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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 918 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 441)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 205)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 246)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 149)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access  
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access  
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Clinical Psychology Review
  [SJR: 4.59]   [H-I: 140]   [41 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0272-7358
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Does childhood neglect contribute to violent behavior in adulthood' A
           review of possible links
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 February 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Vikki J. Bland, Ian Lambie, Charlotte Best
      Child neglect, whether intentional or unintentional on the part of caregivers, has serious and far-reaching negative consequences for children. Neglect is the most prevalent form of child maltreatment and has been associated with impaired cognitive development, changes in brain structure and nervous systems, behavioral and personality disorders and poor academic performance. However, the role of child neglect, and subtypes of neglect, in the development of adult violent behavior is not well understood. The “cycle of violence” hypothesis, which predicts that individuals exposed to child physical abuse are more likely to be physically violent in adulthood, is well supported by the literature. However, a growing number of studies suggests that child neglect may be equally predictive, or more predictive, of adult violent behavior than child physical abuse. The present review considers a range of studies that investigate aspects of this relationship, and identifies key patterns and trends that have emerged from these investigations. Methodological issues and limitations of the existing literature are also identified and new research directions suggested. This review also considers studies that support the possibility of protective factors against the development of adult violent behavior in victims of child neglect.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T17:44:22Z
  • Corrigendum to “Intervention studies to foster resilience — A
           systematic review and proposal for a resilience framework in future
           intervention studies” [Clinical Psychology Review 59 (2018) 78–100]
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 February 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): A. Chmitorz, A. Kunzler, I. Helmreich, O. Tüscher, R. Kalisch, T. Kubiak, M. Wessa, K. Lieb

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • Biological alterations affecting risk of adult psychopathology following
           childhood trauma: A review of sex differences
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Ashwini Tiwari, Andrea Gonzalez
      Childhood trauma exposure is a significant public health problem. While adult mental health consequences of such experiences are well documented, sex differences in both prevalence and severity are less understood. Sex-based differences in biological circuitry and physiological trauma responses are proposed to potentiate the differential risk for pathogenesis of mental health disorders among adults. This paper will provide a contextualized summary of neuroendocrine, neuroimaging, and behavioral epigenetic studies on biological sex differences contributing to internalizing psychopathology, specifically posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, among adults with a history of childhood abuse. This review concludes with a discussion of implications for trauma interventions and sex-based biopsychological research in violence prevention.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • eHealth interventions for family carers of people with long term illness:
           A promising approach'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Jacqueline Sin, Claire Henderson, Debbie Spain, Victoria Cornelius, Tao Chen, Steve Gillard
      Family carers of people who have long term illness often experience physical and mental health morbidities, and burden. While there is good evidence to suggest that carers benefit from psychosocial interventions, these have primarily been delivered via face-to-face individual or group-formats. eHealth interventions offer a novel, accessible and self-paced approach to care delivery. Whether these are effective for carers' wellbeing has been little explored. This paper reports the first comprehensive systematic review in this area. A total of 78 studies, describing 62 discrete interventions, were identified. Interventions commonly aimed to promote carers' knowledge, self-efficacy, caregiving appraisal, and reduce global health morbidities. Interventions were offered to carers of people with a wide range of long term illness; dementia has been the most researched area, as reported in 40% of studies. Clinical and methodological heterogeneity in interventions precluded meta-analyses, and so data were analysed narratively. The most popular approach has comprised psychoeducational interventions delivered via an enriched online environment with supplementary modes of communication, such as network support with professionals and peers. Overall, carers appreciate the flexibility and self-paced nature of eHealth interventions, with high rates of satisfaction and acceptability. More studies using robust designs are needed to extend the evidence base.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • Intolerance of uncertainty in youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder and
           generalized anxiety disorder: A transdiagnostic construct with
           implications for phenomenology and treatment
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Carrie B. Gillett, Emily L. Bilek, Gregory L. Hanna, Kate D. Fitzgerald
      Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are early-onset disorders with significant overlapping phenomenology, especially in young patients who, due to developmental stage, may have difficulty recognizing obsessions and worries as unrealistic or excessive. Shared phenomenology and high rates of comorbidity between OCD and GAD raise the possibility of common underlying processes, and recent work has focused on intolerance of uncertainty (IU) as a reasonable candidate. With an emphasis on the youth literature, we review the phenomenological overlap between OCD and GAD, how symptoms may relate to IU, and how IU may be measured. We review existing psychotherapeutic treatments and discuss how understanding the role of IU may assist in the development of novel psychotherapeutic strategies to improve treatment outcomes. Neuroimaging studies of IU in OCD and GAD are also discussed and suggestions for further research are offered. We conclude that, consistent with Research Domain Criteria (RDoC), IU represents a transdiagnostic construct with a demonstrable neural basis that could be targeted to improve existing treatments for these disorders.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • Corrigendum to “Beyond war and PTSD: The crucial role of transition
           stress in the lives of military veterans” [Clin. Psychol. Rev. 59 (2018)
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Meaghan C. Mobbs, George A. Bonanno

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • Implications of the Research Domain Criteria project for childhood anxiety
           and its disorders
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Eli R. Lebowitz, Dylan G. Gee, Daniel S. Pine, Wendy K. Silverman
      Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in youth; however, progress in treatment for childhood anxiety has stalled over the past decade. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project represents a shift toward a dimensional and interdisciplinary approach to psychiatric disorders; this shift can reframe developmental psychopathology for childhood anxiety and facilitate novel advances in its classification and treatment. Here we highlight constructs in the Systems for Social Processes and the Negative Valence System domains of RDoC, as they relate to childhood anxiety disorders. Childhood anxiety relates to both RDoC domains. In terms of social processes, through natural reliance on parents to reduce children’s fear, attachment represents one particular social process, which plays a central role in anxiety among youth. In terms of negative valence, considerable research links threat conditioning to pediatric anxiety. Finally, fronto-amygdala circuitry relates to all three entities, as it has been shown to underly both attachment processes and threat learning, while it also has been consistently implicated in anxiety disorders across development. Through integrative and translational approaches, RDoC provides unique opportunities and simultaneous challenges for advancing the understanding and treatment of childhood anxiety disorders.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • Masculinity, emotion regulation, and psychopathology: A critical review
           and integrated model
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Danielle S. Berke, Dennis Reidy, Amos Zeichner
      Relative to girls and women, boys and men experience disproportionate rates of “externalizing” problems (e.g., aggressive behavior, substance use disorders, and antisocial personality disorder). Unfortunately, relatively little is understood about how gender operates in the etiology, expression, and maintenance of men's psychopathology. We argue that this gap in knowledge reflects the challenge of accounting for the dynamic nature of masculinity (i.e., the fact that the influence of masculinity on men's lives varies across context, time, and individuals). Likewise, emotion regulation, the process by which individuals modify their emotions to respond to the varying demands of their environment, is itself an inherently dynamic construct. Difficulty regulating emotion has been identified as a transdiagnostic factor common to a range of psychiatric diagnoses and behavior problems. Integrating the literature on emotion regulation and masculinity, therefore, offers promise for enhancing our ability to understand the effects of gender on men's psychopathology and to alleviate its deleterious consequences. In keeping with this goal, we review and synthesize the available literature on masculinity and emotion regulation into a cross-cutting framework of masculinity and men's psychopathology. Implications are discussed in terms of recommendations for an integrated intervention approach.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • Intolerance of uncertainty: Neural and psychophysiological correlates of
           the perception of uncertainty as threatening
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Ema Tanovic, Dylan G. Gee, Jutta Joormann
      Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) reflects the perception of uncertainty as threatening, regardless of the true probability of threat. IU is elevated in various forms of psychopathology, uniquely associated with anxiety and depression symptoms after controlling for related constructs, and prospectively predicts symptoms. Given the ubiquity of uncertainty in daily life and the clinical implications of IU, recent work has begun to investigate the neural and psychophysiological correlates of IU. This review summarizes the existing literature and integrates findings within a mechanistic neural model of responding to uncertainty. IU is associated with heightened reactivity to uncertainty reflected in greater activity of the anterior insula and amygdala, alterations in neural responses to rewards and errors evident in event-related potentials, a mixed pattern of startle responses to uncertain threat, and deficiencies in safety learning indexed by startle and skin conductance responding. These findings provide evidence of disruptions in several domains of responding to uncertainty, threat, and reward associated with IU that may confer risk for the development of psychopathology. Significant attention is devoted to recommendations for future research, including consideration of the complex interplay of IU with emotion regulation, cognitive control, and reward processing.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • A systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological functioning in
           chronic tinnitus
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 December 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Krysta J. Trevis, Neil M. McLachlan, Sarah J. Wilson
      Chronic tinnitus, the phenomenon of a chronic ringing in the ears or head, has a significant negative impact on an individual's health and wellbeing. Despite this, there is no cure or consensus regarding factors maintaining ongoing awareness of the sensation in this population, or the severity of its impact. We aimed to comprehensively and systematically review behavioural studies investigating the psychological functioning of adults with chronic tinnitus. We identified 64 papers meeting our search criteria for inclusion, which are reviewed with regard to psychological factors involved with the presence of chronic tinnitus, and those relating to its severity. The majority of studies assessed the presence and impact of chronic tinnitus with regard to emotional wellbeing (n =59), with a more recent interest in cognitive functioning (n =16). A subset of 36 studies was included in meta-analyses investigating the relationships between emotional wellbeing and the presence and impact of chronic tinnitus using random-effects models. Our findings indicate the presence of chronic tinnitus may be associated with reduced cognitive functioning, particularly attention, and with reduced emotional wellbeing, particularly anxiety and depression. We also found consistent evidence indicating severity of chronic tinnitus is associated with a broad range of psychological features, primarily symptoms of depression and anxiety. We recommend investigating the complexity of the relationships between emotional wellbeing, cognitive functioning, and chronic tinnitus using a range of methodologies to further elucidate the role of psychological functioning in chronic tinnitus.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T16:17:34Z
  • Potential psychological & neural mechanisms in binge eating disorder:
           Implications for treatment
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 December 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Hedy Kober, Rebecca G. Boswell
      Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a newly-established eating disorder diagnosis in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Although systematic research on BED is in its infancy and many studies feature small samples, several observations emerge. First, we review diagnostic, developmental, and socio-demographic features of BED. Next, although BED and obesity are linked and frequently co-occur, we review data suggesting that BED is a distinct phenotype. Importantly, we take a mechanism-focused approach and propose four psychological processes with neurobiological bases that may uniquely differentiate BED from obesity: emotion reactivity, food-cue reactivity, food craving, and cognitive control. Further, we propose that interactions between impairments in cognitive control and increased emotional reactivity, food-cue reactivity, and craving may underlie emotion dysregulation and promote binge eating. Consistently, neuroimaging studies point towards neural alterations in the response to rewards and to food specifically, and suggest preliminary links between impaired cognitive-control-related neural activity and binge eating. However, additional systematic work is required in this area. We conclude with a detailed review of treatment approaches to BED; specifically, we suggest that psychological and pharmacological treatments that target core mechanisms – including cognitive control and emotion/craving dysregulation – may be particularly effective.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T00:24:18Z
  • Which girls, which boys' The intersectional risk for depression by
           race and ethnicity, and gender in the U.S.
