrumental in advancing our understanding of the onset, maintenance, and treatment of depression. Research conducted over the last 50 years supports the proposition that depression and risk for depression are characterized by the operation of negative biases, and often by a lack of positive biases, in self-referential processing, interpretation, attention, and memory, as well as the use of maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies. There is also evidence to suggest that deficits in cognitive control over mood-congruent material underlie these cognitive processes. Specifically, research indicates that difficulty inhibiting and disengaging from negative material in working memory: (1) increases the use of maladaptive emotion regulation strategies (e.g., rumination), decreases the use of adaptive emotion regulation strategies (e.g., reappraisal), and potentially impedes flexible selection and implementation of emotion regulation strategies; (2) is associated with negative biases in attention; and (3) contributes to negative biases in long-term memory. Moreover, studies suggest that these cognitive processes exacerbate and sustain the negative mood that typifies depressive episodes. In this review, we present evidence in support of this conceptualization of depression and discuss implications of research findings for theory and practice. Finally, we advance directions for future research.
       
  • Estrogen, progesterone, and the menstrual cycle: A systematic review of
           fear learning, intrusive memories, and PTSD
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 June 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Natalia M. Garcia, Rosemary S. Walker, Lori A. Zoellner Women are disproportionately affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and gonadal hormones are implicated in fear learning processes associated with PTSD. In rodents, lower estradiol, particularly during metestrus when progesterone is also low, is associated with impaired extinction. Based on theories that extinction deficits underlie PTSD, individuals with lower estradiol and progesterone may exhibit fear learning deficits and higher PTSD symptomatology. A systematic review was conducted in PsycInfo, PubMed, and Medline databases for studies examining estradiol, progesterone, or menstrual phase in relation to fear learning or PTSD symptoms. Twenty-three studies are organized into fear learning (k = 17) and PTSD symptom (k = 12) studies. Across fear learning studies, higher estradiol was consistently associated with enhanced fear extinction recall and inconsistently and weakly associated with better extinction learning and fear acquisition, respectively. Extending to PTSD symptoms, the association with hormonal status was reversed, such that luteal phase, associated with higher estradiol and progesterone, was generally associated with higher re-experiencing symptoms. Overall, human fear learning studies were consistent with rodent studies. Despite strong experimental links between fear learning processes and PTSD, the clinical translation was inconsistent and may reflect varying methods, imprecise measurement, and greater complexity of hormonal effects on symptomatology.
       
  • Treatment of depression, anxiety, and trauma-related disorders during the
           perinatal period: A systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 June 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Yael I. Nillni, Aydan Mehralizade, Laura Mayer, Snezana Milanovic Women with psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and the postpartum period (i.e., perinatal period) are at increased risk for adverse maternal and child outcomes. Effective treatment of psychiatric disorders during the perinatal period is imperative. This review summarizes the outcomes of 78 studies focused on the treatment of depression, anxiety, and trauma-related disorders during the perinatal period. The majority of studies focused on perinatal depression (n = 73). Of the five studies focused on anxiety or trauma-related disorders, only one was a randomized controlled trial (RCT). The most studied treatment was cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT; n = 22), followed by interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT; n = 13). Other interventions reviewed include other talk therapies (n = 5), collaborative care models (n = 2), complementary and alternative medicine approaches (n = 18), light therapy (n = 3), brain stimulation (n = 2), and psychopharmacological interventions (n = 13). Eleven studies focused specifically on treatment for low-income and/or minority women. Both CBT and IPT demonstrated a significant benefit over control conditions. However, findings were mixed when these interventions were examined in low-income and/or minority samples. There is some support for complementary and alternative medicine approaches (e.g., exercise). Although scarce, SSRIs demonstrated good efficacy when compared to a placebo. However, SSRIs did not outperform another active treatment condition (e.g., CBT). There is a tremendous need for more studies focused on treatment of perinatal anxiety and trauma-related disorders, as well as psychopharmacological effectiveness studies. Limitations and future directions of perinatal treatment research, particularly among low-income and/or minority populations, are discussed.
       
  • Cognitive mechanisms of disgust in the development and maintenance of
           psychopathology: A qualitative review and synthesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Kelly A. Knowles, Rebecca C. Cox, Thomas Armstrong, Bunmi O. Olatunji A growing body of research has implicated disgust in various psychopathologies, especially anxiety-related disorders. Although the observed role of disgust in many disorders is robust, the mechanisms that may explain this role are unclear. Cutting-edge research in cognitive science has the potential to elucidate such mechanisms and consequently improve our understanding of how disgust contributes to the etiology and maintenance of psychopathology. In this qualitative review, we systematically assess cognitive bias mechanisms that have been linked to disgust and its disorders. This review suggests that disgust-related biases may be observed in memory, interpretation, judgment of expectancies, and attention, as well as at implicit levels. Of these cognitive domains, the most robust bias appears to be observed at the level of attention. However, reliable moderators of attentional biases for disgust have not yet been identified, and this bias has not been systematically linked to other levels of analysis. Despite these limitations, the available research indicates that attentional avoidance rather than orienting or maintenance may be the most characteristic of disgust. Attentional avoidance of disgust may have important implications for etiological and treatment models of disorders characterized by excessive disgust reactions. The implications for advancing such models are discussed in the context of a combined cognitive bias hypothesis.
       
  • Attentional bias for threat: Crisis or opportunity'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 May 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Richard J. McNally Beginning in the 1980s, experimental psychopathologists increasingly adapted the concepts and paradigms of cognitive science to elucidate information-processing abnormalities that may figure in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders. Assessment and modification of attentional biases for threat has been a major theme in this research program. The field has witnessed the development of progressively more sophisticated approaches for isolating attentional processes from other cognitive processes in the service of accurate assessment and treatment. Yet the field is now in crisis as foundational concerns about the reliability of basic measures of attentional bias for threat (ABT) have emerged. Moreover, recent research points to theoretical revisions deemphasizing ABT as a stable, near-universal feature of anxiety disorders, and stressing deficits in executive control as the primary attentional problem linked to anxiety.
       
