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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 871 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 388)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 162)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 195)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access  
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 110)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 122)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover Current Psychology
  [SJR: 0.241]   [H-I: 28]   [14 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1936-4733 - ISSN (Online) 1046-1310
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • Cognitive Empathy in Intercultural Interactions: The Roles of Lay Theories
           of Multiculturalism and Polyculturalism
    • Abstract: Abstract The intergroup lay theories of polyculturalism and multiculturalism have been hypothesized to play an important role in facilitating better intergroup relations. In two studies, we investigate the consequences of polyculturalism and multiculturalism on participants’ cognitive empathy for actors in a hypothetical intercultural interaction. Study 1 involves a scenario with Korean student experiencing language difficulties in the classroom and a Filipino professor who willingly provided assistance. Study 2 involves the same scenario but with a Filipino professor who declines to extend help to the Korean student. Hierarchical regression analyses reveal that multiculturalism predicts cognitive empathy for the Korean student in Study 1 and polyculturalism predicts cognitive empathy for the professor in both studies. The findings provide support for the role of lay theories of culture and its impact on cognitions about groups, and more importantly, for the distinct relationships between the two lay theories that emphasize either cultural differences or cultural connections.
      PubDate: 2017-04-15
  • Psychometric Properties of Dispositional Self-Regulation Scale in Iranian
           Population and Predicting Inhibitory/Initiatory Self-Control on the Basis
           of It
    • Abstract: Abstract In the present study, factor structure and psychometric properties of the Self-Regulation Scale (SRS) designed to measure the attention control in goal pursuit was studied. The scale was administered to 400 students at Shiraz University, Iran. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses indicated two factors for the scale: thought/emotion regulation and attention regulation. Internal consistency of the components of the self-regulation scale was found to be relatively high. Moreover, the results supported the criterion validity of the SRS and its components in terms of their positive relationship with mindfulness and self-control variables, and their negative relationship with symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that the components of thought/emotion regulation and attention regulation had a significant increased variance in explaining the inhibitory self-control and initiatory self-control beyond psychopathological and mindfulness variables. The results also indicated that thought/emotion regulation had more influence on anticipation of inhibitory self-control compared to the attention regulation. However, the influence of the attention regulation in anticipation of initiatory self-control was more than that of the thought/emotion regulation.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
  • Weakening of the Sense of Body Ownership in Schizophrenia: Implications
           for the Psychological Mechanism of Anxiety Reduction
    • Abstract: Abstract The main aim of the study discussed in the present paper was to explore the role of disturbances of bodily experience (of the sense of body ownership) in the regulation of a general emotional state. An attempt was made to verify the hypothesis that the autonomic emotional response (i.e. the objective state of stress) and the subjective sense of stress in schizophrenic subjects would be markedly weakened due to the Rubber Hand Illusion, whereas it was suggested that no such change would appear in the control group consisting of healthy subjects. In the 64 subjects who participated in the study (31 schizophrenic subjects and 33 subjects with no diagnosed mental condition), general emotional state was measured before and after the induction of the Rubber Hand Illusion, with the general emotional state understood as the objective state (electrodermal response) and the subjective state (the sense of stress or relaxation). Experimentally-induced change in the sense of body ownership appeared to be a factor regulating the subjective and the objective emotional states in all subjects, although the type of change differed significantly between the groups. In the schizophrenic group, the induction of the Rubber Hand Illusion substantially reduced the subjective and objective states of stress, whilst in the control group an intensified electrodermal response was observed (objective state of stress), with the subjective emotional state remaining unaltered.