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Pratima Patil, Michelle V. Porche, Nellie Shippen, Nina Dallenbach, Lisa R. Fortuna
      We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses. Studies were rated on a scale of 1 through 5, those with scores of 3 or higher were included in the review. A rating of 5 indicated studies had explicitly used an intersectional theoretical framework, integrating the process of racial/ethnic identity development and gender socialization during adolescence. Three studies met the criteria for 5, one study was rated 4, and 21 studies were rated 3. Attention to experiences with discrimination was common throughout. Overall, the collective findings point to the importance of using an intersectional lens for understanding differential mechanisms for how and why specific adolescent minority youth are at greater risk for reporting depression symptoms, identifying cultural and developmental protective factors, and informing how interventions can effectively target specific mechanisms for prevention and treatment.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T00:24:18Z
  • Does comorbidity predict poorer treatment outcome in pediatric anxiety
           disorders' An updated 10-year review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Monika Walczak, Thomas Ollendick, Sarah Ryan, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn
      The aim of the present review was to provide an updated investigation of literature from the past ten years that examined the effects of comorbid problems on treatment outcomes, and/or explored if cognitive behavioral treatments (CBT) targeting anxiety disorders also affected comorbid disorders. A search of the literature resulted in a total of 33 publications, based on 28 randomized controlled trials that met predefined inclusion criteria. An analysis of studies that examined whether comorbidity affects treatment outcome yielded mixed results for different types of comorbidities. The inconsistent results were largely due to methodological heterogeneity in the identified studies. Support for negative effects of comorbidity on treatment outcomes was usually found in studies that investigated comorbidity as a categorical diagnosis, rather than symptom levels, and those that analyzed specific comorbid diagnoses, rather than grouping them together. Overall, our findings suggest that comorbid disorders may have a more negative impact on treatment outcomes than proposed in previous reviews, particularly in the cases of comorbid social anxiety and mood disorders. Furthermore, CBT for anxiety disorders in children was found to ameliorate comorbid problems.

      PubDate: 2017-12-27T00:24:18Z
  • Preventing depression in the offspring of parents with depression: A
           systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Johanna Loechner, Kornelija Starman, Katharina Galuschka, Jeanette Tamm, Gerd Schulte-Körne, Julian Rubel, Belinda Platt
      One major predictor of depression onset is having a depressed parent. This study provides the first systematic review and meta-analysis of preventive interventions for offspring of depressed parents. We searched six literature databases and included randomized controlled trials which concerned the non-depressed offspring (aged 18 or younger) of a depressed parent, who received a preventive intervention designed to reduce the risk of depression or a comparison condition. Primary and secondary outcome measures were the severity and incidence of childhood depression. 14 publications reporting data from seven trials (n =935 children) were included and were of relatively high quality. The effect of the interventions (versus any control condition) on depressive and internalising symptoms at post-intervention follow-up (up to four months) was small but significant [g′=−0.20, 95% CI (−0.34; −0.06), p =0.005; I 2 =0.00%)]. The interventions also had a small but significant effect on depression incidence [Risk Ratio=0.56; 95% CI(0.41;0.77); d′=−0.42]. Intervention effects were not present in the short-term (up to 12months post-intervention) or long-term (15–72months post-intervention) follow-ups. Interventions targeting the offspring of depressed parents show promise not only in reducing symptoms of depression but also in preventing the onset of depression, at least immediately after the intervention.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T16:50:12Z
  • Sexuality and sexual experiences during gender transition: A thematic
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): M.D. Thurston, S. Allan
      Aim To establish what impact, if any, the gender-affirmation process, has on sexuality and sexual experiences. Introduction Sexuality is a multi-faceted construct that influences our attraction to others. Gender transition is the process of aligning our physical sex characteristics with our psychological gender. Our sexuality and our gender identity are often mistakenly assumed to be inextricably linked. It is important to consider and understand the influence of the gender-affirmation process on sexuality and sexual experiences. Method A thematic synthesis of the available qualitative literature regarding sexuality, and sexual experiences in both transgender people and their partners were appraised, and synthesised. Thomas and Harden's (2008) stepwise process for conducting a thematic synthesis was followed. Results A total of seven articles were of relevance and included in the review. Two analytical and six sub-themes were found. The two analytical themes are: ‘Re-negotiating previous ‘norms” and ‘Establishing identity’. Conclusion During the gender-affirmation process, sexuality, and sexual experiences alter. This has clinical implications for transgender people and their partners, in particular, valuable therapeutic discussion points that need to be considered during the gender-affirmation process.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T16:50:12Z
  • Long-term efficacy of psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: A
           meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Alexander C. Kline, Andrew A. Cooper, Nina K. Rytwinksi, Norah C. Feeny
      Psychotherapies are well established as efficacious acute interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the long-term efficacy of such interventions and the maintenance of gains following termination is less understood. This meta-analysis evaluated enduring effects of psychotherapy for PTSD in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with long-term follow-ups (LTFUs) of at least six months duration. Analyses included 32 PTSD trials involving 72 treatment conditions (N =2935). Effect sizes were significantly larger for active psychotherapy conditions relative to control conditions for the period from pretreatment to LTFU, but not posttreatment to LTFU. All active interventions demonstrated long-term efficacy. Pretreatment to LTFU effect sizes did not significantly differ among treatment types. Exposure-based treatments demonstrated stronger effects in the posttreatment to LTFU period (d =0.27) compared to other interventions (p =0.005). Among active conditions, LTFU effect sizes were not significantly linked to trauma type, population type, or intended duration of treatment, but were strongly tied to acute dropout as well as whether studies included all randomized patients in follow-up analyses. Findings provide encouraging implications regarding the long-term efficacy of interventions and the durability of symptom reduction, but must be interpreted in parallel with methodological considerations and study characteristics of RCTs.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T16:50:12Z
  • Beyond war and PTSD: The crucial role of transition stress in the lives of
           military veterans
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Meaghan C. Mobbs, George A. Bonanno