  • Hoping for more: How cognitive science has and hasn't been helpful to the
           OCD clinician
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Allison J. Ouimet, Andrea R. Ashbaugh, Adam S. Radomsky Cognitive-behavioural models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) stemmed from knowledge acquired from cognitive science. Researchers continue to apply basic cognitive-affective science methods to understanding OCD, with the overarching goal of improving and refining evidence-based treatments. However, the degree to which such research has contributed to this goal is unclear. We reviewed OCD research in the general areas that comprise basic cognitive science, and evaluated the degree to which it has contributed to our understanding of the development, maintenance, and treatment of OCD. We focused on studies that either compared people with and without OCD and/or used experimental psychopathology methods with human participants, and attempted to resolve some of the conflicting theories related to the importance of cognitive deficits vs. cognitive biases. Overall, we observed equivocal findings for deficits in perception, attention, memory, and executive functioning. Moreover, many so-called deficits were moderated and/or explained by OCD-relevant beliefs, highlighting the role of confidence in cognitive processes as integral to our understanding of OCD. We discussed these findings in terms of cognitive measurement, cognitive-behavioural models, and clinical applicability, and made recommendations for future research that may offer innovation and insight helpful to clinicians working to improve the symptoms and lives of people with OCD.
       
  • A dual process perspective on advances in cognitive science and alcohol
           use disorder
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Kristen P. Lindgren, Christian S. Hendershot, Jason J. Ramirez, Edward Bernat, Mauricio Rangel-Gomez, Kirsten P. Peterson, James G. Murphy There is a tremendous global and national (US) burden associated with alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Further, of the mental health disorders, AUD has the widest treatment gap. Thus, there is a critical need for improved understanding of the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of AUD. The application of cognitive science to the study of AUD has a longstanding history of attempting to meet this need. In this selective review, we identified and focused on four domains of recent (i.e., in the last decade) applications of cognitive science to the study of AUD: implicit cognitive biases, executive function, behavioral economic approaches to alcohol decision making, and functional connectivity neuroimaging. We highlighted advances within these four domains and considered them in the context of dual process models of addiction, which focus on the contribution and interplay of two complementary neurocognitive systems (impulsive and control systems). Findings across the domains were generally consistent with dual process models. They also suggest the need for further model refinements, including integrating behavioral economic approaches and findings from functional connectivity neuroimaging studies. Research evaluating candidate interventions associated with these domains is emergent but promising, suggesting important directions for future research.
       
  • Using a social construction of gender lens to understand gender
           differences in posttraumatic stress disorder
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Amy E. Street, Christina M. Dardis A wealth of research has established clear gender differences in exposure to potentially traumatic events and in subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One perspective that is missing from most conversations about gender differences in PTSD is a systematic discussion of gender role socialization, and relatedly, the social construction of gender within our society. The purpose of the present review is to provide exposure to these theories as they relate to gender differences in PTSD, including differences in trauma exposure, risk for the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms, and PTSD treatment outcome. In this review we focus on characteristics and behaviors that arise from a way of being in the world that is largely influenced by assigned gender. These include gender differences in patterns of trauma exposure, chronic environmental strain, behavioral responses to distress, cognitive factors, and the experience and expression of emotion. We posit that these different sets of factors reciprocally influence each other and combine synergistically to influence observed gender differences.The research reviewed here indicates that societal definitions of masculinity and femininity have psychological consequences in that they produce gender differences in major risk factors relevant to PTSD.
       
  • Biological alterations affecting risk of adult psychopathology following
           childhood trauma: A review of sex differences
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Ashwini Tiwari, Andrea Gonzalez Childhood trauma exposure is a significant public health problem. While adult mental health consequences of such experiences are well documented, sex differences in both prevalence and severity are less understood. Sex-based differences in biological circuitry and physiological trauma responses are proposed to potentiate the differential risk for pathogenesis of mental health disorders among adults. This paper will provide a contextualized summary of neuroendocrine, neuroimaging, and behavioral epigenetic studies on biological sex differences contributing to internalizing psychopathology, specifically posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, among adults with a history of childhood abuse. This review concludes with a discussion of implications for trauma interventions and sex-based biopsychological research in violence prevention.
       
  • Masculinity, emotion regulation, and psychopathology: A critical review
           and integrated model
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018Source: Clinical Psychology ReviewAuthor(s): Danielle S. Berke, Dennis Reidy, Amos Zeichner Relative to girls and women, boys and men experience disproportionate rates of “externalizing” problems (e.g., aggressive behavior, substance use disorders, and antisocial personality disorder). Unfortunately, relatively little is understood about how gender operates in the etiology, expression, and maintenance of men's psychopathology. We argue that this gap in knowledge reflects the challenge of accounting for the dynamic nature of masculinity (i.e., the fact that the influence of masculinity on men's lives varies across context, time, and individuals). Likewise, emotion regulation, the process by which individuals modify their emotions to respond to the varying demands of their environment, is itself an inherently dynamic construct. Difficulty regulating emotion has been identified as a transdiagnostic factor common to a range of psychiatric diagnoses and behavior problems. Integrating the literature on emotion regulation and masculinity, therefore, offers promise for enhancing our ability to understand the effects of gender on men's psychopathology and to alleviate its deleterious consequences. In keeping with this goal, we review and synthesize the available literature on masculinity and emotion regulation into a cross-cutting framework of masculinity and men's psychopathology. Implications are discussed in terms of recommendations for an integrated intervention approach.
       
 
 
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