      PubDate: 2017-04-13
  • Semantic Conflict Mobilizes Self-Control in a Realistic Task
    • Abstract: Abstract The study tested a hypothesis, based on the cognitive dissonance theory, that not only stimulus and response conflicts, as studied to date on the grounds of the influential conflict monitoring theory of human self-control, but also semantic incompatibility between complex cognitive representations, can mobilize such self-control. In two experiments, we applied a realistic task (simulated web feed), and manipulated the amount of semantic conflict (contradictory text messages), as well as the amount of tempting distractors (jokes and erotic pictures) that were supposed to be ignored. Experiment 1 demonstrated that semantic conflict mobilized self-control, as evidenced by participants better ignoring distraction. Experiment 2 showed that semantic conflict yielded the self-control depletion effect, analogous to the effects caused by a prolonged resistance to distraction, most probably because it mobilized self-control. The results extend the conflict monitoring theory, by implying that the detection of cognitive dissonance between incoming messages can also serve to regulate the strength of self-control.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
  • The Tripartite Model of Mental Well-Being in Iran: Factorial and
           Discriminant Validity
    • Authors: Mohsen Joshanloo; Shirin Niknam
      Abstract: Abstract The tripartite model of mental well-being regards well-being as a three-dimensional concept encompassing correlated yet distinct dimensions of hedonic, psychological, and social well-being. This study used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) to evaluate this model in an Iranian sample (N = 1435). It was found that the model was generally consistent with the data, although a few variables did not have strong loadings on their target factors. The ESEM model provided improved fit compared with the CFA model. The results illustrate the methodological advantages of ESEM over traditional CFA in this line of research.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9595-7
  • Cognitive Empathy Partially Mediates the Relationship between Childhood
           Physical Abuse and Borderline Personality Disorder Features in College
    • Authors: Ashley S. Bujalski; Megan S. Chesin; Elizabeth L. Jeglic
      Abstract: Abstract Among college students, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) features are prevalent and impairing. Different types of childhood maltreatment (CM) are associated with BPD features, though the type(s) of CM that is most robustly associated with BPD features and the mechanism by which CM leads to BPD features are not well-studied. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate which type(s) of CM was most robustly associated with BPD features and to test whether empathy, which is negatively correlated with CM, mediated the relationship between CM and BPD features in college students. Two thousand five hundred fifty-one undergraduate college students completed online self-report questionnaires measuring CM, empathy, and BPD features. A series of regression models were tested to explore relationships between types of CM and BPD features and CM, empathy and BPD features. Childhood physical abuse, but neither sexual abuse nor neglect, significantly predicted BPD features. Cognitive empathy partially mediated the relationship between childhood physical abuse and BPD features. These findings suggest childhood physical abuse is negatively associated with cognitive empathy, which in turn, is negatively associated with BPD features. Implications for treating BPD features in college students based on these findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9597-5
  • Rasch Analysis of the Q-CHAT in Colombian Toddlers with Autism Spectrum
    • Authors: Karol Gutiérrez-Ruiz; Ana R. Delgado; Gerardo Prieto
      Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was the validation of the Colombian version of The Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (Q-CHAT) by means of the Rasch Rating Scale Model. The Q-CHAT was applied to parents of 100 typically developing toddlers and 40 toddlers and preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The Q-CHAT scores showed some limitations. The questionnaire did not meet the condition of unidimensionality. Two dimensions were detected. The first dimension, with 13 items and 4 response categories (13i-4c), showed good psychometric properties: the items fit the Rasch Rating Scale model, the reliability of persons and items was appropriate, and scores adequately discriminate between children with and without ASD. The second dimension is a measure of traits that are usually associated with ASD, but that have shown validity problems. Thus, it is proposed that dimension 1 of the Q-CHAT (13i-4c) be used as the screening tool for ASD in Colombia.
      PubDate: 2017-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9596-6
  • Unlocking the Mask: a Close Look at how Servant Leaders Influence People
    • Authors: Chuying Huang; Jing Qian; Zhuyun Jin; Bin Wang
      Abstract: Abstract Given the widespread use of servant leadership in organizations, the purpose of our study was to examine the relationship between servant leadership, creativity, feedback-seeking behavior, and affective climate. We hypothesized that servant leadership promotes creativity through encouraging employees’ feedback-seeking behavior. Additionally, affective climate can moderate the mediated relationship. Based on a sample of 388 full-time employees and their supervisors from a Chinese high-tech company, the results indicated that servant leadership can predict employees’ creativity, mediated by feedback seeking. The moderating effect of affective climate on the mediated relationship, however, was not supported in our sample.
