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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 875 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 392)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 164)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 203)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access  
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 116)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 126)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access  
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5        [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Journal Cover Advances in Psychology
  [58 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0166-4115
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3031 journals]
  • Volume Editors
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Introduction Behavioral Approaches to the Study of Human Learning and
           Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • The Role of Inhibition in Learning
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Short- vs. Long-Term Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Hemispheric Asymmetries in Verbal Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Emotional Facilitation and Disruption of Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Scheduling and Learning
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Introduction Cognitive Neuroscience of Learning and Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • The Computational Cognitive Neuroscience of Learning and Memory:
           Principles and Models
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Cognitive Neuroscience of Skill Acquisition
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Cognitive Neuroscience of Declarative and Nondeclarative Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Learning and Memory for Emotional Events
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Age Differences in Memory Demands on Cognitive Control and Association
           Processes
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Introduction A Survey of Motor Learning Concepts and Findings
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Two Aspects of Motor Learning Learning Movements and Learning Synergies
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Neuroanatomical Correlates of Motor Skill Learning: Inferences from
           Neuroimaging to Behavior
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Mechanisms Underlying Short-Term Motor Learning, Long-Term Motor Learning
           and Transfer
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • A Dynamical Framework for Human Skill Learning
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Animal Models of Behavioral and Neural Plasticity
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • A Biological Basis for Animal Model Studies of Learning and Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Caenorhabditis elegans as a Model System in Which to Study the
           Fundamentals of Learning and Memory
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • The Cell Biology of Learning and Memory in Aplysia
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Insect Minds For Human Minds
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Patterns of Learning, Memory, and Vocal Production in the Songbird Brain
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • The cAMP/PKA Pathway and the Modeling of Human Memory Disorders in Mice
    • Abstract: 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 139



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • General Introduction: Current developments in cognitive psychology,
           neuroscience, and the philosophy of mind
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Introduction: Cognitive Psychology
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Mental models, sentential reasoning, and illusory inferences
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      This chapter describes how individuals reason with sentential connectives, such as “if”, “or”, and “and”. They do not have a “truth functional” semantics for these connectives but rather they construct models of the possibilities compatible with sentences in which the connectives occur. Human working memory has a limited processing capacity, and so individuals aim to construct only a single model at a time, and to represent only those clauses in the premises that hold in each possibility. One unexpected consequence of the theory emerged from its computer implementation. Certain inferences should yield systematic fallacies if reasoners use mental models. The chapter explains this prediction and reports some studies corroborating the occurrence of these “illusory” inferences. No one has yet devised an account of them on the basis of another theory.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Interaction of knowledge and working memory in reasoning about relations
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      This chapter defends the thesis that relational reasoning is based on an interaction of knowledge represented in semantic and episodic long-term memory on the one hand and temporary information maintained in working memory on the other hand. Three lines of evidence relevant to this interaction are considered. First, it is shown that reasoners seem to have a preference for a visuo-spatial representation of the temporary mental models when this representational format is advantageous because there is a need to represent structural information or because the relations are easily represented in this format. The second line of evidence shows that apart from believability of the premises and believability of the conclusions, also believability of the model(s) described by the premises plays a role. In a third part, transitive (order relations) and intransitive relational problems (genealogical relations) are compared in order to clarify the role of constraints on the relational representations on reasoning. The results obtained in these three lines of investigation support the view that (relational) reasoning is based on a tight interplay of knowledge representations in long-term memory and temporary models in working memory. Some discussion is devoted to the possibility that this interaction is mediated by Baddeley's concept of episodic buffer.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Mental models in learning situations
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      Learning situations where phenomena are explained require the construction and successful manipulation of mental models. In these situations the models have the function to facilitate simplifcation and visualization of the modeled phenomena and the construction of analogies. This chapter reprots recent developments in research on model-centered learning with a focus on design-based modeling in the context of exploratory learning and guided discovery learning. Results of two large empirical studies on mental models in multimedia learning and discovery learning are reported.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Introduction: Cognitive neuroscience
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Resolving valid multiple model inferences activates a left hemisphere
           network
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      Resolving multiple model syllogisms is more difficult than resolving single model syllogisms. Mental model theory predicts that visuospatial processing is critical for resolving syllogisms, and that demands on visuospatial processing systems will increase as reasoning problems become more difficult. An alternative account, the mixed-model approach, postulates that linguistic representations may augment visuospatial representations in multiple model problems. To test these competing hypotheses, we reorganized published archival fMRI data into single and multiple model problems, and reanalyzed it along this dimension. The critical comparison of multiple model versus single model problems revealed activation in both the left superior parietal spatial system and left frontal and temporal language areas, indicating that as reasoning problems become more difficult, reasoners augment any visuospatial model that they may have constructed with linguistic representations. This result is consistent with the mixed-model approach.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • A neuro-cognitive theory of relational reasoning with mental models and
           visual images
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      Recent brain imaging studies have provided evidence that the parietal cortex plays a key role in reasoning based on mental models, which are supposed to be of abstract spatial nature. However, these studies have also shown concurrent activation of visual association cortices which have often been interpreted as evidence for the role of visual mental imagery in reasoning. The present chapter resolves these inconsistencies. I argue that visual brain areasare only involved if the problem information is easy to visualize and when this information must be processed and maintained in visual working memory. A regular reasoning process, however, does not involve visual imagesbut more abstract spatial representations—spatial mental models—held in parietal cortices. Only these spatial representations are crucial for the genuine reasoning processes.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Introduction: Perception, emotion, and language
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Pictures, perception, and mental models
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      The main point of this paper is to consider the way space is perceived in pictures and in “reality” and the question of whether mental models are a good means in explaining how space is visually perceived. Real or physical space is presumed to be (locally) Euclidean. Some kinds of pictures—e.g. pictures in perspective—are lawfully connected to the depicted scene so that the (Euclidean) geometry of that scene is preserved in these pictures. Following Johnson-Laird, visual perception is based on the construction of a partially analogical mental model. Therefore, as I will show, the geometry of a mental model representing the spatial layout of a scene in the physical world (or of a picture of such a scene) should also be Euclidean. However, at least since the famous experiments of Blumenfeld in 1913 it seems clear that our phenomenal or visual space is not Euclidean. How does this fit together' Can it be that the different cues which are involved in the perception of spatial arrangements are not modeled in a Euclidean way, but that the model in toto is (nearly) Euclidean' Is such a model built up by using “modified weak fusion”'