      Although only a relatively small minority of military veterans develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), mental health theory and research with military veterans has focused primarily on PTSD and its treatment. By contrast, many and by some accounts most veterans experience high levels of stress during the transition to civilian life, however transition stress has received scant attention. In this paper we attempt to address this deficit by reviewing the wider range of challenges, rewards, successes, and failures that transitioning veterans might experience, as well as the factors that might moderate these experiences. To illuminate this argument, we briefly consider what it means to become a soldier (i.e., what is required to transition into military service) and more crucially what kind of stressors veterans might experience when they attempt to shed that identity (i.e., what is required to transition out of military service). We end by suggesting how an expanded research program on veteran transition stress might move forward.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T16:50:12Z
  • Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and perinatal mental disorders
           in low and lower middle income countries: A systematic review of
           literature, 1990–2017
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Nafisa Halim, Jennifer Beard, Aldina Mesic, Archana Patel, David Henderson, Patricia Hibberd
      Mental health consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant and postpartum women are poorly understood in low and lower-middle-income countries (LLMIC). We systematically reviewed the evidence from 24 studies (1990—2017) selected via a comprehensive search strategy with 14 inclusion, exclusion, and quality-control criteria to assess the extent to which intimate partner violence during pregnancy adversely affects perinatal mental disorders among participants in 10 LLMIC across 4 economic regions. Mostly cross-sectional, studies included 61—1369 participants selected randomly (88%) or non-randomly (12%) from purposively selected 1—6 clinics or 1—50 communities. Multivariate logistic regression was most frequently used (68%) for association estimates, adjusting for 3—16 socio-demographic variables pertinent to: women; husbands; and/or households. The prevalence of physical IPV ranged 2—35% among participants; sexual IPV ranged 9—40%; and psychological IPV ranged 22—65%. The prevalence of antenatal and postnatal depression ranged 15—65% and 5—35% among participants, respectively. Suicidal ideation ranged 5—11% during pregnancy and 2—22% during the postpartum period. Study participants who had experienced IPV had 1.69—3.76 and 1.46—7.04 higher odds of antenatal and postnatal depression compared to those who had not, depending on country, and IPV type and severity. Considering the strong association between IPV and mental disorders, efforts should focus on developing IPV interventions aimed at preventing pregnancy during IPV and promoting mental health resilience among pregnancy and postpartum women in low and lower-middle-income countries.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T16:50:12Z
  • Insomnia in United States military veterans: An integrated theoretical
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Jaime M. Hughes, Christi S. Ulmer, Jennifer M. Gierisch, S. Nicole Hastings, Matthew O. Howard
      Marked by difficulty falling or staying asleep and/or poor sleep leading to daytime dysfunction, insomnia contributes to functional impairment, poor health, and increased healthcare utilization when left untreated. As many as two-thirds of Iraq and Afghanistan military veterans complain of insomnia. Older veterans of prior conflicts report insomnia occurring since initial service, suggesting a chronic nature to insomnia in this population. Despite insomnia's high prevalence and severe consequences, there is no theoretical model to explain either the onset or chronicity of insomnia in this growing patient population. Existing theories view insomnia as an acute, unidirectional phenomenon and do little to elucidate long-term consequences of such problems. Existing theories also fail to address mechanisms by which acute insomnia becomes chronic. This paper presents an original, integrated theoretical model that draws upon constructs from several prominent behavioral medicine theories to reconceptualize insomnia as a chronic, cyclical problem that is both a consequence and predictor of stress. Additional research examining the relationships between stress, sleep, resilience, and outcomes of interest could inform clinical and research practices. Addressing sleep problems early could potentially enhance adaptive capacity, thereby reducing the risk for subsequent negative outcomes.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T16:50:12Z
  • Mindfulness and craving: effects and mechanisms
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Katy Tapper
      Mindfulness meditation has a long tradition of being used to manage cravings. This paper reviews 30 experimental studies that have examined the effects of different types of mindfulness practice on cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol. The findings are interpreted in light of relevant theories of craving. The studies show most support for the elaborated intrusion theory of desire and conditioning models. They suggest that whilst mindfulness strategies may bring about immediate reductions in craving, such effects are likely to stem from working memory load, and will not necessarily be superior to alternative strategies that also load working memory. Likewise, reductions in craving over the medium term may occur due to extinction processes that result from the individual inhibiting craving-related responses. Again, alternative strategies that promote response suppression may be equally effective. Nevertheless, a smaller number of studies show promising results where mindfulness exercises have been repeatedly practiced over a longer period of time. The results of these studies provide tentative support for Buddhist models of craving that suggest mindfulness practice may confer unique benefits in terms of both craving reduction and reducing the extent to which craving leads to consumption. Further research would be needed to confirm this.

      PubDate: 2017-11-15T19:29:38Z
  • What do help-seeking measures assess' Building a conceptualization
           framework for help-seeking intentions through a systematic review of
           measure content
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Margaret M. White, Bonnie A. Clough, Leanne M. Casey
      Mental health services are underutilised by people who could benefit from treatment. Research into help-seeking intentions (HSI) is required to support interventions to increase service use. Existing HSI measures are not psychometrically robust and problems with content validity undermine research in this field. Our purpose was to create a clear conceptualization of HSI and systematically review the content of existing measures. Previous researchers had defined help-seeking and intentions separately, so the first step was to create a more comprehensive definition. Seven theoretical perspectives identified in the HSI literature were mapped onto the new definition and aggregated to form a conceptual framework that reflects expert opinion. This framework guided an analysis of item relevance and a comparison of completeness across measures. Most individual items (99.1%) were relevant, lending credibility to the proposed framework. However, no measure provided a complete assessment of the HSI construct. This study used a novel methodology to develop a definition and conceptual framework, both of which reflect sound theoretical perspectives and represent the consensus-view of experts. The current results will guide the development of stronger measures with improved construct validity and will support interventions aimed at improving help-seeking.