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9576-x
  • Measurements of Intelligence in sub-Saharan Africa: Perspectives Gathered
           from Research in Mali
    • Authors: Cissé Dramé; Christopher J. Ferguson
      Abstract: Abstract One of the most controversial debates around intelligence testing regards how tests are used to measure intelligence among non-Western populations. Studies conducted since the 1930’s consistently indicate significant sub-average intelligence among African populations. The purpose of this study is to examine whether commonly used intelligence tests such as the Ravens Progressive Matrices are valid indices of cognitive functioning among children in Mali, Africa. Participants in the current study were 206 children from Mali attending French-language schools. The Woodcock-Johnson II math assessment was used to measure participants’ academic achievement. The Vineland II- Adaptive Behavior Scale (VABS) was used to indicate their adaptive functioning level. In this study, tests of IQ were compared against adaptive functioning and academic achievement, to examine whether IQ scores measured among African populations are artificially low or are an accurate measure of performance. IQ scores as measured by the Ravens were discrepant with standardized scores on math achievement and adaptive functioning. Results indicate that use of the Ravens may substantially underestimate the intelligence of children in Mali. This can be particularly problematic when comparisons are made across cultures using the same test and norms. . It is recommended that tests developed with local normative samples be used to assess for IQ.
      PubDate: 2017-04-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9591-y
  • The Relation of Dietary Restraint and Affect with Food Choice and the
           Experience of Guilt after Eating
    • Authors: Kyle P. De Young; Mary Zander; Terra Towne; Nicole M. Della Longa; Lindsey Hovrud; Erin Murtha-Berg
      Abstract: Abstract This study examined the relation of affect and the desire to restrict intake (i.e., dietary restraint) with food choice and the experience of guilt after eating. We hypothesized that restraint would predict choosing lower-calorie foods except when individuals with high restraint experienced negative affect, and guilt after eating would be associated with restraint among individuals with high negative affect. Participants (N = 309) completed measures of restraint and eating psychopathology before experiencing a positive, negative, or no mood induction. Participants then chose foods from four menus and ate one food item before rating their momentary guilt. Restraint predicted choosing lower calorie foods, but negative affect did not influence this relationship. An interaction of restraint and negative mood predicted guilt after eating. Thus, dietary restraint predicts restriction at the choice-level, and individuals high on restraint may interpret negative emotion while eating as a failure of behavioral control, producing guilt.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9592-x
  • Exploring the Dark Side of Personality: Emotional Awareness, Empathy, and
           the Dark Triad Traits in an Italian Sample
    • Authors: Adriano Schimmenti; Peter K. Jonason; Alessia Passanisi; Luana La Marca; Nunzia Di Dio; Alessia M. Gervasi
      Abstract: Abstract The Dark Triad represents a collection of three socially aversive traits, namely Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD) in a sample of 799 adults, and we explored the associations among Dark Triad traits, theory of mind, empathy, and alexithymia. The DTDD showed a good internal consistency and a bifactor structure including a three-factor non-hierarchical model and a global, second-order factor with all of the DTDD items loading on it. The DTDD traits were positively associated with alexithymia and negatively associated with theory of mind and empathy. Also, results of regression analyses showed that difficulty identifying feelings and a reduced emotional reactivity were significant predictors of the Dark Triad traits. Our findings support the validity and reliability of the Italian translation of the DTDD, and suggest that individuals with high levels of Dark Triad traits may have difficulties in understanding and processing their own rather than other people’s emotional states.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9588-6
  • Perceived Parental Attitude toward Sex Education as Predictor of Sex
           Knowledge Acquisition: the Mediating Role of Global Self Esteem
    • Authors: Kaiyang Qin; Nanxi Xie; Yonglong Tang; Lingling Wong; Jingqiu Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract The present study examined the mediating effects of global self-esteem on the relationship of perceived parental attitude with sex and sex knowledge acquisition. The mediating model was established using parental attitude toward sex education questionnaire, sex knowledge scale, and Rosenberg self-esteem scale in Chinese version on 901 Chinese senior high school students as participants. Path analysis indicated that global self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between perceived parental attitude and sex and sex knowledge. Multi-group analysis indicated a partial mediating effect on female adolescents, but the mediating effect on male adolescents was not significant. Limitations and implications for future study were also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9578-8
  • When Defensive Reactions Contribute to the Acceptance of Fear-Arousing