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Emotion, decision, and mental models
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      Recent research has shown that rational, decisions may require the participation of emotions. It would follow that an adequate model of real-world decision-making has to account for emotions in some way or other. Due to their multi-modal character and because they preserve the structure of the objects or states of affairs they represent, mental models are particularly well-suited for this undertaking. Starting with a sketch of the underlying understanding of mental representation and emotion, the impact of emotion on cognition and decision, will be outlined. These considerations provide the basis for a number of constraints for a theory of mental representation. It will turn out that, unlike a symbolic theory of mental representation, the theory of mental models does justice to these constraints.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Language processing: Construction of mental models or more'
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      Language comprehension is often seen as the incremental update of a mental model of the situation described in the text. With every word a reader or listener processes, the model is adjusted to fit the linguistic input. This conception of language comprehension sounds very plausible at first sight but its scientific utility strongly depends on the definition of a mental model. In this paper, we will discuss different definitions of mental models for text comprehension, as well as the way these models may have an impact on comprehension processes. A second distinction we will discuss is an “eliminative” view of mental modeling compared to a “hybrid” view. An eliminative view denies the relevance of more linguistic levels of processing below the construction of a mental model; claiming that most if not all processing phenomena can be explained without reference to syntactic or semantic levels of representation. From a more hybrid perspective, inspection of a mental model is one among several factors influencing linguistic processing. We will argue for this latter perspective. (We are, of course, not arguing againsts every possible variety of an eliminative view, but just against some that have been and still are very prominent in the psycholinguistic literature. So there surely are conceivable variants that are compatible with our objections.)

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Introduction: Philosophy of mind
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138



      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Visual imagery, mental models, and reasoning
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      The focus of this paper is the relation between Steven Kosslyn's visual mental images and Johnson-Laird's mental models. Knauff et al. presented empirical evidence and a challenging argument for the hypothesis that in fact “visual imagery impedes reasoning.” I argue that these results may look embarrassing for pictorialists, but closer inspection suggests that they are actually harmless. I argue that the presented evidence fails to show that imagery impedes reasoning. I present some objections to the explanation proposed by Knauff and Johnson-Laird by pointing out some terminological and conceptual problems. Afterwards, I sketch an alternative explanation, which is more pictorialist in spirit. In fact, even from the view of pictorialism, the results are not as surprising as they may seem at first blush. Finally, I claim that mental models and visual images are not as different as typically assumed.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • Mental models as objectual representations
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      In the debates of cognitive psychologists about the nature and cognitive role of mental models, the demarcation of such models and other types of representation plays a critical role. The purpose of this paper is to make the differences between kinds of mental representation sufficiently precise. Initially, I will isolate a distinction, largely overlooked in philosophical accounts of mental representation, but crucial for an understanding of the conception of a mental model—the distinction between objectual and non-objectual representations. I will draw further support for the distinction from two different attitudes involving a propositional representation a cognizer can have. As a result, I will criticize the contention that perceptual information processing requires the use of mental models. Finally, I will show that typical empirical results, interpreted in terms of mental models theory, also support the objectual/non-objectual distinction. Vice versa, the distinction can be utilized to better interpret these results.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
  • The perceptual nature of mental models
    • Abstract: 2006
      Publication year: 2006
      Source:Advances in Psychology, Volume 138

      In the first comprehensive formulation of the theory of mental models, Johnson-Laird proposes several constraints on any psychological theory of reasoning. He argues that his theory fulfills these constraints due to two properties of mental models: structure preservation and naturalness. However, during the elaboration of his theory over the last decades, especially the central property of naturalness was not paid much attention to. It hence has to be questioned if the theory in its present form still possesses the explanatory power originally claimed. In this chapter, I will outline an interpretation of structure preservation and naturalness within a philosophical framework. This leads to the claim that mental models are structures partially isomorphic to what they represent and that they contain exclusively perceptual relations. I will close with some proposals for refining the theory of mental models, such that the originally proposed constraints can be met (again). Only this refined version can stand as a true alternative to theories of mental logics.

      PubDate: 2012-12-15T09:30:01Z
       
 
 
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