      PubDate: 2017-11-15T19:29:38Z
  • Sex and gender differences in substance use disorders
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): R. Kathryn McHugh, Victoria R. Votaw, Dawn E. Sugarman, Shelly F. Greenfield
      The gender gap in substance use disorders (SUDs), characterized by greater prevalence in men, is narrowing, highlighting the importance of understanding sex and gender differences in SUD etiology and maintenance. In this critical review, we provide an overview of sex/gender differences in the biology, epidemiology and treatment of SUDs. Biological sex differences are evident across an array of systems, including brain structure and function, endocrine function, and metabolic function. Gender (i.e., environmentally and socioculturally defined roles for men and women) also contributes to the initiation and course of substance use and SUDs. Adverse medical, psychiatric, and functional consequences associated with SUDs are often more severe in women. However, men and women do not substantively differ with respect to SUD treatment outcomes. Although several trends are beginning to emerge in the literature, findings on sex and gender differences in SUDs are complicated by the interacting contributions of biological and environmental factors. Future research is needed to further elucidate sex and gender differences, especially focusing on hormonal factors in SUD course and treatment outcomes; research translating findings between animal and human models; and gender differences in understudied populations, such as those with co-occurring psychiatric disorders and gender-specific populations, such as pregnant women.

      PubDate: 2017-11-15T19:29:38Z
  • Grazing in adults with obesity and eating disorders: A systematic review
           of associated clinical features and meta-analysis of prevalence
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 58
      Author(s): Andreea I. Heriseanu, Phillipa Hay, Laura Corbit, Stephen Touyz
      Grazing, the unstructured, repetitive eating of small amounts of food, is a pattern of eating which has been associated with negative outcomes following bariatric surgery. Less is known about grazing in eating disorders and in non-surgical obese samples. This review aims to critically examine the existing research on the prevalence of grazing, associated treatment outcomes, and clinical correlates in adults with eating disorders and/or obesity, in clinical and community settings. A systematic electronic database search yielded 38 studies which met inclusion criteria for the review. A meta-analysis was conducted using prevalence data from 32 studies (31 datasets). Mean pooled prevalence in obesity (n =26 studies) was 33.20% (95% CI [27.54, 39.11]) at pre-weight loss treatment, 28.16% (95% CI [17.86, 39.73]) at follow-up, and 23.32% (95% CI [3.07, 52.04]) in the community. Nine studies provided prevalence estimates in eating disorders: 58.25% (95% CI [52.75, 63.66]) in bulimia nervosa; 67.77% (95% CI [44.96, 87.13]) in binge eating disorder; and 34.31% (95% CI [26.56, 42.49]) in anorexia nervosa. The results suggest that grazing is widely prevalent within obesity and eating disorders. There is mixed evidence to suggest that grazing (especially a “compulsive” subtype including a sense of loss of control) is associated with poorer weight loss treatment outcomes in obesity, lower mood, increased eating disorder symptomatology, and decreased mental health-related quality of life. Differences in the operationalisation of grazing may account for inconsistent findings in regards to specific correlates and risks associated with this behaviour; therefore, there is an urgent need to refine and adopt a consistent definition of grazing.

      PubDate: 2017-11-08T18:42:35Z
  • Mindfulness-based interventions for psychiatric disorders: A systematic
           review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Simon B. Goldberg, Raymond P. Tucker, Preston A. Greene, Richard J. Davidson, Bruce E. Wampold, David J. Kearney, Tracy L. Simpson
      Despite widespread scientific and popular interest in mindfulness-based interventions, questions regarding the empirical status of these treatments remain. We sought to examine the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions for clinical populations on disorder-specific symptoms. To address the question of relative efficacy, we coded the strength of the comparison group into five categories: no treatment, minimal treatment, non-specific active control, specific active control, and evidence-based treatment. A total of 142 non-overlapping samples and 12,005 participants were included. At post-treatment, mindfulness-based interventions were superior to no treatment (d =0.55), minimal treatment (d =0.37), non-specific active controls (d =0.35), and specific active controls (d =0.23). Mindfulness conditions did not differ from evidence-based treatments (d =−0.004). At follow-up, mindfulness-based interventions were superior to no treatment conditions (d =0.50), non-specific active controls (d =0.52), and specific active controls (d =0.29). Mindfulness conditions did not differ from minimal treatment conditions (d =0.38) and evidence-based treatments (d =0.09). Effects on specific disorder subgroups showed the most consistent evidence in support of mindfulness for depression, pain conditions, smoking, and addictive disorders. Results support the notion that mindfulness-based interventions hold promise as evidence-based treatments.

      PubDate: 2017-11-08T18:42:35Z
  • Meditation and yoga for posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analytic
           review of randomized controlled trials
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Autumn M. Gallegos, Hugh F. Crean, Wilfred R. Pigeon, Kathi L. Heffner
      Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic and debilitating disorder that affects the lives of 7–8% of adults in the U.S. Although several interventions demonstrate clinical effectiveness for treating PTSD, many patients continue to have residual symptoms and ask for a variety of treatment options. Complementary health approaches, such as meditation and yoga, hold promise for treating symptoms of PTSD. This meta-analysis evaluates the effect size (ES) of yoga and meditation on PTSD outcomes in adult patients. We also examined whether the intervention type, PTSD outcome measure, study population, sample size, or control condition moderated the effects of complementary approaches on PTSD outcomes. The studies included were 19 randomized control trials with data on 1173 participants. A random effects model yielded a statistically significant ES in the small to medium range (ES =−0.39, p <0.001, 95% CI [−0.57, −0.22]). There were no appreciable differences between intervention types, study population, outcome measures, or control condition. There was, however, a marginally significant higher ES for sample size≤30 (ES =−0.78, k =5). These findings suggest that meditation and yoga are promising complementary approaches in the treatment of PTSD among adults and warrant further study.