    • Authors: Jérôme Blondé; Fabien Girandola
      Abstract: Abstract Literature on fear-arousing communications has led to divergent conclusions. On the one hand, studies have shown that fear increases attitude change via systematic processing. On the other hand, it has been observed that arousing fear provokes defense-motivated reactions. Nevertheless, few studies have embedded measures of persuasion, information processing, and defensiveness all at once. Consequently, we conducted an experiment to assess the effects of fear-arousal on these three outcomes in order to clarify this ambiguous issue. The participants were instructed to watch a public service announcement video with two conditions of fear. Our results showed that an increase of fear generated a more positive attitude, as well as systematic processing but, surprisingly, more defensive reactions. Further analyses revealed a mediating effect of these reactions between fear and attitude. These results suggest an alternative pathway to understand the effects of fear-appeals, emphasizing the positive influence of defensive responses.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9590-z
  • Perceived Stress as a Mediator of the Relationship between Neuroticism and
           Depression and Anxiety Symptoms
    • Authors: Angela J. Pereira-Morales; Ana Adan; Diego A. Forero
      Abstract: Abstract Although major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the main causes of global disease burden, there is little evidence about the association between personality traits and depressive symptoms in Latin America. The aim of this study was to examine the possibility that perceived stress might be a mediator of the association between neuroticism and depressive and anxious symptoms. Two hundred seventy four Colombian subjects (mean age 21.3 years) were evaluated with the short version of the Big Five Inventory (BFI-S), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (ZSAS) and the Perceived Stress Scale-10. Both neuroticism and perceived stress were significantly correlated with higher scores in depressive and anxious symptoms (p < 0.01). Perceived stress was a significant mediator of the relationship between neurotic trait and depressive and anxious symptoms. Our results are one of the first descriptions of the role of perceived stress as a mediator of the association between neuroticism and psychological distress. These findings are of particular importance, in the context of the need for more evidence about the psychosocial risk factors for MDD in Latin America.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9587-7
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Portuguese Version of the Arousal
           Predisposition Scale
    • Authors: Daniel Ruivo Marques; Ana Allen Gomes; Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo
      Abstract: Abstract The Arousal Predisposition Scale (APS) is an instrument aimed to assess individual differences in self-reported arousability, specifically physiologically arousal. Besides, it is a scale frequently used in stress and sleep-related researches. The principal purpose of this study is to determine the factor structure of the APS through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and to test the goodness-of-fit of one- and two-factor models. A sample of 341 undergraduate medical students of both genders aged 17 to 25 years was enrolled. Beyond the APS, the participants also filled out the Portuguese versions of the Pre-Sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS), Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (FIRST) and the Neuroticism scale of Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) for concurrent validity purposes. From the studied solutions, a modified two-factor model (F1 = emotional reactivity and F2 = trait anxiety) achieved the better fit to the data. The Portuguese version of the APS was also significantly correlated with measures of neuroticism, insomnia, sleep reactivity to stress, and cognitive and somatic arousal. The two-factor modified model appears to display a superior fit to the data, supporting a scoring model of the APS according to two different factors as suggested by a previous research on the Portuguese version. This study supports reliability and validity indicators of the APS and its use in research and applied settings.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9589-5
  • Intrapersonal Variables Associated with Academic Adjustment in United
           States College Students
    • Authors: Sonja Montgomery; David H. Gregg; Cheryl L. Somers; Francesca Pernice-Duca; Alan Hoffman; Marjorie Beeghly
      Abstract: Abstract The current study sampled students from a college in the United States Midwest, and examined the independent predictive strength of a variety of intrapersonal factors (alcohol use, procrastination, perfectionism, perceived level of stress, and coping style) with academic adjustment while controlling for academic motivation. These relations were also examined for moderation by academic motivation. The sample consisted of 273 college students, ranging in age from 18 to 25. Motivation contributed a significant amount of variance in predicting academic adjustment, and the examined predictor variables explained a significant amount of additional variance above that of motivation. Amotivation moderated associations of multiple intrapersonal variables with academic adjustment.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-016-9533-0