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T19:44:53Z
  • The efficacy of attentional distraction and sensory monitoring in chronic
           pain patients: A meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Dimitri Van Ryckeghem, Stefaan Van Damme, Christopher Eccleston, Geert Crombez
      Attentional strategies, such as distraction and sensory monitoring, are often offered to reduce pain and pain-related distress. However, evidence for their efficacy in chronic pain patients is equivocal. We report a meta-analysis on the efficacy of distraction and sensory monitoring in chronic pain patients, and explore possible methodological and theoretical moderators. The scientific literature was searched for relevant articles, which were coded for methodological quality and several theoretical and methodological moderator variables. Only 10 articles fulfilled the search criteria. Eight studies allowed us to compare distraction with a control condition, two studies to compare sensory monitoring with a control condition, and four studies to compare the effect of distraction with the effect of sensory monitoring. Overall, results indicate that distraction did not differ from control in altering pain experience (k =8; Hedges' g =0.10, ns) and distress (k =2; Hedges' g =0.549). Sensory monitoring did also not alter pain experience (k =2; Hedges' g =−0.21, ns) and distress (k =1; Hedges' g =−0.191, ns). We found no evidence to support the superiority of distraction or sensory monitoring in altering pain compared to control conditions. We offer guidance for future theory-driven research to investigate distraction and sensory monitoring in this largely unexplored field, albeit one replete with methodological difficulties.

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T19:44:53Z
  • A comprehensive review of research on Functional Analytic Psychotherapy
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Jonathan W. Kanter, Katherine E. Manbeck, Adam M. Kuczynski, Daniel W.M. Maitland, Alessandra Villas-Bôas, Michel A. Reyes Ortega
      Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP; Kohlenberg & Tsai, 1991) is a transdiagnostic approach to outpatient psychotherapy that presented guidelines to instantiate the behavioral principle of natural, social reinforcement applied to idiographic behavioral targets within a genuine and authentic psychotherapy relationship. We present the first comprehensive review of research on FAP, including qualitative studies, uncontrolled and controlled single-case designs, group designs, and studies on training therapists in FAP. We conclude that current research support for FAP is promising but not sufficient to justify claims that FAP is research-supported for specific psychiatric disorders. There is stronger support for FAP's mechanism of therapist-as-social reinforcer: FAP techniques, when appropriately applied to idiographically defined behavioral problems—primarily in the realm of social functioning—produce positive change in those behaviors.

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T19:44:53Z
  • Using task performance to inform treatment planning for youth with ADHD: A
           systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Stephen J. Molitor, Joshua M. Langberg
      The role that neuropsychological task performance plays in the assessment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is currently ambiguous, and findings are mixed regarding whether tasks have validity for diagnosing the disorder. Irrespective of their validity for diagnosing ADHD, neuropsychological tasks could provide valuable information to mental health professionals if they can inform recommendations for treatment targets and modalities. Therefore, this review sought to synthesize the available evidence related to the use of neuropsychological task performance as a tool for informing treatment planning for youth with ADHD. Reviewed studies focused on examinations of associations between task performance and academic, social, and health outcomes, as well as response to treatment. Twenty-five relevant studies using samples of youth diagnosed with ADHD in clinical, community, and school settings were identified. Review of the evidence suggests that task performance may be useful in identifying individuals with ADHD at risk for academic impairment. However, the evidence is less compelling for identifying youth at risk for impaired social functioning or poor health outcomes. The review also found that task performance is likely useful for predicting response to treatment with methylphenidate. Across studies, evidence indicated that interpreting task performance in an integrated manner, such as a factor score or mean score, was more consistently useful for predicting outcomes of interest than interpreting performance from a single task. Implications for the use of tasks in ADHD assessments are discussed, and future directions are outlined for further examining the clinical utility of task performance.

      PubDate: 2017-11-01T19:44:53Z
  • The sociocultural context of emotion socialization in African American
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Madelyn H. Labella
      The current paper systematically reviews empirical research on parental emotion socialization in African American families, addressing gaps in a literature that has historically focused on White middle class samples. Of the 1210 studies screened, 329 were inspected, 280 were excluded, and 49 were included. Studies addressed emotion-related beliefs and attitudes, emotion expressiveness, discussion of emotion, and responses to children's emotion. Mixed findings are interpreted in light of sociocultural factors. An emerging body of research suggests that the celebration and restriction of children's emotions coexist closely in African American families, perhaps reflecting the joint influence of traditional Afro-cultural values and the historical context of slavery and discrimination. Methodological issues are identified and future directions for research and practice are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T03:37:57Z
  • The empirical status of the third-wave behaviour therapies for the
           treatment of eating disorders: A systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Jake Linardon, Christopher G. Fairburn, Ellen E. Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E. Wilfley, Leah Brennan
      Although third-wave behaviour therapies are being increasingly used for the treatment of eating disorders, their efficacy is largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the empirical status of these therapies. Twenty-seven studies met full inclusion criteria. Only 13 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were identified, most on binge eating disorder (BED). Pooled within- (pre-post change) and between-groups effect sizes were calculated for the meta-analysis. Large pre-post symptom improvements were observed for all third-wave treatments, including dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), schema therapy (ST), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT). Third-wave therapies were not superior to active comparisons generally, or to cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) in RCTs. Based on our qualitative synthesis, none of the third-wave therapies meet established criteria for an empirically supported treatment for particular eating disorder subgroups. Until further RCTs demonstrate the efficacy of third-wave therapies for particular eating disorder subgroups, the available data suggest that CBT should retain its status as the recommended treatment approach for bulimia nervosa (BN) and BED, and the front running treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN) in adults, with interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) considered a strong empirically-supported alternative.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T03:37:57Z
  • It is all in their mind: A review on information processing bias in lonely
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Annette W.M. Spithoven, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens
      Loneliness is a distressing emotional state that motivates individuals to renew and maintain social contact. It has been suggested that lonely individuals suffer from a cognitive bias towards social threatening stimuli. However, current models of loneliness remain vague on how this cognitive bias is expressed in lonely individuals. The current review provides an up-to-date overview of studies examining loneliness in relation to various aspects of cognitive functioning. These studies are interpreted in light of the Social Information Processing (SIP) model. A wide range of studies indicate that lonely individuals have a negative cognitive bias in all stages of SIP. More specifically, lonely individuals have an increased attention for social threatening stimuli, hold negative and hostile intent attributions, expect rejection, evaluate themselves and others negatively, endorse less promotion- and more prevention-oriented goals, and have a low self-efficacy. This negative cognitive bias seems specific to the social context. Avenues for future research and implications for clinical practice are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T03:37:57Z
  • A novel Differential Susceptibility framework for the study of nightmares:
           Evidence for trait sensory processing sensitivity
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Michelle Carr, Tore Nielsen
      Research on nightmares has largely focused on the nightmare itself and its associated negative consequences, framing nightmare sufferers as victims of a diathesis-stress induced form of psychopathology. However, there is evidence that frequent nightmare reporters are sensitive to a wide range of sensory and emotional experiences, and report vivid, bizarre and even intensely positive dream and daydream experiences. We propose sensory processing sensitivity as a novel trait marker that underlies the unique symptoms and imaginative richness found in nightmare-prone individuals. Sensory processing sensitivity describes an increased emotional reactivity, greater depth of processing, and subtle awareness of environmental stimuli—it is a ‘for better and for worse’ trait that is associated with positive outcomes in conditions of support, but also confers a tendency to be easily overwhelmed by stressors and adversity. This novel approach places nightmare-prone individuals within the broader framework of Differential Susceptibility and raises the possibility that they may benefit especially from supportive environments—a possibility that is particularly relevant for developing future treatment approaches.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T03:37:57Z
  • How effective are risk assessments/measures for predicting future
           aggressive behaviour in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID): A
           systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Rachael Lofthouse, Laura Golding, Vasiliki Totsika, Richard Hastings, William Lindsay
      Background Risk assessments assist professionals in the identification and management of risk of aggression. The present study aimed to systematically review evidence on the efficacy of assessments for managing the risk of physical aggression in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Methods A literature search was conducted using the databases PsycINFO, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Electronic and hand searches identified 14 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Standardised mean difference effect sizes Area Under Curve (AUC) were calculated for studies. Random effects subgroup analysis was used to compare different types of risk measures (Actuarial, Structured Professional Judgment and dynamic), and prospective vs. catch-up longitudinal study designs. Results Overall, evidence of predictive validity was found for risk measures with ID populations: (AUC)=0.724, 95% CI [0.681, 0.768]. There was no variation in the performance of different types of risk measures, or different study design. Conclusions Risk assessment measures predict the likelihood of aggression in ID population and are comparable to those in mainstream populations. Further meta-analysis is necessary when risk measures are more established in this population.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T03:37:57Z
  • Predictors of functional recovery in first-episode psychosis: A systematic
           review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 October 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Mercedes Paino, Simon Rice, César González-Blanch, Patrick McGorry, John Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
      Background Three out of four first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients achieve clinical remission following treatment. Unfortunately, functional recovery lags behind symptomatic remission, and many individuals with FEP remain socially isolated with poor functional outcomes. Aims To systematically compile and analyse predictors of functional recovery in FEP. Method Systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed, longitudinal studies reporting predictors of functioning, with a minimum 12-month follow-up and at least 80% of participants diagnosed with FEP. Results Out of 2205 citations, 274 articles were retrieved for detailed evaluation resulting in 50 eligible studies (N =6669). Sociodemographic, clinical, physical and neuroimaging variables had little impact on long-term functioning. Conversely duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), most cognitive variables, and concurrent remission of positive and negative symptoms were independently related to functional recovery. Conclusions These findings strongly support the rationale for early intervention in FEP. Novel treatments targeting cognitive deficits may improve functional outcomes in FEP.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T17:37:06Z
  • The long-term effects of bibliotherapy in depression treatment: Systematic
           review of randomized clinical trials
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 September 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): M.R. Gualano, F. Bert, M. Martorana, G. Voglino, V. Andriolo, R. Thomas, C. Gramaglia, P. Zeppegno, R. Siliquini
      Objective Literature shows bibliotherapy can be helpful for moderate depression treatment. The aim of this systematic review is to verify the long-term effects of bibliotherapy. Methods After bibliographic research, we included RCTs articles about bibliotherapy programme treatment of depression published in English language between 1990 and July 2017. All RCTs were assessed with Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool. Results Ten articles (reporting 8 studies involving 1347 subjects) out of 306 retrieved results were included. All studies analyze the effects of bibliotherapy after follow-up periods ranging from 3months to 3years and show quiet good quality in methods and analyses. The treatment was compared to standard treatments or no intervention in all studies. After long-term period follow-ups, six studies, including adults, reported a decrease of depressive symptoms, while four studies including young people did not show significant results. Conclusion Bibliotherapy appears to be effective in the reduction of adults depressive symptoms in the long-term period, providing an affordable prompt treatment that could reduce further medications. The results of the present review suggest that bibliotherapy could play an important role in the treatment of a serious mental health issue. Further studies should be conducted to strengthen the evidence of bibliotherapy's efficacy.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T03:34:17Z
  • A comprehensive meta-analysis of interpretation biases in depression
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 September 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Jonas Everaert, Ioana R. Podina, Ernst H.W. Koster
      Interpretation biases have long been theorized to play a central role in depression. Yet, the strength of the empirical evidence for this bias remains a topic of debate. This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the overall effect size and to identify moderators relevant to theory and methodology. PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and dissertation databases were searched. A random-effects meta-analysis was performed on 87 studies (N =9443). Results revealed a medium overall effect size (g=0.72, 95%-CI:[0.62;0.82]). Equivalent effect sizes were observed for patients diagnosed with clinical depression (g=0.60, 95%-CI:[0.37;0.75]), patients remitted from depression (g=0.59, 95%-CI:[0.33;0.86]), and undiagnosed individuals reporting elevated depressive symptoms (g=0.66, 95%-CI:[0.47;0.84]). The effect size was larger for self-referential stimuli (g=0.90, 95%-CI[0.78;1.01]), but was not modified by the presence (g=0.74, 95%-CI[0.59;0.90]) or absence (g=0.72, 95%-CI[0.58;0.85]) of mental imagery instructions. Similar effect sizes were observed for a negative interpretation bias (g=0.58, 95%-CI:[0.40;0.75]) and lack of a positive interpretation bias (g=0.60, 95%-CI:[0.36;0.85]). The effect size was only significant when interpretation bias was measured directly (g=0.88, 95%-CI[0.77;0.99]), but not when measured indirectly (g=0.04, 95%-CI[−0.14;0.22]). It is concluded that depression is associated with interpretation biases, but caution is necessary because methodological factors shape conclusions. Implications and recommendations for future research are outlined.