  • Abusive Leadership and Helping Behavior: Capability or Mood, which
    • Authors: Ying Xia; Li Zhang; Mingze Li
      Abstract: Abstract Occurrences of abusive supervision are steadily rising. Previous studies have tried to explain the influence of abusive leadership on workplace outcomes from perspectives of organizational justice and leader-member exchange based on the social exchange theory. Yet, a need exists for new explanations and mechanisms related to the influence of abusive leadership. As such, this paper aims to discover new mechanisms of abusive leadership effect. Drawing from social cognitive and affective events theories, we establish a dual process model to investigate how abusive leadership affects employees’ helping behaviors from motivational and emotional perspectives. We examine whether employees’ self-efficacy and negative affectivity mediate the relationship between abusive leadership and helping behaviors. The data were collected from 262 employees in China. The results indicate that abusive leadership has a negative impact on helping behaviors. Self-efficacy plays a role as a mediator, while negative affectivity does not play a role as a mediator in the abusive leadership—helping behavior relationship. Organizations should spend much time and money training managers to change their abusive behavior patterns. Managers should be responsible for keeping and enhancing employees’ confidence as well as avoiding the negative emotions caused by leaders.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9583-y
  • The Mario Brothers are Unfair: A study on Sense of Progression in Computer
    • Authors: L. Y. Lo; S. W. Li; M. Lin
      Abstract: Abstract This study investigated how a sense of progression, rather than a precise calculation of the goal distance, is important in making the decision to invest additional resources in an ongoing task. One hundred participants were recruited to play a computer game in which the goal stage of the game was not provided and the game character could be killed by different death traps that were located in unexpected areas. The results indicate that more participants continued playing the game when they believed that they could make progress in the gameplay. When they did not experience a sense of progression, they chose to quit no matter how much time they had already spent playing the game. The results of this study further suggest that in fixed conditions, a sense of progression is built through the gradual improvement that can be anticipated in the gameplay. However, no sense of progression could be established in random conditions under which improvement through experience was impossible.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9586-8
  • Does Writeing Rite Matter? Effects of Textual Errors on Personality
           Trait Attributions
    • Authors: Elizabeth Morin-Lessard; Stuart J. McKelvie
      Abstract: Abstract Adult participants (n = 224), mostly undergraduates, were randomly assigned to three major conditions representing three levels of textual errors (none, few, many). They read a text requesting financial assistance, then rated the writer on the Big Five personality traits (Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Emotional Stability), and on three personality domains (Social Evaluation, Intellectual Evaluation, Potency). Finally, they judged the likelihood that the writer’s request would be granted, and gave reasons for their decision. Generally, textual errors created an overall negative impression, which was mainly accounted for by Conscientiousness. However, textual errors did not affect the financial judgments, which were predicted mainly by Conscientiousness and Intellectual Evaluation. Participants who cited writing errors in their reasons for their financial judgment gave a lower rating for the likelihood that the request would be honoured. For those who were more accurate at detecting errors, textual errors created a negative impression on the Big Five traits, accounted for by Conscientiousness, and on the three personality domains, accounted for by Intellectual Evaluation. There was also a negative effect of textual errors on the financial judgment, which was mediated mainly by Intellectual Evaluation. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9582-z
  • Brand Engagement in Self-Concept: Scale Properties and the Global Nature
           of the Construct
    • Authors: Wiktor Razmus; Mariola Laguna
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the two presented studies was to attest whether the brand engagement in self-concept (BESC) has a global nature and to further evaluate the psychometric properties of the BESC Scale. In the first study (N = 997), we tested the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the BESC Scale and confirmed its factorial structure using confirmatory factor analysis. The BESC scale has good internal consistency (α = .95), construct validity, and demonstrate full scalar invariance across gender. The second study (N = 287) provided evidence that BESC has a global nature and that it is significantly related to the assessment of self–brand distance for brands that belong to various product categories and are important to consumers. Overall, current results provide psychometric support for the BESC Scale as an appropriate measure of global propensity to include important brands as part of the self-concept.
      PubDate: 2017-03-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s12144-017-9584-x
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