      PubDate: 2017-09-25T06:00:44Z
  • A review of current evidence regarding the ICD-11 proposals for diagnosing
           PTSD and complex PTSD
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 September 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review
      Author(s): Chris R. Brewin, Marylène Cloitre, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Andreas Maercker, Richard A. Bryant, Asma Humayun, Lynne M. Jones, Ashraf Kagee, Cécile Rousseau, Daya Somasundaram, Yuriko Suzuki, Simon Wessely, Mark van Ommeren, Geoffrey M. Reed
      The World Health Organization's proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases, scheduled for release in 2018, involve a very brief set of symptoms and a distinction between two sibling disorders, PTSD and Complex PTSD. This review of studies conducted to test the validity and implications of the diagnostic proposals generally supports the proposed 3-factor structure of PTSD symptoms, the 6-factor structure of Complex PTSD symptoms, and the distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD. Estimates derived from DSM-based items suggest the likely prevalence of ICD-11 PTSD in adults is lower than ICD-10 PTSD and lower than DSM-IV or DSM-5 PTSD, but this may change with the development of items that directly measure the ICD-11 re-experiencing requirement. Preliminary evidence suggests the prevalence of ICD-11 PTSD in community samples of children and adolescents is similar to DSM-IV and DSM-5. ICD-11 PTSD detects some individuals with significant impairment who would not receive a diagnosis under DSM-IV or DSM-5. ICD-11 CPSTD identifies a distinct group who have more often experienced multiple and sustained traumas and have greater functional impairment than those with PTSD.

      PubDate: 2017-09-12T10:56:15Z
  • The enigma of male eating disorders: A critical review and synthesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 57
      Author(s): Stuart B. Murray, Jason M. Nagata, Scott Griffiths, Jerel P. Calzo, Tiffany A. Brown, Deborah Mitchison, Aaron J. Blashill, Jonathan M. Mond
      Historically, male presentations of eating disorders (EDs) have been perceived as rare and atypical – a perception that has resulted in the systematic underrepresentation of males in ED research. This underrepresentation has profoundly impacted clinical practice with male patients, in which i) stigmatization and treatment non-engagement are more likely, ii) a distinct array of medical complexities are faced, and iii) symptom presentations differ markedly from female presentations. Further, the marginalization of males from ED research has hindered the assessment and clinical management of these presentations. This critical review provides an overview of the history of male EDs and synthesizes current evidence relating to the unique characteristics of male presentations across the diagnostic spectrum of disordered eating. Further, the emerging body of evidence relating to muscularity-oriented eating is synthesized in relation to the existing nosological framework of EDs. The impact of marginalizing male ED patients is discussed, in light of findings from epidemiological studies suggesting that clinicians will be increasingly likely to see males with ED in their practices. It is suggested that changes to current conceptualizations of ED pathology that better accommodation male ED presentations are needed.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T20:43:51Z
  • A meta-analytic investigation of the impact of mindfulness-based
           interventions on post traumatic stress
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 57
      Author(s): Tanya L. Hopwood, Nicola S. Schutte
      A number of studies have investigated the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTSD) compared to control conditions. The current meta-analysis consolidated findings from 18 studies reporting results for 21 samples of participants. Across studies, mindfulness-based treatments compared to control conditions were effective in ameliorating symptoms of PTSD, with Hedges' g =−0.44. Hedges' g was −0.59 for comparison of mindfulness-based interventions to waitlist control conditions. Changes in mindfulness may underpin the effect of mindfulness-based interventions on PTSD symptoms and thus the meta-analysis examined findings regarding increases in mindfulness. The 12 studies that assessed mindfulness found that the interventions significantly increased mindfulness, Hedges' g =0.52. Moderator analyses indicated that interventions with longer mindfulness training were more efficacious in reducing symptoms of PTSD. Across studies, gender, age, veteran status, or length of time between the intervention and assessment of PTSD symptoms did not moderate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions. The results provide a foundation for future research directions and have implications for work with those impacted by trauma.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T20:43:51Z
  • Depictive and metric body size estimation in anorexia nervosa and bulimia
           nervosa: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2017
      Source:Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 57
      Author(s): Simone Claire Mölbert, Lukas Klein, Anne Thaler, Betty J. Mohler, Chiara Brozzo, Peter Martus, Hans-Otto Karnath, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin Elisabeth Giel
      A distorted representation of one's own body is a diagnostic criterion and core psychopathology of both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Despite recent technical advances in research, it is still unknown whether this body image disturbance is characterized by body dissatisfaction and a low ideal weight and/or includes a distorted perception or processing of body size. In this article, we provide an update and meta-analysis of 42 articles summarizing measures and results for body size estimation (BSE) from 926 individuals with AN, 536 individuals with BN and 1920 controls. We replicate findings that individuals with AN and BN overestimate their body size as compared to controls (ES =0.63). Our meta-regression shows that metric methods (BSE by direct or indirect spatial measures) yield larger effect sizes than depictive methods (BSE by evaluating distorted pictures), and that effect sizes are larger for patients with BN than for patients with AN. To interpret these results, we suggest a revised theoretical framework for BSE that accounts for differences between depictive and metric BSE methods regarding the underlying body representations (conceptual vs. perceptual, implicit vs. explicit). We also discuss clinical implications and argue for the importance of multimethod approaches to investigate body image disturbance.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T20:43:51Z
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